Chronic Alcoholic Liver Disease

Whereas more than million have hepatitis B or C, both the diseases that can destroy the liver and that kill thousands of people each year, it is clear that the body just in time discussed in the public spotlight has arrived.

Hepatitis C:
Hepatitis C is a blood-borne disease, meaning that it can be contracted through contact with the Hepatitis-C and alcohol consumption is the main contributors to this disease. In some cases the hepatitis becomes chronic and can lead to cirrhosis a condition of progressive scarring, which is usually associated with excessive intake of alcohol.

Alcohol:
Every day we are exposed to various toxins alcohol consumption, sun, gas fumes, exercise, improving performance drugs, medicines, over-the-counter medicines, etc chemicals and preservatives in our food, crop spraying, large amounts of caffeine and tannic acid in our drinks, prescription drugs and alcoholic beverages have increased demand on the liver to detoxify the body.

What are the signs and symptoms of alcohol liver disease? The signs and symptoms that are common to a number of different types of alcoholic liver disease include:
1. Jaundice (yellowing of the skin)
2. Generalized itching
3. Abdominal pain in the upper right of the stomach 4. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
5. Muscle aches and pains
6. Darkened urine.

When the liver is chronically irritated by alcohol, the body often tries to heal or protect itself by saying specialized cells, called fibroblasts, to produce a resilient fiber known as collagen. Make sure your are eating a diet of pure and natural foods while staying away from tobacco, alcohol, coffee, black tea, soft drinks and fast food. Supplements of vitamins B can support the recovery of alcoholism, supporting liver detoxification, which also reduces cravings.

Because the safe level of alcohol consumption is not known, it seems prudent to advise abstinence in the face of chronic liver disease with the information we have available today. When moderate to heavy use of alcohol is present in the face of chronic liver disease, it is likely that abstinence is the most important speech made in prolonging the course and delaying the progression to cirrhosis. Examples of effective support include Alcoholics Anonymous, in-and out-patient rehabilitation programs and individual counselors.

Liver Detoxification:
The liver can become overloaded because plays an important role in detoxification, hormonal balance, fat regulation, nutrient and enzyme activation, digestion and circulation. Supplements of B vitamins can also help with the recovery of alcoholism, supporting liver detoxification and reducing cravings. Deep in the liver, a liver cleanser natural effective, is part of a liver detox diet that provides a balanced approach to the world-renowned natural liver cleansing herbs such as Milk Thistle extract and artichoke extract. And drink plenty of water is essential for detoxification.

The liver is essential in fat metabolism; remove toxins from the body, regulating blood glucose, and many other functions, liver health is so fundamental to good general health. A holistic approach to health liver is your best chance to keep this vital organ healthy and functioning well into old age. As there is no separation between the physical and emotional health, the association between emotions and liver health is a primary principle of TCM as a holistic practice. However, recently it became clear that liver health is seriously threatened by two other important and often ignored problems: the excessive use of the popular pain reliever acetaminophen and Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease which is closely associated with diabetes and obesity.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    My boyfriend has liver disease caused by Hep C & chronic alcoholism - What can I expect? (symptoms, etc)?
    He was told about 3 years ago that he had hep C, chirrosis and he is a chronic alcoholic. Dr told him to quit or he would die. He has tried and failed several times ( I know he's not trying hard enough.... ) . I just want to know what to expect. He is tired all the time, has headaches, and is depressed - Is this part of it? Also I have heard that mood swings are common to this, is that true? I posted a similar question earlier but felt I needed to clarify.... I appriciate any info I can get! Thanks!
    I appriciate the replies but I am looking for real answers not opinions on the relationship..... we have been together for many years, it's not something simple to walk away from.....

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is the inflammation of the liver cells
      caused by a virus. Cirrhosis is death of the
      liver cells. His disease can be brought on by
      the Hep C or his drinking problem. Trying to
      quit drinking on his own is extremely difficult.
      He needs to go into a detox program at a
      hospital in order to do this. The symptoms
      he has from trying to stop drinking may be
      too much to handle...they can give him drugs
      to lessen these symptoms and help him get
      through it much better. The symptoms that you
      stated are normal. You have to realize that
      he is now facing death straight on and he has
      to make decisions on what he can do now.
      Depression is normal now, because of having
      to live with all these hurdles to go over to
      save his life. Waking up everyday knowing
      that you may die is very hard.
      Liver patients are usually in shock when they
      first hear they have a terrible disease like this.
      The first reaction is unbelief...then it moves
      where they try to do something to help
      themselves, if it is possible...it leads from
      there to either coming to terms with the
      disease and trying to fight it or just giving up.
      They need alot of support and understanding
      at this time. They get mad and they feel
      helpless and they feel like someone cheated
      them or played a dirty trick on them or they
      feel like saying "why me". Others people drink and they don't have this. Cirrhosis can be caused by many different things.

      Your boyfriend doesn't have a rosey future and
      he knows that. He also knows that if he wants
      to spend time with the people he loves he has
      to do it now. I'm going to explain a few things
      to you. Once there is death of the liver
      cells it forms scar tissue in the liver...this blocks
      the other normal healthy cells from receiving
      nourishment and oxygen and causes them to
      die also. This is a progressing disease and
      the only real option he has now, if he has
      cirrhosis, is being evaluated and placed on the
      transplant list for an organ. But, first he has
      to overcome his addiction of alcohol which
      he needs to get care in order to do. A
      person has to be free of alcohol for at least
      six months before he can be placed on the
      list for transplantation.

      There are symptoms that may start to develop
      with this disease that he may or may not
      show signs of. Some of them are listed in
      this short article.
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003895.htm

      If he wants to stay with his loved ones longer,
      than he needs to stop drinking now. He is
      causing his liver much more damage faster
      and it will lead to a much much earlier death.

      Having others around him who truly care about
      him, will make whatever course he decides on
      alot easier on him. You cannot make decisions
      for him, but you can be there to support him
      with all he does. Best Wishes

  2. QUESTION:
    I have NAFLD (Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease). What are my chances of getting Cirrhosis?
    I went to the the ER the other day because I have had chronic diarrhea, dizziness, and abdominal pain for more than 3 months now. The Dr. found that I had NAFLD and said that I should be seeing a Dr. for this condition and said that I need MANY tests done to see what is causing it. She also said that I have to be on a vegan diet (I am not overweight) to see if it can reverse the Disease. My questions are: Is there a cure for this & What are the chances of it forming into Cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      You should be seeing either a gastroenterlogist
      or hepatologist now.
      Fatty liver disease can be caused by many
      different things: alcohol consumption, certain
      medications like steriods, weight gain, hereditary conditions,
      diabetes, insulin resistance, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels
      and more.

      The cause needs to be determined.
      There are different stages of this disease....
      Simple fatty liver doesn't usually cause a
      problem and can be easily reversed by
      stopping the cause. Alot of people are very
      thin and can still have this problem.

      The fat pushes on the liver cells and can
      even push the nucleus of the liver cell out of
      place. That is why it has to be treated immediately
      ....so the fat will disappear and not harm the cells.
      The liver is surrounded by a membrane capsule and
      the fat only adds to the pressure inside the liver.
      If the cells of the liver become damaged, it signals
      the immune system of the body to respond to
      this. The immune system then causes inflammation
      to develop inside the liver, also. This will cause the
      liver to enlarge in size. It then goes from simple
      fatty liver to steatohepatitis. Steato means fat,
      hepat means liver and itis means inflammation.
      This becomes more serious...the inflammation adds
      to more pressure inside the liver and the cells can
      more easily start to die off. When the cells die off,
      it becomes a progressive disease known as
      Cirrhosis of the liver. What happens now, it the
      cells die off and form scar tissue inside the liver
      that blocks the flow of blood through the liver on
      its way back to the heart and may also block
      the flow of blood to the other liver cells and they
      will continually die off.

      If the patient follows the doctor instructions and
      is treated for any inflammation that may have
      developed...then it may never go to the point of
      becoming Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Here are some links to help you learn more about
      this, that you can click on:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm
      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1961.html
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.

  3. QUESTION:
    Liver disease with chronic alcohol abuse help?
    Heey :) Im 20 and my mam is a veryy bad alcoholic, she has been drinking litterally everyday for the pst 2 years...brandy and vodka. she is violently ill and is vomitting everyday. she is soo addicted to drink, she just sits in bed all day drinking her brndy until she vomits. She was admitted to a rehab clinic loads of times but keeps checking herself out again, she now has jaundice and cirrosis of the liver. i want to know how long do you think she has left? And cn her liver disease be cured? Honest answers please, and non judgemental! Thanks A Mill (:

    • ANSWER:

  4. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis/Liver disease life expectancy. Please help???
    Does anyone kow the life expectancy of someone in the late stages of cirrhosis?
    My mom is very ill, she is a chronic alcoholic. She stopped drinking last week, but was diagnosed with cirrhosis many years ago.
    I need to know if anyone has been through this and knows what I can expect.

    She is jaundice, and in the past week has had high levels of amonia in her blood, also, she vomits all the time, can barely keep anything down.
    Today she is having her stomach drained again, this will make the 4th time, fluid builds up in her uppper stomanch area, and it makes it very uncomforatable for her. He legs also are very swollen today (ankles) she cannot walk she is so week. She went from wieighin 145 pounds to now about 98 in a matter of 3 months. I am afraid that it is too late. She has been admitted to the hospital so much that now the Hospitals now just say that the damage is done, they cannot help her. Last year she was in ICU - .......please give me any opinions you may have.

    • ANSWER:
      There are a few things that I know to give you
      as information. (you might already know this) The best doctor to have for
      a patient with cirrhosis is a Hepatologist.
      She can be given medication to bind the ammonia in her blood to be eliminated from the
      body which should help to clear her mind some. She could be placed on diuretics, like
      Lasix and Spirolactone to help relieve the sodium content in her blood and also
      remove some of the fluid and help keep it from
      coming back so fast. If they take alot of fluid
      from her abdomen, they might give her
      albumin, a Protein. The fact that she did
      not stop drinking alcohol, may mean she cannot
      be placed on the transplant list for a donor
      organ because they usually request that the
      patient be free of alcohol for about six months.

      With what you have stated that her condition is
      now, it doesn't look promising...but I would
      not give up. The doctors look at many things
      considering a patient: whether they have a
      strong, well beating heart, whether they can
      withstand a long surgery, whether they have
      cirrhosis in one area of the liver or throughout,
      whether they have love and support of family
      and friends, and how much a person truly
      wants to live,etc. Ascites( fluid in the abdominal
      area) and Encephalopathy (memory, and mental
      confusion problems caused by toxins) and
      the fact that she drank clear up to a week ago..
      means that the end is in site.....She may last
      a long time this way or depending on what I
      have stated above...it could be very short.
      Each person's body chemistry, diseases,
      and conditions are unique and have to be
      evaluated to see what may be in the future.
      If you have an advanced directive with your
      Mom signature on it, you may be able to
      talk with her doctors and get her medical
      records and have a second opinion and also
      be able to answer for her since she might
      not be able to answer for herself. There are
      free forms on the internet according to your
      state. It should be signed in front of two
      witnesses, but a notary can stamp it and make
      if valid. I hope this info is of some help to you.
      It is sad that a daughter has to watch all this
      happen to a mother they love...as long as
      you are able to be there with her, she will
      have peace in knowing that you really care.

      You asked what you can expect. There are
      a few things that may take place: her heart
      may start to beat irregular. If you get her
      blood work results, if the sodium and potassium
      levels are either too high or too low, this
      will cause an irregular beat and is an
      emergency. If she starts to cough up blood and
      not just vomit (it may look like coffee grounds,
      or a darker color) this is also an emergency
      cause she could be bleeding internally. If she
      feel faint and goes into a coma...there may be
      little chance she will come out of it without the
      doctors help. What can you do? be there for
      her so she doesn't feel alone. Watch for
      any of these signs above and keep a record
      of how she is feeling day to day and let the
      doctor know what exactly is happening with her.
      Be with her at all her doctor appointments so
      that you can be sure she is taking medication
      right and doesn't get so confused she puts
      herself in more danger. She might not be
      able to break the habit of alcohol especially
      since she has been so sick, but knowing that
      others understand and will try to help her in
      anyway despite of this all, may give her the
      strength she needs to try.

  5. QUESTION:
    What was Ataturk cause of Death?
    On November 10, 1938, following an illness of a few months, the national liberator and the Father of modern Turkey died.

    Atatürk died, at age 57, at the Dolmabahçe Palace on November 10, 1938. It is thought that he died of cirrhosis of the liver.[56] Ataturk's funeral called forth both sorrow and pride in Turkey, and seventeen countries sent special representatives, nine contributed with armed detachments to the cortege.[57]

    "His lifestyle had always been strenuous. Alcohol consumption during dinner discussions, smoking ....."

    Cirrhosis has many causes. In the United States, chronic alcoholism and hepatitis C are the most common ones.

    Alcoholic liver disease. To many people, cirrhosis of the liver is synonymous with chronic alcoholism, but in fact, alcoholism is only one of the causes. Alcoholic cirrhosis usually develops after more than a decade of heavy drinking. The amount of alcohol that can injure the liver varies greatly from person to person.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustafa_Kemal_Atat%C3%BCrk#Last_days.2C_1937-1938
    Irmak:I think you should read your answers before posting them.
    I don't see how ataturks alcoholism lets me go to the mosque or helps me live. Ataturk commanded the Turkish army and the soldiers with God’s will saved Turkey.
    out of curiosity who are ppl like me??

    • ANSWER:
      yes u r right every second of his life was beeing drunk
      even because of him we lost islam

  6. QUESTION:
    Anyone else have enexplained liver pain?
    I have chronic liver pain that i have had for 2+years. I have had tons of ultrasounds that show nothing to be concerned with, and have slightly elevated liver enzymes. they have done MRI and cat scans, and still no answers to why i would be having PAIN. the only diagnoses they can give me is that i have "fatty liver disease" which is normally something someone would get if they were morbidly obese, or an alcoholic. Neither of which i am, not even close. I had my gallbladder removed 3 years ago, but i still feel like i am having gallbladder attacks, thats what the pain feels like: sharp, crampy, like someone is squeezing my organs and stabbing them. Its horrible and the pain can last anywhere from 20 min.-2 hours. Anyone know of anything that could cause this?

    • ANSWER:
      The liver itself doesn't have nerves so most doctors don't believe patients that complain of "liver pain." However, my wife got Hep C from a blood transfusion at birth. Before she was diagnosed, she would complain of "liver pain", not a severe as your description, but similar.
      You can only get Hep C from blood to blood contact. Maybe bring it up to a doctor next time. I don't know if this is an answer to your question, but it's good information at least.

  7. QUESTION:
    Question about normal Liver Function Test results?
    Hi, my mum was an alcoholic years back, so she had to have a Liver Function Test.
    She got her results back today, and they were fine so she is relieved.

    Since her results came back fine, does that mean that there is no signs of liver diseases such as hepatitis B or C, either in the past, acute or chronic?

    Thanks :)
    I'm just a little bit concerned.

    • ANSWER:
      No Blood testing is 100% accurate. It is best to
      have more than one test to be sure.
      However, in liver disease, blood tests don't always
      show a problem in some patients. They may have no
      signs or symptoms or even elevated blood enzyme
      levels to indicate a problem.

      The doctor do different blood tests to really be sure
      whether a patient is truly affected by liver damage.
      1) the liver enzymes, which show if there is possible
      liver cell damage.
      2) the liver function tests to see if the liver cells are
      able to do the necessary functions to keep the body
      well
      3) the liver viral tests to see if a virus has entered the
      body and is using the liver cells to replicate itself.

      With Hepatitis B and C, which is a viral infection, it
      sometimes takes up to 3 or 4 months before it will
      show up on the blood tests.

      To be sure she is doing fine, I recommend that in
      a few months, she has more blood testing done
      just to be sure.

      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune
      system of the body will respond to this damage and
      cause inflammation inside the liver. This will cause
      the liver to enlarge in size. (this can be seen on
      an ultrasound or ct scan).

      Considering her levels were normal this time...she
      may not have any problem.

  8. QUESTION:
    SHould we make alcohol illegal?
    With all of the problems that alcohol causes, isn't it time that we make it illegal again? How can we let this stay legal? Why should our society put up with a bunch of drunks? Look at all the problems that alcohol causes.

    Liver disease Elevated liver enzyme levels Fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, cirrhosis

    Pancreatic disease Acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis
    Cardiovascular disease Hypertension Cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, stroke

    Gastrointestinal problems Gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, diarrhea, peptic ulcer disease Esophageal varices, Mallory-Weiss tears

    Neurologic disorders Headaches, blackouts, peripheral neuropathy Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, seizures, Wernicke's encephalopathy, dementia, cerebral atrophy, peripheral neuropathy, cognitive deficits, impaired motor functioning

    Reproductive system disorders Fetal alcohol effects, fetal alcohol syndrome Sexual dysfunction, amenorrhea, anovulation, early menopause, spontaneous abortion

    Cancers Neoplasm of the liver, neoplasm of the head and neck, neoplasm of the pancreas, neoplasm of the esophagus

    Psychiatric comorbidities Depression, anxiety Affective disorders, anxiety disorders, antisocial personality

    Legal problems Traffic violations, driving while intoxicated, public intoxication Motor vehicle accidents, violent offenses, fires

    Employment problems Tardiness, sick days, inability to concentrate, decreased competence Accidents, injury, job loss, chronic unemployment

    Family problems Family conflict, erratic child discipline, neglect of responsibilities, social isolation Divorce, spouse abuse, child abuse or neglect, loss of child custody

    Effects on children Overresponsibility, acting out, withdrawal, inability to concentrate, school problems, social isolation Learning disorders, behavior problems, emotional disturbance
    We need to step up the War on Drugs to include alcohol.

    It has NO positive benefits on our society.

    NONE.

    It should be illegal.

    • ANSWER:
      I totally agree!!

      Marijuana should be legal instead!!

  9. QUESTION:
    Elevated triglycerides looking for an expert's opinion?
    Hi, I was diagnosed with alcoholic hepatitis on April 15, 2010. My LFTs at that time were:
    Bio chemistry
    Bilirubin 0.5 (Normal range 0.2 - 1.0)

    Enzymes
    SGOT AST 57 (normal range <40)
    SGPT ALT 116 (normal range <41)
    Alk Phos 70 (normal range 36 - 141)
    GGT 118 (normal range <55)

    Protiens
    Total Protien 7.5 (normal range 6.6 - 8.8)
    Albumin 3.9 (normal range 3.5 - 5.0)
    Globulin 3.6 (normal range 2.3 - 3.5)
    A/G ratio 1.1 electophoresis

    My LFTs now (January 07, 2011)

    Total Bili 0.8 (normal 0.2 to 1)
    Direct Bili 0.1 (normal 0-0.2)
    Indirect Bili 0.7 (normal 0-0.8)

    Alk Phos 176.0 (normal 100-290)

    SGOT 16.0 (normal 10-42)

    ALT/SGPT 11 (normal 10-40)

    Total Serum Protein 7.1 (normal 6.4 - 8.6)

    Serum Albumin 4.2 (normal 3.5 - 5.3)

    Serum Globulin 2.9 (normal 2.2 - 4.0)

    Albumin Globulin Ratio 1:4

    I wanted to redo my tests (January 07, 2011) and ended up doing LFT, CBC, Lipid profile and random sugar. The test results were back and my LFTs, CBC and random sugar all came within normal limits. However, my lipid profile showed an abnormal triglyceride of 315 mg/dL, with optimal being less than 150 mg/dL and VLDL cholesterol of 63.0 mg/dL with normal being 5 - 40 mg/dL. All other lipid panel parameters are borderline values except for TGL and VLDL. I am aware that one of the reasons for high TGL is chronic liver disease. I have abstained from alcohol for the last 10-11 months. I am worried my liver is healing and leaving scar tissues (which could result in cirhossis). My physician has put me on a regimen of Atorlip-F (combination of Atorvastatin 10 mg and Fenofibrate BP 160 MG) twice a day, antioxidants (presumably for liver) and a cholesterol reducing supplement. I am to be on these for 1 month before repeating all tests.

    About 3 months back, I had repeated the same tests and had elevated TGL with normal LFTs. I was on an other regimen for these three months and now the meds are changed.

    1. I am concerned that my elevated TGL did not respong to 3 months of meds and could hint at my liver not coming back to normal.
    2. Developing cirhosis.

    What are the chances I might develop cirhosis at this stage. What are the tests I need to get done to confirm I dont have it.

    I would really appreciate any help. Thanks much.

    • ANSWER:
      High triglycerides can also lead to pancreatitis in excessive concentrations.
      Changes in lifestyle habits are the main therapy for hypertriglyceridemia. These are the changes you need to make:
      •If you're overweight, cut down on calories to reach your ideal body weight. This includes all sources of calories, from fats, proteins, carbohydrates and alcohol.
      •Reduce the saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol content of your diet.
      •Reduce your intake of alcohol considerably. Even small amounts of alcohol can lead to large changes in plasma triglyceride levels.
      •Be physically active for at least 30 minutes on most or all days each week.
      •People with high triglycerides may need to substitute monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats — such as those found in canola oil, olive oil or liquid margarine — for saturated fats. Substituting carbohydrates for fats may raise triglyceride levels and may decrease HDL ("good") cholesterol in some people.
      •Substitute fish high in omega-3 fatty acids instead of meats high in saturated fat like hamburger. Fatty fish like mackerel, lake trout, herring, sardines, albacore tuna and salmon are high in omega-3 fatty acids.

  10. QUESTION:
    I NEED HELP WITH ALCOHOL FACTZ PLZZ!!! I PICK BESST ANSWER?
    A chronic liver disease caused by excessive alcohol consumption is known as:

    Cardiac sympathy

    Cirrhosis

    Pancreatitis

    Parkinson’s

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Gender, emotion, mental status, and amount of time throughout consumption are a few factors that can change the effects each time alcohol is consumed by an individual.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    All 50 states enacted a BAC limit of .08 as the legal limit for drunk drivers over the age of 21.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The following does NOT have the same alcohol content as a 12 oz. beer:

    Depends on the type of beer

    5 oz. glass of wine

    1.5 oz. of 80 proof distilled spirits (shot)

    none of the above

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The best way to avoid a dangerous situation involving drunk driving is to:

    Avoid alcohol and drugs altogether because you don’t need them anyway.

    Do what your friends tell you to do.

    Drink just a little or limit your drug intake.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    All of the following are symptoms of alcoholism except for:

    craving

    physical dependence

    tolerance (you have to drink more and more to get “buzzed.”)

    self-control

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Alcohol in the stomach…

    is partially absorbed from the stomach.

    interferes with digestion of essential vitamins and minerals.

    can lead to gastritis and ulcers from long term use.

    All answers are correct.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Drinking alcohol can effect the heart, liver, stomach, and brain.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    If you are the driver of a vehicle, there is no safe level of alcohol consumption.

    True
    False

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Moderate to Excessive Binge Drinking can cause:

    health benefits for the heart, including reducing chance of heart attack

    Cardiac Arrhythmia (abnormal rhythms) and sudden cardiac death

    reduction in blood pressure and/or chance of stroke

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Mandatory license plate revocation is ineffective against drunk driving.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ___________ are more likely to become alcoholics.

    children

    adults

    woman

    children of alcoholic parents

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Which of the following is a problem a baby may have if the mother drinks alcohol while she is pregnant?

    motor skills problems

    hearing and vision problems

    premature birth

    may include problems with motor skills, hearing and vision

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    There are less alcohol-related fatalities for 18, 19, and 20 year olds than for the population over 21.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    According to research what would be the single most effective deterrent for drinking and driving?

    Automatic license revocation

    Inability to post bail if arrested

    Jail sentence

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This law imposes potential liability on the host of a party if alcohol is served to an obviously intoxicated person or a minor.

    adult liability

    social host

    MADD law

    minor party law

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Blood Alcohol Content (BAC), is a standard used to:

    Determine what type of alcohol had been consumed

    Determine how many total drinks have been consumed

    Determine between sobriety and intoxication

    Determine how long since your last alcoholic drink

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Examples of important functional skills that are not visible to others, but are affected by alcohol, are thinking skills like evaluating risk and processing information. This means that steering, braking, lane changing, and response time could be affected in a driver that has been dr

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis
      True
      True
      Depends on type of beer
      Avoid alcohol & drugs
      Self Control
      All are correct
      True
      False
      Cardiac Arrhythmia
      Reduction of blood pressure
      False
      Children of alcoholic parents
      May include problems with motor skills, hearing, vision
      False
      Jail sentence
      Adult liability
      Determine between sobriety & intoxication
      True

  11. QUESTION:
    HELP! ALCOHOLIC + HEPATITIS C?
    BEFORE YOU LOOK AT THE LENGTH AND QUICKLY EXIT OR SKIM THIS, PLEASE READ IT THOROUGHLY, I'M IN DESPERATE NEED OF YOUR HELP... PLEASE!

    My mom has Hep C & is by such unfortunate and sad circumstances, also an alcoholic. She's what they would call a "Functional Alcoholic," she works, eats pretty healthy, a lot of fruits and vegitables, as well as drinks a lot of water. In other words, outside of her chronic alcohol use, her addiction, she's pretty healthy- although she doesn't exercise, and as a result from the drinking and lack of exercise has put on some weight, but is still reasonably thin.

    Her drink of choice is Vodka. She claims, when drinking Vodka, this is when she gets carried away, but can control it when she drinks beer, for example. She mixes her drinks, and sips them slowly (mentioning this because i've read in some articles that this is a technique that alcoholics can use to try to control how much they drink)....but the fact still is: she drinks 7 days a week. Light consumption M-F, however enough to get a flush, or buzz, likely drunk by non-alcoholic standards. The weekends are another story. Friday-Sunday is an all-out binge. She's told me she's gone through an entire 1.75 JUG of vodka in one weekend... ALONE. Actually, she's said that she's done this many times, and it was a wake-up call and she stopped.

    When she began drinking, many years ago, she would drink to relieve her anxiety, as many with anxiety disorders do. She was in treatment by age 16, got help, but started drinking again a few years later. She contracted Hepititis C when she was 24, she's now 51, and has been an alcoholic the entire period she's had Hep C. ALTHOUGH her alcoholism has gradually worsened throughout the years. Quite significantly. It wasn't until about the past 5 years that the drinking became a daily ritual. It used to be, my whole life - adolescence, which ended about 6 years ago, she would only drink on teh weekends, and it wasn't a weekend binge, it was limited to just the evening.

    *IF I'M BORING YOU*

    I'm giving details because i want to know what hope i can instill in her quitting drinking, given the specific circumstances i'm telling you, so please keep reading. Help someone who really wants help...me.

    She won't listen, and i have a strong feeling it's due to hopelessness. She feels her liver isn't perfect anyhow, along with her depression, trauma never recovered from (from childhood) she tried therapists throughout her life, and said the therapists never listened, or told her it was time to go in the middle of self-disclosure *basically she didnt find them helpful or she didn't think they truly cared or both*. She is on an SSRI (anti-depressant) currently and thinks it's working, but i keep telling her it WILL NOT work when you drink daily. The pill will cancel itself out. For all i know, the medication with the alcohol daily may be keeping her at an even keel.

    LASTLY, it's important to add the following:
    She has tried to quit recently, twice. She went a few weeks without alcohol and said she was so God awful EXHAUSTED she couldn't even hardly function. She said without the alcohol there is no longer anxiety present, and like i mentioned earlier, not facing the anxiety was what started the alcohol problems to begin, that, and the childhood trauma. But claims there is no more anxiety...Are theses signs of liver disease approaching or what's up with that?

    Based on what i'm telling you, what is some advice i can give to get her to cut down or stop drinking? I know the 12 steps, i know AA, i know rehab, i know out-paitient. She will not go to any, she sounded like she WOULD go to out-patient...but never did as her enforcers or reasons for going were not herself but the fact that she was hurting her kids and when we weren't there to push her into it, never went....
    The reasons for not going to Inpatient, AA, or the like is: she's afraid of losing her job. I tell her what good is a job if you're dead anyhow? She ignores this. In desperate need of wisdom from someone who KNOWS. Plz no garbage advice, this is a hard situation to deal with and i already know the problems assocaited with Hep C and Alc. so there's no use in reinforcing that idea. I've tried reinforcing spirituality in her life, God... and that's not helping.... I've tried amny things.

    More importantly, i've tried telling her i'm not judging her, and that i love her and all i want is for her to not give up on herself.

    Her current living situation is: ALONE. My stepfather recently passed from Alcoholism, just 5 months ago. This didn't wake her up either.

    Is she going to die from this disease? If she will enver stop drinking, how can i make my last years with her great & how can i let go the need to focus on her wellness?

    Thanks for reading and i apologize for the
    MAY I: Thank you for the feedback, I will absolutely pray as often as i can. This is great advice.

    CANDACE: She is seeing someone regarding the Hep C., she gets yearly liver biopsies, and recently told me her last one came back 2X worse. This is alarming, but not surprising given her situation. You noted that you're starting to feel this overwhelming urge to step-off. My advice: never give up. As long as you're alive, keep trying to help your loved one until you've exhausted all options, that way if all fails, you will have peace of mind knowing you gave it your all. I'd love to talk regarding this, it'd be great to get some words of wisdom from someone who knows what it's like. Being that i'm a young adult, i don't have many friends that can really empathize with my situation. Nor would i want to burden those who can't understand with things like this... bc the result isn't going to be positive for anyone.

    In this, let's talk positives. Realities and positiives are one in the same,

    • ANSWER:
      What a sensational story and awfully long description you have there. The first thing you need to do is talk to your mother about her addiction and the association with Hepatitis C. She need to understand the risk she is taking by consuming excessive amount of alcohol especially a vodka. She needs some type of counseling both mentally and physically. Let me tell you a little about hepatitis C and what complications associated with alcohol. Hepatitis C is a viral infection of the liver that has no cure whats so ever at the moment but there are treatment such as Interferon that lowers the replication of the RNA make ups of the virus and reduce the damage to the hepatocytes(liver Cells). The liver is an important organ in your body and it is an important organ that regulates your overall health. As much as she care about her exterior self being healthy, she also need to do the same to the internal organs as well. If your mother continues to live this type of life style, then she will end up developing Hepatocellular Carcinoma of the liver, Cirrhosis or both. Hepatocellular Carcinoma is a malignant cancer of the liver that is one of the most dangerous cancers known to be. Cirrhosis is the scaring of the liver that means, damage tissue that can't be replaced leading to chronic liver failure. Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Cirrhosis are a irreversible chronic liver disease which can lead to death in short period of time. So she need to understand the risk she is taking. it is like having a parent who always drinks heavily and drives. Eating healthy is not enough, so she need to seek mental treatment soon before she develops liver cancer and cirrhosis. I understand what you are going through to help out your mother but if she can't listen to you or somebody else's advise then she need to seek psychiatric help soon.

  12. QUESTION:
    How dangerous is my alcohol use?
    I'm a college student and i already recognize myself as a chronic alcoholic. I drink every day and i drink gratuitous amounts everyday. i'm a male only 145 pounds 5"9' and i'm starting to get the idea in my head that i might already be in the first stages of liver disease. When i drink daily im not the type that just has a a few beers, a 1.75 liter of karkov will usually last me 3-4 days. I black out everyday but i never get hangovers, i usually wake up drunk. ive been drinking like this for past 2 months and ive had about 3 sober days. For me, drinking has become a completely different thing then before. I need to drink. i've realized what ive done to myself so i'm soon seeking treatment. well, after today of course, its halloween! but anyway,
    ive started to notice some symptoms that are described as symptoms of early stages of cirhossis or alchohol withdrawl. I've had dark urine frequently more lately, its impossible for me to fall asleep without being drunk, i litterally drip sweat while im not active. The one symptom i am very concerned about tho are my tremors, I have very shaky hands, people point it out all the time. when i'm drunk it usually goes away a little but there are times it is pretty bad, for example, i have a night class and when i have to sit in the classroom not drunk as i'm used to, i'll be writing notes and i cant even read them later because i twitch so bad.
    all in all tho, what i'm wondering is if its possible to develop cirhossis in only 2 months while drinking very heavily, or if you need to be a chronic alcoholic for years before thats possible. i am also concered about the consequenses of stopping abruptly, is it possible i could have a seizure if i quit?

    • ANSWER:
      Look, if you want to stop drinking then keep reading, if not go back to the bottle. You are going to need to go to a detox center in order to start getting better. Yes, you're going to have the DT's, and the shakes, and feel like sh**, and puke, but the other alternative is to die. Take your pick. I can't tell you that you're a chronic alcoholic, but you sound like one to me. I can tell you that you need to seek medical attention immediately, and then check yourself into a 90 day detox/rehab center if you hope to get better. I know you have school, work all that stuff, but if you cant quit drinking you won't be there anyhow. There is your solution, if you want it. I didn't say it would be easy or pretty. Good luck!!!!!!!

  13. QUESTION:
    What do you think is the worst human invention?
    My answer would be alcoholic drink.Here are the reasons why.The maximum number of deaths in the
    world related to any one particular cause is due to
    the consumption of alcohol. Millions of people die
    every year only because of intake of alcohol. I
    need not go into the details of all the ill-effects of
    alcohol since most of them are commonly
    known. Below is a simple list of few of the alcohol
    related illnesses:
    a. Cirrhosis of Liver is the most well known alcohol
    associated disease.
    b. Others are Cancer of Oesophagus, Cancer of
    Head and Neck, Cancer of Liver (Hepatoma),
    Cancer of Bowel, etc.
    c. Oesophagitis, Gastritis, Pancreatitis and Hepatitis
    are linked with alcohol consumption.
    d. Cardiomyopathy, Hypertension, Coronary
    Artherosclerosis, Angina and Heart Attacks are
    linked with heavy alcohol intakes.
    e. Strokes, Apoplexy, Fits and different types of
    Paralysis are linked with alcohol intake.
    f. Peripheral Neuropathy, Cortical Atrophy,
    Cerebellar Atrophy are well-known syndromes
    caused by alcohol consumption.
    g. Wernicke – Korsakoff syndrome with amnesia of
    recent events, confabulations and retainment of
    memory to old events with different types of
    paralysis are mainly due to thiamine deficiency
    due to excessive alcohol intake.
    h. Beriberi and other deficiencies are not uncommon
    among alcoholics. Even Pellagra occurs in
    alcoholics.
    i. Delerium Tremens is a serious complication that
    may occur during recurrent infection of alcoholics
    or post operatively. It also occurs during
    abstention as a sign of withdrawal effect. It is
    quite serious and may cause death even if treated
    in well equipped centres.
    j. Numerous Endocrine Disorders have been
    associated with alcoholism ranging from
    Myxodema to Hyperthyroidism and Florid
    Cushing Syndrome.
    k. Hematological ill effects are long and variable.
    Folic acid deficiency, however, is the most
    common manifestation of alcoholic abuse
    resulting in Macrocytic Anemia. Zeive’s syndrome
    is a triad of Hemolytic Anemia, Jaundice and
    Hyperlipaedemia that follows alcoholic binges.
    l. Thrombocytopenia and other platelet
    abnormalities are not rare in alcoholics.
    m. The commonly used tablet metronidazole (flagyl)
    interacts badly with alcohol.
    n. Recurrent infection is very common among
    chronic alcoholics. The resistance to disease and
    the immunological defense system are
    compromised by alcohol intake.
    o. Chest infections are notorious in alcoholics.
    Pneumonia, Lung Abcess, Emphysema and
    Pulmonary Tuberculosis are all common in
    alcoholics.
    p. During acute alcoholic intoxication, the drunk
    person usually vomits, the cough reflexes which
    are protective are paralysed. The vomitus thus
    easily pass to the lung causing Pneumonia or
    Lung Abscess. Occasionally it may even cause
    suffocation and death.
    q. The ill effects of alcohol consumption on women
    deserves special mention. Females are more
    vulnerable to alcohol-related Cirrhosis than men.
    During pregnancy alcohol consumption has a
    severe detrimental effect on the foetus. Foetal
    Alcohol Syndrome is being recognised more and
    more in the medical profession.
    r. Skin diseases are also related to alcohol
    indulgence.
    s. Eczema, Alopecia, Nail Dystrophy, Paronychia
    (infection around the nails) and Angular Stomatitis
    (inflammation of the angle of the mouth) are
    common diseases among alcoholics.

    • ANSWER:
      You are quite long winded.
      You seem to have a problem with drink. Don't blame the drink. Blame the person that couldn't control themselves with it. It is never the thing but the abuse of the thing.

      Answer to your question for me is Nukes, Cloning, & biological manipulation making super bugs etc.
      Those if unleashed would cause much more havoc than drink.

      Jesus drank. He change water into wine. Remember that.

  14. QUESTION:
    Did the George Best drama/docu make anyone think?
    The programme focused mainly on his mum,a one time chronic Alcoholic,and her early death of alcohol related heart disease
    .George Best had everything and was a gifted footballer yet could never stop booze even after a liver transplant,how do you feel about booze in society?

    • ANSWER:
      A very moving documentary. Alcoholism is like any drug addiction - very hard to beat. Some are strong enough and some are simply not. One could blame the alcoholism on George's sudden fame and the effect that this had on his mother - particularly at a time when there was no PR, management, agents etc to help the family come to terms with their sudden fame. On the other hand, they may have ended up being alcoholics anyway - who knows. There has been medical studies showing that alcoholic addiction can be hereditary.

      There will be many more alcoholics now thanks to the cheap availability of alcohol - particularly to young people. When I was a teenager (I am 43), you could only buy alcohol in an off licence and then you would have to get past the shop keepers and ID checks - off licences would close at 10pm (there is no way your parents would let you out at that time of night). Now of course, kids can get very cheap alcohol almost anywhere and anytime - not good.

  15. QUESTION:
    health questions?
    fat soluble vitamins - dont build up in the body, are absorbed by fat, a lot are needed by the body, or pass easily through the blood stream

    tiny air sacs in lungs destroyed and breathing becomes harder by a disease known as - lung cancer, chronic bronchitis, emphysema

    carbon monoxide is present in blood and boday tissues and cells are deprived of - hemoglobin, carcinogens, iron, oxygen

    nicotin causes addiction and - acts as a stimulant, is a carcinogen, competes with oxygen , or destroys cilia

    a symptom of alcohol poison is - irregular heart beat, or increased respiration

    liver tissues replaced with useless scar tissue is - fatty liver, alcoholic hepititis, cirrhosis, or fetal alcoholic syndrome

    tar contained in tobacco smoke is harmful to the lungs because -
    it clogs blodd vessels, paralyzies cilia, its a stimulant, or its addictive

    a disease caused by a virus is - tuberculosis , malaria, or influenza ringworm...

    plz help..... :)

    • ANSWER:
      - are absorbed by fat
      -emphysema
      -oxygen
      -acts as a stimulant
      -increased respiration
      --cirrhosis
      -paralyzies cilia
      -influenza

  16. QUESTION:
    Please Help! Aching, Heavy, Pitting Edema legs - causes?
    Ok, I've finally given up in my search for answers. I'm hoping someone out there can give me some ideas of what could be wrong. I have had pitting edema in my legs for about 3 months now. I've been to the doctor numerous times and have ruled out my kidneys and heart...which is good....but, it's driving me crazy as to what this could be.

    Here's some history: I have a whole host of existing medical conditions, which are probably not related...but, I'll list them just in case. I have:Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue, Osteoarthritis, Depression / Bipolar, GERD, Barrett’s Disease, Hiatal Hernia, IBS, Urinary Incontinence, Seborrheic Keratoses. These are confirmed diagnosis. I take the following medications: Lamictal, Paxil, Elavil, Diclofenac, Flexeril, Lortab, Omeprazole, Protonix, Detrol, Ultram, and Oxycodone (when needed). I am a 40 year old female that is 50 pounds overweight.

    Like I said, the heart and kidneys have been ruled out. I've been careful about reading labels to ensure my sodium intake is around 1500-2000 mg per day. That has not made a difference. I've stopped taking the Dyclofenac for a couple of weeks since that has been known to cause edema. That didn't make a difference either. I also stopped taking my Detrol for a couple of weeks as I was allergic to Ditropan and thought maybe I've suddenly developed an allergy to the Detrol as well. This also has not made a difference. I was on Lasix for a few days, but it didn't make any difference in the edema.

    I had testing about 1 1/2 years ago that showed I had an enlarged liver and cyrosis (non-alcoholic). At that time a Liver function test was done and it came back normal. I asked my doctor if that test had been run again with the other testing since the onset of the edema. She said since it was done before, it doesn't need to be done again.

    She's an awesome doctor! I've been seeing her for years and she has been wonderful with all of my medical conditions. So, I trust her. However, when I asked last week what else we can do or what other testing can be done, she said that sometimes these things just happen, especially to women over 35 and that the heart was her main concern with this. She recommended that I get some compression stockings. So, I have ordered some, but they haven't come in yet.

    My real concern is that perhaps we're missing something that could be very important. I don't think it's natural that someone should have to wear compression stockings for the rest of their lives. And I'm in an extreme amount of pain with this. I have a career which requires me to be on my feet for a couple of hours at a time. I try to sit when possible, but even when I'm not on my feet much (like on a day off), the edema is still there. My legs feel so heavy and constantly ache. The pitting is so severe at times that an indentation has taken a couple of hours to return to normal. This happens mostly on the days that I work.

    I'd really like some input with ideas of what I could be missing. I've been doing research for 3 months now and am very frustrated. Any input/ideas would be greatly appreciated.

    Yes, I know I need to lose the 50 pounds...that goes without saying. I had never been overweight until 5 years ago when I was diagnosed with all these medical conditions and started on all the medications. So, if there are any other comments not related to my weight, they would be greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Um okay, first of all, I'm confused. The liver tests came back and indicated that your liver is enlarged and cirrhotic?? If that is the case, and the doctor doesn't believe she needs to repeat the test and follow-up you definitely need to see another doctor! Liver could definitely be the cause of these problems!! You should have your ALT, AST, alkaline phosphatase, albumin, bilirubin, anti-mitochondrial antibodies, anti-smooth muscle antibodies all measured. Go to a doctor and ask for all of these tests. That will rule out something to do with the liver. Again if you were diagnosed with cirrhosis, this needs to be follow up. If not, you still need to look into the liver as that can certainly cause your symptoms.


Chronic Liver Disease

Glutathione is the body's master antioxidant and protects the body from various diseases. It performs multiple functions to prevent the body from developing diseases and also helps to detoxify chemicals and drugs.

On the other hand, its reducing level increases the risks of toxicity and diseases. GSH along with the other cellular antioxidants, work synergistically to neutralize and scavenge oxygen and other free radical species. Thereby it prevents or diminishes "oxidative stress".

Progression of liver diseases is contributed by deficiency of GSH and increase of free radical species. Therefore, glutathione has an important role to play in the cases of alcoholic liver disease, viral hepatitis, and particularly hepatitis C.

Various studies were conducted related to the role of antioxidants, particularly L-glutathione, in chronic liver diseases. There were reports on the levels of glutathione present in liver, blood and lymphocyte of patients with chronic hepatitis C. Few of these patients were infected by HIV too.

The liver is the major source of GSH levels in blood. It was found that GSH content in patients with hepatitis C was significantly reduced. This was interconnected with the severity of their liver disease and the ability of the hepatitis C virus to multiply. The GSH levels were found to be further more lowly in the cases of those who were HIV positive, compared to those with only hepatitis C. Patients addicted to drugs were the one's to have the lowest GSH levels.
Studies suggested that increased levels of glutathione helps to improve the response to interferon treatment in the cases with hepatitis. It was confirmed that oxidative stress occurred in patients with chronic hepatitis and the studies also showed that the levels of free radicals was correlated with the activity of the hepatitis.

In another study conducted in Italy, improved glutathione levels with high intravenous doses in patients with fatty livers, secondary to alcoholic hepatitis or viral hepatitis (B or C), were marked to show improvement in liver tests, which lasted for several months, after the GSH treatment.

It was found that there was a presence of free radicals due to oxidation of lipids in patients with alcoholic liver disease. Therefore it was concluded that oxidant stress contributes to the deterioration of the liver disease.

Studies made it clear that:

* Oxygen and other toxic free radicals, resulting from oxidative stress, occurred in chronic liver disease, which contribute to liver damage in various common types of chronic hepatitis.
* Levels of antioxidants in blood and liver, mostly those of L-glutathione, are found to be lower in these patients compared to others.
* Thirdly, higher levels of L-glutathione have shown to improve liver cell damage as reflected by standard liver tests. In chronic hepatitis C, increase of glutathione not only impairs Virus C replication but also renders interferon anti-viral therapy to be more effective.

The studies suggested that the futures of therapy of chronic hepatitis C are likely to include measures to decrease oxidative stress and injury, and the use of multi drug combinations, including inhibitors of hepatitis C virus.

MaxGXL has been proven to raise glutathione levels by approximately 250-400% in humans as proven by tests in lymphocytes. MaxGXL provides the proper nutrients needed to promote the body's own ability to manufacture and absorb glutathione.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Applying for disability for a chronic liver disease?
    Is it possible for me to recieve disability for a chronic liver disease, biliary atresia? It makes my spleen not function as well as it should so I consistently get sick and weak feeling. On top of this, I am physically restrained because I cannot ger overly tired or damage my spleen due to falling, leaning, or pushing against it. Would this make me a candidate?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a link that may be of help to you.
      According to this: if you have been diagnosed
      with end stage liver disease and have
      biliary atresia....you would be covered under
      disability for 1 year and then be evaluated
      again.
      http://www.ssa.gov/disability/professionals/bluebook/105.00-Digestive-Childhood.htm

      However, when a patient has multiple medical
      conditions, they will take "all "of them into
      account...so it is best to be sure that all are
      listed. If the doctor has placed you under
      any restriction for what you can or cannot do...
      ask if he would write them down. Keep the
      original, but give them a copy of it when you
      send in your application. Having a doctor
      state that you cannot work and placing that
      in writing is a great plus to helping you get
      disability benefits.

      Hope this helps you. To go to the link provided,
      just click on it.

  2. QUESTION:
    how chronic liver disease, esophageal varices and hematemesis are interconnected?
    pathophysiology of how chronic liver disease is connected to hematemesis?

    • ANSWER:
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  3. QUESTION:
    What would be raised on liver function test in chronic liver disease?
    I have unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia serum total is 94umol/L. Everything else is normal?

    • ANSWER:
      The liver cells make enzymes. If the liver cells become damaged,
      then these enzymes would leak out and go higher in the blood.
      These would be the ALT, AST, GGT, and Alkaline phosphatase.

      The liver functions tests are the Albumin, PT, PTT, INR, and the
      Bilirubin.

      Albumin is a protein that the liver cells makes, which holds fluid
      inside our vessels and also transport bilirubin, that is in the blood,
      to the liver. It tends to go lower in the blood as the liver disease
      progresses, since the liver cells are not able to make it efficiently.

      INR, PT, PTT are to check the time that the blood does clot.
      Because the liver cells are damaged, they cannot make the
      clotting factors to help the blood to clock...therefore it would
      take the blood longer to clot in these patients.

      Bilirubin is a substance made from our dead red blood cells.
      This can be done in the spleen or the liver. Bilirubin is
      a pigment (greenish/yellowish) substance that colors other
      things. Unconjugated bilirubin means that it is in the blood
      and the albumin will pick it up to transport to the liver.
      When it reaches the liver, the liver takes it and converts
      it to a soluble form (conjugated) to become part of the
      bile. Bilirubin has to reach a certain level in the blood before
      Jaundice appears (the yellowing of the whites of the eyes and
      skin and the darkening of the urine).

      Because you stated that all other labs were normal....if this is hyperbilirubinemia...
      could be Gilberts syndrome. However, no one blood testing is 100 % accurate.
      The doctor may do more blood tests to see if this returns to the normal range
      before proceeding with further testing. Each lab has it own reference range
      of what they consider to be the normal range of a healthy person.
      I have read that for a first day test, that anything below 99 is considered
      to be normal. You would have to check your lab sheet to see if this is
      considered to be abnormal for you.

      I hope this information has been of some help. Best wishes

  4. QUESTION:
    The most probable causes for chronic liver disease?

    is the most likely alcohol?

    thank you for al the wonderful answers btw!

    • ANSWER:
      Loading your body with more toxins than the liver can get rid of be it alchohol, unhealthy food, drugs or whatever.

  5. QUESTION:
    What exactly is chronic liver disease?
    Is chronic liver disease a name for just one disease--chronic liver cirrhosis? or is it a general name for an array of diseases concerning the liver (Hepatitis C, cirrhosis, chronic liver failure...).

    • ANSWER:
      A chronic disease is one that is long term or recurrent. Hepatitis C can take over 20 years before liver failure starts to appear. Cirrhosis is when there is permanent scarring of the liver that does not go away. The only cure is a liver transplant. It takes many, many years to develop to cirrhosis. Chronic is a term that can be used in all types of diseases and conditions.

  6. QUESTION:
    Could taking 4000 mg of tylenol for 1 week cause chronic liver disease?
    And if so, how long would it take for the liver to get so damaged to need a transplant?

    (It's for a school paper, thanks)

    • ANSWER:
      possibly yes, tylenol is extremely toxic when broken down by the liver

  7. QUESTION:
    What is the safest antibiotic in Chronic liver disease?for gram positive and gram negative organisms?

    • ANSWER:
      It is in interesting question and is tough to answer without knowing specifically what disease I am looking to treat. But I am going to assume you come into my ER, looking septic, and I am just gonna give you broad spectrum antibiotics until I can culture you and de-escalate from there. I learn along the way you have chronic liver disease. I feel that the use of cefepime and vancomycin would still be warranted because both are renally excreted. Cefepime is cleared primarily by urinary excretion (85%). Vancomycin is cleared primarily by urinary excretion (75%). This may be different in your area, but around here we get a fair amount of community acquired MRSA infections.
      A very generic answer that can change due to many other factors, especially.
      Also, you could add metronidazole for anaerobe coverage. Metronidazole — Excretion: Renal (60-80%)

  8. QUESTION:
    liver echotexture may indicate fatty infiltration or chronic liver disease?
    what does it mean when the diagnose is heterogeneous liver echotexture may indicate fatty infiltratio or chronic liver diseas. No discrete liver lesion seen

    • ANSWER:
      I am going to be honest it is very hard to tell you what this means without the context of what they were looking for. This sounds like an ultrasound reading? The reading does not sound bad to me, you have no lesions (cancer) but could have some changes going on. I am not sure what they were looking for so I cannot help you with this result and what it means to you. Your best bet is to talk to the doctor who ordered this test, ask him/her what he/she was looking for and if anything was found that would require further testing. If you do not know the doctor, take the result to your primary care doctor and talk to them.

  9. QUESTION:
    what is Decompensated Chronic Liver Disease?
    what are the criteria for Decompensated Chronic Liver Disease

    • ANSWER:
      Decompensated liver disease means that the medications and treatments used to treat the cirrhosis is no longer working very well and the liver is near total failure. When symptoms can no longer be controlled with drugs, then that means it is decompensated. It is the very last stage of cirrhosis. Chronic means it is an ongoing problem that does not go away.

  10. QUESTION:
    Is it true that people with chronic liver disease hurt all the time,and if so why?

    • ANSWER:
      What is cirrhosis?

      Cirrhosis is a complication of many liver diseases that is characterized by abnormal structure and function of the liver. The diseases that lead to cirrhosis do so because they injure and kill liver cells, and the inflammation and repair that is associated with the dying liver cells causes scar tissue to form. The liver cells that do not die multiply in an attempt to replace the cells that have died. This results in clusters of newly-formed liver cells (regenerative nodules) within the scar tissue. There are many causes of cirrhosis; they include chemicals (such as alcohol, fat, and certain medications), viruses, toxic metals (such as iron and copper that accumulate in the liver as a result of genetic diseases), and autoimmune liver disease in which the body’s immune system attacks the liver.

      Why does cirrhosis cause problems?

      The liver is an important organ in the body. It performs many critical functions, two of which are producing substances required by the body, for example, clotting proteins that are necessary in order for blood to clot, and removing toxic substances that can be harmful to the body, for example, drugs. The liver also has an important role in regulating the supply to the body of glucose (sugar) and lipids (fat) that the body uses as fuel. In order to perform these critical functions, the liver cells must be working normally, and they must have an intimate relationship with the blood since the substances that are added or removed by the liver are transported to and from the liver by the blood.

      The relationship of the liver to the blood is unique. Unlike most organs in the body, only a small amount of blood is supplied to the liver by arteries. Most of the liver’s supply of blood comes from the intestinal veins as the blood returns to the heart. The main vein that returns blood from the intestines is called the portal vein. As the portal vein passes through the liver, it breaks up into increasingly smaller and smaller veins. The tiniest veins (called sinusoids because of their unique structure) are in close contact with the liver cells. In fact, the liver cells line up along the length of the sinusoids. This close relationship between the liver cells and blood from the portal vein allows the liver cells to remove and add substances to the blood. Once the blood has passed through the sinusoids, it is collected in increasingly larger and larger veins that ultimately form a single vein, the hepatic vein that returns the blood to the heart.

      In cirrhosis, the relationship between blood and liver cells is destroyed. Even though the liver cells that survive or are newly-formed may be able to produce and remove substances from the blood, they do not have the normal, intimate relationship with the blood, and this interferes with the liver cells’ ability to add or remove substances from the blood. In addition, the scarring within the cirrhotic liver obstructs the flow of blood through the liver and to the liver cells. As a result of the obstruction to the flow of blood through the liver, blood “backs-up” in the portal vein, and the pressure in the portal vein increases, a condition called portal hypertension. Because of the obstruction to flow and high pressures in the portal vein, blood in the portal vein seeks other veins in which to return to the heart, veins with lower pressures that bypass the liver. Unfortunately, the liver is unable to add or remove substances from blood that bypasses it. It is a combination of reduced numbers of liver cells, loss of the normal contact between blood passing through the liver and the liver cells, and blood bypassing the liver that leads to many of the manifestations of cirrhosis.

      A second reason for the problems caused by cirrhosis is the disturbed relationship between the liver cells and the channels through which bile flows. Bile is a fluid produced by liver cells that has two important functions: to aid in digestion and to remove and eliminate toxic substances from the body. The bile that is produced by liver cells is secreted into very tiny channels that run between the liver cells that line the sinusoids, called canaliculi. The canaliculi empty into small ducts which then join together to form larger and larger ducts. Ultimately, all of the ducts combine into one duct that enters the small intestine. In this way, bile gets to the intestine where it can help with the digestion of food. At the same time, toxic substances contained in the bile enter the intestine and then are eliminated in the stool. In cirrhosis, the canaliculi are abnormal and the relationship between liver cells and canaliculi is destroyed, just like the relationship between the liver cells and blood in the sinusoids. As a result, the liver is not able to eliminate toxic substances normally, and they can accumulate in the body. To a minor extent, digestion in the intestine also is reduced.

      What are the symptoms and signs of cirrhosis?

      Patients with cirrhosis may have few or no symptoms and signs of liver disease. Some of the symptoms may be nonspecific, that is, they don’t suggest that the liver is their cause. Some of the more common symptoms and signs of cirrhosis include:

      Yellowing of the skin (jaundice) due to the accumulation of bilirubin in the blood
      Fatigue
      Weakness
      Loss of appetite
      Itching
      Easy bruising from decreased production of blood clotting factors by the diseased liver.
      Patients with cirrhosis also develop symptoms and signs from the complications of cirrhosis that are discussed next.

      What are the complications of cirrhosis?

      Edema and ascites

      As cirrhosis of the liver becomes severe, signals are sent to the kidneys to retain salt and water in the body. The excess salt and water first accumulates in the tissue beneath the skin of the ankles and legs because of the effect of gravity when standing or sitting. This accumulation of fluid is called edema or pitting edema. (Pitting edema refers to the fact that pressing a fingertip firmly against an ankle or leg with edema causes an indentation in the skin that persists for some time after release of the pressure. Actually, any type of pressure, such as from the elastic band of a sock, may be enough to cause pitting.) The swelling often is worse at the end of a day after standing or sitting and may lessen overnight as a result of the loss of the effects of gravity when lying down. As cirrhosis worsens and more salt and water are retained, fluid also may accumulate in the abdominal cavity between the abdominal wall and the abdominal organs. This accumulation of fluid (called ascites) causes swelling of the abdomen, abdominal discomfort, and increased weight.

      Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP)

      Fluid in the abdominal cavity (ascites) is the perfect place for bacteria to grow. Normally, the abdominal cavity contains a very small amount of fluid that is able to resist infection well, and bacteria that enter the abdomen (usually from the intestine) are killed or find their way into the portal vein and to the liver where they are killed. In cirrhosis, the fluid that collects in the abdomen is unable to resist infection normally. In addition, more bacteria find their way from the intestine into the ascites. Therefore, infection within the abdomen and the ascites, referred to as spontaneous bacterial peritonitis or SBP, is likely to occur. SBP is a life- threatening complication. Some patients with SBP have no symptoms, while others have fever, chills, abdominal pain and tenderness, diarrhea, and worsening ascites.

      Bleeding from esophageal varices

      In the cirrhotic liver, the scar tissue blocks the flow of blood returning to the heart from the intestines and raises the pressure in the portal vein (portal hypertension). When pressure in the portal vein becomes high enough, it causes blood to flow around the liver through veins with lower pressure to reach the heart. The most common veins through which blood bypasses the liver are the veins lining the lower part of the esophagus and the upper part of the stomach.

      As a result of the increased flow of blood and the resulting increase in pressure, the veins in the lower esophagus and upper stomach expand and then are referred to as esophageal and gastric varices; the higher the portal pressure, the larger the varices and the more likely a patient is to bleed from the varices into the esophagus or stomach.

      Bleeding from varices usually is severe and, without immediate treatment, can be fatal. Symptoms of bleeding from varices include vomiting blood (the vomitus can be red blood mixed with clots or "coffee grounds" in appearance, the latter due to the effect of acid on the blood), passing stool that is black and tarry due to changes in the blood as it passes through the intestine (melena), and orthostatic dizziness or fainting (caused by a drop in blood pressure especially when standing up from a lying position).

      Bleeding also may occur from varices that form elsewhere in the intestines, for example, the colon, but this is rare. For reasons yet unknown, patients hospitalized because of actively bleeding esophageal varices have a high risk of developing spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.

      Hepatic encephalopathy

      Some of the protein in food that escapes digestion and absorption is used by bacteria that are normally present in the intestine. While using the protein for their own purposes, the bacteria make substances that they release into the intestine. These substances then can be absorbed into the body. Some of these substances, for example, ammonia, can have toxic effects on the brain. Ordinarily, these toxic substances are carried from the intestine in the portal vein to the liver where they are removed from the blood and detoxified.

      As previously discussed, when cirrhosis is present, liver cells cannot function normally either because they are damaged or because they have lost their normal relationship with the blood. In addition, some of the blood in the portal vein bypasses the liver through other veins. The result of these abnormalities is that toxic substances cannot be removed by the liver cells, and, instead, the toxic substances accumulate in the blood.

      When the toxic substances accumulate sufficiently in the blood, the function of the brain is impaired, a condition called hepatic encephalopathy. Sleeping during the day rather than at night (reversal of the normal sleep pattern) is among the earliest symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy. Other symptoms include irritability, inability to concentrate or perform calculations, loss of memory, confusion, or depressed levels of consciousness. Ultimately, severe hepatic encephalopathy causes coma and death.

      The toxic substances also make the brains of patients with cirrhosis very sensitive to drugs that are normally filtered and detoxified by the liver. Doses of many drugs that normally are detoxified by the liver have to be reduced to avoid a toxic buildup in cirrhosis, particularly sedatives and drugs that are used to promote sleep. Alternatively, drugs may be used that do not need to be detoxified or eliminated from the body by the liver, for example, drugs that are eliminated by the kidneys.

      Hepatorenal syndrome

      Patients with worsening cirrhosis can develop the hepatorenal syndrome. This syndrome is a serious complication in which the function of the kidneys is reduced. It is a functional problem in the kidneys, that is, there is no physical damage to the kidneys. Instead, the reduced function is due to changes in the way the blood flows through the kidneys themselves. The hepatorenal syndrome is defined as progressive failure of the kidneys to clear substances from the blood and produce adequate amounts of urine even though some other important functions of the kidney, such as retention of salt, are maintained. If liver function improves or a healthy liver is transplanted into a patient with hepatorenal syndrome, the kidneys usually begin to work normally. This suggests that the reduced function of the kidneys is the result of the accumulation of toxic substances in the blood when the liver fails. There are two types of hepatorenal syndrome. One type occurs gradually over months. The other occurs rapidly over a week or two.

      Hepatopulmonary syndrome

      Rarely, some patients with advanced cirrhosis can develop the hepatopulmonary syndrome. These patients can experience difficulty breathing because certain hormones released in advanced cirrhosis cause the lungs to function abnormally. The basic problem in the lung is that not enough blood flows through the small blood vessels in the lungs that are in contact with the alveoli (air sacs) of the lungs. Blood flowing through the lungs is shunted around the alveoli and cannot pick up enough oxygen from the air in the alveoli. As a result the patient experiences shortness of breath, particularly with exertion.

      Hypersplenism

      The spleen normally acts as a filter to remove older red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets (small particles that are important for the clotting of blood.). The blood that drains from the spleen joins the blood in the portal vein from the intestines. As the pressure in the portal vein rises in cirrhosis, it increasingly blocks the flow of blood from the spleen. The blood “backs-up” and accumulates in the spleen, and the spleen swells in size, a condition referred to as splenomegaly. Sometimes, the spleen is so swollen that it causes abdominal pain.

      As the spleen enlarges, it filters out more and more of the blood cells and platelets until their numbers in the blood are reduced. Hypersplenism is the term used to describe this condition, and it is associated with a low red blood cell count (anemia), low white blood cell count (leucopenia), and/or a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia). The anemia can cause weakness, the leucopenia can lead to infections, and the thrombocytopenia can impair the clotting of blood and result in prolonged bleeding.

      Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma)

      Cirrhosis due to any cause increases the risk of primary liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). Primary refers to the fact that the tumor originates in the liver. A secondary liver cancer is one that originates elsewhere in the body and spreads (metastasizes) to the liver.

      The most common symptoms and signs of primary liver cancer are abdominal pain and swelling, an enlarged liver, weight loss, and fever. In addition, liver cancers can produce and release a number of substances, including ones that cause an increased in red blood cell count (erythrocytosis), low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), and high blood calcium (hypercalcemia). For more, please read the Liver Cancer article.

      What are the common causes of cirrhosis?

      Alcohol is a very common cause of cirrhosis, particularly in the Western world. The development of cirrhosis depends upon the amount and regularity of alcohol intake. Chronic, high levels of alcohol consumption injure liver cells. Thirty percent of individuals who drink daily at least eight to sixteen ounces of hard liquor or the equivalent for fifteen or more years will develop cirrhosis. Alcohol causes a range of liver diseases; from simple and uncomplicated fatty liver (steatosis), to the more serious fatty liver with inflammation (steatohepatitis or alcoholic hepatitis), to cirrhosis.
      Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to a wide spectrum of liver diseases that, like alcoholic liver disease, ranges from simple steatosis, to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), to cirrhosis. All stages of NAFLD have in common the accumulation of fat in liver cells. The term nonalcoholic is used because NAFLD occurs in individuals who do not consume excessive amounts of alcohol, yet, in many respects, the microscopic picture of NAFLD is similar to what can be seen in liver disease that is due to excessive alcohol. NAFLD is associated with a condition called insulin resistance, which, in turn, is associated with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus type 2. Obesity is the most important cause of insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes. NAFLD is the most common liver disease in the United States and is responsible for 24% of all liver disease. In fact, the number of livers that are transplanted for NAFLD-related cirrhosis is on the rise. Public health officials are worried that the current epidemic of obesity will dramatically increase the development of NAFLD and cirrhosis in the population. For more, please read the Fatty Liver article.
      Cryptogenic cirrhosis (cirrhosis due to unidentified causes) is a common reason for liver transplantation. It is termed cryptogenic cirrhosis because for many years doctors have been unable to explain why a proportion of patients developed cirrhosis. Doctors now believe that cryptogenic cirrhosis is due to NASH (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis) caused by long standing obesity, type 2 diabetes, and insulin resistance. The fat in the liver of patients with NASH is believed to disappear with the onset of cirrhosis, and this has made it difficult for doctors to make the connection between NASH and cryptogenic cirrhosis for a long time. One important clue that NASH leads to cryptogenic cirrhosis is the finding of a high occurrence of NASH in the new livers of patients undergoing liver transplant for cryptogenic cirrhosis. Finally, a study from France suggests that patients with NASH have a similar risk of developing cirrhosis as patients with long standing infection with hepatitis C virus. (See discussion that follows.) However, the progression to cirrhosis from NASH is thought to be slow and the diagnosis of cirrhosis typically is made in patients in their sixties.
      Chronic viral hepatitis is a condition where hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus infects the liver for years. Most patients with viral hepatitis will not develop chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis. For example, the majority of patients infected with hepatitis A recover completely within weeks, without developing chronic infection. In contrast, some patients infected with hepatitis B virus and most patients infected with hepatitis C virus develop chronic hepatitis, which, in turn, causes progressive liver damage and leads to cirrhosis, and, sometimes, liver cancers.
      Inherited (genetic) disorders result in the accumulation of toxic substances in the liver which lead to tissue damage and cirrhosis. Examples include the abnormal accumulation of iron (hemochromatosis) or copper (Wilson's disease). In hemochromatosis, patients inherit a tendency to absorb an excessive amount of iron from food. Over time, iron accumulation in different organs throughout the body causes cirrhosis, arthritis, heart muscle damage leading to heart failure, and testicular dysfunction causing loss of sexual drive. Treatment is aimed at preventing damage to organs by removing iron from the body through bloodletting (removing blood). In Wilson disease, there is an inherited abnormality in one of the proteins that controls copper in the body. Over time, copper accumulates in the liver, eyes, and brain. Cirrhosis, tremor, psychiatric disturbances and other neurological difficulties occur if the condition is not treated early. Treatment is with oral medication that increases the amount of copper that is eliminated from the body in the urine.
      Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a liver disease caused by an abnormality of the immune system that is found predominantly in women. The abnormal immunity in PBC causes chronic inflammation and destruction of the small bile ducts within the liver. The bile ducts are passages within the liver through which bile travels to the intestine. Bile is a fluid produced by the liver that contains substances required for digestion and absorption of fat in the intestine, as well as other compounds that are waste products, such as the pigment bilirubin. (Bilirubin is produced by the breakdown of hemoglobin from old red blood cells.). Along with the gallbladder, the bile ducts make up the biliary tract. In PBC, the destruction of the small bile ducts blocks the normal flow of bile into the intestine. As the inflammation continues to destroy more of the bile ducts, it also spreads to destroy nearby liver cells. As the destruction of the hepatocytes proceeds, scar tissue (fibrosis) forms and spreads throughout the areas of destruction. The combined effects of progressive inflammation, scarring, and the toxic effects of accumulating waste products culminates in cirrhosis. For more, please read the Primary Biliary Cirrhosis article.
      Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an uncommon disease found frequently in patients with ulcerative colitis (see Ulcerative Colitis article). In PSC, the large bile ducts outside of the liver become inflamed, narrowed, and obstructed. Obstruction to the flow of bile leads to infections of the bile ducts and jaundice and eventually causes cirrhosis. In some patients, injury to the bile ducts (usually as a result of surgery) also can cause obstruction and cirrhosis of the liver.
      Autoimmune hepatitis is a liver disease caused by an abnormality of the immune system that is found more commonly in women. The abnormal immune activity in autoimmune hepatitis causes progressive inflammation and destruction of liver cells (hepatocytes), leading ultimately to cirrhosis.
      Infants can be born without bile ducts (biliary atresia) and ultimately develop cirrhosis. Other infants are born lacking vital enzymes for controlling sugars that leads to the accumulation of sugars and cirrhosis. On rare occasions, the absence of a specific enzyme can cause cirrhosis and scarring of the lung (alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency).
      Less common causes of cirrhosis include unusual reactions to some drugs and prolonged exposure to toxins, as well as chronic heart failure (cardiac cirrhosis). In certain parts of the world (particularly Northern Africa), infection of the liver with a parasite (schistosomiasis) is the most common cause of liver disease and cirrhosis.

