Liver Cancer Life Expectancy 2009

Liver cancer refers to either primary liver cancer, that is cancer originating from the liver cells or supporting cells in the liver, or secondary liver cancer, that is cancer that has spread to the liver from the surrounding organs, usually via the blood that drains those organs and flow through the liver. In this article we shall confine ourselves to primary liver cancer, also referred to as hepatocellular carcinoma.

Liver cancer is one of the more commonly occurring cancers in the world, being the fifth most common cancer in men and the eighth most common cancer in women. The total number of new cases diagnosed is estimated to be about 500,000 every year. Men seem to be twice as likely as women to get liver cancer.

What could cause this problem?

The incidence of liver cancer seems to be higher in certain countries. Studies appear to indicate a positive relationship between the incidence of liver cancer and that of hepatitis B virus carrier states as well as hepatitis C virus infections. The risk of a hepatitis B carrier developing liver cancer is about 60 times higher than that of a non hepatitis B carrier. This risk appears to be even higher than the risk of a smoker developing lung cancer (about 20 to 25 times).

What countries have a higher incidence of hepatitis B carrier states? It is observed that certain countries seem to have a much higher incidence of hepatitis B carriers. One case in point is Taiwan, where it is noted that an abnormally high 20% of pregnant mothers were discovered to be carriers of hepatitis B. This compares significantly to the incidence of 1% in the United States. Similar studies show a higher incidence of hepatitis B carrier rates in South-East Asian countries, between 10% to 15%. This has led to the belief that Oriental persons are genetically less able to overcome the hepatitis B virus. This observation is supported by another observation, that the conversion rate to immunization with hepatitis B vaccine is lower in Chinese as compared with other races.

Studies also show that the incidence of new cases of primary liver cancer has decreased significantly in those countries where there has been a deliberate effort to immunize persons to hepatitis B with hepatitis B vaccine. This is one of the rare situations where there is a demonstrable cause/effect relationship, and where there is definite proof that a particular cancer can be prevented, by both vaccination and by screening of blood and blood products for hepatitis B and C viruses.

Other risk factors or suspected causes of liver cancer need to be mentioned here. They are:

Liver Cirrhosis. A situation of scarring of the liver due to chronic damage as a result commonly of heavy drinking. There is a slight increase of risk of liver cancer developing.

Inherited causes. Persons with hemochromatosis, a genetic problem of excess iron deposits in the body have a higher chance of developing liver cancer.

Aflatoxin. A mold found in bad peanuts and grain is a well known culprit in the causation of liver cancer.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Liver Cancer Facts

Not only people, dog can also suffer from liver cancer. Toxic compounds and carcinogens which pass through the liver regularly can expose the liver of the dog to cancer. In addition, cancer which attacks another part of the body can also spread to the liver. If your dog suffers from this cancer, surgery will be the right answer for it. It can help you treat your dog's liver cancer.

There are some common symptoms which can indicate that your dog suffers from liver cancer. The common symptoms include appetite loss, vomiting, and weight loss. If your pet shows those symptoms, you can take him to the vet. He will carry out X-ray or abdominal ultrasound to determine whether or not your pet has cancer.
Furthermore, Vet Surgery Central will conduct some tests prior to deciding no the surgery. Usually, the tests include coagulation profile, blood cell count, , chest radiographs, urinalysis, fine needle biopsy, and abdominal CT scan.

There are two types of liver cancer, metastatic and primary. If your dog suffers from metastatics cancer, he will go through an invasive liver biopsy. At this time, a vet will insert a camera into dog's abdomen to take a liver sample. It is carried to confirm a cancer diagnosis. If your dog suffers from primary cancer, surgery will be the right answer to treat it and remove tumor cells.

After a surgery, your dog should get pain medication, intravenous fluids, and antibiotics. You should also limit the exercise for your dog. Give him a regular oral pain medications as well as regular meals. Then, you should monitor the respiration pattern of your dogs, gums, tongue, and incision scars.

Natural Dog Health remedies state that surgery for primary cancer is able to lengthen the life expectancy of your pet. He will be able to live for a year or even several years. Surgery will not be able to completely remove malignant tumor. On the other hand, if your dog suffers secondary liver cancer, chemotherapy will be the right solution to treat it.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Can I have some intresting facts for liver cancer.....?
    My daughter is doing a liver cancer report for health she needs some interesting facts about it. could you guys give me some?? Thank u:)

    • ANSWER:
      Few known facts about liver cancer are-
      * Male sex.
      * Age over 60 years.
      * Ethnicity. Asian Americans with cirrhosis have four times as great a chance of developing liver cancer as Caucasians with cirrhosis, and African Americans have twice the risk of Caucasians. In addition, Asians often develop liver cancer at much younger ages than either African Americans or Caucasians.
      * Exposure to substances in the environment that tend to cause cancer (carcinogens). These include: a substance produced by a mold that grows on rice and peanuts (aflatoxin); thorium dioxide, which was once used as a contrast dye for x rays of the liver; vinyl chloride, used in manufacturing plastics; and cigarette smoking.
      * Use of oral estrogens for birth control.
      * Hereditary hemochromatosis. This is a disorder characterized by abnormally high levels of iron storage in the body. It often develops into cirrhosis.
      * Cirrhosis. Hepatomas appear to be a frequent complication of cirrhosis of the liver. Between 30% and 70% of hepatoma patients also have cirrhosis. It is estimated that a patient with cirrhosis has 40 times the chance of developing a hepatoma than a person with a healthy liver.
      * Exposure to hepatitis viruses: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Hepatitis D (HDV), or Hepatitis G (HGV). It is estimated that 80% of worldwide HCC is associated with chronic HBV infection. In Africa and most of Asia, exposure to hepatitis B is an important factor; in Japan and some Western countries, exposure to hepatitis C is connected with a higher risk of developing liver cancer. In the United States, nearly 25% of patients with liver cancer show evidence of HBV infection. Hepatitis is commonly found among intravenous drug abusers. The increase in HCC incidence in the United States is thought to be due to increasing rates of HBV and HCV infections due to increased sexual promiscuity and illicit drug needle sharing. The association between HDV and HGV and HCC is unclear as of the early 2000s.

      Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/liver-cancer-in-medicine#ixzz1KflENQzj

  2. QUESTION:
    A friend of mine is pregnant and got a call from her OBGYN saying she may have liver cancer?
    My friend is 19 years old and pregnant. Everything in her pregnancy has been pretty much normal, except for that fact that she has been losing weight and throwing up almost an abnormal amount. She went to her OBGYN and had her blood tested. A few days later, she received a call from a nurse at her OBGYN and the nurse told her that they found something in her blood she may have liver cancer? The nurse was very unclear and short with her and told her she would have to make an appointment in order to speak to a doctor. Her appointment is not for four days. Is it normal for a nurse to tell you this over the phone? and to deny you to speak to the doctor? any credible feedback would be appreciated. Thank you.
    from an article from cnn.com: "No completely accurate screening test for liver cancer exists. Doctors sometimes use a blood test that checks for the presence of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) — a type of protein not normally found in adults — to screen people at high risk of the disease."
    as far as I know the rish factors for liver cancer include: being a male, being over 60, alcoholism and other that my friend does not fall under. So this clearly was not a routine thing. I'm not sure of all the details but all I know is that they should not leave my pregnant friend wondering for days what is going on with her body. Thank you for your answers.
    The nurse specifically told her that she may have liver cancer, you have to come in on Friday to speak to the doctor. If they told her the doctor is concerned about something they saw in your blood, come in tomorrow it would be different.

    • ANSWER:
      wow
      both my parents work in the medical field my mom a nurse my dad a respiratory therapist and both say that this is not ethical or professional behavior on the part of the nurse
      whether or not your friend has cancer, the nurse was NOT supposed to tell her that over the phone. Any time a person gets tested for a life-threatening, potentially fatal illness (such as cancer or AIDS) the nurse is to tell them over the phone not anything about their results but simply that they have them and that they (the patient) needs to make an appointment over the phone to come in and have their results discussed with them by the doctor. I got tested for HIV awhile back and they called me saying to come in for my results. I was scared it meant the results were positive and I came there and they told me I was negative. I told them I was so relieved bc I thought I was positive since they wouldnt tell me the results over the phone and told me to come in. The docotr told me it was medcial procedure and protocal that she does not tell me the results over the phone whether they are positive or negative.
      So no it is not normal or ethical or professional for the nurse to tell your friend that over the phone. However, she can deny her speaking to her doctor bc it is the nurse's job to relay messages back to the patients when the doctor is too busy, but not in the manner of this particular nurse. If I were your friend I would tell the doctor when I go to the appointment what the nurse said and how she acted towards her over the phone. Your friend has every right to make a formal complaint about this nurse's behavior and insensitivity, esp. over such a delicate subject such as the possibility of having liver cancer. I am sorry to your friend that she had to experience such a rude, unprofessional, insensitive and cold-hearted nurse who is ignorant about how her behavior can get her fired. Your friend can make a complaint about her to the doctor and also to human resources, she should try to find out her full name. And if I were you, to be a good friend to your friend, I would go with her to the appointment if she wants you to, reassure her that it's not for sure and even if its that she can still get help and be healthy again, and that you are there for her any time she feels scared or alone.

  3. QUESTION:
    liver cancer what are the chances?
    I have a friend who will under go an operation to remove a 4cm size cancer from his Liver. once the doctor cuts it out is the cancer gone?. or did the cancer come from outher parts of the body? Please tell me the facts !!!!!!! ( He also has Hep "C" (x drug use)

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is a chronic, insidious infection. The long-term prognosis of chronic hepatitis C over the first 20 years after infection is usually benign. The likelihood of death during this period is not much different than the general population. After 20 years approximately 20-30 percent of patients develop cirrhosis. It has also been determined that on average the onset of hepatocellular carcinoma occurs approximately 10 years after the diagnosis of cirrhosis has been made (about 29-30 years after initial infection). The liklihood of recovering from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after cirrhosis is not very good.

      PS, I read your Q&A and you asked about drinking and depression. If you were talking about you, then I hope you stop drinking because cirrhosis will indeed kill you in a nasty painful way. If your question is about a friend then please learn that liver disese is not something to take lightly. whether it's you or your friend use this as education regarding the dangers of alcohol.

  4. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and liver cancer?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

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  5. QUESTION:
    Liver Cysts, Cancer, and Tylenol?
    Just out of pure curiosity:

    It's obvious Tylenol can cause liver damage, due to the fact it has acetaminophen. However, can long term (but not overdose amounts) use (and I mean 40 years and such) of the medication, especially on a frequent basis for ailments such as severe migraines, pain, etc cause liver CYSTS or CANCER. Quite clearly, it can cause liver DAMAGE, but specifically, what does that damage encompass?

    As well, can cysts be a warning sign of liver trouble, and possible liver cancer in the future?

    • ANSWER:
      If one has to take acetaminophen for long term say 40 years , he should also prepare his mind to handle such a case
      Also ,for migraine ,one need not depend on that for 40 years, you can also try to adopt the alternative methods to reduce the frequency of migraine ,thus you can reduce the dose of medicine

  6. QUESTION:
    I need to know about vitamins for fighting liver cancer as my oncologist will not give me chemo, p?
    I had my left kidney, adrenal gland, and lymph node removed a year and two weeks ago due to kidney cancer, I have had numerous ct scans and the last one show that three little white dots on my liver had developed into three large spots and were probably cancer, I am not a wealthy person, in fact we get by mostly on my husbands s.s. And this oncologist gave me a perscription that cost .701.72 for 120 tablets, well I just cannot afford that, so I need to know what vitamins and minerals will help me. DO YOU HAVE AN ANSWER? I am begging for your help
    Also I need to know if anybody reading this question might know who to go to for finiancial aid in order to get my meds?

    • ANSWER:
      No vitamin or herb will treat or cure liver cancer or any other type cancer. If you have metastatic kidney cancer and have very limited income then you should easily qualify for SSI and medicaid and drug coverage through medicaid.

      http://www.socialsecurity.gov/disabilityresearch/wi/medicaid.htm

      The people who have suggested you try eating shark cartilage obviously do not have cancer and have never tried shrinking tumors with shark cartilage. Shark cartilage can severely affect your risk of excessive bleeding plus does nothing to shrink tumors.

      You have gotten a lot of bad advice from some of the people here here who have no first hand experience with cancer. I do not know your particular situation but I do know that all drug companies have patient assistance programs and the poorer you are the easier it is to qualify - so let us know the name of the drug your oncologist suggested and I'll post the link for that particular drug's patient assistance program.

      https://www.pparx.org/Intro.php

      http://www.needymeds.com/

      https://www.rxhope.com/pap_info.asp

      http://www.rxassist.org/

      good luck

  7. QUESTION:
    I had a dream my Dad got liver cancer? :/?
    Ok so this is really weird.

    I had a dream my Dad got liver cancer and died.

    WTF.

    This may be brought on by the fact that I was a) crying as I fell asleep because of this sad thing on TV, and b) I lucid dream a lot and my Dad comes into my room at night to turn off my electronics and I am aware he's there.

    But, don't dreams have a lot to do with real life?

    So help me? D:

    • ANSWER:
      yea dreams don't really determine anything that will happen in reality, but reality determines what you can dream about

  8. QUESTION:
    Can abdominal and liver bloating be caused by a fatty liver?
    My mother's stomach/abdomen gets very, very bloated, usually after she eats. She says that flatulence usually makes the swelling go down.

    Her liver also used to become enlarged and get swollen as well.

    The last time she went to the doctor, I believe she was diagnosed with a fatty liver.

    I know that a symptom of liver cancer is a swollen abdomen and a swollen liver, and of course, I'm hoping that she doesn't have that.

    However, her family does have a history of liver disease on it's side - her mother, my grandmother, died of liver cancer in fact.

    So I'm very, very worried.

    She hasn't been diagnosed with liver cancer - only with the fatty liver.

    She IS old, she IS obese, and she does have a family history of liver disease.

    As of right now, she's on medication. The medicine has stopped her liver from swelling up and hurting, but her stomach and abdomen still swell up and become very, very tight.

    Can a fatty liver cause this? Or is it automatically liver cancer from what I described?

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver disease can advance to
      NASH which is Non alcoholic steatohepatitis
      Steato stands for fat, hepat stands for liver,
      and Itis stands for inflammation.

      Inflammation in the liver develops because
      the cells of the liver have become damaged.
      The immune system of the body responds
      to this and causes this inflammation.

      This inflammation, that causes the liver
      to enlarge in size, can lead to death of the
      liver cells and scar tissue formation inside
      the liver...this is known as Cirrhosis of the
      liver.

      People who develop Cirrhosis of the liver
      start to retain fluid in their abdomen because
      the liver can no longer make a protein known
      as Albumin. This fluid is known as Ascites.
      It can cause fast weight gain. There is a
      procedure to drain this fluid, known as
      paracentesis. I would check about this
      with her gastroenterologist or hepatologist
      that she is with. They can do an exam
      and determine if this is fluid build up or not.

      Fatty liver disease can start from a number
      of different reasons and they are still in
      research to discover others now.
      Diabetes, weight gain, alcohol, insulin resistance,
      medications like steriods, high cholesterol/
      triglyceride levels and more.

      I hope this information has been of some
      help to you.

  9. QUESTION:
    About liver cancer....?
    My orchestra teacher was diagnosed with liver cancer. She had lung cancer prior to this, and she left the state to get better medical care.

    I don't have many details, all she said was that a lot of her liver has been affected and she's not sure if/when she'll return. I'm pretty worried about her, this is the first person I've truly known with cancer, and it's really worrying to not know if she'll come back, so what I'm wondering is...

    How high are the risks of dying with liver cancer, especially if this is her second time having cancer? Just, what are some statistics or something, or based on the little that I've told you do you think she'll be okay? Ever known someone who's had it? How are they doing?

    Thanks so much, I'm just really kind of sad right now, faced with the fact that someone I know and look up to might die really soon....it's really shaken me up, any help is appreciated.
    Thank you guys soo much. Bless you both. <3

    • ANSWER:
      i am sorry to say that it is probable that her lung cancer has spread to her liver. i just recently received news that mine had spread and that my condition is terminal. they are doing radiation to my brain and additional chemotherapy. i have not given up hope but realize that i will be treated and eventually come to the end of treatment options. each case is different and it is hard to predict with liver involvement. you can best help her by letting her know you care and pray for her. let her know what she has meant to your life as an inspiration. let her talk about it if she wants to. but just be there for her. don't cry and mourn her while she is still here. it means alot to me that my family spends time and shares memories with me. we go places and do things that i would have taken for granted before. the end of life is just a part of life and a part to be shared with people who love you. i feel lifted up by their prayers and God's love. may he also be with you and your teacher.

  10. QUESTION:
    my friend has colon cancer, spread to the liver and surrounding lymph nodes.?
    It has been a year since diagnosis. They stoped the chemo at some point, because the cancer had shrunk. Now recent cat scan shows it has started to grow again, and they have once again started the chemo. Is this common? chemo stoped and starting again, and how often can they do this? I would like some real facts. Or will this time, the chemo be not as affective? Thanks so much for your attention.

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately things do not look very promising at all. Once organs like liver are involved it's too late. I am truly very sorry. Yes, chemo does stop at a certain point. Now with a second try of chemo, some more time may be bought, but do not expect a cure. Spend some good time with your friend; he/she may not have long.

  11. QUESTION:
    When the onocologist does blood anaylsis does it show that cancer may be present in the blood work?
    My mom had breast cancer last year and everything came out fine. Due to the fact that she cancer the dr made her do a pet scan and blood work in Jun 06. Everything also came out fine. Now in Nov 06 she also did blood work and came out fine. Since the week before December my mom started complaining from back pains and she already got the results for that. The cancer has returned. Now, my question is when the oncologist makes you do blood work does it show that there is cancer present or something maybe a larger blood count than usual? I just want to know because it would give me some peace of mind if the cancer started in Dec and not before, meaning we might have catched it on time. She was diagnosed with cancer in bones and liver. I am devasted!

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, indications of cancer can be seen in the blood. My son had testicular cancer. After surgery, the blood work showed levels of things went back to normal after the tumor was gone.

  12. QUESTION:
    I need direct answers (no refs) to small cell cancer, chemo for this and prognosis...FACTS?
    Info needed asap. Patient, 73, male, small cell cancer in lung & liver/colan areas. Chemo begins this Tues. We've been married for 4 weeks and in order to control my emotions, I need to be prepared so I can provide everything possible on my behalf. Everything I have received thus far has been references to references and I don't have time for the run-around. If you can't help, please do not give me more references. I have not yet discussed this with his hemotologist because...guess I'm afraid to know or acknowledge prognosis in front of my husband. I need to make him positive, happy and worry-free, every second.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, I can actually just tell you about chemo. Chemo can be a pretty scary thing, not to frighten you or anything. Your husband will likely need a lot of love and support during this difficult time. I'm not sure if this is exactly what you're looking for but...I know some side effects of chemo. First off, what chemo basically does is attack cancer cells but it attacks the bodies healthy cells too. Your husband will have a severely reduced immune system, meaning it will be very easy for him to get sick and if he does get sick, he might not be able to fight off whatever he caught (even if it's only a cold). So, do everything in your power to make sure he doesn't get sick after chemo. Changes are also, after chemo, he will be very tired...he might lose his hair and he may very well be sick after it (nausea, vomiting etc.). You just have to take care of him, make sure he doesn't over-exert himself. And be positive around him. The best thing you can do is be there for him with support because that helps a lot more than people know. Good luck to you...I hope everything goes well.

  13. QUESTION:
    My father-in-law has liver, lung and pancreatic cancer. Why would he be disoriented and have a bladder infect?
    My father-in-law has been going through Chemo for liver, lung and pancreatic cancer. However, last night he was admitted to the hospital with a 102.5 fever and dry mouth. They said he was dehydrated and probably had a bladder infection. (Anything over 101 fever in a chemo patient, calls for an admission to the hospital.) However, he was also very disoriented and out of sorts. I am not in the state where my father-in-law is, so I don't know that I am getting all the facts. Could anyone help explain to me why he may be disoriented and not being able to remember things with a simple bladder infection? I can't find anything doing a search online. Thank you so much for your time!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm pretty sure bladder infection is not only a common side effect of chemo, but also many liver diseases.

      Disorientation after receiving chemo, as well as from high fever, are very common. You know that people get "delirious" from high fevers... now try having your body pumped full of toxic chemicals. Chemo seems like a recipe for many different side effects.

      Sorry about your father-in-law. Hope he feels much better soon.

  14. QUESTION:
    kidney and liver failure with pancreatic cancer?
    My husband is now in the Hospice. He has been suffering from pancreatic cancer that has metastases to his liver kidney sternum throat. He has been in so much pain they have him on 6mg methadone and other meds. He's not responsive any longer (could be due to the drugs?) yesterday his liver and kidneys have shut down and he's turning yellow due to jaundice. The doc said that he can't go home now due to the fact that he is so medicated to keep him comfortable. his tumors are growing so fast across his chest and stomach they are rising under the skin his naval is complety out when it used to be an ining. How much more does he have to suffer? this is so hard watching my husband who was an 190 lb. to now an 110 lb.

    • ANSWER:
      If his liver and kidneys have shut down, it will be very soon, probably within a few days to a week at most since there might be some function left in them. I know how you feel since I went through this with my father who died of stomach cancer. You hate to see them suffer so much and it was a blessing to me when it was over. I remember telling my brother he had passed and the first words out of his mouth was, "thank God." You feel so helpless. My heart goes out to you. I wanted it to end, but felt guilty because I wished it was over. Don't feel guilty. It's what is best for him.

  15. QUESTION:
    What do you know about fluoride?
    Can it really cause bone and liver cancer? Why are these facts being surpressed?
    Fluoride is not good for you!

    • ANSWER:
      30 years ago I heard fluoride was a communist plot to poison the West.
      I know it puts up the price of Tooth Paste!

  16. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know if INTERFERON injections, like Shanta biotect's SHANFERON work 4 Kidney cancer spread 2 Liver
    My mom, 70, has had Kidney Cancer 4 years ago and now after removal of 1 kidney and both Adrenals it has affected 30% of the Liver. Doctors have started INTERFERON injections 3 times a week for 2 months and hope to SHRIK the tumor by then, to be able to THEN consider operating it off, depending upon, of-course the general condition of my mom by then. Although they say at 70, operation will have a 50-50 risk, viz a viz, the post operative recovery.
    Does any one here have an HANDS-ON experience of using Interferon injections for self or relatives etc ?
    I wish to educate my self more and more at this stage about Interferon injections and also with ANY methord by which I can give cure to my ailing mother.
    Will ayurveda also help ? If yes who to contact and where ? Although our doctor has cautioned about the fact that SOME ayurvedics give steroids in disguised form.
    I have started wheat-grass powder mixed with warm water and honey also.
    Kindly advice, one & all.
    (I live in Lko,India

    • ANSWER:
      i have been giving myself interferon injections 3 times a week for a little over three years now. i take 3million international units three times a week. giving the shot is not that bad since most pharmacies can get you a pre-filled dial up pen. the side effects will vary from person to person. my doctor said that i would have flu-like symptoms for about a month and then i should be alright. what he forgot (lol) is that i would also have pain,fatigue,depression,neuropathy, memory problems,exhaustion,mood swings and failing eyesight. he also did not mention that i would be house bound if there was even the slightest remote chance that i could catch something because, i now have no immune system. but, i must say the alternative to not taking the shots is not to promising (death-for me). the outlook is not all bleak though because, the interferon has kept my cancer in check for three years now. i count this as a miracle.

  17. QUESTION:
    15 year old girl with breast cancer, please help…?
    Today I had the most shocking news from one of my closest friends that she has breast cancer. It was shocking because she is only 15 years old. She told me that when they operated on her that they found a much dangerous cancer that didn’t come up on the scan and that cancer grows very fast. She was also told by the doctors that she has 40% chance to live the next year.

    I know that it is possible to get cancer at this age because I already know a girl who has liver cancer and is being treated right now.

    I told my mum asap and she said that it isn’t possible but, is it possible to get breast cancer at such age???
    Are all the other facts possible as well???
    My friend is not the lying or attention seeking type but could she be lying?

    • ANSWER:
      I agree with "lo_mcg" and "inverse."
      There is something strange in this story.
      If this does turn out to be a verified breast cancer in a 15 year old, please let me know by e-mail. I have not seen or heard of a case at this age.
      I am talking about a biopsy proven adenocarcinoma of the breast.
      There is no primary adenocarcinoma of the breast that carries a prognosis of 60% likelihood of death in one year. We do better than that with stage 4 breast cancers that have spread to other parts of the body.
      She might be trying to get attention. I hope I'm right.
      It would be tragic to have breast cancer at this age.
      I keep telling 15 year olds to stop worrying until they are at least 20.

  18. QUESTION:
    Scarring of the liver and cirrhosis?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:
      Lena, an alcoholic is THE most difficult of all patients to help, especially when you want to do so much. ALL that you describe is due to alcohol. At first alcohol causes liver cells to fill with fat and produce an enlarged fatty liver which alone has caused sudden death. In time, as liver cells die, scarring results and can then progress (under the microscope) to produce a smaller scarred liver called alcoholic cirrhosis. The liver then produces inadequate clotting factors which can produce skin and other hemorrhages, as well as leak fluid into the belly (ascites), and change blood circulation to overload and damage an eenlarging heart under strain as well as dilated, thin-walled esophageal veins (varices) which can anytime suddenly rupture as great quantities of blood are coughed up. Hepatitis c also damages the liver and is believed to be a cause of liver cancer. As long as your husband continues to drink alcohol, he will continue to go downhill and die in spite of your efforts. Try the phone book or call Al-Anon, an organization for spouses of alcoholics for much more information on how to deal with your extremely difficult situation. You cannot go it alone and expect and success.

  19. QUESTION:
    how can i cope with losing a grandparent?
    my grandma just died about a month ago she died of hepatoma a rare liver cancer. all i remember is about her being in the hospital and hurting. i just cant get over the fact that shes not in her apartment anymore and that she's not here living. what can i do to get over everything?

    • ANSWER:
      Don't feel you have to get over it right away. You will heal in your own time.

  20. QUESTION:
    liver lesion and blood tests?
    my mom had a blood test done a few months back and the results showed something wrong with her liver. my mom has had arthritis since her 20s and has had numerous joint replacement surgeries. she is on steady pain medication and so they thought it was all the medication taking its toll.

    fast forward. she was having an attack that sounded like it might be her gall bladder and so she went in to have an ultrasound. while they did in fact find gall stones they also found a lesion on her liver.

    she is going back in tomorrow for a more thorough cat scan on her liver and i am worried. most of the research i have done shows that benign lesions on the liver are common and usually nothing to worry about, however, these people also had normal blood tests.

    my question is if anyone out there with medical knowledge can let me know if her blood test showed damage to her liver does this increase the chances that it is cancerous?

    i know there is no way for anyone to tell me "your mom is fine" or "your mom has liver cancer"

    but any personal stories or medical advice would be appriciated.

    i am just scared. my mom's mom was diagnosed with breast cancer at the same age my mom is now. she lost her battle at 59. i have also lost both of my dad's parents to cancer so i do not take it lightly.

    i'm not ready to even think about losing my mom.

    • ANSWER:
      First let me say I am sorry to hear about your mother going through a rough patch right now. Ok so they found a lesion on your mothers liver that does not necessarily mean that it is cancer.

      I myself had an ultrasound done on my abdomen a few years ago due to random shooting pains I would get every now and then. While my bladder was normal they found a lump/lesion on my kidney. Granted I had normal blood work numbers (creatine levels were normal) but it really worried me none the less. I had a CT scan performed on my abdomen and they fount it just to be a cyst (dromedary hump) which is a normal variant.

      I am not saying that absolutely nothing is wrong with your mother, but it could be an illness less threatening than cancer. Do not work yourself up until your mother has already received her results. I wish you and your mother the best of luck.

  21. QUESTION:
    a cancer and heredity question ?
    My grandma has an ovairan cancer & It extends to colon ( mum 's grandma ) , my grand's ma sister ( from mother 's side ) died from the same type of cancer & it extended to its colon as well ...
    but My grandma's brother didnt die of cancer . My grandPA 's ( from mum side ) died from liver cancer & He had ascites as well my grandma used , but since she removed her ovarian her prb colon now , My grandpa ( father 's side ) died from colon cancer ...

    so my question is will i have cancer ?
    my grandma had ovarian cancer she removed ovaries and uteres but it is level and now in colon , my grand's ma sister died from the same type & as well my grandma's Mum died from cancer :( the 3 are from mother side

    my both grandpa's both sides ( mum & dad ) died from cancers as I said

    so can i have ovarian cancer ? im 22 years old by the way
    I had some symptoms but maybe related to uti or i really don't know

    i feel somepain down , from 2 weeks i had pain in my ovarian as a pressure but now gone , i sleep much this days a well , sometimes the pain i have down this days extends to my ass ( Sorry ) , the pain is about 2 out of 10 but i do feel pain , and i feel bloated as well & sometimes pain in my kidney ..

    anyway i used to sleep just after drinking a lot of water and i never go pee when i felt that i need 2 coz i prefered sleeping in fact , i Did so for more than 4 mnths i guess ...
    also i eat a lot a lot of salt without drinking water after ..

    what do i have ? i would be thankful
    also regarding ovarian cancer or colon cancer what is my chance ?
    also if i want to be ok now can Ct scan help me about that ? i also heard barium is so painful ? can i take whole milk instead :) ?

    very very thankfulll

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is not a single disease and it is rare for the more than 200 diseases we call cancer to be hereditary. If you did have one of these rare hereditary types one of your parents would have to have the gene and you would have a 50% chance of getting that gene.

      You can’t be diagnosed over the internet, but I can tell you that you do not have symptoms of colon cancer. Just see your doctor and let him or her decide what tests you need.

  22. QUESTION:
    If studies show smoking with cause cancer, and alcoholism will cause liver damage then why?
    Then why do people pray? In several studies, prayer has been shown not to work. In fact those who KNEW they were being prayed for, did WORSE after surgery.
    Please read: http://www.dimaggio.org/Eye-Openers/prayer_does_not_work.htm

    Why do religious people hold onto these beliefs when they are shown over and over to be false?

    Why do religious people continue to believe the bible is the word of god when it has been shown that a majority of the bible is falsified and made up? (Read Misquoting Jesus)

    Over the last two thousand years, Christianity has gone from being real and tangible to obscure, internalized and translucent. What's next for religion? How can you base your whole life's belief system on something so obscure?

    Hey, I'm just being curious here.

    • ANSWER:
      Because the one skill that any religious person quickly learns is rationalization. It is the only way (besides burying your head in the sand) that a person could maintain such beliefs.

      Example: I was on an evolution discussion board. To be more specific, it was a Creationist evolution-bashing board. Very heated. One of the people there went to further steps to justify his beliefs than I have ever seen.

      One of the keys to evolution is genetic mutation. Take away that, and evolution doesn't work. We have an abundance of evidence for genetic mutation, from genetic disorders to cancer.

      This guy was making an argument that CANCER IS CAUSED BY VITAMIN C DEFICIENCY. Genetic mutation couldn't be the reason, you see, because that might give evidence for evolution.

  23. QUESTION:
    Recently found a lesion in the low left lob of my liver. Need to worry?
    I have not been feeling well for the past 5-7 months. After many question and answer appt's with my Dr. I started having weekly blood tests to check various things. My erythrocyte sed rate and c-reactive protein were more than double the reference ranges. I also had abnormal liver function tests. After ultrasound I was told I had a lesion and needed a CT scan to determine whether or not it was something to worry about, which in fact I had done today. Although I have high hopes of benign findings I can't help but factor in my constant sick feeling, flu like, pain when pressure is put on my abdomen and my grandmother passing from liver cancer. Anyone that can give me some helpful statistics would be greatly appreciated.
    No biopsy, as of yet.

    • ANSWER:
      The one thing I can say is : Do not put the carriage before the horse.
      Wait and let your tests get done, its a big worry but you can do it. Are they planning a biopsy ? Once you find out what it really is its hard to have a settled mind, I know , been there. But take things one day at a time. Always wish for for the best. And think to yourself, How strong am I ? Even if there was something, science and the medical field have come so far and the fact that you seem to have caught it in the early stages( because it has not taken over your kidney, only a lesion) then you will get through this with time, and with hope and with loved ones by your side. Be strong for you. I wish you only the best.

  24. QUESTION:
    I have sever cancer, should i do drugs and go out with a bang?
    Well i have cancer.
    In fact i have pretty damned sever cancer in both brain, lungs and liver.
    The chance of surviving is low. Low enough that i don't even cling to the hope.

    However, i don't plan on dieing in a respirator with people scooping up me feces for me.
    No, i plan on going out with a bang.
    So i have made connections gotten access to Cannabis, Methamphetamine and Various psychedelics.
    I've always lived fairly healthy a bit inactive perhaps but nothing like drug abuse, smoking or anything like that.
    Just goes to show everyone is in risk.

    • ANSWER:
      ' Severe cancer' is not how someone with cancer would describe their condition.

      Where was your primary cancer located? At 14 the chances of a primary cancer in all the organs you mention range from very rare indeed to unheard of.

      What is your current staging? What treatments have been tried, and what treatments are recommended? Or are you receiving purely palliative care now?

      Six days ago you posted that you were suffering from depression. Oddly in the circumstances, you didn't mention a diagnosis of terminal cancer as contributing to this depression...

      My bullshit detector is beeping loudly.

      Sorry, I accidentally added you as a contact while trying to look at your details. Have removed you.

  25. QUESTION:
    is there any statistics regardinfg quitting smoking or drinking?
    Is there statistics, facts or any information how quitting smoking or drinking reduces the risks of getting emphysema or cancer or cirrhosis.
    I am not either smoking or drinking.
    I work in medical field
    and I don't see any proof that people who quit smoking or drinking at some stage of their lives don't end up having lung cancer, emphysema or liver cirrhosis. In other words, tobacco and alcohol kills lungs and liver anyway. And quitting doesn't change anything. Damage is done.

    • ANSWER:
      Try your local Alcohol Anonymous (AA) groups and Hospitals, explain what you are doing.

      I quit smoking over 15 years ago and I don't have any of the lung problems that you are suggesting.

  26. QUESTION:
    OH NO! LIVER TUMORS? Help?
    My cousin has a mass of abnormal blood vessels on her liver. The doctor said he THINKS the tumor (tumors?) are benign, but still wants her to get an MRI. She's freaking out and crying, thinking she has cancer! She has no other symptoms! Would her white blood cell count be high if she in fact did have cancer? Does anyone know about liver tumors? Can it be the liver tumor called "hemangioma," since it is a mass of abnormal blood vessels or are all tumors on the liver made up of blood vessels? Help!

    • ANSWER:
      A benign liver hemangioma is a rather common accidental finding. Often they cause no symptoms and do not need treatment unless they are very large. It sounds like her Dr is doing all the right things. Try not to freak out. Your cousin may have had this liver anomaly most of her life. Your cousin is not dying of liver cancer. Here is a web page to read up on liver hemangiomas.

      http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic964.htm

  27. QUESTION:
    How do wills and trusts work?
    A little information is in line here: Bob’s mother passed away this last September after a short battle with brain, lung, kidney, and liver cancer. She was married 8 years ago to her third husband, Jim. Her father passed away 10 years ago and her mother, 3 years ago leaving their estate to her, a good portion of it tied into a trust that she could not access until she reached a certain age (we are not sure what age). Bob and Tammy (my sis-in-law) have never seen a will from his mother or his grandparents since her passing. Jim tells us that the will is in a ’trust at the bank.’ Now, I always thought that the will is the legal document that tells you WHAT goes into the trust. He also informed us that he took Judy’s funds, added to his own, invested it and when he passes away it will be divided between his three children and Judy’s two. He has also moved in with a new girlfriend already (that happened only 3 months after Judy died) , and as fast as he moves with the ladies, will probably be married here within the next few months. I don’t really want to sound greedy, because I really am not, but where, I ask, does that leave Bob and Tammy with any inheritance that should have been rightfully theirs through their mother and grandparents? I do know that they are both fit to be tied that Jim is spending their mother’s money on another woman. Do they have any legal recourse here? I am really concerned that what is rightfully theirs is being taken right out form under them. And as much as I love Bob and Tammy, they are both so naïve and ignorant about such matters, that they would never know what is going on. And Jim knows this and also counts on the fact that they are both so afraid to offend that they will not speak up about it. Well, I am not, obviously, and so I invited him over tomorrow, along with Tammy and her husband, Terry, to find out what is up. I am getting the vibe from him, that he is somewhat concerned about it all… Any advice here???

    • ANSWER:
      Good luck with this i found some stuff here. AARP has some retirement information and estate planning stuff that might help you out! http://www.mtpalermo.com/httoc.htm

  28. QUESTION:
    My friends family is really deserving of something. but what?
    The mom in the family has stage 4 liver cancer. and they're always out to help others. with all of the medical bills, and the fact that the mom cant work and the dad has to leave work to drive her to all her different doctors, they can't help others and they're starting to loose everything they have. I know they deserve something. I checked out Extreme makeover home edition but with it taking several months to even get an answer, we aren't sure she'll be around for that. is there anything else that could be done for them?

    • ANSWER:

  29. QUESTION:
    Help Father has terminal cancer?
    My problem is he has stage 4 cancer he is nearing the end of his life and he doesn't believe in hospice! The problem is I am the one who administers his medicine and the simple fact of the matter is it terrifies me.. What can I expect to happen? HELP (Colon Cancer, Metastatic Liver)

    • ANSWER:
      At stage 4, you and your dad need all the resources you can get to help him through the last moments.

      I just want to clarify the following resources that you can tap into.

      Long Term Care - Hospice: Where your dad can go into a nursing home type facility, and the nursing staff will provide the end of life care there. Basically, your dad will die at this facility.

      Home Hospice: The patient stays home and opts to pass on in his own residence. Your insurance will provide the medical equipment (oxygen, bed, commodes, medicine, etc), and periodic nursing care visits and possibly ADL (acitivities of daily living) care at your residence.

      No Hospice: This makes it so difficult for everyone involved. When there's a crisis for the patient, the caregivers have no choice but to resort to calling 911 each time there is a problem like an infection or shortness of breath, or severe pain.

      I hope for your sake, that your dad will consent to the hospice care, and that your insurance will cover it. Otherwise, maybe, at the very least, your insurance will send a home health care nurse to come make sure his medications are effective, and take his vital signs once in a while.

      As a previous case manager and discharge planner, I know that you are entitled to these services through your insurance.

      Wish you much luck

  30. QUESTION:
    Why does God cure cancer far more often than amputations?
    I often hear cancer used as an example during discussions on miracles.

    "I know it was a miracle because my doctor said I had six months to live . . . and that was four years ago!" (This is a logical fallacy known as 'argument from authority')

    Why do these people ignore the fact that cancer is something that people overcome often by natural means that are understood by science?

    I never hear, "I know it was a miracle because my doctor said he couldn't salvage my legs and that I would never walk again . . . but here I am with my own two legs grown back!" Fact is, the only people curing 'I've-got-no-legs-syndrome' are medical professionals who develop artificial limbs.

    Do amputees lack faith by default? Are they less deserving of a medical miracle than cancer patients (who often contributed to their own cancer with poor habits)?

    Also, why do people thank God for fortuitous medical occurrences and survival of circumstances that most often kill people when God could have prevented them from happening in the first place? I mean, how many Christians pray for God's protection for themselves and family on a regular basis?

    I recall my adoptive mother, who has needed a liver transplant, a total hip replacement, a steel rod in her spine, dialysis, and a kidney transplant, praising God for her new kidney. It struck me as odd that she never mentioned the fact that God, according to her belief that she was 'nit together in [her] mother's womb' by God, is logically responsible for all of the medical problems, which are genetic, that she has endured with great suffering.

    • ANSWER:
      All "miracles" are ambiguous, except the ones in the bible.

      Quite the coincidence.

  31. QUESTION:
    Is there a safer alternative to give heartworm preventative pills or topical applciations?
    I use "Revolution" which is applied topically. But I hate the fact that it's a toxic pesticide and they have been shown to cause cancer and/or liver and kidney problems.
    So is there anything else I can do?
    Lol.. BYB. I wish I could!

    • ANSWER:
      move to an area where there are no mosquitos, fleas or ticks?

  32. QUESTION:
    republicans how do you plan on paying for your cancer if your insurance decides?
    it was a pre-existing condition? you might have some savings but you might also have a child who's waiting to go to college and you don't want to take their money, so you think i can always sell my house but then you remember you don't own a house, so you sell your car but that won't last long because your cancer has already spread because you thought you'd save money by not having yearly screenings. then you'll just get on medicare and get some treatment and your cancer goes into remission, then one night you have a reaction to some of your medication that you're still required to take and you think you have a stomach flu when in fact your liver has collapsed and get to the emergency room and since you are now on medicare they put you at the bottom of the list and make you wait because they don't appreciate people who don't have insurance (that you lost) and then after 14h of waiting you die.
    oh please they can decide to not cover your cancer treatments if they decide your cancer was a pre-existing condition and you lied when you got your insurance.
    'downwith' not everyone has a trust fund.
    no 'steve' i don't want that, i want them to edit the healthcare bill until it works so insurance companies won't refuse to pay for treatments when people are already sick.
    sorry but whatever you're saying is bs, there was a woman on here just the other day who was on medicare while pregnant and she waited for 14h and lost her baby.

    • ANSWER:
      That was a lot of detail, but you are right. people who know nothing of how insurance works don't realize this is a very real situation. when you are diagnosed with something serious like cancer or another terminal illness, the first thing insurance companies do is try to dump the policy. Most Insurance companies have full time investigators whose only job is to check your medical history to find a loophole, to drop you when this happens.

  33. QUESTION:
    My mother has just been told she has lung cancer.....?
    .... we don't know full details of what, if anything, can be done about it yet. We have an appointment at the hospital in a few days where we hope to find out more. In the meantime my question is basically "is there a chance she can be cured of this?" She didn't originally go to the doctors because of lung cancer symptoms. In fact, she decided to try and get some help to stop smoking but she started suffering from panicky/anxiety type attacks so they did an ECG (the results of which were fine) and an x-ray (the results of which showed something but not very clearly which required a CT scan to be done). the CT scan has shown that there is a tumour on her lung and it also seems to say that its also on her liver and lymph nodes. I'm hoping against hope that the fact that she didn't exactly have a horrendous cough (she did have a bit of a cough) and she wasn't coughing up blood, she hasn't lost any weight and she hasn't lost her appetite are all good things and might mean that its not that far advanced or too late for something to be done to get rid of it. Her GP has told her that they won't be able to operate on it as it is now, but that they may be able to do chemo/radiotherapy which might reduce the size of it. I don't know if he has implied that they may then be able to operate or not.

    My dad is beside himself with despair whilst my mother seems much calmer although she is putting a very negative slant on it. I feel that its my job to be the positive one and I'm hoping to find something that | can relay to them to give some hope. So far, all my Internet research has just produced scary statistics that I don't like the look of at all.

    If anyone with any experience of this has anything positive to say, I'd be very pleased to hear....

    Sorry if my question is a bit "rambly" in places.

    • ANSWER:
      hi im, 15 year old girl and my great grandad has ust got lung cancer - i know how you feel abesx and i wanna help. well - according to how bad it is there is nothing they can do to help im afraid, but if its hasent spread they may be able to. however if the cancer has spread like my grandads but it hasent spread much, they can still offer you several operations and treatment to remove it. my grandad hwever his op didnt work but when searching the internet he found a great websiter that offers private help in canada, a long way i know but it is helping him and he is getting better - hopefully if your mom needs to go there she will get all the best possible help- i hope she gets better hon ! xx thinkingt of you darling xxx

  34. QUESTION:
    Cat liver problems...any vets out there?
    Had to take my cat (8 yrs old) to the vet yesterday.

    The story: I had noticed he wasn't acting like his usually happy self. He wouldn't purr, nor eat or drink and he kept trying to hide so I felt it was time to call the vet. Got him in the same day..thankfully.

    When we saw the vet...she said his eyelids were yellow etc. which ment something to do with his liver! They took tests (blood test, ultrasound, and sample of his liver). They thought it was cancer of the liver but vet said usually that doesn't come with a high fever and she seem puzzled over that and the fact he has alot of "destroyed red blood cells"...he seems to have a few symptoms of one thing but then it throws the vet off when he has symptoms he shouldn't have so to be honest..I was/am a bit confused when she explained this.
    The results from the liver sample won't be back from the lab for 10 days!! So in the meantime he is being pumped with antibiotics which they "think" are the right ones but can't say for sure if it will help until they know what exactly it is.

    So my question is..has ANYONE had anything like this happen to one of their cats and what was the outcome?

    I was told..at the moment my kitty has a 50/50 chance of surviving this and I am totally gutted over this whole thing. I am one of those people who love their animals and consider them part of the "family" so I guess I am just trying to find someone who went thru the same thing.
    Our cats eat a mix of Friskies and dry food from the vet..I wouldn't say that is cheap food.

    • ANSWER:

  35. QUESTION:
    Cancer??? What do you think?
    I have just had a cancerous tumour removed from my gallbladder and I also have one on my liver and I am starting chemo on the 24th of this month! I recently asked a question on here which was about being worried that my boyfriend won't find me attractive with my hair loss although truthfully I know he really doesn't care, but one of the answers I received said that I was a vein b I t c h and should be more worried about the treatment, and although I know it shouldn't, it actually really hurt me! I have dealt with the fact I have cancer and dealt with the fact I need this treatment, that is why the question wasn't about how I felt about having the disease! Do you agree with what they said?? I really am not a vein person but it is something that concerned me, but can't help feeling hurt with the answer especially when they got a lot of thumbs up, I'm only 21 and don't think I deserved it, thanks for reading x

    • ANSWER:
      Sometimes when you post questions to a public forum this will happen. There are many bored teens on here who have nothing better to do than troll the cancer forum and harass the people who ask questions. I suggest that should this happen in the future you just report the person that left the offensive comment where it says"report abuse" and let YA staff know what is happening. That is the only way to clear these trolls off of here. Also block them from answering any more of your questions.

      I wish you all the best in your treatments and just remember that your hair will grow back to it's former beauty after you win this fight. Your man loves you regardless and the whole cancer treatment may help build a stronger bond together. Best Wishes.

  36. QUESTION:
    Anyone heard abt Red Fruit Oil for cancer treatment?
    We are looking for any experience share after taking the red fruit oil. How effective is this oil works and is there any side effects?
    They claim the red fruit oil, which produced in Indonesia, act as an anti-retrovirus medicine. And substance called Beta-Carotene case body produce healthy cell and neutralize carcinogens compound free radicals, which is known as cancer.
    Is this true???

    My father in-law was diagnosed with liver problem last week (October 2008). We have been told by doctor that the bad liver is too severe to be removed surgically. We are now waiting for another doctor to contact us to fix an appointment. We are now uncertain what sort of treatment will be required and all the facts as related to his case.

    We would like to find possible treatments that will be suitable for him as soon as. We really need your help, if you do experience any good medicine and methods, please share with us!!

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      I have cancer. While at the oncology office i was reading a copy of CURE. www.curetoday.com

      There is an article in there that suggests that many of the antioxidants that help prevent cancer, may be harmful to treatment once cancer has occurred. At least that is how I read it, go there and check it out.

      Plus, the magazine has free subscriptions for people with cancer.

  37. QUESTION:
    I need advice from a doctor or a relative of a cancer sufferer please?
    My stepmother has secondary cancer and has for about 6 years now. She is on a mix of chemotherapy and antibody treatment but it has been confirmed that they cannot eradicate it completely. She has been getting sicker and sicker and is barely eating and spends most of her time in bed. About 3 weeks ago she developed jaundice and despite treatment it continues and her bilirubin levels are still high. She has missed a 3rd week of treatment and now can't even take fluids so is on a drip. She had some of her liver removed about 2 years ago and the rest of the liver is pretty much tumour ridden. Macmillan nurses have been in and also Macmillan doctors but for the time being she is staying at home. (She is a retired nurse and my dad is a retired doctor)

    Dad says that it's impossible to say how long she has left and that where there is life there is hope and whilst I subscribe to that philosophy, I feel that he is unwilling to face facts.

    I realise it's an impossible question but I need to know a timeframe - I feel as though it's the beginning of the end and the end usually comes pretty quickly. can anyone who has experience give me some guidelines - a year, month? etc...
    I know dad really does understand the situation, i just think he is unwilling to admit it to me - which I understand. I lost my mother very suddenly in July 08 and I know he doesn't want to upset me. I have always known that at some point they will stop the chemo because it will cause more damage than it will help.I suppose that I think that because I am 40, he should feel less protective but as a mother myself I realise that's just not going to happen.

    Alena - seriously? You are peddling your crap on this question?

    • ANSWER:
      I'm so sorry. I know you want more details, but the only answer is that she'll go when she is ready. She'll begin to disassociate and withdraw, she'll spend more time sleeping, she might not recognize you or talk to people who aren't there. When the time comes, hold her hand, tell you how much you love her and how grateful you are and that it's okay to go, you'll be okay.

  38. QUESTION:
    Ciggie Packs To Have Graphic Pictures On The Pack - Why Not Do The Same For Alcohol?
    Hello.I welcome the idea,allbeit a bit late,to introduce graphic images onto cigarette packs to shock people into stop smoking. If it can be done for cigarettes packets,why can't similar graphic images be used to show the effects of drinking alcohol?

    For example,there could be a photo of throat, tongue or mouth cancer, or a diseased liver and pancreas, or kidneys all shown as the "before" and "after" effects in photo form of alcohol abuses. There could even be a diseased brain showing damage. In fact, there are so many possibilities and permutations on this.

    My question is thus:- If the effects of alcohol were shown in photo form on EVERY type of alcoholic beverage currently available in the UK,and done in the same way and manner which is going to be used on cigarette packs,would it deter you from drinking alcohol?

