How To Reverse Fatty Liver Naturally

Fibromyalgia is a form of arthritis that is more common in women than in men. People who are affected by this condition are usually over 50 years old. In the United States alone figures show that almost three to six million individuals are displaying symptoms of fibromyalgia. The disease is basically characterized by chronic pain, fatigue and sleeplessness.

Although fibromyalgia is relatively a new term, it has been already known to exist for many years. Previously, this syndrome was known as fibrositis, soft tissue rheumatism, and non-articular rheutmatism. But up to now, scientists still do not have any idea what causes the disease. Many agree though that injuries, trauma, stress and infections may be factors that can trigger this problem.

If you have been diagnosed with fibromyalgia, you may have felt really bad knowing that there is no cure for this syndrome. There may be no magic pill to make you free from the disease, but there are natural ways in which you can manage your condition. Here's how:

Exercise Regularly

For many conditions, exercise should be an integral part in the healing process. The same is true with this type of arthritis. However, it is important that you start slowly. Strenuous activities might increase muscle strain. On the other hand, if you stay sedentary, your muscles will weaken and your joints will become stiffer. Walking, tai chi or basic yoga and Pilates are ideal in keeping your muscles strong without tiring or straining them. You should also not forget basic stretching exercises, as these will help warm your muscles up before you start your exercise routine.
Before you begin an exercise program, however, it would be best to first consult your doctor or a specialist. You need to make sure that whatever activity you are planning to do will help instead of make matters worse for you.

Get Some Sleep

The general feeling of malaise felt by sufferers of fibromyalgia is not mainly due to sore muscles and stiff joints. The overwhelming fatigue may also be due to lack of deep sleep. As mentioned earlier, individuals with fibromyalgia are not able to sleep soundly at night.

Taking sleeping pills is not the only solution for you to find restful sleep. And the bad news is, if you take such medication on a regular basis, you might get hooked. What you can do to attain much needed snooze is to take natural supplements that contain valerian and lemon balm. These two ingredients will surely make you sleep in no time at all.

You may also want to try a supplement that contains melatonin, a brain chemical that is responsible for normalizing the body clock of a person. Many people who do not sleep well have impaired abilities to produce melatonin.

Mind Your Nutrients

Much like in any other condition, people who are suffering from fibromyalgia need certain nutrients to help them cope with their illness. One mineral that is very important in relaxing the muscles and preventing strain is magnesium. Foods that are rich in magnesium include leafy greens, peas, nuts, beans, and whole grains.

Ease The Pain

Applying some warmth to your muscles is one of the easiest ways to relieve tension and aches. However, this might be temporary. Another way you can do to help ease the pain caused by muscle sore is getting a massage, which will not only eliminate aches but also help you sleep soundly. You can also ask your masseuse to use aromatic oils that will relieve physical as well as mental stress. A full body massage is truly a treat for fibromyalgia sufferers.

For a more permanent and long term solution to pain caused by fibromyalgia, you may take natural supplements with MSM, Chondroitin and Glucosamine Sulfate, such as Flexcerin. To know more about how Flexcerin can help you, visit http://www.flexcerin.com/.

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How To Reverse Fatty Liver Disease

Chronic kidney stone treatment

Accumulation of calcium and other dietary minerals and forming into small pieces of stone like substance in the kidney can be the reason for kidney stones and in medical parlance this condition is known as ureterolithiasis. 80% kidney stones, whether they are calcium stones, struvite stones, uric acid stones, cystine stones or other types of Kidney stones are successfully treated without surgery.

The symptoms of kidney stones are: pain in the flank, lower abdomen and groin, pain on urination, pink, red or brown urine nausea and vomiting, persistent urge to urinate and fever and chills, if an infection is present.

Dehydration, heredity, being an adult, a man and obese, eating a diet that has high protein, high sodium and high sugar, digestive diseases and surgery and other medical conditions can cause formation of kidney stones.

Urine culture test, microscopic study of urine, blood tests, x-ray, CT.scan, ultra sound, 24 hour urine collection and catching of passed stones at home are used as techniques in diagnosis.

Conventional treatment has the disadvantage of being painful, working on only a few types and costly as hospitalization is required. Natural treatment is effective even in curing chronic conditions as it converts these stones into sludge and then flushes them out and enables passing them without pain and effort.

Natural remedies prevent future formation of kidney stones. Cranberry juice, fruits and vegetables with potassium citrate, lemon juice, lemonade, green, olive oil, citric acid and orange juice are the effective home remedies for chronic kidney stones.

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How To Reverse Fatty Liver

Foot Pain Relief at Home.

Do you have foot pain in the morning, after or while walking, after sitting, sleeping or running and searching for foot pain relief at h 00004000 ome? Plantar fasciitis, with which you are affected, is a common condition of foot pain.

Don't bother; foot pain relief can be got at home by using simple and natural home treatments. For selecting appropriate treatment , the sufferer should understand the symptoms, causes and diagnosis of plantar fasciitis.

Intolerable foot pain, pain in the arch of foot, in the ball of foot, in the heel of foot and in the high arch are the symptoms that arise from causes such as stress on the heel, some form of arthritis, tendency of the foot to roll inward upon walking, wearing incorrect shoes and age-related loss of resiliency in the ligaments. Diagnosis is done with medical history and physical examination.

Take as much rest as possible to allow the inflammation to cool down. Apply ice over the affected area a few times a day to reduce inflammation. Insert an over-the- counter arch support and heel support cushion in to the shoe to reduce pain. Take over-the- counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and naproxen to reduce pain and inflammation .

You can also do stretching exercises to get foot pain relief at home.Wear night splints to keep the heel stretched out when you sleep. If you know how to allow nature to cure this ailment you can use these treatments. For fast cure use professionally designed methods.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Diagnosed with Fatty Liver........ How to reverse or cure it?
    Blood test and ultrasound confirmed fatty liver. I have since lost 20 pounds through diet and exercise in 1 month.

    I am still 60 pounds overweight. So if I keep losing weight will i be cured or is this irreversible and only get worse??

    • ANSWER:
      good luck!

  2. QUESTION:
    Will she need a feeding tube for fatty liver with her situation?
    My cat had surgery for a blockage in her intestine. She didn't eat for 3 days before this. Her recovery has been long because she was running a fever that stumped the vet, and they couldn't understand where it was coming from.

    They didn't want to force feed her because of her situation and because she is a difficult cat.

    Finally today her fever has been normal for well over 12 hours. She still will not eat though. She is currently on day 6 without food. The vet was reluctant to force feed her still because she vomited up a dropper full of vitamins they gave her yesterday.

    Anyway, today like we tried a barium x-ray to check how her stomach and intestines are working. She didn't vomit the barium and although the barium is moving EXTREMELY slow through her stomach and slowly making it's way into the intestine, we are confident we can force her to eat.

    So tonight they were going to force some food into her. My question is, the vet says now that shes showing signs of jaundice...possibly fatty liver so they did bloodwork which I'll find out the results to tomorrow.

    Say she gets her appetite back tomorrow, will she be able to reverse the fatty liver on her own? Or does it always need aggressive feeding through a tube or syringe?

    Do you think now that the barium is moving through and her fever is gone that she might start eating again? I hope she doesn't have liver damage but I realize 6 days is long. She weighed 8.9 lbs prior to getting sick.

    What do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      I don't understand why the vet waited so long. The problem you face here is that IF your cat does NOT eat tomorrow, you risk death. At this point she needs calories to reverse the hepatic lipidosis before irreparable damage is done..
      have you tried bringing food like chicken to her?
      Feeding tubes sound worse then they are and can always be removed. I would get it done if there is any questions moving forward.

      Please
      for now on, NO DRY FOOD. The System needs water t pass through and cats cannot drink enough to make up for the dehydrating factors of dry foods
      I wish you the very best of luck

  3. QUESTION:
    seeking a nutritionist to treat my fatty liver that has mild inflammation?
    according to an ultrasound and blood tests, my doctor believes I have fatty liver with mild inflammation. I also have high bad cholesterol and triglycerides so the only treatment possible is to lose weight ,eat healthy, and exercise which I have been doing. I was once 190 but now 175lbs over the course of a month and a half from my lifestyle change. However, I feel that my gastroentereologists are giving me mixed information which is angering me mostly due to the fact that I think they don't really know much about fatty liver with inflammation since it's new. I believe by eating right I can treat and heal my liver and can avoid doing unnecessary procedures like a liver biopsy. How effective are nutritionists? Do you think they are of much help in terms of lowering my cholesterol/triglycerides and reversing my fatty liver with inflammation?
    It turns out that my condition is prevalent within my own ethnicity (asians) I figured seeking an asian nutritionist who has had experience treating ppl with my condition would be beneficial since they would understand our physiology much better than say someone who was non-asian and probably only seen people with this conition who are extremely obese
    lee - was your liver inflammed as well? A liver can have fat in it but if its inflammed from the fat that's a different story. My liver ended up having A LOT of fat in it so I'm working on reducing it.

    • ANSWER:
      I had a little bit of fat in my liver about 6 years ago. The doctor just told me to lose some weight and that the body normally burns fat in the liver first. It's a pretty common condition and I'd be surprised if your doctors didn't understand it more. It has nothing to do with being fat, it's just a freak thing that happens. I wouldn't see a nutritionist. I would just exercise and eat healthy (don't starve yourself) and get tested every once in a while. I also had the biopsy. It was no big deal. Your abs hurt for a couple days. Good luck.

  4. QUESTION:
    I suffer from fatty liver...how can i reverse this?
    i was diagnosed with this condition 5 years ago but have not taken seriously now i want to take it seriously any suggestions how to go about it?

    • ANSWER:
      It would be a good idea to have the doctor do
      blood tests on you again and check your liver.
      He may want to do an ultrasound also.
      The reason I am saying this, is because
      simple fatty liver can advance to a more
      serious fatty liver disease with inflammation
      of the liver cells, known as NASH
      (non alcoholic steatohepatitis). This then
      can progress onto cirrhosis of the liver.

      If the fat is located outside the liver than there
      isn't much of a problem. However, if the
      fat is located inside the liver, it puts stress on
      the liver cells and can even push the nucleus
      of those cells out of place. When the
      liver cells become damaged in this way,
      then the immune system of the body steps
      in and causes inflammation to develop in
      the liver.

      There are different types of fatty liver disease:
      some is caused by weight gain or hereditary
      conditions...some is caused by alcohol
      consumption. Stopping the consumption
      of alcohol or losing weight and doing exercises
      is usually the course taken. The doctor may
      also prescribe something to help remove
      the inflammation from the liver cells.

      The liver is a very quiet organ when there is
      damage to it. It doesn't really show any
      signs or symptoms until the cells of the liver
      can no longer perform the functions they
      once did to keep the body healthy...so
      it is good to be checked for what is really
      happening now. Inflammation can reverse
      if the cause of the inflammation is taken
      away, however, once it turns into cirrhosis...
      that is a progressive disease.

  5. QUESTION:
    How can I "burn" my fatty liver?
    I'm skiny, a non acoholic and a non diabetic person. I was told by my doctor that i have a fatty liver. Does anyone know how to reverse this? Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      You really need to return to the doctor to discuss this in detail.

      A fatty liver is not something that you can 'burn off' like a fat abdomen. This is an early stage of liver failure and it is very serious.

      Don't spaz out just yet. But go! to the doctor again for information. If you don't feel that you are learning enough, then ask for a referral to a specialist, or go to a different doctor.

  6. QUESTION:
    Can fatty liver syndrome on a budgie be reversed?
    I have a Budgie who i brought not long ago as an adult. And he is showing signs of fatty liver syndrome.. maybe he was fed an all seed diet before i got him. I changed his food to low fat healthy crumbles stuff but no improvement. How long will it take? I think he is pretty sick... He sleeps all day fluffed up. He is still eating and drinking. I hope he will pull through with a healthier diet.

    • ANSWER:
      The usual remedies are improved diet with lots of fresh foods,a compound of lactolace and milk thistle or aloe detox . I had a quaker with fatty liver disease and he never showed any signs of illness at all even on the eve of the day he died. I found out in a routine avian exam. He lived a happy life for several years after diagnosis. His enzyme readings were quite high but he never seemed sick. We played games every night. The only sign was an overgrown beak. You need vet help for this bird.I don't know if the disease can be reversed but it can be improved and your bird can be pretty comfortable.

  7. QUESTION:
    how i know my liver is improving from grade3 fatty liver without tests?
    how i know my liver is improving.can i cure my fatty liver from grade3 to grade1 or grade 0, all websites suggests that fatty liver is reversible.but not even single website told me how much time it takes to reverse. what is the meaning of reverse,why they don't said curable pls tell me in detail

    • ANSWER:
      treatment depends on the underlying cause of it, you will have to talk to your Dr who can help work out a treatment/medication plan for you. Your treatment will be monitored by follow up visits and testing to see if improvement is being made and how much

  8. QUESTION:
    How long can you Live with a Fatty liver ?
    How long does it take for you liver to fail if the condition isn't reversed ? is it years or how long ?

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver can be control by daily diet.
      It don't kill you but it is no good for your liver.
      If you are really concern about your liver function please go for a full panel liver test.
      And you have to watch your diet.
      Avoid oily stuff, deep fried food and no supper.
      Good care, good health.
      Good luck.

  9. QUESTION:
    lipid test?
    i just had my lipid test this morning and showed slightly elevated triglycerides ( normal is 0.70 to 1.70 mmo/L) which is 1.96 mmo/L and my SGPT ( normal 0.0 to 41.0) is 46.8 mmo/L. i was diagnosed with fatty liver last march and since then taking silymarin and liver detox capsules from healthy options. i would like to know how long will it take to reverse the fatty liver?

    the rest are all ok.

    • ANSWER:
      The liver has amazing powers of regeneration. To undo fatty liver, abstain from alcohol and eat sensibly.

  10. QUESTION:
    Mild fatty liver infiltration?
    how can it be reversed? Dr said i had it today (after ultrasound results came in) and now is ordering a CT scan and referrng me to a hepatologist.... just wondering if it reverseible and how so? Will losing weight help?

    • ANSWER:

  11. QUESTION:
    The doctors say my husband has a fatty liver.....?
    I have researched this, and I need more information. AST 45, ALT 114, GGT 85, BILIRUBIN 1.6, GLUCOSE NORMAL, ALKALINE PHOSPHATEASE 58, PROTEIN 8.2,ALBUMIN 3.2, TTL CHOLESTORAL 187, LDL 114,HDL 4.3, LDL/HDL 2.66,TRYGLERCRIDES 149, HEP/HIV NON REACTIVE AND NEGATIVE. He does chew tobacco. I need someone that can interpret this and tell me how bad they think things might be, and what the best course of action will be to reduce/reverse this. Becuase of these levels, our life insurance wants to jack up prices, etc. I have been looking online for information, but I thought if I could get a professional opnion from somewhere, it might help as well. I am worried about his health safety.

    thanks for your help.

    • ANSWER:
      I guess I tripped over your question as I was trying to find liver disease groups. There does not seem to be a specific group for fatty liver disease problems. Also there does not seem to be much information on it except that you stop drinking or if you are not drinking stop eating and loose weight, and exercise. In my case I have been fumbling with NAFLD- nonalcoholic fatty liver disease for 9 years and although I have not lost significant amount of weight and I fluctuate, I am still around and maybe feeling a little better than I used to.

      If you get a copy of the test, it tells you right next to the numbers the acceptable range. Although I am not very good at these scores, they look not too bad to me.

      I know that I have become a vegetarian ( almost) mainly because it FEELs better to eat vegetable and fruit then it does to eat meat lately. I eat small amount of meat , very little fatty stuff, and absolutely no nicotine, caffein or alcohol. I am feeling better than I have for years, but it took years to get here. Clara from OR

  12. QUESTION:
    How long can a person live with fatty liver disease without treatment?
    I was diagnosed with a fatty liver in Feb and i weighted 260lbs im 6'0 , and since then i have worked really hard and im down to 220 i run for 45 mins a day and have cut out fast food and butter and pop and chips and now drink skim milk , i haven't had my check up yet but am looking forward to it

    I am juss wondering how long it takes for a liver to go bad from this if i isn't reversed like 10 years 5 or 20 or what .

    thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver is caused by increased deposition of lipids in your liver cells (hepatocytes). In it's mild forms, its very reversible and there's a good chance that your diet and exercise changes have made a big difference.

      As long as you continue exercising and eating right, as well as minimising your alcohol intake and controlling your cholesterol, it might not ever get worse.

      It's great that you've made so many changes to your lifestyle - it really reduces the risk of advancing liver disease. Keep at it!

  13. QUESTION:
    Can Nash be reversed? and what i have to take instead of Avandia?
    During a regualr blood test 4 years ago, my ALT and AST and GGT were found to be double than normal. When doctor checked the ultra sound he told me i have a fatty liver with inflammation and he said it is NASH.
    As my weight was 120 kg and hight is 180 cm, he asked me to lose weight and do some regular daily sport.
    After doing more detailed tests, he ommitted the other posiblities of having any kind of virus or immune reasons and stayed with the reasons related to obesity and said i am suffering from an insulin resistance case.

    My All other blood figures where good, triglycérides is 85 only , HDL 65, LDL 150 , and all other related tests were very good including fasting sugar " below 100 "

    My questions are:

    1- I read that NASH is linked to High triglycérides / low HDL / and High LDL levels. Totally contrary to my case! can i still consider it that i have NASH with such results!!?? or what?? knowing that the inflammation in liver is clear in Ultra Sound.
    My ALT & AST were about 50 and 75 and GGT was about 110 in the same tests.

    2- Doctor asked me to take Avandia 4mg on dailt basis to improve insulin resistance and take off some pressure off the liver. After a month of treatment, liver functions figures went back to normal. all below 40.
    But also after 4 months, they increased again to previous level but he told me to keep taking Avandia and lose the 5 kg i gained in these 4 months, maybe because of the drug itself. This was 18 months ago and after this i continued avandia but did not do any test. I still feel some pain in the upper right just below my rips.

    Was Avandia the correct solution?? and what to take instead now after it is removed from the market in my country?? what is the best replacement if any?

    3- Can Nash " if i have Nash " be reversed and how?? is there any new efective drug that solve the problem of liver inflammation and higher figures of enzimes ??

    I can not go back to my doctor now koz he left the country and i have to start again with another one.

    Hope to receive good news.

    Thx A lot.

    FAM

    • ANSWER:
      If you are talking about nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) that is a liver inflammation caused by a buildup of fat in the liver, doctors are not sure what causes it. Some have suggested it is due to drinking, but that's not a well accepted view.

      John Hopkins researchers did a lot of work on the liver and in particular, the fatty liver issue. Since doctors know so little about nutrition and detoxing of the body, NASH becomes a difficult issue for them. They manage illness and relieve symptoms with drugs and surgery so this problem is not something they are good at helping you with. Looking at the enzyme elevation just gives you an indication of the problem, not the cause. If you focus on lowering enzymes, you will just be treating a symptom, not solving the problem. By the same token, cholesterol is NOT a problem for most people, but doctors seem to think by lowering cholesterol far below what is normal for people that have good longevity, they are doing the person a favor. If these guys understood nutrition and how the body works, they would be putting drug companies on notice and stop this lunacy. Giving you Avandia just puts you at risk for many side effects and if that is the doctor's only solution, you need to get a new doctor.

      The fatty liver is due to "Intrahepatic gallstones" that is old bile that has hardened. Typical blood tests will not show this, and scans and other diagnostic tools will not show this. Eating foods high in cholesterol will not cause this. What does cause this problem is eating bad fats and bad digestion. Taking drugs will NOT solve this problem, but will contribute to the problem.

      There are three important steps needed to solve this problem. You need to change what you are doing nutritionally and then detox that liver. The first thing is to get your blood sugar in a level state and to do this you need to go on a blood sugar handling diet for 2 weeks. The next thing is to prepare your body for detoxing the liver by taking herbs to prepare the elimination organs, etc. and then do a liver & gallbladder flush to remove the stones. The liver stones have virtually no minerals so they are different than gallbladder stones and you will also get gallbladder stones as part of this flush. Typically a person has to do about 6 to 8 months (one per month) of these flushes to clean the liver & gallbladder. While you are doing this, your diet has to change so that you are greatly reducing the reason you got into this mess.

      You need to reduce your carb intake to 75 grams maximum per day. Eliminate ALL of the BAD FATS from your diet and those are: ALL Soybean, Canola, Cottonseed, and Corn oils. All trans fats, fried foods, hydrogenated anything, and ALL margarines (no matter what their marketing hype tells you).

      The good fats should be in this quantity: 60% monounsaturated (olive oil); 30% saturated (coconut oil, real RAW butter from raw cream of grass fed cows); 10% polyunsaturated oils (from nuts and seeds). You also need to eliminate completely from your diet, ALL GRAINS, SUGAR, and CORNSTARCH.

      You didn't say, but I am suspecting you have acid indigestion issues also and need to address the low hydrochloric acid and digestive enzyme deficiencies from your pancreas to reduce to toxic load you are putting on the liver from the food you have been consuming. I strongly suggest you see a Certified Nutritional Therapist that can help you through this.

      good luck to you

  14. QUESTION:
    hey lucky hope this helps?
    Psoriasis Treatments include:
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    2) "Psoriasis Spot Free in 30 Days", A special diet book written by a former sufferer of the itching and flaking skin condition. The author is a registered nurse who used food to reverse the signs and symptoms of her condition.

    3) Homeopathic treatment that helps to target the source of the problem with no damaging side effects.

    4) Herbal extractions like Oregon Grape Root Extract and Herbal Detox Tea combinations that gently cleanse your body of toxins and help optimize your liver function. Herbs have historically been used for treatment of skin conditions.

    5) Gentle herbal scalp creams and shampoos that contain FDA approved ingredients to combine nature with science.

    6) Dietary supplements to improve your defense systems, Omega Fortified Flax (recommended for children and adults) and Alkyrol Shark Liver Oil for maximum Omega 3 fatty acids.

    Maintaining a healthy and nutritious diet can improve general health and have a positive impact on psoriasis.

    The Natural Products Center is proud to be a central location for exploring alternative health products and carries a line of Vestalcare and LupiCare products. You can also find special discounted treatment programs of Mineral Care Dead Sea Salts. Our special packages put together FDA recognized approaches for psoriasis with diet and nutritional supplements to give you a multi-pronged approach to dealing with your skin condition.

    We encourage you to become informed about psoriasis and the natural products that can have a positive impact your skin..

    What is psoriasis and how it can be controlled are just some of the questions explored on this web site. Is there a cure? NO. But you can effectively keep the itching skin, scaling, and red lesions at bay without injections, caustic pharmaceuticals, or cancer causing therapies. Natural approaches do work.

    We searched the world over to bring you unique and effective choices for psoriasis. We hope you find the lost treasures you were seeking. Our nautical theme invokes a spirit of adventure and discovery. There are items here that are not from the sea, but herbal, homeopathic, and from land. We tried to combine old knowledge with new technology, common sense approaches, and alternative medicines to help make your trip to the Natural Products Center rewarding.

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    • ANSWER:
      very informative but what is your question?

  15. QUESTION:
    Can someone please give feedback?
    it's an essay of who's responsible for obesity in america... need help concluding

    America, Home of the Fat
    America, home of the free right? Wrong. America is one of the fattest nations in the world. We would think that one of the most productive and developed countries would be the healthiest. The truth however, is we are not. The question that is presented then, is who’s to blame? People always find it easier to point a finger and blame someone else. Americans are suing fast-food companies for “making them fat”, and such lawsuits are becoming more prevalent each day. Blaming the fast-food industry for obesity is like an alcoholic suing an alcohol company for giving them cirrhosis of the liver. Caesar Barber of Bronx, New York “filed a lawsuit Wednesday in Bronx Supreme Court, naming McDonald's, Wendy's, Burger King and Kentucky Fried Chicken” () because he didn’t it was unhealthy. What has happened, to self control and personal responsibility? The individual and the parents are the ones to blame for American’s obesity.

    It is a parent’s responsibility to care for their child and therefore they are also responsible for their health and what they consume. A parent would not let their child do drugs, so why do they allow them to overindulge on soft drinks and unhealthy food if they both harm your health. In The Battle Against Fast Food Begins At Home Daniel Weintraub states, “It is a parents – not the government, not the fast-food companies, not the video-game manufacturers – who are responsible for teaching kids healthy eating and exercising habits” (Weintraub42). Parents much teach children how to how to exercise and get involved in physical activities. If they fail to do so they are setting their children on a path of lifetime health problems. Many parents allow and approve their child’s sedentary behavior without thinking about the consequences. Eating junk food and playing video games everyday is not benefiting them in any way, and who is responsible to get them off the couch and shooting hoops? McDonalds, Burger King, Carl’s Jr, Jack in The Box? No, of course not. It is parent’s duty as the one who cares for the child. Some people may think companies lure kids into buying food with cartoons, truth is parents need to teach children how to look out for these marketing strategies companies use because that is something they will need to know when it comes to important choices in life, like choosing auto insurance, credit companies and so forth. If children obesity

    An adult individual unlike a child can make independent decisions but Americans often make the wrong decisions when it comes to managing their diets. A trip to the market could save you money an unneeded calorie intake. You can cook your own meals and know what you’re eating and manage your caloric intake but Americans simply have become addicted to fast- food, and it is their lack of discipline that has made them so obese. Sue Widemark conveys in her article Reason for Obesity, that an attitude Americans seem to have is that of “Eating is some kind of pastime…and if we feel that we are denied a bit of this fatty and very unhealthy food which we crave, that we have no quality of life” (Widemark1). Folks simply do not know when enough is enough. In Obesity Epidemic: Overeating is to Blame Mark Fergusson explains “To return to the average weights of the 1970’s we would need to reverse the increased food intake about… 500 calories a day for adults.” An individual has nothing to blame but their carelessness of what they eat and their deficiency of self-control when it comes to how much they eat. Fast-food would not make anyone obese if it was eaten in moderation. Everyone knows that too much of anything is bad. David Zinczenko in his article Don’t Blame The Eater argues that when it comes to food “Advertisements Don’t carry warning labels the way tobacco ads do” but when do Americans plan on becoming responsible for looking for this information? Certainly people who follow healthy lifestyles would ask for calorie information about what they are going to consume and the rest must learn to do the same. Over-eating is definitely a main factor of American obesity. Now, combine A lifestyle of daily fast-food and inactive behavior and you are well on your way to becoming obese.

    A person, who is not willing to stay active and yet, constantly eats fast food, cannot expect to be thin. Your body needs exercise not only to look good on the outside but to be healthy on the inside as well. No one neglect their body in a way that would damage their health, but that is exactly what they do when they gorge on greasy fries and soft drinks and do not exercise. Michael Lemonick in his article “How We Grew So Big” writes that “Fully two-thirds of US adults are officially overweight and half of those have graduated to full blown obesity” he

    • ANSWER:
      Thank you for your article. I was not knowing it earlier


How To Reverse Fatty Liver Damage

Damaged hair is the opposite of healthy hair. It's undesirable to say the least, and a major confidence killer at its worst. There are all manner of deep conditioners, salves, and treatments that can help restore damaged hair - to a point. But the key to long, healthy hair is to ensure that the hair that emerges from each hair follicle is healthy and strong, and the best way to do that is nutrition.

Hair damage can come from several different sources:

  • Heated styling tools (irons, blow drying, curlers, heat lamps, etc.)
  • U.V. rays (Sun, lights, tanning beds)
  • Mechanical devices (combs, brushes, curling irons, etc.)
  • Chemicals (color, perms, relaxers, pool chemicals, the air, etc)
  • Poor diet (specifically - lack of proteins and essential fatty acids)

Poor diet is the one on this list that is often ignored because it is passive, meaning it's not something that actively happens to your hair, yet it can have the biggest impact on how much other damage factors can effect your hair.

If you have damaged hair, nutrition is essential for turning it back to strong, healthy hair. Specially formulated hair supplements can infuse damaged hair with vitamins, minerals, and proteins to make it stronger. This in turn will make hair more resistant to future damage factors, and promote long healthy hair growth.

The primary nutrients in any hair vitamins supplement are proteins and B vitamins, and occasionally fatty acids. There are certainly others, but these can have the biggest beneficial impact on the state of damaged hair.

B vitamins
Niacin, Biotin, and Pantothenic Acid are essential parts of the metabolic process and in turn essential to healthy hair growth. If you don't have enough of these micronutrients in your diet, you hair will be more susceptible to damage.

Protein (Amino Acids)
Your hair is made of proteins. If you aren't getting enough, the condition of your hair can suffer. All quality hair supplements will contain significant amounts of protein to insure optimal hair health, and make your hair more resilient.

Fatty Acids
Again, essential to hair health, but if you don't get any from your diet (through fish usually), then your hair's health can suffer. Linoleic acid and Linolenic are found in some high end hair supplements.

So there's really no secret to turning damaged hair into healthy hair. Just pay close attention to your diet and take a specialized hair vitamin supplement.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Will she need a feeding tube for fatty liver with her situation?
    My cat had surgery for a blockage in her intestine. She didn't eat for 3 days before this. Her recovery has been long because she was running a fever that stumped the vet, and they couldn't understand where it was coming from.

    They didn't want to force feed her because of her situation and because she is a difficult cat.

    Finally today her fever has been normal for well over 12 hours. She still will not eat though. She is currently on day 6 without food. The vet was reluctant to force feed her still because she vomited up a dropper full of vitamins they gave her yesterday.

    Anyway, today like we tried a barium x-ray to check how her stomach and intestines are working. She didn't vomit the barium and although the barium is moving EXTREMELY slow through her stomach and slowly making it's way into the intestine, we are confident we can force her to eat.

    So tonight they were going to force some food into her. My question is, the vet says now that shes showing signs of jaundice...possibly fatty liver so they did bloodwork which I'll find out the results to tomorrow.

    Say she gets her appetite back tomorrow, will she be able to reverse the fatty liver on her own? Or does it always need aggressive feeding through a tube or syringe?

    Do you think now that the barium is moving through and her fever is gone that she might start eating again? I hope she doesn't have liver damage but I realize 6 days is long. She weighed 8.9 lbs prior to getting sick.

    What do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      I don't understand why the vet waited so long. The problem you face here is that IF your cat does NOT eat tomorrow, you risk death. At this point she needs calories to reverse the hepatic lipidosis before irreparable damage is done..
      have you tried bringing food like chicken to her?
      Feeding tubes sound worse then they are and can always be removed. I would get it done if there is any questions moving forward.

      Please
      for now on, NO DRY FOOD. The System needs water t pass through and cats cannot drink enough to make up for the dehydrating factors of dry foods
      I wish you the very best of luck

  2. QUESTION:
    hey lucky hope this helps?
    Psoriasis Treatments include:
    1) Dead Sea Salts This traditional treatment to healing naturally has been used in the Middle East for thousands of years. We have a 6 week program designed to use in your home.

    2) "Psoriasis Spot Free in 30 Days", A special diet book written by a former sufferer of the itching and flaking skin condition. The author is a registered nurse who used food to reverse the signs and symptoms of her condition.

    3) Homeopathic treatment that helps to target the source of the problem with no damaging side effects.

    4) Herbal extractions like Oregon Grape Root Extract and Herbal Detox Tea combinations that gently cleanse your body of toxins and help optimize your liver function. Herbs have historically been used for treatment of skin conditions.

    5) Gentle herbal scalp creams and shampoos that contain FDA approved ingredients to combine nature with science.

    6) Dietary supplements to improve your defense systems, Omega Fortified Flax (recommended for children and adults) and Alkyrol Shark Liver Oil for maximum Omega 3 fatty acids.

    Maintaining a healthy and nutritious diet can improve general health and have a positive impact on psoriasis.

    The Natural Products Center is proud to be a central location for exploring alternative health products and carries a line of Vestalcare and LupiCare products. You can also find special discounted treatment programs of Mineral Care Dead Sea Salts. Our special packages put together FDA recognized approaches for psoriasis with diet and nutritional supplements to give you a multi-pronged approach to dealing with your skin condition.

    We encourage you to become informed about psoriasis and the natural products that can have a positive impact your skin..

    What is psoriasis and how it can be controlled are just some of the questions explored on this web site. Is there a cure? NO. But you can effectively keep the itching skin, scaling, and red lesions at bay without injections, caustic pharmaceuticals, or cancer causing therapies. Natural approaches do work.

    We searched the world over to bring you unique and effective choices for psoriasis. We hope you find the lost treasures you were seeking. Our nautical theme invokes a spirit of adventure and discovery. There are items here that are not from the sea, but herbal, homeopathic, and from land. We tried to combine old knowledge with new technology, common sense approaches, and alternative medicines to help make your trip to the Natural Products Center rewarding.

    Questions? You can reach the Natural Products Center at 1-800-301-3337.

    Natural Products Center
    P.O. Box 450748
    Westlake, OH 44145

    • ANSWER:
      very informative but what is your question?


How To Reduce Fat Liver

Jelly Belly. Love Handles. Dunlap Disease. Whatever you want to call it, the excess fat around your midsection that wiggles and jiggles in all the wrong places just isn't pretty. Not only is belly fat unattractive, it can be downright dangerous to your health. Extra fat carried around your abdomen can increase your risk of heart disease. With so many pills, potions and programs flooding the weight loss industry today, many people are left feeling just plain confused about how to effectively reduce belly fat.

The first thing you must know about how to effectively reduce belly fat is that there is no magic bullet when it comes to weight loss. Reducing body fat levels requires a three pronged approach that doesn't come from popping diet pills or gulping down foul tasting drinks. Belly fat also won't come off by trying to spot reduce only doing sit-ups or crunches. It's just not possible to spot reduce, so don't waste your time.

So, the question remains, how do you effectively reduce belly fat? Here is a safe, practical three pronged approach to get rid of belly fat.
1. Healthy Meals. Notice the word diet isn't part of the equation. That's because the word diet conjures up visions of carrots and celery and not much else. The word diet gives us nightmares of deprivation and hunger, and that's not the image we're looking for with permanent weight loss. Just because the word diet isn't used does not mean you're free to gorge on junk food at will. Healthy meals consist of lean protein, lots of vegetables, whole grains and some fruit. Your should consistantly choose foods that are as close as possible to their natural state.

2. Cardiovascular Exercise. Regular cardiovascular exercise will reduce body fat levels. Where should you start? Wallking is great cardio! Put your shoes on and get moving for at least 30 minutes per day. It doesn't matter how fast or how far you walk in the beginning, the most important point is that you're moving your body aerobically on a regular basis. If you don't enjoy walking then ride a bike, rollerskate, jog, run. Participate in whatever aerobic activity you enjoy.

3. Lift Weights. Yes, you did read that correctly! If you're wondering what lifting weights has to do with effectively reducing belly fat, then read on. Regular weight lifting has several beneficial effects for those folks trying to reduce their body fat levels. Muscles burn extra calories. The more muscle you carry on your frame, the more calories you burn in a 24 hour period which translates into extra fat burning power. Muscles take up about one third less space than fat. Muscles give you the power to carry on your daily activities more effectively and with energy to spare.

Learning how to effectively reduce belly fat isn't a difficult task. The three principle keys to getting rid of your gut rely on diet, cardiovascular exercise and weight lifting on a regular basis. Remember, you didn't sprout belly fat overnight and you can't get rid of belly fat in a day, but you can reduce belly fat if you're willing to put forth a bit of
effort.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How to reduce fat on liver?

    • ANSWER:
      the only thing you can do is reduce your over all body mass index.

      In other words, diet and exercise. You also need to have you triglyceride and A!C levels checked.

  2. QUESTION:
    Energy pills, coffee and Diabetes questions?
    I'm wondering if taking energy pills can help the development of diabetes?? Someone told me this...

    And I've read that caffeine can help reducing the fat around the liver, but in some places it says it helps to develop diabetes, which is right? How does it work?

    • ANSWER:
      Energy drinks most often contain caffeine as their 'active' ingredient. They will typically have other so-called ingredients that have no clinical properties. Neither caffeine nor energy pills affect diabetes one way or the other. Caffeine does not reduce the fat around the liver. People will tell you all sorts of things in general and that is true of this forum as well.

  3. QUESTION:
    How do you repair a fatty liver caused by Advil?
    I took generic Advil as a teenager, a lot. I would take 6 pills at a time once a day for a headache. I didn't take them every day, but when I had a pain, I would take 6 pills, simply because the bottle read that you shouldn't take more than 6 in a 24 hour period. About two years ago I went to the doctor for a physical and she told me that I have a fatty liver which is worse than a 90 year old man. I have heard many things since then about how to repair my liver such as exercise and diet, but I don't know if they are working. Does anybody know of any other ways to reduce the amount of fat in my liver?

    • ANSWER:

  4. QUESTION:
    pimples on my face. need real help plz ?
    ermm hello everyone...i wanted to ask u all something..i m 16 years old now..male...i never had pimples up till now... i mean recently due to my exams i stopped sports and didnt do any physical excerise. i was stressed and studied nites long...usually abt i use to sleep only abt from 2 30 am till 5am..thats about it...so i just wanted to ask if these are the reason for pimples ? i mean i have about 2 pimples on one side but they r gone n only left red spots ..for the other sides its abit more bad...about 2 pimples and 2 big red matks left....i m really worried. i have to go for a party soon and i m left with 25 days only. plz helpp

    now my exams are over n realised that i didnt pay attention on my skin at all...i dont have a very oily skin...i m very worried and want to get rid of them esp the marks...i have started drinking alot of water, reduced on fats and will start fitness work again...plzz plzz plzz tell me how to help myself with some home remedies .i m not obese very slim..i use clean n clear face wash about twice a day...
    so i have two question.. first how to help myself and second wat can be the possible reason..is it that not doing excersice,sleeping disorder, not enough exposure to sunlight, lack of water can be the reasons ? i never had pimples before ..maybe like once in 4 months. n ya will using cord liver oil help ?? i m currently using retin A and i also tried applying lemon juice with honey for abt 4 times.

    thanks to each n every soul mate...who spends his/her time helping me..i will be thankful if i can get detailed answer..thanks alot..

    • ANSWER:
      apply juice of raw papaya
      make orange peel paste by grinding it in water.. n apply
      mix ground nut oil wit equal amount of lime juice n apply leave for 15- 20 mins n wash
      apply ripe tomatoes pulp n keep up to 1 hr n thn wash
      make a paste of salt in vinegar leave it 4 abt 20-30 mins
      for red marks rub garlic on them
      all d best hope u rock in d party...
      help me wit mine http://in.answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=AupUpTGxeFsR2f4VshrEWvuDHQx.;_ylv=3?qid=20081017055708AATstXD

  5. QUESTION:
    plz help.. pimples on face?
    ermm hello everyone...i wanted to ask u all something..i m 16 years old now..male...i never had pimples up till now... i mean recently due to my exams i stopped sports and didnt do any physical excerise. i was stressed and studied nites long...usually abt i use to sleep only abt from 2 30 am till 5am..thats about it...n ya recently due to RAMADAN ..so i was fasting for the last whole month. which means i didnt drink much water aswell... so i just wanted to ask if these are the reason for pimples ? i mean i have about 2 pimples on one side but they r gone n only left red spots ..for the other sides its abit more bad...about 2 pimples and 2 red matks left....

    now my exams are over n realised that i didnt pay attention on my skin at all...i dont have a very oily skin...i m very worried and want to get rid of them esp the marks...i have started drinking alot of water, reduced on fats and will start fitness work again...plzz plzz plzz tell me how to help myself with some home remedies .i m not obese very slim..i use clean n clear face wash about twice a day...
    so i have two question.. first how to help myself and second wat can be the possible reason..is it that not doing excersice,sleeping disorder, not enough exposure to sunlight, lack of water can be the reasons ? i never had pimples before ..maybe like once in 4 months. n ya will using cord liver oil help ??

    thanks to each n every soul mate...who spends his/her time helping me..i will be thankful if i can get detailed answer..thanks alot..

    • ANSWER:
      The cause for pimples are many and not only adolescence as popularly believed. Chronic constipation is one major cause, the food we eat plays a very important role. You will have to cut down the fried food, chocolates, cheese and aerated drinks. Eat a lot of fresh fruits and green vegetables with a lot of water.

      Instead of washing the face with soap, use orange peel powder. Dry Orange peels in the shade for 4-5 days. Powder finely and store. Wash your face with this 2-3 times a day. It clears the face and feels very refreshing. Smells too good.

  6. QUESTION:
    Cholesterol Questions/ If 20% of our cholesterol levels are from diet, can we lower it more than 20% by diet?
    They say the liver produces 80 percent of cholesterol and our diet accounts for about 20 percent. So if we cut out all dietary cholesterol and saturated fat, could we reduce our daily cholesterol production by more than 20% or since only 20% of our daily cholesterol is produced from diet, would we not be able to reduce it anymore than 20% from diet alone?

    also, My doctor wants my cholesterol below 100. But I heard that the liver produces about 1,000 milligrams of cholesterol per day without even considering the dietary intake of cholesterol/saturated fat. So if I succeed in lowering my cholesterol to below 100, how many milligrams would my liver be producing a day? Would it still be producing 1,000 milligrams?

    • ANSWER:

  7. QUESTION:
    How do I get rid of fat on belly and face?
    I have been suffering form jaundice since three years.
    Since then I have gained alot of weight and belly has come out.
    Earlier it was 26 inches but now it has come up to 33 inches.
    How can I reduce it back to 26 inches?
    The doctor has adviced not do do strainous exercises as my liver is weak.
    But I need to lose weight and have my regular flat stomach because my losing my self confidence because of gaining weight and the belly fat.
    I have sslim body.the fat is geting stored only on belly and face not any where else.
    Please help me get rid of fat on belly and face!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      When we want to get rid of body fat, there is no way to specifically burn fat from one part of the body. Doing situps won't burn the fat that is covering your abs and doing tricep extensions won't get rid of the fat that is covering your triceps. The only thing you can do is lose weight all around and eventually the problem area will also improve. The way to burn fat is through a calorie restricted diet in conjunction with an exercise routine that will burn calories. Activities that burn calories include running, biking, swimming and other high intensity activities.

      Guide to Reducing Body Fat - http://straighthealth.com/pages/guides/reducebodyfat.html

  8. QUESTION:
    HOW are energy drinks bad?
    Okay, so I've heard the normal spiel of, "energy drinks are bad for you, don't drink them," and "they're full of caffeine and sugar." I mean, they have the same amount of caffeine as one cup of coffee. And as far as sugar + caffeine goes, they're about the same as drinking two cans of coke. I looked up the ingredients in a can of Monster like guarana, ginseng, taurine, insitol, L-carnitine, niacinamide, and riboflavin, and they all have positive effects on the body. These effects include enhanced memory, preventing collections of fat in the liver, promoting healthy hair growth, reducing male infertility, improving glucose disposal in people with diabetes, burning fat, improving alertness and mood, increasing resistance to stress, helping the immune system, breaking down carbohydrates into energy, and stimulating the metabolism. So I was wondering, what exactly makes an energy drink bad for you? I really want to know. A link to an article about it would be especially helpful. Thanks!
    I understand how drinking 4-5 energy drinks a day is bad for you. That's just stupid. But if your body just processes it and it all runs through in about a day and manufacturers warn you not to have more than 3 drinks day, how dangerous is one drink a week?

    • ANSWER:
      Food made by humans usually is.

  9. QUESTION:
    Risk of high level of SGOT & SGPT ?
    hello, i am a 26 year old male, i do not drink alcohol, i do not smoke or any other bad habit to get any kind of Diseases, i eat a lot food more than what is required which include oily also, i weigh 82 kg

    3 months back i had a light fever with yellow urine so i took up a blood test which showed a raised level of Bilirubin, SGOT, SGPT and slight cholesterol, during that period I had a taken medicine for hair growth containing “iron”

    On 30/8/2008 test showed
    Serum Bilirubin total : 2.0 mgs% normal (0.2-1.2)
    Serum Bilirubin direct (conjugated) : 0.5 mgs% normal (up to 0.3)
    Serum Bilirubin indirect (Unconjugated) : 2.0 mgs% normal (0.1-1.2)
    S.G.O.T : 56 units/L normal (5-30 U/L)
    S.G.O.T : 108 units/L normal (5-40 U/L)
    Serum Cholesterol : 219 mgs% normal (upto 200)
    Serum Triglycerides : 90 mgs% normal (upto 200)
    H.D.L : 50 mgs% normal (more than 35)
    L.D.L : 151 mgs% normal (upto 130)
    V.L.D.L : 18 mgs% normal (upto 20)

    I consulted my relative who is a doctor he told me nothing to worry about, after a week I tested again from another lab for Bilirubin, SGOT & SGPT

    on 4/9/2008 it showed
    Serum Bilirubin total : 1.69 mg/dl normal (1.0 mg/dl )
    Serum Bilirubin direct (conjugated) :0.39 mg/dl normal (0.5 mg/dl )
    Serum Bilirubin indirect (Unconjugated) :1.30 mg/dl normal ( 0.8 mg/dl )
    S.G.O.T : 81 U/L normal (5-30 U/L)
    S.G.O.T : 122 U/L normal (5-40 U/L)

    Then I consulted another doctor and i tested for hepatitis which are Anti HCV, HBsAG, Anti HEV and Anti HAV which showed negative result,

    he told me to reduce my weight & to do some brisk walking in order to reduce SGOT & SGPT , he told me that when oil or Cholesterol or fat deposit on liver the level of SGOT & SGPT increases

    and he told me for Bilirubin that I had gill birds syndrome or it may may be hereditary, he explained me that when i will have fever level will go up and when fever is gone the level will come down, which applies for medication also when i take

    as per the doctor I controlled my diet with less oil and started brisk walking every day and
    Recently when I checked on 12/11/2008

    Serum Bilirubin total : 2.28 mg/dl normal (1.0 mg/dl )
    Serum Bilirubin direct (conjugated) : 0.54 mg/dl normal (0.5 mg/dl )
    Serum Bilirubin indirect (Unconjugated) : 1.74 mg/dl normal ( 0.8 mg/dl )
    S.G.O.T : 64 U/L normal (5-30 U/L)
    S.G.O.T : 89 U/L normal (5-40 U/L)

    I want to know that, is the statement of doctor are true because the cure is working for SGOT & SGPT but then also my family members are concerned for Bilirubin and the effect of all the three (SGOT & SGPT Bilirubin) in my future life , please help me and tell me about the danger and how to get it controlled in futrue

    • ANSWER:
      If you are concern, you should have your family doctor refer you to a hepatologist. (A Gastroenterology Doctor that specialized in Liver and Liver diseases) A liver function test, ultrasound and possible biopsy may be helpful.

      As for Gilbert's Disease. Here is a faq. that will help you to understand what it is.
      1. http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/gilberts-disease.html
      2. http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/000301.htm

  10. QUESTION:
    Since humans are just a form of animal, aren't we being cannibalistic when we eat the meat of other animals?
    HEALTH CONCERNS ABOUT MEAT
    What's the beef with meat? This question can be answered in two nutritional words: fat and cholesterol.

    Too much fat. No matter how you slice it, meat is high in fat. Unlike milk, in which you can separate out part or all of the fat, you can never get rid of all the fat in meat, no matter how well you trim it. Even the lean parts are laced with fat. Extra lean select-grade beef contains around seven percent fat.

    Wrong fat. Not only is there too much fat in meat, it's the wrong kind. Nearly half the fat in meat is the artery-clogging, saturated type. And, of course, meat is also high in cholesterol. Beef fat is more saturated than poultry fat because the bacteria in the ruminant stomach of cattle hydrogenate, or saturate, the fats in the plants that cows eat. It's like having a fat factory inside the food source.

    Fat without fiber. Unlike meat, plant foods that are low in fat and high in fiber tend to pass through the intestines rapidly, causing less upset and fewer problems, such as gastroesophageal reflux. Meat has a double fault. It's high in fat and contains no fiber, so it takes longer to empty from the stomach and pass through the intestines. While most people do not experience "indigestion" from meat, those who suffer from reflux should not eat much meat, as it may aggravate the problem.

    Problems with protein. Not only are the fats in meat unhealthy, meat proteins have also recently come under fire. Recent evidence suggests that animal proteins increase blood cholesterol levels, while plant proteins, especially soy, decrease them. Meats contain high levels of the amino acid L-lysine, which increases insulin production, prompting the liver to release fat and cholesterol into the bloodstream. If L-lysine is experimentally added to animal diets, blood cholesterol levels increase by over fifty percent and the animals get plump. Studies show that substituting 30 grams of soy protein daily for a meat meal dramatically reduces cholesterol levels. So, the Japanese may have lower cholesterol levels than Americans, not only because they eat less meat, but also because they eat more soy. The quality of meat protein ranks below that of egg white, fish, and dairy products.

    • ANSWER:
      There lady. That is the definition of cannibalism. It is far from what you are thinking it is. Once again, what does this have to do with hunting?

      Cannibalism (from Caníbalis, the Spanish name for the Carib people[1]), also called anthropophagy, is the act or practice of humans eating the flesh of other human beings.

      The term "cannibalism" is also used in zoology to mean the act of any species consuming members of its own kind. The expression "cannibalization" is in addition used metaphorically outside of biological fields to refer to the reuse of parts or ideas or to situations such as when a company's assets eat into its other assets. This article is about human cannibalism.

      Cannibalism has recently been both practiced and fiercely condemned in several wars, especially in Liberia[2] and Congo.[3] Today, the Korowai are one of very few tribes still believed to eat human flesh.[4][5] It is also still known to be practiced as a ritual and in war in various Melanesian tribes.[6]

      Cannibalism was widespread in the past among humans throughout the world, continuing into the 19th century in some isolated South Pacific cultures. Neanderthals are believed to have practiced cannibalism.[7][8] Among modern humans it has been practiced by various groups.[9] In the past, it has been practiced by humans in Europe,[10][11] South America,[12] India,[13] New Zealand,[14] North America,[15] Australia ,[16] the Solomon Islands,[17] parts of West Africa[5] and Central Africa,[5] some of the islands of Polynesia,[5] New Guinea,[18] Sumatra,[5] and Fiji,[19] usually in rituals connected to tribal warfare.[citation needed] Fiji was once known as the 'Cannibal Isles'. Evidence of cannibalism has been found in the Chaco Canyon ruins of the Anasazi culture.[20]

      The closely related practice of headhunting continued in Europe until the early 20th century in the Balkan Peninsula and to the end of the Middle Ages in Ireland and the Scottish Marches.[21]

  11. QUESTION:
    DNA has shown we and other animals are 90-97% identical, so is cannibalism eating the meat of similar species?
    Can you say we are not of the same species, when there is only a 3% DNA difference between us and many of the other animals that we slaughter and eat? Ugh ! The meaning of cannibal is changing with our advancement and new knowledge.

    HEALTH CONCERNS ABOUT MEAT
    What's the beef with meat? This question can be answered in two nutritional words: fat and cholesterol.

    Too much fat. No matter how you slice it, meat is high in fat. Unlike milk, in which you can separate out part or all of the fat, you can never get rid of all the fat in meat, no matter how well you trim it. Even the lean parts are laced with fat. Extra lean select-grade beef contains around seven percent fat.

    Wrong fat. Not only is there too much fat in meat, it's the wrong kind. Nearly half the fat in meat is the artery-clogging, saturated type. And, of course, meat is also high in cholesterol. Beef fat is more saturated than poultry fat because the bacteria in the ruminant stomach of cattle hydrogenate, or saturate, the fats in the plants that cows eat. It's like having a fat factory inside the food source.

    Fat without fiber. Unlike meat, plant foods that are low in fat and high in fiber tend to pass through the intestines rapidly, causing less upset and fewer problems, such as gastroesophageal reflux. Meat has a double fault. It's high in fat and contains no fiber, so it takes longer to empty from the stomach and pass through the intestines. While most people do not experience "indigestion" from meat, those who suffer from reflux should not eat much meat, as it may aggravate the problem.

    Problems with protein. Not only are the fats in meat unhealthy, meat proteins have also recently come under fire. Recent evidence suggests that animal proteins increase blood cholesterol levels, while plant proteins, especially soy, decrease them. Meats contain high levels of the amino acid L-lysine, which increases insulin production, prompting the liver to release fat and cholesterol into the bloodstream. If L-lysine is experimentally added to animal diets, blood cholesterol levels increase by over fifty percent and the animals get plump. Studies show that substituting 30 grams of soy protein daily for a meat meal dramatically reduces cholesterol levels. So, the Japanese may have lower cholesterol levels than Americans, not only because they eat less meat, but also because they eat more soy. The quality of meat protein ranks below that of egg white, fish, and dairy products.

    • ANSWER:

  12. QUESTION:
    Vibrations help slim abdomen? Do you think that if I shake for 15 minutes a day, it is the same effect?
    Hey all - so this story just came out today (read story below) - it was in all the papers. Do you think that I can just shake my body for 15 minutes a day- I dont have a vibrating floor... what do you all think?? How should I shake my body? Do I have to do it for 15 minutes straight or can i break it up?? Has anyone ever tried this? All feedback will be appreciated!

    "A Maine researcher says standing on a vibrating platform for 15 minutes a day could help people achieve washboard abs.

    Clifford Rosen from The Jackson Laboratory and Maine Medical Center Research Institute says his study put mice on a vibrating platform for 15 minutes a day for 15 weeks.

    He says the mice developed 27 percent fewer abdominal fat cells and saw other benefits, including reduced triglycerides in the liver.

    The mice didn't lose weight but Rosen says it appears that the vibrations changed fat distribution in a beneficial way."

    http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20071023/ap_on_he_me/vibrations_fat

    • ANSWER:
      Clifford Rosen is an idiot and there is no science behind his theory. If there was any validity to his theory every construction worker in the world that operates a jack-hammer would have a 6-pack.

      fat is stored energy. one of the basic laws in physics is called the Law of Conservation of Energy which states that energy can never be created or destroyed. in terms of fat loss the only way for stored fats in the body to be removed is for them to be transformed into heat energy when fatty acids are oxidized by mitochondria.

  13. QUESTION:
    Green Tea, Coffee, and Wine?
    Is too much of these for long periods of time beneficial?

    Green Tea Benefits:

    Lower Cancer Risk: breast, lung, colon, prostate, cervical, ovarian, mesothelioma, esophageal, stomach.

    Prevent Heart Disease: lowers cholesterol, prevents artery blockages, lowers blood pressure.

    Speed Up Weight Loss: fat blocker, boost metabolism, increase endurance, anti-fatigue.

    Protect Brain Function: memory, stroke, Alzheimer's, Parkinsons.

    Defend Immune System: flu, salmonella, common cold, HIV-AIDS.
    More Health Conditions Improved: including anti-aging, acne, allergies, body odor, sleep apnea, osteoporosis.

    Coffee Benefits:

    Coffee appears to reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, heart disease, diabetes mellitus type 2, cirrhosis of the liver, and gout.

    Wine Benefits:

    According Researcher Serge Renaud and his colleagues from the University of Bordeaux, moderate wine consumption reduces death rate because of all causes by 30%.
    Heart related death rates can decrease by 35%. Cancer related deaths can be reduced by 18-24% by wine.

    Researchers at the University Hospital of Zurich, Switzerland have found out how wine reduces the risks of strokes. According to researchers Dr. Wilhelm Vetter and his colleagues, alcohol present in the wine is beneficial when taken during meal time. It reduces the growth of pathways to the heart called arteries by 20%. Growth in the size of these pathways can cause heart attacks and strokes.

    A similar study on the same topic by Israeli researcher Fuhrman and his colleagues found that drinking red wine along with meal reduces a harmful substance called LDL cholesterol by 20%. Rise in this substance indicate higher fat levels in the body.

    A Dutch study reports that the same practice of drinking red wine along with meals stops clotting of blood in the pathways to the heart.

    Researcher Gary Curhan and his colleagues from Harvard University conducted a study on 81,000 nurses. They wanted to know the impact of different beverages like tea, coffee, fruit juices, wine, water etc on their health. Out of the 17 beverages included in the study, wine was found to reduce the risk of kidney stone formation by 50%. This finding was again confirmed by researcher Curhan and colleagues in 1996 when they found that wine consumption reduces the risks of kidney stone formation by 39%.

    A 16 years of research study by Dutch researcher Dr. Thomas Truelsen of Copen-hagen University Hospital, reports that moderate consumption of wine reduces the risks of strokes.

    Research study on wine in Italy concluded that light to moderate wine consumption do not allow the build up of fats in the pathways of heart.

    A team of researchers from the University of Illinois has found that a compound called resveratrol can stop the growth of cancer cells in humans.

    Would having all three of these daily for a long period of time be triple beneficial or would the combination not mix well and be worse for you?

    • ANSWER:
      Too much coffee is not good in my opinion, green tea is much better. Coffee dosn't have that many benefits anyway. Too much wine is not too good either, but one cup a day might be okay.

  14. QUESTION:
    Marijuana vs. Alcohol what's your opinion?
    Here is a question that i am curious to see how many people will give an honest answer. Which do you prefer to be legalized Marijuana or Alcohol? Below are just a few facts about both.... (I did look up the facts that are posted on both marijuana and Alcohol I did not just make up these facts myself) I will try and post 10 facts each

    Marijuana: #1 If Pot were legalized the prison industry would be hurt. They would no longer jail Pot smokers. It could free up space for violent criminals. #2 Pot is a sexual stimulant. #3 Pot is 100% natural nothing about it has man made chemicals in it. #4 There has never been a car accident death due to a stoned driver, just some slow drivers and may be some lost drivers . #5 Pot is used for medical use in MANY situations. #6 it is a myth that marijuana is a gate way drug. #7 Pot will cause some short term memory loss. #8 Pot will give you the Munchies, It could cause you to gain weight. #9 Marijuana smokers show dysregulated growth of epithelial cells in their lung tissue, which could lead to cancer; however, a recent case-controlled study found no positive associations between marijuana use and lung, upper respiratory, or upper digestive tract cancers. Thus, the link between marijuana smoking and these cancers remains unsubstantiated at this time, but marijuana smokers have some of the same problems as cigarette smokers coughing, mucus, sore lungs, etc. #10 Marijuana make most people more relaxed. It relieves the clutter and tension after a hard days work or stress. It mellows you out and makes you more relaxed. It heightens the imagination and improves creativity. If you have a problem with anger, Pot is usually a good drug to reduce it, no one has ever died from smoking marijuana.

    Alcohol: #1 In VERY SMALL amounts, alcohol can help a person feel more relaxed or less anxious. #2 Alcohol actually blocks some of the messages trying to get to the brain. This alters a person's perceptions, emotions, movement, vision, and hearing. #3 Depending on the person, intoxication can make someone very friendly and talkative or very aggressive and angry. #4 Reaction times are slowed dramatically — which is why people are told not to drink and drive. People who are intoxicated may think they're moving properly when they're not. They may act totally out of character. #5 When large amounts of alcohol are consumed in a short period of time, alcohol poisoning can result. Alcohol poisoning is exactly what it sounds like — the body has become poisoned by large amounts of alcohol. Violent vomiting is usually the first symptom of alcohol poisoning. Extreme sleepiness, unconsciousness, difficulty breathing, dangerously low blood sugar, seizures, and even death may result. #6 One half of all drowning deaths among teen guys are related to alcohol use. Use of alcohol greatly increases the chance that a teen will be involved in a car crash, homicide, or suicide. #7 Teen drinkers are more likely to get fat or have health problems, too. One study by the University of Washington found that people who regularly had five or more drinks in a row starting at age 13 were much more likely to be overweight or have high blood pressure by age 24 than their non drinking peers. People who continue drinking heavily well into adulthood risk damaging their organs, such as the liver, heart, and brain. #8 The strongest medical evidence exists for the link between moderate drinking and a reduced risk of heart disease. #9 Alcohol has been linked to liver disease, cancers, heart damage and strokes when consumed in larger amounts, and even small doses can lead to accidents, Each year, approximately 5,000 young people under the age of 21 die as a result of underage drinking; this includes about 1,900 deaths from motor vehicle crashes, 1,600 as a result of homicides, 300 from suicide, as well as hundreds from other injuries such as falls, burns, and drownings. #10 Hangovers are another possible effect after large amounts of alcohol are consumed; a hangover consists of headache, nausea, thirst, dizziness, and fatigue.

    In my opinion i think it's safer to smoke a joint than it is to drink a beer, the most dangerous thing about marijuana is getting caught with it. you can google all this info your self before you answer i do not smoke or drink and i do not condone any of the above this is just my opinion on the subject, & I am just curious as to what every ones opinion is on the subject. I am just a homemaker and not any form of government at all or anything like that. Also I looked every were for something good about drinking alcohol and found VERY limited info on it, so please don't think this info posted is one sided for marijuana being good for you, I just found that using google as info finder it's easier to find good things about using pot than using beer.

    • ANSWER:
      TRUTHFULLY I WOULD SMOKE THE "KUSH".....LOL

      I KNOW PPL THAT SMOKE THAT SHYT

      BUT I WOULDN'T FUCK WITH IT.

      BUT THE WEED SEEMS BETTER!

      DONT DO DRUGS "KIDDS"

  15. QUESTION:
    Please help me with my science questions?
    these are questions i need to answer that i have no idea what the answers are. please help and tell me how sure you are on the questions you know.

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn's disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      Part 1

      1. b , 2. d, 3. b

      Part 2

      2. gastro reflux
      3. hiatal hernia
      4. heartburn
      5. pyloric stenosis
      6. ulcer
      7. H. pylori
      8. histmaine
      9. Crohn's
      10. Hep A
      11. diverticula
      12. diarrhea
      13. constipation

  16. QUESTION:
    What should be done to decrease the obesity rates? Do we want an ill nation?
    Since it is estimated that 75% of Americans will be obese by 2015....

    And since obesity is a costly condition that can reduce quality of life and increases the risk for many serious chronic diseases and premature death.

    Evidence: Child Obesity Linked to Early Death, Before Age 55
    Obesity responsible for more than - 100,000 cases of cancer per year
    Childhood obesity - linked to stiff arteries
    - linked to fewer "pleasure" receptors
    - linked to poor school performance
    - linked to more liver disease than alcohol :O
    - linked to lower testosterone levels
    - early puberty in young girls
    Teen Obesity - Linked to Later Multiple Sclerosis
    - increases risk of coronary heart disease and stroke
    - increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
    - increases risk of Alzheimer's disease
    - Diabetes
    - Dyslipidemia
    - Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
    - High blood pressure
    - can increase the risk of dementia up to 80%
    - Gynecological problems
    - increases risk of Fibromygalia
    - linked to sexual Dysfunction
    - linked to lower sperm count
    -- increased risk of many cancers

    - breast cancer
    - endometrial cancer
    - colorectal cancer
    - ovarian cancer
    - gallbladder
    - aggressive prostate cancer
    - pancreatic cancer
    - esophageal cancers
    - kidney cancer

    Obesity = brain shrinkage = stupidity ....

    Imagine how stupid America will be....

    "The researchers found that all of these OBESITY indicators were inversely
    associated with total brain volume - that is, the higher any indicator was, the SMALLER THE BRAIN VOLUME -
    and that the association between abdominal fat and brain volume was the strongest of all.
    Waist-to-hip ratio was also found to be associated with increased temporal horn volume,
    independently of other obesity indicators.
    The temporal horn is a part of the ventricular system; its volume is known to increase with age,
    and in conditions such as Alzheimer's Disease, depression and schizophrenia.
    Enlargement of the temporal horn invariably involves a reduction in the volume of temporal lobe structures such as
    the hippocampus, and thus is closely associated with MEMORY IMPAIRMENTS.

    Cancer
    "Fat cells produce estrogen, which are now known to be a factor in breast cancer and endometrial cancer.
    Fatty tissue also affects the way the body metabolizes insulin,
    which can alter how sugar is processed and how it ultimately gets to cells.

    Fatty tissue, also known as adipose tissue, produces hormones on its own that could play a role in promoting cancer cells.
    It also has been shown to produce chronic, low-grade inflammation in the body.

    Sources:
    http://scienceblogs.com/neurophilosophy/2010/06/obesity_linked_to_brain_shrinkage_and_dementia.php
    http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2007-10-16-obesity-gene_N.htm
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/721275
    http://health.usnews.com/health-news/family-health/cancer/articles/2009/01/05/obesity-linked-to-ovarian-cancer.html
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Neurology/MultipleSclerosis/16922
    http://osteoarthritis.about.com/b/2009/03/29/obesity-linked-to-osteoarthritis-and-joint-replacement-complications.htm
    http://calorielab.com/news/2008/11/22/fatty-liver-obesity/

    http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm59e0803a1.htm?s_cid=mm59e0803a1_e%0D%0A
    Lib Nemesis I care about my nation.

    And if you want to remain a super power... know that our military is shrinking...

    many can not qualify

    • ANSWER:
      Stop blaming the people and hold corporations and our government accountable. Stop allowing them to to use steroids in beef and chicken. Stop regulating the produce, so that it isn't expensive to eat healthy. Change the schools back to the way they were, when you had to take Physical education everyday in all grades. Stop consolidating schools in the name of saving money, so kids have to ride a bus instead of walking to school, and finally build more parks and playgrounds.

  17. QUESTION:
    How do we decrease the obesity rates?
    How do we decrease the obesity rates?
    What should be done to decrease the obesity rates?
    Since it is estimated that 75% of Americans will be obese by 2015....

    And since obesity is a costly condition that can reduce quality of life and increases the risk for many serious chronic diseases and premature death.

    Evidence: Child Obesity Linked to Early Death, Before Age 55
    Obesity responsible for more than - 100,000 cases of cancer per year
    Childhood obesity - linked to stiff arteries
    - linked to fewer "pleasure" receptors
    - linked to poor school performance
    - linked to more liver disease than alcohol :O
    - linked to lower testosterone levels
    - early puberty in young girls
    Teen Obesity - Linked to Later Multiple Sclerosis
    - increases risk of coronary heart disease and stroke
    - increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
    - increases risk of Alzheimer's disease
    - Diabetes
    - Dyslipidemia
    - Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
    - High blood pressure
    - can increase the risk of dementia up to 80%
    - Gynecological problems
    - increases risk of Fibromygalia
    - linked to sexual Dysfunction
    - linked to lower sperm count
    -- increased risk of many cancers

    - breast cancer
    - endometrial cancer
    - colorectal cancer
    - ovarian cancer
    - gallbladder
    - aggressive prostate cancer
    - pancreatic cancer
    - esophageal cancers
    - kidney cancer

    Obesity = brain shrinkage = stupidity ....

    Imagine how stupid America will be....

    "The researchers found that all of these OBESITY indicators were inversely
    associated with total brain volume - that is, the higher any indicator was, the SMALLER THE BRAIN VOLUME -
    and that the association between abdominal fat and brain volume was the strongest of all.
    Waist-to-hip ratio was also found to be associated with increased temporal horn volume,
    independently of other obesity indicators.
    The temporal horn is a part of the ventricular system; its volume is known to increase with age,
    and in conditions such as Alzheimer's Disease, depression and schizophrenia.
    Enlargement of the temporal horn invariably involves a reduction in the volume of temporal lobe structures such as
    the hippocampus, and thus is closely associated with MEMORY IMPAIRMENTS.

    Cancer
    "Fat cells produce estrogen, which are now known to be a factor in breast cancer and endometrial cancer.
    Fatty tissue also affects the way the body metabolizes insulin,
    which can alter how sugar is processed and how it ultimately gets to cells.

    Fatty tissue, also known as adipose tissue, produces hormones on its own that could play a role in promoting cancer cells.
    It also has been shown to produce chronic, low-grade inflammation in the body.

    Yes I already asked this question.
    http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;…

    And

    are cheap additives harmful?

    is it the high fructose corn syrup? msg? is it the toxins in the meat?

    • ANSWER:
      One good way is to eliminate the government subsidies on farming and the FDA ran food industry.

      They don't make food naturally anymore, they practically soak everything we eat in chemicals, additives, subsidies, and etc.

      Almost everything in the market these days is high in sodium, subsidized materials, and chemicals which is exactly why America is so unhealthy.

      Good food is twice as expensive as the shit grown on farm subsidies.

  18. QUESTION:
    How to lower the obesity rates?
    Since it is estimated that 75% of Americans will be obese by 2015....

    And since obesity is a costly condition that can reduce quality of life and increases the risk for many serious chronic diseases and premature death.

    Evidence:

    Child Obesity Linked to Early Death, Before Age 55
    Obesity responsible for more than - 100,000 cases of cancer per year
    Childhood obesity - linked to stiff arteries
    - linked to fewer "pleasure" receptors
    - linked to poor school performance
    - linked to more liver disease than alcohol :O
    - linked to lower testosterone levels
    - early puberty in young girls
    Teen Obesity - Linked to Later Multiple Sclerosis
    - increases risk of coronary heart disease and stroke
    - increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
    - increases risk of Alzheimer's disease
    - Diabetes
    - Dyslipidemia
    - Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
    - High blood pressure
    - can increase the risk of dementia up to 80%
    - Gynecological problems
    - increases risk of Fibromygalia
    - linked to sexual Dysfunction
    - linked to lower sperm count
    -- increased risk of many cancers
    - breast cancer
    - endometrial cancer
    - colorectal cancer
    - ovarian cancer
    - gallbladder
    - aggressive prostate cancer
    - pancreatic cancer
    - esophageal cancers
    - kidney cancer

    Obesity = brain shrinkage = stupidity ....

    "The researchers found that all of these OBESITY indicators were inversely
    associated with total brain volume - that is, the higher any indicator was, the SMALLER THE BRAIN VOLUME -
    and that the association between abdominal fat and brain volume was the strongest of all.
    Waist-to-hip ratio was also found to be associated with increased temporal horn volume,
    independently of other obesity indicators.
    The temporal horn is a part of the ventricular system; its volume is known to increase with age,
    and in conditions such as Alzheimer's Disease, depression and schizophrenia.
    Enlargement of the temporal horn invariably involves a reduction in the volume of temporal lobe structures such as
    the hippocampus, and thus is closely associated with MEMORY IMPAIRMENTS.

    Cancer
    "Fat cells produce estrogen, which are now known to be a factor in breast cancer and endometrial cancer.
    Fatty tissue also affects the way the body metabolizes insulin,
    which can alter how sugar is processed and how it ultimately gets to cells.

    Fatty tissue, also known as adipose tissue, produces hormones on its own that could play a role in promoting cancer cells.
    It also has been shown to produce chronic, low-grade inflammation in the body.

    Oh and currently, there are 52 million americans suffering from arthritis.
    Turns out, 10 extra pounds increases the force on each knee by between 30 and 60 pounds with every step.

    Other question: How much are obesity induced diseases costing america?

    • ANSWER:
      Easy: kill all the fat people. Done.

  19. QUESTION:
    having a hard time understanding this article, please help?
    The liver stores glucose by converting it to glycogen.(I understand so far) It holds perhaps a 12-hour supply of glucose in its glycogen(typo, did it mean liver? If it converts to glycogen how can it be held in glycogen?) . Once you finish digesting all of the carbohydrates that you last ate, the liver starts converting its stored glycogen back into glucose and releases it to maintain glucose in the blood. (Understood)Lipolysis (lip-what?) also starts breaking down fat in the fat cells and releasing fatty acids into the bloodstream. Tissues that do not need to use glucose for energy (for example, muscle cells) start burning the fatty acids. This reduces the glucose demand so that nerve cells get the glucose. (ok, how does this affect your body?)
    Once the liver runs out of glycogen, the liver converts to a process called gluconeogenesis. Gluconeogenesis turns amino acids into glucose. (um, no comprendo on the last part)

    comments in () are mine, everything else is the web article
    oopsies, pressed the wrong category, ok. From now on, please comment about how you feel about diets and ignore the above info ^_^

    • ANSWER:
      Wow, is this a survey? Or a joke? I think your in the wrong room. We ain't that smart here.

      I don't eat liver, sorry

  20. QUESTION:
    Need help with biology?
    Please read the article and help explain refering to the comments in the()

    The liver stores glucose by converting it to glycogen.(I understand so far) It holds perhaps a 12-hour supply of glucose in its glycogen(typo, did it mean liver? If it converts to glycogen how can it be held in glycogen?) . Once you finish digesting all of the carbohydrates that you last ate, the liver starts converting its stored glycogen back into glucose and releases it to maintain glucose in the blood. (Understood)Lipolysis (lip-what?) also starts breaking down fat in the fat cells and releasing fatty acids into the bloodstream. Tissues that do not need to use glucose for energy (for example, muscle cells) start burning the fatty acids. This reduces the glucose demand so that nerve cells get the glucose. (ok, how does this affect your body?)
    Once the liver runs out of glycogen, the liver converts to a process called gluconeogenesis. Gluconeogenesis turns amino acids into glucose. (I got lost)

    • ANSWER:
      What we're talking about here is how your body gets energy. As you probably know, there are generally three major sources (you see them on all the food labels): fats (also called lipids), carbohydrates (things like sugar, including glucose), and proteins (things made of amino acids - your excerpt doesn't much talk about them, so we'll ignore them from here on out too).

