Cirrhosis Of The Liver Stage 4

Liver cirrhosis is a degenerative inflammatory disease that results in hardening and scarring of liver cells. The liver becomes unable to function properly due to the scarred tissue, which prevents the normal passage of blood through the liver. Cirrhosis won't just develop instantly because it develops overtime. Thus, this condition is considered as a progressive disease. Cirrhosis develops when the liver experiences continuous damage and the healthy liver tissues are replaced with scar tissues. The liver has an amazing ability to regenerate itself, even after liver disease hits. When provided with the right foods, herbs and nutrients, the liver can heal itself and give you back your health and life.

Water is essential to life, period. And it's even more essential when you're trying to heal your body. It can do a much better job of healing with plenty of water. Water helps eliminate toxins from your body. A cirrhosis diet is about eating the right types and foods and avoiding the wrong ones, but that is only a part of the solution. You're probably getting medication from your doctor for your cirrhosis, which is fine, but those really only treat the symptoms and nothing else. Actual failure of the liver is a life-threatening condition and always requires urgent medical care. It disproportionately affects minority individuals and those that are economically disadvantaged. It is a slow and gradually increasing disease which takes years to develop and most frequently without any obvious symptoms.

The liver is also responsible for converting excess glucose in the body to glycogen (which can then be stored). The liver will store some of the glycogen, and the muscles will store some as well. This glycogen can quickly be converted back into glucose when the body needs it. A condition that is characterized by irreversible damage to the liver cells is called cirrhosis. In this condition, the cells are totally damaged and replaced by non-functioning nodules. People with liver disease are at risk for getting infections, this can cause an even more severe disease. There is vaccines that can be administered to prevent some of the infections that can occur. There are vaccines for hepatitis A and B, and pneumonia.

Poor nutrition is one of the causes of liver damage. Therefore, a good and nutritious diet can go a long way in treating liver damage. The patient should undergo liver cleaning programme with a juice fast for about seven days. After fasting for seven days he or she should adopt proper diet. Due to cirrhosis of liver, the toxins are not eliminated from body and affect your brain resulting in symptoms like delusions, hallucinations, confusion of mind, sleepiness and sometimes even comatose. As the stage progresses, you start getting bruises with slight injury or touch and gum bleeding. Taking a supplement and a multi vitamin are important to make sure that you get the nutrients that you need as well Alternative Health Supplements offers a number of multivitamins and liver supplements that can help you keep you liver healthy.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    My Dad has stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver, how serious is this?
    My Dad has stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver. Doctors have told him he only has a 40% chance of successfully curring his hep C with treatment. I need to know how serious this is or what this means in general. HELP?

    • ANSWER:
      Stage IV is very serious. He may cure his Hep C, but the cirrhosis will last forever. Not only that, but it predisposes him to bleeding, ruptured vessels in the stomach and esophagus, life-threatening infections in the belly, and hepatocellular carcinoma (cancer). If he can lead a good, clean life for a year, there is a good chance he can get a liver transplant. Please be sure he has a good hepatologist (a specially trained gastroenterologist). He needs to have a small camera passed into his stomach to look for vessels that can rupture, and he needs a scan to make sure there isn't a mass in his liver.

      I just diagnosed someone with this, and he wound up having cancer at diagnosis because he didn't see his doc often enough early on.

      I don't want to scare you, but be sure he gets good care. Be there for him, because he is scared whether he shows it or not.

      Best of luck.

  2. QUESTION:
    My mom just got news that she has stage 4 liver cirrhosis?
    This type is not due to hepatitis or alcohol. I have been trying to find information on the web for this type but I cant find anything. I mostly find info for hep of alcohol related cirrhosis. She is over weight, and the doctors put her on a low carb low fat diet.
    Im just very worried due to the fact that they want her to be put on a liver transplant list and they told her she has 2-5 years to live! Is this true? Can anyone give me more information on this?

    • ANSWER:
      This probably started as NASH (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis) and progressed to cirrhosis.

      You can find more information on NASH here: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/nash/

      Unfortunately, since this has progressed to an apparently non-treatable cirrhosis, the only effective means of treatment is a transplant. Mortality is gauged by the severity of disease, but if her doctors want her to undergo a transplant, their general statement about years of life left sounds correct.

  3. QUESTION:
    Stage 4 liver failure, high ammonia levels, cirrhosis, death?
    A 59 year-old alcoholic/drug addict (recovering) is in the ICU with stage 4 liver failure and high ammonia levels, the toxins in his bloods are starting to poison him and he is confused. This is one of multiple hospitalizations due to cirrhosis/liver issues.

    ...What does this mean? Is there a chance this man will live?
    It's my Uncle. He has been drinking for nearly 40 years and smoking dope for almost 30. When he found out he had Hep C a few years ago, he tried to get sober, but um, it hasn't been going real well, he just earned his one month sobriety medallion in AA.

    • ANSWER:

  4. QUESTION:
    i am 38 years old. I have stage 4 cirrhosis of liver and hepatitis c?
    some days i look ok and some days i look like iam a old my wrinkled and my skin colors turns really dark and my etyes get bags under them and they become really red and irritated. also my neck gets really supple and my body is slotched. I work and i feel sometimes so embarrased and hate looking at people because i look so bad. is there any medication over the counter or anything i can do to change this. i also have diabetes. I do take milk thistle to support liver function. please help

    • ANSWER:
      those are symptoms of hypotites. c a doctor

  5. QUESTION:
    how long can i live with stage 4 advanced cirrhosis of the liver and are there any other options besides a?
    liver transplant. I just had a liver biopsy and was diagnosed. my appointment isn't til august 2. I am driving myself crazy with a million questions. does any one have any answers for me. sincerely michelle

    • ANSWER:
      LIVER TRANSPLANT IS THE ONLY OPTION.
      Medical therapy is futile in stage 4.

  6. QUESTION:
    Life expectancy with stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver?
    non-alcoholic, diabetic, heart disease, colon cancer (remission), diverticulitis, high blood pressure and hypothyroidisum

    • ANSWER:
      You need more details in order to answer this question with even a good guess. What is the reason for cirrhosis? Hep C? If yes, then the progression could be quicker to total liver failure.

      If this person is experiencing lots of fluid retention that needs tapped often, encephalopathy (confusion due to high ammonia levels), jaundice, internal bleeding and bruises easily, then their liver is near total failure and death could occur anywhere from a few months to a year. Remember this is just an estimate for someone who has all these symptoms.

  7. QUESTION:
    if someone is in stage 4 of liver disease, would it be good for them to have those liver treatments?
    what are the side effects of liver treatments? my son has cirrhosis and is considering liver treatments. also has hepatitis c? will this prolong his life? i think he is in stage 4.

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 4 means that he already has cirrhosis. People with cirrhosis CAN take treatment for Hepatitis C as long as they are not decompensated (when the liver stops working).

      Treatment success is lower for people with cirrhosis compared to people who have less liver damage and they have to be watched closely.... but for some people it does work and they are able to clear the Hepatitis C virus.

  8. QUESTION:
    describe the 4 stages of cirrhosis of the liver.?
    There are 4 stages to cirrhosis of the liver I need someone to describe them for me.

    • ANSWER:
      Inflammation (something actively bothering the liver) can lead to fibrosis (abnormal fibrosis bands in the liver). As time goes by and if the inflammation continues, more and more fibrosis forms. As even more time goes by and the inflammation still continues, liver cells may begin to die and scar tissue begins to form. This is called cirrhosis which is when scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in the liver. There are many reasons for inflammation to occur such as alcohol abuse and viral hepatitis C being the top two reasons. Others not so common are non alcoholic fatty liver, primary biliary disease, autoimmune disease, medications, and too much iron in the body.

      The doctor can do a biopsy of the liver to see damage done to the liver using a staging system of 0-4.
      Here's how the stages go.

      stage 0- no fibrosis present
      stage 1- small amount of fibrosis present
      stage 2- a little more fibrosis present
      stage 3- even more fibrosis present with bridging fibrosis
      stage 4- cirrhosis is present

      Stage 4 is called end stage liver disease or ESLD. It does not give details as to how much scar tissue is present, but it shows there is at least some scar tissue there. But cirrhosis itself also has 3 stages which tells more about how much damage is present. Cirrhosis staging goes like this:

      stage A- compensated cirrhosis (no symptoms at all)
      stage B- beginning of decompensation (having symptoms of cirrhosis, but able to be controlled with
      medications and/or treatments
      stage C- decompensated cirrhosis- medications no longer working to control symptoms and total
      failure is near

      Hope this helps you some in understanding the stages of liver disease and cirrhosis.

  9. QUESTION:
    My husband has stage 4 cirrhosis. Help?
    My husband was diagnosed with Hep C about 8 years ago. He kept drinking way too much for years, and just celebrated 90 days of sobriety.

    He had a liver biopsy last week and the nurse just called to tell me the results and set up an appointment. She said:

    Mild inflammation (I didn't know about grades - not sure of the grade).
    Stage 4 Cirrhosis

    Does anyone know how serious this situation might be? His viral load was around 500,000, and he hasn't really had any symptoms other than his side hurting. Would it be worse if the inflammation was worse than 'mild', or is the stage 4 considered the end stage of liver disease regardless of the inflammation.

    He doesn't go to the doctor for 2 weeks and now is scared to death. Can anyone help us make sense of this? Can he still live a long and healthy life? He's only 50.

    Thanks to anyone that can give me info on what his situation might be.

    • ANSWER:
      I had cirrhosis and a liver transplant, so I do know a little about this. Inflammation (something actively bother the liver such as hep C with your husband) can lead to fibrosis (abnormal fibrous bands in the liver). As time goes by, more and more fibrosis forms. As even more time goes by, liver cells may begin to die and scar tissue begins to form replacing healthy tissue. A doctor can do a biopsy to see how much damage has been done using a staging system of 0-4. Here's how the stages go:

      stage 0- no fibrosis present
      stage 1- small amount of fibrosis present
      stage 2- a little more fibrosis
      stage 3- even more fibrosis present (stage 3 is bridging fibrosis)
      stage 4- cirrhosis present

      So all that stage 4 means in a biopsy is that cirrhosis is present in the liver. It doesn't go into detail as to how much in this staging, so everyone with cirrhosis no matter how mild or how severe would be considered stage 4. So that's why people refer to themselves as end stage if they have any cirrhosis present at all. It's called ESLD (end stage liver disease).