    I wonder where YOU stand on this?

    Alan L.

    • ANSWER:
      I agree. Everyone knows what cigarettes can do to you, but I don't think many people believe that alcohol can also kill you.

      My 23 year old cousin almost died from pancreatitis last year, he only had a 25 % chance of survival, he pulled though but if he starts to drink again he'll kill himself. He is now one messed up young man.

      My friend's partner died last month from sorosis of the liver from years of binge drinking, he was 35 years old.

      I don;t think the pictures will work on ciggies and they wouldn't work if introduced for alcohol either.

  39. QUESTION:
    HOw do i deal with my drug addict father who is claiming he's dying of cancer?
    Ok so basically my dad has been abusing drugs since like teenage years he's 46 now. He abused me growing up and i hated him for a very long time. Now that he's on the streets out of the 4 of us I'm the only one that has actually talked to him and tried to help him by taking him food or whatever. I explained to him he cannot stay with me because of his substance abuse and the fact that i dont' want my kids around that, and if he's willing to go clean we can talk about it again..

    Anyway, he has a history of being very manipulative, lies, etc...to get his way only this time he's making serious allegations that he has lung cancer, and that his liver is no good. He claims that he got his diagnosis today...I (as much as it sounds cold) don't believe him, i asked him for proof. My grandmother gets on the phone and tells me that I dont' have a heart then hangs up the phone (whatever). I called my cousins to see if they knew if it was true. One of them told me they are having a family meeting as i'm typing this..but he also wants proof..so he's going over there and agreed to call me if it is indeed true.

    I just don't know what to do? Should I go over there, what if its a LIE, and he just wants a pity party, it's late and i have to get up for school tomorrow...I have mixed feelings I don't even know if him dying mean anything to me..he tormented me for so many years..., help please.

    • ANSWER:
      find out if he is still smoking and drinking.if he is he hasn't got lung cancer .i have copd and i'm telling you now if he is smoking he is not sick . at any point i'd want proof before i exposed my children to him.you said he abused you what do you think he would do to your childred if he was left alone with them or to be honest would you really trust him around them.

  40. QUESTION:
    My father who is a crack/cocaine,crystal method, and alcohol addict is claiming he's dying of cancer (help)?
    Ok so basically my dad has been abusing drugs since like teenage years he's 46 now. He abused me growing up and i hated him for a very long time. Now that he's on the streets out of the 4 of us I'm the only one that has actually talked to him and tried to help him by taking him food or whatever. I explained to him he cannot stay with me because of his substance abuse and the fact that i dont' want my kids around that, and if he's willing to go clean we can talk about it again..

    Anyway, he has a history of being very manipulative, lies, etc...to get his way only this time he's making serious allegations that he has lung cancer, and that his liver is no good. He claims that he got his diagnosis today...I (as much as it sounds cold) don't believe him, i asked him for proof. My grandmother gets on the phone and tells me that I dont' have a heart then hangs up the phone (whatever). I called my cousins to see if they knew if it was true. One of them told me they are having a family meeting as i'm typing this..but he also wants proof..so he's going over there and agreed to call me if it is indeed true.

    I just don't know what to do? Should I go over there, what if its a LIE, and he just wants a pity party, it's late and i have to get up for school tomorrow...I have mixed feelings I don't even know if him dying mean anything to me..he tormented me for so many years..., help please.

    • ANSWER:

  41. QUESTION:
    Have you ever had to ever have a pet euthanized?
    Would you please tell me a little about it, if it's not too painful.

    About two years ago, this December, in fact; I had to have a dog named Kurtis put to sleep because he was dying of liver cancer. It was the most painful moment of my life.

    People were always right when they said it's the worst decision you ever have to make.
    This is Kurtis:
    Kurtis

    • ANSWER:
      Don't fret that pet. Knowing you, Kurtis had a great, comfortable, loved life. My parents put down the mutt I grew up with because of cancer growing really big in one of her organs. She was really in pain and miserable and it wasn't right to let her just die on her rug. We mourned her and sat around and cried alot and my Mom never got another dog after that because she was so attached to it. You made the right choice in my opinion. You can't just let a dog suffer. Every dog has it's day. I saw Kurtis's pic and that's a chill lookin doggy. I also saw this new pic of Trixie. Nice eyes biotch!
      Trixie smiling!

  42. QUESTION:
    My dad has Cancer...?
    My dad has kidney cancer that may have spread to his liver. He doesn't want to do Chemo because he would rather have one good year to live than 2 awful ones that aren't really living. I'm 19-years-old. My mom died when I was 14 and my brother died when I was 11. I have two children and am currently going through a divorce. I just feel so overwhelmed with everything that I have no idea how to deal with the fact that my dad is inevitably going to die.

    I guess I just need advice.

    • ANSWER:

  43. QUESTION:
    Did my fiance's family lie to him about his Dad's cancer?
    I started dating my boyfriend a little over a year ago. Shortly after, he told me about some health problems his father had been having. First, I learned about a major surgery that no doctor would touch save for a surgical team at Johns Hopkins. From that moment forward, I suspected his father had cancer based on many factors. First, the fact that in order to kill "benign" tumors, the doctors had injected some sort of poison. This "poison" caused his father, an avid drinker, to develope psorosis of the liver. They fly out to Johns Hopkins every couple of months for his dad to get a check up. He has weekly appointments with the local doctor. I assumed it was from radiation therapy as his dad had not lost a lot of hair. In the past month, his dad began going through Chemotherapy. At that point, I knew he had cancer. Last week, my boyfriend came home really upset. He looked at me and said, "my dad has cancer." I told him that I knew and I was sorry. Then, he proceeded to explain to me that he had just figured it out by directly asking his mother. She told him they had only known for a few months. Is it just me, or is this about the same thing as lying?

    • ANSWER:
      It's not clear from your question if your boyfriend was being 'lied' to or that no one in the family was asking the right questions of his doctors . . with older adults and older doctors I have seen this scenario play out before . . sometimes you need to ask the doctor directly if this is cancer or not. This same thing happened to my father in law who was never treated by an oncologist at all.

  44. QUESTION:
    Should I go on Pill or use condoms? Any doctors please?
    I am 22, healthy, no family history of anything, I don't smoke, with a long-term relationship, but I don't want a baby.

    For my skin I had been on Dianette, a pill, for 6 months and recently I had been given Yasmin to switch to, but decided not to take it after being scared by the leaflet, the side effects and risk of cervical, breast and liver cancers. So I decided to use condoms.

    I went to docs this morning saying I didn't take Yasmin and she said I was nuts because there is lots of research around the Pill, its very safe, the cancers are rare and it protects against ovarian and womb cancer which are big killers too and that all it does is switch off your fertility, which is better for your health because in the past women were always pregnant then they died. So my doctor was saying the Pill is healthier than condoms?

    I just want to know which is best for my health, I am very careful with contraception and used condoms in past with no worries. Any ideas? Facts? Thankyou
    And if I choose the Pill, is it ok to just go back on a different Pill after a month's break or will it mess me up?

    • ANSWER:
      It's up to you and what you feel comfortable with.

      If you don't feel comfortable with the potential side effects of the pill and don't mind using condoms, go ahead and continue with that.

      I have a hard time believing that using the pill is more healthy for you than not using it. Your body is perfectly capable of regulating its own hormones. I think there is very little risk of you developing any of the side effects, though, so I don't think going back on the pill would be detrimental to your health, either.

      I was one of those rare women who was healthy, young, didn't smoke, and still developed a blood clot in my lung from using the pill. I'm just lucky that way, though, because I have wonky blood. It's very, very unlikely that anything similar will happen to you.

  45. QUESTION:
    about Last stage of cancer?
    We have recently detected that she is in her last stage of cancer. The doctor has told that treatment is impossible because it is spread till the liver. Now, she has pain in her stomach very often. We have to live with this fact... but can i do something about it.

    • ANSWER:
      im sorry, i just had a recent family die from cancer after living for six months under the last stage.

      In the last stage, hospice nurses, or nursing homes are the best way to go. the Hospice nurses are licensed to give him pain killers to ease the pain, which is really handy, because at that point, its the most important thing.

      Talk to your oncologists about other options avaliable- such as special pain pills, or other medicines to calm him down.

      Good luck!

  46. QUESTION:
    Does this even seem true/possible?
    This dumb freshman at my school is friends with my boyfriend of 4 years,
    she gives me dirty looks everytime I see her and occasionally i hear her say crap behind my back.
    But anyway i guess yesterday she told my boyfriend shes giving her liver to her sister (because apparently her 10yr old sister has liver cancer) TODAY and has been at school all this week (i just saw her yesterday.)
    is that even possible?
    doesnt the donor have to go through a 2 week clensing and has to be in the hospital?
    ALSO, when he said he'd go see her, she said no because it's too early in the morning.
    and YES her "surgery is today."

    I honestly think this stupid girl is trying to get my boyfriends attention or trying to get him to think about her. Im not sure.

    Opinions or facts please.

    • ANSWER:
      That is not possible.If she gave her sister her liver, she would die without her own liver hon.
      Maybe she is giving her part of her liver?
      A kidney yes, a liver, not.

  47. QUESTION:
    so i thought about it more now that.......?
    its been almost a year now this comming March that my mother has been gone...she passed away having ovarian, pancreatic, and liver cancer on kemo and caught pnemonia...her husband was the one taking care of her at the time...i found out b4 Christmas 2010 that he was cheating on her with the woman he is now engaged to...when my mother was at the hospital dying...he went and saw his new girl while she was there everytime he left..i think he killed her.... everyone knows you cannot be sick while u have cancer or even getting kemo...my mother hid it from the doctors while she was getting the kemo so she could get better (not thinking she isnt supposed to do it while shes sick) he knew she was sick...the whole time....from day one...he told me he knew he shoulda brought her to the ER right after the kemo appt. but he didnt...and at the hospital while she was dying he came up with the idea that we should pull the plug so she wasnt suffering... my entire family was involved with the answer but he was the main person because he was her husband he was her healthcare proxy or w.e even tho everyone else (NOT ME) thought it was a good idea too..when it came to me to answer that question i just said DO WHAT YOU GOTTA DO and walked out i couldnt answer that question....but what im syaing is he had all control over it anyways..i believed my mother could have pulled thru it she had the life support for only 2 days b4 they took her off it they told us her O2 was decreasing but it was only 2 days! alot can happen after that!! they had the tubes in her to get whatever was in her lungs out and medicating her id dont see why should couldnt have pulled thru...i woulda told them wait a week or 2 and if it doesnt improve then do it but it was only 2 days!!! anyways so i think he did it all on purpose so HE didnt look like an asshole and walk out on my mother the way she was...(talkin bout no hair getting skinnier that stuff) to be with the other woman hes with...and he gave the ring he proposed to my mother with to her as well...i hate him do u think im right or crazy the facts are true so idk

    • ANSWER:
      That's just horrible. Your father made a commitment to your mother when he said, "I do". What happened to, "For better or for worse"? "In sickness or in health"? He shouldn't have pulled the plug. I agree, a few more days would've been all it took.

      I know you probably don't want strangers giving you family advice over the internet, but I think you should tell him how you feel. Write him a letter. Say it right to his face. Let him know that he ended a life that still had a chance, however slim it may be. He deserves to have cuss words, insults--hell, even forks!--thrown at him. I mean this in all seriousness. Maybe getting this off your chest will help you.

      Bottom line: he shouldn't have done what he did.

      God bless!

  48. QUESTION:
    my grandad may have cancer?
    My grandad may have cancer. he has a very large tumour on his liver, he has to have scans to find if its cancerous or not.
    The thing is....we are not close whats so ever, Ive never spoken to him for longer than 10minutes...I was close to my nan but she passed away in December from cancer and I havent seen him since.
    He is an alcaholic so must be the reson for the tumour on the liver...I just dont feel upset, and thats making me upset the fact that I dont feel anything....is this normal? :'(

    • ANSWER:
      If you aren't close to someone whether friend or family, it is normal to not feel sad. Its a normal reaction to sympathize for anyone "i'm sorry to hear that...is going through such an ordeal I hope they get better" but is doesn't mean you are going to get emotional over the situation. So don't knock yourself over it. For example, my grandfather died we were not close at all; i felt bad for his family but its not like he was around; but when he died I did send my sympathies to the family as a nice gesture. (but i wasn't crying or torn up.) Your human. Sorry for the loss of your grandmother (nan) I know your heart must be breaking but i'm sure she is looking over you.

  49. QUESTION:
    Did you know that marijuana kills cancer cells?
    Did you know that marijuana kills cancer cells? It actually causes them to eat themselves in a process called "autophage".

    Studies:

    THC (marijuana) helps cure cancer says Harvard study

    Link:

    http://www.nowpublic.com/thc_marijuana_helps_cure_cancer_says_harvard_study#ixzz19TMQ805v

    Marijuana Chemical May Fight Brain Cancer
    Active Component In Marijuana Targets Aggressive Brain Cancer Cells, Study Says

    Link:

    http://www.webmd.com/cancer/brain-cancer/news/20090401/marijuana-chemical-may-fight-brain-cancer

    Did you know the government knew about it in 1974?

    http://www.alternet.org/story/9257/

    Did you know that the cannabinoid receptor is the most prevalent cellular receptor in our brains?

    http://www.medicalcannabis.com/Cannabis-Science/endocannabinoid-system

    This mystery began to unravel in 1964, when tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the main psychoactive chemical in cannabis was isolated and synthesized by Raphael Mechoulam and colleagues in Israel. Subsequently, in 1988, Allyn Howlett and colleagues discovered the cannabinoid receptor in the brain. This receptor called CB1was a precise match for the unique chemicals called cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids). This initial discovery led to scientists hypothesizing that humans are "wired" for cannabis. The CB1receptors have been found in the brain in areas that control the coordination of movement, emotions, memory, reduction of pain, reward systems, and reproduction, yet are almost absent in the brain stem (which affects our vital functions such as breathing). It appears that cannabinoid receptors, which modulate other neurotransmitter function in a retrograde “on demand” fashion are present in far higher concentrations in the brain than any other receptor. While the CB1 receptors are primarily found in the central nervous system, a second type, CB2, discovered in 1993, are found primarily in the immune system, GI tract, liver, spleen, kidney, bones, heart, and peripheral nervous system. In fact, the CB2 receptor appears to be up-regulated whenever there is tissue pathology.

    What do you think about this?

    Is it true?

    Did the government know?

    What do you think about that?

    Did you know that the government actually has the patent on medical marijuana... for use in fighting diseases such as cancer, Crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and more?

    And yet they repeatedly say that there is "no medical use" for marijuana.

    Look it up. U.S. Patent #6630507
    Matt,

    What do they teach you kids in school these days? You believe that government propaganda?

    Did you know that there has not been ONE recorded death from marijuana overdose?? Ever??

    Unlike the thousands who die from overdose of prescription drugs every year.
    SyQ,

    That's the most close-minded, ridiculous answer I've ever heard.

    Why don't you look up "endocannabinoid system" and learn what it does before you say anything else. The system of cannabis receptors in your brain and other vital organs is ESSENTIAL TO LIFE. You cannot overdose on marijuana... no matter how much you ingest. Not the same with Cyanide.

    In fact, cannabis kills the cancer cells... and leave the healthy cells INTACT. Look it up.
    Paul.... a link to prove your one death would be appreciated. The cannabinoid receptors are the most prominent receptors in your brain, but they are completely absent from your brain stem which is why they say you cannot overdose on mj. It is NON-toxic to your system.

    And as far as "medical advice" goes... I didn't give any. I just point out FACTS. I didn't tell anyone to smoke or ingest marijuana... or tell them to use it in any way. I just pointed some FACTS and studies to support my facts.

    And I never said that marijuana is "harmless". YOU put those words in my mouth. But, I will say this, since you brought it up... if you aren't going to drive or operate heavy machinery, marijuana is harmless. Especially compared to all the prescription pharmaceuticals those "M.D's" you so revere are passing out like candy.

    • ANSWER:
      Another interesting thing. When the government said THC is known to cause psychotic symptoms, they did not take into fact that CBD also occurs in cannabis, and is known to be an anti-psychotic with therapeutic value to people with schizophrenia. Their studies did not take a combination of both cannabinoids, they just took THC. Also, THC has shown value in treating depression, whereas CBD has shown value in treating anxiety.

      Nevertheless, cannabis can cause psychotic symptoms in some individuals, which is why one must practice moderation and respect with cannabis, as with any other drug.

  50. QUESTION:
    Did you know that new research shows that marijuana actually kills cancer cells... rather than creating them?
    Did you know that marijuana kills cancer cells? It actually causes them to eat themselves in a process called "autophage".

    Also, instead of killing brain cells, studies show it actually promotes the growth of new brain cells?

    http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn8155-marijuana-might-cause-new-cell-growth-in-the-brain.html

    Example Cancer Studies:

    THC (marijuana) helps cure cancer says Harvard study

    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070417193338.htm

    Marijuana Chemical May Fight Brain Cancer
    Active Component In Marijuana Targets Aggressive Brain Cancer Cells, Study Says

    http://www.webmd.com/cancer/brain-cancer/news/20090401/marijuana-chemical-may-fight-brain-cancer

    Did you know the government knew about it in 1974?

    http://www.alternet.org/story/9257/

    Did you know that the cannabinoid receptor is the most prevalent cellular receptor in our brains?

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabinoid_receptor

    This mystery began to unravel in 1964, when tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the main psychoactive chemical in cannabis was isolated and synthesized by Raphael Mechoulam and colleagues in Israel. Subsequently, in 1988, Allyn Howlett and colleagues discovered the cannabinoid receptor in the brain. This receptor called CB1was a precise match for the unique chemicals called cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids). This initial discovery led to scientists hypothesizing that humans are "wired" for cannabis. The CB1receptors have been found in the brain in areas that control the coordination of movement, emotions, memory, reduction of pain, reward systems, and reproduction, yet are almost absent in the brain stem (which affects our vital functions such as breathing). It appears that cannabinoid receptors, which modulate other neurotransmitter function in a retrograde “on demand” fashion are present in far higher concentrations in the brain than any other receptor. While the CB1 receptors are primarily found in the central nervous system, a second type, CB2, discovered in 1993, are found primarily in the immune system, GI tract, liver, spleen, kidney, bones, heart, and peripheral nervous system. In fact, the CB2 receptor appears to be up-regulated whenever there is tissue pathology.

    What do you think about this?

    Did the government know?

    What do you think about that?

    Did you know that the government actually has the patent on medical marijuana... for use in fighting diseases such as cancer, Crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and more?

    And yet they repeatedly say that there is "no medical use" for marijuana.

    Look it up. U.S. Patent #6630507

    It's like a MIRACLE DRUG because the endocannabinoid system in your body controls so much chemically... by stimulating this system, many positive effects can occur in many different organs of the body.

    If you don’t believe me, check out the studies at www.pubmed.gov … just type “cannabinoids” and “cancer” in the search bar and you’ll see the results of the HUNDREDS of studies that show that the THC in marijuana actually kills cancer cells, both in human tissue cultures and in animals. But… they won’t let us do studies on humans because mj has been labeled the “devil’s weed”. HA!

    But there is plenty of anecdotal evidence. (People who didn't want to wait on the government to legalize medical marijuana to help with their illness. We've been waiting over 40 years, after all.) I have been in correspondence with the head of the biology dept at a major university in Colorado, and he's knows people personally who have used super-concentrated cannabis oil to CURE their cancer.His own girlfriend got rid of her skin cancer completely applying cannabis oil topically. You can also find video diaries on the internet of people who have gotten rid of skin cancer using cannabis oil. Also video diaries of people who have had miraculous healing of 3rd degree burns. One video diary I found had an AIDS patient who was ingesting the oil and cut his T-cell count from over 800 to around 400 in just a few weeks.

    Rick Simpson has cured hundreds of people over the last few years and has plenty of written and videoed testimony. Google "Run from the Cure".

    If you want to see the enormous number of medical conditions that marijuana is GOOD for, check this out…

    http://forum.grasscity.com/medical-marijuana/436257-granny-storm-crows-list-july-2009-a.html

    This is a video everyone should watch...

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4yxlCDtOlSM
    Aaron,

    Marijuana doesn't cause ANY bad, as you put it.

    Zero deaths every year are attributed solely to marijuana.

    It doesn't even increase your risk of lung cancer by smoking it... they can't even find a higher incidence of lung cancer even in chronic mj smokers... the anti-cancer effects of the drug overpower the fact that you are taking in carcinogens by smoking a leaf.

    • ANSWER:
      the government withholding imformation from the american people, I guess this has been happening a long time now. I wonder who's best interest their concerned about? clearly not that of U.S. citizens. Thank you for spreading good imformation about a goverment that betrays and lies constantly.


Liver Cancer In Canine Treatment

I couldn't imagine how hard it is for you right now to know that your dog has liver cancer. You're confused and you don't know what to do whether to bring your beloved dog back home and wait for his time or spend a substantial amount for his cancer treatment. This is going to be one hellish situation that you got yourself.

Like in humans, liver cancer in dogs begins due to the abnormal growth of mutated cells in the liver. This gives rise to masses or tumors that proliferate unchecked. If the process continues, this will spread to the other organs and will kill your dog.

According to recent statistics, liver cancer in dogs is common among the aging population and that one of every two dogs 10 years old and above will die from it. The death rate is way over the 90% mark.

Most liver cancer in dogs starts not in the liver itself but as a result of metastasis. This means that cancerous cells from the other areas travel towards the liver through the bloodstream. Aside from the liver, secondary liver cancer could spread to the lungs, lymph nodes, abdominal wall to name a few. Some notable cancers that have a higher tendency of spreading to the liver include the pancreatic and mammary cancers.

Most probably, your vet will perform a biopsy to confirm if the tumors are cancerous or benign. After which, a definitive diagnosis can be drawn plus the path to take for your dog's recovery. Surgery is highly recommended if it involves a single liver lobe.

Multiple tumors are harder to deal with and at this moment, there is no effective treatment available yet. So, if your dog has multiple tumors spanning to multiple liver lobes, there is a very little chance for your dog to survive. Also, we'd like to point out that chemotherapy wouldn't be effective in this particular case as well.

We do have a good news because down the road, some German doctors are working on a radiation therapy that specifically deals with multiple tumors in multiple locations. The bad news is that this treatment isn't available yet and still being perfected and tested.

Are There Any Natural Remedies For Liver Cancer In Dogs?

Right now, we could not find any definite conclusions that could tie up natural or homeopathic treatments in curing liver cancer. What we do know is that these supplements can help sustain the general health of your dog and to improve the dog's energy levels.

These products help by boosting your dog's immune system and clean or purify the body. Right now, we do not know if these products could really help alleviate the pain of your beloved dog or at the very least treat the disease.

In which case, always take advantage and do anything humanly possible to save the life of your dog. Should you choose to give these supplements, make sure these six ingredients are present: Mistletoe, Echinacea, Huang Qi, Indian ginseng, Cat's claw and Milk thistle.


Liver Cancer Lesions

Cancer of the bladder is not one of neoplastic disease, but a group of various cancers of different histologic patterns with different natural histories and pathologic behaviors. As a consequence of the above, different forms of treatment become necessary, depending upon different individual circumstances. Apart from the biologic behavior tendencies of cancer of the bladder, another unique characteristic is that the bladder serves the essential function of storage of urine so that if it becomes necessary to sacrifice the bladder by surgery, provision for urinary storage must be made. To date all such provisions are makeshifts.

Furthermore, cancer of the bladder, apart from threatening the patient's health and existence by local extension and distant metastases, is potentially lethal through secondary effect of damaging kidney function by ureteral obstruction with concomitant infection. And finally, not only recurrences of the original tumor, but the occurence of other tumors from oci, represent another undesirable characteristic.
For many years bladder tumors have been classified on the basis of their cystoscopic appearance. There are the multiple, small, benign papillary type of tumor which should be regarded as a Grade I carcinoma, for eventually these tumors may become invasive. Next there is the second type of tumor with a broad base and cauliflower-like appearance which is a malignant papilloma and usually infiltrating. Then there is the third type, an ulcerative lesion, which is quite frequently a squamous cell carcinoma.

Recently it has been suggested that all bladder tumors should be classified, not upon their appearance under the microscope, but rather upon the extent of their invasion through the wall of the bladder:
1.Those growing superficially on the bladder mucosa.
2.those that have become invasive and the invasion has been limited to the tunica propria.
3.those that have invaded into the muscular wall of the bladder.
4.those that have invaded all the way through the wall of the bladder and finally,
5.those with metastatic growth outside the bladder.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Pancreatic cancer = Liver lesions?
    My Mother in law survived Pancreatic Cancer back in 2007. She's been in remission ever since the surgery in December '07. She goes every 3 months for an MRI to make sure there is nothing new. In January she passed with flying colors. She went in this past Tuesday for the next 3 month MRI and they told her yesterday that they found 2 lesions on her liver, one was 1 cm and the other was 1.6 cm.

    My question is, what are the chances that something could have popped up now after everything has been clear? She did have a horrible viral infection back in February, and I've read online that lesions can be caused by a viral infection but we won't know until she gets a PET scan done sometime soon.

    Is she more at risk for this to be cancer due to having had pancreatic cancer? She had a modified whipple procedure done where they removed the area on her pancreas that was infected, some of her stomach, her intestine and her gall bladder/bile duct. They also took biopsies of her lymph nodes to see if she had any cancerous cells and of the 24 that they took, 3 did so they gave her a long round of chemo and radiation therapy.
    Thanks, but I already know about pancreatic cancer...

    • ANSWER:
      The honest answer to your question is that the liver lesions very well could be cancer. I suppose the MRI has ruled out that they could be simple cysts? They have been there the whole time, but it has taken them about 1½ years to become large enough to be visible on MRI. They are probably resistant to the chemo given earlier. A major risk factor (apart from the fact that she had pancreatic cancer) is that 3 of the removed lymph nodes harbored metastases. But that doesn't mean that there are no treatment options. I´m not knowledgeable enough to tell you exactly what those treatment options are, but this is a discussion she will have with her oncologist (if the lesions turn out to be metastases).

  2. QUESTION:
    If you have lesions in the stomach & liver, does that mean you have cancer?
    My dad has been admitted to hospital & has been in for over a week now but he isn't letting on too much information about his condition. He has told me he has hep c & has had that for 20 yrs now, he also has lesions on his liver & in his stomach.
    He perforated his stomach approx 15 yrs ago & cut down his drinking habits then but slowing began drinking more with the result of more internal bleeding, leading to his hospital stint. My question is does he have cancer too?

    • ANSWER:
      The medical term "lesion" denotes any irregular tissue structure. It could be scarring, benign growth, or malignant (cancerous) growth.

      Your father's doctor will diagnose his condition through medical imaging and other appropriate tests. The doctor will then offer a treatment plan.

      You really need to speak with your parents about this matter, but be aware that they may be under great stress right now. Speak with them in a mature and constructive manner that makes you an asset to the family.

      Best wishes that your Dad has a good outcome.

  3. QUESTION:
    Aunt just diagnosed with breast cancer now liver lesions?
    My 42 yo aunt has just been diagnosed with breast cancer thru a biopsy its came back as a stage 23 grade 2.So they did a PET SCAN when they go the results back the doctor said everything came back clear except her liver had some spots that looked suspicious so they are now going to do a liver biopsy.Could this be cancer to? If so how if her lymp nodes came back clear ?how could it have spread? What else could it be???Iam freaking out here worried sick I just want her to be better and this waiting and not knowing is killing us!!Also IM confused cause she had her yearly mammogram 10 only 10 months ago!?

    • ANSWER:
      mine went to my liver and uterus even though my lymph nodes were clear,i have 5 large tumours on my liver and was given 3 to 4 months to live last march, but my doc threw everything he could at me and a lot more to come but he reckons i could see my grandchild being born in sept, (my first by my only daughter), and even my 50th birthday next jan, because he shrunk the tumours so much, what i am trying to say is, if they can shrink my big buggers then think what they can do with your aunts spots. positive thinking really helps, and it may not be cancer, she`s is lucky to have people who love her. hope her results are good x

  4. QUESTION:
    Regarding the question posted about "cancer terminology" in regards to liver cancer?
    I just read a post that someone is trying to clear up the term lesion. I ask this because I'm wondering if this is how liver cancer is detected, would one of the many symptoms of liver cancer be lesions shown in an ultrasound? Lucikly for me, I too did have an ultrasound for my liver but they found no lesions

    • ANSWER:
      Ultrasound is one way but MRI,CT scans work well also

  5. QUESTION:
    liver cancer?
    Can a person have cancer in the liver when blood test for liver comes back normal? I have lesions, need biopsy and am considering not having it done.
    Thanks for the advice so far, but honestly cancer in the liver is pretty much fatal. If it's there, it's there. I don't want to go through a biopsy again. Had one in a different spot toward the end of last year. I'm drained.

    • ANSWER:
      Please go have the tests immediately,this is your life you are dealing with.

  6. QUESTION:
    My aunt had surgery for her colon cancer, but now there's cancer lesions on her liver. Is it curable?
    She's in a hospice program for the terminally ill because they say there is no cure for colon cancer. If there was no cure, what is the chemotherapy for?

    How much time does she have left?
    http://www.webmd.com/colorectal-cancer/guide/treatment-stage?page=2

    This site says the 5-year survival rate for Dukes D Colon Cancer is about 8%.

    Does that mean only 8% of the people live past five years?

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately, if you're aunt has lesions in her liver, then her cancer is most likely incurable. It means that it has metastasized (spread from her bowel to liver). The reason they are offering chemotherapy is that chemo can be used even in palliative patients to slow progression, but primarily to reduce symptoms. i.e. If someone has a cancer in their throat that has spread to their liver, chemo may be offered to slow the growth of the cancer in their throat so they can continue to eat alone without the aid of medical devices.

      Your interpretation of the 5 year survival rate is correct.

  7. QUESTION:
    liver cancer- if you dont KNOW dont try to answer?
    female 23
    numerous liver lesions

    total liver failure
    mass in stomach

    talking to her about resuscitation preferences

    is there a stop gap method for for liver failure?

    would they transplant if , if cancer is present and its a large tumor?
    ok there are lots debate in within YA, however obviously my daughter is dieing and I would have thought just a small amout of humanity would have suggested you lay off over this question

    • ANSWER:
      Agree with Denisedd- sounds more like gastric cancer with liver spread (metastases). Has either the liver or stomach mass been biopsied? If this is metastatic disease, transplant is not an option. Outside of treatment for the primary cancer, the liver failure will not get better; furthermore the liver failure creates many problems with administering the treatment in the first place, so starting treatment may not even be an option. There really is no other stop-gap measure here. I am truly sorry to not have more positive advice. A biopsy needs to be done though- if it is lymphoma, then this suddenly becomes a completely different (and much better) problem.
      Blessings

  8. QUESTION:
    Liver lesions...what is the prognoses?
    My mother in law had breast cancer about 4 years ago, she then had a breast reconstruction.

    Recently she's been diagnosed with liver lesions and needs chemotheraphy.

    Has anyone known someone close to them that has had liver cancer? What is the prognoses?

    My husband and I are pregnant with out first child, and first Grandchild for my mother in law, I really want our child to grow up knowing her, what are the chances???

    Thank you in advance for your answers.

    • ANSWER:
      Not very good I'm afraid. She may be fairly limited in her time unless they have got the liver lesions at an early stage

  9. QUESTION:
    I have a question about liver lesions, just like "scared."?
    I am a 49 year old female, have been having problems that sound like gallbladder to everybody that I talk to. I have had an ultrasound, and they called me saying I need a ct scan because they saw "abnormalities" which are lesions on my liver. They think they are most likely hemangioma, which are benign, but of course I'm terrified. I'm always healthy, this is the first health problem I've ever really had. Wondering if at my age I should be scared that it is liver cancer, it is all over the internet. A couple of older members of my family have had cancer, but not anything like liver that I know of. I am having pain in my shoulders after eating, some queasiness with greasy or fatty food, and some diarrhea. Sounds like gallbladder, which I will have tested, but doctor's don't get in any hurry! it takes a few weeks to get things done. Anyway, anybody know anything about these lesions? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I am a 30 year female and have lesions on my liver too. Mine are from being on birth control for 10 years. Don't let this worry you too much until they do some more test.. I asked to not biopsy mine just yet.. so we are watching it to see if it grows.. Time will tell my dear and if you are a healthy women with no other signs it may just be there like mine.. I know its scary they found mine in the ER during a cat scan.. Took a week till anyone called me back.. So I proceeded to call and call until they could give me some answers. I wish you well and are praying for you..I found a lot of help on Web MD.. What is on my liver may never go away but may also never do any damage on less it gets bigger. The only thing for me is that can no longer take any kind of hormones. (which will stink during those hot flashes yet to come).

  10. QUESTION:
    Lesions on the liver and pancreas?
    It may be a case of cancer. Has anyone here been treated for liver cancer and what does the treatment entail. Thankyou.

    • ANSWER:
      My sister is a liver cancer survivor, her treatment was a liver transplant (outside the US) and chemo

  11. QUESTION:
    How commonly are lesions of the liver benign?
    I was in hospital before christmas with kidney stones: CT scans revealed that I have largeish lesions on my liver, which the CT could not identify, so am going in for an MRI tomorrow. I'm obviously nervous and hoping I'll be told I'm fine and can just go home, no worries. So I'm just wondering what other people's experiences of this are - is liver cancer common when lesions are a symptom? And do benign lesions require surgery? I'm already booked in for cytoscopy for the kidney stone, and would really like to avoid further surgery!!

    Anyone else out there in the same boat??

    • ANSWER:
      50% chance of either.
      Best of luck.

  12. QUESTION:
    my mother in law is 6o years old has smoked for years and has type 2 diabetes, has she got liver cancer?
    she has been told after numerous tests that she has lesions on her liver and some on her lung the docs have told her that there is huge chance of cancer. she looks to me to be slightly jaundice and has fluid build up in her ankles and feet has loss of appetite. does anyone have any info or advice on what they think and how advanced it is and if there is anything she can do to slow it we are waiting on results from endoscopy , and praying Any info please????

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry Joanne, but it isn’t possible for someone to slow down cancer on their own. She may not have liver cancer as often presents as a solitary lesion. Multiple lesions are more consistent with metastatic disease. Lung mets usually show as multiple lesions as well, most of the time at the base of the lungs. Doctors do not know how to treat her until they know what kind of cancer they are dealing with and it sounds like that is what they are doing now.

  13. QUESTION:
    Secondary liver cancer from the bowel?
    Hello

    I am a 23 year old male, diagnosed with Duke C bowel cancer in may 2008. I had a proctocolectomy to remove the tumor but it spread to the lymph nodes and a recent ultrasound showed mulitple lesions on my liver.
    I am not so concerened whether i live or die but really just how much pain i will experience with or without medicine as i am quite sick to death of hopsitals and am not really happy of the idea of more hospital stays and/or drugs.

    thank you

    • ANSWER:
      This is terrible news and you are far too young to have to deal with it. I am so sorry.

      If you have multiple liver lesions surgery is not going to fix it. It sounds as though you understand the prognosis is not good. I know one can only take so much of doctors and hospitals before you are sick of them. You need to talk to your oncologist about your priorities to make sure your goals are the same and discuss your concerns about pain. Not everyone experiences severe pain. Also, be clear about your objections to drugs. What is it that makes you dislike them? Do they make you nauseous? Fuzzy headed? Sleepy? Your doctor can work with you to give you different or a combination of drugs that are better for you, but they need to know what you don’t like about them first. If and when you are ready hospice really is a good idea. When you feel like it look into a few in your area and talk to them about how they would handle your case. Best wishes.

  14. QUESTION:
    Liver cancer case-last stage- request opinion of expert-can it still be cured?
    My close relative has liver cancer,she is in india, Her last investigation report states
    "A case of Ca. Pancreas with liver metastases"

    Looking for help, if some expert can look at the report and provide his opinion
    1. Is there any hope left? Can it still be cured
    2. If yes, what can help.

    Report
    Clinical Pathology
    -----------------
    Sport urinalysis
    Protien 6.7 mg/dl
    Creatinine 150 mg/dl
    UPCR (urine protein: urine creatinine ration) 0.04466 mg/dl

    BIOCHEMISTRY
    -----------------
    refrence range
    MAG MagnEsium 2.1 mg/dl 1.7- 2.4
    CAI Calcium total 9.5 mg/dl 9-11
    BSR Blood sugar 90 mg/dl 60-110
    PHQ PHOSPHOROUS 6.8 mg/dl 3-4.5
    quantitative 24 hr

    ABDOMEN
    ------------------------------------------------
    Liver(segment 8) > 2.2cm ( 1.2cm in prev study)
    Liver(segment 6) > 1.9 cm ( 1.1cm in prev study)
    Liver(segment 5) > 1.5 cm
    Uncinate process pancreas mass > 3.0cm

    A case of ca. uncinate process of pancreas with liver metastases
    Target lesions in regard to liver metastasis have increased in size as well as number, suggestive of disease progression.

    HEMATOLOGY
    ---------------------------------------------------
    TLC WBC COUNT 11540 /cumm 4000-10000
    RBC 3.83 million/cmm 3.9- 5.6
    HB 10.9 gm/dl 13.5-18
    HCT 35.3 % 40-54
    MCV 92.2 76-96
    MCH 28.5 pg/ml 27-32
    MCHC 30.9 g/dl 32-36
    platelete count 3.80 lac/cumm 1.5-3.0
    Polymorphs 80 % 40-75
    Lymphocytes 18 % 20-50
    Eosinophils 02 % 1-6
    HEMATOLOGY
    ---------------------------------------------------
    PROTHROMBIN TIME-PT. 18.1 sec 11-16
    LFT- FOLLOW UP.
    BILRUBIN TOTAL 0.3 MG/DL 0.2-1.2
    ALBUMIN 3.7 gms % 3.2-5.3
    PROTIEN 6.6 gms % 6.2-8.0
    SGOT-AST 29 Iu/L 0-38
    SGPT-ALT 53 Iu/L 0-31
    ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE 475 Iu/L 108-306
    RENEL FUNCTION TEST-RFT.
    ------------------------------------------------------------
    UREA 30 MG/DL 10-45
    CREATININE 1.1 mg/dl 0.4-1.4
    SODIUM 138 meq/l 136-149
    POTASSIUM 4.7 meq/l 3.5-5.0
    CHLORIDE 102 meq/l 98-108

    • ANSWER:
      She has pancreatic cancer not liver cancer. Surgery for this cancer is very extensive and not an option in 80% of the cases and certainly not for stage 4 disease. I’m sorry to say this is not curable. Her oncologist is the expert and should have explained this.

  15. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for metastatic liver cancer in the elderly?
    My father was recently diagnosed with liver cancer, he's 88. He has multiple lesions on his liver. It is the secondary site - he had a bout of bladder cancer which (we thought) was being successfully managed. He's been in great shape, good health and very active his entire life. He is not your typical frail elderly person in their 80s. Its hard to see someone who was formerly energetic and vibrant slipping away. They have done ultrasound and CT scan and needle biopsy is next. We are being told by oncologist that treatment options are limited or that he "may not be a good candidate for chemo", presumably because of his age and I guess b/c of the advanced stage the cancer may be at. Does anyone have any similar experiences? The Internal Medicine Resident who first saw him said "3 months" but she's not an oncologist so not sure how much weight to put in that. I've heard liver cancer has a bad prognosis and is very quick/aggressive. Would be interested to hear about anyone having similar experiences. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer usually does have a poor prognosis, but I’m not so sure that is what he has. If it is a secondary site than it is not liver cancer. Are you saying it’s metastatic bladder cancer? Are they doing a biopsy of the liver? Maybe they are not sure what the primary site is.

  16. QUESTION:
    Colon/ Liver Cancer Question?
    My mum was diagnosed with colon cancer that had spread to her liver 6 months, at the time she was told she had 3-6 months to live. A few weeks later she underwent surgery to have the majority of the tumors in the liver removed.

    She still has a few small lesions on her liver, up at the top and some on the right hand side approx 7/9 – she had 3 months of chemo and once the review came they said it was a ‘mixed response’ some had grown a little- some stayed the same.

    They didn’t do a scan of the bowel, Why is this? As they need the tumor there to shrink to undergo surgery on the bowel/ liver at the same time.

    Another concern is that they always scan her chest to see if it’s clear, I know its a common place for the cancer to break off to- but what is the likely hood and how long would it take?

    Thanks a lot

    • ANSWER:
      The liver is the most common place for colon cancer to spread to. It is a little strange to be given 3-6 months to live and still be doing surgery and chemo. However, she should have had a colon resection before chemo started and if any liver lesions are removed it is usually done then. It is pointless to remove them and leave the cancer in the colon and they usually don’t remove them if there are more than 2-3. If the liver was scanned than the colon was too. It is impossible to know if or when it may spread to the lungs.

  17. QUESTION:
    My 79 year old father-in-law was recently diagnosed with secondary (metastatic) liver cancer.?
    He has multiple lesions on his liver. The doctors have been unable to determine the primary site of the cancer. They "think" it may be the pancreas and have advised that it is sometimes difficult to diagnose cancer in the pancreas. He is bleeding internally and has needed several blood transfusions over the last 6 months. He has lost 35-40 pounds. His ankles are very painful and all the doctors can say is that it is an infection, which they are treating with aggressive intravenous antibiotics. Due to his age and other heath concerns (prior heart attacks), the doctors do not think chemo is possible. He has not been given a prognosis; (no one has asked). Can anyone give me a prognosis of how long he might have?

    • ANSWER:
      It is difficult to treat cancer with chemo when you do not know the primary site. They should be able to tell from a liver biopsy. He should have also had a PET. If this is the only area cancer is seen it will depend on how much his liver is involved. If it is pancreatic cancer the median survival is 2-6 months. If they cannot stop the internal bleeding it will be several days to a few weeks.

  18. QUESTION:
    What is a liver lesion?
    Im a 20 year old male 6' 170 pounds, healthy and in shape, with no history of cancer in the family and I was told I had a liver "lesion" show up on a CT scan. Is it likely this is cancer? I just joined the army and found this out and im fairly scared that its cancer or something because I dont precisely know what a "lesion" means when discussing the liver and everything Ive searched online with regards to liver lesions comes up liver cancer. What are the chances, with my lack of cancer history in my family, and my age that this is something i should be stressing over? Could prescription drugs that I used to take have caused this? Could an old injury from a fight could have caused it? Thanks for all the help...

    • ANSWER:
      A "liver lesion" could refer to almost anything seen on a CT scan in the liver. That term isn't descriptive at all. It simply means that there was some kind of spot visible on the scan. There are a multitude of things that could be visualized like this in a CT. One would have to view the scan and know your medical history to start venturing guesses. Hopefully you have a follow up with your doctor, since he or she can give you much more definite answers. Cancer, however, isn't very common in young adults, so don't worry too much about that diagnosis at this point. It's much much more likely to be something else!

  19. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and liver cancer?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:

  20. QUESTION:
    liver ultrasound results...does this mean I don't have liver cancer?
    i had a liver ultrasound done and it said that it was very fatty. Because of the excess fat, localized lesions can't be seen clearly but no mass lesions have been detected. Does this mean I do not have a tumor which in turns means no liver cancer?

    I had the ultrasound done because I had elevated liver enzymes so my doctor suspects it to be the liver inflammed from fatty change. But after 3 months of exercising and dietary change my liver enzymes have returned to normal. Please let me know if the terminology from my ultrasound means no liver cancer. Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      If you had liver cancer the doctor would have told you because there would be treatments involved. A fatty liver is more common than most people realize. Question your doctor and make sure that he or she answers all of your questions.

  21. QUESTION:
    liver lesion and blood tests?
    my mom had a blood test done a few months back and the results showed something wrong with her liver. my mom has had arthritis since her 20s and has had numerous joint replacement surgeries. she is on steady pain medication and so they thought it was all the medication taking its toll.

    fast forward. she was having an attack that sounded like it might be her gall bladder and so she went in to have an ultrasound. while they did in fact find gall stones they also found a lesion on her liver.

    she is going back in tomorrow for a more thorough cat scan on her liver and i am worried. most of the research i have done shows that benign lesions on the liver are common and usually nothing to worry about, however, these people also had normal blood tests.

    my question is if anyone out there with medical knowledge can let me know if her blood test showed damage to her liver does this increase the chances that it is cancerous?

    i know there is no way for anyone to tell me "your mom is fine" or "your mom has liver cancer"

    but any personal stories or medical advice would be appriciated.

    i am just scared. my mom's mom was diagnosed with breast cancer at the same age my mom is now. she lost her battle at 59. i have also lost both of my dad's parents to cancer so i do not take it lightly.

    i'm not ready to even think about losing my mom.

    • ANSWER:
      First let me say I am sorry to hear about your mother going through a rough patch right now. Ok so they found a lesion on your mothers liver that does not necessarily mean that it is cancer.

      I myself had an ultrasound done on my abdomen a few years ago due to random shooting pains I would get every now and then. While my bladder was normal they found a lump/lesion on my kidney. Granted I had normal blood work numbers (creatine levels were normal) but it really worried me none the less. I had a CT scan performed on my abdomen and they fount it just to be a cyst (dromedary hump) which is a normal variant.

      I am not saying that absolutely nothing is wrong with your mother, but it could be an illness less threatening than cancer. Do not work yourself up until your mother has already received her results. I wish you and your mother the best of luck.

  22. QUESTION:
    Liver Lesion on CT scan?
    My husband has been having gastrointestinal problems (gas, change in bowel habits, constant cramping feeling in upper right quadrant) since Christmas and we always thought he just had a sensitive stomach. It's gotten progressively as time's gone on and he went to see an GI. The GI did a HIDA scan, colonoscopy and endoscopy and everything turned out fine. He issued him a prescription for intestinal spasms and left it at that. My husband didn't want that answer and went back to his family doctor who issued a CT scan. They found a lesion on his liver, unfortunately they did not say where or how big. He's going to get a MRI done now so we will know more soon. I've been trying to look into what causes liver lesions, what all it could be (cyst, tumor, etc) but only one thing keeps popping up and that's liver cancer. Does anyone have any idea or can you give me more insight? It's much appreciated.

    • ANSWER:

  23. QUESTION:
    How can cancer spread without lymph node involvment?
    My aunts lymph nodes came back clear but they found lesions on her liver she has been diagnosed with breast cancer.They are doing a liver biopsy.We have no idea right now if they r cancer or nothing Iam praying they are nothing.But how can cancer spead without lymph node involvment? Whats the possibilty this is just nothing?
    They did blood work came back as non-vascular

    • ANSWER:
      I'm curious what you mean by "they did blood work came back as non-vascular." The truth is that all tumors have some vasculature or they wouldn't be able to survive. Tumors feed on the same oxygen and nutrients that the rest of your body feeds on, and more.

      As a result, the cancerous cells can enter the blood stream and travel through the body, coming to rest in other locations. The liver is a prime target for these rogue cells because it works like a filter for the blood.

      The lymphatic system definitely plays a part, but positive nodes do not always precede distant metastases.

  24. QUESTION:
    what is a lesion found on a cancer patient who has prostrate cancer, lymph glands also and hip bone. now it sa?
    the cancer patient has prostrate cancer, with lymph glands also and on hip bone. Now they found lesions on the liver. he was scheduled for surgery to remove everything involved, when the ultrasound picked up the lesions on the liver. Surgery was canceled until they can be cleared for an MRI. What exactly is a lesion? Thanks. Thoms626@verizon.net

    • ANSWER:
      A lesion is an abnormal area in an organ or tissue (it is a nonspecific term for an abnormality). Since the patient has cancer it is likely that the lesion is cancerous.
      Advanced prostate (not prostrate) cancer can metastasize (spread to other organs) making treatment very difficult. If the cancer has spread the treatment will be different than if the cancer was localized to the prostate. Once cancer spreads chemo or radiation is usually necessary in addition to surgery.

  25. QUESTION:
    what is a persons chance of surviving stage 4 colon cancer w/2 lesion on the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      one year--80%
      two year--68%
      three year--52%
      four years and after--below 50%

  26. QUESTION:
    life expectancy w/ stage 4 colon cancer mest to lung and liver?
    I know i'm asking for an ans for which there is no definitive one...here goes. My boyfriend was diagnosed w/colon cancer 4 years ago. had surgery, chemo, radiation, removed large section of colon. 2 years ago and pretty much non-stop, chemo, radiation, then mest to lymph nodes, lungs and liver. had cryo laser surgery done in nov, said was good. but then got lung infection, cea up to 49, 3 weeks later, 156, Jan 2 Cea 250 w/ 15 lesions on liver, excructiating pain, still doing 10 chemo pills ago (not responding). went to er last night, liver's enlarges, sent him home w/ stronger pain pills (was vicadine, not sure what now) but still has to double up to minimize pain. He's given up,(is pretty mean) says the doc's haven't given him a time frame but told me not to buy him a birthday present (aug). he refuses to talk about it, says it will jsut upset me. I say I have a right to know. help? ideas? timeframe? he's 55

    • ANSWER:
      Just going by the info given I would say, he is right that he might not see his next birthday. You might do some research on the stages of dying. It sounds like he is in the acceptance stage. It might be helpful for yourself, and allow you to be more of what he needs(not that I'm saying you aren't right now). I have some training in helping the dying as a "Stephen Minister". It has been a little while, and I have never actually had a case yet (Thank God), but I do know that there are definitely stages, The loved ones also go through the same stages, but at their own rate, and at times that may not be very helpful if you know what I mean. An example might be that he is in the acceptance stage ,and you might be in the denial or bargaining stage. Anyway this isn't really what you asked but, I think it will be helpful to you at some point. Maybe there is even some info on-line. Also a hospice maybe able to give you some reading suggestions, maybe even a support group.
      If you attend a church, It maybe that they have a "Stephen ministry program" or if they do not then they might be able to put you in contact with a church that does.
      May God bless you both, and strengthen and comfort you.
      You may e-mail me if you wish.
      EDIT: You do not have to belong to a church or even be a christian to ask for a Stephen Minister.