      How is cirrhosis diagnosed and evaluated?

      The single best test for diagnosing cirrhosis is biopsy of the liver. Liver biopsies, however, carry a small risk for serious complications, and, therefore, biopsy often is reserved for those patients in whom the diagnosis of the type of liver disease or the presence of cirrhosis is not clear. The possibility of cirrhosis may be suggested by the history, physical examination, or routine testing. If cirrhosis is present, other tests can be used to determine the severity of the cirrhosis and the presence of complications. Tests also may be used to diagnose the underlying disease that is causing the cirrhosis. The following are some examples of how doctors discover, diagnose and evaluate cirrhosis:

      In taking a patient’s history, the physician may uncover a history of excessive and prolonged intake of alcohol, a history of intravenous drug abuse, or a history of hepatitis. These pieces of information suggest the possibility of liver disease and cirrhosis.
      Patients who are known to have chronic viral hepatitis B or C have a higher probability of having cirrhosis.
      Some patients with cirrhosis have enlarged livers and/or spleens. A doctor can often feel (palpate) the lower edge of an enlarged liver below the right rib cage and feel the tip of the enlarged spleen below the left rib cage. A cirrhotic liver also feels firmer and more irregular than a normal liver.
      Some patients with cirrhosis, particularly alcoholic cirrhosis, have small red spider-like markings (telangiectasias) on the skin, particularly on the chest, that are made up of enlarged, radiating blood vessels. These spider telangiectasias also can be seen in individuals without liver disease, however.
      Jaundice (yellowness of the skin and of the whites of the eyes due to elevated bilirubin in the blood) is common among patients with cirrhosis, but jaundice can occur in patients with liver diseases without cirrhosis and other conditions such as hemolysis (excessive break down of red blood cells).
      Swelling of the abdomen (ascites) and/or the lower extremities (edema) due to retention of fluid is common among patients with cirrhosis though other diseases can cause them commonly, e.g., congestive heart failure.
      Patients with abnormal copper deposits in their eyes or certain types of neurologic disease may have Wilson’s disease, a genetic disease in which there is abnormal handling and accumulation of copper throughout the body, including the liver, that can lead to cirrhosis.
      Esophageal varices may be found unexpectedly during upper endoscopy (EGD), and they strongly suggesting cirrhosis.
      Computerized tomography (CT or CAT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and ultrasound examinations of the abdomen done for reasons other than evaluating the possibility of liver disease may unexpectedly detect enlarged livers, abnormally nodular livers, enlarged spleens, and fluid in the abdomen that suggest cirrhosis.
      Advanced cirrhosis leads to a reduced level of albumin in the blood and reduced blood clotting factors due to the loss of the liver’s ability to produce these proteins. Thus, reduced levels of albumin in the blood or abnormal bleeding suggest cirrhosis.
      Abnormal elevation of liver enzymes in the blood (such as ALT and AST) that are obtained routinely as part of yearly health examinations suggests inflammation or injury to the liver from many causes as well as cirrhosis.
      Patients with elevated levels of iron in their blood may have hemochromatosis, a genetic disease of the liver in which iron is handled abnormally and which leads to cirrhosis.
      Auto-antibodies (antinuclear antibody, anti-smooth muscle antibody and anti-mitochondrial antibody) sometimes are detected in the blood and may be a clue to the presence of autoimmune hepatitis or primary biliary cirrhosis, both of which can lead to cirrhosis.
      Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) may be detected by CT and MRI scans or ultrasound of the abdomen. Liver cancer most commonly develops in individuals with underlying cirrhosis.
      If there is an accumulation of fluid in the abdomen, a sample of the fluid can be removed using a long needle. The fluid then can be examined and tested. The results of testing may suggest the presence of cirrhosis as the cause of the fluid.

      How is cirrhosis treated?

      Treatment of cirrhosis includes 1) preventing further damage to the liver, 2) treating the complications of cirrhosis, 3) preventing liver cancer or detecting it early, and 4) liver transplantation.

      Preventing further damage to the liver

      Consume a balanced diet and one multivitamin daily. Patients with PBC with impaired absorption of fat soluble vitamins may need additional vitamins D and K.
      Avoid drugs (including alcohol) that cause liver damage. All patients with cirrhosis should avoid alcohol. Most patients with alcohol induced cirrhosis experience an improvement in liver function with abstinence from alcohol. Even patients with chronic hepatitis B and C can substantially reduce liver damage and slow the progression towards cirrhosis with abstinence from alcohol.
      Avoid nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, e.g., ibuprofen). Patients with cirrhosis can experience worsening of liver and kidney function with NSAIDs.
      Eradicate hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus by using anti-viral medications. Not all patients with cirrhosis due to chronic viral hepatitis are candidates for drug treatment. Some patients may experience serious deterioration in liver function and/or intolerable side effects during treatment. Thus, decisions to treat viral hepatitis have to be individualized, after consulting with doctors experienced in treating liver diseases (hepatologists).
      Remove blood from patients with hemochromatosis to reduce the levels of iron and prevent further damage to the liver. In Wilson’s disease, medications can be used to increase the excretion of copper in the urine to reduce the levels of copper in the body and prevent further damage to the liver.
      Suppress the immune system with drugs such as prednisone and azathioprine (Imuran) to decrease inflammation of the liver in autoimmune hepatitis.
      Treat patients with PBC with a bile acid preparation, ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), also called ursodiol (Actigall). Results of an analysis that combined the results from several clinical trials showed that UDCA increased survival among PBC patients during 4 years of therapy. The development of portal hypertension also was reduced by the UDCA. It is important to note that despite producing clear benefits, UDCA treatment primarily retards progression and does not cure PBC. Other medications such as colchicine and methotrexate also may have benefit in subsets of patients with PBC.
      Immunize patients with cirrhosis against infection with hepatitis A and B to prevent a serious deterioration in liver function. There are currently no vaccines available for immunizing against hepatitis C.
      Treating the complications of cirrhosis

      Edema and ascites. Retention of salt and water can lead to swelling of the ankles and legs (edema) or abdomen (ascites) in patients with cirrhosis. Doctors often advise patients with cirrhosis to restrict dietary salt (sodium) and fluid to decrease edema and ascites. The amount of salt in the diet usually is restricted to 2 grams per day and fluid to 1.2 liters per day. In most patients with cirrhosis, however, salt and fluid restriction is not enough, and diuretics have to be added.

      Diuretics are medications that work in the kidneys to promote the elimination of salt and water into the urine. A combination of the diuretics spironolactone (Aldactone) and furosemide can reduce or eliminate the edema and ascites in most patients. During treatment with diuretics, it is important to monitor the function of the kidneys by measuring blood levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine to determine if too much diuretic is being used. Too much diuretic can lead to kidney dysfunction that is reflected in elevations of the BUN and creatinine levels in the blood.

      Sometimes, when the diuretics do not work (in which case the ascites is said to be refractory), a long needle or catheter is used to draw out the ascitic fluid directly from the abdomen, a procedure called abdominal paracentesis. It is common to withdraw large amounts (liters) of fluid from the abdomen when the ascites is causing painful abdominal distension and/or difficulty breathing because it limits the movements of the diaphragms.

      Another treatment for refractory ascites is a procedure called transjugular intravenous portosystemic shunting (TIPS, see below).

      Bleeding from varices. If large varices develop in the esophagus or upper stomach, patients with cirrhosis are at risk for serious bleeding due to rupture of these varices. Once varices have bled, they tend to rebleed and the probability that a patient will die from each bleeding episode is high (30%-35%). Therefore, treatment is necessary to prevent the first (initial) bleeding episode as well as rebleeding. Treatments include medications and procedures to decrease the pressure in the portal vein and procedures to destroy the varices.

      Propranolol (Inderal), a beta blocker, is effective in lowering pressure in the portal vein and is used to prevent initial bleeding and rebleeding from varices in patients with cirrhosis. Another class of oral medications that lowers portal pressure is the nitrates, for example, isosorbide dinitrate ( Isordil). Nitrates often are added to propranolol if propranolol alone does not adequately lower portal pressure or prevent bleeding.
      Octreotide (Sandostatin) also decreases portal vein pressure and has been used to treat variceal bleeding.
      During upper endoscopy (EGD), either sclerotherapy or band ligation can be performed to obliterate varices and stop active bleeding and prevent rebleeding. Sclerotherapy involves infusing small doses of sclerosing solutions into the varices. The sclerosing solutions cause inflammation and then scarring of the varices, obliterating them in the process. Band ligation involves applying rubber bands around the varices to obliterate them. (Band ligation of the varices is analogous to rubber banding of hemorrhoids.) Complications of sclerotherapy include esophageal ulcers, bleeding from the esophageal ulcers, esophageal perforation, esophageal stricture (narrowing due to scarring that can cause dysphagia), mediastinitis (inflammation in the chest that can cause chest pain), pericarditis (inflammation around the heart that can cause chest pain), and peritonitis (infection in the abdominal cavity). Studies have shown that band ligation may be slightly more effective with fewer complications than sclerotherapy.
      Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a non-surgical procedure to decrease the pressure in the portal vein. TIPS is performed by a radiologist who inserts a stent (tube) through a neck vein, down the inferior vena cava and into the hepatic vein within the liver. The stent then is placed so that one end is in the high pressure portal vein and the other end is in the low pressure hepatic vein. This tube shunts blood around the liver and by so doing lowers the pressure in the portal vein and varices and prevents bleeding from the varices. TIPS is particularly useful in patients who fail to respond to beta blockers, variceal sclerotherapy, or banding. (TIPS also is useful in treating patients with ascites that do not respond to salt and fluid restriction and diuretics.) TIPS can be used in patients with cirrhosis to prevent variceal bleeding while the patients are waiting for liver transplantation. The most common side effect of TIPS is hepatic encephalopathy. Another major problem with TIPS is the development of narrowing and occlusion of the stent, causing recurrence of portal hypertension and variceal bleeding and ascites. The estimated frequency of stent occlusion ranges from 30%-50% in 12 months. Fortunately, there are methods to open occluded stents. Other complications of TIPS include bleeding due to inadvertent puncture of the liver capsule or a bile duct, infection, heart failure, and liver failure.
      A surgical operation to create a shunt (passage) from the high-pressure portal vein to veins with lower pressure can lower blood flow and pressure in the portal vein and prevent varices from bleeding. One such surgical procedure is called distal splenorenal shunt (DSRS). It is appropriate to consider such a surgical shunt for patients with portal hypertension who have early cirrhosis. (The risks of major shunt surgery in these patients is less than in patients with advanced cirrhosis.) During DSRS, the surgeon detaches the splenic vein from the portal vein, and attaches it to the renal vein. Blood then is shunted from the spleen around the liver, lowering the pressure in the portal vein and varices and preventing bleeding from the varices.
      Hepatic encephalopathy. Patients with an abnormal sleep cycle, impaired thinking, odd behavior, or other signs of hepatic encephalopathy usually should be treated with a low protein diet and oral lactulose. Dietary protein is restricted because it is a source of the toxic compounds that cause hepatic encephalopathy. Lactulose, which is a liquid, traps the toxic compounds in the colon. Consequently, they cannot be absorbed into the blood stream and cause encephalopathy. To be sure that adequate lactulose is present in the colon at all times, the patient should adjust the dose to produce 2-3 semiformed bowel movements a day. (Lactulose is a laxative, and the adequacy of treatment can be judged by loosening or increasing frequency of stools.) If symptoms of encephalopathy persist, oral antibiotics such as neomycin or metronidazole (Flagyl), can be added to the treatment regimen. Antibiotics work by blocking the production of the toxic compounds by the bacteria in the colon.

      Hypersplenism. The filtration of blood by an enlarged spleen usually results in only mild reductions of red blood cells (anemia), white blood cells (leukopenia) and platelets (thrombocytopenia) that do not require treatment. Severe anemia, however, may require blood transfusions or treatment with erythropoietin or epoetin alfa (Epogen, Procrit), hormones that stimulate the production of red blood cells. If the numbers of white blood cells are severely reduced, another hormone called granulocyte-colony stimulating factor is available to increase the numbers of white blood cells. An example of one such factor is filgrastim (Neupogen).

      No approved medication is available yet to increase the number of platelets. As a necessary precaution, patients with low platelets should not use aspirin or other nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) since these drugs can hinder the function of platelets. If a low number of platelets is associated with significant bleeding, transfusions of platelets usually should be given. Surgical removal of the spleen (called splenectomy) should be avoided, if possible, because of the risk of excessive bleeding during the operation and the risk of anesthesia in advanced liver disease.

      Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). Patients suspected of having spontaneous bacterial peritonitis usually will undergo paracentesis. Fluid that is removed is examined for white blood cells and cultured for bacteria. Culturing involves inoculating a sample of the ascites into a bottle of nutrient-rich fluid that encourages the growth of bacteria, thus facilitating the identification of even small numbers of bacteria. Blood and urine samples often are obtained as well for culturing because many patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis also will have infection in their blood and urine. In fact, many doctors believe that infection may have begun in the blood and the urine and spread to the ascitic fluid to cause spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Most patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis are hospitalized and treated with intravenous antibiotics such as ampicillin, gentamycin, and one of the newer generation cephalosporin. Patients usually treated with antibiotics include:

      Patients with blood, urine, and/or ascites fluid cultures that contain bacteria.
      Patients without bacteria in their blood, urine, and ascitic fluid but who have elevated numbers of white blood cells (neutrophils) in the asciticfluid (>250 neutrophils/cc). Elevated neutrophil numbers in ascitic fluid often means that there is bacterial infection. Doctors believe that the lack of bacteria with culturing in some patients with increased neutrophils is due either to a very small number of bacteria or ineffective culturing techniques.
      Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is a serious infection. It often occurs in patients with advanced cirrhosis whose immune systems are weak, but with modern antibiotics and early detection and treatment, the prognosis of recovering from an episode of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is good.

      In some patients oral antibiotics (such as Cipro or Septra) can be prescribed to prevent spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Not all patients with cirrhosis and ascites should be treated with antibiotics to prevent spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, but some patients are at high risk for developing spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and warrant preventive treatment:

      Patients with cirrhosis who are hospitalized for bleeding varices have a high risk of developing spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and should be started on antibiotics early during the hospitalization to prevent spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
      Patients with recurring episodes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
      Patients with low protein levels in the ascitic fluid (Ascitic fluid with low levels of protein is more likely to become infected.)
      Prevention and early detection of liver cancer

      Several types of liver disease that cause cirrhosis are associated with a particularly high incidence of liver cancer, for example, hepatitis B and C, and it would be useful to screen for liver cancer since early surgical treatment or transplantation of the liver can cure the patient of cancer. The difficulty is that the methods available for screening are only partially effective, identifying at best only 50% of patients at a curable stage of their cancer. Despite the partial effectiveness of screening, most patients with cirrhosis, particularly hepatitis B and C, are screened yearly or every six months with ultrasound examination of the liver and measurements of cancer-produced proteins in the blood, e.g. alpha fetoprotein.

      Liver transplantation

      Cirrhosis is irreversible. Many patients’ liver function will gradually worsen despite treatment and complications of cirrhosis will increase and become difficult to treat. Therefore, when cirrhosis is far advanced, liver transplantation often is the only option for treatment. Recent advances in surgical transplantation and medications to prevent infection and rejection of the transplanted liver have greatly improved survival after transplantation. On average, more than 80% of patients who receive transplants are alive after five years. Not everyone with cirrhosis is a candidate for transplantation. Furthermore, there is a shortage of livers to transplant, and there usually is a long (months to years) wait before a liver for transplanting becomes available. Therefore, measures to retard the progression of liver disease and treat and prevent complications of cirrhosis are vitally important.

      What is new and in the future for cirrhosis?

      Progress in the management and prevention of cirrhosis continues. Research is ongoing to determine the mechanism of scar formation in the liver and how this process of scarring can be interrupted or even reversed. Newer and better treatments for viral liver disease are being developed to prevent the progression to cirrhosis. Prevention of viral hepatitis by vaccination, which is available for hepatitis B, is being developed for hepatitis C. Treatments for the complications of cirrhosis are being developed or revised and tested continually. Finally, research is being directed at identifying new proteins in the blood that can detect liver cancer early or predict which patients will develop liver cancer.

      Cirrhosis At A Glance
      Cirrhosis is a complication of liver disease which involves loss of liver cells and irreversible scarring of the liver.
      Alcohol and viral hepatitis B and C are common causes of cirrhosis, although there are many other causes.
      Cirrhosis can cause weakness, loss of appetite, easy bruising, yellowing of the skin (jaundice), itching, and fatigue.
      Diagnosis of cirrhosis can be suggested by the history, physical examination and blood tests, and can be confirmed by liver biopsy.
      Complications of cirrhosis include edema and ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, bleeding from varices, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome, hepatopulmonary syndrome, hypersplenism, and liver cancer.
      Treatment of cirrhosis is designed to prevent further damage to the liver, treat complications of cirrhosis, and preventing or detecting liver cancer early.
      Transplantation of the liver is becoming an important option for treating patients with advanced cirrhosis.

  11. QUESTION:
    I have a chronic liver disease with unusual lab and biopsy findings.?
    Labs: Elevated AST and ALT. GGT is consistently above 500. AP, Bilirubin, PT, LDH are WNL. Hepatitis profile for B and C were wnl. (vaccinated against A in 2000). Sed Rate 40. All ANA tests normal. Cerulugen normal. CBC normal.

    CT shows multiple large cysts consistent with Poly cystic Liver disease without renal involvement. CT showed same density in spleen and liver.

    Biopsy showed occasional cellular edema with Mast Cells, Eosinophils, and some lymphocytes. No fibrosis. Mild patches of fat noted.

    No history of drug or alcohol consumption. Non-smoker.

    Maybe some medical student out there can figure this one out. Ask on of your professors. All the physicians I have seen have no idea other than say it may be combination of conditions.
    additional details:

    University based Hepatologist have already been consulted. They don't know either

    • ANSWER:
      Figure out what? You have liver disease which has multiorgan impact. What is it that you don't understand or want us to tell you? Bottom line, liver disease is a complex disease, so just work with you doctors on this. Except for entertainment it's not a discussion appropriate to YA. Hopefully you have a liver specialist on your team and not just a primary care MD. Good luck.

  12. QUESTION:
    Which pain reliever is safe to use for minor aches with a chronic liver disease patient?

    • ANSWER:
      if possible use liniment such as omega pain reliever, salonpas and other externally applied so as not to cause irritation on your chronic liver desease.

  13. QUESTION:
    Endoscopy for Chronic Liver Disease?
    My Grandma is a CLD (chronic liver disease) patient. She has been diagnosed with it since 3 months. She is also diabetic, around 85 years old.

    Doctor is recommending Endoscopy for her.

    My questions are:

    1) When is Endoscopy necessary for CLD patients?
    2) Keeping in mind her old age and weakness, should I go for her endoscopy? (I am afraid due to her old age).

    • ANSWER:
      I had liver failure and had a transplant. My doctors wanted me to get an endoscopy done every 3-6 months to help lower the risk of me bleeding internally. Unwanted veins called varix can grow inside with liver disease. They are not like the veins we are born with since they can be weak, leak and even burst. Should they be quite large, a person can actually bleed to death in a short time.

      When they do an endoscopy, they can check for these varices. When they see one that could be a problem, they will tie what looks like a little rubber band around it which cuts off its blood supply. Within a few days, the varix will die and fall off taking away the risk of it ever bleeding. The procedure for doing this is called banding. For the most part, endoscopes are quite safe and are low risk for anything to happen, but I certainly understand you questioning how necessary this is at her age. I think a lot would depend on how advanced her liver disease is right now and how much of a risk she has for internal bleeding based on the stage of her disease. Only her doctor is going to be able to answer that.

      They put the patient out with the "twilight" sleep which is not deep anesthesia. There is really no pain or real stress involved in this procedure. They do everything after they put you out. I used to get mine done as an outpatient which took about 2-3 hours total. The actual procedure depending on the banding only takes about 15 minutes or so. I often went shopping after wards even though they suggest you take it easy for the day.

  14. QUESTION:
    Chances of chronic liver disease.?
    my pop has chronic liver disease and has been in hospital on life support in a coma. he is bleeding internally .what are the chances of him beating this? please help.

    • ANSWER:
      Jake, I'm sorry about your Dad. Is there a reason you can't ask his doctor this question? Sometimes they will be very honest with you, if they know you are ready to hear the truth. Nurses and staff caring for someone on life support also know more than they can say, but sometimes you can engage a nurse in conversation and she will hint at it. This is difficult for the family, especially for the one responsible for the decision to pull the plug. I've had to make it with family members, and quite frankly, it sucks. Everyone should have a living will. Here's one thing to think on until you learn more from the doctor. If his EEG shows brain activity, and the internal bleeding stops, he has a chance. How big a chance, I can't say, but a chance. If EEG shows no activity, it's time already.

  15. QUESTION:
    Continued driniking even after Chronic Liver disease.?
    Hi, My father-in-law has been drinking day and night for past one year and has been hospitalized twice since then for Chronic liver disease , this August he was diagnosed to have Chronic liver disease with heptic encephalopathy and was hospitalized for almost 20 days. Doctors strictly asked him to quit drinking , but he resumed regular drinking within a months time. He is also taking his medications along with his drinking problem. How harmful is drinking for him at the moment when his liver is still damaged. Is there any amount of alcohol that is OK for him to take? Is there any side affects of being on liver medications and yet taking alcohol? Please advice what can be done to help him quit drinking and regain his damaged liver.

    • ANSWER:

  16. QUESTION:
    What are the risks to an unborn child if I have chronic liver disease?
    I have had liver disease for a little over nine months. I am now 22 and first got ill when I was 21. The doctors don't know what caused it (though they keep trying to imply that it was drug use or drink which I am happy to say have never done drugs and did not drink excessively)

    They are telling me that its probably chronic liver disease and I need to know what the risks are if I were to potentially get pregnant.

    If anyone has any experience or information that would be gratefully received.

    Thank you very much
    x!

    • ANSWER:
      Since your doctor knows your history and has possibly performed a physical, can run this past him/her for the absolute right answer for you. I suspect the pregnancy would be very hard on your liver, and all around harder on you than the growing fetus. Doc can also tell you to what degree the liver is functioning, if there are toxins that could harm a fetus, etc.

  17. QUESTION:
    what is the best diet for chronic liver disease?

    • ANSWER:

  18. QUESTION:
    Progressive Chronic Liver Disease?
    is it true that Chronic Hepatitis B and C untreated over few years, has 80% Chance of developing Hepatocellular Carcinoma of the Liver?
    You see, my father passed away at the age of 59 from Hepatocellular carcinoma. as investigated by his previous Liver Specialist, that he was given a treatment medication to control his Hepatitis B and told it will get worse if it stopped. but my fathers regular physcian told him he don't need to take it if his liver is healthy so my father stopped his treatment after three years of use. After two years of living without Hepatitis treatment, my dad got sick. after many blood or X-ray scans, they have diagnosed him with Chronic Hepatitis B and a stage four of Hepatic Cellular Carcinoma. Since stage four is difficult to treat. it spreaded to his lungs and killed him after being in the hospital for two weeks. after that i wanted to know if it is possible if there are people who got diagnosed with this type of cancer after living without treatment for Hepatitis B.

    • ANSWER:
      My guess is that it is not true because that is quite high to say the least. I know quite a number of people who have hep C and none of them have cancer. I know the risk is higher for anyone having a liver disease, but never heard any statistics even close to this figure.

  19. QUESTION:
    What is the sequence of stages that brings about advanced liver disease caused by chronic alcohol toxicity?
    a. Fat accumulation, fibrosis, cirrhosis

    b. Fibrosis, gout, cirrhosis

    c. Fibrosis, cirrhosis, fat depletion

    d. Cirrhosis, fat accumulation, fibrosis

    • ANSWER:
      Your answer is A.
      Overdosing on alcohol can cause fat
      accumulation inside the liver. This can
      damage the cells of the liver. When
      this happens, the immune system responds
      to this and cause inflammation to develop
      in the liver. This put more pressure on the
      cells and the cells can start to die, forming
      first fibrosis and then this advances to
      cirrhosis of the liver which is death of the
      liver cells and forming of scar tissue inside
      the liver that blocks the flow of blood
      through and to the liver cells...it is a progressive
      disease with no known cure.

  20. QUESTION:
    diuretics drug in chronic liver disease?

    • ANSWER:
      If you mean how diuretics are useful in chronic liver diseases, the answer would be: to treat ascites (the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity) which could rise as a complication of portal hypertension (increase in the pressure within the branches of the portal vein that run through liver) which is common in chronic liver diseases.

  21. QUESTION:
    about chronic liver disease-my hisband's weight is 63kg SGOT-423,SGPT-460,NAT-138,K+-4.3?

    • ANSWER:
      There are blood tests that the doctor does to
      check the liver:
      (1)The liver enzymes which will give the doctor
      an idea if the cells of the liver have become
      damaged. (SGOT,SGPT[also known as ALT,
      AST], GGT and Alkaline phosphatase.
      (2)The liver function tests which will give the
      doctor an idea if the liver cells are able to do
      the functions they once did to keep the body
      healthy (Bilirubin, INR, Albumin)
      (3) The viral testing to see if a virus has entered
      the body and gone into the liver and is causing
      problems like Hepatitis A,B,C.

      Your husbands liver enzymes are high.
      The NA is sodium and it is fine. The K is
      potassium and it is also fine.

      There are many things that can cause a problem
      in the liver:
      (1) alcohol consumption (2) medication
      toxification (3) chemical exposure
      (4) hereditary conditions where the body holds
      onto excess amounts of iron or copper
      (5) fatty liver disease caused by any of these: alcohol, weight, diabetes, metabolic problems
      (6) biliary obstruction, malformations, twisting of
      or stricture of (7) viral infections such as Hepatitis A,B,C, etc (8) A deficiency in a enzyme being made by the liver. (9) Cardiac problems (10) Auto immune disease (11) glycogen
      storage disease ....and there are others.

      The doctor has to first find out what the cause
      is before he can be treated. Please remember
      that blood testing is not 100% accurate...the
      doctor may do more to be sure of the results.
      He may do an exam by placing his hand
      on the upper right hand quadrant of the abdomen
      ..just under the rib cage...to see if the liver
      is enlarged. If the liver is enlarged...it means
      that there is inflammation inside the liver because
      the immune system of the body has responded
      to the damage to the liver cells. He may then
      have an ultrasound done to look at the liver
      and see if the blood is flowing well through the
      liver, if it has any nodules or growths and how
      enlarged it is.

      If the cause of the inflammation is removed
      and it is treated, the liver cells can heal.
      However, if it can't...it can lead to Cirrhosis of
      the liver.

      Your husband should be referred to a
      gastroenterologist or hepatologist if this is
      a true liver problem. The sooner he is
      treated...the more chance of the problem in
      the liver can be reversed.

      Some of the liver enzymes are made in other
      organs, also...therefore you need the results
      of the other blood tests I mentioned to be
      sure it is a problem in the liver/biliary area.

      I hope this information is of some help to you.

  22. QUESTION:
    Anyone KNOW about preg/chronic liver disease?Trusted Dr says your good canidate to terminate.3kids need mom .?

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.naspgn.org/sub/Chronic_liver_disease.htm

  23. QUESTION:
    any chronic painers; liver disease people out there.?
    sister has liver disease dont know what one yet, prob chirosis (spelled wrong). anyhow she has fibermyalgia and takes percocet,oxycontin for the pain. doctor wants her off the meds now ; she drank for years but quit a year ago so . anyone has liver disease and pain, what kind of meds do you take for pain? all testing being done right now, im just trying to ease her fear cause she has alot of pain. only if you are in this situation or know someone please answer. thanks

    • ANSWER:

  24. QUESTION:
    Liver disease with chronic alcohol abuse help?
    Heey :) Im 20 and my mam is a veryy bad alcoholic, she has been drinking litterally everyday for the pst 2 years...brandy and vodka. she is violently ill and is vomitting everyday. she is soo addicted to drink, she just sits in bed all day drinking her brndy until she vomits. She was admitted to a rehab clinic loads of times but keeps checking herself out again, she now has jaundice and cirrosis of the liver. i want to know how long do you think she has left? And cn her liver disease be cured? Honest answers please, and non judgemental! Thanks A Mill (:

    • ANSWER:

  25. QUESTION:
    Prevalence of cirrhosis/liver disease in Japan?
    Does anyone know the prevalence of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis in Japan? I can't seem to find it anywhere. If you have an internet source confirming it, that would be great. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I found this article about cirrhosis in Japan... (the web url got cut off...it's one website, so you have to connect the two parts!)

      http://ije.oxfordjournals.org/ cgi/content/abstract/20/4/921

      I hope it helped?!

  26. QUESTION:
    I'm 29 w/ chronic kidney disease for 4yrs, tylenol induced liver disease 3yrs. Wil I get kidney failure?
    I recently had another kidney infection and I was wondering if I take care of myself if I will get kidney failure eventually. My infection was about 3 weeks ago and my urologist think I still may have it. If you have any exp on this please let me know. I'm a single mother of 3 children and have been very weak, tired and have lost over 50 pounds in 11 months. My last urine tests are below perhaps if you know anything about them as well.. it'd be helpful. I was also peeing blood clots brown and stringy (yucky I know). But I go next week to get an ultrasound and ct scan on my kidneys. How likely is it that I die from kidney or liver disease?

    spec gravity 1.005
    ph 8
    leukocytes 1+
    nitrates neg
    protein trace
    glucose neg
    ketones neg
    urobillnogin neg
    billirubin 1+
    blood trace

    assement 599.0

    Thanks for your help any information would be greatly appreciated.
    I recently had another kidney infection and I was wondering if I take care of myself if I will get kidney failure eventually. My infection was about 3 weeks ago and my urologist think I still may have it. If you have any exp on this please let me know. I'm a single mother of 3 children and have been very weak, tired and have lost over 50 pounds in 11 months. My last urine tests are below perhaps if you know anything about them as well.. it'd be helpful. I was also peeing blood clots brown and stringy (yucky I know). But I go next week to get an ultrasound and ct scan on my kidneys. How likely is it that I die from kidney or liver disease?

    spec gravity 1.005
    ph 8
    leukocytes 1+
    nitrates neg
    protein trace
    glucose neg
    ketones neg
    urobillnogin neg
    billirubin 1+
    blood trace

    assement 599.0

    Thanks for your help any information would be greatly appreciated.

    Okay I have had kidney disease for 4 years it was diagnosed 5/?/04. I had a kidney infection but have the disease.

    • ANSWER:
      When you said you had "chronic kidney disease for 4yrs", do you mean recurrent kidney infections? Or something else -- like being told by your doctor that you have proteins in your urine, or that your kidneys are not functioning at 100%?

      Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is actually a medical entity with a very specific set of definitions: http://www.kidney.org/professionals/kdoqi/guidelines_ckd/p4_class_g1.htm
      On the other hand, people can have recurrent urinary infections without ANY kidney disease -- their infections stay in the bladder, and never involve the kidneys themselves.

      To know whether your infections have actually done damage to the kidneys, you need blood tests (such as "creatinine" and "blood urea nitrogen") in addition to urine tests. For example, kidney failure (medically known as End-Stage Renal Disease) usually does not occur until the creatinine goes above 4 or 5 (normal being around 1). It will be very helpful if you have your blood test results.

      Finally, your urine test is consistent with a urinary tract infection, but it does not tell us whether the infection is only in the bladder, or in the kidney(s) as well.

      The ultrasound and CT scan will look at the sizes of your kidneys (kidneys damaged by severe CKD tend to be smaller), but also see if the tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder (ureters) are stretched by stagnant urine flow.

      I'm sure you will have more questions after the scans are done. Feel free to ask more questions then.

      Good luck.

  27. QUESTION:
    What are some things that are harmful to your liver?
    I'm doing a project on the liver (organ) and I need to know about 2 other things that you can do to harm it. For example, The abuse of alcohol shuts down your liver, causing a chronic liver disease called cirrhosis (which is caused by alcoholism, hepatitis b, hepatitis c and fatty liver disease).

    What are 2 other things you can to do harm your liver and what can that lead to?

    • ANSWER:
      There are a number of causes of a liver problem
      that can lead to cirrhosis of the liver:

      Alcohol consumption: some people are
      more sensitive to alcohol than others are.
      When the liver cannot handle the amount
      of alcohol taken into the body, then it
      stays in the blood and goes into the
      brain and causes a reaction there.
      The liver converts all toxic substances
      to a non toxic form so the body can
      dispose of them...however, this may not
      happen if the patient consumes too much
      alcohol and the liver cannot convert it
      fast enough...the alcohol itself, and its
      by product, can produce damage to the
      liver cells.

      Medication toxifications: it has been shown that acetaminophen taken with alcohol can cause permanent liver cell damage almost immediately. There are a lot of drugs on the market, including over the counter, herbs, and even prescription drugs that are very hard on the liver. Most all medications go through the liver first, to be broken down, before going to the rest of the body.
      Liver patients are told to only takes drugs
      prescribed by their doctors...if the liver
      cells become damaged...then this medication has to be adjusted according
      to how much damage there is.

      Chemical exposure: such as Carbon
      Tetrachloride..

      Mushroom poisoning: some people try to pick their own mushrooms...not knowing that some are very dangerous. This
      also can cause immediate damage to
      the cells of the liver and a very early death.

      Autoimmune disease: this is where the body's immune system, turns on itself and causes destruction of its own cells. This can be a disease like Biliary cirrhosis or Sclerosing Cholangitis. In Sclerosing
      cholangitis...the bile ducts that the bile
      flows through from the liver to the
      gallbladder to be stored or to the intestines,
      become twisted or malformed.

      Hereditary Conditions: like Hemochromatosis where the body tend to retain iron too much. Or a disease where it retains copper.

      Gallbladder stones development where the
      stones move out of the gallbladder and into the biliary ducts and blocks them causing the bile to back up into the liver and harming the cells.

      Virus infections such as Hepatitis A,B,C,etc.

      Fatty liver disease which is caused by alcohol or non alcoholic reasons like hereditary conditions, weight, or metabolism problems.

      (There is even having a traffic accident where the liver may be lacerated or injured.
      Being gun shot or even stabbed with a knife.
      Sometimes sports accidents can also
      damage the liver.)

      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver cells caused by any of those things I mentioned above. Any damage to the liver cells can cause the immune system of the body to respond to it and cause this inflammation.

      A liver is usually very smooth and soft...anyone that has cooked liver knows what it looks like. When inflammation develops, then it enlarges in size and takes on a spongy appearance. This inflammation cause more pressure inside the liver cause the liver is surrounded by a capsule membrane.

      If the inflammation is treated and the cause can be removed (as you can see, some cannot be removed)..then the liver cells
      may heal, if it is not done then it will progress to death of the liver cells and scar tissue forming inside the liver. This scar tissue blocks the flow of blood through the liver and also to the liver cells and even more
      cells will die off...it is a progressive disease that the doctors can only try to slow down, Known as cirrhosis then. Cirrhosis is the death of the liver cells that lead to fibrosis and scar tissue formation.
      When cirrhosis takes place, the liver will start to shrink in size and become hard in texture.

      I hope this information has been of some
      help to you.
      Here are a couple links to explain more about this disease and causes:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

  28. QUESTION:
    fatty liver or chronic liver? is it the same?
    I am a 29 yrs. old female. I drink only occasionally (of course there are times when I gotten drunk when I hang out) I don't do drugs or smoke. I had a gastric bypass last year and lost a lot of weight. On february this year I was complaining of abdominal pain and they did a sonogram, a HIDDA scan (to check if it was my gallbladder) but everything was ok. After that they did an abdominal CT scan to check. In the CT scan everything was ok but it said:

    " the liver is somewhat heterogeneous in attenuation without discrete biliary tree dilatation or masses. There is subobtimal examination due to lack of IV contrast. The underlying coarse atrenuation may be related to fatty changes "

    and in the area of impression it said:

    1. CT of the abdomen without contrast demostrates attenuation and coarse underlying hepatic parechyma which may correspond to chronic hepatic disease.

    When I read this I was scared as hell thinking I might have something irreversible on my liver so I went to my internist so he could interprete the results. He send me a liver profile and everything was fine and he also send me a coagulation lab test and everything fine. He told me that he was sure it was fatty liver and with diet modification everything was going to be normal in no time. After visiting my doctor I was relieved but I still can't stop thinking why did they write on my CT chronic liver disease if its just fatty liver? My internist told me fatty liver is a liver disease but its reversible. What do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver disease is caused by:
      weight gain, obesity, fast weight loss, malnourishment,
      diabetes, insulin resistance, high cholesterol/triglyceride
      levels, and others.

      Simple Fatty liver doesn't usually cause a problem in
      the liver. Diet or changes to medications can reverse
      the problem. (It would be best not to drink any
      alcohol and not to take any medications that are
      not approved of or prescribed by your doctor now)
      However, if the fat continues to build
      up inside the liver, it can lead to damage to the liver
      cells. The liver is surrounded by a tight membrane
      capsule. When the liver cells become damaged,
      the immune system of the body can respond to this
      damage and cause inflammation to also develop
      inside the liver. This is then known as
      Steatohepatitis. Steato stands for fat, hepat stands
      for liver, and itis stands for inflammation.
      This is, then, much more serious as the inflammation
      can lead to death of the liver cells and scar tissue
      formation inside the liver that will block the flow of
      blood.
      Apparently, the one that looked at your
      scan could not determine the cause of the problem
      or wasn't sure how far advance this would go later
      on without treatment being done...only your doctor
      could do that. He said it "may" correspond to
      Chronic (ongoing) hepatic disease.

      Your doctor feels that this can be reversed, since
      he knows your medical background. It would be
      best to follow any advice he gives you. Don't
      be afraid to ask him any questions about this.
      If he deems it necessary, he may refer you to a
      gastroenterologist.

      Best wishes...Hope this information has been of
      some help.

      Here are a few links, you can click on, to read
      more about this disease:
      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1961.html
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver
      http://www.gastro.com/Gastro/liverdisease/fatty_liver.aspx
      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm

  29. QUESTION:
    The VA claims I need a liver from drinking too much, but I don't believe them. Why do they lie so?
    They say I have cirrohis, hep b, hep c, chronic liver disease, and are threatening to keep my new liver unless I capitulate to thier unreasonable demands. Beer is a part of me. I can't imagine the NFL without beer. They don't care. THEY ARE THREATENING TO KEEP MY NEW LIVER! Besides, the jail doctor said my liver is fine.

    • ANSWER:
      Let's tear this apart. The VA would not withhold treatment even if you are stupid enough to go against all recommendations so that must be lie number 1. The jail doctor said your liver is fine - that must mean you are in jail so you cannot be drinking beer. That's lie number 2. Threatening to keep your new liver - organs can't be ordered or placed on hold, an organ donation comes from someone who had died who also is a close match to you and is somewhat rare so that must be lie number 3. If you have cirrohis, hepititis B and C plus chronic liver disease (and how is that different than hepititis) then you are dead or much too sick to use a computer so that must be lie number 4. As far as not having the NFL without beer - granted that being plastered makes the game look better if certain teams are playing but it is possible to watch without drinking - yup lie number 5. Do us all a favor and wipe your hard drive.

  30. QUESTION:
    My boyfriend has liver disease caused by Hep C & chronic alcoholism - What can I expect? (symptoms, etc)?
    He was told about 3 years ago that he had hep C, chirrosis and he is a chronic alcoholic. Dr told him to quit or he would die. He has tried and failed several times ( I know he's not trying hard enough.... ) . I just want to know what to expect. He is tired all the time, has headaches, and is depressed - Is this part of it? Also I have heard that mood swings are common to this, is that true? I posted a similar question earlier but felt I needed to clarify.... I appriciate any info I can get! Thanks!
    I appriciate the replies but I am looking for real answers not opinions on the relationship..... we have been together for many years, it's not something simple to walk away from.....

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is the inflammation of the liver cells
      caused by a virus. Cirrhosis is death of the
      liver cells. His disease can be brought on by
      the Hep C or his drinking problem. Trying to
      quit drinking on his own is extremely difficult.
      He needs to go into a detox program at a
      hospital in order to do this. The symptoms
      he has from trying to stop drinking may be
      too much to handle...they can give him drugs
      to lessen these symptoms and help him get
      through it much better. The symptoms that you
      stated are normal. You have to realize that
      he is now facing death straight on and he has
      to make decisions on what he can do now.
      Depression is normal now, because of having
      to live with all these hurdles to go over to
      save his life. Waking up everyday knowing
      that you may die is very hard.
      Liver patients are usually in shock when they
      first hear they have a terrible disease like this.
      The first reaction is unbelief...then it moves
      where they try to do something to help
      themselves, if it is possible...it leads from
      there to either coming to terms with the
      disease and trying to fight it or just giving up.
      They need alot of support and understanding
      at this time. They get mad and they feel
      helpless and they feel like someone cheated
      them or played a dirty trick on them or they
      feel like saying "why me". Others people drink and they don't have this. Cirrhosis can be caused by many different things.

      Your boyfriend doesn't have a rosey future and
      he knows that. He also knows that if he wants
      to spend time with the people he loves he has
      to do it now. I'm going to explain a few things
      to you. Once there is death of the liver
      cells it forms scar tissue in the liver...this blocks
      the other normal healthy cells from receiving
      nourishment and oxygen and causes them to
      die also. This is a progressing disease and
      the only real option he has now, if he has
      cirrhosis, is being evaluated and placed on the
      transplant list for an organ. But, first he has
      to overcome his addiction of alcohol which
      he needs to get care in order to do. A
      person has to be free of alcohol for at least
      six months before he can be placed on the
      list for transplantation.

      There are symptoms that may start to develop
      with this disease that he may or may not
      show signs of. Some of them are listed in
      this short article.
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003895.htm

      If he wants to stay with his loved ones longer,
      than he needs to stop drinking now. He is
      causing his liver much more damage faster
      and it will lead to a much much earlier death.

      Having others around him who truly care about
      him, will make whatever course he decides on
      alot easier on him. You cannot make decisions
      for him, but you can be there to support him
      with all he does. Best Wishes

  31. QUESTION:
    Wisdom Teeth Extraction with those with Liver Disease -- Any way to reduce risk of death and complications?
    I have already made a post, a while back, in regards to having oral surgery to remove damaged wisdom teeth, but that I was concerned about the pain medications used afterwards (considering I have liver disease ). I would like to know now, after hearing about more potential risks involved with dental surgery on those with chronic diseases and health problems, including the recent death of a young girl from improperly delivered anesthesia, what there is exactly that could be done to reduce the risks involved with oral surgery and anesthesia administration. And if there is not much that can be done to reduce the risk, is there any way to perhaps not have anesthesia during oral surgery. Constructive, but honest opinions would be greatly appreciated. Thank you.
    I would appreciate any professional advice, as well as laymen's advice.

    • ANSWER:
      Emma,
      there are many problems associated with treating your case outside a hospital or atleast an oral surgery department within a hospital. If you are actively treated by a physician the oral surgery department or surgeon must be in consult to go over your current disease stauts, medications, lab values, and other contraindications to medications, surgery, etc...If you haven't seen your physician in several months, the oral surgeon will need key lab values like CBCw/diff, AST, ALT, platelet, Thrombin time, prothrombin time before any invasive procedures. The best thing is to talk to your oral surgeon and have them treat you in a hospital setting with full consult of your Gastroenterologist or Hepatologist. In this situation bleeding diatheses, infection spread, or unpredictable drug metabolism can be treated promptly.

      Good luck

  32. QUESTION:
    Would overdosing on OTC pain killers, but not have to go to the ER from it cause liver damage / liver disease?
    I use to take alot of aspirin (more than the recommended amount) for a chronic pain which turned out to be gallbladder infection. Could this cause liver disease / damage? How would I be able to find out if I have liver damage / disease?

    • ANSWER:
      Aspirin is safe. Even in moderate overdosages.

      Tylenol (acetaminophen) is not safe, and it very easy to overdose and destroy your liver.

      A physician can talk with you about your concerns.

      A common sign of liver disease is jaundice, the whites of your eyes turn yellow.

  33. QUESTION:
    Just found out I have a chronic disease?
    I just found out yesterday I have hepatitis (not a, b, or c, just inflammation of the liver) and I haven't been fully diagnosed, but whatever happens it will be serious. It is most likely nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

    I don't know what to do. I know the depression will pass eventually, but right now I am writing this from my iPhone because I don't even want to get out of bed. I feel sorry for myself because I'm only 19 and have tried to take care of myself...

    How can I make myself feel better? I want to run and hide but the problem is stuck inside of my body.

    • ANSWER:

  34. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when I have a sharp pain in my right ribcage?
    The reason I ask is because I have a chronic liver disease. Where is the liver located?

    • ANSWER:
      Based on your description and that you say you have chronic liver disease, it is most likely your liver that may be causing you pain. If the pain is very sharp and does not go away, then I would strongly suggest you see your doctor about it sooner than later! It may be a lot of things, but it's better not to chance it when it could be from such an important body organ!

      Here is a picture to look at where the liver is in reference (generally) to your ribcage (it's the one colored in purple):
      http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.dkimages.com/discover/previews/832/20113049.JPG&imgrefurl=http://www.dkimages.com/discover/Home/Health-and-Beauty/Human-Body/Respiratory-System/Lungs/Lungs-91.html&h=768&w=572&sz=87&hl=en&start=1&um=1&usg=__ANu6mJxF2OpRMBtzsF_Dx1YUQ9g=&tbnid=w2kzstyDJ8EKiM:&tbnh=142&tbnw=106&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dliver%2Bribcage%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG

      I hope this helps and that you feel better soon!

  35. QUESTION:
    Liver Transplantation?
    1. My mother is a patient of chronic liver disease. I want to clarify following questions for my further information / dicision:-

    (a) Sir please would you apprise us that is there any age specified for liver transplantation?

    (b) Is it possible to trasplant a liver of 64 year old lady?

    (c) What are the expenses of liver transplantation?

    2. I would be highly appriciated for the earliest response in this regard.

    Best Wishes

    Abid Aziz

    • ANSWER:
      I am in the USA...so my answers can only
      reflect it here.
      In the USA, they have transplanted liver organs
      to the age of 65.
      Transplantation is very expensive. The patient
      will not receive a transplant unless they have
      the financial means to pay for it. This means insurance or asking for help with a social worker.
      of the transplant team, to learn how to obtain the funds for it through contacting organization that will contribute to it, etc.
      On average, you may be looking at about
      0,000 or more.

      I am posting links, you can click on, so that you can learn more about the transplant process and also learn more about the financial help and what may be required:
      Organ Procurement and Transplant Network...
      http://www.optn.org
      This is a Patients guide to liver transplantation
      from one of the transplant centers in the USA..
      very good info:
      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html
      This is Transplant Living where there is
      info on all transplants and also on organ
      donations from live donors:
      http://www.transplantliving.org/
      This is the United Network of Organ Sharing
      where they decide what transplant center
      will receive an organ once it becomes available:
      http://www.unos.org/

      It is best to contact the "Transplant Center where
      you live and talk to them. Other countries
      don't always follow the same rules and also
      are sometimes cheaper than the surgeries
      in the USA.

      I hope this has been of some help to you.

  36. QUESTION:
    my father is not well for past 7months....some liver problem:plz tell what these reports says......< his current reports are:
    GGT 311
    SAP 164
    SGOT 51
    SGPT 66
    ISB .50
    DSS .20
    TSB .70
    PLATELETE COUNT:177000

    diagnosis::autoimmune chronic liver disease with acute HEV
    Abdominal koch's
    PCR for koch's :positive

    now can any one help me writing in detail abt wt these reports say.......what is the position of liver???
    is something very serious??
    how it cud be cured??
    is it fully cureable<>???

    • ANSWER:
      Beings that you don't have any units with your numbers I can't for sure say what they mean but here are the normals for a male and what an abnormal value COULD mean (some of them were not listed in my lab book):

      Gamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidase (GGT)
      -liver enzyme sensitive to biliary and liver disorders, including alcoholic liver disease. Normal value 9-50 International Units/Liter (IU/L) I can't tell if this is high since you didn't add the units his lab values were measured in.

      -Platelet Count: Normal 150,000-450,000 cubic millimeters (mm3) (his is normal)

      As for his diagnosis Autoimmune Chronic Liver Disease: Basically, chronic means it is long term. Liver Disease is very vague. There are many different types. Find out what type he has and google it.

      HEV is Hepatitis E Virus which is an infection spread through the feces (stool) of an infected person. It is acute, meaning it will last less than 6 months.

      I will give you a website where you can go and find information. Also just googling in "Chronic Liver Disease" or "HEV" should turn up with quite a few websites.

      I do not know what Abdominal Kochs is.

      As for the position of the liver: if you divide your stomach into four quadrants with the belly button being the very center, your liver is in the right, upper quadrant. It is a very vascular organ, filtering your blood at 1500 mL per minute. (L. White, 2000) Your liver also secretes bile which breaks down the fat you eat. Among many other things, it produces prothrombin and and fibrinogen, which are necessary for blood clotting. Poisonous toxins (e.g. alcohol) are detoxified in the liver.

      I hope I helped a little bit. There is quite a lot of information in your question. What did the doctor tell your dad? That is probably the best info you're gonna get. I'm sorry to hear about your father, I hope he is doing well.

      you can go to http://www.webmd.com and just search for his diagnoses in the search box.

      or just go to http://www.google.com and type in either one of his diagnoses.

  37. QUESTION:
    Do I possibly have leukemia or some other blood disease? ADVICE FROM EXPERIENCED/ or DOCS?
    my symptoms are, and noted beggining about a year ago, disapearing and reapearing regulary but not serious, but recently symptoms have returned elevated and much more serious then past experiences, symptoms include...

    bleeding gums, paleness, red dots on skin that are itchy, patchy red palms,, white fingernails under nail, yellowing at tip of fingures, fatigue, joint pain. wrestlessness, trouble waking up. (sleep long hours) sometimes bed at 8pm and up at 4-6pm the next day. and swallen lymph nodes in my lower neck and under my jaw.... (SINCE THIS NIGHT I HAVE DEVELOPED BUMPS UNDER MY LEFT ARMPIT AND CHEST PAIN) I also am beggining to feel ill, feels like the flu, but rather strange as my headache will go and come back in a different area...

    Here is my doctors summary from saturday night. when i attended the emergancy dept...

    (Jaime Waters presented to Box Hill hospital Emergancy Department on 07 Aug 2010 at 15:40

    ED Diagnosis: Bleeding disorder for investagation
    History of presenting Complaint: 20 y.o male presented with 2 month histroy of bleeding gum and joint pain with no significant background histroy.

    Patient first noticed gum bleeding at least 3 or more months ago after brushing, since then bleeding has become more consistant, bleeding lasting now upto 10 minuts after brushing. also noticed incease of joint pain mainly on MCP joint and knee joints over this period of time.

    Bleeding has worsened over the past 5 days and become consistant in the past 2 days. patient now also complains of lethargy and weakness in this time frame.

    smoker since 14

    heavy drinker; usually 2-4 bottles a week.
    Last alcohol yesterday 1/2 bottle bourben.

    No family history of bleeding disorder, auto immune disease or leukemia.

    Resting tremor noted, no heptic flap, no obvious brusing/petechae
    No sign of chronic liver disease
    No conjuctiva pallor, no scleral jaundice

    chest clear
    abdo soft tender, no oragomegaly

    Oral examination - no active gum bleeding, no obvious gingervitis, tonsil not enlarged.

    tender submental lymph node bilaterally R>L
    Palpable R cervical lymph nodes
    Thyroid not enlarged

    stiffness of mcp joint both hands no tenderness on palpation and movement

    Managment: FBE/U+E/Coags/LFT/CRP
    may need medical refferal for bleeding disorder

    Results/outcome: Neutrophilia and increase WCC
    Normal LFT and Coagulation profile hb166

    Refferals and followup: Need LMO follow up for investagation of autoimmune disease and thrombolic screening,

    patient wil need new LMO for follow up and observation of progression.)

    in this letter not all my symptoms are noted. but i hav put as much as i can think of before i added this letter, also the doctor told me im developing a little bit of anemia but was nothing to be concerned about at this time and that i needed to be observed over the next few weeks for a diagnosis of whats happening. and refferd me to a GP.

    can anyone offer me advice?

    since seeing the doctor my under left armpit has become sore and stiff, my left hip bone upper left beg bone has began to ache with worsening bleeding of gums. and consistant taste of blood in mouth. im very confused and worried about whats goin on... advice?

    • ANSWER:
      When you go to that referral, ask them to test you for Lyme's disease. I have a friend with similar symptoms and it turned out to be Lyme's disease. Have you been camping or in the woods lately? Even if you haven't, deer tics can be in tall grass and you don't even know they are on you. It doesn't sound like cancer to me
      I hope you find out what this is. Be well

  38. QUESTION:
    I know my kidneys are scarred and damaged. Do I have chronic kindey disease?
    Hi I am 29 and I have had kidney damage for over 4 years. My left kidney is the one that's scarred and damaged. I have kidney infection every 2-3 months if I take care of myself by drinking lots of water. My kidney function test showed that they are still functioning normally at this point. I also have liver disease and hypothyroid.. although my thyroid probably has nothing to do with it. I am getting tested to see if I have bladder reflux. I think thats what it's called. I always have protein in my urine also.

    What I am wondering is: Is kidney damage the same thing as kidney disease?
    Because I need to know if I need to follow the kidney diease diet or not. My doctor says I don't but I fell much worse if I eat processed foods or drink pop. I drink about 64oz of water each day and some cranberry juice every week. Any help would be appreciated!!
    Okay thanks for the response. I have permanent kidney dmage due to too many kidney infections. I've had this for 4 years. It's irreversible as I said the left one is damaged I have had blood tests as well as been to radiology for some tests.
    As far as the liver goes I had lost 30% of the finction of my liver when it was diagnossed. I have permanent liver damage also. It's from an overdose of tylenol (about 300) and about 200 other pills. Yes I was ill but because I was in a coma 4 days before being taken to the hospital my liver couldn't be saved.

    So both are permanently damaged I know for a fact. What I want to know is: "Is kidney damage the same as kidney disease?"
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      There are two blood tests that check for kidney
      damage: creatinine and Bun (blood urea nitrogen)...If these are in normal range...then
      there is a could chance that the kidneys will
      heal. Protein in the urine is not good however.
      Protein checked by a urine test, doesn't show up
      much unless the kidney has been damaged.

      You said you have liver disease but do not
      mention what caused it. The kidneys are
      second in line to fail after the liver fails. The
      reason for this is because the toxins that
      the liver no longer handles, the kidneys try
      to dispose of and it taxes the kidneys sometimes
      beyond what they are able to handle. This only
      occurs when the liver is damaged to the point
      that the cells have started to die and form
      scar tissue inside the liver...also known as
      cirrhosis. Hypothyroid trouble can also be
      connected to the liver problem.

      There is acute kidney disease and chronic
      kidney disease. Acute means that it may
      comes and then leave, chronic means that
      it is ongoing. Damage to the kidneys, to
      me, means that it is a disease. But, the
      problem with the kidneys may be only a
      result of another problem you already have
      had and that is the liver problem. Once the
      liver problem clears up...the kidneys may
      return to normal also. Infections can occur
      in many people with no damage to the kidneys
      because of using antibiotics to fight it off.

      Most people who are having problems with
      their kidneys are told to limit the amount of
      sodium, potassium, phosphorus in their diets.
      Sodas have alot of phosphorus and
      processed food contain alot of sodium.
      However, a certain amount must be maintained
      in the body since sodium and potassium are
      needed for the heart to beat in rhythm and
      for water retention. It is best to get the
      advice from your doctor about what you stated
      here. He has your blood work and can tell
      you what you should or should not do.
      He can tell you if there are any limits to the
      amount of Sodium, potassium, phosphorus or
      proteins you should be taken in or refer
      you to a nutritionist. He can also inform you
      how much fluid you should drink a day.
      Most people who have had kidney stones are
      told to drink alot...but too much fluid can also
      overwhelm the kidneys if they have liver problems also. In cirrhosis of the liver,
      sodium is retained in the body by this disease
      and fluids have to be adjusted accordingly, to
      keep things in balance.

      Sorry that I cannot be of more help...just
      giving you some things to think about and
      maybe discuss with your doctor.

  39. QUESTION:
    Anyone else have enexplained liver pain?
    I have chronic liver pain that i have had for 2+years. I have had tons of ultrasounds that show nothing to be concerned with, and have slightly elevated liver enzymes. they have done MRI and cat scans, and still no answers to why i would be having PAIN. the only diagnoses they can give me is that i have "fatty liver disease" which is normally something someone would get if they were morbidly obese, or an alcoholic. Neither of which i am, not even close. I had my gallbladder removed 3 years ago, but i still feel like i am having gallbladder attacks, thats what the pain feels like: sharp, crampy, like someone is squeezing my organs and stabbing them. Its horrible and the pain can last anywhere from 20 min.-2 hours. Anyone know of anything that could cause this?

    • ANSWER:
      The liver itself doesn't have nerves so most doctors don't believe patients that complain of "liver pain." However, my wife got Hep C from a blood transfusion at birth. Before she was diagnosed, she would complain of "liver pain", not a severe as your description, but similar.
      You can only get Hep C from blood to blood contact. Maybe bring it up to a doctor next time. I don't know if this is an answer to your question, but it's good information at least.

  40. QUESTION:
    how can one die of chronic ethanol abuse and no damages to liver or other functions that ethanol would destroy?
    Just wondering someone close to me passed and on the death cet. it said that they died from chronic ethanol abuse, toxic effects of opiates and hypertensive cardiovascular disease. I just don't get that ruling and the autopsy report says nothing about liver damges or nothing . Is it because the numbers were how with the ethanol.. or maybe he just died of high blood pressure...

    • ANSWER:
      It's also possible that the liver damage, while indicative, was not so extensive as to be listed as a cause of death. Basically, this person slowly poisoned themselves on alcohol and pain killers.

  41. QUESTION:
    Would I qualify for medical marijuanna?
    I have colitis and I have a chronic liver disease. Marijuanna takes away the nasuea i get from taking pills for my liver disease. Also it helps my appetite. I live in Massachusetts by the way.
    By the way, there is a bill waiting to be passed for marijuanna to be decriminalized.
    what kinda doctor would I get the prescription from?

    • ANSWER:
      yea man, I know someone who had a hurt bone bruise in his arm and he got some, but that was in Cali and I know its stricter in other places. That sounds bad though, a lot worse than the bone bruise, so I would say you should be able to get some. Good luck, I hope that bill gets passed, I think we are on the way to decriminalization, and I cant wait.

  42. QUESTION:
    looking 4 a GP on the Gold Coast Australia, multiple problems, chronic pain - Diabetic,heart & liver, URGENTLY?
    looking 4 a GP on the Gold Coast Australia, multiple problems, chronic pain - Diabetic,heart & liver, URGENTLY?
    I am a 37 year old woman suffering from everything from a severely deranged liver & Kidney disease, 3 heart attacks, 2 T.I.A's, Angina, CHRONIC PAIN for more than 8 years - requiring Morphine @ times daily & to top it off I'm a type 2 Insulin dependant Diabetic....PLEASE PLEASE GET IN TOUCH IF YOU KNOW OF A REALLY GOOD DR @ THE NORTHERN END OF THE GOLD COAST, I truly am desperate as my treating GP is retiring very soon, THANK YOU in advance, Yvette
    yvettebond2002@yahoo.com.au

    • ANSWER:
      Hey, I don't live in Australia, but make sure you look into celiac disease. It is highly associated with diabetes and causes all kinds of health issues. There was a study I read recently where they found that almost 50% of people with diabetes have some adverse reaction to gluten and a good percentage of them have full blown celiac disease. Make sure to rule this out. It's extremely common and wrecks havoc on your whole body. Many physicians don't test for it unless you have digestive symptoms, but most patients don't have digestive symptoms. definitely rule it out.

  43. QUESTION:
    Explain the effects of the following on glomerular filtration?
    1 Chronic liver disease
    2 kidney stones
    3 high blood pressure
    4 low blood pressure

    • ANSWER:
      I'm not sure about chronic liver disease, but...

      2. kidney stones lower the glomerular filtration rate because the stone is in there blocking the tubing, if it gets bad enough it can shut down the nephron/kidney

      3. high blood pressure increases the GFR becaues there is more pressure on the blood... if this happens things like blood cells and protiens that shouldn't be filtered can get into the filtrate

      4. low blood pressure decreases the GFR because there isn't enough pressure on the blood and it just passes by without being filtered. This causes problems because the 'waste' stays in the blood

  44. QUESTION:
    can someone be fired while taking medical treatment?
    emergency family medical leave absence is denied and employee gets fired. The employee is also under medical treatment that requires medical supervision and further tests with possible if not chronic disease (liver and lung)

    does the employee have any rights? can the person apply for workers compensation? will ssi give temporary disability?

    thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Depends on the State, for instance in TN you can get fired any day for any reason, the company doesn't need to give a reason at all.

      Applying for SSI is easier said than done, because they will deny you the first time nearly a 100%. So then you have to run through all the red tape, which causes time and can cost you everything you worked for. Sorry but our "christian" nation is not very nice to it citizens once they need help.

  45. QUESTION:
    how long does one live after discovering chronic kidney failure?
    64 year old male. already has pancretitis, liver disease, gallballder trouble, and renal failure. has been treated medically to try and reverse kidney failure, and now does not wish to have dialysis, and has decided to stop treatments and wait to pass away. all conditions are caused by chronic alcholism. thanks for any input, personal experiences.

    • ANSWER:
      From a medical provider standpoint, you typically live as long as you feel like living, regardless of the disease.

  46. QUESTION:
    What multivitamins suitable for people with liver disease?
    26 years old female, was diagnosed with Hepatitis C and level 2 Fibrosis. She is now on Pegylated Interferon Alpha 2 b and Ribavirine medication. These drugs are really challenging and have a lot of side effects. The one side effect that is really bothering her is Chronic Fatigue. Doctor prescribed a multivitamin supplement called Centrum, the problem with this drug is that it contains Iron. Iron are known to be bad for liver patients. What vitamins does she need, and what multivitamins product (no iron included) is suitable for her? Help please!

    • ANSWER:
      If a liver patient doesn't have hemochromatosis, which is a
      hereditary disease in which a patient body tends to hold onto
      too much iron...then this would not be a good idea to take more.
      However, other liver patients it doesn't hurt to take some iron into
      their bodies because iron is needed. Iron is on the Red blood cells,
      it is what the oxygen molecules we breathe in, attaches to. Without
      some iron, the patient would become anemic...and this is not good.
      The doctors can do blood tests, like the hemoglobin, ferritin, transferrin,
      and TIBC to be sure that she doesn't have a problem with this.
      Apparently, she may be lacking in certain vitamins or they would
      not of started her on them. I would contact the doctor office and
      ask them, if you are not sure. The nurse, there, can look up her
      file and tell you, from her lab work tests done, if the doctor does
      want her to have this. Liver patients do lack iron at times.

  47. QUESTION:
    I have NAFLD (Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease). What are my chances of getting Cirrhosis?
    I went to the the ER the other day because I have had chronic diarrhea, dizziness, and abdominal pain for more than 3 months now. The Dr. found that I had NAFLD and said that I should be seeing a Dr. for this condition and said that I need MANY tests done to see what is causing it. She also said that I have to be on a vegan diet (I am not overweight) to see if it can reverse the Disease. My questions are: Is there a cure for this & What are the chances of it forming into Cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      You should be seeing either a gastroenterlogist
      or hepatologist now.
      Fatty liver disease can be caused by many
      different things: alcohol consumption, certain
      medications like steriods, weight gain, hereditary conditions,
      diabetes, insulin resistance, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels
      and more.

      The cause needs to be determined.
      There are different stages of this disease....
      Simple fatty liver doesn't usually cause a
      problem and can be easily reversed by
      stopping the cause. Alot of people are very
      thin and can still have this problem.

      The fat pushes on the liver cells and can
      even push the nucleus of the liver cell out of
      place. That is why it has to be treated immediately
      ....so the fat will disappear and not harm the cells.
      The liver is surrounded by a membrane capsule and
      the fat only adds to the pressure inside the liver.
      If the cells of the liver become damaged, it signals
      the immune system of the body to respond to
      this. The immune system then causes inflammation
      to develop inside the liver, also. This will cause the
      liver to enlarge in size. It then goes from simple
      fatty liver to steatohepatitis. Steato means fat,
      hepat means liver and itis means inflammation.
      This becomes more serious...the inflammation adds
      to more pressure inside the liver and the cells can
      more easily start to die off. When the cells die off,
      it becomes a progressive disease known as
      Cirrhosis of the liver. What happens now, it the
      cells die off and form scar tissue inside the liver
      that blocks the flow of blood through the liver on
      its way back to the heart and may also block
      the flow of blood to the other liver cells and they
      will continually die off.

      If the patient follows the doctor instructions and
      is treated for any inflammation that may have
      developed...then it may never go to the point of
      becoming Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Here are some links to help you learn more about
      this, that you can click on:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm
      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1961.html
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.

  48. QUESTION:
    If a native American is suffering from end state live disease due to chronic alcohol intake?
    is a liver transplant a option
    It is my step-daughter and she is on public assistance, and her doctors have not ofter her that option, should it be because she is a public charge
    or could it be because she has not taken the step to stop drinking

    • ANSWER:
      A person has to be evaluated and go through a series of
      tests to be placed on the transplant list. To be placed on
      the list, a patient has to be without any alcohol for a period
      of 6 months and willing to give it up completely. The
      shortage of organs for transplant makes it harder to
      be placed on the list unless the person, themselves, prove
      to others that they do want to live and will be compliant
      with following the rules to have an donor organ...which includes stopping bad habits so there is little chance, that once transplanted, the organ won't go into rejection and the
      alcohol won't react with the medication they need to take
      for the rest of their life.

      When you said, "is a liver transplant an option"...that is
      exactly what it is. The cost of a liver transplant is well
      beyond what anyone could afford...it can range from
      0,000 to 0,000 or even higher. A person
      needs to have insurance that covers transplant or find
      a way to raise the money....or they could be on disability
      and may receive help from the government or organizations.

      The system for the transplant is fair...people are placed
      on the transplant list according to how long they may live
      without having a transplant. In other words, if they are
      fairly well and may recover and not need a transplant...
      according to what their blood work shows...they will be
      placed lower on the list and may even go off the list and
      lead a normal life. As you go higher on the list, you are
      less well and if you are very near the top...you will either
      receive a transplant or you may die before an organ
      becomes available. This has nothing to do with sex,
      race, or any other similar thing. Blood type may be a factor...
      cause some blood types are rare and it is hard to find
      someone else who had the same blood type.

      The links below will give you alot more information about
      the process of liver transplant, organ donation, living organ
      donors, pre evaluation for transplant and many other things.

      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html
      http://www.transplantliving.org/
      http://www.unos.org/

      So many people are trying to be placed on the list when they
      have developed the disease because of alcohol. Alcohol is
      only one of the reasons for this disease of about 20 others.
      Some people have no problem stopping their alcohol, but
      most need help and that help is there...the doctors can
      give them medication to help with the symptoms that may
      develop from stopping the alcohol. This is usually done
      in a hospital setting. It helps the patient cope alot better.
      It may be very scary for a person with alcohol cause they
      know what it feels like if they don't take a drink and how much
      that can multiply if going cold turkey. They don't just have
      one hurdle to cross...they now have two, overcoming
      the addiction and then having a transplant.

      It has been shown, that when people stop drinking alcohol,
      that their liver may heal if it has not progressed to the
      point where the liver cells have died, which is known as
      cirrhosis.