      Now, if you left all the sugars in your bloodstream, it would throw a lot of things out of whack. Your body tries to always maintain a certain balance. So when there's lots of glucose in your blood, the liver takes it out and turns it into something else (glycogen in this case). Then, when there's too little glucose in your blood, the liver takes that other stuff and turns it back into glucose. Handy.

      Glucose is particularly important because there are some cells in your body (like your brain) that pretty much ONLY run on glucose. So if that runs out then you start to be in big trouble. Your brain is a HUGE user of energy, consuming about 20% of your body's oxygen and as much as 30% of your body's energy all by itself.

      And that's why, when blood sugar starts running down, your body tries to save much of what's left for your brain. Fat cells are broken into those fatty acids as an alternate energy source for all your other tissues. Your liver starts trying to turn other things that are lying around into glucose... amino acids in this case, which come from those proteins. And so it goes until you eat something sugary again.

      Don't let the vocabulary hang you up. Some of these terms you'll see over and over again, so let's define some of them now:

      -LYSIS is breaking something up. You may have heard of cells being 'lysed', or of the 'lysosome' organelle which breaks down stuff in the cell. Any time you see some variant of this, it means it's destroying something else. So glycolysis breaks glucose down, lipolysis breaks lipids down, and so on.

      -GENESIS is exactly the opposite - building something up. If you're making it from scratch, they may stick 'neo' (meaning new) in there too. So gluconeogenesis is making new glucose. You can tell just from how the word is put together.

      Particularly in this section, you'll probably want to keep on the lookout for GLUCO- (having to do with glucose specifically or carbohydrates in general) and LIPO- (having to do with lipids or fats). You'll see it other places too: the 'liposome' is the organelle in a cell that holds lipids, for example.

      Hope that helps! Sounds like you're actually getting most of what's going on!

  21. QUESTION:
    Since humans are just a form of animal, aren't we being cannibalistic when we eat the meat of other animals?
    HEALTH CONCERNS ABOUT MEAT
    What's the beef with meat? This question can be answered in two nutritional words: fat and cholesterol.

    Too much fat. No matter how you slice it, meat is high in fat. Unlike milk, in which you can separate out part or all of the fat, you can never get rid of all the fat in meat, no matter how well you trim it. Even the lean parts are laced with fat. Extra lean select-grade beef contains around seven percent fat.

    Wrong fat. Not only is there too much fat in meat, it's the wrong kind. Nearly half the fat in meat is the artery-clogging, saturated type. And, of course, meat is also high in cholesterol. Beef fat is more saturated than poultry fat because the bacteria in the ruminant stomach of cattle hydrogenate, or saturate, the fats in the plants that cows eat. It's like having a fat factory inside the food source.

    Fat without fiber. Unlike meat, plant foods that are low in fat and high in fiber tend to pass through the intestines rapidly, causing less upset and fewer problems, such as gastroesophageal reflux. Meat has a double fault. It's high in fat and contains no fiber, so it takes longer to empty from the stomach and pass through the intestines. While most people do not experience "indigestion" from meat, those who suffer from reflux should not eat much meat, as it may aggravate the problem.

    Problems with protein. Not only are the fats in meat unhealthy, meat proteins have also recently come under fire. Recent evidence suggests that animal proteins increase blood cholesterol levels, while plant proteins, especially soy, decrease them. Meats contain high levels of the amino acid L-lysine, which increases insulin production, prompting the liver to release fat and cholesterol into the bloodstream. If L-lysine is experimentally added to animal diets, blood cholesterol levels increase by over fifty percent and the animals get plump. Studies show that substituting 30 grams of soy protein daily for a meat meal dramatically reduces cholesterol levels. So, the Japanese may have lower cholesterol levels than Americans, not only because they eat less meat, but also because they eat more soy. The quality of meat protein ranks below that of egg white, fish, and dairy products.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm a veggie. ;)

  22. QUESTION:
    Since humans are just a form of animal, aren't we being cannibalistic when we eat the meat of other animals?
    HEALTH CONCERNS ABOUT MEAT
    What's the beef with meat? This question can be answered in two nutritional words: fat and cholesterol.

    Too much fat. No matter how you slice it, meat is high in fat. Unlike milk, in which you can separate out part or all of the fat, you can never get rid of all the fat in meat, no matter how well you trim it. Even the lean parts are laced with fat. Extra lean select-grade beef contains around seven percent fat.

    Wrong fat. Not only is there too much fat in meat, it's the wrong kind. Nearly half the fat in meat is the artery-clogging, saturated type. And, of course, meat is also high in cholesterol. Beef fat is more saturated than poultry fat because the bacteria in the ruminant stomach of cattle hydrogenate, or saturate, the fats in the plants that cows eat. It's like having a fat factory inside the food source.

    Fat without fiber. Unlike meat, plant foods that are low in fat and high in fiber tend to pass through the intestines rapidly, causing less upset and fewer problems, such as gastroesophageal reflux. Meat has a double fault. It's high in fat and contains no fiber, so it takes longer to empty from the stomach and pass through the intestines. While most people do not experience "indigestion" from meat, those who suffer from reflux should not eat much meat, as it may aggravate the problem.

    Problems with protein. Not only are the fats in meat unhealthy, meat proteins have also recently come under fire. Recent evidence suggests that animal proteins increase blood cholesterol levels, while plant proteins, especially soy, decrease them. Meats contain high levels of the amino acid L-lysine, which increases insulin production, prompting the liver to release fat and cholesterol into the bloodstream. If L-lysine is experimentally added to animal diets, blood cholesterol levels increase by over fifty percent and the animals get plump. Studies show that substituting 30 grams of soy protein daily for a meat meal dramatically reduces cholesterol levels. So, the Japanese may have lower cholesterol levels than Americans, not only because they eat less meat, but also because they eat more soy. The quality of meat protein ranks below that of egg white, fish, and dairy products.

    • ANSWER:
      You're an animal. I'm a human being. There's a difference. One has a guilty conscience, a sense of guilt, shame and self-awareness as well as the ability to reason and make an arguement driven by evidence and rationality, whereas the other doesn't. I'm sure you'll be able to figure this riddle out.

  23. QUESTION:
    DNA has shown we and other animals are 90-97% identical, so is cannibalism eating the meat of similar species?
    Can you say we are not of the same species, when there is only a 3% DNA difference between us and many of the other animals that we slaughter and eat? Ugh ! The meaning of cannibal is changing with our advancement and new knowledge.

    HEALTH CONCERNS ABOUT MEAT
    What's the beef with meat? This question can be answered in two nutritional words: fat and cholesterol.

    Too much fat. No matter how you slice it, meat is high in fat. Unlike milk, in which you can separate out part or all of the fat, you can never get rid of all the fat in meat, no matter how well you trim it. Even the lean parts are laced with fat. Extra lean select-grade beef contains around seven percent fat.

    Wrong fat. Not only is there too much fat in meat, it's the wrong kind. Nearly half the fat in meat is the artery-clogging, saturated type. And, of course, meat is also high in cholesterol. Beef fat is more saturated than poultry fat because the bacteria in the ruminant stomach of cattle hydrogenate, or saturate, the fats in the plants that cows eat. It's like having a fat factory inside the food source.

    Fat without fiber. Unlike meat, plant foods that are low in fat and high in fiber tend to pass through the intestines rapidly, causing less upset and fewer problems, such as gastroesophageal reflux. Meat has a double fault. It's high in fat and contains no fiber, so it takes longer to empty from the stomach and pass through the intestines. While most people do not experience "indigestion" from meat, those who suffer from reflux should not eat much meat, as it may aggravate the problem.

    Problems with protein. Not only are the fats in meat unhealthy, meat proteins have also recently come under fire. Recent evidence suggests that animal proteins increase blood cholesterol levels, while plant proteins, especially soy, decrease them. Meats contain high levels of the amino acid L-lysine, which increases insulin production, prompting the liver to release fat and cholesterol into the bloodstream. If L-lysine is experimentally added to animal diets, blood cholesterol levels increase by over fifty percent and the animals get plump. Studies show that substituting 30 grams of soy protein daily for a meat meal dramatically reduces cholesterol levels. So, the Japanese may have lower cholesterol levels than Americans, not only because they eat less meat, but also because they eat more soy. The quality of meat protein ranks below that of egg white, fish, and dairy products.

    • ANSWER:
      No.....Lady, if you don't want to eat meat, then don't. Just leave me and my steak alone.

      Why are you in the R&S section ranting about meat?

  24. QUESTION:
    Marijuana vs. Alcohol what's your opinion?
    Here is a question that i am curious to see how many people will give an honest answer. Which do you prefer to be legalized Marijuana or Alcohol? Below are just a few facts about both.... (I did look up the facts that are posted on both marijuana and Alcohol I did not just make up these facts myself) I will try and post 10 facts each

    Marijuana: #1 If Pot were legalized the prison industry would be hurt. They would no longer jail Pot smokers. It could free up space for violent criminals. #2 Pot is a sexual stimulant. #3 Pot is 100% natural nothing about it has man made chemicals in it. #4 There has never been a car accident death due to a stoned driver, just some slow drivers and may be some lost drivers . #5 Pot is used for medical use in MANY situations. #6 it is a myth that marijuana is a gate way drug. #7 Pot will cause some short term memory loss. #8 Pot will give you the Munchies, It could cause you to gain weight. #9 Marijuana smokers show dysregulated growth of epithelial cells in their lung tissue, which could lead to cancer; however, a recent case-controlled study found no positive associations between marijuana use and lung, upper respiratory, or upper digestive tract cancers. Thus, the link between marijuana smoking and these cancers remains unsubstantiated at this time, but marijuana smokers have some of the same problems as cigarette smokers coughing, mucus, sore lungs, etc. #10 Marijuana make most people more relaxed. It relieves the clutter and tension after a hard days work or stress. It mellows you out and makes you more relaxed. It heightens the imagination and improves creativity. If you have a problem with anger, Pot is usually a good drug to reduce it, no one has ever died from smoking marijuana.

    Alcohol: #1 In VERY SMALL amounts, alcohol can help a person feel more relaxed or less anxious. #2 Alcohol actually blocks some of the messages trying to get to the brain. This alters a person's perceptions, emotions, movement, vision, and hearing. #3 Depending on the person, intoxication can make someone very friendly and talkative or very aggressive and angry. #4 Reaction times are slowed dramatically — which is why people are told not to drink and drive. People who are intoxicated may think they're moving properly when they're not. They may act totally out of character. #5 When large amounts of alcohol are consumed in a short period of time, alcohol poisoning can result. Alcohol poisoning is exactly what it sounds like — the body has become poisoned by large amounts of alcohol. Violent vomiting is usually the first symptom of alcohol poisoning. Extreme sleepiness, unconsciousness, difficulty breathing, dangerously low blood sugar, seizures, and even death may result. #6 One half of all drowning deaths among teen guys are related to alcohol use. Use of alcohol greatly increases the chance that a teen will be involved in a car crash, homicide, or suicide. #7 Teen drinkers are more likely to get fat or have health problems, too. One study by the University of Washington found that people who regularly had five or more drinks in a row starting at age 13 were much more likely to be overweight or have high blood pressure by age 24 than their non drinking peers. People who continue drinking heavily well into adulthood risk damaging their organs, such as the liver, heart, and brain. #8 The strongest medical evidence exists for the link between moderate drinking and a reduced risk of heart disease. #9 Alcohol has been linked to liver disease, cancers, heart damage and strokes when consumed in larger amounts, and even small doses can lead to accidents, Each year, approximately 5,000 young people under the age of 21 die as a result of underage drinking; this includes about 1,900 deaths from motor vehicle crashes, 1,600 as a result of homicides, 300 from suicide, as well

    • ANSWER:
      I don't really think that it is a fair comparison. Firstly, at least in North America, marijuana is illegal. As a result there is no regulation of marijuana. You still have to deal with pesticides, etc. and more importantly it is often mixed with other things and is often found to have traces of feces, glass, grass, the list goes on and on. Smoking of course has a number of problems, some of which you have mentioned. That being said you don't have to smoke marijuana, it can also be ingested. Teens, which many of your facts refer to, shouldn't be consuming alcohol at all, especially in such high quantities, so those health effects shouldn't really be considered, as that is irresponsible drinking. There haven't been as many studies of marijuana, so hard facts are difficult. That being said, many driving experts acknowledge that driving slower than the traffic around you is dangerous, and so driving slower as a result of being high is dangerous. People should no more drive under the influence of marijuana than of alcohol. There are a number of other points to be made for both and of both positive and negative. However in my opinion alcohol is better because it can be legally obtained; as well marijuana is most accessible smoked which is bad and smelly, and may be laced with any number of other things, and growing your own is very illegal. The taxes on alcohol also pay for important things and its procurement is regulated and the health effects well known. I also question where you got your facts, I am sure that there have been accidents where people have been high, and people have died from marijuana, either because they are allergic or most likely because it was laced with something else more dangerous, the statistics for alcohol are more abundant. Alcohol is legalized though, so I would say that marijuana should next be legalized; there is a large trade in it and it would be good for it to be regulated and to generate tax income, and would give law enforcement something else to focus on, which was more important than recreational drug use. As well it would be more acceptable to study it and to provide help, much like AA, for those who are over dependent (and to counteract another fact, I know for a fact that lots of people find themselves anxious and not the least bit relaxed when smoking pot).


How To Make Your Liver Healthy

You and everybody else, want to know how to make your eyes look bigger. The first thing that comes to people's minds is; what makeup style can I employ to help make my eyes look bigger.

But, everybody is overlooking the most important and fundamental factor that should be addressed before anything else, and that is the condition of the delicate skin surrounding the eye and the eyelids themselves. This is particularly important for those of Asian descent, as Asian eyes are more susceptible to sagging eye skin and degenerative eye conditions (needing to wear glasses earlier etc.)

Most people don't know, that as early as age twenty, eye skin can start to lose elasticity as collagen production slows and elastin (what keeps our skin tight) loses effectiveness.

So if you are in your twenties, chances are you are already noticing that when you apply eyeliner for example, your skin is not as tight as it was a few years ago.

Most women are so concerned over how to make your eyes bigger with makeup techniques and fail to remember, that applying makeup is traumatic to your delicate eyelids and surrounding skin.

The solution to all this, and the fundamental first step, is to start using a specialist eye firming cream. The younger you are when you start this process, the greater chance you have of prolonging natural eyelid elasticity. Such a cream will keep your eyelids taught for longer and contribute to keeping your eyes looking bigger.

Some other things you can do to assist in eye skin health:

  • Wear sunglasses when you are outdoors at all times
  • Drink plenty of water and tea (full of antioxidants)
  • Be cool - stress will damage your skin
  • Be mindful of your facial expressions - don't frown
  • Sleep face up - facing into a pillow will reduce eyelid health over time
  • Don't smoke!

Make your eyes look bigger by doing the following:

  • Start with the eye firming cream
  • Find the right makeup that works for you (if your female)
  • Wear contacts if you need glasses - the lighter the better
  • Keep your eyes white with clearing eyedrops - available at any chemist

If you want to check out this great eye formula that has worked wonders for me, you can find their website here.

For more information on how to make your eyes look bigger, visit this great website: makeyoureyeslookbigger.com

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How do you flush your liver out to make it healthy??
    I drank way too much a few days ago, and want to rejuvinate my body again into a more healthy life style and make sure that my poor liver is taken better care of. How does one do that?

    • ANSWER:
      The best thing I can tell you is stop putting toxins into your system. Eat a good diet with a lot of fruit,veggies etc. (basic 4) and drink a lot of water. The liver is a filter. If you give it nothing to filter out (so to speak) it will be healthy. The liver is the only organ in your body that can regenerate itself. You should be fine.

  2. QUESTION:
    how to make your liver & kidneys healthy ??

    • ANSWER:
      Conduct Liver and kidney function tests periodically.
      Avoid drinking habit. Alcoholism Hepatitis C can cause cirrhosis of the liver.
      Avoid multiple sex partners and infection of Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B can cause liver cancer.
      Although not all cases of cirrhosis are preventable, the following measures can greatly reduce your risk:
      * Avoid alcohol or drink in moderation. Alcohol is a toxin that must be filtered by your liver. In the process, liver cells become damaged. Unfortunately, you may not recognize that you have a problem with alcohol before serious liver damage has occurred. Knowing and recognizing a family history of alcoholism for you or others is an important step in seeking treatment. If you have cirrhosis, you should not drink alcohol.
      * Protect yourself from hepatitis C. Because there's no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C, the only way to protect yourself is to avoid exposure to the virus. If you aren't absolutely certain of the health status of a sexual partner, use a new condom every time you have sex. Don't use nasal cocaine and avoid sharing needles or other drug paraphernalia. Contaminated drug paraphernalia is responsible for about half of all new cases of hepatitis C. See your doctor if you have or have had hepatitis C or think you may have been exposed to the virus.
      * Protect yourself from hepatitis B. Getting a vaccine for hepatitis B is the best way to protect yourself and others. However, other measures also can keep you safe. Know the health status of every sexual partner. If you don't know, use a new condom every time you have sex. And if you use needles to inject drugs, be sure they're sterile and don't share them.
      Talk to your doctor about getting a vaccination for Hepatitis A if you have not been exposed to this virus or vaccinated. This virus, although it does not lead to cirrhosis itself, can cause significant liver damage and be dangerous among people with cirrhosis.
      Coffee also may play a role in preventing cirrhosis caused by alcohol abuse. In a 2006 study of more than 125,000 people, one cup of coffee a day reduced the risk of alcoholic cirrhosis by 20 percent. Four cups a day reduced the risk by 80 percent. It's unclear whether the caffeine or another coffee ingredient provided the protection — but avoiding alcohol remains the only proven way to prevent alcoholic cirrhosis. These study results are controversial and should not be interpreted to suggest coffee as a treatment to allow excess alcohol consumption. If alcohol is consumed, it should be done so in moderation. People with cirrhosis should not consume any alcohol.
      Control Hypertension if any. Hypertension can cause damage of the Kidney.
      Control diabetes and diabetic nephropathy.
      Nephrotic syndrome is a disorder caused by damage to the small blood vessels in your kidneys that filter waste and excess water from your blood. When healthy, these small blood vessels keep blood protein from seeping into your urine and out of your body. When damaged, they don’t perform this function effectively, and protein can leak out of your blood and lead to swelling (edema).
      Prompt treatment of medical conditions that can lead to nephrotic syndrome, such as diabetes, lupus, kidney disease and amyloidosis, may prevent some cases of nephrotic syndrome.
      Your doctor may recommend changes in your diet. He or she may refer you to a dietitian to discuss diet changes. You may need to:
      * Limit your salt intake to help minimize fluid retention and swelling and to reduce your blood pressure
      * Modify your diet to decrease your cholesterol and triglyceride levels
      * Take vitamin D supplements

  3. QUESTION:
    ACNE & LIVER - How can I make my liver healthy and balanced without any topical solutions or drugs...?
    They say that when you have a healthy liver, your hormones will be balanced, and it will lead you not to have acne...

    • ANSWER:
      i guess this could be a cause of your acne, but I highly doubt it.

      Don't do anything to your liver, it is a very complex organ and doesn't need to be messed around with.
      just get some proactiv solutions

  4. QUESTION:
    Anyone know about healthy living for those with a chronic liver condition?
    I have a chronic liver condition with pain and tiredness and overall feeling of just plain lousy. I know I need to make a lifestyle change, but am not sure where to start. Is anyone in the same boat and how have you improved your life? Have you taken any supplements? Tried Reliv? HELP! Any advice would be helpfull! Thanks and Happy Holidays!!

    • ANSWER:
      1. take plenty of carbohydrate-rich food (glucose), if u r non- diabetic.

      2. avoid medication without prior consultation with ur physician..... especially analgesics (pain-killers i.e paracetamol), sedatives (sleeping pills), diuretics, hypnotics.....etc AND ALCOHOL-containing beverages. this drugs are principally metabolized in liver and excessive use of these drugs may compell ur liver 2 OVERTIME WORK!

      3. moderate rest.

      4. high-fibre diet, if constipation.

      5. perform Liver Function Tests (LFT) periodically 2 asses improvement.

      better if u consult with a physician.
      very best of luck, champ...

  5. QUESTION:
    How to slow getting drunk?
    I know that if you drink with a meal it slows down how fast you'll get drunk because the alcohol takes longer to be absorbed while there is other food also being absorbed in your stomach, but is there anything else that helps you take longer to get drunk? For example being extremely hydrated before the drinking session? Does having a very healthy liver make an impact? Metabolism?

    • ANSWER:
      if you want to get ''drunk'' slowly, have a glass of water after each drink. you won't get as smashed, also pace yourself,don't drink too fast and if your drinking spirits,don't make them too strong.....having a healthy liver does make an impact, if it was thrashed then the alcohol will affect you more because your liver can't filter it properly......hope i helped :) ::)

  6. QUESTION:
    Is my speech good enough?
    I need your help to make my speech a little bit better because I have to share this with my class and also I need a good grade cause I have really bad mark in my L.A. So here is my speech.

    McDonald

    Good morning/afternoon, Ms. Goodenough and fellow classmates. Today I would like to tell you about the truth and the facts behind McDonald. McDonald is spreading in our society today and every few months we hear about how a study has shown that it is bad for us or good for us. What are we to believe? I'm going to talk about how the company began and it's facts, the positive side on McDonald, and the negative sides on McDonald and impacts when eating McDonald for 30 days.[5]

    The company began in 1940, with a restaurant opened by Dick and Mac McDonald in San Bernardino, California. It all began when the brothers, Dick and Mac opened a hot dog stand called The Airdrome at the airport in Monrovia, California on 1937, then the brothers moved their stand to San Bernardino, California, where they first opened the first McDonald's restaurant, on U.S., route 66, at 14th and E Street, on May 5, 1940. The McDonald brothers begin to franchise their restaurant, with, Ray Kroc their first franchise. On 1963 Kroc made a children's show on WRC-TV called Bozo the Clown, after the show was canceled they made a new mascot, named Ronald McDonald. McDonald's restaurants are found in 119 countries and territories around the world and serve nearly 47 million customers each day. McDonald's operates over 31,000 restaurants worldwide, employing more than 1.5 million people![5]

    Now to the good news. McDonald has some good things like cheap food, if you buy a meal there it only cost less than 10$ or even 5$. It is worth it because their foods taste good and some of them are healthy. McDonald's menu has any kinds of alternatives like the beverages, breakfast, condiments, desserts/snacks, sauces, sandwiches, french fries, and salads. McDonald is also good because they do charity work for the children that needs help, they registered charities that help improve the physical and emotional quality of life for children with serious illness, chronic conditions and disabilities, and their families. Their restaurant are good for young kids because it is child friendly, they have toys for the kids to play with,they have the Happy Meal, along with the play land for the kids to in joy.[5]

    Lastly, the negative effects and the impacts. When eating for a month, for example when you eat 3 meals per day, McDonald can cause your liver to fat liver, makes your cholesterol high like in the 2 hundreds, depression and make you feel exhausted, in larger effects, McDonald can cause you to have 2 times the heart disease and heart failure, massive cravings and head aches. McDonald foods also carries LOTS of trans fat! and did you know that one medium fry has 5 grams of trans fat? That's more than you should even have in a day. Eating more than 5 grams of trans fat in a day increases your risk by 30% of getting a heart disease. The impact, Super Size Me, a documentary film by and starring Morgan Spurlock. When Morgan began the experiment, he was increasing stomach aches in the process in day 2, after 5 days he found himself depression, lethargy, and head aches which relieved by the McDonald meal. He also gained 24.5 pounds for the whole experiment (185.5 pounds to 210 pounds). [6]

    You can see that McDonald can have both positive and negative effects on our health and well-being. The bottom line is that if you eat your meal regularly, you don't have to worry too much. So the next time you eat that second or third meal, think first whether this will be healthy for you or not? Now at least you know what McDonald is doing to you and what isn't doing to you. Now, here is my question for the honourable judges, audience, teachers,quests, and fellow classmates 'Should people eat McDonald?'[5]

    SO SORRY IF YOU HAVE TO READ THIS MUCH!!

    • ANSWER:
      Seems ok, but the speech just seems so casual with the transitions. Too plain. It's fine though..

  7. QUESTION:
    Hand gestures and toning help!?
    I need hand gestures my speech. Here is my speech

    Good morning/afternoon, Ms. Goodenough and fellow classmates. Would you like to know about the truth and the facts behind McDonald's? McDonald's has been spreading in our society today and every few months we hear about how a study has shown that it is bad for us or good for us. What are we to believe? In the speech it will talk about how the company began and it's facts, the positive side on McDonald's, and the negative side on McDonald's.[5]

    The company began in 1940, with a restaurant opened by Dick and Mac McDonald in San Bernardino, California. It all began when the brothers, Dick and Mac opened a hot dog stand called The Airdrome at the airport in Monrovia, California on 1937. The brothers then moved their stand to San Bernardino, California, where they first opened the first McDonald's restaurant, on U.S., route 66, at 14th and E Street, on May 5, 1940. Milkshake-mixer salesman Ray Kroc becomes fascinated by the McDonald's restaurant during a sales visit. Kroc approached the McDonald brothers, who have already begun franchising, with a proposition to let him franchise McDonald's restaurants outside the company's home base of California and Arizona, with him as the first franchisee. On 1963 Kroc made a children's show on WRC-TV called Bozo the Clown, after the show was canceled they made a new mascot, named Ronald McDonald.[6]

    Now to the good news. McDonald's has some good things like cheap food, if you buy a meal there it only cost less than 10$ or even 5$. It is worth it because their foods taste good and some of them are healthy like the Grilled chicken wrap with mustard, scrambled eggs, salads with grilled chicken, diet cola, water, juice, apple slices without the caramel dip. McDonald's menu has any kinds of alternatives like the beverages, breakfast, condiments, desserts/snacks, sauces, sandwiches, french fries, and salads. McDonald's do charity work for the children that needs help, they registered charities that help improve the physical and emotional quality of life for children with serious illness, chronic conditions and disabilities, and their families. Their restaurant are good for young kids because it is child friendly, they have toys for the kids to play with, they have the Happy Meal, along with the play land for the kids to enjoy.[5]

    Lastly, the negative effects. When eating for a month, for example when you eat 3 meals per day, McDonald's can cause your liver to fat liver, makes your cholesterol high like in the 2 hundreds, depression and makes you feel exhausted. In larger effects, McDonald's can cause you to have 2 times the heart disease and heart failure, massive cravings and head aches. McDonald's foods also carries LOTS of trans fat! Did you know that one medium fry has 5 grams of trans fat, that's more than you should even have in a day. [5]

    You can see that McDonald's can have both positive and negative effects on our health and well-being. The bottom line is that if you eat your meal regularly, you don't have to worry too much. So the next time you eat that second or third meal, think first, whether this will be healthy for you or not? Now at least you know what McDonald's is doing to you and what is not doing to you. Now, here is my question for the honourable judges, audience, teachers, quests, and fellow classmates 'Should people eat at McDonald's?'[5]

    • ANSWER:
      First: You may want to reword the second paragraph so that you're not jumping from 1940 to 1937 and then back to 1940.

      Second: Gesticulations are important in interpersonal communication and should not be overlooked when giving a speech. However, the problem with hand gestures is that they can become overbearing, overused, and distracting. Therefore, the best idea is to only use hand gestures to pinpoint *important* ideas - that is, the key points that you would like to make.

      Third: While gestures are important, the most important thing in a speech (I feel) is the contact with your audience. Make sure you're looking around and devoting equal amounts of time to sections of the audience. Don't be afraid to look someone in the eye. In fact, when you're staring at the wall behind someone, it's distracting, because everyone in your audience is wondering what you're looking at.

      Bonne chance!

  8. QUESTION:
    Do I only want the best for my adult daughter that just doesn't agree with me all the time?
    This is where I am going
    This is who I am
    I thought about it for a while
    I have to tell you what I cam

    I am a part of the Lord thy God
    I helped to make your life
    I am a part of the Lord thy God
    I think you are too and that's life

    We formed your body bones and soul
    Split apart from all of the whole
    Cut and pasted to a material you
    Just to make some of all of it do

    Now as a part of the invisible you
    I recognize we disagree do different too
    I was formed to think like me
    You were formed the way you are see?

    Now you don't have to listen to me
    I have to tell you
    It's aweful sometimes if I think I am right
    But you have your own life to live too
    I wonder sometimes if we make it through the night

    Now it is possible that I was formed to eat
    Things you find repulsive, not a treat
    Things I got used to and feel make me quiver
    Things I think make me healthy, even my liver

    You might not be one who will take to this life of mine
    You might have your own way of finding out how to shine
    I have lived so far to fifty five
    I keep thinking these things kept me alive

    I wonder if there is a terrible curse
    That forces you to keep seeking a nurse
    I wonder what told you to ignore what advice I find important
    I wonder if I lost you when you moved out and went

    You grew up so fast, I wanted that to last
    I didn't want to have to dwell on the past
    Was I ever one to follow my way?
    I was a parent, I been meaning to say.

    We were all formed from dust and heat
    But circumstances about how we would meet
    Were written in stone, just appearing to us
    Even if they didn't seem so just

    I have my pinions, you have yours
    You seem sometimes convinced, sometimes so unsures
    We don't want to disagree not this way
    Or do we, what do I say?

    I can't give you advice if it was predetermined
    My passions are stuck, neath the secretly ruined
    Just cause I want you to be a certain way
    Just cause I use tact that includes when I pray

    Well it all makes me realize, can't criticize Jesus too much
    He too had the same problem, was out of touch
    I have to trust that I did what I could
    And you have to do what we said you should

    Cause in the beginning you apparently agreed
    When you were older you would succeed
    Payin attention to that which was done
    Havin your moments, havin your fun

    Nothin I could do or say
    Would make you want to do what I had to say
    And that's why whatever you do
    If you choose to take a break or just let it too

    You have your life to live shorter or long
    You have your way of silence or song
    I have to let you be who you are
    Even if all I ever wanted was for you be a star

    Whatever you choose now, it's up to you
    You wear your slippers, I wear my shoe
    If you ever want my help to try something new
    I will be waitin, I'm your father.....that's true!
    If it is happening now, it was meant to be
    Me hurtin, you hurtin, entertainment you see
    And we both had a part certainly
    Was as if we were havin a party

    I know it may not seem to you to be this way
    You don't think you ever went astray
    You are doing your best, you earned your keep
    You did not come here to be that cheap

    So we've just been rolling along
    We've just been singing and playing this song
    Music was written long long ago
    And this could be the beginning or the end of the show

    Happens to all of us in one way or another
    Not just about one thing, they are all a bother
    That's how life is, full of stimulus
    Sometimes we don't have it, sometimes we must.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, my mother is visiting from about 1000 miles away right now. It's our first visit in 6 months. I am 38, have two beautiful small children and a third on the way. I have a great marriage; my husband has a great job; I have a degree and had a career for about 14 years as an educator before staying home with my children.

      My mother has a lot of great advice, and I'm sure means well and wants the best for me. I have to tell you though, that even though the advice is usually good, I get really tired of hearing it. Maybe because it is constant, or maybe because she repeats herself over and over again, even when I heard it the first time. She's not generally critical; yet, what I'd really prefer is that I'd get less advice and more recognition for where I have come in my life. I know she thinks I'm doing well, as she does say so. But that is way outweighed by the constant advice and suggestions. With all that she tells me whenever I talk to her, I don't know how she thinks I managed to survive on my own for all these years. What I'd really like is to feel like a competent adult around her and for her to stop trying to improve me.

      So there's the story from the other side. I hope this helps in some way.

  9. QUESTION:
    Legalizing Marijauana?
    Do you know how much upkeep per prison inmate costs each year? Over 000 of your precious tax dollars. Trash like rapists, murderers, hard drug users, and thefts need to be locked up and kept away from society. However, how realistic is it to throw someone in jail for smoking marijauana? Why are we crowding up prisons with these people? Why are they amongst the ranks of felonists and animals? Why are we paying 000 (per person) to keep these smokers out of society? That is ridiculous. "Oh, but we can't have drug addicts walking our streets!" Excuse me, but alcohol is a drug, and a deadly one at that. Have you ever heard of someone dying from a weed over dose? No, but I've heard of plenty young adults dying from alcohol poisoning. Alcohol is a mind altering and dangerous drug, and yet it is sold and mass marketed. Drinking is the cool thing to do thanks to TV and magazine ads. And, there are plenty of people in the US with drinking problems. Smoking a joint should not be grounds for imprisonment. Marijuana is certainly not healthy, as it is damaging to the brain, lungs, mouth, etc... However, so is alcohol. It will destroy your liver, make you fat, and kill brain cells. What is the difference between being high and drunk? Marijuana needs to be legalized. The police bureaucracy says it's keeping our streets "clean", but in reality they only want marijauana to stay illegal because they cash in the big bucks. Weed needs to be legalized. While it is a mind altering drug, it is very impractical to keep it illegal as it is costly and not necessary. Thoughts?

    P.s. While I do think it should be legalized, people 18 and older should be the only ones allowed to smoke it.
    Don't forget the massive drug war going on... People will go to great lengths to buy and sell things they want, especially if they are illegal.

    • ANSWER:
      Legalize it, don't tax it, don't regulate it.

      The price of it will sink. No one will even grow it except for personal use.

      Adding taxes and regulating it will just create more government in bed with corporation bureaucracies and people will still go to jail over growing it illegally and gangs will also be involved.

  10. QUESTION:
    eat healthy food everyday?
    How did you develop you current nutritional habits?
    Every individual has different nutritional habits some choose to eat healthy and some choose to eat unhealthy but the different between them is something individual are unaware. I hardly eat junks food even though they are the best things and really delicious I would love to have junks food but I don’t get time to eat. In the morning I usually have tea with a bread or cookies or probably nothing and for lunch I will have some sort of salad in school and when I go home I eat rice, chicken, vegetable anything my sister or my mom have cooked for me. Then I have to have something in the evening like fruits or juice because I usually work out in the evening so I need to have fruit or something to drink healthy and then I eat twice at night because I am awake for longer time so I need to eat and keep myself full my dinner is usually the same as lunch nothing really different unfortunately. I have developed this habit because I have been doing this for longer time and it was through my parents they cause me eat this many times but now they regret of making my habit that way because I finish everything at home.

    What is the relationship of food to health?
    Relationship to food to health is really big the way people act, talk or looks like really appears of what you take in to your stomach. Changes in our understanding of diet and health drive changes in the way foods are processed. On the other hand, what is available on the shelf will have an impact on the choices consumers make, thereby affecting their health. Studies have indicated that nutritional factors do contribute to the development of some of these diseases. After eating contaminated food, people can develop anything from a short, mild illness, often mistakenly referred to as "food poisoning," to life-threatening disease. Right food can make you appear healthier physically mentally and emotionally. so choosing the right food is very important.

    What are the health problems that might occur from bad diet decisions?
    There is many health problems that can occur from bad diet decisions such as Eating junk food during pregnancy could have a bigger impact on childhood obesity, liver disease and diabetes. Almost one-third of children aged six to 19 and 12 per cent of infants in the United States are overweight, according to a National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and obesity is now the most prevalent nutritional disease of children and adolescents in the US. " A high-fat diet in the womb may also affect the "appetite centre" of the brain. Also eating a lot of trans fats that contain partially hydrogenated oil probably increases the risk of heart disease. some diet also effects your breathe which many people are unaware of it such as Low-carb diets may be good for your waistline, but you might not be able to say the same for your breath. Bad breath in the low/no-carb sect is often caused by certain chemicals that are released in the breath as the body burns fat. They are called ketones, and entering into a fat-burning state of ketosis is the hallmark of the Atkins diet. It's a difficult problem to solve because if one uses any sucking candy or lozenge, one has to be careful that it has no sugar in it
    Why is permanent weight control best achieved by the combination of diet and exercise?
    When you eat healthy food and exercise you remain in shape and controlled and away from obesity that you might get from junks. You are much more healthier then the rest of other who choose to eat unhealthy food for there dinner, lunch and breakfast as you exercise you burn off your calories and fats which leads you to remain much more healthier then others. Your heart is healthier you remain free from being obese and any other physical or mental disease that might occur. You are just doing yourself a favor and minimize a lot of health issues and when you take in healthy food inside you remain healthy you feel better and lighter and just happier believe it or not eating healthy food really effects your brain and pressurize your mind in a healthier way.

    • ANSWER:
      It is good to eat nutritiously everyday..... You feel better, have more energy throughout the day, and feel happier all over......

      :)

  11. QUESTION:
    hey lucky hope this helps?
    Psoriasis Treatments include:
    1) Dead Sea Salts This traditional treatment to healing naturally has been used in the Middle East for thousands of years. We have a 6 week program designed to use in your home.

    2) "Psoriasis Spot Free in 30 Days", A special diet book written by a former sufferer of the itching and flaking skin condition. The author is a registered nurse who used food to reverse the signs and symptoms of her condition.

    3) Homeopathic treatment that helps to target the source of the problem with no damaging side effects.

    4) Herbal extractions like Oregon Grape Root Extract and Herbal Detox Tea combinations that gently cleanse your body of toxins and help optimize your liver function. Herbs have historically been used for treatment of skin conditions.

    5) Gentle herbal scalp creams and shampoos that contain FDA approved ingredients to combine nature with science.

    6) Dietary supplements to improve your defense systems, Omega Fortified Flax (recommended for children and adults) and Alkyrol Shark Liver Oil for maximum Omega 3 fatty acids.

    Maintaining a healthy and nutritious diet can improve general health and have a positive impact on psoriasis.

    The Natural Products Center is proud to be a central location for exploring alternative health products and carries a line of Vestalcare and LupiCare products. You can also find special discounted treatment programs of Mineral Care Dead Sea Salts. Our special packages put together FDA recognized approaches for psoriasis with diet and nutritional supplements to give you a multi-pronged approach to dealing with your skin condition.

    We encourage you to become informed about psoriasis and the natural products that can have a positive impact your skin..

    What is psoriasis and how it can be controlled are just some of the questions explored on this web site. Is there a cure? NO. But you can effectively keep the itching skin, scaling, and red lesions at bay without injections, caustic pharmaceuticals, or cancer causing therapies. Natural approaches do work.

    We searched the world over to bring you unique and effective choices for psoriasis. We hope you find the lost treasures you were seeking. Our nautical theme invokes a spirit of adventure and discovery. There are items here that are not from the sea, but herbal, homeopathic, and from land. We tried to combine old knowledge with new technology, common sense approaches, and alternative medicines to help make your trip to the Natural Products Center rewarding.

    Questions? You can reach the Natural Products Center at 1-800-301-3337.

    Natural Products Center
    P.O. Box 450748
    Westlake, OH 44145

    • ANSWER:
      very informative but what is your question?

  12. QUESTION:
    How do you find a doctor that wants to help you get and stay healthy instead of handing out pills to 'try out'
    I've learned that most prescription drugs work through particular liver enzymes that many people do not have, and those drugs will not work for those people. In fact, those drugs may make people lacking the enzymes to process them even sicker. Yet, many doctors don't seem to know about this problem, or don't believe it when they are told. They will not explore non-drug options, and will not pursue a health problem any further if you tell them that you cannot take their prescription due to problems with a type or class of drugs. They will not do in-depth testing to locate the source of a particular pain; they will prescribe pills or give a referral to a specialist, and often try to convince you that the problem is 'in your head' if they can't easily eliminate the problem this way. They do not test for tumors, for nutrition imbalances, etc. If some test comes back with an anomalous result, they give an excuse instead of a reason (like 'It's within the normal range').

    • ANSWER:
      too long to read this time of the evening but from what i read in your first sentence... GOOD LUCK!
      This has become the American way!

      Right now I'm so sick because of medication given to me for something different than whats going on with me now since I decided to follow my Dr's. instructions!

      Think twice before taking any medications!

      By the way... Anymore, when you go for your second opinion, it'll be totally different from your first!
      So who do you trust!?!?!?!?

  13. QUESTION:
    weight gaining naturally, can it be healthy? ?
    Im 17 and have a high metabolism. So, I do not gain weight easily, and both my parents are skinny- (except now my dad has gained weight and looks good because he's worked a physically demanding occupation all his life). but anyways, as you are what your parents are, naturally Im a pretty skinny kid. That is me in the picture- as a result of working out every day for a year and, still am; but Im not as big as I would like to be.. I do have nice pecs, big biceps and triceps when I flex, and a six pack which was easy to get because my stomach is naturally cut. My calves and wrists were small, and now they are more like medium..
    Lately I have really been feeling the pressure, and with kids growing big these days, and taking steroids there is a lot more competition. I do not want to do steroids because I was always raised to be healthy and take care of my body. But it is very, very aggravating when you are lifting more than some of these big kids but don't look like it. And my muscles are at the point where they are very defined but not going to get any bigger than they are without more weight.

    main question: is there a way to gain weight more naturally than, eating junk and fast food- a realistic goal would probably to gain 2 lbs a month, 12 by the end of the year. and then go a little easier, another 8 senior year.
    I am aware that taking in too much protein and calories is hard on your metabolism, liver, kidneys, etc, and would like to avoid this.. I just don't know if thats possible, and if so, I have a big decision to make. I really don't care how I get my protein and calories as long as its good weight- chicken, potatoes, pasta, brown rice, oatmeal, etc. It's so easy to fill up quickly on chicken and pasta and not reach the calorie limit you would like and end up gaining cheap calories by drinking pepsi or eating ice cream- which you can drink/eat a lot of and wont fill you..

    thanks in advance to everyone who read the whole thing

    • ANSWER:
      you look nice in your pic theres nothing to worry about. your not extremely skinny you look perfect dont stress about it

  14. QUESTION:
    Do you think Ephedrine gets a bad rap?
    Hi, I think Epedrine gets a bad rap. I used to take 2-3 a day and I was never more productive. I would workout everday eat healthy ect. I would even have a cup of coffee with the ephedrine. I remember when I was in high school some girl overdosed on Mini-thins, actually I think she tried to kill herself. Yeah, if you take too much of anything you will experience side effects. Look at Tylennol, that stuff will seriously screw up your liver. And how many people take it everyday for long periods of time? With ephedrine I would sometimes only take a half a pill with coffee and I was up and ready to take on the world. I have to admit, once in a while I think it did make me anxious, but hell, I get anxious when I don't take it. Now I don't think it's nessaarily an anti-depressant, but instead of being unhappy and lying aroud, I would be "unhappy" and moving around/doing things, which as a result would make me feel better because I am being productive/bettering myself.
    Right now I am looking on the internent for some to buy. Know any website in particular.

    There's a lot more worse substances to be addicted to-fatty food for instance
    I KNOW it's the ingerdient in METH, who cares.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, in some ways yes. But I think it got its bad name because when it was first put in a diet pill, it was not made known to people its harming effects that it could have. If someone with high blood pressure were to take it, they could have a heart attack. But yes, taken in moderation it can do good. I personally do not like ephedra because of the side affects. If it makes you jittery it means it is speeding up your heart rate and that can not be good for your heart over a long period of time. I would be careful if I were you!

  15. QUESTION:
    Why is it important to limit the amount of sodium in your diet?
    1.Why is it important to limit the amount of sodium in your diet?

    A.Sodium causes weak bones and teeth.
    B.Sodium is sometimes linked to high blood pressure.
    C.Sodium is linked to cancer.
    D.Sodium causes dehydration
    2.The class of nutrient that is necessary for production of certain hormones and that forms a coating on nerves is

    A.carbohydrates.
    B.water.
    C.protein.
    D.fat.
    3.A deficiency of calcium can lead to

    A.rickets.
    B.osteoporosis.
    C.scurvy.
    D.anemia.
    4.For a healthful diet, nutrients must be consumed in different amounts. An example of this is how carbohydrates should

    A.be limited to 300 milligrams a day.
    B.make up about 30% of your daily caloric intake.
    C.be limited to 3,000 milligrams a day.
    D.make up between 45 to 65% of your daily caloric intake.
    5.Bread is rich in complex carbohydrates, low in fats, and a source of fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Usually, the more fiber in the bread, the more nutrients. Look at the values of the following four loaves of bread:

    Calories

    Sodium

    Fiber
    Loaf 1:

    60

    100 mg

    1 g
    Loaf 2:

    70

    160 mg

    2 g
    Loaf 3:

    40

    105 mg

    2 g
    Loaf 4:

    80

    5 mg

    3 g

    Which loaf of bread would be the best choice for you in terms of good nutrition?

    A.Loaf 1
    B.Loaf 2
    C.Loaf 3
    D.Loaf 4
    6.Insoluble fiber

    A.dissolves in water.
    B.is found in oat bran, apples, beans, and some vegetables.
    C.is found in refined-grain products.
    D.adds bulk to your body’s wastes.
    7.Which of the following foods is not a source of cholesterol?

    A.Beef
    B.Beans
    C.Chicken
    D.Cheese
    8.All of the following are reasons why water is important to nutrition EXCEPT:

    A.It transports nutrients and oxygen through the body and helps get rid of wastes.
    B.It provides the proper environment for the body’s chemical reactions to occur.
    C.It helps regulate body temperature.
    D.It prevents anemia.
    9.The six classes of nutrients include all of the following EXCEPT:

    A.Carbohydrates and fats
    B.Proteins and water
    C.Vitamins and minerals
    D.Sodium and cholesterol
    10.Starches are

    A.a kind of complex carbohydrate.
    B.a kind of simple carbohydrate.
    C.composed of a single sugar.
    D.complex carbohydrates that cannot be digested.
    11.Match the following
    1.A substance in food that provides energy or helps form body tissues, which is necessary for life and growth
    2.The study of food and the ways in which the body uses food
    3.Complex carbohydrate that aids elimination and may help prevent heart disease and cancer
    4.Nutrient required for transport, elimination, and temperature regulation, as well as almost every other bodily function
    5.Fatty acids in which the carbon atoms do not hold the maximum number of hydrogen atoms

    6.Plant proteins that lack or contain smaller amounts of some essential amino acids than are needed by the body
    7.A class of nutrients containing simple sugars, starches, glycogen, and dietary fiber
    8.Carbon-containing nutrient that keeps eyes and skin healthy
    9.A complex carbohydrate that is stored in the liver and muscles, which can be used as a quick source of energy
    10.A mineral that prevents birth defects

    11.Mineral needed for production of hemoglobin
    12.Mineral needed for production of digestive enzymes and growth and healing
    13.Fat-soluble nutrient that enables the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestine
    14.Promotes healing of wounds and healthy gums
    15.Needed to produce energy from carbohydrates, fats, and protein

    A.Zinc
    B.Nutrient
    C.Iron
    D.Carbohydrates
    E.Dietary fiber
    F.Vitamin C
    G.Niacin (vitamin B3)
    H.Water
    I.Incomplete proteins
    J.Vitamin D
    K.Glycogen
    L.Vitamin A
    M.Nutrition
    N.Folate
    O.Unsaturated fatty acids

    • ANSWER:
      1.b
      2.c
      3.a
      4.d
      5.loaf 4
      6.a&d
      7.b
      8.d
      9.d
      10.a
      1. A substance in food that provides energy or helps form body tissues, which is necessary for life and growth
      B. Nutrient
      2. The study of food and the ways in which the body uses food
      M. Nutrition
      3. Complex carbohydrate that aids elimination and may help prevent heart disease and cancer
      E. Dietary fiber
      4. Nutrient required for transport, elimination, and temperature regulation, as well as almost every other bodily function
      H.water
      5. Fatty acids in which the carbon atoms do not hold the maximum number of hydrogen atoms
      O. Unsaturated fatty acids
      6. Plant proteins that lack or contain smaller amounts of some essential amino acids than are needed by the body
      I. Incomplete proteins
      7. A class of nutrients containing simple sugars, starches, glycogen, and dietary fiber
      D. Carbohydrates
      8. Carbon-containing nutrient that keeps eyes and skin healthy
      L. Vitamin A
      9. A complex carbohydrate that is stored in the liver and muscles, which can be used as a quick source of energy
      K. Glycogen
      10. A mineral that prevents birth defects
      N. Folate
      11. Mineral needed for production of hemoglobin
      C. Iron
      12. Mineral needed for production of digestive enzymes and growth and healing
      G. Niacin (vitamin B3)
      13. Fat-soluble nutrient that enables the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestine
      J. Vitamin D
      14. Promotes healing of wounds and healthy gums
      F. Vitamin C
      15. Needed to produce energy from carbohydrates, fats, and protein
      A. Zinc

  16. QUESTION:
    I would like to donate my liver please help i need advice HOW MUCH TO BUY A HUMAN LIVER FOR TRANSPLANT?
    I have just turned 18 years old and i am healthy and have a rare blood type ( O- negitive ) someone very close to me passed away from liver cancer 4 years ago and i would like to sell my liver to someone who needs one for a transplant.(i do not know of anyone who needs one but im sure there are thousands of people who need one.) i have heard the liver is the only organ that can grow back so if i donate half of mine it will grow back in 3 months and the other half will save a life and will grow to full size. if anyone has any information about this please let me know of risks and about the proceedure, your oppinion on this situation also how much a liver is worth (how much to sell it for)and how to go about donating my liver. and yes just thinking about this scares me but its nothing compared to how scared ppl are with a bad liver who are just thinking if they are going to make it or not. i know that if i can give someone a chance at life its worth it.
    hey i want to donante my liver but i have been told you get paid for it too because you will be out of work for a few months ect. i would like to know how much so i can budget and organise when i can afford to do so. if anyone has had a liver transplant or dontated one or anything could you please give me a little more information about it , what the recovery time is ect thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Selling of an organ is not possible. However, the
      donor of an organ is to be covered under the recipients
      insurance policy if they receive an organ from a living donor...this has to be worked out through the Transplant
      social worker at the Transplant hospital where the
      surgery will take place. It will depend on what
      the insurance will cover under these circumstances...
      some do provide benefits for loss of work, but some may
      not.

      If you truly want to give a part of your liver to someone
      else, here is a site that will provide you with more
      information: just click this link and then on the first
      page, up at the top, click on " living donations":
      http://www.transplantliving.org/

      To find the Transplant Center in your area, type the
      state you live in and then "transplant center" after
      that....many of them have websites on the web.
      Some provide telephone numbers, also, that you
      may call and ask questions.

      Here is a living donation booklet that can be downloaded;
      it is quite a large file...should have fast speed internet
      to get it:
      http://www.unos.org/SharedContentDocuments/Living_Donation_Booklet_Final.pdf

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.

  17. QUESTION:
    I would like to donated my liver for a transplant HELP ADVICE How much will people pay for a liver?
    I have just turned 18 years old and i am healthy and have a rare blood type ( O- negitive ) someone very close to me passed away from liver cancer 4 years ago and i would like to sell my liver to someone who needs one for a transplant.(i do not know of anyone who needs one but im sure there are thousands of people who need one.) i have heard the liver is the only organ that can grow back so if i donate half of mine it will grow back in 3 months and the other half will save a life and will grow to full size. if anyone has any information about this please let me know of risks and about the proceedure, your oppinion on this situation also how much a liver is worth (how much to sell it for)and how to go about donating my liver. and yes just thinking about this scares me but its nothing compared to how scared ppl are with a bad liver who are just thinking if they are going to make it or not. i know that if i can give someone a chance at life its worth it.
    just want to make clear im not "selling" my liver but i have heard that you get paid for donating for being off work ect does anyone know how much ect? so i can figure when i can afford to donate.
    I have just turned 18 years old and i am healthy and have a rare blood type (O- neg) someone very close to me passed away from liver cancer 4 years ago & i would like to sell my liver to someone who needs one for a transplant.(i do not know of anyone who needs one but im sure there are 1000's of people who need one.) i have heard the liver is the only organ that can grow back so if i donate half of mine it will grow back in 3 months and the other half will save a life and will grow to full size. if anyone has any information about this please let me know of risks & about the proceedure, your oppinion on this situation also how much a liver is worth (how much i will receive for it for being off work is their payment plans?)& how to go about donating my liver. and yes just thinking about this scares me but its nothing compared to how scared ppl are with a bad liver who are just thinking if they are going to make it or not. i know that if i can give someone a chance at life its worth it:)

    • ANSWER:
      One of my nieces had a rare liver disease. I'll tell you what she did. First of all, the recipient will be out of work as well as the donor. She had a huge fund raiser to help pay the donor. He was a live donor. And yes, you're correct, the liver is the only organ in our bodies that will grow back. Both will have to go through a lot of tests before they will consider the transplant. So you will receive a lot of money if you donate your liver to a dying patient. Mind you, there are a lot of risks involved with any surgery. I think what you're doing is great jester and I feel you want to save a life because you lost a good friend to liver disease. It has been 5 yrs since my niece had her transplant and she's doing great. So is the donor. It cost a lot of money for this procedure because insurance won't cover any of it which I think is rotten. My niece works for Mohegan Sun and it was so great because at the fund raiser, her boss came to the restaurant in a limo and handed her a check for ,000. It was so touching. She didn't care if she had no money after surgery because she was so grateful to the donor. He got a good amount of money because he was out of work as well. It takes a special person to donate an organ to anyone. I applaud you, God bless you. Oh, you should put your name and blood type on the national register so they will know right away if you're a possible match. Someone is going to be in your debt for life.
      ADD I just read all the other answers. When you put yourself on the national register for organs, it is NOT illegal. My husband is on the national register. How else do you think they find live donors. It's only illegal if done without being on the register. Don't listen to them. You have a good reason to want to save a life. My niece would be dead today if it wasn't for her live donor. I think all those other ppl who said it's illegal, should look into it. My gosh, You will save a life, You are doing it because of loosing your friend. It's obvious you don't want someone else to die because no one would donate. I know what I'm talking about. Just put yourself on the register and all will be legal. Good luck
      ADD To Midnight, I'm sorry, but you are wrong. The person that donated half his liver to my niece was compensated greatly. That's why she had the fund raiser etc. He was paid for all the days he was out of work as well as his medical bills. So the donor gets more than just a "thank you".

  18. QUESTION:
    How can I eat healthy?
    Me and my family are not necessarily trying to lose weight. We have bad health that was passed on genetically and are afraid of having more health problems in the future because of our diets. Me and husband have decided to make a fresh start and only eat healthy foods. We are giving up fast foods and maybe even meat. (for now, he says he is only willing to give up everything except chicken and fish) I am okay with that, but I don't know where to start. Does anyone know a website where I can learn what is healthy and what is not. Maybe some recipes or maybe someone can share their personal shopping list. He has high blood pressure and diabetes and I just found out that my liver is not functioning properly so we are dead seriouse about this change. Maybe a book anyone can recommend. If someone has tips and would rather email them to me please leave your email address. Thanx!
    Yes, we also have 5 children.

    • ANSWER:

  19. QUESTION:
    Heat Stroke? Liver Failure?
    My guy friend is in another state and people are telling me very little about what has happened to him.
    I'm afraid for his life and someone needs to give me some answers. So where else to go but yahoo answers?

    Friday night he emailed me and say nothing of being sick.
    Now just today I'm hearing that he has had a heat stroke and liver failure and now he is in the hospital under intensive care.

    I need to know if he will be okay. I really wish someone will tell me that he'll live and make it through this and be just fine. Here's some info on him, if that helps.

    White male
    41 years old
    Overweight
    Drinks monsters every day
    Dips (wintergreen)
    Smokes

    And he just told me that he would try to stop dipping too. He was doing pretty well, considering the circumstances.

    I know because of how unhealthy he is it doesn't look great for him, I'm just really hoping to get some info.

    Is he going to need a liver transplant?
    (his livers might not be as bad as I hear, some people around here exaggerate?)
    Will he get a transplant if he needs one?
    Will he be okay?
    If he doesn't get a transplant how long will he have?
    If he does get a transplant will he be okay?

    I realize I've given little information. Please just answer to the best of your abilities.

    If you think that this question should go in another place or section please refer me to which that is. Thanks.

    Also answer if you can:
    I'm 18 and extremely healthy except for having vasovagal (the doctors THINK) and it isn't that serious I don't think...could I donate part of my liver to him if our blood types are the same?

    I'm white female
    I eat healthy and exercise
    I think I'm like 7 pounds overweight but I also have a good bit of muscle
    The doctor says that my heart beat is slower than normal which means I'm pretty healthy

    • ANSWER:
      Look out , I will give you a sincere advise based on experience + age ( same as if you were my daughter):
      "You got a full life ahead of you, don't get carried away or else you will be repenting the rest of your life. I only see misery ahead you know what I mean."
      Please don't feel offended, use your intelligence and wisdom.
      He will never be OK, with or without transplant.
      I hope I have answered in a nut shell as I am answerable to God and you, on day of reservation.
      May God help you,
      Good Luck.

  20. QUESTION:
    Insurance People --- May I Borrow Your Minds for a Moment?
    Here's a health insurance plan I dreamed up today. I would like to know your thoughts about it. But before you give me your thoughts, please take a moment to read the plan.

    Companies stop offerring health insurance.

    What they offer instead is wellness programs, which can be on or off company property.

    These programs are focused on weight control, exercise, nutrition, and medical monitoring (blood pressure, heart health, obesity, range of motion, pulminary function, liver function -- simple blood tests)

    No employees are compelled in any way to participate in any way in any company wellness program.

    But, those that do, get certificates signed by physicians stating the wellness factors that apply to that individual participant. Kept his weight down, did running, has good heart function, liver is fine ... blah blah blah. These would be the kind of certificates that local health insurors would take into account in rating the premiums to be paid by that individual wellness program participant.

    Beyond the certificate, and depending upon wellness factors attainments (weight loss, better this, better that etc) the company provides a wellness encouragement award in the form of a check, once every 90 days.

    Recipients of such checks can use that cash for anything they want, including time with working girls in Nevada, or rye whiskey, or Cuban cigars.

    However if they can present a receipt for a health insurance premium they have paid, for their own selves as beneficiaries of privately acquired health insurance policies (with a little help from the certificate signed by physicians from the wellness program) then, their next award check, if they get one by continuing to make attainments, will be doubled in value. The doubling only happens once. Once a person is getting double-sized award checks they keep getting those checks as long as they keep buying private health insurance, and can show receipts, and as long as they keep making attainments in the company wellness program.

    This plan is filled to the brim with justice. It is highly focused on individual responsibility, not just a gimme, gimme, gimme, gimme style system. People whose behavior is cost-containing and good get highly rewarded. All people of every kind are completely free to do anything they want. Nobody is compelled in any way to do anything.

    The company gets to set up their wellness program as a charitable educational or health related organization -- a 501 (c) (3).

    They also get to create a company Foundation -- a 501 (c) (6) to give money on a tax deductible basis to the wellness program.

    So all the costs of the wellness program become tax deductions, including the fees for the trainers, nutritionists, and the award checks given to employees, either in the single portion amount or in the double portion amount -- all those costs are a tax deduction for the company. They come out of pre-tax gross income.

    The incentives here are 100% perfect.

    The outcome here is that probably 10 million additional people get health insurance -- not the full load of 35 million, but a step in the right direction is still a step.

    More importantly by dumping a lot of healthy people into the insurance pools, who pay full premiums (some of which is subsidized by their award checks), everybody's health insurance premiums go down.

    Not only that, the average healthiness of the American population goes up.

    So more healthy people are paying premiums and there are less sick people who need healthcare.

    Less sick people, not only makes premiums go down it also makes our national productivity go up.

    How productive we are, in relation to our national debt, determines how long we get to exist as a nation that's not in default or owned outright by China.

    My plan is an extremely good plan -- it cuts through all the nonsense and goes straight to the core issue which is health. It properly incentivizes everybody involved. It is 0% coersive -- no mandates on anybody.

    I'm putting it up here so that a few thoughtful people can read it, think about it, and send me useful comments to make it better, or fix any flaws you see in it. Cynical clowns could just please leave this question alone, I don't have time to read your snarky junk answers. Persons of goodwill, please come forward, my strength is not equal to my task, I need your help.
    For mbrcatz:

    Thanks for your very thoughtful answer.

    You are right about all the people I leave out.

    My goal is to knock a 35 million person problem down to a 25 million person problem.

    It's like chopping a tree, or moving a pile of snow. It's just a chunk of the problem.

    One way would be Federal Primary Care Clinic + Pharmacy Centers in 500 major cities in USA.

    Just Primary care -- no brain operations, no cancer cures, just monitoring, diagnosis, prescription writing, and prescription filling.

    My rules: USA Doctors, who DO speak English, were BORN in USA, and were TRAINED in USA, and who get ironclad Good Samaritan Waivers of all Liability and Indemnifications before they see any patient. These are government employees. They are un suable. They act on a best efforts basis. They don't charge for services or meds.

    This is part of the DOING concept. If you want something done -- do it!

    That will take down another 10 million so its a 15 million person problem.

    • ANSWER:
      Although it's a lovely idea, I can think of several reasons why it won't work:

      1. it would violate millions of union contracts

      2. people who CURRENTLY have preexisting conditions, wouldn't be ABLE to get health insurance. Wellness programs won't affect the issues related to pregnancy (#1 preexisting condition!), type 1 diabetes, cancer, that sort of thing.

      3. you'd still have cost issues with affordability - especially for family plans

      4. How would you migrate welfare health insurance plans - Medicaid and Medicare - over to this.

      Your plan, addresses ONE of the main reasons why health care costs are drastically rising. Don't get me wrong, I LIKE it. But it doesn't address several of the OTHER reasons why health care costs are rising:

      1. it's impossible to comparison shop. There can't be any competition, as long as a. you never know what the doctor/hospital is going to charge until AFTER you've received the services b. the doctor/hospital can charge 5 different people, 5 different rates and c. the consumer is completely isolated, financially, from their health care, by having insurance pay for it.

      2. pharmaceutical company issues - lump it all together here, from getting a new patent because now your drug is time released for two more hours (same formulary!), to public advertising (ask YOUR doctor if Viagra is right for you!)

      3. legal issues - medical malpractice is exhorbitant, and the rates DO get passed to the consumers. No claim makes me, an agent, groan more than a 'dead baby' claim - because it doesn't MATTER if the doctor is at fault or not, the policy limit WILL be paid out. NO jury is going to side with a doctor, over grieving parents. Lawyers encourage this, by taking a HUGE chunk.

      Yes, I think we've got some serious self responsibility issues here in the USA, when we're always looking to someone else to fix it for us. I do have my own ideas for health care reform (note, not health INSURANCE reform, different thing!), but mine aren't going to work either.

      **
      Amusingly enough, my kids' pediatrician suggested government run medical centers, instead of health insurance reform, when I was discussing the issue with him.

      Although . . . is it your intention to provide medical coverage to illegal aliens? We have somewhere between 15,000,000 and 20,000,000 illegals here, and they are a good portion of your 35,000,000 uninsured.

  21. QUESTION:
    Will I make it? Some people doubt it. What to do?
    I am an almost 24 year old female who has minor health issues like high cholesterol, high triglycerides and high blood sugars, I also drink 3 bottles of wine or other kind of alcohol or cocktail each and every weekend and some people say I wont make it because of how much I drink and also because of my health issues especially the high triglycerides they told me I am way too young to have that and that this is already a red flag that I am not very healthy and that I need to change some things in my life if I want to prolong it. How correct are they? Some people tell me "sorry doesn't sound like you will live very long because of your health you have high triglycerides high cholesterol and other health issues and you do nothing about them and you also drink excessively and refuse to cut down or stop it altogether so probably you wont make it much longer" how correct are they I mean even though I have these health issues I am still very young and I think that these are all reversable especially the cholesterol and triglycerides (if I for example change my diet and eat more healthy and exercise) then I think the cholesterol and triglycerides will go down but I'm not sure how correct I am about this. But people tell me I also have to change my drinking habits because triglycerides can be triggered by high intakes of alcohol and they also tell me not only a high intake of alcohol triggers triglycerides but I could also be damaging my liver because that takes a beating too from taking in lots of alcohol all at once. They said that just changing my diet and exercising is probably not enough and that I should also consider cutting way down on the alcohol use or maybe even not drink at all anymore since I already have health issues so drinking might make them worse. They said three bottles every weekend is way too much and way over the recommended safe drinking that is currently medically advised for women and that I am also possibly doing damage to my liver drinking this much every weekend they said that as a woman I am only supposed to have one standard drink in a day and a bottle of wine has five standard drinks in it so 5 times three is fifteen standard drinks in a weekend so not only am I exceeding the daily safe recommendation but I am also exceeding the weekly recommedation of how much I should have in a week because that is 15 standard drinks and my limit should be no more then seven per week and no more then one per day so I am exceeding that by double. But people can say all they want I am very stubborn and refuse to obey this dumb rule cause one drink isn't good enough for me I can't be happy with only one standard glass of wine per day or one standard cocktail cause its too little and I must have all of it or none when I uncork that wine bottle or whatever bottle I choose to drink I do not like to leave nothing in there instead I prefer to drink it from start to end. That's just me I don't like to save it up. But if I just change my eating habits and start to exercise more and drink lots of water and possibly take vitamins or supplements to improve my health and change everything but my drinking habits will my health improve or not?
    to Vince yeah I eat my vegetables so don't worry about that.

    • ANSWER:
      It's not a dumb rule Sarah and you know it, just because you don't agree with the safety limits does not mean that they are not correct.

      It's a pity you ask so many dumb questions when you know the answers very well, I've seen some of them to other questions from people like yourself, it's a pity you don't follow your own advice.

  22. QUESTION:
    Please help me with homework!?
    1. I am writing an essay and i need help with finding errors.
    2.also i need help coming up with a last sentence in the 2nd body paragraph.
    3. i do not like the conclusion paragraph. do you have any suggestions?

    How to Make a Smoothie

    Flax seed oil, Cod liver oil and Brown rice protein powder are all extremely good ways to get protein and important elements into your diet, consequently, these are very disgusting and bad-tasting foods that substitutes can be found for. A more refreshing and quite tastier way to get your antioxidants can be through fruit and yogurt. Fruit is very nutritious considering it has many important enzymes and can be used in a large variety of ways. One of these ways is called a smoothie. A smoothie is an ice cream-like drink, except, it is made with healthier ingredients such as fruit, yogurt, milk, natural vanilla and much more. The process of one of the most efficient ways to make a smoothie will be determined through the discussion of ingredients, making the smoothie and remembering to clean up.

    The very first and most important step in this process is to research the ingredients to know exactly what you are putting in your smoothie. Such as: Blueberries are one of the healthiest fruits and they have been determined to be a chemical warrior against heart disease and cancer. Blueberries actually have the highest antioxidant capacity. Antioxidants in our food can save us from virtually everything, and knowing that this has been said blueberries should most defiantly be in your smoothie. Next, you should pick your ingredients depending on what would be needed in your diet. Some of the best ingredients would include blueberries, strawberries, bananas, black cherries, yogurt, milk and vanilla-flavored protein powder. Gathering your ingredients and washing them would be the final step in this first discussion.

    Since you have all the ingredients, putting them in a blending devise would be the next step. There are various devises that are used for blending such as Vitamixers, blenders, and food processors; however, a Vitamixer or a blender would be the proper devises for this process. Put all your ingredients into the blending devise next, and then blend until processed completely. The fruit has to be blended together until there is nothing left but an milk shake-like substance.

    Making a smoothie can often be a messy job, so remembering to clean it up would be a wise choice to make. The first thing that should be picked up is your ingredients so they do not go bad. Next the blending devise should be washed and put away along with the utensils that were used. Soap and hot water is the proper way to wash dirty dishes in order to get rid of bacteria and germs. If you have any food allergies washing is also extremely important in order to not contaminate other utensils for later use. Next, make sure to wipe down the counters or area you made your smoothie in. Now that the process to making a smoothie is completed you can sit down and enjoy drinking all you vitamins and antioxidants.

    There are many ways to get protein and vitamins into your diet, but a smoothie has been proven to be the most refreshing and enjoyable choice for getting your nutrients. Researching your ingredients was reviewed to be important because it is beneficial to know what is put into the smoothie, and making your smoothie is important considering it is the whole point of this paper. Lastly, cleaning up was discussed to be important because of contamination and germs, and also if you are living with parents cleaning up would be beneficial in order to keep on their good side! There are still so many things still to learn about the nutrients of fruit and about smoothies

    thanks you sooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo much!!!!!!!!!!!! who ever answers this is sooooo the best!

    • ANSWER:
      I will try to help. I'm only in 10th grade, but I'll surely give you some feedback!

      At the end of the first paragraph "The process of one of the most efficient ways to make a smoothie will be determined through the discussion of ingredients, making the smoothie and remembering to clean up."

      I think "discussion"should be changed to "variety" or a similar word.

      In the second paragraph I THINK you are missing some kind of punctuation where "Antioxidants in our food can save us from virtually everything, and knowing that this has been said blueberries should most defiantly be in your smoothie." is because I had to read it many times to understand what you were saying. Or maybe just say it in a different way.

      In the second paragraph you say "Some of the best ingredients would include blueberries, strawberries, bananas, black cherries, yogurt, milk and vanilla-flavored protein powder" How would you know what are best are for them if you just said for them to pick them. Also, why does the flavor protein powder matter?

      Why not end it saying that picking your ingredients is a fun way to add variety or uniqueness to your smoothie?

      I only got down to the second paragraph but I gotta go finish my own homework! good luck

  23. QUESTION:
    Why are drugs 'so bad'?
    Society shuns, shuts out, locks up, and completely intrudes on the lives of those who do drugs. I understand that there are risks to taking drugs, such as addiction, personality change, depression, even death. In the world we live in, though, what doesn't come with risks? Medicines have side effects, none of the food is healthy enough, everything gives you cancer (even hickeys!) However, for whatever your reason may be, you take the good with the bad. We are told the risk we are taking, and we choose to take it. If drugs weren't so singled out, we could spend less time telling people not to do them (which obviously DOES NOT work, because people are going to do what they want) and more time educating them about the risks they will be taking. Perhaps if they were legal, not so many people would die, because they'd actually know what they were getting. Perhaps if they were legal, and regulated, and taxed, we wouldn't be stuck in such a huge economic rut. I feel that alcohol is much more dangerous than many recreational drugs, such as marijuana, LSD, and psycoblin mushrooms. Alcohol leads to rape, people choking on their own vomit, and cruel, violent alcoholics. Even if you have a great night drinking, you're gonna pay for it in the morning. Even if you have a great life drinking, you're gonna pay for it with your liver. Marijuana never hurt a fly, LSD will only hurt you by making you hurt yourself, and psycoblin muschrooms may make you puke, but you won't feel like shit in the morning. Even ecstasy is not that harmful, unless you are sold piperazine (since drugs are not regulated, like I said, and you never know what you are getting, and piperazine is a drug that feels similiar to ecstasy but is actually used in cat deworming medicine) and drink with it (this is how most people die from 'ecstasy.') What is so damn wrong about recreationally taking a drug to feel a new way, open your mind, get closer to someone, or simply have fun?

    • ANSWER:
      because your govt wants to enslave you and tell you what to do,,, and millions of people have such low IQ's they actually feel good about being slaves, theyd be lost and running circles in the street if someone didnt tell half these people what to do. The problem arises in,, your govt, is full of these people, @ the same time they arent intelligent enough to think for themselves, they think they should think for you.

      The quick answer is this -- presidents like nixion and regan made drugs illegal based upon washed up information, nixion even ordered tests done on marijuana use,, nixon threw them out without reading them (no politician reads ANYTHING, they don't have time to read 200 page bills everyday) The researchers showed marijuana caused no real problems, the exact opposite of what nixion and his billion dollar war on drugs manipulated old people into believing.

      Dont blame politicians tho,, blame the majority of old people who were too lazy to read and think for themselves who voted all this crap in. In other words, our parents and grandparents were mostly lazy, uninformed idiots, who wanted to place laws on you to restrict your freedom.