  27. QUESTION:
    does anyone have experience with bowel cancer which may have spread to the liver,?
    I have a small 1cm lesion in my liver which may or may not be cancer, what might be symptons one might look for

    • ANSWER:
      I have colon cancer with mets to my liver. I have had 5/6ths of my colon removed, and am now awaiting a liver resection. Have you had the primary cancer removed? Did you do radiation or chemotherapy? I had to have a CT, Ultrasound and an MRI for the radiologists to determine that most of the spot in my liver were complex cysts (which can be misdiagnosed as cancer), but I have five spots - which 'appear' to be cancer that the chemo has already treated. Since the spots are still visible I am having them removed.
      Are you aware of your CEA level? This is your blood reading that for some people is a good marker to indicate active cancer. If you are not aware of this test, it is likely that your Oncologist would have past records of your readings. You should know what they are and see if it has fluctuated.
      There are no symptoms of tumours in the liver. There is no pain (thankfully).
      Wendy
      www.wendysbattle.com

  28. QUESTION:
    Anyone here with breast cancer metastasis to the liver?
    My aunt was diagnosed and by the time she noticed the lump in her breast it had spread to her liver she has about a dozen lesions on her liver.They haven't done much with the mass in her breast they have said the main concern is her liver at the moment.She is taking chemo treatments every week and the breast mass has shrunk in size and she is doing well considering.Her blood work has been coming back normal every week except last week her white blood cell count was high and she could not have chemo.Iam wanting to talk to people who has went thru this or is going thru this same situation .What was/is your course of treatment? how are you doing? I know this is serious and would lover more info from someone knowledgeable. Also her breast cancer is 98% estrogen positive,mildly differentiated.
    She goes back for another round of tests wensday since having chemo to see if its working and Im just really worried.She is like a mother to me and I want to be there to support her and just understand all I can.
    edit sorry i meant*the tumor in her breast is a Grade 2. The cells are somewhat abnormal (moderately differentiated).

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry about your aunt, but metastatic breast cancer is not curable, it can often be managed for several years though. She is getting the standard course of treatment and it looks like she is responding well if the tumors are shrinking. It is also good the tumor is moderately differentiated and ER positive, which means the tumor will likely respond to hormone therapy as well. She does have a long road ahead of her. She will still need a mastectomy, possibly more chemo and radiation, before hormone therapy. Best wishes to you both.

  29. QUESTION:
    A friend just diag. w/uterine cancer has to have 2-3 liters of fluid drained weekly. What's happening?
    Uterine cancer (aggressivve),w/lesions on liver & lung. Beer-like fluid w/foamy head needs to be drained weekly. 2 to 3 liters each time.
    Whats going on?

    • ANSWER:
      Her ascites is probably caused by 'seeding' from her tumors . . the small nodules or cancer 'seeds' embed themselves into the lining of the soft tissue within the abdomen and cause an irritation. The response by the body is to produce fluid . . in excess .. which is the ascites.

      There is some treatment available for those with uterine cancer that have ascites that is done palliatively. It may cut down on the fluid. It's called hyperthermic chemoperfusion and you can find literature about it at the National Library of Medicine:
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16437944

  30. QUESTION:
    TACE - in Liver Cancer?
    A women of 72 years, having liver cirrhosis and blood sugar, spleenomegaly, cholelithiasis, bronchitism, ashma having a lung capacity of less than 10% is now diagonised to have hepatoma, having 3.7 x 3 centimeters size space occupying exophytic lesion in the right lobe of the liver. Whether TACE is an effective treatment for this patient and what are the risks associated with this TACE treatment.

    • ANSWER:
      This should have been discussed with the oncologist when it was recommended. This is a part of the decision making process. TACE in this case is likely a palliative treatment and it is effective. There is risk of hemorrhage and developing an abscess which could be fatal.

  31. QUESTION:
    My mother has been diagnosed with cancer. Can that cause her toenails and feet to turn black?
    She has cancer in both lungs, both adrenal glands, 3 lesions on the liver, and a mass between her ribs. One of the masses has increased in size from 3 cm to 10.5 cm in ONE MONTH. She also has a small lump on her head. Could the feet turning black also be caused by the cancer? (like maybe in her bones or something?)

    • ANSWER:
      I do not know about the skin turning black but the link below may help with the cancer.

  32. QUESTION:
    Father has lesions in hip bone, spine, around heart, lungs, liver, gallbladder and chest cavity...?
    My father's health has been going downhill for the last 6 months. It started with his kidney's failing due to diabetes and he was doing pretty well until about a month or so ago. He's been on dialysis for close to 6 months, and has been complaining of severe pain in his back and side.

    So, the doctors ran a few tests and I was aware of the lesions on his liver and gallbladder but was not aware of the ones on the other parts of his body. The doctors do not know if it is benign or malignant yet, and are trying to decide when to schedule him in for the biopsy. He had to be readmitted to the hospital last week due to the amount of pain and inability to walk.

    My question is:

    has this ever happened to you or anyone you known and it turned out to not be cancer? I don't know what will happen if it is malignant because his health has degenerated so quickly. I'm trying to spend time with him every day, and I'm worried about what will happen in the next few months. Is there any way I can help prepare myself to help my father get through this?

    Any advice or comment is appreciated. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      You need to speak to his doctors as they have all the information needed to answer you and we do not. It would be very unusual to not know if any of those sites are cancer are not and they are an unusual array for metastatic sites especially since you did not mention any lymph nodes unless that is what you mean by around the heart and chest cavity. I’m not sure why they didn’t do a biopsy when he was in the hospital.

  33. QUESTION:
    lesions on liver/non specific?
    Hx 5 year post Breast Ca.
    Recent dx nodule on lung and 2 leisions on liver. Dr note states "unable to rule ot mets at this time."
    Can anyone tell me about leisons on the liver. What it could be, if NOT cancer? Dr is out of town.
    I need to know if they can be anything else so that I can get through the week without worrying quite as much.
    Dr did sign off on the staetement w/no addl instructions for follow up.
    Thanks Susan, it does help me breathe a bit easier. Thank you for sharing your experience.

    • ANSWER:
      Liver lesions could be cysts or other benign abnormalities. I had that, and no problem.
      You can have a biopsy done in order to know for sure.

  34. QUESTION:
    Please guide - liver cancer ?
    My father , 56 y, is suffering from Hep. B and is on Adefovir (Hepsera) , recently he had undergone MRI which reported as under :

    " The study shows ultered signal intensity of lvier parenchyma. Focal Lesion measuring 24x21 mm is seen in Seg. 6 of right lobe of liver appearing Hypointense in T1W & hyperintense in T2WI with tiny hyper intense focus in T1WI. The lesion shows heterogenous enhancement post contrast study with small non-enhancing areas within. The intra hepatic biliary radicals are not dialated. The prota hepatis is normal, the spleen is normal "

    The reports for other organs revealved normal except a small cyst on right kidney.

    IMP. THING 1m AGO ALSO HE HAD UNDERGONE A SONOGRAPHY WHICH REVEALED EVERYTHING IS NORMAL IN LIVER AND THE VIRAL COUNT FOR HEP. B WAS ALSO UNDER NORMAL RANGE. BUT IN 1m VIRAL COUNT HAS ALSO INCREASED TO 5.82 AND THE MRI REVEALED AS ABOVE.

    HIS CHILD PUGH SCORE IS 10.

    Pl. guide to go for transplant/rfapi and whether in 1m this can hap.

    • ANSWER:
      liver tumour or hepato-cellular carcinoma is grave thing to happen to someone. There are various modalities for treatment. including tumour resection , chemotherapy , laser ablation of tumour and percutaneous alcohol injections. your report indicates that it is still confined to one segment of liver which can be resected and you can achieve good 5 year survival rates. So u better hurry and show it to a good hepato-biliary surgeon to get desired results.

  35. QUESTION:
    found out i have a low density liver lesion???what is that?
    I been looking online to try and find out what this is and now im even more confused, things about cancer and Hepatitus keep popping up around my searches, im only 27! can liver lesions like this just be like not a problem< or are they an indicator of some serious problem always??Im freakin out here man!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm not a doctor....but I lost my wife last year to cancer...she was 24 when diagnosed, 41 when she passed away....eventually it moved into the liver, lungs, backbone, etc.....but don't worry. Most people have lesions (hemangiomas) on their liver and don't even know it and they are not neccesarily cancerous. High Density Lesions are what doctors seem to be most concerned about. Anything that is somewhat opaque or transparent (low density) usually do not cause concern. They are similar to a bruise or at least they show up that way on a CT scan or MRI. Did the doctor who diagnosed the lesion recommend doing a biopsy to see if they are malignant? Most doctors will take a wait and see approach. In 3 months time if the lesion has not grown any, changed shape or density, then most likely you are OK. You would know in that time, if there was a problem. If you lose a substantial amount of weight within 3 months (20-30 lbs) or get very weak and are tired all the time (can be caused from anemia)....I would see your doctor again. Bottom line....I would not worry, unless your doctor says you need to.

  36. QUESTION:
    What could a lesion on the liver be?
    I have a lesion on my liver.What could it be? What could cause this? I have pain under my right rib cage.Lower right side pain.And pain that runs from my vagina and my anus.Is this a sign of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver and Bowel cancer go hand in hand with each other, so have you had your bowel checked out?. It sounds like a cancer spot on your liver, but only a specialist is able to give you a correct diagnosis. The liver is the only organ that can grow back again, so if it is a cancer lesion they will operate and cut part of your liver away and allow it to grow back again. This is quite a big operation and it will tire you somewhat and you will look dreadful with dark rings around your eyes for about a month. Good luck anyway.

  37. QUESTION:
    In the anterior segment of the right lobe of the liver is a indeterminate 2.4cm high density lesion why?
    I had a ct scan on yesterday and the results were in the anterior segment oft eh right lobe of the liver
    there is an indeterminate 2.4 cm high density lesion could this mean cancer

    • ANSWER:

  38. QUESTION:
    Do we have a malpractice claim for the doctors lack of diagnosing my father with cancer sooner?
    My father had liver cancer 6 years ago. The surgeon removed the cancer w/surgery. Ever since then his PCP gives my dad CT scans to check for any growths/lesions/etc. every 6 months. Recently my dad went for a regular colonoscopy and they found a tumor & then determine he had a lesion on his liver. After a resectioning of the colon, they informed us that he has liver & colon cancer & is at Stage 4 & it has spread to his lymph nodes. Why didn't they find this earlier with all the precautionary tests his PCP does?
    Just to add: my father was having a slew of complaints: (i.e. pain, pressure, tiredness, bowel movements probs). And also the oncologist stated that they could tell the "lesion" on his liver has been on my father's scans for some time and at least the liver cancer was not that aggressive but now it is pushing on his diaphragm & is inoperable. (the oncologist has just recently reviewed my father's records)

    • ANSWER:
      No. There is no malpractice here. It's the cancer that is deceptive. It can hide out inside the body for an undetermined amount of time and than reoccur . .there is nothing that anyone can do except to remain constantly vigil . .and even than as you have discovered it can be too late. Reoccur cancer can move aggressively and very fast . . especially metastatic cancer . . your Dad always had these malignant cells sitting there . but no test could detect them until all of them grew at once . . and by than he is filled with cancer. That is why cancer is so feared.

      In answer to your specific question about why it was not found earlier . . because it was 'unseen' . .'microscopic' . . there are no known tests that can detect microscopic cancer cells. With a CT the nodules or tumors need to be at least 1 -2 cm before they can be detected and that is only if you know where to look for them. Usually by the time they are seen . . there are many, many of them spread throughout the body . .all growing at the same rate . .and by than scans will detect them everywhere. This is also the reason that adjuvant chemotherapy is often offered . .to kill off residual disease that is lurking in the body . .sometimes it works, sometimes it doesn't. There is no cure for metastatic cancer . .only treatment . .but there is never any guarantee.

      Don't blame the doctors. Blame the cancer.

  39. QUESTION:
    I went for a CT scan and the discovery of low attenuation lesion on liver is accidental.?
    In my CT scan, the report wrote that I have low attenuation lesion on liver and it stated that it is probably a perfusional anomaly. Can anyone tell me what does this mean? After the report was out, the doctor just sent me home and told me that I don't have to come back again for any appointments. However, I tried searching on google about low attenuation lesion on liver and found out that several results stated that it might be linked to liver cancer. It may be malignant or benign. Should I contact my doctor?
    I am only 16 years old.

    • ANSWER:

  40. QUESTION:
    My mom has Type 4 Breast Cancer, and its spread to the spine and her liver. what does this mean?! please help
    my mom has always been really sick. they said that the "lesions" (or w/e technical term they called them) where very small on both her liver and spine. i'm just afraid shes not gna make it or its gonna go bad. and im trying to be positive... ALWAYS i am. but sometimes it passes through my head. i'm just so scared. she's my mother....please help.

    • ANSWER:
      Lesions are small bits of cancer that have started a new breast cancer colony far away from the breast . . your mother has stage IV cancer which is referred to as Metastatic breast cancer. It is difficult to treat but not impossible . . much will depend on your mothers age, overall health, and response to treatment as well as the specific type of breast cancer, location of tumors, and how aggressive the disease turns out to be. There are also now treatments which prolong the life of the patient . .essentially allowing them to live with cancer . . although the goal is to get rid of it . . sometimes that is not possible . . there are other diseases which need medication to control the disease (like diabetes) and so the idea is to treat the cancer as a chronic disease and bring it under control with medication. In this process the hope is to prolong life while research continues for a 'cure'. If this is what happens with your mother than she could be with you for quite a while . . there is no guarantee . .but it is possible and that is what you need to maintain hope for.

      There is still hope for your mom to respond to treatment . .lesions are small . . and if she can find the right chemotherapy or radiation to get rid of the 'mets' than she will be better off . . if not perhaps she will find a medication (targeted therapy or other treatment) that can be taken daily and she will learn to live with her cancer.

  41. QUESTION:
    Scarring of the liver and cirrhosis?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:
      Lena, an alcoholic is THE most difficult of all patients to help, especially when you want to do so much. ALL that you describe is due to alcohol. At first alcohol causes liver cells to fill with fat and produce an enlarged fatty liver which alone has caused sudden death. In time, as liver cells die, scarring results and can then progress (under the microscope) to produce a smaller scarred liver called alcoholic cirrhosis. The liver then produces inadequate clotting factors which can produce skin and other hemorrhages, as well as leak fluid into the belly (ascites), and change blood circulation to overload and damage an eenlarging heart under strain as well as dilated, thin-walled esophageal veins (varices) which can anytime suddenly rupture as great quantities of blood are coughed up. Hepatitis c also damages the liver and is believed to be a cause of liver cancer. As long as your husband continues to drink alcohol, he will continue to go downhill and die in spite of your efforts. Try the phone book or call Al-Anon, an organization for spouses of alcoholics for much more information on how to deal with your extremely difficult situation. You cannot go it alone and expect and success.

  42. QUESTION:
    Making some sense out of my liver ultrasound results...?
    because my ALT was elevated (roughly 132)...I had an ultrasound done, please help make some sense out of the language...my doctor says it's just a mild inflammation of the liver because there is too much fat in it (non-alcoholic):

    1. Liver is normal in size: if I had severe inflammation would my liver be enlarged?
    2. No focal or any lesions present: does this mean I have no tumors? Which means I don't have liver cancer?
    3. Markedly echogenic shows that liver has gone through extensive fatty change: Pretty much means fatty liver I'm sure...

    Thanks it would be nice if someone could just clear this up for me if they know a lot about ultrasound results...THANKS!

    • ANSWER:
      It means that your liver is working overtime to clean out the blood. You can use a body cleanse which will help to lover the ALT levels and it won't hurt the body - promise. You do not have to stop eating, just don't eat junk (fast foods), more greens, veggies, salads are best (no creamy dressings; vingerattes are fine.) Try this website as I have ordered from him before and can vouch it's safe.

  43. QUESTION:
    what is hype-attenuating lesions?
    I have a liver lesion and I was trying to find out what this was. I have had a CTA with contrast and a MRI with contrast and they said it was not cancer but I just wanted to know what I could do for this pain in my side. I have had my gallblader removed for several years now.

    • ANSWER:
      You are probably referring to hyperattenuating lesions in your liver? More than likely, your physician wanted the scans to rule out or confirm the presence of liver disease. Hyperattenuating lesions could indicate progression or presence of liver disease. It would be best to sit down with your internist and have him/her explain the diagnostic findings.

      Be careful about any advice given on Yahoo answers, no one can give you a good medical opinion without seeing the study results and knowing the full patient history.

  44. QUESTION:
    tumor found on liver, 2.5 years since...any cancer doctor or radiologist? plz comment?
    so I had pain in upper right part, they did US of abdomen/tyroid, seen a area of about 4cm on liver, US said unkown eitilogy, followed up with a CT, doc called said its a fatty liver after ct RESULTS came back but ordered a follow up in 3 months, did a followup US, they said its stable and likely fatty liver, doc suggested one more after 18 months and just got that done, are still remain 4.5cm with no new mass/lesions, however US says the area is LESS CONSPICUOUS this time, he said no more follow ups, pain happens still when eat something greasy/oily,
    do you guys think that a normal protocol of something like that?

    PS: very high cheost/high blood pressure, no other know diseases

    • ANSWER:
      Trust me as a Cancer survivor you just don't wait. You need to see a new Oncologist as soon as possible. If it is Cancer, it has to be removed. Cancer "spreads". I had it first when I was 24 and didn't know it and had my first operation at age 25 and then at age 27 it was back and I had to have a completely hysterectomy. In 2006 it was back again and this time on my stomach and a piece of my liver. Recently I was diagnosed with two tumors (Cancerous) on my brain and am having surgery this month. The Dr's have told me there is something causing my body to form these tumors and this time they promise to do as many tests as possible on tumors and DNA strands to try to figure it out.
      DO NOT waste time on a Dr. who wants to sit around and wait. PLEASE get a second opinion. If they feel it is a a fatty liver and safe I might still get a third opinion. I've had chemo and radiation three times and it isn't worth it if you can avoid it by having surgery and getting it removed before the damage spreads.
      Sometimes Dr's don't have the time because they are spread too thin to pay the amount attention they need to to a patient. It is your responsibility to take your health care in your hands and do as much research as you can. Go the the American Cancer Website and they can hook you up with so much information you will be shocked..they've helped me 100 times over.
      Please don't just take this Dr's word. There is actually a blood test they can take to see if you have Cancer that your Dr. can order but that too is not totally reliable and you need to get a second opinion. Life is precious...you only get one. Good luck.
      Peace, Love & Happiness

  45. QUESTION:
    Sarcoidosis or cancer? Anyone been threw this?
    My doctors don't know what is wrong with me. I have had about every blood test there is, and they are all normal. They first thought I might have breast cancer, that was spread due to a swollen lymph node in my neck. Ultra sound showed that the "mass" in my breast was also a lymph node, that was about 3cm. They said it wasn't breast cancer, and blood tests ruled out lupus. So they sent me for a CT.

    The CT that shows over 100 enlarged lymph nodes. The largest one being in my abdomen, that is 8cm (a little over 3 inches). Swelling of the spleen, and liver and a small spot on my liver. Lesions in both lungs, one that is 8cm by 5 cm.
    It also showed something abnormal with a bone in my lower back on the right side. That my doctor says may either be a weak spot or something growing in the bone. So now I need an MRI to see what that is.

    And they are doing a biopsy of the lymph node in my right underarm. It is also massive in size, and they are going to remove the whole node.

    cont.
    They are still saying it may be lymphoma, and today said it may be sarcoidosis. My doctor said due to my age that he doesn't believe it is lung cancer.

    Has anyone else had these symptoms. Including, night sweats, fevers, unexplained weight loss, and fatigue. And all the other things I have? If so what was it?
    I am just not sure what to do, I have been going for tests for 2 months now. And they still aren't sure what it is.

    And the stress from all of this is driving me nuts. I have 5 kids to take care, 3 that are toddlers. And I am just so tired and worn out. And sick of doctors right now :(

    • ANSWER:
      My brother has sarcoidosis, and like you, it took a long time to get a diagnosis. My brother has it on his spleen but it can attack any organ of the body. Unfortunately the only way to diagnose sarcoidosis at the present time is by eliminating other diseases, like cancer. This is what my brother went through and unfortunately sounds like what you are going through. Here is some info.
      http://www.medicinenet.com/sarcoidosis/article.htm

      Good luck x

  46. QUESTION:
    Liver hemangioma vs Lesion question?
    OK I had a CT scan and since 05 i have had what i thought was a hemangioma, nw they are saying its not a hemangioma but a lesion, whats a lesion whats the difference between the two and the used a bunch of garbly words like it has isodense appearance, and homogenuis uptake11 by 18 mm's in size and not cassic but can be seen in my age or somethng (Im 32 no female hormone use heavy cancer hustory in family and I do smoke) never had hepatitis or any of those diseases can a lesion become cancer, they said it was not when I asked also this is on the right lobe of my liver..... please tell me what all this means as much as ya can

    THANK YOU FOR ANY HELP AND INFO IN ADVANCE!! Please IM me if you can help me figure this out

    • ANSWER:
      The definition of a lesion covers all sorts of tissue abnormalities, so it could be anything that differs in appearance, compared to normal tissues. Its the words that go along with it that describe the nature of the lesion. Isodense means that the spots looks normal in an X-ray or MRI image. Classic (cassic?) lesions have distinct borders and are depressions (rather than bumps). Homogenious uptake means that the tissues in the lesion seem to function the same as surrounding tissue with regard to the substance that that was measured.

      Putting this altogether, it looks like you have a spot on your liver with no apparent effect. Its possible that you used to have a hemangioma that disappeared and left a small crater - this is common with hemangiomas. Most cancers that start as lesions do not begin as classic lesions.

  47. QUESTION:
    Recently found a lesion in the low left lob of my liver. Need to worry?
    I have not been feeling well for the past 5-7 months. After many question and answer appt's with my Dr. I started having weekly blood tests to check various things. My erythrocyte sed rate and c-reactive protein were more than double the reference ranges. I also had abnormal liver function tests. After ultrasound I was told I had a lesion and needed a CT scan to determine whether or not it was something to worry about, which in fact I had done today. Although I have high hopes of benign findings I can't help but factor in my constant sick feeling, flu like, pain when pressure is put on my abdomen and my grandmother passing from liver cancer. Anyone that can give me some helpful statistics would be greatly appreciated.
    No biopsy, as of yet.

    • ANSWER:
      The one thing I can say is : Do not put the carriage before the horse.
      Wait and let your tests get done, its a big worry but you can do it. Are they planning a biopsy ? Once you find out what it really is its hard to have a settled mind, I know , been there. But take things one day at a time. Always wish for for the best. And think to yourself, How strong am I ? Even if there was something, science and the medical field have come so far and the fact that you seem to have caught it in the early stages( because it has not taken over your kidney, only a lesion) then you will get through this with time, and with hope and with loved ones by your side. Be strong for you. I wish you only the best.

  48. QUESTION:
    Pressure on upper right abdominal area?
    I feel constant pressure /bloating feeling near my upper right abdominal area for almost 5 months now. I recently got an blood test for the Cea Ca-125 Alpha fetoprotein; they all came back negative. I also got an MRI that shows an unconfirmed report of liver lesions
    , they say I need a follow up until next month... Can liver lesion cause these symptoms or is it liver cancer? Also I got a gastroenterology test that says I have an small ulcer in my stomach with a inflammation. I am on omeprazole for 3 weeks, but the symptoms are still there. Whats wrong? Can this be liver cancer?
    Thanks, Also this pressure is relieved when I lay down? Why does this happen?

    • ANSWER:
      Naturally, as I am not a doctor, I can't say it is or isn't. You really do need to follow-up to find out and confirm the cause of the lesions of your liver.

      Just as a side note: my right upper quadrant was "bloated" and uncomfortable and I had either pressure like pain or stabbing pain in the URQ area with my gallbladder disease. If the doctors do rule out your liver as the cause for your abdominal pain, I suggest you get a HIDA scan w/ CCK done of the gallbladder (All my blood tests, Ultrasound with CCK, and CT scan were normal, the HIDA scan with CCK was the one test which gave me the answer I needed)

      I did do a little research and it says that most liver lesions do not cause abdominal pain. However, the fact that you alpha-fetoprotein levels are normal is a good sign since it can be elevated with liver cancer.

      I wish you the best of luck in finding out what this is and I hope you feel better soon!!

      ***********************************
      Liver Cancer

      What are the symptoms of liver cancer?

      The initial symptoms (the clinical presentations) of liver cancer are variable. In countries where liver cancer is very common, the cancer generally is discovered at a very advanced stage of disease for several reasons. For one thing, areas where there is a high frequency of liver cancer are generally developing countries where access to healthcare is limited. For another, screening examinations for patients at risk for developing liver cancer are not available in these areas. In addition, patients from these regions actually have more aggressive liver cancer disease. In other words, the tumor usually reaches an advanced stage and causes symptoms more rapidly. In contrast, patients in areas of low liver cancer frequency tend to have liver cancer tumors that progress more slowly and, therefore, remain without symptoms longer.

      Abdominal pain is the most common symptom of liver cancer and usually signifies a very large tumor or widespread involvement of the liver. Additionally, unexplained weight loss or unexplained fevers are warning signs of liver cancer in patients with cirrhosis. These symptoms are less common in individuals with liver cancer in the U.S. because these patients are usually diagnosed at an earlier stage. However, whenever the overall health of a patient with cirrhosis deteriorates, every effort should be made to look for liver cancer.

      A very common initial presentation of liver cancer in a patient with compensated cirrhosis (no complications of liver disease) is the sudden onset of a complication. For example, the sudden appearance of ascites (abdominal fluid and swelling), jaundice (yellow color of the skin), or muscle wasting without causative (precipitating) factors (for example, alcohol consumption) suggests the possibility of liver cancer. What's more, the cancer can invade and block the portal vein (a large vein that brings blood to the liver from the intestine and spleen). When this happens, the blood will travel paths of less resistance, such as through esophageal veins. This causes increased pressure in these veins, which results in dilated (widened) veins called esophageal varices. The patient then is at risk for hemorrhage from the rupture of the varices into the gastrointestinal tract. Rarely, the cancer itself can rupture and bleed into the abdominal cavity, resulting in bloody ascites.

  49. QUESTION:
    focal fatty infiltration of liver?
    I recently had an CT scan that showed "Focal Fatty infiltration is noted adjacent to the ffissure for the falciform ligament, and the liver." Can anyone tell me what that means. I have tried to look via the net to find out info about it and it does not tell me anything. My family has a history of liver disease including my father who did have liver disease and my grandfather who had cancer of the liver. My grandmother had some lesions removed from her liver. I was wondering if this is something that I need to be worried about. Or what are some types of treatment for this. I have had numberous abdominal surgeries and have also had an cholecystectomy done.

    • ANSWER:

  50. QUESTION:
    Kidney cancer spreading to lungs?
    I have a large tumor in one kidney, and my doctor says there is a 70% chance it is malignant. On a chest X-ray, he saw some "lesions" in my lungs and has now ordered a CT scan of my chest. But my primary doctor had already detected the lesions in my lungs and said they were scar tissue.

    How likely is it that the cancer has spread to my lungs? My liver, colon, stomach, other kidney and organs have been checked and have no tumors.

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Renal (kidney) cancers can spread to the lungs, but this speculation is not very helpful. I would need to see the "large tumor" in one kidney which must have shown up on x-ray studies, and I would need to see the Chest X-rays your primary doc thinks show only scar tissue. Even then, it would be speculation. That is why you are having a CT scan of the chest.
      None of these questions can be answered without a tissue biopsy which I assume will be the next step. We cannot diagnose cancers with x-ray studies alone. We must get biopsy tissue and look at them under the microscope.
      Your concern is understandable, but no one can tell you from this distance. Best of Luck that this all turns out on the good side.


Liver Cancer

I couldn't imagine how hard it is for you right now to know that your dog has liver cancer. You're confused and you don't know what to do whether to bring your beloved dog back home and wait for his time or spend a substantial amount for his cancer treatment. This is going to be one hellish situation that you got yourself.

Like in humans, liver cancer in dogs begins due to the abnormal growth of mutated cells in the liver. This gives rise to masses or tumors that proliferate unchecked. If the process continues, this will spread to the other organs and will kill your dog.

According to recent statistics, liver cancer in dogs is common among the aging population and that one of every two dogs 10 years old and above will die from it. The death rate is way over the 90% mark.

Most liver cancer in dogs starts not in the liver itself but as a result of metastasis. This means that cancerous cells from the other areas travel towards the liver through the bloodstream. Aside from the liver, secondary liver cancer could spread to the lungs, lymph nodes, abdominal wall to name a few. Some notable cancers that have a higher tendency of spreading to the liver include the pancreatic and mammary cancers.
Most probably, your vet will perform a biopsy to confirm if the tumors are cancerous or benign. After which, a definitive diagnosis can be drawn plus the path to take for your dog's recovery. Surgery is highly recommended if it involves a single liver lobe.

Multiple tumors are harder to deal with and at this moment, there is no effective treatment available yet. So, if your dog has multiple tumors spanning to multiple liver lobes, there is a very little chance for your dog to survive. Also, we'd like to point out that chemotherapy wouldn't be effective in this particular case as well.

We do have a good news because down the road, some German doctors are working on a radiation therapy that specifically deals with multiple tumors in multiple locations. The bad news is that this treatment isn't available yet and still being perfected and tested.

Are There Any Natural Remedies For Liver Cancer In Dogs?

Right now, we could not find any definite conclusions that could tie up natural or homeopathic treatments in curing liver cancer. What we do know is that these supplements can help sustain the general health of your dog and to improve the dog's energy levels.

These products help by boosting your dog's immune system and clean or purify the body. Right now, we do not know if these products could really help alleviate the pain of your beloved dog or at the very least treat the disease.

In which case, always take advantage and do anything humanly possible to save the life of your dog. Should you choose to give these supplements, make sure these six ingredients are present: Mistletoe, Echinacea, Huang Qi, Indian ginseng, Cat's claw and Milk thistle.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    liver cancer?
    Can a person have cancer in the liver when blood test for liver comes back normal? I have lesions, need biopsy and am considering not having it done.
    Thanks for the advice so far, but honestly cancer in the liver is pretty much fatal. If it's there, it's there. I don't want to go through a biopsy again. Had one in a different spot toward the end of last year. I'm drained.

    • ANSWER:
      Please go have the tests immediately,this is your life you are dealing with.

  2. QUESTION:
    Liver cancer?
    My dad passed away on 16th May this year from secondary liver cancer (which was only diagnosed on 27th March 2006 after he was admitted to hospital after an 'abnormal liver scan' on 13th March). For 25 years he had worked at a local plastics factory (which makes castors etc for chairs) and when I looked up causes of liver cancer on the internet, it mentioned Vinyl Chloride was a potential cause, this was used at the factory my dad worked in. Has anyone else heard of this link to this particular cancer before?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, many potential toxic substances have been linked to cancer, and because we didn't know about them in the past, unfortunately many people were inadvertently exposed to harmful things. Current OSHA laws are designed to protect workers, but these laws didn't exist many years ago.

      Secondary liver cancer means that the cancer primarily started in another body part, and spread, or metastisized to the liver. The liver is a "filter" for the blood, so advanced cancer often spreads there.

      You may want to give your dad's doctor a call and ask what she/he thinks. What was the primary cancer? Is there a known link between that type of cancer and PVC exposure? Did your dad actually work in an environment with significant exposure for a significant length of time without protection?

      There are occupational medicine clinics that specifically work with such issues and risks.

      good luck!

  3. QUESTION:
    Liver Cancer??
    A friend of mine who has had hep c for years now was very ill and went into the hospital and they said she had liver cancer. But it was inoperable and very progressed. They said she had 3-6 months to live. Last week I talked to her on the phone and she sounded fine she was complaining of feeling ill but thats its. NOw this weeks she is acting all loopy and like she doesn't know whats going on. She is using depends now. That was a very rapid change in just one week. Her husband says that she is only taking vikoden and that woudn't make her all that loopy. Has anyone ever dealt with anything like this. I mean with the rapid change and the bowel issues. I am in total shock how this came about. One week she was fine and the next its like she doesn't know me. Does anyone know anything about liver cancer. Does this sort of cancer consume your mind...is that whys shes acting crazy.

    • ANSWER:
      Kristen is right on target. Most folks with liver cancer will usually go into a coma prior to dying as the levels of toxicity rise due to failure of the organ affected. Her kidneys are working overtime and this will also be one of the reasons as the kidneys do eventually shut down as well.

      Sorry to hear the news....I am a hepper to even though my HCV is cured. I do have a chance tho of still developing liver cancer.

      My sympathies. Just be there for her regardless of her health, coma ect....the last thing to go is the hearing.

      HUGS.

  4. QUESTION:
    What's the difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver?
    Is there a difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver? If so what is it? Someone on here said I am at risk for liver cancer cause of how much I drink but that confused me cause can liver cancer be caused by drinking a lot? I know cirrhosis can be but what about liver cancer? And which hurts more cirrhosis or liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer or hepatic cancer is properly considered to be a cancer which starts in the liver.
      The most frequent liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (also named hepatoma, which is a misnomer because adenomas are usually benign). This tumor also has a variant type that consists of both HCC and cholangiocarcinoma components. The cells of the bile duct coexist next to the bile ducts that drain the bile produced by the hepatocytes of the liver. Cancers which arise from the blood vessel cells in the liver are known has hemangioendotheliomas.

      Cirrhosis is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules (lumps that occur as a result of a process in which damaged tissue is regenerated), leading to loss of liver function.
      Cirrhosis is most commonly caused by alcoholism, hepatitis B and C, and fatty liver disease, but has many other possible causes. Some cases are idiopathic, i.e., of unknown cause.

  5. QUESTION:
    Why is secondary liver cancer from the colon so hard to treat?
    My friend's Dad has received bad news about liver cancer and she's having a hard time processing the information.

    I've looked on google but I cannot find something that simply explains why liver cancer (secondary) is so hard to treat.

    Her Dad has two small spots on his liver and feels good but there are no treatments for him left. His CEA is very high (100+). She's struggling with understanding why two small spots cannot be treated. Anyone have an articles online that explains it?

    • ANSWER:
      He does not have "liver cancer" but metatstatic (Stage IV) colon cancer. The spots in the liver are colon cancer cells, not liver cancer cells. Yes it seems trivial, why not just operate and take them out, but many years of experience has shown us that this treatment is futile. The patient is put at risk during the operation and his life will not be lengthened at all by removing the two spots. The two spots you see on the imaging are only the tip of an iceberg; there are many more cancer cells growing and spreading, and we can not operate to remove them all.
      Your friend's father will almost certainly die of colon cancer, but no one knows when. There are some very effective treatments for Stage IV colon cancer that can let him live a productive and happy life for a few years. My advice is to get the very best care he can and to live every moment he has left as well as he can. You can play a part in this too, help your friend through this, tell her to cherish every moment she still has with him. Take trips, throw parties, bake cakes, celebrate his life, and live! Good luck to you all.

  6. QUESTION:
    Can Liver Cancer be detected through blood work?
    I want to know because my Mom has recently been diagnosed with Fatty Liver probably due to Alcohol and I hope to God that it's not Cancer.

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't understand why you would feel totally at ease knowing her liver damage is not cancer. Is it better your Mom dies prematurely from a cancerous disease or a non-cancerous disease? Both can spell early death for someone who really didn't need to die. It sounds like you KNOW you Mom is an alcoholic. Even if she doesn't want to admit it to herself, her liver is telling her the truth that can't be hidden. It is being damaged by the addiction she is engulfed in. She is in near equal chronic danger from the alcohol as having cancer if she does not figure a way to live without drinking.

      The good news is that the liver will repair itself if the continual damage caused by drinking stops if all she has a fatty liver. When full blown cirrhosis develops, sorry too late to do anything. The bad news is usually without help and a great desire to change, stopping seldom happens. Cirrhosis kills 9.2 people per 100,000 normal population.( http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/liverdis.htm ) Liver cancer kills 3.0 people per 100,000 normal population ( http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5917a3.htm ). The cirrhosis number is all reasons causing cirrhosis be it alcohol or viral infection but the numbers point to the fact that it can be equally deadly regardless of the cause since the same harm is happening.

      If you have any influence over her drinking, show her it's time to do something different in life if she wants to be around to see her grandchildren grow up. Remember though, the only real power you have in life is to control your own behavior. You can invite her to look at things through your eyes rather than force a change.

  7. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of surviving untreated liver cancer?
    My uncle has just been diagnosed with cancer in his liver. The doctors said that it's too late to operate, and he doesn't want chemotherapy because it would only let him live an extra couple of months. The doctors said he probably has a year to live. Will my uncle die for sure, or is there a slight chance that he will survive?

    • ANSWER:
      You know it is a tough question... Nobody can be 100% sure when you will die or not die. We have cases where doctors say 'you can't live more than 6 months", but the patients end up living much longer. The doctor, however, knows better according to your uncle's condition and precedented cases, what your uncle's chances will be.
      It may be ... say, 85% accurate? but there are miracles. About cancer, so far we don't have any effective medicines to treat the disease, what we can do is to try to live normally, and don't think about the illness.

  8. QUESTION:
    What is a realistic prognosis for stage 3 primary liver cancer?
    My brother, age 50, has advanced hepatitis C and liver cirrhosis. He has now been diagnosed with stage 3 primary liver cancer. Surgery is not an option. His abdominal cavity continues to fill with fluid which is removed about twice a week. What is a realistic life expectancy?

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry but it doesn’t really matter if the cancer metastasizes to a distant site nor will diet or exercise make a difference. When he feels like eating he should eat whatever he wants. Although treatment may prolong life in an individual patient it does not increase the median survival. What really matters is if there is vein involvement, he will last longer if there is not. A realistic range is about 3-7 months. At this point what is important is keeping him comfortable. You may want to talk to his doctor about hospice. Their main focus is supportive care to give him the best quality of life, pain management and to assist him and the family through this process. Best wishes to you both.

  9. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate of secondary liver cancer?
    My mom was diagnosed with breast cancer about 5 years ago and has just been diagnosed with secondary liver cancer. The doctors have started her on a course of Chemotherapy. But honestly i really need to know the truth, how likely is it that this cancer will kill her?
    I really hope for honest answers, thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Good answer by "Stacey-Marie J"
      This would be stage IV metastatic breast carcinoma to the liver.
      You must realize that these cancer cells have been in the liver for at least five years already.
      Those breast cancer cells spread to the liver before the primary breast carcinoma was initially treated.
      We do not know what the stage was at presentation.
      We don't know what adjuvant chemotherapy she may have received 5 years ago.
      We do not know the estrogen and progesterone receptors.
      We do not know the HER2/neu status>
      We don't even know your mother's age ! !
      Her doctors, who have all of this crucial personal information - are supposed to be explaining the prognosis for your mom and the family members who go with her for her medical oncology appointments.
      It is part of their job.
      Your job is to be with your mother when she has doctor visits - if at all possible.
      - - - -
      Here's the general or average five year survival for stage IV breast adenocarcinomas - 20%
      http://www.imaginis.com/breasthealth/staging.asp
      But these statistics are very rough and include people with less life threatening metastases - such as bone metastases.
      - - - -
      The honest answer is that stage IV breast carcinoma with liver metastases is not considered to be a curable disease in 2009 medicine
      - though some people do much better than we would expect according to the statistics. People are not statistics. Every person is different. Each is special.

  10. QUESTION:
    Metastatic liver cancer- am looking for medical center that does the most research in that area?
    I contracted colon cancer about three years ago and had it removed by resection. This was followed by chemo using oxiplatin anf FU-5. I faired really well except for neural damage in feet. Now a spot has appeared in the upper portion of my liver which is metastatic from the colon. A local liver surgeon is planning a resection and this will undoubted be followed by more chemo. I understand the real risk is from other seedlings of the cancer which may now start to appear either in the liver or other organs and that my defenses will be really low to fight them. I am looking to find the research center who most commonly deals with metastatic colon cancer to learn as much as possible about new techniques, drugs, or whatever. I might go there for the surgery or at a minimum get a second opinion on procedure etc.

    • ANSWER:
      stanford medical center- plus u should get hold of sales reps from genentech and see if they have new study going on that is specific for liver cancer.

  11. QUESTION:
    what is the life expectancy of liver cancer in the 4th stage?
    my dad was diagnosed with Liver Cancer back on 14 Feb. he has had 2 chemoembolizations and now the cancer has spread... what is the life expectancy of Liver Cancer in the 4th stage?

    • ANSWER:
      Everyone is different and depends on age and current health - my dad was 76 when he had bowel cancer which had just spread to his liver & kidney - he died 6 weeks later? I hope your dad is a lot better than mine was but to be honest once it has gone to the liver it will be a short time because if the liver is faulty it affects other organs of the body. To be certain talk to his doctor, we were told at the time 6 month to 1 year?

  12. QUESTION:
    How can drinking alcohol cause liver cancer?
    I know it causes liver cancer, but how is the process of it? Why does it cause liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There are many possible explanations for how alcohol causes cancer. It is likely that it causes different types of cancer in different ways.

      Here are the most likely theories:

      Acetaldehyde, the hangover chemical
      In your body, alcohol is converted into a toxic chemical called acetaldehyde. This is one the main reasons why we get hangovers.

      But acetaldehyde does more than give you a headache in the morning. It can cause cancer by damaging DNA and stopping our cells from repairing this damage.

      Acetaldehyde also causes liver cells to grow faster than normal. These regenerating cells are more likely to pick up changes in their genes that could lead to cancer.

      Oestrogen and hormones
      Alcohol can increase the levels of some hormones, such as oestrogen, testosterone and insulin. Unusually high levels of oestrogen increase the risk of breast cancer.

      Liver cirrhosis
      Drinking lots of alcohol can damage the cells of the liver, causing a disease called cirrhosis. Cirrhosis makes you more vulnerable to liver cancer.

      Other chemicals
      Alcohol makes it easier for the tissues of the mouth and throat to absorb the cancer-causing chemicals in tobacco. This is one reason why people who smoke and drink multiply the damage they receive and have especially high risks of cancer.

      Folate
      Folate is an important vitamin that helps our cells produce new DNA correctly. People who drink alcohol tend to have lower levels of folate in their blood and some studies have found that cancer is more common in people with low folate levels.

  13. QUESTION:
    Does chemotherapy work in helping to cure liver cancer?
    How effective is chemotherapy. I know someone who has primary liver cancer (so hasn't spread anywhere in the body) and is about to start chemotherapy in order to shrink the tuma/s on the liver to then remove them surgically.

    • ANSWER:
      If you study the figures, you'll find plenty of opinions on both sides. The ACS claims a 44% percent success rate in treating all cancers with chemotherapy, but their figures are based on five year survival rates.

      Ten year survival rates for cancer treated with chemotherapy are less than ten percent.
      That is a lower survival rate than untreated cancers.

      The sad fact of the matter is that cancer is a billion dollar industry, and there are many people with great influence, who have a vested interest in keeping cancer alive.

      The key to their profit has always been the patenting of pharmaceutical drugs and treatments of the symptoms, and not the cause. They claim not to understand the cause of cancer, and yet fervently deny any cure exists, and if you suggest otherwise, they claim you are a quack. For almost a hundred years, doctors have come forward with effective treatments for all kinds of cancer, and been suppressed; Because natural remedies cannot be patented, and hence reap no profit for the pharmaceutical industry.

      Cancer is caused by imbalance and toxicity in the system.
      It is brought on by elements in our air and water, but primarily our food. The majority of food in America today is toxic, and can cause a wide variety of diseases, from cancer, to diabetes, to heart problems and immune dysfunction.
      Chemotherapy does nothing to treat this cause. In fact, it introduces more toxins into they system and cripples the immune system.

      Don't take my word for it, do your research online. Google "chemotherapy survival rates"
      Then, if you're as unsatisfied with western treatments as I am, google these:
      Tai Chi
      QiGong
      Gerson
      Hoxsey

      Modern medicine will tell you this is all quackery...
      From atop the growing pile of chemotherapy treated and radiated corpses, 56 million annually.
      Ask yourself if you would trust the same men who push pills on you during the nightly news, between commercials for greasy fast food burgers and shiny American cars made in Mexico, or are they just in it for the money?

      The answer might save your friend's life.

  14. QUESTION:
    What are your chances of living if you get liver cancer surgery?
    A very close person in my family has been diagnosed with liver cancer. He is gonna be getting surgery very soon an i wanna know what are the chances of him living..

    Thank you so much!!!
    Please Pray for him!

    • ANSWER:
      i will pray for the poor person from the core of heart.
      i would like to know what kind of cancer was that was it primary or
      secondary? and also was benign or malignant.
      secondary cancers are dangerous one with little chances of life.
      if it was a benign then it can have good prognosis.
      It is also important whether how much of the liver is involved by the cancer.
      Which kind of surgery is he gona have,whether whole of the liver is being removed or half of it.
      if a part of liver is being removed then the good news is that liver grows back, it has regerating power?
      if whole of it is being removed,then my frend there is no other organ in our body that can perform funtions like liver..
      a very neurotoxic(brain distroyer) substance called ammonia produced by breakdown of proteins is removed from blood by THE LIVER and due to any reason liver is failed or absent to perform this important function the ammonia accumulates in blood and stars dystroying brain ...and then end result is coma..

  15. QUESTION:
    What does it mean in a person with liver cancer when the pain pills pass through them whole?
    My dad was diagnosed with liver, lung and colon cancer in Nov. He was given 6-9 months. Does this mean his liver is beginning to shut down?

    • ANSWER:
      that his stomach is not producing the necessary acids/enzymes to breakdown the pills. call the Dr, many medications for cancer patients come in liquid form and can be absorbed through the membranes in the mouth by placing it under the tongue.

  16. QUESTION:
    My mom has stage 4 liver cancer shes 72 years old. she start treatment next week.What is the survival rate?
    She first was diagnosed with ovarian cancer 2 years ago and was successful with surgery and treatment.Now its 4th stage liver and a small spot on the abdomen. How should I prepare myself and my family? Thanks Concern Daughter

    • ANSWER:
      Very sorry to read and say stage 4 liver cancer is the terminal stage.
      All treatment options(Very limited) are just palliative and prognosis is poor.
      You and your family must develop mental strength to face inevitable outcome.
      In such cases Hospice care is highly recommended.

  17. QUESTION:
    How long will a dog with liver cancer live?
    My step mom's 12 or 13 year old black lab has liver cancer and I was wondering how long it would have to live?

    • ANSWER:
      That's too hard to answer. It just depends on the severity of the cancer and where it is in your dog.

  18. QUESTION:
    How much drinking / drugs would cause liver cancer for someone who has a family history?
    I have a family history of liver cancer, but I am a heavy drinker and occasional drug user...and have been since I was 15. I'm 21 now...am I going to get liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      I had the same problems in my family when I was your age. 'HAD', meaning both my parents died of alcohol related problems. My Mom had an extremely enlarged liver, but died of nearly total organ failure. I can still remember the doctor who opened her up telling us that her insides were turned to a gelatin like state. They couldn't even sew her organ rupture together! She just kept bleeding until she died. Alcohol will do alot more then screw with your liver.

  19. QUESTION:
    Can someone please explain metastatic liver cancer to me? What is the cure rate?
    Can someone please explain metastatic liver cancer to me? My mother has this type of cancer. I know that it means the cancer started in her colon and spread to her liver, but I don't know much of anything else...What is the cure rate? Am I more likely to get this cancer because my mother has it? Is it curable? Any information would be great! Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Metastatic liver cancer means the cancer started in her liver and spread to another part of the body. Usually the lungs or the bones. What you are describing below your question is colon cancer with mets to the liver. Either one is a stage 4 cancer and is very unlikely to be curable. However, treatment may extend life expectancy depending upon the extent of the mets and if the primary tumor was completely removed. Her oncologist would be the best person to ask. It is recommended that you begin colonoscopies when you ar 10 years younger than the age your mother was at diagnosis.

  20. QUESTION:
    If you have cirrhosis of the liver can that bring on liver cancer?
    Can you have cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer at the same time. If you had cirrhosis of the liver is liver cancer worse or will both kill you around the same time? Can you live longer with cirrhosis about how long. Thank you, I'm writing a story and one of my characters is struggling with this issue. Thank you for you help.

    • ANSWER:
      When the liver cells become damaged,
      by any number of causes, the immune system
      of the body responds to this and causes
      inflammation to develop inside the liver.
      The cause has to be found and, if possible,
      stopped and the inflammation has to be
      treated...if not, it can lead to death of the
      liver cells and scar tissue formation inside
      the liver. This scar tissue will block the flow
      of blood to the other liver cells and also
      block the flow of blood through the liver,
      on its way back to the heart.

      As the cells of the liver die off, the functions
      (500 plus) they do to keep the body well,
      starts to deteriorate, also. The liver start
      to die slowly as they cells do and the
      functions go down at the same time.

      This can happen fast in some patients and
      slower in others.

      With cancer, it depends on how fast growing
      the cancer is and whether or not it came
      from another part of the body to the liver or
      started in the liver and stayed there, or
      started in the liver and then went to other
      areas. If cancer is found just in the liver, itself...
      the patient may be placed on the transplant
      list for another liver. It will depend alot, also,
      on how many growth (tumors) are in the liver
      and how large they are. Cancer that has
      spread to or come from another area...is
      very poor prognosis of living long. It becomes
      too difficult to treat and it will keep advancing
      to other areas.

      Yes, it is possible to have cirrhosis and
      cancer together. The cells of the liver can
      become damaged If the cancer tumor keep enlarging and multiplying in size.
      People who have cirrhosis are at a greater
      risk of developing cancer.