      Now to get a more detailed picture of what is going on, cirrhosis itself also has 3 stages of A, B, and C.

      Stage A is compensated cirrhosis which is asymptomatic (no symptoms present)
      Stage B is the beginning of decompensation which is when a person will needs medications or treatments of some sort to help control symptoms such as ascites, high ammonia levels, banding varices, etc.
      Stage C is decompensated cirrhosis where medication no longer work very well in controlling the symptoms and total failure is near.

      You might want to ask the doctor what stage of cirrhosis your husband may be in right now or you can probably figure it out for yourself. Mild inflammation is much better than having severe active inflammation. Has your husband checked into getting treatment for his hep C if he hasn't done so already. Drinking on top of having hep C is really bad. It just makes the disease progress much faster. It's so important that he stop drinking all alcohol.

      Once the disease progresses to having severe liver damage, the only option will be to get a transplant to stay alive since it will progress to total failure eventually. How long that takes depends on many factors such as the viral load along with things such as drinking alcohol, taking meds that affect the liver, etc. so it's nearly impossible to put anyone in a time frame. Staying sober will be the absolute best thing your husband can do to treat his cirrhosis. I hope he has a good doctor that specializes in his medical condition such as a gastroenterologist or hepatologist. That is also very important. I hope this helps you some in understanding and wish you the best.

  10. QUESTION:
    stage 4 liver disease?
    a friend of mine was diagnosed a couple of years ago with cirrhosis of the liver caused by a fatty liver. now she is in stage 4 liver failure. what does this mean?

    • ANSWER:
      It is the "end stage" of liver failure, meaning that a liver transplant may very well be required.

      I'm sorry that happened to your friend. But don't give up hope.

  11. QUESTION:
    My Doctor told me I have stage 4 cirrhosis,now what can I do to help turn this around?
    I have Hep.c, and now after 11 years of everything going great my doctor tells me that it is now stage four cirrhosis. What can I do to help the liver out

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis is a progressive disease that does not go away and there is very little you can do other than treat the symptoms. The only cure for cirrhosis is a liver transplant, but not everyone with cirrhosis will need a transplant. It seems like your hep C is progressing to cirrhosis a bit quicker than most since it often takes 20-30 years before cirrhosis shows up. This happens when healthy liver tissue is replaced by scar tissue from the hep C virus attacking the liver.

      Now it gets a bit tricky when they say stage 4 cirrhosis and this is something that you should ask your doctor about. Liver disease has 4 stages in which the last stage of liver disease is cirrhosis. Then cirrhosis itself has 3 stages too, so you need to find out whether the doctor is talking about your liver disease or cirrhosis itself. I assume he is talking about liver disease which means that your condition has gotten to the point of now having permanent scar tissue and cirrhosis of the liver which is stage 4 of liver disease. Now that can mean that there is just a tiny little bit of cirrhosis present or it could be severely damaged by cirrhosis. Stage 4 just means at least some cirrhosis is present, but it doesn't say how much.

      Now with the 3 stages of cirrhosis itself, it gets into how far advanced the disease is in each stage. Stage A is when the disease has no symptoms at all which is the very early stage. Stage B is when you have symptoms of the disease, but they can pretty much be controlled with medications and treatments. Stage C is when the meds and treatments are no longer working very well and total failure is near. There is really nothing you can do to turn around cirrhosis. You might want to talk to your doctor about whether or not you might need a transplant in the future.

  12. QUESTION:
    I have been diagnosed with Stage 4 liver disease and I take oxycodone as pain management. Will Oxy do damage?
    My doctor tells me that I have cirrhosis, but refrains to tell me how long I have to live or really how bad it is. My spleen is huge by his estimation, though recent radiological reports said the size of my liver was "unremarkable" and my spleen was only "mildly enlarged".

    I also have HIV/AIDS, which is controlled with medications and I have undetectable viral load with a recovering T-Cell count of 65 (and rising).

    I have been taking 5mg oxycodone 2 pills 4 times daily for pain management, and 30mg Morphine Sulphate for "break through" pain.

    Will any of these pain medications damage a Stage 4 cirrhotic liver where the level of cirrhotic activity is not known?

    I have never been addicted to any medication and I have never taken a drink, never smoked and have never taken illicit drugs ever in 41 years of life.

    • ANSWER:
      You need better communication with your doctor. These are questions you should be discussing with him. I would think that at stage 4, your liver has already been irreperably damaged. Pain management is the main focus at this point.

      I am very sorry and certainly wish you strength at this difficult time. It is time to get the doctor more involved with your concerns.

  13. QUESTION:
    how does liver cirrhosis occur when u are not alcohilic?
    i need answers

    i have a friend they diagnose him for liver cirrhosis level 4 they have found out his case last 3months and now hes in stage 4, i think that is so fast
    and its bizzare coz hes not alcohilic, hes so young..

    one of the doctor say that its from the genes,, is that possible and how sure it was

    my friend is fighting for his life

    hes only 21yr.old
    ITS SUPPOSE TO BE NOT ALCOHOLIC SORRY FOLKS MY BAD..

    • ANSWER:
      I am so sorry to hear about your young friend. This must be a very difficult time for you. I don't know much about non-alcoholic cirrhosis, but I did a search and found some websites. This one answers all the questions you asked and more. I hope it helps:

      http://www.ahealthyme.com/topic/cirrhosisnonalc#s7

      God bless and best wishes.

  14. QUESTION:
    I have been taking a duragesic patch every 24 hours instead of the 72 hours per my nueroligists prescription.?
    I also take 3 #10 nor co 3 times a day, been doing this for 3 years. I have cirrhosis of the liver my doctor says it is necessary but I am beginning to wonder if I need to seek another doctor. I know that my body is addicted to the patch cause I ran out while he was on vacation and ended up in hospital from withdrawal and almost died. by the way my liver is stage 4 cirrhosis.and the pain is not being controlled but I do not want to take anything stronger to make me high just to ease my pain for my back. That's why I am on pain medications or I could not even walk.

    • ANSWER:
      Most importantly, why are you taking norco with a cirrhotic liver? Not a good idea. The added acetaminophen can cause more complications than you really need.

      Changing the patch every 24 hours as opposed to every 72 hours offers no increased pain control. I'm surprised your insurance company pays for it (if you are on insurance).

      My recommendation would be to make an appointment with a pain specialist / clinic. Let them handle your pain management and let your neurologist handle your neurological issues.

  15. QUESTION:
    How long can it take to go from stage 5 cirrhosis to stage 6?
    My mother in law just informed that she has stage 5 cirrhosis of the liver this is non alcoholic, and she does not have hepatitis, just fatty liver. They said at stage 6 she would need consultation to be put on a transplant list. I actually have a few ?s about this. 1.) How long does it typically take to reach stage 6 2.) whats the typical lifespan of someone who has stage 6 cirrhosis? 3.) what are the chances that she would get a transplant given her medical history, she had breast cancer in 2004, triple bypass surgery in 2005, is diabetic, not insulin depede pendant and has nuropathy from her diabetes. She is also on many medications. 4.) why in the heck have they not cut down on her meds since her liver cannot process it all? I only know some of what she is on, aspirin for her heart, Oxycontin, oxycotin. Like I said this only only the few meds that I know she is on she takes roughly guessing around 10-15 different medicines prescribed by her dr.

    • ANSWER:
      This is a little confusing...so I'm going to start by explaining a few
      things:
      Fatty liver has different causes: alcohol consumption (not applicable)
      obesity, weight gain, diabetes, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels,
      fast weight loss, and others.
      Hepatitis is inflammation inside the liver
      Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells and scar tissue formation inside
      the liver.

      Fatty liver usually starts out as "simple fatty liver". As the fat builds
      up inside the liver, it can cause damage to the liver cells. The
      immune system of the body responds to this damage and causes
      inflammation to develop inside the liver (hepatitis). This is then
      known as Steatohepatitis (steato stands for fat, hepat stands for
      liver, and itis stands for inflammation).

      If the cause cannot be stopped, then this can proceed to where
      scar tissue forms inside the liver that will block, eventually, the
      flow of blood through the liver...this is then known as Cirrhosis of
      the liver. IT is a progressive, irreversible disease.

      When Hepatitis is stated and it has a letter after it (then it is
      talking about the viral type of Hepatitis...Like Hep A,B,C,etc.)

      The doctors, through film testing and maybe a liver biopsy, are
      the only ones who know how far advance this disease really is.
      People can progress slow or fast based on their other medical
      conditions, age, response to treatment, etc.
      They take into determination all her medical problems, her
      blood test and biopsy test to determine how long she may live
      without having a transplant. If she is on the transplant list,
      she will be given a MELD score. The Meld score runs from
      6 to 40. Those closest to a 6 are the healthiest and may even
      go off the list. Those who are going up the ladder closer to
      the 40 are sicker and more in need of a transplant.
      Here is a MELD score calculator to give you an estimate of
      where she would be placed if she was already on the list.
      You will need the blood lab results of the Bilirubin, INR,
      and Creatinine for this calculator to give you this estimate.:
      http://www.unos.org/resources/MeldPeldCalculator.asp?index=98

      Only the Transplant team of doctors can determine if she will be
      able to withstand the long hours of surgery. Because of her other
      medical conditions...this may not be the case I wish I could tell
      you for sure, but I cannot.

      All her doctors should know "all" the medications she is on.
      It doesn't hurt to ask about whether her dosage is correct.
      Doctors have to weigh the pros and cons of using certain drugs.

      She should have an advance directive or power of attorney
      form made to have someone handle her affairs for her and to be
      able to speak with the doctors directly on her behalf.
      http://www.caringinfo.org/stateaddownload
      http://www.caringinfo.org/index.cfm?

      Best wishes. Hope this information is of some help

  16. QUESTION:
    I have a question regarding Epilepsy.?
    A friend of mine has been Epileptic most all her life(48 yrs) and has been on many different medications.
    3 months ago she was found to have hep 3 ,further test showed sever liver damage..stage 4 cirrhosis..caused by the medication taken for her Epilepsy
    My question is this.How often does your Dr. take toxic levels?she had therapeutic levels taken frequently. It just strikes me odd that it had gotten so advanced before being caught.Her only hope at this point is a transplant,
    Thank you Baa Baa,she always knew there was a risk,I just thought it odd that they didn't keep tabs on the condition of her liver.
    She may not be a candidate for a transplant because she is so reliant on the drugs that damaged her liver...