  24. QUESTION:
    Is this a good research paper?
    Everything about Alcohol
    Where did alcohol come from? Early ancient Mesopotamia, the Sumerians made an alcoholic substance fermented from wheat and other materials. The first actual person who discovered pure alcohol was a Persian alchemist named Mohammad ibn Zakaria Razi. He did this by distilling wine. Not only did he discover alcohol he made it as a medicine in some ways as well.
    What is alcohol and what does it do? Alcohol is used all around the world today on a daily basis; it is also the most abused drug. It causes drunkenness and is considered a sedative -hypo tic drug. There are one hundred thousand deaths in the United States and Canada each year from alcohol. Although alcohol is abused it can be used as medicine. In some cases, it can help with a heart attack if no medications are available. Using a tablespoon of vodka or cognac will eliminate the vessel and muscular spasms.
    Alcohol can affect the brain in many ways; it causes difficulty walking, blurred vision, and slowed reaction times. After a period of time it can really affect the body, some affects can be permanent. It can also cause anemia and blood clot abnormalities. Recent studies show that moderate use of alcohol may have a beneficial effect on the coronary system. For healthy people, one drink per day for women, and no more than two drinks per day for men, would be the biggest amount of alcohol consumption to be considered moderate use.
    Although most people only drink to get drunk and it becomes a habit to do very often. Alcohol is metabolized extremely quickly by the body. Unlike foods, which require time for digestion, alcohol needs no digestion and is quickly absorbed. It also makes your blood travel through your veins much quicker. Alcohol affects every organ of the body; but its most dramatic impact is upon the liver. The liver is able to metabolize half an ounce of ethanol per hour (approximately one drink, depending on a person’s body size, food intake, etc.).
    Ethanol is the active ingredient in drinking alcohol. It’s also made up of grains, fruits or vegetables in some types of alcohol. Mixers can also be used with alcohol, such as an energy drink or mixer. Another ingredient used in Alcohol is CH3OH commonly called Methanol (or methylated spirit). Methanol is more poisonous than Ethanol which is why it is dyed purple when sold. People can also make homemade moonshine which is frequently a mixture of Ethanol and Methanol.
    There are many types of alcohol as well including: beer, wine, vodka, whiskey, rum, gin, and tequila. Some more uncommon types include: mead, ale, and brandy. Even though there are many names for alcohol it is organized into three main categories. They include: beers, wines, and spirits. A spirit is any alcohol that is at least twenty percent alcohol. An average beer is about five percent alcohol, and an average wine is about twelve percent.
    One of the few positive things of drinking alcohol is that drinking in moderation can have positive effects on the heart. Especially with individuals who are at the greatest risk for heart attacks, like men and women over the age of 45. Long-term excessive drinking, on the other hand, increases the risk for certain kinds of stroke, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Long-term heavy drinking increases the risk of developing certain types of cancer, especially cancer of the esophagus, mouth, throat, and the voice box. Research has shown that women who drink two or more drinks a day slightly increase their risk for developing breast cancer. Excessive drinking may also increase the risk for developing cancer of the colon and rectum.
    More than two million U.S. problem drinkers suffer from alcohol-related liver disease. Some people with a drinking problem develop alcoholic hepatitis this is, an inflammation of the liver. This is why it’s important not to become a problem drinking. It doesn’t mean you can’t drink and get drunk it means to be careful with how much you intake at one time and how often you do it. Alcohol is a drug but most people don’t see it that way.
    One in twenty five deaths around the world is caused by alcohol consumption, and booze (street name for alcohol) is now as damaging to global health as tobacco was a decade ago. Alcohol is on the rise right now and it really is causing a lot of problems for some people. More and more deaths happen every year from alcohol. Globally, average alcohol consumption per person is the equivalent of about 1.6 gallons (6.2 liters) of pure ethanol a year.
    Men can metabolize alcohol better than women. This is why they can have more in most cases.

    • ANSWER:
      Yeah nice job :)

  25. QUESTION:
    Is this essay for school I wrote good?
    I am a 14 year old girl and I wrote this essay for school.

    Are Energy Drinks Good For You?
    Who doesn't need more energy these days? I don't know how old you are but we all could use more energy to help us get through those rough work days! Energy drinks may be the answer.
    Evidence is starting to show that energy drinks may be extremely healthy for you if you drink them in the right dosage. They can also be terrifically helpful in exhausting situations. They contain a lot of fantastic vitamins and may even make you lose weight.
    Firstly, energy drinks are helpful because studies show that energy drinks make us more alert and give us energy to do exhausting jobs. They are excellent to drink while you’re working as they are easy to store. People are also starting to state that ‘Energy drinks are the new coffee.’ Energy drinks also give you the feeling of happiness.
    Energy drinks contain a substantial amount of healthy substances, such as anti-oxidants. Anti-oxidants are good for you, as they help fend-off illness and prevent cellular damage. Vitamins C and E, Vitamin A (aka retinol, beta-carotene), and selenium are all anti-oxidants and are contained in these energy drinks. Energy drinks also contain b vitamins. B vitamins are essentially the things that help you convert food to energy, like sugar which is found in abundance in energy drinks. Energy drinks lastly contain L-carnite, an amino acid usually created by your liver and kidneys, this stuff helps up your metabolism and energy levels. Because of the way it interacts with your body, it may act as a themogenic and help increase weight loss and endurance during exercise.
    The point is to ask, are energy drinks bad for you like some public opinions say? I believe that energy drinks can be good for you and studies are starting to agree with me.

    • ANSWER:
      Although I don't necessarily agree, I assume you are writing a persuasive essay, so here are just a few little suggestions.

      In the 2nd paragraph, replace the word terrifically with the word very and exhausted situations with when you are feeling tired or exhausted and instead of fantastic vitamins just say vitamins or vitamins and minerals.

      Instead of saying this stuff, say these ingedients help increase your metabolism ... and leave out the word lastely.

      Also do not start a sentance with the word because. Instead continue the sentance using ...and

      Apart from these small ammendments it's very good. I give you and A! =D

  26. QUESTION:
    Do you know your health? BECAUSE I DON'T! PLEASE HELP!?
    Multiple Choice
    Choose the best answer for each question.

    1. Which of the following is NOT a function of fat?

    protection of organs
    insulation of the body
    quick source of energy
    production of the sex hormones

    2. Which of the following nutrients provides the first source of energy for humans?

    proteins
    carbohydrates
    vitamins
    minerals

    3. Which of the following nutrients helps to build muscle, transports oxygen and carbon dioxide, forms hormones, and antibodies?

    lipids
    proteins
    minerals
    carbohydrates

    4. What statement best describes the typical American diet?

    It contains too little protein.
    It contains too little fat.
    It contains too many fruits and vegetables.
    It contains too much sugar.

    5. If a person is experiencing constipation, what carbohydrate should they increase in their diet?

    glucose
    lactose
    cellulose
    glycogen

    6. Which statement best describes minerals and their function?

    Minerals are found only in the bones and teeth.
    Minerals are organic compounds used in energy production.
    Minerals provide energy when carbohydrates are not available.
    Minerals are elements which help to build cells and repair body tissues.

    7. When an oil is changed to a solid, trans fat, like in the production of some margarines, what is the process called?

    hydrogenation
    synthesis
    assimilation
    integration

    8. Which carbohydrate is known as blood sugar and is needed by all body cells to produce energy?

    glucose
    sucrose
    glycogen
    starch

    9. How many calories are provided by a salad dressing containing 23 fat grams?

    61
    92
    207
    255

    10. What type of fat simulates the liver to produce more cholesterol which can lead to the depositing of cholesterol in the blood vessels?

    unsaturated fat
    saturated fat
    phospholipids
    lipoprotein

    11. Which medical condition is not related to one's nutrition?

    diabetes mellitus
    obesity
    atherosclerosis
    bronchitis

    12. What current factor influences American health habits in a negative way?

    more offerings of chicken and fish in restaurants as alternatives to beef
    a hurried lifestyle leading to many meals eaten away from home
    the emphasis of increasing fruits and vegetables in the diet
    more available information on the nutritional content of foods

    13. Suzie consumes 2,700 calories every day but requires only 2,300 calories to meet her energy needs. Over time, Suzie's calorie consumption may lead to what disorder?

    obesity
    anorexia nervosa
    bulimia
    fitness

    14. What form of fat is carried in the blood by lipoproteins?

    amino acids
    cellulose
    triglycerides
    phospholipids

    15. Why must all essential amino acids be present in the body at the same time for growth and repair to take place?

    It takes the body too long to make the essential amino acids.
    Proteins cannot be made by the body if they are absent.
    Too much energy will be used up to make them.
    The body will have to start breaking down fat to make them.

    16. What mineral is needed for healthy bones and teeth?

    potassium
    sodium
    iron
    calcium

    17. Which vitamin found in citrus fruits and tomatoes is necessary for iron absorption, collagen formation, and increasing the function of the immune system?

    Vitamin A
    Vitamin B
    Vitamin C
    Vitamin D

    18. What is measured by the basal metabolic rate (BMR)?

    the energy needs of the body at rest
    calories needed by the body during physical activity
    rate at which a person needs calories during the day
    rate at which food is converted to energy

    19. Which of the following is NOT a function of water?

    removal of waste products from the body
    circulation of substances through the blood
    temperature regulation and sweat production
    production of hormones

    20. Restaurants typically add too much of which of the following nutrients to food resulting in higher calories?

    fat
    vitamins
    water
    fiber

    21. A man's weight is considered obese and harmful to his health if it is greater than which of the following percentages?

    5%
    10%
    15%
    20%

    22. What government agency has provided the public with dietary guidelines to help promote health and prevent disease?

    Food and Drug Administration
    U.S. Department of Agriculture

    • ANSWER:
      Are you taking the online class at BYU? Becaue thats what Im taking and these are the exact question that are on my speedback assignment!

  27. QUESTION:
    Do you think certain treatments should not be free on the NHS?
    I can see how the NHS can benefit a lot of people but sometimes i think the whole system is a bit of a farce.
    For example myself, and many other people work and pay taxes (or have worked hard and payed taxes - i do understand that at this point in time there are a lot of people who have found themselves jobless through no fault of their own) So do you think we should get priority over people who have never worked and payed taxes (through sheer laziness, not registered disability?)

    Also should people receive treatment if their illness is self inflicted? i.e. if your liver starts to shut down as a result of you drinking excessively then should tax payers foot the bill for that? or should you be given one chance to prove you're willing to help yourself by not drinking but then obviously if you start drinking again then from that point onwards you be expected to fund your own treatment?

    One example close to me that i can think on is my nan is currently on dialysis for her diabetes. Now her diabetes is self inflicted as she didn't watch her weight/diet etc, 2 years ago she was told to change her diet or she would end up on dialysis i.e cut out fatty foods and eat fresh wholesome salads/soups, low fat, healthy meals, but whenever i'd go around there she'd be eating fish and chips etc and when i'd point out to her that she shouldn't be eating that she'd simply say "oh i'm too old to change now, i might as well enjoy my last days"
    So to me it was no surprise when it was confirmed she'd have to start dialysis, and i can't be sympathetic towards her, even though she's now feeling sorry for herself, and i think, as she's somewhat well off, that she should pay for that treatment herself, as the only reason she's on it is because she ignored all medical advice.

    I know this is a semi-rant, but it's something that i feel strongly about, and was wondering if it would make our NHS better or would it create more problems in the long run?

    • ANSWER:

  28. QUESTION:
    is milk actually healthy for you?
    OK, I heard this subject many times before. When i say milk, i mean cow milk. My Uncle, who is a hardcore vegan, tells me every now and then that milk is extremely unhealthy for you, saying that it was meant for cows to drink, not humans. he says that it can cause health problems such as cancer or liver failure. And just recently, my science teacher tells me that milk is filled with things like hormones or other chemicals that they give the cow.

    Now, I tried to do some research on Google and other search engines, but I've only found a few websites, and question weather they are legit or not. I even tried looking for some books at my local library about milk or dairy products. My uncle, who I mentioned before, shows me videos about slaughter houses, and how they treat the cow, and what they give the cow to produce more milk. The videos were a little outdated and obviously low budget.

    So, what do you think? Do you think the dairy company is lieing to us all, just so they can make money? Or do you think milk is actually good for you? I want your opinion or facts that you know

    also: sorry for any spelling or grammar mistakes. I'm pretty tired at the moment...

    • ANSWER:
      Milk is good for you, no doubt about it. It's what the CAFO "farmers" make the cows eat and "put in" the milk that makes it unhealthy, like antibiotics and growth hormones. Your science teacher is right, but only partly, for it's the humans fault for feeding cows feed laced with chemicals from pesticides, and grain that is mixed with antibiotics for non-therapeutic use (so the cows don't get sick with acidosis or bloat from eating too much concentrate), as well as growth hormones so the cows that would otherwise decrease milk production as time from when they gave birth to their calf increased, so they'd produce more milk that makes it unhealthy. Here in Canada the use of antibiotics and growth hormones in dairy operations is outlawed (thank heavens!!).

      But your uncle is wrong about milk causing health problems. If milk is so unhealthy for people then why do calves grow and get fat on it so well? FYI, when a calf is born it has a stomach structure similar to monogastrics (or those who have simple stomachs); the other three chambers of a calf's stomach are quite under-developed. When a calf suckles there's a grove in the reticulo-rumen that forms as a kind of tube when it suckles milk from its dam. This way milk bypasses the rumen and goes straight to the abomasum. The abomasum is called the "true stomach" simply because it acts and digests very much like humans', pigs', dogs' and cats' stomachs do: it secretes peptides and protein enzymes that break down amino acids. When the calf digests milk, it digests it much like cats or wolves digest meat, and gets lots of protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and other great and important nutrients from it. Since we humans are monogastrics, we have stomachs that are quite capable of digesting animal proteins like meat, milk and eggs. We can digest animal proteins much more efficiently than most plant-based foods. If we were naturally herbivores, as your uncle would predictably argue, then why don't we have huge stomachs like cows do, nor have a huge cecum like horses do?

      Milk, like that you can purchase that is organic or even raw milk, contains very high sources of calcium, Vitamin D, proteins, Vitamin B12, iron, niacin, riboflavin and other nutrients that is important in our daily health and digestive systems. You can't get B12 from ANY plant sources like your uncle may tell you; the B12 he takes in pill form is really derived from animals. If he skimped out on his vitamin B12 he'd be a very sick man as it is a serious requirement for human health.

      Carcinogens (cancer-causing agents) can be caused by all sorts of things, and most are not from animal proteins. There are chemicals out we are exposed to that can cause cancer. Genetics can be to blame for causing cancer. Being a friggin' couch potato and eating junk food can REALLY cause a lot of health problems. Liver failure is also linked to an unhealthy diet that is high in starch, sucrose, and trans fats especially that from KFC, Burger King and MacDonald's. Liver failure can also be linked to inadequate exercise, such we see lots of with the introduction of TV, the Internet, and video games.

      The dairy industry ain't lying to you; milk is set to be part of a healthy balanced diet (according to the Canadian Food Guide). I drink milk on a daily basis and am as healthy as a horse. If you want to avoid getting milk that contains all that icky stuff your science teacher keeps preaching about, go buy organic. Or move to Canada and start drinking our antibiotic and growth-hormone-free milk. :)

  29. QUESTION:
    Don't you hate it when people who drink, but don't smoke, talk badly about weed?
    Inspired by a recent question from "BigTallDude" who asked "why do people compare cigs and weed", I am motivated to ask a similiar one... Don't you hate it when people talk about how "terrible" weed is when they themselves drink alcohol?

    Alcohol does as much damage to your liver as weed will do to your lungs (if not more!!)
    Getting drunk impairs people far more than getting high does. Every day we hear about drunk driving. I've been lectured countless times, yet no one ever mentions the tragedies of driving high. The term drunk dialing is one that is coined often, yet people don't lose their self control enough to make detrimental calls when theyre high?

    Also, weed in non habit forming whereas alcohol is not (alcoholics anonymous??)

    Lastly, after you drink alcohol, you wake up sick the next morning and often times cannot remember the events of the previous night, yet after a night of smoking, you wake up refreshed.

    This is why it annoys me so much when people who drink but don't smoke, sometimes talk down to weed users.

    Obviously not smoking or drinking is the healthiest option, and for non drinkers, i understand (but do not agree with) talking badly about weed.
    However, for those ignorant people who drink, but don't smoke, why do you talk badly about weed?
    Can you possibly argue with these facts? are these people just ignorant? Is anybody as annoyed as i am with these people?
    While i love to drink as well, the simple truth is that people who choose to drink have no right to talk down to people who smoke?

    • ANSWER:
      My biggest pet peeve is when someone drinks AND smokes cigarettes but are against any other type of "drug" just because of legality of it. Like they can have their drugs since they have been legalized, but I am wrong for having mine (which is a much less destructive drug than alcohol or tobacco). Hypocrites!!

  30. QUESTION:
    What to make of this? Purina lying to customers?
    So, a previous question asked about Purina. I went to their website and did some poking around and found the following in the FAQ's.

    "Here are some of the foods to watch out for:

    * Milk is a food and not a substitute for water.
    * Repeatedly adding raw eggs to a dog's diet can cause a deficiency of the vitamin biotin, which can lead to dermatitis (inflammation of the skin), loss of hair and poor growth.
    * Some raw fish can cause a deficiency of the vitamin thiamine. Signs of a thiamine deficiency include anorexia (complete loss of appetite), abnormal posture, weakness, seizures and even death.
    * Raw meats may contain parasites and bacteria and do not contain a proper balance of nutrients if fed alone. Although meat is a source of protein, it has very low levels of calcium, a mineral dogs require for proper bone and tooth development. If large quantities of raw meat are fed over time, skeletal problems may develop.
    * Raw liver, fed daily in large quantities, can cause vitamin A toxicity in dogs.
    * Small soft bones (such as pork chop or chicken bones) should never be given to your dog, as they may splinter and lodge in his mouth or throat."

    And:

    What is Wheat Gluten?

    Wheat gluten is the natural protein extracted from wheat or wheat flour. In addition to its rich protein content, wheat gluten produces the texture and consistency desired in many high quality food products, both human and pet. It has been a trusted food ingredient, used for decades in the preparation of breakfast cereals, high quality pastas and whole wheat bakery goods. Baking represents more than 60% of the total usage worldwide, and many of our healthier multi-grain and whole grain breads would not be appealing without it.

    Why is Wheat Gluten an Important Pet Food Ingredient?

    Just as wheat gluten is used in human foods, such as breads, to provide a desired consistency and texture, wheat gluten is used in pet foods for similar reasons. Many pet foods use wheat gluten to help other ingredients come together to form nutritious, good tasting, and appealing foods. While primarily used to enhance texture, wheat gluten also provides good quality protein. With 75% concentration of protein by weight, wheat gluten is an excellent source of protein. When used in combination with other protein sources, a balanced level of amino acids can be attained for the dietary needs of the cat and dog. In its complementary effect with other protein sources, wheat gluten also promotes lean muscle mass and healthy organs.

    Purina has used wheat gluten in its foods for nearly twenty years without incident. Independent regulatory organizations, including U.S. FDA and the Association of American Feed Control Officials, as well as respected professional organizations like the American Veterinary Medical Association and the American Institute of Baking, all acknowledge the nutritional value and suitability of wheat gluten in foods for human or pet consumption. There should be no concern with wheat gluten as a pet food ingredient.

    You have got to be kidding me? Do customers actually believe this? Purina is basically lying to them and telling them to poison their dogs with their crap food!

    What do you all think of this?

    Here's where I found this info:

    http://www.purina.com/WheatGluten.aspx

    http://www.purina.com/dogs/food/FactsAboutFeeding.aspx

    LEGIT: How many rawhide treats do your dogs get in an average week?
    "Look into your dog or cat's mouth. Those huge impressive teeth (or tiny needle sharp teeth) are designed for grabbing, ripping, tearing, shredding, and shearing meat (Feldhamer, G.A. 1999. Mammology: Adaptation, Diversity, and Ecology. McGraw-Hill. pg 258.). They are not equipped with large flat molars for grinding up plant matter. Their molars are pointed and situated in a scissors bite (along with the rest of their teeth) that powerfully disposes of meat, bone, and hide. Carnivores are equipped with a peculiar set of teeth that includes the presence of carnassial teeth: the fourth upper premolar and first lower molar."

    If someone showed me a dog with flat molars made for chewing plant matter, ie: wheat gluten, I will drop my argument.

    Oh, and here's my puppy, not saying she's better than yours, no one can compete with *your* award winning, amazing dogs (vomit).

    http://i302.photobucket.com/albums/nn94/lkburwitz/Picture051.jpg
    TJ- I still want to know if you are receiving kick-backs from Purina. Find it funny that you have them as a contact and you are so against any other type of food. Again, show me a dog with FLAT molars made to chew and digest plant matter.

    Dogs don't have flat mollars, therefore, not omnivores, and don't need fruits and veggies.
    Still would like to know what's wrong with my dog T J.

    • ANSWER:
      Purina may need a Canine Nutritionist in their offices one day.

      Perhaps they've been sweeping the floor and dumping its contents into their food bags for so long that they actually believe those things.

  31. QUESTION:
    Anyone who may know information about this please help. This is about something in my hepatic lobe. ?
    I recently did an ultrasound for a small lump that I felt in my breasts. While doing an ultrasound, they said how about we do an ultrasound on your stomach as well to make sure you are healthy. The secretary of my family doctor called yesterday and said that my family doctor wanted to see me about my ultrasound today. My family doctor said that there is a small dot of blood on my liver. She scheduled me for another ultrasound in 3 months to see if it got big or not but I am worried. On the ultrasound paper that my doctor gave me, it says: There is a 1.0x0.8x0.7 cm echogenic area in the right hepatic lobe adjacent to the portal vein which has benign characteristics and is probably a cavernous hemangioma. Because this has not previously been documented, I recommend repeating the ultrasound 4-6 months (my doctor changed it to 3) to ensure stability. The liver is otherwise normal. I am really scared of having liver cancer!!!
    Any help or information about this is greatly appreciated!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Correct answer one , benign characteristics 'benign as in not harmful to one's biological environment'', im sure you are going to be absolutely fine this is all precautionary by the sounds of things i take it your young ,so this little problem has a risen from your liver now you are much to young to have cirrhosis of the liver or any other serious liver defect, this blood droplet on your liver can surprisingly be triggered my a lot of things including stress, i know it sounds strange but trust me , the dimensions your doctor has given are totally in the field that i would expect if the dimensions were larger ok maybe more tests would have been done , but because it's all precautionary serious testing does not need to be conducted ,liver illnesses to young people are so rare doctors only see them once in a blue moon in young people , look you have noting to worry about, i am in my first intern year as a cardio vascular medical student in St.Vincent's university hospital Dublin Ireland i know what im talking about , need not to worry.

  32. QUESTION:
    Any struggling opiate addicts?
    Any struggling opiate addicts out there needing some advice? First of all I was a major Vicodin addict 3.5 years ago and quit cold turkey which was hell!! I am not a doctor of any sort just beat the habit with some helpful home remedies. I used the Thomas Recipe. First of all it was easy for me because I wasn't working a lot only part time but I would advise atleast 4-7 days off of work or it will be harder. This is something you truly want to do for your own health, well-being, relationships, finances, and living sober. Life without opiates is amazing I had tons more energy, great state of mind, focus, motivation, and just a healthier lifestyle. For users truly wanting to get clean from Vicodin, Percocet, Lortab, Tramadol read on. Oxycontin and dilaudid if hooked heavily withdrawal will be more intense and will last longer most people go into a detox facility for those drugs along with morphine. From my experience with Vicodin here's how I got clean. Day one- Xanax, Ativan or Klonopin for anxiety/depression along with B Vitamins for leg cramps. Xanax ect. will also help with restlessness in lower back or body. It also helps produce sleep and takes away being moody throughout your home detoxification. Use ibuprofen or aleve from the start to take away SOME of the aches and pains. Also use a hot tub, hot showers, or hot baths with baking soda or epson salt to get out toxins from body. If at all possible try to get your hands on prescription ibuprofen in 800 milligrams which helps immensely. For sleep use chamomile tea, melatonin, or your Xanax, Valium to produce sleep. You'll need to get a vitamin supplement which is like a daily vitamin each day along with Imodium for diarrhea (use as much as needed for the runs). The goal is to get to day 4 and at this point your mental state should be almost back to normal. Day 4-7 stop using Xanax or Valium, drink lots of fluids. Try to get moderate exercise 30 minutes. Take l-tyrosine which is an herb which promotes mental focus, clarity, and energy scale up or down depending on how sensitive your body is. I started with 400-500 milligrams on day 4. Days 5-7 continue and by day 7 you will feel like yourself not totally but the physical withdrawal pain will be nothing. It doesn't stop there for over a month or two you will get cravings, have to cut off ties from your dealers, and basically have to stay focused on maintaining life without opiates. Your mind will still tempt you but stay focused on a hobby, work, or close good friends. The only other advice is there's really nothing for the cold sweats at night I just figured it was my body getting rid of the bad toxins. Afterall anyone who is an opiate addict like I was for along time numbed themselves from life and trained your brain to maintain equilibrium by popping pills now you can be yourself without them. You will be sober and able to accomplish goals, actually lose weight which I did by maintaining a workout program, and also have more money. Just think you'll no longer have to stress about finding pills so you won't go through withdrawal. Your day will consist of production, health, and even just pure freedom. Just 7 days to get out of a very dark place. The downward spiral which for some is too powerful and are junkies forever having nothing, problems with the law, and eventually moving on to stronger drugs like heroin or cocaine. After prolonged opiate use your "high" which lasted mostly all day lasts for about 20-30 minutes making you want to take more or even move up the painkiller ladder onto Percocet, Morphine, or the worst of worst oxycontin. Along the battle remember everyday is closer to the light. Don't do it for a loved one do it for yourself because eventually you will be chasing a "high" which you won't catch. It also messes up your liver and after awhile your body stops producing endorphins naturally which can cause disphoria and severe mental depression. You will just want to pop pills and sleep all day due to no motivation. Hope this helps anyone struggling. Take each day at a time and force yourself. If you relapse you'll have to start all over. God bless and you won't die from opiate withdrawal just have the worse flu ever!!!! "Long and hard is the way out of hell that leads up to light" John Milton....

    • ANSWER:
      >I have tried to get off of tramadol but I also have a baby and it is absolutely impossible it feels like.
      >TRAMADOL

      Ho Ho Ho.

      And techniques to escape withdrawal seem like such a cheat. So many recovered addicts list the intense struggle through withdrawal as a motivating factor to never take anything again. Make it painless, make it seem no big deal. Then again, "addiction" to TRAMADOL isn't a big idea.

  33. QUESTION:
    Why do I have MORE acne if I'm detoxing?
    I did a few things to make myself healthier in the past 2 weeks... both emotionally and physically and also to clear acne. It feels like my acne is WORSE though!
    So...
    before I was binge drinking 1-2 days a week, smoking ciggarettes and occasionally doing drugs. Also, my diet was okay... but it did involve wheat, white breads, sugar, etc.
    I've been reading up on natural ways to cure acne (I want to avoid harsh chemicals I've used in the past) and they really emphasize how certain foods can aggrevate acne such as wheat, sugar etc. Also they discuss how its the skin removing toxins and also how acne is an indication of the liver being overloaded.

    In the past 14 days, I've eliminated alcohol, ciggarettes and drugs while also eliminating wheat (except for these whole wheat fruit muffins), have been drinking a ton of herbals teas, water with lemon, vegetables fruits, brown rice, tofu etc.
    In addition to this I've been taking cleansing pills to flush my system/colon of toxins.
    I expected this to improve my skin... it feels like its worse though! I'm getting cystic acne on my chin.
    Does anyone know why this is? Am I just detoxing and it will go away? Or what is going on?
    Also, I'm on my second month of ortho tricyclen birth control (I was on yasmin before)... which is intended for clearing skin.
    But new zits seem to appear every day! :( Cystic ones that are hard to get rid of.
    What are your opinions?
    I've also been doing hot yoga which I thought would detox me but maybe is clogging my pores (even though I thoroughly shower after)
    Any help is greatly appreciated!!
    I'm confused... a big lifestyle change with no improvement; maybe I'm impatient... because its only been 2 weeks.

    • ANSWER:
      this is normal, with anything usually it gets ALOT worse before it gets better when it comes to acne
      for example I went on differin and the first month my skin got red, flaky, dry, and I broke out horribly it also took a while to see any sort of change with that.

      what is happening is the toxins are coming out of your body, and you should be giving this another 2 weeks to see any change making it a month this is how long it takes for your skin to get used to something, afterward keep up with what you are doing, wash your face twice a day (morning and night) with a facial cleanser you can use whatever you like but don't use anything that's harsh as it will irritate your skin and make things worse

      they say that you shouldnt pick or pop, i personally dont have a problem with it with scarring or anything like that you can hold a hot wash cloth over your face to soften(open) your pores, leave it there for about 15 minutes then you can get the gunk out of there a little more safely, they do this in some spas for facials. if you arent comfortable doing this then you dont have to, you can just let it heal on its own

      i know this sucks waiting, im severely impatient but giving up drugs ciggarettes and alcohol will improve yourself and you wont have to go to hospitals for alcohol poisoning, or overdoses.
      it sounds like your doing really great, keep it up! :]

  34. QUESTION:
    Want to learn something about recreational drugs?
    Recreational Drugs
    Some people take recreational drugs; it seems like a fact of life. Their use has been around since the dawn of man. They were historically taken in a religious setting but now are used for enjoyment, medication, and inspiration. Obviously not using drugs is the healthiest option but I doubt humanity will ever fully discontinue using recreational drugs. Since their use is so common and widespread I thought I might write out some facts about the most popular ones so if you do decide to use any of them you know the effects, risks, etc and can make a more informed decision.

    Caffeine- Caffeine is a stimulant that effects the cardiovascular and nervous system. It is legal and easy to obtain. It causes increased heart rate, blood flow, metabolic rate, and respiratory rate. It increases alertness, elevates mood, and decreases fatigue. With frequent use the user runs the risk of becoming chemically dependent to caffeine. Withdrawals from caffeine can cause difficulty concentrating, nausea, anxiety, and insomnia. It is possible in extreme amounts to overdose on caffeine and permanently damage the cardiovascular system and possibly result in death.

    Tobacco (Nicotine)- Nicotine is a stimulant that effects the cardiovascular and nervous system. It is legal and easy to obtain. Using nicotine causes increased alertness followed by a sense of relaxation; it also reduces appetite. With frequent use the user runs the risk of becoming chemically dependent on nicotine. Nicotine withdrawals can range from insomnia, weight gain, constipation, anxiety, restlessness, and difficulty concentrating. In extreme dosages nicotine use can result in overdose (usually with patches). Using tobacco products has been shown to cause various kinds of cancer depending on the method of use. Mouth, lung, throat, bladder, larynx, kidney, stomach, etc.

    Alcohol (Ethanol)-Ethanol is the depressant found in alcohol, it effects the nervous system and thins the blood. It is legal and easy to obtain. Using ethanol causes euphoria, reduction of inhibitions, and gradual decrease of motor skills depending on dosage and tolerance. Frequent ethanol use can result in chemical dependence and in higher dosage overdose. Ethanol withdrawals can be very severe and range from depression, nausea, headaches, shakes, and cold sweat. If you are chemically dependent on ethanol you should consult a doctor, as Detox can be fatal if not done properly. Ethanol has also been shown to cause various cancers such as, mouth, throat, liver, larynx, etc. It also has been shown to cause serosis and damage various organs in your body (esp. liver)

    Strong Psychedelic Drugs (LSD, Psyliocybin, Peyote, Salvia Dinorum)- They are hallucinogenic drugs that effect your nervous system and chemicals in the brain. Using these drugs cause changes in mood, distortion of reality, dissociation, synathesisa, and hallucinations with all senses. You cannot become chemically dependent to any of these drugs but you can become psychologically dependent to them. This means that you feel a psychological need to use the drug but you will not suffer any chemical withdrawals if you discontinue use. These drugs effect how you think and perceive the world in a very powerful way. The quality of your experience depends on your mood before use, the location you take them in, and the people you are around. Based on these conditions you may have a positive, life changing experience or a negative, horrifying experience. Because of this risk it is recommended you have an experienced sitter who is there to watch over you and console you. The sitter is also there to make sure you don’t do anything dangerous or stupid while you are hallucinating. If you have previous mental issues these drugs may make them worse. They effect how you think and may cause you to bring up old issues and cause mental distress or even a mental breakdown.

    Hard illegal Drugs (Meth, Cocaine)- These drugs are considered hard because like alcohol they have a high rate of chemical dependency and severe withdrawal symptoms. They are also highly illegal. When used they cause euphoria, altered mood, increased alertness, insomnia. They have a high risk of chemical dependence and their withdrawal can be fatal. They are similar to other stimulant withdrawals but more severe. If you have a chemical dependency to these drugs then you should consult a doctor since the withdrawal can result in death.

    Smart drugs, Pharms (Rx drugs)- Prescription drugs are relatively easy to get and are legally distributed by the medical companies. Their use causes a wide range of symptoms including, altered mood, relaxation, increased alertness, sedation, reduced inhibition, among others. Rx drugs use in higher frequency can result in chemical dependence and in higher dosage can result in overdose. Rx withdrawals can be very severe and you should consult a doctor when discontinuing their use because the withdrawals can be fatal. T
    Cannabis is weed..
    Psilocybin is the active ingredient in shrooms...

    obviously you need to learn a few things
    yahoo answers cut out the cannabis section(not enough room) sorry!
    Cannabis (THC)-THC is a mild psychoactive drug that effects the nervous system found in the buds of the cannabis plant. It is illegal but fairly easy to obtain. Its effects are highly varied depending on (location, mood, etc see strong psychoactive drugs) however the most common are, increased sensory experience, altered sense of time, increased appetite, change in thought process, euphoria, relaxation. The over load of sensory experience can cause short-term memory loss for the duration of the high. You cannot become chemically dependent on THC but you can become psychologically addicted (psychological need to use, no withdrawals when use stops). There has never been an overdose of THC and many believe that although it is theoretically possible in use it is impossible to use that much THC. If you use THC by smoking the buds of the plant the smoke from the burnt plant matter can irritate the lungs. Other methods of THC use such as inhaling THC vapor or digesting activated THC

    • ANSWER:
      What about weed?

  35. QUESTION:
    i need help with this! ha?
    .
    Which of the following foods is not a source of cholesterol?
    A) Beef
    B) Beans
    C) Chicken
    D) Cheese
    2.
    Insoluble fiber
    A) dissolves in water.
    B) is found in oat bran, apples, beans, and some vegetables.
    C) is found in refined-grain products.
    D) adds bulk to your body’s wastes.
    3.
    Bread is rich in complex carbohydrates, low in fats, and a source of fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Usually, the more fiber in the bread, the more nutrients. Look at the values of the following four loaves of bread:

    Calories

    Sodium

    Fiber
    Loaf 1:

    60

    100 mg

    1 g
    Loaf 2:

    70

    160 mg

    2 g
    Loaf 3:

    40

    105 mg

    2 g
    Loaf 4:

    80

    5 mg

    3 g

    Which loaf of bread would be the best choice for you in terms of good nutrition?
    A) Loaf 1
    B) Loaf 2
    C) Loaf 3
    D) Loaf 4
    4.
    Match the following
    A. A substance in food that provides energy or helps form body tissues, which is necessary for life and growth
    B. The study of food and the ways in which the body uses food
    C. Complex carbohydrate that aids elimination and may help prevent heart disease and cancer
    D. Nutrient required for transport, elimination, and temperature regulation, as well as almost every other bodily function
    E. Fatty acids in which the carbon atoms do not hold the maximum number of hydrogen atoms
    F. Plant proteins that lack or contain smaller amounts of some essential amino acids than are needed by the body
    G. A class of nutrients containing simple sugars, starches, glycogen, and dietary fiber
    H. Carbon-containing nutrient that keeps eyes and skin healthy
    I. A complex carbohydrate that is stored in the liver and muscles, which can be used as a quick source of energy
    J. A mineral that prevents birth defects
    K. Mineral needed for production of hemoglobin
    L. Mineral needed for production of digestive enzymes and growth and healing
    M. Fat-soluble nutrient that enables the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestine
    N. Promotes healing of wounds and healthy gums
    O. Needed to produce energy from carbohydrates, fats, and protein

    Zinc
    Nutrient
    Iron
    Carbohydrates
    Dietary fiber
    Vitamin C
    Niacin (vitamin B3)
    Water
    Incomplete proteins
    Vitamin D
    Glycogen
    Vitamin A
    Nutrition
    Folate
    Unsaturated fatty acids
    5.
    The six classes of nutrients include all of the following EXCEPT:
    A) Carbohydrates and fats
    B) Proteins and water
    C) Vitamins and minerals
    D) Sodium and cholesterol
    6.
    Starches are
    A) a kind of complex carbohydrate.
    B) a kind of simple carbohydrate.
    C) composed of a single sugar.
    D) complex carbohydrates that cannot be digested.
    7.
    All of the following are reasons why water is important to nutrition EXCEPT:
    A) It transports nutrients and oxygen through the body and helps get rid of wastes.
    B) It provides the proper environment for the body’s chemical reactions to occur.
    C) It helps regulate body temperature.
    D) It prevents anemia.
    8.
    A deficiency of calcium can lead to
    A) rickets.
    B) osteoporosis.
    C) scurvy.
    D) anemia.
    9.
    For a healthful diet, nutrients must be consumed in different amounts. An example of this is how carbohydrates should
    A) be limited to 300 milligrams a day.
    B) make up about 30% of your daily caloric intake.
    C) be limited to 3,000 milligrams a day.
    D) make up between 45 to 65% of your daily caloric intake.
    10.
    Why is it important to limit the amount of sodium in your diet?
    A) Sodium causes weak bones and teeth.
    B) Sodium is sometimes linked to high blood pressure.
    C) Sodium is linked to cancer.
    D) Sodium causes dehydration
    11.
    The class of nutrient that is necessary for production of certain hormones and that forms a coating on nerves is
    A) carbohydrates.
    B) water.
    C) protein.
    D) fat.

    • ANSWER:

  36. QUESTION:
    Why do they want to KILL our Dogs?
    If you are a dog owner you're probably aware of the recent pet food scandal that has rocked the nation, resulted in several pet deaths, hundreds of animals falling mysteriously ill and the nationwide recall of 60 million packages of dog food products (and counting) as well as other pet foods!

    The Culprit

    Melamine: This is the substance at the center of the pet food poison scandal. Pure melamine is used to make plastics and fertilizer so how the heck could it make the transition into dog food? Well the story begins in China...kind of.

    Animal feed producers in China have apparently for some time routinely supplemented their feed with melamine to artificially boost the protein content (which translates into more profit). Protein readings are done by assessing the nitrogen levels of the feed and guess what? Melamine has a high nitrogen content!

    Unfortunately this sordid tale gets worse. As if adding poisonous melamine to your dog's food was not bad enough another toxic ingredient is routinely added to Chinese animal feed products. This substance is known as cyanuric acid. In the United States this stuff is commonly used to disinfect swimming pools!

    Investigators looking into the hundreds of pet food poison related deaths now believe that the combination of those two ingredients in commercial dog food and other pet food synergistically elevated the toxins to the point where they became lethal to pets.

    The Dirty Secret Close To Home

    Although American food safety regulators are pinning the blame on pet food contaminated with Chinese animal feed products, the alarming truth is that dog food manufactured in the USA is also toxic to your pet!

    Commercial dog food manufactured in the US contains no less than 6 deadly chemicals that have been banned as unfit for human consumption because they cause:

    Hair Loss (fur loss);

    Kidney Disease;

    Liver dysfunction;

    Stomach cancer;

    Blindness;

    Leukemia; and

    Skin cancer, to name but a few! The substances that cause these problems are found in preservatives...

    Oh But I Always Use Preservative Free Dog Food!

    You may think that your dog is safe and healthy because you only insist on buying preservative free dog food. Well dog manufacturers have found a legit way around that too! Many dog foods labeled as preservative free in fact contain preservatives because the manufacturers exploit a loophole whereby they do not have to list any preservative that they themselves did not add.

    And unfortunately many preservatives are added to pet foods at the rendering plant well before the meat is ever sent to the manufacturer. One of the most widely used and most powerful preservatives also happens to be one of the most toxic! It is called ethoxyquin (EQ) and you aren't going to see it listed on your dog food label anytime soon (even though it is in that "preservative free" dry pet food you love to buy) because the manufacturer has no legal obligation to list it.

    Although ethoxyquin is permitted in pet food, workers exposed to this substance showed symptoms similar to those of people exposed to agent orange (poisonous herbicide used by the US government in Vietnam War that caused cancer and other diseases).

    Your Dog Is Eating Dead Dogs And Dead Cats!

    Perhaps the sickest part of this sick tale is that euthanized (put down) dogs and cats are recycled as chow for your pet! The city of angels (Los Angeles) is known for the devilish practice of recycling approximately 200 tons of dead cats and dogs each month into pet food!

    Arrrgghh...disgusting huh?

    Still it gets worse; poisonous disinfectants and denaturing chemicals are used to treat those recycled dead animals and "render them safe" for your dog's consumption, not to mention the fact that the toxin used to kill those animals (sodium pentobarbital) can withstand the heat used in the denaturing process.

    Bottom line: If you love your dog and want to see him/her live to a ripe healthy old age, perhaps it is time you considered alternative means of nutrition!

    • ANSWER:
      BHA, BHT and Ethoxyquin (found in By-Products) are ALL known problem causers yet they are ALLOW in pet food...

      you should always look for food that says
      "HUMAN GRADE ingredients"

      here is a good link for info on some ingredients

      http://www.gomestic.com/Pets/What-is-in-Your-Dogs-Food.77020

      worst thing is vets actually recommend some crappy brands (like Science Diet) because they are PAID to.. and dont receive any education on ingredients and brands...

  37. QUESTION:
    I am taking a biology class and my teach gave this to us to take home. any help would be appreciated!?
    1. How do you make Adenosine from the fish and beans you ate at Polio Tropical?
    a. can’t, nothing came out of it except feaces/ or feces
    b. no new proteins were or will be made
    c. more enzymes were formed to compensate for the fecal loss
    d. a 5-C sugar will be bonded to adenine if Gibb’s EN is available
    e. transferase peptidase will take over adenosine tri phosphate, and adds Gibb’s free EN to it.
    ab. pentose sugar will bond to EN (G) before ATP forms AMP or AP

    2. How do you make an enzyme
    a. no way, can’ do that
    b. give a tip to the bar tender, he will just hook it up for you in a blender, Ta – daaaah!, no
    questions asked
    c. just take a beer, you already have it in there
    d. boil proteins, and add Water, then filter, what’s left = enzyme
    e. ase + protein = enzyme
    ab. Protein – psa = enzyme

    3. Glucose is needed for energy metabolism, what enzyme is needed to form this glucose if you ate table sugar?
    a. nothing
    b. glucose
    c. sucrase
    d. maltase
    e. lactase

    4. If death is the end of life, how do you know that some thing is living?
    a. if they do not metabolize why
    b. life has no definition, tough!
    c. any living thing must definitely locomote to be called “living thing”
    d. do you ask me? You know the answer, I am not the teacher
    e. if that thing obeys cell theory

    5. Apart from IBS/insulin binding sites, what’s needed for sugar to leave your stomach directly and goes straight into your cells so that your blood sugar may reach an equilibrium level?
    a. insulin
    b. can’t do that
    c. power house
    d. ribosomes
    e. chlorophyll
    ab. nothing is needed, only simple diffusion, that’s all

    6. You need insulin for sugar to get into your cells for EN metabolism, where does insulin come from?
    a. IBS
    b. islets cells
    c. pancreas
    d. liver
    e. chlorophyll
    ab. some times it just shows up like that and then “puff” it goes away; like in “now you see it,
    now you don’t”; Amazing?

    7. What will happen if too much sugar is withdrawn from your blood into your cell?
    a. hypoglycemia sets in
    b. hyperglycemia starts
    c. hypertension starts
    d. hypocholesterolemia will happens
    e. hypotension starts

    8. Under what condition can # 7 take place if other things are OK?
    a. if the person eats too much carbohydrates (carbs)
    b. under an unmarried single parent with 3 kids condition
    c. defective IBS condition that traps the insulin on the membrane
    d. if too little insulin is produced
    e. if pancreas fails to produce insulin from its cells

    9. What are your genes made of?
    a. codons/codes
    b. RNA
    c. d. chromosomes
    e. nothing but cells
    ac. Made up of money man Madoff

    10. If prokaryotic cells are not nucleated, but have one thing in common with your cells, then that thing must be:
    a. large vacuoles
    b. golgies
    c. nucleoplasm
    d. ribosomes
    e. endoplasmic reticulum

    11. If your house plant by the window grows towards the light, how did it do that?
    a. locomotion
    b. translation
    c. it was chasing the fly that flew in through the window
    d. No, it was not a fly but a bee that came to its flower
    e. rotation

    12. In energy metabolism, which of the given is anabolic in action?
    a. ATP -------- ADP + P + EN + IR
    b. C6 H12 O6 --------- 6CO2 + H2O + EN
    c. Carbs ------disaccharides ………………….> mono saccharides
    d. ADP + Pi + EN ----------ATP
    e. proteins ------ mono saccharides

    13. Inside you right now, metabolisms are taking place leaving behind trails of actions. Which of these trails of metabolites are used in your blood tests to identify how healthy or otherwise , you are?
    a. sugars
    b. all of the given
    c. proteins
    d. cholesterol
    e. enzymes
    ab. none of the given

    14. What other name can you use to correctly stand for energy metabolism in living things?
    a. reproduction
    b. respiration
    c. EN of life
    d. perspiration
    e. replication
    ac. none is correct

    15. If food proteins – hamburgers - are not monomers, then they should be …………?
    a. glucose
    b. monosaccharides
    c. poly-structures
    d. simple food molecules, like others
    e. pure lipids

    16. What happens as your glucose gets into your cell’s cytoplasm?
    a. it is greeted with a big bang
    b. will be prepared and sent to mitochondria
    c. if needed, it is sent to blood serum, to go back to the stomach – ‘back to the sender”
    d. if not needed, then it just disappears because there are too many of them
    e. glucose does not get into the cytoplasm at all, it is hyperglycemia

    17. Name all the sex organs that are in the world as of today.
    a. testes
    b. anthers
    c. uterus
    d. ovaries
    e. penis
    ac. vagina
    acd. anthlers
    acb. breasts
    ace. labia
    bce. Oh my! I forgot sperms

    18. 17. Name all the sex cells that are discovered in the world as of today.
    a. testes
    b. anthers
    c. uterus
    d. ovaries
    e. penis
    ac. vagina
    acd. anthlers
    acb. breasts
    ace. labia
    bce. Oh my! I forgot sperms

    19.. If a male corn sex cell from Boca is blown to a female corn flower in Delray, wh

    • ANSWER:
      xD
      i was thinking about posting the test on here too!!
      you should've posted it sooner. >.<;

  38. QUESTION:
    How can it be legal to have an abortion when killing a baby is illegal?
    When a sperm cell meets and penetrates an egg, it will fertilize it. At this moment, the genetic make-up is complete, including the sex of the infant. Within about three days after conception, the fertilized egg, which is dividing rapidly into many cells, passes through the fallopian tube into the uterus where it attaches to the uterine wall. The placenta, which will nourish the baby, also begins to form. At 4 wks of development the structures that eventually form the face and neck are becoming evident. The heart and blood vessels continue to develop. And the lungs, stomach, and liver start to develop. A home pregnancy test is now positive. At 8 wks the baby is now about the size of a grape – almost an inch in size. Eyelids and ears are forming and even the tip of the nose is visible. The arms and legs are well formed. The fingers and toes grow longer and more distinct. At 12 wks the fetus measures about two and a half inches and starts to make its own movements. You will start to see the top of the uterus above the pelvic bone. Your doctor may hear the baby's heartbeat with special instruments. The sex organs of the baby should start to become clear. At 16 wks the fetus now measures about 4.3 to 4.6 inches and weighs about 2.8 ounces. The top of your uterus should be felt about three inches below your belly button. The baby's eyes can blink and the heart and blood vessels are fully formed. The baby's fingers and toes should have fingerprints. At 20 wks the baby weighs about 9 ounces and is about six inches long. The uterus should be at the level of the belly button. The baby can suck a thumb, yawn, stretch, and make faces. Soon -- if you haven't already -- you'll feel your baby move, which is called "quickening." At 20 wks an ultrasound is generally performed for all pregnant women at 20 weeks of gestation. During this ultrasound, the doctor will confirm that the placenta is healthy and attached normally and that your baby is growing properly in the uterus. The baby's heartbeat and movement of its body, arms, and legs can also be seen on the ultrasound. The gender of the baby can usually be determined. At 24 wks the fetus weighs about 1.4 pounds now. It responds to sounds by moving or increasing its pulse. You may notice jerking motions if it hiccups. With the inner ear fully developed, it may be able to sense being upside down in the womb. At 28 wks the fetus weighs about 2 pounds 6 ounces. It changes position frequently at this point in pregnancy. There's a good chance of survival if your baby was born prematurely now. Ask your doctor about preterm labor warning signs. Register for birthing classes. Birthing classes prepare you for many aspects of childbirth, including labor and delivery and parenting the newborn. At 32 wks the fetus weighs almost 4 pounds. The baby's skin has less wrinkles as a layer of fat starts to form under the skin. It will gain up to half its birth weight between now and delivery. Ask your doctor how to do a fetal movement chart. Think about breastfeeding. Soon you may start leaking colostrum from your breasts, a yellowish fluid that precedes milk production. At 36 wks babies differ in size, depending on many factors (such as gender, the number of babies being carried, and size of the parents), so your baby's overall rate of growth is as important as the actual size. On average, it's about 12.5 inches and weighs 5.5 pounds. The brain has been developing rapidly. Lungs are nearly fully developed. The head is usually positioned down into the pelvis by now. A pregnancy is considered 'at term' once 37 weeks has been completed; baby is ready!

    • ANSWER:
      I noticed a lot of people wrote that abortion is legal because the child is not breathing on it's own and is inside the mother.. So here's MY question. Why is it illegal after the second trimester? Child still isn't breathing on it's own, so that's the most ill-informed answer.

      I personally don't believe in abortion, I feel that a child is a blessing no matter what the case, and in these days you can get so much assistance that there isn't much of an argument for 'ruining' your life. (I also don't see how a child could ruin your life)

      I wanted an abortion when I was 17 but lucky me, my parents wouldn't let me which is the BEST thing that has ever happened to me. People don't know what they are missing out on.

      ALSO, to the person who was promotion abortion and wrote 'live and let live' on the bottom of their post.. No offense, but how ironic.

  39. QUESTION:
    Question about Gallstones during pregnancy?
    Ok so this is going to be slightly long and I apologise for that now. I just don’t know what to do.

    I have been experiencing what I though was Acid Reflux since 5 weeks into this pregnancy. I am now 24 weeks. I am having Fraternal Twins.

    After having 4 of these “attacks” in the space of 2 weeks I cracked it and went to the Dr’s. (This was Monday, Couldn’t get into OB’s office until Friday) Doctor said there was a possibility of Gallstones and ordered bloods for Kidney and Liver Function. I went in on Wednesday to get the results. Both my Liver and Kidney function were borderline. Doctor told me to wait two weeks and come back for more bloods.

    Saw my OB on Friday, (Had another “attack” early Friday morning, Very severe and lasted 5 hours) OB was extremely angry that the doctor hadn’t ordered an Ultrasound. She has now done this for me and I go in on Monday morning for the scan. OB is convinced it is Gall stones.

    I have read what I can online about Gallstones and everything say’s Gallstones are caused from too much fat and cholesterol in your diet. I am an extremely healthy person. Fresh meat and Veg every night. So why do I have Gallstones????

    Also it has gotten to the point where I am starting to get depressed. I can’t sleep properly as I can only sleep on my left side so I wake up during the night with cramps up my side from laying in the same possition for too long. It is extremely hard to get comfortable or to have a good nights sleep. (I can’t even stand my partner cuddling me during the night anymore)

    I am so miserable, I can’t eat alot so I am losing weight. I am tired 24/7 and have no energy. I have a 2 year old son and feel as though he is suffering also as Mummy is too sick to play!
    OB has warned that there is a good chance I will be going in for surgery in the next few weeks. I am SO scared.

    I don’t know what my question is. Just need personal experiences and advice on how to make my self feel better. I am sooooo sorry this is so long. I just don’t know what to do.

    Thank you in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi There,

      I have not had gallstones however my mother had them when she was pregnant with me.

      She had issues prior to her pregnancy with me and ignored them (very silly thing to do) once she had enough of the pain she went to the DRs to find out her options. Her options were - have the opp and there is a chance of losing the baby (me) or wait until the baby is born and go from there. Luckily the stones hadnt broken down too much in this time as gallstones if they break down too small they can be passed through some of your organs and can be quite terrible & potentially fatal. But dont be too alarmed as my mum ignored hers for a long time as she didnt know what the problem was, so the sooner you get to it the better

      I can remember when she was in hospital so i would of had to have been 18mnths old if not older to remember that.

      Having said all this, she had the stones before she fell pregnant - dealt with it (somehow) for the 9months or so of pregnancy and a further possible 18 months before the opp.

      My mother was fine and was even better after her opp & I was born all ok.

      Try not to be too scared - the DRs will do everything they can to help yourself & make sure the bubs are ok too.

      As for the pain while sleeping you should really get yourself a body pillow if you havent got one already. They are great and this way while laying on your left side you can throw your right leg over the pillow which not only will take some of the wight & pressure off your body it will also help your pelvis and back to be sitting in a better position.
      If this doesnt work for you my only other suggestion would be to prop yourself up in bed so that way you can lay on your back but by being propped up you will take that pressure off again..

      I really hope this has helped you in some way... Good luck with everything and just make sure you keep in touch with your DRs.

      Take care
      xo

  40. QUESTION:
    How do i get my picky, skinny pom to put on weight?
    I asked this earlier (around 1 this morning) and only got 3 answers, so I am going to ask again and see if there are more people online now that might be able to help:

    I am probably just a worry wart, but I just want to make sure my pom pup is healthy. He is up to date on his shots and wormings and all that. He is currently 8 mos old and about 5 lbs. We just went to the vet for a general check up about a week ago and he said that my pup is just fine. But I worry because he just seems a bit boney under all of his fur. I feed him Innova EVO and Merrick Puppy (even though I probably shouldn't, I leave out his food, I heard poms were grazers (?)). He is just as full of energy as he always has been, his coat seems as full as ever. I just worry he is underweight and I worry about low blood sugar. I dont often catch him eating, and I have another, large breed, dog in the house (but he is trained to leave my pom's food bowl alone and to eat out of his own). I also supplement nutrical and for training i use freeze dried liver. He still drinks plenty of water, but since he eats so little, he only has one (maybe two) bowel movements per day.

    I wonder if I should put him on a higher calorie diet? What food is better than the ones I use?
    What can i do about him being picky?
    I trust my vet's judgment, other than the fact that he is pro-science diet (as all of the other vets in my area, but they aren't nutritionists). Is there something he can prescribe to help him gain weight?
    Is there a natural supplement that will help him gain weight or to increase his appetite?
    How can I tell (with all of his fur) if he is too skinny and boney? I feel like his ribs and hips are protruding (but this could be because i have been watching a lot of animal cops shows).

    I called the vet this afternoon and they said that i could feed him boiled chicken to help him put on weight. I can feel his hips and some of his ribs, obviously I cant see how skinny he is (wet or dry) due to his thick coat.

    Here are some pictures, if that will help with an answer:
    http://i1009.photobucket.com/albums/af216/bauer003/Kujo%20bear/fc16df15.jpg
    http://i1009.photobucket.com/albums/af216/bauer003/Kujo%20bear/45c87e2f.jpg
    http://s1009.photobucket.com/albums/af216/bauer003/Kujo%20bear/

    Thanks for your help.

    • ANSWER:
      Most people (well-meaning, for sure) over feed their dogs. You SHOULD be able to feel your dog's bones, especially the ribs (the last few ribs should even be visible in the lesser coated breeds). Next time you're at the vet, ask about his weight, or just drop in to have the vet quickly assess his condition.

      Excess weight can cause a number of health issues including diabetes, heart disease, and skeletal and joint problems. Remember that your dog is still a puppy and that it takes time to grow into his adult body. Seeing an 8 month old dog a little on the skinny side is perfectly normal.

      I wouldn't worry about his weight, and I wouldn't start adding mega-calories to his diet. 1-2 bowel movements a day is perfectly normal, too. NO dog should be a "grazer"...it would be a VERY rare dog that is able to self-regulate body weight. Most all will overeat if given the opportunity. I wouldn't be concerned with low blood sugar, either, unless he's diagnosed hypoglycemic. I, personally, would stop the Nutrical, too, unless your vet suggests keeping him on it (I don't like giving my dogs extra sugar). Poms ARE a breed more prone to hypoglycemia, though, so you should discuss this with your vet.

      From looking at his pictures, his rear legs seem to be well-developed and have muscle on them. That's a good tell that things are OK with him. Most dogs will not ever let themselves get too hungry. Chances are he's eating enough. If you're not measuring his food out and feeding on a regular schedule, start doing it. This will allow you to monitor what he is really eating. Offer food 2-3 times per day (measure it out) for 15-20 minutes at a time, pick it up, and assess how much he has eaten. If your dog is say, 4 pounds, he will only need to consume 1/4 -3/8 of EVO a day...that's not much food that he actually needs.

      As far as food, EVO is awfully high in protein for a toy dog, in my opinion (and many don't share my opinion). You may want to just stick with the Merrick or try Innova Puppy instead of the EVO. There is much evidence on both sides of the debate, but a higher protein diet may be limiting weight gain. The recommended protein level for a growing puppy is 22%-28%.

  41. QUESTION:
    biology questions help :) ?
    How do human bodies respond to changes inside them and to their environment?
    1. What does the nervous system enable humans to do?
    2. What does a receptor detect?
    3. Where are the receptors, which are sensitive to changes in the position of our body and to help us keep our balance?
    4. What are receptors on the tongue sensitive to?
    5. What three stimuli are receptors in the skin sensitive to?
    6. How does information from receptors pass to the brain?
    7. What does the brain decide from the information it receives?
    8. What are automatic, rapid responses to stimuli called?
    9. What are the names of the three types of neurone involved in this response?
    10. What structures in the body respond to the impulses sent by a motor neurone? (notes)
    11. What is the name of the chemical substances that coordinate many processes in the body?
    12. What produces these chemicals?
    13. How do they get to the organs that they will affect (the target organ)?
    14. What two ways does the body lose water?
    15. Through which organ does the body lose excess water? What substance is it lost in?
    16. What temperature does the body need to be maintained at? Why?
    17. Why do blood sugar levels need to be controlled?
    18. Which two hormones are involved in promoting the release of an egg in the menstrual cycle?
    19. Which gland is FSH secreted by, and where can the gland be found?
    20. What two actions does FSH cause?
    21. Which structures secrete oestrogen?
    22. What two actions does oestrogen have on the body?
    23. What action do the hormones in oral contraceptives have?
    24. What action has FSH when given as a ‘fertility drug’?
    What can we do to keep our bodies healthy?
    1. What two things does a healthy diet contain?
    2. What word describes diseases that you might get with an unhealthy diet?
    3. What word describes people who eat an unbalanced diet?
    4. What two conditions mean that you need less food?
    5. What is your metabolic rate?
    6. What three things make this vary?
    7. What two factors in the developed world are leading to high levels of obesity?
    8. What are the diseases linked to excess weight?
    9. What does processed food often contain high proportions of?
    10. Where is cholesterol made?
    11. Where is cholesterol found?
    12. What do high levels of cholesterol in the blood cause?
    13. What does the amount of cholesterol made by the liver depend on?
    14. What is cholesterol carried around the body by?
    15. Which lipoproteins carry ‘bad’ cholesterol?
    16. What do these cause?
    17. Which lipoproteins are ‘good’ cholesterol?
    18. What can too much salt in the diet cause for about 30% of the population?
    19. What type of fats increase cholesterol levels?
    20. What two actions do mono-unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats have?
    How do we use/abuse medical and recreational drugs?
    1. What are many drugs made (derived) from?
    2. When scientists develop new drugs, what has to happen to them?
    3. What are drugs tested in the laboratory for?
    4. What are they trialled on humans for?
    5. Why is the impact of legal drugs on health much greater than the impact of illegal drugs?
    6. What was the drug thalidomide developed for?
    7. What effect did it cause in pregnant women?
    8. What were the unknown side effects of the drug on pregnant women?
    9. What is thalidomide used to treat now?
    10. What action do drugs have on people’s bodies?
    11. If people become dependent or addicted to the drug what do they suffer if they stop taking the drug?
    12. What two drugs are very addictive?
    13. What is the addictive substance in tobacco smoke?
    14. What is a carcinogen? (notes)
    15. What gas does tobacco smoke contain that affects a foetus?
    16. How does this gas affect the blood of the mother?
    17. What two effects does this have on the foetus?
    18. How does alcohol affect the nervous system?
    19. How does too much alcohol affect the body?
    20. What organs are damaged by drinking too much alcohol?
    What causes infectious diseases and how can our bodies defend themselves against them?
    1. What are micro-organisms that cause infectious diseases called?
    2. What happens to bacteria and viruses when they get inside the body?
    3. When do viruses damage our cells?
    4. Which blood cells help to defend us against pathogens?
    5. What three things do they do to help us?
    6. What is an antibiotic?
    7. How do antibiotics work?
    8. Why can antibiotics not be used to kill viral pathogens?
    9. Why is it difficult to develop drugs which kill viruses?
    10. How can people be immunised against disease?
    11. What cells do vaccines stimulate?
    12. What chemicals do these cells produce?
    13. What do these chemicals do?
    14. Why is the body then immune to future infections by that micro-organism?
    15. What does the MMR vaccine protect children against?
    thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      ok... You cannot be serious!

      I will only do a few...

      1. Respond to stimuli in the environment
      2. Stimuli (?)
      3. in the ears (or just behind)
      4. taste (chemicals)

      6. Sensory neurone
      7. how to respond
      8. reflexes
      9. Sensory -> Relay -> Motor
      10. effectors (muscles, glands etc)
      11. hormones

      13. bloodstream
      14. sweating, breathing (water vapour)
      15. bladder - urine

      18. FSH and LH
      19. Pituitary gland
      20. matures the egg and stimulates the release of oestrogen
      21. ovaries?
      22. builds the lining of the womb and stimulates the release of LH

      24. matures the egg

      That's the first lot - do you want the rest??

  42. QUESTION:
    Can someone please give feedback?
    it's an essay of who's responsible for obesity in america... need help concluding

    America, Home of the Fat
    America, home of the free right? Wrong. America is one of the fattest nations in the world. We would think that one of the most productive and developed countries would be the healthiest. The truth however, is we are not. The question that is presented then, is who’s to blame? People always find it easier to point a finger and blame someone else. Americans are suing fast-food companies for “making them fat”, and such lawsuits are becoming more prevalent each day. Blaming the fast-food industry for obesity is like an alcoholic suing an alcohol company for giving them cirrhosis of the liver. Caesar Barber of Bronx, New York “filed a lawsuit Wednesday in Bronx Supreme Court, naming McDonald's, Wendy's, Burger King and Kentucky Fried Chicken” () because he didn’t it was unhealthy. What has happened, to self control and personal responsibility? The individual and the parents are the ones to blame for American’s obesity.

    It is a parent’s responsibility to care for their child and therefore they are also responsible for their health and what they consume. A parent would not let their child do drugs, so why do they allow them to overindulge on soft drinks and unhealthy food if they both harm your health. In The Battle Against Fast Food Begins At Home Daniel Weintraub states, “It is a parents – not the government, not the fast-food companies, not the video-game manufacturers – who are responsible for teaching kids healthy eating and exercising habits” (Weintraub42). Parents much teach children how to how to exercise and get involved in physical activities. If they fail to do so they are setting their children on a path of lifetime health problems. Many parents allow and approve their child’s sedentary behavior without thinking about the consequences. Eating junk food and playing video games everyday is not benefiting them in any way, and who is responsible to get them off the couch and shooting hoops? McDonalds, Burger King, Carl’s Jr, Jack in The Box? No, of course not. It is parent’s duty as the one who cares for the child. Some people may think companies lure kids into buying food with cartoons, truth is parents need to teach children how to look out for these marketing strategies companies use because that is something they will need to know when it comes to important choices in life, like choosing auto insurance, credit companies and so forth. If children obesity

    An adult individual unlike a child can make independent decisions but Americans often make the wrong decisions when it comes to managing their diets. A trip to the market could save you money an unneeded calorie intake. You can cook your own meals and know what you’re eating and manage your caloric intake but Americans simply have become addicted to fast- food, and it is their lack of discipline that has made them so obese. Sue Widemark conveys in her article Reason for Obesity, that an attitude Americans seem to have is that of “Eating is some kind of pastime…and if we feel that we are denied a bit of this fatty and very unhealthy food which we crave, that we have no quality of life” (Widemark1). Folks simply do not know when enough is enough. In Obesity Epidemic: Overeating is to Blame Mark Fergusson explains “To return to the average weights of the 1970’s we would need to reverse the increased food intake about… 500 calories a day for adults.” An individual has nothing to blame but their carelessness of what they eat and their deficiency of self-control when it comes to how much they eat. Fast-food would not make anyone obese if it was eaten in moderation. Everyone knows that too much of anything is bad. David Zinczenko in his article Don’t Blame The Eater argues that when it comes to food “Advertisements Don’t carry warning labels the way tobacco ads do” but when do Americans plan on becoming responsible for looking for this information? Certainly people who follow healthy lifestyles would ask for calorie information about what they are going to consume and the rest must learn to do the same. Over-eating is definitely a main factor of American obesity. Now, combine A lifestyle of daily fast-food and inactive behavior and you are well on your way to becoming obese.

    A person, who is not willing to stay active and yet, constantly eats fast food, cannot expect to be thin. Your body needs exercise not only to look good on the outside but to be healthy on the inside as well. No one neglect their body in a way that would damage their health, but that is exactly what they do when they gorge on greasy fries and soft drinks and do not exercise. Michael Lemonick in his article “How We Grew So Big” writes that “Fully two-thirds of US adults are officially overweight and half of those have graduated to full blown obesity” he

    • ANSWER:
      Thank you for your article. I was not knowing it earlier

  43. QUESTION:
    Is my d.a.r.e. report good?
    Every day, kids like us get pressured into tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana at school. Some schools don’t even have programs that educate kids about the dangers of drugs. This year I have learned what drugs can do to your body, what they contain, and how kids get persuaded to consume them. I have also learned how to make wise choices about them. I have been shown many diverse examples of how kids can be convinced into taking drugs and alcohol. The D.A.R.E. program helped me to understand more abut drugs and how to avoid them.

    The three drugs we learned about are marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol. They can cause problems in your brain, mouth, throat, lungs, heart, and liver. As you can see, these drugs will end up killing you. The most remarkable thing I learned was that all the drug advertisements aren’t targeted toward adults, but toward children.

    I learned what to do if I ever get asked to take drugs. One thing I could do is say no and walk away. Another way is to give a reason of fact about the drug, or you can use humor. For example if someone asks if you want some marijuana you would say,” No I need all my brain cells.”

    I think it is important to stay drug-free because drugs are very harmful to you and the people around you. My commit to D.A.R.E. is to stay drug-free. I will keep others away from drugs. I will stay away from any drugs that can harm me. That’s how I will stay healthy and drug-free.

    • ANSWER:
      It's reasons like this that my kids won't take part in the D.A.R.E. program. Marijuana isn't a deadly substance, won't kill brain cells and doesn't in any way shorten your life or cause diseases. I'd prefer to teach my kids the truth about drugs, not what the government funded programs choose to tell my kids.

  44. QUESTION:
    Do BYBs do it on purpose, or are they just not educated?
    I ended up going to that ACA (Yell at me and get it over with...Turner, my Border Collie, took best in show on Sunday...) There was a lady there who had a "meet the breed booth" Her breed was Chihuahuas. She had about 3 litters for people to look at and pet, there was one little liver-nosed, long coated male who I felt so bad for. He had goo coming out of his eyes in the gallons, an undershot bite, and his coat was falling out. She wanted 0 for him (which I had the money........). I knew I couldn't buy him, but I still felt so bad for him.

    I asked the lady the following questions:

    Have your breeding dogs passed all their health testing, because I know in Chis knee problems can be a big deal?
    "No, I know my dogs are healthy; there's no need for it, besides, I'm just breeding pets."

    How old are your pups when they are sold?
    "7-8 weeks."

    What is your reason for breeding Chis?
    "To make money, OF COURSE (disgusted look)!"

    What about improving the Chi breed?
    "My breed speaks for itself."

    How many dogs and how many litter per year?
    "50 dogs, about 100 litters"

    Do you sell pups with health guarantees and contracts?
    "24 hour health guarantee and since they are sold to brokers and people just wanting pets, no contract."

    I just told her my friend (I made up a lie telling her I was looking for a Chi for my friend) would only get a dog from a good breeder, and I would tell people about her..

    Then, another lady came up to me saying she just got into breeding Chis and asked me about what I was asking the other lady. This new lady didn't know about health testing and asked me about that. I gave her my email and I've been talking to her for a while about how to become a better breeder. That got me to thinking, do BYBs BYB on purpose, or are they just not educated?
    For those who are wondering, her kennel name is Happy Valley.

    • ANSWER:
      I think you get a little of both.

      Some are just simply not educated, but can be taught. They really think that they are breeding quality dogs since they are AKC registered and see the vet. The general public seems to think that AKC = quality, and vet = healthy.

      Some just simply dont care.. money speaks too loudly to them, and they just dont want to hear about improoving the breed, health tests, etc.. besides, they obviously could care less about what happens to the puppies that they sell, so why should they care if they are producing genetic defects? Its not their problem.

  45. QUESTION:
    How to do Skin Care ?
    Soft, smooth, supple skin is not only genetics it is also about skin care IQ. No matter your skin color, your culture, or religious beliefs smooth skin is sexy. Looking young is hot.

    Taking care of your skin is not a matter of money it is a matter of having the knowledge and the tools to preserve the first thing most people notice about us, our face. One of the biggest causes of premature aging, wrinkles, and liver spots is over-exposure to the sun without the proper skin protection.

    If your sun block lotion is not at least spf 50 you are wasting your time. Do your research, many of the sun block lotions we buy at grocery stores are so diluted we might as well rub cooking oil on our bodies. Also even when it is cloudy the sun’s rays are still piercing through the clouds and searing our sensitive skin and making our skin cells more prone to melanoma.

    Don't wash your skin too often... Washing our skin too often scrapes away the vital natural oils our skin produces for protection and drains the moisture from our skin. It is also wise to note that most of us wash our faces with tap water, which contains chlorine, which is one of the main ingredients in the most powerful cleaning chemical bleach. Gently washing the face two times a day is more than enough unless we are participating in strenuous activities that cause us to perspire much more than normal.

    Do not smoke... There are no known health benefits to smoking. Not only does smoking cause cancer, it also dulls the skin, and produces fine lines around the mouth.

    Wear sunglasses... Our eyes are the windows into our soul. Let’s protect them and keep from squinting which causes lines to form on the forehead and crow’s feet at the corner of the eyes. Plus sun glasses make us look that much more glamorous; check the UV rating to make sure that along with looking good we are getting adequate protection from the sun.

    Warm water hot water is for cooking... When we are bathing our washing our face it is best to use warm to cool water. Hot water is used to cook food and can damage and dry out the skin.

    Get enough sleep... The body heals and rests while we sleep. Not only does a life time of late nights and early mornings promote illness but also it makes our skin more prone to wrinkle.

    Follow a nightly regimen... Whatever products we have decided are best for preserving and protecting our skin we should use consistently.

    Exercise regularly... There is no down side to light exercising. It keeps the blood flowing, strengthens the cardio-vascular system, and allows our pores to effectively cleanse themselves. Most people who work out and eat correctly have a glow about them.

    Choose products carefully... Just as we all have different body types each person’s skin has its own particular characteristics. We should not be afraid to test products out to see which ones work the best for us.

    Never sleep with makeup... Even in sleep the skin needs to breathe and make up prevents that natural rejuvenation process that our face needs. It is good to wake up looking great but even better to have healthy naturally glowing skin.
    Skin Care

    Soft, smooth, supple skin is not only genetics it is also about skin care IQ. No matter your skin color, your culture, or religious beliefs smooth skin is sexy. Looking young is hot.

    Taking care of your skin is not a matter of money it is a matter of having the knowledge and the tools to preserve the first thing most people notice about us, our face. One of the biggest causes of premature aging, wrinkles, and liver spots is over-exposure to the sun without the proper skin protection.

    If your sun block lotion is not at least spf 50 you are wasting your time. Do your research, many of the sun block lotions we buy at grocery stores are so diluted we might as well rub cooking oil on our bodies. Also even when it is cloudy the sun’s rays are still piercing through the clouds and searing our sensitive skin and making our skin cells more prone to melanoma.