      It depends on how fast the cancer or
      cirrhosis advances; how old the patient is;
      if they have other medical problems; if they
      can withstand the long hours of surgery for
      the transplant; whether they respond to
      treatment; if they are able to stop the cause
      of the cell damage (like alcohol, medication
      toxification, chemical exposure, etc).....
      You really cannot say how long a person
      has to live. The doctors can only give
      an educated guess because they have
      the patient's medical background and see
      the results of their blood, film, and biopsy
      testing.

      Cirrhosis of the liver and Cancer of the liver
      are both like living through a nightmare.
      Both are facing death, head on.

      I hope this information has been of some help
      to you. Best wishes for a great story.

  21. QUESTION:
    How long before I have cirrhosis/ liver cancer from hepatitis C?
    Ive had Hep-C for 25 years and my viral load is over 5 million. How long before I have cirrhosis or liver cancer with no treatment. What are my chances of treatment even working?

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is a virus that has entered the patient's body and has gone
      to the liver to use the liver cells to replicate itself. (the amount of the
      virus is known as the Viral Load) When the virus uses the liver cell,
      that cell dies and it moves onto the next. For a time, the liver can generate
      new cells to take the place of the dead ones. However, eventually,
      the liver isn't able to keep up as the cells keep dying off.

      The doctor can tell how far advanced you are in this disease through
      blood testings and a liver biopsy. These results will give him an idea
      of how much functions the liver cells can still do, how much damage
      there is in the entire liver, and how long you may have to live if you
      do not have a liver transplant.

      When the liver cells die, the immune system of the body will
      respond to this and cause inflammation to develop in the liver
      (known as Hepatitis). Hepatitis with a letter after it refers to
      the virus which is only one of many causes of liver cell damage
      (Hepatitis A,B,C). The inflammation inside the liver will cause
      the liver to enlarge in size (can be seen on an ultrasound or
      Ct scan).
      Cirrhosis develops when the liver cells are not just damaged,
      but start to die off and scar tissue takes their place inside the
      liver. This scar tissue cannot be removed. It acts like a wall.
      It blocks the flow of blood in the liver from reaching the heart
      and the blood backs up into smaller vessels in the body to
      do this, that may have weak spots (known as varies).
      http://www.hcvets.com/data/hcv_liver/cirrhosis.htm
      http://hepatitis-c.emedtv.com/hepatitis-c-video/the-human-liver.html
      http://www.hepctrust.org.uk/The+Liver/How+HCV+affects+the+functions+of+the+liver.htm

      Hepatitis C patient, as are others with liver disease, are more
      susceptable to develop liver cancer.

      Some people use the treatment before having a transplant and
      other wait till after the transplant is over.
      The main treatment options are:
      Hepatitis C drugs that are new: Merck's Victrelis (boceprevir) treatment lasts 8 to 12 months
      and Vertex's telaprevir (treatment takes six months)
      The standard drugs are alpha interferon and ribavirin.
      Each person reacts differently to medications...so it is hard to determine how
      the body will respond to this ahead of time. It has been shown that the
      new drugs combined with the standard drug has been beneficial in alot of
      cases.

      (click on the links above to go to the sites)

      I hope this information has been of help to you. Best wishes

  22. QUESTION:
    What's the best primary liver cancer treatment available in india. My father is 70 years old can't be operated?
    My father is 70 year old and has been recently diagnosed with primary liver cancer doctor's opinion is that he cant be operated.

    I want to seek a second opinion from the best hospital other then Tata memorial, mumbai. Please suggest me a doctor who specializes in Liver cancer and the best hospital.

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Lahore cancer Treatment Center

  23. QUESTION:
    Can you explain liver cancer to me in simple terms?
    My sister's father in law was diagnosed with liver cancer a few weeks ago. It's very aggressive. Can you explain to me what he might be going through? Thanks~
    He's getting TheraSphere treatment soon, if I should include that.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, Sarah. I'm sorry your family is going through this illness.
      Parsleys gave you some good information about liver cancer, so I'll give you some basic information about the TheraSphere treatments.
      Since your sister's father in law is getting the TheraSphere treatment, I am assuming that the cancer started in his liver, not somewhere else in his body. This is called primary liver cancer. Primary liver cancer is aggressive, as you said, and it is hard to catch early. But the good news is there are new break-through treatments available (like TheraSphere)
      The TheraSphere treatment is a promising new treatment for liver cancer. In the treatment, tiny glass beads (called microspheres) delivers radiation directly to the liver. The beads contain a radioactive material that is specially aimed to destroy cancer cells. To deliver the treatment, a doctor will make a small cut in the patient's thigh and put a tube into the part of the artery in the liver that feeds the tumor. Then, the beads will be sent through the tube into the cancer's blood supply. Once they are in the liver, the beads get trapped in the small blood vessels that feed the tumor and radiation gets delivered directly to the tumor. This has many benefits: it does not destroy health cells, like chemotherapy and radiation do, and fewer treatments are needed. Also, this treatment is not toxic like chemotherapy, so the side effects he may experience should not be quite as bad. Some of the side effects of the TheraSphere treatment are feeling tired, a slight fever, nausea, mild abdominal pain, and loss of appetite.
      I hope this is the kind of information you were looking for Good luck to you and your family.

  24. QUESTION:
    Is there a cure for liver cancer? How long can you live with liver cancer?
    My friend had a body scan today and her liver was highlighted for having cancer. The doctor hasn;t given her a sure answer, but she has all the symptoms of liver cancer. Is there a cure? How long can she live? She thinks she's going to die, is this true? She found out she had cancer in other parts of her body, like her thyroid, so they removed it. Her bone scan came back negative for cancer. She has a brain tumor and a tumor on her pituatary gland, but the doctor says that nothing is connected. She's been to so many doctors and his losing hope. No one can tell her what's going on with her body. As soon as one thing gets better, another goes wrong. SHe is my best-friend and I'm looking for hope. She's only 37 and has a beautiful baby girl. Any answers are appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer is treatable. Treatable means you can have the affected portion removed (ablated or resected) and then undergo chemo and/or radiation. Thyroid cancer is also treatable.
      You say the doctors don't think they are connected, this is a good sign. None of us can tell what her prognosis is since none of us are treating her, but what is of utmost importance is her being positive. If she is positive, wants to fight for her life, finds strength in her little girl, and turns herself into a warrior, she can defeat it.
      Please go to this site for more info and i strongly recommend you join a support group, for her sake and yours.

      http://www.cancerlinksusa.com/liver/inanswer.htm

  25. QUESTION:
    Headaches and high fever with last stage of liver cancer, is this close to the end?
    My brother is in the last stage of liver cancer. He has a significant weight loss and is very jaundiced. The whites of his eyes are yellow. The past few days he has ran a high fever of 103 to 104 and having bad heaches. Was wondering if this is close to the end. If you have any info could you please tell me. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on what is causing that fever and if they can get it under control. I am guessing that it is probably near the end because infection is often what will cause the death at the end. A person is just too weak to fight off the infection. Since his temp is so high, this is probably what is happening. You don't give a lot of details, so I'm just going by what you are telling me. Since he is so jaundiced, the weight loss, the high fever, and knowing he has end stage cancer, I doubt if he will be able to live much longer. My heart goes out to you and your family.

  26. QUESTION:
    What/ where is the best treatment for liver cancer?
    My brother had bile duct cancer which speed to his liver last year. They resected his liver and had to remove 80% of his liver. Since then he has had chemotherapy which we believed to have worked. He had a scan done 2 weeks ago and got the results yesterday. They have now told him the cancer has returned and has infected his whole liver. They have told him they can't operate or give him a transplant. Is there anything we can do? He is only 29!

    Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer can be cured only when found in an early stage and before the disease has spread. Treatment procedures may vary depending on the size of the tumor, and whether or not the patient also has cirrhosis of the liver. If cirrhosis is not a factor, the tumor may be surgically removed or destroyed using non-surgical techniques.

      Treatment options for liver cancer may include:
      Surgery

      Currently, the best chance for potentially curing liver cancer is through surgery. Surgery can be done in attempt to remove the tumor or to do a liver transplant. If the surgeon is able to remove most of the tumor, this betters the chance of a positive outlook for survival.

      Transplantation involves the removal of the diseased liver, which is then replaced with a healthy organ from a donor. If the patient suffers from cirrhosis or it the tumor is very large, liver transplantation will likely be recommended as the primary treatment option. Transplantation may also be an option for small liver tumors, although not done very often. Transplantation may also carry an added risk for serious infection and other health issues in some liver cancer patients.

      Tumor Ablation is a local treatment. Heat (radiofrequency ablation) or extreme cold (cryosurgery) is used to freeze or burn the tumor in place. Ablation may be used when surgical removal of the tumor is not possible. Ablation may help prolong survival for some liver cancer patients.

      Embolization involves the injection of tiny plastic pellets or another material into the arteries that carry blood to the tumor. The pellets block blood flow, which makes it harder for the tumor to grow.
      Radiation Therapy

      High-energy rays are used to shrink or kill liver cancer cells. Radiation can only be used in low doses, as normal liver tissue will be destroyed along with cancer cells. Radiation therapy cannot cure liver cancer, and is typically used to shrink the tumor or relieve pain.
      Chemotherapy

      Chemotherapy uses one drug or a combination of drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is not generally used to treat liver cancer because of a low response rate, but research is looking into novel ways to administer chemotherapy.

  27. QUESTION:
    Is there a way to reduce or stop fluid gathering in the feet due to bone and liver cancer?
    My grandmother has cancer that has spread to her liver. Her lungs are gathering fluid already, but recently her feet have begun to gather fluid. Is there something we can do to reduce or stop the fluid build-up in her feet?

    • ANSWER:
      She should elevate her feet as much as possible, even slightly, as this should help reduce the edema in her legs and feet.

      Ask her doctor if he thinks her edema would respond to diuretics (water tablets).

      For the fluid in her lungs (pulmonary edema), treatments include:

      Aldactone;
      Bumex;
      Dyazide;
      Lasix;
      Maxzide; and
      Hydrodiuril.

      The product branded as Lasix (furosemide) is also available in injection form, as is Bumex.

      Best wishes to you and your grandmother.

      Take care.

  28. QUESTION:
    How can i make my grandmother (who is a liver cancer patient) comfortable for as long as possible?
    My grandmother has liver cancer and we have just been reported that its terminal. And I really have no clue what that even means. The point is I'm doing the best I can but I feel as though it isn't good enough. I would appreciate any information and input you may have.

    • ANSWER:
      In addition to Lucy L advice, I would suggest you get all of the family together as soon as possible (if not earlier). All too often we dont tell the people we love how we truly feel until it is too late. Let your grandmother know how much she is loved. Take the time to sit down with her and go thru old photo albums and reminisce, and let her tell stories. Make sure the family surrounds her as much as they can to occupy her mind and make her final time her as much of a pleasure as possible. Try to arrange to have a living memorial. Try not to let everyone dwell on the difficulties that lie in your near future.

  29. QUESTION:
    I need to know where the best place to go for Liver Cancer is in Chicago or Indianapolis. Can anyone help?
    I have a family member just diagnosed with liver cancer and now it's time to treat it. The hospital he went to for the diagnosis isn't the best hospital by any means. I am looking for the best hospital to go to around Chicago or Indianapolis. I've done a little research and the University of Chicago keeps showing up as a good one along with Northwestern University. Are either one of these good choices or are there better ones?

    • ANSWER:
      Your family member needs to choose a comprehensive cancer center for treatment. It does make a huge difference where the patient is treated. In the larger hospitals there is a greater turn over of patients, so an oncologist that specializes in liver cancers will have a great deal more experience treating this type of cancer than the smaller hospitals. Not all protocols are the same especially with advanced cancer. It is often better to go to a teaching hospital because there are more innovative or experimental treatments available. The only reason we know this is because my son underwent an experimental surgery in a different state than where we live . . his surgeon here knew how to do the treatment but felt that it needed to be done by at a university hospital with a surgeon who had more experience. Experience is the key.

      Many cancer patients go to the comprehensive cancer centers such as Dana Farber, Memorial Sloan Kettering, MD Anderson to get their initial treatment plans . . they can than return to their homes and receive their treatment locally. Happens all the time.

      NCI: Comprehensive Cancer Centers List
      http://cancercenters.cancer.gov/cancer_centers/cancer-centers-list.html

      Both the University of Chicago and Northwestern Univ are okay and are comprehensive cancer centers, but I do know that in Pennsylvania there is a comprehensive cancer center that specializes in liver cancer treatments. You can look through the link to see what they offer for treatment options.

      UPMC Liver Cancer Center
      http://www.upmc.com/Services/liver-cancer-center/Pages/default.aspx

  30. QUESTION:
    If a liver cancer marker is 101 with someone who has Stage IV liver cancer, how long might he survive?
    My husband was diagnosed with colon cancer in November of 2007, which spread to his liver, Stage IV. His cancer marker was 349 and the doctors said he could expect to live 6 months, that his cancer would probably not respond well to chemo. After 6 chemo treatments, his cancer marker came way down to 101, but no one will tell us he can now expect to live years instead of months. Anyone know what we should expect?

    • ANSWER:
      Well that's good news isn't it. So take each day as it comes. remember everyone is different, so what is for one is not for someone else, if that makes any sense. Look forward to some good times together, do any of us really need to know how long we have, just enjoy what you can, when you can. Try to make life as stress free as possible for both of you. I wish you all the best x

  31. QUESTION:
    What are some good internet site that a 6th grade student could look on to learn about liver cancer?
    I need to write a report about liver cancer, but i don't know where to look with out it saying something about Hepatitis B!!! I need help!!!!! thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      https://health.google.com/health/ref/Hepatocellular+carcinoma

  32. QUESTION:
    What is the expected duration of liver cancer?
    About how long would liver cancer last?

    • ANSWER:
      Take a look at the site below which explains many misunderstood things about the cancer industry, and has some natural cures too.

      Cancer
      http://dgwa1.fortunecity.com/body/cancer.html

      Try a liver flush

      Liver cleanse
      http://www.curezone.com/schulze/herbal_5day_liver_cleanse.html
      http://www.curezone.com/cleanse/liver/huldas_recipe.asp

  33. QUESTION:
    I want to know what is the life expectancy of liver cancer?
    My aunt was diagnosed with liver cancer and I would like to know the seriousness of it. I also would like to know what is the life expectancy of liver cancer patients. Please help....I am really worried about her.

    • ANSWER:
      On the seriousness scale, it is very serious. You are not giving any information to determine the survival rate. At best the 5-year survival rate is about 85%, but only about 10% fall into this category. At worst, survival is 3-6 months.

  34. QUESTION:
    My mother has been diagnosed with recurrent liver cancer in the lungs and lymph nodes. how long does she have?
    It is a very rare liver cancer and very aggressive. It is a stage 4.

    • ANSWER:

  35. QUESTION:
    What alternative treatment for liver cancer stadium 2? How long do they normally live?
    He is only 55 years old, but has diabetis. The cancer is only in the liver and has already blocked his right portal vein. The left one is almost blocked. So, even the chemo might not even treat it ...

    • ANSWER:
      Homeopathic Treatment for LIver Cancer :-
      1.SULFUR 30C
      2.BRYONIA 30C
      3.CARDUUS MARIANUS in Q (Mother Tincture)
      4.CHELIDONIUM MAJUS in Q (Mother Tincture)
      5.LYCOPODIUM 1M(1000)

      Take remedy 1 and 2 thrice a day half hour before meals followed by 20 drops each of 3 and 4 half hour after meals together in a half a cup of hot water and take 5 after a week of taking the above regularly just one dose a week. Avoid Chocolates, Coffee, Mints and Red Meat while taking Homeopathic Medicines and avoid all foodstuffs, which gives you constipation at all costs.
      If there is any ambiguity about the dosage or the potency of the medicine please ask me before doing anything.
      And keep me posted about your progress at least every three days.

      Take Care and God Bless you!

  36. QUESTION:
    What can I expect from a liver cancer diagnosis?
    Two weeks ago a friend was diagnosed with liver cancer. She also has tumors in the lining of the stomach. Her physician gave her 6 months but is sending her to the Unniversity of Pa. for a 3 hr. proceedure (she has already had her fluids drained) which uses a light to see into her stomach and liver. I am discouraged her dr. told her 6 months.

    • ANSWER:
      The University of Pa is a comprehensive cancer site but not sure if their focus is liver cancer? In the same state though is the University of Pittsburg which has an excellent research and cancer treatment facility for liver cancer .. considered innovative and one of the best . .

      Liver Cancer Center
      http://www.upmc.com/services/livercancercenter

      UPCI Liver Cancer Program
      http://www.upci.upmc.edu/research/clinical/liver/index.html

      Pittsburgh has a treatment called intra-peritoneal hyperthermic chemoperfusion where they do abdominal surgery to remove all visible tumors and than pour heated chemo directly into the abdomen. My son had this done and it gave him an additional two years . . so that would be very hopeful for your friend.

      What you and she need to do now is to keep her alive as long as possible . . she needs to learn to live with her cancer. The reason for this is that medical science is constantly changing and finding out new information . . there could be a breakthrough that would benefit your friend . .so she should focus on that and stay hopeful.

      There is also a procedure called RFA . . radiofrequency ablation in which liver tumors can be ablated (disintegrated with heat) . . Pittsburg also offers that.

      As for her physician giving her 6 months . . don't pay attention to this . . individuals are not statistics . . and no one, not even a doctor will know how long a patient will live.

      Please read The Median isn't the Message:

      http://www.cancerguide.org/median_not_msg.html

  37. QUESTION:
    What does a WBC count of 60,000 mean if you have liver cancer?
    My friend has just been diagnosed with liver cancer after her WBC count hit 60,000. She has had pain for months. Does the WBC count mean she is going to die?

    • ANSWER:
      increased WBC is not a problem. it shows that there is something wrong in body. its a sign. leukocytosis(increased WBC) has lots of reasons,for example infections can cause leukocytosis. cancers also could cause leukocytosis if malignant cells have spreaded through body....i need more information to conclude....
      ps:all of us will die.

  38. QUESTION:
    My aunt had liver cancer and is expected to live up to 24 months. Is there anything that can be done?
    The doctors told us over the phone that she waited too long and that the cancer spreaded from her colon to her liver and that now there's nothing they could do about it. And until something is done, she have up to 24 months to live. I blame them.

    What else could be done? Take her to another doctor, or give her some diet foods, or what?

    • ANSWER:
      I think firstly you should make clear about your aunt's thought, and then you can try to ask other doctors' opinions and decide what should you do in the next. But I think the most important thing is you must accompany her and make her happy.

  39. QUESTION:
    How probable is Hepatitis B carrier getting liver cancer?
    How probable is Hepatitis B carrier getting liver cancer later in his/her life? And is there any way to prevent this?

    Here's the blood test results:

    Hepatitis B Surface Antigen: Positive
    Hepatitis B Surface Antibody: Negative
    Hepatitis B e-antigen: Negative
    Hepatitis B Core IGM Antibody: Negative
    Hepatitis B e-antibody: Postive

    All the Hepatic Function Panel test results (including AST, ALT, and AFP) are normal.

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      You're carrier.
      Chance for Hep B infection become chronic liver infection is 5%.
      15 - 20 % from 5% have chanceto become chirrhosis and hepatoma (liver cancer).

      http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1121644

  40. QUESTION:
    What is the impact on economic development and lifestyle of LIVER CANCER?
    What is the impact on economic development and lifestyle of liver canceR?

    • ANSWER:
      My mom has liver cancer and lived poor growing up. After living poor for so long (9 other siblings also), she married and soon started her own preschool. Money isn't much of a problem and hasn't been for the last 20 years or so. BUT when she got money, she started eating fast food often. Fat, greasy, calorie-ridden foods that I believe helped give her liver cancer. I once read that eating a big mac meal from McDonald's damaged your liver just as much as being really really drunk. Think of the people that get really drunk and then end their night with Steak and Shake or a similar fast food joint. Lots of cases will be springing up of this in the next 15 years for my generation if we make it that far.

  41. QUESTION:
    What do you look for when you're in your last stage of liver cancer ?
    My grandfather has liver cancer and the doctors said they've done all they can. What to look for next or will he just sleep away?

    • ANSWER:
      Possible Complications:-
      * Gastrointestinal bleeding
      * Liver failure
      * Spread (metastasis) of the carcinoma

  42. QUESTION:
    What food can I give my dog with liver cancer that will give her nutrients and create her appetitie?
    Liver cancer causing no appetite.

    • ANSWER:

  43. QUESTION:
    Is there a real website providing Liver Cancer Treatment?
    I have gotten liver cancer in 2 months before diagnosing. I want to use herbal treatment for treatment. Is there a site providing herbal liver cancer treatment?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer develops because, for some reason, the cells start to multiply so fast that
      they form a tumor and keep growing in number. Cancer can be slow growing or
      very fast growing and aggressive. Cancer
      can develop in one area and break off and
      go to other organs also. That means if
      it is in the lungs, it can go to the liver, or develop in the liver and go to the bones.
      These cancer cells push on the other healthy
      cells in the liver and can cut off their blood
      supply which gives them nourishment and
      oxygen. These cells will die and form
      scar tissue inside the liver. The
      professionals have found out that they
      need certain drugs directed right at the
      tumor to try and destroy it, or try to
      cut off the blood supply to it, or try to
      destroy the cells as much as possible that
      continue to multiply.

      There is a new development known as
      Gamma knife where the radiation goes
      directly to the tumor and not the surrounding
      tissues. Which helps keep the patients
      from having so many side effects that
      normally would occur just radiating the whole
      body.
      http://radonc.yale.edu/clinical/radiosurgery.html

      There is a new surgical instrument that
      they can use to take tumors out of the
      body that is ultrasonic and will remove the
      tissues and leave the blood vessel and
      nerves alone known as Cusa:
      (this site is talking about using it for women,
      but it is also used for liver tumors)
      http://www.ump.com/articles/cusa/CUSA.htm
      This instrument help stop from having
      blood transfusions used during this time.

      There is also an instrument that is used
      known as Tissue Link that uses hot water
      that will gently close these vessels in the
      liver. I don't have a link for that.
      Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in
      Philadelphia, Pa. is where I know that
      they have used these instruments.
      (http://www.jeffersonhospital.org

      I know it is tempting to use herbal medications...but these medications can
      interact with medications the doctor may
      be giving you...they can also cause more
      damage when you are not sure which one
      to use and the amount.
      All medications goes through the liver to
      be processed. There are many drugs
      on the market that can harm the liver very
      easily when taken with other things...like
      over the counter pain med and alcohol together. Using herbs that have not been
      tested to see how the liver handles them, can cause more damage...most herbs have
      not been tested and the few that have been
      have been found out to be a great problem
      The liver, once it is damage, lacks in its
      ability to process drugs and the dosage has
      to be adjusted per patient and how bad the
      damage is. You will be taking a risk in doing this.

      If you really think about this...the herbs you
      will be taking is going to be processed
      through your digestive system and has to be absorbed into the body through the
      liver, which is not as good as if the medication is directed straight at the tumor itself.

      I hope you will reconsider and, if you do
      take anything, have it cleared to be okay
      to do so by your doctor.

      Sorry to hear you are going through this all.

  44. QUESTION:
    With liver cancer, if your ALT rises from 44 to 95, does that mean that the liver is shutting down?
    My friend started with colon cancer, which spread to his liver (stage IV), for 6 months the doctor said the liver numbers were good. Then a month ago he was concerned because it rose to 44, and now it's 95. He's being vague about how serious that could be. At what point does the liver shut down, or is damaged to the point that death is around the corner?

    • ANSWER:
      I think those numbers go much much higher when the liver is shutting down. My oncologist assured me that 10 or 20 points higher than the normal range is nothing to worry about ... he sees numbers in the thousands with liver cancer cases.

  45. QUESTION:
    Can a person have a spot on their liver and it not be liver cancer?
    When there is a small spot found on someone's liver is it automatically a sign of cancer or is their another explanation for this. My friend's mom has this and they are going to do more test. Please no Smart Alec answers...this in not a laughing matter for me. My mom died from liver cancer, but her whole liver was involved when we found out, but I don't want to give my friend no hope.

    • ANSWER:
      No it is not automatically anything this is why they are doing more tests.

  46. QUESTION:
    On average how many people survive liver cancer?
    I have been just diagnosed with a tumor on my liver and I am waiting for the results of the MRI test to find out if it may be cancer. I am curious to know what the average percentage of people with liver cancers survive with treatment? I have searched the internet myself but I'm upset and lack the patients to sift through all the medical mumbo jumbo. Plus I am a bit confused. If someone can shed some light for me it would be greatly appreciated.
    I don't have any information to go on.

    • ANSWER:
      You have to understand giving no information to go on will only give you a vague answer. The 5 year survival rate ranges from 2.5% to 26%.

  47. QUESTION:
    what is the best treatment for primary liver cancer complicated with cirrhosis with portal thrombosis?
    patient is a diabetic with low platelet count gastric verces are present. he has affected to primary liver cancer specially in right lobe with lot of nodules. if he get the treatment with radio frequency ablation will he stay with us for long period. what are the side effects of RFA?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends alot on if this cancer is aggressive or not. If this cancer has come from another area or has gone to other areas of the body. If this has happened, the patient would not be considered for liver transplant.

      It would have to be determine if this is one growth or many and the size of them. Once a cancer growth reaches a certain size..even though it is only in the liver,then the doctor would have to decide whether a transplant would be considered.

      There are different treatment measures:
      GAMMA KNIFE
      http://www.gammaknife.org?
      NANO KNIFE
      http://www.nanotechbuzz.com/50226711/nanoknife_nanoshells_kill_cancer_tumors.php
      CYBERKNIFE
      http://www.cyberknife.com
      RADIOWAVE THERAPY
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-invasive_RF_cancer_treatment#Cancer_therapy
      Here is a site that explains new developments in treating liver cancer:
      http://www.liver-products.com/liver-therapy/microspheres-hepatology.html
      TELEMORASE IN CURING CANCER
      http://www.baltimoresun.com/health/bal-md.hs.telomere06oct06,0,5278594.story?track=rss
      MICROWAVE Microwave destroy cancer tumors of the liver
      http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090204173038.htm
      SIR-SPHERES: Selective Internal Radiation Therapy: http://www.umgcc.org/sir-spheres/about_sirt.htm
      A non surgical therapy that uses radioactive microspheres to deliver radiation directly to the site of the liver tumors. It gives
      up to 40 times more radiation to the liver tumors than conventional radiotherapy. Theraspheres which uses microscopic glass beads
      to deliver radiation to the liver tumors. It shrinks the cancer but is not a cure...it is usually used combined with chemotherapy.
      Another name: radioembolization: 6 million radioactive microspheres or glass beads into the tumor. Each bead, which is smaller than the
      width of a strand of hair, emits radiation to kill the cancer. It is alot of radiation concentrated in a very small area.
      ULTRASONIC WAVE (CUSA)excel ultrasonic Aspiration System
      http://www.ivanhoe.com/channels/p_channelstory.cfm?storyid=17589
      Patient loses very little blood. It is a surgical tool called a Cusa that sucks out liver cells. If you remove the liver cells you are left with the blood vessels.

      Considering he is diagnosed with Cirrhosis, Portal thrombosis, and cancer...it doesn't sound promising. However, only the doctors can give you an educated guess on whether he will have a chance to become better, how long he might live, and whether he can be evaluated for transplantation.
      Here is a site on the Liver transplant process, if you need it:
      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html
      I hope this information is of some help to you.

      .

  48. QUESTION:
    How long can someone in their late 70's survive terminal liver cancer?
    I know terminal means there's nothing they can do but I just found out my grandmother has terminal liver cancer. I'm going up to see her today hoping that this won't be the last time I do see her. So could someone give me some idea of the life expectancy, I know you're no doctors but some of you probably have experience. Thank you x

    • ANSWER:
      Generally in terminal liver cancer patient,s survival is few months but in individual patient it is difficult to predict.It depends on many other factors.

  49. QUESTION:
    My mum was diagnosed with bowel cancer 2 weeks ago. It has also spread to her liver. How bad is it?
    She had surgery last week to remove the bowel cancer, which was 90% covering her bowel. The surgery was a success, but now there are also secondary cancers in her liver. At the moment the doctor can say there are 3 lumps in the liver, but he says there may be more they dont know about.
    Mum has to start chemo in a few weeks.
    Can someone please tell me the best and worst case scenario for secondary liver cancer.
    Any advice would also be appreciated. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Best Case is that she will go through one round of treatment. Which may include hair falling out, days of extreme fatigue, and sickness. And the cancer goes away.

      Worst case is that she goes through all of that and the cancer spreads. And I do not have to tell you what the end result will be.

      I have some info I would like you to look at that may aid her in her treatment. Please consider all avenues before it is too late to help her. I totally believe in it and have seen it work in other people with Stage 4 cancer.

      You are in my prayers and I hope that all turns out well for you.

  50. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of a person that is dying from Liver Cancer?
    My husband and I just took the responsibility of caring for my sister that was diagnosed with terminal liver cancer. My sister is on morphine to control the pain, and the doctor tells us is a matter of weeks. My sister has no clue as to what is going on and is tearing me up inside.

    She is 55 years old and was full of life until 9 months ago, I see her wasting away, with lots of pain, the tumor is inoperable. Therefore, I need to know what is going to happen, what changes am I going to see in her? I have been told that they could bleed through the mucus area... eyes, nose etc.

    Has anyone gone through this experience?

    Thank you

    Nina

    • ANSWER:
      oh my god...i am so sorry to hear about your family tragedy...you are a very good and strong person and admire you...
      the syptoms are What are the symptoms of Liver Cancer?

      The most common symptoms of liver cancer are from a massive tumor growing in the liver, or even liver failure. A very early cancer will have no symptoms, since it is too small to cause any. As it enlarges, common symptoms include:

      1.Pain in the right upper abdominal area caused by stretching of the liver's capsule, which is rich in nerves. The liver may then extend below the right costal margin ("hepatomegaly") and be painful to probe.
      2. Weight Loss and loss of appetite; the liver is a digestive organ.
      3. Swelling of the abdomen (called "ascites" pronounced a-site-ees) from the liver failing to produce the protein required to hold the blood's fluid in the blood vessels, so it migrates out to fill the abdomen, scrotum and limbs.
      4. Cirrhosis signs like breast swelling in males (from the liver failing to break down estrogens) and little spider shaped veins (angiomata) seen on the skin. Another sign of liver failure is very red palms ("palmar erythema").
      5. Blood clotting problems leading to intestinal bleeding and bruises on the skin. The liver normally uses vitamin K from the diet and intestinal bacteria sources to synthesize the clotting factor ("prothrombin") necessary for life.
      6.Fatigue and eventually coma from buildup of ammonia in the body.
      7. Jaundice and light stools, from blockage of the bile draining system. Also looser and smellier stools may be seen, ("steatorrhea") indicating poor breakdown of fats in the digestive tract. Jaundice normally produces itching (pruritis) when it becomes marked. The first area notable for jaundice, caused by the
      liver's failure to clear bilirubin, is the whites of the eyes ("scleral icterus").
      8. Paraneoplastic syndromes means unusual symptoms caused by chemical alterations in the body either from the liver failing or secretions from the tumor cells themselves. These include elevated blood calcium, low blood sugar, anemias, precocious puberty in children, intense flushing, and other metabolic
      disturbances. These syndromes often will be alleviated with cancer shrinkage.
      9. Signs of Distant Spread include bone pain, neurological symptoms from brain involvement, and intestinal blockage. These all indicate advanced disease.


Liver Cancer Death

The Creekside Cancer Care Center in Lafayette, Colorado recently acquired a modern and most advanced radio surgery treatment for cancer, the Cyberknife VSI System. This addition will enable the cancer facility center more options to treat cancer. One such state-of-the-art treatment is the Cyberknife Treatment for liver cancer.

Liver cancer or hepatocellular carcinoma is a type of cancer that originates from the liver. The liver is an organ that resembles the size of a football. It is located on the upper right side of the abdomen, just beneath the diaphragm. Though liver cancer is considered as one of the most common forms of cancer all over the world, the disease seems to be alien in the United States. However, the rates of diagnosis are slowly increasing.

Most diagnosis in the US show that the cancer that usually occurs in the liver didn't originate in the liver, rather it began from another organ like the colon, breast, or lung. Experts has another name for it, metastatic cancer, and the disease is usually named after the organ where the disease originated; e.g. metastatic lung cancer which is used to describe the cancer that started in the lung and has spread to the liver.

Doctors have not really traced what are the causes of liver cancer. However, there are cases that are linked to a certain disease, like chronic infection with hepatitis is known to cause liver cancer.

The early stages of the disease do not show symptoms. If symptoms start to manifest, these may include the following:

  • Weight loss for no apparent reason
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Feeling of being weak
  • Enlargement of the liver
  • Jaundice

The following are some of the factors that increase the risk of developing liver cancer:

  • Gender - Males are likely to have liver cancer than females
  • Age - The disease is common to older adults.
  • Being afflicted with hepatitis B and C
  • If you are diabetic
  • Consuming alcohol at high levels
  • Obese people are more prone to liver cancer

The most common treatment for liver cancer is transplant. However, there are other treatments that are available like chemotherapy, proton beam therapy, and ablation. As mentioned earlier, there is a new and advanced treatment called the Cyberknife Treatment for Liver Cancer that is already available.

This non-invasive, radio surgery treatment is a breakthrough in the treatment of cancer. Cyberknife Treatment for Liver Cancer offers a high-tech treatment that is effective. This special treatment can utilize higher doses of radiation because it is equipped with precise rays targeting system.

One sure-fire benefit of Cyberknife Treatment for Liver Cancer is that it doesn't result in complications, unlike the more common open surgery. The treatment also ensures that patients will have an unchanged quality of living while under treatment and after the completing the treatment.

Since the treatment is painless, there is no need to use anesthesia, thereby decreasing the risk of getting complications as a result of anesthesia and post-surgery bleeding.

The Colorado Cyberknife Cancer Facility gives cancer patients a better alternative treatment that is sure to bring positive results.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Is liver cancer a death sentence?
    A dear friend of ours is battling cancer. She has had it in 3 other locations, and has recovered from that, but now she hassome cancer in her liver, all of this has happened within 1 year.

    • ANSWER:
      if the cancer has penetrated into the liver and is not just ON the liver, then yes it is. I am sorry. The only treatment for cancer IN the liver is a liver transplant and if the cancer has metasticized from other places then the person is not a candidate for transplant.

      I am sorry. I went through this with both of my parents.

  2. QUESTION:
    Is liver metastases from colon cancer an automatic death sentence?
    Father has just been diagnosed with colon cancer and it has metastasized to liver. Extremely worried about him. Anyone know someone or is going through anything similar that can give some hope?

    • ANSWER:
      Honestly, its better you consult a specialist. I really want to help but I don't think I can give better answers than specialist do. Sorry.

      good luck

      Love is omnipresence, Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. It is not rude, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres. Love never fails.

  3. QUESTION:
    liver cancer?
    A friend of mine found out he had liver cancer 2 days ago. (Hes only 15) hes currently in a hosptial in england(he lives in ireland) he got a 5lb tumour removed from his liver. He had not been feeling well for about 5 months before he found out, hes coming back to ireland in a few days hes going back to his house then hes going for some chemo therapy, is this a good sign that hes going home? i dont have a clue about liver cancer, whats the risk of death? If he started feeling ill 5 months before they found out does it sound like they caught it soon enough?

    • ANSWER:
      Like you i don't know very much about liver cancer however, I'm dealing with an inoperable liver tumor also. They told us about ten yrs ago about it. I'm dealing with it along with some other issues. I know that transplants can be done and that the liver is one organ that can regenerate itself. My oldest sister has a daughter who is in her mid to late 30's now told when she was about 2 she had some kind of liver troubles. At the time they said she would never make it past her teens or have any kids. She has surpassed them both. We was also told that this illness caused her belly to extend out to which my brother and I had the same thing, we are both in our 50's now. Who would ever thought we would make it that far.
      The medical field can do some very great things now days for I have gone though three brain surgeries and I'm still here among us. 50 yrs ago I would have one passed. So yes it is great that they found it early and he can go home and is taken treatment. Can they cure it? They say they can at least slow it done or put it into remission. For how long who knows 5 yrs 10 yrs or maybe just long enough for him or his family to get his affairs in order(which all of us need to do)I had to some day we are all going to meet our maker now I have had my things pretty much in place since the last golf war. Sorry to read of your friend deli ma I hope him all the best.

  4. QUESTION:
    LIVER CANCER and death issues?

    • ANSWER:
      where's the verb?

  5. QUESTION:
    is liver cancer a leading cause of death among old conservatives, like Roy Cohn?

    he didnt have aids. he insisted to his dying day that his disease was liver cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      NO, cancer maybe but not liver cancer

      soon the leading cause of death will be because of insane violent liberals who attack anyone who so much as questions the great obama...just look at how nuts the libs go at Tea Party events, throwing rocks, bottles and eggs, beating people with sticks, bats and fist and calling for murder

  6. QUESTION:
    my father has stomach & liver cancer what can he do to slow his death?
    yeah he has 2 cancers and no way to fix it is there anything he can do to slow his death or inprove his health in anyway what so ever?

    • ANSWER:
      He can maintain his health the same way all other patients of cancer and people in general can. Given his digestive cancers you need to watch what you feed him.
      It is probably better to talk to him and enjoy what time you have left. Later in life you might want to read "The Last Lecture: Really Achieving Your Childhood Dreams" by Randy Pausch, if you haven't. He was a professor at Carnegie Mellon in your father's situation and made the best of what he had been dealt with in life. But for now stick with your dad, try to go on as long as you can in a normal way. Let him teach you everything only a father can while he still can instead of trying to stop the inevitable and losing out on a father.

  7. QUESTION:
    My mother recently died of liver cancer. Why does cancer make you fatigued, but the death is painful?

    • ANSWER:
      I am so sorry about your mother. It's so sad. Cancer makes you tired because it's consuming healthy tissue and cells. You white blood cells are going to the area to try and combat the cancer. That's the job of white blood cells. Whenever there is an infection or anything in your body, these cells attack it. Of course, they can't rid the body of cancer but they never stop trying. Your mom's death was painful because the liver was damaged and it only got worse as time went on. They must have given her heavy duty pain meds so she could at least die in some comfort. If they Dr's and nurses did their job, she should not have died in pain unless her body tolerated the pain med because she was getting it around the clock. Again, I am so very sorry for your loss. God bless you,
      ADD Tammy, I just read your answer. You can get treatment. Go to every hospital you can find because some hospitals have free care. Go to your state for aid. If the state supports people on welfare and gives them free care, you should be eligible. Mind if I ask what kind of cancer you have.? I want to try and help you as much as I can. NO ONE should be denied treatment for cancer. I am so sorry you are going through this.

  8. QUESTION:
    Once cancer starts spreading (from pancreous to liver in this case) is there more possibility of death?
    My friend is 37 and been diagnosed with cancer, they have told him the prognosis is not good because its spread from pancreous to liver. He starts chemo next week, do you think maybe I should start preparing myself for the worst?

    • ANSWER:
      Those are 2 dangerous organs to cancer in. It's bad enough when it's in one, but both. Boy, I never, ever give a prognosis and I won't start now, but I'm just going to say to hope and pray for the best. Miracles happen and I am a firm believer in miracles. Perhaps the chemo will slow it down as well. Is this cancer just starting? If it is, then chemo should do a good job, but because you said it spread to the liver, it sounds like he's had it for a while and didn't know. He had to experience some pain before he was diagnosed. I wish I could give you a good solid answer and tell you all will be great, but I can't. What you should do is be there for him. He's going to need you a lot when he starts chemo. Chemo alone is tough on anyone. He will be weak from it. He won't want to do much of anything because chemo really compromises his immune system. He's going to have to be careful who comes to see him. No sick person should be near him and he will need you to see to all those things. Never be afraid to be yourself around him. Laugh with him, cry with him. Just always be the person he knows and loves. You will both be in my prayers God bless you every single day.
      ADD Mike S, Get off your high horse and stop being so darn negative.

  9. QUESTION:
    With liver cancer, if your ALT rises from 44 to 95, does that mean that the liver is shutting down?
    My friend started with colon cancer, which spread to his liver (stage IV), for 6 months the doctor said the liver numbers were good. Then a month ago he was concerned because it rose to 44, and now it's 95. He's being vague about how serious that could be. At what point does the liver shut down, or is damaged to the point that death is around the corner?

    • ANSWER:
      I think those numbers go much much higher when the liver is shutting down. My oncologist assured me that 10 or 20 points higher than the normal range is nothing to worry about ... he sees numbers in the thousands with liver cancer cases.

  10. QUESTION:
    what is it called when a peron refueses a treatment for cancer or any other illness that may lead to death?
    i have a friend whos mom just died from liver cancer. she refused treatment becasue she had already gone through colon cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Slow suicide?

  11. QUESTION:
    once liver starts shutting down how long till death?
    My mom has secondary liver cancer. Shes sleeping pretty much all day, doesnt eat but a bite and hardly drinks. Her skin is yellow and shes having a hard time with talking and her balance. How much longer will she have to suffer.

    • ANSWER:

  12. QUESTION:
    My mum has cancer and I want to know how long she has to live, and whether her death will be long and painful?
    She is only 53 years old, and I am her daughter, 21 years old. My mum was diagnosed with stage IV advanced colorectal cancer about 2 years ago. In this time it has spread to her liver, lungs and recently her ovaries. Most of the cancer growth is a large 4cm tumour in her liver, as the initial site of the cancer (colon) was removed. After her body rejected the last bout of chemo the doctor estimated she had about three months left to live. That was two months ago. She is currently in hospital as she was experiencing severe pain from the liver cancer. She has a distended stomach, jaundice (yellow in her skin and eyes), loss of appetite and tiredness. She can still talk and do stuff, but finds it difficult to lift herself out of bed and sometimes becomes a bit mentally confused and will occaisionally say things she doesn't mean to say. They have managed to control the pain with morphine, but I am really scared that death might be closer than I think (ie. in a few days). I'm also really worried the death will be long and painful...What is a typical death like from secondary liver cancer? I also know she wants to die at home, which is why i'm trying to find out how soon death will be so that I can take her home. I don't want her to die in hospital.

    • ANSWER:
      Your mom and I are the same age. I lost my best friend due to lung cancer that spread.

      If you do take her home, you will need help from Hospice. My best friend wanted to die at home, and she did. The last two weeks she needed someone to be with her round the clock.

      You will need to take a break sometime. Also, to make sure you have enough pain meds (morphine) so she will not suffer, plus she may need oxygen. It could get really hard the last couple hours or she could go peacefully. No one can say for sure.

      Ask her if there is anything that needs to be done--as far as her affairs. What are her wishes for the funeral?

      The hardest concern--she needs you to let go when the time comes. She may try to hang on just for you. This is where Hospice can help!

      You are in my thoughts--and I am so sorry for you. It is so hard.

  13. QUESTION:
    Mom just found out she has liver cancer?
    Hey my mom just found out she has liver cancer. About a year and a half ago she had breast cancer and they just found this one in a scan. She hasn't had any further scans yet so we don't know much about it. What's the worst case situation (besides death)? What's the best situation? What kind of treatment should she expect? Any details will help, thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Well, I know a girl who had liver cancer and she did very well. Apparantly, the liver can grow from just part of a liver, so if the cancer is local (just in the liver) I would think that the worst case scenario would be to get a liver transplant. The girl I knew received part of her fathers liver. She had to take anti-rejection drugs for it, and keeps taking them still. She also received chemotherapy because they wanted to make sure that there were not any little cancer cells floating around in her body that they missed.

      If it has spread into other areas such as any lymph nodes, etc. that does not mean it's incurable. I just had cervical cancer which metastisized to my lymph nodes and surrounding tissues in my pelvis. All of my cancer was cleared up with just radiation and I also had chemo becuase it is shown to greatly reduce chance of recurrance, but it was not necessary to get to the point I am at now, it was an extra precaution.

      What kind of scan did your mom have? I had an MRI which didn't show some other cancerous lymph nodes, and I had a PET scan which showed that I had cancer attempting to spread, in my lymph nodes, deeply invading tissues...

      No matter what, keep your moms spirits up. This is survivable. Chances are, one tiny cancer cell made it and stuck around in her body, then decided to plant itself and grow into cancer in her liver. It was probably the same cancer cells which were causing her breast cancer. Thats the tricky thing about cancer. My doctor says its like a dandelion spreading..."How does the dandelion spread?" is how my doctor talks about cancer spreading. It makes sense. The little seeds travel through the air, going totally unnoticed until one day, up crops this dandelion, almost overnight it seems to happen. Same thing with cancer. So one of those seeds was probably there just waiting for it's chance to plant itself somewhere else in her body and create a second cancer. I'm really sorry she's going to need more treatments but you should keep hope above all else...she already beat breast cancer now she will beat liver cancer too.

  14. QUESTION:
    Why does cancer cause such excruciating pain during death?
    Our friend died of cancer this morning aged 38. She died in horrendous pain ... screaming & coughing up blood just seconds before her death. Her cancer was in her bones & her liver was failing a few days ago. No medication helped her pain ... Why did she die in such bad pain?
    Our friend died of cancer this morning aged 38. She died in horrendous pain ... screaming & coughing up blood just seconds before her death. Her cancer was in her bones & her liver was failing a few days ago. No medication helped her pain ... Why did she die in such bad pain?
    She took every treatment available to her (in ireland) but nothing took her pain away ...

    • ANSWER:
      For a cancer patient to be in that kind of pain is horrendous and inhuman. If she was receiving palliative care, they certainly failed at managing her symptoms and should be reported to the proper authorities.

      I know the NHS in Great Britain and Ireland has been know for their substandard hospice care. I read reports about it on the BBC all the time.

      My mother died of pancreatic cancer. From the day she went into Calvary Hospital in NY, she was on a 500 mcg Fentanyl drip, and thankfully, she went into a coma the last 5 days of her life.... She never felt the worst of it.

  15. QUESTION:
    What is the last stage of life like when dying of liver cancer? symptoms? *read detail*?
    my mother has gotten ill all of a sudden from liver cancer (end stage). she was fine just 2 days ago eating and walking and talking and everything.
    but today she has gotten in a sort of coma-like situation and isn't talking, responding to anything, or even moving. she is breathing very shallow breaths as if she were running a marathon. im very scared to ask this, and im sorry if this brings back unpleasent memories, but please tell me if you have been RIGHT THERE next to a person dying of cancer what is it like? how do they look? symptoms? breathing? pain? sleepy? not sleepY? fustrated? confused? or calm instead?
    plz. tell me about things that signify the end may be near. thanks. I am only 17 and would feel bad asking my father these things.
    if you have expereinces from yourself or a friend or family member of death from cancer or near death plz tell. thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I have ot been right there with someone dying from cancer but I have ben right there when my grandpa died from kidney failure. It starts out like you explained, shallow breaths, hey start to look yellow or grayish in color because their blood starts to circuate slower frm lack of motivation. They will eventually start to have bubbles, or saliva fill up their bmouth, this i from the lungs filling up with fluid and prtty much drowing in the fluid, sorry that soudns so harsh, Then when their time is finally up they will take a breath, and be gone. Those are what happens whe someone is dying, t leat that is what happens when My grandpa died,and that is what hospice says happens to almost everyone who is dying. Im not sure if you are a believer in god or not. But if you are ust remember she is going to be going to a much better place where she will no longer have to suffer. Hope I helped! And im very sorry you have to go though this. No one should ever lose a loved one to cancer. good luck and you will get through this i promise! It will take time but you will pull through.

  16. QUESTION:
    Could someone please explain to me what the following means about a liver cancer patient?
    I have an 80 year old man whose FNA tests say that he has Adenocarcinoma, Malignant Epithelial cells whose features suggest glandular formation. An abdominal scan had sad said intraabdominal malignancy with hepatic metastases. He was given expensive medication such as Xeloda. His legs are very swollen, why?
    I do not understand what all this means. Could someone please explain to me and tell me how long I should give him till death. The doctor said the site of origin is not known. How long can he live?what does all this medical vocabulary mean?please

    • ANSWER:
      Hello,

      I'm sorry about this.

      My translation is: There is a cancer ("carcinoma") which originated in some glandular ("adeno-") tissue, somewhere within the abdomen. It has spread secondarily ("metastasized") to the liver, ("hepatic").

      There may be some obstruction by the bulk of the cancer, to lymph fluid return from the legs; or alternatively, he may haver a disturbance of his blood proteins, which is causing the legs to remain swollen.

      The cancer cannot be removed surgically because (a) there is no diagnosed primary tumour to be removed, and (b) it has spread to the liver and you can't remove that.

      It's difficult to know how long he is going to live. He is likely to lose weight and waste away; he may get jaundice from the loss of proper liver function; he may get a bowel obstruction from spread of the cancer within the abdomen; the cancer may spread to somewhere else dangerous, like the brain; he may get so weak that he gets a serious infection like pneumonia.

      From this distance I would hesitate to guess. His doctor should be in a better position than me. If you pressed me, maybe several months, or more if he responds well to the treatment.

      I hope this is of some help.

      Best wishes,

      Belliger (retired uk gp)

  17. QUESTION:
    what are the early signs of death after chemo has been stopped,when there's cancer in heart,liver,lung,lymph.?

    • ANSWER:
      Signs of approaching death come gradually. The person will sleep more and more, eat less and less. there will be good days with lots of energy, usually followed by several days of serious napping to restore the energy. Let this person eat anything he or she wants, there is less chance of throwing up, and they will enjoy it. focus on the quality of life.

      Very close to the end, they will sleep almost constantly. There will be times when you think they have stopped breathing, and then breathing starts again. This is called apnea, and is perfectly normal. It's like snoring: only the people around are bothered by it, the person "doing" he apnea can't even tell.

      Eventually, the heart function gets really slow, and you will find hands and feet will be very cool to the touch. You will probably notice purplish mottled patches around the knees and arms. At this time, the person is probably in a coma and cannot be awakened. They may be able to hear, you never know; so don't say anything in front of them you don't want them to hear.