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry to hear about your friend. It's not that her levels were toxic because they probably were not. The problem is that this drug caused liver damage no matter what dose she took to cause the damage. If a person takes any drug long term that has the ability to cause liver damage, they should be doing blood work routinely to make sure her liver function numbers are good. I really don't know how often that should be, but I guarantee you that is should not go untested for years. My guess would be at least every 6 months and 3 months would be even better.

  17. QUESTION:
    My dad has cirrhosis of the liver and hep C. How long does he have to live?
    My dad is 54 and has cirrhosis of the liver and hepatitis C (10 years). During the last 4 weeks he has been admitted to hospital 3 times, once from collapsing whilst at the pub.... When he was there he was extremely bloated and had severe bleeding from the bowel. Passing black and also bright red stools. He also has very bad tremors in his hands/arms. The other two times (he did not tell me he was there) but he says he was just told that his iron levels are low.... My Nana(his mum) tells me that he is loosing weight and is unable to walk more than a couple of steps and not able to eat and that I should be prepared for the worst. I spoke to him tonight and his speech was slurred like he was drunk, but he swears he has not been drinking. He was incoherent and not able to answer simple questions. He tells me he is fine, but I know he is not. I know he is dying, but I want to know what stage he is at. I have asked him if I should get my sister to come home from interstate. Does he have days, weeks, months? Should my sister come home? How long does he have?
    Worried.

    • ANSWER:
      my eyes started watering while I was reading you story. So sad, so young.

      I am a nurse and I specialise in gastrointestinal system (and liver). I work in Endoscopy.

      Cirrhosis is pretty bad, and if he has been hep c pos for ten years and he is still drinking... it might not be too long.

      if he is passing black stool this is called malena which is old blood often caused by a bleed for an ulcer in his stomach. this is quite common in people with end stage liver disease. .

      The extremely bloated stomach you are talking about is ascities which is a build up of fluid in his abdominal cavity and may need an acitic tap to drain the fluid.

      It does sound like he is not in a good state. esp with 3 hospital admissions in the last few weeks.

      get you sister in from interstate and spend some quality time with your dad.

      My deepest condolences

  18. QUESTION:
    advanced cirrhosis of liver found less than 2 years after scan?
    had a scan done less than 2 years ago due to rectal bleeding. Nothing significant was found and now had a scan again and was told that cirrhosis of the liver was found and that it has been detectable for more than 2 years due to its advanced stage. On a new insurance plan from a new company working at and was told that my previous insurance only paid for half of my body to be scanned from head to 4 inches above the liver. I'm just having a difficult time understanding why they wouldn't pay for a scan of my full body or especially the lower part as i checked in due to rectal bleeding. Does this happen often. I want to go after those bastards as i could have been at least taking more preventative measures to stop the deteriorating of my liver the last 2 years.

    • ANSWER:
      Hello. Unfortunately insurance companies can just take our money, and then decide what they will, or will not pay for. They do that to everybody, and there's nothing you can do about it. I have health issues, and they deny me tests all the time. I have to fight like hell to get anything done, but they don't have a problem taking my money every month. I know how you feel, and it's sad that they can get away with the things they do. I've seen people die, because their insurance won't cover treatment that they need. I don't have a real high opinion of them myself. Take care.

  19. QUESTION:
    how serious is this medical situation?
    my step dad has stage 3 cirrhosis of the liver possibley stage 4 ( he has no insurance so the doctor that he has isn't very good) well yesterday morning at about 6 he was takin to the hospital, he fainted twice and i guess just didnt feel good at all. when he got there he threw up blood twice (just blood) they drained another 680 ml of blood from him. unfortunatly he is in a really bad hospital that doesnt care, i think it's because he has no insurance personally. well yesterday they said the would give him a endoscopy to see were he is bleeding from since he can't clot they can't give him surgery. they found that he has 6 bleeding ulcers and i guess they put bands around them or something. they were supposed to give him a blood transfussion yesterday but were still waiting on that, and it seems like there neglecting him. he is in the IMC unit witch i guess is intermediate care. and he isnt hooked up to any monitors and the IV slipped out of his vain so they medicine they were giving him went straight to his tissue and now his arm is all swollen. yesterday his blood pressure was reallly high, we think its because of an infection. that the hospital could care less about. now im not sure how worried i should be, should i prepare myself for the worst should i not? these places don't tell you much they epecially dont tell you how serious a situation is.

    can anyone put all that into something i can understand, and tell me how serious it is?

    • ANSWER:

  20. QUESTION:
    How does Obstructive Sleep Apnea impact cirrhosis and high blood pressure?
    My 60-yr. old husband has Cirrhosis of the liver, High blood Pressure, Rheumatoid Arthritis and severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea - and depression, as a result. I worry in particular because he refuses to use his sleep mask, so for now the sleep apnea seems to be his biggest hurdle, along with depression. He was diagnosed with Cirrhosis over 2 yrs. ago, Stage 4. He stopped drinking, and his liver got better; he still takes meds for that. His blood pressure is controlled with meds, and his RA has all but crippled his knees. I've tried everything to get him to try the newer, lighter sleep masks, get a new sleep study, or at least consult a dr. for the apnea. (He hasn't seen a dr. for that since diagnoses 15 yrs. ago.) He won't even consider any treatment for the apnea; he's just given up on it. He wakes up countless times during sleep; stops breathing over 100 times per sleep cycle, according to his last sleep study 15 yrs. ago. I'm at a loss here..any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    cirrohosis of the liver?
    how long can you live with cirrhosis of the liver if you are in stage 4?

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately, if liver cancer is found in the final stages it might be hard to fix especially if it has become metastatic.
      A liver transplant is usually the only way to survive.
      The following are the symptoms of final stage of liver cancer
      Cirrhosis,Jaundice,Metastasized,Fever,Loss of Appetite,Pain.sleep.
      you can get more information about every stages of liver cancer. from www.livercancer-stage.com.
      this might help you know what you are going to face.

  22. QUESTION:
    My dad has had hepatitis c since the early 70's.?
    In 2009 he went in for knee surgery and they cancelled due to his white blood count being high. The doctors told him he had liver cancer and needed to start chemo. After taking him in for multiple test my dad told me there wasn't cancer. He has become sick and has began to tell me that he has stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver and that he hasn't been taking his insulin and is refusing the chemo. His skin and eye whites are yellow and he has been vomiting, not eating and really weak. I want to go with him to the doctor, but he refuses and claims he isn't going back to the doctors again. He has been drinking again and I have found out that he has been ordering pain pills online. This really scares me as he isn't supposed to be taking any pain meds. Can anyone please help and tell me what I can do to help him? Although he isn't eating, he's gaining weight which leads me to think that his heart isn't pumping the water off properly.
    I had a chance to speak with my dad in regards to my concerns and still feel uneasy about the explanations. He claims he found out about the stage 4 in December 2009 when they told him it was cancer but then not cancer. He also said that the chemo was to kill the infection to make him a good candidate for a liver transplant. He doesn't want either treatments or the medicine. In January of this year he went to see the liver specialist and he told him to find a new doctor due to my dads lack of responsibilty on his health and not keeping his appointments. I asked about blood work and if they told him what his scores are because from what I've been reading they calculate scores out from 6-40 and 6 is healthiest where 40 is the worst, but again he says nothing. He has been very demanding that I get my name on everything so that if he is hospitialized I can take care of everything. Which only makes me more uneasy on his answers to my questions on his health. His newest thing is to go to Can

    • ANSWER:
      He is a grown adult man which allows him to make his own decisions. There is nothing you can do as long as he is not willing to help himself. If there wasn't any cancer, why does he need to take chemo? Unless you heard the doctor say he was cancer free, then your father could be lying. It sounds like his liver is getting to be close to total liver failure and drinking will only make that happen quicker. He is doing all the wrong things that will only shorten his life. I'm sorry to say that his prognosis is very poor from what you posted on him. He has all the classic signs of serious liver failure. He won't be able to get a transplant due to his drinking and possibly cancer if he has it. The only cure for cirrhosis is a transplant.
      Hep C also can lead to cirrhosis and he has had it a long time. Having both hep c and drinking is double trouble.

      I hate to say this, but I don't think I would fight with him about his behavior and decision about not getting help or doing what he should be doing. I don't think he will be in this world much longer with the way he is going. You might just have to accept that and go on with your own life. His condition is terminal if what you say is true. The cirrhosis will take his life if the cancer doesn't. The most common problem with cirrhosis is water retention. When the disease is in the last stage, meds will no longer work to keep the fluid off so that might be why he is gaining weight even though he is not eating well. It most likely is not happening because of his heart. Cirrhosis fluid occurs in the abdomen most of the time making it swell like he is pregnant. Heart problems will most frequently cause the lower legs and feet to swell which is called edema.

      As I said before, I would not fight with him about this. You can certainly be honest with him about how you feel but do it in a nice way. He will get worse as time goes on and maybe he will change his mind. It's going to be hard for him to go this alone without medical help from any doctor, so I do expect him to at least seek medical help eventually. They probably will not be able to do anything other than offer him comfort measures. I'm sorry I couldn't tell you better things than this, but I think the truth is better even if we don't want to hear it. I'm also sorry your father is so sick.

  23. QUESTION:
    Likely-hood of obtaining custody of my nephew that is living with us?
    My nephew has been living with us full-time for the last eight months. His mother, my husband's sister, is an alcoholic and unfit. She has stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver and continues to drink! His parents separated in December 2009 and are not yet divorced. He was with us on and off from the time of their separation until May 2010 when we took him and have had him ever since. His father is fighting us for custody. He is a bartender and works nights and has no desire to make an attempt at a different vocation. He sees his son, at most, 12 hours a week but usually more like 4-8 hours. He wants to maintain custody but give us guardianship! I think it's a pride thing but not in the child's best interest! The mother is okay with giving us custody. I need to know: what is the likely-hood that we willl get custody of him?

    • ANSWER:
      You would have to prove he's an unfit father, and unfortunately, being a bartender doesn't qualify him as one. I'd talk to a social worker in your area (they would be most familiar with the law) and find out what steps you need to take to start the process.