    Don't wash your skin too often... Washing our skin too often scrapes away the vital natural oils our skin produces for prot

    • ANSWER:

  46. QUESTION:
    Adeno Virus in Bearded dragons?
    I have an 11 month old bearded dragon, that I love to death, and he has recently been ill.
    He had a bad case of coccidia and other parasites, including pin worms, and stopped eating, he was also very lethargic. I then took him to the vet, and gave him antibiotics and other meds, till he started to eat again.
    However I wanted to extend the tests on him, just to make sure he's okay, other tests included blood tests... I then discovered that he has a problem with his liver! He started to eat and act like a healthy dragon though, he still is alert and happy. But I can't help but wonder, whether he has Adeno Virus or not since he has liver problems.

    I test him soon, will do whatever it takes to find out and to save him.

    My question is, if he does turn out to be Ade no positive, does that mean he is bound to die?
    Also, if he is a carrier, does that mean other dragons I may buy in the future like a mate or such would catch the virus or not? Also what about his off springs?

    More importantly have any of you had such problems with your dragons? Have they survived the ordeal, how?

    What were the symptoms?

    Please any help is highly appreciated, and I will give the most thorough answer the 10 points + the 5 star rating.

    Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      the only way to know for sure is to do a necropsy (animal autopsy). They don't know how it is spread so it is best to house him alone. This could be why he has all these other things wrong with him. Pretty much he could go through life being healthy then sick keep his environment it tip top shape a good balanced diet , and low stress should help. how long they live with this can be years to days older dragons tend to do better than the younger. regular trips to the vet can be excepted for all the secondary infections and parasites. You may at some point have to force feed him and water him as well.

  47. QUESTION:
    All humans eat fillers, why cant dogs? by-products...?
    READ WITH AN OPEN MIND! NO BASHING PLEASE!

    Every nationallity eats fillers:
    americans-bread
    china- rice
    ect

    So why do people think you cant feed your dog fillers like corn? Ground yellow corn is actually healthy for people, corn meal cupcakes and cakes are healthier than wheat or other kinds.

    Since everyone takes it back to wolves and what they eat lets go there:
    When the wolves attack and eat a deer for instance the first thing they do is split and eat the stomack. what is in the stomack? what the deer eats-grass, bark, roots... fillers in a commercial sense. then they eat the actuall meat.

    what happens when people eat too much meat? yea not good huh?

    By- products:
    umm doesnt the wolf eat the WHOLE deer? or does he pick out the liver, kidney, and such parts. i have never seen them do this. ground bones? dont we give dogs bones to chew and eat to keep them busy?? coyotes do eat some of the feathers from the chickens they steal-seen them eat one myself.

    (my moms cat catches and eats rabbits, what parts does she eat? the head and front legs ONLY. no good meat fromt he rump or chest. she likes the by-products parts.... weird huh?)

    how did dogs survive before all these "holistic" and so called brands came out? didnt they eat left overs and what not or "cheap" dog food with fillers and by-produts?

    Do you think pet owners have gone over board on what to feed their dogs? i mean sure dogs need good/real meat too. I try to make sure the treats i get my dog all have a real meat as the first ingredient.

    But i think it has gone kinda overboard, if people want to feed their dogs holistic brands good, ok thats fine. if others dont and think well i dont eat prime rib every day i eat fillers so why cant my dog, why is everyone so harsh on them?

    If i eat fillers, my dog isnt above fillers either i dont think.

    I did try to switch my pup to Blue Buffalo when i got him and it gave him diarrhea, yes i switched him over very very slowly. We are sticking to Purina now, and even though this dont mean much to most my vet said Puirna is just fine. He is healthy, poop is solid, shinny coat and eyes, happy healthy puppy.
    K B:
    even dogs on "holistic" brands have gotten cancer.
    my co-worker who is a health nut, exercises weekly if not daily was diagnosed 1 1/2 ago....
    Syd <3's APBTs:

    So what is the sign of a healthy dog? Diarrhea or firm, normal poop?
    I agree jimbob!

    blue buffalo:

    Deboned Chicken, Chicken Meal, Whole Ground Brown Rice, Whole Ground Barley, Oatmeal, Rye, Whole Potatoes, Chicken Fat (preserved with Natural Mixed Tocopherols), Menhaden Fish Meal (natural source of DHA-Docosahexaneoic Acid), Tomato Pomace (natural source of Lycopene), Natural Chicken Flavor, Whole Carrots, Whole Sweet Potatoes, Dried Egg, Blueberries, Cranberries, Flaxseed, Barley Grass, Dried Parsley, Alfalfa Meal, Kelp Meal, Taurine, L-Carnitine, L-Lysine, Yucca Schidigera Extract, Green Tea Extract, Turmeric, Garlic, Sunflower Oil (natural source of Omega 6 Fatty Acids), Herring Oil (natural source of Omega 3 Fatty Acids), Dried Chicory Root, Black Malted Barley, Oil of Rosemary, (ect)

    I see alot of non meat products there too... hmmm just more better sounding "fillers" like rice, barley, rye, oatmeal... ever seen a wolf eat oatmeal??? lol didnt think so
    I dont think ground corn meal and chicken by product is comparable to popcicles and what not.

    Is anyone going to combat what wolves eat first? and the fasct that they eat the by product parts of deer first??
    look what i found:
    All scientific evidence points towards the fact that dogs, while not true carnivores, are opportunistic, carnivorous scavengers. Cats on the other hand are true, obligate carnivores, requiring animal protein to survive. There is a difference between a carnivorous scavenger and an omnivore though - dogs lack the dental characteristics, longer digestive tract and specific enzymes of true omnivores like humans. That is the reason why they can not digest grains and vegetables unless they are "predigested" by processing, mincing/grinding, breakdown by enzymes, or fermentation through bacteria. Once converted, they are fully available to the dog.

    mincing/grinding, they do that for dog food...
    someone please explain this:
    http://www.helium.com/items/1468853-myths-about-corn-in-dog-food
    A Great Dane Lady :
    I 100% agree, IF your dog is allergic to it definetly it isnt something that should be fed. Just like with Humans, if im allergic to milk ill drink soy. if im not ill drink cows milk.
    Leigh:
    Im not saying Purina is the best brand out there, not even close. this was mainly a post/question/argument on Corn in dog foods. and how ground corn IS digestable though some say it isnt. I agree that better cuts of meat are just that better but i also think by products are ok if you also give good meat. My pup get real chicken (form the supermarket white and dark peices) on a regular basis as well as steak and pork chops. if im eating meat he gets some too.
    alias boxer:
    Actually i have worked in a zoo and before we got the job had to go through training encluding watching many video's of wild animals and yes wolves were some. The video showed them to eat the guts and hind legs first. and that is also what our instructor pointed out. the wolves in the zoo got fed BOTH "nice cuts" and the stomacks or by products.

    I am not saying "holistic" brands are bad Im not saying food with ONLY by products are good. I think their food should and can have both., but there should be some"nice cuts" like BB has.

    This was mainly a post on corn in dog food. I see NOTHING wrong with ground corn that dogs CAN digest. dont beleave me google search "corn myth" and dog food.

    I give my dog Purina right now(with a little BB to finish the bad, and real meat atleast 2X's a week) because when i tried to switch him to BB he souldnt handle it. I will prolly in the future try to switch again, or find a cheaper brand with real meat.

    • ANSWER:
      Not everyone believes that all grains are fillers. I believe that QUALITY grains are a good thing to find in dog food. I understand the function of fiber in digestion, and know that good grains are a good source of carbs and even protein. Whole corn is not a filler. Corn gluten is. Many people avoid corn, wheat, and soy because the are common allergens (in people and pets)...that's a SMART thing to do. MY dogs need fiber. I tried a high protein food for my dogs (Orijen), and no matter the quality of ingredients (top notch), they NEED fiber. Fiber bulks up stools (thus preventing diarrhea)...it also softens stools (thus preventing constipation)...it's a way to keep things even and normal.

      Recently, I saw someone on here say that they have never seen a coyote in a cornfield. To that I say, that person has never seen a coyote. They LIVE in cornfields. MY dogs are happy to scrounge through the garden (broccoli, tomatoes, and carrots are favorites). Dogs (and wolves and coyotes) eat grasses all the time: lawn grass, alfalfa, etc. Because they feel a need to. That said, while corn is not "without nutritional value" like many people here regurgitate, it is also not fully available. Studies have shown it to be only 56% digestable. There are other, less allergenic grains that are more fully digestable.

      Rice, barley, rye, oatmeal...I consider those GOOD things to find in dog food. Rice hulls, and "leftover" crap from processing are not. I would never feed or recommend a grain by-product in a food. I WOULD recommend a food without chicken by-product, though. While feet and necks are good sources of glucosamine, there is NO guarantee to the quality of those ingredients. Dog food was created as a way to sell what was literally garbage left over from processing human food. A way to make money from scrap. There are some GREAT dog foods on the market right now. Purina is NOT one of them. I fed it years ago, my dogs (between the 4 of them) suffered from ear infections, UTI's/struvite crystals, yeast infections, allergies, dull coats and eyes, obesity, digestive issues (vomiting and diarrhea), and that's what I can list off the top of my head. A few years on a GOOD quality food, NONE of that is an issue anymore. Not only is their food (California Naturals) CHEAPER for me to feed them, I save a ton in vet bills now, too.

      While you make some good points in your question, I feel that you're just trying to justify feeding what's convenient and cheap for you. Fine with me-you feed your dogs whatever you want. Please don't try to tell people that Purina is better...I have seen with my own eyes in FOUR dogs that it is not.

      Bottom line: Good, healthy ingredients are better for us, and they are better for our dogs. To claim that eating scrap parts is better than eating whole grains and parts is insane when science has told us otherwise for years. Nothing is healthier than WHOLE grains, and good, lean cuts of meats and organs.

  48. QUESTION:
    ugh..help please with advice, my granny is not listening to me > My grandma have a cat, he's very cute and cool kittie, I love him so much, but damn he has gotten overweight and now he feels drowzy all the time, he becomes tired very fast etc we all decided to buy for him special food (for overweight cat's), but grandma is ignoring required portions plus she's giving him a liver (eew ><) but I heard somewhere that liver is forbidden for cats to eat, also she's spoiling him with some snacks etc, however no matter what I'll say to gran she won't pay attention on that (she's one of those-I'm smarter than anyone) so don't say something like convince your grany about something..just tell plz some quick way how to make this cat loose weight or else gran will keep doing other reckless stuff with him and it will turn to worse and worse..pleez, we all want him to be healthy again :( ..

    p.s-vets don't know nothing, they suggest making some expensive, useless (my opinion though) stomach surgery (they suspect he have some barrage in there or smthn, but noway
    thank's ofcourse but-
    I don't live at same house so i can't control what my gran is doing and she thinks she's doing everything right and that only who can help is vets..
    thanks everyone, i'll think about all you said, only I'm not stealing a cat lol coz I already have two catz at my home plus dog plus they all have meet before and they all kinda hate each other ^^

    • ANSWER:
      Hi there...perhaps you could provide a print out of some helpful credible information about feline obesity and some of the concerns related to this.

      Here are some websites to help you get started that are written by vetenarians:

      How often to feed a cat and what to feed a cat by Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine: http://www.vet.cornell.edu/fhc/news/feed.htm
      http://www.vet.cornell.edu/fhc/brochures/feedcats.html

      Overweight cat risks disease and death by Cornell: http://www.news.cornell.edu/Chronicle/97/4.3.97/fat_cats.html

      Table scraps for cats by Pet Education Drs. Foster & Smith: http://www.peteducation.com:80/article.cfm?cls=1&cat=1399&articleid=833

      & Foods to avoid feeding cats: http://www.peteducation.com:80/article.cfm?cls=0&cat=1276&articleid=1029

      Obesity in cats by The Pet Centre: http://www.thepetcenter.com/imtop/catweight.html

      More about obesity in cats: http://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=overweight+cats&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8

  49. QUESTION:
    hiv questions bout blood test and more?
    I am very nervous..hope my questions make sense...First, let me say I took the hiv test Monday the 22nd, HOW LONG BEFORE RESULTS COME BACK?? I am so nervous! Does the doctors office call you with results? I took the test at an Internal Medicine doctor for my liver enzymes..I am in the southern part of the USA if that makes a difference..I saw HIV Panel wrote on the paper with other test...

    I haven't been sick or anything like that, my liver enzymes are elevated and I have had some stomach pains but this has gone on for at least 6 years now, other than that I'm ok except HIGH anxiety! UGH! I worry about everything! This being said, I have had numerous test done on my liver and stomach area, thank God nothing found thus far..

    I went into the hospital a few weeks ago with rapid heart beat, which took a day or so for them to level it out, spent 2 days in the hospital and it turned out to be sinus tachycardia! During routine test they were running they saw that my liver enzymes were elevated..they called in a GI doctor and he ran hepatitis panel which came back fine, thank God again. I then decided to drop my current GI doctor and use this one..Went and saw him yesterday (1st time since hospital)...He informed me the test he ran in hospital were ok..He said he would like to run more test, not sure what all, but one popped out at me on the paper,,hiv panel...I saw that and got very nervous!

    I have been married to my husband now for 7 years. He has tested negative for hiv at his job, they require hiv testing where he works..With that being said , I have been married prior to him and had a few relationships before him..Since meeting him 7 years ago, I have only been with him.

    What I'm wondering would hiv cause my liver enzymes to be elevated over the last 10 years or could it be more from the migraine meds I have taken in the past and pain meds I have taken in the past? I do not drink, use to but only moderately but haven't touched alcohol in 4 years or more! I don't smoke, I am relatively healthy other than anxiety!....

    I guess what Im asking is would I have any symptoms of hiv within 7-8 years? I know you can not rely on symptoms alone and that scares me! I have never done drugs, I have just put myself at risk sexually! I am worried when the phone rings thinking it is the doctor telling me I need to come in to the office and him tell me I have hiv!

    What do you think of my situation? Anyone with personal experience? Thank you in advance for your answers and God Bless! Please no mean answers

    • ANSWER:
      i have had an hiv test done before it is a scary feeling waiting on your results but it should take less then 7days to get the results. i think you should call your doctor let him know i you feel tell him you need your results asap. its good that you getting tested its worst not knowing. there is good treatment for hiv/aids. everything will be ok try to calm down an read your bible talk to God about your situation in jesus name. cause the devil is a liar. God bless you. i really hope this advise helps

  50. QUESTION:
    Is This the Best Answer to the Healthcare Crisis You Ever Heard?
    Health Insurance Plan --- 100% Different From Anything You Have Heard About!?
    Here's a health insurance plan I dreamed up today. I would like to know your thoughts about it. But before you give me your thoughts, please take a moment to read the plan.

    Companies stop offerring health insurance.

    What they offer instead is wellness programs, which can be on or off company property.

    These programs are focused on weight control, exercise, nutrition, and medical monitoring (blood pressure, heart health, obesity, range of motion, pulminary function, liver function -- simple blood tests)

    No employees are compelled in any way to participate in any way in any company wellness program.

    But, those that do, get certificates signed by physicians stating the wellness factors that apply to that individual participant. Kept his weight down, did running, has good heart function, liver is fine ... blah blah blah. These would be the kind of certificates that local health insurors would take into account in rating the premiums to be paid by that individual wellness program participant.

    Beyond the certificate, and depending upon wellness factors attainments (weight loss, better this, better that etc) the company provides a wellness encouragement award in the form of a check, once every 90 days.

    Recipients of such checks can use that cash for anything they want, including time with working girls in Nevada, or rye whiskey, or Cuban cigars.

    However if they can present a receipt for a health insurance premium they have paid, for their own selves as beneficiaries of privately acquired health insurance policies (with a little help from the certificate signed by physicians from the wellness program) then, their next award check, if they get one by continuing to make attainments, will be doubled in value. The doubling only happens once. Once a person is getting double-sized award checks they keep getting those checks as long as they keep buying private health insurance, and can show receipts, and as long as they keep making attainments in the company wellness program.

    This plan is filled to the brim with justice. It is highly focused on individual responsibility, not just a gimme, gimme, gimme, gimme style system. People whose behavior is cost-containing and good get highly rewarded. All people of every kind are completely free to do anything they want. Nobody is compelled in any way to do anything.

    The company gets to set up their wellness program as a charitable educational or health related organization -- a 501 (c) (3).

    They also get to create a company Foundation -- a 501 (c) (6) to give money on a tax deductible basis to the wellness program.

    So all the costs of the wellness program become tax deductions, including the fees for the trainers, nutritionists, and the award checks given to employees, either in the single portion amount or in the double portion amount -- all those costs are a tax deduction for the company. They come out of pre-tax gross income.

    The incentives here are 100% perfect.

    The outcome here is that probably 10 million additional people get health insurance -- not the full load of 35 million, but a step in the right direction is still a step.

    More importantly by dumping a lot of healthy people into the insurance pools, who pay full premiums (some of which is subsidized by their award checks), everybody's health insurance premiums go down.

    Not only that, the average healthiness of the American population goes up.

    So more healthy people are paying premiums and there are less sick people who need healthcare.

    Less sick people, not only makes premiums go down it also makes our national productivity go up.

    How productive we are, in relation to our national debt, determines how long we get to exist as a nation that's not in default or owned outright by China.

    My plan is an extremely good plan -- it cuts through all the nonsense and goes straight to the core issue which is health. It properly incentivizes everybody involved. It is 0% coersive -- no mandates on anybody.

    I'm putting it up here so that a few thoughtful people can read it, think about it, and send me useful comments to make it better, or fix any flaws you see in it. Cynical clowns could just please leave this question alone, I don't have time to read your snarky junk answers. Persons of goodwill, please come forward, my strength is not equal to my task, I need your help.
    For Don:

    We've got 35 million uninsured with no healthcare.

    My plan would knock that down to 25 million uninsured with no healthcare.

    So Don, your conclusion using your logical and ethical skills is that my plan is a bad plan.

    Unless every single person can be fixed all at once -- nobody should be fixed -- we should just stay broken -- as broken -- not any less broken -- that Don's path to success.

    My path is called dis-jointed incrementalism. You knock off a piece of the problem.

    Then you go back to the smaller problem, and knock off a piece of that.

    Repeat as required until problem is gone.

    This is how you chop down a tree, break up a huge block of ice, or move a pile of snow.

    Many problems in the *real* world are solved by dis-jointed incrementalism.

    The only people who need to solve huge problems all at once with one huge law are people who are not in fact interested in the problem at all -- what they want is totalitarian power for themselves. Seig .

    • ANSWER:
      You have a great idea there!
      Why not copy and paste it to the Whitehouse web site and all the elected officials?


How To Reduce Fatty Liver

If you're one of those folks that think that to understand how to reduce belly fat, there's one miracle exercise you need to do, stop thinking this way. This is a giant misunderstanding, and if you give me just two mins, I'm going to tell you why. To come to grips with how to reduce belly fat, abs exercises only aren't enough, and they don't seem to be those miracle exercises that may melt your fat away.

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There's no single exercise that would focus only on reducing waist fat. Shedding it needs a complete way of life change, including eating habits and workout habits. The worrying thing is, the general public going to the gymnasium basically never shed their bellies. This is as fat is super mulish, particularly stomach fat. The only possible way you can know how to reduce belly fat, is lessen the total fat %.

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And the way to we do that? The easy answer to this query is you want to use more calories than you get each day. Sounds straightforward, doesn't it? Most of the people never workout, So if you simply do something, you are better than most of the populace. You don't have to do killer exercises to lose blubber and belly fat. To get the maximum out of it, you've got to do short, but extraordinarily intense exercises four or five times per week.

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This is the circuit workout. Hard to credit how great these are till you try them yourself. So, how to reduce belly fat fast? These are some examples? Jump for a minute, run up the steps for another, do crunches fast for another one. So you don't need rest between these exercises. Five mins of them in total and you are done. These sort of short and fast work-outs burn 2-3 times MORE fat than normal cardiovascular.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    how to reduce SGPT level and fatty liver?
    I am writing for my dad.he is 57yrs, now in a lab report it is found that he is having high SGPT level of 104,he is having fatty liver and his triglycrides level is also high, its of about 234.please suggest me a advice to reduce SGPT and fatty liver

    • ANSWER:

  2. QUESTION:
    I was diagnosed with fatty liver, hyperechoic. Is this because of 40 mg simvastin? How serious is this? Help!?
    I have high cholesterol. So the doctor doubled my dose of simvastatin to 40 mg. Now I have fatty liver, it is approximately 17 cm. Which is more serious the high cholesterol or the hyerechoic with no evidence of cholelithiasis?
    Is there any other treatment which would not adversely affect my liver yet significantly reduce my cholesterol? HELP!

    • ANSWER:
      I seriously doubt the Simvastatin is causing your fatty liver. You are only taking half the max dose of Simvastatin. Most likely you have a biliary disease or some kind of blockage. Or you are drinking too much alcohol. If your liver was damaged prior then the Simvastatin could build in your system but your doctor should have taken Liver Function Test in your blood work. If you are concerned ask your doctor about it.

  3. QUESTION:
    how to cure from fatty liver? (non alcholic), is there any way to reduce it in 4 months.?

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver can occur from different things. Some
      of the well known ones are:
      weight gain, obesity, fast weight loss, malnourishment,
      diabetes, insulin resistance, high cholesterol/triglyceride
      levels, pregnancy (third trimester), certain types of
      medications (like steriods), alcohol consumption,
      and other things.

      Once the cause is found, then things can be done
      to try and reverse it.

      It would be best...if this is from weight gain or obesity...
      to ask the doctor to refer you to either a dietitian or
      nutritionist. They will take into account all your medical
      problems and give you a diet based on that. It will
      be the best for you, since they will be sure you get all
      the vitamins and minerals, proteins from the foods you
      eat.

      This may be a temporary substitute diet:
      Remove all skins from the poultry you eat.
      Use only good oils like olive oil or canola oils.
      Try to bake, broil, boil your foods instead of fry them.
      Avoid preservative, prepackaged, or fast foods.
      Use fresh fruits and vegetables that you wash before
      eatting. Next in line would be frozen...avoid canned.
      Lessen the amount of milk, cheese in your diet...
      if this is because of cholesterol levels.

      This is what happens in fatty liver disease.
      The fat build up inside the liver. At first it may not
      cause any problem (simple fatty liver)..however,
      if it continues to build up, it causes pressure inside
      the liver. The liver is surrounded by a tight membrane
      capsule. The liver cells then can be damaged.
      The immune system of the body respond to this damage
      and then causes inflammation inside the liver.
      It is now known as Steatohepatitis (steato means fat,
      hepat means liver, and itis means inflammation).

      This is then more serious. If the problem cannot be
      reversed, it can proceed to where the liver cells die
      off and form scar tissue inside the liver and is then
      known as Cirrhosis of the liver.

      It is best to be with either a gastroenterologist or
      hepatologist now. He can direct you in the best
      treatment and diet that is available to help you.

      Here are some links on Fatty liver disease:
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver
      http://www.gastro.com/Gastro/liverdisease/fatty_liver.aspx
      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm
      http://www.liverdoctor.com/index.php?page=fatty-liver

      Best wishes...

  4. QUESTION:
    i have fatty liver my alkaline phosphate level has been increased in one month?
    i have fatty liver my alkaline phosphate level has been increased in one month it has been increased to 278 from 190 though other enzime hav been decrease i.e. sgpt 238 to28and sgot 58 to 18. what r the causes how can i reduce level of alkaline phosphate.

    • ANSWER:
      To cure liver dis-function, i shall advise you to take Dry FIGS 4-6 pieces at bed time, please chew the figs in such a way that their seeds are crushed completely, now swallow them & drink warm milk. continue this process for 20 days.
      Purchase from market HOMOEO medicine CARDUAS M---- Q potency SBL make 30 ml.Put 15 drops of medicine in 10 ml coconut oil & smash the oil , now apply oil in lower portion of right ribs & massage gently for 2 minutes.twice a day. Also have CARDUAS M-----30 potency SBL make 30 ml pack. Now 1 drop medicine in half cup water be administer thrice a day for 20 days.
      I hope you will see the miracle of above advises.

  5. QUESTION:
    How do you repair a fatty liver caused by Advil?
    I took generic Advil as a teenager, a lot. I would take 6 pills at a time once a day for a headache. I didn't take them every day, but when I had a pain, I would take 6 pills, simply because the bottle read that you shouldn't take more than 6 in a 24 hour period. About two years ago I went to the doctor for a physical and she told me that I have a fatty liver which is worse than a 90 year old man. I have heard many things since then about how to repair my liver such as exercise and diet, but I don't know if they are working. Does anybody know of any other ways to reduce the amount of fat in my liver?

    • ANSWER:

  6. QUESTION:
    The doctors say my husband has a fatty liver.....?
    I have researched this, and I need more information. AST 45, ALT 114, GGT 85, BILIRUBIN 1.6, GLUCOSE NORMAL, ALKALINE PHOSPHATEASE 58, PROTEIN 8.2,ALBUMIN 3.2, TTL CHOLESTORAL 187, LDL 114,HDL 4.3, LDL/HDL 2.66,TRYGLERCRIDES 149, HEP/HIV NON REACTIVE AND NEGATIVE. He does chew tobacco. I need someone that can interpret this and tell me how bad they think things might be, and what the best course of action will be to reduce/reverse this. Becuase of these levels, our life insurance wants to jack up prices, etc. I have been looking online for information, but I thought if I could get a professional opnion from somewhere, it might help as well. I am worried about his health safety.

    thanks for your help.

    • ANSWER:
      I guess I tripped over your question as I was trying to find liver disease groups. There does not seem to be a specific group for fatty liver disease problems. Also there does not seem to be much information on it except that you stop drinking or if you are not drinking stop eating and loose weight, and exercise. In my case I have been fumbling with NAFLD- nonalcoholic fatty liver disease for 9 years and although I have not lost significant amount of weight and I fluctuate, I am still around and maybe feeling a little better than I used to.

      If you get a copy of the test, it tells you right next to the numbers the acceptable range. Although I am not very good at these scores, they look not too bad to me.

      I know that I have become a vegetarian ( almost) mainly because it FEELs better to eat vegetable and fruit then it does to eat meat lately. I eat small amount of meat , very little fatty stuff, and absolutely no nicotine, caffein or alcohol. I am feeling better than I have for years, but it took years to get here. Clara from OR

  7. QUESTION:
    Does Milk Thistle help to protect your liver against toxins?
    I am asking this because I am a weekend binge drinker and I know that binge drinking can harm the liver leading to fatty liver disease, then alcoholic hepatitis and eventually chirrosis of the liver. I want to know if there is any way I can slow the process down or to prevent or reduce the damage I do to my liver by weekend binge drinking. People tell me there is no way to do that and that the only way to not damage your liver is drinking in moderation only. But moderation doesn't work for me cause currently the recommended moderate drinking is defined by health experts to be only one drink per day for females. And I drink wine so that would mean I would only be able to have one five ounce glass of wine (as they consider a full glass to be 5 ounces) per day. Which is way too low for me cause five ounces isn't worth it cause it's a very small serving and not good enough for me. I do not drink every day just every Friday, Saturday and Sunday but when I do it's a 750 ml bottle of wine on each of these days. I don't think that's a huge amount especially for a period of 72 hours because I think my liver is done filtering the previous bottle I had by the next day so I can drink another. Or am I wrong? I do not want to drink only one five ounce glass of wine per day cause it's too little but if I choose to stay at my current drinking level will I get chirrosis of the liver over time? If so how long would it take? Am I at lower risk cause I don't binge every day just every weekend and Fridays? Is there anything I can do or take to prevent or reduce damage or delay it much further such as taking Milk Thistle or other liver stuff????
    william I try my best to not drink very often but when weekends and holidays comes I just can't help it cause it isn't fair that everyone else will be having champagne and I'd have to stick with soda, plus it's very childish too.
    Chirrosis is usually what alcoholics get after at least a decade or more of alcohol abuse and stuff. As for liver cancer I am not sure if that is caused by alcoholism. I think it's more commonly caused by other stuff.
    william but not drinking at all is not an option for me since I like it so much and not having something you like at least sometimes would suck.
    abijann, didn't you tell someone else as I saw on here that right now you do not need to stay sober for 6 months anymore. You said now they are viewing it by case by case basis. And is a 750 ml bottle of wine over consuming? cause it only fills up two large glasses (although not wine glasses).
    can you please answer me?
    I want to be able to drink cause I like it besides I would probably die if I could not drink not even on holidays such as my birthday. But I would also like to know if there is any way I can drink as much as I prefer and stay without chirrosis? What about liv 52? or other liver stuff I can take?
    abijan, I had a blood test done recently but no one called me back so I assume the results were normal or they would have called back but the thing is I am not 100% sure if a regular blood test shows liver function or not. Can you tell me?

    • ANSWER:

  8. QUESTION:
    What percentage of people who drink above the recommended units per week get chirrosis of the liver?
    I know it is different for men and women but who would get chirrosis first if they drink in large amounts a man or a woman and how many years would it take them for them to get it? Do all binge drinkers get chirrosis? or do some just have different health problems such as just a fatty liver? If a woman drinks about 3-4 drinks a day 4 times a week every week can she get chirrosis if she can how many years would it take? is there some drug or supplement she can take to reduce damage for example Lechitan? I take Lovaza, bitter melon and vitamin b supplements every day so I think I am reducing my health problems by drinking at this level. I simply am not willing to stick by the recommended 14 units per week safe limits they are too low that means that is only 1 liter of wine per week I have calculated it it is less than 1.5 liters of wine per week and since I am one of those people that are not able to spread a bottle out through a couple of days since I like to leave the bottle empty with nothing in there and I cannot leave an opened bottle in the fridge since I do not live alone and I do not like sharing my drinks with anyone. I want to know what my chances are that I will never develop serious liver problems if I drink 3-4 drinks a day 3, 4 and occassionally 5 times a week usually one day after the other but with 3-4 alcohol free days following after those days.
    Do you have to be a male in order to drink that much and not have any long term affects or if a woman is used to this much alcohol can she get away with it too? I have called a rehab program and told them how much I drink each week and they say unless it is effecting my life in a negative way for example, if I get violent when I drink they say the level I drink at is not really a problem unless I get violent or hurt people when I drink.

    • ANSWER:
      you say that you don,t drink to much in your point of view so why then are you taking so many supplements to combat disease related to drink.
      please cut down at least one a day and cut down supplements to as they could also affect your health if you take too much.
      nic

  9. QUESTION:
    How can I get my Gamma GT levels down?
    I am a recovering alcoholic and haven't had a drink since the start of 2010. I have been told I have a fatty liver but I would like to get my Gamma GT level reduced. Any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      Keep yourself healthy and keep off of drinking for atleast 3 months.

  10. QUESTION:
    How to lower down SGPT?
    Hi all,

    Last January 26, I had a series of blood tests in my body because I wasn't feeling well and it was somewhat a general checkup that the doctor suggested. I remembered that my cholesterol was 220 and my SGPT was 81. The reference value is saying that I am indeed above the normal cholesterol and SGPT level. However, the doctor did not get alarmed about the SGPT. He said I was fine and I just need to diet.

    Last Febuary 24, I had symptoms of acid reflux and I feel like vomiting after eating or drinking water (except I don't vomit the food that I eat). I went to a different doctor this time, one who is expert in Gastro Internal medicine. He looked at my former blood results (last January 26) and said that my SGPT/Cholesterol were High. He then requested for another blood test and this time, my SGPT went down to 62. Cholesterol is still high. He then requested for an ultrasound of my liver and we found out that I have a

    MILD FATTY Liver.

    He also did a gastroscopy of my stomach and found out that I had gastritis. No threatening symptoms in my stomach.

    He decided that we do something about those 2 High results and gave me medicine to lower down the cholesterol level and vitamins that could fix my SGPT. At this time, I've been taking a lot of medicines - 1) for my gastritis 2) liver 3) stress medicine 4) another for my gastritis.
    It has been going on for a while and now I decided to return to my doctor.

    Now I had my blood test and we found out that my cholesterol level went down from 220 to 150 which is good. But the problem is my SGPT, it is now 79!

    My doctor said that it was because I was drinking the cholesterol medicine. Now he said that since my cholesterol is fine, I should stop the cholesterol medicine to lower down the SGPT.

    I'm not doubting my doctor but is that true? I did some research and I believe there is a truth on what he said.

    He also said that I should just continue my Gastritis tablet and Liver vitamins for 2 months. He reduced the Gastritis tablet for once a day, it was 2x a day before. He also said I should exercise and have a strict diet.

    Well I guess this are my real questions:

    1) Is 79 alarming for my SGPT level? (normal is 42)

    2) What are the best ways to lower down SGPT and how fast will it go down? Can I achieve something in 10 days? Because I'm planning to check my SGPT level after 10 days.

    3) Can an Ultrasound detect Hepatitis? I read something about negative results of Hepatitis in the Ultrasound results. I don't know if that is relative information or what.

    Thank you very much.
    BTW, the last time I drank alcohol was September of 2008. Since that day I never had alcohol intake in my body to date.

    • ANSWER:
      First off, I have to say your original doctor sounds like a keeper (and I do not say that often). Your original Total Cholesterol of 220 is not alarming (depending on the ratios of LDL and HDL), in fact it was considered normal until the pharmaceutical companies decided that cholesterol medications would be their number one sellers by lowering what was considered normal. You likely could have lowered it by modifying your diet and exercising.
      I find 150 total cholesterol to be alarming, especially when you know it is being caused by a medication that blocks an enzyme in your body that is not specific to the formation of cholesterol alone, but other important processes and nutrients too.
      Your Doctor is spot on about dropping the cholesterol meds. GGTP is elevated and this could be caused by too much alcohol use in the past or Gallbladder (or bile duct or pancreas) problems. If your stomach gets upset when you eat greasy or fatty foods, if your stools are greasy, shiny, light or clay colored and you get pain between your shoulder blades, it is more likely from the gallbladder.
      I can't tell you how long it will take to improve because more testing and questioning needs to be done to determine what is wrong. Once you determine what part of your body is in distress you can follow an action plan based on lifestyle changes and likely nutritional supplements, like your doctor has suggested.
      If your physician suspects hepatitis then they can run an antibody test.
      I hope this helps.

  11. QUESTION:
    Can anyone take Liv 52?
    Do I have to get a Doctor to Prescribe Liv 52 or can anyone take it. I did a blood test and it showed elevated ALT/AST levels. It was diognised as fatty liver. I have started exercising regularly and want to bring the levels to normalcy as fast as possible. I have a belly and want to reduce it desperately. Also, I live in New Zealand and don't know how to order Liv 52 in New Zealand. Any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      yes, its good for liver, if u have any relative or friend in india , ask them to send you the medicine

  12. QUESTION:
    Elevated ALT levels and high Cholestrol?
    I am 29 years old female, weight 138 pounds and height 5 feet 7 inches. I went for general checkup and my results showed a total cholestrol of 288 and LDL at 189. My liver test showed ALT at 79 with normal as <40. AST showed 37 with normal being <30. I don't drink alcohol and don't smoke. I am not sure why there is such a sudden increase in the ALT and cholestrol. Last years medical test showed normal liver functioning and cholestrol within normal limits. I was asked to get a LFT (Liver function Test) done. But I had a change in residence. In the new place I contacted a doctor and he said after looking at the ALT levels that I have Non Alcoholic fatty liver. Now I have these questions
    1. Do I need to get a second opinion? Or just reduce around 15 pounds as he suggested?
    2. Is there a possibility of any other problems than fatty liver?
    3. How can he know I have non alcoholic fatty liver just by looking at my test results?
    Any suggestions would be greatly helpful to me in deciding.

    • ANSWER:
      You should be with either a gastroenterologist (someone who deals with
      digestive diseases) or a hepatologist
      (someone who specializes in the liver.
      One blood test may show a problem...but
      no testing is 100% accurate. It usually
      takes a series of these tests to be done to
      be sure that a mistake hasn't been made.
      They have checked your lipid levels, which
      is your cholesterol, HDL, VLDL, and LDL...
      some people can have high levels of this
      due to hereditary conditions. The doctor
      usually places a person on a lower
      cholesterol diet first...to see how far down
      this level goes...if it doesn't decrease well,
      then they are usually placed on medication
      to bring it down...like statins.

      You had your liver enzymes checked and
      they appear to be higher than normal, as
      you stated. If you had another blood test
      done, known as LFT or Liver function tests..
      it will show them if the cells of the liver
      are functioning well enough to do the job
      they normally do to keep the body well.
      It would be wise for them to do this.

      If you have had no other testing besides
      the blood work to view the liver itself...
      then I would say to get a second opinion...
      more testing needs to be done to be sure
      what is causing the liver problem.
      Usually, liver disease starts out as
      inflammation of the liver cells and has a
      number of other causes...not just fatty liver:
      alcohol consumption, medication toxification, chemical exposure, biiary
      blockage or malformation leading to strictures of the bile ducts, mushroom
      poisoning, Hepatitis virus like Hep A,B,C,
      etc. and more. If you believe it is a fatty
      liver...losing weight does help those who
      have this. The fat that builds up inside the
      cells can damage the liver cells.

      Doctors usually start out with blood tests
      and then move to the least invasive tests:
      like the ultrasound, Ct scan, or MRI.
      They can see how the blood is flowing,
      if there are any nodules present, if the
      liver is enlarged because of inflammation,
      if the liver appears to be fatty and so much
      more. If the liver shows damage to the cells
      then they may proceed to an invasive test,
      as a last resort, known as the liver biopsy.

      What they see on the liver enzymes ALT and AST level...isn't enough to diagnose
      your problem. They may be going by
      your medical history. These enzymes
      may be normally elevated because of
      hereditary condition and be perfectly
      normal for you; they can also be elevated
      if you did exercise before you had them done and there may be other reasons for
      their elevation.

      It never hurts to get a second opinion to
      be sure if you think the doctor is wrong or
      uncertain in your diagnosis. We don't
      have enough information here to make
      a determination on this.

      Best wishes to you.

  13. QUESTION:
    What should be done to decrease the obesity rates? Do we want an ill nation?
    Since it is estimated that 75% of Americans will be obese by 2015....

    And since obesity is a costly condition that can reduce quality of life and increases the risk for many serious chronic diseases and premature death.

    Evidence: Child Obesity Linked to Early Death, Before Age 55
    Obesity responsible for more than - 100,000 cases of cancer per year
    Childhood obesity - linked to stiff arteries
    - linked to fewer "pleasure" receptors
    - linked to poor school performance
    - linked to more liver disease than alcohol :O
    - linked to lower testosterone levels
    - early puberty in young girls
    Teen Obesity - Linked to Later Multiple Sclerosis
    - increases risk of coronary heart disease and stroke
    - increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
    - increases risk of Alzheimer's disease
    - Diabetes
    - Dyslipidemia
    - Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
    - High blood pressure
    - can increase the risk of dementia up to 80%
    - Gynecological problems
    - increases risk of Fibromygalia
    - linked to sexual Dysfunction
    - linked to lower sperm count
    -- increased risk of many cancers

    - breast cancer
    - endometrial cancer
    - colorectal cancer
    - ovarian cancer
    - gallbladder
    - aggressive prostate cancer
    - pancreatic cancer
    - esophageal cancers
    - kidney cancer

    Obesity = brain shrinkage = stupidity ....

    Imagine how stupid America will be....

    "The researchers found that all of these OBESITY indicators were inversely
    associated with total brain volume - that is, the higher any indicator was, the SMALLER THE BRAIN VOLUME -
    and that the association between abdominal fat and brain volume was the strongest of all.
    Waist-to-hip ratio was also found to be associated with increased temporal horn volume,
    independently of other obesity indicators.
    The temporal horn is a part of the ventricular system; its volume is known to increase with age,
    and in conditions such as Alzheimer's Disease, depression and schizophrenia.
    Enlargement of the temporal horn invariably involves a reduction in the volume of temporal lobe structures such as
    the hippocampus, and thus is closely associated with MEMORY IMPAIRMENTS.

    Cancer
    "Fat cells produce estrogen, which are now known to be a factor in breast cancer and endometrial cancer.
    Fatty tissue also affects the way the body metabolizes insulin,
    which can alter how sugar is processed and how it ultimately gets to cells.

    Fatty tissue, also known as adipose tissue, produces hormones on its own that could play a role in promoting cancer cells.
    It also has been shown to produce chronic, low-grade inflammation in the body.

    Sources:
    http://scienceblogs.com/neurophilosophy/2010/06/obesity_linked_to_brain_shrinkage_and_dementia.php
    http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2007-10-16-obesity-gene_N.htm
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/721275
    http://health.usnews.com/health-news/family-health/cancer/articles/2009/01/05/obesity-linked-to-ovarian-cancer.html
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Neurology/MultipleSclerosis/16922
    http://osteoarthritis.about.com/b/2009/03/29/obesity-linked-to-osteoarthritis-and-joint-replacement-complications.htm
    http://calorielab.com/news/2008/11/22/fatty-liver-obesity/

    http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm59e0803a1.htm?s_cid=mm59e0803a1_e%0D%0A
    Lib Nemesis I care about my nation.

    And if you want to remain a super power... know that our military is shrinking...

    many can not qualify

    • ANSWER:
      Stop blaming the people and hold corporations and our government accountable. Stop allowing them to to use steroids in beef and chicken. Stop regulating the produce, so that it isn't expensive to eat healthy. Change the schools back to the way they were, when you had to take Physical education everyday in all grades. Stop consolidating schools in the name of saving money, so kids have to ride a bus instead of walking to school, and finally build more parks and playgrounds.

  14. QUESTION:
    How to Fix Gynecomastia naturally?
    I started to have the Gynecomastia about year ago. My nipples started to feel sore and sensivite and I really didn't think much of it.
    I never used any drugs, but I did use supplements, for working out.
    I went to the doctor about 2 months ago and we found out that my liver wasn't functioning right.
    I found out I had a fatty liver, with extremely high level of Triglycerides.
    The doctor has put me on a medication and would like to see the decrease of the Triglycerides before he even thinks about prescribing me a drug for Gynecomastia.
    I have lowered my triglyceride level, but I would like to use something natrual or vitamins to help the reduce of the Gynecomastia.

    Any suggestion would be greatly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:

  15. QUESTION:
    having a hard time understanding this article, please help?
    The liver stores glucose by converting it to glycogen.(I understand so far) It holds perhaps a 12-hour supply of glucose in its glycogen(typo, did it mean liver? If it converts to glycogen how can it be held in glycogen?) . Once you finish digesting all of the carbohydrates that you last ate, the liver starts converting its stored glycogen back into glucose and releases it to maintain glucose in the blood. (Understood)Lipolysis (lip-what?) also starts breaking down fat in the fat cells and releasing fatty acids into the bloodstream. Tissues that do not need to use glucose for energy (for example, muscle cells) start burning the fatty acids. This reduces the glucose demand so that nerve cells get the glucose. (ok, how does this affect your body?)
    Once the liver runs out of glycogen, the liver converts to a process called gluconeogenesis. Gluconeogenesis turns amino acids into glucose. (um, no comprendo on the last part)

    comments in () are mine, everything else is the web article
    oopsies, pressed the wrong category, ok. From now on, please comment about how you feel about diets and ignore the above info ^_^

    • ANSWER:
      Wow, is this a survey? Or a joke? I think your in the wrong room. We ain't that smart here.

      I don't eat liver, sorry

  16. QUESTION:
    Need help with biology?
    Please read the article and help explain refering to the comments in the()

    The liver stores glucose by converting it to glycogen.(I understand so far) It holds perhaps a 12-hour supply of glucose in its glycogen(typo, did it mean liver? If it converts to glycogen how can it be held in glycogen?) . Once you finish digesting all of the carbohydrates that you last ate, the liver starts converting its stored glycogen back into glucose and releases it to maintain glucose in the blood. (Understood)Lipolysis (lip-what?) also starts breaking down fat in the fat cells and releasing fatty acids into the bloodstream. Tissues that do not need to use glucose for energy (for example, muscle cells) start burning the fatty acids. This reduces the glucose demand so that nerve cells get the glucose. (ok, how does this affect your body?)
    Once the liver runs out of glycogen, the liver converts to a process called gluconeogenesis. Gluconeogenesis turns amino acids into glucose. (I got lost)

    • ANSWER:
      What we're talking about here is how your body gets energy. As you probably know, there are generally three major sources (you see them on all the food labels): fats (also called lipids), carbohydrates (things like sugar, including glucose), and proteins (things made of amino acids - your excerpt doesn't much talk about them, so we'll ignore them from here on out too).

      Now, if you left all the sugars in your bloodstream, it would throw a lot of things out of whack. Your body tries to always maintain a certain balance. So when there's lots of glucose in your blood, the liver takes it out and turns it into something else (glycogen in this case). Then, when there's too little glucose in your blood, the liver takes that other stuff and turns it back into glucose. Handy.

      Glucose is particularly important because there are some cells in your body (like your brain) that pretty much ONLY run on glucose. So if that runs out then you start to be in big trouble. Your brain is a HUGE user of energy, consuming about 20% of your body's oxygen and as much as 30% of your body's energy all by itself.

      And that's why, when blood sugar starts running down, your body tries to save much of what's left for your brain. Fat cells are broken into those fatty acids as an alternate energy source for all your other tissues. Your liver starts trying to turn other things that are lying around into glucose... amino acids in this case, which come from those proteins. And so it goes until you eat something sugary again.

      Don't let the vocabulary hang you up. Some of these terms you'll see over and over again, so let's define some of them now:

      -LYSIS is breaking something up. You may have heard of cells being 'lysed', or of the 'lysosome' organelle which breaks down stuff in the cell. Any time you see some variant of this, it means it's destroying something else. So glycolysis breaks glucose down, lipolysis breaks lipids down, and so on.

      -GENESIS is exactly the opposite - building something up. If you're making it from scratch, they may stick 'neo' (meaning new) in there too. So gluconeogenesis is making new glucose. You can tell just from how the word is put together.

      Particularly in this section, you'll probably want to keep on the lookout for GLUCO- (having to do with glucose specifically or carbohydrates in general) and LIPO- (having to do with lipids or fats). You'll see it other places too: the 'liposome' is the organelle in a cell that holds lipids, for example.

      Hope that helps! Sounds like you're actually getting most of what's going on!

  17. QUESTION:
    HB pony club test question?
    I'm going to be taking my HB test in a few months. I know there is a depth of knowledge sheet on the PC website, but I feel like I don't understand how in depth I need to be. Can someone explain to me how in depth my answer should be? Would an answer like this be ok:

    Question: Why does a horse need carbohydrates and what are the primary sources?
    Answer: There are two types of carbohydrates, soluble and non soluble carbohydrates. Soluble carbs like starches and sugars, are defined by their ability to break down into simple sugars called glucose, which are then absorbed by the small intestine and assimlitated into the blood stream. Insulin continues the proces by transferring glucose to the liver and msucles where it is stored for utilization on demand. This reserve of energy is called glycogen. Glycogen provides the power for physical activities. Starch from corn, oats, barley, and molasses are most commonly equated to soluble carbs. Horses who are intensive work require adequate soluble carbs in their diet to maintain adequate muscle glygogen levels.
    Insoluble carbs are derived from cellulose, which is digested by microbes in the cecum and large intestine. Insoluble carbs are transformed into volatile fatty acids which are eventually absorbed and held by the liver as an additional energy source. Nutrients found in forages such as hay, grass, beet pulp, and soybean hulls are the main suppliers of insoluble carbs.
    Problems may occur when feeding excess amounts of soluble carbs in grain. When the starches are broken down in the stomach and small intestine, they are thought to release a surplus of glucose and insulin into the blood stream. The intake of excessive amounts of starch and sugar can lead to metabolic upsets. Also, when not starches aren't broken down enough, residual starches enter the cecum and ferment, which is where colic and intestinal disorders originate.
    Insoluble carbs should not be compromised in an effort to reduce starches and sugars as it is fundamental for an efficient digestive system.

    • ANSWER:
      In pony club, it's usually best to have a very detailed answer, and let them cut you off when they've heard enough!

      Here is a great study guide website with many links to help you:
      http://midcal.ponyclub.org/study_aids.htm

  18. QUESTION:
    Please help me with my science questions?
    these are questions i need to answer that i have no idea what the answers are. please help and tell me how sure you are on the questions you know.

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn's disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      Part 1

      1. b , 2. d, 3. b

      Part 2

      2. gastro reflux
      3. hiatal hernia
      4. heartburn
      5. pyloric stenosis
      6. ulcer
      7. H. pylori
      8. histmaine
      9. Crohn's
      10. Hep A
      11. diverticula
      12. diarrhea
      13. constipation

  19. QUESTION:
    How do we decrease the obesity rates?
    How do we decrease the obesity rates?
    What should be done to decrease the obesity rates?
    Since it is estimated that 75% of Americans will be obese by 2015....

    And since obesity is a costly condition that can reduce quality of life and increases the risk for many serious chronic diseases and premature death.

    Evidence: Child Obesity Linked to Early Death, Before Age 55
    Obesity responsible for more than - 100,000 cases of cancer per year
    Childhood obesity - linked to stiff arteries
    - linked to fewer "pleasure" receptors
    - linked to poor school performance
    - linked to more liver disease than alcohol :O
    - linked to lower testosterone levels
    - early puberty in young girls
    Teen Obesity - Linked to Later Multiple Sclerosis
    - increases risk of coronary heart disease and stroke
    - increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
    - increases risk of Alzheimer's disease
    - Diabetes
    - Dyslipidemia
    - Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
    - High blood pressure
    - can increase the risk of dementia up to 80%
    - Gynecological problems
    - increases risk of Fibromygalia
    - linked to sexual Dysfunction
    - linked to lower sperm count
    -- increased risk of many cancers

    - breast cancer
    - endometrial cancer
    - colorectal cancer
    - ovarian cancer
    - gallbladder
    - aggressive prostate cancer
    - pancreatic cancer
    - esophageal cancers
    - kidney cancer

    Obesity = brain shrinkage = stupidity ....

    Imagine how stupid America will be....

    "The researchers found that all of these OBESITY indicators were inversely
    associated with total brain volume - that is, the higher any indicator was, the SMALLER THE BRAIN VOLUME -
    and that the association between abdominal fat and brain volume was the strongest of all.
    Waist-to-hip ratio was also found to be associated with increased temporal horn volume,
    independently of other obesity indicators.
    The temporal horn is a part of the ventricular system; its volume is known to increase with age,
    and in conditions such as Alzheimer's Disease, depression and schizophrenia.
    Enlargement of the temporal horn invariably involves a reduction in the volume of temporal lobe structures such as
    the hippocampus, and thus is closely associated with MEMORY IMPAIRMENTS.

    Cancer
    "Fat cells produce estrogen, which are now known to be a factor in breast cancer and endometrial cancer.
    Fatty tissue also affects the way the body metabolizes insulin,
    which can alter how sugar is processed and how it ultimately gets to cells.

    Fatty tissue, also known as adipose tissue, produces hormones on its own that could play a role in promoting cancer cells.
    It also has been shown to produce chronic, low-grade inflammation in the body.

    Yes I already asked this question.
    http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;…

    And

    are cheap additives harmful?

    is it the high fructose corn syrup? msg? is it the toxins in the meat?

    • ANSWER:
      One good way is to eliminate the government subsidies on farming and the FDA ran food industry.

      They don't make food naturally anymore, they practically soak everything we eat in chemicals, additives, subsidies, and etc.

      Almost everything in the market these days is high in sodium, subsidized materials, and chemicals which is exactly why America is so unhealthy.

      Good food is twice as expensive as the shit grown on farm subsidies.

  20. QUESTION:
    How to lower the obesity rates?
    Since it is estimated that 75% of Americans will be obese by 2015....

    And since obesity is a costly condition that can reduce quality of life and increases the risk for many serious chronic diseases and premature death.

    Evidence:

    Child Obesity Linked to Early Death, Before Age 55
    Obesity responsible for more than - 100,000 cases of cancer per year
    Childhood obesity - linked to stiff arteries
    - linked to fewer "pleasure" receptors
    - linked to poor school performance
    - linked to more liver disease than alcohol :O
    - linked to lower testosterone levels
    - early puberty in young girls
    Teen Obesity - Linked to Later Multiple Sclerosis
    - increases risk of coronary heart disease and stroke
    - increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
    - increases risk of Alzheimer's disease
    - Diabetes
    - Dyslipidemia
    - Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
    - High blood pressure
    - can increase the risk of dementia up to 80%
    - Gynecological problems
    - increases risk of Fibromygalia
    - linked to sexual Dysfunction
    - linked to lower sperm count
    -- increased risk of many cancers
    - breast cancer
    - endometrial cancer
    - colorectal cancer
    - ovarian cancer
    - gallbladder
    - aggressive prostate cancer
    - pancreatic cancer
    - esophageal cancers
    - kidney cancer

    Obesity = brain shrinkage = stupidity ....

    "The researchers found that all of these OBESITY indicators were inversely
    associated with total brain volume - that is, the higher any indicator was, the SMALLER THE BRAIN VOLUME -
    and that the association between abdominal fat and brain volume was the strongest of all.
    Waist-to-hip ratio was also found to be associated with increased temporal horn volume,
    independently of other obesity indicators.
    The temporal horn is a part of the ventricular system; its volume is known to increase with age,
    and in conditions such as Alzheimer's Disease, depression and schizophrenia.
    Enlargement of the temporal horn invariably involves a reduction in the volume of temporal lobe structures such as
    the hippocampus, and thus is closely associated with MEMORY IMPAIRMENTS.

    Cancer
    "Fat cells produce estrogen, which are now known to be a factor in breast cancer and endometrial cancer.
    Fatty tissue also affects the way the body metabolizes insulin,
    which can alter how sugar is processed and how it ultimately gets to cells.

    Fatty tissue, also known as adipose tissue, produces hormones on its own that could play a role in promoting cancer cells.
    It also has been shown to produce chronic, low-grade inflammation in the body.

    Oh and currently, there are 52 million americans suffering from arthritis.
    Turns out, 10 extra pounds increases the force on each knee by between 30 and 60 pounds with every step.

    Other question: How much are obesity induced diseases costing america?

    • ANSWER:
      Easy: kill all the fat people. Done.


How To Keep Liver Healthy

Can you fade liver spots without using chemicals that risk scarring and flaking? Yes, you can and it won't cost you the earth either.

Many people think that the only way to fade liver spots is to attack them with harsh chemical treatments.

But these treatments can have some unpleasant side effects. Some, like the skin whitener hydroquinone, are banned in some European countries because of concerns about cancer. Others, like Retin-A and alpha hydroxy peels (AHA), can cause redness, itching, burning and flaking.

Even liquid nitrogen therapy, which freezes the spots so they eventually turn white and disappear, can cause permanent scarring. It also stings quite a bit!

All of these treatments can be quite expensive too.

Fortunately, you can fade liver spots much more gently, without risking scarring or other permanent damage to your skin.

The secret is to find a whitening product that uses 100% natural ingredients, not harsh chemicals.

The most important ingredient to look for is Extraponea, nutgrass. Nutgrass is a wild plant that grows mainly in India but also in many other parts of the world.

The special thing about nutgrass is that it naturally inhibits melanin, the dark brown pigment that colors the skin and that reacts to exposure to the sun.

Why is this important to know if you want to fade liver spots? These blemishes will appear as you age on those parts of the body most exposed to the sun. They are often called age spots or sun spots. They usually start to appear after the age of 40 because your skin becomes less able to repair itself after sun exposure from that age. They have nothing to do with the liver! 'Liver spot' is just the name given to them because they are a reddish-brown color.

So by inhibiting melanin, nutgrass can gradually lighten the skin color, and fade liver spots and other signs of sun damage, such as freckles. It does this entirely without causing irritation or scarring of any sort. In fact, nutgrass was first used in skin care as an anti-irritant and its wonderful whitening properties were only discovered afterwards.

The best skin whitening creams should not only contain nutgrass - they should also act as anti-aging day creams to give you the greatest benefit. There's no point using a special cream to fade liver spots while the rest of your skin continues to suffer the damage that comes with aging.

Once you have used nutgrass to successfully fade liver spots, try to limit your time in the sun to reduce the likelihood of them coming back. You only need a few minutes a day to produce the vitamin D you need for good health. So, once you're past 40, lying on the beach soaking up the rays for hours is definitely not a good idea!

Now that you know what special ingredient to look for in a whitening cream, there's no need to consider harsh treatments to fade liver spots. Why not give yourself a chance to reduce them naturally and avoid further damage to your skin? If you would like to know more about natural methods for lightening the complexion, please take a moment to visit my website.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How to keep my stomach,intestine& liver healthy?
    What kind of food do I need to take to keep healthy stomach/liver/intestine? and also what practice should i take?

    • ANSWER:
      foods high in fiber- grains, bran cereal is a common food used. fruit with the peel still on.... fiber helps you digest regularly and efficiently

  2. QUESTION:
    How to keep the liver healthy?
    I was wondering, because I am currently taking medication that is a bit hard on the liver, what diet's/exercises would keep the liver healthy?

    I do not want my liver to degrade down.

    For now, I am just eating two helpings of fruits a day along with a half mile jog everyday.
    I am primarily concerned about Cholestasis

    • ANSWER:
      eat smaller "meals" more often as opposed to few meals that are large meals

      eat when you are hungry and stop when you are satiated. Don't keep eating more and more.

      minimize or avoid alcohol

  3. QUESTION:
    How can i keep my liver healthy ?????
    At age 10 i got in to major bike accident and i hit the handel bars really hard and i ripped my liver inside. At the hospital doctors told me never drink or smoke, also dont eat spice food. HOw can i keep my lives in good condition ? should i eat alot of oranges, appels, bannans ?/ Should i drink orange juice ?

    Im currently 17 years old.

    • ANSWER:
      As someone with a liver problem (albeit older) I was told by my clinic that healthy eating is the best thing, Of course as you say no alcohol or smoking is also a top tip

  4. QUESTION:
    How can i keep my liver in good health ???
    I was just woundering what types of fruits should i eat to keep my liver healthy ?

    Does running help out liver ??

    I run 20 min a day now so i was just woundering will this help my liver ??

    At age ten i had a bike accident and i ripped my liver now im 17 and i want to keep it healthy for ever.

    I never will drink and ill never smoke.

    • ANSWER:
      Drink lots of water! Keep the flow going.

  5. QUESTION:
    How to keep my liver healthy? Other then drinking more water, eating more fruits and sleep early.?

    • ANSWER:
      don't drink lots of alcohol, and don't take too much tylenol (definately don't do both at the same time :)
      too much of these things can be very hard on your liver

  6. QUESTION:
    how to keep a healthy liver if you drink a lot of dark liqour like hennessy,remy martin,?
    would clear achol be better or is it the same

    • ANSWER:
      there is no way to have a healthy liver if you drink too much. clear or not. Sorry.

  7. QUESTION:
    How does the liver work with other body systems to keep the body healthy?
    This is for my pathophysiology class.
    Actually, and which diseases affect the liver?

    • ANSWER:

  8. QUESTION:
    Is milk thistle good for the liver?
    Is garlic or milt thistle good for keeping your liver healthy? I have heard that there is no real benefit by taking these supplements and was curious as to how effective they really are.

    • ANSWER:
      Milk Thistle does do good things for the liver. My liver transplant people told me that. But they also said it would not cure or do much of anything to help liver disease such as cirrhosis. Once the damage is there, it's not going to take it away. They told me I could take it if I wanted and it would not hurt me. They have done a lot of research on it, and in my opinion, it does help to protect the liver from what I have read. It is no miracle drug like some people want to believe, but it does help.

  9. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know some good things I can do for my liver?
    I drink alcohol just about everyday. I'd like to know if anyone has some ideas on what herbal medicines or anything I can do to help my liver stay healthy.
    Please don't tell me stop drinking, I already know that one. Also I drink at least a gallon a day of water and water while I drink alcohol. I don't take any OTC medicines, or any presciption drugs, or any other kind of drugs. Just some hints on how to keep it healthy.
    For Mr. Answerman. Please read questions thoroughly, I said in my question orignally, please don't tell me to stop drinking, I already know that one!
    I'm not goig to not enjoy wine with my dinner every night, it was how I was brought up, I enjoy it very much. The question is ... is there anything I can do for my liver?

    • ANSWER:
      All natural Liver DTX Complex is a botanical blend that promotes comprehensive liver health. Plant-based healers such as milk thistle seed extract, dandelion, and turmeric help flush out toxins, thwart free radicals, and support liver regeneration.

      Hope this is helpful and feel free to contact me with questions.

  10. QUESTION:
    worried about liver damage?
    when i was a teenager (16) i was stupid. i would occasionally get wasted but my main concern was this once incident when i drank a bottle of cough syrup (don't bother telling me how stupid it was...trust me i know!!) i don't know what i was thinking. anyways, i really want to make sure i keep my liver healthy from now on. i heard milk thistle is good for that? also do you think any serious long term dangerous damage was done from my silly teenage days? thanks =)

    • ANSWER:
      i'm not sure what can be done for liver health, but i do know that as long as you don't continue with alcohol binges, then you'll be fine the liver is an extremely resilient organ.

  11. QUESTION:
    liver's functions and what it does and how it keeps you healthy?
    which organ system contains your organ?
    what are the organs main functions?
    how does you organ work with other systems to keep your body healthy?
    which diseases for disorders affect your organ?
    can you live without that organ?
    PLEASE HELP! :)

    • ANSWER:
      OMG! Anyone answering all these questions would have to type an encyclopedia to answer correctly. You are going to have to start doing some research on your own. Start with Wikipedia.

  12. QUESTION:
    How to keep a hedgehog healthy?
    Are there any ways to make sure my hedgehog never gets cancerous tumors or liver failure or seizures or any other health problems? Other than just taking care of it the right way?

    • ANSWER:
      it is very hard to totally prevent cancer in any species. Liver failure can be helped by feeding a high quality food with the right levels of fat and proteins. Find a light variety of a high quality cat food and make sure they get plenty of exercise and this will help ward off most liver problems, especially fatty liver disease.

      Cancer is curable sometimes if it is caught early enough. Keep an eye on him or her by inspecting their body daily looking for lumps, bumps, redness or swelling on the skin or in the mouth. Oral tumours are quite common and are often the hardest to cure, even if they are caught early.

      Seizures are not common in hedgehogs and quite often, a source is not easily determined. It could be a brain tumour, poisoning, hypoglycemia, etc... Poisoning is easy to avoid if you carefully monitor what goes in their cage and what they come in contact with when they are out. If a seizure occurs, get to the vet asap.

      Other common ailments are WHS. There is no cure and no preventative action that can be successfully taken. Often, you just need to make the animal comfortable and be ready to help them along when they are ready :(

      If you are worried about health problems, discuss with your vet what form of action she would recommend for the more common problems that you mentioned. Have regular stool and blood checks done and visits for whenever you suspect something is amiss.

      Best of luck!

  13. QUESTION:
    How do you keep a healthy diet ?
    I was having a diet this summer ready for school but my mum said that ive gone fat so i've started to eat these cod liver oil things that has vitamin A,D,E to keep me going but i still think that ive not been having a healthy diet

    Any advise on how to lose weight and keep fit, i know that i have to do more exercise i've got a small house and don't have room to do any exercise. At least i have to lose 2 or 3 pound because school is coming up and i have PE and have to run...

    • ANSWER:
      if your PE teacher is going to have you running and you know this is a sticking point for you, might as well get your prep on now. get out to the track every day and try to fast walk for like 45 minutes. every 4th lap run, by the time school starts up, you'll be shopping for clothes a size smaller!
      also helps to limit sugary sweets and carby food like chips and fries and stuff.
      oh and if you're not drinking more water than a barracuda, it isnt enough.

  14. QUESTION:
    Ive been taking pain killers for my pain for a long time and im worried about my liver...should i b??
    How long does it take before affecting your liver and what not. What can i do to keep a good healthy liver??? Its mainly the acetephetamine im worried about.

    • ANSWER:
      Acetaminophen can have detrimental side effects to the liver over prolonged use, especially if it has been mixed with alcohol (I'm not saying you did). For specific time frames it depends on how much you take and how often. If your pain has occurred for a long time you should see your doctor, he/she should be able to pinpoint the cause and give you something better to relieve the pain.

  15. QUESTION:
    I have a liver disease and I recently read that...?
    People like me can't deal with fatty foods as well as normal people. My question is this...How do I know that it's causing more problems (symptoms) and since I lost too much weight before my low sodium diet started and I'm trying to gain to be normal again...How much fat is too much fat? What actually happens to my liver with any undigested fat in my system?

    My doctor hasn't broached this subject as of yet and I have an appointment in a month. I take a bile duct pill as well as diuretics and eat high potassium foods and take multi vitamins. I still smoke, but that's a habit that's seen better days as well as drinking. I'm 7 months plus sober since i found out.

    I'm trying to do everything possible to keep healthy until I can get a new liver, but there's so much information that I still don't know. Please tell me about fat as I'm severely underweight, which isn't healthy, either.

    Thanks in advance!
    So, you're saying that since my cirrhosis is caused from alcohol, I don't have fatty liver disease and shouldn't really worry about the small amount of fat that I consume? Since my low sodium diet requires me to make my own foods (no premade rices or boxed meals), my meals are pretty low sodium and fat. I just read that the liver doesn't use fat when it's diseased and I wanted to know what the signs were. You told me light colored, greasy, floating bowel movements. If mine are that way occasionally (one to three days a month) is that ok or normal?

    I don't watch my fat intake, but since my low sodium controls my diet I was worried that I would have to cut out the fats too. The fats I consume are the healthy versions for the most part. I do use butter and evoo for cooking when needed.

    I appreciate all your helpful information. Can I contact you personally?

    • ANSWER:
      I will try to explain about liver disease:
      There are over 30 causes of the liver cells becoming damaged.
      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune system of
      the body will respond to this and cause inflammation to develop
      inside the liver. This will cause the liver to enlarge in size.
      If the cause can be found and "if it can be" stopped, the problem
      should reverse and the liver cells can heal.
      However, if this doesn't take place, the inflammation will
      continue on and cause the liver cells to start to die off and
      form scar tissue inside the liver. The scar tissue will
      eventually block the flow of blood through the liver
      on its way back to the heart and to the other functioning
      liver cells and they will continue to die off. This is then
      a diagnosis of Cirrhosis of the liver. It is an
      irreversible, progressive disease.

      Those who have what is known as a Fatty liver disease
      from: obesity, fast weight loss, gaining weight, diabetes,
      certain kinds of medications, high cholesterol or triglyceride
      levels, alcohol consumption and others....may be placed on
      a diet to help remove fats from the body. If there is Fat
      infiltration inside the liver...the fat can cause damage to the
      liver cells because it causes added pressure inside the liver...
      it is then diagnosed as Steatohepatitis. STeato means
      fat, hepat means liver, and itis means inflammation.

      The liver makes bile. Bile flows from the inside of the liver,
      through tube like structures (known as ducts) to the gallbladder
      to be stored and concentrated. When we eat and the food
      moves from the stomach to the first part of the intestines...
      hormones signal the gallbladder to contract and this pushes
      this bile into the common bile duct to flow down to the
      intestines to help emulsify the fats, so they can be digested
      and absorbed into the body. Sometimes, the bile ducts
      become blocked by a stone or growth, malformation of the
      ducts, or even an infection. If the bile doesn't reach the intestines,
      certain fat soluble vitamins will not be absorbed and neither will
      the fats...they will stay in the intestines and go out in the
      bowel movements. The stools will become lighter in color and
      may even float on top of the water and appear greasy.

      People who have liver disease, have muscle wasting
      and tend to become very thin inspite of anything they may
      eat.

      You stated that you are placed on a "lower" sodium diet
      and diuretics. That is because Cirrhosis patients tend to
      hold onto sodium in their bodies, which holds onto fluid.
      This can cause swelling of the legs and feet and other areas.
      The doctor usually informs the patient of how much sodium and,
      also, how much fluid they are allowed to have in a days time period.
      Ascites, is the build up of fluid in the abdominal area because
      of the liver not being able to make a protein, known as
      Albumin, efficiently anymore. This protein is what holds fluids
      inside our vessels and now it leaks out and collects there.
      The doctor can remove this fluid by a procedure known as
      paracentesis.

      It depends on the cause of your liver disease, what your diet
      should be. If necessary, the doctor may refer you to a
      dietitian that will take into account all your medical conditions
      and make up a diet that is specific to your personal body's
      needs. The best oils to use are olive oil and canola oil.
      However, baking...broiling...boiling foods are much better
      for you than frying them.
      Most liver patients who have liver disease not from alcohol
      or a fatty liver condition, should eat a well balanced diet and
      this includes some oils/fats.
      If you have difficulty eatting, you can ask the doctor to be
      placed on supplements. There are drinks that can replace
      the food you eat. However, he may take you off the extra
      vitamins if he does this...as these supplements tend to
      cover alot of them.

      I hope this information has been of help to you. Best wishes

  16. QUESTION:
    how to keep my face healthy and clean?
    i want to know how i can make my american face healthy and clean in less than a year do i use col liver iol cocunut aloevera????????

    • ANSWER:

  17. QUESTION:
    three questions about the liver? science project due tomorrow! Help please?
    I need help on my science project and its due tomorrow! please help me out, even if you only know one of these. thanks mucho.

    1. what type of tissue makes up the liver?
    2.how does the liver work with other systems to keep the body healthy?
    3.which oran system contains the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cells

      The liver filters toxins out of you body, and produces bile, which aids in the digestion of fats.

      The digestive system contains the liver.

  18. QUESTION:
    I have obsessive compulsion disorder; cannabis?
    Alright, so, was recently caught by parents and signed a contract with them not to mess with cannabis anymore, and 16 weeks clean my ocd sky rocketed and I'm fucking up school because I feel wrong in a sense and I can't focus and have to constantly do ritual scheduled things for legit, every minute of the entire day. when I was smoking, none of this ever occured and my grades were good. my parents seem to think that cannabis is not for medical use whatsoever, and no matter how many scientist papers and legit docs I give them, they throw BS in my face as they're "always right" cause they're "older and know more"... I don't know what to do anymore as it's spiriling me into depression as I also suffer from depression issues as well as a massive social anxiety condition and some stress disorder that I have yet to be diagnosed with. I really do not want to take Zoloft as I intend to keep a healthy liver. I don't want to seem like a stoner, but I have no idea what else to do. I'm in a great deal of suffering and massive amounts of stress from ocd affecting my school and life, as well as the social anxiety eating me away...

    Please, I really need some advice right about now.

    • ANSWER:
      go to the therapist and explain your situation in frank terms.

      do you live in a state with medical marijuana laws? they usually do not apply to minors, so you might be out of luck. if you truly have ocd, you might be able to convince your parents that smoking really does help, but i would probably try to go through some conventional methods of treatment before that.

      if you are diagnosed with moderate to severe ocd, i would get your therapist and your parents together and frankly explain the situation and how badly you feel it is affecting your life. it may be illegal, but what is right and wrong in the eyes of the law and what is right and wrong in your life are often unparallel.

  19. QUESTION:
    How long for Liver Enzymes to return normal after....?
    I quit drinking for 2 months and they became normal, AST and ALT are the main concern. On May 21 Sat and Sun May 22 I drank approx. a total of 15 beers. Might they return normal by June 1st if I keep it clean, healthy with water and good diet?

    • ANSWER:
      Well,
      no one can really say for sure,but it's a possibility.
      I will say this much...if you continue to drink excessive amounts of alcohol,whether it be beer or liquor....your liver although the liver can repair itself,may not... over time be able to repair itself if you continue to drink excessively.
      Just to add...I had a friend who drank a gallon of vodka a day,and even without blood tests,I knew her liver was shot! She is likely not alive today,due to her excessive drinking,partying.I cut off our friendship long ago....personal reasons of course!

      But,you might get lucky this time.But,continue drinking and next time,or the time after that.....you may not be so lucky.The human liver can only repair itself after so much abuse.
      Take care.

  20. QUESTION:
    How much damage can certain medications cause to your liver?
    I'm on several medications, all anti-depressents and mood stabilizers. I was discussing this with my mother recently and the health of our organs. I try to keep my body realitively healthy, I don't smoke, drink, eat meat, or do any illegal drugs. That's when she brought up that most of the medications I'm on go through my liver, and probably do some type of damage to it.

    So I'm wondering, how much damage do anti-depressents and mood stabilizers cause to the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      She's definitely right. Even though you don't smoke and drink etc (which is great) the other meds you take can still affect you.

      I don't know 100% how much.....sorry. And apparently normal panadol does damage to your liver as well!!

      Maybe look up the specific name of your drug in google and liver damage........see what you come up with.