      Finally, gently, the breathing will just stop. Hopefully, with the help of a good hospice, this will all be peaceful and with as little pain as possible.

      Blessings and prayers as this life comes to a close. and remember: the body knows what it's doing.

  18. QUESTION:
    Lung, Adrenal, Liver cancer
    My mom had gallbladder cancer in her early twenties...she was treated for gallstones and the cancer was discovered and removed at that time. Later on, at age 44, she died...she was diagnosed five days prior to her death with lung cancer, the tumor was 10x8x6 cm. After reading the autopsy it appears that te cancer was also in her adrenal gland, 15x9x7 cm, and her liver 6x4x2 cm...is this hereditary and should I be tested for it? I am 34 years old...
    My doubts are that the cancer started as lung cancer...I believe it started when she had gallbladder cancer...then it went to the adreanal gland, liver and then lung...is that not possible? Are galbladder and adrenal gland cancers hereditary?
    I am unaware of anyone else having cancer in the family that young...my grandfather died of lung cancer (mom's father). My uncle does thell me stories of them being very poor and having flies in the house, lots of them, and my grandmother kept a bottle of DDT and sprayed them and the whole house with it! I worry because I also lost my father when I was 15, he was 41...he had heart disease and that was hereditary and he lost his father when he was 10 from the same thing. I just keep feeling that the cancer started from the gallbladder. I will request the autopsy report, I only have the preliminary one...this all happened when I was only 19 so it has been 14 years...

    • ANSWER:
      There are a few oncologists who answer questions here and I hope one of them sees your question and answers it, as they know far more than I do. Clearly something very unusual was happening with your mother. It is rare for someone under 40 to have gallbladder cancer and it is also rare for someone 44 to have metastatic lung cancer. The fact she was diagnosed just before her death and the size of her tumors indicates she had a very aggressive form of cancer.

      Less than 10 percent of cancers are hereditary. Are there any other family members with cancer? Did any of them get it at an early age? Were they unusually aggressive? I tend to think the cause of her problem may have been exposure or a genetic defect, not necessarily a hereditary one, or possibly a combination of both.

      Genetic testing is very expensive it costs ,000-,000 to test for the BRAC-1 and BRAC-2 breast cancer gene and we know what we are looking for with those. It is much easier and cost effective to first test the person with the cancer to see if there is a hereditary component and then test family members.

      The other thing you need to consider is if you found her cancer was hereditary and you have the gene, is there anything you can do to prevent it or anything you could do differently than you can do now? In this case I would have to say no. You cannot have your lungs removed. You can have periodic chest x-rays or CTs, stay away from smoking, not inhale hazardous chemicals, etc., but you can do those things without genetic testing.

      I’m sorry, I know you are looking for answers and a solution to ease your mind, but I don’t have those for you. I have included some links that may answer your questions better than I can. Good luck.

      http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2006-06-18-stomach_x.htm

      http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/11/071104191541.htm

      http://www.genetics.wayne.edu/lung/

      EDIT: Hereditary cancer is rare regardless of the primary site, however it is more likely to have a hereditary cancer of the gallbladder than it is from the lung. Not that it can’t happen, but I have never seen a gallbladder cancer with mets 20 years later. The autopsy report should state what the primary site was. Usually lung mets appear as multiple nodules at the base of the lungs, not as one large tumor.

      EDIT: I’m so sorry you lost your parents at such a young age. I can only imagine how difficult that must be. You may very well be right about it coming from the gallbladder. When people get a non-childhood cancer at a young age and/or if it is because of exposure it can behave very unpredictably. It could have been from the DDT. There were studies done on workers who handled DDT and they found a higher incidence of cancers of the liver and biliary tract. The biliary tract connects to the gallbladder. I hope you find the answers you are looking for. Best of luck to you.

  19. QUESTION:
    Spiritually speaking: I need advice about Cancer and death.. Does anyone know what to expect from :?
    a patient going through liver cancer treatments? Physically and Mentally.
    Especially ones that believe they will not out live the treatments?
    How do you support someone in that situation if they are a family member?
    What would be the best things to say or not say?
    Is there a site where I could learn about this?

    I know there is a category for this but I like it here because I hope I can also get some spiritual advice also.
    Thank you all so so very much and just so there is no confusion it is my grandmother. Please do feel free to pray for her to have the least discomfort as possible to any God you may believe in. Thank you all again.

    • ANSWER:
      Honestly - while there are some similarities in the process as far as dealing with the disease and treatments with many types of cancer - a lot of it directly relates to the individual with the cancer, how they feel about themselves and their lives, the amount of support they receive from family & friends, their attitude and willingness to fight for their lives. When you put together all the variables, it's a very individual thing - each cancer patient is different.

      If someone has nobody to lean on or they are depressed and mentally giving up on themselves, they are likely to feel even worse physically as well.

      My Mom went through a 6 year battle with lymphoma cancer. She had a positive attitude and a good support system, so even through the rough times, she did pretty well through most of it. Unfortunately, such an aggresive cancer combined iwth age does eventually win and she passed away earlier this year. But she had accepted it by then and had no regrets. She was 76 when she passed. On the positive side - it was thought she wouldn't live past mid 2002 - but her will to live and her positive attitude along with the work of her excellent doctors and nurses gave her 6 more years - though she had a couple of relapses and had to go through a couple more rounds of chemo - most of the time throughout those 6 years were pretty good for her.

      One of my best girlfriends was diagnosed with an aggressive cancer a couple years ago, and was told by a jerk doctor with no bedside manner to enjoy her birthday that year as it would likely be her last. While she went through some depression, she didn't give up. She's alive and well and cancer free now.

      The treatments and medications to take the edge off the side effects have come a long way. My Mom would feel pretty well the day of and the day after a treatment, but then would have a couple days where she just was tired and kinda felt like she had the flu. She'd rest up for a few days and then she'd be fine till a couple days after the next treatment. Her treatments were spread out every few weeks she would have two days of treatment - so we're really only talking about a few days a month that she was feeling kinda crappy. (My friend expressed that her experiences were similar.)

      Cancer is a very difficult thing for both the patient and his/her loved ones to go through. And there's a fine line to teeter on when dealing with a cancer patient who is a loved one - sometimes we tend to try to be over-helpful and too supportive of that patient because we love them so much and we feel so helpless, so we overcompensate because we don't know what else to do - and that can drive the patient a little nuts too. Try to keep that in mind. (I know this from experience - after awhile, my friend gave me a good what-for because I was overcompensating with her. And my Mom would get frustrated with my Dad because he tried to do too much for her, and she wanted to do things for herself when she could rather than just sitting around doing nothing all the time.)

      As far as spiritual advice - again, that would depend on you and your family's spiritual views. My Mom and my friend were happy to receive any prayers, positive energies, and simple well wishes from friends and family regardless of their faith. But there are some people who feel that stuff doesn't help them at all.

      Here are some articles/websites that may help you.

      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MBC/content/MBC_4_1X_For_Spouses_Family_and_Friends.asp
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MBC/MBC_4x_CopingCancer.asp

      http://www.hopeguide.org/TopicCMD.jac?topicID=10486

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cancer-diagnosis/HQ01306

      Blessings.

  20. QUESTION:
    Secondary liver cancer from the bowel?
    Hello

    I am a 23 year old male, diagnosed with Duke C bowel cancer in may 2008. I had a proctocolectomy to remove the tumor but it spread to the lymph nodes and a recent ultrasound showed mulitple lesions on my liver.
    I am not so concerened whether i live or die but really just how much pain i will experience with or without medicine as i am quite sick to death of hopsitals and am not really happy of the idea of more hospital stays and/or drugs.

    thank you

    • ANSWER:
      This is terrible news and you are far too young to have to deal with it. I am so sorry.

      If you have multiple liver lesions surgery is not going to fix it. It sounds as though you understand the prognosis is not good. I know one can only take so much of doctors and hospitals before you are sick of them. You need to talk to your oncologist about your priorities to make sure your goals are the same and discuss your concerns about pain. Not everyone experiences severe pain. Also, be clear about your objections to drugs. What is it that makes you dislike them? Do they make you nauseous? Fuzzy headed? Sleepy? Your doctor can work with you to give you different or a combination of drugs that are better for you, but they need to know what you don’t like about them first. If and when you are ready hospice really is a good idea. When you feel like it look into a few in your area and talk to them about how they would handle your case. Best wishes.

  21. QUESTION:
    planing getting a picture of me and my grand father and the ribbon representing liver cancer and in side?
    of the ribbon my grad father Koren war rank
    his full name and his birth and death date
    what do you guys think of the idea

    • ANSWER:
      sound cool but only if you research every tattoo shop in your area and if none are good enough TRAVEL . there is nothing worse than a badly done portrait . make sure you see other portraits the artist has done before you get it done .

  22. QUESTION:
    stomach cancer death??
    My grandfather was diagnosed with terminal stomach cancer 6 months ago. He is currently in the hospital and his cancer has now spread to his liver. He is dieing and the doctor has said that there is nothing that can be done now but make him comfortable. I am wondering if anyone has been through this and can give me some kind of insight as to what i can expect of his death. What will the last few stages of his life be like? how will he deteriorate?

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds like my dad. My father died of stomach cancer. You know, my dad waited to long to have something done. His Dr said if he had come to him sooner, all of this could have been prevented. Anyway, the day before dad died, he was sitting up and talking. He had surgery 2 days before that and 1/3 of his stomach was removed. So we all thought "Great, dad's going to be fine." The very next day we got a call that he was in a coma and on a respirator. So the entire family went to be with him. While we were there, he was disconnected because his brain waves showed he was brain dead. According to the Dr. he didn't feel anything. He never knew that the end was so near. No one did. It was a shock to all of us. I just want you to know that your grandfather will probably go into a peaceful coma and quietly slip away like my dad did. They will also medicate him to make him comfortable. Make sure he knows how much you love him. While he knows what's going on, just be yourselves around him but never leave before telling him you love him. OK. Hope all goes well and I pray you find peace in knowing he will not know. I've been a nurse long enough and have seen enough people die from various things to know that 99% of them go into a coma before dying. God bless.

  23. QUESTION:
    mom might have liver cancer.
    My mom has a cyst on aher liver and hte doctors are not worried about it being cancer but could it be? could it turn into cancer? has anyone had cysts on their liver? Im 14 and love my mom to death. please help!

    • ANSWER:
      Kisa-
      You can relax. There is just about zero chance your mother's cyst of the liver is anything but benign - it is not cancer. In the liver, cancer forms solid masses, not cysts. Following is more information on cysts of the liver which should make you feel more at ease:

      LIVER CYSTS
      What are they?
      A cyst is the medical term used to describe a space of roundish or saclike shape in some part. It may be empty or contain watery or mucus types of fluid. It is not uncommon to find one or several small cysts in the liver when a patient has an ultrasound scan or CAT scan of the abdomen for some reason. The vast majority of these cysts are found by chance as they do not produce any symptoms.

      It is important to rule out Hydatid disease. This condition occurs when humans ingest dog tape worm - Echinococcus granulose which can invade the liver causing cysts. This may occur in areas where sheep and cattle raising are done. These can be differentiated from simple cysts, which is important as they may require treatment to avoid rupture. Good standards of hygiene and regular worming of dogs can prevent these infections.

      What causes cysts?
      These "simple cysts" usually arise because a small area of liver cells die or degenerate. The most common cause is advancing years and poor diet and lifestyle. Sometimes these cysts can be full of "fatty material" in those with a fatty liver. These cysts do not represent liver disease because the liver, being such a huge organ, has plenty of other areas containing healthy cells to enable liver function to remain normal.

      Are they common?
      Solitary or multiple liver cysts are common, especially with advancing age - they have no special significance unless they are diagnosed as cancerous. Liver function is generally normal. Occasionally these cyst may cause pain but for the most part they do not cause any particular symptoms.

      Can they be cured?
      If your doctor finds that you have one or several of these degenerative types of liver cysts (simple cysts), do not become alarmed. Obviously you do not want to develop many more of these cysts and thankfully it is easy to stop them from multiplying. In many cases it is possible to gradually shrink the cysts using nutritional medicine.

  24. QUESTION:
    Can cancer be spread by diseased transplanted organs/bones to a person without cancer?
    Can a person without cancer get cancer from a transplanted body part that has malignant cancer? In other words, lets say (person a) dies of malignant cancer that has spread to his liver. His liver is stolen and cause of death was changed to heart attack or something by some criminal. The liver is then transplanted to an otherwise healthy (person b) without cancer who for some reason needs a liver. Can the liver spread cancer to other parts of (person b)'s body?

    • ANSWER:
      Have to go with Panda here. The answer here is probably not, but is a reason why a history of cancer generally removes you from transplant list, except maybe for corneas. The body would likely recognize the other person's cancer cells appropriately and kill them- those cells would not have the "under the radar" benefit from the immune system that cancer cells which started in your own body would have. Still, I believe no one would want to prove this theory wrong....

      Blessings

  25. QUESTION:
    how common is it for a 14 year old to have liver cancer who hasn't smoked drank or anything before?
    my best friend has it and im scared to death for her

    • ANSWER:
      There are 240 cases in patients under 20 years old each year.
      Smoking and drinking has nothing to do with it.

  26. QUESTION:
    Blood clot in jugular and has stage 4 lung cancer is death near, diagnosed in Aug. 2008?
    My dad is 64 today.cancer has spread to liver,bones

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, sorry.

  27. QUESTION:
    Cat has liver cancer not eating drinking lots if water and swollen from water retention, looking for time, ?
    Frame of her going to pass she's 13 and has had cancer for 1 yr wanting to prepare my self for her death:(

    • ANSWER:
      Please take this cat to the veterinarian to see if it's time to let her go. If she is bloated and edematous, she may be suffering. I'm assuming you and your vet are checking her health frequently.

      I have 8 cats, and I had to have one euthanized less than a month ago due to lymphoma. I monitored her constantly her last month of life, giving her breathing treatments, taking her outside, giving her little treats, and brushing her fur. Your cat depends on you to prevent her from suffering. I will probably have to go through this 8 more times when the rest of my cats reach the end of their lives, but it is worth it.

      "We who choose to surround ourselves with lives even more temporary than our own, live within a fragile circle; easily and often breached. Unable to accept its awful gaps, we would still live no other way. We cherish memory as the only certain immortality, never fully understanding the necessary plan."

      When we get to heaven (or wherever you believe you will go), every pet we ever had comes running joyously to greet us. It wouldn't be heaven otherwise.

  28. QUESTION:
    Stage 4 Liver Cancer?
    My aunt has stage 4 liver cancer that has spread to her spleen and pancreas. They said she has 6 mos. She's been very sick for 2 mos now, and was admitted to the hospital last night for pain and trouble breathing. Shes on oxygen. They said she's a 10 on a 1-10 scale. They said shes had it for prob 4 yrs. Our family is devestated. Her daughter who is my cousin, is my best friend. She's only 28, my aunts 54. Im in New York, theyre in California. I moved 7 mos ago. I wish I knew then. Does anyone have any advice or know about this. Does 6 mos mean 6 mos or sooner? or longer? Since she's so sick now, is she going to die soon? How do I be there for my cousin when I'm so far away? I dont have the $ to fly there. Death is so sad. How do you say goodbye? What do YOU say?? Im supposed to call my aunt tonight, she'll only be able to listen. What do I say without crying my head off? She's my favorite aunt, this isn't supposed to be happening. Not yet. Thanks for listening
    Jenna
    Your answers have been so sincere, and helpful. You all have great hearts & I want to thank you for your notes, it's been like theraputic to know people are there. Thank You ALL!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Tellher how much you love her! And call your cousin allot.

  29. QUESTION:
    Dad dying of liver cancer, need to know what to expect?
    My dad has been sick for a while and about a year ago we found out it was liver cancer. We all thought he was doing well and he was going to Mt Sinai and on chemo and the liver donor list. Well, 4 months ago we found out that he was taken off the list as the latest catscan showed that the cancer has grown out of the liver and my dad wouldn't survive the surgery. He doesn't want to die but he has accepted that there's really nothing else that can be done for him.
    For the last 4 months I have gone to see him a couple of times (I live in New York and he is in New Jersey, plus I have had quite a few colds and sinus infections and he can't be around anyone that is sick). Every time I see or talk to him I can tell he is getting weaker. I just spoke to him yesterday and he said that a few days ago the hospital pumped his stomach and he didn't know why but he didn't think it helped. He also told me that over the last 48 hours he had slept 43 away. Does this mean that it's almost time? I know that he has been in a lot of pain and I know it's coming but is there anyone that can tell me what to expect as it gets closer? The hospital has been doing great with painkillers and he goes in to get fluids every couple of days but no one has told him what to expect or how long they think he has (they just say it's a matter of time).
    Also, is it true that he will just slip into a coma? I don't want him to have a really painful death. Any advice or comments would be greatly appreciated. I love my dad and I want to be able to help with with anything he needs (even if I can't physically be there).

    • ANSWER:
      Has your Doctor ordered Hospice in ???? They are a wonderful organization that will help you with questions and make sure he is comfortable ..... Ask your dad if he would like to talk to a pastor or clergy ?? usually the hospital will provide .... they will help him of how to deal with his impending death ..
      AND for you !!! you need someone yourself !!!
      we all want to remember dad playing ball with us, this is a step in life that we have to deal with so reach out to a specialist who is trained in this to help u deal with your thoughts and emotions ... by all means spend as much time as u can ... I did not with my mom as it hurt seeing her like that but 20 years later i regret it .... see him !!!
      one minute at a time .... god bless your dad a u !!!

  30. QUESTION:
    His Liver Cancer. Help me.?
    I found out my grandfather has liver cancer. He had it for a few years and didn't tell anyone about it until now. He has been taking Chemotherapy and has lost alot of weight. My mother called my dad yesterday and told him my grandfather also her dad is going to die. I called my mom to comfort her and she seems to be in denial of her feelings. We don't know when he's going to die but we know he will. I find death to be a celbration, a time of moving on for someone. But my dad said my mom sounded upset when he talked to her. What I want to know is how do I call my mom andd talk to her after he dies? I don't know what to say, what to do, what to ask, how to start the conversation, end it.

    Also, if you haven't figured it out, my parents are split, I live with my dad, my mom lives in another state.
    In a month if my grandfather hasn't died, I iwll be going to visit him. Thanks for the help everyone.

    • ANSWER:
      I look at death as a movement of your soul.
      kind of.

      you're in a better place, where ever you're going.
      you should try to convince her of that. If she starts crying, hug her and just listen to her. Sometimes people need just that, someone to listen.

  31. QUESTION:
    my friend might die from secondary liver cancer. she is in bad shape. *read detail plz*?
    im just curious as to exactly HOW this dying happens? do they die in pain like screaming a horrible death or something? or slip away silently and no one even knows?
    just curious cuase my dear friend is at the end stage it looks like from what the DRs said...i just dont want them to suffer pain in the last moments. so will they go in extreme pain in the last moments? or slip away quietly and peacefully?
    and past expereinces from watching or hearing of ppl die from cancer? liver cancer? or any cancer?
    sorry i have to ask this, but im just worried

    • ANSWER:
      There is no need for your friend to die in pain with the right medications . . death is far more painful for those watching the progression than it is for the patient . . because you live on afterward and have an imagination.

      What needs to be clear to you is the following . . there is no such thing as a peaceful death nor is there a peaceful birth . . a baby comes into the world after a mother labors to deliver . . it is hard work. Death is the opposite of birth . . it is not peaceful in the sense that we the living know as peace . . death or the dying process is hard work because the body is now shutting down. What the living interpret as 'pain' is the body doing something that is 'natural' . . all of our instincts for survival as we watch this process start to cloud over the issue and we think of death as pain and suffering. It's not. It's not 'easy to watch' because we imagine it as being 'painful' . . there is distinct discomfort though .. and so we have medications that will help a patient through the dying process. If your friend is in any 'real pain' than hospice or his doctors should be able to control it . . if it is not being controlled than the whole situation is being mishandled. Your friend should be in hospice care as their entire expertise is to ensure the patient is comfortable during the dying process.

  32. QUESTION:
    my mom was very sick (not eating for 2 weeks, sleeping all day) from liver cancer in hospital....READ DETAIL?
    ...and now all of a sudden she has "awoken" from her constant sleeping and is in less pain too. she has acutally started eating too now. doctors said she has a few weeks to a few months left to live. they said that about 2 weeks ago when she couldn't eat, move, and was throwing up and diaharreea herself to death. now shes actually talking too! doing much better and even eating and pooping and etc...her stomach/liver area swelling has actually gotten down too. The only thing she has yet to do is walk. now my questoin is....is this a good thing? or is she just going to go back to her near-death state again in a few more weeks? what im trying to say is....is it possible for her to survive? she is under a whole new different chemo medicine rite now. it is a clinical trial one that hasn't been put up in hospitals yet. but a private oncologist with 50 years experience htat we know is giving her this new chemo medicine that may or may not work. so what im saying is....is this "getting better" that i see rite now in my mother something i should build my hopes on and be happy about? or are my hopes just going to be shattered later on? my mom is only 48 years old and has a lot of strength.
    do usually people with liver cancer get sick, then get better, then sick, then better in random patterns? or what?
    give any info u have about experiences with people with liver cancer who have either died or survived.
    THANKS

    • ANSWER:
      Her prognosis is only partially based on symptoms and it is based more on the disease. It is very common for dyeing people to suddenly appear much better, but it is short lived. Enjoy them as much as possible. If she is in a clinical trial she has late stage disease and standard treatment is not working. It is possible whatever she is receiving is slowing down her cancer and may even put her into remission for awhile, but it is not very likely to cure her. I’m sorry.

  33. QUESTION:
    my friend has some cancer on his liver. He was a drug user .?
    the doctors say its cancer the size on a quarter. he was tol they can not remove it due to his past drug using..... Is live cancer a death sentence? Will he live a full life?

    • ANSWER:
      Homeopathic treatment for Liver Cancer and Hepatitis C :-
      1.SULFUR 30C
      2.BRYONIA 30C
      3.CARDUUS MARIANUS in Q (Mother Tincture)
      4.CHELIDONIUM MAJUS in Q (Mother Tincture)
      5.LYCOPODIUM 1M(1000)

      Take remedy 1 and 2 thrice a day half hour before meals followed by 20 drops each of 3 and 4 half hour after meals together in a half a cup of hot water and take 5 after a week of taking the above regularly just one dose a week. Avoid Chocolates, Coffee, Mints and Red Meat while taking Homeopathic Medicines and avoid all foodstuffs, which gives you constipation at all costs.
      If there is any ambiguity about the dosage or the potency of the medicine please ask me before doing anything.
      And keep me posted about your progress at least every three days.
      It would be better if you send me the details of the patient exactly the way he or she feels not the doctors Diagnosis let the patient describe their own feeling exactly the way they are feeling the above will clear all in any case but it would be lots better if you send complete details.
      Take Care and God Bless you!

  34. QUESTION:
    How to help others deal with family member's impending death?
    So my grandmother just recently got diagnosed with liver cancer and the prognosis is grim. My mom is taking it very hard because she and her mother are very close. Also, my mom isn't very religious.

    In our family, my dad and I are the emotionally strong ones. Is there any way we can comfort her?

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      There isn't much you can do on an emotional level.
      Each person handles this in their own way.
      However, having caring and loving people around her
      and knowing that they will be there for her is the best.
      Listen to what she has to say without adding alot of
      opinions. Let her tell you how she feels; about what
      your grandma is going through; about their life
      together. The more she feels she can open up to
      you and others will help her think more clearly and
      put things into perspective easier.

      Try taking her average day work done and doing much
      of it. Like making meals, help cleaning the house,
      running errands, doing other things to help out...is good.

      The Area of the Aging in your area is good to contact.
      They have helped so many elderly people and also
      the disabled. They have people who can help stay
      with your grandmother if your Mom needs to leave
      the house...some have meals on wheels where they
      deliver one meal a day to the elderly and some even
      provide medical supplies they may need and some
      even have transportation to take them to their
      doctor appointments. You would have to ask what
      is available in your own area. If the doctor feels that
      your grandmother may not live more than 6 months
      and she wants to be home...then it would be good
      to look into hospice. The doctor will sign a paper for
      her to have this.

      I will have to say a few things about liver cancer.
      If the cancer is in only one area of the liver, they
      can do a resection and remove just the area that
      the cancer is in. If the cancer is just in the liver
      and the tumors are small, she may be able to be
      evaluated for placement on the liver transplant list.
      However, if the cancer
      is in the liver and has gone to another area or in
      another area and then came to the liver...then the
      prognosis is worse, because then the cancer
      can continue to go to more organs.

      I hope this has been of some help to you.
      Best wishes to you and your loving family.

  35. QUESTION:
    My father recently passed away from Liver Cancer, he ran up k in debt .Who is responsible for this debt?
    He gifted a car to me right before his death. Will creditor's come after the car????
    He gifted a car to me right before his death. Will creditor's come after the car???? He was divorced and had no life insurance policy...
    No money in the estate...

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry for you loss. Nobody has to pay his debt. It goes with him to the grave. You don't pay tax on the car either, it was a gift. Nobody will come after your car.

  36. QUESTION:
    How do you move on after the death of a loved one?
    My grand mother died of liver cancer 6 years ago and I went though a deep depression and still not over it.I really cant be happy. I used to have panic attacks. Here lately Ive been having dreams every night of her and its making the depression worse.Ive even started having crazy thoughts like trying to contact her. How do I make this stop?

    • ANSWER:
      First, I'll tell that I provide peer support to adults with mental illness and addiction issues. I have been through both of those and had training to enable me to provide support to others who still struggle.
      Now first I would say that this is not something that you should be trying to work out on your own or even through talking it over with close friends. Even if you are doing that and you are still having the trouble that you describe then professional counseling may be the next step. Also there are grief support groups all over the country to help you with dealing with your grief.
      Lastly when we lose a loved one, it can be very emotionally overwhelming for a time which is why we need experienced support to work through it. When a loved one dies it is not something we ever "get over", or "stopping the crazy thoughts" rather we come to accept that our loved one is gone and we accept that it will take us time to learn to live with it. And counseling and grief support can help you do that.

  37. QUESTION:
    Cancer deaths usually result from metastasis?
    Unless the primary site of the cancer is a vital organ such as liver or lung, are most cancer deaths caused by the metastasis to vital organs? What I mean is, if you have a cancer of the breast/tongue/ovary/prostate... ALONE that has not spread to other organs, then you don't die from it. (But yes, I know cancer eventually always spread and metastasizes.)

    • ANSWER:
      According to an article, "Metastasis is the transfer of malignant tumors from one organ to a distant organ. It is the most common cause of death in cancer patients."
      http://content.karger.com/produktedb/produkte.asp?typ=fulltext&file=OCL2005069S01014

  38. QUESTION:
    how thin can blood get before death occurs?
    how thin can blood get before death occurs that is caused by liver cancer?
    My mother has cancer of the liver it is causing blood toi thin it went from 2.6 to 7 in 6 days i dont know what it gets to before she bleeds to death

    • ANSWER:

  39. QUESTION:
    Liver Cancer Depression?
    God, where do I turn when all I want is to help someone I love. 32 yrs old and they say my friend is dying. The doctors say the cancer is spreading and the chemo is not really working. I am praying for my friend, family and strangers are praying for my friend. Anyone who reads this, please take a moment and pray for my friend. I can feel my friend shaking, while crying fearing death. fearing illness. I do not want my friend defeated. I can see my friend falling into depression, crying, moping around - snapping at people. Not eating. How do I keep my friends hope alive. I just want my friend to smile, to not be depressed all the time. I love my friend. I don't know if this is a real question, but please know that all and any responses are appreciated. All prayers are appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      KEEP ON PRAYING AND BEING THERE FOR HER LET HER NO SHE IS LOVE. I AM SO SORRY BUT I WILL PRAY FOR HER.GOD BLESS HER.

  40. QUESTION:
    My brother did not tell me my mother was dying of liver cancer?
    I never had a good relationship with my mother, so I had basically little communication with her. However, my brother I saw me on a regular basis. When I would ask "how's mom doing?" He replied "great!" February 2004 I recieved a phone call from my brother stating my mother was on her death bed and I had to come to the hospital. I did so, she died 2 days later. I went from 0-250 in a couple of days. I have never forgiven my brother for this. When I ask the rest of the family of why I wasn't told, they told me that they did not know where to find me. My brother lied about visiting me over the years that my mother was sick.

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry about your mom, and even sorrier you and she did not have a good relationship. Please maintain a relationship with your brother, sounds like he is the only contact you have with the rest of your family. I also have a very good reason to terminate a super relationship with one of my brothers, but he is my brother.. so I will remain in contact as I don't want to go to bed mad and have one of us wake up dead....what a guilt trip..no thanks.

  41. QUESTION:
    can i claim for some benefits in my husbands work after his death.he was ill with canser?
    my husband worked in "morissons"for more than 4 years.in august this year he got ill with liver cancer and was at home.all the time he got ssp he died on april3rd.i heard,that i can claim for some benefits from his company.i made a call to them,but they even dont want to talk to me.will you be so kind an explain me what i have todo in my situation.
    thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on many factors. You really need to pay a lawyer for an hour of his time to see if you have any options...and you need to do so quickly because there are time limits on such things.

  42. QUESTION:
    Whats the best way to overcome a death of a sibling?
    My brother died in march who had a wife of 5 years and 2 children I have had counciling and am taking anti-depressants and although the pain has got easier to deal with i still find it hard to cope when religious people say that he's in a better place and that he was needed else were. When in my eyes he was most needed here with his family and he was in the best place he was (with his family) He was only 32 and had a very rare case of liver cancer and he had done absolutely nothing wrong in his life whatsoever he didnt drink much at all and never took drugs his only vice was he smoked until he was 27 wow big deal there is no justice in the world

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately bad things happen to good people and vice versa. That's just the way of the world. It's no worse than religious folks telling you what they think you want to hear. That's all they're doing because they don't really know how to cope with your grief.
      Life is for the living and you have to get on with it, it's not disrespectful to his memory.

  43. QUESTION:
    late stage liver cancer.?
    Friend recently diagnosed. Jaundiced already. In increasing pain. Fifty years old. No history. None of the said causes, non-drinker and non-smoker. Hopefully death is swift but is it!

    • ANSWER:
      Often there are liver cancer patients who have no direct reason for getting cancer as there are lung cancer patients who never smoked. It just happens. If there is jaundice already the cancer has progressed to the point that there is not much that treatment will do & often chemo in those patients doesn't help & in fact will only hurry up the disease process by causing nausea & vomiting as well as severe weight loss.The best thing now would be to get a hospice referral from his doctor so you can get professional nurses in to visit as well as nurses aides, social workers, spiritual and a hospice doctor in to help him go through this stage of the disease. Hospice will also get medical equipment and medications to deal with his pain for anyone going through this deserves to be kept as comfortable as possible.Usually as the disease progresses he will get weaker & eventually not be able to eat or drink & the nurses will guide you in dealing with these changes.After this phase begins you are looking as probably only a few weeks at most and I agree that death is usually swift but with people to help him & the family (for they are important too & need help with this) it can ease the pain of dealing with cancer. It is never easy to do. God bless.

  44. QUESTION:
    How to deal with death of a cat?
    Hi. So this past week I was at my grandmothers hose and my mom came to pick us up and told us that our cat, Jack, had liver cancer. So they put him down.
    I'm obviously upset, I mean, he was our cat for eight years...
    So how can I deal with this?

    • ANSWER:
      I don't want to be rude but I read this on here before and thought of ever loosing my cat me not being able to get over it is starting to vanish "if you are not mentally strong enough to understand pets get hurt, they get sick, they run away and they most certainly will die before you then you have no business having one. "
      Jack lived a happy 8 years with you and your family and is probably more than thankful to you and your family for giving him a loving home. Your parents put him down because they did not want him to suffer. He is in a special place now looking down upon you. just know that he will always be there for you in your wonderful memories. When you are ready you can take in another one to help fill up the void in your heart. As time goes on, it will get better. You won't get over it but you will learn to move on.

  45. QUESTION:
    will hospice care help my mom (age 49) who mite die of liver cancer soon?
    im 17 and have 2 sisters about the same age as me. my mother is only 48, almost 49 in a month, and seems to be very fustrated and confused as she begins to sleep more and more in the hospital. she seems restless, as if she has unfinished business. or she seems worried i dont know. but its very sad and distrubing to see. I catch my self in school (high school) thinking and being dissapionted about her soemtimes. i cant focus when i know my mom is not well and going through a lot of emotional and mental pain. I dont really care about my "un-focused-ness" that much but i jus dont want my mom to die a tormented disturbed and fustrated person (IF SHE WERE TO DIE).
    i've heard of hospice, but seriously? can a random person that we dont know make my mom happy? i mean how can you not feel bad that ur going to die. your going to leave everything you've everknown about and everyone and a hospice nurse is supposed to cheer you up or soemthing? sounds like bs to me, i mean if i were going to die soon i would want to be with my loved ones...and i would just cry my self to death probably, but....ya...so does hospice help or wut? any experiences with hospice people?

    • ANSWER:
      Check to see if your mother can get in home hospice care for awhile. That way, she will get the care that three teens may not be able to provide. She will be very sad. Her main unfinished business is you and your sisters. If you want to help her, try to show her that you can make good choices. She wants to know that you can take care of yourselves and each other. At this time, tensions are probably high. Try very hard not to argue with each other. Sit and talk to your mom. I know this is hard to do. But if she can give you some advice, tell you about her history, and feel connected to you and your sisters, it will help ease her pain. Let her know she will always be with you. Talk about some of the great times you had with your mother. She may like to remember and know that you remember your times with her. It will be difficult for you to do. However, you will feel much better in the long run. You will be able to look at yourself in the mirror and say, "I did the right thing."

      When I was told I had only a short time to live, I did not worry about my job, or all the places I had not yet traveled. I worried about my children - who were twelve when I was diagnosed.

  46. QUESTION:
    Am I the only person who thinks breast cancer walks are overrated?
    Why does it seem like once a year, a group of feminists come out of their kitchens and basements. And act as if they are being oppressed and that they are actually making a difference.

    Well I'm being a little pessimistic, but honestly, breast cancer has a 85% survival rate after 5 years. And it comes in 5th in terms of highest death toll amongst cancer (With lung cancer of course coming in 1st with a total of 1.3 million deaths per year (almost 3 times as many as breast cancer)).

    But my real question is, why do all these (I really hate to use this word) feminists walk for breast cancer, just because it usually kills women? Why can't there be a walk for lung cancer? or stomach cancer? even liver cancer has a higher death toll than breast cancer, so why breast cancer?
    Tamarack: I told you i was being pessimistic. Don't take what i said out of context.

    lo_mcg: Thanks for the facts and the links, but honestly, tl;dr. If it makes any difference to you, you would have been 2nd in line for first place.

    Denisedd: "It's because of their hard work that you can use better survival rates for your point of view." -facepalm- breast cancer treatment hasn't changed as a result of these breast cancer walks. The only difference now is that it can be treated with better technology, and no, the 5% of the total fundraising from the breast cancer walk didn't exactly help in getting these technologies. REAL funding did.

    • ANSWER:
      You are correct that it is just one of many cancers and not the most deadly at that.
      When the money goes to the American Cancer Society, I wonder how much is used to actually help patients. The salaries of the executives in the ACS are far higher than I ever made as a cancer specialist doctor taking care of women with breast cancers - often at my own expense for those who had no insurance. The ACS never helped any of my patients with their expenses going through costly treatments in the 1980's and 1990's, and we did ask for their help. I don't believe any of the high paid executives of the ACS ever stayed up all night taking care of people with breast cancer or any other maligant disease. I also doubt they had 13 years of expensive training before they obtained their lucrative executive positions. But, I may be wrong. Perhaps some of these executives were practicing doctors at one time. I would gladly be corrected if someone knows if any ACS executives are doctors with training and experience.

      From Wiki : "In 1995, the Arizona chapter of the American Cancer Society was targeted for its extremely high overhead. Two economists, James Bennett and Thomas DiLorenzo, issued a report analyzing the chapter's own financial statements and demonstrating that it uses about 95% of its donations for paying salaries and other overhead costs, resulting in a 22 to 1 ratio of overhead to actual money spent on the cause. The report also found that the Arizona chapter's annual report had grossly misrepresented the amount of money spent on patient services, inflating it by more than a factor of 10. The American Cancer Society responded by alleging that the two economists issuing the report were working for and receiving pay-offs from the tobacco industry, but did not offer any evidence to support these claims.
      Long before the problem with overhead in the Arizona chapter was exposed, the decentralized nature of the ACS was pointed to as a problem in cutting down overhead costs in local branches: central managers have little control over local chapters, which are run by independent boards, and are reluctant to pressure the boards as they receive funding from the local chapters. The ACS did move from New York City to Atlanta to reduce overhead costs of the central part of the organization."

      I suggest donating money to local hospice organizations rather than the ACS. At least that donated money is then used locally.

  47. QUESTION:
    question about liver failure. I am just woundering if you knew anyone with liver failure who died and before?
    their liver started to shut down did they have a fatty liver at first before things developed further? If so how long did it take from a fatty liver to liver failure? I have a fatty liver but I do not drink and my levels of my liver function test are a big Higher then elevated. so please tell me from a fatty liver if not treated how long will it go into liver failure or cancer then death not long after that? I need as many anwers as I can. my feet are already swollen, and also is it hard to lose weight with fluid inside? I cannot lose weight not that I am obese. please help. how long does it go from a fatty liver to faluire or cancer of the liver if left untreated?

    • ANSWER:
      I do know some people who died from liver failure, but it was not due to fatty liver.

      Has your doctor tried to figure out what caused the fatty liver? There are many causes, some of which you mentioned, like drinking and obesity. If you do not drink and are not overweight there has got to be another cause... do you have diabetes? Any metabolic disorder? From what I understand, if you begin controlling the condition that caused the liver issue, the liver may respond and recover.

      I think you should talk to your doctor about further testing to find out what caused your liver condition. Try not to worry about the cancer issue... while having fatty liver does increase the chance of cancer, so do many other things... such as medications taken for other diseases, etc. Just get regular check ups. The best you can do is take care of yourself and catch it early if it does happen.

      I wonder if you could have the fluid drained off? My uncle has diabetes and began retaining a lot of fluid. He was able to go to the hospital and have it drained off. You might ask your doctor about this as well.

      Here are some links that might help you. I wish you the best of luck. Remember... the answer is finding out what caused your liver condition. Be persistent with your doctor and get all the tests you need.

  48. QUESTION:
    How long does someone in stage 4 colon cancer have to live?
    My dad was just diagnosed with stage 4 colon cancer. I've done some research and read a few answers here on yahoo. Everyone is saying that this is "a death sentence". I was wondering if anyone knows how long the average life expectancy is of someone with stage four colon cancer...it has spread to the liver and lungs as well.

    • ANSWER:
      I dont like putting a date on these kinds of situations, but unfortunately this type of Cancer can be particularly savage and can be quite swift, in as far as some as the cases i have seen and been involved with, (i am a community care worker) Some i have been involved with, can hold on for 3 or 4 years if they are quite healthy, if not they can go as quickly as 6 months from diagnosis.......I apologize for being the bearer of bad news, but the best you can do for your dad is to be there for him, allow him that time to greive, the greiving process is goind to take him through some pretty strong emotions, so you are really going to need to be there for him during this stage, even if you are dealing with your own issues in regards to grief..... and to be close to all of his family, hold his hand when he wants to, and just let him know you love him......other than that i can offer some website that will also give you some pointers as to how to deal with this issue.

      They are.......Paliative care explained...involves grief processes and how to deal with death.....
      http://www.disability.vic.gov.au/dsonline/dsarticles.nsf/(Pages)/Palliative_care_explained?OpenDocument

      Grief and bereavement
      http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/179_06_150903/mad10520_fm.html

  49. QUESTION:
    Rat liver health? Rat owners?
    Little explanation first:

    I've had four pet rats among our many pets over the years. As all of you other rat owners know, they don't have exceptionally long lifespans when compared to many other types of rodents. From what I experienced with my own boys and seen with friends' rats is the most common causes of death are skin problems (cancer), respiratory problems, and the liver (their skin turns dark orange). Three of my four boys died--late in their lives, from the liver cancers/failure.

    What I want to know if there is a specific way to make their livers healthier. (Yes, I know they will die from something eventually.) I fed them a food--can't remember the brand--that our excellent small pet veterinarian recommended. I also double-checked what foods were bad for them and limited the amount of seeds they ate.

    I'm looking into adopting a new rat that is 8 months old and want to see if I can make any further improvements for him health-wise.

    People who do not own rats need not reply please.
    I used that grey recycled bedding. We've used it for all our other rodents as well. All the pets had their natural lifespans pretty much. I'm just astounded 3 out of 4 of my rats had liver probs of some sort.

    Like I said, the food was recommended by the vet. The rats themselves: 2 did come from petstores. The second two were from a rescue.

    • ANSWER:
      I have never heard of rats having that many liver problems. Males skin turns dark orange because of buck grease... I have never heard of a rat having skin cancer either! Most skin problems are mites/lice. Most rats die from tumors and respiratory problems.

      NEVER use pine or cedar bedding (softwoods are bad), as it harms the liver. Make sure not to get rats from pet stores. The only real acceptable rat foods are lab blocks (harlan teklad, oxbow regal rat, mazuri), or suebees mix along with a base of blocks or certain dog foods.
      http://www.ratsrule.com/diet.html

      Other than basic care, thats pretty much all you can do. If you get the new rat make sure he gets a buddy, that keeps them healthy too! ;)

  50. QUESTION:
    What Do You Think of this New Method of "Starving" Cancer Cells instead of "Killing" Them?
    .
    I just saw something on Discovery about a where Traditional Chemo, may not be necessary.

    As you know, Chemotherapy, is designed to Kill Rapidly-Dividing Cells, such as Cancer Cells - The Drawback has been that it also kills Healthy Cells, thus the "horrible" side-effect.

    I just saw an example of where Liver Cancer, feeds on Arginine which can be blocked by Arginase.

    But instead of the short-lived self-producing Arginase which only last 20 minutes or so -- They can introduce a Lab-made version that lasts a Week !! (and they claim - no side effects)

    In theory - This would block the availability of Arginine to the Liver Cancer Cells and Starve them to Death.

    Is this for real - Any BioChems out there who have an opinion on this?

    ...or Anyone ?

    Thanks - This looks exciting to me !! :)
    .
    .
    NOTE - Liver Cancer was just an example --

    This Lab-made process will be for ALL Cancererous Cells & Malignant Tumors ( I'm not sure about Lymphatic, sense that is so Systemic.... )
    .
    .
    Ahh... my spelling is terrible

    I obviously meant, "SINCE that is so Systemic"
    .

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds promising for liver cancer.

      However, each of the 200 or so cancers works just a little differently. Prostate cancer, for example, probably has no use for Arginine or Arginase.

      Still, one method of attack can often be used to develop other treatments for different cancers.

      There will probably never be a single "cure" for cancer ... there ultimately may be several hundred cures for the many types of cancer.


Liver Cancer Bracelets

There are various types of cancer and any type of cancer is really bad news.Bone Cancer Pain Description All types of cancer are life threatening (this is what makes them so dreadful). Even with all that medical advancement we still don't have a complete cure for all types of cancer. However, there is continuous research going-on for finding better treatments for cancer and to increase our knowledge on cancer in general. Though there are treatments currently available for some types of cancer, these treatments work only if the cancer is discovered in early stages.

Types of cancer

Generally, cancer is named after the part of the body in which it originates. Most common types of cancer are breast cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer and colorectal cancer. Though, this might vary across geographies etc, these four types of cancer seem to be the more notorious ones. The other types of cancer include: cervical cancer, pancreatic cancer, bone cancer, brain cancer, skin cancer, stomach cancer, bladder cancer, colon cancer, liver cancer and testicular cancer. Besides this, cancer is also classified as primary and secondary based on whether it originated in that body part itself or spread from another body part.

Diagnosis of various types of cancer

It's not just the treatment of various types of cancer that is difficult (or impossible) but also their detection (or diagnosis). In fact, correct and timely diagnosis is the first step towards treatment of any type of cancer. The earlier you are able to detect cancer, the more effective is its treatment.

Lung Cancer Secrets Revealed Click here

Treatment of various types of cancer

Though the treatment of all types of cancers is not possible, some types of cancer can be treated if they are diagnosed early enough e.g. detection of malignancy when it has just started to develop. The treatment for cancer is carried out in many different ways. These range from surgery to radiotherapy, chemotherapy and biologic therapies. Hormone therapies are also gaining popularity for treatment of some types of cancer. Transplantation of bone marrow and many other new procedures for treatment of cancer are being constantly tried and analysed in order to get a fail-proof treatment for cancer.

Research on diagnosis on various types of cancer

The huge number of deaths that are caused every year by various types of cancer has lead to a lot of focus being put into the research on diagnosis and treatment of all types of cancer. Meanwhile, we can just hope that there will soon be a complete cure available for the most common types of cancer (if not all types of cancer).

lung cancer treatment breakthroughs Click here

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    eamega bracelet/necklace for liver cancer cure?
    One of my relative has LIVER cancer, someone told them that bio-energetic product (bracelet/necklace made of gold and FIR magnet) will help. My relative asked me to buy the same for him. I searched on net, didn't find much reviews of eamega, and its costly i.e. around 6. So i thought may be i will post a question to know if any one has any experience with this kind. Can any necklace or bracelet help in curing cancer? Has anyone heard of eamega global products? Would it be worth spending money and trying this.

    • ANSWER:
      That is what I heard but I do not know how far is the truth till one day,I came across a Chinese couple selling bio-energetic bracelets made of jade and gem-stones in one of the shopping malls in Singapore.At first I was attracted to it because it looks very stylish and fashionable.But when I look at the notes pasted on the wagon,I approached them and asked.I was told that it helps ur blood circulation.Hence,it reduces headache,asthma,diabetes and high blood pressure.It may works on certain people but it may not work on some people due to different metabolism and energy level.What I do realise after putting on it, my headache has reduced.I used to have a very severe migraine before that.And I was surprised it does go off.So I recommended it to my other 2 siblings cos they are having diabetes.One of my sis told me that after putting on that bio-energetic bracelet,she has a terrible pain especially her legs and her nerves.She consults a doctor and the doctor told her to stop wearing that bec her energy level is weak or it may have side effect,like causing liver problem or cancer,as her diabetes is at a very high stage.For cancer,I suggest that u go and consult a doc for more information.Because there isn't any source saying that bio-energetic product does help to reduce cancer.In fact,for people with high-risk medical history are not advisable.Hope it helps.

  2. QUESTION:
    Where can I buy "Cancer" bracelets or something in support of Cancer?"?
    I don't mean the zodiac sign either. My mother-in-law died 3 weeks ago of liver cancer, my stepfather died today of lung cancer, and my aunt is currently fighting cancer of the lymph nodes I think and is expected to live thank God. I know that these cancers don't get as much attention as breast cancer or leukemia, so I would like to find some bracelets or something to buy where the proceeds would go to finding a cure for that type of cancer. I want to support some lesser known cancer as well ( I am signing up for the breast cancer 3 day for October of next year so don't think I don't want to support breast cancer too).Hopefully I am making some sense. I appreciate your help.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry for your losses, I to have been struggling this year with people I love that has died,dying and hopefully surviving this horrific disease. My sister-in-law passed away in April with colon cancer at 42, my best fiend has acute leukemia and is only expected to live another month, she;s only 48. My husband had tongue cancer and at this time is recovering from his treatments. So I can relate to your pain and the need to find ways to support Research. There is an organization that I found, that was started by 4 women( 1 had breast cancer and passed) They have many products that all are related to cancer, in turn they take so much of their profit every month and give it to programs related to this subject.

      www.choosehope.com


Liver Action Air Rifle

Lever action rifles have always dominated deer hunting for a very long time, big game hunters had a penchant for the old flat sided Marlin and Winchester rifles chambered for 30-30 win, but these aren't the only lever action guns to enjoy considerable success with deer hunters, below are other classic designs worth their weight in gold.

Marlin Model 336

Marlin's Model 336 is one of the most successful lever-action rifles in history - and deservedly so. Whether chambered for 30-30 Win or the harder-hitting 35 Remington, the 336 provides a strong, smooth, well-designed action in a rifle that is a pleasure to carry and shoot. Side ejection and a solid top allow for easy, solid scope mounting above the bore.

Browning BLR

Browning's BLR, released in 1971, is their offering to lever action lovers, and it has gained quite a following with some hunters. The rotating bolt allows for positive lockup, and side ejection makes scope mounting a breeze. The detachable box magazine also makes it a standout rifle. Chamberings from 22-250 by 450 Marlin.

Marlin Models 1895 & 444

Marlin big-bore lever-action guns are just as good as the smaller 336 - and they should be, since they are simply scaled-up versions of the same gun. Chambered for 45-70 (Model 1895) or 444 Marlin, these guns pack a wallop, and will handle tougher game than their smaller antecedent.

These full-grown lever guns are some of the most dependable and precise.

Marlin Model 1894

Marlin's Model 1894 is a bit unique than their other lever guns but just as good. Instead of the round bolt found on those above, the 1894 has a flat-sided bolt that sits flush with the receiver, offering a solid top and side ejection for proper scope mounting. Three chamberings: 357 Mag/38 Special, 41 Rem Mag, and 44 Rem Mag/44 Special.

Ruger Model 96/44

Ruger's Model 96/44 is a sweet rifle. Though it looks a lot like the old favorite Model 44, the 96 has a detachable rotary magazine instead of the tubular mag found on its semi-automatic predecessor. Side ejection and solid top receiver for scope mounting. My experience indicates this is a very smooth and accurate little gun, excellent for close-cover brush hunting. Chambered for the 44 Rem Mag.