      To help you understand cirrhosis, here is another link:
      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/cirrhosis/

      The best doctor that she could be with right now is a
      Hepatologist which is a liver specialist.

      Another thing that may help is for her not to use any
      medications except those prescribed by the doctor...
      this included herbal teas, herbs, or any over the counter
      medication (especially pain, NSAID)

      I hope that this information is of some help to you.

  49. QUESTION:
    hi! do you know any Hepatologist in Southern California?
    A close someone had chronic liver disease, and he doesn't have a health insurance yet. it's hard for me to buy one for him b/c most health insurance wouldn't let him since he's currently sick. I want him to be cured as soon as possible while it's young. I'll be paying out of the pocket. But i don't know where to start consult. By the way, he still has no symptoms yet but his labs are already abnormal.

    • ANSWER:
      no good asking on yahoo uk and ireland is it! try US.

  50. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis/Liver disease life expectancy. Please help???
    Does anyone kow the life expectancy of someone in the late stages of cirrhosis?
    My mom is very ill, she is a chronic alcoholic. She stopped drinking last week, but was diagnosed with cirrhosis many years ago.
    I need to know if anyone has been through this and knows what I can expect.

    She is jaundice, and in the past week has had high levels of amonia in her blood, also, she vomits all the time, can barely keep anything down.
    Today she is having her stomach drained again, this will make the 4th time, fluid builds up in her uppper stomanch area, and it makes it very uncomforatable for her. He legs also are very swollen today (ankles) she cannot walk she is so week. She went from wieighin 145 pounds to now about 98 in a matter of 3 months. I am afraid that it is too late. She has been admitted to the hospital so much that now the Hospitals now just say that the damage is done, they cannot help her. Last year she was in ICU - .......please give me any opinions you may have.

    • ANSWER:
      There are a few things that I know to give you
      as information. (you might already know this) The best doctor to have for
      a patient with cirrhosis is a Hepatologist.
      She can be given medication to bind the ammonia in her blood to be eliminated from the
      body which should help to clear her mind some. She could be placed on diuretics, like
      Lasix and Spirolactone to help relieve the sodium content in her blood and also
      remove some of the fluid and help keep it from
      coming back so fast. If they take alot of fluid
      from her abdomen, they might give her
      albumin, a Protein. The fact that she did
      not stop drinking alcohol, may mean she cannot
      be placed on the transplant list for a donor
      organ because they usually request that the
      patient be free of alcohol for about six months.

      With what you have stated that her condition is
      now, it doesn't look promising...but I would
      not give up. The doctors look at many things
      considering a patient: whether they have a
      strong, well beating heart, whether they can
      withstand a long surgery, whether they have
      cirrhosis in one area of the liver or throughout,
      whether they have love and support of family
      and friends, and how much a person truly
      wants to live,etc. Ascites( fluid in the abdominal
      area) and Encephalopathy (memory, and mental
      confusion problems caused by toxins) and
      the fact that she drank clear up to a week ago..
      means that the end is in site.....She may last
      a long time this way or depending on what I
      have stated above...it could be very short.
      Each person's body chemistry, diseases,
      and conditions are unique and have to be
      evaluated to see what may be in the future.
      If you have an advanced directive with your
      Mom signature on it, you may be able to
      talk with her doctors and get her medical
      records and have a second opinion and also
      be able to answer for her since she might
      not be able to answer for herself. There are
      free forms on the internet according to your
      state. It should be signed in front of two
      witnesses, but a notary can stamp it and make
      if valid. I hope this info is of some help to you.
      It is sad that a daughter has to watch all this
      happen to a mother they love...as long as
      you are able to be there with her, she will
      have peace in knowing that you really care.

      You asked what you can expect. There are
      a few things that may take place: her heart
      may start to beat irregular. If you get her
      blood work results, if the sodium and potassium
      levels are either too high or too low, this
      will cause an irregular beat and is an
      emergency. If she starts to cough up blood and
      not just vomit (it may look like coffee grounds,
      or a darker color) this is also an emergency
      cause she could be bleeding internally. If she
      feel faint and goes into a coma...there may be
      little chance she will come out of it without the
      doctors help. What can you do? be there for
      her so she doesn't feel alone. Watch for
      any of these signs above and keep a record
      of how she is feeling day to day and let the
      doctor know what exactly is happening with her.
      Be with her at all her doctor appointments so
      that you can be sure she is taking medication
      right and doesn't get so confused she puts
      herself in more danger. She might not be
      able to break the habit of alcohol especially
      since she has been so sick, but knowing that
      others understand and will try to help her in
      anyway despite of this all, may give her the
      strength she needs to try.


Chemo Not Working Liver Cancer

The tendency of human cells is to develop, and the increase in the number of cells must take place continuously. This process inspires in the cells production and inactive cells are thus replaced. A particular process controls the human cells production and the cells are equally processed throughout the body. In few cases, the cell division production, results in an abnormal growth that indicates the existence of cancer. The cells begin migrating new tissues and begin penetrating into organs and bloodstream. This happens when the terrible disease of cancer emerges. This form of cancer evolves later into existence of unsafe sickness. Chemotherapy is considered as the effective treatment to kill the cancer cells and makes them stop massive cells production. In this article, we have discussed few of the disadvantages of chemotherapy treatment.

Chemotherapy is the treatment that is performed that involves numerous agents such as docetaxel, vinorelbine, mitoxantrone and estramustine. These agents deactivate the cancer cells production. The chief disadvantage of chemotherapy is that the drugs cannot classify between quick-growing and slow-growing cancer cells. Drugs used during chemotherapy have the power to kill all types of cells in the process of the cancer treatment. This chemotherapy treatment augments destruction of good cells too and therefore, paces the way for damaging the hair follicles resulting in huge amount of hair loss. This is one of the great disadvantages of chemotherapy treatment.

Since chemotherapy cannot classify between healthy cells and cancer cells (as both are developing), side effects are predictable For example, healthy dividing cells can include cells of reproductive system, hair follicles, gastrointestinal tract and bone marrow. The side effects can be provisional or long-term. Obviously, not each drug will cause side effect. You must not hesitate to ask doctor when the particular chemotherapy you are taking has a disadvantage.

Temporary side effects range from nerve damage to hair loss. Dry mouth, pain swallowing nausea, diarrhea, fatigue, constipation, loss of appetite, changes with taste, bleeding and mouth sores are some of the temporary disadvantages of chemotherapy treatment. Once you finish chemotherapy, you must generally recover your normal condition. For example, you get your hair back two months after chemotherapy is finished completely. However, if you find out any of them intolerable, then you must allow your doctor to know this. He can switch to a new medicine.

It is possible that chemotherapy also leaves behind long-lasting signs of injury. Long after you finish your treatment, you may discover another cancer form like non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and leukemia. These are cancers of white blood cells named lymphocytes. Others can also injure your kidneys, nervous system, liver and brain. Sometimes, there can be blood in your urine. Chemotherapy injures the sperms also. Getting pregnant with injured sperm also increases the risk to produce hereditary faulty babies.

Obviously, not all chemotherapy drugs have such long-term disadvantages however, you may discuss with your doctor for best possible options. Doctors due to the dangers of long-term chemotherapy side effects never take chemotherapy lightly.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    cancer, does drinking a LOT everyday keep the chemo from working?
    He had colon cancer that went to the liver. Has had chemo for almost four years still has three places on the liver that will not go away and can not have surgery because of where they are located on the liver.

    • ANSWER:

  2. QUESTION:
    Does any one know if a liver transplant is possible if you have liver cancer and what the survival rates are.?
    Bladder cancer cells that chemo does not work as well orther cells and that have travelled to the liver and turned in to secondary liver cancer. How successful is chemo on these cells and how long can it increase survival.

    • ANSWER:
      It all depends on the extent of the disease. If the cancer is a primary liver cancer which hasn't spread to regional lymp nodes or distant site (metastases - commonly lung/brain/bone) then it is possible to resect the tumour which can lead to good survival provided the resection margins are clear. This doesn't involve a whole transplant just the removal of the affected area and is usually accompanied by chemotherapy.

      If the liver tumour is a metastases itself - most commonly from bowel cancer, again it is possible to resect up to 80% of liver tissue and still have good function and survuval is approx 33% at 5 years - this is provided the original bowel cancer has been proven to be cured and there are no metastases elsewhere in the body.

      As for a whole liver transplant for a whole organ infected with cancer... The chance of this occuring in isolation is actually rare, the cancer would have to be extremeally advanced to have affected the whole liver whilst not having been detected at an earlier stage when a selective resection could take place. If the cancer was this advanced then the chances of NOT having cancer spread to the lungs/brain/bone whould be tiny and so you wouldn't be able to remove the liver as it would be a futile procedure.

      Also liver transplants are difficult and bloody operations involving the blood vessels that drain and supply the liver itself. During the operation liver cells can leak into the blood stream. If the liver was riddled with cancer these cells would simply travel elsewhere and therefore negate the benefit of the procedure in the first instance. (because the cancer would not have been completely removed)

      I'm not sure on the stats for chemo though - sorry

  3. QUESTION:
    My husband has pancreatic cancer with liver metastatic?
    We were told yesterday that the 12 weeks of chemo and 5 weeks of radiation are not working and the cancer has spread and he also has a spot on his lung now. Does anyone know the progression of this disease? What should I expect as the disease progresses?

    • ANSWER:
      Oh, that is bad news. I am sorry you are having to go through this. He will get weaker as the cancer takes its toll. This happened to my grandmother. After it spread to her liver, then it spread to her brain. She got weaker and weaker, eventually sleeping a lot and spending all her time in bed. She died peacefully in her sleep. It was some comfort to know she wasn't feeling any pain. Spend as much time with him as you can. Make him comfortable and enjoy what you have left.

  4. QUESTION:
    Can I give my mom half my liver?
    My mom was diagnosed with liver cancer in May. She was denied a transplant and instead they cut out 3/4 of her liver and gave her some liver cancer pills (chemo). well today she told me that the chemo pills are not working and the Cancer is back. Can I giver her half of my liver? instead of her having to go through the big chemo which is scheduled for Monday.

    • ANSWER:

  5. QUESTION:
    Colon Cancer and Liver Cancer?
    My mom was diagnosed with colon cancer and later with liver cancer. shes done radiation, chemo pills, iv chemo. for eight cycles i believe. when i get home from school i'll either finder sleeping or doing something active on her good days. i miss my mom ALOT like i dont think anyone has a slight idea she was just literally A POCKET FULL OF SUNSHINE. the cancer has gotten lower and is on number 16? idk what this means it waas at 50 something though and it went down . the cancer on her colon is said to be small and her liver cancer is like three of them at 2cms long. they say they wont opperate, prob dont plan on ever. i feel useless. I AM NOT LOSING MY MOM TO THIS SICKNESS. im young and i can't do much but i have family who will i know its not to late what should i do what shold we do help ? they said the chemo will stop working and then they'll have to do four chemos

    • ANSWER:
      It is in all probability advanced colon cancer spread to liver making it terminal stage.
      Therapy only palliative and survival short.

  6. QUESTION:
    Primary Breast Cancer metathesized to liver?
    Friend had stage 2/3 breast cancer 1 year ago. A lumpectomy, radiation and chemo was performed and seemed to be working. Friend has been going monthly for monthly cancer screening for the past year. A few weeks ago she noticed a lump in the abdomen, decreased appetite, experienced indigestion and her liver panels where elevated. A liver biopsy was performed and before the results returned she was hospitalised for ascites, and dehydration. The next day she was informed she has liver cancer and it is in her bones. My question is how fast can tumors grow and why was this not picked up on her monthly screening?

    • ANSWER:
      Metastasized cancer can grow and spread rapidly, depending on the initial cancer. (There are several different types of breast cancer).

      This is why she was having monthly screening, as it can develop from one month to the next.

      I know that my abdomen is palpated and bloods are taken and tested at each routine screening with my oncologist since my own breast cancer, and an urgent appointment was made available th next day when I found something suspicious between scheduled visits.

      I would be curious to here where the symptoms arose in relation to her monthly check ups? A week before? A week after? When?

  7. QUESTION:
    Liver Cancer Depression?
    God, where do I turn when all I want is to help someone I love. 32 yrs old and they say my friend is dying. The doctors say the cancer is spreading and the chemo is not really working. I am praying for my friend, family and strangers are praying for my friend. Anyone who reads this, please take a moment and pray for my friend. I can feel my friend shaking, while crying fearing death. fearing illness. I do not want my friend defeated. I can see my friend falling into depression, crying, moping around - snapping at people. Not eating. How do I keep my friends hope alive. I just want my friend to smile, to not be depressed all the time. I love my friend. I don't know if this is a real question, but please know that all and any responses are appreciated. All prayers are appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      KEEP ON PRAYING AND BEING THERE FOR HER LET HER NO SHE IS LOVE. I AM SO SORRY BUT I WILL PRAY FOR HER.GOD BLESS HER.

  8. QUESTION:
    Cancer that has spread to liver,lungs ,brain and bones?
    Why is cancer so deadly once it has spread to these areas ?

    Will the chemo not work and why ?

    Or just what makes it deadly ?

    • ANSWER:

  9. QUESTION:
    where are they doing stem cell replacement for cancer patients?
    huband stage 4 colon cancer that spresd to stoomach liver lungs chemo not working

    • ANSWER:
      In 1990, I had Hodgkin's Lymphoma, stage 3-B, but I've survived. My doctors were great people, but they were limited to surgery, chemo and radiation by profitable AMA treatment policy. During the year in treatment, I started learning about alternative medicine. I'm a retired engineer, and this is what I've pieced together--our IMMUNE SYSTEMS become weakened by poor nutrition, lack of exercise and reduced oxygen. Once that happens, our body becomes vulnerable to common STRESSORS. Stressors can be environmental, like viruses, heavy metals, pesticides, food additives, electromagnetic waves or pollution. They can be internal things like emotional or job stress, or poisonous people in our lives. Aging is also a contributing factor. So this means:

      WEAK IMMUNE SYSTEM + STRESSORS = DISEASE (cancer, diabetes, heart disease, etc.)

      Our bodies have 60 trillion--yes, trillion--cells, and there are always some mutating into cancer cells, but a healthy immune system kills them before they have a chance to get a foothold in the body.

      It takes a LONG time, usually, or a high level of stressors, to weaken the immune system to the point where it won't do its job, but once cancer has formed, it will generally spread rapidly.

      THIS IS IMPORTANT! There are ways to BEAT cancer that are currently being used in Europe and around the world, and there are some great books on the subject. I know because I've read about 50 of them from cover to cover. Here's a list of the best ones. Some are out of print and getting hard to find--

      "The Cure for All Cancers", ISBN 0963632825
      "A Cancer Therapy", ISBN 0882681052
      "Oxygen Therapies", ISBN 0962052701
      "Hydrogen Peroxide--Medical Miracle", ISBN 1885236077
      "The Natural Cure for Cancer--Germanium", ISBN 0533071410
      "Killing Cancer", ISBN 0705000966
      "Natural Cures 'They' Don't Want You to Know About", ISBN 0975599518

      I know of people whose cancer has 'spontaneously remitted' (WENT AWAY for no known reason) AFTER they went on programs of herbs and nutrition to restart their immune systems.

      You and your family must look out for yourselves to stand a chance of being healthy. This is not a joke, and I'm not selling anything--just trying to help.
      I am using the things I learned in those books right now to fight off a second infestation of cancer. I've been at it for over a year now, and think I'm going to make it. Use what works for you, and pass on your success. Best of luck.

      AMA AND FDA--
      The American Medical Association (AMA) and the pharmaceutical companies control medical law and the FDA in this country with heavy lobbying and a revolving door policy. WHY would they want to do this? It's about the money. In 2004, medicine (doctors, hospitals, researchers and pharmaceutical firms) received 1.1 TRILLION dollars--1/4th of the total earnings (GNP 4.4 trillion) in the U.S. This is astounding, it means MILLIONS of people worked the whole year just to pay the nation's medical expenses!! That's totally astounding, and just too big to care about individuals.
      http://www.altcancer.com/video/hoxsey_ds...

  10. QUESTION:
    Liver cancer...how long?
    My father in law was diagnosed with liver cancer 3 weeks ago.He also has kidney failure (14 pc function in both kidneys) which is not being treated at the moment.The hospital say they think it's only a small tumor at the moment and that chemo and radiotherapy won't work so his only option is to have an operation which is really risky.He has weekly hospital visits as the docs won't operate until he puts in weight.He has no appetite and isn't eating so that's not going to happen. He sleeps most of the day and is incontinent at night, also has low blood pressure.Does anyone have experience of liver cancer that could give me more info please?

    • ANSWER:
      There should be a specialist nurse practitioner within the hospital who deals with cancer patients.

      You really need to as a family sit down with one of his Dr's or Consultant and discuss all his options and his prognosis.
      The limited renal function is also a major factor in this as this affects his blood pressure etc etc.

      Go with him to the next appointment and talk to the nurse in charge and arrange for a discussion appointment with the Dr. Your mother if she is still alive will need to be with you if she is the next of kin. But start asking questions and get the answers you need.

      Some of the cancer charities also have help lines and trained nurses on the other end of the line.

  11. QUESTION:
    My Uncle is dying from Liver Cancer?
    My Uncle has liver cancer and has had cancer now for 3 years. It started in his colin and went to his liver. He has had two surgeries in his liver to get the cancer out. He now needs one more sugery. He has been on chemotherapy for the last three years as well. He has a 9 year old daughter and a wife. He can not work due to the severity of the cancer and his insurance will not approve any more treatment. He needs to get more chemo and surgery so he can live 20 more years. My question is does any one know of any insurane plans that would help, any funding groups that would help, or how to raise money for him? Please let me know if you could help with any information. Thank You

    • ANSWER:
      If the treatment is no longer doing anything to help him live, then the insurance company (and probably the doctor) is not going to keep agreeing to it. Just because there is treatment available doesn't mean the treatment will work. This is all very painful and requires the family to look at another way of handling this.

  12. QUESTION:
    my mom was very sick (not eating for 2 weeks, sleeping all day) from liver cancer in hospital....READ DETAIL?
    ...and now all of a sudden she has "awoken" from her constant sleeping and is in less pain too. she has acutally started eating too now. doctors said she has a few weeks to a few months left to live. they said that about 2 weeks ago when she couldn't eat, move, and was throwing up and diaharreea herself to death. now shes actually talking too! doing much better and even eating and pooping and etc...her stomach/liver area swelling has actually gotten down too. The only thing she has yet to do is walk. now my questoin is....is this a good thing? or is she just going to go back to her near-death state again in a few more weeks? what im trying to say is....is it possible for her to survive? she is under a whole new different chemo medicine rite now. it is a clinical trial one that hasn't been put up in hospitals yet. but a private oncologist with 50 years experience htat we know is giving her this new chemo medicine that may or may not work. so what im saying is....is this "getting better" that i see rite now in my mother something i should build my hopes on and be happy about? or are my hopes just going to be shattered later on? my mom is only 48 years old and has a lot of strength.
    do usually people with liver cancer get sick, then get better, then sick, then better in random patterns? or what?
    give any info u have about experiences with people with liver cancer who have either died or survived.
    THANKS

    • ANSWER:
      Her prognosis is only partially based on symptoms and it is based more on the disease. It is very common for dyeing people to suddenly appear much better, but it is short lived. Enjoy them as much as possible. If she is in a clinical trial she has late stage disease and standard treatment is not working. It is possible whatever she is receiving is slowing down her cancer and may even put her into remission for awhile, but it is not very likely to cure her. I’m sorry.

  13. QUESTION:
    New chemo drug specifically for metastatic breast cancer?
    My mom was diagnosed for the 6th time last week. After both breasts (almost 10 years apart), lungs, bones, and liver they found it in her colon. She has been on Herceptin every week for a while now, probably almost 5 years. She will start a new chemo that includes an IV drip 1 week on / 3 weeks off and a chemo pill 2 times a day. She said it's a brand new medication specifically for metastatic breast cancer. I can't remember the name of it so I was wondering if anyone here knows what it might be and if there are any statistics on how well it works.

    I know I've asked alot of questions about this but we've been fighting this for over 10 years now. I've never heard of anyone living through 6 cancer diagnoses and working full time through it all so I'm not giving up.

    Thanks for any advice!

    • ANSWER:
      Avastine blocks the chemical signals used to make new blood vessels for tumor growth, not oxygen. It's looking grim for avastin for met. bc...

      July 20, 2010 -- Avastin is not helpful in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer, and the drug's approval for this use should be withdrawn.

      That's the verdict of an FDA advisory panel, whose 12-1 vote urges the FDA to remove breast cancer from the list of approved uses of the Genentech drug. The vote is specific to breast cancer and does not affect Avastin's approval for the treatment of colon, lung, brain, or kidney cancer.

      Against the advice of a previous advisory committee, the FDA in 2008 gave Avastin "accelerated approval" for the treatment of spreading breast cancer, in combination with chemotherapy. As a condition of that approval, Genentech agreed to conduct two new clinical trials.

      Those trials showed no evidence that Avastin offered an overall benefit to breast cancer patients. In contrast, the drug added significantly to the side effects of chemotherapy.

      Avastin is a man-made antibody that blocks the chemical signals that tumors use to grow new blood vessels. By preventing the growth of new blood vessels, the drug starves tumors.

      But clinical trials showed little evidence that breast cancer patients benefit by adding Avastin to chemotherapy. The drug increased the rate at which these patients experienced serious side effects.

      Briefing documents prepared for the panel by FDA staff painted a dim picture, suggesting Avastin's risks outweigh its benefits.

      Hopefully, your mom is on this one: A new targeted cancer drug has been shown to shrink tumors in women with metastatic breast cancer after an average of seven other drugs, including Herceptin, failed.

      The new drug, called T-DM1, combines Herceptin with a potent chemotherapy drug. It's a Trojan horse approach, where Herceptin homes in on cancer cells and delivers the cancer-killing agent directly to its target.

      Tumors shrank in one-third of women with metastatic breast cancer given T-DM1, says Ian Krop, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston. In another 12%, tumors stopped growing for at least six months.

      The women remained cancer-free for an average of seven months -- results unheard of in patients this sick, he says.

      All the women, who had breast tumors for an average of three years, had cancer that had metastasized, or spread to other parts of the body. They had been treated with an average of seven different therapies, including Herceptin, Tykerb, and Xeloda, and each had failed.

      "This is the first study looking at women who have failed so many other treatments," Krop tells WebMD. "But we think these results are as good as we've ever seen is such a refractory [sick] population," he says.

  14. QUESTION:
    Massage Therapists and health care profs - Naturally treating stage 4 Liver and Bone Cancer...Is Massage ok?
    I am a licensed massage therapist and got a request from a potential new client today who is recovering from stage 4 liver and bone cancer for house call appointments. She is getting treated naturally from a Dr. in Ecuador and has received no chemo or radiation and has been recommended to get regular massage as part of her treatment in recovery. I was told she is cancer-free. How would you go about this, and/or would you? I have not been trained extensively in cancer massage but I was educated in massage therapy school and have worked with clients with cancer and in remission. The thing is, I have never had a client that was undergoing only natural treatments. Should I have her get clearance from a modern and traditional western physician as well? I want to help her but am nervous about the risks. Any advice from trained professionals would be appreciated.

    • ANSWER:

  15. QUESTION:
    Treatments for stage 4 liver cancer with unknown primary, suspect lung or colon and has metasized to bone?
    My mother has this and they've said chemo will not change her prognosis. If she gets the chemo, there is a 4 out of 5 chance it won't work, if she gets it there is a 1 out of 5 chance it will. It will most likely make her sick while she is on it, and if it does work it will only extend her life about 3 to 8 months if it goes into hybernation, but it will eventually return. her life expectancy is less than 6 months, chemo may only extend it a few months. If she gets radiation to the bones where she is in a lot of pain, she will feel better in a few doses, and with her pain meds she will feel pretty well for a while with almost no side effects, except fatique, but it will not extend life and she could have less than 3 months of survival. She doesn't really want the chemo, and neither does my Dad, for them quality of life is more important then length, and she doesn't want people to see her go through the chemo. Does anyone have info on this what would u do? we have second opinion friday

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry for your situation. The doctors are right with what they are saying if they cant locate the primary cancer they wont know what type of chemo to give your mum so it will be trial and error which i def dont recommend. Stage four cancer is incurable and almost certainly terminal. once cancer has reached the liver the life expectancy is less than a year, this happened to my Mum. Mum was diagnosed with stage 4 cancer last may. It was in her liver lung and kidney they couldn't find the primary cancer either. they eventually did and it was diagnosed ads kidney cancer, Mum pasted away 4 months from first diagnosis aged 60. i agree with your mum and dad if chemo is only going to extend her life a few months i wouldn't go thru the pain and trauma it will make her sicker than the cancer itself and will make her bed ridden. Mum went on a trail drug for 2 weeks and it was the worst thing we could have done she lost all dignity and control of her bodily functions it was terrible. definitely get your second opinion. contact me if you need support or info. xx

  16. QUESTION:
    Anyone here with breast cancer metastasis to the liver?
    My aunt was diagnosed and by the time she noticed the lump in her breast it had spread to her liver she has about a dozen lesions on her liver.They haven't done much with the mass in her breast they have said the main concern is her liver at the moment.She is taking chemo treatments every week and the breast mass has shrunk in size and she is doing well considering.Her blood work has been coming back normal every week except last week her white blood cell count was high and she could not have chemo.Iam wanting to talk to people who has went thru this or is going thru this same situation .What was/is your course of treatment? how are you doing? I know this is serious and would lover more info from someone knowledgeable. Also her breast cancer is 98% estrogen positive,mildly differentiated.
    She goes back for another round of tests wensday since having chemo to see if its working and Im just really worried.She is like a mother to me and I want to be there to support her and just understand all I can.
    edit sorry i meant*the tumor in her breast is a Grade 2. The cells are somewhat abnormal (moderately differentiated).

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry about your aunt, but metastatic breast cancer is not curable, it can often be managed for several years though. She is getting the standard course of treatment and it looks like she is responding well if the tumors are shrinking. It is also good the tumor is moderately differentiated and ER positive, which means the tumor will likely respond to hormone therapy as well. She does have a long road ahead of her. She will still need a mastectomy, possibly more chemo and radiation, before hormone therapy. Best wishes to you both.

  17. QUESTION:
    A question about my Dads cancer. Serious question Doctors only please?
    im 16 and my father has liver cancer. I havnt been able to talk to the doctors because he is being treated miles away in London.

    Basically due to having hepatitus B for many years without knowing, he has recently developed very agressive tumoors on his liver. The cancer has not spread. Only a small amount of his liver is functioning (about 10 % i think or about tht anyway). Many hospitals said they couldnt do anything and that he has 3 months to live ( this was about 2 months ago). However one hospital in London said they would try chemotherapy and started a couple of weeks ago.

    But, his Kidney started failing a few days ago so he has many 'liquids' connected to him to keep his kidney going( not severe enough to be dialysis machine)

    Due to the failing kidney(/kidneys not sure) the doctors said he cannot continue chemo unless the kidneys start working properly again on their own so he has been having some proteins or something that is supposed to make the kidneys better. Basicaly if the doctors are unable to make the kidneys better(the results are tomorow) he cannot have chemo so there is nothing more they can doand im guessing his kidneys will just shut down and he will slip into a coma.

    But surely he can just be put on a dialysis machine during chemo. I know it sounds ridiculous keeping someone on chemo for weeks and weeks but is this a possibility.

    Lets say the chemo is very effective and reduces the tumors size while on the dialysis machine enough to have them surgically removed then surely the kidneys will begin to get better and he can be taken off the dialysis machine.

    This must be a possibility if the proteins dont work in making the kidneys better. Even if it has little chance of working its better than just giving up

    Thankyou so much for taking the time to reply to my question.
    The reason why chemo cannot take place with the kidneys not working properly is becuase the chemo fluids in the blood need to be drained out or something but the dialysis machine can do tht instead.

    • ANSWER:
      Based on the information that you provided, your Dad's bilateral acute renal failure is a direct result of his liver failure, caused by his advanced primary liver cancer, brought on by hepatitis B.

      If his liver cancer had been caught before the largest tumor reached 5 centimeters in size, then a liver transplant might have been medically logical and feasible. With a functioning transplant liver in place, the kidney problem would not have developed.

      Your idea of kidney dialysis would not solve your Dad's multiple underlying problems. Furthermore, his overall condition may be so weakened that chemotherapy could be fatal upon infusion.

      Unfortunately, your Dad's diagnosis apparently came at a late point in the disease progress. Liver cancer has a very poor survival rate in advanced stages.

      I would suggest that he get a second medical opinion from a qualified oncologist, but you did mention that he has already been to several hospitals. Please find attached articles from the Merck Manual regarding renal failure and liver cancer (below) that will help you better understand your Dad's situation.

      I am sorry for your troubles and wish you all the best. You are a good son to be actively aiding your father in his time of need.

  18. QUESTION:
    Caring for my father w/ terminal cancer & transmission of hep c?
    My dad has hep c, contracted through infected tattoo equipment, and has developed liver cancer (specifically a cancerous hepatoma tumor), and since my mom passed away I've been his primary care giver. Due to the course of the illness, he is losing mental capacity and the ability to do day to day functions and requires 24 hour care. I'm taking care of him to the best of my ability, and the chemo treatments didn't work so he's off those meds. His balance has been bad latley, and even with supervision, he occasionally gets out of bed and falls. I'm worried about the risk of transmission of the hep c, even though I use all possibile procautions, because I ocassionally come in direct contact with his blood. He also has started urinating in various places that are not the toliet, like the hallway, the kitchen, etc. We lost my mom very suddenly on December 1, 2008, and he was already diagnosed as being terminal. Any advice on what to do? Hospice has been contacted and we're working with them on adding their services, but if anyone has experience on how this may progress, the risk of transmission and any advice on the situation, please help me. I'm worried about him, and I'm also concerned that I could contract hep c.
    I understand there is no "vaccine" for it, however when my dad is lying on the floor, bleeding, I'm not exactly going to let him lay there, reguardless of the potential transmission. I was looking more for facts than fluff.
    Thanks for trying though.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry to hear about your Dad and Mom.
      Hep C is from Blood, not urine, not tears. Vomit and spit and poo would only be a concern if there is blood in it AND it got into your body thru a cut or a mucous membrane.
      A family member lived with me while on treatment for this and we lived to tell the tale.
      Take the kinds of safe precautions that you would always take with blood.
      Get gloves, have them in the house, then when of safead has fallen and is bleeding or whatever, you can help him without fear.
      Keep his toothbrush, nail clippers, etc seperate, so you don't share by accident.
      For urine get Enzyme treatment that eats up the urine smell, lseparate they sell at Pet-Co for animals (I am sure they have it for people too). This is for the smell more than disease.
      Put a small amount of bleach in communial dishes that are washed in a sink, good practice anyway since he is so sick.
      And as bad as this communalu ever did contract Hep C realize that there is treatment for this disease that is quite effective when done early in the disease.
      Look on the internet or turn to your Dr. for more help.

  19. QUESTION:
    The better option...chemo or radiation?
    My Dad died from cancer that began in the liver and traveled thru his body. He started radiation and then switched to chemo. I was told because radiation was not working. What I wonder is, why would they think chemo would work? Now my sister has been diagnosed w/ breast cancer and wonders what her options are. Going by our Dad's experience, makes her choices harder to make. Can anyone who has gone thru either of these treatments, shed some light for us. The pros and cons of the treatment path you took.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi there, yes I'm a cancer survivor. There are pro's and con's to each treatment and each treatment has it's own destiny. Radiation is more tissue related, like skin deep, for organs, radiation can enhance but it will not kill the cancer, it's not deep enough or strong enough. Radiation damages skin and lymph nodes and many times can cause fluid build up called lymphedema. The skin actually burns many times during a treatment. There are side effects too due to the skin heating up such as burning, peeling, loss of sensation, etc. Chemo is stronger, it goes through the full body and kills the cells, right after surgery it is very beneficial, before and after, you shrink the tumor, do surgery, then chemo again to kill loose cells that escape. Liver cancer is harder to treat because the liver is spongy, say for example surgery on the liver, you can't stitch it because it's like trying sew cottage cheese together, they have to clamp it together. Based on that the radiation probably was more of an enhancement in this case whereas the chemo penetrated and circulated full body.

      Now for a breast, and I have experience in breast cancer, if I were your sister, I would opt for chemo AND radiation first to shrink the cancer, surgery then more chemo and radiation after to make sure the cancer dies. There are newer treatments too with crypto therapy not sure how that is spelled, where they can freeze tumors and they die, she needs to consult with a good oncologist on treatment options whether she wants a lumpectomy, masectomy etc.

      Just to be aware, breast cancer can spread to lymph nodes, especially in the chest and underarm, the underarm node is called the axilla and it's a main node in the body. Removal of this node or radiation done to that node or higher near the collarbone (called the clavicle) can damage the node. Damage or removal of that node can cause lymphedema, which is fluid build up in the body due to a malfunction in the lymphatic system. She needs to be aware of that when she talks to the surgeon and oncologist. They may not tell her about it as many doctors are not informed.

  20. QUESTION:
    gastric cancer and its spreading what can we expect?
    my sisters got gastric cancer for 4 months now, shes been getting chemo everyday and its not working, so far the cancers spread to her liver, esophagus, kidneys and her stomachs covered, and now theyre testing to see if its gone to her brain. shes weak cant walk shes in a wheel chair. What can we expect has anyone seen cancer spread this fast? weve never dealt with cancer before just seeing if anyone has heard of anything like this so fast and can give some advice and hopefully help with whats gonna happen next what we can expect thanks for answers god bless

    • ANSWER:
      Support Groups:

      The stress of illness may often be eased by joining a support group with members who share common experiences and problems. See cancer - support group and gastrointestinal disorders - support group.

      Expectations (prognosis):

      There is a wide variation in prognosis of gastric tumors. Tumors in the lower stomach are more often cured than those in the higher area -- gastric cardia or gastroesophageal junction. The depth to which the tumor invades the stomach wall and whether lymph nodes are involved influence the chances of cure.

      In circumstances in which the tumor has spread outside of the stomach, cure is not possible and treatment is directed toward improvement of symptoms.
      http://www.healthcentral.com/ency/408/000223trt.html

  21. QUESTION:
    my uncle have colon cancer he is suffering from leg pain is readiation works?
    my uncle have colon cancer past 4years . he operate the tumor and he did chemo as well but its spreaded to lungs and liver. Now he is suffering from leg pain its started swelling .He is having lump in leg (joint of pelvis and leg)both side Doctor suggested todo the radiation to reduce the size of lump and pain .Is it work or it will give some side effect.he is geting confused whether he need to take the radiation or not.pls give me a advice.And his abdomn also getting swell.Is this the final stage?

    • ANSWER:
      The doctor has suggested radiation to help your uncle feel more comfortable, he would not have offered this treatment if he did not think that it would be somewhat effective. Radiation therapy has some side effects, including a skin reaction similar to a sunburn, and fatigue. Considering that the cancer has spread to distant parts of his body, he is, unfortunately, nearing the end. He (and your family) needs to weigh the importance of the treatmet and his quality of life with his desire to go to the hospital for treatments every day.

  22. QUESTION:
    My grandma has Cancer she is 77 years young she has had polyps in the past and removed or SO SHE THOUGHT WOW?
    Her last visit Aug 2009 6 months ago to that doctor said you are cured no polyps this time see me in 1 year. However the doctor informed her she had a hernia in her pevlise. As she left the Dr she thought wow that's a relief no probe for 1 year. So she went to the same doctor to have the hernia removed an EKG was done results came back only to tell her that she had a Heart Attack in the past. The doctor explained to her that she needed to have a stress test done before they could operate on the hernia Stress test was done nothing abnormal said the paper work so she made a promise to my mom that as soon as she moved she would see a new doctor. She would be moving in a few months to Utah or Sun City Ca.
    Well in Sept 2009 she moved to Sun City and soon realized her body did not feel right. Oct 10th She went to a different doctor UCI only to find out that polyps were there and have gotten to a size of a ball, upon further testing these polyps were cancer and have traveled through her rectum walls onto intestines and even up on her liver. UCI specialist are going to work with a doctor closer to her home to give her Chemo to shrink the mass on the liver Nov 2009. She does not like that however the only negaitive was she feels tired. In Dec she found that there is a new drug could possibly help her speed up the process to shrink the liver cancer cells but this doctor said her insurance did not cover the medicen. So 77 years old with cancer strong woman makes all of the calls herself only to find out that this new doctor did not check on this new drug that she needs & GUESS WHAT The medication is fully covered under her insurance. Jan. 2010 she quietly left this new doctor and went back to UCI in hopes to find a cure for her life illness.
    So now what I would like for all of you who say doctor knows best...
    You and only YOU know your body if it feels like something is wrong, Keep checking.
    Power of Positive thinking.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a progressive disease. It is entirely possible that in August the polyps that were removed were not cancerous . . or the ones tested were not cancerous. This is what makes cancer so deceptive . .you can have two polyps and one will be benign but the other may be malignant or progress to a malignancy. The fact that the polyps grew back or had increased in size are a symptom for cancer . . . don't you understand . . they were not there even a few weeks before . . that is how fast cancer in some cases can progress. My son was 17 when diagnosed with multiple abdominal tumors . . his disease was so aggressive that the tumor doubled in size in 30 days . . he had hundreds of tumors, some the size of volley balls . . and his pediatrician never in noticed them until the disease was advanced.

      As for the rest of your commentary . . I totally agree that patients need to know their bodies and advocate for themselves. Patients hire doctors for their knowledge and expertise, the patient should hear all options and than make decisions.

      I would suggest that your grandmother become educated with the 'cancer world' and where to go for treatments . . she should travel as soon as possible to the nearest comprehensive cancer center which treats many cancer patients a year. She needs expertise and an oncologist who will work with her to treat her in the way best for her. As for the insurance . . there are oncological social workers who should be able to give your grandmother advice and steer her toward resources. Even if the insurance does not cover a medication a cancer patient can generally get it through the company or in other ways . . her doctor should have explained that to her. And even if the insurance denies the medication a patient can still appeal the decision . . doctors will often write a statement to the insurance company.

      The lesson learned here is that your grandmother needs to be her own advocate . . she needs to be assertive, but also acknowledge that oncologists have the expertise that she will need to survive this disease.

      Your grandmother should join a few support groups to find out what questions to ask and where to go for the best treatment for colon cancer (also suggest she carefully avoid the 'terminators' - those who will try to write her life off):

      Colon Cancer Alliance
      http://www.ccalliance.org/

      ACOR: Colon elist support group
      http://listserv.acor.org/SCRIPTS/WA-ACOR.EXE?A0=COLON

      Cancer Care
      http://www.cancercare.org/

  23. QUESTION:
    What to do about my mom not calling back? Lives 300 miles away and has cancer?
    My sister and I are getting worried about my mom. She lives almost 300 miles away on the other side of the state and we haven't talked to her in almost 3 weeks . We've both called and emailed her at work with no response. We don't want her to think we're spying on her or anything but we can't help but worry. She's been battling cancer for over 12 years and is still working full time with chemo on Thursday afternoons for metastatic breast cancer in her liver. She usually doesn't feel too good for a couple days after so she calls us on the weekends. She waits until the last minute to tell us anything that is wrong with her even though we are grown with our own families. I know she doesn't want us to worry about her but how can we not? She is a very strong woman and has never let the cancer bring her down. Most people don't even know she is undergoing treatment. On the other hand, not to sound cold hearted, she knows I just got my income tax and is in need of money so I'm extremely surprised she hasn't called asking for a loan.

    We are hitting a brick wall and don't know what to do. There is no other way to get a hold of her and no one to call me if something did happen. Help?

    • ANSWER:
      I would find out if she is OK immediately by talking to her place of employment making sure she is still working. Does she have any neighbors or friends that can check on her for you? If not, then you need to get the police in her area to check to make sure she is OK. Due to her medical condition, you need to get something set up with her to make sure she is OK all the time. This is especially true if there is no one around like neighbors or friends that she keeps in close contact with on a daily basis.

      When my mother in law lived in an apartment complex far from us and was pretty much on her own and also had serious medical conditions, we talked to the apartment complex manager who checked on her daily. All my MIL had to do in the morning was pull her curtains open and the manager knew she was OK. That was the sign they made up between them which really helped ease our worries. If she was in the middle of something, she wouldn't call us, so this helped us a lot knowing she was being checked on daily.

      If you find out everything is OK now, maybe you should try and get something set up somehow that work for your family.

  24. QUESTION:
    what is next with stage 4 colon cancer?
    chemo is working well but last cat-scan showed left side of the liver not responing like the right side. next treatment will switch one of the meds. to see if this helps, what is next. Wife is real tired, weak, with no get up and go accepting chemo well so far. Have no idea of the out come or what to expect in the up coming months. Everyone is dancing around the outcome of longivity

    • ANSWER:
      If her oncologist is dancing around the outcome it is because he was told not to discuss it with you. Her disease is not curable and this is not something her doctor would hide from her. Treatment is to prolong her life and decrease symptoms, but it will not cure her. If you are saying the doctor is dancing around how much time she has left it is because he doesn’t know, as he is hoping she will respond better to the next drugs.

  25. QUESTION:
    question about cancer...?
    my partners mother was told three months ago that she has stomach and liver cancer... she was advised she only had 6 months to live and if she choose to take chemo it could extend her life by a couple of months but it would most likely kill her quicker than the cancer itself..
    she has now been on chemo for 10 weeks... 3 sessions ... before she started chemo she couldnt sit up normally cos it hurt so she lay down to b more comfortable... she couldnt walk without getting sick and fainting and she looked 6 months pregnant..
    now... 3 chemo sessions on... she is back to her normal size no more pregnant look... she is now being sick and can sit normally... she feels so gd shes planning on going back to work in january not only that shes on pain relief every second of every day becos the doctor said if she didnt have it the pain would totally cripple her... the funny thing is... the nurse that comes to give her pain relief every morning done something wrong and she went 28 hrs without any pain relief... and she said she didnt feel one bit of pain and felt great... wat is going on... does it seem to u that something is going well for her? like possible remission they said was never possible for her?

    • ANSWER:
      Different people have different reactions to Chemo.

      It sounds like the treatment she is on has reduced at least one of the tumours (probably the stomach) relieving symptoms.

      It is great that she has had this increased quality of life.

      She needs to get a follow up report from her oncologist as to what is going on.

      While it would be great if she is heading towards remission, this is unlikely with liver cancer.

  26. QUESTION:
    Why so Heavily Tired after Chemo?
    My mum has been on Chemotherapy for Colon/ Liver cancer for just over 3 months now.

    She has it fortnightly and usally is not so bad on it, has energy from steroids etc

    But for the last few weeks the steroids don't seem to be working aswell and she has no energy at all, even to walk up the stairs which is completly opposite to usual, the effects are lasting longer and seem to be getting worse. Sometimes she just doesn't wake up for hours/days....

    Anyone know what could help or why this may be?

    Thanks
    I really appreciate all yours answers and kind thoughts, I understand that it is ordinary that she would want to rest all the time but I am just struggling to understand why now, she must have been for chemo 8/9 times and felt absolutely fine afterwards, shopping, socialising etc... I just don’t know why all of a sudden it’s just gone so far down hill...

    Thanks again, and I am going to invest in some vitamins for her tommorow..

    • ANSWER:
      You have to realize how draining this is on your mom's body, It's so draining, she won't want to do any ting. She won't want to socialize or have company except her kids. Honey, it's the hardest thing on the human body. It is literally poison in small doses to kill of those no good rotten cells that may be left. The only thing that will help her is rest. all the rest she needs and wants. She needs you to do things for her and boy will she love you more for itl Give her time, give her vitamins, screw the steroids. Chemo just drains every bit of strength from you. .. They are not lasting longer, it just seems like that. Honey please, get her on simple vitamins. She needs her immune system to get back to normal and it will. just give it time. Everything takes time. Some more than others. She will be back. she needs you more now than ever before. Trust me, I know. and it is so wonderful to have those you love hep you so much. Just preparing meals, cleaning, doing dishes, going to the drug store for her, Drawing a nice bath with candles all around the bathroom is so comforting. Anything she would do for you...you can do for her. Even brushing her hair. She needs you all the time. God bless you honey. Do the best you can and be the daughter she's always loved and saw to your needs. You dan do it

      ADD Honey, either her Dr changed her chemo to a stronger one or it's now catching up with her. I tend to think a newer chemo may involved and if that's the case, don't expect her to socialize to much. You too may want to take some simple precautions when visiting like wearing a mask or using had sanitizer if you give her anything. I' m just taking a stab in the dark here, but it really sounds like her chemo med has been changed. Speak to her Dr and see if that's the case. If it's not, ask him why all of a sudden she feels this way. OK, hope she feels better soon and is back to socializing and wanting to do things. God bless you,

  27. QUESTION:
    My best Friend of 25 years has battled cancer for 5 months and received the bad news only days left how do I h
    The news is bad no hope chemo and all treatment has stoped after we recived news that the 2nd chemo therapy was working on his lungs now liver and stomake are gone I dont want to say or do anything that will make things worse I only want to be their for my freind. He has not allways been a Angle but have any of us
    .Please advise any imput will be a help my flight leaves in AM.
    Thanks
    andle the sad reality set before us head on or step and spin bob and weave is their a stright answer or the test of time
    and our own faith and values ?

    • ANSWER:
      There's no easy or simple answer as this must be one of the hardest things to deal with. Your friend isn't looking for you to supply a miracle or even the answer. Just be the friend you've been for the last 25 years. You must be one of the best in the world since you're dropping everything to be by his side. It won't be about what you say or do, listening is probably 90% of what your friend needs. Your faith, your compassion, your friendship will be your guide. God speed.

  28. QUESTION:
    I need some help. I just found out that an extended family member, in her late 40s, has Stage 4 colon cancer.?
    She was in relatively good health until she was diagnosed a few months ago. The cancer has spread all over her liver, to her lungs, and to other places, but I'm not sure where. She had surgery, but the doctors didn't remove anything because they said the cancer was too widespread. They decided to try chemo, but after a few sessions, they said her body was rejecting it- which I assume to mean that it wasn't working- and for some reason, decided not to try any more treatments. They have given her less than 6 months. I love her very dearly, but I do not feel that I can ask her or her immediate family question about her medical care because it might seem intrusive. I am struggling emotionally with this news, however. I don't understand why further treatments wouldn't be done. What would make a doctor decide to stop chemo all together after such a short time? Could there be something I'm not hearing through the family grapevine about her condition that would make chemo no longer an option?

    • ANSWER:
      The treatment may have been making her very sick. It did do that to my dad. I'm glad they are being honest with them. I get really bothered by doctors who push treatment when they know it is way past being useful and in fact making someone miserable. Hopefully they got into hospice which would work on symptom control, give medications, medical equipment and support from a variety of sources to make the last part of her life more comfortable so that she and her family would all be supported to allow them to spend this last period of her life together.

  29. QUESTION:
    My friend might be lying about having cancer. How do you figure that out, and how do you confront them?
    About a month ago a friend of mine came to me and told me they had just been diagnosed with Pancreatic Cancer that had spread to the liver.

    Over the past month, out of concern for my friend, I have done some reading on the subject and I am starting to wonder if they are lying about it for attention. They say that they are refusing any sort of treatment, therefore, when asked pointed questions they do not have any answers. Such as: How big is the tumor? He actually says he GP diagnosed it when he was looking for something else and he isn't going to go to chemo. He is still working and looks very healthy. He even talks about plans for the future "just in case he beats it". It seems to me with stage 4 pancreatic cancer this wouldn't be possible. However, there are daily hysterical phone calls about dying and talk of picking out coffins.

    Would someone who had stage 4 pancreatic cancer still look and act healthy? Be able to eat? How do you confront something like this?
    About a month ago a friend of mine came to me and told me they had just been diagnosed with Pancreatic Cancer that had spread to the liver.
    Over the past month, out of concern for my friend, I have done some reading on the subject and I am starting to wonder if they are lying about it for attention. They say that they are refusing any sort of treatment, therefore, when asked pointed questions they do not have any answers. Such as: How big is the tumor? He is still working and looks very healthy. He even talks about plans for the future "just in case he beats it". It seems to me with stage 4 pancreatic cancer this wouldn't be possible. However, there are daily hysterical phone calls about dying and talk of picking out coffins.

    Would someone who had stage 4 pancreatic cancer still look and act healthy? How do you confront something like this?
    update: I asked about going to dr and he refused, also said he won't take meds. Did not know about details of cancer when pressed,
    Sorry about above..didn't know it would all repost.

    They also didn't know anything about the cancer itself. They said when the doctor told them they didnt want to know. That the only oncologist they saw was when they went to the er for vomiting blood. After that they checked themselves out. Said they are returning to the GP for follow up but refuse to see an oncologist as all they need are pain meds. Would a dr just give someone a diagnosis like this and not get into any detail with them if they refused it? I am sorry to sound so niave..but I don't want them to be lying...and I am trying to reason this out.
    ***UPDATE: When pushed for more info and when we started asking about Dr appointments and if we could go with him for support, he stated that he did not have a stage 4 pancreatic cancer diagnosis..he did not have a cancer diagnosis period.

    • ANSWER:
      Everyone reacts differently to the stress of being told they have a grade IV cancer and may be facing their own possibly imminent mortality.

      Some people act irrationally as they try to cope with organizing their affairs. Others deny it and keep going forward come what may. I know some stellar souls who, while they are still alive, try not to focus too much on how bad their situation really is, as if with the power of positive thoughts they can eradicate it magically somehow. It could happen. At the very least they appear to live quite happy life's, for as long as they might have. I know other souls who are healthy yet live as if they have already died.
      I agree with the idea of offering to accompany them to see the doctor and for their medical tests. Dealing with life threatening illnesses close to you it is normal to forget some of the details, that is why we always attempt to have more than one person attending the doctors visits. See what they might say and then evaluate accordingly - but keep an open mind.. until proven otherwise. Pretenders can be hard to identify. I give them the benefit of the doubt every time until their stories move from inconsistent to impossible.

      With kind and gentle regards,

      David Edge

  30. QUESTION:
    My dad has got lung cancer!?
    my dad has got lung cancer
    (nsclc) with secondries to the liver kidney pancreas and now the brain his symptons started january,was diagnosed july and spent 2 months chemo which didnt work.now he is just on morphine the cancer got bigger in his lung and spread in the 8 week gap between scans which suggests it may be aggressive, does anyone have an idea how long he has as we don't know whether to bring xmas forward for him, he also has alzeimers so we're not sure if his memory is worse due to cancer of brain or alzeimers please help
    Thanks, no the nurse's have not gave us a time because my mom has had heart attack with the stress, but my sister and i need to prepare for whats ahead.
    Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't think anyone can give you an answer to this question. With cancers it it hard for even the best specialist to tell how long someone has got left. As for bringing Christmas forward - you know the answer to that one. If your fathers mental health is deteriorating bringing christmas forward may give your family a better christmas to remember him by but only you can make that decision. Try to enjoy the time that you have left with your father and remember the times you had with him before the illness.

  31. QUESTION:
    Chances of Surviving Cancer ?
    Again A long Story Made Short
    MY dad Has Bowel, Liver And Lung Cancer

    I dont Really Noe Much About It

    I know Hes Had Chemo

    He Found Out He Had Cancer A year Ago
    And Has Been Batterling It ever Since]
    But LAterly He has Become VEry tired , He Still Goes To WOrk But All That requies IS for Him To Sit around All Day. And When He gets Home He Really Tired

    Hes Having A Scan on The 17th

    Ive GOt a Bad Feeling About It
    And My Mum Thinks It Might Of Spread Into HIs Brains
    And if it has , he wont have long to live
    What ARe the chances of the cancer not to of spread to his brain and him living...

    Tricky One !
    NO rudee or unessasery Comments Please
    xthanks

    • ANSWER:
      Capitalizing the first letter of every word makes anything you write difficult to read.
      You father does not have Bowel, Liver And Lung Cancer.
      If I had to guess I would say he has stage 4 colon cancer and therefore the 5 year survival rate is 5% whether it has gone to the brain or not.

  32. QUESTION:
    stage 4 stomach cancer?
    My father who is a 62 year old Diabetic. Was just diagnosed w/stage 4 Stomach Cancer that has spread to his liver. Is anyone out there aware of any new treatment or drugs that might help this. He was only given 3 months if the chemo did not work and if it does he was given more than a year. I just cant believe this is it. There has to be other alternative to this. Please help me find the alternatives. Thank you for your time.

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry that your dad is diagnosed with this terrible disease. It is so sudden and it is unfair.

      I always say this yet no one ever listens or takes my advise seriously.
      Hope even a glimmer of it drives us. Even in the grimmest hours, we still hope that there is a chance. The alternatives are not great yet we still hope. Your dad sounds pretty sick and yet he is willing to undergo chemotherapy. The chemotherapy even if it works will only make him sicker and feel more awful. He could enroll in a clinical trial and consensually be a guinea pig. So for the next 3-12 months, he will be going to doctors and seeking second opinions. He may be sick and end up in the hospital a few times. He may even seek alternative "miracle" herbs. Why do people want to go thru that? Why don't people seriously consider Hospice as a legitimate option? Why do oncologist push there clinical protocols - are they benefitting society or do they just want to publish a paper that shows that their regiment will increase survival by 3 months? Sometimes it is okay to give up hope.

      I can honestly say that if I have stage 4 stomach cancer that my goals would be 1)put my affairs together 2)keep me comfortable 3)let me spend the time I have the way I want to spend it and not in a hospital, not getting chemotherpy, not in a doctor's office 3)let me die with dignity at home and not in a hospital with tubes.

  33. QUESTION:
    How do we know that chemotherapy is more effective than a vegan diet?
    How do we know that chemo treatment for liver cancer is more effective than a vegan diet? My uncle (a doctor) and I have recommended a vegan diet to my sister (perhaps in conjunction with chemo), but she's going with traditional treatment (chemo) and she eats steak every day.

    "The China Study", a book by Dr. T. Campbell Colins, lists studies that show how cancers in rats (and mice) can be stopped at any stage by reduction of animal protein (casein).

    I've not seen any meaningful criticism of this work and it was peer reviewed and funded by NIH.

    The radiation therapist is pushing radiation, the chemo person pushes chemotherapy. What is the science to support this?

    Is it possible that diet changes alone are just as effective as chemotherapy?

    Where's the scientific study to refute a vegan recommendation?

    • ANSWER:
      What kind of doctor is your uncle?
      Diet does not cure or prevent cancer. Studies are just that, a study. You can find one for just about anything to suit your agenda. We have practiced evidence based medicine in this country for some time now.

  34. QUESTION:
    How should I deal with my mother's cancer?
    My mom has had cancer for a long time. She has been strong and undergone multiple surgeries and chemotherapy rounds.I recently moved back home after years of living on my own to transfer to a university in my hometown to be closer. I am starting to get depressed/down. The topic has always brought be down before, but just at times, now it's starting to weigh on me. My mom's condition is getting worse, and its not looking good. From what I understand, it has matasticized and all over the place.Lungs, liver, spine, already had colonoscopy and breasts removed. Its really just a matter of time, and I hate wondering how much time that is. She has no energy, barely eats, and is now off the chemo that was not working. I want to drop out of school.I don't find homework or studying for my finals very important. I don't even really want to be living in this town. Most of my good friends I have developed over recent years don't live in my hometown. I don't have much enthusiasm to reach out/ even hang out with old friends that do live here. I don''t want to move away either, for I feel like these days that I have with my mom are obviously limited. I don't know what to do. I feel stuck. Selfishly, I feel like I'm just waiting for my mom to die and my life is on hold. I am so fortunate to have such a great mom and be able to live close with her after being away for years, but I still have this huge dilemma. I can't find much happiness in my day to day life, not much to look forward to either. I've considered seeing a doctor for anxiety, which I think I legitimately have for a variety of reasons. However I am hesitant to get meds because I know I would use them too much to numb myself. That would probably make things worse for me to get hooked on pills. I guess I just have to accept my life, but I hate it right now, even when I try to look at the bright side. Thank you If you have read all of this. Please any suggestions
    Should I drop out of school? I'm 24. "best time of my life"

    • ANSWER:

  35. QUESTION:
    Did cancer kill this little girl ?
    ok so a girl last year died she was 4 years old
    i never knew her i was just following her blog (mother's)
    she had neuroblastoma,the chemo did not work,doctors said there is nothing to do
    but she went into a trail treatment and she lived for a year on this treatment i think ,she lived happily and healthy
    if you saw her you would not tell she had/has cancer
    anyhow,she had a fever then went to the hospital and the doctor said she had an infection in her lungs
    and later she died the cause was "unidentified infection" but they preforemed autopsy and the found cancer in her ovaries and i think spots on the liver or the brain i do not remember

    god bless her,i feel heart broken and i can't stop thinking about her
    little angel i hope she is pain free now

    but i really want to know
    was it cancer ? or the infection ?

    • ANSWER:
      You stated the cause of death was "unidentified infection", so that is the cause of death. Unless a more specific cause of death was given at autopsy, which we wouldn’t know with looking at the report or the death certificate.

  36. QUESTION:
    How bad is it REALLY?
    A dear friend of mine told me about two weeks before Christmas that his wife had cancer and it was stage 4 liver cancer. I know how devisting it is to find out the person you love is going through such a horriable thing so I have not really asked a lot of questions as to not upset him. As I talked with him today he told me a little more information. He said that she has now come off of the chemo because it wasnt working and they were starting experm. treatments next week. He also said she has lost about 35 lbs so far but was moving around more since coming off of chemo. They are going for some kind of test tomorrow but not sure what kind. He has told me something about they treat liver cancer like they do gallbladder cancer or something. I dont know if that might mean its in her galbladder as well of if it is just how they treat it. I have tried to read and research what to expect but can not really find any information. He also said that they can not do surgery so from what I have been able to find it being stage four and her being in alot of pain and losing weight and treatments isnt working it just sounds like she is worse off then what he is telling. I am very concerned for her and her family. They have a son and are both in their mid 30's. It is a very sad thing and I want to be able to be there for them but in all honesty I dont know how I can seeing as I dont really understand anything about this type of cancer. Please if someone could give me a little help on what to expect in the coming weeks, months, years I would be so greatful. God Bless all who have had to deal with a situation like this. It has to be the hardest thing to go through. Thank you again in advance.
    oh no its not like that. I only know him through work and I really dont know how she would react to a female that she dont know coming to visit. I just want to understand more about it so I may be of some help to him during this extreamly hard time.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm so sorry, I know you must be feeling so worried and sad and overwhelmed.

      Stage 4 cancer is not good, I can't give any medical advice, but as someone who recently lost her mother to breast cancer I can tell you this:

      Make the most of the time you have. Cherish every moment. Try not to dwell on what will happen after, focus on her being here now, cos if you're focused on after she's gone you're wasting the moments you still have together. You don't need to know anything about this disease to help, you need to just be as normal as possible, go round for a cup of coffee, discuss the latest book you've read, talk about how you feel or how she feels as and when you/she need/s to.

      There will be good days when you'll look her at her and thing there's nothing wrong with this woman, they obviously mixed up the test results with someone else, there will be other days when she seems so ill and fragile that it will cause you pain to be in the same room as her.

      I really am so sorry that she's had this news, I truly hope you and her family will find the strength to help her through this, and I hope you find the strength to cope when it's all over.

      My thoughts are with you.

  37. QUESTION:
    I need a question on cancer answered please?
    So my dad was diagnosed with Gall bladder cancer in January and was told it had spread a little to his Liver. He was given Gemcitabine chemetherapy treatment and was told there'd be no surgery as the cancer was between veins- Tests have been done on a weekly basis and found that his blood work has been good consistently and his immune system and organs were functioning well-The docs decided to do a scan and found the chemo hasn't made a difference and they even noticed a few spots on his lungs. the first time they did the scan, they only concentrated on his Gall bladder, so it has been difficult to tell whether the lung was the origin and also if treatment has been working. I didn't want my dad to go through another bout of chemo if its gonna mess him up and not do a thing, but the doctors insisted he carry on the full course of the treatment- What do you think is happening here, how did they fail to see the spots on his lungs?

    • ANSWER:
      What you are saying doesn’t make sense.
      There should be no doubt what kind of cancer the doctors are dealing with and metastatic work up is always done before treatment begins. Either you have not been told everything or you misunderstood something.
      The only way they would not have seen lung mets is if they were too small to be picked up at the time.
      I’m not sure if you have spoken to his doctor and if you haven’t you really need to. The doctor is trying to prolong his life and decrease his symptoms. I’m sorry to say, your father’s disease is not curable. Gallbladder cancer is almost always fatal. The median survival is 6 months. Even in patients with resectable disease only 27% are alive at one year. Stage 4 disease has a 5-year survival rate of 0%. These cancers are known to respond poorly to chemo. We do not have anyway to manage this disease. I’m very sorry.

  38. QUESTION:
    I think I may try it....what do you think?
    i think im going to do castor oil for dinner tonight. my mom has encouraged me to do so. Im about 2 cm dilated. and its my grandfathers very last birthday on earth tomorrow, so im kind of mixed about it. if it doesnt work, i guess it wasnt my time, but i guess the same could be said if i dont do it and do/dont go naturally myself. im really scared. but its only poop for 2 hours, and after 9 months of somewhat unpleasantness. i think it will be ok. as long as i stay hydrated and try to be comfortable. did the same with DS and it was 50/50 kind of thing. i took a very large dose though, i think that made it not so fun.

    maybe even 1+ small doses at t time even

    Added Explanation:

    Tomorrow is my due date. no biggie. However its my grandfathers birthday. I so hoped that the baby would come before that but, it seems that she is not. My grandfather has terminal cancer, so bad that every part of his body but his brain and liver have cancer (ribs, back, lymph nodes, tissues and all other organs are totally consumed by it). He lives in NC and has been taking experimental treatments to prolong his life as much as possible. So far...nothing has changed. It has grown more. The only good thing is.....he can eat real food now...real food! After 6 months of a liquid diet, they were able to shrink the large mass in his stomach and esophagus so he can eat normally, and was so happy about it he called everyone = ). He sounded so good on the phone, but looks so bad.

    My thing is....as much as I would love for my baby to share a birthday with him, i think that it would be so very sad for me to have to remember my grandfather and celebrate that day with my daughters birth. It was so hard loosing my grandmother to colon cancer (chemo treatments were too much for her after they got all of the cancer out). I just dont know how im going to be able to handle it. And what if something happens to him before I have her and he will have never been able to meet her.

    Tried it when I was due with my son as well in 2003 it worked for me. Hope it does this time too = )

    • ANSWER:

  39. QUESTION:
    Is my mom going to live or do i have not much time with her?? (colon cancer stage 4)?
    My mom was diagnosed with stage 4 colon cancer in june. They found 6cm in her sigmoid colon and found quarter size on her liver and quarter size one lung with pin points on ther other. her blood count was at a 6 when she was first diagnosed but now its at a 12 which is good. They said her lymph nodes have no cancer in them either in the blood. She is a healthey person since being on the chemo she's been shopping, going out but eating correctly as well. The doctor that put her stent in said she did not have blockage so they were able to insert it. Her bleeding has stopped since the chemo and i've read thats a good sign. Shes been feeling healthey and seems to be responding well should i believe in the only 5 percent people live past 5 yrs or is everybody different when it comes to the body. The doctor seems very open and says that this is quite good becuase the tumors are so small and that none of them have consumed the liver or lungs just to easy tumors.. should i believe him or get a second opinion. I've read that hes one of the best in the world we have one working from sloan memorial in nyc and one in hackensack medical center and both are well known should i trust him saying my mom will get better???

    • ANSWER:

  40. QUESTION:
    Cancer in stomach, hard time eating....?
    I have been battling Stage 4 cancer for almost 3 years. The past year it has gotten really bad, spread to my brain, lungs, liver,spine, and bones, and stomach. It has been rough to say the least. I will be talking more with my doctor in a few days but figured I would ask this here. I have been having huge problems eating. I cant taste food. I get aggressive chemo and radiation and thats a side effect. Not only that, I have no desire to eat. I am never hungry, and when I do eat, even if I drink water I have the worst stomach pains. I dread eating and find it harder and harder. I know I have to eat to keep strong. Dairy products are the worst so milkshakes and milk are hard. It doesnt matter what it is, the lightest foods or drink hurt. I really have to force myself to eat and find myself crying the whole time. Everything the doctors have recommended so far isnt working. Has anyone else had this problem? Did you find anything that helped? Any advice would be really REALLY appreciated. Thank you so much!

    • ANSWER:
      This sounds like a classic case of where medicinal marijuana may be of assistance.

      It is supposed to increase apetite, decrease nausea and provide assistance with pain, so hopefully would be of benefit in your case. Discuss this with your Dr.

      Depending on what it is about the dairy product that cause a problem, switching to soy may help, fruit smooties made with soy would provide a wide range of nutrients. Many of the protein shakes are made with whey powder or soy rather than dairy, you may find that one is gentler on your stomach than the others.

      Good luck with your battle.

  41. QUESTION:
    I think I will give it a go?
    I soooo know everyone is sick of these....but

    i think im going to do castor oil for dinner tonight. my mom has encouraged me to do so. Im about 2 cm dilated. and its my grandfathers very last birthday on earth tomorrow, so im kind of mixed about it. if it doesnt work, i guess it wasnt my time, but i guess the same could be said if i dont do it and do/dont go naturally myself. im really scared. but its only poop for 2 hours, and after 9 months of somewhat unpleasantness. i think it will be ok. as long as i stay hydrated and try to be comfortable. did the same with DS and it was 50/50 kind of thing. i took a very large dose though, i think that made it not so fun.

    maybe even 1+ small doses at t time even

    Added Explanation:

    Tomorrow is my due date. no biggie. However its my grandfathers birthday. I so hoped that the baby would come before that but, it seems that she is not. My grandfather has terminal cancer, so bad that every part of his body but his brain and liver have cancer (ribs, back, lymph nodes, tissues and all other organs are totally consumed by it). He lives in NC and has been taking experimental treatments to prolong his life as much as possible. So far...nothing has changed. It has grown more. The only good thing is.....he can eat real food now...real food! After 6 months of a liquid diet, they were able to shrink the large mass in his stomach and esophagus so he can eat normally, and was so happy about it he called everyone = ). He sounded so good on the phone, but looks so bad.

    My thing is....as much as I would love for my baby to share a birthday with him, i think that it would be so very sad for me to have to remember my grandfather and celebrate that day with my daughters birth. It was so hard loosing my grandmother to colon cancer (chemo treatments were too much for her after they got all of the cancer out). I just dont know how im going to be able to handle it. And what if something happens to him before I have her and he will have never been able to meet her.
    Tried it when I was due with my son as well in 2003 it worked for me. Hope it does this time too = )

    • ANSWER:
      Make sure you have lots of toilet paper!

  42. QUESTION:
    How do I deal with my mom dying...?
    When I was six my mom was diagnosed with breast cancer. She under went a mastectomy and eventually she was in remission. When I was fourteen she was rediagnosed with breast, and bone cancer and was in remission until february of last year when they found it came back. In March she was diagnosed with liver cancer. Last week she told me that none of the treatments are working and I went with her to the doctors. The doctor said there was only one treatment left that they could try it is an oral chemo. His words were "I do not think it will work so you should start planning on dying". How can a doctor be so cold he has been her doctor since the first round of chemo in 1998! Now we have been talking but it did not hit me until a really close friend told me her aunt had 3-6 months left to live and she has liver and kidney cancer. It makes me really wonder how I am going to do it because my mom is the only family I have and I only have a few friends who are close. Everyone I try to talk to about this change topics to avoid it. I know there is not anything I can do and I feel really hopeless. I do not know how to deal with death I never have usually when someone I know dies I avoid the funeral to remember them alive but I can not this time I am the ine that takes care of her. Any suggestions on how to help...