      Have you looked into natural alternatives? I'm not sure of the extent of what you have so don't know if that would be suitable or not. Most probably not..... dont know heh.

      (hope you are well!! bubbye)

  21. QUESTION:
    my father has hep c and i am scared?
    i've been reading around and no matter how good the answers are, i can't find any closure. my father has hep c during the vietnam war... and he was found out about two years ago but there was no signs of advancement... he exercises every day and stopped drinking alcohol ever since then... he finally got checked a few days ago and my family would only tell me that the virus has advanced and that he has mild scars on his liver... how long does my dad have to live? is liver damage the only way hep c can kill you? what foods should my father be eating to keep his liver healthier? what foods shouldn't he eat? does stress and depression effect liver damage? is there some treatment or cure for the virus?

    i asked my sister who is a doctor and she wouldn't give me an answer, she said that at this point who knows how long my dad has to live... she just told me to relax but i really can't. i get mixed messages when i'm told to relax like "relax, dad is fine" or "relax, there is nothing we can do about it"

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    can anyone help me i have 2 problems???? help?
    okay well i am 19 this year i have had my period for 2 and a half years now and i only get them once every 3,4,5,6 months for not even 2 days, is there anything i can do to help me with this tablets herbals etc....

    question 2- i would like to know if anyone else has a bad liver, fatty liver etc... if so how can i keep my liver healthier than i am now it collapsed on me the day i got my period please if anyone knows anything that can help me the doctors don't know what is wrong with me so maybe someone has a similar problem i would like to hear what you have to say..., by the way this is the first time i have been here so i don't really know what to do....

    • ANSWER:
      The answer for both questions is to see a doctor. If they can find a close cure to cancer then they can find out what's wrong with you. Maybe see a different doctor or go to the hospital to get tests. No one on Yahoo is going to know because were not experts in the medical field. Doctors know what their doing and you need to go see on ASAP.

      Girl below me, you can suck ass you retard.

  23. QUESTION:
    I recently rescued a runt baby rat. Help?
    I was looking at the third litter of rats, they're 4 weeks old today.
    It seemed like two [out of three] of the black babies, though, were getting picked on by the other members of the litter.
    One of them in particular, was much much too small for her age was appared to be malnourished. When mom picked her up, she was lethargic and couldn't breathe through her nose.
    I decided right then and there, that she had to take this precious baby because there was no way she'd survive the way she was living now.
    She's about two inches long, not including her tail.
    She's all black, and the base of her tail is swollen and seems to cause pain to her when touched.
    She has mucous around her nose, and so she has to breathe out of her mouth. She's very very small and skinny, and is a bit cold to the touch [so I warm her when I get the chance]
    Yet she still seems livlier than you'd expect, despite her obvious fear and confusion after being taken from her home.
    She's being fed fruits, vegies, and beef liver to keep her strong and healthy, though i could understand how it would be difficult for her to eat since she can't breathe well.
    I'll introduce her to Lush and Harlot when she's much older. But for now she's in her own deeply bedded cage to keep her warm.

    Any suggestions on how to keep her healthy? I have a feeling I can get her through this. I really hope so. I don't know what the wound on the base of her tail is but I'm going to treat it. I'm rubber her stomach and cupping her in my hands so she stays warm. She's the runt of the litter, whether she grew that way or she wasn't getting enough food. I really have my heart set on keeping her as healthy as possible.
    I apologize for the mistakes - when i said "mom picked her up" I meant myself, and I decided to take her, not someone else.
    Just to add, she has been weaned. Thank you for the answers

    • ANSWER:
      You need to get her to a vet ASAP. This sounds like a serious respiratory flare up that could have already turned to pneumonia. This does not go away on its own and can kill her if not treated with antibiotics aggressively. Please make a vet appointment as soon as you can. At this point it sounds like she needs an emergency vet visit.

      Stop feeding too many fruits and veggies and the liver. It's too much protein and the fruits and veggies can give her diarrhea. It's good to feed these, but not too many and not as a primary food source. She needs to be placed on a high quality food. If she's as small as you are describing she may not even be fully weaned yet which is dangerous. These babies tend to get sick often and have more health issues than those that are left with mom for at least five weeks. She'll need soy milk if she isn't weaned yet. No seed mixes (for any of your rats). Stick with a high quality lab block such as Harlan Teklad or Oxbow Regal Rat. Mazuri blocks from PetSmart are fine in a pinch. Otherwise check out Suebee's mix online or Debbie D's rat diet.

      You really need to get her to vet. If she's in your home where your others are she already could have infected them with what she has via the air. It's always best to quarantine all new rats in a separate air space for a minimum of three weeks to prevent the spread of illness. Make sure you change clothes and wash your hands when you are done handling her.

      Her tail is a concern as well. Please get her to a vet, I cannot stress this enough.

      Please feel free to email me if you have any further questions.

      EDIT: Darksong is right, do take them off of cedar if they are on it! Cedar and pine are toxic and cause respiratory problems and liver damage. Aspen is the only safe wood bedding. Carefresh is a wonderful bedding.

      Good luck!
      ~Yelliez

  24. QUESTION:
    Did you ever lose your faith, how?
    I was Christian until 2005, the last time I though I'd speak to my pastor about it, he said "How can you deny God after everything he's given you, a nice job, good health etc... and I said, No, I worked my way up for 30 years in a small law firm to get to where I am now, that wasn't a 'gift' from anyone I worked my as$ off for it, I go to the gym everyday, i eat my fruit & vedge, my cod liver oil and my greens to keep healthy, that's no gift... and the man was baffled and had nothing more to say, I realized it's just a big double standard.

    • ANSWER:
      The point he was trying to make is that God allowed you to have all of that. Do you really think he has no control over your life? My advice to you is count your blessings and give God praise for them. Yes, you worked hard, yes you take care of your body, thats great to hear, but its because of GOD and his love for you that it's even possible for you to do that. I was raised Catholic, and yes, I questioned my faith for a few years because of that religion, I have since found a relationship with Jesus, and it really has made a difference in my life. Please don't lose your faith, if you do, you will see how quickly your life falls apart.

  25. QUESTION:
    Red Slider Turtles and Chicken Liver?
    Okay, so i have two young Red Slider turtles i dont know exactly how old they are or how many inches their shells are but i do know that they can fit in my palm and not overlap.

    What i want to ask is I was told to give them chicken liver for a boost of needed nutrients and to assist in keeping them healthy and also to see if it would help with a problem one of them is having with its eyes. His eye is puffy and swollen and he wont open it much. I'm going to the store as soon as it open to get some eye drops for turtles to see if it'll help but does the chicken live i plan to feed them need to be cooked? If so how do i go about cooking it?
    I feed them YML or..Y something food pellets. We've also provided some radish green and carrots.
    Also, we use a 5.0 uvb light that stays on from 5am to 5pm they're fed 3 times a day roughly 3-4 pellets and we change their water weekly .

    • ANSWER:
      Chicken liver is high in vitamin A. They can get eye infections from not enough vitamin A in their diets. What are you feeding him? This is uncommon if they are on a balanced diet, such as Reptomin pellets and live feeder fish.
      Eye infections can also be caused by poor water quality. Even with water filters, water still needs frequent changes as filters do not remove ammonia waste. Also, make sure your basking temps are 95F (use a digital probe thermometer to measure) and that you have a 5.0 or 10.0 Reptisun UVB bulb as well (and UVB bulbs need to be changed twice a year as they lose potency). Both lights should be on for 10-12 hours daily. Is the water heated? It should be!

      www.austinsturtelpage.com

  26. QUESTION:
    My cat only eats chicken liver and meat. I don't know what to do?
    My cat was fine until I fed him raw chicken liver. He liked it very much (VERY MUCH) and I had little time to make stuff so I kept feeding him that. now he only likes to eat raw chicken liver. He doesn't eat tuna or mixed food.

    How can I make him eat a healthy diet.

    Especially if I don't have access to canned cat food (or any other type of cat food) how do I keep him on a healthy diet.

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      One answer, very simple --- don't feed him what he wants but rather what you want him to eat. Starve him into submission.

      Problem with that, your cat may leave you for tastier morsels down the street.

      ==============
      Life is so simple, but we insist on making it complicated.

      Confucius
      551 - 479 BC
      ==============

      Peace

      Jim

      .

  27. QUESTION:
    How long will it take to feel healthy and liver normal?
    About 3-4 years ago, my husband had an affair. I started drinking to take away the pain and although we are doing better now, I have still been drinking. It doesn't help when he drinks alot of beer and we hang out with friends that drink beer and whiskey every night. But I have been trying to stop hanging out with them as much, and if I don't have beer in the house, my husband doesn't complain, so he just doesn't drink it. But for me, I would say I was having 2-3 cocktails a night. I have gained about 40 pounds since starting, and just more concerned about my overall health, and liver. I pretty much have greatly decreased the amount lately and want to quit all together. Is the damage all ready done for my liver or will it slowly repair on its own if I quit now? Ive been trying to drink a LOT of water and eat more fruit and veggies just to get healthier also. Also, what are the chances of loosing weight with excersice and better eating as well if I completely quit the drinking? I'm more concerned about my liver, biggest reason why I'm quitting, and can't really afford the dr. bill to get blood test. Money wise can't afford to keep drinking. lol Everyone tells me I'm ok if I quit now. What do you think?Please help, very concerned. Just want my young healthy body back. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      If you quit drinking now, your liver will be just fine since you have not really been drinking long enough to do any permanent damage. If you think you cannot afford the blood tests, you really should stop before any permanent damage does happen. Continued drinking can lead to permanent liver damage which causes scarring of the liver called cirrhosis. You don't want to ever get that because the only cure for that is a transplant. Mine cost well over 0,000 so I don't think you want to face that bill in the future.

  28. QUESTION:
    How can I keep weight on my dog?
    I have two kelpie mix boys, and one of them I can't seem to keep at a healthy weight. He's really active and as a consequence he's really thin. I mean, he's underweight. I can feel/see his ribs and hip bones clearly. The other one is a healthy weight.

    I feed both dogs Innova and they get fish oil (salmon) suppliments with it every day. Every other day they get liver and hearts/gizzards plus the fish oil, PLUS the regular serving of Innova. The one dog (the healthy weight boy) eats 1 1/2 to 2 cups of Innova+ 2 squirts of Salmon oil daily and he's a good weight ( I followed the suggested portion for him). The second one (the skinny one) eats 4 cups of Innova+4 squirts of fish oil daily, and he's too thin. According to the suggested guide, he's eating as much as a 180 pound dog, and I have a hard time keeping him at 35-40 lbs.

    I've had him checked for thyroid and worm issues, and he comes back clean. He's insanely active and energetic and runs around at daycare for eight or more hours a day, and that would appear to be the problem. I don't want to limit his exercise because then he's fidgity and obnoxious, but he's really kind of eating me out of house and home. If anyone has suggestions for a high protein/high performance dog food or suppliment, I'd really like to hear them.

    • ANSWER:
      Go to your vet and ask them.

  29. QUESTION:
    So I know how to workout my heart and liver, but what about kidneys?
    I work out my heart with pure lard 6 days a week and my liver with everclear 5 days a week to keep them worked and healthy.

    But what do i workout my kidneys with

    • ANSWER:
      Just stop drinking water, should do the trick.

  30. QUESTION:
    Am I going to end up with chirrosis of the liver and how do I know if I already have it or not?
    Ok I am not an alcoholic or anything but more of a party girl and I love drinking because it makes me feel good and relaxed and takes my mind off of things and also I have insomnia so usually only a bottle of wine would put me to sleep so that is how I get myself to sleep by drinking an entire bottle of wine. I used to drink alot usually a bottle of wine a night but sometimes I had more on occassions I consumed a 1.5 liter bottle of wine in a short time period usually I would end up falling asleep right after this. My grandfather saw me doing this this was a few years back when I was 21 now I am 23 and he said that a person's liver cannot handle a 1.5 liter bottle of wine and that I am causing harm to my liver if I drink this much in a short time and that I could end up with chirrosis of the liver if I keep abusing my liver. The funny thing is when I was younger I didn't even know what chirrosis of the liver was and I also wasn't even aware that people have livers!!! I did some weekend binge drinking when my boyfriend took me bar hopping on the weekends when I was 19 years old. He would take me out to bars and then drink all night long. I saw him doing this so I wanted to catch up with him so I imitated his behavior and he would order me one beer and then another and another and so on. My boyfriend is a very heavy drinker he empties about 5 or 6 40 ounce bottles of colt 45 beer (which I once tasted and that kind of beer tastes disgusting) I can't imagine how he drinks it. He is 35 years old a very heavy drinker he can empty an entire 750 ml bottle of whisky in a half weekend period or even in one day. But regardless of this he claims he is healthy and that his liver is just fine which I can't imagine it can be if he drinks this much. He also never sees a doctor since he has no insurance and does not like to spend his money. He still claims he is healthy how can this be? with all of this drinking he must already have chirrosis of the liver is there a chance he has it and doesn't know it? My grandfather is also kind of a heavy drinker however less then my boyfriend on weekdays he takes a pint of beer with him to work he tells me the reason he does this is because he has nothing to bring in to drink with his lunch at work. I know this can't be true since our fridge is always full of soda, juice, water and other non-alcoholic beverages. On weekends my grandfather does nothing but sit at the kitchen table with a beer and then another and another and so on. He is very upset when he is out of his beer or when there is no alcohol in the house. On occasions, as I remember my grandmother's birthday he drank so much vodka that he was afraid to drive the car on the way back home and had to have his friend gary who also drank alot of vodka at the party (they shared a 1 liter bottle of absolut my grandfather and gary) gary was more braver in driving the car and he drove gary is now dead because he had some operation and the doctors inserted bacteria in his body twice and he didn't make it. My liver panels were high or elevated on my last blood test I do not know if it was because I drank before my test or it was accurate or not. I just can't seem to quit drinking for good I did cut back though which is better than nothing but people are saying I am still doing too much. The reason I can't cut back is because whenever I see my grandfather at the table with a beer it makes me want to drink too. But I am scared that I will get chirrosis but then also I take a look at my grandfather and see that he is also a heavy drinker and never got it so that makes me think I wont get it either. now I only have a 750 ml bottle of something 3 times a week
    I do not want to get chirrosis but I also cannot stop drinking since alcohol just tastes so good. There is no non-alcoholic beverage that can substitute the taste of alcohol.
    I wouldn't end up in an accident since I do not drive a car.

    • ANSWER:

  31. QUESTION:
    How much food should I feed my mice?
    In the recipe below, how much (in cups) should I feed my 3 mice each day? I made the mixture, and it seems like there is a LOT of molasses, is that OK?
    *1 part by volume cooked wholegrain rice (you can cook large batches & freeze
    it for convenience)
    *2 parts crushed barley or oats, or a mixture (or porridge oats)
    *1/2 part millet or cockatiel seed
    *1/2 part molasses - packed full of vitamins, and sweet too, so it binds
    the foodtogether AND the mice like it.

    Additional nutritional supplements can be added if desired:
    *1/4 part Brewers' Yeast flakes - B vitamins to keep them healthy & happy
    *1/2 part wheatgerm
    *Cod liver oil according to manufacturer's recommended dosage.
    Thanks for your answers! Yes, there is a particular reason I am making homemade food. I give them tropical carnival, and I asked on my pet forum if I should give them additional treats, because it says they are included in the mix. They said that tropical carnival is like junk food, and that it is nutritionally best to give them homemade food. I haven't given them the homemade mix yet, because the molasses makes me nervous. See the question I asked on Practical Pet Care!
    http://www.practical-pet-care.com/ask-a-pet-expert/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=247

    • ANSWER:
      is there a particular reason why you are feeding your mice a handmade diet? and i can't imagine that all that molasses is good for them either. I have always liked Reggie rat brand or Tropical Carnival (which they REALLY love) with some lab blocks mixed in and of course plenty of fresh vegetables (and yogurt drops!). With a staple food like that you pretty much leave the food out for them and refill it as necessary. They aren't going to eat themselves to death. When I was working at a pet store we always kept the small animals food bowl full. Also, they like to burry their food, so you may think they are eating more then they actually are they are just saving it for later. just keep them active, play with them a lot and the should be just fine.
      the only thing that concerns me is that that recipe may not be adequate enough for them and the molasses may fill them up too fast... that stuffs like tar man!

  32. QUESTION:
    How can I be a healthy drunkard?
    I'm a fairly heavy drinker. I eat quite well, take a multivitamin daily, and stay hydrated. I get a decent amount of exercise at work.

    I do intend to cut back a bit but what else should I do to keep my body in good physical condition despite being an inebriate savant? Any supplements I should be taking for heart, liver, etc. Any common nutritional deficiencies among alcoholics? Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      I say 'chug baby chug'! The liver is the one organ in the body than can regenerate and also the one organ that you can live with only a small portion of it actually functioning. So if drinking is your only vice, try not to worry about it. Oh, I would avoid other things that could stress your liver while drinking, like taking any medication. Also, avoid tatoos and IV drug use - possible transmission of Hepatitis which will DESTROY your liver. Salute!

  33. QUESTION:
    I need help to find an answers to my cat I don't want to lose her?
    I have bring my cat to the vet for a month now, she has a runny nose and pus in her eyes she was
    on antibiotics for a month now she put her on azithomycin,prenisone and vetrolycin eye medicine
    she said that if the anitbotics do not work she has to go for a rhinos copy, I do not have this kind of money it alreadyy cost me 800 dollars and I am getting scared, I lost my boy cat 2 months ago and
    it cost me 1000 dollars my other vet didn't tell me he was in liver failure. I love my animals I have
    done everything possible to keep them healthy. Is it the cat food? The water she is 8 years old
    can any body out there tell me how much all theses things cost?Rhinos-copyy? If there is a tumor?
    how much is surgery/ its a 160 dollars just to have aconsultation, and what about anesthesia? I
    thought I knew about animals and vets but this has me really upset. I having been praying alot and
    not sleeping very well.

    • ANSWER:
      She could have a herpes virus, it is common in cats and there is no cure, however, it can be controlled. Certain ailments such as fleas, stress, or others can cause a flare up that can result eye discharge, runny nose, ect. Antibiotics should help, but consider talking to your vet about a supplement known as Lysine. Lysine is used to help control this virus.

  34. QUESTION:
    How much food in grams do I feed my 9 week old kitten?
    I have a 9 week old kitten. He has been with me for a week now. I have decided to feed him natural raw foods such as chicken, small birds, salmon and other fish. All bought fresh and then frozen. I give him small bird meat with bones in it and pre-crush the bone. I also mix in some organ meat such as chicken heart and liver. I believe this diet is close to what a cat would eat in the wild.

    I know what to feed him to keep him healthy and happy but I do not know how much. I feed him 4 times a day and give him around about 150 grams of raw meats. He certainly seems happy, healthy and is very active.

    Should I be feeding him more or less food? What amount of food in grams does my kitten need?
    ***********Edit
    To people talking about canned food, I do not feed my kitten canned food as it is made from tainted waste meats not fit for human consumption. I rather my kitten eat what he is naturally designed to eat through millions of years of evolution.

    Either way, I do not want to debate the benefits of raw feed and canned food though. I would just like to know the amounts of food.

    • ANSWER:

  35. QUESTION:
    Question about High Iron Levels and Your Liver?
    Hey guys,

    My best friend was admitted to the hospital today. Over the past 5 weeks he has had to go to the doctor twice a week. Once to get blood drawn and once to get the results. The problem that he has is that his iron level in his body is very high. The doctors are concerned about his liver. He has always had this problem for a long time. He is a fraternal twin who is 19 years old who is otherwise in extremely healthy condition. His father is a diabetic (not sure if this is relative).

    He was admitted to the hospital tonight. The doctors say that they have to remove his gallbladder and that should hopefully help alleviate his problem.

    My question is, "What does your gallbladder have to do with your bodies iron levels?" The thought of liver disease keeps bothering me. The doctors haven't said that he has this, but how strong of a possibility is this considering the circumstances? I have always thought that the removal of the gallbladder is usually an outpatient treatment. However, they are admitting him for 4 days. This concerns me a lot. If they're admitting him then that must mean that there is something else wrong too.

    This guy is like a brother to me. I have known him for over 6 years now and he and I are inseparable. We have been through everything together. He even saved my life a year ago. He is a true hero and a true brother. I don't know what I would do without him.

    Can someone please help?

    Thanks! - D.B.

    *Peter, your in my thoughts buddy! Get well soon!

    • ANSWER:
      There is a condition called hemochromatosis (hope I spelled that right) in which a person just has too much iron in their body. It's a genetic problem, something they are born with. It can harm the liver over time and cause cirrhosis which is when healthy tissue is replaced with scar tissue in the liver. There is a simple treatment for iron overload which is the person has to get blood work done routinely to know how much iron they have and then they will have to give blood periodically to lessen the iron load in their body. I know a guy that does it once a month. This fixes the problem so that it will not damage the liver.

      I really don't know what they are talking about that removing the gallbladder will help his problem. I'm just going by what you told me that he is experiencing too much iron in his body and assuming that is the problem. I have no idea of how it would help. Even though gallbladder removal has come quite a long way since long ago, they will usually take it out laproscopically. Using that method, the patient sometimes goes home on the same day or the very next day. Sometimes they still have to do the surgery the old way which is to really open you up and remove it. There is always a reason they have to do it this way when this happens, but your friend should still be just fine if he got it done the old way. That usually means a longer hospital stay.

      If he were my buddy that I am very close to, then I would go to the hospital and talk to him and demand he tell me what is going on. If you live far apart and cannot visit him, at least call him and ask for an explanation. Joke around if you contact him. Tell him you want him to know you will give him an organ if he needs it since he saved your life and give a little laugh. That would open up the conversation for him to tell you more.

  36. QUESTION:
    How do I stay healthy so I can be around my grandmother (she has cancer)?
    My grandmother was recently diagnosed with cancer. She has 2 spots in her lungs, 1 in her liver, and 2 in her kidneys/adrenal glands. A few days ago they discovered that it had spread to her spine. She is going through some pretty aggressive chemotherapy and anyone who is sick cannot be around her. I have twin 4 year olds and a 7.5 month old, and I work in an elementary special ed classroom, so germs are a given. I absolutely hate not being able to spend time with her, especially since the cancer is spreading quickly. How can I keep myself and my kids healthy so we can spend time with her? What vitamins, etc, are best, and how do I prepare myself for seeing her when I leave my classroom? We are going to get masks, etc, but I want to know the best plan of attack to use on these germs! Thanks for any and all advice.
    Lol I am very familiar with hand sanitizer. I use it compulsively in my classroom, and still seem to end up sick every other week.

    Thank you for the breakdown of vitamins, etc. I will do just that. At this point I'd eat dirt if it meant I'd be able to spend time with her.

    • ANSWER:
      I have not read any of the answers yet, but notice that you have cited "Lo" and whatever she suggests is always "right-on".

      It is a very thoughtful question that you are asking. When my wife was battling breast cancer and doing chemotherapy so many friends and family would invite us to their place for a social event. Once her aunt invited us to her home for dinner and she was sick. Well, we found out mid-way through dinner that she was fighting a flu. Sure enough my wife got it and lasted for over two and a half months. I was so angry and her aunt was very sorry but that did not help my wife or myself out. Since then I would ask people three times if anyone would be sick where we were invited to.

      And if I suspected something I would decline the invitation. So, just be careful and do whatever Lo suggests. I just thought I would add that your fear is an extremely valid one and if you have a family member battling cancer STAY AWAY if you are sick!

  37. QUESTION:
    How do I overcome my fear of dying?
    I'm honestly not afraid of death itself. Worst case scenario, I cease to exist completely, and if that happens, I would never know anyways.

    I am afraid of how it will happen. If it will be painful. I don't like the thought of being disabled in any way. Unable to walk on my own, breathe on my own, etc. I am trying to stay healthy and keep my drinking to a minimum because most of my family has passed away due to heart or liver problems.

    My fear has gotten really bad. I have panic attacks day and night. Should I go on anti anxiety medication or is there a different way to approach and overcome this? I have anxiety regardless. This just contributes to it.
    The suicide comment was rather offensive. That's how I lost my father. Please, no more of that.
    As for religion, I most likely will never turn to it. I'm not comfortable with it. It's a security blanket and a rulebook for people who need immortal punishment as opposed to something comparatively insignificant, such as the penal system.

    • ANSWER:
      I am an anxiety/panic attack sufferer as well. Fear of dying is on my list of various oddities that gives me bumps on my road of life. Fun times. I, too, do not feel comfortable with religion. And I think people saying your problems will be solved by the light of Jesus is a bit farfetched. I digress. In any case, these are some ways that have helped me quell my fear of dying among other things that come up as a result of anxiety/panic attacks:

      Join anxiety/panic attack survivor forums. I joined several and found one that I think has the most traffic and persons online at once.
      Joining a site like this helps you talk about what it is that is bothering you. 9 times out of 10 if I vocalize my anxieties, I either see how silly it is or someone assures me i'm not alone.

      I don't like the idea of taking long term meds. I prefer taking Xanax when I need it. Every now and then right before bed when I have the wonderful opportunity of thinking to myself (lol) I start to mull on the idea of death and it starts to freak me out. So I take a Xanax and within 10-15 minutes I am cool as a cucumber. (btw, me not liking long term meds is totally a preference, you should evaluate your situation to see which would work best for you :)

      I also meditate when I can. I was soooo skeptical at first of meditation and I didn't want to look like a crystal knocking loon. But when I finally tried it, it was very relaxing. You don't have to do anything special, just lay in bed or sit comfortably, close your eyes and try very hard to think of absolutely nothing but how you are breathing.

      I hope this helps.

  38. QUESTION:
    biology questions help :) ?
    How do human bodies respond to changes inside them and to their environment?
    1. What does the nervous system enable humans to do?
    2. What does a receptor detect?
    3. Where are the receptors, which are sensitive to changes in the position of our body and to help us keep our balance?
    4. What are receptors on the tongue sensitive to?
    5. What three stimuli are receptors in the skin sensitive to?
    6. How does information from receptors pass to the brain?
    7. What does the brain decide from the information it receives?
    8. What are automatic, rapid responses to stimuli called?
    9. What are the names of the three types of neurone involved in this response?
    10. What structures in the body respond to the impulses sent by a motor neurone? (notes)
    11. What is the name of the chemical substances that coordinate many processes in the body?
    12. What produces these chemicals?
    13. How do they get to the organs that they will affect (the target organ)?
    14. What two ways does the body lose water?
    15. Through which organ does the body lose excess water? What substance is it lost in?
    16. What temperature does the body need to be maintained at? Why?
    17. Why do blood sugar levels need to be controlled?
    18. Which two hormones are involved in promoting the release of an egg in the menstrual cycle?
    19. Which gland is FSH secreted by, and where can the gland be found?
    20. What two actions does FSH cause?
    21. Which structures secrete oestrogen?
    22. What two actions does oestrogen have on the body?
    23. What action do the hormones in oral contraceptives have?
    24. What action has FSH when given as a ‘fertility drug’?
    What can we do to keep our bodies healthy?
    1. What two things does a healthy diet contain?
    2. What word describes diseases that you might get with an unhealthy diet?
    3. What word describes people who eat an unbalanced diet?
    4. What two conditions mean that you need less food?
    5. What is your metabolic rate?
    6. What three things make this vary?
    7. What two factors in the developed world are leading to high levels of obesity?
    8. What are the diseases linked to excess weight?
    9. What does processed food often contain high proportions of?
    10. Where is cholesterol made?
    11. Where is cholesterol found?
    12. What do high levels of cholesterol in the blood cause?
    13. What does the amount of cholesterol made by the liver depend on?
    14. What is cholesterol carried around the body by?
    15. Which lipoproteins carry ‘bad’ cholesterol?
    16. What do these cause?
    17. Which lipoproteins are ‘good’ cholesterol?
    18. What can too much salt in the diet cause for about 30% of the population?
    19. What type of fats increase cholesterol levels?
    20. What two actions do mono-unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats have?
    How do we use/abuse medical and recreational drugs?
    1. What are many drugs made (derived) from?
    2. When scientists develop new drugs, what has to happen to them?
    3. What are drugs tested in the laboratory for?
    4. What are they trialled on humans for?
    5. Why is the impact of legal drugs on health much greater than the impact of illegal drugs?
    6. What was the drug thalidomide developed for?
    7. What effect did it cause in pregnant women?
    8. What were the unknown side effects of the drug on pregnant women?
    9. What is thalidomide used to treat now?
    10. What action do drugs have on people’s bodies?
    11. If people become dependent or addicted to the drug what do they suffer if they stop taking the drug?
    12. What two drugs are very addictive?
    13. What is the addictive substance in tobacco smoke?
    14. What is a carcinogen? (notes)
    15. What gas does tobacco smoke contain that affects a foetus?
    16. How does this gas affect the blood of the mother?
    17. What two effects does this have on the foetus?
    18. How does alcohol affect the nervous system?
    19. How does too much alcohol affect the body?
    20. What organs are damaged by drinking too much alcohol?
    What causes infectious diseases and how can our bodies defend themselves against them?
    1. What are micro-organisms that cause infectious diseases called?
    2. What happens to bacteria and viruses when they get inside the body?
    3. When do viruses damage our cells?
    4. Which blood cells help to defend us against pathogens?
    5. What three things do they do to help us?
    6. What is an antibiotic?
    7. How do antibiotics work?
    8. Why can antibiotics not be used to kill viral pathogens?
    9. Why is it difficult to develop drugs which kill viruses?
    10. How can people be immunised against disease?
    11. What cells do vaccines stimulate?
    12. What chemicals do these cells produce?
    13. What do these chemicals do?
    14. Why is the body then immune to future infections by that micro-organism?
    15. What does the MMR vaccine protect children against?
    thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      ok... You cannot be serious!

      I will only do a few...

      1. Respond to stimuli in the environment
      2. Stimuli (?)
      3. in the ears (or just behind)
      4. taste (chemicals)

      6. Sensory neurone
      7. how to respond
      8. reflexes
      9. Sensory -> Relay -> Motor
      10. effectors (muscles, glands etc)
      11. hormones

      13. bloodstream
      14. sweating, breathing (water vapour)
      15. bladder - urine

      18. FSH and LH
      19. Pituitary gland
      20. matures the egg and stimulates the release of oestrogen
      21. ovaries?
      22. builds the lining of the womb and stimulates the release of LH

      24. matures the egg

      That's the first lot - do you want the rest??

  39. QUESTION:
    2.7 Yorkie with Hypoglycemia ?
    http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=AkjeV58P9KUWaG3GOtV08frsy6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20080903071849AATs21z

    My dog had been sick since day 1. (when i go her). I took her to the vet 3 times and the vet told me it was normal for her to sleep so much and walk funny since she was a baby. She was 10 weeks at the time. She is know 14 weeks and can only walk about 2 feet and she gets tired and gives up. This weekend i took her to the vet to get a blood test done. It comes out she is anemic, has low blood sugar, low red blood cells, high white blood cells, one of her lungs dont work, and he liver is damage. I took her back to the lady I bought her from and she is now blaming us for her healthy. She keeps insisting that her "contract" only gives up 7 days for a return. 7 days is not enough!!! It’s not our fault.... How can you actually know in 7 days that there is something wrong with the dog especially when the vet said it was normal? What I was arguing to her about that how can all this be damage in 30 days (that’s how long we had been having her for). She keeps insisting that low blood sugar causes damage to liver and lungs. Is this true? I know for a fact that she sold it to us sick. And what hurts and makes me mad is that I love this puppy and it hurts to see her suffer.

    • ANSWER:
      Bad vet. Many small pups have hypoglycemia. He should have warned you of it, so should the breeder. They both should have told you the signs, and what to do when the sugar gets low. All of this could have been avoided had either of them warned you. Hypoglycemia is easy enough to deal with, if you know about it in time. Nutri-cal or Nutri-stat, either one, both are a high calorie sugar paste that you give to small puppies a few times a day or as needed to keep their blood sugar up.

      The pup was essentially healthy when she sold it to you. In pups this small, hypoglycemia is common. She should have warned you. But the blame here, really lies with your vet. Had your vet noticed the signs, the damage to her lungs and liver might could have been avoided. I'm not sure if hypoglycemia causes that damage or not, I do know it can cause seizures and death if left untreated.

      Signs of hypoglycemia: walking funny, sleeping too much, unable to hold up its head, etc. Basically a pup that is too weak to function properly.

      I'm sorry this has happened to you and your pup. It's heartbreaking.

  40. QUESTION:
    Something that helps fight back on tartar in lungs?
    Alright, I got curious about this because I have noticed in my parents visits to the doctors, they both smoke daily, about a pack or 2 a day, yet their lungs are clean, no tartar or any diseases. My mom did point out that drinking damages your liver, and coffee helps rebuilt or heal it in ways. At first we thought it was because they didn't inhale the smoke all the way, but then an interesting idea came up. I wondered if there could be something they are doing daily without knowing it, that could be countering the cigarettes effects, preventing them from getting any tartar build up in their lungs, similar to how coffee helps heal livers. I may be wrong, but it was an interesting theory, and since google literally comes up with nothing on this subject, I wanted to ask you people, to get your opinions. I do not smoke, and I don't like the idea of my parents still doing it, but I want to know if my theory is correct, that there is something they are doing that is helping to keep their lungs healthy.

    • ANSWER:
      No, it will catch up to them in time with smoking as much as they do. My brother had an xray of his lungs in which they said there was no problems. Nothing showed up on the xray. Six months later he started having back pain which he thought was from work. Turned out his lungs were now full of cancer which had spread just about everywhere. He died about 2 months after being diagnosed. He smoked like your parents smoke. He was never diagnosed with any lung diseases either. My aunt died the same way with smoking causing lung cancer. Smoking will damage their lungs in time. My brother was 56 when he died. My aunt was 60. If it doesn't cause cancer, it will in the very least cause COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). There is no getting around it for long time smokers no matter what they do to try and prevent it. It just takes time to develop. I smoked for about 20 years and quit 7 years ago. Smoking was the dumbest thing I ever chose to do. I was never diagnosed with any lung problems either and my xrays were always "clean." But when I had to get a serious surgery done in which I was under anesthesia for a long time, I ended up having to be on a ventilator and given a tracheotomy for over a month due to smoking all those years. Even if you think it is not hurting you, believe me, it is hurting you. It still caused me big problems even though I quit 2 years before the surgery and had no lung issues according to the tests. I don't know how long your parents have been smoking, but if it has been decades, their lungs are not healthy. They might not have any tumors in their lungs, but they still are not healthy.

  41. QUESTION:
    How can people still think marijuana is more dangerous than alcohol?
    Weed has recently been scientifically proven to keep alzheimer's disease, a stroke and some types of cancers at bay, it helps ease headaches and stomach aches, it reduces stress and lowers blood pressure, it increases appetite and reduces nautiousness, it doesn't cause people to want to commit crimes or violence, it's not addictive and you can't die and/or overdose on it.

    Meanwhile alcohol causes tons of damage to brain, liver and other vital organs, its been proven to increase the risk of getting various types of cancer and other diseases, it causes people to commit crimes and violence, drunk drivers can kill themselves and others, it causes depression, psychosis and other serious mental disorders, it's highly addictive and you can easily overdose and die from it.

    How can some people still hate a healthy drug like marijuana in this modern age, but have no problem drinking a few beers or having some shots of alcohol?

    • ANSWER:
      Marijuana got a bad rap politically. Back when Hearst was making his millions with a newspaper printed on high quality wood pulp paper, other upstart newspapers printed their news on cheap paper made from cannabis. They were, therefore, able to sell their papers cheaper than Hearst could. Seeing a threat to his business, he spent like mad to make the plant that provided cheap paper illegal, and he did it by proving that it was a dangerous drug. That notion still resides in political halls and alums today, unfortunately.

  42. QUESTION:
    I'm trying to get my hair healthy again?!?
    My hair is damaged from straightening almost everyday. Highlights, and home dyed twice. I'm getting rid of my CHI, because it's frying my hair. And this hairdresser guy my dad knows is ordering me a better straightener. (I don't know what kind though)
    So anyways, I'm trying to get my hair healthy again. I'm taking Cod liver oil capsuls, I'm going to by multi-vitamins. And I'm going to try to eat healthy and drink lots of water.
    He told me I need to deep condition my hair. Which conditioner do I use? and how long do I keep it in?
    -Aussie 3 minute miracle (purple one)
    -Redken All Soft Conditioner
    -Herbal Essences Conditioners (Hello Hydration, Long term relationship, dangerously straight)
    -Pantene PRO-V RESTORATIVES TIME RENEWAL REPLENISHING MASK

    If you have any other tips they are welcome :)
    but not tips like "go shave your head"... I kinda want to do... but I know I'll regret it :)

    • ANSWER:
      I have had lots of people come to me with this question before...how do I get my hair healthy again? Well the answer is simple. Cut the split ends off. Condition your hair every day, don't shampoo every day, shampoo every 2nd to 3rd day. Also use a leave in conditioner and do a deep conditioning treatment once a week to two times a week depending on how damaged your hair really is. Also stop using any heat on your hair, that will just prolong your hair to becoming healthy. Let it air dry if possible. If you need to dry it use the cool setting on the blow dryer and use a product that is meant for heat styling. Like a mousse or gel. Do not use drugstore brands, they make the hair even more dry. Use salon brands. This is a must...if you want to get your hair back to healthy, DO NOT use any lightening products on your hair, which means do not highlight your hair. It makes the hair weak and break. If you must color your hair do it 6-8 weeks apart. And again do not use drugstore color, it dries the hair out and your hair will break. In some cases will fall out. Good luck.

  43. QUESTION:
    eat healthy food everyday?
    How did you develop you current nutritional habits?
    Every individual has different nutritional habits some choose to eat healthy and some choose to eat unhealthy but the different between them is something individual are unaware. I hardly eat junks food even though they are the best things and really delicious I would love to have junks food but I don’t get time to eat. In the morning I usually have tea with a bread or cookies or probably nothing and for lunch I will have some sort of salad in school and when I go home I eat rice, chicken, vegetable anything my sister or my mom have cooked for me. Then I have to have something in the evening like fruits or juice because I usually work out in the evening so I need to have fruit or something to drink healthy and then I eat twice at night because I am awake for longer time so I need to eat and keep myself full my dinner is usually the same as lunch nothing really different unfortunately. I have developed this habit because I have been doing this for longer time and it was through my parents they cause me eat this many times but now they regret of making my habit that way because I finish everything at home.

    What is the relationship of food to health?
    Relationship to food to health is really big the way people act, talk or looks like really appears of what you take in to your stomach. Changes in our understanding of diet and health drive changes in the way foods are processed. On the other hand, what is available on the shelf will have an impact on the choices consumers make, thereby affecting their health. Studies have indicated that nutritional factors do contribute to the development of some of these diseases. After eating contaminated food, people can develop anything from a short, mild illness, often mistakenly referred to as "food poisoning," to life-threatening disease. Right food can make you appear healthier physically mentally and emotionally. so choosing the right food is very important.

    What are the health problems that might occur from bad diet decisions?
    There is many health problems that can occur from bad diet decisions such as Eating junk food during pregnancy could have a bigger impact on childhood obesity, liver disease and diabetes. Almost one-third of children aged six to 19 and 12 per cent of infants in the United States are overweight, according to a National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and obesity is now the most prevalent nutritional disease of children and adolescents in the US. " A high-fat diet in the womb may also affect the "appetite centre" of the brain. Also eating a lot of trans fats that contain partially hydrogenated oil probably increases the risk of heart disease. some diet also effects your breathe which many people are unaware of it such as Low-carb diets may be good for your waistline, but you might not be able to say the same for your breath. Bad breath in the low/no-carb sect is often caused by certain chemicals that are released in the breath as the body burns fat. They are called ketones, and entering into a fat-burning state of ketosis is the hallmark of the Atkins diet. It's a difficult problem to solve because if one uses any sucking candy or lozenge, one has to be careful that it has no sugar in it
    Why is permanent weight control best achieved by the combination of diet and exercise?
    When you eat healthy food and exercise you remain in shape and controlled and away from obesity that you might get from junks. You are much more healthier then the rest of other who choose to eat unhealthy food for there dinner, lunch and breakfast as you exercise you burn off your calories and fats which leads you to remain much more healthier then others. Your heart is healthier you remain free from being obese and any other physical or mental disease that might occur. You are just doing yourself a favor and minimize a lot of health issues and when you take in healthy food inside you remain healthy you feel better and lighter and just happier believe it or not eating healthy food really effects your brain and pressurize your mind in a healthier way.

    • ANSWER:
      It is good to eat nutritiously everyday..... You feel better, have more energy throughout the day, and feel happier all over......

      :)

  44. QUESTION:
    Can you separate the Hydrocodone from the apap(tylenol)?
    I have a prescription for Hydrocodone 7.5/750 apap. I don't like taking pain killers at all, but the severity of the injury to my neck leaves me with little options. I only take them before bed to help with relaxation while I'm sleeping. I'm most concerned with the continued use of the Tylenol because I'm already on a prescribed regiment of Ibuprofen. Prolonged use of both can and will likely cause damage to my liver, heart, and kidneys. Also, I like to enjoy a beer here and there, and am terribly afraid of having a beer while on a regiment of either Tylenol or Ibuprofen. So I haven't had a good ole beer in a long time.

    It's extremely difficult to get a schedule 2 narcotic over my schedule 3, and I'm not sure I even want it because I'm unaware of the dosages. The 7.5mg of Hydrocodone once a night seems to do me well enough to sleep more comfortably than without it, so staying at that level is fine just don't want the Tylenol.

    Is there any way I can remove the Tylenol from the Hydrocodone? I read a post where someone noted Hydrocodone is more soluble in water than Tylenol and to crush the pills, put them in 3x the pill power of warm water, refrigerate, and strain through a filter. The contents left in the filter would be mostly Tylenol while the fluid strained would be most water and Hydrocodone.

    Seeing as how I would never experiment with this procedure with anything more than one pill, I assume I can't hurt myself because at the very least it won't strain anything and I'll be taking one pill as usual.

    Anyone know if this is accurate? Or another safe, simple way to extract the Tylenol.

    Please don't assume I'm a dope head looking for a safe high, because I very much hate pain medication. I have two 3mm herniated discs in my low back that I've had since I was 17 (4 years now) that I never take pain meds for, I fight the pain because it's safer and keeps me feeling healthy not being medicated. I just recently came down with 3 1mm bulged discs in my neck which were a direct result of poor posture brought on by Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. This pain is ridiculous in comparison to my low back, and greatly affects my left hand. I'm afraid of needles because my mother died of AIDS, so don't accuse me of wanting to shoot it up (this was an accusation on the other post).

    I'm just a 21 yr old father who can't enjoy time with his child because of the pain and injuries he's suffered. I don't want to add liver failure to my list of problems while trying to seek comfort from the pain.

    Any help is appreciated, even if the help is from a chemist who says "don't do this, it's not safe". If you aren't a chemist, or in the medical field with knowledge that extracting the two aren't safe don't state what you don't know.
    I'm extracting a comment in my information that is pertinent to those telling me to ask my doctor for stronger meds.

    It's extremely difficult to get a schedule 2 narcotic over my schedule 3

    • ANSWER:
      It's not unsafe, it just won't work. It would be like trying to get the caffeine out of coffee grounds. It just doesn't work like that.

      Yes, prolonged use of ibuprofen or acetaminophen can cause damage to the liver and kidneys, but not at reasonable doses. Unless you already have problems with those organs, it's unlikely to cause damage to your heart and liver. With your medication you can safely take five hydrocodone/apap a day. And you can take 2400mg of ibuprofen a day.

      As for the alcohol, the general thought is that an otherwise healthy man can have 1-2 drinks (that's one can of beer, one glass of wine, or one shot) and 2800mg of acetaminophen daily. That's three of your painkillers.

      If you are still really concerned, you can ask you doctor to try Darvon or Ultram, they are both schedule 4 so they have the same regulations as a 3. They just don't work very well.

      But medically, there's no reason to stop doing what you are doing and start having a beer every once in a while.

      Did you know that APAP stands for N-Acetyl-Para-Amino-Phenol, and name acetaminophen is the combination of the first few letters of each chemical compound?

  45. QUESTION:
    how many years does a woman have to drink heavily in order to harm her liver beyond repair?
    The reason I am asking is because I did some binge drinking in the past usually I would have a bottle of wine a night but on weekends I just overindulged and drank more like 2 or 3 wine bottles in a night.
    And I would drink them quickly so this makes me think that I was harming my liver in a negative way since 3 bottles of wine in a short time as that would probably hurt my liver. Sometimes when I was at my boyfriend's house every weekend I consumed a pint of vodka in also not a very long time period. Once I asked him to go to the store and get me a pint of vodka and he returned and got a 2 pint size instead of a pint sized he said the reason was because they were out of the pint size vodka bottles. So I drank the 2 pint sized in about an hour period, believe it or not and then I feel asleep right away for the entire day and woke up in the middle of the night. When I was 21 years old I drank daily for most of the weeks of the last year. Sometimes I consumed a 1.5 liter bottle of wine in a short time period. My grandfather saw me doing this and told me I was hurting my liver in a negative way by drinking a 1.5 liter bottle of wine, because a person's liver cannot handle that much wine especially in a short time period. My boyfriend and my grandfather both drink heavily and they did not develop any serious liver problems. (or any at all) my boyfriend drinks so heavily that I cannot even imagine how his liver still didn't give out on him. On weekends he emptied out about 5 or 6 40 ounces of colt 45 beer (which I once tasted and it was the most disgusting tasting beer ever) and I cannot imagine how he drinks it. And he also drinks bourbon sour whiskey which is also disgusting (I can imagine regular whiskey but sour is just disgusting)
    and he drinks a 750 ml bottle in a half weekend period. My grandfather drinks heavily too he brings in a pint of beer to work every day he says he has nothing else to bring in to drink with his lunch at work so that's why he brings beer. I know this can't be since there are always soft drinks in our refrigerator that do not contain alcohol. On the weekend he sits at the kitchen table with a beer and then when one bottle is finished he goes on to another and another and another. He also drinks a lot of vodka on some occassions. Once he drank a 750 ml bottle of russian standard Vodka in about 1 or 2 days. And he has been drinking from an early age and never developed cirrohsis and is healthy at age 74. What are the chances that since he is my grandfather this is genetic and if I keep drinking I'll end up fine too?
    three shots isn't that much I once had a 200 ml bottle of vodka which is 4 shots and wasn't even drunk after wards

    • ANSWER:
      It all depends on your genetics, but you don't know whose you've got. I have the same parents as my sisters, but my hair is blonde and eyes green, and they're brown/brown. The same goes for how other genes match up. Some people drink like fish for decades and have nothing but a headache, but other people do a three day weekend binge and immediately go into liver failure. It's like smokers who smoke three packs a day and nothing happens, but their family member die of cancer from the second-hand smoke.

      If you worry about your level of drinking and do nothing to stop, you're an alcoholic. You can't measure your drinking against someone else's to make it sound better or worse. It's about what you do and the health of your body before, during, and after drinking. The liver is your filter for all kinds of poisons and toxins, of which alcohol is one. If you overwork any system you're bound to cause damage eventually. There's just no way to tell when it's too much.

      FYI, you're not better than anyone because you drink wine. One bottle of wine (13% alcohol) is like three shots of hard liquor (40% alcohol). So you guzzling the bottle isn't any different than slamming shots.

  46. QUESTION:
    lymph node help, they just keep swelling :( ?
    so it all started with a tiny lump in my neck on the right side. which keeps getting smaller, unless i prod it.
    2 weeks later i find one in my right side a little lower down. Again its been there a while now and not changed at all unless i prod it, it maybe get a lil smaller and softer.

    this lymph node made the gp i have been seeing finally investigate a lil more into things. I had a full blood count done to find any abnormalities. I was told he expected none as i looked healthy and most of the other symptoms i complained of had arose from searching the web :(

    I got my blood tests back and they came back borderline on liver function, so within 3 days i was back in and giving another test which i thought seemed odd as it would surly read the same as there was very little time left between the first and second test.

    As i excepted the second test came back borderline on liver function as well. But i have been informed that i am also being tested for HEP.

    Its now coming up to 2 weeks since i sent my hep test off and i still have no results and from looking online the symptoms are very similar to how i feel. tired, thirsty, chest pains, foggy head, etc etc.

    But i have these lymph nodes that keep appearing, is this also a sign of hep?
    in the past two weeks one has appeared on my collarbone, which is movable and soft. and its getting smaller.
    and today i have found one in my armpit, But i think i may have self inflicted this one by pushing to hard looking for one in that area.

    I dont even know how i may have contracted hep as i dont sleep around, The girlfriend i have now was my first and im hers and she is very faithful as am i.
    I dont drink much, maybe the odd binge when visiting friends at uni.
    I dont do drugs.

    The only thing i can think of is when i have visited a suppliers grubby factory and touch things and put my hands in mouth or something :(

    Im basically rambling on, but are swollen lymph nodes a sign of hep A etc?
    and should i be worrying as much as i am, its ruining my work and life at the moment, i just cant stop over thinking things and im getting depressed and very tired over the whole situation.

    I recently had a scare with a lump on my testicle and am just wondering if maybe i caused myself to much stress and worry and have caused myself to feel tired and depressed, i know there is a syndrome which causes you to be very tired and caused lymph node swelling.

    In the back of my mind i keep thinking if it was something serious my docs would have got back to me with the results by now surely.

    • ANSWER:
      Lay down the stress mate, it's probably nothing.
      This will make your day:
      Watch this (till the end lol) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yo5usEGqsew

      here is another one http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNSaurw6E_Q&feature=related :D

  47. QUESTION:
    Why does the government say they want "healthy" citizens then allow GMOs and toxins to be sold as food?
    There have been several "campaigns" for a healthy America by several administrations, each one telling us all to get out there and get active. But the one thing about each of them that bothers me is that none of them address the "poisoning" of the American people by food companies that seem to have the government in their pockets...

    Government has passed legislation that allow toxic substances to be marketed as "safe" for consumption and then sold as food. These substances can and are proven to cause cancer, heart/liver/brain-function problems and all sorts of irreversible damage.

    Did you know that MSG can be labelled under "natural flavors" on a product's nutrition and ingredients label? This is just one example of many. How is that good for anyone???

    This has been going on for a long time. The government gets a big fat check from a company with interests in the "fast & easy" food industry (I'm not talking only about fast-food), and the FDA says they can use "fillers" and "additives" in their products and then can still tell people it's "safe" for consumption...

    We have NO IDEA what it is we are actually eating and that it's KILLING US by making us obese and by poisoning our beautiful bodies.

    The only way for people to get healthy FOR REAL is not just by running every morning, but by changing the way we see and think about food, and learning what humans are and AREN'T supposed to eat!

    With Michelle Obama's new "Get Moving" campaign, she is just continuing the long-misleading solution for America's poor health and obesity epidemic. Her new campaign target should be re-directed at the companies that pay her husbands administration millions to keep their "products" marketable to the naive public.

    I suggest everyone watch "The Future of Food" (which can be watched free on Hulu.com) and "Food Inc.".

    • ANSWER:
      First of all get this straight,our government does not want us healthy,it is an evil corporate entity owned by a corporate bank(The Federal Reserve) it's no more federal than federal express,Woodrow Wilson signed over this country's right to produce it's own currency a long time ago (google it) to a corporate bank(b of a ,wells fargo,chase-morgan)now that this country is owned by them they want us to be controlled slaves to keep the money pumping in so they steep us in debt thru credit,and other bank-owned properties,your house,car,etc.. the poloticians that are selected to run for offices in government hand selected by these corporate banks to fulfill their progressive agenda, so there is two candidates in polarized government ,democratic/republican...this diverts the eMerican people into thinking that they have a choice in who will run the country more effectively...they're wrong both poloticians are owned by the same bank that owns this country and no matter who wins their agenda is fulfilled,these banks produce our currency out of thin air to no gold standard...the national debt is a continuous number that rises eveyday to staggering amounts of money everday ,the national debt is the money the country owes the federal reserve...we are slaves no one gets this why?...because the banks own EVERYTHING!...the media you watch is owned by them ...your house, your car...your property EVERYTHING....you see lies everywhere...google this for the truth...http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=7065205277695921912#if you watch the whole thing in its entirety you'll see what is happening all around us ,and only a few know what is
      REALLY happening....goodluck and watch the WHOLE THING!!!!

  48. QUESTION:
    Why Do we Have to Limit our Cholesterol Intake If 90% of cholesterol is produced by the liver not diet?
    Maybe I'm missing something. Doctors keep telling us to limit our intake of cholesterol to no more than 300 milligrams a day. But then I read that 90% of the cholesterol in our bodies is produced by our liver naturally, so if only 10 % of our cholesterol is from the food we eat, is it really worth it? Is it really going to make that big of a difference? I mean what's the point if our body is going to still produce 90% of our cholesterol anyways no matter how healthy we eat.
    Even on tv commercials for oatmeal, the guy is happy because he lowered his cholesterol like 1 point. Is it really having that big of an impact on reducing cholesterol levels? Even the Lipitor won't reduce cholesterol as much as it should. I think it lowers it like 5-10 percent or something like that. That isn't effective enough. They need a pill that reduces cholesterol at least 50 Percent.

    • ANSWER:
      Eating more cholesterol will decrease the amount your body makes. You should know that the cholesterol you eat is not even close to the "cholesterol" they test for. They test for lipoproteins that carry cholesterol in the blood. There is no "good" or "bad" cholesterol, all cholesterol is good. The drug companies invented the terms because people with high cholesterol numbers were actually healthier than those with low cholesterol. But since the drugs only work on the LDL, they labeled it "bad" so people will take their drugs when even they know that lowering any cholesterol has NO effect on heart disease or plaque. If high blood cholesterol causes plaque, why doesn't plaque form anywhere except the heart?
      Pharmacist who's life was almost ruined by Lipitor
      It does lower it by more than 10% but it is not worth the mental and physical side effects

  49. QUESTION:
    Can anyone correct/revise my Yellow Raft in BLue Water narrative essay??
    Its 2:00 am and dont know if anyone is up but if anyone who is i need this in like 5 hours to turn in

    THANK YOU

    A few months has past after mom talked about her past with me. It is amazing what a deep conversation can do to our relationship with each other. Her personality has gotten gentler and sweet. She can barely move now, so everyday I would walk into her room and serve food to her. I watch her as she slowly eats. “How was school today?” she asks while eating a piece of dry wheat bread. I looked up and happily told her that my counselor transferred me to harder classes since my old classes were too easy for me. “Oh really?” She stopped eating and put the plate of food down on the other side of her bed. She opens her mouth ready to speak,”What are you two girls up to?” Dayton walks in, interrupting our conversation. “It’s time to go for a check up.”Slightly smirking as he talks. Mom glances at him meanly and complains how rude it is to interrupt people while they are talking. He apologizes while trying to keep in his laughter. Mom starts to try to convince him that she’s fine and doesn’t want to waste her time in the clinic if she has medicine with her but gives in at the end. He walks towards Christine and slowing picks her small fragile body to the door. I followed closely behind them.
    We reached to the clinic right outside the reservation. I help Dayton get mom out of the car and get inside the clinic. Dayton walks towards the receptionist and starts signing Christine in. As he is doing this, my mom and I sat down near the soda machine, “Are you nervous?” asking jokingly to mom. “Why should I be nervous? I just hope the stupid doctor keeps his hands to himself.” I can tell that she’s angry at the situation Dayton put her in. And when she gets angry, I know when to just keep my mouth shut.” Dayton walks toward us, “Alright we’re all set, we just need to wait until the receptionist calls Christine’s name. About five minutes past. “Dayton Nickles” the receptionist shouts. “Ok, its our turn” as he looks towards Christine and I. “Rayona, wait outside, we can’t have too many in the doctor’s room can we?” I agreed and sat obediently. I waited for about an hour and they came out. The doctor said that she’s fine and keep up with a healthy diet. “I f**king told you there was nothing wrong with me”
    “Ok, ok I just thought better safe then sorry.” I became relieved when I heard mom yelling at Dayton. Seems like everything is normal and fine. We started leaving
    But suddenly as I looked back, I see mom collapsing on the floor. I rush towards her and yell what’s wrong?!? I can feel my eyes starting to water..”Everything will be fine, don’t worry...” Dayton started panicking and rushed back into the clinic for help. But it was too late…mom slowly dies besides me. I became hysterical. I couldn’t stop yelling and weeping at what just had happened. “The doctor said she was freaking fine! Why did this have to happen?? I lifted up mom’s head and looked at her paling face. The doctors quickly took her away after that. I didn’t know where they took her and how long Dayton and I stayed waiting inside that cold and lonely clinic. A doctor came out and gave us the tragic details. Apparently her liver failed suddenly. We don’t know how and why but it just happened. A few days later we had her funeral. Not many people were there. Aunt Ida was bawling her eyes out and surprisingly trying to comfort me at the same time. Dayton sat there emotionless and then there were people there such as Foxy Cree who didn’t care a single bit. The funeral didn’t last long and Christine gets buried at the reservation graveyard. My only regret is to not have the chance to tell her I loved her before she had died.

    • ANSWER:
      I think the biggest problem is that you have mixed two ways of describing your mother....you refer to her as "mom" when you are the subject, but other times you refer to her as Christine. you will get marked down for that because it's bad use of English. how about "our mom" instead of Christine?
      the fifth word should be "passed" not "past".
      last three words should be "before she died". leave out "had".
      otherwise, it's okay. your essay conveys your story well, and involves the reader in the flow of events.

  50. QUESTION:
    How can I get my dad to eat/buy healthier food?
    Every night we eat a huge portion of meat, and vegetables. I'm tired of eating steak, pork, corn on the cob and baked beans. If I suggest less meat, he freaks out at me. Its unhealthy for every one, but he is really suffering from it. I know his liver hurts, he is over weight, and has high cholesterol. I want him to be around when I'm older, but he won't listen to anyone.

    We also eat a lot of caned vegetables. I really would like fresher foods how can I keep them fresh without spoiling?

    • ANSWER:
      surprise him by making a more healthier dinner ...shoot for a meal that he already likes ...just put a lean twist to it!!! when he goes on and on on how great it tastes ...let him know it was made with healthier products ... that should at least perk up his intrest toward the big switch ...its hard sometimes for people because they think just because its healthy it tastes bad ... :)


How To Lower Liver Enzymes

Definition

Human aging is a biological process, no one can stop, but delay it. It is possible that one person has a physiological younger than his or her biological if one engages in healthy living life style and eating healthily by increasing the intake of good healthy food such as whole grain, fruits, vegetables, beans and legumes, etc. and reducing the consumption of harmful foods, such as saturated fat, trans fat, artificial ingredients, etc.

Theories of aging
What cause aging? The question that has been asked throughout the human history, but it doesn't seem to get any answer but raises many more unanswered questions. While many theories try to answer the question by related aging to tear and wear of the body, others deal with how the organs and systems in the body develop and deteriorate overtime, etc.

1. Somatic mutation theory

In this theory, aging is due to our inherited genes that come directly from our parents. Since the conception occurred, our body cells continue to divide and replication themselves. Since the division and replication are a life long precess at some point, for what ever reason, if cells division and replication can process incorrectly, leading to mutation of incorrect copy of DNA. Although the cause of this incorrect process are unknown, but researchers found that exposures to toxins, radiation or ultraviolet light, artificial ingredients, unhealthy life style, etc. can increase the risk of cells mutation and the cells copied incorrectly can mutate themselves, leading to accumulation of incorrect gene cells that trigger a chain reaction of an auto-catalytic nature in producing more and more fincorrect gene cell, until it finally is brought under controlled, this processes can lead to aging. As an organism, the immune system tries to destroy or scavenger these mutated genes but at some points, it is over whelming, leading chronic age related diseases.

2. Error catastrophe theory

The error catastrophe of aging was originally proposed by Leslie Orgel in 1963. Our body immune system helps to maintain the structural integrity of DNA not only for cell survival but also for the transfer of correct genetic information to the daughter cells. Error catastrophe indicated that alterations DNA and the incorrect placement of amino acids in protein synthesis could result in a progressive degradation aging as a result of these abnormal protein are no longer functioning as chemical passengers or signallers.

3. Protein glycosylation
Protein glycosylation is a result of chemical reaction of glucose with varies proteins, including enzyme, elastin and collagen in the blood. The cross linked protein glycosylation leads to cell to cell adhesion causing stiffness and rigidity of individual cells, reducing the cells function in taking nutrients and expelling waste.
If the cross link protein glycosylation occurs in the elastin and collagen, it will cause brittle skin, causing aging, but it happens in the organs it will be more serious and sometimes life threatening.

4. The neuroendocrine theory
First proposed by Professor Vladimir Dilman and Ward Dean MD, this theory postulates on wear and tear of the neuroendocrine system. In neuroendocrine system, the master pituitary gland secrets hormones to direct other glands in secreting their hormones and works conjunction with the hypothalamus glands form a command post in the nervous system in closely direct the function of most of the body functions.
but as we age, the hypothalamus loses its ability as a hormone regulator as its receptors of which uptake other gland hormones become less sensitive to them, including sex hormones, DHEA, serotonin, melatonin, etc.
As for cortisol, a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands due to stress, is produced with abundance as we age.

5. Immune system decline theory
As we age, our immune system is weakening that cause us become vulnerable to the dangerous pathogens, including microbial and viral invasion. Within the immune system, the thymus glands which play an important role in helping formation of the immune system scavenger that reduces the function of immune system further that allow irregular cell growth cause of aging spot, tumors, cancer, infection, inflammation and onset of chronic illness.

6. Genetic programming theory
Genetic programming theory proposes that aging is programmed as the cells cycle in our body are also genetic program since their inception. the explanation is that all the cells are undergoing certain time in division over the a said amount of time before dying, leading to conclusion that people with the long live genetic program live longer than others who do not.
The theory also emphasizes the genetic diseases as a result of genetic programming diminished life span, regardless external and internal influence.
Further refinement of the programmed senescence theory was developed by Bernard Strehler, who proposed that as cells are program to perform specific functions within the organism that cause them to lose some of the ability to duplicate their genetic information, leading to aging.

7. Hayflick limit
The Hayflick limit (or Hayflick Phenomena) theory discovered by Leonard Hayflick and a biologist in 1966. In vitro study, the number of times fibroblast diploid cells will divide before it stops. The discover is conferring a major hypothesis if the cell division can prolong in a infinite matter without conditions which cause damage of the cells, then organism can liver forever.
Exceptions:
Stem cells
Since stem cells can continue to regenerate new cells for the entire lifespan of the organism, without limit, thus constituting a notable exception to the Hayflick limit theory.
Cancer cells
Cancer cell in biological aspect, have found a way around the limit by becoming a group of immortalized cells produced from cell division that have no limit as to how many times this immortalized cell division might take place.

8. The telomerase theory
The tolomerrase theory is a continuation of support to the Hayflick limit (or Hayflick Phenomena) theory involved in telomeres and telomerase. Telomeres are the structure at the end of the chromosome. As each time the cell divides, its telomeres is shortened, at certain length, the cell stops division and goes into senescence.
The experiment shows, the cell senescence can be reversed by controlling the genes of telomerase autocatalytic nature, which in turn, promotes the forever cell division capacity

9. The free radical theory
A free radical is any atom or molecule that has a single unpaired electron in an outer shell and highly reactive to react with other cell, which in turn, causes oxidative damage to the enzymes, other protein, unsaturated fatty acid, phospho-lipids, DNA and RNA, etc., leading to aging of the organisms, as a result of widespread damage due to set of a chain reaction auto-catalytically after attacking the lipid bilayers of the cell walls.

10. Other theories
a. Rate of living and lifespan
Rate of living is defined that a bigger organism, the longer it lives with human is one of the exception due to its slower rate of metabolism and lower rate of free radical activity, leading to low levels of age lipid pigment, resulting in longer life span. Experiment show that there 100,000 free radicals hit everyday in rat, comparing 10, 000 in human.
b. Caloric restriction
Caloric restriction hypothesis suggested in a study of young rat showed that if a rat is put into restricted diet with given of necessary nutrients, it lives longer than those were allowed to eat freely. With the result also the same in the old rat, the theory also suggest eating less may cause less toxins in the body that affects the immune system and reduces the risk of hormone change, leading to free radicals cause of aging.
c. Age spots
Age spots are mainly composed of lipofuscin and lipopigment caused by reaction of free radical and peroxidation, leading to the formation of age spot, as a result of oxygen species interact with autophagocytic degradation occurring inside the lysosomes.
d. Protein oxidation
Protein oxidation cay affect protein function in normal and pathological processes as a result of postranslation protein being alter by reduce oxygen species (ROS) cause of damage to enzyme, leading to dysfunction of its role resulting in aging.
e. Fast track of aging
The theory suggest that there are many of diseases and syndromes of which can contribute to faster track to aging
* Hutchison-Gilford syndrome
It is an extremely rare genetic condition wherein symptoms resembling aspects of aging are manifested at an early age. Those born with progeria typically live to thirteen years, although many have been known to live into their late teens and early twenties and rare individuals may even reach their forties due to genes mutation.
*Werner syndrome
It is Adult progeria, an disorder causes the appearance of premature aging. The syndrome does not develop until they reach puberty is caused by autosomal recessive disorder due to alter gene on chromosome 8.
f. Altered genes
Alter genes are the work of Friedman and Johnson 1988 " .... the effect of elevated expression of SIR2 in yeast appears to be conserved in C. elegans (Tissenbaum & Guarente 2001) and Drosophila (Rogina & Helfand 2004), and mutations in genes encoding components of the target of rapamycin (TOR) pathway also extend the lifespan in all four organisms... "
"... It was originally suspected that extension of lifespan by reduced IIS might turn out to be a worm peculiarity. This was because mutations in genes in the IIS pathway can also cause the worms to enter a type of developmental arrest (dauer), normally seen only in response to low food or crowding (Riddle & Albert 1997). Dauer larvae are long lived, and the long life of IIS mutant adult worms could therefore have been a result of re-expression in the adult of the genes that make the dauer larva long lived...."
g. Free radical connection
Free radical is any atom or molecule that has a single unpaired electron in an outer shell and accumulation of free radical damage over time can cause aging. Theory is first proposed by Denham Harman in the 1950sand in the 1970s extended the idea to implicate mitochondrial production of reactive oxygen species into the 1970s. Study showed that mutant strains of the roundworm that are more susceptible to free radicals have shortened life spans, and those with less susceptibility have longer lifespan
If free radical causes damage to the DNA repaired enzymes, it can increase the risk of unrepaired DNA damage, leading protein synthesis incorrectly. In fact, free radicals can inflict damage to all cells in body such as endocrine glands, leading to decreasing of hormone secretion, resulting in aging and Kupffer cell in liver, causing endotoxins accumulated in the blood, leading to more free radicals attacks the immune system, etc.

10. Hormone depletion
The researchers found that if an decrease or absence of the pituitary gland hormones mice is given enough amount of pituitary hormones, it lives longer than a control group of normal mice as it stimulates the production of growth and other hormones such as prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, etc.

11. etc.

Most Common Types of Free Radicals
Free radicals are atoms, molecules, or ions with unpaired electrons through chemical bonds with other atoms or molecules during a chemical reaction. They may have positive, negative or zero charge. The unpaired electrons cause radicals to be highly chemically reactive in the human body, leading to aging and cancers.
1. Hydroxyl radical (OHa)
The hydroxyl radical, is the neutral form of the hydroxide ion (OH-). It is produced from the decomposition of hydroperoxides (ROOH) by the reaction of an elevation in energy level above an arbitrary baseline energy state molecular oxygen with water.
The hydroxyl radical is highly reactive and has a very short in vivo half-life of approx. 10a9 s. This makes it a very dangerous compound to the organism. Hydroxyl radical cannot be eliminated by an enzymatic reaction and can damage virtually all types of macromolecules: carbohydrates, nucleic acids (mutations), lipids (lipid peroxidation) and amino acids, that makes it a very danger compound to shorten the life span of human being.

2. Superoxide anion radical (O2-a)
A superoxide anion is a compound that possesses an atom or molecule in which the total number of electrons is not equal to the total number of protons, giving it a net positive or negative electrical charge with the chemical formula O2a with one unpaired electron, leading to the generating of superoxide anion free radical.
Mutations in the gene coding for the NADPH oxidase cause immune deficiency chronic granulomatous disease, leading to extreme susceptibility to infection and pathogenesis of many diseases, including aging.

3. Singlet oxygen
Singlet oxygen is the common name used for the diamagnetic form of molecular oxygen (O2), which is less stable than the normal triplet oxygen. In biological study, species, Singlet oxygen causes oxidation of LDL cholesterol and resultant cardiovascular effects.
Since singlet oxygen with activation by light can produce severe photosensitivity of skin, leading to skin defects.

4. Hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is the simplest peroxide, a clear liquid, slightly more viscous than water, that appears colorless in dilute solution. It is considered a highly reactive oxygen species because of its strong oxidizing capacity.
Hydrogen peroxide
A study published in Nature found that hydrogen peroxide plays a role in the immune system by signalling the white blood cells to converge on the site of damage. The process leads to white blood cells did not accumulate at the site of damage, but somewhere else if the gene in production of hydrogen peroxide is altered, causing higher levels of hydrogen peroxide and white blood cells in their lungs accumulation in the lung than healthy people.

5. Lipid peroxyl free radical
Lipid peroxidation is a process in which free radicals steal electrons from the lipids in cell membranes, most often affecting polyunsaturated fatty acids, resulting in damaging to the cell membrane, which consists mainly of lipids, because of chain reaction after initial oxidating by producing even more lipid peroxyl free radicals if not bought under controlled fast enough.

6. Nitric oxide
Nitric oxide is a chemical compound with chemical formula NO. Even though, low levels of NO production are important in protecting liver from ischemic damage and contribute to proper smooth muscle contraction and growth, but its free radical and toxic nature can cause DNA damage and inflammation.

7. Alkoxyl radical
Alkoxyl radical which is an alkyl (carbon and hydrogen chain) group singular bonded to oxygen can result in cellular damage caused by oxyfluorfen, a herbicide.

8. Peroxynitrite

Peroxynitrite is the anion with the formula ONOOareacted quikly with carbon dioxide, leading to forming of carbonate and nitrogen dioxide radicals. If the two radicals do not recombine to form carbon dioxide and nitrate, they can cause peroxynitrite-related cellular damage.

9. Etc.

Antioxidants
A. Antioxidant enzymes
Antioxidant enzymes are chemical substances found in plants that can protect the body from damage of free radicals by terminating the chain reactions by removing free radical intermediates and inhibiting other oxidation reactions.
1. Catalase
Catalase is an enzyme, found in most living organisms that are exposed to oxygen helped to converse hydrogen peroxide (free radicals) to water and oxygen as a rate of 40 million molecules of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen each second, using either an iron or manganese cofactor.

2. Glutathione peroxidase
The function of glutathione peroxidase is to protect the organism from oxidative damage by reducing lipid hydroperoxides, an oxidation of lipid cell membranes which can easily break and form free radicals of the form RO and converting free hydrogen peroxide to oxygen and water.

3. Glutathione reductase
Glutathione reductase, an enzyme reduces pair of sulfur atoms glutathione to the a organosulfur compound form of antioxidant (consisting of three amino acids joined by peptide bonds) which helps to prevent damage of important cellular components caused by free radicals and peroxides.

4. Super oxide dismutase (both Cu-Zn and Mn)
Super oxide dismutase is an important antioxidant defense in nearly all cells exposed to oxygen by converting superoxide into oxygen and hydrogen peroxide depending on the metal cofactor such as both Cu-Zn and Mn.

B. Metals binding proteins
1. Ceruloplasmin
Ceruloplasmin, the major copper-carrying protein in the blood plays a role in iron metabolism. It prevents the oxidation that leads to the forming of oxidation from Fe2+ (ferrous iron) into Fe3+ (ferric iron) by exhibiting a copper-dependent oxidase activity, causing mutations in the ceruloplasmin gene cause of iron overload in the brain, liver, pancreas, and retina.

2. Ferritin
Ferritin, the protein produced by almost all living organisms, acts as a component to fight against iron deficiency and iron overload, keep in a soluble and non-toxic form and transport it to the body needs, including organs. It enhances the immune system in the presence of an infection or cancer and prevent the infectious agent attempts to bind iron to become free radicals by migrating from the plasma to within cells.

3. Lactoferrin
Lactoferrin, a multifunctional protein of the transferrin family, is one of the components of the immune system of the body by fighting against foreign invasion of bacteria and virus and lipid oxidation by inhibiting oxidation in a concentration-dependent manner even at concentrations beyond its capacity.