  24. QUESTION:
    What is causeing my husbands to start falling .a lot?
    my husband has stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver with hep c we were doing fine for a while , he is taking lactulsoe and xifaxan. He was doing well for a while and then all of a sudden he start have a hard time with balance , he is falling a lot now and is very hard to get up, but his mind is still clear. Next step for me is the next fall I will be calling 911, I can't lift him any more, WHAT IS CAUSING HIM TO BE SO UNSTABLE AND FALLING? Everything else seems to be ok.

    • ANSWER:

  25. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis/Liver disease life expectancy. Please help???
    Does anyone kow the life expectancy of someone in the late stages of cirrhosis?
    My mom is very ill, she is a chronic alcoholic. She stopped drinking last week, but was diagnosed with cirrhosis many years ago.
    I need to know if anyone has been through this and knows what I can expect.

    She is jaundice, and in the past week has had high levels of amonia in her blood, also, she vomits all the time, can barely keep anything down.
    Today she is having her stomach drained again, this will make the 4th time, fluid builds up in her uppper stomanch area, and it makes it very uncomforatable for her. He legs also are very swollen today (ankles) she cannot walk she is so week. She went from wieighin 145 pounds to now about 98 in a matter of 3 months. I am afraid that it is too late. She has been admitted to the hospital so much that now the Hospitals now just say that the damage is done, they cannot help her. Last year she was in ICU - .......please give me any opinions you may have.

    • ANSWER:
      There are a few things that I know to give you
      as information. (you might already know this) The best doctor to have for
      a patient with cirrhosis is a Hepatologist.
      She can be given medication to bind the ammonia in her blood to be eliminated from the
      body which should help to clear her mind some. She could be placed on diuretics, like
      Lasix and Spirolactone to help relieve the sodium content in her blood and also
      remove some of the fluid and help keep it from
      coming back so fast. If they take alot of fluid
      from her abdomen, they might give her
      albumin, a Protein. The fact that she did
      not stop drinking alcohol, may mean she cannot
      be placed on the transplant list for a donor
      organ because they usually request that the
      patient be free of alcohol for about six months.

      With what you have stated that her condition is
      now, it doesn't look promising...but I would
      not give up. The doctors look at many things
      considering a patient: whether they have a
      strong, well beating heart, whether they can
      withstand a long surgery, whether they have
      cirrhosis in one area of the liver or throughout,
      whether they have love and support of family
      and friends, and how much a person truly
      wants to live,etc. Ascites( fluid in the abdominal
      area) and Encephalopathy (memory, and mental
      confusion problems caused by toxins) and
      the fact that she drank clear up to a week ago..
      means that the end is in site.....She may last
      a long time this way or depending on what I
      have stated above...it could be very short.
      Each person's body chemistry, diseases,
      and conditions are unique and have to be
      evaluated to see what may be in the future.
      If you have an advanced directive with your
      Mom signature on it, you may be able to
      talk with her doctors and get her medical
      records and have a second opinion and also
      be able to answer for her since she might
      not be able to answer for herself. There are
      free forms on the internet according to your
      state. It should be signed in front of two
      witnesses, but a notary can stamp it and make
      if valid. I hope this info is of some help to you.
      It is sad that a daughter has to watch all this
      happen to a mother they love...as long as
      you are able to be there with her, she will
      have peace in knowing that you really care.

      You asked what you can expect. There are
      a few things that may take place: her heart
      may start to beat irregular. If you get her
      blood work results, if the sodium and potassium
      levels are either too high or too low, this
      will cause an irregular beat and is an
      emergency. If she starts to cough up blood and
      not just vomit (it may look like coffee grounds,
      or a darker color) this is also an emergency
      cause she could be bleeding internally. If she
      feel faint and goes into a coma...there may be
      little chance she will come out of it without the
      doctors help. What can you do? be there for
      her so she doesn't feel alone. Watch for
      any of these signs above and keep a record
      of how she is feeling day to day and let the
      doctor know what exactly is happening with her.
      Be with her at all her doctor appointments so
      that you can be sure she is taking medication
      right and doesn't get so confused she puts
      herself in more danger. She might not be
      able to break the habit of alcohol especially
      since she has been so sick, but knowing that
      others understand and will try to help her in
      anyway despite of this all, may give her the
      strength she needs to try.

  26. QUESTION:
    Liver scarring and cirrhosis?
    My husband has "slight scarring" but his doctor says there is "no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this, I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage. He also has end-stage heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but it has been confirmed twice to be in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even though it is dormant? Which is more likely to have caused the scarring, dormant Hepatitis C or alcohol consumption (regular ant at times large amounts over many years). Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue (I know it cannot be reversed)? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. How dangerous is scarring on the liver it and what is the outlook for a patient who continues to drink 3-4 beers plus 1-2 shots of hard liquor per day (believe me, I am struggling to make him stop, without result)? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely (if it will)? Any information at all would be most welcome.

    • ANSWER:

  27. QUESTION:
    Does drinking too much diet coke or taking more than 2 tylenol a day harm your liver?
    I drink about 2 cans of diet coke a day and i am wondering if it damages your liver? i have spent hours looking for proof online about drinking diet coke but haven't found any. I am aware of how tylenol can adversly affect your liver but the docs have told me that it's the only thing i can take for pain (on top of that i am allergic to aspirin and ibuprofen) I had this rare liver disorder called "primary sclerosing cholangitis" (it damages the bile ducts and then causes liver cirrhosis and death unless you have a transplant) and was lucky enough to have had a liver transplant in december of 2001 after i was stage 3 for 4 years. Now i was diagnosed with another rare liver disorder called "primary billary cirrhosis" (it doesn't differ much from the first illness i described) Fortunately I am still stage one and have no or little symptoms. Maybe someone can tell more about the effects of diet coke or tylenol? (btw, I also drink plenty of juices and other things as well as soda). thank you

    • ANSWER:
      ouch, lots of misinformation in these answers.

      diet products are not harmful to the liver, and have not been proven to be harmful to human in any way (except those with phenylketonuria). the most common claim is that they cause cancer, which is false (see the link below). there is no way for them to "clog up" your body or urinary tract.

      you are right to be concerned with taking tylenol or any product containing acetominophen (many cold remedies have it). tylenol can be fatal to anyone if they take too much, and the cause of death is liver failure.

      you are definitely a special case, with multiple liver disorders AND allergies to other pain meds. you really need to call your gastroenterologist and ask them whta the maxiumum dose of tylenol you should have is. if the transplanted liver is functionally normally, you should be able to take it, although I can understand wanting to be extra careful with your gift.

  28. QUESTION:
    Can a ultra sound show signs of cancer?
    In 1975, I was diagnosed with HEP. B. Then approx. in 1997 I was diagnosed with HEP C. and Cirrhosis of the liver. It wasn't until 2008 that I agreed to a biopsy and was informed that I am in stage 4 cirrhosis. I should mention that I have refused any treatment, and continued a destructive lifestyle.
    I have since lost over 80 lbs. and Dr. stated that my blood work showed something he did not like.
    Something to do with ALT? And mentioning the word CANCER. He's ordered me to have a ultra sound done on my abdomen, and pelvic. Will this show if I have any cancer?

    • ANSWER:

  29. QUESTION:
    My mothers cirrhosis?
    My mom has hep C and liver cirrhosis. She has no insurance and a real bad doctor that foes nothing or tell us nothing. Sometimes she is fine but she vomits 3-4 a day bc she is nasous all the time, She also is supposed to take lactulose but only takes that once or twice a week. Im wondering is this end stage cirrhosis? She was in ICU last year and went into the hospital alot for amonia and to pump fluids out. She also has nose bleeds almost everyday and its big clots of blood that comes out, I just dont know whats going on bc like i said her dr is horrible. Please help

    • ANSWER:
      Alright first ill explain cirrhosis, Cirrhosis refers to scarring of the liver. Scar tissue forms because of injury or long-term disease. It replaces healthy tissue.

      Scar tissue cannot do what healthy liver tissue does like make protein, help fight infections, clean the blood, help digest food, and store energy for when you need it. Scar tissue also blocks the normal flow of blood through the liver. Too much scar tissue means that your liver cannot work properly. To live, you need a liver that works.

      Cirrhosis can be life-threatening, but it can also be controlled if treated early.

      Once you have cirrhosis, nothing can make the scar tissue go away completely. However, treating the cause will keep cirrhosis from getting worse. For example, if cirrhosis is due to alcoholic liver disease, the treatment is to completely stop drinking alcohol. If cirrhosis is caused by hepatitis C, then that disease may be treated with medication.

      If the treatment doesn't work, your mom might reconsider having a liver transplant, but that if its only the end stage cirrhosis.

      Your doctor will suggest treatment based on the cause of your cirrhosis and your symptoms. Early diagnosis and carefully following an appropriate treatment plan can help many people with cirrhosis. In very advanced cirrhosis, however, certain treatments may not be possible. In that situation, your doctors will work with you to prevent or manage the complications that cirrhosis can cause. So you really need your doctor's help. Go change your mom's doctor, you don't want to stay with a worst doctor because she doesn't have insurance. There are a lot of doctors there that will help you out. So don't think its already late, its not. Don't let that doctor ruin your mother's life.

  30. QUESTION:
    How long does it take to develop Cirrhosis of the Liver? Serious Answers, Please??!!?
    Okay, here goes...Im 21 years old, in great shape, I execrise frequently and eat pretty good. I'm 5'4" also. I first got drunk when I was 15...and I didn't start to engage in binge drinking until I was 18, going on 19. By time I turned 20 I drank alot, I meant ALOT of hard liquior. Ive just become 21 and I still drink...because I was in a deep depression in that time over a girl I used to like. Stupid, I know...I first lost my virginity to her and plus I didnt go back to school due to fianical issues I just became depressed and started drinking alot...i also take nyquil often to help me sleep since I got insomina. Im aware that achempeanion (spelling)? causes liver damage, too. I would say I've had two years and half of heavy drinking, including nyquil. Cutting down on drinking is going to be my new year's resoultion. I don't want to become an alcoholic, you know? At this stage, is it possible that I have liver damage or not? Because Ive checked the syptoms of liver damage, and I dont have any of those except for insonima, which I've had for many years before I drank liquor for the first time. And as for fatigueness, Im almost never tired, Im always fired up with energy all of the time and always walking around, rarely sitting down. Also, yesterday, I vomited and I saw like 3 streaks of light blood in the toilet. Idk if this is related to this or not. Serious answers, please! Thanks...