Winchester/USRAC Model 94

When it was last being built, the Winchester Model 94 was probably the most-recognized lever-action rifle in the world still in production and widespread use. While not as inherently smooth or strong as the Marlin Model 336, the Model 94 has a loyal following, and it has done the job for many years. Common complaints include the open-top receiver which makes scope mounting undesirable. Chamberings from 30-30 Win to 480 Ruger. Manufacture of these rifles was discontinued in 2006.

Savage Model 99

Though it is now discontinued, the Savage 99 is a rifle that broke the mold for lever-action rifles. The rotary magazine (later a detachable box mag) allows for the use of pointed bullets, unlike the tubular magazines often found on lever guns. The action is both strong and smooth, with a wide and hand-filling receiver rather than the tall and slim style found on the Marlin 336 and Winchester 94.


Liver

If you are after a kidney liver cleanse then a product like Liver Active may be the solution. A kidney liver cleanse is very important in order to get rid of toxins from your body as we shall see.

The Liver Detoxification Process And The Resulting Benefits

The liver is the largest and one of the hardest working organs of the body; it continuously and vigorously performs a wide range of activities to help maintain that the body is toxin free. A lot of things that we do everyday results in the liver having to work harder than it should.

Among the damaging activities are drinking alcohol, smoking, eating processed and sugary foods and even taking too many prescription pills.

If you have always put your liver under too much pressure by taking part in too many of these "activities", it can cause serious and semi-permanent damage. When this happens the liver will simply start to slow down when performing its various tasks much to the detriment of your overall health.

This is when you would feel sluggish, tired and simply lack energy every day which is why a liver detox program is essential to help relieve the pressure off this vital organ, allow it to recover and start to work at its optimum once more.

One such effective kidney liver cleanse product available on the market today is Liver Active. This homeopathic medication can help restore the health of the liver and allow it to work properly.

What Is Liver Active And How Can It Work For Me?

Liver Active is very easy to use; you just need to spray it 3 times a day under your tongue. You do not have to take any pills or mix any formulation. The 100% plant-based ingredients contained in the product will bypass the digestive tract and will go directly into the blood stream helping your liver go about its detoxification process.

Using Liver Active will allow you to help your liver get rid of all the toxins and harmful substances that are retarding the liver's functions. In order to keep our body in optimal working condition; we need to make sure that we care for and not apply too much pressure on our liver.

So in case you are beginning to feel tired and sluggish, then you may want to consider undergoing a kidney liver cleanse detoxification process using Liver Active.

In addition to being an incredible and effective liver cleanser this product is very affordable as compared to its main competitors The Ultimate Liver Cleanse and Oxy-Cleanse. The manufacturer of Liver Active offers additional free products whenever you place an order.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    liver..........?
    why can the liver grow back the same size and weight after being dysectored imean life tissue whats the amino and other acids what make this happen

    • ANSWER:
      'dysectored imean life tissue' makes no sense!

      The liver can regenerate, no particular dietary intake is required other than a good balanced diet.

  2. QUESTION:
    What's the difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver?
    Is there a difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver? If so what is it? Someone on here said I am at risk for liver cancer cause of how much I drink but that confused me cause can liver cancer be caused by drinking a lot? I know cirrhosis can be but what about liver cancer? And which hurts more cirrhosis or liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer or hepatic cancer is properly considered to be a cancer which starts in the liver.
      The most frequent liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (also named hepatoma, which is a misnomer because adenomas are usually benign). This tumor also has a variant type that consists of both HCC and cholangiocarcinoma components. The cells of the bile duct coexist next to the bile ducts that drain the bile produced by the hepatocytes of the liver. Cancers which arise from the blood vessel cells in the liver are known has hemangioendotheliomas.

      Cirrhosis is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules (lumps that occur as a result of a process in which damaged tissue is regenerated), leading to loss of liver function.
      Cirrhosis is most commonly caused by alcoholism, hepatitis B and C, and fatty liver disease, but has many other possible causes. Some cases are idiopathic, i.e., of unknown cause.

  3. QUESTION:
    What could elevated liver enzymes mean in a newborn besides liver disease?
    My 2 1/2 month old son has had elevated liver enzymes since birth. We saw a liver specialist today and he said he doesn't think it's any kind of liver disease, but could be other things. Only he didn't explain what the other things are.

    • ANSWER:
      A liver specialist would be a hepatologist. (A gastroenterologist deals with the entire digestive system) It may not be a liver problem but could be a biliary problem. The liver makes bile that flows through tube like structures, known as ducts, under the liver to the gallbladder and then to the intestines. The bile helps emulsify the fats we eat so they can be digested.

      These problems comes to mind:
      Biliary atresia where bile ducts are absent or injured, causing bile to back up into the liver. Congenital Biliary cysts, or cystic fibrosis.

      However, in some cases, some patients have elevation of these enzyme levels and it is normal for them.

      There are different hereditary liver diseases, but you said it wasn't the liver...however, here is a listing of some of them:
      ***Hemochromatosis (abnormal iron accumulation )
      ***Wilson's disease (abnormal copper accumulation in the liver).
      *** Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency which is the absence of this specific enzyme in the liver
      ***Galctosemia is a rare genetic disorder that hampers the body's ability to process the sugar galactose. Fructuse intolerance
      ***Polyphyria
      ***Urea cycle defects (ornithine carbomoyltransferase deficiency)
      ***Glycogen storage disease where there is an inability to properly utilize sugar.
      ....Amino acid disorders[tyrosinemia),
      ---Bile acid disorders
      ....Carbohydrate disorders (eg fructose intolerance, galactosemia,)
      ....Lipid disorders (abetalipoproteinemia)
      Inherited diseases interfere with the way the liver produces, processes and stores enzymes, proteins, metals, and other substances.
      ....Phenylketonuria is a rare condition in which a baby is born without the ability to properly break down an amino acid called phenylalanine. It is inherited...both parents have to pass on the gene.

      The liver enzymes are made by the liver cells. The one liver enzyme would naturally be elevated and that is the Alkaline phosphatase...since the child is growing and this is elevated because of the growth of the bones. The doctor is probably also looking at the liver functions tests ( Bilirubin, Albumin, INR, Pt, Ptt) and also the viral tests for hepatitis A,B,C,etc. To look up these tests and the liver enzymes (ALT, AST, GGT, and Alkaline Phosphatase), here is a link to click on:
      http://www.labtestsonline.org

      Don't be afraid to ask questions to your son's doctor...you are paying him for his advice, diagnosis, and time. He may not know, without testing being done, exactly what the problem is off hand. When he gets the results of all testing back...he will then be able to give you more information and a possible diagnosis. I will tell you that he is probably having more blood testing done and will compare it to the first set...as blood testing is not always 100% accurate and many things can affect these tests.

      I hope this information has been of help to you. Best wishes

  4. QUESTION:
    What can feeding too much liver do to a dog?
    I have been giving my dog lots of pure liver treats everyday. Does liver have lots of iron?
    What kind of effects can eating too much liver have on a dog or person
    @Joh good answer!

    • ANSWER:
      Liver is an essential part of any raw diet and the general guide when raw feeding is to feed either about 5% of the total diet or about once a week.

      Liver is high in vitamin A which is fat soluble so gets stored in the body. Too much may lead to toxicity but as you can see you would need to feed quite a bit each day. Unless you're feeding seal or walrus liver anyway (see the link below)

      Beef liver
      Possibly dangerous amounts for a golden retriever eating this food
      daily for 2 months:300 g (=2/3 lb)

  5. QUESTION:
    Is it good for your liver to drink alcohol?
    I know that too much alcohol does harm to the liver, but my cousin said that a little bit of alcohol is actually good because it "trains" the liver for when you get older and have to face illnesses. He also said that never-drinking alcohol could actually be bad because your liver's not getting "practice." I hope you get the jist.

    Is he right?

    • ANSWER:
      i'm not sure if your cousin may just be 'guessing' that this is the case as it may seem sensible. a thought that comes to my mind would be alcohol is bad for and therefore weakens the liver. but that is just my guess, i'm not an expert. i do hear a glass of wine a day is good for you. research this on google for deeper explanations.

  6. QUESTION:
    How does a liver transplant work if the donor is still alive?
    I watched this documentary where the father was donating his liver to his son.

    How is this possible, do they extract pieces, can you live without a liver?

    • ANSWER:
      I believe the living donor can spare up to 60% of his/her liver to the recipient. Each person will grow back their missing portion in about 6 weeks. It's an amazing organ.

  7. QUESTION:
    How soon can the liver recover after prolongued heavy drinking?
    I've heard that the liver can regenerate itself so as to, in effect, cancel the effects of alcohol abuse providing someone abstains for long enough to allow the liver to actually do that. Is this correct and, if so, how long would this process take?

    • ANSWER:
      Not if you have Cirrhosis of the liver...but yes the liver can recover to a certain extent depending on the amount of damage.

  8. QUESTION:
    What can damage the liver apart from drinking too much alcohol?
    A lot of people know that drinking too much alcohol can damage the liver. What else can damage the liver? Taking too much of certain medications, contracting hepatitis of all kinds...
    Anything else?
    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Anything that goes through it.

  9. QUESTION:
    When glycogen is processed in the liver or muscle cells, can it be expelled as fuel for energy?
    I am aware that glucose can be removed from the blood via the kidneys and into the bladder. When the pancreas produces insulin, the glucose is sent to the liver and muscle sells, and converted into glycogen for easy storage. Glycogen can then be removed from the cells or liver after the pancreas releases glucagon, which stimulates the liver or cells to release the glycogen to raise the blood sugar level. However, can the glycogen be expelled for energy?

    • ANSWER:
      Glycogen cannot be expelled and converted using technology to extract energy since glycogen is produced by attaching an extra carbon molecule to glucose. The chemical reactions that form glycogen are done in very tiny processes inside cells, which occur on a molecular level. Extracting energy from glycogen would be like trying to imitate plants by forming glucose from sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide.

  10. QUESTION:
    How long does it take for your liver to dissolve something?
    Hydrocodone and Dxm are bothy dissolved by the same liver enzyme, is what ive been told.
    So if i took some hydrocodone how long would i have to wait to make sure my liver could handle 300mg of dxm and dissolve it all like normally.
    Basically if the liver dissolves 2 things at the same level how long would you have to wait to take the 2nd one?

    • ANSWER:
      This medication is prescribed. You should take it according
      to what the doctor says on your prescription bottle. It depends
      alot on what strength both the medications are, how old you are,
      what medical problem you are using it for and more.
      You should contact the doctor office with this and be sure
      when and how to take it, or even get in touch with the pharmacist
      who filled your prescription. These medications are usually
      prescribed at a certain dosage every 4 to 6 hours.
      Whether you should take them at the same time or separate
      is entirely up to the physician prescribing them.

  11. QUESTION:
    How to experiment what alcohol does to the liver using a sponge to represent the liver?
    For school we have to create a project where we will be using a sponge to represent what alcohol does to the liver. How do we work this project? How exactly does it represent the liver? What do we do?

    • ANSWER:
      This sounds more like theatre than science.

      Alcohol causes, initially, fatty deposits in the liver; and later, inflammation, and eventually scarring and hardening of the liver tissues.

      How you'd represent this with a sponge, I can't imagine.

  12. QUESTION:
    How long does it take for liver disease to progress?
    I have slightly high unconjugated bilirubin, (41mmol) at 20yrs old. Never drank.

    Docs aren't sure what's causing it as tests have shown that my liver is still working normally.

    They have ordered annual LFT's. How long does it take liver disease to progress and is this suitable?

    • ANSWER:
      It can take many years. Everyone is different. Follow your doctor's instructions.

  13. QUESTION:
    What's the difference between liver pain and right chest pain?
    I feel pain around my right chest. Would that be liver pain? What's the different or major difference between liver pain and chest pain?

    • ANSWER:
      If the pain comes after eating, I'd say it's more likely a gallbladder issue and not a liver issue. This is definitely something to speak to your PCP about or a gastroenterologist if you have one already.

      A HIDA scan w/ CCK was the ONLY test that showed the disease and they ran several on me (including a gallbladder ultrasound w/ cck)

      Good luck!

      *****************

      Gallstones - Symptoms

      The most common symptom of gallstones is pain in the stomach area or in the upper right part of the belly, under the ribs.

      The pain may:

      * Develop suddenly in the center of the upper belly (epigastric area) and spread to the right upper back or shoulder blade area. It is usually hard to get comfortable; moving around does not make the pain go away.
      * Prevent you from taking normal or deep breaths.
      * Last 15 minutes to 24 hours. Continuous pain for 1 to 5 hours is common.
      * Begin at night and be severe enough to wake you.
      * Occur after meals.

      Gallstone pain can cause vomiting, which may relieve some of the belly (abdominal) pain and pressure. Pain that occurs with a fever, nausea, and vomiting or loss of appetite may be a sign of inflammation or infection of the gallbladder (acute cholecystitis). Symptoms that may mean that a gallstone is blocking the common bile duct include:

      * Yellowing of the skin and the white part of the eyes (jaundice).
      * Dark urine.
      * Light-colored stools.
      * A fever and chills.

      There are many other conditions that cause similar symptoms, including heartburn, pain caused by a heart attack, and liver problems. Stomach flu (gastroenteritis) and food poisoning also can cause symptoms similar to gallstones. Diarrhea and vomiting occur with the flu and food poisoning, but the pain tends to come and go rather than be constant. Also, pain with these conditions may be felt all over the belly, rather than in one spot.

      Belly pain that comes and goes (rather than being constant) and that occurs with nausea and vomiting and possibly a mild fever is more likely to be caused by stomach flu or food poisoning than by gallstones. This is especially true if others around you are sick with similar symptoms.

  14. QUESTION:
    How long does it take your liver to detox?
    I've been unhealthy for a while now. I eat fast food, take sleep aids, and drink alcohol on a regular basis.
    Bottom line, my liver isn't in peak condition.

    My question is how long does it take the liver to naturally cleanse itself? Does the length of an unhealthy lifestyle complicate the process?

    • ANSWER:
      You've been sucked into a bunch of garbage pseudoscience. Your liver is constantly detoxifying the substances you put into it. Within a few hours of consuming alcohol, your liver has broken it down to harmless compounds and prepared it for excretion from the body.
      Stop thinking in terms of "cleansing" the body. You've been abusing your body with this disgusting lifestyle, but that doesn't mean that you're "dirty," only that your body is overworked and run-down.

  15. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when my liver enzymes are elevated and how could it affect my health?
    I had blood work done four months ago and my liver enzymes were elevated. I had my blood tested again this week and they are saying my liver enzymes are still elevated. What could be doing his to me and how is it going to affect my health in the future.

    • ANSWER:
      This link will tell you, from a professional, why your liver
      enzymes may be elevated:
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/elevated-liver-enzymes/HQ01011

      The liver enzymes are known as the ALT and AST.
      There is also other tests that show how the liver functions,
      known as Bilirubin, INR, and Albumin and Alka Phos.
      http://www.labtestsonline.org

      Since you said they are stating it is the liver enzymes.
      The ALT is mainly made in the liver. The AST is not
      only made in the liver but other organs as well. That
      is why the doctors look first at the ALT level.
      When the cells of the liver become damaged, these
      enzymes are released into the blood and picked up
      on your blood test. If this is definitely the liver causing
      this elevation, it will usually start out as inflammation.
      Inflammation can be controlled and go away with
      medication. If the inflammation is not treated,
      then the cells of the liver can die and this is known as
      cirrhosis.
      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/cirrhosis/

      Knowing your past medical history and seeing your lab
      work and other tests results and also knowing your
      family history would tell the doctor much more whether
      he should suspect liver disease. There are many
      different causes of this disease as you will see in the
      link I posted for cirrhosis.

      There are things a patient, who has a liver problem, can
      do now to try to prevent any further damage that may be
      causes: Avoid alcohol beverages, stay away from chemicals,
      be around only healthy people, inform the doctor of every
      medication you are taking which includes over the counter
      meds and herb and any medications prescribed by other
      doctors. Why? Alcohol, in some people is very toxic to
      the liver...liver damage can be caused by mixing drugs with
      alcohol also. Being exposed to harsh chemicals...like
      carbon tetrachloride can cause liver damage. If your body
      is trying to heal, it is best to protect yourself from others who
      may pass on to you another illness and make your body
      weaker. Almost every medication that enters your body,
      no matter how it is taken, goes through the liver to be
      broken down....and some medications have warnings that
      they can cause damage to the liver. The doctor has to
      weigh the pros and cons of using the medication. It is
      well known that many NSAID med (pain medication brought
      over the counter) carry this warning on the box.

      If this is liver damage, the doctor may do further testing.
      This would include more blood work, ultrasound, Ct scan.
      The very best test for liver evaluation is the liver biopsy.
      The best doctor to be with is a Hepatologist.

      I hope this information is of some help to you.
      If you do find out it is liver disease...here is a site to
      look at. This is a book written by a hepatologist and
      is the very first book I read. You can read articles free
      on line from this book.
      http://liverdisease.com/

      Best wishes

  16. QUESTION:
    If someone is waiting for a liver transplant and 1 comes available. How long to they have to operate?
    If somone is waiting for a liver and a compatible one comes available how long do they have to operate? Say if one person is in Glasgow & the other in London. Would they bring the liver to Glasgow? Take the person to London or meet half way?

    • ANSWER:

  17. QUESTION:
    What is the relationship between the liver and the duodenum?
    What is the relationship between the liver and the duodenum? I know that bile is deposited into the duodenum where bile salts emulsify fats so that pancreatic lipase can digest it in the pancreatic juice, but that is from the gall bladder, not the liver. Any help?

    • ANSWER:
      bile is produced in the liver, then stored in the gall bladder prior to entering the duodenum.

  18. QUESTION:
    What causes elevated liver enzymes in an otherwise healthy person?
    My mother (early 60s) walks every day, eats in moderation, drinks occasionally, and does not smoke. Her blood test came back for elevated liver enzymes, which is very concerning, since she seems very healthy.

    • ANSWER:
      No one blood testing is 100% accurate...it
      takes more than one to be sure.

      The liver enzymes are a hint that there may
      be liver cell damage. However, The
      ALT enzyme is the most specific to the
      liver diagnosis, since it is mostly made in the
      liver...the other enzymes are made in the liver
      but also, in about the same quantities, in other
      organs.

      It takes more blood tests to truly confirm
      it is a liver problem. These tests include
      the liver functions tests (Bilirubin, INR,
      Albumin, Pt, PTT) which shows how well
      the cells of the liver are able to perform
      the functions to keep the body well and
      also the viral testing to see if a virus is
      using the liver cells to replicate itself
      (like Hepatitis A,B,C,etc).

      Patients who have liver disease, will not
      know they have it. The liver is very quiet
      about damage done to it, until the cells
      start to die off and the functions deteriorate.
      They may appear tired or sometimes have
      flu like symptoms...this could be mistaken
      for other medical ills.

      Some of the things that can cause liver damage
      that doesn't involve alcohol is:
      medication toxification
      chemical exposure
      hereditary conditions
      autoimmune disease
      fatty liver disease
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infection
      cancer or tumors/cysts
      cardiac problems
      parasitic infections
      viral infections
      and there are others.

      Some of these liver enzymes can be elevated
      if you have trouble with the bones or
      if there is a biliary problem, have heart problems,
      or have exercised alot before the testing.

      If her enzymes stay elevated...they may
      examine her to see if they can feel if the
      liver is enlarged. If the cells of the liver
      are damaged, the immune system of
      the body responds and causes inflammation
      in the liver which causes the liver to enlarge
      in size. If this happens to be the case,
      they may do an ultrasound or Ct scan
      to look at the liver. She should be referred
      to a gastroenterologist or hepatologist if
      they see an enlargement or tumors or if
      the blood isn't flowing well through the liver.

      It is difficult to wait for the next blood tests
      results...but, at times, they will return to
      normal. In some people, elevated levels
      are their normal for them.

      Hope things work out that she doesn't
      have any problems. Best wishes.

  19. QUESTION:
    How does a liver-selective glucocorticoid antagonist work?
    How to they make it so that the glucocorticoid antagonist only goes to the liver?
    Could the same thing be done in the brain? If so, how?

    • ANSWER:
      In this case, they conjugated a bile acid (the top molecule) to a synthetic glucocorticoid (the bottom molecule), which keeps the drug in the biliary tract and keeps most of it out of the bloodstream, where it would cause adrenal affects.

      http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jm0400045

      DK

  20. QUESTION:
    Seeking info regarding the liver. How much liver can the body safely function on?
    If someone had part of their liver removed, where would the scar be (if any) and can the body actually function on half a liver? Does it grow back? Myth or fiction? Can you have half your liver removed with keyhole surgery?

    May seem queer, but these questions i would love the answer to for peace of mind. Or, any websites i can visit to give me the answers to these questions.

    • ANSWER:
      The body can function with up to 80% of the liver cut out. It also will grow back in about a year, not sure about the keyhole...but I had a friend with liver cancer...she had 80% removed and its all grown back cancer free....

  21. QUESTION:
    What causes elevated liver enzymes in dogs?
    My dog (less than 2 yrs old) has elevated liver enzymes and is on Sam-E to lower them as well as some pain medication.

    • ANSWER:
      A complete systemic imbalance. You can mess around with expensive blood tests, etc. and your vet will only be guessing at what the problem is.
      First thing you should do is to feed your dog a species appropriate raw diet. Dogs are carnivores. Commercial dog food does a lot of damage to their system, because they were not designed to eat grains and fillers -- that's what 70% of dog food is.
      Check out the files/research at the Yahoo Group Raw Meaty Bones.
      Raw fed dogs avoid preventable health problems like pancreatitis, diabetes, bladder stones, impacted anal glands, ear infections, periodontal disease, allergies, hot spots, skin problems and even cancer.
      There are plenty of sick dogs that recovered wonderful health after their owners stopped feeding the equivalent of doggie junk food. It's as bad as us eating at McD's every day (Supersize Me).
      Vaccination can be another source of serious adverse reactions leading to health problems. These reactions can happen months/years after a shot. Another great Yahoo Group is Truth about Vaccines. Anyone who owns a dog owes it to themselves and the dog to keep abreast of the independent research that is being/has been done and not rely on the money-motivated claims of the veterinary/pet food industry.

  22. QUESTION:
    What exactly would happen if a liver is rejected?
    If someone got a liver transplant, and their body was rejecting the liver, what exactly would happen? Would they get another transplant? Or just take the anti rejection and immunosuppressants ?

    • ANSWER:
      The person would start to experience many of the same *first*
      symptoms they experienced with liver disease:
      Fever over 38°C or 100.4°F...Fatigue...Jaundice (yellowing of skin or eyes)...Darkening of urine...Clay-colored stools...Pain over liver

      They would contact the gastroenterologist or hepatologist that
      is associated with the Liver Transplant Team. They would
      probably be admitted to the hospital and started on other
      medications...maybe more Prednisone and having a change
      of the anti rejection drug or dosage change of the anti rejection
      drug they are already on. Most rejections can be stopped by
      doing this.
      Some of the drugs used for immunosuppression are:
      Prednisone, Cellcept, Prograf, Sirolimus, Myfortic and
      others.

      However, if the organ continues to reject, then they would once
      again be evaluated and placed back on the transplant list for
      possible liver transplantation. If they are rejecting and in
      very serious danger of losing the organ fast...they would be
      placed at the top of the list for the next available donor organ.

      People are placed on the transplant list according to how
      much time a person may have left to live if they do not
      receive a transplantation. Someone who is rejecting an
      organ, if they have little time left, would definitely be placed
      near the top of the list for the donor organ.

      The Transplant List is based on a patients MELD score.
      This is determined through having blood testing done:
      Bilirubin, INR, Creatinine, Sodium
      The MELD score runs from 6 to 40. Those who are
      closest to a 6 score are the healthiest on the list and
      may go off the list if they get better. As you go up
      the list closer to the 40, the patient becomes alot
      sicker and more in need to have a donor organ
      for transplantation to be done.

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.
      Best wishes

  23. QUESTION:
    What do the liver and pancreas use to produce enzymes and bile for chemical digestion?
    Hi, I'm doing a biology packet for homework, and my book nor the internet says what the liver and pancreas use to produce enzymes and bile for chemical digestion. Please tell me if you know the answer to this question. Please help, it's due on Monday.

    • ANSWER:
      bile- main content is cholesterol. also contain bilirubin which is derived from the heme portion of phagocytosed RBC. electrolytes, water, phospholipids.
      enzymes- made out of proteins. thru transcription and translation

  24. QUESTION:
    What type of liver disease or kidney disease makes people smell from sweat?
    Just asking, cuz I know a person whos has liver illness, and smell from the liver damage.

    and how can you make the liver better, do u have to change your diet?
    she only 16, she had it since she was a lil kid, i dont think she was drinking.

    • ANSWER:
      stop boozing...

      .

  25. QUESTION:
    What are the effects of prolonged hydrocodone use on the liver?
    One of my friends has been addicted for several years, but decided to detox this past weekend (say a prayer that he won't relapse). He said that he could have had liver and heart problems if he would have kept taking them.

    What actually happens to the liver as a result of hydrocodone use? How does the person know they have liver problems as a result of the hydrocodone use?

    • ANSWER:
      It's the acetaminophen used with the hydrocodone that does the real damage. Unless your friend has a source for pharmacy compounded pure hydrocodone.

      And there are plenty of people who have died in their 20's from liver failure due to recreational addiction to pain killers containing hydrocodone.

  26. QUESTION:
    What can cause liver pain after overeating?
    My mother, who has a fatty liver, told me that she occasionally gets liver pain/pain in the liver area of her body after she overeats.

    What can cause this? Does overeating cause the liver to swell at all? Is it because she has a fatty liver? Is it perhaps not even her liver, but perhaps another organ pushing against her liver to cause the sensation of pain, like her stomach?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver is painless.

  27. QUESTION:
    is dehydrated chicken liver good for dogs and cats?
    I heard that dehydrated liver is good for dogs, but he wasn't specific if it was beef or chicken liver. So what I am wondering is are dehydrated chicken liver, gizzards and hearts good for dogs and cats, and do I have to do anything other than put them in the dehydrator for a few hours?

    • ANSWER:
      I feed my dogs raw chicken livers, but for treats i buy livers that are dehydrated. I feed gizzards and hearts too, but I just feed those raw.

      Here are a few sites if you want to learn more.
      www.bigdogsporch.com
      www.rawfed.com/myths
      www.rawmeatybones.com
      www.rawlearning.com

  28. QUESTION:
    What does an irregular liver function test really mean?
    What are some of the causes of the liver not working properly - is it serious?

    • ANSWER:
      nothing called irregular liver function, may be abnormal or elevated liver function ... means elevated enzymes .. sign of liver abnormalities ... usually in north America due to alcohol, but many other reasons.. medications(cholesterol meds, Tylenol and narcotics), hepatitis, some congenital diseases, Iron excess, copper excess,infections, gall bladder obstruction, cancers etc...

  29. QUESTION:
    Do you know any really good tasting liver recipes?
    My older sister is having a baby and the doctor said her iron level is low (11 level) and i found out liver have very high iron.... what is really tasty recipe for liver that my sister would eat...?
    Or if youb have anyother HIGH iron foods that she would like that would work too?

    • ANSWER:
      High Iron Diet containing Heme Iron foods

      Excellent Sources Good Sources

      Clams
      Pork Liver
      Oysters
      Chicken Liver
      Mussels
      Beef Liver

      Beef
      Shrimp
      Sardines
      Turkey

      *this website has some great info.*

  30. QUESTION:
    What is your favorite recipe for chicken liver?
    I am getting tired of eating southern style fried chicken liver. What other ways are there to cook chicken liver so that it is delicious?

    • ANSWER:
      Chicken Livers with Caramelized Onions and Madeira

      1. 3 tablespoons cooking oil
      2. 3 onion, sliced thin
      3. 3/4 teaspoon salt
      4. 1/4 teaspoon fresh-ground black pepper
      5. 1 1/4 pounds chicken livers, each cut in half
      6. 1/2 cup Madeira
      7. 1 hard-cooked egg, chopped
      8. 2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley

      1. In a large frying pan, heat 2 tablespoons of the oil over moderate heat. Add the onions, 1/2 teaspoon of the salt, and 1/8 teaspoon of the pepper. Cook, stirring frequently, until the onions are well browned, about 15 minutes. Remove the onions from the pan and put on a serving platter or individual plates.
      2. In the same frying pan, heat the remaining 1 tablespoon oil over moderately high heat. Season the chicken livers with the remaining 1/4 teaspoon salt and 1/8 teaspoon pepper. Put the livers in the pan, in two batches if necessary, and cook for 2 minutes. Turn and cook until browned, about 2 minutes longer. The livers should still be pink inside. Remove the chicken livers from the pan and put them on top of the onions.
      3. Return the pan to the heat and add the Madeira. Boil rapidly, scraping the bottom of the pan to dislodge any brown bits, for 1 minute. Pour the sauce over the livers and the onions. Top with the egg and parsley.

      Yield: 4 servings

  31. QUESTION:
    how do I make liver and onions from a frozen state?
    I own a pub and have recently added liver and onions to my menu. I'm not sure if I should soak it in milk, freeze it and then flour it when ordered. Will the flour stick if it is frozen? Will it become tough if I unthaw it a bit in the micro first? Any help would be appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      Liver is tricky. Don't try any of the above; you nor your patrons will not like the results. If it comes frozen, allow it to thaw completely in the fridge before trying anything else. If it comes fresh, use it that day.

  32. QUESTION:
    Why is secondary liver cancer from the colon so hard to treat?
    My friend's Dad has received bad news about liver cancer and she's having a hard time processing the information.

    I've looked on google but I cannot find something that simply explains why liver cancer (secondary) is so hard to treat.

    Her Dad has two small spots on his liver and feels good but there are no treatments for him left. His CEA is very high (100+). She's struggling with understanding why two small spots cannot be treated. Anyone have an articles online that explains it?

    • ANSWER:
      He does not have "liver cancer" but metatstatic (Stage IV) colon cancer. The spots in the liver are colon cancer cells, not liver cancer cells. Yes it seems trivial, why not just operate and take them out, but many years of experience has shown us that this treatment is futile. The patient is put at risk during the operation and his life will not be lengthened at all by removing the two spots. The two spots you see on the imaging are only the tip of an iceberg; there are many more cancer cells growing and spreading, and we can not operate to remove them all.
      Your friend's father will almost certainly die of colon cancer, but no one knows when. There are some very effective treatments for Stage IV colon cancer that can let him live a productive and happy life for a few years. My advice is to get the very best care he can and to live every moment he has left as well as he can. You can play a part in this too, help your friend through this, tell her to cherish every moment she still has with him. Take trips, throw parties, bake cakes, celebrate his life, and live! Good luck to you all.

  33. QUESTION:
    How can I make liver taste good?
    My doctor told me to eat liver but it's pretty nasty....any ideas on how I can make it taste a little better?
    My doctor is a chinese medical professional, and it's to help treat depression. Not to eat often, but every so often. Thanks for the suggestions!

    • ANSWER:
      yeah, throw it away and find something else to eat...LOL...JK...
      Fry some bacon, then fry onions in the bacon grease. Lightly flour the liver and fry in bacon grease.

  34. QUESTION:
    What conditions cause inflamed liver and high blood pressure in a 22 year old man?
    My friend is 22 years old, and hasn't suffered any serious health problems before now. Recently he has been suffering with headaches, dizziness, abdominal pains and tiredness. The doctors say he has an inflamed liver, and very high blood pressure, but have said nothing further. They are running more tests. What conditions can cause these symptoms? Especially in a young man with no previous problems.

    • ANSWER:
      Taking too many painkillers is what got me. I don't drink and I had the same problem at 25 years old. I also had a dying gallbladder that was infecting my liver, so I got it from both sides. Is your friend overweight? That can cause a toxin buildup and is commonly called "fatty liver disease". On a kinda plus side, the liver has the ability to recover at an insane rate. That's why you can live for so long with liver problems. Your friend may have a miserable existence for a while, but he will likely live through it ok. Im going on two years now, and its still bothersome for me, but I'm alive and my quality of life is good.

  35. QUESTION:
    What can cause a liver functionality test to be low?
    My dad had a liver functionality test done, and it came back low. He takes diphenhydramine in a sleeping aid to help him sleep. He also had a PSA and he got a 6.3 on it.

    • ANSWER:
      this doesnot make sense usually when a person has liver disease he has high liver enzyme and not the reverse

  36. QUESTION:
    What are the causes of liver cirrhosis or cancer?
    Alcohol is largely to blame for liver cirrhosis but my friend hasn't really abused it yet he got the ailment. What might have caused it besides alcohol abuse? He's skin and bones right now and deteriorating fast. Please add curative suggestions if any. His doctor sent him home as a hopeless case so i'm appealing for any other remedies. Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      I'm going through the same thing with my husband. He just came home Tuesday night and I have hospice helping out. He is already getting to where he can't walk hardly. People keep talking about a liver transplant but my doc. said my husband wasn't a candidate because he has cancer. But my husband drank alot when he was younger. He has been on alot of pain medicines. Along with meds for blood pressure and cholesterol. I think the cholesterol drugs caused this cirrohsis. He was taking to much at one time but thats what the doctor told him and it started scarring his liver. And later they changed it and he started getting jaundice and thats how they found the cancer. He also has blood clots from his heart to his liver. His liver isn't functioning right along with his kidneys. I wish you luck with your friend.

  37. QUESTION:
    What is the monetary value for a human liver?
    I am wondering, what is the value of a human liver? Is there anything that can effect the value, and make some livers more valuable than others, such as blood type, health? Is there a good way to estimate the value for someone?

    • ANSWER:
      You can't put a price on life.

  38. QUESTION:
    How does enzyme function in the liver affect a person with cirrhosis?
    The function of the liver is to break down fats and build certain proteins. Cirrhosis of the liver is a disease which causes the liver to become thickened and “rubbery.” Hypothesize how enzyme function in the liver would be affected in a person with cirrhosis.

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells and scar tissue formation inside the liver.

      The liver cells are what makes these enzymes: known as the ALT, AST,
      GGT, and Alkaline phosphatase. When the liver cells become damage,
      these enzymes leak out of the cells and go higher on the blood tests results.
      Enzymes are used to speed up reactions.

      A healthy liver is usually very smooth and soft organ.
      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune system responds to
      this damage and causes inflammation inside the liver which will cause
      the liver to enlarge and take on a spongy texture.
      If the cause isn't found, or the liver cells start to die off...then it becomes
      this progressive, irreversible disease known as Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Scar tissue forms inside the liver as the liver cells die off. This scar
      tissue will block the flow of blood through the liver on its way back
      to the heart and also block the flow of blood to the functioning liver
      cells that are left, so they continue to die off. The liver is actually
      starting to die inside the living patient. It will start to shrink in
      size and take on a harder texture. You could say
      thickened and rubbery.

      The liver cells are what makes the enzymes, as I mentioned above...
      however they also do the other many functions, that the liver does
      as a whole, to keep the body will...over 500 of them.
      Since the liver cells have died, then the proteins that normally would
      be made will start to decrease. Especially the one known as Albumin
      that hold fluids inside our vessels. This fluid will then leak out and
      collect in the abdominal area (it is known as Ascites). The liver also
      may not be able to produce bile efficiently, this means that the fats
      may go undigested and not be able to be absorbed into the body...
      that means that the stools will have fat content in them and may
      float on top of the water. Since the fats are not absorbed, then this
      also means that the fat soluble vitamins may also not be absorbed...
      leading to deficiencies.

      I hope this has been of some help to you. Best wishes

  39. QUESTION:
    How do I fix my liver from alcohol damage?
    I drink alcohol - lots of it very regularly. Is there a way to ward off liver damage in my case? Can you suggest ant remedy?

    • ANSWER:
      Why do you think you have liver damage? If a doctor told you then he would have also given you treatment options. Drinking is not the leading cause of liver damage. It is only a contributing factor. And then only in those who are already prone to liver disease.

      Cirrhosis, or death of liver tissue is caused by Fatty Liver Disease. Alcohol can contribute to that, IF you are already predisposed. Alcohol consumption in and of itself does not cause liver disease.

      The belief that drinking caused liver disease is a common fallacy. It falls under and Ad Hoc, or Faulty Causation. Is it one of the many alcohol myths I see perpetrated on Yahoo Answers. Quite simply alcohol does not cause liver disease any more then filling a car with gasoline causes an accident.

  40. QUESTION:
    What would happen if a fresh sample of liver was heated to 37.5 degrees then added to hydrogen peroxide?
    well, I already know that over heating the liver could make the liver denatured and ineffective. but that's about it.

    • ANSWER:
      You would activate the peroxidase enzymes in the liver and break down the peroxide into O2 and water.
      Maybe thats catalase, however they both breakdown peroxide.

  41. QUESTION:
    Why is the pancreas and liver so important in the digestive system?
    Why is the liver and pancreas so important in the digestive system. Also what substances they produce and can you please explain their function.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, the goblet cells in the pancreas produce insulin as already mentioned and it also produces Glycagon. Insulin in the anabolic (building) anabolic compound which forces the carbs in your body to go into storage around key parts of your body like the liver e.t.c.

      Glycagon does the opposite of insulin, being the catabolic (breakdown) compound. The key thing is that the pancreas senses the blood sugar level and reacts to control it by producing these chemcals accordingly..... Forms of diabetes (type 2 e.t.c.) are caused by abnormal or failed functions within the pancreas.

  42. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of liver stones, is there such a thing?
    My husband asked me to post this question, to see if anyone knew anything about the symptoms of liver stones. The word appears on Google listing, but I can't get any further information about it there. These are supposed to be another kind of "stones", separate from kidney and gall stones. Would anyone have any information about this? Thanks in advance for your comments.

    • ANSWER:
      Your husband may be referring to Gallstones or calcification or calcium deposits in the liver. Choledocholithiasis is the presence of a gallstone in the common bile duct. The stone may consist of bile pigments or calcium and cholesterol salts. It may cause obstructive jaundice.
      Cholelithiasis is the presence of one or more calculi (gallstones) in the gallbladder. In developed countries, about 10% of adults and 20% of people > 65 yr have gallstones. Gallstones tend to be asymptomatic. The most common symptom is biliary colic; gallstones do not cause dyspepsia or fatty food intolerance. More serious complications include cholecystitis; biliary tract obstruction (from stones in the bile ducts or choledocholithiasis), sometimes with infection (cholangitis); and gallstone pancreatitis. Diagnosis is usually by ultrasonography. If cholelithiasis causes symptoms or complications, cholecystectomy is necessary.
      Take abdominal ultrasound scan for further investigation in consultation with a gastroenterologist.

  43. QUESTION:
    What happens if you drink everyday and your liver all of a sudden hurts but you drink anyway?
    My friend has been getting liver pain but she still drinks anyway, what can happen????????
    She says that when her liver hurts she drinks and it goes away for a short time but it comes back.
    Can she die? :O

    • ANSWER:
      How long and how much has your friend been drinking? The experts say that 10 years of heavy drinking can put a person on the road to having serious liver disease. If she falls in this category, then I would say she could have a serious problem. She can die in time if she gets cirrhosis, but she would have many other symptoms and it usually takes years before actual death occurs. If she was in the last stage of cirrhosis, she would definitely know it.

  44. QUESTION:
    How much liver tissue do you need for it to continue functioning?
    If you have only 50% of your liver functioning because of cancer how much do you need for it to continue to function? At what point (20%,30%) does the liver shut down?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes after about 30%

  45. QUESTION:
    What happens when you get hit in the liver?
    I've seen people who get hit in the liver and they drop to the ground in a ton of pain.

    I've heard things about nerve endings that cause paralysis or that if it's hit hard enough it releases toxins into your body.

    So does anyone know the science of why exactly getting hit in the liver causes so much pain?

    • ANSWER:
      It hurts like hell :(

  46. QUESTION:
    Why does epinephrine cause a liver cell to hydrolyze without ever entering the cell?
    The Hormone epinephrine can cause a liver cell to hydrolyze its stored glycogen ad release sugar without the hormone ever entering the cell. Explain why this occurs.

    Thank you for any responses! I greatly appreciate the help!

    • ANSWER:
      Epinephrine binds to a receptor in the cell membrane. This causes the release of cAMP, called a "Second messenger" inside the cell. This second messenger begins an enzyme cascade that causes the hydrolysis of epinephrine.

  47. QUESTION:
    What are the signs the your liver is producing to much Alkaline phosphatase?
    There are bumps on my face which I think has a lot to do with the Liver results of my blood tests. What could be the problems?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is the best site to learn about any of your
      blood lab tests results:
      http://www.labtestsonline.org

      Here is a link, on the same site, that explains
      about Alkaline phosphatase.
      http://www.labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/alp/test.html

      The doctor does different testing to check and
      see if it is a liver or biliary problem:
      1) The liver enzymes (known as the ALT, AST,GGT,
      and the Alkaline phosphatase)...these can show if there
      is liver cell damage or a problem in the bile ducts.
      2) The liver functions tests (known as the Bilirubin, INR,
      Albumin, Pt, PTT) which show how well the liver cells
      are able to do the functions (over 500 of them) that the
      liver does as a whole to keep the body well.
      3) The liver viral tests to see if a virus has entered the
      body and is using the liver cells to replicate itself.

      If you do have a liver problem...you may start to see
      spider like veins start to appear on the face, neck,
      chest, and shoulder area. When you press on them,
      they can blanche and look pale until the veins fill
      again with blood after you remove your fingers.
      If this is a liver problem...the ALT enzyme is most
      specific to the liver as it is made mostly in the liver..
      there other ones are found in other areas, also.
      The Alkaline Phosphatase is made in the liver...but
      is more connected to the Biliary area of the liver.
      The liver produces bile, that flow through tube like
      structures (known as ducts) to the gallbladder and
      then from the gallbladder to the intestines.
      These ducts can become blocked by a gallstone,
      infection, growth, or can be malformed, or cirrhosed.

      Sometimes certain medications, that you may be
      on, can also cause a rash or bumps.

      It is best to have more testing done to see if your
      level returns to the normal range. No one blood
      testing is 100% accurate: many things can effect
      the results of these tests. Our body chemistry
      changes constantly.

  48. QUESTION:
    How much tylenol does it take to damage your liver?
    I have been on Lortabs for a couple of years now, and I take 10-12 pills a day, At 500 mg of Acetaminophen per tablet, that is a daily in take of about 5,500 mg of tylenol a day . With that amount how long if any will it take to damage my liver and how will I know that liver damage has set in.

    • ANSWER:
      The maximum recommended dose would be 4000mg/day. If you are exceeding this, you might be injuring your liver. Don't you have concerns about taking an overdose of narcotics and tylenol?? If your liver gets hurt, in general, you do not get a new one. Get help with your drug habit, and ask that your liver function get checked. Be responsible!!

  49. QUESTION:
    What exactly occurs when the liver is inflamed?
    A patient is told his liver has become inflamed because of his heavy drinking and that if he continues to drink, his liver will shut down.

    Lets say he never drinks againl. Ever. What can happen even after he stops? What precautions can he take to help his liver?

    • ANSWER:
      When alcohol is consumed, the liver takes
      the alcohol and uses the cells enzymes to
      convert it to acetaldehyde and then to
      acetate. It is then further converted to
      carbon dioxide and water that the body can
      dispose of.
      If a person is sensitive to alcohol or takes
      too much, the liver may become overwhelmed
      and it won't go through the complete process
      the way it should. It may only reach the
      acetaldehyde phase. Both alcohol and,
      the breakdown acetaldehyde, can be toxic
      to the liver cells and damage them.

      When the cells of the liver become damaged,
      the immune system of the body responds to
      this and causes inflammation to develop in
      the liver, which will cause the liver to enlarge
      in size...even though it is surrounded by
      a tight membrane capsule.
      If the alcohol is stopped and the inflammation is
      treated, then the liver cells may heal.
      However, if this is not done...it can advance
      where the liver cells die off and scar tissue
      formation takes place inside the liver that
      blocks the flow of blood. This is then
      known as Cirrhosis of the liver and is
      irreversible. It can lead to having to
      have a liver transplant that can cost in
      the range of 0,000 and up.

      The best step to take is to have blood testing
      done asap. Simple blood tests can show
      alot:
      The liver enzymes test will show if the
      cells of the liver are damage.
      The liver functions tests will show how
      well the cells of the liver are able to do
      the 500 plus functions to keep the body well.
      Viral testing to see if a virus has entered
      the body and is using the liver cells to replicate
      itself.

      If the liver is determined to have a problem...
      it is best to be referred to a gastroenterlogist
      or hepatologist. If the doctor sees that
      the blood tests levels are not right, he
      may order an ultrasound or Ct scan to
      look at the liver. They will be able
      to see if the liver is enlarged, if the blood
      is flowing well through the liver, and if
      there may be any growths there.

      The doctors are the only ones that can
      determine if there is disease present and
      how far advanced it is...through their test
      results. The liver is very quiet about damage
      being done until the liver cells are not
      able to function or die off...it is important
      to be checked.

      All liver patients are told not to drink any
      alcohol. They should try to stay away from
      others who are ill and use purell...
      stay away from open salad/food/dessert
      bars where people can sneeze or cough into
      them. They should only take medications
      that are approved of or prescribed by their
      doctors...since medication goes through
      the liver first to be broken down before
      going to the rest of the body. He should
      speak to the doctor about any vitamins
      he may be lacking...since those who are
      alcoholics tend to lack certain ones.

      If they have a hard time stopping the alcohol,
      the doctor has medications that can help
      with the symptoms of coming off it slowly.
      He may also suggest a detox program at
      the hospital.

      A patient cannot be listed for a liver transplant
      unless they are free of alcohol consumption
      for a period of six months prior to the
      evaluation. Many patients die before being
      placed on it because they refuse to give it
      up.

      I hope this information has been of some
      help to you.
      Here is a link to a Cirrhosis site to learn
      more about it:
      (just click on it)
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

  50. QUESTION:
    How does Exotoxin of Pseudomonas affect the liver?
    The exotoxin of pseudomonas is composed of an A-B component. The B target site is the liver. Once A attach to a receptor in the liver, the A dissociates. The A then blocks translocation so it inhibits protein synthesis.

    Since the target site of Exotoxin of Pseudomonas aueroginosa is the liver, what kind of damage/pathology does it do to the liver?
    Corynebacterium diptheria toxin primary target is the heart, nerves and epithelium. This is because the B component of the A-B diphtheria toxin binds to receptors to those tissues. As such it results to myocarditis, recurrent nerve palsy and pseudomembrane respectively.

    However, the Pseudomonas toxin wherein the B component primary target is the Liver does not seem to show disease in the liver. Pseudomonas cause cellulitis, pneumonia, septicemia, UTI.

    The liver having the receptors for the pseudomonas toxin does NOT seem to show directly the cause & effect for its disease process unlike the diptheria.

    • ANSWER:
      The exotoxin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa is Exotoxin A (PEA). It inhibits protein synthesis especially in the liver. Injected into mice, it causes liver cell death, which was somehow due to T cells responding to other immunokines like TNF, IL-2 and IL-6, and Interferon-gamma. Neutralization of the TNF prevented this liver cell death. The conclusion from this article says liver damage is possibly due to protein synthesis inhibition and cytokine mediated damage to the hepatocyte


List Of Liver Diseases

Deceased Donor Liver Transplant/ Cadaveric Donor Liver Transplant DDLT / CDLT

Whole or part of liver is removed immediately from the patients who are brain dead but have functioning organs and transplanted to a patient of chronic liver disease.

History of liver transplantation

Initial attempt to transplant liver were carried out in animals like dogs and cats. First human liver transplant was carried out in 1963; patient lived for few days and succumbed to death. Discovery of better immunosuppressant drugs and understanding of pathophysiology lead to improved survival gradually. Dr. Thomas Starzl performed the first successful liver transplant in 1967 in America. There have been many advances since then and by the early 1980's liver transplantation was widely accepted as a treatment of choice for many patients with advanced liver disease or unbearable symptoms of their liver disease. Techniques and technology have been advancing and a lot of research is going on in basic sciences like immunology and cell biology for further improvement. Transplantation of organ spells out the success story of medical science of twentieth century.

Consult regarding Liver, Liver Disease, Pre-Transplant Preparation, Peri or Post Transplant Care or any queries related to this field

Also Cadaver organ, how to get cadaver organ, where to apply for cadaver organ

After working as a Senior Transplant Coordinator in a renowned centre with renowned surgeons and with the experience of dealing with about 10000 liver disease patients and about 600 liver transplant patients Jyotsna Verma started feeling that I should provide the benefit of my experience to all the patients in need for Transplant and not restrict myself to a single Team, Centre or Area. I want to share my experience as a coordinator and to share the moments faced by the patients in their Pre, Peri and Post-transplant Period.

I am available on Facebook, Skype, Orkut, Google-Talk 24 hrs. Video conference and meeting by prior appointment.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Transplant List For Liver On West Coast that doesn't have a weight requirement.?
    My husband is in end stage liver disease with Cirrohsis, and has a herniated disc in his back, the transplant list we are trying to get on is requiring he lose 55 pounds, does anyone out there know of a transplant list or lists that doesn't have a weight requirement, on the West Coast or close to Nevada, Las Vegas.

    • ANSWER:
      My understanding is that there is only one transplant list...the national one. There are regional review boards who make the decision if a patient meets the criteria to be on the list but there is only one transplant list. Since the criteria is very strict, if your regional review board said your husband must lose weight, another regional board will tell you the same thing.

      The criteria are very strict because they want the transplant to be a success so that the patient has a great chance at a better and healthier life.

      As hard as it is, try to encourage your husband to lose weight and help him reach that goal. If necessary, get the doctor to refer him to a nutritionist for a workable diet plan. Good luck!