    • ANSWER:
      Hiya babes xx
      I know alot of people that has had to prepare for things like this but you'll find babe it will come naturally, Your body gets useto the idea and when god forbid it ever comes more quickly than you thought your body just comes numb to it. It is a really hard thing to get through, You often want to have chats with the people that's really close to you, They will help you through it all. My great granny has defeated cancer but they think they've found it again..I'm upset but while she's alive i'm not going to act like i'm really scared and upset.. because i want her to remember me happy when she was around. When it comes to cancer it's best not to listen to other peoples stories, There's been no end of people woorying to death about it when they defeated it..Try to ignore other peoples stories everybody is different. The people you try and talk to it about are deliberitly changing the subject for YOUR sake..They don't want it playing on and on in your mind, And maybe theirs too..If a member of their family have died of cancer they might not want to talk about it much..I'm sure it's not they they arn't interested it's just they think it's best for you!..
      I really wish you the best of luck babes & i hope this helped you!xx

  43. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of terminal anal cancer? The grief process for family?
    My mother is dying of stage 4 anal cancer that has metastasized to her liver. She does not want any treatment, having undergone chemo and radiation and not enjoying the quality of her life from the treatment. She also did not want any surgery. I live in another state and am an only child. She states that she is experiencing more rectal bleeding and can now feel the liver tumor as a lump through her skin. She has been fatigued. She has lost much weight since she’s been diagnosed (December 2006). She is not even 60 years old, and she still works at her job. She will not return to the doctor’s and does not want hospice. When she told me her symptoms I got scared. Does anybody know anything about the progression of symptoms in this type of situation? Does anybody know about the grief process, too? I feel very confused, withdrawn, and in pain right now. I am only 27, and was not expecting this.
    I do see a counselor right now. My mom doesn't want me to come back to see her. She won't travel here, either. She lives out of hotels due to other trying circumstances.
    When I call the doctors she has seen, they can't give me much more information about the progression since she has not continued care with them. They only know up to September since they haven't been able to work with her. It makes it a real challenge. I do appreciate everyone's thoughts. Life feels pretty sore right now - lots of raw emotion.

    • ANSWER:
      Our hearts go out to you.

      It would be perfectly appropriate for you to call your mother's doctor to arrange a time when he or she can discuss the disease's progress with you over the phone. It's not too much to ask. If she has or had an oncologist (cancer specialist), that's the office to call, but if not, her regular doctor can give you some information.

      Grief has 5 recognized stages.

      1-Denial-"this can't be happening to me", looking for the former spouse in familia places, or if it is death, setting the table for the person or acting as if they are still in living there. No crying. Not accepting or even acknowledging the loss.

      2-Anger-"why me?", feelings of wanting to fight back or get even with spouse of divorce, for death, anger at the deceased, blaming them for leaving.

      3-Bargaining-bargaining often takes place before the loss. Attempting to make deals with the spouse who is leaving, or attempting to make deals with God to stop or change the loss. Begging, wishing, praying for them to come back.

      4-Depression-overwhelming feelings of hopelessness, frustration, bitterness, self pity, mourning loss of person as well as the hopes, dreams and plans for the future. Feeling lack of control, feeling numb. Perhaps feeling suicidal.

      5-Acceptance-there is a difference between resignation and acceptance. You have to accept the loss, not just try to bear it quietly. Realization that it takes two to make or break a marriage. Realization that the person is gone (in death) that it is not their fault, they didn't leave you on purpose. (even in cases of suicide, often the deceased person, was not in their right frame of mind) Finding the good that can come out of the pain of loss, finding comfort and healing. Our goals turn toward personal growth. Stay with fond memories of person.

      Not everyone goes through all the stages, or goes through them at the same rate. There is no right or wrong way to grieve unless you are self-destructive.

      Do what you can to spend time with your mother, and accept her decision to control her own life and its end.

  44. QUESTION:
    How long does my dad have to live?
    Dad was diagnosed with liver cancer 3 weeks ago. At the end of January we had to take him to the ER because he was vommitting blood. This was due to varicies that burst. This was the first sign of his liver problem. After tons of tests and biopsy's we found out it was liver cancer. Since being in the hopsital on January 26th he has lost 30 lbs. We can tell he is going down hill fast by just his appearance. We took him to USC cancer center last week where they initially wanted to try some clincial tests, but then found out from his blood tests that he was uneligible due to his liver enzymes being outrageously high. The only option he has is taking the chemo pill called Sorafenib. The doctor says this will only extend his life 2 months, but dad doesn't want to have the ill effects of the chemo if it will mean his lasts months will be in misery. He says he is in not in pain just discomfort due to his ascites (fluid) in his stomach. He has to have this drained every week. My question is how long do you think he has to live. I am still working and can't afford to take the time off, but of course if he is close to death I want to. I don't know what to do...

    • ANSWER:
      I dont know how long he might have, I hope he lives longer than my longterm boyfriend, father of our 3 teenage sons, my boyfriend also went into the hospital on Jan 19, 2010 and just found out he had stage 4 stomach cancer, we never imaged him having cancer, just thought it maybe was a ulcer, he was starting to lose weight and he was also vommitting blood, and having very servere back pains, the Doctors told us he was dying( I didnt believe it) I wondered how on earth can someone die so soon, and they didnt even know that he had cancer, also found our he had syresours of the liver, the doctors said it was too late for chemo, and radiation, Also one Doctor gave me an estimate of how much longer he would have to live, 4-6 weeks, he didnt even live that time frame, he passed away on 020810, my family and sons are still in shock, he was only 52, too young to die, but Im glad that I took off from work, they cant stop you for something like this, and I stayed by his bed, almost all day and night, and was in the room when he passed away. At least he knew how much we loved him..

  45. QUESTION:
    How do you deal w/ a sick father?
    My father has been diagnosed with Stage IV liver cancer, has undergone 4 surgeries since December, hasn't been working b/c of this, lost his apt and has moved in with me. That's the short version.

    Now that he's here, it's been a month and he still has unpacking to do. He literally has 14 boxes of books, 9 boxes of shirts - 2 closets full of pants and jackets - (ETC ETC - you get the idea). I'm not over-exaggerating either. Anyway, it's not that he's not capable, but he's never been a tidy person and would be classified as a hoarder.

    I've asked him to get things done, I've offered my help, and although he's made some progress, do I have any rights to "take charge" and start doing it myself?

    (My dad's very depressed, has no ambition etc) Am I suppose to remain patient? When diagnosed he was given 3 months w/ no treatment and up to 3 years with chemo. He's on his last dose of chemo next week. Not knowing how long he has to live, should I just let it go?

    • ANSWER:
      i lost my father 3 yrs ago to cancer. it is still hard. he was my hero. Enjoy what time you have left with him.those other things are to small to worry about.Think of him and how he must feel about what he's going thru.Don't sweat little things like that ,enjoy what time is left with him it is precious right now you'll only have regrets later when he's not around then you can fix this small issue.

  46. QUESTION:
    I need help with a particular disease case?
    I am working on a novel and one of my characters is supposed to have cancer. She is 60 years old, has two children and is supposed to be sick with liver cancer. I was wondering, can you give me like a realistic situation about her disease? But here's the catch; she needs to be in the hospital for a minimum of four weeks but not more than 3 months to do chemo or something.

    Other diseases are also welcome for suggestions as long as the woman stays in the hospital for four weeks or so. Thanks! I'm looking for a realistic case for my novel.
    Well, the woman in question is actually a supporting character. The novel is a love story and the two main characters are supposed to meet in the hospital and fall in love while they attend to their love ones who were both confined in the same hospital. The guy's relative is comatose but ythe girl's mother's disease is yet to be determined. I need to keep the girl's mother in the hospital for a minimum of 4 weeks for the two main characters to fall in love while they stay in the hospital.

    • ANSWER:

  47. QUESTION:
    Well Folks...Last year on earth...Thank you melenoma Skin Cancer?
    I went for the 2nd opinion today. The answer as I knew from day 1 was the same as the first. I was told WITH chemo and radiation to prolong and comfort my life would be 6 months to 2 years IF Im lucky. WITHOUT chemo and radiation .... a few months.

    Of course I will take the lil longer way to spend every single sec with my kids.

    My question is ... I have 3 kids .... 15 year old son ..... he knows all about my cancer but doesnt know yet about the death sentence i was given.

    My 6 year old daughter ..... who knows mommmy is sick every day and takes lots of medicine and goes to the dr. every day. Just doesnt know why.

    My 3 year old son .... well .... he knows mommy is sick. doesnt know why.

    They gave me so many pamplets on how to talk to kids on death blah blah blah ... I read them.

    What or how do I really explain this to my kids?? I have no idea. My 15 year old son ... Pretty much there, except the death.

    My other two .... they are too little ... Im not ready. But when the time comes .. I will have to be. Kids arent dumb .. they see .. they hear ... they sense.... Plus with school ... teachers ... counslors .... Any advice????

    And just to let everyone know .... Melanoma Cancer is the most dangerous Cancer to have and the hardest to get rid of. Especially when it goes to the brain ... it also is just starting to enlarge my liver. There is no cure ... I just wanted to let you know that. I have did so much research on Melanoma... all same what the dr's say .... I worked with Hospice patients with Melanoma and other Cancers ... and took care of my Aunt who dies of a Brain Tumor ... So I do know ... with what I have ... they is no cure or sulution. Just a wait ..... So Im not giving up ... Im just going to prolong my death for my kids happiness and life. I just have no idea how to even begin to prepare them for this ... thank you ....

    • ANSWER:
      It sounds to me like you are doing a great job. I don't know what kind of advice to give other than avoid putting too much responsibility on the older child. Make sure the children's security will be addressed. Make sure that they know that they will be alright. It's true, kids aren't dumb, be sure to be gentle but honest, always stressing that they will be okay. Make sure that you get all your unfinished business out of the way. For example, your living will, DNR, funeral arrangements, Last Will & Testament, designation of health care surrogate. Getting this stuff done will save your family a lot of grief down the road. Now, while you still have some strength, try doing some fun stuff with the kids. Teach them how to fish, fly a kite, make papier mache, etc. That way the memories won't be all about how sick you were but also how courageous and loving. Good luck to you and I hope that things go well with you and your family.

      PS I love the diary idea -- you could even audio tape it.

  48. QUESTION:
    Is it legal for the only Oncologist in the county to deny you service after being an ongoing patient for years?
    My mom has had cancer for almost 10 years...she has beaten 5 different types and is now suffering from lung and liver cancer. Her doctor gave her a 30 day notice this past week saying that he will not treat her anymore after 30 days. Siting inappropriate outburts and refusing consultation as grounds. My mom said she was at the emergency room all of Thursday with severe stomach cramps, this is how she found out she had colon caner about 10 years ago. Well she had a Chemotherapy infusion on Friday and that takes about an hour and the doctor was supposed to come down and talk to her, well after waiting 4 hours she said "i just want to get the f*** out of here" not angrily just out of frustration to the nurse the nurse said "I completely understand you were here most of yesterday as well!" so she tried the doctor again and got no response so my mom left. Well my mom got a call from the doctor's head nurse about 3 hours later and she told my mom she had to come pick up her records and explained that my mom had 30 more days of treatment there and she needed to find another oncologist. My mom is well below the poverty level for income...the state wouldn't let her get disability because she beats a cancer then gets a new one but with little to no downtime between the outbreaks. Her sole income is from social security and she had to fight to get that. She can not work since she has chemo and radiation therapy multiple times a week. She also just lost her house where she lived for 20+ years. I've tried looking at the Code of conduct and some of the legal guideline but its extremely difficult to find what im looking for, and I am not versed in "legalese" so most of it makes little sense to me. So I turn to you Yahoo answers community to help me out...any help is desperately needed and would be greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      No, I'm sorry to say your mother has no recourse. Doctors can pick and choose patients at their pleasure. It's the same way with Medicare patients. They don't have to see you if they don't want to and the vast majority of them won't. The new healthcare plan with rectify this problem.

  49. QUESTION:
    Will she die? Please someone who knows about cancer?
    My mother is 41 years old. She's been through a lot. Nearly 2 years ago she found out she had breast cancer.. Her dr was suppose to send in papers for her surgery. My mom kept calling but she kept saying she would fill them out. A year later she got fed up of waiting for her surgery, found out the dr never sent them in. She switched drs, who did a bunch of tests and then found out she had 5 cancerous tumours instead of 2. She did more tests and found out her liver is failing, her kidneys are failing and the cancer spread into her lung. Last week she was suppose to get the date to remove her breasts, but they told her she wouldn't live so now she has to go through chemotherapy. I feel so lost. I'm 18 and have a daughter and I can't imagine my mother not here. Just the thought kills me. I was a single mother for a year and my mom helped me out through it all. My brother- 21 has his own problems to health wise. And is in bad shape. He nearly died last month due to his organs shutting down. Hes a health nut and a straight edge guy. Hedid everything right in life. My sister- 19, is always on drugs. She came over to my house the other day asking if mom was okay now.. Like she was cured or something? I just couldn't believe it. She never calls our mother or anything. My mom tries to call her and email her but she won't answer.. I feel so lost.. I can't even cry about this because I just try and put it out of mind. I just want to be there for her and I don't know how.. I call her about 3 or 4 times a day, everyday. Asking if she needs me there at her appointments, how she is, if she needs anything.. She feels like no one cares about her.. My father works everyday but is there by her side.. I just wish I would wake up from this nightmare.. I wish I could just cry about this.. But I can't. It won't come out. Will chemo even help her? What can I do for her?

    • ANSWER:
      Very sorry to read this but fact is she has advanced disease and all modality of treatment are just palliative now and survival low.

  50. QUESTION:
    Is There ANY More Hope for my Mom?
    My mom has pancreatic and liver cancer and the doctors say there is no more treatment left. We have some of the best doctors in the country, and they say there is nothing. She does not qualify for any clinical trials, no radiation theraphy, no more chemo, and no surgery. The cancer started in the pancreas and it is now in very late stages. Ever since she stopped getting treatment (about a month ago) she is getting more and more ill very rapidly. Even the pain meds don't work anymore. Like a week ago, she felt ok, she knew what was going on, etc. But now she looks horrible and is sitting in a chair all day moaning in pain and saying "Oh God, i'm dying..". She can't walk or anything and can barley talk. Right now she is in the hospital. They say she only has anywhere from a few days to a month left. But isn't there ANYTHING else that could mabey help? Is there ANY more hope? Is it possible that some new treatment will come out or something before she dies? PLEASE if you know ANYTHING please help!

    • ANSWER:
      I am so sad and sorry for your pain. No one should have to go through what you & your poor mom are.

      I lost both my parents to cancer within the past 6 years. My mom had Leukemia and died in 5 weeks of being diagnosed. I never got to say goodbye b/c she went into a coma before we even knew what hit us. But it was painless -for her which was a blessing. I was just 30 when she died.

      My beautiful dad died from Colon Cancer 5 years later, that spread to his lungs and brain within 2 years. It was a long 2 years but he wasnt in much pain from it thankfully. I got to say goodbye, but I also had to watch him wither to nothing, and suffer emotionally.

      There was nothing anyone could do to save them, if there was we would have done it. Sometimes you just have to wrap your mind around the facts and accept the unthinkable. Death is a normal occurance, it will happen to all of us at sometime. Even me & you. Some know when & how & some dont. I know its scary, because it is the unknown, and no one knows where we go... until we get there. And unfortunately we cant come back to tell our loved ones we are ok.

      There are so many books on this very subject and I suggest you read some for comfort. Read the Bible, speak to a priest or your clergy. Or seek a therapist. The American Cancer Society can offer you free counseling and find a good one in your area.

      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/home/index.asp
      http://www.cancercare.org/

      Here are a few websites, also celebrity/actor Patrick Swayze has this disease. Try googling his name and see what you can learn as far as what he is doing (considering he has the money and best medical care) maybe it can offer some help, or even help you to accept the final outcom if its not good.

      http://www.pancan.org

      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/pancreatic/patient

      Tell her EVERYTHING you need to say now. And regardless of how she looks right now, take zillions of pictures with everyone & her, and video. You wont regret doing this! After my dad died, we realized there were no photos to display at his funeral of him and my husband, or him with my youngest child.

      May God Bless you & your mom...always.


Causes Of Liver Pain Symptoms Abdominal Pain

There are many organs in the abdomen. Pain in the abdomen can originate from any one of them, including Organs related to digestion the end of the esophagus, the stomach, the small and large intestines, the liver, the gallbladder, and the pancreas. The aorta, a large blood vessel that runs straight down the inside of the abdomen. The appendix, an organ in the lower right abdomen that no longer serves much function, the kidneys, two bean shaped organs that lie deep within the abdominal cavity, the spleen, an organ involved in blood maintenance and infection control.

However, one may have referred pain to the abdomen i.e. the pain may start from somewhere else, like your chest or pelvic area. You may also have a generalized infection, such as the flu or strep throat, that affects many parts of your body. So, keeping in mind the various organs in the abdomen, the possible causes include appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix), bowel obstruction, Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) with or without gallstones, Chronic constipation, Dissecting abdominal aortic aneurysm, Diverticular disease, including diverticulitis, Early-stage shingles (a viral infection where pain begins before the appearance of a rash), Excessive gas, Food allergy, Food poisoning (salmonella, shigella), Gastroesophageal reflux, Heartburn or indigestion, Obstructed Hernia, Infectious mononucleosis, Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis), Intussusception -- while uncommon, this is a serious possible cause of pain in an infant who may be bringing the knees to the chest and crying, Irritable bowel syndrome, Kidney stones, Lactose intolerance, Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), Parasitic infections (Giardia), Sickle cell crisis, Spinal fracture, Ulcers, Urinary tract infections, Viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu) etc.

The treatment depends on the whether there is mild inflammation, infection or involvement of the intestines etc requiring surgery. Abdominal pain without fever, vomiting, vaginal bleeding, passing out, chest pain, or other serious symptoms often gets better without special treatment. Taking rest, light home diet, fluids and anti-inflammatories like Tylenol/ibuprofen, antacids are treatment enough in such cases. In severe pain not improving with time and home care, a doctor evaluation is needed. Then depending on the cause, appropriate antibiotics or intravenous fluids/injections can be given. In cases like appendicitis, intestinal obstruction etc, immediate surgery is needed.

For more information about abdominal pain causes visit
http://www.simplyanswer.com


Causes Of Liver Problems

Liver is one of the most critical organs in the body. It is basically a seat of metabolism of our body and is responsible for performing the many functions in the body. Bile juices, produced by liver gets secreted in th 00004000 e intestines which is then required for the fat digestion in the body.

It is also works as a guard that by keeping check on the cholesterol levels in the blood stream. It also produces some certain proteins that are very much required for performing ware and tear function in the body. It also helps in total growth of the body. It also works as an energy store of the body thus providing energy when is required in emergency conditions. In general conditions, there are four types of liver disorders mentioned here.

CIRRHOSIS OF LIVER

It is one of the most serious troubles of liver. In this condition liver start shrinking and becomes a hard and leathery. This decrease of size of liver occurs because the ratio of loss of cell to that of renege nation of that cells exceeds. This ultimately leads to the loss of function of liver and opens way to death.

Causes

Following are the some causes of the above mentioned disease.

  • consuming excess of alcohol
  • quinine if taken for longer duration it also causes cirrhosis of liver
  • Chronic hepatitis more precisely hepatitis B and C have a really adverse effect on liver leading to cirrhosis of liver.
  • Blockage of bile juice also leads to the cirrhosis of liver.
  • Other inherited disorders like deficiency of I-anti-trypsin.

Home Remedies

  • Consuming sieved mixture of the sacred fig (3to 4 leaves), sugar and about 200 ml of water, twice each day helps in improving liver condition.
  • Fat intake also should be avoided or should be minimized to about 20 to 30 grams.
  • Consume orange juice on empty stomach early morning.
  • Intake of one table spoon of glucose thrice every day with water helps in stimulating liver
  • Consume sugar mixed with the radish in water empty stomach to improve your liver condition.
  • Drinking of buttermilk mixed with a pinch of processed alum is very effective in treating liver disorder.
  • Alcohol should be completely avoided.
  • Consuming water of white colored water kept in sun for 10 hours also protects us from liver troubles.
  • Take a high carbohydrate diet to maintain the energy levels in the body
  • Seeds of papaya mixed with ten drops of lemon juice should be consumed twice daily.
  • Mixture of carrot juice, spinach and cucumber juice in a ratio of 3:1:1 should be taken twice daily for a month.
  • Avoid all kind of heavy food stuff and spicy eatables.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Can frequent mastrabation cause liver problems?
    I had some lab work done and the doctor said my liver results were elevated. He said to stay away from alcohol and tylenol, and sugars. Thing is I don't even consume alcohol or tylenol often. The only other thing I can think of is that I mastrabate often.

    • ANSWER:
      No.

  2. QUESTION:
    Can taking to much Nitquil as a sleeping aide cause blood in your stool or cause liver problems.?
    I was also told that taking to much Nitquil over time can cause Kidney Failure. Is any of this true??

    • ANSWER:
      Well, in very large amounts..I'm talking numerous bottles per day. If it were this dangerous it would have never past the FDA

  3. QUESTION:
    Is Simvastatin Cholestad 150mg safe to drink? Because I heard that simvastatin could cause liver problems.?
    Simvastatin is the generic name and Cholestad is the brand name of the medicine.

    • ANSWER:
      The max dose for simvastatin is 80 mg.

      I've been taking it for years. My liver tests have never left the normal range.

  4. QUESTION:
    What is causing these liver problems?
    I am an otherwise fit and healthy 20yr old male. I have recently been undergoing investigation for high bilirubin. I have had numerous LFT's, an ultrasound, MRI scan, 24hr urine test and copper depository test all of which were negative.

    At one point however, the following were found:

    1. Stomatocytes
    2. Target cells
    3. Atypical lymphs

    I never drink, eat properley and exercise regularly. What could be causing this problem?

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I think you phrased the question wrongly. If the LFT's and 24 hour urine test were negative, then you don't have any liver problems. You might have slightly high bilirubin, but that's harmless. So I'm guessing you meant "what can cause stomatocytes, target cells and atypical lymphs." And that's the thing, there is no disease, virus, cancer, whatever that causes all of them. So either you have three unrelated things causing each of them, or one caused another and so on. I don't think Stomatocytes, target cells and atypical lymphs really have any affect on your life. So I don't really get what you're worrying about, or why you asked this.

  5. QUESTION:
    is itchy skin and pain in right ribcage a sign of liver problems?
    i had my gallblader removed a year ago could that cause liver problems

    • ANSWER:
      Itchy skin can be seen in liver problems. The liver is located under the lower part of the right ribcage, so pain there could be a sign of liver problems. Having your gallbladder removed could be related, possibly because some scarring is blocking the flow of bile out of the liver, or maybe because of whatever was causing your gallbladder problems in the first place. Definitely see your doctor about your symptoms. I hope he or she is able to figure out what is going on.

  6. QUESTION:
    Does Lupus cause liver problems and is it a type of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver and kidney problems. No, it is not cancer.

  7. QUESTION:
    Does Any Type of Liver Disorder Cause Weight loss ?
    I my uncle's wife has liver cancer and whenever its "awake" she gets stick thin and really pale looking.

    I was wondering if Liver Disorders cause weight loss and how?

    Im currently on accutane and it is been known to cause liver problems thats why it is important to get a blood test once a month.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer in the liver is very different from any effects Accutane can have. The latter are reversible, cancer is not.

      The regular blood tests are to check your white cell count (they fight infection) and accutane may increase the level of blood fats, sometimes to risky levels. This reverts back to normal when the drug is stopped. Occasionally it may affect the liver. That's why regular blood tests are necessary during Accutane treatment. There is little risk of any damage if these precautions are followed.

      Also in the case of a woman to check she is not pregnant.

  8. QUESTION:
    Is Citalopram known to cause liver problems?
    I got really sick in February with digestive problems and pains in my side. I've had tons of tests run on me (gall bladder scan and ultrasound, CT scans, sonograms, tons of blood work, liver biopsy, etc.) I've had elevated liver enzymes for the past 8 or 9 months. My doctor thinks that this is due to a recent mono infection because of an elevated antibody in my blood. Would mono affect the liver for such a long time? I test negative on the spot test. Also, I have been on Lexapro for a while and then my insurance switched me to Citalopram, and I noticed that my side has started hurting again. Is it possible that Citalopram is harming my liver? The results of my liver biopsy showed that my liver was not damaged, but I'm concerned that if the inflammation persists that it will get that way. My ALT and ALP enzyme levels are around 90-100. Is this high enough to cause damage in a short time? I ask my doctors these questions, but they answer everything vaguely.

    • ANSWER:
      I have been on Citalopram for over a year. It has not helped, but, neither has it caused me any problems with the liver or anything else. But, I was switched to Effexor this week. Hope it works.

  9. QUESTION:
    What chemicals are suspected to cause liver problems?
    My father and uncle worked in a chemical plant (Athens Rubber) for some time. Because of this, my father lost a son to liver cancer (the son was only 9 months old when he died). My uncle, who worked at the plant for many more years than m dad, had liver failure himself and required a transplant. The doctors suspected the chemical plant, because my uncle had no other life factors whatsoever that could account for the liver failure.

    Are there any known chemicals that cause liver cancer or liver failure? Also, should I be worried about my children's livers (I was not exposed to the factory, but my dad was)?

    • ANSWER:
      Many chemicals are capable of damaging the liver.
      I am surprised that your father's employment is seen to be connected with liver cancer in his child, since only his sperm would have been exposed to the chemicals. I think that if you are healthy your children are not at risk.
      You will gain some insight by finding out what your uncle's diagnosis was. What condition caused the liver failure?
      Two chemicals that damage the liver are vinyl chloride and carbon tetrachloride.

  10. QUESTION:
    Could vaccinating cause liver problems in Dogs?
    I have a little shih tzu poodle mix who's a little over a year (15 months as of Jan 7th). At her first vet visit, she was proclaimed healthy and she had all of her first shots ... yet a couple of months later when she was in for her preop (spay) blood work, the doctor says that her alt levels were through the roof, consecuitive blood tests show no decrease. So i'm wondering, as she's on the go constantly, is a finicky eater (but so are our other dogs) and is showing no symptoms of liver disease (gum/skin color, no pain) is it possible that her vaccinations did something to her liver?
    No these are not the only shots she's had thank you Harry, I'm only confused that at her first visit.. very healthy girl and three months later, I'm told at her spay that she's got very high ALT levels and while she eats the same things her brothers eat and they're healthy as of their last visit to the vet, I'm wondering if it was her shots that caused the high readings.
    Her vet laughed when I asked about titering (I can't spell today sorry) He insisted that we biopsy and refused to look at other methods of trying to lower the levels (diet, medication).
    The vet didn't give me any alternative reasons as to why it was so high in a at the time six month old puppy. He proceeded to tell me that she had to have the biopsy and only after scaring me so bad that I started to cry, says "OR it could just be something that was a random occurance and has no cause. But we wont know until she has the biopsy."

    She's not on any meds (they gave me pain meds for her after the spay) and only recently started to take a brewers yeast and garlic tablet because I read that it helped with keeping the insects off of them.
    We've been going in every few months to do blood work, the last of which just before christmas was a joke. They let a new hire do her tests and she came out with all four feet taped up and a joke about how lucky it is that she isnt a biter. A normal 10 minute test took over an hour. Was not impressed with the service.

    • ANSWER:
      There are MANY mixed opinions about over-vaccination, I DO feel that it causes a lot of immune problems and organ problems.
      Try to find a vet that will do a titer test. Here is a good link for you to read:
      http://www.yourpurebredpuppy.com/health/articles/puppy-shots-and-dog-vaccinations.html

  11. QUESTION:
    What are the possible causes of frequent infection?
    I either have an ongoing infection that just won't go away, or else I am getting an infection every couple weeks. I feel like I have the flu.

    Can a liver problem cause this? My liver enzymes are high. My iron is low. White blood cells are high.

    • ANSWER:
      Your INFECTION may be a long term malfunctioning of liver and so infection coming and going type. It may be due to various factors. I think it has not been fully treated and hence the recurrence. Apart from taking medicines for increasing your Iron and for increase of white blood cells Your doctor should evaluate the actual reason for the recurrence.

      Do you get Auyrvedic medicines in your place. A wonder tablet (Also available in the form of syrup for giving to Children) called 'LIV-52' will cure all the liver problems if you take 2+2 = 4 tablets daily for 2 months. It is manufactured by different brands and one famous one in India is Himalaya and DABUR. You should get it at your place. You can also but it online. Please go through the following weblinks and have them.

      You can take it without even consulting your doctor as it will not have any contradiction with other medicines and treatments.

      Did you have Hepatitis B or C anytime. There may be mild attack of this and went unnoticed. You may aks your doctor to have it checked up for this. Best of Luck and wish you speedy recover.-

  12. QUESTION:
    Can a liver problem cause skin to darken?
    I was told that a family memeber is having some stomach pressure/pain and that his feet has gotten blackish in color and that this discoloration has now gone half way up his calfs. He was told that the doctors have seen something on his liver. He will be having further test. Can a liver problem cause this? Or does this sound more like a cerculation or blood clot problem? This man is of senior age. Has anyone experienced this?

    • ANSWER:
      I am glad that your family member is being tested for his stomach/liver problem. Although liver problems can cause skin discoloration (usually a dirty yellowy orange color) in advanced disease, this usually occurs over the whole body, especially in the whites of the eyes. The discoloration in the lower legs sounds more like a circulation problem to me. WIth advancing age, the valves in the veins in the legs many times will weaken, causing blood to pool in the lower legs. This can lead to the discoloration that you describe. Has the doctor evaluated his legs? Are they swollen as well as discolored? Does he have trouble walking? Are there any open areas, or softened areas, especially on the bony prominences around his toes, feet, and ankles? Is there any abnormal smell? (No, you don't have to sniff his feet...lol..I mean a smell that is very apparent,even at a distance, of something rotten). Is he Diabetic? If the doctor has not evaluated this, he should probably be seen. Hope this helps.

  13. QUESTION:
    What problem with liver also causes skin problem on legs? Hubby worried sick? Is it serious?
    My husbands sister lives abroad where the health service is apalling. My husband is worried sick so if you can shed some light please, that would be really appreciated!
    His sister is undergoing tests and has been told her problem is her liver, and she needs further urgent tests. Apparantly her skin, particularly on her legs, has been severely affected (sorry but peeling) and it's connected to the liver problem. I'm not aware of any other symptoms apart from that she collapsed last week, apparantly stopped breathing (?) and was taken to hospital. She has had these episodes all of her life so not sure if its connected.
    She is healthy and pure. We are 100% certain this couldnt be connected to alcohol, drugs or anything nasty.
    Do you have any insight or experience to suggest what this liver problem MAY be?
    Thankyou. She wont have had a boyfriend or tattoo but she has certainly had intravenious drugs..Our young twins also had these in albania 3 years ago. My husband bought the needles himself from a 'reputable' chemist (meaning someone he knew..this is how it goes in Albania) ans he watched them do this to save their lives. Should we get them tested for hepatitis now, with this possibility?

    • ANSWER:

  14. QUESTION:
    will drinking alot of nyquil the first time really mess up your liver?
    say if i jugged a good amount to get me kinda buzzed will it really cause liver problems from that first time is it really that bad

    • ANSWER:
      One time? Maybe a little but the effects are not permanent. Hell, you could chug the whole bottle and be totally fine. It's the people that become regular users (3-7 days a week) that have to worry about that.

      I've done dxm a few times, probably drank way too much (2 bottles at once) but i never noticed anything bad.

  15. QUESTION:
    what are the causes and effects of liver problems?

    • ANSWER:
      Mostly Liver problems are identified by Skin and eye color changes. and pain in stomach as well. Liver problems can be jaundice or they can be as big as hepatitis, so its always recommended to have a complete check up if you doubt it.

  16. QUESTION:
    I am having middle to lower back pain and nausea. Can my liver be causing this?
    I take allot of over the counter Tylenol and ibuprofen,for various pain issues and head aches.I am now suffering for sometime now with middle and lower back pain and nausea.Can this be caused by liver problems?

    • ANSWER:

  17. QUESTION:
    are yellow eyes a sign of liver problems, or are there other causes?
    if someone had ovarian cancer, and their eyes turned yellow, is it safe to assume the cancer has spread to the liver?
    not for me, and the diagnosis of cancer isn't even in, but I'm impatient, not looking good though if your thinking the same thing I was

    • ANSWER:
      Great question. I expect that your cancer did metastasize, or spread to other places in the body as most cancers can. If the doctor didn't get all of the tumor then this is most likely the cause. Go back to your oncologist and have another exam. You'll just need to take it from there. Yellowing eye's even more then skin is the easy give away here. Please call first thing asap for the appointment. Good luck and God Bless

  18. QUESTION:
    Could My Attempted Overdose Be Causing My Liver Problems?
    When I was 15, I attempted to overdose on over the counter pain pills, ibuprofen and tylenol pm. I attemped this twice, probably within the span of a year. Obviously, this was a very dark time in my life and I don't really remember clear details, but I'm going to say I took somewhere between 25-40 pills within a few minutes. Both times I began vomiting shortly after and vomited repeatedly for close to 24 hours. I wasn't hospitalized either time, as my parents just thought it was a stomach flu and I never told them what I had done.

    From the time I was 18 until now (I'm 23) I have had unexplained liver problems- pain, tenderness, very high liver enzyme count, etc. CT scans and ultrasounds have been inconclusive. My question is, can what I did years ago be causing my liver to slowly be shutting down now? If so, what should I do about it? I haven't told any doctors about the attempted overdoses b/c it only recently occured to me that this might be related. Any insight is appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      You need to go to a doctor, have your liver function checked, and discuss your overdoses. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) overdose can easily destroy your liver, especially if not treated (e.g. with n-acetylcysteine).

      Should you need a liver transplant, a history of suicide attempts isn't a good thing, though. Good luck, and don't do it again. Otherwise you don't even deserve your own liver, let alone someone else's.

  19. QUESTION:
    Liver test out of range.?
    My Dr's nurse called me today to give me my lab results.she said everything was fine except that my liver results were out of range.The dr wants to see me in a month,one whole month that i will be stressing out about this.I do not drink alcohol ,so i know its not that.What else causes liver problems.

    • ANSWER:
      There are three different types of blood tests that the doctors do to test the liver:
      (1) the liver enzymes will show if there is
      damage to the liver cells (2) the liver function
      tests will show how well the cells are
      functioning to do the job of keeping the body
      healthy and (3) viral testing, to see if you have
      contacted a virus.

      Liver problems can occur because of more
      reasons than just being alcohol related:
      medication toxification, chemical exposure,
      viral infections such as Hepatitis A,B,C...,
      biliary problems, hereditary problems,
      fatty liver disease, auto immune disease and
      there are others.

      No one blood test is 100% accurate. Your
      doctor may do more than one blood testing
      to be sure of these results. Your body
      chemistry is also continually changing.
      Also, if someone in the lab did not quite
      follow procedures or a patient exercised or
      ate something before the test was done...
      it could change the results. Therefore,
      this is the reason to be sure about the
      results.

      The doctor may give you an
      examination where he will feel the upper
      right hand portion of your abdomen, just
      under the rib cage to see if he can feel
      and enlargement in your liver.
      If the liver is enlarged, that means that
      there might be inflammation there. He
      will find out the cause of this and then
      treat the inflammation so the liver cells
      can heal. Considering he doesn't want
      you to see him for a month, maybe that
      he is waiting now to see you and do more
      testings before diagnosing you. Some
      people's level do return to normal during
      certain time periods.

      I know it is hard to wait for a determination
      to be made...I would try to stay calm about
      this. If you find out that it is a liver problem,
      ask to see a gastroenterologist.

      In the meantime, do not take any medications
      that are not prescribed or approved of by
      your doctor. That is because most all
      medications go through the liver first to
      be broken down before going to the rest of
      the body. Another thing is to try to stay as
      well as possible...limiting being with others
      who are sick and washing your hands often
      and using a bacterial cleaner on your hands,
      like purell, in between times. If you do happen
      to have a liver problem...you don't want to
      become ill and end up taking more medications
      or weakening your body healing the liver.
      Try to stay away from open salad bars and
      wash all fruits and vegetables that come from
      the grocery store where people have their
      hands on them.
      It is very important to eat a well balanced diet...
      reduce things with alot of salt or preservatives.

      I hope this helps you and I hope your tests
      go back into normal range. For some people
      their above readings on these tests are
      normal for them even though they may not
      be for another person...

      You could call the doctor's office back and
      ask them if they have any cancelations, to
      see if they can get you worked in to see the
      doctor sooner...many people do this.
      Best wishes to you.

  20. QUESTION:
    Doctor said my liver was enlarged. What does that mean?
    I went to the doctor and he said my liver was enlarged. He sent me for blood work and I go back in a few days to find out the results. In the past I only drank about 1 to 2 times a year and it's been about 3 years since I've had anything at all. Usually you hear drinking causes liver problems or abuse of over the counter medicines. I very seldom take any tylenol/advil. Any suggestions of what this could be?
    This was a first visit with a new doctor. New patient/doctor visit. Routine check up.

    • ANSWER:
      It could be a number of issues, including tumor... your doctor may do a number of test to diagnose the cause. but for now, I suggest eating healthy. veggies and fruits are great for the body...

  21. QUESTION:
    Doctor needed- Tummy rash and liver problems?!?
    I am 14 and had glandular fever a couple months ago, this caused bad liver problems and the possibility of a damaged spleen. It all went away about a month ago, when I was discharged from hospital. Over the past couple days my liver has began to swell again and my spleen hurts lots. In top of this I have just spotted a red rash in and around my belly button, spreading out to my left hip. It's not itchy but I have occasional stabbing pains just below and to the left of my navel. Any advice or diagnostics to calm me from a doctor would be appreciated?!
    Thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      There are literally hundreds of things that this could be, some of them are quite serious though. You do need to go and see a doctor, as they will examine you. If you're in the UK call 0845 46 47 for professional medical advice, but if you tell them these symptoms they will tell you to go to a doctor for diagnosis. Also have you been on holiday recently, in particular to a tropical country? If you have, make your doctor aware of this. Thanks.

  22. QUESTION:
    can protein bars damage your liver?
    i was eating a protein bar in class the other day and a classmate walked up to ma and said to not eat the protein bar because it can cause liver problems(i ate it anyway).i know there's a bunch of ingredients in the protein bar so that claim can be true, but can protein bars really cause health problems?

    • ANSWER:
      You'd have to be eating a ton of protein bars over a long period of time to do damage to your liver. Like anything else, too much of one thing can hurt you. Even water can kill you if consumed in too high an amount. I wouldn't worry about it, you'd have to be eating a ridiculous amount of protein to hurt your liver.

  23. QUESTION:
    Is it true that itchy skin is a symptom of kidney problems?
    This is a general itchiness all over but no rash, spots or bites. I've heard that liver problems can cause an itchy skin, but kidneys too?
    I didn't really believe the person who told me, just checking and wondered if anyone else had heard of it.

    As I don't feel particularly ill and the only other symptoms are the usual hay fever ones I thought the itching was due to the pollen.

    • ANSWER:
      They can, but you would have other symptoms and be rather ill.

      Chances are you have an allergy to something.
      The body getting too hot can also give these symptoms.

      Keep checking for a rash or bites, sometimes they don't come up straight away.

      If you are very concerned please visit your doctor

  24. QUESTION:
    what causes stoppage of stooling in a patient suffering fibroid and liver problems?

    • ANSWER:
      A large fibroid may press on the intestines and cause some measure of obstruction, but this cannot be worse than what happens in pregnancy. Liver problems should however not obstruct stooling in any way.
      Bile which is responsible for the digestion of fat is produced in the liver. Obstruction of the flow of bile from the liver should also not cause constipation.

  25. QUESTION:
    Kava kava for anxiety? whats the best way to get rid of anxiousness?
    should I chew the stuff
    or just swallow it
    Also i heard that it causes liver problems is this true?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi,

      Please, research Kava. You'll find out that the German study which came up with the "liver damage" report has been debunked. All the bans were lifted and the FDA even approved it recently for the treatment of Anxiety, Depression and Insomnia. Even if it does have some side effects (though none proven), it's hell of a lot better than any of the anti-depressants and sleeping pills out there. YOU know that! It's just common sense.

      It's best to swallow it, don't chew it because it tastes disgusting! I mix it with ice cream and try to swallow it as soon as i can. i hate the taste, but it's so good for you! Definitely worth it!

      Site below has more info on Kava-Kava, K2 Herbal Mix, Kratom and Salvia, all powerful herbs which have been reported to help mental issues tremendously.

      All the best,

      Andie

  26. QUESTION:
    two twin boys and one must die? cause of liver problems.?
    What are family rights when it comes to making decisions regarding a familys members health?

    Does the patient have moe say than the relative?

    Can a patient deny a doctor from helping them out?
    are there any cultural rreligious that are taken into account in australian hospitals or by doctors?

    • ANSWER:
      The patient has every right to accept or deny treatment.
      If the patient is under age, there is a legal guardian (usually parent) who has rights to make decisions but with increasing patient say if their age is say 13-14 or over.

      The patient has every say, the relatives have no say. Not legally. Not unless the patient is sectioned under mental health law or a power of attorney is appointed, usually when the patient is critically ill and cannot speak for themselves.

      A patient can deny a doctor from 'helping them out', yes. Most patients however, get a feeling of 'doom' when 'the end' comes close and they are very open to suggestion and help. It is up to the doctor to make a good case and present it to the patient well.

      Cultural and religious circumstances are taken into account but Australian Law rules. Australian law is not based on religious laws.

      Ps 'twin boys' is already plural.
      'One must die' sounds questionable unless they are conjoined and share a liver. The doctors will base their medical advise and ultimate medical care on which of the twins will have most chance on survival, not on parent's preference.

  27. QUESTION:
    Can Ibuprofen be causing problems with my liver and kidneys?
    I had a blood test recenetly and my doctor told me I have potentially damage to my liver and kidneys. He gave me some prescription tea etc, to try to get the toxins that caused this, out of my body. I have had recurring shoulder pain for 10 years. I have been taking Ibuprofen for that for 10 years. When I told him that he thought immediately that was the problem. But I am afraid it could be something worse causing the problem. I am in good shape and I am never overly fatigued etc. So could it really be the Ibuprofen?

    • ANSWER:
      Rx tea?? Does not sound like a regular medical doctor.

      Ibuprofen, like all the super asprin like NSAIDs tends to cut down on blood flow to the kidneys, and long term use is hard on the kidneys.

      Acetaminophen (the active ingredient in tylenol and many other products) can be hard on the liver. Alcohol use makes it worse.

      Just stop taking any of these pain or fever pills, its going to kill you, if it has not already done so.

  28. QUESTION:
    what can I do to get rid of athletes foot?
    Topicals have never worked, Lamisil pills worked but the doc said no more because it could cause liver problems.
    Any over the counter stuff?

    • ANSWER:
      Lamisil tablets are no more harder on the liver than taking acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil/Motrin). Athlete's foot is caused by a fungal infection. This can be minimized by thoroughly drying out your shoes....or even switching shoes.....wear one pair one day....and another pair the other day. Your feet evidently stay wet.....so I would also suggest that you change your socks like once a day as well......and wash them in bleach in the washer. The only other prescription tablet you can ask the doctor about is fluconizole.....so ask your doctor about that one. It's been used before for this. I don't know of any over the counter pills for this fungal infection. I do know that I found a pump spray Tinactin which really helped me out....so if you haven't tried it.....buy you several bottles and go from there........spray your toes, top and bottom twice a day. Best of luck to you.

  29. QUESTION:
    Is it okay for a 16 year old to have protein powder?
    Im 16 and I don't get a lot of protein in my diet, so I have been putting protein powder in my breakfast smoothies in the morning. Is this okay because I have read that it can cause liver problems and other health problems. Is this true?

    • ANSWER:

  30. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for eczema to re-occur because of taking birth control pills?
    I used to have eczema when I was little, but I haven't had it for many years. My diet has not alternated much and I am trying to find the cause of my outbreak. I am taking the tri cyclen lo birth control pills and my eczema has escalated (spread on my fingers and eyelids). I have read that it can cause liver problems, and eczema is usually caused when you have a weak liver. Any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      The best person to advise you would be your doctor :)

  31. QUESTION:
    Liver problems - can someone please help me - very scared?
    Coles notes version:

    February of this year: feeling bloated and yucky. Went to doctor where she thought my gall bladder was enlarged.

    Had ultrasound which revealed mildly enlarged liver at 17.5cm. She said it wasn't a big deal. Blood test was done, and everything came back fine - liver function tests great, no hep, no cancer etc.

    Fast forward 2 months later - my liver is STILL enlarge, and I can feel it more and more. It feels uncomfortable and swollen. I have booked another doctor's appointment, but it's not until May.

    I have no idea what's causing my problem, and I'm very worried. I don't drink, I don't smoke, I'm not overweight, I eat well, and I'm generally feeling fine. My biggest complaint is fear because my liver is getting bigger. I'm not green, my bathroom habits are the same and I'm not overly tired.

    Does anyone have ANY idea? What can it be if it's not cancer, hepatitis, flu etc.?

    I also have no fever.

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds to me that what you have is an invasion of tiny worms called Toxocara Canis which come from dogs and dogs only. These worms invade all organs of the body, especially the liver. If you're around dogs, I can almost guarantee you that this is the problem. Go to a doc and have your blood tested for this parasite.

  32. QUESTION:
    Shih tzu liver problems?
    Hi i recently took my dog to the vet and they said his liver has been damaged, they are currently watching him for 3 days. Before i took him he was throwing up yellowish foam and had little red spots in some of them. I just wanted to know what might have caused this problem, and what can i possibly do to fix it. I recently visited him 2 days in a row, and he couldn't be more happier to see me. They said he stopped throwing up and started eating again. I there a high chance that he will be ok?

    • ANSWER:

  33. QUESTION:
    Why would a minor be prescribed Vicodin?
    I've heard that Vicodin is a very strong pain reliever, and can become very addictive. Also it's suppose to be easy to accidentally overdose on, and cause liver problems. But I've heard of some minors being prescribed Vicodin. Why would someone under 18 be prescribed such a strong and dangerous drug?

    • ANSWER:
      it shouldnt cause any more liver damage than tylenol -they have the same ingredient that does that. vicodin just has one more ingredient in it aside from the tylenol is the only thing. as long as it is taken as directed, it should not be a problem and definitely should not be addictive. it is only addictive and causes damage when it is abused. it is a strong pain reliever though, and that is why it is prescribed.

  34. QUESTION:
    Is it dangerous taking Lamisil (Terbinafine) for months? Risk of liver damage?
    Hi,

    I have a severe dermatophyte infection on my ankle - after only a week of taking Lamisil there is a marked improvement, however my Dermatologist seemed to think I will need to take it for at least three months.

    According to a few things I've read, this long-term use is unadviseable, and can cause liver problems ranging from slight function impairment to complete liver failure - or perhaps nothing at all? Does anyone know for certain? I've experienced no side effects as yet, prior to this my liver function has been normal, and I haven't overtaxed it with any drugs or excessive alcohol consumption over the years.

    Any personal/clinical experience? Any studies read? Opinions? I suppose ongoing liver function tests might be in order - I just wonder if anyone knows something definite (also, if there is a problem, does anyone know an alternative to terbinafine that poses less risk?)

    Thanks in advance
    Ah thanks. I'm taking the tablet, it's a pretty deep case, topical did nothing other than spread it more! The team of dermatologists I saw were a bit careless actually...
    My GP is great but I don't know what his experience with the tablets are, if knows what risk (if any) long-term use poses...

    • ANSWER:
      Anti-fungals do tend to cause more issues than either antibiotics or antivirals due to the fact that substances that harm the fungal cells can also damage human cells.

      If you are using the topical Lamisil cream there have been no reports (as far as I'm aware) of liver damage, the Lamisil tablets, however, are known to rarely (1 in 1000 - 1 in 10000 cases) cause liver toxicity and so your doctor may arrange for blood tests to monitor your liver function. Your liver should show decreased function a long time before liver failure would occur allowing the doctor to stop the drug before it became permanent.

      If you have been put on oral Lamisil you may want to discuss your concerns with the doctor and ask whether the topical preparation would be suitable, but your doctor will have weighed up the benefits and drawbacks of the drug before prescribing it.

  35. QUESTION:
    How much Tylenol can you take before it affects your liver?
    I take 3 500mg of Tylenol probably twice a week, if that. I take it mainly for headaches but since I started my waitressing job, I take it for back pain too. Still probably only twice a week though. I can only take Tylenol because I have stomach ulcers and anything else makes my stomach upset. Today my father told me the acetaminophen in Tylenol can cause liver problems. Am I taking too much Tylenol and how much is too much? Because I'm taking 3 500mg twice a week, will I have liver problems?

    • ANSWER:
      You're taking 1.5g twice a week, which is not taking nearly enough to cause Tylenol poisoning or hepatic necrosis. The maximum recommended daily dose is 4g in adults. Even if you were to take 10g in one day, toxicity would be unlikely to occur.

  36. QUESTION:
    Is it the flu or is it liver failure..??? Nausea, dark urine, diarrhea, runny nose, sore throat, fatigue?
    i'm 19 yrs old and im on a drug called flutamide for acne. apparently it can cause liver problems so my doctor makes me get liver enzyme tests every month. except i missed my last two monthly tests. i also increased my dose from 250mg/day to 500 mg/day last month without asking my doctor. ive been feeling really sick the last couple of days.. i have a cold as well so i dont know if its just the flu or something more serious..

    my symptoms:
    loss of appetite
    nausea
    dark urine (but i havent been drinkingmuch water)
    feeling dizzy
    fatigue
    neck pain
    sore throat
    sore bones and joints yesterday but its a bit better today
    diarrhea
    runny nose

    • ANSWER:
      Which is worse, some pimples or LIVER DAMAGE! The first thing you need to do is stop taking those pills. I don't care if you get pimples, your body will survive the pimples.

      Next, go watch a movie called "The beautiful truth". The movie will teach you about proper diet, follow the organic plan and you will have perfect health and I wouldn't be surprised if your acne vanished with it.

  37. QUESTION:
    How much is too much calcium?
    I have been known for drinking a lot of milk. So usually something like 125% of my daily calcium intake like two or three times a week.
    But my friend recently said to me that apparently having more calcium then needed can cause liver problems.
    Does it seem like I'm in danger of that?

    • ANSWER:
      The calcium from milk is poorly absorbed by the body. Humans were never designed to drink/eat dairy outside of infancy. You would be better off eating calcium-rich vegetables, which have a more balanced nutrient value.

      That being said, your body can only absorb about 600mg of calcium at one time. The excess amount is passed out of your body via urine or feces. Consuming too much calcium, without balancing your magnesium or Vitamin D, can lead to calcium loss. Vitamins and minerals work in sync with each other. For instance, iron and zinc are best absorbed along with Vitamin C (either in supplement form or foods). Same goes for calcium and magnesium--if you are eating too many calcium-rich/magnesium-poor foods, your ratios will be out of whack and can lead to bone density issues if continued for the long-term.

      The reason so many people are encouraged to drink milk for the calcium content, was due to children getting rickets from not getting enough calcium 100+ years ago. Fresh vegetables high in calcium were not easily obtained back in those days--you ate what you could grow on your farm in Virginia or Pennsylvania, because they didn't have supermarkets where you could buy strawberries from California or spinach from a hydroponic farm in Arizona. Most people back then had a few dairy cows they kept, and so it was the only readily available source of calcium they had.

  38. QUESTION:
    psoros of the liver causes a problem ib the upper throat area can you tell me what it is and how serious it is
    I believe the word begins with the letter Ver

    • ANSWER:
      psoriasis of the liver causing a problem in your throat mmm
      perhaps it is time to have your Dr give you a good going over =usually this means that something has spread to another area =good luck

  39. QUESTION:
    How come everytime I drink alcohol I get this wierd wave of depression?
    I never used to be this way..what does it mean? Maybe this is a stretch but I suspect my liver might not be in the best condition..can liver problems cause depression? I no longer enjoy drinking because its followed by feeling depressed. I never been a huge drinker, I only have a maximum of 2-3 drinks but now I have 1 glass of wine and I feel..bad. Please some help on why this is happening

    • ANSWER:
      Because alcohol is a depressant so effectively what you're doing is making your depression worse by drinking alcohol.

  40. QUESTION:
    Is the diet pill Hydroxycut still considered dangerous?
    I heard it was recalled a year or two ago for causing liver problems, including a case where someone died because of it. But since it's being sold in stores again, does that mean it's safe to take now? This is my fifth day taking it, and i'm up to 4 pills a day like it recommends. so i just want to make sure it's safe to take, and i won't end up sick or anything because of it. also, does it even work first of all? i'm also eating fewer calories and exercising along with taking it...

    • ANSWER:
      Here's some facts about your Hydroxycut. Every statement is backed by official documents or statements from company or government officials.
      It pretty much applies to all weight related supplements. Almost all manufacturers have been cited and fined.

      Okay so I'm going to manufacture a product called Hydroxycut and say that it causes weight loss.
      In 2003 I am going to get sued and lose for making the false claims that my product is a 'clinically proven fat burner"
      Then in May of 2009 the FDA is going to come in and allow me to shut down for making unsubstantiated claims again and to repay million to customers I sold the unproven product, including the ones with liver damage and the family of the one person that DIED from using the product.
      I"m going to lay low for a bit and "reformulate" a product that now contains nothing more than herbs, spices, and mostly caffeine.
      Now in July of 2010 the FTC is going to fine me .5 million for claiming my other products not only cause weight loss but also treat or prevent colds, flu, allergies, and hay fever.
      And yet current law still allows me to operate.
      Now after 9 months I launch a huge ad blitz with a lot of "trick" language that lets me continue to sell a product with absolutely no clinical evidence or documentation.
      What could go wrong with this product?
      Why, because people are desperate to lose weight and there will always be someone there to sell them a "quick fix remedy" that doesn't work. The billion weight loss industry is just too lucrative and profitable for these guys to stay away.
      If any of this stuff worked, why would 2/3 of US adults be overweight or obese?
      We would be lined up without having to spend a dime on advertising.
      These supplement manufacturers are using humans (you) as guinea pigs with these unapproved products.
      Under current law, as long as no one gets sick or dies, or they don't get fined or shut down, they will continue to make and peddle this crap. They don't care whether it works or not as long as they get your money.

      Possible side effects

      Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
      Heart complications
      Jaundice (yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes)
      Kidney problems
      Unexplained headaches and dizziness
      Excessive fatigue
      Loss of appetite
      Restlessness, anxiety
      Nausea, vomiting
      Seizures

  41. QUESTION:
    Mexicans wanting border agents arrested & put in jail nevermind their illegal was high & causing problems?
    SAN DIEGO (AP) ― An attorney for a Mexican man who died after being shocked with a stun gun by a U.S. Customs and Border Protection officer said Monday the sequence of events described in an autopsy report bolsters his case that the officer used excessive force.

    The autopsy released Friday confirmed preliminary findings that Anastasio Hernandez died of a heart attack, with a heart condition and methamphetamine use listed as contributing factors.

    It offered the most detailed account yet of how the illegal immigrant died May 29, a day after agents were returning him to Tijuana, Mexico, at San Diego's San Ysidro border crossing.

    The report by the San Diego County medical examiner's office said Hernandez, 42, became unresponsive shortly after he was shot by the Taser, apparently three or four times. He had Taser marks on his right side and left buttock, the report said.

    "It appears to me that the use of the Taser caused the heart attack, which caused him to stop breathing," said Eugene Iredale, an attorney for the Hernandez family.

    Dr. Zeev Kain, chairman of the anesthesiology and perioperative care department at University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, questioned why the officer shot Hernandez three or four times but said there was no doubt that methamphetamine use — and apparently related heart and liver problems — played a part in the death.

    Hernandez had 0.16 milligrams of methamphetamine per liter of blood, which the autopsy characterized as acute. He also had an enlarged heart and fatty liver, which, according to Kain, suggest methamphetamine use.

    "It's not that straightforward a case," said Kain, who reviewed the report at the request of The Associated Press.

    Iredale, the Hernandez family attorney, characterized the methamphetamine levels as "relatively small."

    The coroner has ruled the death a homicide.

    The report said Hernandez was "agitated and confrontational" after he was detained by Border Patrol agents crossing the border illegally and became "suddenly violent" when his handcuffs were removed at the border crossing.

    The report does not say if Hernandez was handcuffed and face down when he was shot, as Iredale says one witness has described. Each shot, Iredale said, would have paralyzed him for several seconds.

    "I don't understand why, if he was handcuffed and face down, there would be a need for any Taser at all," he said.

    Customs and Border Protection declined to comment on the autopsy findings, saying a thorough investigation should be done before any conclusions are reached.

    San Diego police have finished its investigation and will share the results with federal prosecutors, who will decide whether to pursue criminal charges, Lt. Kevin Rooney said last week.http://cbs2.com/wireapnewsca/Attorney.Autopsy.suggests.2.1813537.html

    • ANSWER:
      I like how they want to show this guy was saint and model citizen. He had an enlarged heart and fatty liver, meaning he abused his health so bad that when these guys get high on methamphetamines they do not react like a normal person would. Here the Mexicans are wanting to file lawsuits and of course they are wanting few million dollars.But when their people harm US citizens they do not have to pay anyone or anybody. It's like to bad.But let an illegal get hurt breaking the laws and Mexico suddenly has money to furnish lawyers for the family and at the same time I am to believe Mexico has no money to provide meals for their people ? La Raza, activists all come out in full force. They do not care this illegal abused his health so bad it caught up with him. Had he stayed where he belonged he would be alive doing whatever.

  42. QUESTION:
    Is cipralex heaver on the liver?
    I know a lot of drugs cause problems with the liver. Is cipralex one of these? Or is it fairly safe to take over long periods?

    • ANSWER:
      Use with caution in

      Elderly people

      Young adults

      History of suicidal behaviour or thoughts

      History of mania or hypomania

      People also receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

      People taking antipsychotic medicines

      Decreased liver function

      Decreased kidney function

      Diabetes

      Epilepsy

      Coronary heart disease

      History of bleeding disorders

      People taking medicine that affects blood clotting (eg anticoagulants such as warfarin)

  43. QUESTION:
    Has anyone heard of Endometriosis being caused by liver congestion/problems?

    www.myherbalremedystore.com/enx001.html .........this website is stating there is a link!

    • ANSWER:

  44. QUESTION:
    I have a question about some intestinal problems.?
    I just had an accidental over dose on tylenol which cause slight liver problems but are now resolved. But now, the day after, I'm having rotten egg smelling gas and flaky soft stool. Is this because of that and how long will it last?

    • ANSWER:
      It could be connected, but should resolve itself within a day or two.

  45. QUESTION:
    My dog is being treated for high liver count. Someone asked if I had given him grapes?
    I remember I had about a month ago. He ate 12 grapes at a time. Im not sure how many times I fed him grapes. What I want to know is....Could this be the cause of his liver problems? I plan on asking my vet in the morning.

    • ANSWER:
      Grapes cause kidney failure. Not liver failure. http://www.snopes.com/critters/crusader/raisins.asp

  46. QUESTION:
    Anyone have specific info in alsike clover poisoning in horses?
    I have some alsike clover in part of my horse pasture. I can identify it by its blooms and the V on the leaf as being alsike and not common clover. I have read articles telling how more than 20% of a horse's diet being this type of clover can cause photosensitivity in horses with alot of white (such as my Paints) and even can cause liver problems and death in high concentrations.
    I don't have alot of pasture, and would like my horses to be able to graze that area. Plus, it is impossible to get rid of this plant unless I rip the entire pasture up. Does anyone have really specific info on this problem? For example, is the plant still toxic after it has dried, such as in hay? Is it toxic when the flowers are dried but the plant is still growing, such as it is now in the heat of the summer? My info says it is more dangerous in early spring, why is that?
    Anyone with real knowledge on this would be much appreciated. Thanks.
    I need to go out and look at my clover again. I had thought the V was a sign of bad clover, and maybe I got it wrong! Here's hoping!
    And here's one more sight with good photos and drawings on the different types of clover for those of you interested.
    www.agf.gov.bc.ca/forage/alsike.htm
    or type in alsike clover pictures into google and see what you come up with.

    • ANSWER:
      here honey check this site its a great site for that..

      http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/horses/facts/info_alsike_clover.htm
      good luck give your horse or horses a hug for me they are great people

  47. QUESTION:
    If you have liver problems do to excessive drinking, what is the name of the condition?
    I was just wondering if there was a name for a liver condition. Where your liver fails on you cause you drink to much or drinking acessively. Or just liver problems do to drinking. Thanks.
    Can you please tell me the names...

    • ANSWER:
      These are the 3 main pathologies caused by excess drinking. (in approximate order of development)

      1. Alcoholic steatohepatitis (fatty change)
      2. Alcoholic hepatitis
      3. Alcholic cirrhosis

      There is also an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma and a host of non-liver pathologies.

  48. QUESTION:
    itchy skin/liver problem?
    i've had itchy skin for years because of my liver problem.. i cant sleep at night and its getting worse because of hot weather.. im at holiday at the momemt so i cant visit a doctor... i have itch all over my body and i dont know what to do.. does any one know how i can stop it? its because of my liver problem causing dry skin.. please help

    • ANSWER:
      Same problem here. Ive some unexplained liver problem. I spent many thousands $ but doctors found nothing wrong! some said stress, so went to some meditation center..but in vain..
      Im fine, perfect health condition, but without any reason thrice in 4yrs i got some liver pain, slight jaundice..and when it goes by itself about 2-3 month, ive itchy skin! I mean Itchy when pressure applied on skin. for example i lay my hand on the edge or table while using laptop the skin area in contact with the table edge becomes red, slightly swollen, get some rash, itchy...then after 20 minute its all gone!!
      Its 4 yrs now since it all started and im used to it.
      There is only 1 remedy, ive tried almost everything, even natural medecine (ayurvedic) ..

      U must use anti histamine! thats the only cause for skin itching when bile salts accumulate and gets out while sweating.
      I used Piriton at first, but it makes me feel sleepy. Then i switch to Erostin 10mg once/daily. It has no side effect, and im now living normally!

      No washing soap will help!!! its NOT a skin issue, its excess of bile salt in blood stream.

  49. QUESTION:
    Any idea what could be causing my cat liver problems?
    Our cat became lethargic and stopped eating, so we took him into our vet. He ran a blood test and his numbers were high from his liver. They gave him an antibiotic and Denamarin. They kept him for 2 nights. The 1st night his numbers went down nearly half. The second day his numbers fluctuated with little progress. He's only 2 1/2 years old and they say it's very uncommon for a cat that young to have liver disease.

    Over this weekend, we've been pureeing his food with water and using a syringe to force feed him and also giving water the same way. He'll nibble on tuna before going back to sleep. They're doing an ultrasound this week, but I can't get this out of my mind. Our other cat is on the same diet and is doing just fine. Does any of this sound familiar enough to anyone to have a guess at what might be the problem?

    • ANSWER:
      It could have been caused by not eating. The liver issue may be secondary to something else, that caused a decreased appetite to begin with. Cats can suffer from fatty liver disease if they stop eating. If not caught in time it eventually leads to liver failure. It's great that you caught it quickly. Make sure he keeps eating. Unfortunately if that is the case, you will still need to find the underlying cause. There are many possibilities, anything from a stomach bug, to an upper respiratory infection, parasites, dieabetes, leukemia, etc that may cause a decreased appetite. Good luck.

      http://my-pet-medicine.com/pet-health/fatty-liver-disease-in-cats.html

  50. QUESTION:
    What can be the cause of my inflamed liver ?
    I have a healthy diet, I drink very little alcohol, I am not exposed to toxins nor radiation, negative on Hepatitis A, B and C, but still my ALT levels are consistently above the maximum level, indicating an inflamed liver. I was tested positive on Haemochromatosis, but my blood iron levels remain within the normal range.
    Any idea what can be the cause of my liver problem ?

    • ANSWER:
      Your liver needs rest.Take carbohydrates, much less protein, and no oils and fats.Give up alcohol completely.Avoid pills even if these are vitamin pills.


Causes Of Liver Pain Symptoms

There are many different possibilities for groin pain.

For athletes, pain in the groin usually means an injury to muscles, ligaments or tendons in the area where the legs meet the hips. A "groin pull" is a relatively common sports injury that occurs when the muscles of the upper inner thigh (known to doctors and physical therapists as the adductors) are overextended or stretched beyond their usual capabilities.

If you have a groin pull, you usually recall when and how you got it. Pain in the groin area is the major sign, although some swelling may also take place .

Treatment for this type of pain is fairly straightforward: put some ice on it and let it rest. Compression is also helpful, as is elevating the leg in which the injury has happened. Any number of pain relievers, both over-the-counter and prescription, may be suggested by your medical professional .

Besides an adductor injury, pain in the groin may be a symptom of some other type of condition. Possibilities include the following.

Hernia - This occurs when part of the body slips through a tear or opening in a different part near it. This happens occasionally when part of the intestine bulges through an opening in the abdominal wall. A hernia can result in pain in the groin. Other signs of a hernia are swelling, nausea and vomiting.

Soft tissue injuries - Muscles and tendons in the abdomen wall can be injured or overextended. This is most likely to happen during vigorous exercise or while playing sports.

Lymph node swelling near the groin - When this happens, it results in pain in the groin and may be a symptom of a sexually transmitted disease.

Cancer of the testicles - This has received a lot of attention in recent years because of Tour de France winner Lance Armstrong. Armstrong not only survived testicular cancer, but he has become of the most celebrated athletes on the planet. This fact should not fool anyone into believing, however, that testicular cancer is not dangerous.

Groin pain, lumps and swelling of the testicles could be an indication of testicular cancer.

Referred pain - When there is a problem with the lower back, the pain may travel along nerve pathways to other areas, including the groin. Symptoms of referred pain from spinal conditions usually also include numbness, burning or stinging sensations, or a "pins and needles" feeling.

Kidney stones - Pain from kidney stones usually starts in the "flank" area, approximately halfway down the back and slightly to either side. But kidney stone discomfort can also travel down into the groin. If you're feeling sharp pain in the mid-back which crosses down around the front and into the groin, it might be a kidney stone.

Orchitis - This condition causes painful inflammation in the area of the testicles. Typically, it's an infection due to either viruses or bacteria. Orchitis is a serious condition and you should receive medical attention as soon as you can.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Causes of purpura and liver pain?
    I have pain over my liver (upper right abdomen under the ribs). Its a constant dull pain and I sometimes get stabbing and burning pains there as well as in the side and round the back. I have lost a lot of weight, had about 4 weeks of vomiting almost every day, also get a burning pain in the centre of the abdomen under the ribs. About 8 weeks ago I developed a fairly large bruise/rash on my lower right side abdomen. It is a kind of dull grey/purple colour and gets red and spreads across my stomach sometimes. My doctor referred to this as purpura but so far does not know what has caused this.

    Other symptoms - Fatigue, light headed/faint, pins and needles/tingling in my arms and legs, stiff neck, flu like symptoms, mental changes, nausea

    The doctor took some blood tests to check if my blood was clotting and everything seems 'normal'. She then said she would refer me to a gastroenterologist and asked me a few questions relating to hepatitis. Is it possible that hepatitis could cause these symptoms? Ive had them for 2 years now and liver function tests etc all seem normal.

    I should also add that the pain is worse after drinking any alcohol and I get a fever the day after drinking even 1 or 2 bottles of beer. im not a heavy drinker and very rarely drink any more, although I did drink a lot at weekends when I was younger.
    Should add that I have had an endoscopy (which found gastritis) and I have also had a barium meal and follow through which was normal and ruled out bowel diseases. (ulcerative colitis, crohns etc). I have also had an ultrasound which was normal (abdomen and pelvis).