    • ANSWER:

  31. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for a 79 year old woman with cirrhosis of the liver probably year 3 of disease?
    more details: High ammonia levels in blood, 4 hospitalizations in the past two months.....4-5 hospitalizations per year past two years, lately constant internal infections and dehydration, urinary tract infections. Fell and broke hip one year ago and has barely been able to walk since without a walker. Now she cannot even do that.

    I guess what I am asking is what is the disease progression in terms of years? I do know the prognosis but I am wondering what stage she is in?

    Thanks
    Was never a drinker and actually she might be in year 4 of 5 of cirrhosis.
    Oh, she is also Anemic and has intermittant Jaundice.

    • ANSWER:
      I am really sorry about your Mom....
      My belief on terminally ill, is that they're here for as long as we need them here. I have seen many fight the odds, and others should have been here longer..
      Let me know about the tests.

  32. QUESTION:
    Liver scarring and Hepatitis C?
    My husband has "slight scarring" but his doctor says there is "no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this, I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage. He also has end-stage heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but it has been confirmed twice to be in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even though it is dormant? Which is more likely to have caused the scarring, dormant Hepatitis C or alcohol consumption (regular ant at times large amounts over many years). Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue (I know it cannot be reversed)? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. How dangerous is scarring on the liver it and what is the outlook for a patient who continues to drink 3-4 beers plus 1-2 shots of hard liquor per day (believe me, I am struggling to make him stop, without result)? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely (if it will)? Any information at all would be most welcome.

    • ANSWER:

  33. QUESTION:
    how can u tell if someone is at the end how much longer will they have?
    mymother has cirrhosis of the liver and the last couple of months she is in and out of hospital and now she is at stage 4 and has bin for long time but now its happening more often the doc is sayin that she may come out of this and may not how can we tell if this is her time please someone help

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately, cirrhosis of the liver can't be reversed and often leads to a long and slow death.

      You will know that her time is close if she falls into an Encephalopathic Coma that doesn't respond to Lactulose Treatments or she may begin Gastro-Intestinally bleeding.

      You and your family need to make some decisions now as to your Mom's future care. Does your Mom want to be placed on Life Support in the ICU? (a ventilator to breathe for her if she can no longer do it herself) Does your Mom want to be placed on "Pressors" medication intravenously to support her blood pressure when it begins to fall. ***This too would require an ICU stay. If your Mom should arrest (CODE) does she want chest compressions and other resuscitative measures (large IV's, Intubation, shocking with a defibrillator to restart her heart) I know these are difficult choices to make. It is best to make them now while you can.

      Talk to your Mom's doctor and your Mom (if she is able) and the rest of your family to explore your options and develop a plan.

      I wish you the best of luck and support.

  34. QUESTION:
    What should be the treatment for a patient like this?
    My mom had caught with "Cirrhosis of the Liver" back in 2000. It got diagnosed in 2002 when she started feeling tired, no appetite, swollen feet, blue marks on skin and abdominal pain. Doctors also told us that she has "Hepatitis C". We started her treatment with "Roferon 3mu". After six months she got better. We found last year that her "Cirrhosis of the Liver" problem is again disturbing her health. We took her for blood test but there were no detections of "Hepatitis" anymore. Doctor told us that her liver is damaged and it is in the "De-compensated Stage". It can not be reversed but it can be stopped to go further. Now she has swollen feet again, watter in abdomen, blue marks on lower legs, itching skin, minor fever, a little high blood pressure but she is not a Diabetic. Her last test results were these. (i called her home to get these readings. if you find any trouble you can e-mail for this.)

    XXX (should be) actually is

    Albumin (3.5-5.5) 2.3
    Platelets (150-400) 111
    WBCS (4-11) 5.63
    RBCS (4-6) 3.82
    HGB (11.5-17.5) 12.1
    HCT (36-54) 36.2
    MCV (76-96) 94.8
    MCH (27-33)31.7
    MCHC (33-35) 33.4
    RDW-CV (11.5-14.5) 15.5
    Neut (40-75) 59.7
    Lymp (20-45) 30.7
    Mono (2-10) 7.5
    EOS (upto0.6) 1.6
    Baso (0.0-1.5) 0.5
    Portion in urine (5.5-8) 8
    GGT (5-36) 71
    Alkaline Phosphates (35-104) 130
    AST (10-35) 38
    ALT (10-35) 34
    Total bilirubin (upto 1) 2.17
    Creatinine (0.50-0.90) 0.62
    Urea nitrogen (6-20) 10.4

    Now she is taking
    1- Spiromide 40mg (Hydrochlorothiazide)
    2- Siliver (For Liver)
    3- K-Vit (Vitamin K)
    4- Moderatic (ANTIHYPERTENSIVES)
    5- Seven Seas (cod liver oil)

    Her dite is
    A lot of egg whites
    vegetables
    fruits
    bread
    olive oil for light cooking
    No meat, No fish, No chicken, No fried eatables, No salt, No spices
    --------------------------------------...
    AFTER READING ALL THIS IF ANY DOCTOR (HEPATOLOGIST) THINKS THAT THERE IS SOMETHING MORE WE SHOULD DO FOR OUR MOTHER (WE ARE TWO BROTHERS) PLEASE, PLEASE, PLEASE TELL ME. TELL ME REALLY SOON PLEASE. I WISH ANSWERS COME REALLY QUICK. PLEASE DOCTORS! I AM WAITING. INFACT WE BOTH THE BROTHERS ARE ANXIOUSLY WAITING FOR YOUR KIND ANSWERES

    • ANSWER:
      She should be evaluated for a liver transplant as soon as possible. She has decompensated end stage liver disease. Without a liver transplant , her life expectancy will likely be short, a median survival of less than two years is usually agreed upon by the world over. There is a good liver cirrhosis support group at http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/livercirrhosissupport/

  35. QUESTION:
    Is it normal for a person to be on a respirator after liver transplant surgery?
    My friend who is around 30 or 31 has had cirrhosis for a while. It was in the advanced stages I think level 3 maybe not quite level 4. Actually, the advancement only happened fairly recently. Anyway, she just had her liver transplant. I do not remember what exactly caused the condition but I think it might have been some medication or some other medical condition she had. Anyway, she just had the transplant a few days ago and I guess they are giving her anti-rejection medication so her body accepts the new liver. Her mom said the surgery went well and I guess so far the body seems to be accepting the new liver but I hear the usual wait to find out can be any where from one to two weeks to find out exactly. I am not sure of the mortality rate after the transplant. Her mom said that they have her on a respirator. Is that a normal thing to be on a respirator when you have a liver transplant?
    Does that mean something has gone wrong after the transplant if you are on the respirator? Will the person be able to get off the respirator soon? Do they end up dying or something? I am just curious about the procedure. Also, my family and I want to see if we can go visit her this weekend but we are not sure what the hospital regulations would be.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, Yes, this is normal.
      The liver transplanting is a major and heroic surgery. During the surgical procedure many awfull events may take place such as massive blood loss or instability of the hemodynamic state of the patient.Any of these conditions affects badly the lungs causing what is called shock lung or respiratory distress syndrome(RDS).The mechanical ventilation is indicated when there is RDS as the lungs can not carry out its major job which is the gaseous exchange, or there is hemodynamic instability, or the conciousness state of the patient is markedly affected to the extent that the patient can not maintain and protect his/her airway.
      As long as the operation was ok, no rejection as her mom said I hope to get weaned from the ventilator soon. Actually weaning from mechanical ventilation is a gradual process with a lot of criteria that must be fulfilled first. Of course the main item to start weaning is the clinical & laboratory improvement of the primary cause.
      Be optimistic, ventilation does not mean a dying patient, it is only a mechanical therapy. I don't advise you to visit her in this current situation because she is definitely on immunosupressive drugs and for her; infection is a major threat.Of course among the methods of controlling infection is visit limitation.However for any hospital there is a special protocol for this you can inquire abour
      Best of luck I hope her to GET WELL SOON

  36. QUESTION:
    What is the cause of my dad's ascites?
    My dad had 1/4 of his left lung removed 2 weeks ago due to stage 1 lung cancer. 9 days after his surgery he returned to the hospital with ascites. He has had a number of test and cat scans which all come out negative. His enzymes are normal and the doctor said that his liver does not look like cirrhosis. He says it could possibly be liver cancer, but obviously just his opinion because he hasn't had a liver biopsy. He had a PET scan a month ago and the scan showed that the cancer was only in his lung. He had some lymph nodes biopsied before surgery, some in his chest area and some by his lung. Those results came back negative for cancer. He is also being treated for C-diff for the past 2 weeks and that is improving.
    Any thoughts on what he could have and is it possible to be liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      I read your dad's medical history . I prefer to trust on your PET scan results! ; it will not demonstrate the true and exact anatomical location , but when the liver was free of any tumor in that study - also if there was any microscopic residues - it's impossible to cause such a massive ascites! .
      My probabilities is as follows :
      1 - Carcinomatosis ( previously neglected )
      2 - Hepatic vein thrombosis ( due to para-neoplastic syndrome or manipulations around ,intra-operatively )
      3 - Previous Cardiac problem that aggreviated in post operation time .
      4 - Any neglected renal disorder concomitant with hypoproteinemic state .

  37. QUESTION:
    could someone help me please with health?
    This type of medicine relieves pain, and an example is acetaminophen.

    antihistamine
    analgesic
    vaccine

    hormone

    Question 2
    This type of medicine increases alertness and is often used for people who suffer from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

    hormone
    antibiotic
    stimulant
    antacid

    Question 3
    A steroid anti-inflammatory medicine such as ____________can reduce inflammation and itching of the skin.

    amoxicillin
    insulin
    acetaminophen
    cortisone cream

    Question 4
    _________________are available over-the-counter.

    Analgesics and antibiotics
    Hormones and stimulants
    Antacids and antihistamines
    Vaccines and sedatives

    Question 5
    Antacids

    work against stomach acids which can cause heartburn.
    kill bacteria.
    are used to treat heart problems.
    prevent infections.