  2. QUESTION:
    help with info on LIVER DISEASE?
    - is the liver the only body system impaired by liver disease?
    - how does liver disease actually cause failure of the liver?

    please list sources
    thanks

    • ANSWER:
      What you have a problem in one part of your body, it affects everything else, specially an important organ like your liver.
      Not only is your liver the largest organ inside your body, it's also "chief cook and bottle washer," responsible for keeping the rest of your organs and systems free of toxins and functioning smoothly—and it has a pretty big job description:

      * Producing bile, which aids digestion and emulsifies fats
      * Metabolizing proteins and converting amino acids
      * Regulating thyroid hormones
      * Creating GTF (Glucose Tolerance Factor) to regulate blood sugar levels
      * Transforming nearly all nutrients into biochemicals the body can store, transport, use and much more.

      To learn more click on the link below.

  3. QUESTION:
    What can be done to help a patient with liver disease?
    My step-dad is in Stage 4 liver disease.

    I am wondering what we can do to improve his quality of life to keep him strong enough and healthy enough to be put on the transplant list.

    Whats foods are good?? Not good???

    What can help with the swelling in his legs and stomach????

    ANY help is GREATLY appreciated!!!

    Thanks!!!
    Thumbs down not from me!

    • ANSWER:
      Taking the herb Milk Thistle is good for a diseased liver.

  4. QUESTION:
    When is it to late for a liver transplant?
    When 1 is on the liver transplant list... When is it to late what i mean is when has it gone to the point of no return????? Before one reaches that point that they cant et the tranplant becasue their disease has taken over.....

    • ANSWER:
      A person is placed on the transplant list according
      to how long they will be able to live without a
      transplant. The ones who are at the bottom of
      the list, may become well and go off the list.
      As you go up the list, the sicker you are, and will
      need a transplant sooner.

      If someone drinks alcohol, they have to be free
      of it for six months before they are placed on the
      list and once on the list, they can never go back
      to it again.

      The liver has different stages of failure. When
      they say failure, they mean that the liver isn't
      able to do the functions it once did because
      the liver cells have died. Cirrhosis, which is
      death of the liver cells, form scar tissue inside the
      liver and blocks the other healthy cells from
      receiving the nourishment and oxygen they need
      and they die also. So, someone whose liver
      is now mostly dead cells needs a transplant
      faster than someone whose liver is not consumed
      by this as yet. As the cells die, the function the
      liver does also drops down and more symptoms
      will appear.

      There are times that a patient may not be able
      to make it to have a transplant because they
      are so mal-nourished and have no strength....or
      they have very serious heart problems or other
      disease that the doctor think they will be able to withstand the long hours it takes for the surgery which can range from 6 to 14 hours in some cases. Or the patient may suddenly go into the coma state.
      Some people miss out on a transplant cause the
      transplant team cannot contact them. Also, an
      organ may not become available, in time for them,
      where it matches according to blood type and
      other requirements needed to be transplanted.
      Or the organ the doctor receive isn't any good to
      transplant...you have to remember it is an used
      organ, not a new one and it could have things
      wrong with it that the doctors can see.

      If a patient cannot eat, either because of the
      fluid in the stomach area or other things...they
      should ask their doctor about supplements they
      can use. This will keep the body receiving
      nourishment and help it heal. They should
      try to do some exercise according to what the
      doctor tells them to keep their heart in the best
      shape. They should only take medications that
      the doctor prescribes for them and be sure
      to tell the doctor all medications they do use,
      whether over the counter, herbs, herbal teas.
      They should rest whenever they are able to do
      so. Many patients, who have cirrhosis, will
      notice that their sleep times have become
      awkward. If they get tired and even fall asleep
      for a 10 minute period, it is better than no sleep
      at all. If the fluid becomes too much in the
      abdomen, which is caused because of the lack
      of a protein the liver once made, it can be
      drained by a simple procedure known as
      paracentesis. Doctors will do the procedure
      only if it become very difficult for the patient to
      breathe because of it, or they are not able to
      rest...since any opening through the skin can let
      in bacteria.

      I believe I gave you more information than you
      asked for...but it give you a bigger picture to
      look at.

      Someone, I know, was at the top of the list and
      received a transplant when the doctor thought
      he could only last a few more hours at the most.
      Don't give up...you just never know.
      I will say, that if They are farther down the list
      and receive a transplant, it is easier cause they
      will recover much faster than someone who is
      at death's door.
      You are placed on the list according to what your
      blood work shows and other conditions you may
      have.

  5. QUESTION:
    My father has end stage liver disease - how much time does he have left?
    My father is 53 years old and has just been diagnosed with end stage liver disease. Unknown to the family, he had been diagnosed with Hepatitis C nearly 10 years ago and never sought treatment. He was in ICU on a ventilator and bleeding from his nose and mouth for about a week, he is now at home. His abdomen is very swollen (he looks 9 months pregnant), and his bloodwork and ammonia levels are all out of whack. When he was in the hospital, they said in order to be put on the list for a liver transplant he had to be alcohol free for 6 months. He can't be put on the list because the doctors said he doesn't have 6 months left to live, but this is the only sort of time frame we've been given. I moved out of state in February and it is hard for me to get up there to visit him, as it's either a 14 hour drive or a very expensive plane ticket. I just wish I could know how much time he has left. Any input or help at all is much appreciated . . . feel free to email me as well. Thanks.
    FYI - it has been about 3 weeks since his initial diagnosis.

    • ANSWER:
      No one can actually give a specific time frame. Drs. can only give an educated guess. Im a hospice nurse. I would suggest referring your dad to a hospice agency nearby, if he isn't already on services. The nurses work together with his Dr. to make sure he is comfortable and instruct the patient and family on signs and symtoms of approaching death. Taking care of a very ill person is very overwhelming and this really helps to allow family members spend more quality time together. I still think if at all possible, placement on the liver donor list would be a good idea, because like I said Drs. can only give an educated guess. I have seen patients, given the medications and diet needed able to hang in there for even a year longer. I do not want to give you false hope, I do not know what exact condition your dad is in. I hope that this helps.

  6. QUESTION:
    How does disability (social security) work? Is the 'list' only factor?
    Say you've been diagnosed with a genetic disorder or liver disease, is the diagnosis the only requirement to getting disability? Are other factors involved? I have had relatives who were simply diagnosed with a disease on the 'list' and received disability.

    I have been diagnosed with a genetic chronic liver disease but can still physically work at least part time. I am being urged by family members to apply for disability. My main symptoms are iron overload, fatigue and a bunch of other non-work-related symptoms. I experience a bit of pain from joints and the fatigue does have an influence upon the quality of my work and my ability to maintain my current work load effectively. But, until diagnosed, I didn't consider myself 'disabled'. Now, I don't know what to think.

    Just curious what to think since the SSA website is hush hush and websites re: my disorder say nothing of filing for disability.

    What do you think? Should I apply? Would I likely get it?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a link to the "list" you speak of, it's called the bluebook: http://www.ssa.gov/disability/professionals/bluebook/listing-impairments.htm

      If a person meets the criteria for a condition then yes, they receive disability. These are the cases that take less than 90 days.

      If you don't meet a listing, you have to prove how your condition prevents you from gainful employment and taking care of yourself. This usually requires a consultative exam, arranged and paid for by SSA and a visit with Voc Rehab to make sure there is no other work you can do. Age and education play a role here. If they find you can do other work, even if you would make less money than before, they will not find you disabled.

      Here's a link to their evidentiary requirements: http://www.ssa.gov/disability/professionals/bluebook/evidentiary.htm

      And how they decide if you are disabled: http://www.ssa.gov/dibplan/dqualify5.htm

      Good luck!

  7. QUESTION:
    I need a list of nutrients to support healthy organs.?
    I can't seem to find a list of nutrients to support a healthy liver, pancreas,gallbladder,thyroid etc. All I can find is diseases of, or general food suggestions. Can someone help me?

    • ANSWER:
      What are you typing into the search engines? Try typing in "nutrients for a healthy liver" or "nutrients for a healthy pancreas" etc. I found this site on nutrients to support a healthy liver:

      http://www.alive.com/3588a4a2.php?subject_bread_cramb=220

      In the article you'll find the technical names of nutrients that support it.

      You can also type in names of fruits or vegetables to see what chemicals they contain to help the body. I have read that cabbage is very good for the liver but I'm not sure exactly what chemical is in it that supports it.

      Good luck! :)

  8. QUESTION:
    Any link from using store brands cleaning aids to rise in diseases, illness?
    We are aware manufacturers use all sorts of toxic chemicals in detergents, floor cleaners, handy wipes, etc. in place of natural ingredients because of costs factor. In there any correlation to the ever increasing medical problems we are facing. Cancer, kidney/liver damage, stroke, allergy, the list goes on.

    • ANSWER:
      The truth is that the chemicals used today in cleaning products are not as harsh as they used to be. There is certainly research showing the damage these products have done to the environment. In July there was a report linking cleaning products to breast cancer. Check here.

      http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100719205630.htm

  9. QUESTION:
    Should she have gotten the liver transplant?
    I know of a girl who had an emergency liver transplant (she was not on a list or anything) because she overdosed on a whole bottle of Tylenol PM and alcohol. This was 5 years ago. I'm not sure whether or not she was trying to kill herself, but most people know Tylenol is dangerous, especially when mixed with alcohol. There are many people on lists to receive livers and other organs who have suffered for years from diseases they did not choose to have, do you think it is fair that this girl who was so careless with her life should have received that organ ahead of everyone else who was waiting for a liver? Any opinions on this? One more thing, she is in rehab right now so she obviously did not stopped using drugs and alcohol.

    • ANSWER:
      I do think she deserves another chance, but it's not fair to give her that liver since someone else on that waiting list is going to die because they gave that liver to her and not them. People die every day on that waiting list from liver failure.

      Regarding Melanie2 answer, how many chances should we give people? Would you be so willing to give a new liver time and time again if your mother, child or sister/brother was the one to die that had been waiting their turn on a new liver for years when Miss Suicide comes along destroying their chance to live?

      Yes, she deserves a second chance if we lived in a perfect world. But with the way things are done now and the lack of organs, no I would not give her that liver when it was destroyed by her own actions.

  10. QUESTION:
    My mom has end stage liver disease and her teeth are deteriorating.Is this common? Does anything help?Thanks.?
    mom has end stage liver disease (meld score of 7), is on the transplant waiting list..her teeth were fine in november..now they are loose and will fall out soon, or have to be pulled. She is only 55 and has always taken very good care of her teeth.

    • ANSWER:
      This is a quite common problem, fortunately not the most serious. It is necessary to cure all possible sources of infection before liver transplantation and dental granulomas are very frequent. Your mom needs a liver graft ASAP and she for sure prefers to save her life, not teeth.

  11. QUESTION:
    my dad has hepc and liver disease?
    I am his only daughter and im 31 and i am so afraid of losing my dad he is on the trans list and has a meld score of 25 he has to be at 28 3 mths ago he had 2 surgerys put chemo 24 hrs they burned the 2 tumors on the liver he is taking meds and lately hes been feeling weak always in bed does this mean he is dying

    • ANSWER:
      Forget about the milk thistle someone suggested to you. Your father is way past the stage that it will do anything for him. It's good that he is on the list because that means the doctors feel he is healthy enough to get a transplant. His MELD score is pretty high and I look for him to be called very soon. The sad reality in the transplant world is that a person has to become very ill in order to receive a donated organ. The sickest get the organs first. I assume that his transplant center either does not do live organ transplants or that he does not have a live donor willing to give him part of their liver. If he did, he could get his transplant done at any time.

      I had liver failure and received a liver transplant in 2006. I know what it is like waiting for the call. I was called in 3 times only to be sent back home. On the 4th call, I got my transplant, so don't be surprised if your father is not given a transplant on the first call.

      You and your family just hang in there. I know it's tough, but there's nothing else you can do. Your father is sick and cirrhosis causes a person to become very tired especially as the disease progresses. The sicker he gets, the higher he gets to be on the list. I was fortunate that my transplant center was huge and received a lot of organs. Transplants were given at fairly low MELD scores. Mine was only 15 when I got my transplant. I don't know if your father is well enough to do it, but he can be listed at other transplant centers at the same time. Some people are able to get their transplants earlier by doing that.

      Even though transplant centers like to give healthy organs to everyone, your father could talk to the doctors about accepting what is called a compromised liver when means that he could get one from someone else having hep C. This sometimes happens when a person is extremely ill and there are no other options such as no other available organs. The organ won't be damaged. It will just be from someone else who has hep C but no damage has occurred yet. I don't know all that much about it, but have heard a little on this. Maybe your father could talk to the transplant doctors about it should he become worse.

      My heart goes out to your family. I have been there. I had cirrhosis from a biliary disease where my autoimmune system attacks the bile ducts in my liver. It was a tough surgery, but I am healthy and doing quite well today. I'm hoping that happens for your father very soon.

  12. QUESTION:
    They are so rude to his family?
    My boyfriends family is always there to help us. They take us out to dinner. No where fancy just out. They got a new grill they had is over 3 times in a week for lunch/dinner. We also brought food. It just seems like they are in such a worse spot off the my parents. (his father has a liver disease & is on the list to get a new liver. my parents don't know how to spend money & are in debt.)
    Every time his parents come over they have something little for us. Or If they are going to store they ask if we want to go along so we save gas.
    My parents have been to our new house twice. 1 was after I kinda begged them. At the apartment that was less then 8 miles away from my parents the where over less then 5 times in 3 years.
    They were mad I still do laundry at their house since we don't have a washer or dyer yet. Then got mad when I was going with his mom to do laundry.
    My parents seem to always put his parents down. Even in front of him. When we needed money his dad was going to try to pull from his 401k for us. My parents just said they didn't have it until I said what his dad was trying then they lied about having the money. We almost lost the house we were buying.
    Why are my parents so rude to his family? In the 6 years we have been together I bet my parents have seen his parents less then 10 times. How can I stop them from being so rude?
    Right now his mom is laid off, his dad is sick. My dad is on work mans comp. off work. & my mom works part time. Its not like they are all so busy they don't have time for us.

    • ANSWER:
      Wow, your bf parents sound really sweet and compassionate people unlike your parents unfortunately. Well, try having a heart to heart talk with your parents, and as far a changing them you can't change anyone, they have to want to do that themselves, as far a being rude that they can and should change, it's just a matter of respect I mean come on. And it kinda sounds like your parents are jealous of your bf's parents, which is petty and stupid, they should be at the age where wisdom, kindness and respect prevail, I guess they haven't reached that point yet. Well good luck, sounds like you're definitely going to need it.

  13. QUESTION:
    General medical questions thanks for the help?
    In which diseases can we expect the elevation of the serum total bilirubin level?
    Malnutrition & malabsorption
    Instrinsic renal lesions
    Hepatitis b- think its this one
    Vitamin d deficiency
    Nephritic syndrome

    Clubbing of the fingers can be a sign of?
    Cystic fibrosis
    Kidney failure-maybe this one
    Tuberculosis- wrong answer
    Liver failure
    Sleen enlargement

    Second heart sound is produced by ?
    Closure of the pulmonic and mitral valve
    Closure of the aortic and mitral valve
    Closure of the aortic and tricuspid valve
    Closure of the pulmonic and tricuspid valve
    Closure of the aortic and pulmonic valve- think its this one

    Which of the diseases listed below is not a potential cause of dry, hacking cough?
    Allergies
    Viral infections
    Intersticial lung disease
    Tuberculosis
    tumor

    Which group of lymp-nodes located on the head or neck drainage the lymph from the abdomen?
    Supra-clavicular
    Sub-mandibular
    Anterior-cervical
    Sub-mental
    Posterior cervical

    The muscles used as the accessory ones during forced inspiration are?
    Internal intercostais
    Scalenes
    Diaphragm
    External intercostals
    Abdominal muscles

    First sound is produced by?
    Closure of the pulmonic and mitral valves
    Closure of the pulmonic and tricuspid valves
    Closure of the venous valves
    Closure of the aortic and mitral valves
    Closure of the mitral and tripcuspid valves

    Which of the sentences about macrocytic anemia, mentioned below, are true?
    The mcv(mean corpuscular volume) is decreased
    The level of hemoglobin is increased
    The common cause is iron deficiency
    The common cause is b1 deficiency
    The common cause is foliate deficiency

    Chronic suppurative otitis media should be recognized if the drainage from the ear (otorrhea) persists for at least:
    1 month
    3 days
    3 weeks
    6 weeks
    1 week

    The muscles used as the accessory ones during forced expiration are:
    Scalene
    Abdominal muscles
    Diaphragm
    Sternocleidomastoid muscles
    External intercostals

    Which laboratory results should be considered as an indicator of the acute bacterial infections of the respiratory tract?
    Wbc: 5.0X10^9/L
    Esr: 15mm/hr
    Esr: 36mm/hr
    pO2: 95mmHg
    CRP: 3 mg/L

    Make a false sentence about cough typical for vital infections of respiratory tract:
    It usally last 7-10 days
    A non-productive period is often followed by a productive cough, with production of yellowish sputum
    In some patients it can lead to subacute cough
    Loud cough, non-productive or producing small amounts of sputum
    It is often aggravating at night

    Which from the following accessory investigations is not the imaging study:
    Electrocardiography
    Radiography
    Ultrasonography
    Magnetic resonance
    Tomography

    Which of the sentences about the evaluation of the patients reflexes, mentioned below are true?
    When damage occurs the upper motor neurons (cortical and spinal cord injuries) the reflex arc is interrupted
    During the evaluation of reflex, grade 4+ of the knee jerk means that this reflex is not present
    When testing the patient’s reflexes you don’t have to remember that reflexes can be influenced by age, metabolic factors or electrolyte abnormalities
    When damage occurs to lower motor neurons (the peripheral nerve or dorsal roots) the spinal reflex arc in uninhibited
    When damage occurs to lower motor neurons (the peripheral nerve or dorsal roots)the reflexes are decreased

    Associated with dyspnea:
    Pulmonary hypertension
    Mitral stenosis
    All of them can be associated with dyspnea
    Pulmonary embolism
    Anxiety

    • ANSWER:
      1) Hep B
      2) Cystic fibrosis
      3) Aortic and pulmonary
      4) I'd go with tuberculosis, because it would usually be a cough productive of sputum
      5) Supraclavicular
      6) Scalenes
      7) Mitral and tricuspid
      8) Folate deficiency
      9) 6 weeks
      10) Abdominals and intercostals (so I'm not sure which you should put down - maybe abdominals?)
      11) None of them really tell you that, but ESR of 36 is the only unusual one there. Although a PaO2 of 95 could occur as well.
      12) They are all true
      13) Electrocardiograpy
      14) The last one is true
      15) All of them

  14. QUESTION:
    if someone is in Early End stage liver disease, what is the likely hood that they will end up on the?
    transplant list? Does it always get to that point if you stick to the diet and meds?

    My fiance was just diagnosed with Early End Stage Liver disease. I'm sure that it is due to his alcohol consumption since he also had alcoholic hepatitis. I need some encouraging words to get him back on his feet. We do not know if this is definitely a liver is dying situation as of yet, but given the diagnosis and that his liver counts were fine, I can only hope for the best. Can anyone tell me what to expect and if the Hepatic diet with the meds will help.

    They did not do any type of biopsy, but the did drain 4 liters of fluid out of his abdomen. I am really nervous and am trying to stay positive about the outlook and outcome.

    • ANSWER:
      They really need to do a biopsy to determine how much damage is present in his liver. The most important thing he can do is to stop drinking ALL alcohol. That is more important than anything else and will help him more than anything else such as diet. You don't say whether or not they have told your boyfirend he has fibrosis or cirrhosis of the liver. There is a big difference. In the fibrosis stage, if he stops drinking and takes care of himself, then his liver can actually heal itself and he should be fine.

      When you say ":early end stage" they are usually talking about cirrhosis since that is true end stage liver disease. They probably mean that he has just a small amount of cirrhosis present right now. Cirrhosis occurs when scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in the liver. This is permanent damage that will never go away. If he continues to drink, more and more scar tissue will form until the damage is severe and total liver failure will eventually occur. I had cirrhosis and my first symptom was fluid in my abdomen that needed drained like your boyfriend. I was eventually sent to a transplant clinic for an evaluation. Everything right now depends on the amount of damage and whether or not he continues to drink. Everytime he takes a drink, inflammation to the liver continues and more damage is done. The good news is that a person can still stay alive even with a significant amount of damage since the liver is a pretty tough organ. If he stops drinking and it's in the early stage, then he might be able to stop the progression of his cirrhosis to becoming total liver failure. Once the damage gets severe enough, there is no stopping it from progressing. It will continue no matter what you do. That's why it's so important to not drink alcohol. Even if he stops and starts doing better healthwise, he still cannot go back to drinking because the scar tissue is still there forever. The disease would just pick up where it left off at if he starts drinking again.

      The meds and diet will help control the symtpoms. If the cirrhosis progresses to being much worse, the meds stop helping and that's when you know total failure is near. He could live a very long time as long as he starts doing the right thing, but if not, his prognosis is very poor.

  15. QUESTION:
    Dad's health is declining due to liver disease...?
    My father is suffering from a liver disease that seems to be getting worse. He has cirrhosis and is having delusions and symptoms similar to dementia due to the high levels of ammonium in his body. How do I and my brother get to find out more info on his condition through his doctors? Right now they can't tell us anything but isn't there something we can get him to sign?

    Also, shouldn't his current state put him on higher priority for a transplant? He's already on a list but I really don't know any more than that b/c his doctors can't tell me anything.

    • ANSWER:
      Please DO NOT march your father into any Naturopath's office as Zambiti told you to do. She has no idea of what she is talking about. Your father is in a very serious situation. I know because I have been in that same spot as him. The ONLY doctors your father needs to listen to is his transplant team and transplant coordinator until he receives his transplant and no one else. This is so important that I cannot stress it enough. NEVER take any medication or herb or whatever natural thing these places would try to give him without the approval of his transplant doctors. It could really hurt him and it could also ruin his chances for a liver transplant if they find out he is taking things without their knowledge. It would be very stupid of him to do this.

      His doctors know exactly what pharmaceuticals to give him for his condition and what his liver can and cannot take. I had cirrhosis and a liver transplant in 2006. I did take the Milk Thistle but only because my transplant doctor told me I could. He said there is some research that it may help some and it wouldn't hurt me, so it was OK. But that's the only one he would allow me to take. It didn't do anything for me.

      Compliance with everything the doctors tell your father to do is one of the most important he can do. Does your father allow you or your brother to go with him to his appointments? Your father can tell his doctors that they can discuss his condition with you and your brother. They will give him a form to sign and then you will be allowed to know everything. If your father does not agree to give you permission, then there is nothing you can really do. Your father is going to need all the help and support he can get going through a transplant. It would be such a big help for him to include all of you in his care.

      Everyone on a transplant list is given a MELD score that goes up to 40 with 40 being the sickest. The people highest on the list gets called for the transplants first, but they also have to be a match for the donor liver. The MELD score is determined by the result of 3 lab tests (INR, biliruben, and creatnine). You can do a search on MELD and find out how to do it if you get the lab results of your father's bloodwork. If he allows you to know, then they can just tell you where he stands on the list. All that is required for a liver to be compatible with someone is that they have compatible bloodtypes and their body size must be similar.

      The list your father is on to receive a transplant is a national list, not a state list. It is divided up into areas and gets quite complicated as to who gets what organs as they come up for donation. But all transplants in the nation have to abide by the UNOS (United Network of Organ Sharing) rules for receiving a transplant. They make all the rules in the country regarding transplantations and we all have to abide by them including all people, patients on lists, doctors, hospitals and transplant centers.

      The worse your father gets, the higher he goes up the list. When he is having problems, he needs to discuss them with his healthcare people so they can help him get through the terrible time up till he gets his transplant. Example: He is having delusions from high ammonia levels. That is just part of the disease that is really expected when it comes to cirrhosis. He probably takes Lactulose already for this, but he might skip doses because it causes a lot of diarrhea. I hated taking it myself. His dosage probably needs to be increased. There is a drug called Xifaxan that can help with that too, and it has no side effects. I used to take both and that is the only thing that brought my ammonia level down. He must tell his doctor about these things so they can give him the proper treatment. He may not realize he is as confused as he really is. That's where it helps to include you and your family in his care.

      I am optimistic that your father will receive a transplant that will change his life for the better drastically. It's a good sign that he is even listed because that means he passed a very rigorous evaluation process that resulted in him being determined healthy enough to become a candidate for transplant. Many people are turned down for various reasons, but your father got accepted.

      This disease can and often does make a person very sick before they actually receive a transplant. Don't be surprised if he does not get a transplant on the first time they call him in for one. It's pretty common to not get one on the first call. I got mine on the 4th call. After his transplant, he will definitely need help. Everything about the transplant is gone over in the evaluation process, and I don't know what your father told them about his support plan both pre and post op, but he must have told them something that convinced them he would be OK.

      If you want to ask me anything else regarding a transplant, I will help you if I can. I w

  16. QUESTION:
    My husband needs liver transplant?
    What are the odds they will give my husband a liver transplant? He is 61 years old and has coronary artery disease plus a few years ago was diagnosed with type II diabetes (which doctors say is the reason for his liver disease). He had 8 by-passes in 2004 and within 3 years has blocked 5 of them already. His cholesterol is fine, it's genetic for him. He also has very low platelets, around 76 is the highest for him. My question is, what are the odds they will actually give him a liver transplant? He asked the heart dr. last year if he could have hernia surgery (he has 4 hernias near the stomach and intestines and 4 bad discs in his spine). The heart dr. told him not to have any surgery unless it's a matter of life or death because he cannot guarantee my husband will make it through the surgery. My husband has also had 3 blood clots since the heart surgery and needs to live on coumadin for the rest of his life. When I do research on all of this, it doesn't look like they will consider him for a liver transplant. The gastroenterologist scheduled an appt. with a liver dr. for my husband. If they believe he is not a candidate for liver transplant, will they tell him or not? Will they make him believe he can get on a list and get the transplant even if he truly won't be considered for one? Please let me know if my husband will actually be considered for a liver transplant with his health issues?

    • ANSWER:
      I'm basing my answer on my own personal experience on this plus talking to many others either needing a transplant or waiting on one. I would say that it is going to be difficult for them to approve him for a transplant because this is a very serious surgery which takes a lot out of a person to get through it. But don't give up hope until they actually tell him no. They will give him an answer one way or the other and will not lead him on to believe he could get one when in fact they won't give him one. The transplant doctors are quite honest about it and will tell him the truth.

      In order to get listed, he would need to pass a very extensive evaluation that includes a lot of medical testing and psychiatric evaluation. One of the first things he would have to pass is whether or not his heart is good enough to survive the surgery. I am curious to know how his diabetes caused his liver to fail. That usually involves the kidneys, not the liver. I had a liver transplant and my platelets used to run about 50 most of the time and even lower sometimes. This surgery was quite rough on me. I rode my bicycle on a mountain trail for 7 miles the day before my transplant so I thought I was in pretty good shape. I had no heart problems, no diabetes, no history of blood clots, and no lung disease. I was 47 years old. They said I was in good shape other than my liver. I ended up being in the hospital for over 2 months for my transplant and didn't really get back to being pretty normal for 6 months. There were lots of complications and it took many weeks of intensive physical therapy just to get me walking again. This is not the way it goes for all transplant recipients, but this is how it was for me and I was pretty healthy prior to going in.

      It's just a wait and see for him right now until the specialist goes over his history and makes a decision. I don't know it they will just tell him no based on his history or go ahead and do the entire evaluation. If they believe he will not survive the surgery due to his heart problems, then I don't look for them to put him through all the other medical testing that will be needed. He might have already gone through with a lot of tests already and not need all of them done over again. If his heart doctor didn't even want him to get hernia surgery done, then I think having a liver transplant will not be approved. The liver specialists will rely on what his heart doctor tells them about him. They will value his opinion very much in making their decision.

      The good thing about liver disease is that it progresses very slowly. I don't know how much damage your husband has right now with his liver, but the body can still function pretty good even with a lot of damage. I know that when I was diagnosed with my cirrhosis, my liver was 90% destroyed with only 10% function left. The doctors still gave me an estimate of 5 years before my liver would have total liver failure. I wish your husband the best and hope he can get the help he needs. If they tell him no, there is good reason not to have it done. I would like to know if they approve him or not. Do you think you can email me and let me know? Just do an email through my profile here on yahoo answers. I know you have to be going through a lot of heartache from your husbands illness too. I don't know what I would have done without my family helping me get through my ordeal. Take care.

  17. QUESTION:
    I have not filed a US tax return since 1999.?
    During that time there were 6 years that I had plenty of taxes deducted from a pay check to cover my original tax obligation. Three of the years, however, I was self employed. I did not pay any estimated taxes for those 3 years. I made ,000 to ,000 each of those three years. I have federal tax returns completed for each of the years but have not filed them. I know . . . it's time to pay the piper. My main problem is this: I have recently become physically disabled. I am on a liver transplant list and have a lot of fear about dying of liver disease in prison. I haven't heard from the IRS until a recent letter asking if "this is your correct address." I have not responded. If I file all my tax returns now, is there a chance I may be able to stay out of prison? Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      If you didn't owe the IRS money then yo are probably not in trouble.. the IRS gives you 3 years to file your late Tax returns so those years 2006 and on you can file them and get a refund if you were getting one. Best of luck, but you should call them and ask.
      You can call the IRS at 1-800-829-1040 they should be able to help you'll must likely have to wait on the phone.
      For the future you can try www.uncletax.com, this is a free online tax service i've used and they are helpful at answering my questions.
      The only 'catch' is that you have to sign up for a free/trial offer. But the offers seem legit
      Good Luck :-)

  18. QUESTION:
    liver problem (Medication help)?
    I have a liver problem, waiting to go to hospitial, been going on for a while now about 2 years, i have not been eating much and feeling like i am going to be sick for last couple months now while on waiting list , i recently started getting bad stabbing pains which lasted a week, the doctor has given me Sozol pantoprazole 40Mg to reduce stomic acid , since than i have been feeling more sick have been getting headaches , dizziness , diarrhoea , nausea bad stomach pain which makes me feel like crying

    as of now i no that my liver dose not regenerate and just has made me sick over a long time,
    in the booklet i found inside the meds says do not take if You have severe liver disease or cirrhosis

    dose anyone no much about this medication or is this common or should i be takening it?

    • ANSWER:

  19. QUESTION:
    Can i hear from women who've had Cholestasis/liver disease in pregnancy or know a lot about it?
    Crap, i'm freaking myself out now reading up on this stuff on the internet. I wanted to hear from other women who actually had it or know tons about it. How bad is it, what symptoms you had, what ended up happening, etc? I'm 25 wks pregnant. Have itchy hands and feet, that get worse at night, I have a pain (for like a month now) right in the area of my liver on my front and back that they originally figured was just growing pains. I just had horrible episodes with gastric pain like never before that put me in the hospital. I am currently being treated for a UTI, and have had a couple more in the course of this pregnancy. And all of those things are listed as symptoms or related symptoms to this liver problem. I have a doc appt tomorrow and will ask for the blood test but wanted to hear from other women about it.

    • ANSWER:
      My friend had it and other than a few of the symptoms she did test positive. She had her baby a month early by induction because it was starting to threaten the baby's life. It can cause still birth and if you do have it, you have to be monitored very closely.

  20. QUESTION:
    Did my dog die because of the recalled food?
    So my beloved dog of 14 (yes 14) years died on January 29th (before the whole pet food recall). Yes she was old, but before that she was in perfect health, she was happy, running around with the younger ones and always full of energy. She was my best friend. Then a few days before her death there was blood in her urine and stool. We took her to the vet and she had liver disease .. I think it was. My dad actually took her to the vet without me knowing and had her put down :(

    Now with the pet food recall I am wondering if that killed her. Yes she was old and all but I believe she still had time in her. She ate the canned wet food, the ALPO brand which is on the list. I also believe I read somewhere that the food was recalled since november 2006. So I am wondering if this could have sped of her death ... what do you think?

    and I know there is no way to prove it anymore ... it just got me thinking.

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry for your loss.... it sucks to lose a family pet.. I dont think dwelling on the reason would do you any good right now as the body is probably gone.. I would (if I were you) remember your beloved pet and think of the happy times.... again sorry for your loss.....

      FROM FRIEND TO FRIEND
      You're giving me a special gift,
      So sorrowfully endowed,
      And through these last few cherished days,
      Your courage makes me proud.

      But really, love is knowing
      When your best friend is in pain,
      And understanding earthly acts
      Will only be in vain.

      So looking deep into your eyes,
      Beyond, into your soul,
      I see in you the magic, that will
      Once more make me whole.

      The strength that you possess,
      Is why I look to you today,
      To do this thing that must be done,
      For it's the only way.

      That strength is why I've followed you,
      And chose you as my friend,
      And why I've loved you all these years...
      My partner 'til the end.

      Please, understand just what this gift,
      You're giving, means to me,
      It gives me back the strength I've lost,
      And all my dignity.

      You take a stand on my behalf,
      For that is what friends do.
      And know that what you do is right,
      For I believe it too.

      So one last time, I breathe your scent,
      And through your hand I feel,
      The courage that's within you,
      To now grant me this appeal.

      Cut the leash that holds me here,
      Dear friend, and let me run,
      Once more a strong and steady dog,
      My pain and struggle done.

      And don't despair my passing,
      For I won't be far away,
      Forever here, within your heart,
      And memory I'll stay.

      I'll be there watching over you,
      Your ever faithful friend,
      And in your memories I'll run,
      ...a young dog once again.

      In Memory of Asta, Feb. 1997
      (c) Karen Clouston

  21. QUESTION:
    help me find whats wrong w/ my child....?
    my son who is 20 months has high liver & muscle enzymes, weak heart the 1 valve in his heart dosent pump properly, sleep apnea associated w/ asthma, when he was born he couldnt keep any food down and had eating problem's. When he was 2 mnths old me and hubby to him to the er b/c he wasnt moving his arm they did x rays and found 6 broken bones that were in various stages of healing with no excessive force to the bones. they arreseted my hubby put him in jail on charges of child abuse, but how was this child abused w/ no excessive force on his bones????? my sons eyes are tinted gray slightly he wears glasses and his short in stature hes 20 months old weighs 22 pounds and his 28 inches tall. PLEASE HELP ME list any disease;s or syndromes with the symptoms i listed above......
    his arm was not broken in 6 places he had 6 different fracrures we brought him to the er cuz his arm popped. we did not know about any broken bones!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      There is a condition where children have brittle bones.

      Brittle Bone Disease http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/facts/brittlebones.htm

      Maybe your son could be tested for that.

      EDIT: There are several cases of parents being arrested for Child Abuse, where it has later been found that the child has this condition. You need to get your son seen by a Specialist, tested and then you need to get a Lawyer.

      Good Luck!

  22. QUESTION:
    is there any other treatment for alcoholic liver failure other than a transplant?
    my relative has been diagnosed with alcoholic liver disease and is currently suffering from most of the symtoms listed on various sites. although he has not touched a drop of alcohol in nearly 90 days, his condition deteriorates daily and the government hospital refuses to admit him as they say theres nothing they can do for him, they will also not consider him for a transplant as they say it is a self inflicted condition. we do not have a medical aid and would appreciate some advice. medically hes at the stage where certain brain loss symtoms are occuring

    • ANSWER:
      Alcohol can cause liver cell damage in different ways.
      1)Overconsuming alcohol in short time periods doesn't give the
      liver time to convert the alcohol into acetaldehyde, then acetate,
      & then CO2 and water. 2) consuming alcohol over long time
      periods can cause the build up of fat inside the liver. This fat
      causes pressure inside the liver, which is surrounded by a tight
      membrance capsule. 3) Some people are more sensitive to
      alcohol than others are & some are even allergic to it.
      4)Taking medications with alcohol can cause such an interaction
      between them that it can instantly damage the liver cells.
      All of this, that I mentioned, can damage the liver cells.

      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune system
      of the body will respond to this damage & cause inflammation
      to develop inside the liver. Inflammation causes the liver to
      enlarge in size. Stopping the cause, (up to this point)
      then the problem may start to reverse & the liver cells can heal.

      Once it advances to where the liver cells start to die off,
      it is Cirrhosis of the liver...the doctors can only try to slow down the
      progression of this disease... it will eventually lead to where
      the patient will need to be evaluated for placement on the transplant list.
      Scar tissue inside the liver cannot be removed & it acts like a wall.
      It will block the flow of blood going through the liver on its
      way back to the heart and also from going to the functioning
      liver cells so they lack nourishment and oxygen & they
      continue to die off. The liver cells does over 500 functions
      to keep the body well. As more & more cells die off,
      the less functions the liver is able to do. [This is known
      as liver failure}The liver is dying inside the living patient.

      The best doctor:gastroenterologist or hepatologist.
      The best test to determine how far advanced in the disease:
      a liver biopsy.
      Most liver transplant centers require that a patient be detoxed
      from alcohol for a period of six months (with proof from his
      doctors) to be evaluated for placement on the Transplant list.
      Shortage of organs, drinking when needing to take medication
      afterwards, organ rejection, dying on the table during long hours
      of surgery, other medical problems, may be the cause of not
      transplanting.

      Signs of being in the last stages of this disease are:
      1}Ascites: which is the build up of fluid in the abdominal area
      (can be mistaken for a beer belly). The
      liver can no longer make a protein, known as albumin, that
      holds the fluids inside our vessels. The doctor can do a
      procedure to remove this fluid ( more comfortable, able to eat, and
      easier to breathe)...it is known as Paracentesis.
      2}Edema: which is fluid build up in the legs, feet, etc.
      Build up of sodium in the body of patients with
      this disease. The doctor may place the patient
      on a "lower" sodium diet...telling him how much sodium &
      how much fluid he is allowed per day. (diuretic, also)
      Blood work done to make sure the sodium stays in the
      normal range [because of heart beat} and so
      patient doesn't become dehydrated.
      3} Encephalopathy: the patient can become easily confused/
      disoriented. Sleep pattern changes/ hand tremors.
      The liver used to take this ammonia &convert it to urea,
      that the healthy body can dispose of in the urine. It
      is now in the blood & goes into the brain..to cause this.
      {this can be mistaken for drunkeness}
      Medications:..Lactulose or Xifaxin.. much be taken
      otherwise the patient may slip into a coma.
      4}Portal hypertension and varies. The blood is backing up
      into the portal vein & smaller vessels known as Varies.
      Varies can have weak spots,balloon outward,in area &
      break open. Emergency situation.
      Any blood seen in the sputum, vomit, or rectal area is an
      Emergency. The doctor can go in and try to band these
      varies to stop the bleeding. However, the liver is no longer
      able to make clotting factors to help the blood to clot....therefore,
      any bleeding from the nose or other areas should be checked, also.

      The main thing that I can suggest is to contact a
      Transplant Center (who does liver transplants) and
      talk to them. I don't know if the Transplant Social
      Worker will be able to help you there or not.
      You may have to pay for their time.
      Please be sure you have an advance directive or
      durable power of attorney form signed by him giving
      you permission to act and talk to someone on his behalf.
      The privacy laws are very hard even on immediate family
      members.
      Transplant centers: (click on link)
      http://www.ustransplant.org/csr/current/Centers/TransplantCenters.aspx?organ=Liver
      Transplant funding:
      http://www.ntafund.org/
      http://www.transplantliving.org/beforethetransplant/finance/funding.aspx
      http://www.transplantfund.org/

      I hope this has been of some help to you. Best wishes

  23. QUESTION:
    Please help, What is this man's diagnosis?
    a 49 yr old man want to be tested for hepatitis c. he heard about a friend was sick with cirrhois due to hep c. he became concerned because he partied with this friend during a peroid of experimentation with injection drugs while in college. patient is otherwise heathly and denies any symptoms except for occasional fatigue after a long day at work. physical examination of patient is unremarkable. there are no stigmata of chronic liver disease. the patient returns several weeks later to discuss his test results. his HCV antibody test is positive. a liver panel obtained that day shows an ALT of 48 IU/L (normal range,0-20) and an AST of 39 IU/L (0-31). his albumin and total bilirubin are within normal limits. he is extremely anxious about his liver, as he has been in contact with his old college friend and learned that his friend is now on the waiting list for a liver tranplant.

    a. how do you interpret his tests (HCV Ab test, ALT,ALS). which of them is more indicative of liver damages?

    b. having estabished that the patient has hep c with elevated liver enzymes, the next step is to determine the severity of his liver disease. what is the only direct means to elevate the extent of liver injury?

    c. what are the chances for this guy to develop cirrhois?

    d. the patient is concerned that he may be neg. for HCV antibody. he is releived but asks for advice to prevent infecting them. what are you going to tell him?

    e. patient liver biopsy shows mild to moderate inflammatory activity and portal and periporal fibrosis(stage 2). he is relived to find out that he does not have cirrhois, but remains very concerned about his hep c. he asks about treatment for his HCV. what do you recommend?

    • ANSWER:
      His alts and asts are not that far out of range..just taking OTC medicine can give you elevated enzymes

      Hep C is called the SILENT KILLER because there are NO warning signs..I was with hep c for 25 years before I new I had it..how did I know? simple physical and it came up.

      He HAS Hep C..he had a biopsy...he's in stage 2..I suggest TREATMENT

      www.beincharge.com
      have him call the help line and let the nurses help him from her

      Cirrhois is the beginning of a serious problem..ie liver transplant..suggest he talk to someone and get on treatment. If he cannot afford it the phamaculicales can give him the meds for free IF he qualifies..this is not a disease to ignore
      been there..cleared the virus at Stage 3

  24. QUESTION:
    My daughter has maple syrup urine disease, she is 19?
    She is currently on a liver transplant list, it will be a year at the end of the month. We will be staying in Pittsburg Pa for up to 3 months, she will also be giving her liver to someone else. I have been tryin to fund raise. Anyone have any ideas, everytime i come up with something, it gets shot down. Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I am exceedingly well-versed in medicine and
      I have never heard of this disease.
      I'm sorry to hear that your daughter needs a liver donor.
      There are websites on line that you can check.
      Good luck and God Bless.

  25. QUESTION:
    I need info on family or friends being caregivers 24/7 & getting paid by the state.?
    I have end stage liver disease and am on the transplant list. My doctors and transplant coordinators require me to have someone with me 24 hours a day in case I need to be rushed to the hospital. My caregiver is a very good friend of mine but I have a very limited income and cannot afford to pay her. Is there a program that can help me

    • ANSWER:
      Yes! I am currently being paid by the gov't to watch my brother-in-law who has cerebral pausy. There are several different organizations and gov't programs available to you for aid. (mostly depending on the state you live in.) But if you would like to email me for more info you are more than welcome. I dont have the websites on hand right now but I can get them for you. In GA, some include Advantage Behavioral, and Oconee Area Home Health, but Im not sure if those would be helpful to you. Also many of them may require age limitations. Anyway, my email is ga_chic82@yahoo.com If I can help anymore.

  26. QUESTION:
    Genetic testing for puppies before adoption? Liver Shunt etc. ?
    It's only been 2 days since my beautiful Koda passed away. This beautiful Maltese was only 2 years old. It makes me feel guilty to even be thinking about another dog because I'm hurting so much. I feel an overwhelming need for him and I know another dog won't replace him either.
    I have a fear of going through this again. Koda never had signs that he had a liver shunt. I'm reading all over the Internet about the symptoms other dogs hAd. He was just a fussy eater. He didn't get sleepy after eating although, now looking back, he did sleep a lot. He never had the classic signs that all the websites list... He was a crazy, happy puppy.
    Does anyone know if tests can be done in puppies to see if they have liver shunts and other possible diseases? They found his with an ultrasound. He went downhill and started having seizures within a day. If there are tests, do you know the cost?

    • ANSWER:

  27. QUESTION:
    How would you feel if your friend was like this?
    I have been best friend with this girl for a really long time. I love her like a sister but, she can't go anywhere without having a drink. Everywhere we go, she insists on having something off their drink menu. So needless to say i usually end up always being the designated driver. About a year ago she was diagnosed with fatty liver disease. The doctor gave her a list of things to avoid and alcohol is on the very top of the list. She always says "oh one or two isn't going to kill me". Truth is she doesn't know how to pace herself. She always manages to get so drunk every time she goes out.
    This last month we went to a concert and 3 bands were playing. There was a tequila booth there (of course she noticed that first off) At one point in time she had 2 mixed drinks in her hand and so drunk she spilled more on herself and the girl behind her when she didn't realize she had the drinks in her hand and she was cheering. The girl was mad a heck, and i was totally embarrassed.
    She is generally a shy girl when she is around guys. NOT when she is drunk. Every male young or old married or single she was either smacking or pinching their a$$es. I was afraid someones wife or girlfriend would come kick her a$$.
    She said she was going to go to the bathroom. She was gone for about 20 minutes so i went looking for her to make sure she was alright. She was off down the hall making out with some random guy (who btw was old, fat, and very ugly). When i walked up to her to tell her, ok, its time we got back to the show she said ohhhh sorry, i forgot about the concert. She also swapped her cell phone number with every "cute guy" (so she says) that flirted with her drunken self. Two weeks later she kept getting random disturbing picture messages from men she had no clue who they were.

    I am honestly worried more about her safety and health then anything else. I just wish she would stop and think about it. I would be terribly embarrassed if all of my friends had pictures from parties and i was the drunk fool puking and making a mockery of myself.
    What would you do or say to her? I don't want to sound like her mother, but on the other hand sometimes i wish she would just listen to me.

    • ANSWER:
      First, talk to her. Tell her you love her and she's already sick because of her alcoholism and you don't want to see her at an open casket. Offer to help her become sober and avoid bars when with her. If you feel necessary, you could recommend AA meetings or rehabilitation centers. Warn her that you don't want to stand around, helplessly watching her drink herself to death, and that might mean walking away from her friendship.

  28. QUESTION:
    If a person binge drinks every weekend and every friday how many years will it take for them to develop?
    Chirrosis? If they do develop it will they get on the transplant list? What do they do with diseased livers after taking them out of a person when they do the transplant? I was prescribed Metformin a few years back and I have not been taking it. I asked my mother what would happen if I do not take the Metformin and she said my liver will fail but then I found out that Metformin is a drug used to prevent diabetes not for the liver. I would like to know what I can take to prevent or reduce liver damage because I have decided that unless I get pregnant I will not give up alcohol completely.
    I know alcohol is bad for your liver but abstiance would kill me in a way since I love mojito's and pomegranate martini's, mudslides and pina coladas they just all taste so good and I cannot imagine a life with out a bottle of those. So if I plan to drink 4 sometimes 5 750 ml bottles a week what can I take to prevent permanent damage or to at least reduce it? Would drinking coffee help I read on one site how coffee greatly reduces the risk of Chirrosis between people who drink a lot will it help?
    I never want to be in the situation where I would end up needing a liver transplant since I know I probably wont get one knowing me I would never agree on giving up alcohol for the rest of my life which they require before a liver transplant. I wouldn't be happy having a childish life where I would not be able to have alcohol at all forever and live like a kid even if it was either that or no life at all. Especially with all the birthdays, weekends and holidays during the year. Do you have to drink very heavily in order to get Chirrosis or can just 2-3 drinks a day do it if you do it for lots of years? I read that on one site even if a woman is having 2-3 a day she can develop Chirrosis if she does it over the years. I want to know if this is really true. One drink is about 4 ounces a day which is less than half a bottle which is nothing for me.
    P.S. please do not comment on me being drunk. I am sober when I type on here. I do not sit at the computer normally when I am drunk.
    I would also like to add that Roxy, on the show one life to live is also a drunk and drinks a lot but has no liver problems even though she is female.
    When I am drunk I am usually in bed not at the computer so whoever in the past thought I was drunk when asking these types of questions, you guys were wrong. To think about it if I was even typing drunk there would be a lot of mistakes in spelling and punctuation.
    no, no the reason I am asking is because on one site it says that even 2-3 drinks per day raise the risk for it to happen in the woman does it day by day for many years.
    Weatherman, that lady Baa Baa told me in my previous questions that it probably will happen and sooner then I think possibly 5 years or less if I keep drinking at my current level.
    and I'm sorry for asking you 100 times in a row all day every day, it's just that my boredom is killing me and I have nothing else to do but sit on Y/A and ask the same questions over 100 times. Forgive me if I am driving you nuts by asking again and again.
    If only I would get a job I would be busy and not on here asking you the same questions over and over again all day but thank them not me, they are the ones who refuse to give me job training that's why I am out of my mind with boredom all day every day.
    P.S asking these questions is fun for me for I get to see new answers each time I ask and I like reading what others have to say since everyone says something different.
    I am going to come up with more and more questions and they will get more interesting every time. trust me you will love my next one.

    • ANSWER:
      Only a few hours since the last one?

      http://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100617193214AAU1yfh&r=w#Fb1EDGvZV0uer_cDy_ye

      It's impossible to say how long your liver will last, as for your questions, I will only continue to answer them if they can help other people, you are in such a state of denial that your beyond help until you want to do something about it.

      You won't get a liver transplant WHEN yours fails if the surgeons don't think there's a good chance you will abstain from alcohol, there are many more deserving cases and there is a waiting list for transplants, why should someone have to die to give you a liver that your going to abuse again?

      Regarding your own diseased liver, as a retired medical rep. I've been in an operating theatre during a liver transplant, your liver would be slopped into a stainless steel bucket by the operating table and incinerated in the hospital furnace, usually at night, with everyone else's bits of useless organs.