    • ANSWER:
      Can be ulcerative colitis, ask your doctor

  2. QUESTION:
    What can cause liver pain?
    My husband has been having on and off liver pain for about two weeks now. He was drinking a lot of energy drinks (started off with one a day and progressed to three a day in three months) and he also started drinking alcohol more often (about 5-6 oz of vodka every other day for about two weeks). His body was not used to this, as he used to drink alcohol once, maybe twice a year and 1 (maybe 2) energy drink every two weeks. I am worried this can be Hepatitis C, but he hasn't had any other symptoms except the liver pain. Could it be something else? He already stopped drinking both energy drinks and alcohol. He does smoke marijuana (hasn't in two days). PLEASE HELP! I am very worried! Let me know if there is anything else that can be causing this.

    BTW, he's not fat at all, so I doubt it's fatty liver.

    • ANSWER:

  3. QUESTION:
    what cause liver pain?
    can the liver hurt the middle of your back?i have alot of symptoms of Pancreatitis but they did a ct scan of the stomach and they say all my organs looks good. i have the upper right side pain agoes to the back can the upper right side have burning feeling? only thing they told me is i have a high hertia and acid relux and fatty liver. the pain goes away but when it comes back it will for about 2 weeks. i tested for hepatitis and came back negative please help

    • ANSWER:

  4. QUESTION:
    what are symptoms of liver damage?
    ive been having sharp abdomenal pain its not sever and it come and goes but im worried ab out my liver cause i take darvocet the pain is mostly on me left side what are all symptoms of sever liver damage i cant get a doctors appointment for two weeks and i dont want to go to the hospital cause its not that bad should i worry?

    • ANSWER:

  5. QUESTION:
    Does Jaundice causes liver enlargement? What is the cure?What food/liquids should one have and what should you
    There is a lot of pain in the stomach and the body is itching besides normal symptoms of jaundice.

    • ANSWER:
      Jaundice is a symptom, not the cause of liver problems. Jaundice is due to high bilirubin because the liver is not functioning properly. The itching is also due to the liver not filtering as it should. Please see a gastroenterologist, as this may be serious. Best wishes.

  6. QUESTION:
    What is the cause of these symptoms: headache, fever, moody or anguish,pain on the Right rib town to the waist?
    The rib and waist pain is mostly felt when sitting still, e.g like when in a car or so when there is no free movement. i feel disturbed and uncomfortable as if a hand is is inserted through ma rib and pulling ma intestine,liver or kidney.

    • ANSWER:
      it could be appendicitis. u shud definitely go c ur doctor so they could run sum tests on u. but since u complained of a fever it must be some sort of infection not necessarily ur appendix, but can be ur intestine or kidney. u have to go to the doctor asap if ur condition persists or worsens. good luck

  7. QUESTION:
    Does taking an overdose of paracetamol aka acetaminophen at one time always cause liver damage?
    When I was younger, 19 at the time, I was told by my mother to take a large handful of pills containing paracetamol also known as acetaminophen, as a remedy for something. She actually gave me the amount of pills I needed to take and put them in my hand. Idk how many pills there were, but there was alot. I was a naive 19 year old and didn't question it because my mother was giving them to me and I trusted my mother. Well I got really sick shortly afterwards and have many symptoms similar to those of someone suffering from liver damage. I strongly believe the pills she gave me caused me liver damage. My symptoms are pain in my abdomen, feeling tried all the time despite sleeping well and eating right etc, severe constipation, skin dried out severely all over, people who haven't seen me in a while tell me I look yellowish which I think could be jaundice and also foul breath. How can I get a doctor to do a liver function test?

    • ANSWER:
      The liver repairs itself. My own mother had paracetamol poisioning and her liver enzymes are fine now. If you are worried start taking St Mary's thistle or liv52 which help the liver repair. You can ask the doctor for a liver functions test..i ask for many tests...if i didn't i wouldn't have known i had vitamin D deficiency, a high homocysteine level, vitamin B12 deficiency, calcium deficiency...the list goes on. :)

  8. QUESTION:
    How much alcohol abuse does it take for the onset of liver disease or symptoms of?
    My little brother who is roughly 22 is in college now and called me to get my advice cause he'd been experiencing light abdominal pain. Now I know he drinks a lot cause he's honest with me and that's a good thing. From what he tells me he drinks enough to get him drunk 4-5 nights out of the week. He's not a big guy (5'-7" and about 180) but enough to get him drunk would be about six or seven beers and maybe a shot or two. The thing is he's been doing this for about 3 months now (beginning of school year to now.) He says he hasn't noticed any yellowing of the skin,eyes or any other pain, just a slight discomfort in his abdomen and lower chest. I guess what I'm asking is is liver disease something that develops over a longer period of time or could it develop in a couple months? I've already told him that the main thing is to prevent the development of poor habits which will cause him to behave this way beyond his college years, but I just wanna gauge his risk factor at present.
    Also he's in a frat and I've seen this group - it's about 30 guys who all do the same thing... So it's hard for me to say stop when his friends are also drinking that much.... What's funny is that he almost NEVER drinks when he's home, it's not an addiction just a HORRIBLE social habit - that's what bothers me

    • ANSWER:
      My mother drank about a liter of vodka a day for about 15 years, she was pretty ill for the last 10 of them so I would have to say the serious damage took about 5 years, but obviously there must have been some damage before that. She died with no friends, alone and too ill to take care of herself, green from jaundice and using adult diapers at only 45 years old. The details get worse but I am still having trouble dealing with it, she passed in June and I had to sign the DNR. My younger sister is about where your brother is, and as much as it hurts me one thing I learned from my mom and her drunk friends is that they are pretty determined to do what they want, and unless he wants to change his life no rehab or anything else will help. We tried it all with my mom. Just go ahead and say good bye to him now while he still has "good days" because you don't want to see how awful he will be in a few more years. It is painful to watch a loved one kill themselves, and that is exactly what he is doing. On my mother's death certificate the cause of death is Septic Shock, all of her organs finally gave up and her body poisened her to death, and the DR said it was 100% from alcohol abuse. Hopefully you can get your parents to slam him into a rehab for AT LEAST a year... any less does no good.

  9. QUESTION:
    After a paracetamol overdose, can taking a slightly raised dose cause liver failure?
    A paracetamol overdose one year ago which resulted in two days of hospitalisation. Four tablets a few days ago for acute pain and now presenting symptoms including fatigue, nausea and confusion. Could this be liver damage?

    • ANSWER:
      yes this shows signs of liver failure visit your doctor i advise

  10. QUESTION:
    I have pain in my Liver?
    I have pain in my Liver?
    I have had a pain in the area around my Liver/Gallbladder since March last year and it is not going away.
    I have had a scan and a camera down and they say that there are no ulcers or signs of any problems in my throat/stomach/start of intestine. The ultrasound showed no gallstones or enlargement and no enlargement of the liver.
    I have been on anti depressant medication for 14 yrs. But have never been told that long term use could cause Liver damage.
    It started off as a feeling of pressure (exactly like a babys foot digging in - I have had 2 children so know) and then has gradually turned into a dull ache but have no other symptoms. It never stops, doesn't change is just...there.
    Am going back to doc in 2 weeks.
    Any ideas? Obviously I am worried about liver cancer or disease or pancreatic/gallbladder cancers etc.
    Would like to hear from people who know anything about it.....please no scare mongerers doing it for fun.
    Bx

    • ANSWER:
      Your work up is pretty good for ruling out gall bladder disease, GERD (reflux), and ulcers. Between the EGD (upper GI scope) and ultrasound they should have shown something wrong in those areas.

      Two tests you did not mention: liver function blood tests and a CT scan of the abdomen. The blood tests would show how the liver is functioning overall, and the CT would obviously show the structure of the liver.

      The liver itself is kind of like a sausage: basically an outer capsule or casing around the actual meat of the organ. Since it is like that, anything that is enlarging the inner part will cause pressure on the capsule. Some things that can do this (not all inclusive) include a fatty liver, severe high blood pressure, right-sided heart failure, benign tumors of the liver, and malignant tumors.

      Basically, if you have not had one already I would discuss getting an abdominal CT (with and without contrast) with your doctor to look at the liver and everything else in the belly. This will tell you fairly easily if there is anything bad (cancer) going on, and put your mind at ease.

  11. QUESTION:
    My father is really sick and the doctors don't know how to diagnose or cure any of his symptoms?
    My father has had diabetesand been insulin dependant since he was 17, and he also developed chronic diarrhea and has had it since way before I could remember. Just about four years ago he began to get really sick and had severe recurring stomcah pain and nausea, he almost died several times because he couldn't eat for months. Doctor tried to say it was heartburn, appendicitis, gastropericus, or just blame it on his diabetes, and they haven't really helped him except by given him morphene to help with the pain. My father is only 41 and he is about six feet tall, but he only weighs about 90 lbs. He is so sick and my mom is so depressed because we can't help him. The doctors have done so many tests on him and they always come back negative.

    Has anyone ever had some similar symptoms or if diabetes and liver failure really do cause this pain for people? I have known people on dialysis and who had diabetes who were never in this much pain? Please help.
    I do appreciate all the help and like I said we have been dealing with this sickness for quite a few years now and have done so much research ourselves, tried different diets, he has had so many surgeries, taking so many drugs and vitamin supplements, and seen so many specialists, but no one has given us any answers that will actually help him. I was just hoping that maybe someone had went through this before or knows something we don't. Please keep trying though, it really means alot.
    Everyone has helped so much, and yoiu guys really did answer from your hearts, so it is too hard to choose a best answer if I could I would give everyone the best answer.

    • ANSWER:
      I was reading a Men's health on time, and there was this doctor who dealt with Diabeties the old way, before insultin let u eat whatever u wanted. Has he tried eating less of the bottom of the food chart. More fruits and veggies and proteins less starch. If he tried that, there would be not as much glucose to fill his blood stream and there for he could live more normally.
      I am not associated with the medical field, but my mom is an RN who might have more professional terms for what i described, I am also sure that Men's Health would subscribe u the name of the doctor if u e-mailed them with ur problem. Good Luck and Godspeed.

  12. QUESTION:
    What can cause pain in upper back,right shoulder,under right breast,center of chest?
    I had all these symptoms,had an ultrasound to check for gallstones, came back fine but showed fat in liver, but dr. said this would not cause the pains? Now last 2 days, pain is on my upper left side by ribs. any ideas what this could be? AT times I also feel bloated.

    • ANSWER:
      HEART FAILURE.

  13. QUESTION:
    Sharp pain in ribs on left side of body when taking deep breaths?
    I suffer from anxiety and often have palpitations/chest pains and all other physical anxiety symptoms, i am 18 years old and I also suffer from asthma too. my most recent worrying one is a sharp pain in the left side of my ribs when I take a deep breath, it's not excrutiating pain that causes me to stop what i'm doing but it's still a pain nonetheless

    ive had kidney/liver tests so I know it's nothing to do with this.

    any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      There could be many reasons why you are having these pains. I had pains similar to yours for a few years, and (although I don't have asthma, but I have anxiety) my doctor said I had acid reflux. I used prevacid and it helped me. You should probably ask your doctor and see what they say about your pains if they worsen. Hope this helped!

  14. QUESTION:
    what illness causes stomach pain, fever, exhaustion, back pain,nausea, and chills?
    for the last month or so i've been having the following symptoms: stomach pain, fever, back pain, nausea, chills, and exhaustion, and i been having nonstop tests such as: blood tests,ultrasounds, x-rays, C.T. scans, checking my appendix, liver, gallbladder,spleen, stomach, intestines, ovaries, everything. But the doctors found nothing, and i'm starting to feel like it's all in my head. the doctors already know me by name, and i'm just so sick of it, i just want to find out what in the hell is wrong with me. i know there's something wrong!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm so sorry you are going through this. I have been in the situation of having health issues and having the doctors do tests and say everything is o.k. I know what you are going through. The positive thing is that a lot of tests have been done and nothing bad is showing up. The challenge is to find out what is actually causing this.

      Here is an article with 5 interactive medical resources where you can ask a doctor questions. I hope that helps some.

      http://www.health-outlook.com/2009/02/16/5-interactive-medical-resources-you-dont-want-to-miss/

  15. QUESTION:
    what are my chances of having sever liver damage?
    im addicted to darvocet i use to take 4 pills a night then i cut down to 3 and ive been taking them on and off ofr almost 2 years i dont have any symptoms of liver damage but im so worried ive made an appointment to tell my doctor everything but its not for about a week i think i jsut need a peace of mind do you think i could have sever liver damage? or if my doctor takes me off of pain killers will my liver heal itself? i know its so stupid to take so much but im addicted also what can cause liver damage more pain killers or alcohol?

    • ANSWER:
      The doctor can order a liver biopsy(painful)and check again in 6 months to guage problem if any. good luck.

  16. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of jaundice?
    I have a liver condition that is not life threatening as of yet, but I am keeping an eye out for worsening. My liver has caused a localized pain for over a year, and that has not changed; but I have noticed my skin looks slightly yellow. My eyes and gums look fine though. I have an appointment with my doctor in a few weeks, but I wondered if I should worry about going sooner. Do your eyes and gums turn yellow first, or is it possible for just your skin to change?

    • ANSWER:
      Jaundice is a symptom of liver disease. Jaundice will become more pronounced as the liver disease worsens. Your doctor will check your liver enzymes and bilirubin levels and can give you more details about your condition. You have not mentioned what kind of liver disease you have so more specific information is necessary for a better answer.

  17. QUESTION:
    Anyone know how long it can be before an overdose can show symptoms?
    I was watching a show thats fictional and a patient was sick because of an attempted overdose way before he showed symptoms. I know certain pain killers like Tylenol and Advil can cause I believe its liver damage if someone overdoses but if no symptoms or complications occur after the initial overdose can they happen later? Can someone get sick a year later from that?

    • ANSWER:
      yudy c, Your question is good but the answer is not simple. It varies with the type medicine, how large an overdose, how fast the medicine is absorbed from the stomach or intestines into the body, which organs are most susceptible to damage, and how much continuing damage results from previous doses. For example, alcohol and barbiturates may work in about 20 minutes to an hour to produce death without any permanent damage, merely by stopping the breathing center in the brain. Tylenol (acetaminophen) has caused death by way of progressive liver damage over a period of months. A large overdose of aspirin can also kill within a couple of hours. It is very unlikely that one overdose would not show any ill effects until a year has passed.

  18. QUESTION:
    pain around ribs on the right-hand side of the abdomen?
    I have been suffering following symptoms since January:
    *Pain around ribs on the right-hand side of the abdomen
    *Diarrhea or really soft shit
    Of course, I have been seen gastology specialist. I did blood
    test includes for internal organs, Hepatitis, HIV. I did stool test,
    ultrasound for abdomen, CT scan with UV, colonoscopy,
    upper gastrocamera. Only thing they found out from all tests,
    I have mild fat tissue on my liver, but my doctor were not able to find out what is causing my pain and diarrhea.

    **October
    When I touch my ribs on the right-hand side of the abdomen,
    I just found out there are pain today. When I need to go for poo,
    I have to go to bathroom right away because I can not hold.
    I can not enjoy my life now.
    I appreciate your advise. Whom I should ask for help?

    • ANSWER:
      Pain around the ribs lower right hand side could be slipping rib syndrome. Are you doing anything like mowing a lawn or lifting a chair say once a week? Problem is that some time you have probably pulled a muscle and it just starts to heal when you strain it again and it just starts to heal when you strain it again. As for the bowels, any anxiety, like symptoms with no diagnosis can upset the bowels. You get the rib pain you then feel anxious and then you get the diarrhea or really soft stool. Likewise are you eating enough fiber, bulk out the stools?

  19. QUESTION:
    Left Upper Abdominal pain?
    I been having this pain on my left upper abdominal , also pain on my left upper back
    now this pain is traveling to my right side around liver area i aslo get pain on the pit of my stomach. And also i have this burning sensation on my forearms .Im not throwing up , but I had some green stools when using the rest room . and when they do come out brown the are floating. I had my blood work, CT Scan , Stomach X Ray , to check on my pancreas and every thing came up normal . Now Im going to get a Ultrasound done on me this saturday to look for gallstones which i dont think thats the problem, because i dont think gallstones would cause pain on my upper left side of my stomach. My mother in law had gallstones and she told me her pain was on the right side. Im just wondering can gallstones cause pain on left side too?? What are the best ways to check on my pancreas . Or can any one tell me what else can cause these symptoms i describe to you??

    • ANSWER:
      RUQ(right upper quad) is liver gallbladder pancreas. I'm surprised Ct was done before sono, but sometimes they are done after Ct. Ct's and MRI's are a lot more costly than ultrasounds too. Maybe they couldnt see what they were looking for on Ct so theyre doing sono.Don't know what would cause pain though,

  20. QUESTION:
    Liver and Splein pain? or just regular back pain?
    I was diagnosed with mono 3 weeks ago, but I was feeling sick long before that (Let it be known that I played a number of lacrosse games and maybe drank with what was almost certainly mono). About a week after being diagnosed, I felt perfectly fine a week after and I drank around 6 beers on a friday, then 8 on a saturday (I weigh 170 and have decent tolerance, so I wasn't drunk on either occasion). I drank about 6 on monday during the day and about 8 the day after., then I drank probably around 20 beers over two nights the next weekend. Then this thursday I had 12 beers. I may be leaving a day out, I'm not sure. I usually don't drink this much, it's been graduation stuff. Also, in the last month I've been smoking on average 4 cigarettes a day. I don't need people telling me drinking is bad period. I understand it was probably stupid drinking after mono, however.

    Enough background, onto the question, I've been having some back pain on the left and right sides of my body. The right side is generally higher and closer to where the liver would be, right below the rib cage, while the left is more lower back pain. It alternates mostly and for large portions of the day it goes away completely. I am trying to figure out if this is regular back pain or serious liver and spleen issues that were caused by mono compounded by binge alcohol drinking. I feel completely fine outside of the back pain. I get an occasional lower right front abdomen as well. The pain is dull and does not really interfere with anything I do. It's more of an annoyance than anything, but it scares me somewhat. I'm sure many people have done exactly what I have done, without even knowing they had mono, so I'm really doubtful this is liver and spleen pain.

    I am also somewhat of a hypochondriac, and when I think about these symptoms, they tend to get a little worse.
    There's seriously no way I have diabetes, I'm fairly physically active, lacrosse season ended about a month ago, and I'm 5'10. I show no other symptoms of Diabetes and have literally none of the risk factors.

    • ANSWER:
      You need to talk to a doctor or a specialist.

  21. QUESTION:
    Can someone please put this in their own words?
    Lung Cancer Symptoms
    Up to one-fourth of all people with lung cancer may have no symptoms when the cancer is diagnosed. These cancers usually are identified incidentally when a chest x-ray is performed for another reason. The majority of people, however, develop symptoms. The symptoms are due to direct effects of the primary tumor, to effects of metastatic tumors in other parts of the body, or to disturbances of hormones, blood, or other systems caused by the cancer.
    Symptoms of primary lung cancers include cough, coughing up blood, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
    A new cough in a smoker or a former smoker should raise concern for lung cancer.
    A cough that does not go away or gets worse over time should be evaluated by a health-care provider.
    Coughing up blood (hemoptysis) occurs in a significant number of people who have lung cancer. Any amount of coughed-up blood is cause for concern.
    Chest pain is a symptom in about one-fourth of people with lung cancer. The pain is dull, aching, and persistent and may involve other structures surrounding the lung.
    Shortness of breath usually results from a blockage to the flow of air in part of the lung, collection of fluid around the lung (pleural effusion), or the spread of tumor throughout the lungs.
    Wheezing or hoarseness may signal blockage or inflammation in the lungs that may go along with cancer.
    Repeated respiratory infections, such as bronchitis or pneumonia, can be a sign of lung cancer.
    Symptoms of metastatic lung tumors depend on the location and size. About 30%-40% of people with lung cancer have some symptoms or signs of metastatic disease.
    Lung cancer most often spreads to the liver, the adrenal glands, the bones, and the brain.
    Metastatic lung cancer in the liver usually does not cause symptoms, at least by the time of diagnosis.
    Metastatic lung cancer in the adrenal glands also typically causes no symptoms by the time of diagnosis.
    Metastasis to the bones is most common with small cell cancers but also occurs with other lung cancer types. Lung cancer that has metastasized to the bone causes bone pain, usually in the backbone (vertebrae), the thighbones, and the ribs.
    Lung cancer that spreads to the brain can cause difficulties with vision, weakness on one side of the body, and/or seizures.
    Paraneoplastic syndromes are the remote, indirect effects of cancer not related to direct invasion of an organ by tumor cells. Often they are caused by chemicals released from the cancers. Symptoms include the following:
    clubbing of fingers-the depositing of extra tissue under the fingernails
    new bone formation-along the lower legs or arms
    anemia-low numbers of red blood cells and high calcium level or low sodium level in the blood
    other effects-muscle weakness, skin rashes, and degeneration of the brain
    weight loss
    fatigue
    low sodium levels

    • ANSWER:
      Not doing your homework~

  22. QUESTION:
    Can anxiety, stress and paranoia of possibly being exposed to hepatits be causing symptoms so early?
    6 days ago i was possibly exposed to dried blood on a 20 dollar bill via my nose. I say possibly because I am not even sure it was blood. It was a red dot about 2-3 millimeters in diameter (pretty small). Being unsure, but knowing blood is water based, I wet a q-tip and put it to the dot and it soaked right up, didn't smudge at all. I see red ink on dollar bills all the time though. And also I think I have read that the red ink banks use to mark bills to tell if there real, is water based. If anyone knows anything about that please answer along with my next question, which is the main question.

    Just a little more information, I am addicted to oxycodone and plan on quitting tommorow due to being so scared. I will be using suboxone to help deal with detox.

    Long story short, i think i was exposed to blood. I have ruled out HIV almost completely because I've read HIV cannot live very long outside the body. I mean it could be HIV, but i am alot more worried about Hepatits C or B. I am only 19 so i think i was vaccinated against Hep B in school, but not positive. I am going crazy over it. I woke up today and the muscles in the front of my neck were sore but a different kind of sore. Like only when i tried to flex them they had a wierd sore feeling i havent fealt before. Also i am very sore and tired. I feel weak. I woke up in the middle of the night 2 days ago with a horrible stomach pain. I was eating the other day and i noticed i had a metallic taste in my mouth and it stayed(can be caused from liver problems). All in all I am feeling all these symptoms and i am freaking out about it.
    I am already a very anxious and depressed person(Genetics) to begin with but i usually can deal with it. Not this time. I am worrying myself sick I think. I am so paranoid that i have something. Its really destroying me the last couple days. And feeling symptoms is just making me feel even more stressed and paranoid.

    Can all this anxiety, stress, and paranoia be causing these symptoms? Which in turn would make me more anxious, stressed and paranoid, thus causing more symptoms. Please help

    • ANSWER:
      maybe......

  23. QUESTION:
    Can the anxiety, paranoia and stress of possibly having hepatits B or C cause Symptoms ?
    6 days ago i was possibly exposed to dried blood on a 20 dollar bill via my nose. I say possibly because I am not even sure it was blood. It was a red dot about 2-3 millimeters in diameter (pretty small). Being unsure, but knowing blood is water based, I wet a q-tip and put it to the dot and it soaked right up, didn't smudge at all. I see red ink on dollar bills all the time though. And also I think I have read that the red ink banks use to mark bills to tell if there real, is water based. If anyone knows anything about that please answer along with my next question, which is the main question.

    Just a little more information, I am addicted to oxycodone and plan on quitting tommorow due to being so scared. I will be using suboxone to help deal with detox.

    Long story short, i think i was exposed to blood. I have ruled out HIV almost completely because I've read HIV cannot live very long outside the body. I mean it could be HIV, but i am alot more worried about Hepatits C or B. I am only 19 so i think i was vaccinated against Hep B in school, but not positive. I am going crazy over it. I woke up today and the muscles in the front of my neck were sore but a different kind of sore. Like only when i tried to flex them they had a wierd sore feeling i havent fealt before. Also i am very sore and tired. I feel weak. I woke up in the middle of the night 2 days ago with a horrible stomach pain. I was eating the other day and i noticed i had a metallic taste in my mouth and it stayed(can be caused from liver problems). All in all I am feeling all these symptoms and i am freaking out about it.
    I am already a very anxious and depressed person(Genetics) to begin with but i usually can deal with it. Not this time. I am worrying myself sick I think. I am so paranoid that i have something. Its really destroying me the last couple days. And feeling symptoms is just making me feel even more stressed and paranoid.

    Can all this anxiety, stress, and paranoia be causing these symptoms? Which in turn would make me more anxious, stressed and paranoid, thus causing more symptoms. Please help.

    • ANSWER:

  24. QUESTION:
    I am 25 yr old male, dull pain on the left upper ribs near abdomen?
    wt 48 kgs so slim, a hypchondriac and i have ocd, alcoholic for past two months, because of ocd, what is the possible cause for pain in that region any liver or spleen disorder symptom, i get pain almost all the day, only on that particular region i can pinpoint that region, pls someone help me, it disturbs me a lot, and am feared so much

    • ANSWER:

  25. QUESTION:
    Could vaccinating cause liver problems in Dogs?
    I have a little shih tzu poodle mix who's a little over a year (15 months as of Jan 7th). At her first vet visit, she was proclaimed healthy and she had all of her first shots ... yet a couple of months later when she was in for her preop (spay) blood work, the doctor says that her alt levels were through the roof, consecuitive blood tests show no decrease. So i'm wondering, as she's on the go constantly, is a finicky eater (but so are our other dogs) and is showing no symptoms of liver disease (gum/skin color, no pain) is it possible that her vaccinations did something to her liver?
    No these are not the only shots she's had thank you Harry, I'm only confused that at her first visit.. very healthy girl and three months later, I'm told at her spay that she's got very high ALT levels and while she eats the same things her brothers eat and they're healthy as of their last visit to the vet, I'm wondering if it was her shots that caused the high readings.
    Her vet laughed when I asked about titering (I can't spell today sorry) He insisted that we biopsy and refused to look at other methods of trying to lower the levels (diet, medication).
    The vet didn't give me any alternative reasons as to why it was so high in a at the time six month old puppy. He proceeded to tell me that she had to have the biopsy and only after scaring me so bad that I started to cry, says "OR it could just be something that was a random occurance and has no cause. But we wont know until she has the biopsy."

    She's not on any meds (they gave me pain meds for her after the spay) and only recently started to take a brewers yeast and garlic tablet because I read that it helped with keeping the insects off of them.
    We've been going in every few months to do blood work, the last of which just before christmas was a joke. They let a new hire do her tests and she came out with all four feet taped up and a joke about how lucky it is that she isnt a biter. A normal 10 minute test took over an hour. Was not impressed with the service.

    • ANSWER:
      There are MANY mixed opinions about over-vaccination, I DO feel that it causes a lot of immune problems and organ problems.
      Try to find a vet that will do a titer test. Here is a good link for you to read:
      http://www.yourpurebredpuppy.com/health/articles/puppy-shots-and-dog-vaccinations.html

  26. QUESTION:
    HORRIBLE STOMACH PAIN FOR 5 MONTHS WITH MANY OTHER SYMPTOMS!?
    I am 16 years old. It all started 5 months ago i began with just stomach pain and have gradually been having more symptoms, i have diarrhea that comes and goes, i have fever's at times, my head always hurts, i get red dots on different parts of my body which disappear in a day or two but then come back and leave once again, i have unintentional weight loss at least 17 pounds,i have joint pain, i get light headed, i am gassy, i am always nausea's, once in a while ill feel a kick in the middle of my stomach upward, i'm beginning to get numbness on my hands fingers and legs. i had a urinary tract infection which is now gone and doctors determined this was not the cause of my stomach pain. Me and my boyfriend are sexually active and every time we do it he gets red dots on his cap of the penis and a burning sensation, i don't. I have taken many medication treating gastritis, also for ulcers which they thought i had which i don't. I've had numerous tests for hepatitis a,b,c, for Helico pylori, HIV, syphilis, transglutaminase, I have had x-ray abdomen , I have had an ultrasound of my stomach which showed abnormal liver but nothing to worry bout according to my doctor, I have had a pelvic ultrasound as well and everything was perfect, i recently went for a colonscopy and a endoscopy my results showed white dots in my esophagus but they say they don't know what it is, I am in pain and getting worse, changed doctor and hospital at least 5 times and non of them seem to find the answer to my problem.

    - I can't localize the pain in my stomach i feel it everywhere and i can't stand anyone touching my stomach , and i cant lay on it because it hurts.

    • ANSWER:

  27. QUESTION:
    Does drinking too much diet coke or taking more than 2 tylenol a day harm your liver?
    I drink about 2 cans of diet coke a day and i am wondering if it damages your liver? i have spent hours looking for proof online about drinking diet coke but haven't found any. I am aware of how tylenol can adversly affect your liver but the docs have told me that it's the only thing i can take for pain (on top of that i am allergic to aspirin and ibuprofen) I had this rare liver disorder called "primary sclerosing cholangitis" (it damages the bile ducts and then causes liver cirrhosis and death unless you have a transplant) and was lucky enough to have had a liver transplant in december of 2001 after i was stage 3 for 4 years. Now i was diagnosed with another rare liver disorder called "primary billary cirrhosis" (it doesn't differ much from the first illness i described) Fortunately I am still stage one and have no or little symptoms. Maybe someone can tell more about the effects of diet coke or tylenol? (btw, I also drink plenty of juices and other things as well as soda). thank you

    • ANSWER:
      ouch, lots of misinformation in these answers.

      diet products are not harmful to the liver, and have not been proven to be harmful to human in any way (except those with phenylketonuria). the most common claim is that they cause cancer, which is false (see the link below). there is no way for them to "clog up" your body or urinary tract.

      you are right to be concerned with taking tylenol or any product containing acetominophen (many cold remedies have it). tylenol can be fatal to anyone if they take too much, and the cause of death is liver failure.

      you are definitely a special case, with multiple liver disorders AND allergies to other pain meds. you really need to call your gastroenterologist and ask them whta the maxiumum dose of tylenol you should have is. if the transplanted liver is functionally normally, you should be able to take it, although I can understand wanting to be extra careful with your gift.

  28. QUESTION:
    having liver problems with strange symptoms?
    (20 year old male) last summer i noticed a weird sensation on the tip of my penis after awhile the pain turned into tingling wich lasted for about 3 days then stopped but then the pain seemed to spread to my bladder area causing a lot of pulsating movement which lasted about a month i finally went to the doctor they tested my urine and blood, the urine came out ok but the blood test came back with elevated liver enzymes. they said it might be autoimmune hepatitus but not sure. I went back again and thay said the enzymes had increased I have no symptoms of jaudice. my only symptom i have are mucsle twitching or tics and weird movents in my abdomin, this whole thing has caused me develop extreme anxiety. if any one can help id appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      How can anyone on yahoo answers help?!

      Don't ask people of yahoo answers.

      The vast majority of these people aren't doctors and even if they were, they cannot tell what is wrong with you based on a few lines of text.

      GO AND SEE A DOCTOR. AGAIN.

  29. QUESTION:
    Having liver problems and strange symptoms?
    (20 year old male) last summer i noticed a weird sensation on the tip of my penis after awhile the pain turned into tingling wich lasted for about 3 days then stopped but then the pain seemed to spread to my bladder area causing a lot of pulsating movement which lasted about a month i finally went to the doctor they tested my urine and blood, the urine came out ok but the blood test came back with elevated liver enzymes. they said it might be autoimmune hepatitus but not sure. I went back again and thay said the enzymes had increased I have no symptoms of jaudice. my only symptom i have are mucsle twitching or tics and weird movents in my abdomin, this whole thing has caused me develop extreme anxiety. if any one can help id appreciate it.
    don't drink don't smoke

    • ANSWER:
      Hmmm....... yes, this does sound like some sort of parasitic infection. Eat as much fresh garlic as you can tolerate, take grapefruit seed oil and clove oil (as directed). Make sure you are drinking pure water. Also try drinking pau d'arco tea (at health food stores). Please google parasitic cleansers to get more info.

      I would also suggest posting this question again but file it under alternative medicine. There are a lot of wise and knowlegable people there that have gone through a lot of medical ailments and can share some light. Best of luck to you.

  30. QUESTION:
    I believe advice my mother gave me has caused me liver damage - My life has changed forever - Can I sue her?
    Ok long story short, I moved out and tried making it on my own after highschool. I was 19 years old. Unfortunately I became pregnant at 19 from a serious boyfriend who'd told me he was sterile. I had people back up his story of being sterile. I was still a virgin up to that point when I became pregnant. I had been with my boyfriend, Mark, for half a year, before we had sex. I had very strict parents, my Dad was physically and emotionally abusive and we weren't allowed to talk about sex at all in my house. Actually we were just basically told not to do it, because it's 'bad'. Well I became really really stressed after learning I'd gotten pregnant becuase I was afraid of what my Dad would do if he found out about it. I went to my mom as she was less strict than my Dad. Well that was the worst decision of my life. After i told her I was pregnant, first thing she said was, 'Your Dad is going to kill you. Didn't he tell you not to do anything bad!' This made me even more stressed and desperate. Then she told me of a friend of hers that got pregnant when she was younger and she took some pills and got her period again afterwards, hence was no longer pregnant. She told me she had the same pills there at the house. She brought them over to me, put several in my hand, idk exactly how many there were but there was alot of them and gave me some water to take them with. She told me I'd be having my period soon afterwards. Well I was so desperate and scared that I took them. This was the worst decision I could've done. I asked her how long till they took effect and she said several hours or even up to a day. Just to wait. I did as she asked and will my period never came. She told me I most likely wasn't pregnant anymore. I told her I wanted to be sure and said I would be making an apptmt w/ a doctor to get a pregnancy test done. I made the apptmt & my mom accompanied me to it. Sure enuf, I was still pregnant. Dr. saw I was unhappy by the news and gave me an option I hadn't thought of, didn't even know enuf about it to consider it. It was a clinical abortion. I talked w/ my boyfriend & we both decided that would be the best choice for us. So I had the clinical abortion. I tried to go on with my normal routines afterwards but I got really really sick and I believe it's due to the pills my mother gave me that one day because I've had ob gyn apptmts and everything is normal after the abortion but I'm having symptoms that are similar to those of liver damage. My symptoms are and have been since after having been given the pills, pain in my abdomen, severe constipation, severely dry skin, family members asking my why I look yellow (jaundice?) and I'm tired all the time. I've never told a doctor about the pills my mom told me to take that day, because I'm too embarrassed to bring it up, but I believe I could've suffered liver damage from them as I've done extensive research on the pills & main ingredient in them is paracetamol aka acetaminophen which is known to cause liver damage when taken in overdose. I want to sue my mother as I've lost everything since, my job, couldn't keep working because of my health, my boyfriend, he left me after all this, my friends, I don't go out because of my health issues so they're not around anymore. My life as I knew it no longer exists. I already made an appointment to see a doctor about getting tested for liver damage. What should I do if test comes out positive for liver damage?
    but it doesn't make you sick to know that she gave a bunch of pills to her naive 19 year old daughter??

    • ANSWER:
      Your Mom seems like she needs help...especially living with an abusive husband...Sounds as if she was trying to protect you, yes certain medicines can cause liver damage...Instead of suing her first, give her a chance to get help...if that doesn't work...then you get help and tell the doctor everything...once a physician steps in, they can push lawsuit against the one who gave you the medicine...

  31. QUESTION:
    My husbands ALT (SGPT ) rate is 110. i want to know is it a symptom of liver damage?
    his other blood counting is normal, except ESR rate. ESR rate is 20. he is a non-alcoholic person. but he has a severe heart burning problem. his age is 29. sometimes he is using 'Tylenol' as a pain killer. i know which is a cause of a liver damage too.

    • ANSWER:
      hepatitis.

  32. QUESTION:
    I feel some pain in my left lower side of my tummy...?
    and sometimes it's difficult for me to stand up cause the pain is unbearable. could my liver be infected? what are the symptoms of having liver infections?

    • ANSWER:
      I get that pain when I'm constipated or have gas. If you are not experiencing indigestion, see a doctor about this pain.

  33. QUESTION:
    If I had a problem with my liver, any kind of disease or whatever, what symptoms would I have how would I feel
    I had blood work done about 2 months ago. Doctor told me liver was normal & so was everything else he checked for too (thyroid etc.) but I still get frequent symptoms of headaches, feeling lethargic & nausea. I told him about the headaches and he suggested I try a night mouth gaurd to see if that helps get rid of them. I tried one of the store kinds that you heat in boiling water for a minute or 2 then mold it to fit one's mouth but it didn't work, I still get the frequent headaches, have a bad headache right now :( and I still get the fatigue and nausea too. I noticed these symptoms all started when my digestive issues started and at the same time I was having gallbladder issues. I didn't know it, but at the time I started to get all my symptoms my gallbladder had become blocked with gallstones & was causing severe sharp pains frequently esp after eating fried foods. My gb was removed but I still get the headaches, lethargy & nausea. Could these be due to having a liver problem?

    • ANSWER:
      I would not have thought so. People with Liver problems in most cases tend to loose a fair amount of weight/and their eye-balls/skin can turn a yellowy colour. I have Thyroid problems and will be on medication for the duration, but do not have your type of systems. My best advice is ask your doctor for a more thorough examination and perhaps a Bar-em Meal X Ray may show something. Best of Luck

  34. QUESTION:
    Inflamed liver question's?

    I was told by two different doctors that my liver is in inflamed. They checked me for hepatits c and it came back negative. They never could really give me a straight answer as to what causes this sort of thing to happen. I was wondering if anybody has the same problem as me or knows what sort of things can cause this to happen?.
    They also acted like it's really no big deal at all like it's normal for some peoples livers to be inflamed so I never worried about it honestly. But for a long while now I started thinking about past medical problems I have had other issues that seemed odd but no doctor could explain them to me or figure it out. Every once in awhile I get bad cramps in the upper area of my back behind my shoulder blades and it moves around into my arms,and chest area. It almost feels like I have really bad gas pains and I'm on fire it really hurts bad sometimes, I've even went to the e.r a couple times because it hurt that bad!. I also have had issues with my upper stomach hurting really bad a lot and my belly looks bigger sometimes up there around my liver area and gets hard and sore at times and latley its been more offten then usual so Im concernd. I was thinking maybe all this symptoms are caused by the inflamed liver??? Thats my big question,could an inflamed liver cause these things to happen? and should I be worried even thow the doctors never really acted like it was a big deal?. Thanks to everyone that replys! :-)

    • ANSWER:
      You need to be seeing either a gastroenterlogist
      or a hepatologist. Having an inflamed liver is
      anything but normal. There are a number of
      different causes...here are some of them:
      alcohol consumption, medication toxification,
      chemical exposure, bilary problems (which
      included blockage of the bile ducts or gallstones or infections or mal formation of the bile ducts),
      mushroom poisoning, viral Hepatitis (which
      includes HEP A,B,C, etc.), auto immune
      disease, fatty liver disease, hereditary conditions. And there are others.
      Stopping the cause of the inflammation and
      being treated with medication can help the
      liver cells to heal. However, if the cause
      is not able to be stopped and the inflammation
      continues on...it can lead to cirrhosis of the
      liver in which scar tissue forms inside the
      liver from the death of the liver cells. This is
      a progressive disease that has no known cure.

      The doctor can usually tell if the liver is
      enlarged, which comes from the inflammation,
      by pressing on the upper right portion of your
      abdomen, just under your rib cage. He can
      also do blood testing of the liver enzymes and
      also the liver function tests to see if there may
      be damage to the liver cells and if the cells
      of the liver are functioning as they should.
      The doctor usually tests with an ultrasound
      then to determine whether the liver truly is
      enlarged and by how much...also to see if
      there maybe a gallbladder problem ...and
      to check the kidneys which is located to the
      back side behind the liver and down a little
      lower. Pinched nerves in the back area
      can also cause pain in the back area where
      you said.

      If you ever cooked liver for supper, you noticed
      that it is very smooth in texture and of a normal
      size. When the liver has inflammation, it
      enlarges in size and become spongy in texture.
      When the liver cells have die off and scar
      tissue forms, it decreases in size and starts to
      take on a hard texture.

      It is very important that you see one of the
      specialist mentioned above to be sure exactly
      what is going on. All liver patients are told
      to not drink alcohol and be sure and
      tell the doctor all medication you are taking
      (this includes over the counter, herbs, herbal
      teas, vitamins, minerals, and drugs prescribed
      by other doctors).

      Best wishes to you and I hope this information
      is of help to you. You definitely need a
      further work up on this.

  35. QUESTION:
    What causese shooting pain ,gassy stomach ,stools and abdomial pain after eating?
    anybody knows what causes these things besides a Irritable Bowel sydrome and gull live bladder diesase. I have been having these symptoms for three mths of having my blood withdrawn for a HIV test it started off with alot of pins and needles all over the body with dirahhea burning sensation on the body and legs and shooting pain all over the body especiall the legs i have gone to a neurologist to have my full blood count test,liver panel, B12/folate calcium panel and renal panel. It all came back negative for anything serious doctor says its anxiety.i been having bloated stomach shooting pain my shit is one by one have noticed that my bowels have change ...ever since 3mths ago.My question is whether a virus could have entered my body through taking my blood? it sounds crazy but can that happen and what is it tha i have?

    • ANSWER:
      You definitely need to see your doctor. It sounds like a gastrointestinal disorder. Celiac disease, which another poster mentioned, can rear it's head at any point in a person's life. It is often triggered by an event, even something as insignificant as having blood drawn. Celiac disease can cause neurological problems as well as gastrointestinal issues. Luckily, it is easily treated by diet. Celiacs must avoid gluten, the protein found in wheat, barley, rye, and oats, for life. It's not as big of a deal as it sounds. Visit www.celiac.com and www.glutenfreeforum.com for more information on Celiac. Please, get yourself to a doctor and get tested. Untreated Celiac can cause serious health problems such as anemia, malnutrition, osteoperosis, osteopenia, and certain types of cancer.

  36. QUESTION:
    What are the final symptoms in end stage liver failure?
    My father was diagnosed with Hep-C which has caused severe cirrhosis. He is not a candidate for a transplant because of pulmonary hypertension (most likely caused by the sanding of toxic woods - he was a cabinet maker). He is on oxygen, has acites, takes lactulose and lasix/diuretics, sleeps for about 15-18 hrs a day, can hardly walk, trembles and is in pain. He was diagnosed about 1 month ago (because he was too stubborn to go to the hospital) and has rapidly been declining since. I am very sad for my mother, she feeds him all the right foods and takes care of him according to his GI/cardiologist/pulmonologist. Does anyone have experience with a loved one who has died from liver failure? Any experiences with respect to a time frame and the final symptoms before death?

    • ANSWER:
      You wrote, "Does anyone have experience with a loved one who has died from liver failure?"

      Sadly, yes, my Mom. She was diagnosed with some liver disease or other and lived for many years after that, but then, at the end, she just started failing rather quickly.

      It started with her being very weak and confused, which was followed by a swollen, distended stomach, called "ascites" and more confusion as she lost her faculties, kind of like Alzheimer's but on fast-forward, and she finally lapsed into a coma and passed away a few weeks later, coincidentally on the exact same day that my Dad had died, only ten years earlier! We think that she must have known somehow and was waiting for that day so that she could go on the same day he did.

      I'm very sorry for your troubles, I went through it with my Mom and wouldn't wish it on anyone, to see your loved one slipping away like that, it was just heart-wrenching.

      Good luck!... ☺

  37. QUESTION:
    does this sound like liver cancer?
    Hi,
    I have been having a dull ache under my right rib cage for the past 10 months. 8 months ago when I had a CT scan, it was noted there were two tiny lucencies, too big to characterize, likely cysts. My doctor said these would not be causing the pain. I have liver function tests usually once a month, and they have come back normal each time. Recently, I have had pain in my left and right back shoulder blades, as well as my left rib cage and under my left rib cage. It is pretty much pain all over my chest. It is not excrutiating, just a dull ache, and it comes and goes. I just had an ultrasound that showed no masses, even the lucencies from the CT scan they could not find. My question is, does this sound like liver cancer to you? the tiny lucencies scared me, but my doctor said they were too small at that time to cause any pain. If this pain is so wide spread over my chest, wouldn't an ultrasound pick up anything causing this? And I also have normal liver function tests. My gallbladder also looked normal on the ultrasound. Other symptoms include sometimes pale stool, loose stool with undigsted food, and a lot of gas. I have had a colonoscopy and endoscopy come back normal. Thanks in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      Lucencies is an unusual term I assume it means cysts? Cysts are not cancer and cancer would have been seen and your liver panels would not be normal. However, not anything that may be wrong would be seen on ultrasound. Ultrasound views a small area a CT views a wider area and a better overall diagnostic tool and it appears nothing was seen there either. Keep going back to your doctor and tell them all of your symptoms keep a diary if you have to. Write down all medications you are taking or have taken in the past year and when you started and/or stopped. Any changes in your life, any illnesses you have had and any trips you have made. Take this and all of your medical records and get a second opinion. I’m not saying your doctor has done anything wrong and any good doctor will not mind and should welcome a fresh set of eyes on the case.

  38. QUESTION:
    pain/pulsating feeling in right abdomen?
    yes. i am a drinker. probly more than i should im 19 years old. no previous health problems. the other night i realized a pulsating feeling in my right abdomen just right of my belly button. it lasted for hours. every 10 to 15 seconds id feel it. what is causing this? livers don't pulse and besides this and the dull pain in the area of the pulsating feeling i feel fine. no symptoms of liver problems. and please just answer the question and spare the don't drink BS. thanks

    • ANSWER:
      If you can feel the pain you need another drink, seriously there are several things.
      First, are you having any fever at or above 100. If so get to your doctor or ER right away. This could be your appendix.
      Next,you didn't say if this is the first time this happened. You say that it lasted for hours, do you remember just how long since you had eaten? Also what did you have to eat in the 24 hours prior to the pain? Did you have any abdominal cramping, extra gas or diarrhea ? This could just be something you ate. If the above doesn't help wait until it happens again, if at all, and then go your doctor.pp

  39. QUESTION:
    How do you know if someone is slowly killing themselves with the abuse of their prescription pain med.?
    My husband has been on prescription pain meds for over 8 years now. I'd say for about the last 1.5- 2 years hes gotten extrememly worse on them. He is prescribed 120 (lorcet 10/650) monthly for his pain and also 90 (1 mg. xanax)....he can be completely out of meds within ONE week, sometimes it doesn't take him that long. In a months average he can go through 200+xanax AND 200+lorcets AND- YES AND sometimes even 100+Perocets. Hes a big guy 6'4" and weights 250 lbs. I don't know if thats why he can take the medicine the way he does without it making him od or if hes body has grown a tolerance for it....its causing SOOO many problems in our marriage that I'm totally at my wits ends....does anyone know what kind of damage does these pain killers and xanax cause to the body Ive heard they can cause liver, kidney damange.....does anyone know any of the symptoms? He needs help but he WILL NEVER admit to it.

    • ANSWER:

  40. QUESTION:
    Right abdominal pain, CT scan and ultrasound on liver and everything else.?
    Woke up one morning with severe right abdominal pain below the rib cage. okay maybe I pulled something. 17 days later still dull aching pain there but very severe when I cough or sneeze. Otherwise its so to speak "there" throughout the day. I go in to the Dr. and tell him my symptoms. He goes through the routine examine, pushes here pushes there. I get blood drawn and urine sample. Calls me back later I have blood urine and liver enzymes are a bit high. Schedules me for Ct scan. Scan comes back normal. Schedules me for a ultra sound and some nuclear dye for my gallbladder to make it do funny things. I deny that but okay with the ultrasound. Go to ultrasound. Ultrasound tech opens mouth and tells me I have a liver cyst. I say uhmmmm ok? Later the Dr's nurse calls me back and tells me looks like ultrasound came back great and asks me "are you still in pain?" I tell her yes. So I ask her thats it nothing else? Nothing found? She says no. So I decide to tell her about liver cyst found on ultra sound? She says she does'nt know anything about that and will consult with the DR. Well after reading on the internet cause Im curious I see that people do get them and 95% of paitents do not experience pain. But 5% do and it needs to be addressed. Well here I am still in pain since June 26. If I strain like having a bowel movement, sneeze, cough or even bend a certain messed up way it hurts. Anyone heard of this? Is this why I had a blood in my urine? Do they bleed? Im kinda dissapointed in my Dr that they wouldnt relay the info that was found and I had to open my mouth up about the tech showing me the cyst. I dont know what to do I feel kinda helpless here. Waiting on Md to call me monday.

    • ANSWER:
      When a cyst is found in an individual, that person should submit themself to medical testing to rule out any serious diseases or conditions that may be the root cause. Hepatic cysts are symptoms of a variety of serious diseases that can lead to renal failure.

      Read more: Causes of Liver Cysts | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_5063213_causes-liver-cysts.html#ixzz1SQ0sow6z

      They can also be caused by parasite larvae.

  41. QUESTION:
    pain and pulsating feeling in abdomen. help please?
    yes. i am a drinker. probly more than i should im 19 years old. no previous health problems. the other night i realized a pulsating feeling in my right abdomen just right of my belly button. it lasted for hours. every 10 to 15 seconds id feel it. what is causing this? livers don't pulse and besides this and the dull pain in the area of the pulsating feeling i feel fine. no symptoms of liver problems. and please just answer the question and spare the don't drink BS. thanks
    i should of mentioned. i had my appendix out a couple years ago. sorry that was kinda important information hahaha

    • ANSWER:
      You need to see a doc cos you won't necessarily get an accurate answer here,
      They will ask if the pain is stabbing, throbbing, only hurts if you press it, or if you take a deep breath, or does it spread at all - say around to your side or back. They tell a heap just from how you describe the pain & react when they touch the area etc. Do you have a temperature? Have you thrown up so much you have *only* wrenched a gut muscle? Are you pretty thin and just now noticed a normal vein pulsing, but it happens to coincide with sore muscles from heaving?

      I wouldn't be too upset about being busted over the drinking right now. So you drink - and too much. Probably so does at least 80% of people your age! And you know the lecture yourself - docs aren't gonna waste time telling you what you already know. They want to know if you are seriously ill etc.

      But you need to see one. Other stuff can cause your symptoms - even things that are serious - like a budging blood vessel in your major abdominal artery that is weak and might burst (but DON'T panic - VERY RARE & unlikely at your age). You might have a hernia (weakness in abdo wall that is now pulsing and hurting from hurling) - you could even have kidney stones - especially if the pain radiates through to your back.

      Go see a doc. It could be nothing that a few days off the grog and rest will fix, or it could be urgent enough to need serious attention.

      GOOD LUCK!
      Rosie also gives an exhaustive list of "possibles". It is just NOT possible to diagnose over the internet.

      I also hope it isn't your ovaries giving you trouble :-?

  42. QUESTION:
    what could i have with thesse symptoms?
    i had bloods done and doc said that i show damaged liver tissue. i dont drink and is concerning him, i have ultrasound next week.

    thing is i dont know what else can cause this if i dont drink.

    I have few symptoms that may not be relevent but im pretty sure doc sont take any notice of me:

    im very itchy down below, it isnbt thrush as doc did tests, aint got any infections down there as been tested and aint got crabs. Its really sore and itchy, quite a bbit of white discharge. ave been with husband for 4 1/2 years and had no other sexual partners since bene with him.

    Also, ive been referred to ent clinic, can anyone please tell me whay i have as doc never said hes was referring me. dont know what theyre checking for,

    also have small red spots all over my feet and half way up my legs, dont bother me but skin on feet can get very itchy at times.

    suffer with servere bad back. ad mri which was okay but having thses paidn in lower back.

    shooting pains down legs and lots of cramps and pins and needles.

    heavy nosebleeds.

    please can anyone tell me whats wrong with me and if any symptoms match liver damage?

    Im on anti depressants and was on diazepam and inflametried till few mths ago.

    I suffer with depression and also stress with having to run round 2 small kids 24/7 with no help other than hard working hubby. also am starting to loose small amounts of weight, disapointed why not more but is now coming off, slightly overweight but ahvent always bene overweight.

    would appreciate a medical expert or scientist to let me know if have anythign wrong with me badly and what can cause liver damage for a 20yr old non drinker
    just somehting i shoud mention as it may not be relevent but may also be....

    I have strep b and im rhesus negative-blood group.

    also, i have gone off sex completely and is very unusual for me. i dont feel apin except for my back and legs etc but just need some advice as doc dont really listen to me, whichever one i go to

    • ANSWER:
      Most of the conditions you're describing have nothing to do with your liver. You can have liver damage if you take a lot of medicines - regardless of if you drink or not.

      An ENT is an Ear, Nose and Throat doctor which he may have referred you for your nose bleeds.

      Sounds like you need a full physical with a doctor who will listen and discuss ALL your needs. Your itching and discharge could be a yeast infection or loads of different stuff. I'd recommend you see a gynocologist - and quick. Good luck!

  43. QUESTION:
    URGENT! Do I have liver cancer?
    I think I'm experiencing some of the symptoms of liver cancer.
    -Diarrhea
    -Nausea
    -Loss of appetite (though this is rather common since I don't eat that much during mealtimes)
    -Back and shoulder ache (could this be due to sitting in front of the computer for too long?)
    -Stomach upset (is this considered abdominal pain?)
    -Fatique (I am always tired, but could this be due to me sleeping way past midnight and waking up at 2pm?)

    If jaundice means yellow skin, then how yellow should the skin be? I'm asian and my skin is already yellowish...
    Also, I hardly eat fruits and vegetables.
    And my period is late.
    I can't be pregnant since I'm a virgin.
    I'm 16, btw.

    Also,
    Sunday: I had diarrhea, mostly liquid diarrhea, and this happened for about 7 times? And I experienced nausea but never threw up. I also had a slight fever. I took some kind of chinese medicine and ate porridge and drank lots of water, and was fine again the next day. I think that this could've been stomach flu?

    Monday to wednesday: Nothing out of the ordinary happened.

    Thursday: I felt extremely bloated after dinner, and it feels like there's this lump in my throat. I experienced nausea, and once again didn't throw up. My stomach churned a little, and it felt like my stomach upset was due to trapped wind.

    Friday: I had diarrhea again, first time the stool was yellow and it floats. Next two times was liquid diarrhea that was yellow. This seemed unusual, but apparently my dad and brother had diarrhea as well so could it be something I ate?

    Saturday: I feel that lump in my throat again, nothing else.

    I googled 'yellow liquid diarrhea' and have read that it could be caused by liver problems.
    Please help me with my questions!

    1. What is causing the yellow liquid diarrhea? Should I be worried and see a doctor?
    2. Are these symptoms of liver cancer or liver problems?
    3. What should I do if the diarrhea, nausea and lump in throat persists?
    The whites of my eyes are currently white.
    I feel like there's a lump in my throat mostly when I'm sitting down. It feels better after burping, but then it'd come back again.
    Also, when I'm not having diarrhea, I'm not pooping either.

    How can I be sure that this is or isn't cancer or liver problems?
    News flash: I just threw up.

    • ANSWER:
      You are for sure suffering from liver disease.
      Need to consult GI specialist as soon as possible.

  44. QUESTION:
    anyone know about liver problems?
    Hi I have been having alot of discomfort in my liver i went to the hospital not knowing where the problem was but it started with me noticing odd behavior such as sleeping all the time ill wake up be up for a couple hours and feel so tired and worn out and weak ill go take a nap and end up sleeping 6 or 7 hours i do drink alcohol but i have only been a steady drinker for the last 6 months i used to drink alot more for years and i quit for years well i was laid off my job and i started drinking again. also i take xanax for post tramatic stress and panic disorder been on that for not quite a year. I went to the ER they did a blood test and came back with liver damage well because i live in south louisiana they assumed it was alcohol told me to quit and sent me on my way thats when i got online they dr pressed around my stomach which has gotten pretty big im a small person but my stomach has gotten kinda big but it isnt fat its hard as a rock when he hit my liver i felt pain. something else odd is a few times i havent drank anything or had any xanax 8 hours and i started seeing double vision. after looking online i find that liver disease can cause damage and these same symptoms yet they never checked for any of that does anyone out there have any ideas as to what the problem could be all they told me was there was damage but not the cause i also have had a very poor diet my whole life and thought it could be that please help i want to stop worrying
    well sorry for his problems i know i need to see someone soon but how soon can you go from damage to circuses i know your enzime levels have nothing to do with how advanced it is people with low levels can be more advanced them people with higher levels all it is is an indication of some type of damage but what im so discussed with is instead of ordering an ultrasound or liver biopsy they let me go with just the fact i need to quit drinking well first of all i think its more related to my diet cause it usually takes years to do damage to liver

    • ANSWER:
      my brother has liver damage and almost died for not good sooner.you need a real doctor.you should do it soon.it is very serve!if you have a family please go see a liver specialize sooo.!

  45. QUESTION:
    Elevated Liver enzymes only once. (ALT=63, AST=30)?
    were noticed 2 years ago when i donted blood. after that my doctor repeted several times they come normal. Then later three months from now i started having light fever specially in the evening, i also feel tired and nauscea, which are all symptoms of liver problem, but when i went back to doctor couple days ago all LFT came up normal even ultrasound came up clear. now enen doctor had given up he thinks i am normal just take some pain killers and take some rest. I can't afford to change doctor plus i don't know may be my doctor is right as all the tests are clear. Please tell me if you have any idea what could cause that pain and what should i consider next.Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:

  46. QUESTION:
    Can Gallstones cause your liver function test to be elevated or abnormal?
    Hello.

    I currently have been suffering heaps with pain in my upper-right-quadrant and have found that my liver enzymes are elevated. The symptoms of Gallstones are:

    ~steady, severe pain in the upper right section of your abdomen that may be felt right through to your back between the shoulder blades. The pain increases quickly and may last from 15 minutes to several hours before subsiding;

    ~nausea and vomiting;
    ~indigestion, flatulence or general discomfort in the abdomen; or
    ~intolerance to fatty foods.

    And i have every single one of them, the Dr even said he thinks i have gallstones. I have had lots of different tests and things and don't have any things horrible like hepatitis or anything, so do you think Or is it possible for (Gallstones) to cause my liver enzymes to raise?

    Thanks a bunch!

    • ANSWER:
      Gallstones can definitely elevate liver function tests. There are other causes for elevated liver tests as you know. Continue working with your doctor to evaluate this. Good luck.

  47. QUESTION:
    Symptoms for 7 months, no diagnosis. Excessive hair loss, muscle pain, swollen nodes.?
    Hello!

    I`m a 19 year old female who`s been experiencing a series of symptoms for the past 7 months that doctors have been unable to diagnose.

    Firstly, my hair has been falling out and as you can imagine, this has been very emotionally stressful. Since about 7 months ago, I`ve lost more then 75% of hair from all over my head. The hair loss is not patchy, but has been thinning all over. I used to have long, extremely thick and beautiful hair, and now its almost gone. The hair loss is not localized to my head as I've even noticed that the hair on my legs and in my pubic area have barely been growing back after shaving. I did see a dermatologist and he said that I must have an underlying autoiumme disease that's causing the hair loss. He suspects lupus or a related disease, but as of yet, blood tests have shown no irregularities.

    Since around the same time my hair has been falling out, Ive noticed that the lymph nodes in my neck have been swollen. Sometimes they are red and sensitive (especially after drinking alcohol or smoking) but usually they're painless. I've also been experiencing a lot of joint/muscle pain and stiffness. Some days it gets really bad and I can barely move, even typing/writing is difficult because the muscles in my hands are so stiff. I feel like every muscle and joint in my body is inflamed. I'm only 19 and I'm having as hard of a time moving around as my 55 year old mother with MS.

    Lastly, (and I'm not sure if this is related at all) my skin has been really dry and especially itchy. I'm not sure if I've noticed any rashes, but I have noticed some redness (light red spots) randomly on my skin.

    My family doctor did a thorough blood analysis and everything came back normal. There is no sign of vitamin deficiency, my thyriod was normal, no diabetes, my blood cell count was normal, kidney/liver function was normal, and I'm clean for STD's/STI's. I really don't know where to go from here and im terrified that if I don't find out whats wrong, I'm going to go bald.

    Does anyone know what these symptoms indicate? Any advice as to what I should get tested for/where I should go from here would be great.

    Thank you in advance for the help!

    • ANSWER:
      my endocrinolgist , said i had sluggish thyroid normal levels, my VIT D was dangerously low my vit b 12 was low i have hypo thyroid symptoms normal thyroid I HAVE goitors never knew it until i choked and had ENT do a nasal scope, so follow my advice my endocrinologist put me on synthyroid , 37.5 mcg works for me VIT D and VIt B 12 also AVOID wheat products you could be celiac syndrome try eatting oatmeal rice potatoes NO wheat pasta buy rice and corn pasta drink V* 8 splash change your diet

  48. QUESTION:
    Does fibromyalgia cause these symptoms?
    I have been told that I have fibromyalgia and my question is what symptoms do they cause really?

    I have numbness and tingling in my feet and legs.
    My legs/feet go numb to the point that I cant move them sometimes for hours
    My arms hurt all the time, and it is hard to even fold laundry or to pick up my 1 year old daughter!

    I have several other issues as well but I need to know if these are symptoms of the fibro?

    My body hurts everyday and im sick of the pain. I have 3 small children and its like torture to stay awake with them every day and honestly it makes it hard to even want to stay alive. I suffer every single day and the pain is horrific most days. My arms even hurt typing this dam message.

    My husband doesnt understand and expects me to cook, clean and take care of the kids even when he is home.

    If I am having a hard tome one day the house will go from clean to disaster within a couple of hours when he is home and I have to clean it and its freaking horrible.

    Im sick of suffering and being in this pain.

    I also have an enlarged liver and high liver enzymes and we dont know why.

    I dont smoke, drink or do drugs so were trying to figure it out.

    I was also working out everyday and the trainer had told me that I need not to do it so much. I was just going on the treadmill and lifts weights a little bit as well as doing zumba only once a week. Doing this for 2 weeks caused me to go into extreme pain and made it hard for me to even move for 2 weeks. I force myself to clean every single day as I can not stand a messy home. I force myself to play with the kids(as hard as it is)! It is honestly so bad that some(most) days I feel as if I just want to give up!
    I was told that I had ms for years and then it was lupus. Now its fibro but I was refered to a neurologist and after doing a shock test and a mri he said I had neither. This same neuologist told my sister that her AVm Vain of Gallan was fine and that she will survive no problem until she dies of old age. Toronto hospital that she deals with said that he is crazy and they just recently gave her radiation to try and shrink the avm. I have now been referred to a rhumatologist to investigate the fibro or if it is something other then this.
    I dont comsume any diet products. I have a friend who was diagnosed with ms and for years she suffered until she ended up in a wheel chair. Then about 2 years ago someone had told her that they heard that consuming diet products can cause so many problems. She drank diet soda and stopped and within 3 weeks she began to walk again and has been doing great ever since. Flook or not who knows but she is walking and much happier now.

    • ANSWER:
      You need to see a rheumatologist. The first thing you need to work on is sleep. People with fibromyalgia do not sleep properly, because that are always in pain. Bad sleep increases the pain and this increases sleep problems. Pain killers and sleep medications are needed. I also find that hot baths in Epsom salts before bed help. Depending on where the pain is, shots into the pressure points may help. Pain in the arms, legs, hips, and shoulders is normal with this. Many people with fibromyalgia also have rheumatoid arthritis.

      You are going to need prescription pain killers. Many over-the-counter pain killers harm your liver with over use. If your doctor gives you a sleeping pill (hopefully Ambien), do not take it every day. I take it 5 days a week and skip it on weekends. If you take it every day, it will lose its effectiveness.

      Also see if there is a support group near you. You may find that it gets a little better when the weather warms up. Cold temperatures and fibromyalgia is a bad combination.

  49. QUESTION:
    what cause sever pain in abdomen?
    What causes sever pain in abdomen after eating anything in several hours, and the same pain during defecation??? Did all kind of test came free: ultrasonography did it twice came out nothing but pancreas was counseled by gases, blood tests cbc and liver came out good, urine good, the stool analysis came out with indigestion:
    Muscle fiber present
    Vegetables present

    So what cause this presenting pain? Could it be something that did not show up in tests?
    What more tests should I do to point out the problem?
    Ct scan? Barium enema?
    I should ad that I took ciprofloxacin for one week the symptoms were reduced…
    So what can this be?

    • ANSWER:
      Did you get checked for something like a kidney stone? I'd suggest a CT scan to check for them. It sometimes doesn't show up as anything abnormal in the urine (or you get a little bit of blood in the urine).

      I'd consult with another doctor first.

  50. QUESTION:
    What could cause these symptoms?
    Don't tell me to go to the doctor it's not me but someone else and the doctors aren't helping the problem.
    I know that more than one thing could cause the symptoms so if you could explain everything that would be amazing.
    Things you should know:
    He does not over workout or do extrem diets.
    He does travle all over the world.
    He is a member of the army
    His enviorment can't be the problem because no one else has any of the symptoms that he does and he hasn't been to any places alone other than the bathroom.
    Symptoms:
    sharp pains in the oblique muscles
    slight yellowing of the skin
    liver failure
    fever
    burning in legs
    it all started with a heart atack
    and he has had a seizer since he was in the hospitlae but it was before the treatment (that didn't work) started.
    If you could hurry that might (?) save his life
    thank you
    He's been to the hospital but the doctors can't figure out what's wrong with him.

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds like a large internal failure, Sorry to say but a doctor is the only option,rush his arse to a hospital.


Causes Of Liver Cysts

I. Definition
The length of yang or luteal phrase is about 12 -14 days and a third phrase of the menstrual cycle according to traditional Chinese medicine. It is the time when the egg is extruded into fallopian tube, as liver transform yin energy to yang energy. At this phrase, blood and qi move down ward, the endometrial lining becomes softer to prepare the implantation of the fertilized egg, if occurs.
In conventional medicine, at this phrase corpus luteum starts to produce progesterone that triggers the softening of endometrial lining for fertilized egg implantation.
If in the yang energy is deficient, it will cause the drop of BBT temperature that affects the chance of fertility.

II. Symptoms
1. Cold
2. Inability to get warm
3. loose stool
4. clear urine
5. slow and weak pulse
6. Etc.

II. The yang deficiency Causes of Low BBT
A. General causes
1. Colding effect
Eating cold foods for a prolonged period of time will cause kidney yang deficiency. Cold foods are yin in nature, after entering the stomach, our body needs to provide more yang to digest it that depletes the yang qi.

2. Life style
Some people like to drink cold drink after taking straight from the refrigerator, eat raw foods, swim in a cold water, go out a lot in rainy weather or cold water,etc., they will cause extra yang produced by the body to counter the affect of the cold.

3. Excessive exercise
Exercise is considered healthy if you can do it properly and understand the limitation of your physical body. Rigid exercise pushes you body over limitation and consume, leading to kidney yang deficiency.

4. Frequently sexual activity
Frequently sexual activity drains the kidney jing, leading to kidney jing and yang deficiency that distort the normal function of kidney in regulating the natural process of conception. In serve case, it may cause menstrual disorder and infertility.

5. Aging
Aging is a biological process that we can not stop, but delay it. While youth is yang in nature, aging causes depletion of yang qi slowly.

B. Organs deficiency causes
1. Kidney yang deficiency
In the first and second phrases, yang energy is subordinated if compares with the yin. if kidney yang is deficient, it not only cause prolonged or shorten yin phrase, but also interferes with liver function in yin/yang transformation.

2. Spleen qi deficiency
Spleen is important is transport qi and food essence to liver for blood storing and blood formation, if for whatever reason ( mostly caused by intake of cold and raw food over a prolonged period of time), the spleen yang qi is deficiency, it will reduce the liver's function in warming the uterus, leading to lower BBT.

3. Liver qi deficiency
Since liver is impotant to transform the yin energy to yang energy in the third phrase of menstrual cycle, if liver is damaged or qi deficiency, it will cause the transformation dysfunction, leading to yang deficiency and lower BBT in the phrase.