    Question 6 Which sequence below accurately depicts the correct order in which drugs are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)?

    test on animals; test on human volunteers; test on cell cultures; clinical trials
    test on cell cultures; test on animals; test on human volunteers; clinical trials
    test on animals; test on cell cultures; test on human volunteers; clinical trials
    test on cell cultures; test on animals; clinical trials; test on human volunteers

    Question 7
    When a doctor prescribes a prescription medicine for you, which of the following information is NOT included on the label?

    the dose (how much of the medicine you should take)
    when you should take the medicine and how often
    the length of time you should take the medicine
    cell cultures and animal trials that were done on this drug

    Question 8
    Which of the following statement(s) best describes the way drugs can change how neurons communicate with each other in the brain?

    Drugs can act like neurotransmitters.
    Drugs can block neurotransmitters.
    Drugs can change the amount of neurotransmitters in a synapse.
    All of the above.

    Question 9
    Which sequence below accurately depicts the correct order of the path to addiction?

    tolerance, drug use, dependence, addiction
    drug use, tolerance, dependence, addiction
    drug use, dependence, tolerance, addiction
    drug use, addiction, dependence, tolerance

    Question 10
    Alcohol is considered a drug because it

    is made from naturally occurring substances such as sugar.
    causes dehydration.
    causes a change in a person’s physical and emotional state.
    all of the above.

    Question 11
    Which statement is true about alcohol?

    Alcohol has no harmful short-term effects on the body.
    Alcohol has no long-term effects on the body.
    Alcohol has many short-term and long-term effects on the body.
    Alcohol is not a drug.

    Question 12
    Which of the following is NOT a long-term effect of alcohol use?

    brain damage
    cirrhosis, liver cancer, hepatitis
    irregular heart beat, high blood pressure and anemia
    increased risk of emphysema

    Question 13
    A person who cannot drink alcohol in moderation is called a(n)

    enterpriser.
    problem drinker.
    entrepreneur.
    entertainer.

    Question 14
    When a drinker’s body needs alcohol to function normally, this person is in the third stage of alcoholism which is called

    tolerance.
    problem drinking.
    dependence.
    alcoholism.

    Question 15
    Joey feels he needs to drink more each day to experience the same effect. He is in the second stage of alcoholism which is called tolerance.

    True
    False

    Question 16
    When a drinker has lost control of his or her drinking behavior he or she is in the second stage of alcoholism.

    True
    False

    Question 17
    If teens are caught violating zero tolerance laws, they can be arrested.

    True
    False

    Question 18
    Good refusal skills can help you resist the pressure to use alcohol.

    True
    False

    Question 19
    Tobacco products include cigarettes, pipes, snuff, chewing tobacco, and cigars.

    True
    False

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry, kiddo. You'll have to do your own homework. I was going to give you some answers until i saw that you couldn't answer #19. C'mon - don't be such a slacker.

  38. QUESTION:
    Job vs. Terminally Ill child?
    Just wanted to get a little advice on a situation that i'm currently going through. First off, im 24, and I have a 4 year old daughter with a life-threatening liver disease called PFIC-2, and she is currently on the transplant list. Im stuck in between a rock and a hard place. I'm currently looking for part time work to help sustain me while I'm going through nursing school at wayne state. The issue that i have is im debating if I should tell my employer about my child's condition BEFORE im hired or after. I had a part time job back at the end of 2010, but I was let go when my daughter's liver went into the early stages of cirrhosis. Basically, her doctors at U of M keep her under a close eye, and when ANYTHING in her blood work elevates, she is usually hospitalized or we are asked to IMMEDIATELY come in for further tests. I got a job back in september 2010, but was fired the week of thanksgiving due to my daughter's condition deteriorating and needing emergency tests and treatments. They basically told me that I was a liability to the company because I was unable to show up for my schedule a lot of the times. I was not eligible for FMLA because i was not a full time employee. Basically all protections under the law i was ineligible for due to me being a part-time worker and not having been there at least 12 months. Now I'm stuck trying to find another job that will not hold my daughter's illness against me. Her father and his family don't help at all(he'd doesnt want anything to do with us because i got him put in jail when he physically abused me while i was pregnant with our son). My mother died from a drug overdose and i was taken away from my dad because of child abuse so I have no family to help either. Anyway, seeing as though my daughter is on the transplant list right now, even if I was to get a job, I would lose it the moment she gets that call, because her full time recovery care would be about 2 months after surgery. She is currently receiving insurance through the state of michigan for terminally ill children that covers all her medical expenses, THANK GOD. For those of you unfamiliar with how the organ donor list works, i can get a call AT ANY TIME to go in for surgery. So what am i supposed to do? welfare is not giving me enough to cover all my expenses, and quite frankly, I want to be off of the cash assistance as soon as possible. Should I apply for a job and just say 'my daughter needs a liver and I could leave any moment as soon as a liver is available, but dont worry about that because i'm a good employee?" Most employers would look at me as a liability to the company......

    • ANSWER:

  39. QUESTION:
    Help, my mom won't stop drinking...?
    My mom has been drinking for as long as I can remember. She gets drunk. Then the next morning she starts to drink again as soon as she wakes up. It usually lasts a week. I don't live with her anymore because honestly I don't want my daughters to see that.

    She works for my sister's husband selling water softens. She is the best in the country and she makes about ten thousand dollars a month. Then she takes that money and goes MIA.

    The last couple of years it has gotten real bad. This is happening more and more often, and this time, it has been a 15 days. She missed my daughter's fifth birthday, thanks giving, and her own birthday. I am getting really scared.

    I studied alcoholism in a history class, a drug class, and I wrote 4 research papers on the physical and mental long term effects of binge drinking. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant. When a person drinks non-stop for a long time, like my mom, their brain tries to counter act the depression by over stimulating it. When the alcohol is suddenly taken away (when she decides to stop, or runs out of money) the central nervous system becomes over stimulated.

    The withdrawals from alcohol are called delirium-tremens. It is more deadly then heroin withdrawals. It starts with a really bad hang over. Any person's hang over is withdrawals from the drug (Alcohol is a drug), that's why drinking a small amount of alcohol helps the symptoms so much.

    After, or during that stage, the person begins to shake. They can't stop their hands, head and other extremities from shaking. Kinda like boxers who have been hit in the head too many times.

    The next step is tingling sensations. It is described as spiders crawling on your skin, and can progress to the feeling of snake bites. These sensations make the next stage even more frightening, hallucinations (delirium). These hallucinations are almost always terrifying.

    Once a person reaches the delirium stage, they need to go to the hospital so that a doctor can give them a barbiturate. Barbiturates work because they are and alternative depressant drug, but the doctor is able to regulate this drug better then alcohol and slowly wean the patient off. It the alcoholic dose not receive medical attention, the final stage is grand-mal seizures (tremens). This is often followed by death. Every time a person survives these withdrawals, the symptoms become more and more sever every time.

    There are many other ways alcohol can kill you. In the short term, car accidents, falling, etc. ( those thing have happen to my mom) Long term, a person can get a fatty liver that leads to cirrhosis of the liver and death. If they don't die from it, they will probably loss their mind. Binge drinking has detestation effects on a person's short term memory, problem solving ability, emotions, and personality. Basically, in the long run, it's like taking a sledgehammer to the forehead and permanently damaging your cerebral cortex (the part of your brain that makes you who your are).

    Most people don't know about delirium-tremens, or these other horrible consequences. I certainly didn't know when I was younger. Looking back, I saw some of these terrible symptoms in my mom. Her personality has changed and she repeats the same sentence a lot. The most terrifying, though, is that I have seen her shake, and heard her scream for seemingly no reason when she is coming down from a binge. She blacks out for days when this happens. She wakes up with no almost no memory of this happening, and acts like every thing is fine, but I know she realizes what she did. How can she deny loosing a week on the calendar?

    When I'm done writing I'm going to go to her apartment. She might not let me in, but I will get in anyway. Honestly, it has taken me this long to check on her because I am really afraid I will see her dead. I love my mom.

    My mom had my sister take her to the hospital last time this happened. They admitted her into the psyc ward. My mom didn't like that very much. They couldn't hold, for some reason and let her go. Now she is avoiding my sister and I.

    My sister called the cops on her and told them she was suicidal. They couldn't do anything because my mom wouldn't admit it. Also, she was in her a apartment, so they couldn't take her in for public intoxication. What a f*cked up country. The police can arrest a pot smoker who is not hurting themselves or anyone else. But they can't help my mom who is killing herself, and might try to drive and kill some innocent person.

    I really don't know what to do anymore.

    Please, if anyone out there has an idea of a way to get her help against her own will. If I don't find a way she might die. If she survives this time, it will happen again. She won't stop until she dead.

    • ANSWER:
      You are in a difficult situation with difficult answers. You are a good researcher, I can only disagree with one small thing you said. When someone has liver disease, ammonia builds up in the blood, this is what causes the "loss of mind" you mention. But the ammonia build up is treatable with lactulose. Without the build up of ammonia, there is no development of confusion. There is Wernicke Encephalopathy that develops in people with chronic alcohol abuse. It is different than the effects of ammonia in cirrhosis. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/794583-overview

      You know a lot about the health and physiological consequences of abusing alcohol. Now you should point your research in a different direction. Look into family dynamics in alcoholism,http://family.jrank.org/pages/246/Children-Alcoholics.html http://organizedwisdom.com/Alcoholism_and_Family_Dynamics Look into co-dependency and enabling. Here is a pace to start. http://alcoholism.about.com/od/coda/Codependency_Resources.htm Look up AA (alcoholics anonymous) in your area. Look up Drug and alcohol treatment and intervention in your area. http://www.intervention.com/ You grew up with this and have a learned pattern of behavior built around reacting to your mom's drinking and protecting her from herself. If you keep doing the same thing, she will keep doing the same thing. Change your reactions, she won't be able to do the same thing. You have leverage. Gonna sound very harsh. She has money to drink on, she has her apartment, she cannot be taken in for pubic drunkenness BECAUSE she has a job from your brother-in-law. Could she keep a job with anyone else? Who would hire her? "Mom, if you go to treatment, when you get back your job is here waiting for you, we will pay the rent on the apartment it will be here for you. As long as you stay sober, you have a job. If you won't go to treatment, the job is gone as of right now, you are fired for drinking at work. We won't pay the rent, you cannot move in with us, you can get what you want out of the apartment and put it in a shopping cart, we are not helping you hurt yourself, we will help you get well." Don't do that without the help of a professional though....you need the treatment set up, you need to be determined, you need a professional to back you up. This is the only way I know of to get help for someone who doesn't want it.