4. Metallotheinein
Metallotheinein, a family of cysteine-rich, low molecular weight proteins helps to bind both physiological heavy metals through the organosulfur compound of its cysteine residues. It also captures harmful superoxide and hydroxyl radicals by liberating the metal ions which were bound to cysteine.

5. Transferrin
Transferrin is a glycoprotein that binds iron very tightly but reversibly. It enhance the immune system in fighting against infection, inflammation by creating an environment low in free iron that impedes bacteria survival and cell oxidation.

6. Hemoglobin
Hemoglobin is the protein molecule in red blood cells that enhances the carrying of oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues and return CO2 from the tissues to the lungs.
During oxidate stress, the cell membrane is protected by intraerythrocytic hemoglobin from the forming of free radical.

7. Myoglobin
Myoglobin is an iron- and oxygen-binding protein found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates. The binding of oxygen by myoglobin is unaffected by the oxidation or chain of oxidative reaction in the surrounding tissue, thus reducing the free radicals damage caused by oxidate stress.

8. Etc.

C. Common antioxidants (scavengers)
1. Bilirubin
Bilirubin is a prosthetic group which helps to break down molecules into smaller units in releasing energy, excreted in bile and urine. It is a cellular antioxidant, by reverting to biliverdin, a green tetrapyrrolic bile pigment, once again when oxidized that inhibits the effects of mutagens.

2. Carotenoids
Carotenoids are organic pigments, occurring in the chloroplasts and chromoplasts of plants and some other photosynthetic organisms like algae, some bacteria.
a. Beta-carotene
Beta-Carotene, an organic compound and classified as a terpenoid, a strongly-coloured red-orange pigment in plants and fruits.
a.1. It is not toxic and stored in liver for the production of vitamin A that inhibits cancer cell in experiment. Beta-carotene also neutralize singlet oxygen before giving rise of free radicals which can damage of DNA, leading to improper cell DNA replication, causing cancers.
a.2. Cell communication
Researcher found that beta-carotene enhances the communication between cell can reduce the risk of cancer by making cells division more reliable.
a.3. Immune system
Beta-carotene promotes the immune system in identifying the foreign invasion such as virus and bacteria by increasing the quality of MHC2 protein in maintaining optimal function of white cells.
a.4. Polyunsaturated fat
Researchers found that beta-carotene also inhibits the oxidation of polyunsaturated fat and lipoprotein in the blood that reduce the risk of plaques build up onto the arterial walls, causing heart diseases and stroke.
a.5. There are more benefits of beta-carotene.

b. Alpha-carotene
Alpha-carotene, one of the most abundant carotenoids in the North American diet, is a form of carotene with a I-ring at one end and an I-ring at the other. It is the second most common form of carotene which not only protects cells from the damaging effects of free radicals and enhances the immune system in fighting against bacteria and virus invasion, but also stimulates the communication between cells thus preventing irregular cell growth cause of cancers.

c. Beta-cryptoxanthin
Beta cryptoxanthin is an antioxidant, beside helping to prevent free radical damage to cells and DNA but also stimulates the repair of oxidative damage to DNA. it enhances the immune function infighting against inflammatory cause of polyarthritis, and irregular cell growth cause of cancer due to oxidation.

d. Lutein
Lutein is one of the most popular North American carotenoids. It is found in greens like kale and spinach as well as the yolk of eggs. Lutein is also found in the human eye. Getting enough lutein in your diet may help to fight off age related macular degeneration, an eye condition.
Researcher has shown that people who do not have enough lutein in their diet will not have enough lutein present in the muscular part of the eye. This is what likely leads to age related macular degeneration that can result in blindness.

e. Zeaxanthin
Zeaxanthin, a most common carotenoid alcohols found in nature, is one of the two primary xanthophyll carotenoids contained within the retina of the eye. Intake of foods provide zeaxanthin with lower incidence of age-related macular degeneration as a result of its function of reducing the risk oxidative stress.

f. Lycopene
Lycopene is a red carotene of the carotenoid group that can be found in tomatoes, watermelons, and grapefruits. This powerful antioxidant is believed to be a powerful fighter of prostate cancer. Lycopene has many anti-aging capabilities as well as one of the most powerful antioxidants in the carotenoid group.

3. Flavonoids
Flavonoids also known as Vitamin P and citrinare a yellow pigments having a structure similar to that of flavones occurred in varies plants. it has been in human history for over thousands of years and discovered by A. S. Szent-Gyorgi in 1930. As he used vitamin C and flavonoids to heal the breakage of capillaries, which caused swelling and obstruction of blood flow. Most plants have more than one group or type act as predominate.
Flavonoids process a property as antioxidants. it helps to neutralize many of reactive oxygen species (ROS), including singlet oxygen, hydroxyl and superoxide radicals.
Although nitric oxide is considered a free radical produced by immune system to destroy bacteria and cancerous cells, but when it is over produced, it causes the production peroxynitrite which may attack protein, lipid and DNA, Flavonoids inhibit NO production of peroxynitrite due to reduction of enzyme expression.
a. Quercetin
Quercetinis a plant-derived flavonoid found in fruits, vegetables, leaves and grains and studies show that quercetin may have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties as a antioxidant, quercetin scavenges free radicals, which damage cell membranes, cause mutation of cells with tampering DNA.

b. Rutin
Rutin is a citrus flavonoid glycoside found in buckwheat and glycoside of the flavonoid quercetin. It inhibits platelet aggregation, decreases the capillary permeability, makes blood thinner and improves circulation. As an antioxidant, it can reduce the cytotoxicity of oxidized LDL cholesterol caused by free radical that lowers the risk of heart diseases.

c. Catechin
Catechin is a natural phenol antioxidant plant and natural anti-bacterial substance. Study showed catechin as good free radical scavenging power inhibits ROS production, thus it can be useful to the development of alimentary strategies to prevent OTA-induced cytotoxicity in human.

d. Etc.

4. Uric acids
Uric acids may have a potential therapeutic role as an antioxidant becuase of its function of inducing oxidative stress, either through creating reactive oxygen species or inhibiting antioxidant systems.
High uric acid can cause arthritis, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, Metabolic syndrome, kidney stones, etc.

5. Thiols (R-SH)
Chemically, thiol, a organosulfur compound has strong odours resembling that of garlic. They are used as odourants to assist in the detection of natural gas. It presents in the amino acid cysseine which helps to the functioning of enzyme regulation, cell signaling, protein trafficking and control of gene expression. As a sulfide residue, thiol plays an important role in cell function of reversal oxidation by interacting with GSSG resulting in formation of intramucolar protein disulfide and GSG.

6. Coenzyme Q10
Coenzyme Q10 is discovered by Dr. Karl Folfers in 1957, beside promotes the chemical reaction, often by speeding it up or allowing it to proceed under less stringent conditions, it also enhances energy production by promoting the process of the production of ATP then serving as fuel for the cells and acts an antioxidant to prevent the generation of free radicals during this process.

7. Vitamin A, C, E. D.
a. Vitamin A
Vitamin A occurs in the form retinol and is best known for its function in maintaining the health of cell membrane, hair, skin, bone, teeth and eyes. It also plays an important role as an antioxidant as it scavenges free radicals in the lining of the mouth and lungs; prevents its depletion in fighting the increased free radicals activity by radiation; boosts immune system in controlling of free radicals; prevents oxidation of LDL and enhances the productions of insulin pancreas.

b. Vitamin C
Vitamin C beside plays an important role in formation and maintenance of body tissues, it as an antioxidant and water soluble vitamin, vitamin C can be easily carry in blood, operate in much of the part of body. By restoring vitamin E, it helps to fight against forming of free radicals. By enhancing the immune system, it promotes against the microbial and viral and irregular cell growth causes of infection and inflammation.
Vitamin C also is a scavenger in inhibiting pollution cause of oxidation.

c. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is used to refer to a group of fat-soluble compounds that include both tocopherols and tocotrienols discovered by researchers Herbert Evans and Katherine Bishop. It beside is important in protecting muscle weakness, repair damage tissues, lower blood pressue and inducing blood clooting in healing wound, etc, it also is one of powerful antioxidant, by moving into the fatty medium to prevent lipid peroxidation, resulting in lessening the risk of chain reactions by curtailing them before they can starts.

d. Vitamin D
Reseacher found that vitamin D, a group of fat-soluble secosteroids is also a membrane antioxidant, with the ability to inhibit iron-dependent lipid peroxidation in liposomes compared to cholesterol.

Others antioxidants
1. Copper
Copper, an essential trace element is essential for the absorption and utilization of iron and distributed widely in the body and occurs in liver, muscle and bone. Deficiency of copper can often cause the anemia-like symptoms. However, ingesting too much of it can lead to generator of free radicals that can damage DNA .

1.1. Antimicrobial and viral Copper enhances the immune function in fighting against foreign invasion, such as bacteria and virus, thus reducing the risk of infection and imflammation by utilizing the absorption of oxygen and production of energy within cells.

1.2. Antioxidant enzyme Superoxide dismutase (SOD)
Copper is vital for the making of antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase, an important antioxidant defense in nearly all cells exposed to oxygen by protecting the cell membranes from free radicals. In fact, it outcompetes damaging reactions of superoxide, thus protecting the cell from superoxide toxicity. Research found in experiment, Mice lacking SOD1(Superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]) develop a wide range of pathologies, including hepatocellular carcinoma, an acceleration of age-related muscle mass loss,an earlier incidence of cataracts and a reduced lifespan. Mice lacking SOD3(Extracellular superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn] ) do not show any obvious defects and exhibit a normal lifespan, though they are more sensitive to hyperoxic injury and mice lacking SOD2 (Superoxide dismutase 2, mitochondrial) die before birth. The above result enhances the importance of the presence of copper in improving life span and living health in human as well.

2. glutathione (GSH)
Glutathione (GSH), a polypeptide of glycine, cysteine, and glutamic acid that occurs widely in plant and animal tissues beside is best known for its role in enhancing the immune system in protect our body from bacteria and virus, it also is an antioxidant that helps to prevent damage caused by oxidation of cellular components such as free radicals and peroxides by converting to its oxidized form glutathione disulfide (GSSG), leading to generation of antioxidant enzymes, glutathione peroxidases and peroxiredoxins of which reduces the risk of oxidative DNA damage and subsequently the individual's risk of cancer susceptibility.

Deficiency of Glutathione (GSH) causes hemolytic anemia, progressive degeneration of the spinal cord, disorders of the peripheral nervous system, diseases of the skeletal muscles, etc.

Intake with vitamin D increases glutathione levels in the brain and appears to be a catalyst for glutathione production.

3. Alpha lipoic acid
Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA) is an organosulfur compound derived from octanoic acid. It has been used as over-the-counter nutritional supplements to treat a number of diseases and conditions. Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA) not only is importance in preventing the symptoms of vitamin C and vitamin E deficiency, but also generates dihydrolipoic acid by reduction of antioxidant radicals.

Recent study showed that Alpha lipoic acid may have a therapeutic and anti-aging effects due to modulation of signal transduction and gene transcription, which improve the antioxidant status of the cell.

4. Manganese

Manganese is an essential trace nutrient in all forms of life. It is well known for its role in helping the body to maintain healthy skin and bone structure, but also acts as cofactors for a number of enzymes in higher organisms, where they are essential in detoxification of superoxide (O2a, with one unpaired electron) free radicals.

Although, superoxide is biologically quite toxic and deployed by the immune system to kill invading microorganisms by utilizing the enzyme NADPH oxidase. Any Mutations in the gene coding for the NADPH oxidases cause an immunodeficiency syndrome.

Superoxide may contribute to aging via the oxidative damage that it inflicts on cells. In larger amounts, manganese can be poisoning to neurological damage which is sometimes irreversible.

5. Selenium
Selenium , a trace mineral plays an important and indirect role as an antioxidant by fulfilling its function as a necessary constituent of glutathione peroxidase and in production of glutathione, that inhibits the damage caused by oxidation of free radical hydrogen peroxide, leading to aging effects.

5.1. Heart health
Since it works synergism with vitamin E, it promotes heart health. Study showed by increasing the levels of glutathion, selenium decreases the risk of LDL oxidation, thus lowering the risk of plaque building up on the arterial walls, blood pressure and heart diseases.

5.2. Immune system
Selenium enhances the immune function that fighting off the attack of AID virus by promoting the function of interleukin 2 and T-cells.

5.3. Cancer
Study showed that levels pf selenium in blood test is associated with high rate of cancer, including skin cancer.

6. Zinc
Zinc is an essential mineral that is naturally present in some foods. The ability of zinc in inhibiting oxidative processes has been recognized for many years. Chronic effects, zinc enhances the introduction of metallothioneins, which help to capture the superoxide and hydroxyl radicals due to cysteine residues, resulting in lessening the risk of oxidative stress.
Over acute effects, zinc may reduce the postischemic injury to a variety of tissues and organs by involving the antagonism of copper reactivity as a result from its antioxidant functions.

For more information of all other healthiest foods, visit

http://healthy-foods-index.blogspot.com/

or my home page for other health article at

http://medicaladvisorjournals.blogspot.com

You can also follow me on twitter

http://twitter,com/kylejnorton

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    how to lower liver enzymes if high?
    i need to lower my liver enzymes? how do i do that

    • ANSWER:
      First check with your physician who ordered the blood-work to see if it is not a side-effect of a medication you are on. Then he/she will most likely ask you about your use of alcohol. Alcohol use can cause your enzymes to show high on blood-work tests. These might be showing some possible damage to the liver, but only your physician can make that determination. No one on the net can tell you that. Just as no one can examine you physically or any other way on the internet. This is your precious health, so please make an appointment & follow through with your personal physician. He/she may need to prescribe one or more medications to help keep impurities out of your blood. You only have one liver, please don't wait or fool around with this - go to a doctor.

  2. QUESTION:
    How can I lower my liver enzymes quickly after drinking 4 nights ago?
    I'm currently a tad high as far as liver enzymes go and need to lower them before I retest for my insurance provider tomorrow. Any suggestions??? Thanks so much:}

    • ANSWER:
      stop drinking alcohol. Alcohol will affect the liver enzymes up to 72 hours after consumption.

  3. QUESTION:
    How do I lower high liver enzymes, please help me?
    how do i lower high liver enzymes? My mother just found out she has high liver enzymes and she needs to fix it, she's not out of shape at all, she goes to the gym regularly, we're trying to get her liver good, what foods should and shouldn't she eat, i know no alcohol, and also what pain killers can she take? I know tylenol is a no no, so please and thank u so much.

    • ANSWER:
      I have had this same problem, but mine stems from anti-cholesterol medication and tylenol. I looked up in google some of the sites concerning elevated liver enzymes...here's one and I hope it helps:

      Good luck!

      http://www.elevatedliverenzymes.net/

      Although elevated liver enzymes are quite often present in liver injury, they are also noticed in other conditions. Therefore, a diagnosis of elevated liver enzymes in itself does not even confirm any sort of liver damage in the patient.

      Some common causes of elevated liver enzymes are:

      Alcohol consumption

      Autoimmune hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary bilary cirrhosis, or other autoimmune disorders of the liver or bile ducts

      Diabetes

      High triglycerides, or obesity

      Excessive use of kava kava, comfrey, pennyroyal, skullcap, or certain other herbal supplements

      Gallstones

      Hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, or other metabolic liver diseases

      Viral hepatitis, mononucleosis, or other infections

      Liver cancer

      Medications such as some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cholesterol medications, anti-biotics or anti-seizure medicines.

      Tumors of the liver, the pancreas or bile ducts

      You can continue reading a larger list of elevated liver enzymes causes.

      You should talk with your doctor directly regarding treatment options for elevated liver enzymes, as the underlying condition will change which treatments are better or worse for your case.

      Additional information on liver disease is also available.

  4. QUESTION:
    How can I lower elevated liver enzymes naturally?
    GGT is 131 ALT is 122 & AST is 59, is there a way to help correct these levels with natural remedies (ie diet & supplements)? Alkaline Phosphatase is only 62.

    • ANSWER:
      Eat healthy and give it time. Clinical recovery is followed some time later by improvement in the enzyme value.
      Some amino acids like Lornit, help.
      Good luck!

  5. QUESTION:
    about how to lower liver enzymes?

    • ANSWER:
      This question is so vague and lacks so many details that it's nearly impossible to answer. The best answer I can give is that it all depends on what is causing them to elevate. Elevated enzymes means that something is irritating your liver. Get rid of the irritant and the enzymes will come down. That's the best I can do.

  6. QUESTION:
    how do I lower my elevated liver enzymes?
    After my last physical, I was told that my liver enzymes were a little elevated , I was advised not to take any alcohol or medicine like tylenol. But apart from these precautions I would like to know if there are any other measures I need to take in order to lower my elevated liver enzymes like exercise and diet etc. I would greatly appreciate any suggestions in this matter.

    • ANSWER:

  7. QUESTION:
    how to lower your liver enzyme levels?
    need to lower this asap going for a job physical monday and they want you to have low liver enzyme count and cholesterol and blood sugar thanks

    • ANSWER:
      If you have a medical condition that elevates liver enzymes, you are not going to change them in 2 -3 days. The same with cholesterol.

      If you are trying to conceal a medical condition, you would lose your job once it would be found out.

  8. QUESTION:
    what are some of the natural methods to lower slightly elevated liver enzymes?
    During my last physical exam I was told by the doctor that my liver enzymes were a little elevated, the doctor advised me not to take any alcohol or medicines like tylenol. I never drink alcohol at all, except maybe a glass of wine during christmas or smoke or anything like that, I am currently in school so I stay up quite late in the night and I eat junk food occasionally. I cannot understand how my liver enzymes can be elevated. How dangerous can elevated liver enzymes be and what are the harmful effects that can result. I have tried to change my diet and exercise more often. I would greatly appreciate any suggestions that I can follow to reduce these elevated liver enzymes. Kindly help..

    • ANSWER:

  9. QUESTION:
    I have a dog with elevated liver enzymes, how can I lower them?
    they are supposed to be 60 or lower but my dog's are at 2100. they started at 110 then went down after the vet gave her medication, then they kept going down, and now they are back up again. What's going on? and how can I fix it? Naturally is there a way, like feeding her some type of herb?
    but I have a feeling that the vet is actually hurting her instead of helping her. she feels fine should we just take her off her medications?

    • ANSWER:
      Please follow your vets advise, or get a second opinion. Ask a friend or family member for a recommendation. You can call for vet and get a copy of your dogs blood work to take to a different vet. They have to give you a copy and they understand that some people feel better with 3rd party taking a look. There are prescription diets that help out. See if your vet has taken x-rays, or if they can do an ultrasound to rule out liver cancer.

  10. QUESTION:
    Can you help me how to quickly lower down my liver enzyme (SGPT) due to a fatty liver?
    I've been taking milk thistle & other herbs for the past 4 weeks and it works but I need something to that will lower it down more quickly.

    • ANSWER:
      Sure, A diet low in fat and high in fiber, fruits and vegetables can usually correct this problem.
      rachel

  11. QUESTION:
    How can I get a low-cost liver ultrasound?
    My doctor says my liver enzymes are high and wants me to get a liver scan. I don't want to do it because I have a deductible to meet for my insurance and I know I'm going to get hit with a huge bill. I'm wondering if I should just let it go and not worry about it or try to find a lower-cost option if there is one.

    • ANSWER:
      You really must not wait for any more answers to this question! Take yourself to a medical facility and get that test done asap! You can skimp on extras in your life to save money to pay your deductible cost. Many medical facilities will also work with you to pay the balance due with a payment plan.

      Don't waste anymore time! Go get the test done today!

  12. QUESTION:
    How beneficial do you think this vitamin combo is?
    I have PKD, and my doctor recommend that I take cranberry pills daily, to help lower the chances of burst cysts, kidney stones, and UTI infections. I also have heart palpatations, and low liver enzymes.

    I read online, that flaxseed oil helps lower high blood pressure. So, today I've started taking them.

    I take 1 cranberry(plus vitamin c) 3 times daily, 1 500mcg B12 tablet daily, and 1 1000mg flaxseed oil pill 3 times daily.

    How beneficial will this be to my health? How soon until I see the benefits from flaxseed oil?

    I hear flaxseed oil helps with bowel movements, if so, how long to see a difference in that?

    Cheers!
    I am not trying to lose weight. I did not mention that at all in my question.

    • ANSWER:
      The important thing is to eat well. Remember that they are SUPPLEMENTS not substitutes.

      My guess would aroubd a month to notice

  13. QUESTION:
    High Liver Enzymes (SGPT Test) - How long to lower?
    Hi,

    I received an abnormal liver enzyme level test, testing much higher than the normal (don't know exact number but think around 100).

    I drank several glasses of wine the night before my test which I'm curious if that directly affected the test; however I KNOW that my current daily intake of wine surely is causing the normal high levels as well... was just curious:

    #1 - if drinking the night before would have increased even more than normal if I hadn't

    #2 - I have stopped drinking completely, so how long until I can retake the test to make sure nothing else wrong which I'm pretty sure there is not - How long to wait after eliminating alcohol??

    #3 - After normalizing these levels, can I go to a more weekend, social drinking rather than my previous excessive, daily consumption??

    Many thanks!!

    • ANSWER:

  14. QUESTION:
    Can 4 years of binge drinking be undone (liver enzymes ok)?
    If a female has been binge drinking--about 400 mL (a pint) of vodka 1 to 2 times per week for the past 4 years, can the effects be reversed? Her liver enzymes are on the low side of normal, and TG, blood protein, and bili are all ok. How else can adverse effects of drinking be determined other than the liver enzymes? Can damage be undone, and how?

    • ANSWER:
      All affects of the alcohol poisoning can never be reverse but the best solution to your problem is stop drinking. The body will restore to a point but the affects are life time. But better eating habits and living habits help overcome the bad.

  15. QUESTION:
    Does anyone kno much about liver health?
    I went to the dr. A few lyears ago and she told me I had elevated liver enzymes. Now I'm just so convinced that I'm dying. Does anyone know if it's possible to lower ur enzymes if so how and how can I repair the damages? Someone please help I'm so worried.

    • ANSWER:
      A lot of things can elevate liver enzymes. It can be from really next to nothing like something you ate or drank that did it to major liver disease, so there is no way to tell why they were high. If they are high, the doctors will have them checked again and see if they are high on a regular basis. If they continue to be elevated, then they can do further testing. If you don't have any symptoms of liver disease, then there is no reason to believe you have one based on this single labwork you had done years ago.

      Go to your doctor and request another labwork be done on your enzymes to set your mind at ease. Elevated enzymes means that something is irritating your liver. It most likely is something minor, not major. You are jumping way ahead in asking how to repair liver damage since you probably have none, and if you do, you would have to know what type of damage and how much damage to answer that question. If you want to know how to lower your enzymes, then you must take away whatever is irritating your liver whatever that might be.

      Why would you torture yourself with worry for 3 years about this? Go to your doctor and get to the bottom of it if you are so worried. It's just nonsense to worry about something that is probably nothing. I had cirrhosis and a liver transplant. The one thing I learned throughout my ordeal is to never assume the worst. A doctor told me he was 99% sure I had malignant ovarian cancer when he examined me. It turned out to be cirrhosis. I'm probably the only person in the world to do a happy dance when they found out they had cirrhosis. It was bad, but not the worst. Always look at the half glass of water as being half full, not half empty.

  16. QUESTION:
    elevated alt and ast?
    Hi, need ur advice, i just had my alt and ast checked last April 28,2009 and came out 42 and 44 respectively, also had hepatitis profile and thanks god all negative, I am worried about my liver enzymes, i was taking fish oil and actually took it 2 hours before my blood was extracted. in addition to that, i took ciprofloxacin 500mg once a day for 5 days almost two weeks before the tests was done. pls help me, how can i lower my liver enzymes level? I need to do my medical for my application abroad, im afraid il have some problems.thanks alot

    • ANSWER:
      Those numbers are nothing to worry about. Depending on what lab you use as to what their normals are, your numbers would only be slightly elevated at worst. They look good to me. I would not worry about them.

  17. QUESTION:
    My liver enzymes are high?
    My doctor told me my liver enzymes are high what does it mean? And how could I lower them. I have an appointment next week to have my results read with the doctor but till then im woried.
    No I dont drink Alcohol and I dont smoke

    • ANSWER:
      This generally reflects inflammation and your doctor will check you for hepatitis. Some medications can cause elevated enzymes. If you are diabetic or overweight you may develope a "fatty" liver which also may elevate the enzymes. Finally rare metabolic diseases such as hemochromatosis(iron storage disease) can do it.

  18. QUESTION:
    Nutrition Question-10 POINTS for thorough answer =]?
    Mr. Murdock, a 64-year-old male, was brought to the emergency room in an inebriated state after being found lying in the street. He was markedly pales and undernourished with jaundice of the conjunctiva and skin. His lab results showed that he was profoundly anemic with elevated liver enzymes and low albumin, and suffering from a folate deficiency. When the patient became articulate after a few days, he reported heavy alcohol drinking for several years, consuming at least a pint of whiskey daily on intermittent binges. During these times, his food intake was reduced and limited to bread and occasionally chicken, but no fresh vegetables and rarely red meat or fish.

    1.What symptoms of folate deficiency did Mr. Murdock exhibit?
    2.How did his alcohol addiction contribute to the folate deficiency?
    3.What other groups of individuals are at higher risk for folate deficiency? Why?
    4.What are the best food sources of folate?

    • ANSWER:
      Hey, this isn't Homework Central. Do your own homework!

  19. QUESTION:
    How premature can a baby be and survive?
    I was reading about Preeclampsia, and the book said that if the symptoms were severe for the mother (ie >160/100, > +4 proteins in urine, low platelets, elevated liver enzymes and signs and symptoms of end organ damage), it is imperative that the baby be delivered to alleviate the condition.

    That's all good if she is at more than 36-37 weeks, but what if she is only 24 weeks pregnant with severe preeclampsia with a BP and symptoms uncontrolled by medications?

    How premature can a baby be and survive?
    Wow! So many great answers. Thank you all very much.

    • ANSWER:
      Age of viability (the age where a baby can survive) is 24 weeks gestation, and below the 24 week mark the percentage of babies who survive is extremely low. Level 4 NICUs will treat babies born in the 23rd week, but almost no hospital (at least now) will touch a baby born before 23 weeks. That being said, I read somewhere that the youngest baby to ever survive was born at 21 weeks and so many days, but my daughter was born at 22 weeks and she was alive when she was born. The hospital I delivered her at would not touch her, and she passed away after two and a half hours. They told me that her chance of survival at that point was close to zero. And had they tried to do anything to save or prolong her life, she would suffer through pain and she would have permanent brain damage, lung problems, heart problems, the list went on and on. In just a few years I'm sure we will hear stories of babies surviving at 16, 17, and 18 weeks, but currently the cut off is 23 weeks. In the case of a mother with severe pre eclampsia or eclampsia, or in my case with a severe uterine infection, where the mother will die if the baby is not delivered and it is too early to save the baby, doctors will always choose to save the mother.

  20. QUESTION:
    The liver has Great Regenerative properties. Curious on the average time it takes a damage liver to heal fully
    Im quite young, 21 and my liver has been giving me problems for the last couple of months. I know underage drinking is illegal and bad but ive done my fair share of it. I used to drink every weekend heavily. Some weeks i dont drink at all, others i drink 4 out of 7 days. it all varies. About a year ago i took a blood test. the results came back and some of my liver enzymes were high. I had abnormal LFTs. Doctor told me the numbers werent anything to worry aobut so i didnt retest and continue drinking. just recently i started getting pains in my lower abdonmial area, under my ribcage. I got another blood test done this morning and im still waiting on the results. Ive heard taht the liver is capable of healing if the damage isnt servere. If that is my case, which i hope it is, what steps do i need to take to ensure that. And on average how long does it take ur liver to fully recuperate. Oh What foods are good for the liver any specific diets any would recommend for nursing a poor liver.

    • ANSWER:
      i was a drinker and i would get pains so bad under ribcage i know your liver will always have scars if you drink they will come back again i stopped drinking 20 years ago the liver is soft when you don't drink it gets very hard the doctor puts his hand under your rib cage he can tell if your a heavy drinker take care of your self try not to drink to much it's not worth it a friend

  21. QUESTION:
    Last night, I hurt all over and I had done nothing to cause it. What could cause muscle pain all over?
    I still hurt today but have no fever so it isn't the flu or a cold.

    I called the doc for an appointment this morning but won't get to see him till Monday.

    I have many medical issues including diabetes, (levels are normal) thyroid trouble (just reduced thyroxine intake), Adult Onset Primary Immune Deficiency (VERY Low IgG levels), NASH (high liver enzymes).

    I just need a few suggestions to do searches on. One thing I was curious about is Fibromyalgia and how it starts. Thanks for your helpful suggestions in advance.
    Um..details re: answers.

    New mattress.
    Am seeing doc cause it isn't getting better and I use info from the net as a way of gathering info for questions to ask doc so I don't waste money on multi visits.
    It wasn't from exercise, at 45 I would have had that one figured out by now..LOL.

    Thanks to all that asked. I chose the answer with a link because it actually contained my answer!!

    • ANSWER:
      A good site for fibromyalgia is
      http://www.fmnetnews.com/pages/basics.html

      Is it possible something has caused you to have muscle spasms during the night?
      Have you recently come off any medications?
      Has your diet changed recently?

      Hope it gets better :)

  22. QUESTION:
    How long does it takes for acute hepatitis due to mononucleosis to go away?
    2 months ago I was diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis and with acute hepatitis (the later caused by the first) I was told both, the mono and the enlarged liver, would get better without need for medication. A month ago I went back to the doc for a follow up and I was told my liver enzymes were much lower (a good thing!) but I still feel incredibly tired and I can feel pain in my liver. I feel my liver to still be as enlarged as 2 months ago although it is healing good. How long would it take for my liver to be back to normal?
    The hepatitis is not caused by virus a b or c. It is an inflamation of the liver caused by the mono. I cannot transmit it to others through sex or blood, at all. This is not something I will live with. I know is temporary, I just want to know how many months because I can't engage in physical activities due to the inflamation.

    • ANSWER:

  23. QUESTION:
    I need a good cleanse for the liver and overall body?
    I've been feeling sluggish and I know it's due to weather change and me not working out as much. Everything I do eat bothers me to some extent as well. I was on a BCP called Yaz to regulate my cycles and it elevated my liver enzymes - now I'm trying to lower that back to normal. (i stopped taking Yaz- dangerous side -effects)

    I need a good liver cleanse and overall detox. Also, how old should a person be before considering a colon cleanse?
    I did not know that. so why are so many on the market FDA approved? shouldn't they be illegal?

    LOL@ Ant. I love Mexican food! I was waiting on your wisdom too.
    I am feeling a little depressed. it's the weather. I am more of a sun girl- that's why I plan to move. problem solved I guess.
    whats up Z! thanks for the insight.

    Thanks to all of you! good info to know.

    • ANSWER:
      Mexican food.

      ya I'm just kidding. What everyone else is saying is correct Cocoa. Getting off the Yaz will get your liver enzymes back to normal and eating a healthy nutrient dense diet will elevate your mood and energy levels

  24. QUESTION:
    Do you think there may be something wrong with my liver?
    I was on TB Treatment for latent TB an stopped a few weeks back. Today my liver enzymes came back really high 69 for AST and 148 of ALT. Doc sent me for a CT scan. Liver is normal size and not palpable. Additionally, the CT scan states "The solid organs in the abdominal cavity are unremarkable for acute pathology"?

    I know one of the side affects of the TB medicine is liver damage do you think that could be the cause. How long would it take my liver to heal from this? Finally, is there any sign of cancer in this report? The did mention "there are small right lower quadrant reactive lymph nodes but no evidence of appendicitis.

    • ANSWER:
      No, this has no indications of cancer. When they say "Liver is normal size and not palpable." It means there is not swelling. Palpable means the Dr can feel it by touching that area. In your case, he could not, Good sign. The Ct saying the organs are unremarkable for acute pathology" simply means, they can't find anything wrong. Sounds to me like you're in good shape. Enzymes would be high because you were taking that drug for a long time. Once it's out of your system, those enzymes will go back to normal. Don't worry about lymph node either, that could be anything and the report doesn't give any indication that it's something bad. Glad you're better.

  25. QUESTION:
    Did it effect her liver enzyme?
    Female,13,120 pounds Overdosed on tylenol 3 days ago and has not told any one but me, her best friend. and she wont go to the doctors. she took 12 Tylenol 8 hours witch i have at home and they are 650 MG ea. and i know for a fact its not safe to take that much. she asked me to ask my mom because my mom is a nurse but im scared my mom would think i took them or something [[ u know how moms are ]] but did it effect her liver enzyme? should i beg her to go to the doctor even if its been so long? she said she had some pain on the right lower side and feels likes shes gonna throw up. well please let me know im scared for her

    • ANSWER:
      OMG what did you do? This question is already 2 days old and no one has answered you? Is she okay now? She may have damaged her liver and she needs to tell someone right away and get intervention. Be a good friend (friends don't let friends...) and get her some help. Only a blood test can determine if her liver enzymes are elevated. She is probably okay with the small amount she took, but that fact that she took them is the danger. A large percentage of ppl who attempt once will attempt again and each time is more dangerous.

  26. QUESTION:
    Question regarding bloodwork and Liver Enzyme levels?
    I had blood work done my results ast (sgot) 37 alt (sgpt) 88 DR said I have no hep the tests were negative. I was told I have a fatty liver and it must be monitored

    Can someone tell me if I should be concerned and how can I lower numbers I have no health insurance but needed to have bloodwok done

    Also glucose was 107 no diabetes
    cholestrol 180
    LDL was 114

    Can someone tell me about these numbers I am overweight but have been losing weight the past 4 months I lost about 25lbs

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:

  27. QUESTION:
    Is there a possibility I could have Chirrosis of the liver?
    and if I had it (or the early part of it) how would I know that I am sick? I am 23, a female, I weight 240 pounds and somewhat a party girl, although I do not think I drink enough to mess up my liver enough to get Chirrosis. I used to drink every day and I had a 750 ml bottle of wine (sometimes 2 or 3 in one night) but then when I went to the doctor for lab work they said my liver enzymes were high so I cut down now I only drink about 4 times a week but when I do drink it is one full bottle in a period of one hour examples are a full 750 ml bottle of wine, a 750 ml bottle of mudslide or other cocktails such as Nuvo (same size) and 1 liter of Alize Rose. What are elevated liver enezymes and when they are high does that mean you have Chirrosis. I honestly think I am at low risk since my grandfather also drinks a lot and he drinks every day and more than I do and has been doing so ever since he was in his early 20's and now in his mid 70's. I read one article about if you drink there are some supplements like Milk Thistle that can reduce damage to the liver will taking these help in any way?

    • ANSWER:

  28. QUESTION:
    What is the control of a science experiment?
    I have to make up an experiment, using hydrogen peroxide and liver (because it has enzymes) and water . I have to test how TEMPERATURE affects the rate of enzyme catalyzed reaction.
    the question and hypothesis i wrote:
    Question:
    How does temperature affect the rate of an enzyme catalyzed reaction?

    Hypothesis:
    A temperature that is higher or lower than the optimum may change the rate of enzyme-catalyzed reaction. The optimum temperature is 37 degrees Celsius.

    • ANSWER:
      Control in an experiment is anything you do to minimize the influence of variables that you are not studying on the outcome of your experiment.

      In your case the variable of interest is temperature, so you want to make sure your experiment measures only how temperature (and not other factors) affects the rate of the enzyme catalyzed reaction.

      A good control for your experiment would be to do two tests instead of just one. You should use the same liver sample and the same bottle of hydrogen peroxide, and make sure to do everything exactly the same in both tests, except that you expose one sample to 37 degrees during the experiment and leave the other at room temperature. That way any difference in your results can probably be attributed to the different temperatures and not any other factors.

  29. QUESTION:
    How Effective is "Red Yeast Rice" Tablets, Vitamin E & other "Natural" choices for cholesterol?
    My doctor just recommended "Red Yeast Rice" tablets for cholesterol control because my tests showed that the Zorcor I was taking had raised my liver enzymes to a dangerous level. So dangerous that if I continued taking Zorcor, it could destroy my liver. She said that I could get these tablets at Wal Mart.
    She also recommended using either Benecol, Take Control or Olivio (as a butter substitute), & gave me a list of food substitutes for lowering Cholesterol.
    I've also heard that Vitamin E helps lower cholesterol too. In fact, I understand that a person can"t take Vitamin E & Zocor together because the two could be too much together.
    Anyone hear or know of possible interactions if I tried both the "Red Yeast Rice tablets and Vitamin E? Or am I better off just trying one at a time?

    I truly appreciate anything you can share.

    Thanks!
    I love everyone's imput. Your answers are important for me to decide if I should take Red Yeast Rice or not, & to decide what to do next.

    • ANSWER:
      Chinese red yeast is very effective for reducing cholesterol as it works similar to statin drugs. There is one problem though. The statin drugs and chinese red yeast can adversely affect your Coenzyme Q10 levels which means you need to supplement with CoQ10. Low CoQ10 levels will affect your energy levels.

  30. QUESTION:
    my friend is in ICU with liver failure. Why are they talking rehab,his liver is not functioning. Will he die?
    He is a stage 3 alcoholic with no insurance, swollen abdomen, jaundice, disorientation, all of the major symptoms of liver failure. They are keeping him in ICU due to low sodium, but his enzymes are still off the chart. They are talking rehab, I find this ludicrous...isn't he in for a very painful death. I need a little help here in understanding how you can function without a liver...you can't! So why are the Drs not telling us this? Any help would be greatly appreciated...God Bless

    • ANSWER:
      becoz the alcohol rehabilitation is essential ,they are stabilizing his condition means he aint cirrhotic or in liver failure ,he stops alcohol he still has a chance his liver can compensate and whats left undamaged is able of giving yet,his current condition sounds good they mean and his biggest problem is drinking

  31. QUESTION:
    liver function tests ?
    My neighbor a liver test at a clinic . and the test came out and it revealed that she didn't have hepatitis. Her alt went to 60 to 74. The nurse said that she don't to be worried about this. But she is really concerned that her alt wanted to be back down to normal. But she has pain that comes and goes. What happens if her alt keeps going up.For a week she has drank glasses of water with a lemon in it. And she has been drinking green tea with antioxidants. Also she has been on a low fat , no sodium, no cholesterol diet. All her tests came out normal except her liver enzyme? How can she bring the alt down back to normal ? Is there a special diet that may help. She never shared needles, never was a drug addict, never had any multiple partners, and she never had a blood transfusion. She had been in the hospital twice for the last two years for two operations at the hospital and out of the hospital she was on pain medication including Tylenol.

    • ANSWER:
      I would not get too worried. It could be from vitamin supplements, herbal supplements, drugs you take for any medical problems, or could be many kinds of infections. If your doctor is concerned, he will do further testing on you...
      From:-
      http://www.drbriffa.com/blog/2008/02/15/why-carbs-can-turn-your-liver-into-foie-gras/

      Intake of fat was not associated with ALT levels
      Intake of protein was not associated with ALT levels
      Total calorie intake was not associated with ALT levels
      Intake of carbohydrate was associated with ALT levels

  32. QUESTION:
    TMI Warning...Parasites?
    I have been having stomach issues for a while now, so I went to my doctor, who now wants me to provide a stool sample.

    She thinks I may have a parasite in my intestines.

    Right now I am freaking right the hell out.

    How serious could this be if I do have a parasite?

    I am very hygienic ( I shower every morning, and bathe every night), I also wash my hands like crazy, and use hand sanitizer ( I keep a bottle of it in my purse).

    Where could Ii have caught this?

    My symptoms are:

    Blood in stool (this was 2 months ago,but stopped ,ER doc said I had Gastroenteritis).
    Mucous in stool
    Alternating btw diarrhea and constipation
    Sometimes when I pass stool, I get a tiny white turd
    Stomach pains (lower abdomen)

    I have blood tests for liver enzymes and Blood Cell count, both came back normal

    Anyone else ever have this?
    And what did it turn out to be?
    I'm also nauseous a lot of the time, and have gained weight.

    • ANSWER:
      Perhaps your personal hygiene is not an issue in this case - think about where you have eaten out lately, or traveled to lately that was out of the ordinary for you. If you do have a parasite, it could have come from something that you ingested at some point in time. And there are times when parasites can be dormant for months or even a year or two, so if you've traveled out of the country during that time frame, be sure to let your doctor know. Also if you frequently go camping or walk barefoot you could have been exposed to certain types of parasites that could end up in your intestinal tract, so think about where and when you might have done this. See links below for more information - it's going to depend on what type of parasite (if any) is found on how to treat and get rid of it. On a positive note, once your doctor determines what it is that you have, the treatment you're given will be able to help rid you of it before it can cause you further problems. Then, there are many healthy ways to help your body fight off any further infections from these nasty little critters. Feel better soon.

  33. QUESTION:
    Oh God, Parasites possibly?
    I have been having stomach issues for a while now, so I went to my doctor, who now wants me to provide a stool sample.

    She thinks I may have a parasite in my intestines.

    Right now I am freaking right the hell out.

    How serious could this be if I do have a parasite?

    I am very hygienic ( I shower every morning, and bathe every night), I also wash my hands like crazy, and use hand sanitizer ( I keep a bottle of it in my purse).

    Where could Ii have caught this?

    My symptoms are:

    Blood in stool (this was 2 months ago,but stopped ,ER doc said I had Gastroenteritis).
    Mucous in stool
    Alternating btw diarrhea and constipation
    Sometimes when I pass stool, I get a tiny white turd
    Stomach pains (lower abdomen)
    Nausea

    I have blood tests for liver enzymes and Blood Cell count, both came back normal

    Anyone else ever have this?
    And what did it turn out to be?

    • ANSWER:
      It doesn't matter how hygienic you are, how often you bathe, shower, wash your hands, etc. If you eat or drink something contaminated with parasites, you can become infected. I'm no doctor, but most parasitic infections can be treated, last I heard. When I was backpacking in Thailand in '95, I picked up an intestinal parasite when I drank unpasteurized milk. When I got back to the states, the doc ran a lot of tests, I took some sort of prescription medicine for two weeks, (can't remember the name of the medicine) and it cleared up. Try not to worry. This sort of thing happens sometimes.

  34. QUESTION:
    enzyme catalase, H2O2 lab, liver......?
    1) How will a change in temperature of the enzyme catalase effect the rate of reaction of H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide) decomposition

    2) Based on this graph: http://nces.ed.gov/nceskids/createa...

    what can you conclude about the effect of temperature on the reaction rate. Remember that the longer it took to rise, the lower the reactionrate. Why do you think this occurs?

    3) A student made two mistakes while conducting this experiment. 1- he mixed up the enzyme solution and subsrtate solution. 2- he inadvertently let the enzyme boil. When he tried the experiment his filter paper dics wouldn't float. Explain.

    4) There is a large amount of catalase found in your liver. Do you think that your liver breaks donw more hydrogen peroxide in the summer or winter. Explain.

    5) Many thanks for any kind of help here!

    • ANSWER:
      I only have time to answer one...

      4) A human is a homeostatic organism, meaning the internal temperature is almost constant summer and winter at approximately 37 degrees C. Therefore the rate of hydrogen peroxide breakdown by catalase in the liver will be the same in the summer or winter.

  35. QUESTION:
    If I have a really low tolerance to alcohol does that mean I have a poorly functioning liver?
    I can only have about 2-3 drinks before I get intoxicated. Which is great for price but makes me nervous that I may liver problems because of how easily I can get drunk. My reasoning comes from the fact that people on many medications can not drink the same way they can without them because the liver cannot process as well when it is overrun with medications on top of alcohol. So if I have low tolerance without medication does that mean my liver isn't that great, or just I have a lack of enzymes?

    • ANSWER:
      No. I;m sure your liver is fine. You have a low tolerance. If you drank more, you're liver would put more emphasis into producing alcohol dehydrogenase, which would raise your tolerance. But you obviously dont drink enough to force your liver into overtime, and thats a good thing.

      Remember - its the people who drink a LOT that have poorly functioning livers. You can really abuse a liver for decades before it goes bad.

  36. QUESTION:
    Serious question (hypothetical) from me for a change.?
    If someone has high blood pressure is it caused by high levels of cholestrol in the blood. And if someone is prescribed statins to prevent the further build up of plaque in the arteries, will taking this type of medication automatically lower blood pressure levels.

    And is it necessary to take medication for both blood pressure and cholestrol.

    How do statins work and how do blood pressure reducing tablets work. Are they not one of the same component ?

    The statins work on the liver enzymes but what do blood pressure tablets work on.

    Lots of questions about the same thing. I am concerned because my husband has been prescribed both. Even though he is a very active man I suspect his high cholestrol levels are due to wrong diet. He works away from home.

    I want to be able to say to my husband Look this is what the score is with your tablets and this is why you must take them'.

    His doctor has prescribed but not explained why he has.

    • ANSWER:
      Statins are bad for you and have lots of side effects, it is better to reduce Cholesterol with diet and exercise.
      They will not automatically lower BP. There are several types of medication to lower BP and without the name it is difficult to give you the mechanism.
      He needs to eat more healthily ie reduce saturated (animal) fat and increase wholefoods such as fruit, veg, beans, pulses, fish, nuts, etc.

      Best wishes.

  37. QUESTION:
    Is liver failure always terminal?
    My moms doctor thinks she may be in liver failure. Her previous blood test showed her enzymes to be in the 400s and she had another test 10 days ago and that was in the 600s. My mom is a drinker. She drinks at least 5 glasses of wine per night...if not more. She also takes morphene for chronic pain along with other meds. She had tripple bypass surgery several years ago. She is also a type 1 diabetic. Shes very thin and doesnt eat much....never really has been an eater. Her diabetes is hard to manage. In fact she passed out this past Saturday due to low blood sugar. My dad gave her an emergency shot. We've almost lost her many times, and I am worried this may really be it.
    Nearly 2 years ago my mother was nearly beaten to death and was in |CU for a month. Her father was an alcoholic and she uses alcohol to cope.

    How long can you live with liver failure? Oh and she's also in heart failure....I think. She said she's supposed to watch her water intake...through cardiologist.
    She will never stop drinking. She doesn't even admit she has a problem. When I was a child she drank much more and drank hard liquor. She believes she's fine now because she just drinks wine. She's had 2 DUI's in the last 15 years...but blames that on the police. I spent many years trying to get her to quit and I know that she will never quit no matter what.

    • ANSWER:
      1) "Frederick the Great" is incorrect. Dialysis is for renal failure, not liver failure.

      2) Depending on how bad the liver damage is, it may or may not be terminal. If it is due to advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, the prognosis is poor. If it is due to damage to the hepatocytes due to chronic drinking and not linked to cancer, the liver can regenerate itself to the point where she will actually be healthy. However, given the LFT enzymes you mentioned, she may be beyond that point. Only her doctors will know after monitoring her.

      3) Alcoholism is one of the most difficult addictions to treat. Some say it is actually the most difficult. She needs to quit drinking. An ultimatum should be made, she should have to choose alcohol or her family, and you should be firm about this. She must get professional help, but remember that relapse is very high. Think of alcohol addiction treatment as being a defensive player in soccer. Every time the ball comes your way, you must kick it out hoping the offense scores, which may or may not happen. So keep kicking that ball up field, and don't give up.

  38. QUESTION:
    Yellowish watery stool, and a sudden pain in the upper gastric area.?
    This is how it happened. My friend went to the doctor to have his lower back checked, thinking his kidneys have some problems. Turns out his kidneys are ok. But then, his blood test shows he has a high level of bad cholesterol, so the doctor prescribed him to take Crestor 10 mg for 30 days. His blood tests did not show any signs of problems with his liver, so it was safe to take the drug. He was then scheduled to have another blood test after 15 and 30 days to be sure.
    But then, after 2 days of taking Crestor, he experienced yellowish watery stool diarrhea, and extreme pain on the tummy. He stopped taking the medicine, and waited until the lbm subsided. He felt pain on the stomach everytime after he eats anything. He keeps himself hydrated with water and Gatorade.
    After 3 days of continous diarrhea, he had a peanut butter sandwich, and he felt the most excuriating pain he ever had. Tightness on his stomach and so much pain just below his ribcage.
    He went to the hospital, had blood tests and ultrasounds and xrays, but only showed that his liver has inflamed and the liver enzymes are high. The doctors did not know what might have caused the problem.
    Hepatitis were negative, he had gallstones, but showed that it did not do any harm.
    He got out of the hospital because he was feeling better, but still has anxiety on what might have caused the problem.
    We plan to seek for another advice, but we can take all the advice we can get from anywhere. Hope someone can give their thoughts and opinions.
    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Ok this one I know.... My son had the same problem.... Tell him to go to the Hospital have blood work done and tell him to TELL them that he wants to know what His amalese numbers are... My sons were exremly high, They thought he had Pancrintitis WAS NOT the case, turns out he had a Bile duct Blockage only seem on an MRI which showed the bile ducts from his Liver to his pancreas were Narrowed and blocked..... He had surgury ( Basic 1 day) to cut open his bile ducts and he is Just fine now.... No tummy issues at all

  39. QUESTION:
    Hello answers! Can you please help me? Infectious or what?
    Ok here's the deal, i recently had a cbc done and my neutrophils were low (.9- not sure how "low that is"). Apparently blood smear was normal. Liver enzymes slightly abnormal. Anyway I exploded with a massive sinus infection and bronchitis and was given antibiotics. But here's the dilemma:
    My symptoms have been going on for the past two years. However they all started after a trip to Europe and I was told that I was a hypochondriac because my blood tests were normal then (except for high rhumatoid factor).

    I have numerous symptoms such as :headache, muscle spasma, low fever, weight loss, puffy face, stomach pain that are mild enough to survive but nemerous enough to make my life harder.

    What would be the protacol if my wbc were low again, assuming that the smear was normal? Advice if any? Could it be some time of chronic infefection that only shows up in glimpses here and there?

    • ANSWER:
      Your travel to Europe might be an important consideration, depending on when you went and what circulating diseases were present then.

      If it were me, I'd make an appointment with an infectious diseases expert in your area. They will ascertain your symptoms and have a better handle on what might be the problem. Definitely mention that these symptoms occurred after your trip to Europe. That's an important piece of information!!!

      Good luck.

  40. QUESTION:
    is it normal to feel a pulse in your stomach? could be anxiety or heartbeat? not sure i do have tension?
    I have always had anxiety and depression problems but i have always had a feeling of being aware or concious of my heartbeat and you can see it pulsing through my shirt when i lie down...and you can feel it in my lower stomach.(could be from tension and posture)

    I sometimes feel it in my ear when lieing on the pillow on the side..maybe im too aware of things but is this normal? I have had a basic blood test comming back ok. slightly higher liver enzymes but it could be all the supplements like fishoil and gaba an vitamins i take

    how do I relax my stomach muscles? i tried stretching back in an arch but I always feel pressure on my stomach. im also double jointed in my shoulders and can skip with my arms lol. dont know if this has anything to so with it,

    thanks
    thank you maybe i feel my abdominal aorta because my stomach has been very tense for a long time due to anxiety....i cant seem to relax it or keep my posture right...just now typing this i have a weight in my somtach and concious of the pulse..but its not bothering me as much. lol

    • ANSWER:
      How about you go to your doctor and tell him? It might be an aneurysm that could go at any moment!

  41. QUESTION:
    How can you reduce CK level?
    OK so my friend's daughter has a muscle weakness (no diagnosis) and has had it for 2 years. Doctors never got a full diagnosis and in all her blodd reports since, her CK levels are very high (highest was around 44,000). The levels have come down a bit. This girl was very very healthy, in fact she played baseball and swam and did yoga and every other sport you could think of. I think her mother once told me her liver enzymes were high (when the weakness was first noticed).
    Her CK level isn't AS high but it is still very high. She still has a muscle weakness but I thought maybe I could help them out by finding something for her to take to lower her CK level.

    This could be a supplement, some type of food, even drugs (althought i haven't heard of any).

    Thank You.
    also i forgot to ask, how can you reduce liver enzymes
    this could also be a home remedy

    - also, her last CK level was 6000
    CK stands for creatine kinase

    • ANSWER:
      The high CK level is not the actual problem! The real problem is the breakdown of muscle tissue that is taking place. Good that her CK is no longer "off the charts," but it is still grossly elevated. Until the cause of her elevated CK is determined, it cannot be treated. Many times, the cause of elevated CK cannot actually be treated, as it is due to genetic mutation.

  42. QUESTION:
    Anyone with serious Hep C experience? My Mom is sick :( ?
    My Mom was diagnosed with Hep C in 2007, so its been about 4 years that she's had it. This entire time she's been a chronic drinker & smoker. She's also been heavy into hard drugs. Recently she had a heart attack because her liver gave her heart an infection. Also her liver enzymes have been raising & her blood pressure is extremely low.

    I don't know much about Hep C but I love my Mom very much! Please tell me anything positive or negative about Hep C. I need to know the truth of what will happen to her. She's not going to stop drinking or smoking, but she claims to have been off the hard drugs for over a year. Is she dying? How long does someone with these symptoms usually live? Please help with any info of Hep C!!

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is a virus that has entered your mothers
      body and is using her liver cells to replicate itself.
      When this virus uses the liver cell, that cell dies and
      it moves onto another liver cell to use.

      There are many things that can cause liver problems
      and your Mom has more than one: Alcohol
      consumption, medication toxification, and viral
      infection. Add to that her smoking and it isn't good.

      Only the doctors can let you know how far
      advanced your mother is in the liver disease
      from the testing they do: like blood tests, CT scans,
      ultrasounds, MRI, and liver biopsy. He can tell
      you whether or not she will pull through from all this.

      Let me explain about the liver and that will give
      you an idea of whether your Mom will be alright or
      not.

      The liver is made up of cells. These cells make the
      enzymes you mentioned. Things can damage these
      cells and cause the enzymes to leak out and go
      higher on the blood test results, like you just mentioned.
      This is not good. When damage occurs to the cells,
      the patients immune system will respond. The immune
      system usually tries to prevent foreign things entering
      the body from going into it any farther...therefore it
      causes inflammation to do this. The inflammation
      develops in the liver and causes the liver to
      enlarge in size. If the causes of this are not stopped,
      like the alcohol..drugs...virus...then it can lead to
      where the liver cells start to die off and form scar
      tissue in the liver. This scar tissue (that cannot
      be removed) acts as a wall that blocks the flow
      of blood to the functioning liver cells and cause
      them to continue to die off. It is a progressive
      disease, known as Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Your mother may now have this Cirrhosis," we
      cannot tell here." If your mom was free from
      alcohol and drugs and was able to withstand
      the long hours of having transplant surgery
      then she may live alot longer. Having
      a heart attack, though, may make this impossible.

      I'm giving you links to click on to learn more about
      hepatitis C and Cirrhosis:
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/hepatitis-viral.html
      http://www.janis7hepc.com/
      http://www.medicinenet.com/hepatitis_c/article.htm
      http://www.hepctrust.org.uk/The+Liver/How+HCV+affects+the+functions+of+the+liver.htm
      http://www.hcvets.com/data/hcv_liver/cirrhosis.htm
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      Best wishes

  43. QUESTION:
    My dog Has IMHA, below is a msg from my VET & IDK what to do?
    The cyclosporine level, given that it was given to Logan 2 hours before the blood test (which means it should have been at peak levels) came back low. What this means is that it is possible that the Cyclosporine is not at an effective immunosuppressive dose for a long enough period during the day.

    Let's review where we are. If we look retrospecitively at the CBC's on Logan, we can see that there has been little change in the PCV, and little change inthe MCV (the size of the RBC which remains high) since I started treating Logan. So what we are doing now is adding to the side effects experienced by the patient, but not giving us a better result.

    His PCV (or HCT) have trended inthe following way 36>36>32>36, basically no change. His MCV (mean corpuscular volume, or the SIZE of the immature red cells) has trended as follows: 82>79>82>82, basically no change.

    The problem is that we do not know if the prednisone is having a positive effect on Logan, or if he would just wander along with a smouldering IMHA without drugs. We also do not know if we simply have not given the medications long enough to work properly. We veterinarians get very nervous keeping dogs on high doses of steroids for long periods of time, but in huma medicine a trialof this length (5-6 months) would be considered no where long enough to see visible positive changes.

    The enlarged liver on Logan is likely to be the result of the use of the prednisone, as it tends to cause a hepatopathy and his liver enzymes indicate that this is the case. It is possible, BUT NOT LIKELY, that something else is going on in the liver, like lymphoma, and is actually the underlying cause for the IMHA and the liver enlargement. The only way to know for sure would be to do an abdominal ultrasound and an aspiration of the liver and histopathology on the liver. This obviously would add to our expense.

    I am reluctant to try to decrease the prednisone at this point, because it is possible that it is working and is doing its job, and if we decerease it we may be faced with a fulminant re-emergence of the IMHA which originally made him so sick. As we have discussed, it is always more difficult to "recover" these dogs if they have a relapse after having been on a higher dose of prednisone.

    In my perfect world, I would do the following with my dog:
    Ultrasound and biopsy the liver
    Increase the dose of Atopica to 50mg orally twice daily on an empty stomach
    recheck the cyclosporine level in 3 weeks (2 hours after a pill)
    recheck the CBC at the same time
    keep the prednisone dose the same but split the pill and give 10mg inthe morning and 10 mgs at night
    If you tell me that the side effects of the prednisone are too egregious, or the expense of the Atopica is too high, we could begin to wean Logan off the meds and simply see what happens. There is a significant risk in that course of action, but i do not pretend to know the correct answer for this case. I have to know what you are thinking and how you think he is holding up on the medications. As you know, prednisone is not a benign drug by any means, and we live continuously under the threat of gastric ulceration, performation of the stomach and even death at these doses.

    Please let me know when you hae had a chance to review this, think about it and then lets talk. He is not an easy case.

    • ANSWER:
      Go with the vet's advice 100%. He/she sounds amazing and Logan is lucky to have such a good vet and such a caring owner.

  44. QUESTION:
    How do I fix my body?
    I have to retype all of this ughh.

    24 male,6' 170lbs, white, no medicines, no medical problems sort of stressed not horribly, 6-7 hours of sleep per night more on weekends
    I used to have horrible pain under my right rib in the liver area at night randomly a few times a year, so bad i would go to the hospital.
    My liver enzymes were high, but this was ruled college drinking bc they returned to normal. My iron was high one time and low another time.
    Ultrasound showed gallstones but docs dont think thats the problem
    I never drink much water dont eat that healthy but dont eat that bad either. I realized I was constipated so I have started chugging water and eating better more fiber. I no longer get the horrible pain but i have a constant pressure in the upper right near liver. I still get constipated. I push on the liver area under right rib and sometimes it gurgles and makes juices sounds and most of the time it is like a hard lump its like my whole colon from my leg to my liver area gets hard. I also pee alot it may be bc i am drinking more water. Sometimes it is really yellow like high yellow like Big Bird so i will drink water and it gets clear.

    I also feel tired all of the time and my eyelids not my eyes(I am talking about the skin part) will get itchy, scaley, red, flakey, and dark circles under them. There must be a cause for my constipation and upper right pressure. My bowel movements come every few days with laxatives(i try no to use alot) or naturally and will be flaky/chunky and sink to the bottom.

    What is the cause??? How do I begin to address this problem? DO NOT SAY GO TO THE DOCTOR I HAVE BEEN TO 40 doctors in different medical fields. The upper right thing seems to be unique to me...its weird i always have pressure there I can feel my hard colon or something.

    • ANSWER:

  45. QUESTION:
    Why won't they help treat my diabetes?
    I was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes 3 weeks ago and have yet to recieve treatment for it. I recieved a glucometer and the other equipment it comes with to test my blood but that's it. My doctor won't give me medication because my liver enzymes are elevated and she needs to find out the cause. So she referred me to the hospital to start recieving a low amount of insulin to help control my blood sugar. She only wants me on insulin for a short amount of time until she can figure out if I have liver damage or not. But when I arrived at the hospital for instruction on how to inject myself with insulin the nurse was hesitant to show me. I have suffered from binge eating until recently (I've stopped now) so she refuses to give it to me because she fears I can go into insulin shock if I'm not eating properly. I explained this to my doctor and she said that the amount of insulin she prescribed for me to take (a very small dosage) won't do any harm to me. So I am going back and forth with my doctor and this nurse and I'm getting 2 different responses. The bottom line is is that I have diabetes, a possible liver problem, my blood sugar is high, I'm loosing weight and I can't recieve insulin treatment or medication for my diabetes. The nurse wants me to bring in a meal plan for 2 months before she goes ahead with instructing me how to inject the insulin. I understand her fear of me going into insulin shock if I don't eat enough throughout the day but why is my doctor telling me something different (she knows about my past eating disorder too)? I already have problems with my blood sugar, parts of my skin are darkening because of the diabetes and yet there's nothing that can be done for me????? Can the nurse ignore the doctor's repeated request to treat my diabetes with insulin she prescribed? She says it takes years before diabetes can do damage so waiting 2 months to see if my blood sugar goes down won't harm me. But my liver is already not functioning properly so there's no other choice but to go on insulin. Since it's type 2 diabetes she thinks with diet and exercise it'll go away in 2 months. Who's to say I don't have damage already and I could be dead in 2 months. What do I do?

    • ANSWER:
      Wow. I feel for you. I say this as a person who has switched endocrinologists 3 times and diabetes educators twice since being diagnosed 6 years ago. These are medical professionals, they should know better. But they don't.

      My advice? In the short term....insist that the doctor herself show you how to give yourself the injections. Or a nurse in her office. It literally takes 10 minutes or less to show you how. What takes the longest is getting over your initial fear of sticking yourself in the belly with the needle (yes, the belly...belly fat is the best for absorption, and I swear, you barely feel it unless you accidentally hit a nerve, and just make a mental note not to use that particular one inch spot again.)

      Keep some sort of fast-acting sugar with you at all times once you start the insulin. Glucose tablets, toddler-size juice boxes....the first time you go low after you start insulin is scary, but just fix it quick and move on,...if it keeps happening , tell your Dr. to lower your dose. (By the way, try to only take 15 grams worth of sugar or carb to fix the low, or you will go too far the other way. If it isn't coming up in 15-20 minutes, then treat again. Your brain won't work right while it is happening, so a pre-measured 15 grams of sugar is best. 3-4 tablets or pieces of candy, juice boxes not cartons, etc.... Figure out how much you will need BEFORE you need it!)

      Then, I don't know where you live, but ask your Dr if there is anywhere else in the area that offers Diabetes Education, and go there for a class in the rest of the details. As soon as you can. I recommend a class in carb counting. It helps alot with portion control, which helps alot with blood sugar.

      Good Luck, and hang in there.

  46. QUESTION:
    Shorter version of "I dont know what is wrong with me".?
    Summer 2005 - I started Birth Control due to horrible periods and was diagnosed with low blood sugar and was taking nexium for acid reflux.

    Summer 2007 - I began to have swollen lymph nodes, was getting chronic sinus infections, my doctor put me on a Zpac a million times, and by end of summer my muscles hurt so bad and I ended up developing TMJ.

    Fall 2007 - I was FINALLY diagnosed with Epstein-Barr, which is also known as mono. My levels were 500% the normal level that should be in a person's blood. Everyone has it, but most people's doesnt flare up. I was put on a multi-vitamin, ANOTHER zpac, and a folbic tablet. I was also instructed to have no exercise and to sleep 10-12 hours a day. I was still on Birth Control. Also, my liver enzymes were showing to be high as well as high WBC in my urine.

    Spring 2008 - I developed the flu, and was constantly sick. Then, I went bowling one night with my family, and hurt my back. I went to see a chiropractor who after a few adjustments completely threw me off balance as well as creating problems for my floating rib. I still had levels of epstein barr in my blood and was STILL on birth control (Yasmin)

    March 2008 - I stopped birth control and suddenly began to feel a little better. By the time I saw a disease specialist I told him that I had quit birth control and now I felt a bit better, and that was that.

    May 2008 - I graduated! But I still didnt feel right. My rib still hurt, my liver enzymes were horrible, and the doc put me on steroids which did not help. I began running and that past leg injury flared back up and was worse than ever. I started physical therapy again and my muscles began to hurt again.

    Since then I still have muscle pain, as well as pain in my side. My stomach flares up often, and I occasionally get swollen glands and tmj. I have not felt normal for years now, and I feel like something has to give! My periods are horrible since I have gotten off of BC. Swollen, tender breasts, heavy periods, more stomach discomfort around that time, bad mood swings, and I get up in the middle of the night to urinate often weeks before my period.

    I do hope someone takes the time to read this and can direct me on how to get help and where to start. I feel helpless and also like a hypochondriac but I know something is not right and that it HAS to all be connected.

    Thank you for whoever reads this,

    Jessica

    • ANSWER:
      wow, people like Rachael are real jerks. I don't know why they spend their time on Q&A if they don't expect people to ask questions.

      Well first you could check up on the side effects of your birth control and see if any of your symptoms match.

      Also, go to the doctor that gave you the birth control and tell them what you have been feeling. See what they say.

      And you could go to specialists for the different problems you have, but make sure you mention the birth control, other symptoms and any meds other docs have given you.

      You could also get second opinions, especially about the birth control and its effects.

      You could always look things up on webmd.com

      I have horrible periods too, I was diagnosed with PMDD and am on YAZ. I don't really see any symptoms except I did get tmj for awhile (but once I got my wisdom teeth removed it hasn't happened since)

      Good luck and feel better

  47. QUESTION:
    Hormone therapy and Aspirin?
    Hello. I just need some opinions. I am in my early 20s non-smoker, non-drinker, very physically fit, good genes, and I am taking relitivley high doses of estrogen. (m2f hrt). My endocrinoligist suggests that I take baby aspirin to reduce my risk of blood clots.

    Before my SR surgery i was taking the same dosage of estrogen, and my family doctor told me my liver enzymes were slightly above average. but now, they should, in theory, be back to normal, because one of the competing hormones (testosterone) is basically gone. (havn't got my blood tests back yet)

    now, I am scared, because, i have never taken any drugs before, other than my hormones, and I feel like if i don't take aspirin then i could die of a blood clot... or if i do take aspirin (for the rest of my life!)... i could develop liver problems, bleed out easily, or suffer from some undiscovered effect.

    other sources than my doctor have informed me that taking aspirin for such a function is something that MUST be permanent, becasue if you stop, a clot could form more easliy (somehow)... don't know if i belive this one... but i don't want any risks.

    so... do i go on without aspirin? do i depend on it for the rest of my life (if so how much)? or... do i jsut stop all my hormones and live my life with very low sex hormone levels? any alternatives?

    thanks for any responses.

    • ANSWER:
      Your doctor has suggested low dose ASA. This is 81mg, which is the dose believed to give the most benefit without much risk.
      The decision you make must weigh the benefits vs the risks.
      Can you live with very low sex hormones? Do you wish to risk a blood clot? Are you prepared to live with liver failure? I do not envy your position. Good luck with your decision.

  48. QUESTION:
    If you have a resp rate of 4 & a pulse ox of 64%, how severe is that in a patient who overdosed on methadone?
    And the patient has cyanosis, and is dianosed w/ respiratory failure w/ respiratory acidosis, has a sinus tachycardia (that will develop shortly into myocardial infarcation), is found to have DVT/peptic ulcer, leukocytosis, renal failure, hypoglycemia, elevated creatinine kinase (in the absence of seisure), elevated transaminases, and hyperkalemia. Is also found to have a thickening of the wall of the gall bladder w/out stones, normal liver, normal pancreas, and aorta in the diaphgram unremarkable, and even though this patient was found in resp. failure situation, they upon administration of narcon 2x (which only brought resp rate ujp to 88% w/ breathing range of 24), the blood pressure was 145/119 w/ pulse of 122, which had to be brought down consequently resulting in low bp which was treated and monitored. This patient was given DVT prophlaxis, intubated, is in renal failure w/ elevation of liver enzymes. The patient goes in and out of unconsciousness waking to trash and grimace and so is put on sedation. Lots more info. Patient in ICU over a week. Impressions by any medically knowledgable????
    (thrash not 'trash')
    the patient is kept in the ICU over a week, the above is how the patient is presented to Critical Care. Patient is considered critically ill.

    • ANSWER:
      You answered the question yourself, critical.

      Because of the long half life of methadone, the patient should likely be or a narcan drip. I'd bet that a lot of problems are due to severe, prolonged hypoxia causing multi-organ failure. Prognosis is "grim".

  49. QUESTION:
    INTESTINES NOT WORKING?
    Nov 19th my cousin (35) was found not alert on the floor.(Not sure how long he was like that before he was found) He was rushed to the ER via ambulance. His blood pressure was VERY low and he was hooked up to a ventilator. Nobody knows what caused this, not even the Doctors. His WBC Was very high. He was not responding to anyone for a week. Then he woke up. He nods his head yes or no. They had him on 3 blood pressure meds to the max to keep him alive. The DR'S Told us a week later that he had a air pocket in his intestines and they had to do surgery right away or he could die, he also warned us that he may not be strong enough to survive surgery. He came out of surgery, and his blood pressure was 46/19. It kept coming up through out the week. The DR had to remove his colon and a hiuge portion of his intestines. He has had so many blood transfusions and platelets. One day alone he had 15 transfusions, because his blood was not clotting. The other day they found blood in his colostomy bag. They said it could have been colitis, but he had 3 more transfuisions for that and on friday he had another one, because he is anemic. hE HAS BEEN HAVING A FEVER ON AND OFF Since..The DR told us he is in septic shock, but they don't know why or what caused this whole issue with my cousin. I talked to a DR the other day, but he is VERY hard to understand. (language barrier) From what I did get out of him he said that My cousin will never be the same person we knew. He said that if he will end up in a long term care facility. We don';t know the extent of damage to to brain do to lack of oxygen. He nods/crys and looks at you, but won't move his arms/legs. His liver and kidney have failed and he has been getting dialysis every other day. They say the Kidneys are gfetting better, but the liver enzymes are off. What I want to know is--- Does this look promising? Can/will he get better?!? He has been like this for almost 1 month and I just need to know from a professional stand point what you think could happen..
    forgot to add.. They put him on a feeding tube friday, but had to take him off of it. They said his intestines are not working yet and his body is rejecting it.

    • ANSWER:
      wow, I don't have an answer I can tell you that I feel for your cousin and your family. Recently I had to be rushed to the ER and had my coon taken out I have been fortunate enough to have a ileostomy which means i might be able to lead a normal life and go normally without my bag. Just wanted to say I know what he is going through a little maybe not as extreme and I will pray for him if you give his name if not I will still. Please let me know how he is doing when u get the chance.

      Best wishes Kenneth

  50. QUESTION:
    Does anybody know anybody with Autoimmune Hepatitis? Does it sound like I could have it?
    Last year I had Mono (Epstein Barr), and I noticed that my skin was turning yellowish and very, very itchy. Not to sound too graphic or anything, but my stools turned grey, and at other times completely white! I found out that I am a Celiac and have many, many antibodies against my thyroid (I have both Hashimotos and Graves). My doctor just told me that it appears I am in the begining stages of Lupus and Sjogren's. My maternal aunt has Scleroderma and my paternal grandfather was type I diabetic. My problem right now is that I often feel VERY itchy, get wierd rashes & scalp problems, my skin turns yellowish, and lately it feels like a weight dropped in between my ribs. Other times I look so pale, my mother pointed it out to me. My GI doctor told me that I have slow digestion (usually called gasteroparesis). My family and friends have been commenting on how I am randomly loosing weight, even though I feel like I eat so much (other times I just get so full so easily & feel nauseous). Once again, (not to be gross or whatever), my stools are turning lighter (and looks like nothing is being absorbed, sometimes). Recently my vitamin D levels came back low, and I had JUST been in Florida and was taking supplements. My bun creat ration was low as well. My legs, face, and stomach periodically swell up, and I feel confused and spacy often (was partially thyroid related). A year ago, my rheumatologist checked my liver enzymes. I rescently went to a new rhem & he took over 40 blood sampes & a urine sample! Does this sound like autoimmune hepatits though, is it hard to diagnose?
    after eating, I often have sqeezing pain in my back and pain in my lower sides under my back ribcage. I told my mom this & she says it sounds like a gall-bladder issue. I am NOT overweight, pregnant & not even 20 years old!

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds like a few things are going on. Jaundice being one of them. Jaundice occurs because of the liver not functioning properly. There could be a whole slew of issues that cause the jaundice such as hepatitis or alcoholism. I'm not saying that is what is happening to you but lets not rule anything out. Have you told your doctor everything that is going on? Write a list of every symptom and give it to your doctor. If he ignores your symptoms, inform him that you will seek medical advice elsewhere. Doctors work for YOU! Dont allow them be complacent!