III. Treatments
A. With herbs
1. Lu rong
Lu rong is also known as deer antler, deer antler velvet, it is a great herb that helps to reduce the blockage of the meridian liver and kidney. Since yang qi deficiency is also caused blood deficiency, improving the body yang by strengthening the liver's function in blood formation and kidney's function in fluid distribution, it reduces the yang deficiency in the body.

2. Du Zhong
It is also known ecommia bark, it is one the most used herb to enhance the function of meridian kidney-liver by promoting the qi and blood formation. Since the liver is a organ in charge of blood storing and blood formation and kidney is in charge of fluid regulation, it increases blood flow to the entire body and reduces fluid accumulated in the body, thus enhancing yang.

3. Ba Ji Tian
Ba ji tian is also known as Chinese morinda root, sweet and warm in nature. It is also one the herbs used to strengthen the liver and kidney qi and blood yang by enhancing the liver in blood formation and kidney in urinary secretion, thus reducing the yang deficiency causes of abdominal distention, including cramps and pain during menstrual cycle.

4. Etc.

B. With acupuncture
Suggested acupuncture points
1. ST36 (Zu san li)
2. SP3 (Tai bai)
3. SP6 (San yin jiao)
3. KD3 (Tai xi)
4. CV3 (Zhong ji)
5. CV6 (Qi hai)
6. GB4 (Han yan)
7. UB23 (Shen shu)
8. Etc.

C. With foods
1. Rice
2. Leek
3. Onion,
4. Peach
5. Logan
6. Walnut
7. Prawn
8. Shrimp
9. Chicken
10. Lamb
11. Basil
12.Black pepper
13. Etc.

For series of Infertility Articles, please visit
http://fertility-infertility.blogspot.com/

or my home page at
http://medicaladvisorjournals.blogspot.com

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    what causes cysts in the liver and is it serious?
    The doctor thought i had all the symptoms of gall stones and they only found cysts in the liver

    • ANSWER:
      You can be born with them - these cause no trouble at all.

      You can develop them with a parasitic infection: echinococcus causing "hydatid cysts"

      There is a strange and rare genetic disorder: Polycystic liver disease

      Mostly liver cysts are benign and don't cause any trouble. They are only really bad if they turn out to be abscesses or strange types of cancer, and not cysts at all ... however these usually do have a slightly different appearance on scanning.

      Communicate with your doctor, but do not be surprised if (s)he tells you that there is nothing that needs to be done about the cysts.

      As to what is causing the abdominal pain ... still looking?

  2. QUESTION:
    Liver Cysts, Cancer, and Tylenol?
    Just out of pure curiosity:

    It's obvious Tylenol can cause liver damage, due to the fact it has acetaminophen. However, can long term (but not overdose amounts) use (and I mean 40 years and such) of the medication, especially on a frequent basis for ailments such as severe migraines, pain, etc cause liver CYSTS or CANCER. Quite clearly, it can cause liver DAMAGE, but specifically, what does that damage encompass?

    As well, can cysts be a warning sign of liver trouble, and possible liver cancer in the future?

    • ANSWER:
      If one has to take acetaminophen for long term say 40 years , he should also prepare his mind to handle such a case
      Also ,for migraine ,one need not depend on that for 40 years, you can also try to adopt the alternative methods to reduce the frequency of migraine ,thus you can reduce the dose of medicine

  3. QUESTION:
    What are the causes and symptoms of Liver Cysts and Cystic Fibrosis, and what are the treatments for each?
    Does anyone know how these two inherited diseases start, show and can be cured?

    • ANSWER:
      Cystic Fibrosis:
      Causes and Risk Factors of Cystic Fibrosis
      In 1989, researchers found the defective gene (called delta F508) that causes CF. This gene disrupts a protein (called cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator - CFTR) that causes the symptoms of CF.

      CFTR is made inside the cells (lining the glands) in the respiratory passages, and the small intestine, pancreas and sweat glands. CFTR travels to the cell's surface where it controls the flow of salt (sodium) in and out of the cell. In CF, the CFTR protein is abnormal in a way that prevents it from reaching the cell's surface. Without this flowing process, salt is trapped inside the cells. The body tries to compensate by overproducing bodily secretions such as water, sweat and mucus. These secretions then build up in the body to cause the symptoms of CF.

      Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis
      The pattern of development of CF and the severity of its symptoms varies among individuals. The disease is sometimes obvious soon after birth, but some cases of CF, they are not detected for months (in infancy) or years (in childhood).

      In babies and infants, the symptoms of CF are:

      persistent diarrhea

      bulky, foul smelling and greasy stools

      pale stools

      frequent wheezing or pneumonia

      chronic cough with thick mucus

      salty-tasting skin

      poor growth

      blockage of the intestine (called meconium ileus)

      abdominal swelling

      gassiness

      vomiting

      dehydration

      In children, the symptoms include:

      frequent respiratory infections

      fever

      cough

      difficulty in breathing

      abdominal pain and discomfort

      gassiness

      fast respiration

      flaring of the nostrils

      poor appetite

      malnutrition

      poor growth

      a barrel-chested appearance

      CF can also cause other medical problems, such as:

      sinusitis (inflammation of the nasal sinuses)

      nasal polyps (fleshy growths inside the nose)

      clubbing (rounding and enlargement of fingers and toes)

      pneumothorax (rupture of lung tissue and trapping of air between the lung and chest wall)

      coughing up blood

      enlargement of the right side of the heart (called cor pulmonale)

      protrusion of the rectum through the anus (called rectal prolapse)

      liver, pancreatic and gallbladder problems

      delayed puberty

      reproductive abnormalities (especially male sterility) - Over 90 percent of all males with CF are sterile.

      Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis
      Currently, there is no cure for CF, but there are treatments for the symptoms of CF, such as lung and digestive problems, hepatic (liver) and biliary tract (gallbladder) diseases, and infertility.

      Liver Cysts:
      What are the causes of a cyst?

      Cysts can arise through a variety of processes in the body, including:

      "wear and tear" or simple obstructions to the flow of fluid,

      infections,

      tumors,

      chronic inflammatory conditions,

      genetic (inherited) conditions, and

      defects in developing organs in the embryo.

      Sometimes you can feel a cyst yourself when you feel an abnormal "lump." For example, cysts of the skin or tissues beneath the skin are usually noticeable. Cysts in the mammary glands (breasts) also may be palpable (meaning that you can feel them when you examine the area with your fingers). Cysts of internal organs such as the kidneys or liver may not produce any symptoms or may not be detected by the affected individual. These cysts often are first discovered by imaging studies (x-ray, ultrasound, computerized tomography or CAT Scan, and magnetic resonance imaging or MRI). Cysts may or may not produce symptoms, depending upon their size and location.

      The treatment for a cyst depends upon the cause of the cyst along with its location. Cysts that are very large and result in symptoms due to their size may be surgically removed. Sometimes the fluid contained within a cyst can be drained, or aspirated, by inserting a needle or catheter into the cyst cavity, resulting in collapse of the cyst. Radiologic imaging may be used for guidance in draining (aspirating) cyst contents if the cyst is not easily accessible.

      If there is any suspicion that a cyst is cancerous, the cyst is generally removed by surgery or a biopsy is taken of the cyst wall (capsule) to rule out malignancy. In certain cases, aspirated fluid from a cyst is examined under a microscope to determine if cancer cells are present in the cyst.

      If a cyst arises as part of a chronic medical condition (for example, in polycystic ovary syndrome or fibrocystic breast disease), treatment is generally directed at the underlying medical condition.

  4. QUESTION:
    Could Liver Cysts be causing these symptoms?
    Over the past two years I've been going through phases where I feel pressure in my abdomen where my liver would be. This is accompanied with fluid retention, distension, and shortness of breath. After several days to a week, the symptoms resolve themselves, and I got back to normal for a little while before it begins again.

    About the time these symptoms began, I had open heart surgery to replace my mitral valve, and since these symptoms are very similar (but not identical) to the symptoms that led me to seek help for my heart, I assumed they were related. After numerous tests and thousands of dollars, my cardiologist claims that there is nothing wrong with my heart and that I do not have congestive heart failure. I have also been checked for lung cancer and no evidence of that has been found either.

    One of the additional tests they performed was an ultrasound of my gall bladder. When my doctor talked about the results with me, she mentioned that she saw several large cysts in my liver but said they were nothing to be concerned about.

    My question is could these cysts be causing these symptoms? What ever is wrong with me, it doesn't seem to be progressive, meaning it hasn't gotten any worse over the last two years; it just keep happening and no one can figure out why.

    • ANSWER:

  5. QUESTION:
    I was just wondering if anyone had insight on liver cysts and their correlation with medication?
    I had 5 epidurals in 2 yrs, skelaxin, flexeril, celebrex, lidoderm patches and trigger point injections for a car accident. My 2004 MRi's didn't show anything. Now that I have been taking these Rxs for 2 yrs I have 5 or more liver cysts... I think the Rxs must be inter-related. I rarely drink, and don't take much other meds except for the occasional advil.
    If anyone has any experience with this or can directly me to a website, advice, supplements or books on the subject would be greatly appreciated. I need to prove the Rxs are the cause of these cysts since I have never taken any of these drugs prior to the accident or had liver problems previously. Thanks any info would be helpful.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, there is a site that has really good natural product's for your liver. I will let you check out the site and read the valuable information.
      http://www.nativeremedies.com/liver-dr-hepatitis-c-treatment.html?img=507&kbid=2809

  6. QUESTION:
    can a liver cyst cause a swelling or mass in ur upper abdomen?
    i have a soft mass on the upper right of my abdomen does any one know what this is its soft and like pokes out but kinda round and hurts if i sit awhile

    • ANSWER:
      Could be a hernia. At any rate you should have it checked out as it certainly doesn't sound normal.

  7. QUESTION:
    Manageing Multiple liver cysts?
    i have been diagnosed with multiple liver cysts which are causing immense pain. the surgeon doesntnwant to operate because he says they may return again(some are very large in size). The pain management consultant has me on morphine which neither relieves the pain and makes me very ill. I am on the verge of loosing my job because of the amount of sick leave i have. PLEASE HELP. Some days i cant move at all because of the pain. I am desperate

    • ANSWER:
      You should be with a gastroenterologist or hepatotologist.

      Liver cysts can be three things: fluid filled, complex (meaning
      they have another substance in them, or cancer.

      Normally, liver cysts are watched to see how much they
      enlarge in size...if the doctor think it is one of the first two things
      I mentioned. If they become too large, they can damage the
      cells around them. If this takes place, the immune system of
      the body will respond to the damage and cause
      inflammation inside the liver which causes the liver to enlarge
      in size. When this is done, the doctor has an option to remove
      the cysts. However, it is a surgery. The doctor has to go in
      and take out the wall of the cyst, not just a puncture of it so
      the fluid will drain. Removing the wall helps prevent the cyst
      from healing and filling with fluid once again. Considering
      you have multiple cysts...only the largest ones would probably
      be removed and others there would be left to grow larger.
      It depends on where the cysts are located.

      I would get a second opinion. I would request a copy of
      any ultrasound, Ct scan, etc to take to another doctor. The
      pain you are having has to be addressed.

      Best wishes to you...hope this is of some help.

  8. QUESTION:
    How can I find out if I have PKD(polycystic kidney disease) without the expensive genetic testing?
    For about 11 years I've had a cyst in my right kidney causing it to enlarge and a liver cyst that was once drained during my gallbladder removal a few years ago.The liver cyst has filled again and my kidney cyst causes severe pain daily.Over the years,I've had ct scans,mri's and sonograms to keep track of how large my kidney has grown.2 out of 3 doctor's(including a nephrologist from the Kidney foundation)suggests I have PKD and has told me that I now need to undergo genetic testing to verify this.I have no health insurance and there is only one income in my household.Due to the daily pain,I am so limited to activities that I can do with my two children.We are so stressed that we cannot get an answer from these "specialist" and can no longer afford any more testing or ER visits.I feel like I am alone.How can i get a diagnosis when i can not afford the testing?I've been to the"sliding scale fee" clinics(they say my husband makes too much money but fail to realise we pay bills with it).

    • ANSWER:
      Currently there is no cure for PKD, not with conventional medicine or (despite what you have been told) alternative medicine.

      Ultrasound (sonogram) is usually used to diagnose this especially when the cysts are active. Genetic testing confirms the diagnosis. CTs & MRIs can be used but are not ususally required. The extra imaging you have had may have been redundant and unneccessary. For now, get a hold of all your films, reports and labs -- you will need them. The main concern at this time is to prevent or control pain, high blood pressure and UTIs and well as find help.

      You may want to contact the Kidney Foundation and see what they suggest. Call to get an 800 number and check their website. They may have programs for someone in your situation, programs that will give you immediate help.

      My hope is that you can avoid ESRD (end-stage renal disease), kidney failure and transplant.

      I'm not certain if you are eligible for Disability or Supplemental Security Income benefits through the Social Security Administration but it's something to investigate. You would need the medical information I suggested you acquire and any written physician statements you can get concerning the probable diagnosis. If I am able to find additional help for you, a grant perhaps, I will contact you if I'm able.

      God bless you and your family. You're in a very frustrating position but I'm sure there are others who will try to help. You're not alone!

  9. QUESTION:
    Problems with the mirena.?
    i had the mirena inserted in march 09, since then i have had pelvic pains frequently. i was told that this is normal since i just had it inserted 7 months ago. my periods are lighter and i enjoy that part of the mirena, but within the past two months, i have had severe stomach pains, first thing i did was have an ultrasound to see if the mirena moved or if it caused any cysts. there were no problems. then i went to my family dr who did tests and found out my gall bladder was the cause for some of the pains but he could not figure out what the other pains were from. well when i went to get my gall bladder taken out they said for some unknown reason my bilirubin level was high, so they did an internal xray and found nothing. they are still doing test after test on me and are finding nothing but my bilirubin is still high. then i was reading the warning signs for the mirena and see that severe pelvic pain and pain when making a bowel movement are signs something could be wrong with the mirena. now im wondering, could my raised bilirubin levels mean the mirena caused liver damage?. Any thoughts?

    • ANSWER:
      No idea really. but if this all started when you got the iud, take it out
      I had awful cramps from the IUD for a month straight.. then a damaged stomach lining from taking too many IB profen.. so i was sick for another month.. all from the Iud
      I still have it in .. I stuck out the couple of months .. knowing that my body just needed to get used to the iud.
      I still have cramps sometimes that I can tell are from the IUD and not period cramps (they just feel different - worse) but its bareable
      If I was still in pain or having problems now.. about a year after .. Id have it taken out.. I still may.. just because Im so iffy about it

  10. QUESTION:
    What are my liver cysts from?. Prognosis?
    I am a 52 year old male recently diagnosed with Bacterimia /Septicemia. After 8 days in the hospital I was released and I am still taking Cipro and Flagel. During my stay in the hospital I received a triple thoracic CT scan a Gallium scan. It was determined that I have over 100 small cysts spread through out my liver and a small polyp in my bile duct. They also mentioned an abcsess in the Liver lateral to the gallbladder and "uptake" into both lungs. There was no mention or concern of cysts in the Kidneys or any where else. The diagnosis at that time was that the cysts resulted from the infection. After a months treatment of antibiotics I had a MRI of the Liver. The Liver MRI shows no sign of change in the number of cysts or size. My doctors now believe that the cysts were not caused by my infection and another pathology may be present.

    I am going to see my doctor for more consultations and lots more tests but it will be almost two weeks before I get the results from the next round of tests. I know that they want to look at my entire gastrointestinal tract. Recent colonoscopy and endoscopy showed no problems I have a slightly enlarged prostate and three cases of prostatitus in the last 7 years.

    What I would like to know is what tests may be indicated and what possible diagnoses and treatments I may expect. I know I can't be diagnosed on line but want to prepare myself for whatever is coming.

    Please help.
    Thanks for your time..
    Blood tests for my liver are normal. Parasitic infections have been ruled out.
    Thank you for your answer. Shortly after I got your answer I received an MRI report that has the same diagnosis on it. If you are willing I would love to communicate with you to get a better idea of what I could expect and what resources are available. May God bless you and the person under your care.

    • ANSWER:
      You have a polycystic liver. Poly means many.
      Cysts can be fluid filled or complex. Fluid
      filled doesn't usually cause a problem...the
      complex ones can mean they have particules
      in them or even, rarely, cancer.

      It is good that they are not increasing in size.
      If they do start to increase, they could cause
      damage to the surrounding cells in the liver.
      If this takes place, it would be best to
      discuss with the doctor about being
      evaluated for placement on the transplant
      list.
      The abscess in the liver can be drained by
      placing a tubing that comes from the abscess
      to the outside skin and then to a bag, on the
      outside of the body, to collect the contents.

      It would be very important to notify the
      doctor immediately if you develop even
      a mind fever.

      If the cells become damaged in the liver,
      the immune system will respond to this
      and cause inflammation to develop inside
      the liver, also. This usually causes the
      liver to enlarge in size. An ultrasound or
      Ct scan would show this enlargement.

      I do know that people can inherit polycystic
      kidney disease, but I'm not sure about
      the liver having this. You may want to
      talk to others in your family about whether
      they had liver problems of any sort.

      They sometimes do a liver biopsy in
      people who have cell damage...but I'm
      not sure they would do it to someone that
      has cysts there or not...I think more likely
      not.

      Wish I could be of more help...this is
      about all I can give you on this.
      Best wishes

  11. QUESTION:
    Anyone experience odd behavior with senior cat?
    My cat is 15 and he has CRF and a liver cyst. He lost some weight and the doctor said to prepare for the end.
    I'm hand feeding him and giving him fluids, etc, but here is the odd behavior that I don't understand:
    Whining/crying, restlessness, climbing and general "squirrelly" behavior. The doctor says he is NOT in pain, but he feels generally crappy.
    I have read that feline dementia can cause crying and confused behavior, but he doesn't seem confused he seems restless and wanting something that I can't provide. He wakes me up 1 to 3 times during the night and follows me around sometimes.
    I'm trying to come to a decision of when the end is, and knowing what this behavior means would help.
    Please only answer if you've had experience with this in a senior cat. I take him to the vet regularly and I do plenty of research. He is not dying from his CRF, but rather the location of his benign liver cyst which causes the stomach to have less room for food.
    Just to add a few details: Diagnosed with CRF about a year ago, we give fluid treatments several times a week, always went well but lately he resists more. Liver cyst is benign but in a "bad" location according to the doctor. His age and health make him unable to get surgery. I am spoonfeeding him Science Diet A/D (stopped eating kibble, I think it's too hard) about a tablespoon 2X a day, plus all the soft treats he wants (he won't eat anything else). I crush Potassium in the food, been doing that for a year per the doctor. At times he does look shaky, between these little "manic" episodes of restlessness as I call them. He does follow and cry directly to me, as if he wants something from me. I spent a lot of time petting/stroking his head this morning, hoping to calm him a bit. Thank you for info so far.

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, I am very sorry to hear about your cat. He is without a doubt uncomfortable, I doubt he suffers from dementia. He is more likely very uncomfortable and is looking to you to relieve his distress. Does he seem hungry? I would think his appetite is pretty suppressed and what he really wants from you is just comfort. Make sure he has plenty of water available to him, and food, but more importantly, spend some quiet time with him and reassure him by petting him and talking softly. If he needs it, carry him. Good luck. My heart goes out to you and to him.

  12. QUESTION:
    Enlarged liver - what does this mean?
    Before I begin my little story here's some info about me
    22 y/o female, moderate drinker on the weekends, diagnosed as hypoglycemic at 17 (no explanation as to why), meds: birth control and paxil, 20 mg

    On Wednesday I was admitted to the ER with severe stomach cramps. The cramps were worse on Tuesday night but I promised my bf I'd get it checked out the next day if I still felt crampy. Long story short, the nurses at my college didn't think it was anything severe but the pain in my lower right abdominal area couldn't be ignored. They wanted to make sure I didn't have appendicits. A CT scan of my abdomen showed a possible liver cyst, so they sent me in for a ultrasound to check it out. That turned up a small cyst on my right kidney (not surprising since I had nasty recurrent UTIs) and a slightly enlarged right lobe of my liver (normal = 15-17 cm, mine = 18.6 cm).
    My questions for any medical professionals out there is ... what in the world does this mean? I have a follow up with a physician at my school for some bloodwork. My original bloodwork at the ER turned up normal, although my urinalysis showed some ketones (80). The kidney cyst should clear up but I have no idea what would cause a slightly enlarged liver (although I've heard Paxil can be deterimental). Any ideas??
    Also, my stomach pain has cleared up and I have no other symptoms (no swelling, fever, jaundice, etc).

    • ANSWER:
      kidney problems from diabetes? Avoid sugar. get the a1c test.

  13. QUESTION:
    I have a friend with a cyst located on lung,liver & spleen.Do we know what would cause this?
    She has been in the hospital for about a week with no answers.They have not performed an autopsy which really confuses me.They do have her on antibiotics.Just trying to find out what is really going on.She has a problem with lying but she has been a friend for a long time.We as friends need to know if it is serious or just happens to be cysts that can be taking care of by antibiotics and she is making more of it than it is for the sympathy part of it.If you knew her you would know what I meant.we have accepted her for who she is but we are worried about her and need to know.Is it possible a std is the cause of the cyst.
    No.She does not have cancer if she did it would not stop her from telling us.She is the type that looks for the attention and makes it worse than it is.Not to be mean but it is a part of her that you wouldn't understand unless you've known her for 12 years like we have.She had a bad child hood and is sadly a pathalogical liar.It would be something she is somewhat ashamed of but doesn't realize us as friends would understand and help her with.(example of lies is she told a guy she owned a house and would sell it to buy him a house.Which by the way she rents the house with our other friend who is also concerned by the way the guy found out she lied and was destroyed because he thought his life was improving for the better)

    • ANSWER:
      Well any Good Homeopathic physician can help him recover from that.The most sure fire way of curing such ailments is Homeopathy(Smart Medicine).
      Please feel free to email me I will help as far as I can in Homeopathic Medicines !

  14. QUESTION:
    Simple Liver Cyst Problem?
    Hi all I am a 19 year old Male from Wales in the UK, I posted on this forum back in June 2008 when I was experiencing some terrible abdominal problems. In light of these problems the doctor arranged for me to have a US scan where they found a leision of 1.2cm on my liver.

    This worried me to death at first as he said that he couldn't make out what it was but it could be cancerous. He therefore ordered me to have a contrast MRI, the results of this were ambigous and he said it turned out that they could see it better on the US.

    He wanted it monitored, so he arranged for another US in November 2008 which I had, this revealed that the "leision" had grown 0.1cm which isn't much but he said growth meant that he would need to do another scan a year later in order to keep an eye on it.

    I had this scan as planned in November 2009 and much to my relief it had not changed a single bit in about a year which was a massive weight off my shoulders. The doctor was happy with the way everything had been and was convinced by the growth rate that it was nothing nasty. He therefore said he didn't want to see me again. I asked if it was an hemangioma and he said "they normally appear bright so if it is then it's not a typical one",

    However recently I have been getting some right side pain, I think it could mean that I have a simple cyst that is causing this and I may need to have it drained, is this a plausible explanation if not is it possible that the leision really was malignant after all and I need emergency attention.

    I had some fantastic advice on here in 2008.

    Thanks all

    • ANSWER:
      If this had been cancer, it would have gotten larger
      in size. Cysts can be fluid filled, complex (meaning
      they have a different content than fluid) or rarely,
      it can be cancer.
      Cysts are usually only watched to see if they may
      grow in size. It they start to grow in size where
      they are causing damage to the liver cells around
      them...then they can be surgically operated on
      to remove a portion of the cyst wall...the
      reason for this is because just sticking it with
      a needle to drain the fluid, the fluid may build up
      again. Most people don't know they have a cyst
      in the liver. Pain in that portion of the abdomen
      should be checked out for probable cause....
      Usually, the pain is caused by the liver enlarging
      in size from inflammation due to liver cell damage.
      I think I would request a second opinion to be
      sure this is a liver cyst problem. Only the specialist
      doctors could tell you for sure what this is...no
      one here can do that.

      I hope this information is of some help. Best wishes

  15. QUESTION:
    What causes a cyst to develop in your stomach? Can one get rid of it? If so, how?
    My doctors found a cyst on the right side of my stomach. They run all sorts of tests - ultrasound, kidney, gallbladder, liver, etc. All came negative. However, they said that the cyst is nothing to worry about and that I will just have to live with it for the rest of my life. It doesn't hurt, but I sometimes feel someone had just kicked me on my stomach (tightness). So, should I just accept what the doctors said and just ignore it?

    • ANSWER:
      Cysts can be removed surgically, but often doctors will wait to see if they grow larger. My niece has one in her abdomin that is huge and the doctor asked her why she waited so long to come in and be seen. Cysts should be removed when they get too large because they can burst. I think you may want to get a second opinion. Good luck to you.

  16. QUESTION:
    What causes low red blood cells (RBC), low potassium and low blood pressure?
    I went to the dr. and was told I have a low RBC, low potassium, low blood pressure (was 70/50 in office) and a liver cyst. Any ideas as to what would cause these?
    __________________________________________________
    I don't have the exact numbers from the tests. My dr. wants copies of my old records before doing more testing. Also, I have a murmur, MVP, intersitital cystitis, and PCOS if it makes any difference. Any help is appreicated.
    Sorry, should say high red blood cells (RBC).

    • ANSWER:
      When our RBC are low, the body signals the
      kidneys to make erythropoeitin...this is a hormone that goes to the bone marrow and
      the bone marrow responds to it to make more
      RBC. If the kidneys are injured or not
      functioning properly, this can mean that
      it may not be about to make this hormone
      efficiently. That is one thing that can cause
      a problem. If the body is making the RBC and
      for some reason they start dying off faster or
      the patient is losing alot of blood...then the
      cell count will also go down.

      Potassium going low in the body can be caused
      by some medications. If you are on a diuretic...
      some diuretics, like Lasix, may require you take
      a potassium supplement. Some diuretics,
      though, are potassium sparing kinds, like
      spironolactone and you should not take additional potassium. It is best to ask the
      doctor to be certain of the kind you may be
      taking. Potassium can also go low in the body
      if you don't take much in on your diet.
      It is very important that your potassium be
      brought up into normal range...as Potassium,
      Sodium, Magnesium, and Calcium is what
      helps your heart to beat in rhythm.

      Low blood pressure can be coming from your
      lack of RBC and considering your potassium
      is too low.

      This will give you some idea what may be
      going on.
      Liver cysts don't always cause problems...
      However, it the cyst is enlarging in size,
      it may cause cell damaged to the cells
      around the cyst. Only film testing like
      an Ultrasound or Ct scan would let you know
      this. This should not cause a problem with
      the RBC or Potassium until the disease is
      in the very advanced stages. Cysts are
      not always just fluid filled sacs, they can
      also be complex...they can be dense and
      have particles and other things inside of them.
      Hope this has been of some help to you.

  17. QUESTION:
    Why would I have an enlarged liver for a year now as well as enzymes getting higher and higher?
    I have an enlarged liver with high enzymes and they are tryin to figure out the cause of this as it is making me very sick and in a lot of pain. The pain is under my right rib and will radiate up into my shoulder baldes and in my back. They said it is the capsule surrounding the liver that is causing the pain as the liver is enlarging butt he capsule is not. My liver enzymes are gettting higher as well. My doctor has refered me to a liver disease specialist because he does not know what is going on. He did how ever tell me that I may have Hep or liver cancer. I have my Hep shots and have never left to a foreign country. I dont use drugs and my husband is not infected so im sure he hasnt cheated. I just am going crazy here. I just turned 30 and feel as if my body is shutting down. I also just found out I have fibromyelgia. I have a 1 year old, 5 year old, and a 11 year old who's father was killed on July 1st 2010 by a drunk driver. The last thing I want is for something to happen to myself.

    I had a c-section December 9th, 2009
    I had my gallbladder out June 27th 2010
    I had my tubes tied October 20th, 2010
    I had a urethra dilatation on January 25th, 2011( urinating blood for 20 years)

    This is 4 surgeries in a 13 months period.

    I also have stomach ulcers and have been vomitting blood.
    I have 2 cysts in my throid

    And many other issues.

    Any insight as to why this is happening please let me know~

    Thank you in advance

    I just turned 30 last week

    I dont smoke
    I dont drink
    I dont do drugs

    And Most of all I dont know why I am so sick????

    • ANSWER:
      When the liver enlarges in size, it is usually due to liver
      cell damage. Let me explain.

      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune
      system of our body responds to this damage and cause
      inflammation to develop inside the liver. This will
      cause the liver to enlarge in size.
      There are many things that can cause damage to
      the liver cells: alcohol consumption, medication
      toxification, chemical exposure, hereditary conditions,
      viral (hepatitis A,B,C,etc) or parasite infections,
      auto immune disease, cancer/growths/tumors/cysts
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infection/surgery that
      causes scar tissue build up in the tubes,
      metabolic disorders (can include thyroid),
      fatty liver disease, and much more.

      If the cause can be found and stopped, the liver cells
      can heal and the problem can be reversed. However,
      if this is not able to be done...then the liver cells can
      start to die off and form scar tissue inside the liver.
      This scar tissue cannot be removed from the liver and
      can act like a wall there, which can block the blood
      from getting to the functioning liver cells, so they continue
      to die off and can eventually lead to blocking the blood
      flow through the liver on its way back to the heart.
      (This is known as Cirrhosis of the liver)
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      This is very important to know this...as blood not flowing
      through the liver well anymore can cause it to back up
      into the portal vein (which brings blood from all the
      abdomen to the liver) and also backs up into vessels
      not used to handling this amount of blood (known as
      varies). These varies can have weak spots and balloon
      outward and break open. They are usually found in the
      esophagus, rectal area, and belly button area. Any
      blood in the sputum or vomit or from the rectal area is
      an emergency situation. People who do develop
      cirrhosis, the liver doesn't make clotting factors that helps
      the blood to clot..so they tend to bleed and bruise very
      easily. The doctor can go in and check for varies in
      the esohagus (Endoscopy). The blood will also back
      up into the spleen and can cause it to enlarge, also.

      An ERCP procedure can show if there is a blockage
      or a narrowing of the bile ducts and the doctors can
      widen the bile ducts with the scope and instruments
      to remove any stones, growth, etc. that may be present
      http://www.gihealth.com/html/education/ercp.html

      If you have just had a child, it is possible you could of
      developed fatty liver disease, which can occur in the
      third trimester of pregnancy, rarely.

      Simple blood tests can show if your thyroid is making
      the hormone, thyroxine, well. If it is not making enough
      of this hormone..it is known as hypothyroidism and can
      add to the tired feeling you already have with your
      liver function not being good. Most liver patients feel
      tired all the time.

      These are just some of the things to take into consideration.
      It is best to wait till the liver specialist...either the
      gastroenterologist or hepatologist reviews your blood work,
      ultrasounds, ct scans, MRI, and possible liver biopsy,
      and your other health problems...before a true
      determination can be made.

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.
      Best wishes. You sure have been facing an awful lot..
      I hope that you find out soon what is wrong and that
      you will start to feel much better.

  18. QUESTION:
    My cat had surgery to remove a cyst on his liver. he's ok but still has a little fever? What could be going on
    The vet thinks that the cyst is non-cancerous. He is active and livley just a day after surgery. The only thing is he's running a temperature of 103.5-8 when a normal temp is closer to 102.5. They say he could still be dehydrated. He's been on 2 kinds of broad spectrum antibiotics for 2 days now. Is there anything else that could be causing his temperature to be that high?
    Thanks, Jeff

    • ANSWER:
      The most common causes of fever in these period are

      1) A natural inflammatory response to the stress of surgery
      2) Manipulation of a source of infection eg. Liver cyst in your cat's case.

      These are NOT dangerous and should resolve in time.

      Other causes of fever that you should be worried about generally only kick in at least 3 to 5 days after the surgery. Considering that the surgery was only a day ago and that the fever is mild, I'd say you probably do not have to be too worried.

      I suggest that you continue the antibiotics as prescribed and watch the fever for now. If the fever persists beyond tomorrow and if your cat becomes increasingly drowsy and unlike its usual self then bring him to your vet to have a look.

  19. QUESTION:
    does this sound like liver cancer?
    Hi,
    I have been having a dull ache under my right rib cage for the past 10 months. 8 months ago when I had a CT scan, it was noted there were two tiny lucencies, too big to characterize, likely cysts. My doctor said these would not be causing the pain. I have liver function tests usually once a month, and they have come back normal each time. Recently, I have had pain in my left and right back shoulder blades, as well as my left rib cage and under my left rib cage. It is pretty much pain all over my chest. It is not excrutiating, just a dull ache, and it comes and goes. I just had an ultrasound that showed no masses, even the lucencies from the CT scan they could not find. My question is, does this sound like liver cancer to you? the tiny lucencies scared me, but my doctor said they were too small at that time to cause any pain. If this pain is so wide spread over my chest, wouldn't an ultrasound pick up anything causing this? And I also have normal liver function tests. My gallbladder also looked normal on the ultrasound. Other symptoms include sometimes pale stool, loose stool with undigsted food, and a lot of gas. I have had a colonoscopy and endoscopy come back normal. Thanks in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      Lucencies is an unusual term I assume it means cysts? Cysts are not cancer and cancer would have been seen and your liver panels would not be normal. However, not anything that may be wrong would be seen on ultrasound. Ultrasound views a small area a CT views a wider area and a better overall diagnostic tool and it appears nothing was seen there either. Keep going back to your doctor and tell them all of your symptoms keep a diary if you have to. Write down all medications you are taking or have taken in the past year and when you started and/or stopped. Any changes in your life, any illnesses you have had and any trips you have made. Take this and all of your medical records and get a second opinion. I’m not saying your doctor has done anything wrong and any good doctor will not mind and should welcome a fresh set of eyes on the case.

  20. QUESTION:
    Bad stomach pains right below my ribs?
    I had to go to the ER on monday because of this horrible pain it was constant and never stopped. They couldnt figure out what it was i got an ultrasound but found nothing. they did find a huge cyst on my liver. Ive had these pains before, its not gas or the food im eating. Could my liver be causing the pains? is it my liver hurting? it doesnt happen often but when it does it hurts!!!!!!!!

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    Can someone help me?
    In 2004, I was poisoned by my ex with some kind of heavy metal for an undetermined amount of time. I initially had liver symptoms, bloody stools, headaches, and an inhibited immune system, among a few other things. I am no longer available to this person to be poisoned and haven't been since 2005. I still had major symptoms for about a year after the last time I saw him, though they were almost gone by then. Aside from that, the only thing that remained was and IS frequent urinary infections. It's only gotten worse from the initial poisoning. Now I retain massive amounts of fluid constantly and if I try to do very much, I only retain more. I can't drink caffiene or dark soda for the same reason, followed by more infections. I know I have kidney damage, but what would that be classified as? Kidney disease? Would this cause cysts or something that can be seen with ultrasound? Can a biopsy tell me the likely cause was poisoning?

    • ANSWER:
      A qualified doctor would be able to tell you what your issues are and what the likely causes are.

      However, if you were poisoned by a heavy metal, then kidney damage is very likely. I don't think it would be classified as kidney DISEASE as kidney disease signifies the kidneys are shutting down. It sounds like you have some issues with them, but it doesn't seem like they are not working at all.

      A biopsy may be able to tell you if your damage was from poisoning because there may be a high concentration of the metal still in the kidney or if your kidney is damaged in such a way that "normal" kidney disease would not exemplify, then the doctor may attribute it to an "unnatural" cause.

      Go to the doctor. Tomorrow!

  22. QUESTION:
    Right abdominal pain, CT scan and ultrasound on liver and everything else.?
    Woke up one morning with severe right abdominal pain below the rib cage. okay maybe I pulled something. 17 days later still dull aching pain there but very severe when I cough or sneeze. Otherwise its so to speak "there" throughout the day. I go in to the Dr. and tell him my symptoms. He goes through the routine examine, pushes here pushes there. I get blood drawn and urine sample. Calls me back later I have blood urine and liver enzymes are a bit high. Schedules me for Ct scan. Scan comes back normal. Schedules me for a ultra sound and some nuclear dye for my gallbladder to make it do funny things. I deny that but okay with the ultrasound. Go to ultrasound. Ultrasound tech opens mouth and tells me I have a liver cyst. I say uhmmmm ok? Later the Dr's nurse calls me back and tells me looks like ultrasound came back great and asks me "are you still in pain?" I tell her yes. So I ask her thats it nothing else? Nothing found? She says no. So I decide to tell her about liver cyst found on ultra sound? She says she does'nt know anything about that and will consult with the DR. Well after reading on the internet cause Im curious I see that people do get them and 95% of paitents do not experience pain. But 5% do and it needs to be addressed. Well here I am still in pain since June 26. If I strain like having a bowel movement, sneeze, cough or even bend a certain messed up way it hurts. Anyone heard of this? Is this why I had a blood in my urine? Do they bleed? Im kinda dissapointed in my Dr that they wouldnt relay the info that was found and I had to open my mouth up about the tech showing me the cyst. I dont know what to do I feel kinda helpless here. Waiting on Md to call me monday.

    • ANSWER:
      When a cyst is found in an individual, that person should submit themself to medical testing to rule out any serious diseases or conditions that may be the root cause. Hepatic cysts are symptoms of a variety of serious diseases that can lead to renal failure.

      Read more: Causes of Liver Cysts | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_5063213_causes-liver-cysts.html#ixzz1SQ0sow6z

      They can also be caused by parasite larvae.

  23. QUESTION:
    What do these symptoms mean? Right rib cage discomfort, gastritus and legs with pins and needles?
    Had an utrasound done of the right rib cage and complete upper and lower pelvic ct scan. Only showed small vein mass in liver and minute kidney cyst which I was told wouldnt cause all the symptoms I have. Had been diagnosed with Fibromyalgia 10 years ago and am now in PT and have been in wellness for 7 years.

    • ANSWER:
      I cannot for certain tell you why you have these
      problems, but I can give you some ideas.

      If the liver cells become damaged, the immune
      system of the body can respond to this damage
      and cause inflammation inside the liver which
      will cause the liver to enlarge in size. This
      could cause right rib cage discomfort.
      I would request to see a gastroenterologist
      about the liver and gastritis, if you haven't already.

      Legs having pins and needles in them, sound
      like the nerves coming from the back being
      pinched. It can also develop if the blood flow
      to the legs are not sufficient.

      Having fibromyalgia has many symptoms that
      are hard to explain...since they do not know what
      really causes it to develop.

      Kidney cysts can be fluid filled sacs, or complex
      (meaning they have something else besides fluid
      in them) or very rarely, they can be cancerous.
      They usually only watch them by ultrasound or
      Ct scan, to be sure they don't enlarge in size or
      cause damage to the kidney itself. They are
      quite common in older people. If they do
      enlarge, then they may try to take one side of
      the wall of the cyst off, and the fluid will be
      then absorbed by the body.

      I hope this is of some help to you.

  24. QUESTION:
    My wife has been diagnoised with polysystic Fibrosis a month after her delivery.?
    The size of the cyst is apporx 13cm. Initially she had the cyst at the liver - now this has reduced to 3 cm but a now a cyst has appeared at the bladder (around 14 cm). Apart from this - small cysts are present at kidney, pancreas. Please let me know the cause and cure for this.
    problem

    Doctors say nothing can be done - cyst can be removed only in emergency / serious condition.

    • ANSWER:
      The Cyst most of the time go away on their own. It's painful but the doctor is right only emergency cases ever see a operating room. If a person had surgery for every time one of these cysts show up she would live in the operating room.

  25. QUESTION:
    hepatic cysts?
    i had a ct scan of my abdomen and pelvis done and the report shows that i have 2 hepatic cysts. one cyst on the left lobe of my liver and the other on the right.
    anyone know what these are and what causes them? i dont see my doctor until the 18th and i am concerned.

    • ANSWER:

  26. QUESTION:
    What could cause a chest pain on the right side?
    I woke up yesterday with a dull chest pain on the right side under my breast, it is about 1cm above the breast bone. I thought maybe i slept badly but the pain came back later several times, lasted for a few seconds each time. And again today it has been on and off. It doesn't really hurt, it is just a dull pain but it worries me. What could cause this type of pain? Could it be a cyst in my breast? Liver problem? Lung problem? I am 39, don't smoke, and not overweight. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      I am a nursing student. I recently studied the causes of pain in the thoracic region (chest). If the pain is on the right side it is not your heart and could most likely be gallstones because that is where your gall bladder is located. You should probably get it checked out just to see.

  27. QUESTION:
    What are common causes for false-positive CA-125 Serum levels?
    What are common causes for false-positive CA-125 Serum levels?
    The CA-125 blood test, sometimes used as an ovarian cancer screening, has a high false-positive rate. Some possible conditions associated with an false-positive are fibroids, endometriosis, pancreatitis, liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and benign ovarian cysts. I am looking for a COMPLETE list of ALL possible conditions associated with false-positive results. I've done a Yahoo and Google search but am not satisfied with the results. I seem to remember that rheumatoid arthritis is also associated also....for instance.

    If you are able, please provide a complete list. Thank you
    Denisedds....
    Yes, I realize it is a long list... but that is exactly what I am looking for.

    • ANSWER:
      The CA-125 is not intended to be a screening test and should never be sued as one. There may be a complete list of what may cause a false positive somewhere, but there is little need for such a list in a medical setting, as clinicians do not rely on lists. Any irritation in the abdomen can cause a positive result. It's especially inaccurate in premenopausal women (accuracy rate of about 50%); endometriosis, early-stage pregnancy or even normal hormonal fluctuations can lead to elevated CA-125 levels. Therefore a complete list can be very long.

  28. QUESTION:
    What happened in my woMb? Can a cyst cause this?
    I have pcos but I am on a weight loss prog. And I think I conceived but later saw some thick blood n a broken egg sort of. I bled for days could this be my menses or has anyone had history of misscarriage with any of these drugs: metformin, cod liver oil, I was told cod liver was responsible for the miscarriage, and my hcg kit proves I was preg(no shows neg) but scan says no gestational sac seen. And a cyst meas. 25 mm was seen on the left ovary. What does this cyst do to my baby n wat can it still do, can I still be preg without miscarriage again, help me please

    • ANSWER:
      Nothing to worry! For next pregnancy planning, first see that cyst will be cleared by medicine or by removal of cyst then plan for happy conceiving.
      First moms health must be taken care then next. Don't frustrate yourself, cyst is nothing but formation of tiny bacterias.
      If your healthy, then baby will be conceived healthily.

  29. QUESTION:
    Help! just had surgery for ovarian cysts a week ago and drs on vacation!!!!!?
    I have been in and out of the doctors all months to figure out what's the severe sharp pain in my mid back and my right side would have spasms. First it was a kidney infection and a uti.. got my antibiotics and took that whole prescription like I was suppose to. Next day pains right back. So I go to the doctor again. And then he thought I was sinsitive in my women area and thought it was another infection. He gave me antibiotics again and ordered me to see a gyno asap. So next day I went. And he examined me and I was just really sinsitive. So he ordered a sonagram. So I went the next day and got it. And by this time the pain is unbearable and he looks and sees a lot of fluid around my right ovaries. Then he thinks I have appendicitis and he thinks mu appendix ruptured. So got rushed into surgery. Came back to it. And he told me. I had a ruptured cyst and I was bleeding internally, I'm severely constipated. My livers stuck ( not functioning like it should cause of infections) and I'm probably going to have problems with my liver and my appendix. But my concern is I'm si tired but can't really sleep. My heads killing me, and all that pain I had in my back before I went to surgery is back and worse. I'm getting so irritable and snappy at everyone and no one wants to be around. I don't like this and I just want to be better. But idk what to do cause my Dr. On vacation, and I'm so mad at his nurses for sending me back to work 4 days. Later, and I lift 120 + pound people all day. With 3 places. I have stitches including inside my belly button. Am I still suppose to be in this much pain, and tired, and enraged all the time? I need advice PLEASE HELP! !!!!!!!!

    • ANSWER:

  30. QUESTION:
    Has anyone had a cyst on their liver? Should I be worried?
    I have recently been having horrible pain throughout my upper right side underneath my breast all the way around to my back. After several trips to the ER, they finally did x-rays, ultrasound, & CT scan. I was told that I had a 27x21mm (2.7cm) mass (cyst) in segment 7 of my liver. They told me that it was most likely benign but they didn't think it was causing my pain. They didn't find anything else. I am supposed to go see a family Dr. after the beginning of the year. Has anyone ever had a mass (cyst) on their liver?If so, what happened? Did you have to get it taken out? A man my husband works with had one and had to have major surgery to get it out. I am 26 and a mother of 2 small boys and am very scared. Please help! Thanks!!!

    • ANSWER:

  31. QUESTION:
    Vicodin And The Liver?
    Hello, I have a question about taking Vicodin. I have what my doc believes is a case of sciatica causing some pretty bad pain in my leg. He thinks some non-cancerous cysts in my upper left leg may be causing it but wants to "wait and see if it's acute and goes away" first. He gave me a prescription for Vicodin 5-500 of which I can take one or two pills twice a day. Right now I only take two pills a few hours before bed, as I don't like taking it during the day. I've been doing this for two months and may have another couple months before possible surgery options for my problem are looked at.

    My concern is the effects of the APAP on the liver. I'm in good health aside from the sciatica thing. I occasionally drink on the weekends, but I know ahead of time and won't take the Vicodin the day before so that I have well over 24 hours between taking the pills and drinking. I never take more than the two pills a day regardless. Is that dosage relatively safe for my liver?

    • ANSWER:
      i have been a pharmacy tech for 7 years and the doseage is just fine. basically, taking way too much vicodin over a long period of time can hurt your liver. and you are taking it, it sounds like, as the prescription says and you are NOT drinking with it. so as long as you don't abuse the medicine and don't take too much everyday for the rest of your life, i think you will be ok. good luck with your surgery and i hope for a speedy recovery.

  32. QUESTION:
    Can endometriosis be seen through a cat scan?
    I am 17 years old and I've had a lot of pain as described in the Yahoo! health site on endometriosis. I've had a CT, however, that came up clean, but for a tiny cyst on my liver, which my doctor said was normal and shouldn't be causing pain. He also prescribed amitriptyline so that my brain doesn't tell my body that I'm hurting... which is a different story, since the doctor seems to like giving out medication for depression.
    So, my essential question is... would my doctor be able to spot endometriosis from my CT?
    Another detail: I've had two ultrasounds and nothing's turned up. Where specifically would endometriosis show?

    • ANSWER:
      no. you will need a laposcopy, to see it. an ultrasound will only at best show a shadowing and a cat scan will do nothing. Your doctor sounds like a drug dealer, please see a gynecologist.

  33. QUESTION:
    There is a Cyst on my liver?
    What can I do? We are in the process of researching it with the doctors. Had a CT scan yesterday. I may have had it since I was born 45 years ago. But they suspect it of causing severe abdominal pain that we though was in the stomach or digestive tract. It isn't, but it feels like it. I haven't had the pain for 18 years and then BLAM. Last year I had an attack and again yesterday. Got to find out what it was like to ride in an abulance though. I also feel like a used pin cushion.
    Just found out the ct scan also indicated a tiny kidney stone. They are now thinking that was the cause of the pain instead of the liver thingy. I'm going to drink a large glass of water now.

    • ANSWER:
      Since liver cysts are normally benign, treatment is generally not indicated. However, in some cases it is necessary to treat the underlying cause. Other diseases can sometimes look like liver cysts, so it is necessary to get a CT Scan & have a biopsy done if needed in order to rule out more problematic diseases.

      A biopsy can be performed and/or a sample of the cyst's fluid can be removed for analysis. Liver cysts can be surgically removed if they create problems or discomfort. Since your cyst has grown large enough to cause you pain, the doctor will most likely opt for one of the above solutions.

      The exact cause of simple liver cysts is unknown. Some experts say they may be present at birth, while others speculate that certain other conditions could be the cause:

      Caroli's disease – associated with recurrent bacterial inflammation of the bile duct, stone formation, and dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts

      Congenital (at birth) hepatic fibrosis – a rare hereditary disorder characterized by scar tissue with irregularly shaped bile ducts, and associated with an impairment of renal functions

      Choledochal cysts – congenital (at birth) abnormalities of the bile ducts

      In very rare cases, liver cysts may indicate a serious, underlying condition such as polycystic liver disease (an inherited disorder associated with multiple cysts of varying size), echinococcosis (parasitic infection), or liver cancer.

      Glad this was caught. It's usually a very easy to treat condition. You will feel much better after the cyst is removed or drained. Hope this helps. Good luck!

  34. QUESTION:
    Alcohol, and your liver?
    Hi..umm i recently started drinking this past summer. I've gotten really drunk only about 5 times. The thing is i have ovarian cysts. I got a cat scan and it said my liver looked like t had some fat around it, which you only have if your obese or an alcoholic. im not an alcholic nor am i obese. could drinking be the cause of this all? im fine now, and i feel great. Should i drink though?

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver can also be caused by a virus, such as the hepatitis C virus. You might want to be checked for that. Many people have hep c and don't know it because they are asymptomatic for years. Fatty liver can also be caused by other things besides alcohol & Hep C. Check with your doctor. Best wishes.

  35. QUESTION:
    Feeling very anxious, stressed, have ovarian cysts and acid reflux, husband alcoholic....?
    Can I put anything else in the subject line..... :)

    I feel like I have everything wrong with me at the moment and I am making myself ill I think!!

    Basically my husband is an alcoholic, which he is getting help for, but over the last few months he has been a complete nightmare and has left me in a bit of a state really. He was verbally and mentally abusing me to the point where I was hiding in my own home as he wasn't letting me sleep, which is very silly!!! He has now seen the light and has apologised for things and is trying to get help, but because of his behaviour he has caused me to be very stressed and very very anxious all of the time, I can not seem to calm down. I am shaking typing this.

    Also, I was diagnosed with acid reflux about 2 months ago, and am now on lansoprozol tablets twice a day. They were helping me, but now they don't seem to be, I don't know if its because I am stressed and anxious that my stomach does feel worse. My stomach feels very tender, If I press it, It makes me feel a bit nausious for a second then goes away. I have not actually been sick at all. I was also diagnosed with a fatty liver, which is just down to diet and exercise as they did a scan of my liver, gallbladder and pancreas and all came back clear apart from the liver part. But this area sometimes feels awkward to. When I first apoke to the doctor he said that these feelings are completely normal and in time they will go away (This was before I started being anxious etc though) I have not been back to the docs since. I do feel bloated most of the time. I have lost almost 2 1/2 stone over all of this, which is great as I needed to!!!

    Another stress is I have ovarian cysts, I have suffered with these for the 14 years now, they dont cause any pain though, but I just want everything to go away now and for me to feel better.

    I want to stop feeling anxious and I am constantly shaking on the inside not on the outside if that makes sence. I feel very on edge all the time and feel better when I walk around etc!!

    I also now have a pain in my right calf that I am now starting to worry about. My lower left side also feels quite tender.

    Can I add anything else to this????

    Does anyone have any advice on this other than go to my GP? Does anyone else have the same kind of thing going on. I am just really worried and thinking that other things are wrong with me.

    Thank you for reading this boring message :)

    • ANSWER:
      First, I'm guessing that you're from the UK. If that's true, then I'll apologize in advance if any of my advice doesn't help since I'm from the USA and might not realize some areas where our countries are different. I'll do my best though, so please bear with me.

      Second, is there any way you can get out of the home for a while? Go visit relatives, take a vacation, etc? I won't bother telling you to leave your husband since I don't think you will anyway, but I do think you two need a break from each other and you need to go somewhere where you can rest, relax and get yourself together. It might also help your husband if he got away somewhere too....alone. I don't know how other countries do it, but here we have rehab clinics where patients can check in and get 24 hour help and constant monitoring. If he could go to one of those and you could go to a spa and get some therapy, it might go a long way towards helping you both through this. I know that some of this might be expensive...I couldn't afford to go to a spa, but if you've got the income for it, then take advantage of the help that can be given to you.

      As for the physical problems, honestly, go to a doctor and at least get a pregnancy test. Make sure you're not pregnant and if you're not, then ask for some birth control pills. I get ovarian cysts a lot and have all my life. For some reason, the pills help shrink cysts and keep them from being such a pain.

      A second thing you'll want to do is start getting out of the house and reconnecting with the outside world in a new way. Take walks, go to a wooded area or park and collect leaves or study botany or something that interests you. The point is, you need to do something that helps you get rid of stress and being in nature will go a long way towards helping you do that. With it getting warmer, this might be the perfect time to try that. If nature doesn't work for you, then get out and do something else that does interest you. Whatever works for you will be fine and begin to help.

      Third, can you get to a psychologist? There are medications that you can take to help you relax and calm down. I don't really like them myself, but if your stress levels are this high that it's causing you physical illness, you might really need at little something for a short time...just until things calm down a little. It also wouldn't hurt you and your husband to go to one for counseling. He's got an addiction and you're the one who has to suffer the consequences. It could help a lot if you could get him to go with you.

      As for the pain in your calf, just in case its something serious, have a doctor check it specifically. I know many doctors like to tell you that there's nothing wrong and send you out the door, but seriously, if you're worried, you need to insist that he check you out. You should also be on medication for the reflux. It can do a lot of damage over time and you need to take care of your stomach and esophagus now before the damage becomes too great.

      The pain in your side can be from the cysts and/or it can be from PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease). I've had that too and it seems that women who get cysts are more prone to getting PID sometimes. A good antibiotic cures that up, though, so there's really no need to worry about that too much. Just get the meds you need.

      Another thing to do is change your diet. I don't know what a fatty liver does to the body, but if you put in more fruits and whole grains in your diet, you'll start feeling 100% better in about 2 weeks to a month. Grains and fruits (and veggies) help flush fat out of your system and boosts your energy levels. If you're also taking walks or doing other exercise, it'll produce endorphins in your body and you'll feel less depressed/anxious and/or worried.

      In essence, a lot of this is stuff that you have total control over. Other things, you don't have a lot of control over, but there are things you can do. Start thinking about what's good for you and go after it...make yourself happy and healthy and you'll start feeling a bit better every day. If your husband doesn't get the help he needs and doesn't stop making you feel like you're on edge every second of your life, then please think about leaving him for good. I know that will be hard, but he's not putting you first, so you've got to do it for yourself.

      One other thing...take a self defense course. Maybe you'll never need it to save your life...maybe you will. One thing it will do is get you into better shape and it will give you the confidence that if someone does attack you, that you will be able to defend yourself and survive such an encounter. Self confidence will go a long way towards getting rid of your fear and anxiety.

      Anyway, that's all I can think of for now. I hope something I said here helps you and I wish you the best.

      Take care.

  36. QUESTION:
    Feeling very anxious and have acid reflux, ovarian cysts, and stressed.....?
    Can I put anything else in the subject line..... :)

    I feel like I have everything wrong with me at the moment and I am making myself ill I think!!

    Basically my husband is an alcoholic, which he is getting help for, but over the last few months he has been a complete nightmare and has left me in a bit of a state really. He was verbally and mentally abusing me to the point where I was hiding in my own home as he wasn't letting me sleep, which is very silly!!! He has now seen the light and has apologised for things and is trying to get help, but because of his behaviour he has caused me to be very stressed and very very anxious all of the time, I can not seem to calm down. I am shaking typing this.

    Also, I was diagnosed with acid reflux about 2 months ago, and am now on lansoprozol tablets twice a day. They were helping me, but now they don't seem to be, I don't know if its because I am stressed and anxious that my stomach does feel worse. My stomach feels very tender, If I press it, It makes me feel a bit nausious for a second then goes away. I have not actually been sick at all. I was also diagnosed with a fatty liver, which is just down to diet and exercise as they did a scan of my liver, gallbladder and pancreas and all came back clear apart from the liver part. But this area sometimes feels awkward to. When I first apoke to the doctor he said that these feelings are completely normal and in time they will go away (This was before I started being anxious etc though) I have not been back to the docs since. I do feel bloated most of the time. I have lost almost 2 1/2 stone over all of this, which is great as I needed to!!!

    Another stress is I have ovarian cysts, I have suffered with these for the 14 years now, they dont cause any pain though, but I just want everything to go away now and for me to feel better.

    I want to stop feeling anxious and I am constantly shaking on the inside not on the outside if that makes sence. I feel very on edge all the time and feel better when I walk around etc!!

    I also now have a pain in my right calf that I am now starting to worry about. My lower left side also feels quite tender.

    Can I add anything else to this????

    Does anyone have any advice on this other than go to my GP? Does anyone else have the same kind of thing going on. I am just really worried and thinking that other things are wrong with me.

    Thank you for reading this boring message :)

    • ANSWER:
      The reason you have these problems is down purely to stress get rid of that and your health problems will disappear. Drink more water and get your system moving again.

  37. QUESTION:
    What's wrong with me? I'm just not myself lately. I am fat (174 lbs. at 5'5"), lazy and tired all the time.
    I take way too many long naps, don't get much done, I used to be outside all day taking care of my animals and riding my horse. I am on anti-anxiety meds. for finger-biting, and have high liver enzymes. And a small cyst on my liver. Doc said that's not the cause of the high liver enzymes. Am I on too much meds.? Am I depressed? I feel very emotional a lot, too, crying at nothing, anything sad happens on TV I cry. I want to cry more but I hold back so as not to look weak. I have nightmares often too. I eat Ice Cream to comfort myself. I am a naturally nervous person, and i find it hard to socialize with others. But I am worried about my health. Is the weight to blame? Any ideas? Any docs or nurses out there who can help?
    I don't think I'm Bipolar, because I don't get "Manic" at all.
    I do see a Therapist, but I can't get in to see her enough.
    It's not my nails I bite, it's the skin on the first joint of each finger. I bite them severely, taking out chunks of flesh, with lots of bleeding. And my Thyroid is OK, I had it checked.
    I wear size 16-18. I think that's fat.

    • ANSWER:
      Depression seems to be the correct word. When you are depressed, you pretty much don't care what you do and sleeping is the only thing you want to do.
      Try eating more fruit and start out excercising for at least 30 minutes, 3 times a week. Excercising creates enzymes, which make you happy. Fruit gives you more energy. Especially apples, which gives you more energy than a cup of coffee.
      Try taking up a hobby such as baking, painting or drawing, photography, or playing an instrument. Join a support group or club that deals with the same issues you are facing.

      Good luck to you!

  38. QUESTION:
    can any one give some advice?
    well i ended up in hospital the other day and found i have gall stones i have to have surgery to have my gallbladder removed that's all fine a dandy i don't mind so much!
    Any how when they where doing the ultrasound the tech asked have you ever lived on a farm?
    too that my reply was No but i lived in farming district,
    The Dr in the ER say's i have a cyst in my liver that needs further investigating.
    I saw my local Doctor and gave him letter from the hospital and asked him why they asked if i grew up on a farm, He said because these types of cysts are usually caused by animals.
    My question is what is the cyst called?
    Is it dangerous?
    will i need surgery on it?
    I know you are not doctors, But maybe give me the name of cysts it's called so i can look it up.
    Any info will be appreciated thanks.
    Rach.

    • ANSWER:
      me think's John is spot on.
      you should ask your doctor what it is and everything else.
      i would have before i left the hospital and doctor's.

  39. QUESTION:
    why are my liver levels high?
    I'm in my mid 30s and have been taking medication for thyroid issues & diabetes (because that runs in the family & have been monitoring levels as well) At the last round of blood tests taken, thyroid & A1C levels are good status. However, my liver is "slightly elevated". This is the 3rd time in a row they've come back high. Doctor sent me for an ultrasound at the 2nd one, and it didn't show any cysts or masses. Never been advised on what, if anything, can be done to reduce liver levels. She did switch from Metformin to Glipizide after the 2nd "high" reading. so I'm back to "slightly elevated". but I'm wondering if I have reasonable cause to be concerned, or I'm just being worrisome.

    • ANSWER:

  40. QUESTION:
    I am trying to lose at least 60 pounds, can you tell me if im doing it right?
    Alright so I am going to be 30 on the 21st of this month. I weigh 188 pounds and would like to drop 60 to 70 pounds! I have started zumba classes on Monday nights, Tuesday mornings as well as Wednesday evenings. I then take my children swimming afterwards for an hour. On Thursday and Fridays I go into the gym as well if I feel and have time I will go during the days of zumba as well. I have changed my diet too the following,

    Fat free yogurt with fresh berries every morning with arthurs smoothies
    I will eat a few plain almonds for a snack if I feel like eating junk food.
    I will eat veggies and low fat sour cream with onion soup mix for dinner.
    I will also have the yogurt with fruits throughout the day as well.
    I purchased baby spinach but dont have any good low fat/cal recipes for it, do you have any?
    What else can I eat and/or drink to loose weight more quickly?

    I DO NOT LIKE FISH
    I ONLY LIKE BONELESS SKINLESS CHICKEN

    Thank you for your help! I have an enlarged liver which is causing alot of problems so I need to get this weight down.

    Pre baby weight was 102 when I got pregnant with my first 11 years ago
    Pre baby weight was 123 when I got pregnant with my second 5 years ago
    Pre baby weight was 170 when I got pregnant with my third 1 and a half years ago!

    I also have cysts in my throid which makes things a little harder to loose the doctor has mentioned!

    • ANSWER:
      Check on this website for your BMR. This will help you plan how many calories you need a day.

      Hubby and I have lost 45 lbs and 40lbs each since Aug 8th. I've been on a 1200 calorie a day diet, and he has been on a 1600 calorie diet. We limit ourselves to no more than 2 pcs whole grain bread a day. No butter, mayo, sauces etc. Mustard goes on the sandwiches. For meat it's boneless skinless chicken or turkey, seafood and the occasional steak (3 oz) Lots of fruit and vegetables. Egg whites. Once a week a cheat for lunch.

      Try a spinach salad. Delicious and very low calorie
      Baby spinach
      strawberries, raspberries or Kiwi fruit
      chopped onion
      Chopped celery
      Raspberry vinaigrette dressing
      http://www.bmi-calculator.net/bmr-calculator/

  41. QUESTION:
    IS my losing weight method going to work?
    Alright so I am going to be 30 on the 21st of this month. I weigh 188 pounds and would like to drop 60 to 70 pounds! I have started zumba classes on Monday nights, Tuesday mornings as well as Wednesday evenings. I then take my children swimming afterwards for an hour. On Thursday and Fridays I go into the gym as well if I feel and have time I will go during the days of zumba as well. I have changed my diet too the following,

    Fat free yogurt with fresh berries every morning with arthurs smoothies
    I will eat a few plain almonds for a snack if I feel like eating junk food.
    I will eat veggies and low fat sour cream with onion soup mix for dinner.
    I will also have the yogurt with fruits throughout the day as well.
    I purchased baby spinach but dont have any good low fat/cal recipes for it, do you have any?
    What else can I eat and/or drink to loose weight more quickly?

    I DO NOT LIKE FISH
    I ONLY LIKE BONELESS SKINLESS CHICKEN

    Thank you for your help! I have an enlarged liver which is causing alot of problems so I need to get this weight down.

    Pre baby weight was 102 when I got pregnant with my first 11 years ago
    Pre baby weight was 123 when I got pregnant with my second 5 years ago
    Pre baby weight was 170 when I got pregnant with my third 1 and a half years ago!

    I also have cysts in my throid which makes things a little harder to loose the doctor has mentioned!

    • ANSWER:
      Popcorn has fiber which keeps you fuller, longer. Try some unsalted, butter free popcorn for a snack.

      You can use rice to make a meal out of anything. Use brown rice instead of white. Try grilled marinated chicken breast with a cup of brown rice and steamed veggies. Also, when you eat veggies, try eating a variety so you're not bored. Kind of like eating a bag of skittles; it has different flavours and colours. They would be awfully boring is they were one flavour and colour. Apply this to healthy foods and try to eat a small variety of what you have. It keeps the diet interesting so you won't give up or be tempted.

      Beans are great for protein and are cheap too. Try making a good navy bean soup.

  42. QUESTION:
    WHAT DOES IT MEAN WHEN THE DOCTORS TELLS YOU THIS?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?
    two low-density left renal lesions are noted statistically likely to represent cysts but too small to characterize. renal ultrasound may be more helpful. slight prominence of the right ovary.clincially correlate. pelvic ultrasound may be more helpful..

    also is it bad if u have a cyst in your right kidney and it is too small to characterize.....what caused to have cysts in ur ovaries and kidneys.........and her liver is 23 cm......
    NO i dont have cancer doctor said it is not cancerous...

    • ANSWER:
      I don't see how cysts in the kidneys can be correlated to cysts on ovaries. Do you have cancer? I'm not trying to scare you but perhaps it could be signs of metastesis.

  43. QUESTION:
    Swelling Around Left Rib?
    I have been unwell but tests have come back negative although I have had raised CRP(C Reactive Protein)levels and some blood tests which showed low levels of lymphocytosis.Ive been told that I have a large amount of gallstones and that I have a 4.5cm cyst on my liver which is probably caused by the amount of gallstones I have.

    Recently, I have a dull aching on my left hand side around my rib area and if I stand up and look down I can see that my left rib area seems swollen and sticks out a lot more than my right one.It never used to be like this.It is uncomfortable to lie on my left side as it feels like I am lying on a "lumpy" mattress! My bra also seems to rub on it. If I rub right the way across my chest, under my ribs I can feel little pea sized moveable lumps right across on both sides, but my GP says she doubts this is anything important.

    Has anyone experienced anything like this as this is concerning me a little now and is quite uncomfortable at times? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Hi there!

      I too cannot lie on my front for too long as my left ribs down at the bottom hurt terribly! I have alway had it but because i dont lie that way kinda forgot all about it until recently.

      I get accupuncure for other things and that is when i noticed the pain in the ribs again! then are tender to touch and i too, have lots of little lumps under the skin.

      I actually quieired one in my arm before and was told it was just fatty tissue, like a little nodule.
      I know u can get these if uve got an inflamatory condition i.e Rhuematoid arthritis, so id err on the side of causion and get along to the Dr.

      p.s. let me know wot he says about the rib ache? i keep forgettign to ask when im there and i only back for dr today! LOL

      best of luck

  44. QUESTION:
    What could spots on the liver be?
    My best friend is distraught because her sister had stage 4 melanoma last year. She was treated and things were going well. Well she found a cyst on her wrist and went to get checked again. Due to her history the doctor ordered a CT scan. In the scan they found spots on her liver and now are moving to an MRI. The MRI will be preformed tonight. My friend is worried it is liver cancer. That the melanoma spread. Could it be nothing? What other things will show up as spots on someones liver other than cancer? Just a little more information....The skin cancer was thought to be caused by excessive tanning. Her sister tanned all the time when she was younger and there is no family history of cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 4 disease is metastatic cancer . . what that means is that the cancer advanced or progressed enough to begin 'shedding' hundreds and hundreds of microscopic cancer cells into the blood stream or lymphatic system . . cells that can than lodge anywhere in the body . in multiple places and begin a whole new colony of cancer cells. The most common places that the mets (metastatic cells) lodge are the liver, the lungs, the brain, or the bones but it can be anyplace including the wrist. It is metastatic cancer that is the most difficult to treat successfully because it can hide behind structures or lay dormant in the body for an undetermined amount of time. The worst thing about metastatic cancer is that those hundreds of met cells can all start to grow at the same time and within weeks or months the body is 'filled with cancer' . . that is what people mean when they say there is 'nothing more that can be done because the cancer has relapsed and all those hundreds of mets are now growing at the same rapid rate).

      There are benign conditions that can pop up on a CT . . but in general a radiologist or oncologist will look at it and recognize that it is not a cancerous lesion . .so they would not order an MRI. In your friends case the doctor is not sure what has happened but he probably suspects that it is the cancer that has relapsed . .he won't say that though until he can make a confirmation. Hopefully he is wrong and this will turn out to be nothing. My son too had spots in his liver, but those particular spots turned out to be nothing cancerous . . . unfortunately his cancer relapsed on the dome of the liver and spred via the diaphragm as well as into the pelvis. We were not able to stop the progression of disease and lost him last year.