  40. QUESTION:
    Is this enough proof that religion and God are man made?
    1) Christians claim their god is all powerful and all knowing. If that’s true the bible god knows in advance what all 6. 7 billion people on the planet will do....... before they do it.
    No one has the option to change that which their god knows IN ADVANCE.... (Remember god is ALL KNOWING) that they will do.
    If god is NOT all knowing then he has to sit back and wonder what each person will do next. In that case, god cannot be all knowing.
    So either the bible god knows in advance what each of us will do, or he cannot be all knowing.

    2) It is incumbent on Christians to actually prove this claim. I can claim that god Vishnu created everything. My claim has the same credibility as yours......... Exactly zero ......unless one of us can actually produce our god in person.

    3) Prayers are never answered when verifiable things are prayed for.

    4) No amputee has ever had a limb picked up off the ground and healed back on.

    5) No one with a bleeding open wound has ever been healed.

    6) Gather together Christians in the largest church possible. News media notified. Prayer event can be televised live worldwide.
    Get a Christian volunteer to walk on stage as every Christian watching commences praying. There is no chance that a real god could miss several 100 million or so praying Christians. As prayer continues the Christian volunteer has a finger or hand chopped off. The severed limb must be allowed to fall to the floor with camera close ups from all angles to prevent fraud.
    Meanwhile all Christians are still praying, begging their god to pick it up and heal it back on.
    Praying can continue until the volunteer either bleeds to death or is treated by a DR.
    The volunteer will NOT be healed. GUARANTEED. I don’t care if it’s not staged and you brought a guy from the hospital into the church with a chopped off hand…makes no difference
    Testimonials about this or that Christian who had cancer, or someone's heart condition, or any church members cirrhosis of the liver etc etc etc, who were healed through prayer are just worthless testimonials.

    • ANSWER:
      Again Chris more dumb self-serving logic….

      #1 So if you acted a certain way one day are you expected to act that way FOREVER or can you change and evolve? You have freewill so you can do whatever you like……..BUT only time and your actions will tell what type of person you really are and stand for, believe in!

      #2 Sorry there was no film for your convenience.

      #3 This is not true and again Chris WHY WHY WHY would people practice Christianity or Satanism for thousands of years with "no results".

      #4 That is just stupid

      #5 What are you talking about?

      #6 Yeah something is seriously wrong – you don’t understand the difference between YOUR will and GODS will. He’s not a genie my friend.

  41. QUESTION:
    i am 38 years old. I have stage 4 cirrhosis of liver and hepatitis c?
    some days i look ok and some days i look like iam a old my wrinkled and my skin colors turns really dark and my etyes get bags under them and they become really red and irritated. also my neck gets really supple and my body is slotched. I work and i feel sometimes so embarrased and hate looking at people because i look so bad. is there any medication over the counter or anything i can do to change this. i also have diabetes. I do take milk thistle to support liver function. please help

    • ANSWER:
      Try the link below. I would talk to your doctor about possible things you can do, I know with liver disease, and cirrhosis, you want to stay away form "Tylenol" if you are in pain, bad for the liver, I would imaging drinking water to keep the liver hydrated is good, the site below has a list of stuff you can do, and what you should not do. The site is related to having Cirrhosis, that was not caused by alcoholism, but by Hepatitis C itself, so if that is not the case, and you just happened to get both of them,
      The website probably wont help much.

  42. QUESTION:
    i am 38 years old. I have stage 4 cirrhosis of liver and hepatitis c?
    some days i look ok and some days i look like iam a old my wrinkled and my skin colors turns really dark and my etyes get bags under them and they become really red and irritated. also my neck gets really supple and my body is slotched. I work and i feel sometimes so embarrased and hate looking at people because i look so bad. is there any medication over the counter or anything i can do to change this. i also have diabetes. I do take milk thistle to support liver function. please help

    • ANSWER:
      I'd consult with the doctor before taking anything over the counter also the doctor can probably give you a better prescription. As for the eye bags try putting ice or vaseline before you sleep.

  43. QUESTION:
    What should be the treatment for a patient like this?
    My mom had caught with "Cirrhosis of the Liver" back in 2000. It got diagnosed in 2002 when she started feeling tired, no appetite, swollen feet, blue marks on skin and abdominal pain. Doctors also told us that she has "Hepatitis C". We started her treatment with "Roferon 3mu". After six months she got better. We found last year that her "Cirrhosis of the Liver" problem is again disturbing her health. We took her for blood test but there were no detections of "Hepatitis" anymore. Doctor told us that her liver is damaged and it is in the "De-compensated Stage". It can not be reversed but it can be stopped to go further. Now she has swollen feet again, watter in abdomen, blue marks on lower legs, itching skin, minor fever, a little high blood pressure but she is not a Diabetic. Her last test results were these. (i called her home to get these readings. if you find any trouble you can e-mail for this.)

    XXX (should be) actually is

    Albumin (3.5-5.5) 2.3
    Platelets (150-400) 111
    WBCS (4-11) 5.63
    RBCS (4-6) 3.82
    HGB (11.5-17.5) 12.1
    HCT (36-54) 36.2
    MCV (76-96) 94.8
    MCH (27-33)31.7
    MCHC (33-35) 33.4
    RDW-CV (11.5-14.5) 15.5
    Neut (40-75) 59.7
    Lymp (20-45) 30.7
    Mono (2-10) 7.5
    EOS (upto0.6) 1.6
    Baso (0.0-1.5) 0.5
    Portion in urine (5.5-8) 8
    GGT (5-36) 71
    Alkaline Phosphates (35-104) 130
    AST (10-35) 38
    ALT (10-35) 34
    Total bilirubin (upto 1) 2.17
    Creatinine (0.50-0.90) 0.62
    Urea nitrogen (6-20) 10.4

    Now she is taking
    1- Spiromide 40mg (Hydrochlorothiazide)
    2- Siliver (For Liver)
    3- K-Vit (Vitamin K)
    4- Moderatic (ANTIHYPERTENSIVES)
    5- Seven Seas (cod liver oil)

    Her dite is
    A lot of egg whites
    vegetables
    fruits
    bread
    olive oil for light cooking
    No meat, No fish, No chicken, No fried eatables, No salt, No spices
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    AFTER READING ALL THIS IF ANY DOCTOR (HEPATOLOGIST) THINKS THAT THERE IS SOMETHING MORE WE SHOULD DO FOR OUR MOTHER (WE ARE TWO BROTHERS) PLEASE, PLEASE, PLEASE TELL ME. TELL ME REALLY SOON PLEASE. I WISH ANSWERS COME REALLY QUICK. PLEASE DOCTORS! I AM WAITING. INFACT WE BOTH THE BROTHERS ARE ANXIOUSLY WAITING FOR YOUR KIND ANSWERES

    • ANSWER:
      Good luck with that, Doctors are far too busy to frequent Yahoo! Answers. And if they did, they wouldn't give you medical advice anyway, it's too risky for them. Your mom would actually have to be a patient of theirs before they'd tell you to do anything. I suggest checking out Yahoo! Groups, I am in one for the disease that effects me.

      Here is a yahoo group for liver cirrhosis, ask these people the same question you asked us, they'll know more then we do.

      http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/livercirrhosissupport/?v=1&t=search&ch=web&pub=groups&sec=group&slk=2

  44. QUESTION:
    Help, my mom won't stop drinking...?
    My mom has been drinking for as long as I can remember. She gets drunk. Then the next morning she starts to drink again as soon as she wakes up. It usually lasts a week. I don't live with her anymore because honestly I don't want my daughters to see that.

    She works for my sister's husband selling water softens. She is the best in the country and she makes about ten thousand dollars a month. Then she takes that money and goes MIA.

    The last couple of years it has gotten real bad. This is happening more and more often, and this time, it has been a 15 days. She missed my daughter's fifth birthday, thanks giving, and her own birthday. I am getting really scared.

    I studied alcoholism in a history class, a drug class, and I wrote 4 research papers on the physical and mental long term effects of binge drinking. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant. When a person drinks non-stop for a long time, like my mom, their brain tries to counter act the depression by over stimulating it. When the alcohol is suddenly taken away (when she decides to stop, or runs out of money) the central nervous system becomes over stimulated.

    The withdrawals from alcohol are called delirium-tremens. It is more deadly then heroin withdrawals. It starts with a really bad hang over. Any person's hang over is withdrawals from the drug (Alcohol is a drug), that's why drinking a small amount of alcohol helps the symptoms so much.

    After, or during that stage, the person begins to shake. They can't stop their hands, head and other extremities from shaking. Kinda like boxers who have been hit in the head too many times.

    The next step is tingling sensations. It is described as spiders crawling on your skin, and can progress to the feeling of snake bites. These sensations make the next stage even more frightening, hallucinations (delirium). These hallucinations are almost always terrifying.

    Once a person reaches the delirium stage, they need to go to the hospital so that a doctor can give them a barbiturate. Barbiturates work because they are and alternative depressant drug, but the doctor is able to regulate this drug better then alcohol and slowly wean the patient off. It the alcoholic dose not receive medical attention, the final stage is grand-mal seizures (tremens). This is often followed by death. Every time a person survives these withdrawals, the symptoms become more and more sever every time.

    There are many other ways alcohol can kill you. In the short term, car accidents, falling, etc. ( those thing have happen to my mom) Long term, a person can get a fatty liver that leads to cirrhosis of the liver and death. If they don't die from it, they will probably loss their mind. Binge drinking has detestation effects on a person's short term memory, problem solving ability, emotions, and personality. Basically, in the long run, it's like taking a sledgehammer to the forehead and permanently damaging your cerebral cortex (the part of your brain that makes you who your are).

    Most people don't know about delirium-tremens, or these other horrible consequences. I certainly didn't know when I was younger. Looking back, I saw some of these terrible symptoms in my mom. Her personality has changed and she repeats the same sentence a lot. The most terrifying, though, is that I have seen her shake, and heard her scream for seemingly no reason when she is coming down from a binge. She blacks out for days when this happens. She wakes up with no almost no memory of this happening, and acts like every thing is fine, but I know she realizes what she did. How can she deny loosing a week on the calendar?

    When I'm done writing I'm going to go to her apartment. She might not let me in, but I will get in anyway. Honestly, it has taken me this long to check on her because I am really afraid I will see her dead. I love my mom.