  29. QUESTION:
    Driver Education quiz Help on (I DRIVE SAFELY) please.?
    1. __________ is critical to safe driving.
    Vision
    Proper seat position
    Hearing
    Proper hand position

    2. ________________ affect the amount and rate the alcohol reaches the bloodstream.
    The size of the drink, your age, and body weight
    Drinking rate, body weight, and the size of the drink
    Time of day, type of alcohol, and body weight
    Drinking rate, the temperature outside, and body weight

    3. True or False: Driving a motor vehicle after taking substances which alter the central nervous system can have side effects which include impaired attention, reaction time, and vision.
    True
    False

    4. The faster alcohol is consumed, the faster it reaches the __________.
    Bloodstream
    Stomach
    Brain
    Liver

    5. Your field of vision is greatly reduced by________________________.
    Alcohol and speed
    Pedestrians
    Passing other cars
    Intersections

    6. Alcohol can increase __________.
    Reaction time
    Fatigue
    Headlights
    Speed

    7. Cirrhosis is a disease that affects which of the listed organs?
    Liver
    Kidney
    Pancreas
    Stomach

    8. Visual acuity is reduced more than ______________ at nighttime.
    Two percent
    One-half
    Twenty-five percent
    One-tenth

    9. The more alcohol-concentrated a beverage is, the __________.
    Faster it will be absorbed
    Slower it will be absorbed
    Better it will taste
    More likely it will cause a hangover

    10. True or False: Most drugs are eliminated by the kidneys in urine although some are excreted in saliva, sweat, or exhalation.
    True
    False

    • ANSWER:
      Drinking rate, body weight, and the size of the drink

      +

  30. QUESTION:
    Do you know of any sites? ?
    Where I can find Special Recipes, or lists of foods, that a dog with Liver Disease Can Eat? As some of you know, I lost a Chihuahua named "Gigi", to Liver Disease, from past questions I've asked! You may also know that Gigi, had 1 litter of two, Zoe and Gizmo, whom I have kept as mine! Gizmo seems fine health wise! Zoe however, is also fighting Liver Disease! She was diagnosed about 1 month after Gigi was! When Gigi was pregnant, according to the vets palpitations of her tummy and an x-ray to see how many puppies Gigi was carrying, the vet and I both only saw one puppy, all sprawled out, arms up, legs up, facing up on the x-ray. I could have sworn I felt two puppies and I told the vet that. She said she did not think so! Gigi delivered her first and only litter, and had no complications delivering Gizmo, who is now 6 pounds! According to what the vet said, we thought she was finished, but I decided to stay just in case, because like I said. I know I felt 2 puppies. 15 minutes after, Gigi whelped Gizmo, I was right, and out comes this beautiful, but very tiny little girl, and we welcomed both with open arms! Zoe is only 3 pounds. So far she is doing fantastic, running around like a little Energizer Bunny, putting on some weight, chasing and playing with the other dogs, eating, drinking, extremely active, and if you did not know she was this sick, you would not think she was sick, by watching her! She is keeping everything down and is on No Medications! Recently the vet did another x-ray of her liver to see if it was enlarged and Thank God it's not at all enlarged. So some good news. I have asked two vets time and time again, what types of foods, I should feed Zoe, and asking what foods would be the safest, the best and the most beneficial, to feed Zoe, but can't seem to get any straight answers! At the moment, Zoe is eating Canidae Chicken and Rice Wet food, (vet said that the wet food is ok for her to eat for now)! Zoe is also seeing a different vet than she was before! She is also eating, plain, boiled, unseasoned Chicken Breast. About the Chicken Breast, the first vet Zoe was seeing said that this was ok, however the new vet that Zoe is seeing, says that Chicken has too much protein for Zoe to be eating, he said the Canidae was fine for her to be eating. I don't want to lose Zoe too, so if any of you know of any sites that have recipies that are specially made for dogs with Liver Disease, or if you know of any sites that list different foods that I can feed a dog safely, that has Liver Disease, I would greatly appreciate any help you can give me! For those of you who don't know about Gigi, Zoe and Gizmo!
    Here is a picture of my tiny baby Zoe and her brother Gizmo!
    http://i25.tinypic.com/ruy3w2.jpg
    This is my sweet Angel Gigi! R.I.P. My Little Love!
    http://i38.tinypic.com/6y0ete.jpg

    ADD: Please don't make any nasty comments about Zoe being a sickly Runt. She is still a living, breathing and very loving little dog. I love her will all my heart and I will not stop fighting to keep her alive as long as I can, without her suffering, just like I never stopped fighting for Gigi! Just because a dog is a Runt, does not mean it should not be taken care of and loved!

    To Love Is WDR! I don't know if I misunderstood your answer, but i hope you are not assuming that when I was breeding Runts, or selling Runts as "Teacups" for outrageous prices to anyone! I never even considered doing something so cruel, irresponsible, dangerous and stupid as breeding a Runt! Zoe and Gizmo both came from standard size Chihuahuas, both 6 pounds! The only thing I'm concerned with right now, is doing everything humanly possible, to save Zoe's life. All my Chihuahuas are now Spayed and Neutered and have been for quite a while!
    To Love Is KDR! Thank You for your reply! I'm sorry again, if I misunderstood! I feel the same way, about BYB's, that don't care enough about the welfare of their dogs, and go ahead breeding tiny little runts, that can die in a heartbeat if they are bred, and all these idiots ever care about, is profit.
    Just wanted to add another picture of Zoe!http://i38.tinypic.com/vdcv83.jpg

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.healthyhappydogs.com/HealLiverDisease

      http://www.k9rawdiet.com/Treats-for-Liver-Disease-Dogs-c-39.html

      http://www.dogaware.com/treatref.html

  31. QUESTION:
    Should i get Blood tests done before i start to lose weight?
    i am 25yo 5'11 240pounds and i am tired of being overweight the only problem is i have no idea how to exercise and eat right. is this something i can ask my doctor? will she be able to help?

    also should i get any blood work or a physical done before i start something like this? to rule out anything like heart disease, diabetes, an under active thyroid, liver problems, metabolic syndrome, or high cholesterol.

    will a blood test show things like that? and will it show anything else i didnt list?

    • ANSWER:
      You should see a doctor before trying to lose weight, and she will more than likely have a handout sheet of a diet that's appropriate for you. She will probably want to give you an exam, which might or might not include some blood work, depending on your known health issues. She might refer you to a nutritionist or dietitian, and that would be very helpful for you. She might also be happy to recommend an exercise routine, or let you know if you should not do a certain type of exercise.

      Blood tests will show all sorts of things, depending on what's being tested for.

  32. QUESTION:
    12 patients of zodiac, being ill in Astrology? ?
    Astrology has also it's own opinion about medicine science and some signs have more certain diseases and problems with health. But is this true in your case?

    Aries - Accidents, injuries to head, mouth and tooth diseases, ocular diseases, headaches and insomnia.
    Taurus - Angina and tonsillitis, kidney problems, health issues caused by over weight. Rarely sick.
    Gemini - Insomnia and problems to relax. Migraine, decent, asthma, skin problems, backache. Infections in hands, fingers and neck. Addicts easily.
    Cancer - Stomach pains and stomach ulcer. Anemia, stress, exhaustion and other psychosomatic problems. Burn outs and mental problems. Kidney problems and headache. Addicts easily.
    Leo - Depression, weak bloodstream, heart condition, backache and neck pains, stomach dysfunction.
    Virgo - Insomnia, neurogenic stomach and bowel pains. Haunch and hand pains, gout, arthralgia. Rarely sick.
    Libra - Over weight, kidney and urine diseases. Flus.
    Scorpio - Liver and artery diseases, genital diseases, varicose veins, sports injuries, nose bleedings, flus. Alcohol diseases.
    Sagittarius - Broken bones and sport injuries. Migraine, eczema. Liver and pancreas problems.
    Capricorn - Burn outs and stress. Mental problems. Headaches, eczema, migraine, allergies. Tooth problems. Cancer.
    Aquarius - Weak bloodstream. Heart, pineal gland, nervous system problems. Mental breakdowns. Weak skeleton.
    Pisces - Liver, lung and other visceral diseases. Allergies, eczema, rheumatism and weak metabolism. Alcohol problems. Flus.

    Have you ever diseased you signs typical diseases? Do you think this list makes sense at all?

    This list i guess is by sun sign, is there any else planet that might rule sickness?

    • ANSWER:
      Considering I am only 20 years old, I probably won't be able to answer this fully. IN 20 years I might have a different answer.

      I have a lot of problems with head aches, mental breakdowns, bi polar ( which isn't listed ), and stomach aches.

      So I guess that is a mixture of Leo and Aquarius, which is my moon and rising sun respectively. My sun is in Sagittarius which I have never had problems with any of that stuff. My sister is a Sag and she broke a bone.

  33. QUESTION:
    Acne/Skin Diseases and The Evil Eye?
    There are many causes of acne and various treatments for it, for example a woman suffering from oestrogen dominance can develop acne and taking Agnus Castus can clear this problem up. People with a weak liver can place a magnet over the liver and within a month have a much stronger liver and hence clearer skin and a better functioning body. Some people never know the cause of their acne, but simply taking antibiotics seems to do the trick.

    But what about when you've tried the western medicine approach, herbal and chinese, magnetic therapy and acupuncture, what about when you've tried everything but still you have persistent skin problems... acne seems like a curse, and so can rosacea, eczema, and the list goes on... but what if it actually is a curse.

    The Evil Eye is one such curse, it's belief is still very much alive in countries such as Italy and Spain. It can be caused intentionally or unintentionally, and happens when a person purposefully wishes bad luck on a person through envy or jealousy, sometimes it can just happen through a compliment or staring with envy, if you google Evil Eye it will explain I'm not very good at explaining.

    I just find this interesting, it could all be nonsense, but I find that most of the time, I'm not saying always, but ALOT - acne and other skin disorders affect attractive people... I see some people, they are fat, drink, smoke and they have a fine complexion, where as others are drinking gallons of water, eating well, taking Dr pills and still have terrible oil and cysts. And it's like, gosh, he/she would be so pretty with clear skin... and suddenly average people are now more attractive just because they have clear skin.

    Maybe these beautiful people were envied by someone with the Evil Eye, and in turn ended up cursed with a skin disorder, because let's face it, that would be the ultimate revenge or want, to destroy their looks! And not just the attractive, but the clever, there's always the spotty geek in school, had people envied his/her ability's? And now his/her success is jeopardised by taking away their confidence?

    I'm not saying I believe in this, it's just something that has come to light and I'm wondering what others think, have people ever felt they were cursed or have they had experience of curses and removing the evil eye?

    Comments welcomed : )
    LOL yeah I agree with the Hollywood thing, though I know Brad Pitt battled with acne and acne scarring for a long time. And some celebs have had their downfalls, just not all in the form of skin problems.

    • ANSWER:
      In that case.. half of Hollywood would have hideous skin diseases. Utter rubbish sorry.

  34. QUESTION:
    Homemade dog food recipes?
    Does anyone have an easy but well balanced recipe for dog food made from ingredients from a grocery store?

    My 15 1/2 year old lab mix is starting to go downhill, and she has decided that she no longer will eat dog food, but is still interested in people food. I'd like to put together meals for her that are as nutritionally complete as possible. I also need to avoid anything that might cause a problem for her liver (if you know which foods that might be, please list them), because one of her liver enzymes is ten times higher than it's supposed to be.

    Despite her advanced age, she was in great shape last Monday, then something happened to her on Tuesday, and she's been recovering ever since. She's functioning at about 90% right now. The vet said her high blood test readings could be due to Cushing's disease, liver disease or cancer. She also has a heart murmur that she's had for a few years. She's really too old to try to cure any of those things, so I'm just trying to keep her happy for whatever time she's got left. Tonight I made her beef, carrots and enriched pasta (Barilla Plus, with Omega-6). I plan on cooking her an egg in the morning.

    So my questions are: dog food recipes, and any foods that might irritate her liver. Thanks.
    Edit: my vet has given me Tramadol, a narcotic pain med to be given on an "as needed" basis.

    • ANSWER:
      would you consider a raw food diet? with homecooking, there is no way to get enough vitamin E, fiber or calcium (that's all I know there may be more) without supplements. but a raw food diet is balanced if you follow the prey model diet.

      you may also want to consider prednisone (discuss it with your vet the risks and benefits), if she is at her end-stage, because pred will help with pain and increase appetite.

      you may also want to try homeopathy- it can help with pain and health without side effects.

      Add: interesting, tramadol is not that strong for pain although it can be for serious injuries I guess your vet's reasoning is fewer side effects than prednisone. but if it comes to more pain, I'd go with the pill with more side effects and give her less pain.

      if you want, http://dogster.com/forums has a forum on homecooking and raw. there are some good people there with expereince feeding sick dogs (look for names "sedona" or "max" ) I hope you find the path for your girl. it's nice to see someone caring for senior dogs. too many people don't when they start to get sick.

  35. QUESTION:
    If we have rapists and murderers sitting in jail and sick people dying from diseases?
    Why don't we take the organs that sick people need to survive from convicted criminals? I know the whole human rights crap and all of that seems like bunk. I just don't see why they can't take a liver from someone that is on death row and give it to a dying person that would only need a liver or kidney to live. Blah blah blah, I know that some idiot is going to rant about how we can't choose to take or give life, but I am talking about people that have killed and raped people giving something back to society not the 18 year old kid that couldn't pay a parking ticket. Why do we let these body parts go to waste? We should be able to take a kidney from a rapist and harvest all of the organs that can be used from murders.

    There are currently over 80,000 people on the waiting list to receive a kidney. There are millions of people just sitting in jail that will never do anything for society that are just putting their kidneys to waste.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-1u-rPIP6sw&feature=related
    We are just going to kill the people on death row anyway, why not put them to good use?
    Once you kill or rape another person you should forfeit your human rights.

    • ANSWER:
      You make far too much sense. Here in the USA we have a society run by idiots and hippies that would never go for that. It's too bad that they are more worried about the rapists rights than some child with a failing liver.

      I don't see how people can worry about their human rights when they are in jail butt raping eachother and living off of the tax payers expense. If it were up to me repeat offenders would get a bullet to the head. Why should the taxes that I pay go to feeding and housing a rapist or any other criminal. We need to just kill them all and wipe out the inner city gangs. If we can kill terrorists why not the bloods and crypts?

      China knows how it's done!!! No wonder they are becoming so successful!
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wcXzMQ7j3K8&feature=related

  36. QUESTION:
    Can you please help me?
    Does anyone know where I can find out, what special diets there are, or what foods would be safe and healthy, for dogs with Liver Disease? I recently lost a Chihuahua named Gigi, due to Liver Disease! Some of you may be familiar with some of the past questions I asked. I also have another Chihuahua named Zoe, who also has Liver Disease. She was diagnosed, 1 month after Gigi was! I'm trying not to lose her too! She is eating Canidae All Life Stages Wet Food, because she won't eat dry, and the vet says wet Canidae is ok for now. Does anyone know if Chicken Breast, would have to much protein in it, to give to a dog with Liver Disease? I need to find some sites that list what types of foods are safe for a dog with Liver Disease to eat, because I know they can only eat certain foods. I've searched online, and cannot find this information anywhere! If you can please, help Zoe and me out and give me some links, if you know of any, I would be truly grateful! Thank You!

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.peteducation.com/category_summary.cfm?cls=2&cat=1664/

  37. QUESTION:
    false positives for marijuana?
    i was told that some medications and/or diseases can cause a false positive for marijuana. im not taking any of the medications that they list but i am perscibed to methadone.Can this effect the lenth of marijuana staying in system or create a false positive? I have also had damage to my liver from overdosing off of the acetaminophen in percocet. would this fall into the catagory of "liver disease"? my levels are going down but my probation officer said that they are not going down as fast as they should be(it has been 72 days and my levels at 65)my tests which occur weekly have been(114,100, 104,95,90,92,85,82,78,65) if i am failing from a false positive would these levels be going down? If i do not pass a test(levels drop below 50) by my court date in 2 weeks they are locking me up. Even though it is obvious that i am not smoking because the levels are going down and i pay for swabs everytime i go and pass everyone.but they dont care. Any advice?

    • ANSWER:
      You need to be addressing this issue to your probation officer, not us!!!! Did you explain to him that you have liver damage? The liver damage, if it can be proven and shown in medical records CAN slow down the process of THC levels leaving your body. You will however have to be able to prove medically through records that you have this Dr's. records. Your probation officer should be the one to point you in the starting direction. If you only have two weeks you should already be on the ball and working on this. Each day not doing something is a day wasted. Talk to your PO today. If he won't help you you will need to go back to the judge that imposed your sentence. Do not wait until your court date or you probably will get locked up!! Take action NOW!!!!

  38. QUESTION:
    hiv ? what does this story means?
    Search | My Home | Who's Online | FAQ | Log Out | User List | Mark All Read

    Bulletin Boards >> Am I Infected? Previous Index Next Flat Threaded

    Anonymous
    Unregistered

    Re: Porn Stars Get HIV
    04/16/04 05:19 PM Reply Quote

    One 'positive' test for harmless anti bodies out of well over 20,000 porn stars who test monthly in ten years. Proof that 'AIDS' is not an std.

    Factors Known to Cause
    False Positive HIV Antibody Test Results

    1.Anti-carbohydrate antibodies 52,19,13
    2.Naturally-occurring antibodies 5,19
    3.Passive immunization: receipt of gamma globulin or immune (as prophylaxis against infection which contains antibodies) 18, 26, 60, 4,
    22, 42, 43, 13
    4.Leprosy 2, 25
    5.Tuberculosis 25
    6.Mycobacterium avium 25
    7.Systemic lupus erythematosus 15, 23
    8.Renal (kidney) failure 48, 23, 13
    9.Hemodialysis/renal failure 56, 16, 41, 10, 49
    10.Alpha interferon therapy in hemodialysis patients 54
    11.Flu 36
    12.Flu vaccination 30, 11, 3, 20, 13, 43
    13.Herpes simplex I 27
    14.Herpes simplex II 11
    15.Upper respiratory tract infection (cold or flu) 11
    16.Recent viral infection or exposure to viral vaccines 11
    17.Pregnancy in multiparous women 58, 53, 13, 43, 36
    18.Malaria 6, 12
    19.High levels of circulating immune complexes 6, 33
    20.Hypergammaglobulinemia (high levels of antibodies) 40, 33
    21.False positives on other tests, including RPR (rapid plasma
    reagent) test for syphilis 17, 48, 33, 10, 49
    22.Rheumatoid arthritis 36
    23.Hepatitis B vaccination 28, 21, 40, 43
    24.Tetanus vaccination 40
    25.Organ transplantation 1, 36
    26.Renal transplantation 35, 9, 48, 13, 56
    27.Anti-lymphocyte antibodies 56, 31
    28.Anti-collagen antibodies (found in gay men, haemophiliacs, Africans of both sexes and people with leprosy) 31
    29.Serum-positive for rheumatoid factor, antinuclear antibody (both found in rheumatoid arthritis and other autoantibodies) 14, 62, 53
    30.Autoimmune diseases 44, 29, 1O, 40, 49, 43
    31.Systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, connective tissue disease, dermatomyositis Acute viral infections, DNA viral infections 59,
    48, 43, 53, 40, 13
    32.Malignant neoplasms (cancers) 40
    33.Alcoholic hepatitis/alcoholic liver disease 32, 48, 40, 10, 13, 49, 43, 53
    34.Primary sclerosing cholangitis 48, 53
    35.Hepatitis 54
    36."Sticky" blood (in Africans) 38, 34, 40
    37.Antibodies with a high affinity for polystyrene (used in the test kits) 62, 40, 3
    38.Blood transfusions, multiple blood transfusions 63, 36, 13, 49, 43, 41
    39.Multiple myeloma 10, 43, 53
    40.HLA antibodies (to Class I and II leukocyte antigens) 7, 46, 63, 48, 10, 13, 49, 43, 53
    41.Anti-smooth muscle antibody 48
    42.Anti-parietal cell antibody 48
    43.Anti-hepatitis A IgM (antibody) 48
    44.Anti-Hbc IgM 48
    45.Administration of human immunoglobulin preparations pooled before 1985 10
    46.Haemophilia 10, 49
    47.Haematologic malignant disorders/lymphoma 43, 53, 9, 48, 13
    48.Primary biliary cirrhosis 43, 53, 13, 48
    49.Stevens-Johnson syndrome 9, 48, 13
    50.Q-fever with associated hepatitis 61
    51.Heat-treated specimens 51, 57, 24, 49, 48
    52.Lipemic serum (blood with high levels of fat or lipids) 49
    53.Haemolyzed serum (blood where haemoglobin is separated from red cells) 49
    54.Hyperbilirubinemia 10, 13
    55.Globulins produced during polyclonal gammopathies (which are seen in AIDS risk groups) 10, 13, 48 cross-reactions 10
    57.Normal human ribonucleoproteins 48, 13
    58.Other retroviruses 8, 55, 14, 48, 13
    59.Anti-mitochondrial antibodies 48, 13
    60.Anti-nuclear antibodies 48, 13, 53
    61.Anti-microsomal antibodies 34
    62.T-cell leukocyte antigen antibodies 48, 13
    63.Proteins on the filter paper 13
    64.Epstein-Barr virus 37
    65.Visceral leishmaniasis 45
    66.Receptive anal sex 39, 64

    Christine Johnson, a researcher and author, compiled this list of conditions documented in the scientific literature to cause positives on HIV
    tests, and provides references for each condition.

    Christine notes:

    "Just because something is on this list doesn't mean that it will definitely, or even probably, cause a false-positive. It depends on what
    antibodies the individual carries as well as the characteristics of each particular test kit.

    For instance, some, but not all people who have had blood transfusions,
    prior pregnancies or an organ transplant will make HLA antibodies. And some, but not all test kits (both ELISA and Western blot) will be
    contaminated with HLA antigens to which these antibodies can react. Only if these two conditions coincide might you get a false-positive
    due to HLA cross-reactivity.

    There are conditions that are more likely than others to cause false-positives. And there are some conditions that we aren't aware of yet which
    may be documented in the future to cause false-positives. Some of the factors on the list have been documented only for ELISA, while some
    have been documented for both ELISA and Western blot (WB) tests.

    People may be eager to argue that if a factor is only known to cause false-positives on ELISA, this problem won't be carried over to the
    WB. But remember, a WB is positive by virtue of accumulating enough individual positive bands to add up to the total required by whatever
    criteria is used to interpret it 39. So the more exposure a person has had
    to foreign antigens, proteins and infectious agents, the more various antibodies he or she will have in their system, and the more likely it is
    that there will be several cross-reacting antibodies, enough to make the WB positive.

    It is to be noted that all AIDS risk groups (and Africans as well), but not the general US or Western European population, have this problem
    in common: they have been exposed to a plethora of foreign antigens and proteins. This is why people in the AIDS "risk groups" tend to
    have positive WBs (i.e., to be considered "HIV-infected") and people in the
    population don't. However, even people in low-risk populations have false-positive Western blots for poorly understood reasons 47.

    Since false-positives to every single HIV protein have been documented 36, how do we know if the positive WB bands represent the various
    proteins to HIV, or a collection of false-positive bands reacting to several different non-HIV antibodies?"

    Post Extras:

    Entire thread
    Subject Posted by Posted on
    hiv test nomoreworry4me 01/19/08 06:24 PM
    I"M NEG woo hoo just wanted to know what does this mean,,

    • ANSWER:
      There's a bunch of people out there who variously believe that HIV does not cause AIDS, or that AIDS does not exist, or that HIV is not sexually transmitted. They have been well and truly refuted on all counts.

      They make pests of themselves by spamming various websites and bulletin boards with long copy and paste posts, mostly taken from two or three AIDS denialist websites. They attacked Yahoo answers for a few months last year. It looks like they're still spamming boards with the same stuff. The numbers in this post originally referred to footnotes, but the text has been copied and pasted so many times that the footnotes have disappeared from most versions.

      --------------------------------------------------------------

      It is true that false positive ELISA tests for HIV occur - about 3 in 1000 tests give a false positive. The list is of apparent causes for these false positives.

      Positive ELISA tests are always followed up by a confirmatory test - usually a Western Blot or similar. A diagnosis of HIV infection is only made if both tests are positive. The rate of false diagnoses using both tests together is extremely low.

      Negative ELISA tests by themselves, however, are quite reliable, so long as they are done after the window period (13 weeks).

  39. QUESTION:
    Do Red Hots (candy) contain acetaminophen?
    I have a chronic liver disease and my doctor instructed me to limit my intake of acetaminophen. My ex-wife told that Red Hots contain a signification amount. Anyway, I checked the website and it failed to list the Red Hots active ingredients. Are they trying to cover it up? Anybody know for sure? I love those things!

    • ANSWER:
      You could talk to a pharmacist, but i doubt it. There is not taste or preservative benefit and it would just make the product more expensive to produce. I always thought red hots cleared up my sinuses as a boy and confused them with Sudafeds.

  40. QUESTION:
    Wrestling death list?
    This is my report of the
    so called death list of the wrestlers
    who've died before their 50th birthday

    the fist row is the year they died

    second row is the promotion they worked

    (indi= indipendent)
    (n/a= they were out of the business when they died)

    Third row
    cause of death

    Fourth row
    name of wrestler

    How or why they died

    Can anybody tell me why is
    the wwe taking the heat for
    deaths that happen in the 80 in wccw?

    2000 - uxw - heart attack - Gary Albright - diatbetes coronary arteries
    2000 - wcw - overdose - Bobby Duncum Jr - accidental
    2000 - indi- heart attck - Yokozuna - natural
    2000 - indi- complications - Jumbo Tsuruta - kindney transplant

    2001 - n/a - blood clot - Terry Gordy - heart attack
    2001 - n/a - ghb overdose - Chris Adams - overdose
    2001 - n/a - heart attack - Mike Davis -
    2001 - n/a - overdose - Bertha Faye - drugs

    2002 - indi- heart attack - Rocco Rock -
    2002 - n/a - kidney failure - Big Dick Dudley -
    2002 - n/a - cancer - Randy Anderson -
    2002 - n/a - hearth attack - Davey Boy Smith - steriods

    2003 - wwf - suicide - Crash Holly - ingested 90 pills
    2003 - n/a - overdose - Pitbull #2 - homemade oxycotin
    2003 - tna - heart attack - The Wall - sudden
    2003 - n/a - overdose -Ms Elizabeth - lex luger
    2003 - n/a - heart attack - Hawk - abuse
    2003 - indi- cocaine od - Curt Hennig - cocaine

    2004 - wwf - breast cancer - Marianna Komlos -
    2004 - n/a - heart attack - Big Boss Man - massive
    2004 - n/a - heart attack - Hercules - sleep

    2005 - tna - blood clot - Chris Candido - flight altitude
    2005 - wwf - heart faliure - Eddie Guerrero - disease

    2006 - n/a - sleep apnea - Johnny Grunge - sleep
    2006 - n/a - cancer - Earthquake - bladder

    2007 - n/a - heart faliure - John Kronus - enlarged heart
    2007 - wwf - suicide - Chris Benoit - murder/suicide
    2007 - n/a - suicide - Mike Awesome - hung
    2007 - n/a - stroke - Biff Well - heart attack
    2007 - n/a - unknown - brian adman - not known
    2007 - n/a - murdered - Nancy Benoit - chris benoit
    2007 - n/a - overdose - scot Bigelow - cocaine
    2007 - n/a - unknown - sherrie martel

    1990 - n/a - suicide - Ed Gatner

    1991 - wccw- suicide - Chris Von Erich - shot hiself
    1991 - n/a - car crash - Vivian Vachon - accident
    1992 - indi- heart attack - Buzz Sawyer

    1993 - wcw - suicide - Kerry Von Erich
    1993 - wcw - heart attack - Andre Giant - after fathers funeral
    1993 - wwf - accident - - D.J.Peterson - bike crash
    1993 - n/a - murdered - Dino Bravo - gang hit

    1994 - wwf - car crash - Joey Marella - fell asleep
    1994 - aaa - aneurysm - Art Barr -
    1994 - n/a - unknown - Ray Candy -

    1995 - n/a - liver cancer - John Studd - liver cancer
    1995 - n/a - heart attack - Eddie Gilber - overdose
    1996 - indi- heart attack - Dick Murdoch - heart attack

    1997 - wwf - heart disease - Brian Pillman - arteriosclerotic
    1997 - wcw - heart failure - Jeep Swenson -

    1998 - wcw - suicide
    1998 - wcw - car crash - Brady Boone -
    1998 - n/a - car carsh - Junkyard Dog - drunk driver

    1999 - wcw - suicide - The Renegade - depression
    1999 - wwf - fell 78 feet - Owen Hart - blunt trama
    1999 - wcw - cancer - Mark Curtis - stomach
    1999 - wcw - heart attack - Rick Rude -

    1985 - wwf - heart attack - Rick McGraw -
    1985 - awa - heart attack - Jay Youngblood - ruptured spleen
    1986 - wccw- overdose - Gino Hernandez - cocaine
    1987 - wccw - suicide - Mike Von Erich - overdosing/tranquilizer
    1988 - awa - car crash - Adrian Adonis - swerved/moose
    1988 - indi- murdered - Bruiser Brody - by fellow wrestler

    • ANSWER:
      Wow, so many legends, such a tragedy. You should be commended for composing such a list as it must have took some time to do. I for one would like to thank you because some of these are news to me. Good job, starred, most def.
      Your question- you know how the media is. They find something they want to attack(i.e pro wrestling) and wait....wait for one opportunity to strike and the Benoit was that one incident. So they basicly found all the dirt that they could and used it as ammo for the press to attack the WWE. They do this with everything that isnt completely socialy accepted and G rated. It really makes me sad for the news. And this is why I dont watch the news.
      This was a fantastic question and thank you for the list

  41. QUESTION:
    Wrestling list please help me ?
    This is my non detail report of the
    so called death list of the wrestlers
    who've died before their 50th birthday

    If you want i'll post my detail report
    with all of the names and dates

    the fist row is the year they died
    second row is the promotion they worked

    (indi= indipendent)
    (n/a= they were out of the business)

    if you believe that i'm a serious
    person and i won't lie about the
    research. then please leave me the
    number of times you see

    wwf - wcw - indi- n/a
    finally tna.

    Can anybody tell me why is
    the wwe taking the heat for
    deaths that happen in the 80 in wccw?

    00 uxw - heart attack
    00 wcw - overdose
    00 indi- heart attck
    00 indi- complications kindney transplant
    01 n/a - blood clot
    01 n/a - ghb overdose
    01 n/a - heart attack
    01 n/a - overdose
    02 indi- heart attack
    02 n/a - kidney failure
    02 n/a - cancer
    02 n/a - hearth attack
    03 wwf - suicide
    03 n/a - overdose
    03 tna - heart attack
    03 n/a - overdose
    03 n/a - heart attack
    03 indi- cocaine od
    04 wwf - breast cancer
    04 n/a - heart atack
    04 n/a - heart attack
    05 tna - blood clot
    05 wwf - heart faliure
    06 n/a - sleep apnea
    06 n/a - cancer
    07 n/a - heart faliure
    07 wwf - suicide
    07 n/a - suicide
    07 n/a - stroke
    07 n/a - brian adman unknown
    07 n/a - murdered by husband
    07 n/a - overdose
    07 n/a - sherrie martel unknown

    90 n/a - suicide
    91 wccw- suicide
    91 n/a - car crash
    92 indi- heart attack
    93 wcw - suicide
    93 wcw - heart attack
    93 wwf - accident
    93 n/a - murdered
    94 wwf - car crash
    94 aaa - aneurysm
    94 n/a - unknown
    95 n/a - liver cancer
    96 indi- heart attack
    95 n/a - heart attack
    97 wwf - heart disease
    97 wcw - heart failure
    98 wcw - suicide
    98 wcw - car crash
    98 n/a - car carsh
    99 wcw - suicide
    99 wwf - fell 78 feet
    99 wcw - cancer
    99 wcw - heart attack

    85 wwf - heart attack
    85 awa - heart attack
    86 wccw- overdose
    87 wccw- suicide
    88 awa - car crash
    88 indi- murdered

    • ANSWER:
      Pointing to WCCW, WCW, ECW (owned by Heyman), and the Independent Circuit is pointless. No one will know or even care when half of the promotions aren't even in business any longer.

      The WWE is "THE" promotion, the largest federation with the largest roster and the deepest pockets. A victory for the press would be a victory. Hell, they;re even beginning to mention TNA once or twice because they have a television deal with a major network, SpikeTV, even though they are still a small outfit compared to the WWE ... TNA is larger than most of the Independent promotions, with the exception of the NWA, which does not have a major television deal and the NWA is divided into many circuits across the country.

  42. QUESTION:
    What are the rules for getting a liver transplant in the state of New York?
    My friend's relative has chirrosis of the liver due to alcoholism. The doctor's ran tests on him and said yeah that his liver was fried and he his only hope is a transplant. They gave him approximately five more years till his liver goes into complete failure. But can he get a transplant? He says he is not drinking anymore and never will. However yesterday I found him hiding out in the basement with a bottle of Vodka in his hand. I told him he promised not to drink anymore. He said it was his last time. What are the rules of liver transplantation in New York? I know other's have told me if the disease was caused by alcohol addiction then the patient has to stay sober for at least 6 months before they consider putting them on the list. And then it's a long waiting period till they find a proper organ for him/her. And that sometimes they don't find an organ on time. But I assume these transplant centers were not in New York. Recently I heard on the news about an alcoholic who got a transplant . I don't know how since people have told me they don't get them unless 6 months of sobriety has been proved. But he got one. He is now drinking again with the new liver. It was on the news. If he got one then what are the chances my friend's relative will?
    P.S. the guy who got the transplant despite being a severe alcoholic lives in New York. He is now back to drinking again. He was recently arrested for drunk driving. According to the cops his BAC was 12 times higher then what is allowed for driving.

    • ANSWER:
      So your friend is also a relative, as I think the person with liver damage is yourself (but you don't have the guts to admit it).

      As for the answer, I would guess that seeing as they give convicted killers preferential treatment an alcoholic would have no problems.

      Myself I would put anyone with self inflicted (alcohol/drugs) damage to any organ right at the bottom of any transplant list.

  43. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis of the Liver???Will my dad die?
    My dad has been a raging alcoholic for 20+ years. Hard liquor from the time he wakes up until the time he goes to bed. It's his life.

    About a year ago he was admitted into the hospital for Kidney Failure but made it out of it okay.

    Just about a week ago he was admitted into the hospital because his skin and eyes had turned yellow and he collapsed. During that time the doctors explained that he was no longer a candidate for a Liver transplant, his liver was beyond repair, they can just treat the symptoms....
    He was let go after 5 days of being in the hospital because he was stable. 2 days following he was readmitted into the hospital only this time he's worse.......
    here is a list of his symptoms;
    Fatigue
    Nausea
    Weakness (can barely lift a bottle of soda to his mouth)
    Weight loss (20 + pounds in a week)
    Exhaustion
    Stomach Pains
    Severe Jaundice....like glowing
    Very swollen abdomen
    Personality changes, forgetfullness
    Decreased mental function, slow to respond, blank stares
    Fluid retention
    Pneumonia
    Dimensia
    bad shaking
    loss of balance, equilibrium problems

    It's just terrible and it's breaking my heart seeing him this way.

    I was reading posts from people who had someone close with this disease, they described the same symptoms I did and there loved ones ended up dying.. I'm so afraid of that.

    What are the chances??

    Any help or enlightment would be greatly appreciated!
    Im not sure if I should be precise.....When I say fluid retention, I mean fluid in around his liver which they already had to remove
    The honest prgnosis is they are not sure at this point whether he'll live or die.
    They say it may be time to start making out his will and planning his funeral arrangements just to be safe

    • ANSWER:
      I can answer your question because I had liver failure and a transplant. Your father has cirrhosis from his alcoholism. That is when healthy tissue is replaced with scar tissue in the liver and it can no longer function very well. Even though others will tell you the liver can regenerate, this is not the case when it comes to cirrhosis. Scarring is permanent in the liver and does not go away. The damage has been done from many years of alcohol abuse.

      Everything you told me tells me that your father is in end stage liver disease. His condition is serious and he will not get better unless he receives a transplant. When the liver is beyond repair, that is when a person needs a transplant. The problem with your father is that he is an active alcoholic. There might also be some other medical reasons he could not qualify, but that is the first thing they look at for a candidate.

      It's very difficult for an alcoholic to receive a transplant, but there are many success stories out there. The patient has to be committed to changing their lifestyle and never drink alcohol again for the rest of their life. Transplant centers require at least 6 months of proven sobriety before they will even begin to consider an alcoholic for a transplant. The problem that happens with many alcoholics is that they don't have 6 months left to live with their disease. They let it go too far and ignore it until they are near death before seeking help.

      I don't know how your father feels about his disease and his alcoholism, but if he is serious about staying alive, he could go to a transplant center and at the very least talk to them. They will tell him what his options are for getting help and possibly getting a transplant if he has enough time left. If he is still drinking after all this, then I would say there is not much hope for him getting well. He has all the typical signs of end stage cirrhosis.

      It's also extra difficult for an alcoholic to get a transplant because they not only have to deal with the cirrhosis, but they also have to deal with their addiction to alcohol. But as I said, there are many success stories. The husband of a family friend of mine just recently got his transplant and he was an alcoholic for at least 20 years+. When he found out he destroyed his liver, he went to the transplant center, did everything he was supposed to do including rehab for 6 months and submitting to random drug/alcohol testing prior to his transplant. After the 6 months, he got listed and just recently received his transplant. I hear he is doing very well now. I don't know whether or not your father could be one of these success stories, but I want you to know that it might be an option for your father if he is willing.

      I had cirrhosis too but mine was from an autoimmune disease. No matter what the reason for having cirrhosis, it pretty much acts the same for everyone.

  44. QUESTION:
    Help! Is this a liver condition?
    Lately I have been having problems with my thyroid (swelling of the neck, shortness of breath/rapid pulse, sweating/hot all the time, insomnia, eye protrusion, hair falling out, weight loss, the list goes on), and getting the doctors to check it is like pulling teeth. My doc only checked my TSH level (I have been too antsy to concentrate in school so she said it would be good to check my thyroid but for w.e. reason she left out my T3 & T4). I am left handed/anbidexterous (a risk factor for Grave's disease) & my LEFT HANDED paternal grandfather was a type 1 diabetic. My maternal aunt has scleroderma & hypothyrodism. I have raynauds phenomion & have flare ups of joint pain/swelling. I get white spots in my fingers, neck, & feet. (I have been tested for lupus, RA, blah blah blah but everything's f***cking negative). My thyroid condition seems to be flaring up again, but lately despite having smooth, velvety skin, i have had itchy rashes & my skin looks yellowish. I have been INCREDIBLY hungry the past few days (and i am NOT PMSing) & despite eating a lot I have lost weight (not a dramatic amount though). (When my thyroid flares up I do loose weight despite eating HUGE portions, but I do not recall being THIS hungry!) I am eating very healthfully (that is my nature & i eat 100% gluten/dairy free). On the other hand, the past two days I have pooped 4-5X each day. This may sound like TMI, but my poops had been green, then they became yellow, and now they are really loose & grey. This sounds weird, but I smelled something funny & my sweat underneath my pits smells fruity & sweet. So yeah, is there something going on with my liver, or what could this be?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. It does sound like that. Get along to your doctor as soon as you can.

  45. QUESTION:
    Job vs. Terminally Ill child?
    Just wanted to get a little advice on a situation that i'm currently going through. First off, im 24, and I have a 4 year old daughter with a life-threatening liver disease called PFIC-2, and she is currently on the transplant list. Im stuck in between a rock and a hard place. I'm currently looking for part time work to help sustain me while I'm going through nursing school at wayne state. The issue that i have is im debating if I should tell my employer about my child's condition BEFORE im hired or after. I had a part time job back at the end of 2010, but I was let go when my daughter's liver went into the early stages of cirrhosis. Basically, her doctors at U of M keep her under a close eye, and when ANYTHING in her blood work elevates, she is usually hospitalized or we are asked to IMMEDIATELY come in for further tests. I got a job back in september 2010, but was fired the week of thanksgiving due to my daughter's condition deteriorating and needing emergency tests and treatments. They basically told me that I was a liability to the company because I was unable to show up for my schedule a lot of the times. I was not eligible for FMLA because i was not a full time employee. Basically all protections under the law i was ineligible for due to me being a part-time worker and not having been there at least 12 months. Now I'm stuck trying to find another job that will not hold my daughter's illness against me. Her father and his family don't help at all(he'd doesnt want anything to do with us because i got him put in jail when he physically abused me while i was pregnant with our son). My mother died from a drug overdose and i was taken away from my dad because of child abuse so I have no family to help either. Anyway, seeing as though my daughter is on the transplant list right now, even if I was to get a job, I would lose it the moment she gets that call, because her full time recovery care would be about 2 months after surgery. She is currently receiving insurance through the state of michigan for terminally ill children that covers all her medical expenses, THANK GOD. For those of you unfamiliar with how the organ donor list works, i can get a call AT ANY TIME to go in for surgery. So what am i supposed to do? welfare is not giving me enough to cover all my expenses, and quite frankly, I want to be off of the cash assistance as soon as possible. Should I apply for a job and just say 'my daughter needs a liver and I could leave any moment as soon as a liver is available, but dont worry about that because i'm a good employee?" Most employers would look at me as a liability to the company......

    • ANSWER:

  46. QUESTION:
    Why do they want to KILL our Dogs?
    If you are a dog owner you're probably aware of the recent pet food scandal that has rocked the nation, resulted in several pet deaths, hundreds of animals falling mysteriously ill and the nationwide recall of 60 million packages of dog food products (and counting) as well as other pet foods!

    The Culprit

    Melamine: This is the substance at the center of the pet food poison scandal. Pure melamine is used to make plastics and fertilizer so how the heck could it make the transition into dog food? Well the story begins in China...kind of.

    Animal feed producers in China have apparently for some time routinely supplemented their feed with melamine to artificially boost the protein content (which translates into more profit). Protein readings are done by assessing the nitrogen levels of the feed and guess what? Melamine has a high nitrogen content!

    Unfortunately this sordid tale gets worse. As if adding poisonous melamine to your dog's food was not bad enough another toxic ingredient is routinely added to Chinese animal feed products. This substance is known as cyanuric acid. In the United States this stuff is commonly used to disinfect swimming pools!

    Investigators looking into the hundreds of pet food poison related deaths now believe that the combination of those two ingredients in commercial dog food and other pet food synergistically elevated the toxins to the point where they became lethal to pets.

    The Dirty Secret Close To Home

    Although American food safety regulators are pinning the blame on pet food contaminated with Chinese animal feed products, the alarming truth is that dog food manufactured in the USA is also toxic to your pet!

    Commercial dog food manufactured in the US contains no less than 6 deadly chemicals that have been banned as unfit for human consumption because they cause:

    Hair Loss (fur loss);

    Kidney Disease;

    Liver dysfunction;

    Stomach cancer;

    Blindness;

    Leukemia; and

    Skin cancer, to name but a few! The substances that cause these problems are found in preservatives...

    Oh But I Always Use Preservative Free Dog Food!

    You may think that your dog is safe and healthy because you only insist on buying preservative free dog food. Well dog manufacturers have found a legit way around that too! Many dog foods labeled as preservative free in fact contain preservatives because the manufacturers exploit a loophole whereby they do not have to list any preservative that they themselves did not add.

    And unfortunately many preservatives are added to pet foods at the rendering plant well before the meat is ever sent to the manufacturer. One of the most widely used and most powerful preservatives also happens to be one of the most toxic! It is called ethoxyquin (EQ) and you aren't going to see it listed on your dog food label anytime soon (even though it is in that "preservative free" dry pet food you love to buy) because the manufacturer has no legal obligation to list it.

    Although ethoxyquin is permitted in pet food, workers exposed to this substance showed symptoms similar to those of people exposed to agent orange (poisonous herbicide used by the US government in Vietnam War that caused cancer and other diseases).

    Your Dog Is Eating Dead Dogs And Dead Cats!

    Perhaps the sickest part of this sick tale is that euthanized (put down) dogs and cats are recycled as chow for your pet! The city of angels (Los Angeles) is known for the devilish practice of recycling approximately 200 tons of dead cats and dogs each month into pet food!

    Arrrgghh...disgusting huh?

    Still it gets worse; poisonous disinfectants and denaturing chemicals are used to treat those recycled dead animals and "render them safe" for your dog's consumption, not to mention the fact that the toxin used to kill those animals (sodium pentobarbital) can withstand the heat used in the denaturing process.

    Bottom line: If you love your dog and want to see him/her live to a ripe healthy old age, perhaps it is time you considered alternative means of nutrition!

    • ANSWER:
      BHA, BHT and Ethoxyquin (found in By-Products) are ALL known problem causers yet they are ALLOW in pet food...

      you should always look for food that says
      "HUMAN GRADE ingredients"

      here is a good link for info on some ingredients

      http://www.gomestic.com/Pets/What-is-in-Your-Dogs-Food.77020

      worst thing is vets actually recommend some crappy brands (like Science Diet) because they are PAID to.. and dont receive any education on ingredients and brands...

  47. QUESTION:
    are chemicals listed as toxic which are contained in soaps, lotions, creams, foods, etc. really that harmful?
    my family would always buy different personal care products switching from brands to brands since I was young. i'm confused which advise from them i would trust because i have become precautious over the years. now i'm 20 i've been doing a little self-research for weeks about chemical substances and ingredients of food and body stuffs. it really disturbs me to think that, as far as i have read, almost all of the products in this world contain some of the toxic and carcinogenic substances listed by sites and institutions. what should we use then? what should be done? i dont know what to advise my parents, my siblings - my big family. but are very very small concentrations or amounts of these chemicals in the products really dangerous to our body? do they really have bad effects? how about repeated use? long period of time? how much do they really put into the products and food? huhuhu

    adverse effects may not be immediately noticed and addressed but i know results in the long-term such as cancer, skin, lung, and liver diseases, etc.will surely come out. are products and foods today made to reduce population silently? are they purposely created to induce induce early deaths? i guess so. huhu bad people... evil business...greed... ignored health of humanity...degraded human life

    but then it would be very difficult to even bath using only water.hmmm...

    help. i need more knowledge........

    • ANSWER:
      if your family changes brands everytime, try to convince them to buy an organic brand. the organic brands are supposed not to have chemicals or conservatives. so its healthier for the body. big companies have to put conservatives to the food and personal care products because they sell them all over the country or all over the world, so they constantly change in lighting, temperature, etc... and when they finally get to its final destination (the store) they are there lying waiting for someone to buy them... so its a long time since they are made, packaged, shipped, stored, and used. if they didnt have conservatives, the product instantly will fade to rot. in organic is different because the company is near the stores so any time the product is made and packed is shipped the same day and the same day is stored to sell... the bad here is organics are more expensive

  48. QUESTION:
    What are common causes for false-positive CA-125 Serum levels?
    What are common causes for false-positive CA-125 Serum levels?
    The CA-125 blood test, sometimes used as an ovarian cancer screening, has a high false-positive rate. Some possible conditions associated with an false-positive are fibroids, endometriosis, pancreatitis, liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and benign ovarian cysts. I am looking for a COMPLETE list of ALL possible conditions associated with false-positive results. I've done a Yahoo and Google search but am not satisfied with the results. I seem to remember that rheumatoid arthritis is also associated also....for instance.

    If you are able, please provide a complete list. Thank you
    Denisedds....
    Yes, I realize it is a long list... but that is exactly what I am looking for.

    • ANSWER:
      The CA-125 is not intended to be a screening test and should never be sued as one. There may be a complete list of what may cause a false positive somewhere, but there is little need for such a list in a medical setting, as clinicians do not rely on lists. Any irritation in the abdomen can cause a positive result. It's especially inaccurate in premenopausal women (accuracy rate of about 50%); endometriosis, early-stage pregnancy or even normal hormonal fluctuations can lead to elevated CA-125 levels. Therefore a complete list can be very long.

  49. QUESTION:
    Back in May I was told by the nephrologist that at some time or another I had contracted Hepatitis. He then sa?
    Back in May I was told by the nephrologist that at some time or another I had contracted Hepatitis. He then said that I should not worry about it because my body had built up it’s own antibodies against the virus and rejected it. Sounds heaven sent, but then a few weeks later I developed neurology problems, bone degeneration, pale stool, black spots on hands and feet, hair loss, brown spots on skin, bad breath, loss of reflux, belching and gas constantly, bone pain, itching, dark urine although I drink lots of water, panic attacks…and the list goes on. Even though the nephrologist said that I rejected the disease could I still have the symptoms of Hepatitis or Liver disease and still not have the disease? Could I have given it to my husband and we are passing it back and forth? I am trying to figure out why I still have symptoms other than the jaundice but yet the nephrologist said that I rejected the virus. Plz help me because I am now thinking for the worse. I wanted to start taking Paxil for the panic attacks, but I am so afraid because I don’t know if it will worsen my liver.

    • ANSWER:
      You need to see a Gastroenterologist or a General Practitioner instead of a nephrologist. A nephrologist deals with your kidneys not liver.

  50. QUESTION:
    Is it sometimes more honorable to a marriage to stand by and watch the husband be a man?
    My husband is so stressed out in life..he has literally made himself sick. Liver disease and tumors in his lungs has now been added to the list (amoung other things my contacts are already aware of).

    He is refusing doctors now. He goes about his day, goes to work and on his off days stays alone in the bedroom. His family tells me.."its the way he is, let him be".

    So I am asking husbands out there...would you want your wife to push you to get help (even though you refuse) or allow you to continue on even though sick, that way you can be the man of the house even if it kills you? Should I stop bothering him? If I was a man I would feel like my wife is trying to cut my penis off by making me do less? Thats what I feel I am doing to him? But pretty hard to sit by and do nothing.

    I think I might of asked this question before way back when..I am just dealing with new issues and looking for other men's opinions.

    Thank you for your time.

    • ANSWER:
      There is no honor in standing by and watching a guy slowly deteriorate.

      Its painfully obvious that he is not willing to take care of his own health.
      This is not the action of a rational person.

      No guy wants pushed by his wife but then this becomes literally a matter of life and its quality.

      There is nothing in "for better or worse" which says you must sit back and let him
      deteriorate simply because he is stubborn.

      I guess the question becomes where is this going?
      Does he feel that his direction will hasten the inevitable/
      If so I guess you might give him his head but I don't know how you can do it.

      This is a tough one Joy.
      I think he's being very foolish to let himself be taken away from you and the kids like this.