      No one really knows what causes cancer . . even though it is suspected that sun tanning places one at risk . . some melanoma occurs in spots that never see the sun shine (vaginal) . . so melanoma can happen with or without sun exposure.

      Hope your friend hears good news and that the spots are nothing . . if it turns out to be disease she might want to consider a treatment called Radiofrequency Ablation which can target each tumor inside the liver and 'ablate' or disintegrate it. I know one young man who was able to use RFA for his liver tumors successfully. There is some strict criteria though as not every patient is eligible for this type of treatment.

      RFA
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radiofrequency_ablation

  45. QUESTION:
    I had general anaesthetic for an exploratory and biopsy hysteroscopy and am still very poorly. Has anyone?
    suffered similar, please? I am feeling really terrible.

    I felt fine after the operation and for a couple of days although tired. Then I got severe joint and muscle pain from head to toe, which lasted a few days and I was given 5mg daily Prednisolone (I already take a much lower dose, so know that was OK. In a lot of pain from the site of the operation and the ovarian cysts, GP gave me Tramadol tablets, which made me sweat buckets, even though they reduced pain very well. I'm not certain whether it has been the actual anaesthetic gases that have almost destroyed my digestion, liver processing of food, caused painful bowels, and spasm cramps in my lower abdomen or if the Tramadol has gone some way to doing this. I am still off my food and in so much pain, feeling very exhausted and fed up. The hospital don't know what's wrong and neither does my GP.

    I have no temperature and no infection but the ESR (sediment rate of my blood is up).

    Please help if you can. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      If your ESR is up, then DEMAND another opinion!!!! Doctor's are not Gods, and make mistakes. I went for 35 years on the wrong medicine, by a bunch of different doctors, and even had electroconvulsive therapy (shock treatment) for extreme depression, and never got better. Last year I was finally diagnosed as Bipolar, what a trip that was!!

      If you feel bad, then you need to pressure the hospital to do more checking. I'm sure they think you're exaggerating, but you know your body, and demand an answer.

      Gases from surgery can make you feel really achy and crampy, and tramadol can also make you really sweaty, but can also mess up your digestion. Maybe it's a combination of all of them, so you need to ask your doctor to switch you to something else.

      Good luck to you, and if you start running a fever, get to the hospital immediately.

  46. QUESTION:
    Will a doctor/fertility specialist prescribe clomid if your BMI is greater than 30?
    Ive already posted a question with the details of my problem but for background purposes ill give the details again..........

    Im 22 years old and I haven't had a period for 3 months now, Before then they were always regular, same time every month etc, its really getting me down as my partner and I were hoping to try for a baby. To start with I took around 5 pregnancy tests but all came back negative, I then had a pregnancy blood test done which also came back negative, Ive had various other blood tests done now, progesterone, thyroid, liver function, diabetes, different hormone tests and they have all come back normal, except one which gave a slightly higher reading for testosterone level, this made my doctor think that my problem was PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) however after having a scan around 4 weeks ago now this was ruled out, they did however say that I had one 3cm ovarian cyst on my left ovary and that they couldn't get a clear picture of my right side however all looked normal. At first I though this was the cause however the doctor told me that even if the cyst was causing there to be enough pressure on my left ovary to stop my period the right side should have kicked in as they take it in turns every month. So again I have no answers as to whats happening with my body, I am overweight, I weigh around 16 stone, therefore I thought this could also be the reason but the doctor has told me that im not in this category yet as im not morbidly obese and that the fact I have always been big and my period has always been normal suggests otherwise aswell and I am not under any serious stress. Im due to go for another scan in 2 weeks time to check if the Cyst on my left ovary has shrunk or gone completely and they will hopefully be able to get a clearer picture of my right ovary this time, when I go back to the doctors I am going to ask him to refer me if ive still not got any answers i want but Im not sure whether clomid would be an option for me at the moment as my BMI is higher than 30

    • ANSWER:
      They will definitely prescribe clomid even if your BMI is above 30. I don't know for sure what my BMI is, but it's definitely above 30 and I have been prescribed clomid by several doctors over 5 years. None of the doctors even mentioned the fact that they wouldn't prescribe it because of my weight.

  47. QUESTION:
    My periods have just stopped!!?
    Im 22 years old and I haven't had a period for 3 months now, Before then they were always regular, same time every month etc, its really getting me down as my partner and I were hoping to try for a baby. To start with I took around 5 pregnancy tests but all came back negative, I then had a pregnancy blood test done which also came back negative, Ive had various other blood tests done now, progesterone, thyroid, liver function, diabetes, different hormone tests and they have all come back normal, except one which gave a slightly higher reading for testosterone level, this made my doctor think that my problem was PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) however after having a scan around 4 weeks ago now this was ruled out, they did however say that I had one 3cm ovarian cyst on my left ovary and that they couldn't get a clear picture of my right side however all looked normal. At first I though this was the cause however the doctor told me that even if the cyst was causing there to be enough pressure on my left ovary to stop my period the right side should have kicked in as they take it in turns every month. So again I have no answers as to whats happening with my body, I am overweight, I weigh around 16 stone, therefore I thought this could also be the reason but the doctor has told me that im not in this category yet as im not morbidly obese and that the fact I have always been big and my period has always been normal suggests otherwise aswell and I am not under any serious stress. So if anyone has been through i similar thing and can suggest anything please feel free
    Thanks Guys, Im due to go for another scan in 2 weeks time to check if the Cyst on my left ovary has shrunk or gone completely and they will hopefully be able to get a clearer picture of my right ovary this time, when I go back to the doctors I am going to ask him to refer me if ive still not got any answers i want but I dont know if clomid would be an option for me at the moment as my BMI is higher than 30

    • ANSWER:
      you can check yourself - check all possible causes for irregular periods - check all symptoms for PCOS and see all about hirsutism - discover all BELOW

  48. QUESTION:
    Need some reassurance...?
    I just went to the doc yesterday with horrible pain in my lower right abdomen all the way to my back. The doctor reffered me to the ER and after blood work and a CT, they came back with 3 things: a "funny" looking appendix with something white in the middle, but not going to do anything about it, a right ovary full of cysts and other material, and a liver with a cyst like thing inside of it. All of which they arent going to do anything about!
    On one hand, I was relieved that maybe they didn't think it was serious enough to do anything about, on the other hand, what if it only gets worse!
    We want to try and get pregnant this month, but not I'm afraid to even try in case my body gets worse and then causes complications during the pregnancy?!
    I need a hug. :o (

    • ANSWER:
      Talk to your OB/GYN doctor. He/she'd be the best one to tell you about any risks.

  49. QUESTION:
    The doctors won't take care of my mother (b/c her drug use caused the problems?)...lawyer?
    My mother is very sick: bad liver, cyst in her pancreas- renders her unable to eat, had 2 strokes while under medical care, semi-incoherent. Doctors send her home again & again while barely able to walk, w/ a feeding tube in her stomach, minimal instructions to my sister. She's been out of the hosp. almost a week, and the visiting nursedidn't come for the first couple days. Today, nurse insisted that sister rush my mother to hospital b/c she's severely dehydrated. The feeding tube pump has NEVER worked, and he thinks the tube is twisted (or maybe clogged) inside her. She hasn't been able to keep anything down b/c of vomiting.

    Cyst surgery's been put off since spring, doctors' explanation: trying to book a time in the OR. My sister has brought her to 3 different hospitals, and received shody care all around. Many nurses are shocked by her care.
    Mother is on Medical, most probs b/c of long term drug/alchohol abuse.
    Can a lawyer force/scare them to treat her? Find affordable lawyer?
    She's stopped doing the drugs now. She doesn't have the ability anymore. She's barely ambulatory, she doesn't have enough sense to concoct a plot to get to the drugs, she doesn't have any money. If she was able, I'm sure she'd still be getting them, but she CAN'T.

    My sister and I feel like the doctors are judging her b/c of how she got that way. They frequently say "this is from drinking" and such comments - as if we all don't know. On top of that, she has a state welfare 'insurance'.

    My sister can't afford a lawyer, she's doing all she can to take care of her fam. and my mother. would legal aid do this? Would a lawyer write a letter for a small or no fee?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, is your mother still on drugs/alcohol or has she quit and is now facing the aftermath of long term use? If she is still on the drugs then your mother needs to start by getting off of the drugs so that the doctors will be willing to help her, being as they can't force her off of them. If she isn't on the drugs anymore then I would definitely get a lawyer involved. There's no excuse for her not to be getting the proper medical attention she deserves.

      I would recommend you sign up with Prepaid Legal Services, it's cheaper than getting an actual attorney and they might be able to help you out. I've had it for a few years and you pay a small fee each month that ranges from - a month (it depends on your plan). They give you a card that you can place in your wallet with a 800 number that you can call whenever you have a problem or a question. It's very convenient for people who need a lawyers help, but don't necessarily have a lot of money to spend. I definitely suggest you look into it. Good luck.

  50. QUESTION:
    This is the worse year of my life. Can I vent?
    Seriously, I can't stop cying.. This year has been so bad, and things just keep getting worse.

    January: I'm driving on the highway and hit a patch of black ice. I'm injured badly and the damage was ,000. Deductible was ,000.
    February: I have sharp stinging debilating pain in my lower area and stomach. After brutal tests and pain for weeks, they diagnosed an enlarged liver and ovarian cysts. I still have an enlarged liver and they don't know the cause
    March: I drop a very heavy plate on my toe. I'm in so much pain I have to go to the ER. I'm on T3 and my toe nail eventually falls off
    April: I get a job for the summer -- it pays [FAQ-QUESTION]. I fail an exam and end up with a C in the course
    May: My job tells me they can no longer keep me on for the pay term which would be next year. The other firms I interviewed at told me they could not offer me a spot because they assumed I would be staying where I am.
    End of May: someone hits me in the parking lot and smahes my mirror. 0 to fix.
    Tonight: some asshole hits my car. I see it from my window, rush down and he takes off. The damage looks like it will be ,000. My deductible will now sky-rocket from this.

    • ANSWER:
      That is awful. I am so sorry. It seems that people do have a bad run in with luck, but things DO get better, Just keep thinking positive (I know it's hard) and what a peice of Sh*t to hit your car and Run. I hope Karma gets him back 3 fold. Some people are morons.

      I hope you feel better and good comes to you!

      email me if you ever wanna talk :) scarlet_Diva2287@yahoo.com


Causes Of Liver Damage

On May 1, 2009, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a press release urging consumers to stop using 14 varieties of the diet aid Hydroxycut and return unused portions to the place of purchase. The FDA also sent a letter to health care professionals stating that officials "believe [Hydroxycut] presents a serious public health risk." In response, the manufacturer of Hydroxycut, Iovate Health Sciences, Inc., decided to issue a voluntary recall of all products named by the FDA. But just how dangerous is Hydroxycut, really? Was the FDA justified in its action, or is this an overhasty response to a minor health concern.

About Hydroxycut Injuries

The main rationale for the FDA's action regarding Hydroxycut is liver damage. In some patients it seems to create acute liver toxicity that required hospitalization in more than 2/3 of the reported cases, and required liver transplants for two of them. One of the patients was deemed unsuitable for a liver transplant because of significant damage to other organs. This patient, a 17-year old male, had taken an elevated dose of Hydroxycut, and died after the decision was made not to pursue the liver transplant.

In addition to liver damage, the FDA determined that a number of serious illnesses have been associated with Hydroxycut use, including cardiovascular injury, seizures, and severe muscle damage known as rhabdomyolysis.

The Numbers of Hydroxycut Injuries

In its press releases and statements, the FDA claims there have been 23 cases of confirmed liver damage resulting from the use of Hydroxycut. The cases appeared over a seven year period. With millions of bottles of Hydroxycut being sold every year, the number of injuries may seem very small, making many believe that FDA's statement and subsequent recall is something of an overreaction.

The Rationale for the Hydroxycut Action

Hydroxycut seems to cause what is known as idiosyncratic liver toxicity, a condition which is inherently very rare. The toxic reaction occurs in less than 10 people per 100,000, and often in less than 1 per 100,000. Although toxic reactions are rare, idiosyncratic liver toxicity is the most common form of drug-induced liver toxicity because it is unpredictable, generally undetected in clinical trials, and often occurs with only recommended doses of a drug.

In addition, the FDA did not know what ingredient of Hydroxycut was responsible for the liver toxicity. It did not know whether liver toxicity was the result of a biologic extract or a heavy metal. It did not even know whether the toxicity may have been the result of contaminated or badly blended pills. Reports of liver damage have been associated with Hydroxycut since its introduction, but it was believed at first that the ingredient ephedra, associated with seizure, cardiovascular damage, and other adverse health effects, was responsible for the damage. But Hydroxycut has been ephedra-free since the ingredient was banned in 2004, and reports of liver damage have continued.

Because of all the unknowns, the FDA could not issue a specific caution that would identify users with an elevated risk from Hydroxycut and thereby reduce future cases of liver toxicity. The only way the FDA could protect users was to ask them to stop using Hydroxycut, a request that will likely stay in effect until a causative agent can be identified.

So, How Dangerous Is Hydroxycut?

We're back to the place we started then, with the question of how dangerous is this diet aid? The answer is: no-one knows. The FDA's action is designed to stop more people from suffering adverse, potentially deadly reactions to Hydroxycut while the agency and the manufacturer of the supplement determine what is the cause. Once the ingredient responsible has been identified, we can expect Hydroxycut to return to the market either reformulated or with specific warnings that may help users make informed decisions about whether a diet supplement with no proven effectiveness is worth the potential risk.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Should I use Ferretone, I was told it causes liver damage in large doses?
    I often feed when they are upset, or need to clip or check their ears. Also, I give it to my 2 year old sandy who i rehomed, and who is very very nervous of people, but not aggressive at all. She had apparently been burnt by cigarettes, but it is good to help her calm down when i hold her. She is a lot better now, but what would signs of liver damage be?

    thanks.

    p.s. surely if it is that bad they would not sell it, I only started using it because i was told it is great.

    • ANSWER:
      Overdose of anything can cause problems, but using only 2 or 3 drops a day won't.

      Ferrets are prone to liver problems just with their cancer situations. I wouldn't peg it on small doses of Ferretone. Just use moderation.

      You can try chewezzles for calming down too.

  2. QUESTION:
    What causes liver damage in a human?
    I have noticed that in few of my family members, the whites of their eyes are a bit yellowish. What is the cause of this?

    • ANSWER:
      This can be caused by many things. My doctor is always watching my liver due to the prescription and non prescription pills I must take. So, while alcohol is a major cause, it would not be my problem as I rarely drink. However, I do take pills with the active ingredient in Tylenol in them. If I take more than 8 per day, this could cause liver problems. The same is true of certain diabetes drugs, high blood pressure drugs and high cholesterol drugs.

      I hope this helps.

  3. QUESTION:
    Can a 175 lb man consume a six-pack of beer daily without causing liver damage?
    A co-worker habitually drinks 6-8 beers daily after work. This man appears very healthy, has amazing energy & exercises daily. I have seen him when he drinks, and he never shows signs of intoxication, nor does it seem to affect his productivity. Nevertheless, I just find it hard to imagine that he isn't harming himself somehow. Are there some people who metabolize alcohol differently than others without causing damage to themselves?

    • ANSWER:
      you may not see it now but eventually this will catch up with him, its not good for you that's for sure. too much of the stuff will cause harm and if hes drinking that much daily i can probally predict that later on in life ( i dont know how old he is or how long he has been doing it for) but it will catch up with him when hes older and his body starts to break down.. just my thought I'm no doctor or anyhting i think its just comon seance!

  4. QUESTION:
    How can I know if I have liver damage?
    Im 115 pounds and yesterday I drank 600 mg of guaifenesin and 30 mg of Dextrorphan and my heart was beating like crazy would what I drank cause liver damage how do I know if I have caused damage is it reversible?

    • ANSWER:
      You would have to get a liver function test-- a blood test from the doctor's office. Extra high numbers would show liver damage. Guaifenesin loosens mucus, and it's concerning that you would use the word "drank"-- it is a medication, not a drink.

      I don't think you're in immediate danger from what you did, but you should be smarter about using only medication that is necessary and follow label directions-- or don't take it at all.

  5. QUESTION:
    Can drinking without excess still cause liver damage?
    If someone drinks let's say 2 glasses of wine/day over 10 years - will they damage their liver or is that moderation and not cause harm? What about getting drunk only twice/week? Is that bad?

    • ANSWER:
      I'm not a doctor, but I think so.

  6. QUESTION:
    What causes liver damage?
    i have another question about liver damage, the topic is tylenol. What is the exact amount one must intake to most defidintly cause liver damage, my sister took an overdose and told me she took 4-6 im not to sure... please only answer to this if you are sure of your answer research if you can not find think of this as a quiz only it depens on my sisters life!!! i would do it myself but my computer is screwed, please dont ask why
    please be sure to tell me the exact amount or even a very accuret guess

    she takes up to 4 a day one tylenol each are 500mg

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cell damage is caused by a number of different things:
      alcohol consumption, medication toxification,
      chemical exposure, mushroom poisoning,
      hereditary conditions, auto immune disease,
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infections,
      viral or parasite infections, fatty liver disease,
      cardiac/vascular, cyst/growth/tumor/cancer,
      and others.

      Tylenol (also known as acetaminophen) is not
      to be taken over the limit of 1000 mg. at a time.
      It is not to exceed 4000 mg per day in a healthy
      adult person. Look at the strength on the bottle
      and multiply that by the amount (you are sure of)
      pills that were taken.

      If someone has medical liver problems, it should then
      not exceed 2000 mg per day and should be taken
      only as the doctor prescribes.

      It depends on what milligram amount she took...and it
      also depends on her age. The mg amount is alot
      less in children.

      If she truly overdosed on this medication, then your
      parents should take her to the emergency room...they
      can remove the contents of her stomach and give her
      medications to help her liver process the amount she
      had taken. If she took the medication with Alcohol,
      she should definitely be seen right away...as this
      can cause instant liver cell damage.

      Even though, if she did overdose, that she vomits some of
      this medication up...it is still not a true assurance that
      her liver will not be harmed by this. She would need
      blood testing done to confirm it.

      I hope this information has been of some help. Best wishes

  7. QUESTION:
    Are there any herbal supplements that help with anxiety, but don't cause potential liver damage?
    I've considered Valerian and Kava Kava, which both theoretically cause liver damage. Are there any supplements that aren't harmful to the liver? Side effects of drugs and pills really scare me.

    • ANSWER:
      HI! I find 5-HTP to be very helpful. It's an all natural supplement that gets converted by the body into serotonin and helps improve the mood, relaxes, and controls carb cravings. I take 100-200 mg at bedtime and really have to say that it works.
      I've tried Valerian Root and have to say that it also works, but the downside to that one is two-fold: it is a horrible diuretic and you get used to it, meaning that you end up taking more which can lead to heart palpitations. The 5-HTP works better for me. You'll have to make sure though, that you don't overdo it. The recommended dosis is 100 mg, but some doctors say that 200 mg is also safe.....

  8. QUESTION:
    Can taking a lot of Advil cause liver damage?
    Okay, so at school, I go to the nurse every day to take Advil. Don't ask why... Someone told me it can cause liver damage. Can it?
    So taking 800 milligrams of Advil a day can cause liver damage?

    • ANSWER:
      Advil (ibuprofen) is a class of drug called NSAIDs. This drug class is primarily metabolized by the liver, so yes, taking too much or mixing it with alcohol or other drugs also metabolized in the liver can cause damage. Also there are people with liver disease (like hepatitis or cirrhosis) who should not take this kind of medication, as their liver function is already impaired. Some people also have a genetic variant in their liver enzymes which can make them more susceptible to liver damage from certain drugs.

      The question here is why do you need to take 800mg of ibuprofen every day? Do you have chronic pain? Is is a psychological issue?
      If 800mg is ALL you are taking for the entire day, then it's probably not an issue, as far as your liver is concerned unless you have hepatitis, irritable bowel syndrome, bleeding disorders or cholestatic liver disease.
      Generally, a dangerous dose is taking more than 100-400 mg/kg of body weight. Since I don't know your weight, I would say that although your dosage is high, if you're only taking 800 mg for the entire day, it shouldn't be an issue.

  9. QUESTION:
    How much acetaminophen is needed to cause liver damage?
    I'm currently taking Darvocet and each pill has 650mg of acetaminophen in it. I was told to take up to 3 per day, but that seems like a lot to me. Also, does anyone know anything about the other ingredient in Darvocet? I know it's sort of like codiene, but how so?

    • ANSWER:
      Darvocet N-100 is Propoxyphene with Tylenol. The maximum amount of Tylenol and adult can take in a 24 hour period is 4 Gm or 4000 milligrams. More than that is believed to cause liver damage. Propoxyphene is the narcotic pain reliever in the drug it is probably the lowest on the scale for pain relief.

  10. QUESTION:
    How much aspirin can I take before it begins to cause liver damage?
    I weigh 155 pounds, give or take, with very little fat on me. Any information would be useful, I recently broke my nose, and I am in a lot of pain.
    I'm just wondering at what amount liver damage will begin?
    It is more of a hypothetical question than anything else. I have heard of the dangers of aspirin, and I never take it, I just heard ibuprofen was much more safe for younger people. I have perececet for my nose, as I had surgery on it to have it re-broken, and re-set. Each pull is 5 mg oxycodone and 325 mg aspirin, so I'm wondering how many I can take. Two does make me feel better, but not 100%

    • ANSWER:
      Aspirin relieves pain and inflammation, but also makes platelets less responsive. This causes you to bleed more easily. Aspirin does not effect the liver. If you take too much aspirin, you can cause ulcers in your stomach and also have a bad bleed occur anywhere including your brain. If you have internal bleeding where you broke your nose, you may be making things worse.

      See a doctor for proper evaluation.

  11. QUESTION:
    Nexium does it cause liver damage or cancer?
    This is a matter of great importance andI need some quick

    information for my mother believes that she may have liver cancer

    or something even worse because of Nexium. Any answers

    regarding this matter will be greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Nexium (esomeprazole) is approved by the Food and Drug Administration.

      Clinical studies were presented to the FDA in August, 2007, after which they declared it does not cause any risk to the heart, which was the primary reason for the studies.

  12. QUESTION:
    Help!!!! Please explain the action of hepatitis B virus that causes liver damage....?
    thanks for your help!!! (in advance)

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis is a disorder in which viruses or other mechanisms produce inflammation in liver cells, resulting in their injury or destruction. The liver is the largest organ in the body, occupying the entire upper right quadrant of the abdomen. It performs over 500 vital functions. Among them are the following:

      *It processes all of the nutrients the body requires, including proteins, glucose, vitamins, and fats.

      *The liver manufactures bile, the greenish fluid stored in the gallbladder that helps digest fats.

      *One of the liver's major contributions to life is to render harmless potentially toxic substances, including alcohol, ammonia, nicotine, drugs, and harmful by-products of digestion.

      *Old red blood cells are removed from the blood by the liver and spleen, and the iron contained in them is recycled to the bone marrow to make new red blood cells.

      Damage to the liver can impair these and many other processes. Hepatitis varies in severity from a self-limited condition with total recovery to a life-threatening or life-long disease. It can occur from many different causes:

      In the most common hepatitis cases, specific viruses incite the immune system to fight off infections (called viral hepatitis). Specific immune factors become over-produced that cause injury.
      Hepatitis can also result from an autoimmune condition, in which abnormal immune factors attack the body's own liver cells.
      Inflammation of the liver can also occur from medical problems, drugs, alcoholism, chemicals, and environmental toxins.
      No matter what the cause of hepatitis, it can take either an acute (short term) or chronic form (persistent). In some cases, acute hepatitis develops into a chronic condition, but chronic hepatitis can also occur on its own. Although chronic hepatitis is generally the more serious condition, patients having either condition can experience varying degrees of severity.

      Acute Hepatitis. Acute hepatitis can begin suddenly or gradually, but it has a limited course and rarely lasts beyond one or two months. Usually there is only spotty liver cell damage and evidence of immune system activity, but on rare occasions, acute hepatitis can cause severe, even life-threatening, liver damage.

      *Chronic Hepatitis. The chronic forms of hepatitis persist for prolonged periods. Experts usually categorize chronic hepatitis by indications of severity as one of the following:

      *Chronic persistent hepatitis. Chronic persistent hepatitis is usually mild and nonprogressive or slowly progressive, causing limited damage to the liver.

      *Chronic active hepatitis. Chronic active hepatitis involves extensive liver damage and cell injury beyond the portal tract.

  13. QUESTION:
    can a blow to the ribs cause liver damage?
    I recently got hit in the ribs and suspected it caused torn cartilage, but now the pain has gone from the outside of my ribs but remains on the inside. could i have bruised my liver or another organ?

    • ANSWER:
      Depend's on where and how hard you've been hit,if you suspect damage to the liver go to the ER now even if it's nothing,but if left untreated it will lead to liver failer

      hope that helps...

  14. QUESTION:
    Bodybuilding supplements and liver damage?
    Our biology teacher told us that using bodybuilding supplements like amino acids causes liver damage because the body only digests what it needs and the rest goes to the liver which causes a lot of load on the liver, I want to use Universal Animal Pak, It contains amino acids, but I am really worried.

    • ANSWER:
      To an extent, your teacher is correct. However, this is a generalization and there are far too many variables to be able to answer with a simple yes or no (not to mention that almost every finding related to health, nutrition, and fitness is continuously debated by all the so-called "experts").

      Without trying to confuse you with complex information that exceeds almost everyone's knowledge base (including mine), I can reiterate some of the more common findings.

      First, know that the liver is the only organ in the human body that is capable of regeneration. The workload that this organ bears pretty much demands it.

      Now there are different dietary supplements that have been proven in different clinical trials to cause damage to the liver and other organs. There are several theories as to why, one of the most accepted (and I believe it to be true) is that supplement manufacturers are not regulated by the FDA, which means they can pretty much do whatever they want, even without scientific backing. This is because of the "dietary supplement" classification. The theory is that most of these companies have no idea what the true effects of their product will have because they are combining substances that have never before been attempted, and with no legitimate studies or trials to test for safety or effectiveness.

      As far as amino acids go, there is no substantial or undisputed proof that an excess of protein in the diet (including amino acids/BCAAs) causes damage to the liver. This has actually been one of the more common studies since the majority of north americans have a high-protein dietary lifestyle.

      The fact is the body cannot store protein. It only takes what it needs at the time. Any excess or leftover amino acids in the system are converted by the liver to other usable substances. It's called deamination, and the process goes like this:

      -converts nitrogen from the amino acid into ammonia
      -ammonia converted by the liver into urea (urea cycle)
      -urea excretion is performed by the kidneys

      These organs can effectively handle the extra workload, as long as the organs are healthy. If there is any type of pre-existing kidney disease, however, then you may have problems (and possibly serious ones). This is when a doctor will usually prescribe a reduction in protein intake. Other than that, amino acid supplements, taken in moderation, will not damage the liver or kidneys.

      My suggestion to you is to do your research. Know every ingredient that is in the supplement you want to take and talk to a doctor or a Registered Dietitian (RD). Anyone can call themselves a nutritionist, there is no formal educational training for such a title, so make sure the person is an RD. You actually have to obtain a bachelor's degree and pass a national certification test (an extremely long and difficult one) to become an RD.

      My last piece of advice is to make sure that whichever supplement(s) you do take, do not overuse them. Don't take too much at once and make sure you are cycling off the product. Remember, your body adapts to everything you do, which is why cycling supplements is crucial.

  15. QUESTION:
    Does long term use of codeine minus the tylenol cause liver damage?

    I take usually about 160mg two or three times a week, depending on how I feel. I really try not to exceed 3 times though.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, depending on how many milligrams you take each day (the max they get concerned about is around 3,000 mg each day) it can do damage to the liver.

      I would recommend that you check with your doctor and pharmacist as well to see what they say.

  16. QUESTION:
    Cn levothyroxine for dog's hypothyroidism cause liver damage or any other bad things? also the vet prescribed
    it and to give it to the dog twice dayli a dosage of 0.5 but my dog normally eats around 5 pm and the second time around 11 pm is that ok for the pill to be taken at those times? i mean is that a right amount of time ?

    • ANSWER:
      Levothyroxine is not known to have any liver damaging effects. Over dosage may lead to hyperactivity, increased heart rate and panting. Levothyroxine should be given every 12 hours. I'm sure your vet already told you but after being given levothyroxine for a specific period of time (which depends on your vet), your dog should have a blood test to determine if the thyroid levels are in the normal range. We usually test the dog after a month or so and then every 6-12 months.

  17. QUESTION:
    Would overdosing on OTC pain killers, but not have to go to the ER from it cause liver damage / liver disease?
    I use to take alot of aspirin (more than the recommended amount) for a chronic pain which turned out to be gallbladder infection. Could this cause liver disease / damage? How would I be able to find out if I have liver damage / disease?

    • ANSWER:
      Aspirin is safe. Even in moderate overdosages.

      Tylenol (acetaminophen) is not safe, and it very easy to overdose and destroy your liver.

      A physician can talk with you about your concerns.

      A common sign of liver disease is jaundice, the whites of your eyes turn yellow.

  18. QUESTION:
    What are the causes of getting liver damage?
    What are the causes of getting liver damage?

    • ANSWER:
      There are several reasons for liver damage. Here are some of the most common:

      -Regular intake of alcoholic beverages {specially large quantities or hard liquors like rum, whiskey, etc.}
      -Chronic, untreated infection with viral Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C; both cause liver cancer on the long run.
      -Cytomegalovirus infection {specially during childhood}
      -Long-term usage of medications that are metabolized in the liver {most prescription medications and many OTC ones are}.
      -Schistosomiasis {bilharzia} infection; this is a parasite that can be found in fresh water rivers of tropical or Far East countries. It spends its early larval stages into a type of flat snail that live in those rivers. The microscopic larvae leave the snails and live in the water for 48 hours, and they penetrate the skin of people or other mammals that swim or wade in the rivers. Once inside the body, they stablish themselves in the bile ducts, bladder and intestines where they turn into adults about an inch long. As they multiply, the bile ducts are blocked by the millions of schistosoma eggs and damage the liver, ultimately causing liver failure, brain and/or spinal cord damage and in some cases death.
      -Molybdenum poisoning by exposure to this kind of metal, or molybdenum-containing substances.
      -Fasciolasis, a parasitic infection similar to schistosoma.
      -Porphyria, a disorder in which the body produces too much of the chemical porphyrin; excess porphyrin is excreted in the urine giving it a purplish color.
      -Primary biliary cirrhosis, which gradually destroys the bile ducts, causing bile to build up in the liver and damaging it.
      -Crigler-Najjar Syndrome, a congenital condition which causes bilirubin to be retained into the body, causing severe liver damage.
      -Cancer of the liver, a malignancy of the liver cells that causes severe liver damage, liver failure and death.

      For more detailed reading on these and other causes of liver damage, go to the following link:
      http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/symptoms/liver_damage/causes.htm

  19. QUESTION:
    Junk Food with cold drinks causes damage to liver and on set of Type 2 Diabetes in four weeks?
    Research done in University of St Louis Missouri on mice found to their astonishment that when mice were fed with fast food cold drinks and were not allowed any exercise, then with in four weeks they found damage to liver of mice. Also they found on set of Type 2 diabetes in these mice.
    Fatty food when eaten stop production of insulin causing diabetes.

    Are our children not being exposed to these diseases by eating junk food with Pespi and Coke culture.
    What is duty of parents, government and NGOs to stop the sales gimmick of McDonalds culture in India?
    Should such warnings to pasted in McDonalds stores like:

    EATING JUNK FOOD IS INJURIOUS TO HEALTH?

    If cigerette packets can have such warnings, can it not be applied to Junk food of all kind?

    How we can warn our consumers?

    Can our medical fraternity not do research of similar nature and based on findings, take necessary action?

    Will governement Health Ministry do any thing?

    Your feed back and please tell everybody

    • ANSWER:
      It is our responsibility to take care of our children,guide them ,instill good eating habits,etc.children pattern themselves after they're parents behavior.
      I think all these fast-food places kind of brain wash our kids so it's up to us,the parents to show healthy eating,working out,being body conscious.
      educating our youth about obesity,heart disease and other conditions caused by junk food is now a necessity.

  20. QUESTION:
    Any thoughts on birth control and liver damage?
    About 2 years ago I had a severe reaction to alcohol. After only 1 drink I felt like something was sitting on my chest. My breathing was labored and it seemed almost painful. I thougtht it was possibly a panic attack. I don't drink often so about 6 months after that I was celebrating a birthday of one of my friends and after a couple of drinks I had the same reaction but worse. I saw my Dr. and she said that my liver could possibly not be processing the alcohol. She said that it was too busy processing the birth control I was on. I have not been on birth control for almost 2 years and when I recently got married, I tried to drink wine. After two glasses I became ill and had the same symptoms. I never had this problem before I was on bc. Has anyone ever heard of a birth control causing liver damage?

    • ANSWER:
      Some studies have linked oral contraceptives with an increased risk of developing hepatomas (a benign liver growth). Typically, these are not considered life-threatening, but it is always a wise decision to consult with your primary care physician.

  21. QUESTION:
    how would the level of bilirubin in the blood be affected by a disease that causes damage to the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      The liver metabolizes the bilirubin allowing the body to get rid of the excess through the fecal matter, a disease in this organ will affect the process thus accumulating the excess bilirubin that should be excreted.

  22. QUESTION:
    Can "Plan B" cause liver damage? Any kind of serious harm to the body?
    "Plan B", the emergency contraceptive pill...
    Will it damage the liver or any body part to an extreme? What if the girl had a liver problem 5 years ago, but all is ok now? Curious...Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      No, it cannot.

      The drug in Plan B is levonorgestrel, which is well researched and very safe. All it is is a high dose birth control pill. It's the same hormones your body produces naturally.

  23. QUESTION:
    I just found out that Advil can cause liver damage if used too much. I've used it too much - how to undo?
    Can I start improving my liver now that I know better? I have taken a LOT of advil in the last year.

    • ANSWER:
      You need to be kind to your liver and eat things like fruit, vegetables, brown rice, nuts, eggs and avoid processed foods. If you try to make healthy choices in food you will help your liver to get back to how it should be. Check out this link they can give you more information about the different foods you can eat and what should be avoided.

      http://gmhc.org/health/nutrition/liver/food.html

  24. QUESTION:
    Will this cause alcoholic liver damage?
    Serious answers only please. I am a 3rd year college student and for the past 3 years I have been drinking a lot. For the first 2 years of college I drank 4-5 beers every few days. I am now in my 3rd year and for the past year I have drank 4-6 beers a night. I am going to cut back. But I'm wondering if I am paranoid or if this will really cause liver damage?

    • ANSWER:
      You probably have not done any permanent liver damage, but my guess is that you have inflammation in your liver. It typically takes many years (10+ according to the experts) to do any permanent damage such as cirrhosis which is when scar tissue replaces the healthy tissue in the liver. Inflammation can lead to fibrosis which is abnormal fibrous bands in the liver. If the inflammation continues over time, then that can then progress to becoming cirrhosis which is permanent damage that does not go away. If you have fibrosis, then if you stop drinking and take away what is causing all the inflammation, the liver can heal itself because it can regenerate. Once it becomes cirrhosis, then there is no regeneration since scar tissue is permanent damage that blocks blood flow to the liver which makes it unable to function well. Keep in mind that it is common for liver failure to be in the advanced stage before any physical symptoms might show up. Mine was 90% destroyed before any symptoms appeared and I had to get a transplant. You need to stop drinking before any cirrhosis forms.

      Four to five beers every few days will probably do nothing but you are really pushing it at 4-6 every day. It also can lead to alcoholism and if you need this much every day, you would be considered an alcoholic. We all know how much fun it can be to be away at college and you get together with all your friends to get skunked from time to time (usually weekends for many). But when you find yourself drinking every day, you could have a problem because that is more than just the party on weekends, study all week lifestyle. You are in your third year and it's time to get serious about college and serious about your future. In other words, it's time to put on your big boy pants and become a responsible adult without alcohol abuse. Good luck to you.

  25. QUESTION:
    hepatitis b or c. do both or just one of them cause liver damage?
    gran-daughter has hep b with liver damage,but wanna know for sure.& is it curable? know it sounds like i'm naive which i feel like i am. anyway appreciate info.

    • ANSWER:
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepatitis_B

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepatitis_A

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepatitis_C

      I'm sorry to hear that.

      Prognosis

      " Hepatitis B virus infection may either be acute (self-limiting) or chronic (long-standing). Persons with self-limiting infection clear the infection spontaneously within weeks to months.

      Children are less likely than adults to clear the infection. More than 95% of people who become infected as adults or older children will stage a full recovery and develop protective immunity to the virus. However, this drops to 30% for younger children, and only 5% of newborns that acquire the infection from their mother at birth will clear the infection[39]. This population has a 40% lifetime risk of death from cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma.[35] Of those infected between the age of one to six, 70% will clear the infection.[40]

      Hepatitis D (HDV) can only occur with a concomitant hepatitis B infection, because HDV uses the HBV surface antigen to form a capsid.[41] Co-infection with hepatitis D increases the risk of liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.[42] Polyarteritis nodosa is more common in people with hepatitis B infection." quote

  26. QUESTION:
    How much Tylenol will harm your liver? Can it be reversed?
    Can taking 4000 mg of tylenol a day (sometimes more) over the course of a year cause liver damage?

    What if the tylenol was taken for a few months at a time with a few months breaks in between?

    If it causes damage, can the damage be reversed?

    I've heard that over the course of time your liver can become use to it and adapt, is this true?

    I've also heard that the damage usually only can occur in acute high does and would take about 10 years of use to cause damage. True?

    I'm looking for answers from people educated in this area only with knowledgeable answers, not guesses please.

    • ANSWER:
      Well everything depends on the person....
      I on one hand a rather large person have to drink around 1000mg of a painkiller for it to take effect. I remember, in fact, on one occasion, a 650 mg tylenol did not do any effect, so i ended up taking 2 of them, and when ever i have a sever pain that will not go away, i just take 2 650mg tylenol's
      Lol i even took up to 8 of those a day when i had severe ear pain, the doctor prescribed Vicodin but i was advised against it by my family... so it basically depends on the person.

  27. QUESTION:
    can anyone tell me what the long term effects of lithium are,recently i heard that it can cause liver damage?
    i have researched this but i have found nothing on the topic.

    • ANSWER:
      Lithium toxicity and side effects
      The required dosage (15-20mg per kg of body weight) is slightly less than the toxic level, requiring blood levels of lithium to be monitored extremely closely during treatment. In order to prescribe the correct dosage, the patient's entire medical history, both physical and psychological, is taken into consideration. Blood tests are carried out every 3 months to ensure the level of lithium is appropriate and to prevent toxicity, along with kidney and thyroid tests.

      Those who use lithium should receive regular (generally monthly once stable) blood tests and should monitor thyroid function annually and kidney function every three to six months for abnormalities. As it interferes with the regulation of sodium and water levels in the body, lithium can cause dehydration. Dehydration, which is compounded by heat, can result in increasing lithium levels.

      High doses of haloperidol, fluphenazine, or flupenthixol may be hazardous when used with lithium; irreversible toxic encephalopathy has been reported.

      Lithium salts have a narrow therapeutic/toxic ratio and should therefore not be prescribed unless facilities for monitoring plasma concentrations are available. Patients should be carefully selected. Doses are adjusted to achieve plasma concentrations of 0.6 to 1.2mmol Li+/litre (lower end of the range for maintenance therapy and elderly patients, higher end for pediatric patients) on samples taken 12 hours after the preceding dose. Overdosage, usually with plasma concentrations over 1.5mmol Li+/litre, may be fatal and toxic effects include tremor, ataxia, dysarthria, nystagmus, renal impairment, and convulsions. If these potentially hazardous signs occur, treatment should be stopped, plasma lithium concentrations redetermined, and steps taken to reverse lithium toxicity. The most common side effects end up being an overall dazed feeling and a fine hand tremor. These side effects are generally present during the length of the treatment. Other common side effects such as nausea and headache, can be generally remedied by a higher intake of water. lithium unbalances electrolytes. To counteract this, patients taking lithium should drink plenty of water.

      Lithium toxicity is compounded by sodium depletion. Concurrent use of diuretics that inhibit the uptake of sodium by the distal tubule (e.g. thiazides) is hazardous and should be avoided. In mild cases withdrawal of lithium and administration of generous amounts of sodium and fluid will reverse the toxicity. Plasma concentrations in excess of 2.5 mmol Li+/litre are usually associated with serious toxicity requiring emergency treatment. When toxic concentrations are reached there may be a delay of 1 or 2 days before maximum toxicity occurs.

      In long-term use, therapeutic concentrations of lithium have been thought to cause histological and functional changes in the kidney. The significance of such changes is not clear but is of sufficient concern to discourage long-term use of lithium unless it is definitely indicated. An important consequence is the development of diabetes insipidus (inability to concentrate urine). Patients should therefore be maintained on lithium treatment after 3-5 years only if, on assessment, benefit persists. Conventional and sustained-release tablets are available. Preparations vary widely in bioavailability, and a change in the formulation used requires the same precautions as initiation of treatment. There are few reasons to prefer any one simple salt of lithium; the carbonate has been the more widely used, but the citrate is also available.

  28. QUESTION:
    Is liver damage extremely serious?
    just wondering because i've abused cough medicine for maybe 4 - 5 years but i've stopped and yeah i know it causes liver damage because i've done research, and i know that i have to have some kind of liver damage from all those pills i popped..

    but is liver damage fatal?

    • ANSWER:
      yes because its a vital organ. it filters what you eat, produces bile, and many more essential things. if you seriously damage your liver you might need a transplant which is not fun.

  29. QUESTION:
    Can prolonged use of codeine sulphate cause liver damage?

    • ANSWER:
      everyday for a year yes, every week for 20 years yes, but once in a while no.

      Its best to ask your doctor, its about thinking of the better of two evils- if there is a quality of life thats bearable without taking them.

  30. QUESTION:
    do you know what site I can get pics of liver damage caused fr chemo for colon cancer?
    I had colon cancer surgery and am taking chem treatments my liver count is up can you tell me a site to see pictures of liver damage from taking chem

    • ANSWER:
      What makes you think chemo is damaging your liver or that it would be visible?
      Your doctor is not giving you chemo to kill you.

  31. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of liver damage, caused by tylenol?
    and is tylenol addicitng?

    • ANSWER:
      <>Tylenol overdose is virtually 100% lethal if untreated. The destruction of the liver is irreversible 48 hours after ingestion of as little as 12g. Symptoms may be absent or may include:
      Nausea
      Vomiting
      Not feeling well
      Not able to eat or poor appetite
      Abdominal pain
      Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is not addictive, but should always be used with care.

  32. QUESTION:
    My liver enzymes are high...What causes that?
    I am 29, generally healthy,besides elevated blood pressure and cholesterol (what American doesn't now a days...) I DO NOT drink alcohol, nor do i take prescription pain pills. i may take tylenol (2- 500 mg tablets) once a day for joint pain, and of course blood pressure and high concentration omega 3 fish oil tablets for cholesterol (cant take statins).

    All of these conditions above can cause high enzyme counts...My Doc is at a loss, she has no idea what else could be causing this...She wants me to stop taking the tylenol for now, even though she knows i'm not taking enough of it to cause liver damage...i am also seeing a Gastro Doc, who has so far told me that it could be N.A.S.H. (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis)...but would that cause high liver enzymes?

    I am not looking for someone to tell me "you need to see a doctor"...Duh, i know that...what i'm looking for is too find out if anyone else out there has gone thru this or something similar. What other avenues did you doc take?
    i have been tested for Hep, a-b-&c, all negative...it did seem like the perfect diagnosis at first though...everything symptom fit, but blood was negative for all 3.

    • ANSWER:
      I hope your primary care doctor has tested you for hepatitis B and C. Elevated liver enzymes and joint pain are two of the most common symptoms of hep c. Tiredness is another main symptom. And yes, NASH can cause high enzymes. There are many people walking around with hep c and don't know it because the symptoms are so subtle. Get tested to at least rule that out. By the way, many primary care doctors do not test for hep c or are even knowledgable about it. Just in case you don't know, the risk factors for hep c are blood transfusions before 1992, IV drug use even if only one time years ago, tatttoos, piercings, snorting drugs & sharing the straw/dollar bill, sharing razors or toothbrushes with someone who is infected, exposure to blood (i.e. needlesticks in medical or dental personnel), kidney dialysis, risky sex where blood to blood contact has occurred. Best wishes, hope this helps you.

  33. QUESTION:
    would 5 or 6 beers and 1.5 grams of acetaminophen combined cause liver damage?
    I was wondering at what combined levels does it get dangerous for a 6'4 240lb guy?

    • ANSWER:
      Subclinical and transient "damage" at most would be my guess but I wouldn't make it a habit.

  34. QUESTION:
    What causes more damage to your liver/brain?
    Consuming the same amount of alcohol in a short period of time, or over the course of a long time?
    Like getting black-out drunk three nigts a week, or just a little buzzed every night?

    • ANSWER:
      I would venture to believe that the short period heavy intake 3x week is more damaging, reason being filtering intake at a rapid consumption the liver and brain cannot keep up, that's why you hear of a lot of people who experience periods of amnesia related to drinking, even though fully awake. A little buzzed every night, providing your diet is good and you do not take other medications that draw on the liver as well to detox is probably less demanding and gives the liver, brain some reprieve. I'd like to say more, but I'll stick to just answering your question.

  35. QUESTION:
    Taking Zyloric 300Mg for one year could cause liver damage or not?
    Hello everyone,
    I have taken Zyloric 300Mg for one year due to high Acid Uric, anyways after doing a blood test again, I found the Acid Uric is at 7.2, but GGT: 64 AST: 66 ALT: 115, so the elevate of the three reading is possibly caused by Zyloric or not? please kindly help. thkssssss

    • ANSWER:

  36. QUESTION:
    Adderall can cause liver damage?
    My friend has been taking adderall for 4 months now.
    She was prescribed 20 mg's a day.

    I am worried because I think she may be taking more than she should.
    Shes 20 yrs old, 105 lbs, and 5'2.
    shes just very small.

    She is suppose to take 1 pill each day, but i guess shes been taking 2. Thats 40 mgs a day!

    in the past ( not long ago actually) she had been taking 1 or 2 caffiene pills each day and several (id guess 5)ephederine pills each day.
    She doesnt take them anymore, but now she is taking 40mgs of adderall.

    I told her that this is very serious and that she needs to take what she has been prescribed, and she has.
    shes been only taking what shes suppose too.

    next week she is going for a blood test just to do a check up.
    like check her liver and kidneys.

    Is it possible she may have any internal damage with her liver?
    Shes never done any other drugs, like nothing heavy or illegal..
    and she is other wise healthy.
    could she have liver damage? what will a blood test show?

    • ANSWER:
      Just wondering why she is taking Adderall and why she was taking ephedrine with caffeine? If she's been taking more than the reccomended dose of her medication it will reflect in the liver test (high cholesterol, cirrosis). Depending on how long she has been taking a double dose of these pills, it will show up but otherwise it is hard to tell
      HTH

  37. QUESTION:
    what are the main causes for liver damage ?
    The main causes of liver damage are:

    1. Sleeping too late and waking up too late are main cause.
    2. Not urinating in the morning.
    3. Too much eating.
    4. Skipping breakfast.
    5. Consuming too much medication.
    6. Consuming too much preservatives, additives, food coloring, and artificial sweetener.
    7. Consuming unhealthy cooking oil. As much as possible reduce cooking oil use when frying, which includes even the best cooking oils like olive oil. Do not consume fried foods when you are tired, except if the body is very fit.
    8. Consuming raw (overly done) foods also add to the burden of liver.
    Veggies should be eaten raw or cooked 3-5 parts. Fried veggies should be finished in one sitting, do not store.

    For more information log on: http://www.healthonclick.com

    • ANSWER:
      This site also reflects to the causes you stated. It's under the title: Be Good to Your Liver,.

      http://www.knowledgebase-script.com/demo/article-315.html

      Causes of Cirrhosis or scarring of liver tissues:

      Causes of cirrhosis include:

      •Alcoholism
      •Chronic hepatitis B and C
      •Autoimmune hepatitis
      •Bile duct disorders such as primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis
      •Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
      •Inherited Metabolic disorders such as hemachromatosis, Wilsons disease, and alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and Cystic Fibrosis
      •Prolonged exposure to certain types of chemicals and medications such as Tylenol. and Naltrexone Injections.
      *Diabetes
      * Liver Cancer

      Obesity is becoming a common cause of cirrhosis, either as the sole cause or in combination with alcohol, hepatitis C, or both. Many people with cirrhosis have more than one cause of liver damage.

  38. QUESTION:
    R my meds causing liver damage?
    I have been taking Soma muscle relaxer & vicodine off & on for 3yrs. & requip for restless leg for 3 yrs. My doc said i need 2 do blood work to check the liver emzine levels. When a doc orders a cbc test on blood doesnt that include the liver emzine levels too? & wouldn't I have symptoms of liver damage? sorry for misspelling words!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      CBC will only check your red blood cells (hemoglobin, hematocrit, other indices), white blood cells (total and differential count) and platelets. Test for liver enzymes are different. Usually SGOT, SGPT, ALP, GGTP, etc. You may or may not have symptoms. So symptoms are very subtle like fatigue and can be very severe like jaundice and full blown drug induced hepatitis. Usually stopping the medication reverses the problem but it will take a while.

  39. QUESTION:
    is dizziness a sign of severe liver damage?
    OK so i fear i have liver damage cause i take so much medication and I'm weaning myself off of the medication but today i started to get really dizzy and a little shaky like if i had the flu but i don't have the flu could it be liver damage? Ive also been stressing out so much about everything could i be making myself dizzy cause I'm stressing and worrying so much?

    • ANSWER:

  40. QUESTION:
    My friend tells me he wont live past 30's because of permanent liver damage caused by taking over 40 pills?
    I don't think he is being honest because the liver heals itself. He is 19 now and it happened when he was 16/17. Could this be true? Or is he lying.

    • ANSWER:

  41. QUESTION:
    Can Darvecet for pain used over a long period of time cause Liver damage.?

    • ANSWER:
      Your liver is the organ primarily responsible for removing poisons and toxins from the body.
      Many drugs, although they may have a therapeutic effect, are considered poisons; and as a consequence, overwork the liver.
      Just like anything else that gets abused, the liver will break down over time.

  42. QUESTION:
    can darvocet cause liver damage?
    i take darvocet a lot could it cause liver damage? and if it can should i get checked out now or wait till i have symptoms of liver damage? i just got blood tests done a couple months ago and nothing was wrong but i do take a lot of darvocet im trying to cut back cause im addicted but i cant quit cold turkey ive tried i just want to make sure im not gonna die without any warning

    • ANSWER:
      Yes it can cause liver damage any medication can if u take to much (it's made with Acetaminophen which is the same stuff in Tylenol & that stuff is HORRIBLE 4 ur liver)!! U CAN quit cold turkey but it will be hard! But just think of ur health. & no u shouldn't wait until u have signs of liver damage because by then their will be nothing u can do about it because the damage is already done. I reccomend u quit while ur ahead. Good Luck! =)

  43. QUESTION:
    Do Pills cause liver damage????
    I heard pills tear your liver apart, is it true???? I work out and take 11 multi vitamins a day, creatine pills and nitrix oxide pills.At the same tme i drink plenty of water through out the day and eat healthy foods high in protien. 1.5 grams of protien per pound of body weight . i watch my calories and carbs to maintain a lean built body.I also rarley drink, maybe once every two weeks and only a few drinks i dont get drunk because i know it will drain the water out of my muscles and i know alchol does damage the liver.BUT does me taking muti vitamin pills and creatine etc. pills damage my liver????

    • ANSWER:
      You must remember that any pills you take must be processed by the liver. There are a tremendous number that will cause immediate liver damage and although the liver is the second biggest organ in your body it can be destroyed over time by abuse. Your doctor, when he or she prescribes medication, will be taking into account the effect it will have on your body and will only prescribe the best drug to alleviate the present problem with the least effect on your liver. If you eat a proper diet you have no need to take vitamin's as your body can derive them from food and by taking them you increase the load on your liver. If you go into liver failure you will need a transplant or you will die. You really must consider that nature has this all worked out for us and when we don't follow nature we create a lot of unnecessary suffering for ourselves. I am 59 and I have never taken vitamin's and I have a blood pressure of 120/75, my height is 6' and my weight is 87 kilos, I have type 2 diabetes, I was an alcoholic and I smoked as a young man, and my doctor tells me that for my age I am extreamly healthy - do it nature's way it is the best.

  44. QUESTION:
    Does diphenhydramine (Benadryl) cause liver damage?
    I have been taking it for years and was wondering if it could cause any harm. I know acetaminophen does but I simply take the generic version of Benadryl.

    • ANSWER:
      When used as directed, diphenhydramine should not by itself cause liver damage. It may interact with handful of other drugs and cause liver damage, though I can't think of any off-hand. Liver damage is also said to be a possibility with very large doses of DPH, although it's not clear how that would happen.

  45. QUESTION:
    is bloading or fullness in the abdomen a sign of liver damage?
    i'm scared i might have liver damage cause i take too much medication and i have a full or bloading feeling in my lower abdomen but im also on my period so im just curious and also ive been on my period for about 2 weeks which is unusual for me

    • ANSWER:
      Hi buddy,
      Consult an experienced Gastroentrologist, he can help you to cure. Also don't take any pain killers and other unwanted medications. Take Liver function test, Liver biopsy and a ultrasound scan to diagnose the right problem. Also Check for Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B.

  46. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have any information or personal experience for Milk Thistle for repair of the Liver?
    I've read a few articles on the internet but was wondering what other's might know about this. Also does anyone know or read of definite proof that Aleve or other NAISD's can cause Liver Damage?

    • ANSWER:
      milk thistle is something that i would swear by and die without. my liver was crapping out on me (for lack of a better phrase) and i got on a dandelion and milk thistle supplement that has it working at 100%. consumer labs is a third party tester that tells you what's really in brand products and has a ton of info on practically every supplement. they may be able to better help you.

  47. QUESTION:
    Would this cause liver damage?!?
    I have drank a whole bottle of robotussin (only once)
    I have taken 100mg of adderall (only once)
    I have drank 2/3 of a cough syrup (children med) (only once)
    I have taken about 15-20 over the counter anti-depressants (did this twice)

    Do you think I may have liver damage??? And o have stopped taking a lot of pills because I find no need to do that anymore.

    • ANSWER:
      Why are you asking stupid questions?

  48. QUESTION:
    I take percocets for back pain(i have 4 bolging discs) can it cause liver damage?
    im supose to take 2 every 6 hours and i do but what im woried about is ive been taking them for a year. I'm not a drug abuser nore do i take more than recomened but because of the pain there are days where i take 6 in a day but i also sometimes go months without taking them and im also not addicted

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, because it has acetaminophen aka Tylenol in it. You should not exceed 4000mg in a 24-hr period.

  49. QUESTION:
    How much alcohol will cause liver damage? ?
    I've been taking minocycline for 2 years. For the past month I've been drinking some vodka a little every day but sometimes more (enuf to get drunk). About 32 oz of vodka total in maybe 2 or 3 weeks. Is this enough to mess up my liver and cause liver damage? I'm supposed to get a blood test and I don't want any alcohol to show up. How long should I wait to get my blood test? Will the test be able to show if alcohol or the minocyline is damaging to my liver?

    A response ASAP would be helpful!

    • ANSWER:
      Your liver and body can usually cope with drinking a small amount of alcohol. Indeed, drinking a small amount of alcohol (1-2 units per day) may help to prevent heart disease and stroke. However, drinking over the recommended limits (detailed below) can be harmful. If you drink heavily you have an increased risk of developing liver disease.

      Also taking medication while drinking is NEVER good for your body.

  50. QUESTION:
    I believe advice my mother gave me has caused me liver damage - My life has changed forever - Can I sue her?
    Ok long story short, I moved out and tried making it on my own after highschool. I was 19 years old. Unfortunately I became pregnant at 19 from a serious boyfriend who'd told me he was sterile. I had people back up his story of being sterile. I was still a virgin up to that point when I became pregnant. I had been with my boyfriend, Mark, for half a year, before we had sex. I had very strict parents, my Dad was physically and emotionally abusive and we weren't allowed to talk about sex at all in my house. Actually we were just basically told not to do it, because it's 'bad'. Well I became really really stressed after learning I'd gotten pregnant becuase I was afraid of what my Dad would do if he found out about it. I went to my mom as she was less strict than my Dad. Well that was the worst decision of my life. After i told her I was pregnant, first thing she said was, 'Your Dad is going to kill you. Didn't he tell you not to do anything bad!' This made me even more stressed and desperate. Then she told me of a friend of hers that got pregnant when she was younger and she took some pills and got her period again afterwards, hence was no longer pregnant. She told me she had the same pills there at the house. She brought them over to me, put several in my hand, idk exactly how many there were but there was alot of them and gave me some water to take them with. She told me I'd be having my period soon afterwards. Well I was so desperate and scared that I took them. This was the worst decision I could've done. I asked her how long till they took effect and she said several hours or even up to a day. Just to wait. I did as she asked and will my period never came. She told me I most likely wasn't pregnant anymore. I told her I wanted to be sure and said I would be making an apptmt w/ a doctor to get a pregnancy test done. I made the apptmt & my mom accompanied me to it. Sure enuf, I was still pregnant. Dr. saw I was unhappy by the news and gave me an option I hadn't thought of, didn't even know enuf about it to consider it. It was a clinical abortion. I talked w/ my boyfriend & we both decided that would be the best choice for us. So I had the clinical abortion. I tried to go on with my normal routines afterwards but I got really really sick and I believe it's due to the pills my mother gave me that one day because I've had ob gyn apptmts and everything is normal after the abortion but I'm having symptoms that are similar to those of liver damage. My symptoms are and have been since after having been given the pills, pain in my abdomen, severe constipation, severely dry skin, family members asking my why I look yellow (jaundice?) and I'm tired all the time. I've never told a doctor about the pills my mom told me to take that day, because I'm too embarrassed to bring it up, but I believe I could've suffered liver damage from them as I've done extensive research on the pills & main ingredient in them is paracetamol aka acetaminophen which is known to cause liver damage when taken in overdose. I want to sue my mother as I've lost everything since, my job, couldn't keep working because of my health, my boyfriend, he left me after all this, my friends, I don't go out because of my health issues so they're not around anymore. My life as I knew it no longer exists. I already made an appointment to see a doctor about getting tested for liver damage. What should I do if test comes out positive for liver damage?
    but it doesn't make you sick to know that she gave a bunch of pills to her naive 19 year old daughter??

    • ANSWER:
      Your Mom seems like she needs help...especially living with an abusive husband...Sounds as if she was trying to protect you, yes certain medicines can cause liver damage...Instead of suing her first, give her a chance to get help...if that doesn't work...then you get help and tell the doctor everything...once a physician steps in, they can push lawsuit against the one who gave you the medicine...


Causes Of Liver Cirrhosis

According to the National Center for Health Statistics, cirrhosis and chronic liver disease is the 11th leading cause of death. As per their latest data published in 2006 - there were over 26,500 deaths in the US alone for 2004.

The liver is a vital organ that filters pollutants from the blood, maintains glucose levels, assists in blood clotting, stores vitamins, processes fats and produces urea among hundreds of other functions. Cirrhosis occurs when the liver's tissues get scarred due to alcohol abuse, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, drugs and chemicals, blocked bile ducts, genetic disorders such as haemochromatosis, Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, Wilson disease, galactosemia, and glycogen storage diseases.

Steps to treat and prevent cirrhosis:

1. Abstain from alcohol: Alcohol abuse is the single most important reason for liver damage. Up to 100 percent of heavy drinkers show evidence of fatty liver, about 10 to 35 percent develop alcoholic hepatitis, and 10 to 20 percent develop cirrhosis. (Ref: Grant, B.F.; Dufour, M.C.; & Harford, T.C. Epidemiology of alcoholic liver disease. Seminars in Liver Disease 8(1):12-25, 1988.)

2. Change your diet: Reduce sodium in your diet drastically. Avoid canned and packaged foods. Use salt sparingly while cooking and seasoning. Eat several small meals a day. Take adequate protein. Reduce fat. Blood sugar levels may be too high or too low. Eating carbohydrates in moderation at every meal will help to control blood sugar levels. You must be well nourished as liver damage can cause you to inadequately process nutrients and lose weight.

3. Herbal Remedies: Milk Thistle is recommended as a herbal remedy for liver damage. In addition the ayurvedic formulation Liv 52 is also well known for detoxification and liver support in cirrhotic and pre-cirrhotic conditions. Its ingredients include Capers (Capparis spinosa), Wild chicory (Cichorium intybus) Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna), Negro coffee (Cassia occidentalis), Yarrow (Achillea millefolium), Tamarisk (Tamarix gallica)

Liv 52 - For Liver Support & Detoxification: Himalaya Herbals Liv-52 also known as LiverCare has been validated by 276 clinical trials and research studies and is considered to be the world's leading liver support formula.

Cirrhosis of the liver is a slow processing disease. The healthy liver tissue is taken over by scar tissue and then prevents the liver from functioning normally. The flow of blood is blocked when to much scar tissue is formed. Hepatitis C, fatty liver disease, and alcohol abuse are the most common causes of liver cirrhosis. Fatty liver disease is caused mostly by obesity and diabetes. A lot of people that are heavy drinkers do harm there livers in some way but not everyone will get cirrhosis. Women are at more risk than men. People who have hepatitis B or C are more likely to suffer from liver damage caused by alcohol..

If you only had one choice for picking a natural cure for liver disease it should be Milk Thistle Seed Extract (...fortunately you have more than one choice, so why not use all of them, it will only speed up your healing). There are a few reasons why Milk Thistle Seed Extract (also referred to as "Mte") is beneficial to the liver and liver regeneration. Firstly, it protects the liver from toxins. Toxins, like Alcohol (the number one cause of Cirrhosis), compete against Mte for space on the cell membrane of the liver...except they always lose against the much stronger Mte. If your liver has Mte (milk thistle seed extract) all around itself, therefore preventing harmful toxins from destroying the liver, then the liver actually has time to regenerate. Also, Mte increase protein synthesis, which means that it speeds up the regeneration of destroyed liver tissue.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are the causes of liver cirrhosis or cancer?
    Alcohol is largely to blame for liver cirrhosis but my friend hasn't really abused it yet he got the ailment. What might have caused it besides alcohol abuse? He's skin and bones right now and deteriorating fast. Please add curative suggestions if any. His doctor sent him home as a hopeless case so i'm appealing for any other remedies. Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      I'm going through the same thing with my husband. He just came home Tuesday night and I have hospice helping out. He is already getting to where he can't walk hardly. People keep talking about a liver transplant but my doc. said my husband wasn't a candidate because he has cancer. But my husband drank alot when he was younger. He has been on alot of pain medicines. Along with meds for blood pressure and cholesterol. I think the cholesterol drugs caused this cirrohsis. He was taking to much at one time but thats what the doctor told him and it started scarring his liver. And later they changed it and he started getting jaundice and thats how they found the cancer. He also has blood clots from his heart to his liver. His liver isn't functioning right along with his kidneys. I wish you luck with your friend.

  2. QUESTION:
    Can three years of heavy drinking cause liver cirrhosis? Serious answers, pls?
    I'm 21, in college...been drinkin alot at parties and bsbs for like 2 years and half..nearly three years. Is this enough to cause cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      The medical experts on the subject say that 10 years of heavy drinking can put a person on the road to having cirrhosis, so it is unlikely that you would have it. Of course, that is an estimate. There are many factors that can come into play. I'm not saying it is impossible, but unlikely.

  3. QUESTION:
    How cirrhosis of the liver causes Diabetes...?
    Thinking about this, the liver can't store carbs (glucose) because its damaged. Thats why a high carbohydrate diet is ordered usually. So since they can't store glucose, are they hyperglycemic because its just floating there, or hypoglycemic? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Hypoglycemia, as liver cant store glucose and when a person is not eating , liver cant supply sugar . I keep some of the patients on 10% dextrose to prevent and treat hypoglycemia.

  4. QUESTION:
    if you take a lot of pain killer will that cause liver cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes it can... even none prescription like tylenol - especially mixed with alcohol.

  5. QUESTION:
    What Causes cirrhosis of the liver?
    My aunt has cirrhosis of the liver but the doctors didnt tell her what it was caused from, So i want to know how she can get it, she's not a havey drinker and doesnt do drugs, so I think hepatits would be out, but i am not sure. please help for her benefit!!!
    She has never had a drink no alchol what-so-ever. But she is diabetic.

    • ANSWER:
      There are a number of factors that can cause cirrhosis of the liver. The most common cause in the world today is alcoholism. A few prescription drugs can also cause cirrhosis of the liver if taken for long periods (this is a rare side effect mostly associated with medications used to treat very serious conditions like cancer or organ transplants). She might also have hepatitis (you definitely don't have to be a drug user to get it).

      Really, your aunt should have a little chat with her doctors to find out what it is. Together, your aunt and her doctors can probably find the cause.

  6. QUESTION:
    How much drinking causes cirrhosis or liver disease?
    I always read about x number of drinks every day. I don't drink every day...I drink one weekend night or occasionally two. But when I drink those nights I tend to drink a lot. On the occasional day I'll have a single beer.

    I've already started cutting back on this ...I'm 28 and probably started in college, but never to the point of heavy drinking every day. I was just wondering what was common for this.

    Are there any foods or drinks you can consume to boost your liver?
    Thanks for your answer...

    As I've said I've started to limit drinking...phasing out even the few nights that I do binge drink.

    But i'm curious is there a sign or something that would tell me now if i'm too late. as you said it can't be reversed. How do i know if i'm there?

    • ANSWER:
      Phillyfan - 1 beer (12 ounce) = 1 glass of wine (5 ounces) = 1 shot of whiskey. An average (whatever that is) man's body burns up one drink in one hour. Liver damage occurs when the level of blood alcohol gets too high, and "high" depends upon a person's size (weight). Drinking on an empty stomach is bad, and gets your alcohol level high too fast. Try to take some food before or with your drinks to be safer. No particular food is helpful. Nothing short of reduced alcohol intake "boosts" the liver. Excess alcohol leads to fatty change throughout the liver, and later to cirrhosis (liver scarring) which can never be reversed. Please, if you drink, drink wisely and safely. I really don't like to read about another autopsy.

      Added Comment: The first proof of liver damage can be found by doctor-ordered lab liver function tests (LFTs) which pick up higher-than-normal liver enzymes circulating in the blood. These include tests abbreviated as ALT, AST, and alkaline phosphatase. Under the microscope the first changes are "fatty changes" in the liver cells that may be extensive. However, all fatty changes can reversed if alcohol drinking stops; then the liver returns to full normal. If you wait too long, the fatty changes lead to death and scarring of the liver cells - changes which cannot be reversed. It's your body and your call. Good luck in making the right choice.

  7. QUESTION:
    Why is it that here in the DSA(divided states of America) alcohol causes cirrhosis of the giver/liver?
    Because it seems that Mexicans (from Mexico)hardly deal with that problem?

    • ANSWER:
      Thats because in a better educated and health conscious country we keep statistics of all the Ilegal ay ay`s whose livers explode from Blood alcohol leve greater than .600.
      They don`t deal with that problem because they die before it`s an issue.

  8. QUESTION:
    How many drinks a day does it take to cause cirrhosis of the liver?
    My boyfriend is 25. He drinks not necessarily excessively, for he has a high tolerance, but I am worried for him for the future. In a typical male, how many drinks a day (or percentage of alcohol) does it take to cause cirrhosis of the liver? By what age would he start having problems? Links to official website will be helpful. Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Everyone is different, but the experts say that 10 years of steady excessive drinking could be enough to cause liver damage. Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver and one never wants to get to that point because it is permanent, and the only thing that will cure it is a liver transplant. I see drinkers asking this question all the time. I think they want to kind of play with fire and say to themselves, "If I quit at 8 or 9 years, I'll be OK." Problem is that someone that drinks like that will not usually quit after 8 or 9 years because they are probably an alcoholic. If they are drinking enough to even ask this question, there is probably a problem with excessive drinking.