    My mom had my sister take her to the hospital last time this happened. They admitted her into the psyc ward. My mom didn't like that very much. They couldn't hold, for some reason and let her go. Now she is avoiding my sister and I.

    My sister called the cops on her and told them she was suicidal. They couldn't do anything because my mom wouldn't admit it. Also, she was in her a apartment, so they couldn't take her in for public intoxication. What a f*cked up country. The police can arrest a pot smoker who is not hurting themselves or anyone else. But they can't help my mom who is killing herself, and might try to drive and kill some innocent person.

    I really don't know what to do anymore.

    Please, if anyone out there has an idea of a way to get her help against her own will. If I don't find a way she might die. If she survives this time, it will happen again. She won't stop until she dead.

    • ANSWER:
      i know exactly how you feel! my mom was a very big drinker all throughout my child hood, to the point i was taking care of my younger siblings. She would drink all day, half the night, then when she would wake up if she even went to sleep would wake up and drink again. My mom couldnt even keep a job. I had tried calling the cops, NOTHING! It actually took something HUGE for my mom to change. The day before easter on March 22, 2008 she stood up from the bed and fell forward. Being drunk she didnt have the reaction to catch herself. She hit head first making a whiplash motion and snapped the disc between C5 and C6 invertabrae. When the disc shattered bone marrow went into her spinal cord and damanged it. She is now a partial quadriplegic. She is able to move her neck, shoulders, and elbows. So i advise you to get help ASAP! There is actually a law that you and your sister can put her into a rehab even though she is over 18. Look into rehab centers around her place and see about them taking your mom. The SRS can help as well, just call them up and tell them your situation and how you and your sister feel as if she is endangering her own life. If you can give them enough information they will be forced to investigate and put her in a rehab facility, but only if you can prove its for her own good.

  45. QUESTION:
    Help, my mom won't stop drinking...?
    My mom has been drinking for as long as I can remember. She gets drunk. Then the next morning she starts to drink again as soon as she wakes up. It usually lasts a week. I don't live with her anymore because honestly I don't want my daughters to see that.

    She works for my sister's husband selling water softens. She is the best in the country and she makes about ten thousand dollars a month. Then she takes that money and goes MIA.

    The last couple of years it has gotten real bad. This is happening more and more often, and this time, it has been a 15 days. She missed my daughter's fifth birthday, thanks giving, and her own birthday. I am getting really scared.

    I studied alcoholism in a history class, a drug class, and I wrote 4 research papers on the physical and mental long term effects of binge drinking. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant. When a person drinks non-stop for a long time, like my mom, their brain tries to counter act the depression by over stimulating it. When the alcohol is suddenly taken away (when she decides to stop, or runs out of money) the central nervous system becomes over stimulated.

    The withdrawals from alcohol are called delirium-tremens. It is more deadly then heroin withdrawals. It starts with a really bad hang over. Any person's hang over is withdrawals from the drug (Alcohol is a drug), that's why drinking a small amount of alcohol helps the symptoms so much.

    After, or during that stage, the person begins to shake. They can't stop their hands, head and other extremities from shaking. Kinda like boxers who have been hit in the head too many times.

    The next step is tingling sensations. It is described as spiders crawling on your skin, and can progress to the feeling of snake bites. These sensations make the next stage even more frightening, hallucinations (delirium). These hallucinations are almost always terrifying.

    Once a person reaches the delirium stage, they need to go to the hospital so that a doctor can give them a barbiturate. Barbiturates work because they are and alternative depressant drug, but the doctor is able to regulate this drug better then alcohol and slowly wean the patient off. It the alcoholic dose not receive medical attention, the final stage is grand-mal seizures (tremens). This is often followed by death. Every time a person survives these withdrawals, the symptoms become more and more sever every time.

    There are many other ways alcohol can kill you. In the short term, car accidents, falling, etc. ( those thing have happen to my mom) Long term, a person can get a fatty liver that leads to cirrhosis of the liver and death. If they don't die from it, they will probably loss their mind. Binge drinking has detestation effects on a person's short term memory, problem solving ability, emotions, and personality. Basically, in the long run, it's like taking a sledgehammer to the forehead and permanently damaging your cerebral cortex (the part of your brain that makes you who your are).

    Most people don't know about delirium-tremens, or these other horrible consequences. I certainly didn't know when I was younger. Looking back, I saw some of these terrible symptoms in my mom. Her personality has changed and she repeats the same sentence a lot. The most terrifying, though, is that I have seen her shake, and heard her scream for seemingly no reason when she is coming down from a binge. She blacks out for days when this happens. She wakes up with no almost no memory of this happening, and acts like every thing is fine, but I know she realizes what she did. How can she deny loosing a week on the calendar?

    When I'm done writing I'm going to go to her apartment. She might not let me in, but I will get in anyway. Honestly, it has taken me this long to check on her because I am really afraid I will see her dead. I love my mom.

    My mom had my sister take her to the hospital last time this happened. They admitted her into the psyc ward. My mom didn't like that very much. They couldn't hold, for some reason and let her go. Now she is avoiding my sister and I.

    My sister called the cops on her and told them she was suicidal. They couldn't do anything because my mom wouldn't admit it. Also, she was in her a apartment, so they couldn't take her in for public intoxication. What a f*cked up country. The police can arrest a pot smoker who is not hurting themselves or anyone else. But they can't help my mom who is killing herself, and might try to drive and kill some innocent person.

    I really don't know what to do anymore.

    Please, if anyone out there has an idea of a way to get her help against her own will. If I don't find a way she might die. If she survives this time, it will happen again. She won't stop until she dead.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, my sister is in your mother's position. There is nothing you can do about it, even if you beg and plead, and get on your knees, and cry they don't listen. You can talk to them about the advantages of not drinking, and not spending money on drugs, but they go ahead and do it anyway, they don't stop. They are addicted. Just learn from what they have done, and remember what your life is without the drug. This is a fucked up country, but that doesn't mean you have to live up to it. Pot smokers do hurt themselves, by inhibiting their ambition. Do people need pot? Then why are they buying it?

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pSm7BcQHWXk

  46. QUESTION:
    Help, my mom won't stop drinking...?
    My mom has been drinking for as long as I can remember. She gets drunk. Then the next morning she starts to drink again as soon as she wakes up. It usually lasts a week. I don't live with her anymore because honestly I don't want my daughters to see that.

    She works for my sister's husband selling water softens. She is the best in the country and she makes about ten thousand dollars a month. Then she takes that money and goes MIA.

    The last couple of years it has gotten real bad. This is happening more and more often, and this time, it has been a 15 days. She missed my daughter's fifth birthday, thanks giving, and her own birthday. I am getting really scared.

    I studied alcoholism in a history class, a drug class, and I wrote 4 research papers on the physical and mental long term effects of binge drinking. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant. When a person drinks non-stop for a long time, like my mom, their brain tries to counter act the depression by over stimulating it. When the alcohol is suddenly taken away (when she decides to stop, or runs out of money) the central nervous system becomes over stimulated.

    The withdrawals from alcohol are called delirium-tremens. It is more deadly then heroin withdrawals. It starts with a really bad hang over. Any person's hang over is withdrawals from the drug (Alcohol is a drug), that's why drinking a small amount of alcohol helps the symptoms so much.

    After, or during that stage, the person begins to shake. They can't stop their hands, head and other extremities from shaking. Kinda like boxers who have been hit in the head too many times.

    The next step is tingling sensations. It is described as spiders crawling on your skin, and can progress to the feeling of snake bites. These sensations make the next stage even more frightening, hallucinations (delirium). These hallucinations are almost always terrifying.

    Once a person reaches the delirium stage, they need to go to the hospital so that a doctor can give them a barbiturate. Barbiturates work because they are and alternative depressant drug, but the doctor is able to regulate this drug better then alcohol and slowly wean the patient off. It the alcoholic dose not receive medical attention, the final stage is grand-mal seizures (tremens). This is often followed by death. Every time a person survives these withdrawals, the symptoms become more and more sever every time.

    There are many other ways alcohol can kill you. In the short term, car accidents, falling, etc. ( those thing have happen to my mom) Long term, a person can get a fatty liver that leads to cirrhosis of the liver and death. If they don't die from it, they will probably loss their mind. Binge drinking has detestation effects on a person's short term memory, problem solving ability, emotions, and personality. Basically, in the long run, it's like taking a sledgehammer to the forehead and permanently damaging your cerebral cortex (the part of your brain that makes you who your are).

    Most people don't know about delirium-tremens, or these other horrible consequences. I certainly didn't know when I was younger. Looking back, I saw some of these terrible symptoms in my mom. Her personality has changed and she repeats the same sentence a lot. The most terrifying, though, is that I have seen her shake, and heard her scream for seemingly no reason when she is coming down from a binge. She blacks out for days when this happens. She wakes up with no almost no memory of this happening, and acts like every thing is fine, but I know she realizes what she did. How can she deny loosing a week on the calendar?

    When I'm done writing I'm going to go to her apartment. She might not let me in, but I will get in anyway. Honestly, it has taken me this long to check on her because I am really afraid I will see her dead. I love my mom.

    My mom had my sister take her to the hospital last time this happened. They admitted her into the psyc ward. My mom didn't like that very much. They couldn't hold, for some reason and let her go. Now she is avoiding my sister and I.

    My sister called the cops on her and told them she was suicidal. They couldn't do anything because my mom wouldn't admit it. Also, she was in her a apartment, so they couldn't take her in for public intoxication. What a f*cked up country. The police can arrest a pot smoker who is not hurting themselves or anyone else. But they can't help my mom who is killing herself, and might try to drive and kill some innocent person.

    I really don't know what to do anymore.

    Please, if anyone out there has an idea of a way to get her help against her own will. If I don't find a way she might die. If she survives this time, it will happen again. She won't stop until she dead.

    • ANSWER:
      Wow, I'm really sorry for her.

      Personally I would try to introduce her to marijuana smoking in order to get her to stop from drinking. I don't really know what else to say because I know that people who drink a lot won't even consider what other people say.

      You could also let her be how she wants, I know it is hard but she is another human being and she probably went through a lot as a result in drinking and as a human being she has the right to live her life how she wants (even though alcohol took over her mind). We all die at some point, she might have found her own strange happiness.

      Take care and please do not be upset about her.