How To Keep Your Liver Healthy

Cod liver oil is a popular supplement which has been used by families across the generations as a way to improve their health. It can help reduce depression, augment the immune system and promote better blood circulation. The reason it is so healthy is because it is rich in four sources of essential nutrients, which are the omega 3s DHA and EPA, vitamin A and vitamin D.

Omega 3 DHA - This is a kind of fatty acid that is important for maintaining the health of the nervous system and promoting excellent sight. The skin, hair, bones and teeth all develop better when it there are sufficient levels of it within the body. Studies have additionally shown that DHA can help alleviate symptoms of depression, and prevent the occurrence of it as well.

Omega 3 EPA - This fatty acid promotes a healthy cardiovascular system and reduces inflammation throughout the body, which makes it particularly beneficial to those with arthritic problems.It also creates a healthy lining for the digestive tract and slows the onset of joint problems. Some even say that it helps boost mental capacity.
Vitamin A - This is important for good vision, and for the maintenance of well-lubricated mucosal linings and digestive tracts. It helps promote healthy skin as well, as skin disorders require the presence of vitamin A to heal. It also helps fight viral infection and bacterial growth by helping build a better immune system that is more resistant towards infections and viral attacks.

Vitamin D - This is crucial for the development of strong healthy bones. It is helpful in enhancing the strength and efficiency of the immune system and it also regulates blood sugar levels which is great for those with type II diabetes.Additionally, it has been shown to prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular related diseases and high blood pressure.

An added bonus to regularly taking cod liver oil supplements, and one which most people are not aware of, is that it helps with your oral health too. It does so as a result of the fact that it increases the presence of tubular dentine, which rebuilds parts of teeth which have started to decay.

With all of these proven health benefits in mind, anyone who is not currently taking cod liver oil supplements is doing themselves a disservice, and it could be a decision that they come to regret later in their life.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Is milk thistle good for the liver?
    Is garlic or milt thistle good for keeping your liver healthy? I have heard that there is no real benefit by taking these supplements and was curious as to how effective they really are.

    • ANSWER:
      Milk Thistle does do good things for the liver. My liver transplant people told me that. But they also said it would not cure or do much of anything to help liver disease such as cirrhosis. Once the damage is there, it's not going to take it away. They told me I could take it if I wanted and it would not hurt me. They have done a lot of research on it, and in my opinion, it does help to protect the liver from what I have read. It is no miracle drug like some people want to believe, but it does help.

  2. QUESTION:
    liver's functions and what it does and how it keeps you healthy?
    which organ system contains your organ?
    what are the organs main functions?
    how does you organ work with other systems to keep your body healthy?
    which diseases for disorders affect your organ?
    can you live without that organ?
    PLEASE HELP! :)

    • ANSWER:
      OMG! Anyone answering all these questions would have to type an encyclopedia to answer correctly. You are going to have to start doing some research on your own. Start with Wikipedia.

  3. QUESTION:
    How much damage can certain medications cause to your liver?
    I'm on several medications, all anti-depressents and mood stabilizers. I was discussing this with my mother recently and the health of our organs. I try to keep my body realitively healthy, I don't smoke, drink, eat meat, or do any illegal drugs. That's when she brought up that most of the medications I'm on go through my liver, and probably do some type of damage to it.

    So I'm wondering, how much damage do anti-depressents and mood stabilizers cause to the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      She's definitely right. Even though you don't smoke and drink etc (which is great) the other meds you take can still affect you.

      I don't know 100% how much.....sorry. And apparently normal panadol does damage to your liver as well!!

      Maybe look up the specific name of your drug in google and liver damage........see what you come up with.

      Have you looked into natural alternatives? I'm not sure of the extent of what you have so don't know if that would be suitable or not. Most probably not..... dont know heh.

      (hope you are well!! bubbye)

  4. QUESTION:
    Ive been taking pain killers for my pain for a long time and im worried about my liver...should i b??
    How long does it take before affecting your liver and what not. What can i do to keep a good healthy liver??? Its mainly the acetephetamine im worried about.

    • ANSWER:
      Acetaminophen can have detrimental side effects to the liver over prolonged use, especially if it has been mixed with alcohol (I'm not saying you did). For specific time frames it depends on how much you take and how often. If your pain has occurred for a long time you should see your doctor, he/she should be able to pinpoint the cause and give you something better to relieve the pain.

  5. QUESTION:
    Question about High Iron Levels and Your Liver?
    Hey guys,

    My best friend was admitted to the hospital today. Over the past 5 weeks he has had to go to the doctor twice a week. Once to get blood drawn and once to get the results. The problem that he has is that his iron level in his body is very high. The doctors are concerned about his liver. He has always had this problem for a long time. He is a fraternal twin who is 19 years old who is otherwise in extremely healthy condition. His father is a diabetic (not sure if this is relative).

    He was admitted to the hospital tonight. The doctors say that they have to remove his gallbladder and that should hopefully help alleviate his problem.

    My question is, "What does your gallbladder have to do with your bodies iron levels?" The thought of liver disease keeps bothering me. The doctors haven't said that he has this, but how strong of a possibility is this considering the circumstances? I have always thought that the removal of the gallbladder is usually an outpatient treatment. However, they are admitting him for 4 days. This concerns me a lot. If they're admitting him then that must mean that there is something else wrong too.

    This guy is like a brother to me. I have known him for over 6 years now and he and I are inseparable. We have been through everything together. He even saved my life a year ago. He is a true hero and a true brother. I don't know what I would do without him.

    Can someone please help?

    Thanks! - D.B.

    *Peter, your in my thoughts buddy! Get well soon!

    • ANSWER:
      There is a condition called hemochromatosis (hope I spelled that right) in which a person just has too much iron in their body. It's a genetic problem, something they are born with. It can harm the liver over time and cause cirrhosis which is when healthy tissue is replaced with scar tissue in the liver. There is a simple treatment for iron overload which is the person has to get blood work done routinely to know how much iron they have and then they will have to give blood periodically to lessen the iron load in their body. I know a guy that does it once a month. This fixes the problem so that it will not damage the liver.

      I really don't know what they are talking about that removing the gallbladder will help his problem. I'm just going by what you told me that he is experiencing too much iron in his body and assuming that is the problem. I have no idea of how it would help. Even though gallbladder removal has come quite a long way since long ago, they will usually take it out laproscopically. Using that method, the patient sometimes goes home on the same day or the very next day. Sometimes they still have to do the surgery the old way which is to really open you up and remove it. There is always a reason they have to do it this way when this happens, but your friend should still be just fine if he got it done the old way. That usually means a longer hospital stay.

      If he were my buddy that I am very close to, then I would go to the hospital and talk to him and demand he tell me what is going on. If you live far apart and cannot visit him, at least call him and ask for an explanation. Joke around if you contact him. Tell him you want him to know you will give him an organ if he needs it since he saved your life and give a little laugh. That would open up the conversation for him to tell you more.

  6. QUESTION:
    What harms your liver and/or kidneys more?
    Hard liquor or beer? I've been drinking pretty steadily for most of '08 and am just wondering if I've done any permanent damage yet? I'll probably drink 3 beers in a day or 4 at most. And for liquor about 2 shots of pure grain alcohol. Its usually an either or thing never together... more so the liquor because its not full of empty calories and hits you faster without filling you up.
    I know I won't be doing it forever because its mainly stemmed from boredom and once I find another pass time I'll cut back but I still see myself enjoying a few nights a week drinking or getting buzzed. I've been given answers that just once a week can't be detrimental and I believe this to be utterly stupid but to me that would be the classic definition of moderation.
    I asked this in a health community and mostly got the get help stop drinking answers... yeah I know I need to slow down as drinking everyday can't be healthy but I am curious as to older people 50's,60's,70's who have been drinking regularly if it has effected there life any or given them health problems. I know some people can smoke all there life and although it effects them a bit inside and outside i.e. there skin... they still outlive all of there friends and relatives. I'm wondering how much genetics plays a part in it... I can't look to any of my older relatives because none of them died from drinking/smoking all the time and my mom is adopted so no real help there. I'm more just curious as to the answers I'll get. I bet I don't keep on drinking everyday past the end of '08 it'll get boring eventually and I don't have an addictive personality.
    that would be CAN be detrimental not can't

    • ANSWER:
      Health wise I'm good, but it is like those TV commercials you see; results are not typical.
      I have been a professional musician, and have had more woman and drugs than any man has a right to have had.
      My Lungs are clear, my heart is strong, I don't have AIDS/HIV. But I am lonely. All of my friends have passed on. My children have friends that are gone too.
      All this has taught me one thing; every man must walk his own way.
      Life is a lottery, some people hit the jackpot, and some crap out at the beginning, without winning a damn thing.
      If you feel it is time to slow down, then slow down! If it isn't fun any more then knock it off! Thats all. there is no magic formulae that's all there is.
      I am 50 years old. I look like I'm in my 30's. I have very little grey hair. I can lift my own weight over my head.
      I am six feet even, and weigh 190 lbs.
      I don't have 2 shillings to rub against eachother, but I've got my health.

  7. QUESTION:
    Did you ever lose your faith, how?
    I was Christian until 2005, the last time I though I'd speak to my pastor about it, he said "How can you deny God after everything he's given you, a nice job, good health etc... and I said, No, I worked my way up for 30 years in a small law firm to get to where I am now, that wasn't a 'gift' from anyone I worked my as$ off for it, I go to the gym everyday, i eat my fruit & vedge, my cod liver oil and my greens to keep healthy, that's no gift... and the man was baffled and had nothing more to say, I realized it's just a big double standard.

    • ANSWER:
      The point he was trying to make is that God allowed you to have all of that. Do you really think he has no control over your life? My advice to you is count your blessings and give God praise for them. Yes, you worked hard, yes you take care of your body, thats great to hear, but its because of GOD and his love for you that it's even possible for you to do that. I was raised Catholic, and yes, I questioned my faith for a few years because of that religion, I have since found a relationship with Jesus, and it really has made a difference in my life. Please don't lose your faith, if you do, you will see how quickly your life falls apart.

  8. QUESTION:
    Has anyone heard of a kidney cleanser product promoted by Dr. Cutler?
    I received an email from a business partner of one of the political groups I subscribe to. It went into a detailed report on how our kidneys are being bombarded with hazardous things like drugs, alcohol, etc. and claimed this product could do some of the following- a direct quote: "#1: You’ll experience a remarkable improvement in your energy levels! That’s because a clean, well functioning liver demands less energy from your body.
    That means there’s more energy available for you to do the things you love again!
    #2: You’ll notice an improvement in your health problems! A well functioning liver removes dangerous cholesterol from your body… helps regulate your blood pressure… helps eliminate toxins that trigger joint and muscle pain… helps keep your brain cells strong and healthy… and much more!
    #3: You’ll experience healthy, glowing skin! That’s because a worn out liver dumps toxins into your skin so they can be excreted with sweat. These toxins can cause rashes and premature aging. "
    I'm curious to know if anyone has tried this product or similar ones for cleansing the colon

    • ANSWER:
      I haven't heard of it but it sounds like a lot of nonsense to me. If you want something like that, discuss it with a naturopath. You probably don't need it, it probably doesn't work and it's a waste of money. I wouldn't go near anything advertised like that on the internet.

  9. QUESTION:
    eat healthy food everyday?
    How did you develop you current nutritional habits?
    Every individual has different nutritional habits some choose to eat healthy and some choose to eat unhealthy but the different between them is something individual are unaware. I hardly eat junks food even though they are the best things and really delicious I would love to have junks food but I don’t get time to eat. In the morning I usually have tea with a bread or cookies or probably nothing and for lunch I will have some sort of salad in school and when I go home I eat rice, chicken, vegetable anything my sister or my mom have cooked for me. Then I have to have something in the evening like fruits or juice because I usually work out in the evening so I need to have fruit or something to drink healthy and then I eat twice at night because I am awake for longer time so I need to eat and keep myself full my dinner is usually the same as lunch nothing really different unfortunately. I have developed this habit because I have been doing this for longer time and it was through my parents they cause me eat this many times but now they regret of making my habit that way because I finish everything at home.

    What is the relationship of food to health?
    Relationship to food to health is really big the way people act, talk or looks like really appears of what you take in to your stomach. Changes in our understanding of diet and health drive changes in the way foods are processed. On the other hand, what is available on the shelf will have an impact on the choices consumers make, thereby affecting their health. Studies have indicated that nutritional factors do contribute to the development of some of these diseases. After eating contaminated food, people can develop anything from a short, mild illness, often mistakenly referred to as "food poisoning," to life-threatening disease. Right food can make you appear healthier physically mentally and emotionally. so choosing the right food is very important.

    What are the health problems that might occur from bad diet decisions?
    There is many health problems that can occur from bad diet decisions such as Eating junk food during pregnancy could have a bigger impact on childhood obesity, liver disease and diabetes. Almost one-third of children aged six to 19 and 12 per cent of infants in the United States are overweight, according to a National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and obesity is now the most prevalent nutritional disease of children and adolescents in the US. " A high-fat diet in the womb may also affect the "appetite centre" of the brain. Also eating a lot of trans fats that contain partially hydrogenated oil probably increases the risk of heart disease. some diet also effects your breathe which many people are unaware of it such as Low-carb diets may be good for your waistline, but you might not be able to say the same for your breath. Bad breath in the low/no-carb sect is often caused by certain chemicals that are released in the breath as the body burns fat. They are called ketones, and entering into a fat-burning state of ketosis is the hallmark of the Atkins diet. It's a difficult problem to solve because if one uses any sucking candy or lozenge, one has to be careful that it has no sugar in it
    Why is permanent weight control best achieved by the combination of diet and exercise?
    When you eat healthy food and exercise you remain in shape and controlled and away from obesity that you might get from junks. You are much more healthier then the rest of other who choose to eat unhealthy food for there dinner, lunch and breakfast as you exercise you burn off your calories and fats which leads you to remain much more healthier then others. Your heart is healthier you remain free from being obese and any other physical or mental disease that might occur. You are just doing yourself a favor and minimize a lot of health issues and when you take in healthy food inside you remain healthy you feel better and lighter and just happier believe it or not eating healthy food really effects your brain and pressurize your mind in a healthier way.

    • ANSWER:
      It is good to eat nutritiously everyday..... You feel better, have more energy throughout the day, and feel happier all over......

      :)

  10. QUESTION:
    Something that helps fight back on tartar in lungs?
    Alright, I got curious about this because I have noticed in my parents visits to the doctors, they both smoke daily, about a pack or 2 a day, yet their lungs are clean, no tartar or any diseases. My mom did point out that drinking damages your liver, and coffee helps rebuilt or heal it in ways. At first we thought it was because they didn't inhale the smoke all the way, but then an interesting idea came up. I wondered if there could be something they are doing daily without knowing it, that could be countering the cigarettes effects, preventing them from getting any tartar build up in their lungs, similar to how coffee helps heal livers. I may be wrong, but it was an interesting theory, and since google literally comes up with nothing on this subject, I wanted to ask you people, to get your opinions. I do not smoke, and I don't like the idea of my parents still doing it, but I want to know if my theory is correct, that there is something they are doing that is helping to keep their lungs healthy.

    • ANSWER:
      No, it will catch up to them in time with smoking as much as they do. My brother had an xray of his lungs in which they said there was no problems. Nothing showed up on the xray. Six months later he started having back pain which he thought was from work. Turned out his lungs were now full of cancer which had spread just about everywhere. He died about 2 months after being diagnosed. He smoked like your parents smoke. He was never diagnosed with any lung diseases either. My aunt died the same way with smoking causing lung cancer. Smoking will damage their lungs in time. My brother was 56 when he died. My aunt was 60. If it doesn't cause cancer, it will in the very least cause COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). There is no getting around it for long time smokers no matter what they do to try and prevent it. It just takes time to develop. I smoked for about 20 years and quit 7 years ago. Smoking was the dumbest thing I ever chose to do. I was never diagnosed with any lung problems either and my xrays were always "clean." But when I had to get a serious surgery done in which I was under anesthesia for a long time, I ended up having to be on a ventilator and given a tracheotomy for over a month due to smoking all those years. Even if you think it is not hurting you, believe me, it is hurting you. It still caused me big problems even though I quit 2 years before the surgery and had no lung issues according to the tests. I don't know how long your parents have been smoking, but if it has been decades, their lungs are not healthy. They might not have any tumors in their lungs, but they still are not healthy.

  11. QUESTION:
    Why is it important to limit the amount of sodium in your diet?
    1.Why is it important to limit the amount of sodium in your diet?

    A.Sodium causes weak bones and teeth.
    B.Sodium is sometimes linked to high blood pressure.
    C.Sodium is linked to cancer.
    D.Sodium causes dehydration
    2.The class of nutrient that is necessary for production of certain hormones and that forms a coating on nerves is

    A.carbohydrates.
    B.water.
    C.protein.
    D.fat.
    3.A deficiency of calcium can lead to

    A.rickets.
    B.osteoporosis.
    C.scurvy.
    D.anemia.
    4.For a healthful diet, nutrients must be consumed in different amounts. An example of this is how carbohydrates should

    A.be limited to 300 milligrams a day.
    B.make up about 30% of your daily caloric intake.
    C.be limited to 3,000 milligrams a day.
    D.make up between 45 to 65% of your daily caloric intake.
    5.Bread is rich in complex carbohydrates, low in fats, and a source of fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Usually, the more fiber in the bread, the more nutrients. Look at the values of the following four loaves of bread:

    Calories

    Sodium

    Fiber
    Loaf 1:

    60

    100 mg

    1 g
    Loaf 2:

    70

    160 mg

    2 g
    Loaf 3:

    40

    105 mg

    2 g
    Loaf 4:

    80

    5 mg

    3 g

    Which loaf of bread would be the best choice for you in terms of good nutrition?

    A.Loaf 1
    B.Loaf 2
    C.Loaf 3
    D.Loaf 4
    6.Insoluble fiber

    A.dissolves in water.
    B.is found in oat bran, apples, beans, and some vegetables.
    C.is found in refined-grain products.
    D.adds bulk to your body’s wastes.
    7.Which of the following foods is not a source of cholesterol?

    A.Beef
    B.Beans
    C.Chicken
    D.Cheese
    8.All of the following are reasons why water is important to nutrition EXCEPT:

    A.It transports nutrients and oxygen through the body and helps get rid of wastes.
    B.It provides the proper environment for the body’s chemical reactions to occur.
    C.It helps regulate body temperature.
    D.It prevents anemia.
    9.The six classes of nutrients include all of the following EXCEPT:

    A.Carbohydrates and fats
    B.Proteins and water
    C.Vitamins and minerals
    D.Sodium and cholesterol
    10.Starches are

    A.a kind of complex carbohydrate.
    B.a kind of simple carbohydrate.
    C.composed of a single sugar.
    D.complex carbohydrates that cannot be digested.
    11.Match the following
    1.A substance in food that provides energy or helps form body tissues, which is necessary for life and growth
    2.The study of food and the ways in which the body uses food
    3.Complex carbohydrate that aids elimination and may help prevent heart disease and cancer
    4.Nutrient required for transport, elimination, and temperature regulation, as well as almost every other bodily function
    5.Fatty acids in which the carbon atoms do not hold the maximum number of hydrogen atoms

    6.Plant proteins that lack or contain smaller amounts of some essential amino acids than are needed by the body
    7.A class of nutrients containing simple sugars, starches, glycogen, and dietary fiber
    8.Carbon-containing nutrient that keeps eyes and skin healthy
    9.A complex carbohydrate that is stored in the liver and muscles, which can be used as a quick source of energy
    10.A mineral that prevents birth defects

    11.Mineral needed for production of hemoglobin
    12.Mineral needed for production of digestive enzymes and growth and healing
    13.Fat-soluble nutrient that enables the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestine
    14.Promotes healing of wounds and healthy gums
    15.Needed to produce energy from carbohydrates, fats, and protein

    A.Zinc
    B.Nutrient
    C.Iron
    D.Carbohydrates
    E.Dietary fiber
    F.Vitamin C
    G.Niacin (vitamin B3)
    H.Water
    I.Incomplete proteins
    J.Vitamin D
    K.Glycogen
    L.Vitamin A
    M.Nutrition
    N.Folate
    O.Unsaturated fatty acids

    • ANSWER:
      1.b
      2.c
      3.a
      4.d
      5.loaf 4
      6.a&d
      7.b
      8.d
      9.d
      10.a
      1. A substance in food that provides energy or helps form body tissues, which is necessary for life and growth
      B. Nutrient
      2. The study of food and the ways in which the body uses food
      M. Nutrition
      3. Complex carbohydrate that aids elimination and may help prevent heart disease and cancer
      E. Dietary fiber
      4. Nutrient required for transport, elimination, and temperature regulation, as well as almost every other bodily function
      H.water
      5. Fatty acids in which the carbon atoms do not hold the maximum number of hydrogen atoms
      O. Unsaturated fatty acids
      6. Plant proteins that lack or contain smaller amounts of some essential amino acids than are needed by the body
      I. Incomplete proteins
      7. A class of nutrients containing simple sugars, starches, glycogen, and dietary fiber
      D. Carbohydrates
      8. Carbon-containing nutrient that keeps eyes and skin healthy
      L. Vitamin A
      9. A complex carbohydrate that is stored in the liver and muscles, which can be used as a quick source of energy
      K. Glycogen
      10. A mineral that prevents birth defects
      N. Folate
      11. Mineral needed for production of hemoglobin
      C. Iron
      12. Mineral needed for production of digestive enzymes and growth and healing
      G. Niacin (vitamin B3)
      13. Fat-soluble nutrient that enables the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestine
      J. Vitamin D
      14. Promotes healing of wounds and healthy gums
      F. Vitamin C
      15. Needed to produce energy from carbohydrates, fats, and protein
      A. Zinc

  12. QUESTION:
    I'm trying to get my hair healthy again?!?
    My hair is damaged from straightening almost everyday. Highlights, and home dyed twice. I'm getting rid of my CHI, because it's frying my hair. And this hairdresser guy my dad knows is ordering me a better straightener. (I don't know what kind though)
    So anyways, I'm trying to get my hair healthy again. I'm taking Cod liver oil capsuls, I'm going to by multi-vitamins. And I'm going to try to eat healthy and drink lots of water.
    He told me I need to deep condition my hair. Which conditioner do I use? and how long do I keep it in?
    -Aussie 3 minute miracle (purple one)
    -Redken All Soft Conditioner
    -Herbal Essences Conditioners (Hello Hydration, Long term relationship, dangerously straight)
    -Pantene PRO-V RESTORATIVES TIME RENEWAL REPLENISHING MASK

    If you have any other tips they are welcome :)
    but not tips like "go shave your head"... I kinda want to do... but I know I'll regret it :)

    • ANSWER:
      I have had lots of people come to me with this question before...how do I get my hair healthy again? Well the answer is simple. Cut the split ends off. Condition your hair every day, don't shampoo every day, shampoo every 2nd to 3rd day. Also use a leave in conditioner and do a deep conditioning treatment once a week to two times a week depending on how damaged your hair really is. Also stop using any heat on your hair, that will just prolong your hair to becoming healthy. Let it air dry if possible. If you need to dry it use the cool setting on the blow dryer and use a product that is meant for heat styling. Like a mousse or gel. Do not use drugstore brands, they make the hair even more dry. Use salon brands. This is a must...if you want to get your hair back to healthy, DO NOT use any lightening products on your hair, which means do not highlight your hair. It makes the hair weak and break. If you must color your hair do it 6-8 weeks apart. And again do not use drugstore color, it dries the hair out and your hair will break. In some cases will fall out. Good luck.

  13. QUESTION:
    Insurance People --- May I Borrow Your Minds for a Moment?
    Here's a health insurance plan I dreamed up today. I would like to know your thoughts about it. But before you give me your thoughts, please take a moment to read the plan.

    Companies stop offerring health insurance.

    What they offer instead is wellness programs, which can be on or off company property.

    These programs are focused on weight control, exercise, nutrition, and medical monitoring (blood pressure, heart health, obesity, range of motion, pulminary function, liver function -- simple blood tests)

    No employees are compelled in any way to participate in any way in any company wellness program.

    But, those that do, get certificates signed by physicians stating the wellness factors that apply to that individual participant. Kept his weight down, did running, has good heart function, liver is fine ... blah blah blah. These would be the kind of certificates that local health insurors would take into account in rating the premiums to be paid by that individual wellness program participant.

    Beyond the certificate, and depending upon wellness factors attainments (weight loss, better this, better that etc) the company provides a wellness encouragement award in the form of a check, once every 90 days.

    Recipients of such checks can use that cash for anything they want, including time with working girls in Nevada, or rye whiskey, or Cuban cigars.

    However if they can present a receipt for a health insurance premium they have paid, for their own selves as beneficiaries of privately acquired health insurance policies (with a little help from the certificate signed by physicians from the wellness program) then, their next award check, if they get one by continuing to make attainments, will be doubled in value. The doubling only happens once. Once a person is getting double-sized award checks they keep getting those checks as long as they keep buying private health insurance, and can show receipts, and as long as they keep making attainments in the company wellness program.

    This plan is filled to the brim with justice. It is highly focused on individual responsibility, not just a gimme, gimme, gimme, gimme style system. People whose behavior is cost-containing and good get highly rewarded. All people of every kind are completely free to do anything they want. Nobody is compelled in any way to do anything.

    The company gets to set up their wellness program as a charitable educational or health related organization -- a 501 (c) (3).

    They also get to create a company Foundation -- a 501 (c) (6) to give money on a tax deductible basis to the wellness program.

    So all the costs of the wellness program become tax deductions, including the fees for the trainers, nutritionists, and the award checks given to employees, either in the single portion amount or in the double portion amount -- all those costs are a tax deduction for the company. They come out of pre-tax gross income.

    The incentives here are 100% perfect.

    The outcome here is that probably 10 million additional people get health insurance -- not the full load of 35 million, but a step in the right direction is still a step.

    More importantly by dumping a lot of healthy people into the insurance pools, who pay full premiums (some of which is subsidized by their award checks), everybody's health insurance premiums go down.

    Not only that, the average healthiness of the American population goes up.

    So more healthy people are paying premiums and there are less sick people who need healthcare.

    Less sick people, not only makes premiums go down it also makes our national productivity go up.

    How productive we are, in relation to our national debt, determines how long we get to exist as a nation that's not in default or owned outright by China.

    My plan is an extremely good plan -- it cuts through all the nonsense and goes straight to the core issue which is health. It properly incentivizes everybody involved. It is 0% coersive -- no mandates on anybody.

    I'm putting it up here so that a few thoughtful people can read it, think about it, and send me useful comments to make it better, or fix any flaws you see in it. Cynical clowns could just please leave this question alone, I don't have time to read your snarky junk answers. Persons of goodwill, please come forward, my strength is not equal to my task, I need your help.
    For mbrcatz:

    Thanks for your very thoughtful answer.

    You are right about all the people I leave out.

    My goal is to knock a 35 million person problem down to a 25 million person problem.

    It's like chopping a tree, or moving a pile of snow. It's just a chunk of the problem.

    One way would be Federal Primary Care Clinic + Pharmacy Centers in 500 major cities in USA.

    Just Primary care -- no brain operations, no cancer cures, just monitoring, diagnosis, prescription writing, and prescription filling.

    My rules: USA Doctors, who DO speak English, were BORN in USA, and were TRAINED in USA, and who get ironclad Good Samaritan Waivers of all Liability and Indemnifications before they see any patient. These are government employees. They are un suable. They act on a best efforts basis. They don't charge for services or meds.

    This is part of the DOING concept. If you want something done -- do it!

    That will take down another 10 million so its a 15 million person problem.

    • ANSWER:
      Although it's a lovely idea, I can think of several reasons why it won't work:

      1. it would violate millions of union contracts

      2. people who CURRENTLY have preexisting conditions, wouldn't be ABLE to get health insurance. Wellness programs won't affect the issues related to pregnancy (#1 preexisting condition!), type 1 diabetes, cancer, that sort of thing.

      3. you'd still have cost issues with affordability - especially for family plans

      4. How would you migrate welfare health insurance plans - Medicaid and Medicare - over to this.

      Your plan, addresses ONE of the main reasons why health care costs are drastically rising. Don't get me wrong, I LIKE it. But it doesn't address several of the OTHER reasons why health care costs are rising:

      1. it's impossible to comparison shop. There can't be any competition, as long as a. you never know what the doctor/hospital is going to charge until AFTER you've received the services b. the doctor/hospital can charge 5 different people, 5 different rates and c. the consumer is completely isolated, financially, from their health care, by having insurance pay for it.

      2. pharmaceutical company issues - lump it all together here, from getting a new patent because now your drug is time released for two more hours (same formulary!), to public advertising (ask YOUR doctor if Viagra is right for you!)

      3. legal issues - medical malpractice is exhorbitant, and the rates DO get passed to the consumers. No claim makes me, an agent, groan more than a 'dead baby' claim - because it doesn't MATTER if the doctor is at fault or not, the policy limit WILL be paid out. NO jury is going to side with a doctor, over grieving parents. Lawyers encourage this, by taking a HUGE chunk.

      Yes, I think we've got some serious self responsibility issues here in the USA, when we're always looking to someone else to fix it for us. I do have my own ideas for health care reform (note, not health INSURANCE reform, different thing!), but mine aren't going to work either.

      **
      Amusingly enough, my kids' pediatrician suggested government run medical centers, instead of health insurance reform, when I was discussing the issue with him.

      Although . . . is it your intention to provide medical coverage to illegal aliens? We have somewhere between 15,000,000 and 20,000,000 illegals here, and they are a good portion of your 35,000,000 uninsured.

  14. QUESTION:
    hey lucky hope this helps?
    Psoriasis Treatments include:
    1) Dead Sea Salts This traditional treatment to healing naturally has been used in the Middle East for thousands of years. We have a 6 week program designed to use in your home.

    2) "Psoriasis Spot Free in 30 Days", A special diet book written by a former sufferer of the itching and flaking skin condition. The author is a registered nurse who used food to reverse the signs and symptoms of her condition.

    3) Homeopathic treatment that helps to target the source of the problem with no damaging side effects.

    4) Herbal extractions like Oregon Grape Root Extract and Herbal Detox Tea combinations that gently cleanse your body of toxins and help optimize your liver function. Herbs have historically been used for treatment of skin conditions.

    5) Gentle herbal scalp creams and shampoos that contain FDA approved ingredients to combine nature with science.

    6) Dietary supplements to improve your defense systems, Omega Fortified Flax (recommended for children and adults) and Alkyrol Shark Liver Oil for maximum Omega 3 fatty acids.

    Maintaining a healthy and nutritious diet can improve general health and have a positive impact on psoriasis.

    The Natural Products Center is proud to be a central location for exploring alternative health products and carries a line of Vestalcare and LupiCare products. You can also find special discounted treatment programs of Mineral Care Dead Sea Salts. Our special packages put together FDA recognized approaches for psoriasis with diet and nutritional supplements to give you a multi-pronged approach to dealing with your skin condition.

    We encourage you to become informed about psoriasis and the natural products that can have a positive impact your skin..

    What is psoriasis and how it can be controlled are just some of the questions explored on this web site. Is there a cure? NO. But you can effectively keep the itching skin, scaling, and red lesions at bay without injections, caustic pharmaceuticals, or cancer causing therapies. Natural approaches do work.

    We searched the world over to bring you unique and effective choices for psoriasis. We hope you find the lost treasures you were seeking. Our nautical theme invokes a spirit of adventure and discovery. There are items here that are not from the sea, but herbal, homeopathic, and from land. We tried to combine old knowledge with new technology, common sense approaches, and alternative medicines to help make your trip to the Natural Products Center rewarding.

    Questions? You can reach the Natural Products Center at 1-800-301-3337.

    Natural Products Center
    P.O. Box 450748
    Westlake, OH 44145

    • ANSWER:
      very informative but what is your question?

  15. QUESTION:
    Legalizing Marijauana?
    Do you know how much upkeep per prison inmate costs each year? Over 000 of your precious tax dollars. Trash like rapists, murderers, hard drug users, and thefts need to be locked up and kept away from society. However, how realistic is it to throw someone in jail for smoking marijauana? Why are we crowding up prisons with these people? Why are they amongst the ranks of felonists and animals? Why are we paying 000 (per person) to keep these smokers out of society? That is ridiculous. "Oh, but we can't have drug addicts walking our streets!" Excuse me, but alcohol is a drug, and a deadly one at that. Have you ever heard of someone dying from a weed over dose? No, but I've heard of plenty young adults dying from alcohol poisoning. Alcohol is a mind altering and dangerous drug, and yet it is sold and mass marketed. Drinking is the cool thing to do thanks to TV and magazine ads. And, there are plenty of people in the US with drinking problems. Smoking a joint should not be grounds for imprisonment. Marijuana is certainly not healthy, as it is damaging to the brain, lungs, mouth, etc... However, so is alcohol. It will destroy your liver, make you fat, and kill brain cells. What is the difference between being high and drunk? Marijuana needs to be legalized. The police bureaucracy says it's keeping our streets "clean", but in reality they only want marijauana to stay illegal because they cash in the big bucks. Weed needs to be legalized. While it is a mind altering drug, it is very impractical to keep it illegal as it is costly and not necessary. Thoughts?

    P.s. While I do think it should be legalized, people 18 and older should be the only ones allowed to smoke it.
    Don't forget the massive drug war going on... People will go to great lengths to buy and sell things they want, especially if they are illegal.

    • ANSWER:
      Legalize it, don't tax it, don't regulate it.

      The price of it will sink. No one will even grow it except for personal use.

      Adding taxes and regulating it will just create more government in bed with corporation bureaucracies and people will still go to jail over growing it illegally and gangs will also be involved.

  16. QUESTION:
    Who is the author of this and what year was it published?
    How to Give vitamins to Chickens?

    Calcium. Calcium is needed by laying hens to form strong, sturdy eggshells. Hens without proper amounts of calcium lay thin-shelled eggs, or eggs with no shell at all! The amount of calcium a hen needs varies with her age, diet, health, breed, and size. Older hens need more calcium than their younger counterparts, and hens in hot weather need extra calcium concentrations in their feed since they are eating less due to the heat and might not be getting all the calcium they need. Since eggshells consist mostly of calcium carbonate, oyster shells and ground up limestone are good sources of supplementary calcium. Make sure you are not purchasing dolomite limestone, since this is harmful to egg production!

    Salt. Be extremely careful when giving chickens this occasionally fatal supplement! Most feeds have sufficient amounts of salt, so supplements of this should not be needed. Although minute amounts of salt are vital for a chicken's health, too much salt given to a flock when there is not enough water available can be poisonous. In warm weather, be sure that water dishes remain full, and in winter make sure that water does not freeze (or remove salt supplements from feed).
    Phosphorous. This supplement is needed so that the chickens can metabolize calcium (and calcium is likewise needed for the proper digestion of phosphorous). Range fed chickens do get phosphorus from beetles, but they probably don't get enough.
    Grit. Since chickens don't have any teeth, this important supplement is needed for proper digestion. Grit is usually sold as small pebbles or large grains of sand. These hard objects are eaten by the chickens and lodged in their gizzard. When grains, grass, and other fibrous/hard vegetation are eaten, it passes through the rocks in the gizzard where it is ground up between the stone (much like teeth). Grit should always be available, even if you're not feeding the flock heavily with grains and vegetables. Free-ranged chickens shouldn't need this supplement.
    Vitamin D. This vitamin is related to the assimilation of calcium and phosphorus and is needed for proper egg production. Deficiencies cause weak, thin eggshells. Vitamin D is found in cod liver oil and plenty of sunlight. Although this is a crucial vitamin, you shouldn't need to feed extra amounts unless your chickens aren't getting enough via sunlight or their feed.
    Vitamin A. Vitamin A is essential for good hatch-ability and chick viability (attention chicken breeders!). It comes from fresh grass and other vegetation, yellow corn, and cod liver oil. Most feeds include proper amounts of this.
    Riboflavin. This is one of the B vitamins and is often deficient in normal poultry feeds. If you are a breeder, deficiency of this vitamin causes embryo death during the early stages of incubation. This important vitamin is found in dairy products, yeast, liver, and plenty of leafy green vegetables.
    Vitamin E. Needed for proper health and protection from diseases, vitamin E is found in fresh greens, wheat germ oil, and whole grains (such as oats, corn, wheat, barley, etc.)
    As you can see, the majority of the vitamins needed by chickens are found in sunlight and fresh greens. This is why free ranged chickens (or chickens in confined-free-range-systems) are so healthy. Plenty of clean air, fresh food, sunlight, and green veggies along with a few choice supplements should keep your chickens living as long as Methuselah!
    Reference:http://poultryone.com/articles/supplements.html
    Poultry One

    • ANSWER:
      I would contact the owners of that web site for that information.
      Visit the source link I posted below for how to contact them.

  17. QUESTION:
    forgiving your father after puting your life on the line?
    the man i call my dad has never been in my life, since my parents have never married and have been seperated and had me at 16.. i have never been a healthy baby, i have multiple things wrong including ear,liver, kidney,back and hip problems. he has never been two the hospital to vist me me after surgerys or even the day i was born. he finally came around but started threatning me so we stoped talking. we recently started talking because he went to a bar and people after my dad beat him up. they are after him because he is involved in selling drugs he went in the hospital monday and he got surgery today they waited so long for surgery because they needed to wait until his system was clean. anyways, people after my dad they keep calling my mom saying to tell my dad to watch out for his kids. my brother cant come back to cause he cant cross tha border back. my dad says they will fallow us and i need to becareful of who i tlk to, whaa i say and where i go,, if anyone tells someonee after my dad am skrewed.. the main question is, could you forgive him? && do you know any songs that could relate some how to this?

    • ANSWER:

  18. QUESTION:
    How do people maintain a healthy diet after being on NutriSystem, or Jenny Craig?
    I have a liver disorder that is causing a great deal of discomfort and havoc on my life.My doctor recommends that I drop 15-20lbs ASAP. Due to the condition I feel awful all the time, so a high intensity workout isn't possible at this time. I have been walking 3-4 miles 3-4x's a week and have dropped my caloric intake to about 1600 a day. I was considering a program but since they are costly I am debating on if it is just a quick fix, or a real solution. I am just curious if it is easy to maintain on your own once the food is gone? I realize I can't go back to 2500 a day and keep the weight off, but am hesitant about pre-packaged meals. Any input?

    • ANSWER:
      TIP: TRY THE JENNY CRIAG FOOD FIRST YOU DON'T WANT TO END UP WITH A MEMBERSHIP YOU CAN'T USE BECAUSE YOU DON'T LIKE THE FOOD.
      TRY THIS: http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=250255315747&_trksid=p3907.m32&_trkparms=tab%3DSelling

  19. QUESTION:
    NURSES MOMS DOCTORS IF YOUR OUT THERE HELP ME HIVES SWELLING FEVER?
    HELP anyone my poor baby is 5 years old i been to the allergist an doctor and no results blood work is fine skin test negative
    but the hives are un bare able i don't understand how its ok
    he face swells up an eyes too he extremely itchy i try to comfort him as much as possible oatmeal baths, benardryl ,calamine lotion
    HERES MY FEAR
    1. its been 4 weeks in a half no better no signs of it clearing up actually now in his 5 week theres swelling of the eyes an lips ! does these mean it near the end of the reaction or getting worse?
    2. to much medicines steroidsds, antihistamiZyrtectrec for more then 30days now is that bad for his kidneys an livers his health in general?
    3. docs keep saying its normal
    4. could it be serious like measles would it had came up in the blood work?
    5. if it is a virus causing it how can i find out which virus ?
    6. is it chronic ? how do u know if its chronic

    i never had hives my son is healthy kid anyone out thknow kno something i dont ?
    help me figure it out NOW I EVEN BELIEVE HE MAY HAVE SOME FEVER just started this week
    the allergist say his not allergic to nothing blood an skin test negative
    so why is my baby face swollen all of a sudden
    oh an can u give one dose of ben in the morning an one dose of zytrec at night ??

    • ANSWER:
      Find one of the Children's hospitals in your area. Take all of your son's medical records from his previous doctors. Make an appointment to see the head of the allergy department . In the mean time take pictures of all the symptoms that your son is experiencing. Write down in a notebook everything that your son is eating and what the weather was like that day. Take these things to your appointment along with a record of what medications you have tried, dosage and how long he has been on them. Change to a fragrance free detergent or baby soap for everything that comes into contact with his body. Get all stuffed animals out of his room and try to keep him off carpeting. Bare floors that can be wet mopped are best.If you haven't done so already start eliminating things from his diet. I would start with milk and dairy first. Make sure that you read every label to be sure that there are no milk solids or casein in what you buy. Best of luck on your quest for good health.

  20. QUESTION:
    Is this diagnosis correct?
    Hey guys,

    My best friend was admitted to the hospital today. Over the past 5 weeks he has had to go to the doctor twice a week. Once to get blood drawn and once to get the results. The problem that he has is that his iron level in his body is very high. The doctors are concerned about his liver. He has always had this problem for a long time. He is a fraternal twin who is 19 years old who is otherwise in extremely healthy condition. His father is a diabetic (not sure if this is relative).

    He was admitted to the hospital tonight. The doctors say that they have to remove his gallbladder and that should hopefully help alleviate his problem.

    My question is, "What does your gallbladder have to do with your bodies iron levels?" The thought of liver disease keeps bothering me. The doctors haven't said that he has this, but how strong of a possibility is this considering the circumstances? I have always thought that the removal of the gallbladder is usually an outpatient treatment. However, they are admitting him for 4 days. This concerns me a lot. If they're admitting him then that must mean that there is something else wrong too.

    This guy is like a brother to me. I have known him for over 6 years now and he and I are inseparable. We have been through everything together. He even saved my life a year ago. He is a true hero and a true brother. I don't know what I would do without him.

    Can someone please help?

    Thanks! - D.B.

    *Peter, your in my thoughts buddy! Get well soon!

    • ANSWER:
      This sounds, if his iron levels are always high, to be a condition known
      as Hemachromatosis. This can cause iron to build up inside the liver, itself.
      It is a hereditary disease where the body tends to hold onto iron inside.
      This is usually treated by having blood drawn from him, to help lower the
      iron level in the blood.
      Here are some links about this disease that you can click on:
      http://www.diagnose-me.com/cond/C518176.html
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hemochromatosis/DS00455
      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/hemochromatosis/

      I, personally, believe that he has trouble in his biliary area/gallbladder
      area separately and not connected to this disease. Yes, gallbladder
      surgery is usually performed on an out patient basis. They usually
      remove the gallbladder if the gallbladder is inflamed or has many
      stones in it that could move into the biliary ducts and block the
      flow of bile. Other things that can be a problem in just the ducts
      are malformation of the ducts, narrowed ducts, growths forming
      in the ducts...but, then this would have nothing to do with the
      gallbladder (they would usually do an ERCP procedure for this).
      However, the iron can build up in this organ, just like any other organ.

      He should be with either a gastroenterologist or hepatologist.
      I never heard of any connection with iron overload and the
      gallbladder...but I'm not a doctor.

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.
      Best wishes

  21. QUESTION:
    biology questions help :) ?
    How do human bodies respond to changes inside them and to their environment?
    1. What does the nervous system enable humans to do?
    2. What does a receptor detect?
    3. Where are the receptors, which are sensitive to changes in the position of our body and to help us keep our balance?
    4. What are receptors on the tongue sensitive to?
    5. What three stimuli are receptors in the skin sensitive to?
    6. How does information from receptors pass to the brain?
    7. What does the brain decide from the information it receives?
    8. What are automatic, rapid responses to stimuli called?
    9. What are the names of the three types of neurone involved in this response?
    10. What structures in the body respond to the impulses sent by a motor neurone? (notes)
    11. What is the name of the chemical substances that coordinate many processes in the body?
    12. What produces these chemicals?
    13. How do they get to the organs that they will affect (the target organ)?
    14. What two ways does the body lose water?
    15. Through which organ does the body lose excess water? What substance is it lost in?
    16. What temperature does the body need to be maintained at? Why?
    17. Why do blood sugar levels need to be controlled?
    18. Which two hormones are involved in promoting the release of an egg in the menstrual cycle?
    19. Which gland is FSH secreted by, and where can the gland be found?
    20. What two actions does FSH cause?
    21. Which structures secrete oestrogen?
    22. What two actions does oestrogen have on the body?
    23. What action do the hormones in oral contraceptives have?
    24. What action has FSH when given as a ‘fertility drug’?
    What can we do to keep our bodies healthy?
    1. What two things does a healthy diet contain?
    2. What word describes diseases that you might get with an unhealthy diet?
    3. What word describes people who eat an unbalanced diet?
    4. What two conditions mean that you need less food?
    5. What is your metabolic rate?
    6. What three things make this vary?
    7. What two factors in the developed world are leading to high levels of obesity?
    8. What are the diseases linked to excess weight?
    9. What does processed food often contain high proportions of?
    10. Where is cholesterol made?
    11. Where is cholesterol found?
    12. What do high levels of cholesterol in the blood cause?
    13. What does the amount of cholesterol made by the liver depend on?
    14. What is cholesterol carried around the body by?
    15. Which lipoproteins carry ‘bad’ cholesterol?
    16. What do these cause?
    17. Which lipoproteins are ‘good’ cholesterol?
    18. What can too much salt in the diet cause for about 30% of the population?
    19. What type of fats increase cholesterol levels?
    20. What two actions do mono-unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats have?
    How do we use/abuse medical and recreational drugs?
    1. What are many drugs made (derived) from?
    2. When scientists develop new drugs, what has to happen to them?
    3. What are drugs tested in the laboratory for?
    4. What are they trialled on humans for?
    5. Why is the impact of legal drugs on health much greater than the impact of illegal drugs?
    6. What was the drug thalidomide developed for?
    7. What effect did it cause in pregnant women?
    8. What were the unknown side effects of the drug on pregnant women?
    9. What is thalidomide used to treat now?
    10. What action do drugs have on people’s bodies?
    11. If people become dependent or addicted to the drug what do they suffer if they stop taking the drug?
    12. What two drugs are very addictive?
    13. What is the addictive substance in tobacco smoke?
    14. What is a carcinogen? (notes)
    15. What gas does tobacco smoke contain that affects a foetus?
    16. How does this gas affect the blood of the mother?
    17. What two effects does this have on the foetus?
    18. How does alcohol affect the nervous system?
    19. How does too much alcohol affect the body?
    20. What organs are damaged by drinking too much alcohol?
    What causes infectious diseases and how can our bodies defend themselves against them?
    1. What are micro-organisms that cause infectious diseases called?
    2. What happens to bacteria and viruses when they get inside the body?
    3. When do viruses damage our cells?
    4. Which blood cells help to defend us against pathogens?
    5. What three things do they do to help us?
    6. What is an antibiotic?
    7. How do antibiotics work?
    8. Why can antibiotics not be used to kill viral pathogens?
    9. Why is it difficult to develop drugs which kill viruses?
    10. How can people be immunised against disease?
    11. What cells do vaccines stimulate?
    12. What chemicals do these cells produce?
    13. What do these chemicals do?
    14. Why is the body then immune to future infections by that micro-organism?
    15. What does the MMR vaccine protect children against?
    thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      ok... You cannot be serious!

      I will only do a few...

      1. Respond to stimuli in the environment
      2. Stimuli (?)
      3. in the ears (or just behind)
      4. taste (chemicals)

      6. Sensory neurone
      7. how to respond
      8. reflexes
      9. Sensory -> Relay -> Motor
      10. effectors (muscles, glands etc)
      11. hormones

      13. bloodstream
      14. sweating, breathing (water vapour)
      15. bladder - urine

      18. FSH and LH
      19. Pituitary gland
      20. matures the egg and stimulates the release of oestrogen
      21. ovaries?
      22. builds the lining of the womb and stimulates the release of LH

      24. matures the egg

      That's the first lot - do you want the rest??

  22. QUESTION:
    Do I only want the best for my adult daughter that just doesn't agree with me all the time?
    This is where I am going
    This is who I am
    I thought about it for a while
    I have to tell you what I cam

    I am a part of the Lord thy God
    I helped to make your life
    I am a part of the Lord thy God
    I think you are too and that's life

    We formed your body bones and soul
    Split apart from all of the whole
    Cut and pasted to a material you
    Just to make some of all of it do

    Now as a part of the invisible you
    I recognize we disagree do different too
    I was formed to think like me
    You were formed the way you are see?

    Now you don't have to listen to me
    I have to tell you
    It's aweful sometimes if I think I am right
    But you have your own life to live too
    I wonder sometimes if we make it through the night

    Now it is possible that I was formed to eat
    Things you find repulsive, not a treat
    Things I got used to and feel make me quiver
    Things I think make me healthy, even my liver

    You might not be one who will take to this life of mine
    You might have your own way of finding out how to shine
    I have lived so far to fifty five
    I keep thinking these things kept me alive

    I wonder if there is a terrible curse
    That forces you to keep seeking a nurse
    I wonder what told you to ignore what advice I find important
    I wonder if I lost you when you moved out and went

    You grew up so fast, I wanted that to last
    I didn't want to have to dwell on the past
    Was I ever one to follow my way?
    I was a parent, I been meaning to say.

    We were all formed from dust and heat
    But circumstances about how we would meet
    Were written in stone, just appearing to us
    Even if they didn't seem so just

    I have my pinions, you have yours
    You seem sometimes convinced, sometimes so unsures
    We don't want to disagree not this way
    Or do we, what do I say?

    I can't give you advice if it was predetermined
    My passions are stuck, neath the secretly ruined
    Just cause I want you to be a certain way
    Just cause I use tact that includes when I pray

    Well it all makes me realize, can't criticize Jesus too much
    He too had the same problem, was out of touch
    I have to trust that I did what I could
    And you have to do what we said you should

    Cause in the beginning you apparently agreed
    When you were older you would succeed
    Payin attention to that which was done
    Havin your moments, havin your fun

    Nothin I could do or say
    Would make you want to do what I had to say
    And that's why whatever you do
    If you choose to take a break or just let it too

    You have your life to live shorter or long
    You have your way of silence or song
    I have to let you be who you are
    Even if all I ever wanted was for you be a star

    Whatever you choose now, it's up to you
    You wear your slippers, I wear my shoe
    If you ever want my help to try something new
    I will be waitin, I'm your father.....that's true!
    If it is happening now, it was meant to be
    Me hurtin, you hurtin, entertainment you see
    And we both had a part certainly
    Was as if we were havin a party

    I know it may not seem to you to be this way
    You don't think you ever went astray
    You are doing your best, you earned your keep
    You did not come here to be that cheap

    So we've just been rolling along
    We've just been singing and playing this song
    Music was written long long ago
    And this could be the beginning or the end of the show

    Happens to all of us in one way or another
    Not just about one thing, they are all a bother
    That's how life is, full of stimulus
    Sometimes we don't have it, sometimes we must.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, my mother is visiting from about 1000 miles away right now. It's our first visit in 6 months. I am 38, have two beautiful small children and a third on the way. I have a great marriage; my husband has a great job; I have a degree and had a career for about 14 years as an educator before staying home with my children.

      My mother has a lot of great advice, and I'm sure means well and wants the best for me. I have to tell you though, that even though the advice is usually good, I get really tired of hearing it. Maybe because it is constant, or maybe because she repeats herself over and over again, even when I heard it the first time. She's not generally critical; yet, what I'd really prefer is that I'd get less advice and more recognition for where I have come in my life. I know she thinks I'm doing well, as she does say so. But that is way outweighed by the constant advice and suggestions. With all that she tells me whenever I talk to her, I don't know how she thinks I managed to survive on my own for all these years. What I'd really like is to feel like a competent adult around her and for her to stop trying to improve me.

      So there's the story from the other side. I hope this helps in some way.

  23. QUESTION:
    How long will it take me to lose 20lbs (more detailed)?
    Im 17 - female - 5 foot2 and I weigh 9stone2lbs/ 128lbs.
    My goal is 7stone10lbs/ 108lbs
    I know im already in the ‘healthy weight’ range, but I know I am much healthier at the weight I have set my goal to, so please no comments saying im fine as I am, because if I was fine I would not be asking this question would I.

    If I take in 1300 calories of a healthy well balanced low fat diet
    (I also take multi-vitamins, food supplements and cod liver oil daily and drink plenty of water)
    And I burn 900 calories (takes me 50 minutes) on the cross trainer every day

    How long will it take me to reach my goal?
    And should I burn 900 calories a day or 700? Or less?
    But I am not changing my intake of calories, it suits me just fine.

    ….Also i was going to have a cheat day after my once a week weight check, where i eat about 2000 calories of my favourite food, like a kfc, starbucks muffin, malteasers e.c.t, but still keep up my exercise for that day, I am doing a cheat day because it has been said to be healthy to shock your metabolism and cut the cravings you have during a weight loss diet so you are not tempted to ‘give in and stuff your face’ during the diet.

    Also the reason i have set myself a goal of 7 stone 10/108lbs is because i know it is a realistic goal for me because i use to swim a lot in competition a few years ago and i had the same body frame and same height now as i did back then and i was a healthy 7 stone 10, not underweight or over!

    I wouldn’t be stupid enough to set myself unrealistic goals!

    And yes this diet is temporary to lose weight, but I have full intentions to starting eating healthy and regular exercise once I have lost my weight.

    • ANSWER:
      you sound exactly like me. I'm 19, 5'2 and weigh about 128. I've been trying to lose 20 pounds for a while and have gone vegan. I lost about 6 lbs in 2 weeks. But its very hard to maintain. Which led me to falling off the vegan train and gaining 5 lbs in a week..

      whatever you do, DONT DO A CLEANSE.

      one day off is a good idea and will help you. pick a when you're most likey to enjoy it...like a saturday. drink lots of water/green tea and be careful not to do certain work outs that will cause you to add muscle and get BULKY.

      walk a lot and dot over do it.
      if you do this everyday, you can lose about 20 pounds in 5 - 8 weeks.

      good luck

  24. QUESTION:
    I want to quit smoking, how can i boost my will power in quitting?
    I have been smoking for 3 years now and last week I watched a tv show where a young girl who was 20 was diagnosed with liver cancer couple of years ago and she doesnt even smoke! She has a 2 year old son and iam 20 with a 8 month old daughter so that show really freaked me out and i just want to quit and lead a healthy life i really hate the thought of a stupid ciggeratte now its really not worth your life.

    I keep thinking what if i have cancer and i dont know =(

    How can i boost my will power? i REALLY REALLY want to quit!!!!!!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Do you feel like you’ve given every ounce of energy that you possibly had in attempts to beat this disease only resulting in complete and utter failure just like over 99% of smokers do?

      Do not become discouraged because YOU do have hope.

      the given site contain some useful articles and videos that can help you

  25. QUESTION:
    i need help with this! ha?
    .
    Which of the following foods is not a source of cholesterol?
    A) Beef
    B) Beans
    C) Chicken
    D) Cheese
    2.
    Insoluble fiber
    A) dissolves in water.
    B) is found in oat bran, apples, beans, and some vegetables.
    C) is found in refined-grain products.
    D) adds bulk to your body’s wastes.
    3.
    Bread is rich in complex carbohydrates, low in fats, and a source of fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Usually, the more fiber in the bread, the more nutrients. Look at the values of the following four loaves of bread:

    Calories

    Sodium

    Fiber
    Loaf 1:

    60

    100 mg

    1 g
    Loaf 2:

    70

    160 mg

    2 g
    Loaf 3:

    40

    105 mg

    2 g
    Loaf 4:

    80

    5 mg

    3 g

    Which loaf of bread would be the best choice for you in terms of good nutrition?
    A) Loaf 1
    B) Loaf 2
    C) Loaf 3
    D) Loaf 4
    4.
    Match the following
    A. A substance in food that provides energy or helps form body tissues, which is necessary for life and growth
    B. The study of food and the ways in which the body uses food
    C. Complex carbohydrate that aids elimination and may help prevent heart disease and cancer
    D. Nutrient required for transport, elimination, and temperature regulation, as well as almost every other bodily function
    E. Fatty acids in which the carbon atoms do not hold the maximum number of hydrogen atoms
    F. Plant proteins that lack or contain smaller amounts of some essential amino acids than are needed by the body
    G. A class of nutrients containing simple sugars, starches, glycogen, and dietary fiber
    H. Carbon-containing nutrient that keeps eyes and skin healthy
    I. A complex carbohydrate that is stored in the liver and muscles, which can be used as a quick source of energy
    J. A mineral that prevents birth defects
    K. Mineral needed for production of hemoglobin
    L. Mineral needed for production of digestive enzymes and growth and healing
    M. Fat-soluble nutrient that enables the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestine
    N. Promotes healing of wounds and healthy gums
    O. Needed to produce energy from carbohydrates, fats, and protein

    Zinc
    Nutrient
    Iron
    Carbohydrates
    Dietary fiber
    Vitamin C
    Niacin (vitamin B3)
    Water
    Incomplete proteins
    Vitamin D
    Glycogen
    Vitamin A
    Nutrition
    Folate
    Unsaturated fatty acids
    5.
    The six classes of nutrients include all of the following EXCEPT:
    A) Carbohydrates and fats
    B) Proteins and water
    C) Vitamins and minerals
    D) Sodium and cholesterol
    6.
    Starches are
    A) a kind of complex carbohydrate.
    B) a kind of simple carbohydrate.
    C) composed of a single sugar.
    D) complex carbohydrates that cannot be digested.
    7.
    All of the following are reasons why water is important to nutrition EXCEPT:
    A) It transports nutrients and oxygen through the body and helps get rid of wastes.
    B) It provides the proper environment for the body’s chemical reactions to occur.
    C) It helps regulate body temperature.
    D) It prevents anemia.
    8.
    A deficiency of calcium can lead to
    A) rickets.
    B) osteoporosis.
    C) scurvy.
    D) anemia.
    9.
    For a healthful diet, nutrients must be consumed in different amounts. An example of this is how carbohydrates should
    A) be limited to 300 milligrams a day.
    B) make up about 30% of your daily caloric intake.
    C) be limited to 3,000 milligrams a day.
    D) make up between 45 to 65% of your daily caloric intake.
    10.
    Why is it important to limit the amount of sodium in your diet?
    A) Sodium causes weak bones and teeth.
    B) Sodium is sometimes linked to high blood pressure.
    C) Sodium is linked to cancer.
    D) Sodium causes dehydration
    11.
    The class of nutrient that is necessary for production of certain hormones and that forms a coating on nerves is
    A) carbohydrates.
    B) water.
    C) protein.
    D) fat.

    • ANSWER:

  26. QUESTION:
    Is my d.a.r.e. report good?
    Every day, kids like us get pressured into tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana at school. Some schools don’t even have programs that educate kids about the dangers of drugs. This year I have learned what drugs can do to your body, what they contain, and how kids get persuaded to consume them. I have also learned how to make wise choices about them. I have been shown many diverse examples of how kids can be convinced into taking drugs and alcohol. The D.A.R.E. program helped me to understand more abut drugs and how to avoid them.

    The three drugs we learned about are marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol. They can cause problems in your brain, mouth, throat, lungs, heart, and liver. As you can see, these drugs will end up killing you. The most remarkable thing I learned was that all the drug advertisements aren’t targeted toward adults, but toward children.

    I learned what to do if I ever get asked to take drugs. One thing I could do is say no and walk away. Another way is to give a reason of fact about the drug, or you can use humor. For example if someone asks if you want some marijuana you would say,” No I need all my brain cells.”

    I think it is important to stay drug-free because drugs are very harmful to you and the people around you. My commit to D.A.R.E. is to stay drug-free. I will keep others away from drugs. I will stay away from any drugs that can harm me. That’s how I will stay healthy and drug-free.

    • ANSWER:
      It's reasons like this that my kids won't take part in the D.A.R.E. program. Marijuana isn't a deadly substance, won't kill brain cells and doesn't in any way shorten your life or cause diseases. I'd prefer to teach my kids the truth about drugs, not what the government funded programs choose to tell my kids.

  27. QUESTION:
    Question about bile after gallbladder removal?
    Ever since my doctor told me I have multipile stones in my gallbladder I started to change my lifestyle. I eat all organic fruits and veggies, I eat only plant based oils like coconut oil, flax,hemp, etc. I am not eating any meat just sticking to whole foods that nature offers. So anyway I have been researching about the effects of bile after galllbladder removal.

    What worries me is the constant dripping of bile after having no gallbladder. My doctor said it does NOT cause colon cancer in the long run if you eat healthy and exercise and eat a high fiber diet. But I wanted some advice from others and see what they think.

    I eat 40 grams of fiber ( and drink plenty of water). I also read if you eat an even amount of insoluble and soluble fiber it will soak up all the excess bile that drips in colon. I read in the china study that a diet based on meats and junk foods will turn bile into secondary biles that are harmful to the linning of colon. But if you eat a diet based on whole foods bile will not form secondary (am not sure what that means but I think the bacteria(bad due to eat meat based diet) in the gut changes bile into toxic bile. But if you eat plenty of probiotics and whole foods that should help.

    I

    Lol i have been doing lots of research before I decide to get my gallbladder removed. But I would appreciate your opinion.

    My doctor said keeping gallstones can cause other life threating conditions such as bile duct obstructio(which can cause scarring) pancreatis etc.

    I know some of you might think you can flush them with olive oil and lemon and apples...but how do these substances get into the galllbadder they dont they pass into the intestines.

    I have tried herbal supplements from wild harvest orgeans liver cleans.. I have been taking 3 caps for 1 month. I havent experienced a gallbladder attack yet. But I am going to get an ultrasound in a month to see if there is any inflammation.

    I would appreciate any suggestions ..thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Jennifer,

      I am pleased to note that you have done a lot of research re. gallbladder surgery. I also note that you have been able to identify many myths and half truths. I do not have gallbladder problems but I know alot about the surgery involved and many of the "mythical and exotic treatments." I have been a Hospital based RN for about half a Century. Here are my views:

      1. Eating fibre based organic foods (fruits and vegetables) is the perfect choice. They may not get rid of the stones but the stones will NOT get bigger.

      2. Your life style change will have resulted in you getting less abdominal pain (due to gall bladder spasms).

      3. Flushing the gall bladder stones? It is a myth. People who think that you can flush them with olive oil and lemon and apples are dreamers. These interventions do NOT work.

      4. Herbal supplements from wild harvest oranges etc do NOT work. NOT eating fatty substances will prevent you from getting acute bouts of pain.

      5. Most people who have their gall bladders removed go on to have normal lives after that. Minimal follow up is needed.

      6. Prepare yourself for the surgery. Better prepared patients recover sooner.

      7. Surgery is not without risks and complications. You can read my article on possible post-operative complications at the link given below.
      I would appreciate any suggestions ..thank you!

  28. QUESTION:
    Is This the Best Answer to the Healthcare Crisis You Ever Heard?
    Health Insurance Plan --- 100% Different From Anything You Have Heard About!?
    Here's a health insurance plan I dreamed up today. I would like to know your thoughts about it. But before you give me your thoughts, please take a moment to read the plan.

    Companies stop offerring health insurance.

    What they offer instead is wellness programs, which can be on or off company property.

    These programs are focused on weight control, exercise, nutrition, and medical monitoring (blood pressure, heart health, obesity, range of motion, pulminary function, liver function -- simple blood tests)

    No employees are compelled in any way to participate in any way in any company wellness program.

    But, those that do, get certificates signed by physicians stating the wellness factors that apply to that individual participant. Kept his weight down, did running, has good heart function, liver is fine ... blah blah blah. These would be the kind of certificates that local health insurors would take into account in rating the premiums to be paid by that individual wellness program participant.

    Beyond the certificate, and depending upon wellness factors attainments (weight loss, better this, better that etc) the company provides a wellness encouragement award in the form of a check, once every 90 days.

    Recipients of such checks can use that cash for anything they want, including time with working girls in Nevada, or rye whiskey, or Cuban cigars.

    However if they can present a receipt for a health insurance premium they have paid, for their own selves as beneficiaries of privately acquired health insurance policies (with a little help from the certificate signed by physicians from the wellness program) then, their next award check, if they get one by continuing to make attainments, will be doubled in value. The doubling only happens once. Once a person is getting double-sized award checks they keep getting those checks as long as they keep buying private health insurance, and can show receipts, and as long as they keep making attainments in the company wellness program.

    This plan is filled to the brim with justice. It is highly focused on individual responsibility, not just a gimme, gimme, gimme, gimme style system. People whose behavior is cost-containing and good get highly rewarded. All people of every kind are completely free to do anything they want. Nobody is compelled in any way to do anything.

    The company gets to set up their wellness program as a charitable educational or health related organization -- a 501 (c) (3).

    They also get to create a company Foundation -- a 501 (c) (6) to give money on a tax deductible basis to the wellness program.

    So all the costs of the wellness program become tax deductions, including the fees for the trainers, nutritionists, and the award checks given to employees, either in the single portion amount or in the double portion amount -- all those costs are a tax deduction for the company. They come out of pre-tax gross income.

    The incentives here are 100% perfect.

    The outcome here is that probably 10 million additional people get health insurance -- not the full load of 35 million, but a step in the right direction is still a step.

    More importantly by dumping a lot of healthy people into the insurance pools, who pay full premiums (some of which is subsidized by their award checks), everybody's health insurance premiums go down.

    Not only that, the average healthiness of the American population goes up.

    So more healthy people are paying premiums and there are less sick people who need healthcare.

    Less sick people, not only makes premiums go down it also makes our national productivity go up.

    How productive we are, in relation to our national debt, determines how long we get to exist as a nation that's not in default or owned outright by China.

    My plan is an extremely good plan -- it cuts through all the nonsense and goes straight to the core issue which is health. It properly incentivizes everybody involved. It is 0% coersive -- no mandates on anybody.

    I'm putting it up here so that a few thoughtful people can read it, think about it, and send me useful comments to make it better, or fix any flaws you see in it. Cynical clowns could just please leave this question alone, I don't have time to read your snarky junk answers. Persons of goodwill, please come forward, my strength is not equal to my task, I need your help.
    For Don:

    We've got 35 million uninsured with no healthcare.

    My plan would knock that down to 25 million uninsured with no healthcare.

    So Don, your conclusion using your logical and ethical skills is that my plan is a bad plan.

    Unless every single person can be fixed all at once -- nobody should be fixed -- we should just stay broken -- as broken -- not any less broken -- that Don's path to success.

    My path is called dis-jointed incrementalism. You knock off a piece of the problem.

    Then you go back to the smaller problem, and knock off a piece of that.

    Repeat as required until problem is gone.

    This is how you chop down a tree, break up a huge block of ice, or move a pile of snow.

    Many problems in the *real* world are solved by dis-jointed incrementalism.

    The only people who need to solve huge problems all at once with one huge law are people who are not in fact interested in the problem at all -- what they want is totalitarian power for themselves. Seig .

    • ANSWER:
      You have a great idea there!
      Why not copy and paste it to the Whitehouse web site and all the elected officials?

  29. QUESTION:
    How Can I Get My Rabbit to Gain Weight Safely?
    Hi, I need some help with getting my rabbit to safely gain weight.

    She's a lion-lop, four months old, and recently spayed (due to a health problem- which I'll explain) but she's lighter than her sister -exactly the same age, spayed too etc- and you can feel every one of her vertebrae when you stroke her.

    She has snuffles (pasturella), but the vet has it under control- we know she'll never be entirely free of the bacteria, but she is living a good quality of life. She was spayed last week, as the vets found an abscess on her liver and decided to do both procedures at once, just so she doesn't have to go through two surgeries in short succession. The vet thinks her abscess may have been in her since she was a baby, but we only found it when it was very large. She didn't have much of an appetite following her surgery, which is normal for most mammals, including her sister, but now I've finally got her interested in food again. She's enjoying fresh veggies, pellets and hay but I'm concerned that she feels (and looks post op shaving) so scrawny.

    Is there any food I should be supplying her with to help her gain a little bit of weight to keep her warm and pad over her joints? I don't want an obese bun, but I would like her to keep level with her sister's weight. The healthy sister weighs in at around 2kg, and my recently op'ed bun weighs approximately 1.8kg we think. I know that's not much of a difference, but I'd like them to keep parity.

    She likes bananas and apples, has oats in her food once or twice a week (2 tbs in the shared food bowl), doesn't like carrots, and they both have Woodlands Alfalfa bales nearly every day. They have a pile of meadow hay in their house at all times, plenty of water in a bowl and a drinker, and get fed once in the morning at 7.30am and once at night at around 6.30pm. Their usual meal (shared between them) is 4 tbs of pellets and 2 of muesli with some linseed and Vetark Pro-C (and the occasional oats) sprinkled on top.

    If anyone has any tips on what to give her, please feel free to share your experiences!
    Forgot to add- I will choose a best answer for 10 points for the most helpful answer!

    Thanks in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      Rabbit Pellets

      Rabbit pellets, known for their ease of feeding and rapid weight gain, were originally developed for the rabbit "livestock" market, where rabbits are raised for their meat or fur and not intended to live out their potential lifespan.
      For house rabbits, however, pelleted diets can contribute to obesity, chronic soft stools, overproduction of cecals, and from pellets high in calcium, urine sludge and other calcium-related health issues can occur. For the house rabbit who is expected to live 10 years or longer, and may not get enough exercise, a diet that is primarily high in fiber and low in calories is preferred to maintain a healthy weight. And, don't forget plenty of fresh water every day, in a crock or crock & water bottle.

      Other problems that can occur with a pelleted diet, is that the pellets most commonly available through pet supply stores are not ones that promote good health. Often, these pellets are high in calcium, contain too much sugar (many contain molasses as a binder), and some manufacturers have even added several dangerous additives to their pellets such as corn, seeds, and dried fruits that clearly cause obesity in house rabbits. Rabbits should get a "plain" pellet that is high in fiber, low in protein and calcium, and does not contain any added seeds or dried fruits.

      At San Diego House Rabbit Society, we typically recommend feeding a limited amount of pellets. And, we recommend sticking to pellets that are high in fiber and low in protein, such as Oxbow's Bunny Basics T or Zupreem Nature's Promise (both made from timothy hay) for a maintenance diet, or Purina's High Fiber Lab Diet (high-fiber alfalfa pellets) for young, growing bunnies or older bunnies who need to keep on weight.

      I hope i helped!!
      Good Luck!! I hope your bunny gets better!!!!!

  30. QUESTION:
    All humans eat fillers, why cant dogs? by-products...?
    READ WITH AN OPEN MIND! NO BASHING PLEASE!

    Every nationallity eats fillers:
    americans-bread
    china- rice
    ect

    So why do people think you cant feed your dog fillers like corn? Ground yellow corn is actually healthy for people, corn meal cupcakes and cakes are healthier than wheat or other kinds.

    Since everyone takes it back to wolves and what they eat lets go there:
    When the wolves attack and eat a deer for instance the first thing they do is split and eat the stomack. what is in the stomack? what the deer eats-grass, bark, roots... fillers in a commercial sense. then they eat the actuall meat.

    what happens when people eat too much meat? yea not good huh?

    By- products:
    umm doesnt the wolf eat the WHOLE deer? or does he pick out the liver, kidney, and such parts. i have never seen them do this. ground bones? dont we give dogs bones to chew and eat to keep them busy?? coyotes do eat some of the feathers from the chickens they steal-seen them eat one myself.

    (my moms cat catches and eats rabbits, what parts does she eat? the head and front legs ONLY. no good meat fromt he rump or chest. she likes the by-products parts.... weird huh?)

    how did dogs survive before all these "holistic" and so called brands came out? didnt they eat left overs and what not or "cheap" dog food with fillers and by-produts?

    Do you think pet owners have gone over board on what to feed their dogs? i mean sure dogs need good/real meat too. I try to make sure the treats i get my dog all have a real meat as the first ingredient.

    But i think it has gone kinda overboard, if people want to feed their dogs holistic brands good, ok thats fine. if others dont and think well i dont eat prime rib every day i eat fillers so why cant my dog, why is everyone so harsh on them?

    If i eat fillers, my dog isnt above fillers either i dont think.

    I did try to switch my pup to Blue Buffalo when i got him and it gave him diarrhea, yes i switched him over very very slowly. We are sticking to Purina now, and even though this dont mean much to most my vet said Puirna is just fine. He is healthy, poop is solid, shinny coat and eyes, happy healthy puppy.
    K B:
    even dogs on "holistic" brands have gotten cancer.
    my co-worker who is a health nut, exercises weekly if not daily was diagnosed 1 1/2 ago....
    Syd <3's APBTs:

    So what is the sign of a healthy dog? Diarrhea or firm, normal poop?
    I agree jimbob!

    blue buffalo:

    Deboned Chicken, Chicken Meal, Whole Ground Brown Rice, Whole Ground Barley, Oatmeal, Rye, Whole Potatoes, Chicken Fat (preserved with Natural Mixed Tocopherols), Menhaden Fish Meal (natural source of DHA-Docosahexaneoic Acid), Tomato Pomace (natural source of Lycopene), Natural Chicken Flavor, Whole Carrots, Whole Sweet Potatoes, Dried Egg, Blueberries, Cranberries, Flaxseed, Barley Grass, Dried Parsley, Alfalfa Meal, Kelp Meal, Taurine, L-Carnitine, L-Lysine, Yucca Schidigera Extract, Green Tea Extract, Turmeric, Garlic, Sunflower Oil (natural source of Omega 6 Fatty Acids), Herring Oil (natural source of Omega 3 Fatty Acids), Dried Chicory Root, Black Malted Barley, Oil of Rosemary, (ect)

    I see alot of non meat products there too... hmmm just more better sounding "fillers" like rice, barley, rye, oatmeal... ever seen a wolf eat oatmeal??? lol didnt think so
    I dont think ground corn meal and chicken by product is comparable to popcicles and what not.

    Is anyone going to combat what wolves eat first? and the fasct that they eat the by product parts of deer first??
    look what i found:
    All scientific evidence points towards the fact that dogs, while not true carnivores, are opportunistic, carnivorous scavengers. Cats on the other hand are true, obligate carnivores, requiring animal protein to survive. There is a difference between a carnivorous scavenger and an omnivore though - dogs lack the dental characteristics, longer digestive tract and specific enzymes of true omnivores like humans. That is the reason why they can not digest grains and vegetables unless they are "predigested" by processing, mincing/grinding, breakdown by enzymes, or fermentation through bacteria. Once converted, they are fully available to the dog.

    mincing/grinding, they do that for dog food...
    someone please explain this:
    http://www.helium.com/items/1468853-myths-about-corn-in-dog-food
    A Great Dane Lady :
    I 100% agree, IF your dog is allergic to it definetly it isnt something that should be fed. Just like with Humans, if im allergic to milk ill drink soy. if im not ill drink cows milk.
    Leigh:
    Im not saying Purina is the best brand out there, not even close. this was mainly a post/question/argument on Corn in dog foods. and how ground corn IS digestable though some say it isnt. I agree that better cuts of meat are just that better but i also think by products are ok if you also give good meat. My pup get real chicken (form the supermarket white and dark peices) on a regular basis as well as steak and pork chops. if im eating meat he gets some too.
    alias boxer:
    Actually i have worked in a zoo and before we got the job had to go through training encluding watching many video's of wild animals and yes wolves were some. The video showed them to eat the guts and hind legs first. and that is also what our instructor pointed out. the wolves in the zoo got fed BOTH "nice cuts" and the stomacks or by products.

    I am not saying "holistic" brands are bad Im not saying food with ONLY by products are good. I think their food should and can have both., but there should be some"nice cuts" like BB has.

    This was mainly a post on corn in dog food. I see NOTHING wrong with ground corn that dogs CAN digest. dont beleave me google search "corn myth" and dog food.

    I give my dog Purina right now(with a little BB to finish the bad, and real meat atleast 2X's a week) because when i tried to switch him to BB he souldnt handle it. I will prolly in the future try to switch again, or find a cheaper brand with real meat.

    • ANSWER:
      Not everyone believes that all grains are fillers. I believe that QUALITY grains are a good thing to find in dog food. I understand the function of fiber in digestion, and know that good grains are a good source of carbs and even protein. Whole corn is not a filler. Corn gluten is. Many people avoid corn, wheat, and soy because the are common allergens (in people and pets)...that's a SMART thing to do. MY dogs need fiber. I tried a high protein food for my dogs (Orijen), and no matter the quality of ingredients (top notch), they NEED fiber. Fiber bulks up stools (thus preventing diarrhea)...it also softens stools (thus preventing constipation)...it's a way to keep things even and normal.

      Recently, I saw someone on here say that they have never seen a coyote in a cornfield. To that I say, that person has never seen a coyote. They LIVE in cornfields. MY dogs are happy to scrounge through the garden (broccoli, tomatoes, and carrots are favorites). Dogs (and wolves and coyotes) eat grasses all the time: lawn grass, alfalfa, etc. Because they feel a need to. That said, while corn is not "without nutritional value" like many people here regurgitate, it is also not fully available. Studies have shown it to be only 56% digestable. There are other, less allergenic grains that are more fully digestable.

      Rice, barley, rye, oatmeal...I consider those GOOD things to find in dog food. Rice hulls, and "leftover" crap from processing are not. I would never feed or recommend a grain by-product in a food. I WOULD recommend a food without chicken by-product, though. While feet and necks are good sources of glucosamine, there is NO guarantee to the quality of those ingredients. Dog food was created as a way to sell what was literally garbage left over from processing human food. A way to make money from scrap. There are some GREAT dog foods on the market right now. Purina is NOT one of them. I fed it years ago, my dogs (between the 4 of them) suffered from ear infections, UTI's/struvite crystals, yeast infections, allergies, dull coats and eyes, obesity, digestive issues (vomiting and diarrhea), and that's what I can list off the top of my head. A few years on a GOOD quality food, NONE of that is an issue anymore. Not only is their food (California Naturals) CHEAPER for me to feed them, I save a ton in vet bills now, too.

      While you make some good points in your question, I feel that you're just trying to justify feeding what's convenient and cheap for you. Fine with me-you feed your dogs whatever you want. Please don't try to tell people that Purina is better...I have seen with my own eyes in FOUR dogs that it is not.

      Bottom line: Good, healthy ingredients are better for us, and they are better for our dogs. To claim that eating scrap parts is better than eating whole grains and parts is insane when science has told us otherwise for years. Nothing is healthier than WHOLE grains, and good, lean cuts of meats and organs.

  31. QUESTION:
    How to do Skin Care ?
    Soft, smooth, supple skin is not only genetics it is also about skin care IQ. No matter your skin color, your culture, or religious beliefs smooth skin is sexy. Looking young is hot.

    Taking care of your skin is not a matter of money it is a matter of having the knowledge and the tools to preserve the first thing most people notice about us, our face. One of the biggest causes of premature aging, wrinkles, and liver spots is over-exposure to the sun without the proper skin protection.

    If your sun block lotion is not at least spf 50 you are wasting your time. Do your research, many of the sun block lotions we buy at grocery stores are so diluted we might as well rub cooking oil on our bodies. Also even when it is cloudy the sun’s rays are still piercing through the clouds and searing our sensitive skin and making our skin cells more prone to melanoma.

    Don't wash your skin too often... Washing our skin too often scrapes away the vital natural oils our skin produces for protection and drains the moisture from our skin. It is also wise to note that most of us wash our faces with tap water, which contains chlorine, which is one of the main ingredients in the most powerful cleaning chemical bleach. Gently washing the face two times a day is more than enough unless we are participating in strenuous activities that cause us to perspire much more than normal.

    Do not smoke... There are no known health benefits to smoking. Not only does smoking cause cancer, it also dulls the skin, and produces fine lines around the mouth.

    Wear sunglasses... Our eyes are the windows into our soul. Let’s protect them and keep from squinting which causes lines to form on the forehead and crow’s feet at the corner of the eyes. Plus sun glasses make us look that much more glamorous; check the UV rating to make sure that along with looking good we are getting adequate protection from the sun.

    Warm water hot water is for cooking... When we are bathing our washing our face it is best to use warm to cool water. Hot water is used to cook food and can damage and dry out the skin.

    Get enough sleep... The body heals and rests while we sleep. Not only does a life time of late nights and early mornings promote illness but also it makes our skin more prone to wrinkle.

    Follow a nightly regimen... Whatever products we have decided are best for preserving and protecting our skin we should use consistently.

    Exercise regularly... There is no down side to light exercising. It keeps the blood flowing, strengthens the cardio-vascular system, and allows our pores to effectively cleanse themselves. Most people who work out and eat correctly have a glow about them.

    Choose products carefully... Just as we all have different body types each person’s skin has its own particular characteristics. We should not be afraid to test products out to see which ones work the best for us.

    Never sleep with makeup... Even in sleep the skin needs to breathe and make up prevents that natural rejuvenation process that our face needs. It is good to wake up looking great but even better to have healthy naturally glowing skin.
    Skin Care

    Soft, smooth, supple skin is not only genetics it is also about skin care IQ. No matter your skin color, your culture, or religious beliefs smooth skin is sexy. Looking young is hot.

    Taking care of your skin is not a matter of money it is a matter of having the knowledge and the tools to preserve the first thing most people notice about us, our face. One of the biggest causes of premature aging, wrinkles, and liver spots is over-exposure to the sun without the proper skin protection.

    If your sun block lotion is not at least spf 50 you are wasting your time. Do your research, many of the sun block lotions we buy at grocery stores are so diluted we might as well rub cooking oil on our bodies. Also even when it is cloudy the sun’s rays are still piercing through the clouds and searing our sensitive skin and making our skin cells more prone to melanoma.

    Don't wash your skin too often... Washing our skin too often scrapes away the vital natural oils our skin produces for prot

    • ANSWER:

  32. QUESTION:
    What do you call this type of humor?
    If you watch Family Gut then you probably know Dr. Hartman and his sense of humor. Like in one episode after Bonnie has her baby he says "Oh my god she's dying!" (but they think he's talking about the baby) and he means "This Paula Poundstone comedy special is terrible. She's dying."

    What do you call that humor?

    I also have an example here (you can probably tell who he is and who's Peter/Lois) :

    So, doctor, is Peter healthy? - My goodness, you'll be dead within a month.
    What?! Oh, Helga the Horrible, if you keep up that lifestyle of pillaging and giant turkey legs you'll be dead within a month.
    Now onto you. - So, what do you think? Pretty healthy, huh?
    Well, mister Griffin, let's take a look at your physical results.
    Aaaaah! There's a spider in here. Now, here we go.
    Mister Griffin, you'll going to expire in a month.
    This is your driver's license, isn't it?
    Now, unfortunately, I'm afraid you're going to die...
    ...when you'll watch these Dean Martin celebrity roasts.
    Will you just tell us how Peter's health is?!
    Mister Griffin, I'm not quite sure how to say this. Kim Basinger? Bas-bassinger?
    But now, onto the cancer.
    You are a Cancer, right, you were born in July?
    Now onto these test results... Oh my, they are much worse than I thought.
    My son got a D minus on his history test.
    Now, mister Griffin, that liver has got to come out ....
    It's been in the microwave for three minutes, it will get dry. Now...
    I mean Guy not Gut.

    • ANSWER:
      schtick
      1.n.
      a routine or act that is the trademark of an entertainer, especially in vaudeville. (Yiddish.) : His schtick was a trained dog and cat act.

      if you watch a bit more of the episode, Lois even calls it schtick saying something like
      "we can't take any more of your schtick, can we just have peter's test results."

  33. QUESTION:
    HELP! ALCOHOLIC + HEPATITIS C?
    BEFORE YOU LOOK AT THE LENGTH AND QUICKLY EXIT OR SKIM THIS, PLEASE READ IT THOROUGHLY, I'M IN DESPERATE NEED OF YOUR HELP... PLEASE!

    My mom has Hep C & is by such unfortunate and sad circumstances, also an alcoholic. She's what they would call a "Functional Alcoholic," she works, eats pretty healthy, a lot of fruits and vegitables, as well as drinks a lot of water. In other words, outside of her chronic alcohol use, her addiction, she's pretty healthy- although she doesn't exercise, and as a result from the drinking and lack of exercise has put on some weight, but is still reasonably thin.

    Her drink of choice is Vodka. She claims, when drinking Vodka, this is when she gets carried away, but can control it when she drinks beer, for example. She mixes her drinks, and sips them slowly (mentioning this because i've read in some articles that this is a technique that alcoholics can use to try to control how much they drink)....but the fact still is: she drinks 7 days a week. Light consumption M-F, however enough to get a flush, or buzz, likely drunk by non-alcoholic standards. The weekends are another story. Friday-Sunday is an all-out binge. She's told me she's gone through an entire 1.75 JUG of vodka in one weekend... ALONE. Actually, she's said that she's done this many times, and it was a wake-up call and she stopped.

    When she began drinking, many years ago, she would drink to relieve her anxiety, as many with anxiety disorders do. She was in treatment by age 16, got help, but started drinking again a few years later. She contracted Hepititis C when she was 24, she's now 51, and has been an alcoholic the entire period she's had Hep C. ALTHOUGH her alcoholism has gradually worsened throughout the years. Quite significantly. It wasn't until about the past 5 years that the drinking became a daily ritual. It used to be, my whole life - adolescence, which ended about 6 years ago, she would only drink on teh weekends, and it wasn't a weekend binge, it was limited to just the evening.

    *IF I'M BORING YOU*

    I'm giving details because i want to know what hope i can instill in her quitting drinking, given the specific circumstances i'm telling you, so please keep reading. Help someone who really wants help...me.

    She won't listen, and i have a strong feeling it's due to hopelessness. She feels her liver isn't perfect anyhow, along with her depression, trauma never recovered from (from childhood) she tried therapists throughout her life, and said the therapists never listened, or told her it was time to go in the middle of self-disclosure *basically she didnt find them helpful or she didn't think they truly cared or both*. She is on an SSRI (anti-depressant) currently and thinks it's working, but i keep telling her it WILL NOT work when you drink daily. The pill will cancel itself out. For all i know, the medication with the alcohol daily may be keeping her at an even keel.

    LASTLY, it's important to add the following:
    She has tried to quit recently, twice. She went a few weeks without alcohol and said she was so God awful EXHAUSTED she couldn't even hardly function. She said without the alcohol there is no longer anxiety present, and like i mentioned earlier, not facing the anxiety was what started the alcohol problems to begin, that, and the childhood trauma. But claims there is no more anxiety...Are theses signs of liver disease approaching or what's up with that?

    Based on what i'm telling you, what is some advice i can give to get her to cut down or stop drinking? I know the 12 steps, i know AA, i know rehab, i know out-paitient. She will not go to any, she sounded like she WOULD go to out-patient...but never did as her enforcers or reasons for going were not herself but the fact that she was hurting her kids and when we weren't there to push her into it, never went....
    The reasons for not going to Inpatient, AA, or the like is: she's afraid of losing her job. I tell her what good is a job if you're dead anyhow? She ignores this. In desperate need of wisdom from someone who KNOWS. Plz no garbage advice, this is a hard situation to deal with and i already know the problems assocaited with Hep C and Alc. so there's no use in reinforcing that idea. I've tried reinforcing spirituality in her life, God... and that's not helping.... I've tried amny things.

    More importantly, i've tried telling her i'm not judging her, and that i love her and all i want is for her to not give up on herself.

    Her current living situation is: ALONE. My stepfather recently passed from Alcoholism, just 5 months ago. This didn't wake her up either.

    Is she going to die from this disease? If she will enver stop drinking, how can i make my last years with her great & how can i let go the need to focus on her wellness?

    Thanks for reading and i apologize for the
    MAY I: Thank you for the feedback, I will absolutely pray as often as i can. This is great advice.

    CANDACE: She is seeing someone regarding the Hep C., she gets yearly liver biopsies, and recently told me her last one came back 2X worse. This is alarming, but not surprising given her situation. You noted that you're starting to feel this overwhelming urge to step-off. My advice: never give up. As long as you're alive, keep trying to help your loved one until you've exhausted all options, that way if all fails, you will have peace of mind knowing you gave it your all. I'd love to talk regarding this, it'd be great to get some words of wisdom from someone who knows what it's like. Being that i'm a young adult, i don't have many friends that can really empathize with my situation. Nor would i want to burden those who can't understand with things like this... bc the result isn't going to be positive for anyone.

    In this, let's talk positives. Realities and positiives are one in the same,

    • ANSWER:
      What a sensational story and awfully long description you have there. The first thing you need to do is talk to your mother about her addiction and the association with Hepatitis C. She need to understand the risk she is taking by consuming excessive amount of alcohol especially a vodka. She needs some type of counseling both mentally and physically. Let me tell you a little about hepatitis C and what complications associated with alcohol. Hepatitis C is a viral infection of the liver that has no cure whats so ever at the moment but there are treatment such as Interferon that lowers the replication of the RNA make ups of the virus and reduce the damage to the hepatocytes(liver Cells). The liver is an important organ in your body and it is an important organ that regulates your overall health. As much as she care about her exterior self being healthy, she also need to do the same to the internal organs as well. If your mother continues to live this type of life style, then she will end up developing Hepatocellular Carcinoma of the liver, Cirrhosis or both. Hepatocellular Carcinoma is a malignant cancer of the liver that is one of the most dangerous cancers known to be. Cirrhosis is the scaring of the liver that means, damage tissue that can't be replaced leading to chronic liver failure. Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Cirrhosis are a irreversible chronic liver disease which can lead to death in short period of time. So she need to understand the risk she is taking. it is like having a parent who always drinks heavily and drives. Eating healthy is not enough, so she need to seek mental treatment soon before she develops liver cancer and cirrhosis. I understand what you are going through to help out your mother but if she can't listen to you or somebody else's advise then she need to seek psychiatric help soon.

  34. QUESTION:
    I am doing a Spanish oral exam and i really need help translating this.The online translators are rubbish help?
    Please could some one translate this into spanish? There are several paragraphs. Thanks :)

    I have a healthy diet. I normally eat meat, vegetables, fruit and cereal. I really like eating fruit because it is sweet and healthy. I think that it is important to eat a healthy diet because if you do not you can become fat.

    I really like doing sport and exercise, because it is good for you and a great way to keep fit. To keep fit I run, play tennis and do horse riding. I am sometimes stressed but to stop my stess I play tennis.

    None of my family smoke but some of my friends do. It is dangerous if you smoke because it can destroy your lungs and heart. I do not agree with the smoking ban because if someone smokes it is their choice.

    My friends do not drink alcohol. Alcohol problems such as liver damage, aggression and brain damage. Alcohol causes many bad problems but in my opinion smoking is worse.

    When I am older I will not drink alcohol and I will try not to eat as much fatty foods. I would like to learn how to ski. I want to be more healthy so that I can live a long and happy life.

    In my opinion I hate drugs because they are very bad for you. They can cause lots of mental illnesses and even kill you. They are also very addictive.
    Please can you not use an online translator it does not work.

    • ANSWER:
      Tengo una dieta saludable. Normalmente comen carne, verduras, frutas y cereales. Me gusta mucho comer fruta, porque es dulce y saludable. Creo que es importante comer una dieta saludable porque si no lo haces, puede convertirse en grasa.

      Realmente me gusta hacer deporte y ejercicio, porque es bueno para usted y una buena manera de mantenerse en forma. Para mantenerse en forma que correr, jugar al tenis y hacer paseos a caballo. A veces me destacó, pero para evitar que mi stess juego al tenis.

      Ninguno de mis familiares de humo, pero algunos de mis amigos lo hacen. Es peligroso si usted fuma, ya que puede destruir sus pulmones y el corazón. No estoy de acuerdo con la prohibición de fumar, porque si alguien fuma es su elección.

      Mis amigos no beben alcohol. Problemas con el alcohol, tales como daños en el hígado, la agresión y daño cerebral. El alcohol causa muchos problemas de mal hábito de fumar, pero en mi opinión es peor.

      Cuando yo soy más viejo que no va a beber alcohol y no voy a tratar de comer tanto los alimentos grasos. Me gustaría aprender a esquiar. Quiero ser más saludables para que pueda vivir una vida larga y feliz.

      En mi opinión, odio las drogas porque son muy malo para ti. Pueden causar muchas enfermedades mentales y hasta la muerte. También son muy adictivos.

  35. QUESTION:
    im bulemic and i desperately need help...please read my story its getting dangerous..?
    First of all, for any of you out there who are thinking about doing this, stop before its too late. Please read about my story...bulemia has literally destroyed my health.

    i honestly don't know how it started. once upon a time, back in december, i was a happy healthy girl at 5'7" and a little under 124-125 lbs. I worked out 5-6 times a week, and was so happy with myself. I loved going out with my friends and actually enjoyed food, because i knew that i worked out often and deserved it. I had SO much control over what i ate.

    Then when family issues and other problems started to come up in my life, i felt more and more alone and turned to food for comfort. Before i knew it, i realized i could enjoy any kinda of food i wanted- cake, ice cream, chocolate, doritos- as long as i could get rid of it somehow. So i started throwing up.

    It started out that i would only throw up on select occassions....like once every two weeks (basically whenever i felt like i ate something i shouldnt have). Then when i stopped working out and problems got worse in my life, i started binging/purging more and more, until it became an everyday thing. I mean, sounds okay right?? Eat ANY food you like, then just get rid of it later....

    Then major problems started to come up for me healthwise. I began to get constant throat aches from vomiting so much, and i felt sick to my stomach on a daily basis. Worse yet, i even started to put on some weight...before i knew it, i was back up to 130 lbs, and i hated myself. I found out much too late that bulemia actually damages your physique because you actually only throw up about 30% of what you it...so in a 2,000 binging session followed by purging....well, you do the math.

    But of course i was stuck in the same old cycle. Binging, purging, binging, purging....my mom (who ironically is a nutritionist) found out and tried to monitor me. She showed me all the stories and pictures of how bulemic girls eventually get swollen, ugly cheeks, dull skin and hair, rotten teeth, acid reflux, kidney and liver damage, hormone irregularities, missed periods, terrible achne from malnutrition....the list goes on and on.

    I have been at this cycle for about 4 long months now. Some of the symptoms have already become apparent in my body...my teeth are starting to become yellow, i have bad breath sometimes (constant mints so my boyfriend wouldnt notice), i have bad skin, and my once beautiful, healthy, shiny hair is even beginning to lose its luster. Im trying to keep the weight off with exercise, but its so hard, and im only down to about 129 lbs. And the scariest part....my stomach has become so lazy that when i do try to actually eat normal for once, i physically cannot hold the food down, and i start burping and literally COUGHING up food inside my mouth. It is utterly disgusting, and i cant eat in front of people anymore, let alone eat the foods i want. And the other day, I got a bitter taste in my mouth when i started coughing, and i was horrified to realize that i was coughing up stomach acid....acid reflux has already begun.

    please, please, PLEASE someone help me out of this. My disgusting habit is causing me to lose my beauty and youth, and i need to stop before it's too late...but i just cant. This could potentially kill me if it continues.

    Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      First off, I'd like to say, i've never had any type of eating disorder. I have, however, been around people who have had (some still have) eating disorders, since a very young age. I've done a lot of research on many different types of eating disorders - mainly anorexia and bulimia - Im sure your mom can give you any information you need on those disorders, but i'd like to tell you some experience with people i've seen, and any advice i can to help.

      The worst thing i've ever seen was this:
      There's a family, a mom and two daughters, i've known since i was about four years of age. One of the daughters used to babysit for me. The whole family was overweight, but the mother had a lot of health issues because of her weight problem. We moved quite a distance away, and lost touch with that family. We later moved back and saw the mother had lost an amazing amount of weight. Her and my mom, worked at the same company. Later we noticed her daughters also losing weight, i later found that one that babysat for me was anorexic, and her older sister was bulimic. After a while, the one who babysit for me was in a serious relationship, and had become pregnant. Since then she recovered from her disorder. Somewhere between six months to a year later, the older sister became pregnant. The problem she had, since she was bulimic, was she couldn't hold down her food. The baby came out healthy, and we moved away again so i dont know if she ever recovered.

      In my opinion, the most horrible thing that can happen is trying, wanting, and putting effort into recovering from bulimia, but not being able to because your stomache cant hold down food. This also happens in anorexia, because the person isnt use to having any food in their system.
      The best thing to do is, completly stop what you're doing. When you eat, eat something, like a banana (you possibly may need to eat half or even less to keep it down) eat to an amount that your stomach will allow you to hold down. Slowly, starting increasing the amount you're doing.
      It is very important when doing this you do not purge, or do anything to get rid of the food.
      This may be really hard to do, but its necessary to recover. You also will start gaining some weight, probably a lot more than you're use to. This is because of your matabolism at the moment. Your weight will increase a lot, then later drop down itself.
      I also suggest you do not start excerizing until your able to hold down 3 full meals a day.

      Good luck and Best wishes :)

  36. QUESTION:
    ugh..help please with advice, my granny is not listening to me > My grandma have a cat, he's very cute and cool kittie, I love him so much, but damn he has gotten overweight and now he feels drowzy all the time, he becomes tired very fast etc we all decided to buy for him special food (for overweight cat's), but grandma is ignoring required portions plus she's giving him a liver (eew ><) but I heard somewhere that liver is forbidden for cats to eat, also she's spoiling him with some snacks etc, however no matter what I'll say to gran she won't pay attention on that (she's one of those-I'm smarter than anyone) so don't say something like convince your grany about something..just tell plz some quick way how to make this cat loose weight or else gran will keep doing other reckless stuff with him and it will turn to worse and worse..pleez, we all want him to be healthy again :( ..

    p.s-vets don't know nothing, they suggest making some expensive, useless (my opinion though) stomach surgery (they suspect he have some barrage in there or smthn, but noway
    thank's ofcourse but-
    I don't live at same house so i can't control what my gran is doing and she thinks she's doing everything right and that only who can help is vets..
    thanks everyone, i'll think about all you said, only I'm not stealing a cat lol coz I already have two catz at my home plus dog plus they all have meet before and they all kinda hate each other ^^

    • ANSWER:
      Hi there...perhaps you could provide a print out of some helpful credible information about feline obesity and some of the concerns related to this.

      Here are some websites to help you get started that are written by vetenarians:

      How often to feed a cat and what to feed a cat by Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine: http://www.vet.cornell.edu/fhc/news/feed.htm
      http://www.vet.cornell.edu/fhc/brochures/feedcats.html

      Overweight cat risks disease and death by Cornell: http://www.news.cornell.edu/Chronicle/97/4.3.97/fat_cats.html

      Table scraps for cats by Pet Education Drs. Foster & Smith: http://www.peteducation.com:80/article.cfm?cls=1&cat=1399&articleid=833

      & Foods to avoid feeding cats: http://www.peteducation.com:80/article.cfm?cls=0&cat=1276&articleid=1029

      Obesity in cats by The Pet Centre: http://www.thepetcenter.com/imtop/catweight.html

      More about obesity in cats: http://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=overweight+cats&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8

  37. QUESTION:
    obsessing & worrying i could have an underlying physical condition?
    i have BPD - borderline personality , as well as PTSD , ocd , severe anxiety , agoraphobia , a rage disorder, regular palpitations, obsessive worries everyday .

    recently i read this article about BPD which was talking that bpd patients are prone to serious physical health problems.

    here is the paragraph first , then the link :

    '' Physical Health

    Unfortunately, BPD can also have a major impact on physical health. BPD is associated with a variety of serious health conditions, including chronic pain disorders such as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome, arthritis, obesity, diabetes, and serious health problems. BPD is also associated with less healthy lifestyle choices (e.g., smoking, alcohol use, lack of regular exercise). ''

    besides that, i here regularly that sometimes '' hidden '' physical conditions can sometimes be the cause of serious mental illness -

    ive heard about hormonal imbalances , getting hormones checked out....abnormal brain waves or brain structures that caused a mental health condition etc.

    im out of shape and overweight, because of a long period of inactivity because of severe anxiety, agoraphobia , ptsd symptoms, and difficulty controling rage -

    months ago i had a diabetes test which came back clear.

    i have weak joints and muscles , that feel elastic like, i was told this was due to inactivity and lack of exercise.

    i get obsessive worries and racing thoughts each day , where, i find it difficult to think clearly or concentrate.....my mind is scattered , be muddled and confused.

    im 31 and ive had a very misfortunate, tough life so far.

    ive had blood test months ago of my thyroid, liver and other stuff which apparently were also '' clear ''.

    ive been told its likely my mental health problems are probably due down to my harsh life and life experiences..

    however .

    i keep worrying and obsessing i have '' underlying '' physical conditions that could be causing my symptoms.....and its being missed .

    and

    like that bpd article said , im prone to developing serious physical illnesses because of the BPD condition.

    how can i handle these obsessive fears ? im really in a state about this right now.

    please only answer if you have constructive advice - im not interested in your condescending put downs just because you feel bad about your own life or yourself , ill just block you.

    and i dont read it anyhow, i hit the downflag button and block users, so its a wasted effort.

    thanks

    • ANSWER:
      already naswered on several differnt occasions --i suggest you take on board what has already been said to you

  38. QUESTION:
    What caused my husband's cancer?-Plastics in microwave oven?
    My husband died on metastatic-to-the-liver malignancy (cancer stage 4) twenty days later after he was diagnosed. Because it was too quick, we didn’t even know what caused his cancer. He was just 42 years old, very healthy, no smoking, no drinking, exercised regularly.

    He was a scientist. Every night after dinner, he took a nap between 8-10:00pm, and got up to work on his research paper until 2:00 am, he did it almost every night. So people said he stayed up too late and he was always very stressful, which caused his cancer. I thought so too until yesterday.

    Yesterday, when I talked to my friend, I realized I did something very wrong when I heat food in microwave oven. I always wrap food like pizza or plain bread (no fat at all) in saran wrap, sandwich bag or even freezer storage bag and put in microwave oven for 30 seconds or so at least three times a week and I never thought maybe it causes cancer! !! But most of those food were just plain bread (no fat or anything else except flour, yeast, a little bit sugar and baking soda)

    Last night I didn’t get any sleep because I thought there is a very strong possibility that I killed my husband because of those stupid plastic stuff. I really don’t know what to do. If it’s true, I don’t even know how I can live peacefully for the rest of my life. I don’t know how to keep peaceful while I still need to raise my 5-year-old son.

    So, what caused my husband’s cancer? Can anybody give me a clue? Does anybody have the same experience? Even your answer is that what I did was wrong is fine with me. I just need to know the answer.

    My husband got his PhD in cancer and his post-doctor research was cancer as well back to almost 12 years ago. But since then, there was no any cancer research involved.

    Now I know that heating food in plastic is so wrong, but is it really the cause of my husband’s cancer? I started to use those plastic stuff in microwave oven almost four years ago, and since most of those food are for his lunch, he ate those wrapped food at least as twice more than I had.

    Maybe he got cancer from his previous work somehow?

    Please help me find it out. If you know a scientist or a doctor or a researcher who really knows these things please let me know.

    By the way, Doctor said the primary malignancy is pancratic, gallbaladder or gastrointestinal malignancies.
    know.
    Thanks to you all. You gave me not only the answer of my question, but also the direction of my life. I feel much relief now.

    • ANSWER:
      It is difficult to know what effect the plastic had on the food, but the microwave energy alters the food in a negative way. I had lunch with the man who developed the first microwaves when he was working for Hoffman Electronics. He does NOT have a microwave in his house. EMF (electromagnetic frequencies) encode organic matter. It causes "embeds" that affect the way nutrients are up regulated to cells. Proteins are especially vulnerable to these problems.

      I threw away my microwave and do not eat any food that has been microwaved based on what I now know how it alters our food. I believe you can say that it was contributory, but not the reason for the cancer directly. 99% of ALL Cancer is from infection(s) in the body. This is a controversial statement and you will find many who disagree, but we now know that there are many bacteria and parasites that do NOT show up on typical lab tests and are causing many so called autoimmune diseases, etc. Biofilms protect these and other bacteria that are causing many cancers.

      Medical science has proven NOT to be good at dealing with cancer. Instead of looking for the "root causes," it is typical for these guys to go after the cancer itself, ignoring the "root cause," infection. Bad dental work, toxic colon, toxic organs that is caused by bad diet, chemical exposures, electromagetic fields, etc. are a major contributor to creating the infections that cause this problem.

      I would NOT beat myself up wondering about this because there are many things that could have caused the problem. I'm sorry to hear about your loss and feel bad for you. Don't blame yourself, blame the food and agricultural industries first, and then drug companies that ignore things that do not bring them high profits and focus on cures that are NOT solving the cancer problems.

      EDIT: "Beau Gus" --- Sorry to tell you sir, but I have years of research and experience in this issue and it is you who have NO scientific basis for your opinion. You have obviously been "ENDOCTRINATED" by people or companies that have put their personal agenda's ahead of health and profit has driven the industry now for years. All you have to do is look at the statistics in a way that is NOT being manipulated by the agendas that are so prevalent in the so called professional communities today. You definitely need to free yourself from the lies you believe. I noticed that you have an opinion with NO facts listed. Where are your facts?

      good luck to you

  39. QUESTION:
    Please help me with homework!?
    1. I am writing an essay and i need help with finding errors.
    2.also i need help coming up with a last sentence in the 2nd body paragraph.
    3. i do not like the conclusion paragraph. do you have any suggestions?

    How to Make a Smoothie

    Flax seed oil, Cod liver oil and Brown rice protein powder are all extremely good ways to get protein and important elements into your diet, consequently, these are very disgusting and bad-tasting foods that substitutes can be found for. A more refreshing and quite tastier way to get your antioxidants can be through fruit and yogurt. Fruit is very nutritious considering it has many important enzymes and can be used in a large variety of ways. One of these ways is called a smoothie. A smoothie is an ice cream-like drink, except, it is made with healthier ingredients such as fruit, yogurt, milk, natural vanilla and much more. The process of one of the most efficient ways to make a smoothie will be determined through the discussion of ingredients, making the smoothie and remembering to clean up.

    The very first and most important step in this process is to research the ingredients to know exactly what you are putting in your smoothie. Such as: Blueberries are one of the healthiest fruits and they have been determined to be a chemical warrior against heart disease and cancer. Blueberries actually have the highest antioxidant capacity. Antioxidants in our food can save us from virtually everything, and knowing that this has been said blueberries should most defiantly be in your smoothie. Next, you should pick your ingredients depending on what would be needed in your diet. Some of the best ingredients would include blueberries, strawberries, bananas, black cherries, yogurt, milk and vanilla-flavored protein powder. Gathering your ingredients and washing them would be the final step in this first discussion.

    Since you have all the ingredients, putting them in a blending devise would be the next step. There are various devises that are used for blending such as Vitamixers, blenders, and food processors; however, a Vitamixer or a blender would be the proper devises for this process. Put all your ingredients into the blending devise next, and then blend until processed completely. The fruit has to be blended together until there is nothing left but an milk shake-like substance.

    Making a smoothie can often be a messy job, so remembering to clean it up would be a wise choice to make. The first thing that should be picked up is your ingredients so they do not go bad. Next the blending devise should be washed and put away along with the utensils that were used. Soap and hot water is the proper way to wash dirty dishes in order to get rid of bacteria and germs. If you have any food allergies washing is also extremely important in order to not contaminate other utensils for later use. Next, make sure to wipe down the counters or area you made your smoothie in. Now that the process to making a smoothie is completed you can sit down and enjoy drinking all you vitamins and antioxidants.

    There are many ways to get protein and vitamins into your diet, but a smoothie has been proven to be the most refreshing and enjoyable choice for getting your nutrients. Researching your ingredients was reviewed to be important because it is beneficial to know what is put into the smoothie, and making your smoothie is important considering it is the whole point of this paper. Lastly, cleaning up was discussed to be important because of contamination and germs, and also if you are living with parents cleaning up would be beneficial in order to keep on their good side! There are still so many things still to learn about the nutrients of fruit and about smoothies

    thanks you sooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo much!!!!!!!!!!!! who ever answers this is sooooo the best!

    • ANSWER:
      I will try to help. I'm only in 10th grade, but I'll surely give you some feedback!

      At the end of the first paragraph "The process of one of the most efficient ways to make a smoothie will be determined through the discussion of ingredients, making the smoothie and remembering to clean up."

      I think "discussion"should be changed to "variety" or a similar word.

      In the second paragraph I THINK you are missing some kind of punctuation where "Antioxidants in our food can save us from virtually everything, and knowing that this has been said blueberries should most defiantly be in your smoothie." is because I had to read it many times to understand what you were saying. Or maybe just say it in a different way.

      In the second paragraph you say "Some of the best ingredients would include blueberries, strawberries, bananas, black cherries, yogurt, milk and vanilla-flavored protein powder" How would you know what are best are for them if you just said for them to pick them. Also, why does the flavor protein powder matter?

      Why not end it saying that picking your ingredients is a fun way to add variety or uniqueness to your smoothie?

      I only got down to the second paragraph but I gotta go finish my own homework! good luck

  40. QUESTION:
    Any experts on Atkins or South Beach or other low carb high nutrition diets for comments?
    I am looking for any expert advisers who would take the time to comment on my views.

    Simply because I do not want to steer anyone down a path to poor health since I have been down several myself and with bad results.

    So I am seeking comments on my post that follows:

    <<<<<<<>>>>>>>>

    Hi,

    After reading your question I thought I would give you some pointers I have learned the hard way from my own bad 'uninformed' choices.

    Keeping to any plan that fights against bad habits is tough but being fit and strong versus being fat and sickly is all about how many calories you eat versus how many you burn and IF the calories are mostly the BEST QUALITY PROTEINS or mostly junk sugar-carbs.

    Many years ago I found that the Atkins Diet Plan made me healthier compared to my old high carb diet since it put my diabetes symptoms into remission, but PLEASE consider my experiences when I used the Atkins high cholesterol and fat philosophy for my long term nutrition.

    After the Atkins plan promoted many diseases, what now works best in order for me to keep my pruritus-urticaria in remission, after my gallbladder-biliary-liver and heart disease problems, is a 96% VEGAN diet, (for the required B12), that is low-carb low-fat and HIGH-PROTEIN. Because of my gallbladder-biliary-liver disease I no longer can eat much olive oil or dressings or nuts or other fats or any cholesterol because it causes immediate pruritus since my liver’s biliary system is plugged with cholesterol and calcium sludge, and I can not eat too many carbs because of yeast infections that break out after one, two, or three high carb meals.

    What I now do is what they teach most students in high school nutrition classes - which is to add up the vitamins and minerals from my ‘digestible’ foods and calculating the RDA's [Recommended Dietary Allowances] or DV's [Daily Reference Values] for each day to see if I am more than 100% for Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Zinc, Thiamine-VitB1, Riboflavin-VitB2, Niacin-VitB3, VitB6-Pyridoxine, and Folate-VitB9. Things like bran are not digestible and not added since it is like a work horse or work oxen eating straw instead of digestible grass or alfalfa leaves.

    Also, after I accidentally poisoned myself with supplements, I leaned that supplements like iron and magnesium and colloidal silver etc are super toxic since they are 'metallic' minerals and oftentimes raw fertilizers with a 1000 fold markup. These ‘metallic’ mineral supplements have not yet been converted into a non-toxic food when during photosynthesis the electrons in a fertilizer are stripped away making it the more positively charged ‘non-metallic’ and non-toxic mineral element within the plant. Also, the highly profitable synthetic vitamin supplements I used to purchase have no unambiguous research backing them, and there is some obviously valid research concluding that they are more toxic than beneficial to any animal that has ever consumed them.

    What now keeps my diseases in remission is mostly a diet of cooked lentils then mixed with tomato sauce and boiled celery to make a quick microwave super high protein veg-chili. I boil all my foods since my digestive system is in such poor shape and I need as many nutrients as I can get out of the semi-expensive foods I buy.

    I used to eat much more meat when I was an Atkins dieter, before my pruritus attacks became so obvious that the cholesterol and fats in the meat or eggs and the calcium in the homemade yogurt I was eating was the root cause to the problem. FYI - IF you know of people getting colon cancer, it was during my Atkins period I learned to always eat enough vegetables to be a minimum of 2 x the weight of the meat that I ate - in order to not have any constipation or worse. I used to have reddish stools since I was likely on my way to getting colon cancer myself from eating much more meat protein than I could ever digest properly in my stomach and colon.

    After the Atkins Diet allowed my present health issues, I replaced the crock potted round steak or beef heart or chicken and sometimes river trout in my chili with lentils, because I learned that the nutritional content of lentils ranks high alongside, and comparable to, very lean meat or lean fish if it is grown in well fertilized soil. [Note: e.g. the labels on store bought spinach sometimes have a 4 fold difference in nutrition based upon the fertility of the soils and the growing methods for the farms it is grown on.]

    I also eat a-lot of boiled frozen broccoli and boiled organic or re-washed and re-boiled canned spinach with a vinaigrette of organic sugar with glass_bottled_cider_vinegar. The glassware is because of some friends that got lupus from eating too much plastic stuff, or inhaling it since they were house painters who used vinyl paints.
    The nutritional DV numbers that I now eat are three times what most others in my family are eating every day. I keep at about 100% and they are about 25 to 33%, but they are all morbidly obese diabetics. Even though I was once morbidly obese myself and had a heart attack from too many carbs for too long, (which I think gave me all the symptoms of beriberi, scurvy and pellagra, along with the beginnings of my gallbladder-biliary-liver disease), I am now more fit in comparison to most others I know.

    I hope you have learned something from my ‘mistakes’ that will soon help you along your way.

    <><

    My best to you and for your good health,
    A1
    [(-:]

    PS1 - I currently feel that what Dr. Fuhrman MD teaches is the best nutritional information available in the nation.

    http://www.diseaseproof.com/archives/cat-low-carb-high-protein.html

    http://www.nutritiondata.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2627/2

    http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=43
    http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp/search/

    PS2 - Boiling spinach can reduce the pesticides from 80 to 95%+ as per canning studies done in the 70's, by boiling the pesticides off with the steam - after boiling it long enough to pull the pesticides out of the plant. Boiling also reduces the hundreds of percents of acid carbs, like folic acid, that makes eating a lot of raw spinach not digest easily and it would sometimes cause loose stools, and also breaks it down a first step so it is then easier to digest in the stomach. It also kills any bacteria or e-coli problems that may have somehow been introduced into the raw or commercially canned produce.

    http://www.foodnews.org/index.php

    • ANSWER:
      i was onj atkins for 2 months lost 4 dress sizes,but when i stop the diet i gained double

  41. QUESTION:
    Anyone in the mood, to help me come up with some cute captions for these pictures?
    These are some of my babies and I have some captions in mind for these pictures, but I wanted to see what kind of cute captions, you could come up with!
    This is my baby Gigi, when she was healthy! She passed away 6 weeks ago, from Liver Disease!
    http://i21.tinypic.com/6xqbmg.jpg
    These are Gigi's babies, when they were babies, that I kept, Gizmo on the left and Zoe on the right!
    http://i23.tinypic.com/2u8wbkp.jpg
    This is Gigi, managing to crack a smile, about 1 month before we lost her!
    http://i22.tinypic.com/30n7k07.jpg
    This is my baby Bandit!http://i29.tinypic.com/fc2rlk.jpg
    This is my baby Romeo!
    http://i26.tinypic.com/t4z3x3.jpg
    This is my silly baby Ruby!
    http://i34.tinypic.com/2di2gk9.jpg
    (Does anyone know how I can get rid of the green light in her eyes)?
    I would love to see some pictures of your babies, if you would not mind!
    Thanks everyone!
    To Kristin B! Just wanted to say Thank You for posting your babies pictures. Your dogs are absolutely beautiful!

    • ANSWER:
      1st: Get your own blanket!
      2nd: We break out of here at Midnight tonight, spread the word
      3rd: I brushed my teeth, wanna see?
      4th: Yes, I heard you and now I am ignoring you
      5th: You can't find me!
      6th: Come here baby, I got a wonderful surprise for you...

      sorry on that last one, I couldn't help it. All the photos are cute.

  42. QUESTION:
    Please help... dieting advice x?
    Hi.
    I wan't to lose 10-15 pounds. I've come across a new diet i wan't to start tomorrow. You eat every other day. It will have no effect on my metabolism as I know your metabolism slows down after a day-day and a half. So it will be fine if i eat one day and not the next. I have a few questions though- How many calories will i consume on the days i will be eating? Should i eat like a salad or some fruit on the days im not eating to keep my blood sugars up? Also by doing this, how long will it take me to lose 10-15 pounds. I know this may not be the healthiest way but I've put on like 10-15 pounds over my hols. Its quite hard to see myself go from a size 6-8 to a 10-12 almost instantly. I want this weight to come off quite soon. How long will it take?
    this diet is supposed to be good for you as reearch shows it gives you liver, stomach, and kidneys time to rest and digest your food properly.
    Please give me some advice. Thankyou
    If you have any questions please feel free to ask.
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know where you got the pseudo-scientific fact that your metabolism doesn't slow down if you don't eat for a day, nor is this healthy for your organs - nor do your organs even need a full 24 hour break to digest your food properly, but none of this is true. Not in the slightest.

      What you are doing though is setting yourself up for major failure. Those who starve themselves (which is exactly what you're doing, even if for only 24 at a time) very often end up binging when they let themselves eat again. This has been shown several times in studies - even in men who showed no signs of binging before a starvation diet are prone to binging.

      Instead find a sensible eating plan - one you can stick to without depriving yourself, and one that has you eating at least 3 meals each and every day.

  43. QUESTION:
    Dieting help please!!!!?
    Hi.
    I wan't to lose 10-15 pounds. I've come across a new diet i wan't to start tomorrow. You eat every other day. It will have no effect on my metabolism as I know your metabolism slows down after a day-day and a half. So it will be fine if i eat one day and not the next. I have a few questions though- How many calories will i consume on the days i will be eating? Should i eat like a salad or some fruit on the days im not eating to keep my blood sugars up? Also by doing this, how long will it take me to lose 10-15 pounds. I know this may not be the healthiest way but I've put on like 10-15 pounds over my hols. Its quite hard to see myself go from a size 6-8 to a 10-12 almost instantly. I want this weight to come off quite soon. How long will it take?
    this diet is supposed to be good for you as reearch shows it gives you liver, stomach, and kidneys time to rest and digest your food properly.
    Please give me some advice. Thankyou
    If you have any questions please feel free to ask.
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:

  44. QUESTION:
    How are horses trained who...?
    How are race horses trained where you live... or what do u understand about their training?

    Im asking this because of my previous question and the objective answers i recieved.
    For instance my horses are not in any way doped. or on any steriods. They may get B12,calcium, Kyro B liver or Vitamin K if work intensity increases.
    I do a lot of trotting in an arena, on both reins. Horses are not raced often. For instance we dont really have "seasons" to race. Its an all year thing so resting them regularly and lightening exercises are paramount to maintain a balanced happy sound horse. It is very frowned upon to send unfit unhealthy weak horses to the track.
    Im quite strict on riding from grooms and work riders. Hands must be as soft as possible, and the horses are ridden often in long stirrups. (many of these things are kept in mind because i eventually will need to find them a home - so i dont want them coming off the track green to hand and leg aids)
    I do focus on movement and balance especially when warming up - it helps you spot underlying discomfort - and is very beneficial to the horse's muscle development, It is my livelihood. Sound ,happy, healthy horses win races. not ruined ones

    So whats your experience with an ex racer if you have one?
    So then do most of them come off at three? Three year olds are considered young in SA. interesting.
    How many races on average have they run by that time?

    • ANSWER:
      Our racers are trained generally on a track that is on a hill. This is known as our trotting track- for trotting only. Going up and down the hills develop muscles, aswell as teaching the horses to know where to place their feet and to be steady when they run as the track is slightly gravelly. We use track saddles while riding, but have our stirrups as long as possible and riding using rise and trot.
      They do pace work or gallop work twice a week, considering if each individual horse is up to it. Sometimes one horse does evens while another does Gallop. Sometimes we canter till the quarter mile and give them the remaining left to see how they go. and other times we let them set their own pace.
      Our horses are turned out twice a day, and brought in at night.
      The horses are treated with better care than the workers (unfortunately for us) and each horse enjoys a good head rub with a towel after a ride.

      None of us has a problem with your horse racing- its the fact that you did not give him his time to spell. 5 years old is considered quite an age for a race horse. 2 years past the usual, meaning he must of had atleast a healthy career. Giving him his time off to unwind, get the extra energy out of his systeem annd to just be a normal horse is for the better of everyone.

      Edit: Generally 1 or 2 trials and a race- thats all you need to know to see if they have enough talent for the job. If they have raced at all, sometimes they are trained and then pulled out of the program because they do not like, nor care about what they are doing. Passion in a horse and the need to run is what makes a successful racer.

  45. QUESTION:
    Can I ask you to say a prayer for Zoe?
    Zoe, is my 3.5 pound Chihuahua!
    http://i279.photobucket.com/albums/kk159/ChihuahuaMommy_photos/My%20Little%20Cuties/OurLittleCuties159-1.jpg
    She was diagnosed with Liver Disease 5 months ago. She has been seeing a vet either every week or every two weeks, for the last 6 months! Has never missed an appointment! Just a little info on Zoe! When I was breeding my dogs, which I no longer am, Zoe was unexpected, but welcomed with a lot of love and open arms! When x-rays of my female were taken by the vet, the vet saw only one puppy and I did too on the x-ray and felt only one puppy when she examined my female! Zoe was no where to be seen on the x-ray! I told the vet, that I felt 2 puppies kicking. She said, she did not think so! On whelping day, my female Chihuahua whelped her puppy, that was seen on the x-ray with no complications and me by her side! As I was cleaning up, my female was not really showing any signs of there being another puppy! To our surprise, 15 minutes after Gizmo (Zoe's brother) was born, Tiny Zoe graces us with her presence! Zoe was so small, that my female had a very easy time whelping her.
    Zoe went to the vet again this past Saturday, for more bloodwork to see if her ALT Levels have come down, because they were off the charts and very high. The poor thing has been a pin cushion an poked and prodded at, for almost 5 months now and never ever complains and just keeps fighting! She takes it like a trooper! These blood test results, I'm getting today, are going to determine whether we need to take the risk of losing her, by doing a Full Liver Biopsy on Zoe, to find out exactly what is going on, or if hopefully her levels have come down to the point where medication will control and possibly rid her of the Liver Disease.The vet said that she looked really good on Saturday! Zoe was on Clavamox for 1 week, because the vet thought that her Liver may be Infected and that's what might be affecting her levels. Zoe had a full physical, as well as my other Chihuahua that I lost did, 6 months before they were both diagnosed with Liver Disease, and everything came back perfectly normal on every test that was run, with absolutely no oncoming signs of any serious illness. Toxicity has already been ruled out. If you see Zoe now, you'd never know she was sick at all! She's gaining weight, eating, drinking, running around like a little Energizer Bunny, chasing after and playing with my other Chi's, like any healthy dog does and even the vet is confused about how both of my dogs got this disease and so suddenly, when they were both so healthy and had never been sick before. My vet also has two Chihuahuas of his own, that are the same size as Zoe, so he's familiar with Runts! If you could find it in your heart's, can you please say a Prayer for Zoe, for positive news for a change? I would truly appreciate it. Zoe needs all the prayers she can get! I don't want to lose Zoe too! Thanks for taking the time to reading this! Can you please Star this question?
    Correction! She has been seeing a vet continuously, for the last 5 not 6 months!
    Michealla! I'm so sorry to hear that Pasha is sick. I hope the vet can find a solution and I hope that she is better soon! My prayers are with Pasha!
    I just want to say Thank You to everyone, for keeping Zoe in your prayers. Zoe and I really appreciate it. I will be finding out, sometime this morning, whether Zoe's levels have come down or not, and what the next step is going to be from there. I will let you all know, what the vet says! Zoe already went through getting Spayed, when she was younger, and came through that fine, but I'm really hoping and praying, that she doesn't have to be opened up again, to get a Full Liver Biopsy done! That surgery is a lot more complicated and a lot more risky, especially because she is so tiny and I don't know if she is strong enough to go through it! No matter what happens, I will do anything it takes, to get Zoe better! For all of you that are familiar with my situation with losing Gigi to Liver Disease very recently and now having Zoe with the same problem, Thanks for being there for me and for all of your support! That means a lot to me!
    Hi Dobiegang! You've got me in tears, sweetie! Thank You so much for answering this question! You have been there for me, from the very start, and I could never Thank You enough for that! God Bless You, for putting "Prayers For Zoe", in your avatar!It means the world to me, and I consider you a very special friend, even though we have never met! It takes someone really special to care, about another persons situation, the way you have shown me that you do, about what has been going on, in the past few months with my Angel Gigi and my other Little Angel Zoe! I just want you to know, that if ever I can do anything for you, just ask! Have a great week and again Thank You!!!
    Hi Ladybug! Thank You also, for putting "Prayers for Zoe" on your avatar. You don't know how good it feels, to know that there are caring people like you and Dobiegang out there, that will do that!It means a lot to know I have your support too, and I just wanted you to know how greatful I am! Thanks again!
    Hi Miracle Paws! Thank You for answering and for also being there for me and supporting me, from the start! I really appreciate it! I hope and pray you are right! I have been sitting on pins and needles since Saturday morning, waiting until I make that phone call to the vet, this morning, they said before 12, to find out the results of Zoe's bloodwork! I'm a nervous wreck!!! I can't help but being so afraid of bad news. I'm trying to stay positive, but it's so hard, after everything that has happened in the last few months, with losing Gigi and Zoe having the same problem. I hope, God willing, that when I make that phone call, that her levels have come down and I get some positive news for a change. I just don't want, to put her through even more trauma, with being opened up, if it's not necessary!
    Miracle Paws! I just noticed that you also put Prayers for Zoe on your avatar too. God Bless you for doing that. It's nice to know, that so many people are supporting little Zoe! Zoe thanks all of you!
    Hi Cindy! I just want to tell you how very sorry I am, about your baby Kelsey. She's beautiful! I think I can relate to how you feel, how scared you must be and what you are going through right now too. I will keep Kelsey in my prayers always! You have my support too, anytime you need it!
    Lady Bug! I am so very sorry to hear about the loss of your baby! I know how you feel after losing my sweet baby Gigi!
    http://s279.photobucket.com/albums/kk159/ChihuahuaMommy_photos/My%20Little%20Cuties/?action=view&current=OurLittleCuties001.jpg
    R.I.P. In The Arms Of The Angels, My Sweet Gigi! I Love You and Miss You! You will remain in my heart forever and never be forgotten!
    This is for all the Sweet Angels, that have crossed over to the Rainbow Bridge!
    http://www.indigo.org/rainbowbridge_ver2.html
    http://www.paws2heaven.com/poems/I%20am%20Still%20Here.htm
    http://www.paws2heaven.com/poems/beyond_the_rainbow.htm
    http://www.paws2heaven.com/poems/a_special_place.htm
    Hi Erin! Thank You so much for also adding "Keep On Fighting Zoe", to your avatar also! God Bless you for your prayers and for caring! Zoe is a little fighter and I know she's trying! I would love to have you email me! Looking forward to hearing from you! Thanks again! Oh by the way, Zoe sends kisses right back at you!
    Mastiff Mommy! Thank You! I would love to give Zoe hugs and kisses from you, and I'm sure she sends some right back to you too!
    Hi Texelgirl2! Thank You! I am so very sorry to hear about Rain! The last year has not been at all easy, but I will never give up on any of my Chi's, no matter what! I will always do anything for them. They mean everything to me and I'm always going to be there, to provide them with all the love and care they will ever need! I plan on keeping all of them around, for a very long time! I appreciate your compliment about me being a great owner and friend to my Chi's. I try my best!
    Hi Pilot! I just want to say, Thank You also for your support and your prayers. Thank You for also adding putting "Pilot says, pray for Zoe" on your avatar. I appreciate it very much!
    Hi MDL! Thank You also for your prayers and your support! Thank You for adding "You Can Do It Zoe" to your avatar, in support of Zoe! I appreciate it very much and it's very kind of you to do that!
    UPDATE ON ZOE:
    Oops! Sorry guys! Update on Zoe! I just called the vets office, to get the results of Zoe's bloodwork that was done this past Saturday. I did not get a chance to talk to the vet yet, because he just finished scrubbing up for surgery, so now I have to wait even longer, to find out what's going on! He will be calling me back at around 2 or 2:30 this afternoon, because the receptionist told me that he wants to talk to me. The receptionist could only tell me, that Zoe's Enzyme Levels have dropped from what they were, which was 3607 to 2808! I thought that sounded pretty good, but she said, that the vet would have liked to see them drop even more! I'm so anxious to find out exactly what is going on, that I don't know how I'm going to get through the next 2 hours, wondering what the vet is going to tell me! I'm panicking here!
    Just so you can all get an idea of the difference in size between Zoe and Gizmo (her brother), I just thought I would add this picture of Zoe and Gizmo!
    http://i279.photobucket.com/albums/kk159/ChihuahuaMommy_photos/My%20Little%20Cuties/Picture292.jpg
    I still have Gizmo and intend to keep him! Zoe and him are really close, and constantly side by side!
    FF Loves Her Cody! Ahh hun, I'm so sorry to hear about Cody! He is a beautiful dog!He is going on my prayer list! I know how you feel! Hang In There! Thank You for your prayers for Zoe!
    UPDATE ON ZOE!!! I just spoke to the vet. He said I have Good news and Bad news! The good news, is that all of Zoe's levels, that were too high have dropped. The bad news is the vet was hoping they would have dropped more. He put her on Clavamox, Flagyl and Destolit, for 10 days and is going to do another blood test on Zoe in two weeks! He said if Zoe continues to improve, she may be able to fight this lousy disease and recover, but will probably have to be on medication, for the rest of her life to control it! He said since she has been gaining weight, she is eating, drinking and is extremely active, she's a little fighter and she just may win this battle. If her levels don't drop a lot more when she gets her bloodwork done in 2 weeks, then we have to think about doing a Full Liver Biopsy on her! Zoe was seeing a different vet, just as Gigi was, but when Gigi died, we found out that it was the first vets faullt. Ever since Zoe seen this new vet, she has done nothing but improve.
    Hi MP! I didn't forget about you! The response I got when I asked this question, was welcome but not expected. I'm trying to catch up to everyone! God Bless You, for your prayers and your thoughts. Zoe is a little miracle and I have a feeling, that my little Angel Gigi, is watching over her! Your prayers and good wishes mean a lot! Thank You also, for putting "Praying For Zoe", in your Avatar. I definitely was not expecting people, to do something as kind as that in support of Zoe!
    BenificentJon! That was a very beautiful prayer. Thank You so much! God Bless You!

    • ANSWER:
      Chihuahua Addict, every time I come across your avatar here thoughts of Gigi & Zoe come to my mind.
      I know you have been through a lot with your babies this year & my heart goes out to you.
      Zoe will be in my thoughts & prayers and I hope you get some good news this morning.

      My mother has a tiny Chihuahua named Sweetie.

      Edit: I'll be waiting this time out with you Chihuahua Addict & keeping my fingers crossed. Tell Zoe to hang tough and let her know she is loved very much. BIG hugs & kisses to you sweet Zoe.
      You're more than welcome friend.

      Edit, I think this is good news for Zoe and since we know she is a fighter I think she'll do alright.
      If she has to be on meds for the rest of her life I know you wouldn't mind, for sure I could deal with that.
      Just remember Chihuahua Addict, Zoe has her own personal angel watching over her...Gigi.
      She will remain in my prayers for how ever long this may take.
      Thanks for the update & tell your vet he had me checking here for your update since 2pm. I can imagine how anxious you have been for the past 2 hours.
      Huggs & love to you & Zoe.

  46. QUESTION:
    Belly fat and crohn's disease help?
    So I've been looking online for some foods that will help me out. I'm 18 years old, 5'0 and weigh 132 lbs. I have been plateuing at this weight ever since my latest flare up last year where I lost about 20 lbs and gained 10 back while on prednisone. I am really unhappy with this weight because most of it is gathering in my stomach, making me feel fat and bloated. I try to go to the gym and do excersize but I am easily worn out and tired. I try to do 20 minute cardio but running is impossible and I have to use elipictical. I also try to go 4 times a week but I am a busy college student. It is also really difficult to maintain a healthy diet. I am on the meal plan here and they do not really offer a good amount of healthy food, that is also tasty, and also does not irritate my stomach. It is almost impossible to find such a combination here and I cannot afford to buy food outside of my 3,000$ a semester meal plan. I have a large appetite and i am very fatigued as well, so neglecting to eat food in order to maintain a low calorie intake to lose weight never has worked. I am looking for the best way to lose this stubborn belly fat, while also not irritating my condition. I have heard coffee and ciggarettes curve appetite, and I have been drinking coffee almost every day and smoking ciggarettes. However, the ciggarettes are starting to make me feel a lot worse in many different ways (from lungs, to chest, to throat, to stomach) and making excersize harder, although I do enjoy how they boost my happiness level, lower stress, increase light-headedness, etc. I feel like I will eliminate ciggarettes easily as I am not addicted and I am feeling bad because of them, but I may have one on occasion, maybe 2 a month max. I also try to maintain a good sleeping schedule but it is not working out so well. I neglect to take vitamins and iron every day as I am supposed to, and i am not really sure why. I really love eating oranges and pineapple, but they don't always have pineapple in the dining hall here and when they do i stock up on it. I also do eat a lot of processed foods. It is all that there is here. I am surrounded my vending machienes, cravings, etc. I find that smoking marijuana at night helps relax me and keeps any irritation in my stomach at temporary bay, but it also makes me eat a large amount of processed foods. I also really love to eat pretzels, the cookies there are availible here. My favorite lunch is a grilled rye sandwhich with roast beef and salami, lettuce and mayo but it irrates my stomach now. What is a really healthy sandwhich I can eat every day? Every place I go online tells me to eliminate all these foods but i cannot possibly do that. There is a sandwhich station at the school and sandwhiches are the easiest and most reliable food here, as other food changes daily. I try to eat a lot of oranges and bananas and pineapples, occasionally having an apple. I am so conflicted between three goals, looking good (losing belly fat), enjoying my recession (eating food that I think tastes good, that I havent been able to eat in the past), and not progressing into a flareup (avoiding food that is supposed to be really good for you, but hurts your intestine, like food high in fiber like cereals which i love, dairy, raw fruits and vegetables, everything....) While also maintaining a good nutrient balance so i have the energy to get me going through the day. I also avoid alcohol as much as possible, as my liver is debilitated from taking lots of prednisone, and I easily feel sick and black out. It also does not aid the belly fat situation. I do drink on occasion, but I drank much more at the beginning of my semester, stopped around november. So I think I have given enough details to fill you in on my lifestyle. I am looking for something routine that is easy to follow eating the foods that are availible here. I will take your suggestions and see if they are able to be done with this meal plan.

    I also do not think I drink enough water, and I am wondering if increasing my water intake will do good?

    Any suggestions and advice are greatly appreciated.
    Started smoking about 2 months ago. Ive had crohns for about 10 years. :)

    • ANSWER:
      My case is very similar.
      only i don't smoke.
      which could be one of your problems.
      its doing no good for your body and it actually increases your risk of getting chron's.
      but since you already have it, smoking could have been the cause, i don't know when you started so im unsure. but it really isn't doing any help for you. try to quit.
      actually it sounds like your more concerned about your appearance than you overall health.
      you probably don't have much belly fat anyway.
      i think a problem you might have is that you say you eat a lot. which is not recommended for people with chron's.
      i found a website that could be a great source for you.

      http://www.healthline.com/adamcontent/crohns-disease

      try it. i found the information to be very accurate. good luck.
      btw im 15 :)

  47. QUESTION:
    How to Slim Down as a Teen?
    I'm somewhere between 5'6-5'8, 120-122 pounds, jean size 6(teen size 8-9 -_-) and small on top. Only a few years ago, I was a bean-pole size 0 before the ice cream and subs finally caught up to me(so did bone structure, of course). I'd like to be more petite, but I'm not about to give up calcium and risk osteoporosis much later down the road. I know I'm not fat, I just have extra fat/cellulite in places I doubt I should at this age.

    The last few months I've tried to get outside and jog about a mile and a half 3-4 times a week, but all it's helped with is keeping my weight at a pretty constant 120.

    Food-wise I try to eat healthily but sometimes have a sugar-crash when chocolate or fresh cookies are left on the counter. My daily caloric intake is probably around 1500 calories. I do tend to stay up too late, which undoubtedly must have something to do with it(I heard you burn most fat in your sleep).

    I'd mostly like to get a flatter belly, slimmer thighs, and drop a few sizes.

    Advice on healthy, safe ways to shed inches off the waist, hips and thighs, resist bad sugar, and beat insomnia are welcome.

    P.S. Do you believe internal inflammation could affect a fairly healthy teen? I love bread, sugar and dairy, but I really don't know if my liver is allergic to them.
    While dropping pounds on the scale is encouraging, I'd rather see inches come off because they'll bring me closer to dropping sizes. Right now my measurements are:

    High-waist: 27''
    Navel-waist: 31"
    Hips: 33"

    Like I said, I know I'm not fat, but I also know that a lot of my abdominal circumference looks like a food baby.

    • ANSWER:
      if you want to beat insomnia I have some tips for you:
      run for 30 minutes every day and eat more meat, fruits, and vegetables. Don't rely on eggs and milk as your source of protein though, they are the culprits behind many health problems.

  48. QUESTION:
    Can you help me with some poems?
    I really don't get these poems. Please help me by summarizing each of these poems separately with at least 5 sentences [like a paragraph or something]?

    Looking Around, Believing
    by Gary Soto

    How strange that we can begin at any time.
    With two feet we get down the street.
    With a hand we undo the rose.
    With an eye we lift up the peach tree
    And hold it up to the wind — white blossoms
    At our feet. Like today. I started
    In the yard with my daughter,
    With my wife poking at a potted geranium,
    And now I am walking down the street,
    Amazed that the sun is only so high,
    Just over the roof, and a child
    Is singing through a rolled newspaper
    And a terrier is leaping like a flea
    And at the bakery I pass, a palm,
    Like a suctioning starfish, is pressed
    To the window. We're keeping busy —
    This way, that way, we're making shadows
    Where sunlight was, making words
    Where there was only noise in the trees.

    Afternoon Memory
    by Gary Soto

    Sometimes I'll look in the refrigerator
    And decide that the mustard is vaguely familiar,
    And that the jar of Spanish olives is new to me.
    What's this gathering? The butter
    And salsa, the two kinds of tortillas
    And, in back, the fat-waisted Mrs. Butterworth.
    I'll study the plate of cross-legged chicken,

    And close the refrigerator and lean on the kitchen counter.
    Is this old age? The faucet drips.
    The linoleum blisters when you walk on it.
    The magnets on the refrigerator crawl down
    With the gravity of expired coupons and doctor bills.
    Sometimes I'll roll my tongue in my mouth.
    Is this thirst or desire? Is this pain
    Or my foot going to sleep? I know the factory
    Inside my stomach has gone quiet.
    My hair falls as I stand. My lungs are bean plants
    Of disappearing air. My body sends signals, like now:
    A healthy fleck is floating across my vision.
    I watch it cross. It's going to attack a virus
    On the right side of my body
    And, later, travel down my throat to take care of knee,
    Little latch of hurt. I swallow three times.
    I have to help my body parts. Fellas, sour liver
    And trusty kidney, I'm full of hope.
    I open the refrigerator.
    I've seen this stuff before. What's this?
    The blow dart of bran? Chinese ginger?
    No, fellas, they're carrots. The orange, I hear,
    Is good for your eyes

    • ANSWER:

  49. QUESTION:
    feeding raw to my ferrets?
    mI have some qustions, I want to swithch my 2 female ferrets, 6 months old on a raw diet, So they will be healthier. 1, is it cheaper or the same is kibble? 2. What meat, wotng and legs are exepensive, I will be gettint it at krogers, so what stuff is good and cheaper. 3. How to switch, I have started moistening their kibble, I got thses instructions form holstic ferret, are theres good? And, I want to feed mice, live. But how often, ditly? weekly?

    1. Begin adding some moisture to the kibble by dripping some water over it before feeding. I like to use warm water - not too hot or cold. If your fuzzy already will eat canned food you may be able to skip to step 5 by taking away all kibble and just feeding canned.

    2. Add more water to the day's kibble each day as long as your ferret is willing to eat the food. Most will eat wet kibble fairly easily and I think this is because their imprinting is more about smell than texture.

    3. Once the ferret is eating the kibble with enough water to make it soggy begin mashing the kibble up a little bit with a fork before feeding.

    4. Slowly mash the kibble up more each feeding until the ferret is eating all of the food well mashed. The mashed kibble should look almost like canned food now.

    5. Only if the ferret is eating the canned-food-looking-mashed kibble without a problem is it time for this step. Now you will take just a tiny bit of the raw ground meat - maybe a pinch or two and add it to the kibble before mashing. Mash the kibble as usual and be sure the bit of raw food is well mixed with the rest.

    6. As long as your ferret will eat the food with the raw meat mixed in you can double the amount of raw food added about every other day. Be sure you are mashing it up well with the rest of the food.

    7. At some point there will get to be a lot of raw food in the bowl and it will no longer be hidden in with the mashed kibble. That's great as long as your ferret is consistently eating the food. Once this happens and as long as your ferret is still eating the food, begin cutting back on the amount of kibble in the bowl. The kibble should be cut just as slowly as the raw is added in.

    8. Cut back on the kibble until there is no kibble left in the bowl. Congrats! Now your fuzzies will eat raw! It should be mentioned that if at any point during this switch your ferret refuses the food go back a step or two. If your ferret decides mashed kibble is yucky go back to just adding a bit of water. I think the main issue with switching ferrets to raw is to be determined that you want to do it and that the ferrets will be switched. Don't let setbacks make you give up - keep trying and they will eat raw

    Now if you were using ground meat from the store to switch, you will need to start thinking about what foods you are going to feed. Feeding all ground food is ok for switching but bone and organs are needed for a balanced diet. Pre-made raw food (with bones, organs and meat all ground) is available, but it tends to be the most expensive way to feed raw. Other options are chicken necks/wing tips, livers and hearts from any number of animals, frozen fish such as smelt, mice (live or frozen), frozen chicks or rabbit parts.

    I would start with something easy and try to find chicken necks or wing tips. To switch your fuzzie to eating raw meaty bones:
    1. Chop the RMB (raw meaty bone such as a chicken neck) into small parts and mix it into the ground meat your fuzzy is now eating.

    2. As long as your fuzzy eats the meal as usual add the chopped RMB every day. Every other day chop the RMB into slightly larger pieces.

    3. Soon you won't have to chop it up at all! Once the chopped parts are quite large try just offering the whole RMB.

    http://holisticferret.proboards80.com/index.cgi?board=newbie&action=display&thread=825&page=1

    Can they live on mice, with meat as a treat?
    weloveourweasles, I want to, but i dont think i would allowed to put in my name ans city...

    • ANSWER:
      Ask all these question on the site. They are good at what they do and know exactly how to help you. don't feel embarrased to ask question they are very nice people and are there to help. Just go to member introduction introduce yourself. http://holisticferret.proboards80.com/index.cgi?board=intro

      Ask any questions here about raw feeding http://holisticferret.proboards80.com/index.cgi?board=newbquest

      Learn as much as posible.

      Then go here and read this. They are preliminary question you must fill out.

      http://holisticferret.proboards80.com/index.cgi?board=newbie&action=display&thread=822

      EDIT: Like I said before ask all these question on the forum. The mentors their are EXPERTS I am serious. They will tell you exactly how much of what is ok to feed

  50. QUESTION:
    What caused my husband's cancer?-Plastics in microwave oven?
    My husband died on liver cancer stage 4 twenty days later after he was diagnosed. Because it was too quick, we didn’t even know what caused his cancer. He was just 45 years old, very healthy, no smoking, no drinking, exercised regularly.

    He was a scientist. every night after dinner, he took a nap between 8-10:00pm, and got up to work on his research paper until 2:00 am, he did it almost every night. So people said he stayed too late, which caused his cancer. I thought so too until yesterday.

    Yesterday, when I talked to my friend, I realized I did something very wrong when I heat food in microwave oven. I always wrap food like pizza or Chinese bread in saran wrap, sandwich bag or even freezer storage bag and put in microwave oven for 30 seconds or so at least three times a week and I never thought maybe it causes cancer! !!

    Last night I didn’t get any sleep because I thought there is a very strong possibility that I killed my husband because of those stupid plastic stuff. I really don’t know what to do. If it’s true, I don’t even know how I can live peacefully for the rest of my life. I don’t know how to keep peaceful while I still need to raise my 5-year-old son.

    So, what caused my husband’s cancer? Can anybody give me a clue? Does anybody have the same experience? Even your answer is that what I did was wrong is fine with me. I just need to know the answer.
    My husband’s major was Oncology for his PhD and his post-doctor research was cancer back to almost 12 years ago. I’m still wondering why he didn’t know these toxic things, or maybe he got it from his previous work?
    By the way, I started to use those plastic stuff in microwave oven four years ago

    • ANSWER:
      You shouldn't put plastic wrap in a microwave, but microwaves are supposed to be shielded anyway, that's what keeps the waves in and away from you, so I really doubt it was the cause.