      Cirrhosis is a cruel disease and not something to be played around with and take chances. I know because I had it. Not from drinking but because of an autoimmune disease. Cirrhosis is cirrhosis no matter what the cause might be. It acts the same. I had a transplant, but many alcoholics do not get them. Hospitals require at least 6 months of proven sobriety before they will even consider one for a transplant for a drinker. A lot of alcoholics cannot or choose not to do it. Normal cost for this surgery is about 0,000 without any complications.

      If you just do a search on alcoholism, I'm sure you will find lots of information about this disease that will answer any other questions you might have. Your boyfriend is still young so I hope he can get away from the drinking before it becomes a problem. Wish you the best.

  9. QUESTION:
    Does drinking too much diet coke or taking more than 2 tylenol a day harm your liver?
    I drink about 2 cans of diet coke a day and i am wondering if it damages your liver? i have spent hours looking for proof online about drinking diet coke but haven't found any. I am aware of how tylenol can adversly affect your liver but the docs have told me that it's the only thing i can take for pain (on top of that i am allergic to aspirin and ibuprofen) I had this rare liver disorder called "primary sclerosing cholangitis" (it damages the bile ducts and then causes liver cirrhosis and death unless you have a transplant) and was lucky enough to have had a liver transplant in december of 2001 after i was stage 3 for 4 years. Now i was diagnosed with another rare liver disorder called "primary billary cirrhosis" (it doesn't differ much from the first illness i described) Fortunately I am still stage one and have no or little symptoms. Maybe someone can tell more about the effects of diet coke or tylenol? (btw, I also drink plenty of juices and other things as well as soda). thank you

    • ANSWER:
      ouch, lots of misinformation in these answers.

      diet products are not harmful to the liver, and have not been proven to be harmful to human in any way (except those with phenylketonuria). the most common claim is that they cause cancer, which is false (see the link below). there is no way for them to "clog up" your body or urinary tract.

      you are right to be concerned with taking tylenol or any product containing acetominophen (many cold remedies have it). tylenol can be fatal to anyone if they take too much, and the cause of death is liver failure.

      you are definitely a special case, with multiple liver disorders AND allergies to other pain meds. you really need to call your gastroenterologist and ask them whta the maxiumum dose of tylenol you should have is. if the transplanted liver is functionally normally, you should be able to take it, although I can understand wanting to be extra careful with your gift.

  10. QUESTION:
    How does cirrhosis cause portal hypertension?
    In simple terms why and how does cirrhosis of liver cause increase of pressure in portal vein? I understand there are scar tissues (fibrosis) in the liver. How does this lead to high pressure? Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      When the liver cells become damaged,
      the immune system of the body responds
      to this damage and causes inflammation
      to develop inside the liver (remember that
      the liver is surrounded by a membrane
      capsule). This inflammation causes the
      liver to enlarge in size. Liver cell damaged
      can occur because of 30 to 40 reasons.
      If the cause can be stopped and the
      inflammation is treated, then it may be
      reversed...IF not...it leads to.....

      Cirrhosis of the Liver is death of the liver
      cells. When the cells die off, it forms scar
      tissue inside the liver that can block the flow
      of blood through the liver on its way back to
      the heart and also block the flow of blood
      to the other liver cells, so they continue to
      die off.

      Some people ask about the liver regenerating
      new cells. Yes, the liver does try to do this.
      Only, with Cirrhosis, these new cells bunch up
      against the scar tissue in an abnormal way...
      causing the lumpy, nodular appearance that you
      can see on the outside of the cirrhosed liver.
      These cells will also die off from lack of blood.

      You see the liver is a soft, smooth organ.
      When inflammation occurs, it enlarges in size
      and takes on a spongy texture. When the cells
      start to die off, it will start to shrink in size and
      continue to shrink in size as more and more cells
      die off...it takes on a hard texture. The liver is
      dying inside the patient.

      When a patient gets to the end stages of the
      disease...they start noticing more symptoms
      because the liver cells functions have
      deteriorated as a result of this. It comes
      to the point where no blood can flow through
      this dead mass of liver tissue. The portal vein
      is where the blood from the entire abdominal
      area goes...so it will be filtered by the liver
      before returning to the heart. Now, the blood
      collects in the Portal vein and causes increased
      pressure there (Portal Hypertension)
      as it keeps backing up. The blood
      has to get back to the heart...so the body starts
      to make collateral veins to do this and also
      there are veins that lead to the esophagus,
      belly button area and the rectum that this blood
      can back up into. It even backs up into the
      Spleen and causes it to enlarge in size.
      The problem is, the smaller vessels can have
      weak spots in them and balloon outward and
      burst open from the high pressure of the blood
      being forced into them. This is then an
      Emergency situation. These vessels are known
      as Varies, which is short for Varicose veins.

      I hope this helps you understand better.
      Best wishes

  11. QUESTION:
    Hep. B and Heart Meds / disease caused cirrhosis of liver. Liver is 98% gone. How much longer will he live?
    Hep. B and Heart Meds / disease caused cirrhosis of liver. Liver is 98% gone. How much longer will he live? He is retaining water / toxins and is swelling. He seems coherent and seems to think well. He has heart failure / disease and the medicine (been on it for 25 years) has taken a toll on his entire body too.

    • ANSWER:
      hard to predict precisely ,,but 2% liver function doesnt sound long life left in them ,its matter of days to months max ..

  12. QUESTION:
    Does cirrhosis of the liver cause an inability to use arms and legs?
    Father suddenly lost use of arms at shoulder joints and legs only at the hips. Could cirrhosis do this?

    • ANSWER:
      I had cirrhosis and a liver transplant and the answer is no, cirrhosis does not cause you to lose the use of arms and legs. This is not a symptom of cirrhosis and never heard of this happening with anyone having cirrhosis. I have done a lot of research about cirrhosis since I had it and never saw anything listed that would cause this to happen due to cirrhosis. As the disease progresses and when the body is near total liver failure, the person can become so weak and debilitated that they can no longer walk or care for themselves, but that goes with any terminal illness at the end.

  13. QUESTION:
    Is a case of wine per month enough alcohol to cause cirrhosis of the liver?
    Or a case of Sweet Liqueuer or a case of Mickey's sized bottles of spirits?

    • ANSWER:
      PLENTY - SHAME YOU DRINK MORE THAN THAT, AND SEEM TO THINK YOU ARE IMMUNE TO THE EFFECTS

  14. QUESTION:
    Would partying every weekend cause cirrhosis of the liver?
    I like to party every single weekend however, I do not think I am drinking a lot I have a 750 ml bottle of wine 3 nights in a row friday saturday and sunday is this going to cause chirrosis? (I do this every single weekend)
    Dewey, I am not a smoker only a drinker and I do not have headaches or easy bruising.

    • ANSWER:
      As Rayneisha's mother, you are a role model. My advice to you is to ditch the plans for another pregnancy, lose the deadbeat boyfriend (he is a hopeless father anyway), get a job and give up drinking. Absolutely, give up drinking. This cirrhosis concern is a constant theme in your questions so I think you know that you have a drinking problem. You sound like a nice person so have some self respect and turn your life around. Find some new interests and new people to associate with. You owe this to Rayneisha. Best wishes.

  15. QUESTION:
    What the least amount of alcohol consumed daily that has been reported to cause cirrhosis of the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      Its going to be different for everyone.

      Plus, do you really want to be on the borderline for cirrhosis? Chronic alcohol damages other organs too.

  16. QUESTION:
    What's the difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver?
    Is there a difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver? If so what is it? Someone on here said I am at risk for liver cancer cause of how much I drink but that confused me cause can liver cancer be caused by drinking a lot? I know cirrhosis can be but what about liver cancer? And which hurts more cirrhosis or liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer or hepatic cancer is properly considered to be a cancer which starts in the liver.
      The most frequent liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (also named hepatoma, which is a misnomer because adenomas are usually benign). This tumor also has a variant type that consists of both HCC and cholangiocarcinoma components. The cells of the bile duct coexist next to the bile ducts that drain the bile produced by the hepatocytes of the liver. Cancers which arise from the blood vessel cells in the liver are known has hemangioendotheliomas.

      Cirrhosis is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules (lumps that occur as a result of a process in which damaged tissue is regenerated), leading to loss of liver function.
      Cirrhosis is most commonly caused by alcoholism, hepatitis B and C, and fatty liver disease, but has many other possible causes. Some cases are idiopathic, i.e., of unknown cause.

  17. QUESTION:
    How does enzyme function in the liver affect a person with cirrhosis?
    The function of the liver is to break down fats and build certain proteins. Cirrhosis of the liver is a disease which causes the liver to become thickened and “rubbery.” Hypothesize how enzyme function in the liver would be affected in a person with cirrhosis.

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells and scar tissue formation inside the liver.

      The liver cells are what makes these enzymes: known as the ALT, AST,
      GGT, and Alkaline phosphatase. When the liver cells become damage,
      these enzymes leak out of the cells and go higher on the blood tests results.
      Enzymes are used to speed up reactions.

      A healthy liver is usually very smooth and soft organ.
      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune system responds to
      this damage and causes inflammation inside the liver which will cause
      the liver to enlarge and take on a spongy texture.
      If the cause isn't found, or the liver cells start to die off...then it becomes
      this progressive, irreversible disease known as Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Scar tissue forms inside the liver as the liver cells die off. This scar
      tissue will block the flow of blood through the liver on its way back
      to the heart and also block the flow of blood to the functioning liver
      cells that are left, so they continue to die off. The liver is actually
      starting to die inside the living patient. It will start to shrink in
      size and take on a harder texture. You could say
      thickened and rubbery.

      The liver cells are what makes the enzymes, as I mentioned above...
      however they also do the other many functions, that the liver does
      as a whole, to keep the body will...over 500 of them.
      Since the liver cells have died, then the proteins that normally would
      be made will start to decrease. Especially the one known as Albumin
      that hold fluids inside our vessels. This fluid will then leak out and
      collect in the abdominal area (it is known as Ascites). The liver also
      may not be able to produce bile efficiently, this means that the fats
      may go undigested and not be able to be absorbed into the body...
      that means that the stools will have fat content in them and may
      float on top of the water. Since the fats are not absorbed, then this
      also means that the fat soluble vitamins may also not be absorbed...
      leading to deficiencies.

      I hope this has been of some help to you. Best wishes

  18. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and liver cancer?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:

  19. QUESTION:
    Why does cirrhosis of the liver cause poor fat digestion?
    and reduced absorption of viatimins a,d,e,and k. Why does it not have a similiar effect on absorption of vitamin C?

    • ANSWER:
      There is decreased secretion of bile.

      Bile emulsifies fats -- enables them to mix with water. This allows them to be distributed such that they can be absorbed. Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat soluble, so bile is necessary for their absorption. Those are the four fate soluble vitamins. Vitamin C is water soluble.

  20. QUESTION:
    What frequency of alcohol consumption causes liver scaring?
    Do only heavy drinkers have to contend with cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      The experts give an estimate of 10 years of heavy drinking can cause cirrhosis to form, but that varies greatly from one person to another. Some people could get it sooner while others may go 20+ years and still not have it. My cousin died at 38 from cirrhosis and I had a neighbor that drank heavy since his teen years and didn't die from cirrhosis till he was in his late 60s.

      Do only heavy drinkers have to contend with cirrhosis. The answer is no. There are many reasons a person can develop cirrhosis other than alcohol abuse. Some other reasons are autoimmune disease, biliary diseases, iron over load called hemochromatosis, all the viral hepatitis such as A, B, C, and D, medications that hurt the liver, fatty liver called NASH that progresses to cirrhosis, etc.

  21. QUESTION:
    Can a 375 ml's bottle cause cirrhosis of the liver?
    If you drink a 375 ml's bottle of vodka all at once once a week will you get cirrhosis of the liver?
    to Richard I do not like spreading out alcohol through the week whenever I open up a bottle of anything I have it all at once.

    • ANSWER:
      Hello Sarah, not your 375ml bottle of vodka question again, the answer of course is no if you only do it once but your bottle contains 15 units, and you know very well that the recommended safety limit, regardless of weight or country of origin is 14 units per week with no more than 3 units in any one day.

      http://www.patient.co.uk/health/Alcohol-and-Sensible-Drinking.htm

      I only answer your question so as to help others, you already know the answer but "whenever I open up a bottle of anything I have it all at once." is the typical reply of a chronic alcoholic, and before you say those units are not enough for you, try explaining it to Rainesha when she has to visit her mother in the hospital liver unit.

  22. QUESTION:
    Over time, can anti seizure medications cause cirrhosis of the liver?
    I have epilepsy and have been on anti seizure medications, such as Tegretol, Dilantin, Depakote, Keppra, etc, since I was 9 years old (I'm 25 now... and female). I've been noticing some strange symptoms lately, like bruising, upper right abdominal discomfort, and loss of appetite. Am I jumping the gun on this and being overly dramatic or should I see a doctor?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you should definitely see your doctor. Liver problems can be a side effect of most anti seizure medications (and most other medications too). I'm currently on Dilantin and Depakote and it's been affecting my liver too. Your doctor will often check your liver functions when he/she checks your blood levels. But if you are having symptoms, I would definitely go see your doc.

  23. QUESTION:
    Am I going to have liver cancer in a decade like that guy on here said?
    Some guy on here told me I'm gonna have liver cancer in a decade because I drink a lot. I posted I was drinking a bottle of wine or cocktail at 750 ml's or 1 liter every friday, saturday and sunday and the guy said at this pace I will have very severe problems later on in life possibly liver cancer. He told me alcohol should be taken in very small amounts because it's a poison to the body and too much can kill you by shutting down your vital organs such as your liver, kidneys, pancreas etc,. and told me a couple (2-3) glasses of wine on the weekend should be ok but I shouldn't have any more then that because it will affect my health and cause me big problems later in life. He said I had better to stop drinking 3 bottles every weekend instead have 2-3 glasses max in a weekend of wine or anything else that I drink but not anymore then that if I want to live long in this world. He said if I don't change how much I currently drink immediatly I will not live very long maybe 35-40 years max he said I had better drink way less if I want to live past that. He said a couple of drinks on the weekend are plenty however I do not agree with him 2-3 drinks on the weekend is nothing and I prefer to drink my three bottles no matter what he said about liver cancer in 10 years, the guy is dumb alcohol in excess doesn't cause liver cancer. It can cause cirrhosis of the liver but thats when someone drinks a ton for years and years on end and cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer are two different things so therefore the guy don't know what he is talking about. But he really made me upset by telling me I'm gonna have liver cancer when I'm 34 and gosh I am extremely mad what should I do??? Should I yell and scream and break things???

    • ANSWER:
      I am 45 and have been drinking since the age of nine...its tasted good sneaking it during my parents party's.
      I started serious regular drinking at 12, and by the age of 16 I was full bore!!!
      The amount you drink is NOTHING compared to me.
      I love the taste of it, and it makes me happy.
      You are fine!!!!
      dont listen to that.
      your liver will let you know if its upset with how you treat it.
      at least thats how i feel about it!

  24. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know what causes Palmar Erythema with a diagnosis of liver cirrhosis?
    I found millions of websites that state it is a symptom of portal hypertension in association with Cirrhosis, but I need to know the mechanism behind it. What causes it? Any smarties out there?

    • ANSWER:
      I really don't believe that any one knows what causes it.

  25. QUESTION:
    Scarring of the liver and cirrhosis?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:
      Lena, an alcoholic is THE most difficult of all patients to help, especially when you want to do so much. ALL that you describe is due to alcohol. At first alcohol causes liver cells to fill with fat and produce an enlarged fatty liver which alone has caused sudden death. In time, as liver cells die, scarring results and can then progress (under the microscope) to produce a smaller scarred liver called alcoholic cirrhosis. The liver then produces inadequate clotting factors which can produce skin and other hemorrhages, as well as leak fluid into the belly (ascites), and change blood circulation to overload and damage an eenlarging heart under strain as well as dilated, thin-walled esophageal veins (varices) which can anytime suddenly rupture as great quantities of blood are coughed up. Hepatitis c also damages the liver and is believed to be a cause of liver cancer. As long as your husband continues to drink alcohol, he will continue to go downhill and die in spite of your efforts. Try the phone book or call Al-Anon, an organization for spouses of alcoholics for much more information on how to deal with your extremely difficult situation. You cannot go it alone and expect and success.

  26. QUESTION:
    Does cola cause cirrhosis of the liver?
    Because my grandma told me that if drink to much cola i can catch it.

    • ANSWER:
      This would be false.

      Major causes of cirrhosis of the liver include chronic alcohol alcohol abuse, hepatitis, chronic biliary obstruction, and severe right-sided heart failure.

  27. QUESTION:
    What are some things that are harmful to your liver?
    I'm doing a project on the liver (organ) and I need to know about 2 other things that you can do to harm it. For example, The abuse of alcohol shuts down your liver, causing a chronic liver disease called cirrhosis (which is caused by alcoholism, hepatitis b, hepatitis c and fatty liver disease).

    What are 2 other things you can to do harm your liver and what can that lead to?

    • ANSWER:
      There are a number of causes of a liver problem
      that can lead to cirrhosis of the liver:

      Alcohol consumption: some people are
      more sensitive to alcohol than others are.
      When the liver cannot handle the amount
      of alcohol taken into the body, then it
      stays in the blood and goes into the
      brain and causes a reaction there.
      The liver converts all toxic substances
      to a non toxic form so the body can
      dispose of them...however, this may not
      happen if the patient consumes too much
      alcohol and the liver cannot convert it
      fast enough...the alcohol itself, and its
      by product, can produce damage to the
      liver cells.

      Medication toxifications: it has been shown that acetaminophen taken with alcohol can cause permanent liver cell damage almost immediately. There are a lot of drugs on the market, including over the counter, herbs, and even prescription drugs that are very hard on the liver. Most all medications go through the liver first, to be broken down, before going to the rest of the body.
      Liver patients are told to only takes drugs
      prescribed by their doctors...if the liver
      cells become damaged...then this medication has to be adjusted according
      to how much damage there is.

      Chemical exposure: such as Carbon
      Tetrachloride..

      Mushroom poisoning: some people try to pick their own mushrooms...not knowing that some are very dangerous. This
      also can cause immediate damage to
      the cells of the liver and a very early death.

      Autoimmune disease: this is where the body's immune system, turns on itself and causes destruction of its own cells. This can be a disease like Biliary cirrhosis or Sclerosing Cholangitis. In Sclerosing
      cholangitis...the bile ducts that the bile
      flows through from the liver to the
      gallbladder to be stored or to the intestines,
      become twisted or malformed.

      Hereditary Conditions: like Hemochromatosis where the body tend to retain iron too much. Or a disease where it retains copper.

      Gallbladder stones development where the
      stones move out of the gallbladder and into the biliary ducts and blocks them causing the bile to back up into the liver and harming the cells.

      Virus infections such as Hepatitis A,B,C,etc.

      Fatty liver disease which is caused by alcohol or non alcoholic reasons like hereditary conditions, weight, or metabolism problems.

      (There is even having a traffic accident where the liver may be lacerated or injured.
      Being gun shot or even stabbed with a knife.
      Sometimes sports accidents can also
      damage the liver.)

      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver cells caused by any of those things I mentioned above. Any damage to the liver cells can cause the immune system of the body to respond to it and cause this inflammation.

      A liver is usually very smooth and soft...anyone that has cooked liver knows what it looks like. When inflammation develops, then it enlarges in size and takes on a spongy appearance. This inflammation cause more pressure inside the liver cause the liver is surrounded by a capsule membrane.

      If the inflammation is treated and the cause can be removed (as you can see, some cannot be removed)..then the liver cells
      may heal, if it is not done then it will progress to death of the liver cells and scar tissue forming inside the liver. This scar tissue blocks the flow of blood through the liver and also to the liver cells and even more
      cells will die off...it is a progressive disease that the doctors can only try to slow down, Known as cirrhosis then. Cirrhosis is the death of the liver cells that lead to fibrosis and scar tissue formation.
      When cirrhosis takes place, the liver will start to shrink in size and become hard in texture.

      I hope this information has been of some
      help to you.
      Here are a couple links to explain more about this disease and causes:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

  28. QUESTION:
    a serious chronich dieses of the liver caused by chronic alcoholism and hepititis C infection causes initially?
    a serious chronich dieses of the liver caused by chronic alcoholism and hepititis C infection causes initially a build up of fatty tissue ;eading to healthy cells replaced by scar tissue, what is this serious disorder known as?

    i dont know kno which one it is , is it cirrhosis, inflamatory bowel diese, hepititis or ulcers?

    • ANSWER:
      cirrhosis

  29. QUESTION:
    can blood cultures tell if liver cirrhosis is cause of death?

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe but the only full proof way is a post motem inspection. Even so, cirrhosis is a secondary cause of death, because whatever caused the cirrhosis is primary.

  30. QUESTION:
    Why does cirrhosis of the liver cause poor fat digestion and reduced absorption of vitamins A, D, E, and K?

    • ANSWER:
      The cirrhosis of the liver can decrease the amount of bile that gets produced. Bile is how our bodies breakdown the fats we eat into a form that can be absorbed through our intestines and used by the body. This decrease in bile would decrease the bodies ability to digest fat properly. And since those particular vitamins are non-polar, then they would be qualified as fat-soluble. These vitamins would then be absorbed into the body as the fat is absorbed. But since we've already established that there would be less fat being absorbed by the body, then these vitamins would also have a decrease in absorption.

      Interesting side trivia. Have you ever watch medical dramas such as House, and they talk about certain toxins being stored in the patients fat cells? Well this is related to what is going on here. The toxins are just like these non-polar vitamins, and will congregate in the fat cells.

  31. QUESTION:
    Is 4 or 5 drinks a day enough to cause cirrhosis of the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      Alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Alcoholic cirrhosis develops in 15% of individuals who drink heavily for more than a decade. There is great variability in the amount of alcohol needed to cause cirrhosis (as little as 3-4 drinks a day in some men and 2-3 in some women). Alcohol seems to injure the liver by blocking the normal metabolism of protein, fats, and carbohydrates. Patients may also have concurrent alcoholic hepatitis with fever, hepatomegaly, jaundice, and anorexia. AST and ALT are both elevated but less than 300 IU/L with a AST:ALT ratio > 2.0, a value rarely seen in other liver diseases. Liver biopsy may show hepatocyte necrosis, Mallory bodies, neutrophilic infiltration with perivenular inflammation.

  32. QUESTION:
    does drinking alcohol cause cirrhosis of the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      No it does not. Only if you drink very large amounts of it. If you drink 1 or even 2 small glasses of wine or beer, even one mixed drink a day you will not get cirrhosis of the liver. What I have seen though that causes liver damage is a lot of meds. Then people mix the medicine with alcohol and eat a horrible diet and some get liver cancer. One natural substance that helps the liver is Milk Thistle, which is an herb.

  33. QUESTION:
    why do cirrhosis of the liver cause pulmonary edema?

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis is general scarring of the liver. This restrics to a great extent the normal circulation of blood, causing backflow. This increases the pulmonary pressure hence causing pulmonary edema.

  34. QUESTION:
    can smoking marajuana cause cirrhosis of the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      no. being an alcoholic will.

  35. QUESTION:
    can cirrhosis of the liver be caused from too much chemo?
    my friend has had years of chemo fighting cancer and has now been told she has cirrhosis ofthe liver as a result of much chemo. Can this be treated? Is a transplant possible?

    • ANSWER:
      According to my research there is a possibility of developing chemotherapy induced cirrhosis but this is very rare and usually caused by taking oral chemotherapy for extended periods of time. Here is one of the examples that I found.

      Dig Dis Sci. 1995 Dec;40(12):2602-7.Links
      Chronic active hepatitis and liver cirrhosis in association with combined tamoxifen/tegafur adjuvant therapy.Maruyama S, Hirayama C, Abe J, Tanaka J, Matsui K.
      Department of Internal Medicine, Saiseikai Gotsu General Hospital, Japan.

      Two female breast cancer patients who received combined tamoxifen and tegafur as postsurgical adjuvant therapy developed severe hepatotoxicity after being treated for three and eight months, respectively. Shortly after the cessation of the treatment, routine liver tests showed gradual recovery, but liver biopsies revealed chronic active hepatitis in one patient and liver cirrhosis in the other. Four and five years, respectively, after the cessation of the treatment, the results of liver tests were normal and distinct histological improvement was observed in both patients. Because these patients had no viral and immunoserological markers nor any history of alcohol abuse, this study suggested that the tamoxifen and tegafur regimen induced reversible chronic active liver disease.

      PMID: 8536519

      Treatment consists of stopping the oral chemotherapy and monitoring the patient's liver disease to check for improvement or progression of active liver disease. If their condition did not improve then liver transplantation would certainly be a possible option.

  36. QUESTION:
    What's in alcohol that causes the disease of cirrhosis of the liver??
    I dont drink, n i have never drank any alcoholic beverage until the recent age which i am 21, and i am thankful!! but i am curious about this b/c my uncle was diagnosed with it, n now he's in serious condition, y does it affect the liver, what does alcohol contain that makes it dangerous for our health???

    • ANSWER:
      Alcohol itself is toxic. Over time too much alcohol can cause cirrhosis of the liver.
      A very good rule is, "moderation in all things".

  37. QUESTION:
    How long does it take to develop Cirrhosis of the Liver? Serious Answers, Please??!!?
    Okay, here goes...Im 21 years old, in great shape, I execrise frequently and eat pretty good. I'm 5'4" also. I first got drunk when I was 15...and I didn't start to engage in binge drinking until I was 18, going on 19. By time I turned 20 I drank alot, I meant ALOT of hard liquior. Ive just become 21 and I still drink...because I was in a deep depression in that time over a girl I used to like. Stupid, I know...I first lost my virginity to her and plus I didnt go back to school due to fianical issues I just became depressed and started drinking alot...i also take nyquil often to help me sleep since I got insomina. Im aware that achempeanion (spelling)? causes liver damage, too. I would say I've had two years and half of heavy drinking, including nyquil. Cutting down on drinking is going to be my new year's resoultion. I don't want to become an alcoholic, you know? At this stage, is it possible that I have liver damage or not? Because Ive checked the syptoms of liver damage, and I dont have any of those except for insonima, which I've had for many years before I drank liquor for the first time. And as for fatigueness, Im almost never tired, Im always fired up with energy all of the time and always walking around, rarely sitting down. Also, yesterday, I vomited and I saw like 3 streaks of light blood in the toilet. Idk if this is related to this or not. Serious answers, please! Thanks...

    • ANSWER:

  38. QUESTION:
    my question is about cirrhosis of the liver.?
    if any one around me has cirrhosis of the liver caused by hepataitis c,b and g can i get the disease from them ?

    • ANSWER:
      You can't catch cirrhosis from anyone. And you can get vaccinated against hepatitis B to protect yourself against that one. There's no such thing as hepatitis G so you don't even have a chance of catching it. Hepatitis C you CAN catch through any transmission of anything that may pass blood between you and the person who has it.... sex, toothbrushes, razors, needles.... Anything like that.. You need to be very careful. There is no vaccine to prevent it.

  39. QUESTION:
    Can you get Cirrhosis of the Liver even if you dont drink Alcohol?
    My uncle Alex 75 has just been diagnosed and is presently hospitalized with cirrhosis and he hardy ever drank alcohol. What else could cause cirrhosis of the liver?

    He was in the hospital 2 months ago for his hernia and developed a bag or a lump of "water" they think a month ago, in his stomach..as big as your fist , 5 inches long...so he entered the hospital to remove this mass growing inside him and now the doctors say its because of his liver. It just happens to be a long 4 day holiday here "All Souls Day" in the Philippines and most people who could answer are gone.

    Hoping I could get a few answers here on Yahoo.

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately, the answer is 'yes'. Alcohol abuse is a major cause of cirrhosis of the liver, but it is not the only cause.

      The various types of hepatitis have the potential to cause this serious condition, as do some inherited diseases.

      I am very sorry to hear of your uncle's serious illness.

      To prevent further deterioration, he may require intensive treatment, a strict diet as well and some fairly heavy medication.

      My late husband suffered from this condition, and people's attitude that he must be an alcoholic because of it caused both of us a lot of distress at the time.

      Judgemental people who are actually very ill informed are NOT needed when your uncle is fighting for his life.

      Even if alcohol is the cause of your uncle's condition, he needs the help and support of his family, and you will benefit from knowing you were there for him.

      Good luck and very best wishes to you and to your uncle and family.

  40. QUESTION:
    MarkS - re Xanax & Alcohol - answer to do with cirrhosis of the liver .....?
    Hi - yesterday I asked about the effects of latge dose Xanax (8mg/day - prescribed).... which I have a tolerance to - and having an alcoholic drink - when I am almost a total non-drinker (1 or 2 drinks a YEAR).
    MarkS replied (in part)..."You really need to consider detox from Xanax which can readily cause cirrhosis of the liver under normal conditions, but you are way beyond that."

    Can MarkS - or someone - clarify this? Cos it reads to me, that I probably have cirrhosis already, just due to the Xanax. I know on an abdo CT scan for something unrelated, it was noted my liver was uniformally hypoechoic (?) ....but no reason or queried explanation was given, and no follow up happened re this. (I was having a barium swallow for an intestinal issue and the focus was on that)

    But yeah - this answer from MarkS.....can someone tell me how they interperet it or MarkS - do you mean you would guess I already have cirrhosis?

    Thanks :-(
    Several years (at least 10) before the report with the liver comment & no, no tumour etc following)...an incidental finding of a lump in my liver came about when I had an U/S for something else. They thought it was a fatty lump but more tests said no. Then they thought 'haemangioma' but nuclear tagged dye said no. Then they began to worry and thought cancer - I had a biopsy of this lump (about 4cm oval) with a pathologist with m/scope there in the room. His first initial look appeared to him to be simply a mass of liver tissue - like a mole or other mass of tissue - and benign. About 5 years later the lump had reduced in size. I never found out what it was, the cause & I don't know if it is even still there. I have odd things in my body, like 8 wisdom teeth, a tortuous bowel, a harmatomous(sp) polyp like a Peultz Jeager - when I do not have that condition (polyp from transverse colon & sent to the US for final diagnosis - it was so weird. I feel like a freak 'put together' all wrong.

    • ANSWER:
      Uniformally - Always the same, consistent, unvaried in texture, colour, or design

      Ultrasound terms:

      * Hyperechoic – more echogenic (brighter) than normal
      * Hypoechoic – less echogenic (darker) than normal
      * Isoechoic – the same echogenicity as another tissue

      In laymans term, your liver is the same dark colour all over. :)

      The liver can be darker than the spleen which is normal. Depends what the whole report said. If it says mass or lesion after hypoechoic then there is something wrong. Cirrhosis of the liver shows up as a presence of nodules and fibrosis. As your report hasn't stated this, this doesn't sound like cirrhosis. In my opinion your liver sounds normal but check with your doctor just in case.

      2 drinks a year is not a problem and although you will see it stated xanax is not one of the drugs to cause liver damage, almost all prescription drugs are a slow grade poison that interrupts or alters the bodies natural chemical processes. All poisons need to be detoxed in the liver. Liver enzyme tests can also show up abnormalities.

      Liver functions test:
      http://www.bcguidelines.ca/gpac/pdf/liver.pdf

  41. QUESTION:
    What are the special needs caused by Cirrhosis of the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis of the liver means that the cells of the liver, that normally do the functions (over 500 plus) of the liver is starting to deteriorate as the cells die off and form scar tissue inside the liver. This scar tissue blocks the flow of blood through the liver and also to the other liver cells. It is a progressive disease.

      I can give you some idea of the special needs these patients have...but it could fill up alot of space...so I'm also providing links about Cirrhosis, so that you can make decisions of any needs in the future:

      Patients are extremely tired. They should sleep whenever they are able to. Their body is trying to heal and keep homeostasis. They may need no help at all, when first diagnosed...but as they reach close to the end stage of this disease...there needs increase dramatically. They are dealing with facing death and body changes and, also, family and friends who may or may not support them.

      Because the liver is no longer able to handle toxins well in the body...certain toxins can go pass the blood brain barrier and into the brain and cause confusion, disorientation, sleep pattern changes, tremors of the hand, and many other things.
      This is known as Encephalopathy and it is best that the patient has an advance directive or power of attorney form signed to have someone handle all their affairs, financially, and also be able to speak with their doctors directly and make decisions for them should they come up. This condition has to be treated with medications in order to help the patient think clearer...it can lead to a coma if it isn't.

      Because they have developed Portal Hypertension and Varies...they will need someone to care for them and know when to watch for an emergency that may occur: Any throwing up of blood or passing rectal blood is considered an emergency.
      Those who have cirrhosis, because the liver can no longer make clotting factors well, can bleed internally or bleed out completely if this takes place.

      If the patient becomes uncomfortable, has difficulty breathing, doesn't feel much like eatting...because of fluid build up in the abdominal area..(known as Ascites) .then the doctor may need to do a procedure known as paracentesis to remove this fluid.

      If their legs and feet swell, they will need larger size slipper, shoes and they should elevate the legs to help circulation. Never massage the legs...however, it could release a blood clot.

      Here are some links to learn more about this disease, just click on them.
      http://www.hcvets.com/data/hcv_liver/cirrhosis.htm
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/cirrhosis.html
      http://www.uihealthcare.com/topics/medicaldepartments/internalmedicine/liverdisease/index.html
      Cirrhosis movie: http://video.about.com/alcoholism/Cirrhosis-of-Liver.htm

      Patients who have cirrhosis of the liver and are placed on the transplant list are considered to be disabled. Disability means that they can not do any kind of work. " Some" are not even able to handle daily care, such as bathing, making meals for themselves, etc. It really depends on how far advanced the disease has become.

      The more you learn about the disease, the more you will realize all the special needs they will have.
      Hope this info has been of some help.

      If you are a caregiver to a cirrhosis patient
      or you are the patient...there is a support
      group that is free to join...you have to
      let them know of your connection to
      this disease.
      http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/livercirrhosissupport/

  42. QUESTION:
    Abnormal bruising? Cirrhosis? (Doctors or nurses please help)?
    I had a blood test performed on me 9 days ago.

    9 days later, I still have a bruise the size and shape of an iPhone around where the needle went in.

    I have always bruised fairly easily. When friends would punch each other on the arm in the schoolyard, I would frequently bruise, and they would always last for a while, but never 9 days.

    I am a healthy 21 year old male. I eat right, am fairly active and do not do any drugs. Except, I do drink excessively once a week (up to 25 alcohol consumptions per week, all in the same night though). I have been researching my problem on the internet and I have found out that liver cirrhosis causes easy bruising. Needless to say I am freaked out when reading that this is an irreversible disease.

    I guess my question is, is it normal to keep a bruise this size, for this long, for just a tiny needle for a blood test?

    Will the people analyzing my blood check for everything? (The reason for my blood test was a pre-op evaluation for a cosmetic procedure). Because I've read that you need to check for it specifically to find it.

    By the way, yes, after reading up on cirrhosis, I will immediately eliminate my night of binge drinking.
    There was a time in my life where I was what you would describe as an alcoholic, where I would drink 20+ alcohol consumptions daily (between ages 18-21) I have seriously cut back on my drinking (only giving me one night a week where I allow myself to drink), but I fear that the damage is already done.

    Is three years of excessive drinking enough to cause irreversible damage to the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      The blood tests you had done will show if this is
      a liver or blood problem.
      People who have a blood problems, where the body
      doesn't make enough platelets cells, can bruise
      and bleed easily. They are usually placed on steriod
      medications to help bring the amount up.

      In the liver...the liver makes clotting factors to help
      the blood to clot. If the liver cells are damaged,
      the functions they do start to deteriorate. Therefore,
      the patient may also bruise or bleed very easily.

      When the liver cells become damaged, the
      immune system of the body will respond to this
      and cause inflammation inside the liver..this
      will cause the liver to enlarge in size. The
      doctor can examine you and place his hand
      in the upper right hand quadrant of the abdomen
      up under the rib cage and see if he can feel
      the lowest part of the liver. If he thinks there
      is inflammation, he will order an ultrasound or
      Ct scan and look at the films.

      If the alcohol is stopped, and the inflammation
      is treated...sometimes the problem can be
      reversed. It is only when the liver cells die off
      and form scar tissue inside the liver that it
      becomes irreversible (but the doctors can still
      try to slow down the damage, if the alcohol is
      stopped).

      Anyone who tries to go off of alcohol, should
      be under the doctors care. Some of the side
      effects can be reduced by medications that
      the doctor can give them. Sometimes the doctor
      may place them in a detox program at the hospital,
      to be sure they are checked and safe.

      The best tests done to determine the damage to
      the liver is a liver biopsy. Doctors don't always do
      this test right away unless they suspect Cirrhosis
      or Fatty liver disease, because it is invasive and
      expensive. The best doctors to be with are either
      a gastroenterologist or hepatologist.

      Some people are more sensitive to alcohol than others
      are. Only testing will show how far advance you are
      in the disease. The liver is very quiet about signs
      and symptoms to show this problem until the cells
      do start to die off. A Patient may be very tired...he
      may have flu like symptoms. The first real sign is
      the yellowing of the whites of the eyes and skin.
      The darkening of the urine from a darker yellow
      (after the first morning void) to a deep brown.
      This yellowing is best observed in outdoor lighting
      as indoor lighting can mask it.

      Yes, alcohol can cause damage in a short time period.
      The liver normally takes toxins from our body and
      converts them to a non toxic form for the body to dispose
      of. The liver takes alcohol, and using the liver enzymes,
      converts it to acetaldehyde and then acetate and then
      CO2 and water. When overconsuming alcohol,
      it doesn't give the liver time to convert this completely
      and it can be toxic to the liver cells. Those who
      consume alcohol for many years, can develop fat inside
      the liver which will also cause damage to the liver cells.

      I hope you find out what your tests results show and
      that it may be that your liver cells still has time to heal.
      Best wishes.
      Hope this information is of some help

  43. QUESTION:
    Can having cirrhosis of the liver cause a false positive for cocaine use?
    My bro has cirrhosis & has tested positive for cocaine use. I KNOW, for a fact, that my 400lb. bro is NOT using cocaine & hasn't for 17 years! How can this happen? He doesn't even drink and only smokes cigarettes, non-menthol. He also drinks a LOT of water! Any ideas?
    My brother has cirrhoss of the liver and tested positive for cocaine, it was a UA, urine test. He has NOT used in 17 years!
    Any more ideas? This was NOT a blood test. And greatly resembles the test strip you use on a swimming pool.

    • ANSWER:
      your bro is using, blood tests don't lie. and no cirrhosis will not cause a false positive.

  44. QUESTION:
    Should monosodium glutamate (MSG) be banned permanently as the use of the food addictive (flavor enhancer)?
    MSG have been used commercially worldwide for many decades mostly in the public restaurant, which is harmful to our health. If you dine at the public restaurant, you probably have already consumed MSG in your body. The question is should the FDA or us as the consumers do something about it?

    I guess you can also make a counter argument by saying..."Oh, then what about alcohols & tobaccos...Alcohol causes liver cirrhosis & tobacco causes lung cirrhosis, how come they haven't been banned yet?" And I guess you can also make a defense statement by saying..."It's up to each personal individual to moderate one's own health."<=== Well, that's true to a certain extent, given the fact that NOT ALL of us smoke or drink alcohol (by the way, I'm NOT saying "screw the heck with the smokers or drinkers", because everyone's health is equally valued), but almost all the people in the world do eat out in the public restaurant. Taking the vast number of majority into consideration, we are putting ourselves at risk by eating out, but that doesn't mean that we can't dine out anymore because it's NOT our faults to begin with, then why do we have to avoid it, instead of fighting it back!

    http://www.truthinlabeling.org/

    http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/monosodium-glutamate/AN01251

    Please, share with me your thoughts & opinions on this subject matter!
    =================

    @ Noah:

    Very good counterargument! :)

    • ANSWER:
      Not yet. More studies are needed.

  45. QUESTION:
    can Cirrhosis of the Liver cured by liver translplant?
    can Cirrhosis of the Liver cured by liver translplant? if Cirrhosis is caused by alcohol?

    • ANSWER:
      ummm
      yea
      its a new liver why wouldn't it?
      well unless you start drinking again

  46. QUESTION:
    Am I going to need a liver transplant in 5 years?
    I drink a 750 ml bottle 3 days a week is this going to cause cirrhosis of the liver if I keep doing it?
    I do not drink this amount every day. Only friday.saturday and sunday

    • ANSWER:
      Liver transplant is needed for severe liver disorders. I suggest you better reduce your alcoholic intake cos it can cause a variety of liver diseases.

  47. QUESTION:
    why does your leg swell with cirrhosis of the liver?
    swelling off the leg fluid had to be drawn out cause by cirrhosis of the liver

    • ANSWER:
      Because your internal organs are not working properly your body has a buildup of fluid. It is normal for most of it to be in the abdominal area, but the legs and ankles also swell.

      http://www.ehow.com/facts_5158642_effects-cirrhosis-liver.html

  48. QUESTION:
    smoking or drinking- which is worse?
    To be honest, i think theyre both just as bad as each other
    sure, on average smokers die quicker than alcoholics right?
    but smoking- it doesnt affect your driving, you dont go out of control, you remember the things you are doing, you're basically in control and you're not prone to violence. However it can cause lung cancer.
    drinking on the other hand, you can become very violent, not in self control, and do stupid things and driving under the influence is VERY dangerous, but it can cause liver cirrhosis

    so which is worse would you say?
    people automatically just say smoking, because there are so many advertisments, and on the boxes they say "SMOKING KILLS" and on the alcohol its not as obvious... that's only because smoking can cause second hand smokers and drinking doesnt affect everyone elses body except their own.

    your opinions?

    • ANSWER:

  49. QUESTION:
    Criticise my 250 word essay on Medical Ethics.?
    Hi all,

    "5. A patients lifestyle choices should not alter the medical treatment.

    Write a unified essay in which you address the following:

    Do you agree with this ideal? Give Examples of when medical treatment may be altered as a result of lifestyle choices. What factors determine whether treatment can be given?"

    My answer:
    Medical treatment and treatment priority are determined by the patient's need. The principle of non-maleficence means that life-threatening diseases are treated first.

    A patient should not be penalised for their lifestyle choice through withholding treatment. Firstly, some 'lifestyle choices' such as being obese or addicted to smoking may be psychological diseases. Therefore, these decisions are not made in the patient's full capacity. Since it is not the patient's fault, it would be wrong to punish them.

    In addition, it we were to discriminate against a certain group of people e.g. smokers, then we risk social engineering. The decision to treat someone would be determined by one person's beliefs of an ideal. It would be wrong to let any subjective beliefs determine whether patients live or die.

    On the other hand, lifestyle choices are sometimes the only method of discriminating against patients of equal need. For example, relapsing drinkers who cause liver cirrhosis for the second time are as needy as a drinker who has not yet had a transplant. By giving treatment to the one who has not yet had any medical intervention, we are effectively penalising the relapsed drinker. Despite this, there is a gain in social equity since everyone gets a fair chance of obtaining a first transplant.

    In an ideal world, clinicians would not have to prioritise between patients due to lack of resources. Since prioritisation is necessary, discrimination must occur by some means. I feel that these decisions should be carried out by strictly regulated panels to ensure fairness.

    Here is the general essay mark scheme: http://www.admissionstests.cambridgeassessment.org.uk/adt/digitalAssets/119681_BMAT_Section_3_Marking_criteria_2010.pdf

    This essay is practise for my upcoming BMAT exam, I'd be grateful if you could give some guidance on how to improve both my essay technique and my ideas.

    Regards,
    Jon

    • ANSWER:
      Just wanted to comment on your transplant info regarding drinkers. To get cirrhosis from alcohol abuse, the person would have to be an alcoholic which I believe would be a better term used instead of "drinker."

      Alcoholics needing a transplant the first time has to do added things in order to qualify that other people who need a transplant do not have to do. The alcoholic must have at least 6 months of proven sobriety before they will even be considered for a transplant. That means they must go through a rehab or some program to find out why they drink and how to remain sober for the rest of their life. They also must agree to have random drug/alcohol testing done anytime the transplant center asks them to up until they receive a transplant if they qualify for one. If they don't agree to do these extra steps, they will not qualify for a transplant. If they are so sick that they do not have that much time (6 months) left to live, then they will die without a transplant. Getting placed on the list for getting a transplant is not easy and this is especially true for an alcoholic. There is a very extensive evaluation process that anyone wanting to be listed must pass, but the alcoholic has even more to do in order to qualify for very good reasons. This 0,000+ surgery would be wasted on them. A good organ would be wasted when it could have went to someone who would take excellent care of it for the rest of their life not to mention that it would save the life of someone else. Anti rejection drugs that must be taken for the rest of their life does not mix with alcohol so the liver could go into rejection if they drink again.

      Now if the alcoholic managed to get a transplant after he/she does everything that is required and takes up drinking again and destroys their new liver, they will die since they never give a second liver to an alcoholic that relapsed.

      I might be mistaken, but you refer to "treatment" as if that is a transplant and the two are very different. Symptoms of cirrhosis can be treated, but a transplant is the cure for cirrhosis. It's much more than a treatment.

  50. QUESTION:
    Can cirrhosis of the liver (beginning stages) cause the stomach to stick out and be hard?
    I mean a person's abdomen or belly.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, if you've got that you need to get it checked out. Cirrhosis is major bad news.


Causes Of High Liver Enzymes Ast

Liver is one of the most functional organs in the human body. Often called the 'Engine of the body', the liver plays an important role in digesting, metabolizing and manufacturing essential enzymes. Some scientists consider liver to be more precious than the brain and the heart, due to the essential tasks that it performs.

Read more on Home Remedies for Liver Care and Liver Cirrhosis Treatment and Liver Disorder Treatment

It is also works as a guard that by keeping check on the cholesterol levels in the blood stream. It also produces some certain proteins that are very much required for performing ware and tear function in the body. It also helps in total growth of the body. It also works as an energy store of the body thus providing energy when is required in emergency conditions. In general conditions, there are four types of liver disorders mentioned here.

Causes of Cirrhosis of Liver

1. Excessive consumption of alcohol

2. Blocked bile ducts that can put pressure on liver and overburden it
3. Bile duct injury

4. Gallbladder surgery

5. Schistosomiasis

6. Congestive heart failure

7. Cryptogenic cirrhosis

8. Alcoholic liver disease, which damages the liver cells

CIRRHOSIS OF LIVER

It is one of the most serious troubles of liver. In this condition liver start shrinking and becomes a hard and leathery. This decrease of size of liver occurs because the ratio of loss of cell to that of renege nation of that cells exceeds. This ultimately leads to the loss of function of liver and opens way to death.

Symptoms of CIRRHOSIS OF LIVER

Initially, there may general symptoms such as tiredness, lethargy, yellowness of eyes and urine (mild jaundice), swollen feet, excessive itching and anemia (low hemoglobin). In more advanced stages, the patient may have several life threatening complications such as blood vomiting, bloated stomach due to water (ascites) in the abdomen which may develop serious infection, mental deterioration and coma, deep jaundice and kidney impairment.

In addition, the patient may have bleeding tendency due to low levels of a liver protein prothrombin, and low platelet count both of which are vital for normal clotting of blood.

Liver Care Diet

The patient must abstain from alcohol in any form. He should undergo an initial liver-cleaning programme by going on a juice fast for seven days. Freshly extracted juices from red beets, lemon, papaya, and grapes may be taken during this period.

All fats and oils should be excluded from the diet for several weeks. The patient should avoid all refined, processed, and canned foods; spices and condiments; strong tea and coffee; fried foods; all preparations cooked in clarified butter, oil, or butter; all meats; and all chemical additives in food. The use of salt should be restricted.

Natural Home Remedies Treatment for Liver care

1. Squeeze a lemon in 100 grams of water and add a pinch of salt, drink thrice a day for 21 days.

2. Buttermilk taken with a little salt and powdered roasted cumin seeds is very beneficial liver cirrhosis remedy.

3. Alcoholic drinks even in small amounts should be avoided.

4. Keep a white-coloured glass bottle filled with water in the sun for 6-8 hours and drink it after cooling. This is a very simple home remedies for liver cirhosis.

5. High carbohydrate intake is recommended to provide the good amount of energy.

6. Mix one tablespoon of juice of black seeds of papaya with ten drops of fresh lime juice and have it once or twice daily for a month. Good Home Remedy for Liver Care.

7. Avoid fried foods, turmeric, oils, red chillies and spicy food as they are very harmful for the liver and stomach. This is not a good diet for liver care.

8. Mix 300ml of carrot juice with 100 ml spinach juice or cucumber juice and have it daily. This is another good home remedy for liver care.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Causes of high liver enzymes?
    I recently had blood tests done and it came back that i had high liver enzymes. My AST was 57 and my ALT was 54. I workout a lot and take protein powder and creatine. I also have been taking advil a lot lately. Could these affect the levels and are my levels dangerously high?

    • ANSWER:
      Exercise can cause these enzymes to elevate some. No, your levels are not elevated very much. There is really no danger to them being high other than indicating there could be a problem of some kind.

  2. QUESTION:
    can amino acid supplements cause liver enzymes to be too high?
    Had full bloodwork done at my physical 2 weeks ago. All results were dead center in the normal ranges, except for my liver enzymes. The AST was 58 (normal 0-40), and the ALT was 148 (normal 0-40). The doc asked me if I drank a lot, I said one beer a week. Then he asked me if I take tylenol-type medications often, and I said very seldom, if ever. Then he asked if I was on a high protein diet, and I said no, but I do take an amino acid supplement. He instructed me to lay off of alcohol, tylenol, and amino acids for 2 weeks, then come back and get retested. I just went back and the liver test is great, 28 AST, 32 ALT.

    My personal trainer, and all I have seen on internet says AA's in free form, are absorbed directly into the blood and do not have to be processed by the liver. But I am afraid to take AA's again. Should I be?

    They, along with lots of hard work, have helped me put on 15 lbs of muscle in the last year.

    • ANSWER:
      your personal trainer needs to be better educated...excess amino acids are processed by the liver and too much becomes toxic ,that which is not passed out in the urine remains in yor liver.My degree is in exercise science and nutrition,so that is where I get my info from

  3. QUESTION:
    Innocent causes for high liver enzymes (ALT)?
    Please only respond if you know about this, rather than posting a URL with generic information.

    My husband had high levels of liver enzymes 3 years ago but we thought it was due to the fact that he had taken 2 tylenol the day before. Recently, he was retested and his ALT is almost 3 times the normal limit (highest normal is 55 and his is 145), twice what it was 3 years ago. All of his other liver panel tests were normal, AST, billirubin, etc., as well as CBC.

    Our GP suggested that it could be something called NASH, or fatty liver disease, however, other than the high ALT, he has NONE of the typical characteristics. He has below average triglycerides and cholesterol and his glucose levels are normal. Also, his liver proteins (albumin) are on the high side of normal and these levels would be low if he had cirrhosis or fatty liver. I should also add that he does not drink and is not exposed to toxic chemicals. He is not overweight but also does not exercise.

    Any ideas please? I'm hoping there could be some simple explanation like vitamin deficiency, poor diet or dehydration. We could not get an appt. with a specialist for another month, at which point they will presumably perform an ultrasound to check things out.
    He is negative for viral hepatitis.
    His Albumin/ Globulin ratio was elevated 3 years ago and approx. twice what it should be (2.2) but I don't think they retested it.
    He is also negative for hemachromatosis, which runs on his father's side of the family.

    • ANSWER:
      Hello,

      The ALT is an enzyme that is located in the liver and is released into the bloodstream when there is damage to the liver cells. ALT is also located in other tissues, such as muscle tissues. Other blood tests can be performed to evaluate whether it is from the muscle tissue, such as the creatinine phosphokinase and aldolase. Most cases of a persistently elevated ALT are related to liver disease though. The most common causes for an ALT of this level would be alcoholic liver disease, hepatitis C, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), non-alcholic steatohepatitis and medication related. There are many other less common conditions, such as chronic hepatitis B, autoimmune hepatitis, Wilson's disease, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and hemochromatosis.

      Most of these conditions can be evaluated with by simple blood tests, which are routinely ordered for the evaluation of this. The exception would be NAFLD/NASH, because there is unfortunately no blood test that can identify this. NASH is becoming much more common and it is always something to consider when the rest of the work up was negative. It sounds like you already know the characteristics and risk factors of NASH including obesity, diabetes, and elevated triglycerides. The presence of these increases the likelihood of NASH, but is not necessarily diagnostic. The absence of these risk factors does not eliminate the possibility of NASH, but it does make it less likely. Even though your husband does not have these issues, NASH is still possible. The definitive test to evaluate for NASH is a liver biopsy.

      I would recommend that your husband be evaluated by a hepatologist or at least a gastroenterologist regarding this if he has not already. Standard blood tests that would be ordered to evaluate this include: Hepatitis B and C tests, Antinuclear antibody (ANA), anti-smooth muscle antibody, Ceruloplasmin, Iron, Total iron binding capacity and Ferritin. Imaging like ultrasound is also helpful in identifying any abnormalities in the liver. Your husband may have had some of these tests already. Do not worry about the details, because the doctor's will know what to order.

      You are correct that albumin is a marker of the synthetic function of the liver and low albumin is associated with cirrhosis. The ALT and AST are markers of damage, but they do not tell anything about how well the liver is functioning. The PT/INR is also a marker of how well the liver is functioning. It is good that your husband has normal function of the liver based on his elevated albumin.

      The concern with a persistently elevated ALT is that it is a sign of ongoing liver damage that could eventually lead to cirrhosis. This is why it is important to try to identify the cause and treat it if possible to prevent progressive damage to the liver. Vitamin deficiency could potentially lead to elevated liver tests, but this would be very rare in the absence of other signs of vitamin deficiency. Dehydration is not known to increase ALT. Poor diet can lead to NAFLD and NASH, but do not cause elevation in the ALT directly. You will have more answers once your husband sees the specialist. If you have further questions, then let me know. Good luck to you and your husband.

      Edit: It is good that the viral hepatitis and hemochromatosis evaluation is negative. The specialist may want to check additional labs depending on the previous results. Hopefully, you will have more answers by then. If your husband is on medications, then it is also important to determine if any of them are causing them. Some herbal supplements can also elevate liver enzymes, so do not forget about them.

  4. QUESTION:
    Why are my liver enzymes high?
    I had a recent physical that revealed that I have elevated liver enzymes. My ALT count is 63 and AST count it 61. I had an equivalent of 4 drinks the night before, and frequently have 2-3 drinks per night. I had a binge episode approximately 10 days prior. I am going in for more testing (hepatitis etc) but am a bit nervous. Are the elevated levels caused likely by the alcohol intake or should I be more concerned about disease? Very nervous. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      To start, the only thing "Hepatitis" means is liver inflammation. In the same way that joints can become inflamed from arthritis, our lungs when we catch a cold, skin becomes red and swollen in an infection, our body tells us that something is harming that tissue.

      In your case, it would be most likely that your excessive alcohol intake (remember, anything more than 1 drink/day for women or 2 drinks/day for men is considered excessive) is causing your liver to be inflamed as it metabolizes the alcohol into a less toxic form called acetaldehyde (the chemical responsible for hangovers).

      The elevations of the aminotransferases tells us that the liver is inflamed, but not what causes it. Some other causes include gallstones, a blocked liver duct, or infections with Hepatitis A,B,C,D or E.

      However, if you haven't been having high-risk/unprotected sex, sharing needles for IV drug use, or eaten food that may be contaminated with Hep A/E, then you have a very low risk for that.

      They will likely test other indications of gastro-intestinal health (bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, amylase, lipase) and may use an ultrasound machine to look at your liver.

      By doing all these things, we can find out if it is alcohol causing your liver inflammation or something else.

  5. QUESTION:
    Abnormally high Liver Enzymes?
    I took a blood test the other day and got very troubling results.
    ALT - 220
    AST - 419
    (My Cholesterol level was 107, if that helps)
    Now, my question here is "What could cause such high levels of liver enzymes?"
    I ask this because I have no recollection of being sick in the past year. I've been perfectly healthy.
    This is the first time I've taken a blood test, so I don't know if my levels have been this high before or if they've always been this high.

    I'll also add this, since it's worth noting - I've have drastically changed my life style in the past week; I've been going to the gym nearly every day and working out decently (mainly working on upper body strength).

    So, besides bad test results - what could cause this?
    The only drugs I have taken in the past year are over the counter pain meds (Advil and Tylenol), and only in small doses.

    • ANSWER:
      Cholesterol is too low and low cholesterol causes many health problems. The majority of men who needed a bypass had cholesterol levels below 5.2mmol/l (200). Read the truth about cholesterol>>>

      http://www.thincs.org/Malcolm.choltheory.htm

      Lab reference ranges vary but i'll go with ALT: 8 - 45 U/L and AST: 8 - 40 U/L.

      Your ALT is approx 5x the upper limit of normal.
      Your AST is slightly higher than 10x the upper limit of normal.
      AST - ALT approx ratio = 2:1

      Liver injury is defined as:

      ALT over 3x the upper limit of normal.

      If AST or ALT is above 10x normal, this may be toxin induced.

      Very high levels of AST (more than 10x the highest normal level) are usually due to liver disease called acute hepatitis, which is often due to a virus infection. In acute hepatitis, AST levels usually stay elevated for about 1–2 months, but can take as long as 3–6 months to return to normal.

      An AST:ALT ratio of 2:1 or 3:1, especially when associated with elevated GGT, strongly suggests alcohol induced injury. More than 90% of patients with an AST:ALT ratio of 2:1 have alcoholic liver disease. Of course if you don't drink, ignore this bit. :)

      "ALT Too High (Liver enzymes elevated): Rule out hepatocellular (liver cell) diseases such as cancer, fatty liver, cell death due to bacteria/viruses/hepatitis or toxins, cirrhosis, obstructive jaundice, and infectious mononeucleosis.

      AST Too High: Rule out liver disease (death of cells and cancer), skeletal muscle diseases, (myositis and muscular dystrophy), trauma, pancreatitis, renal infarct, eclampsia (milk fever), cancer, cerebral damage, seizures, alcohol, heart tissue disease (heart attacks, pericarditis), infections in the bloodstream (septicemia), intramuscular injections, drugs such as corticosteroids, primidone, antibiotics and other drugs processed through the liver. Hemolysis (ruptured red cells from improper handling of the blood) can also raise AST levels."

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepatitis
      http://nursinglink.monster.com/training/articles/1230-interpreting-liver-function-tests
      http://www.naturalhealthtechniques.com/basicsofhealth/lab_result_meaning1.htm

  6. QUESTION:
    I have elevated liver enzymes, what does this mean?
    My AST is 39 and ALT is 84. I'm a 24 yr old female. I think I was tested for hepatitis when I was pregnant a year or so ago, but not I'm not 100% sure. Anyway, how high are these levels? Is there a good chance I have a problem, or could it be caused by something else? I don't drink except a glass of wine once a week at the most. Is there a good chance I have hepatitis? Also, when I had my blood taken it was because I was having a gallbladder attack just before I went in, but my Alkaline phosphotase levels are normal so I'm not sure if that's what could have caused the liver levels to spike.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry, but dwp hornblower is incorrect. 40% of people with chronic, active hepatitis C have liver enzymes within normal limits. Because it often takes years, or even decades for symptoms to appear, many people go on with life drinking and taking medication that expedites damage to the liver. All the while the infection is silently causing scarring on the liver, which damages the liver tissue and prevents the liver from filtering properly and doing it's metabolic activities. You should have a hepatitis panel done. They'll test for Hep A, B, & C. Then, if you come back positive for either B, or C, you'll need to have a viral load test to see if it's chronic. (Hepatitis A resolves itself, so that can't ever be chronic). Your physician is remiss if he did ot send you for more blood work. Many primary care physicians are uneducated about hep c. That's why we have specialists. Get that hepatitis panel done, and then proceed from there. Good luck & best wishes.

  7. QUESTION:
    High Liver Enzymes Rapid Change in 1 month?
    On December 28th I gad blood work done with AST results of 16 and ALT results of 20. Donated blood on January 21st, no problem. Then on February 24th I had another blood work done for cholesterol. My AST results where 133 and ALT 66. I have been taking CQ10 with red rice yiest and fish oil to lower colesterol for a month, also took an atibiotic for 5 days prior to exam, i take a multivitamin and within last 30 days started taking Recreate, a weight loss product sold at vitamin stores. I also have been taking an anti depressent for last 6 weeks. Could all this stuff I am taking be the cause for such increase?

    • ANSWER:
      You need to notify the blood donation center in order to quarantine your blood products until the issue is resolved.

      Let me say that it is unusual to have repeat liver enzyme testing regularly and you give no reason for it. The liver panel is typically done for not reason and so it's hard to evaluate the situation properly without any medical history.

      Drugs are usually first on the list when it comes to unexpected lab results including the liver enzymes. Red rice yeast works because it contains a natural statin drug and when somebody takes a statin drug then they need to monitor their liver via the transaminases.

      It may also be something entirely different and hopefully not viral in origin and that is why you should notify the donor center.

      Your doctor who ordered the test needs to investigate and repeat testing to see if it keeps going up and how high they go. They need a physical and history.

  8. QUESTION:
    Please, I may have a liver problem?
    I went to have my blood work done today to get back on a medication. Upon having it done, my doctor called me back after receiving the results, and he tells me that I need to get to a liver specialist immediately. He told me that my liver enzymes (AST and ALT) were 200 points and 900 points over my normal. He also said that my white blood cell count was also very high. I have been really sick the last three days and I have taken a lot of Ibuprofen, too (First day, 3 100mg, days 2-3 approximately 5 200mg). I am 18, and I have never drank before, either. Would that much Ibuprofen cause a spike that high? Has anyone else had this problem? What could it be? I am going to see a liver specialist tomorrow, but I was wondering what it might be and what I can do?

    • ANSWER:
      There are a number of things that can cause
      a liver problem: alcohol consumption,
      medication toxification, chemical exposure.
      viral infections like Hepatitis A,B,C,etc..
      biliary obstruction or mal formation, mushroom
      poisoning, auto immune disease, fatty liver
      disease, hereditary conditions, metabolism
      problems, and there are others.

      All liver patients are told not to take any
      medication that is not prescribed or approved
      of by their doctor..They should tell the doctor
      every medication they have taken: this
      included over the counter meds (like you
      mentioned), herbs, herbal teas, vitamins,
      minerals, supplements, and all drugs prescribed
      by other doctors. This is very important considering that almost all drugs go through
      the liver first to be broken down before going
      to the rest of the body. Also, considering a
      patient may have some damage to the liver
      cells...then the medication has to be adjusted
      to be sure it doesn't harm the liver cells more.

      Considering your white cell count is high, it
      may be an infection. If the cells of the liver
      become damaged, it can cause the immune
      system of the body to react to this and this
      will cause inflammation in the liver. The doctor
      can sometimes feel this upon examination of
      placing his hand in the upper right quadrant of
      your abdominal area and pressing up under
      the ribs. If he believes this is happening,
      he may do a ultrasound or Ct scan to confirm
      it. Inflammation can be treated, and if the
      doctor knows the cause and it can be removed...
      the liver cells can heal. In some cases,
      the cause cannot be removed and the inflammation will then continue on. This can
      cause the cells of the liver to die off and form
      scar tissue in the liver ...this is then known
      as cirrhosis of the liver and is a progressive
      disease. It is wonderful that your doctor
      is referring you to a specialist right away...
      there is a good chance that this has been
      caught early on.
      Tylenol and Ibuprofen are two drugs that
      are very hard on the liver...I would stop them
      right away and speak to the doctor about what
      other medication you can take for pain or
      if he could tell you the amount you are allowed
      to have with these drugs. No one here can
      tell you that, since you know you have
      elevated test results.

      I hope things turn out well for you and that
      you will feel better soon. It is hard to wait
      till testing is done. Best wishes.

      There are other tests the doctors do to
      see how the cells of the liver are doing:
      known as Liver function tests. These
      tests are the Bilirubin, INR, and Albumin
      levels. No test result is 100% accurate...
      they may do a series of them to be sure
      what they are seeing is accurate and
      then follow up with other film testing to
      be sure.
      To learn more about your lab testing, just
      plug the test into this site and it will
      tell you more about it:
      http://www.labtestsonline.org

  9. QUESTION:
    Can weight lifting lead to liver damage?
    My AST and ALT liver enzyme levels have been tested as being high and my blood platelet count is a bit low. I am currently taking the medication Rebif for treatment of MS, but I also workout everyday. Can the working out, free weight training, cause any additional liver damage or elevation in my liver enzymes?

    • ANSWER:

  10. QUESTION:
    Do I have liver damage?
    My doctor recently told me my liver enzymes are extremely elevated. My AST is 307 and my ALT is 545. I suffered from bulimia/bing eating disorder for 11 years. I don't drink at all so I'm almost sure it's from the eating disorder. Now I found out I have Diabetes, High blood pressure, and my thyroid isn't functioning properly. I also have a lot of pain/discomfort on my upper right abdomen right below my rib cage. I have a lot of weight on my upper body so I thought that maybe the pain was from my weight gain. I feel the pain the most when I am sitting down or sometimes during the night when I'm sleeping it gets so umcomfortable that I have to adjust my body a different way. The pain comes and goes though. Now that my test results show that I have elevated liver enzymes I wonder if it's my liver that's causing the pain. Is it possible that I am suffer from liver disease, liver cancer, or cirrhosis? I'm supposed to be getting an ultrasound done pretty soon and I'm scared. Is there anyway I can get my ALT/AST down?

    • ANSWER:
      Something is definitely wrong with your liver. There are a few things that it could be including viral hepatitis or non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. The latter can be associated with type II diabetes. It's hard to give much more information without all of your lab results. You should consult with your doctor.

  11. QUESTION:
    Elevated liver enzymes.what do they mean?
    I got a blood test done and it says my ALT and AST levels were high. i am 20 years old, female, i don't drink, don't do drugs. I just got off birth control a few months ago which i took that for about 4 years and i have had a neck/shoulder injury for a while that iv been taking a lot of ibuprofen for. I would say the ibuprofen has been a little bit out of hand. I am vaccinated for hep B, i'v never done IV drugs so no hep C. no tattoos no needles period. What could be causing my levels to be high? I retook the test and she said they were better but i need to come back in two weeks again. I can't get any info out of the doctor so im curious if anyone here might know. oh and my diet, i guess isn't the best either.

    • ANSWER:
      Causes
      By Mayo Clinic staff

      Many diseases and conditions can contribute to elevated liver enzymes. Your doctor determines the specific cause of your elevated liver enzymes by reviewing your medications, your signs and symptoms and, in some cases, other tests and procedures.

      More common causes of elevated liver enzymes include:

      * Certain prescription medications, including statin drugs used to control cholesterol
      * Hepatitis A
      * Hepatitis B
      * Hepatitis C
      * Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
      * Obesity
      * Over-the-counter pain medications, including acetaminophen (Tylenol, others)

      Other causes of elevated liver enzymes may include:

      * Alcoholic hepatitis
      * Autoimmune hepatitis
      * Celiac disease
      * Cirrhosis
      * Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection
      * Dermatomyositis
      * Epstein-Barr virus
      * Gallbladder inflammation (cholecystitis)
      * Heart attack
      * Hemochromatosis
      * Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
      * Liver cancer
      * Mononucleosis
      * Muscular dystrophy
      * Pancreatitis
      * Polymyositis
      * Toxic hepatitis
      * Wilson's disease

  12. QUESTION:
    Do you think there may be something wrong with my liver?
    I was on TB Treatment for latent TB an stopped a few weeks back. Today my liver enzymes came back really high 69 for AST and 148 of ALT. Doc sent me for a CT scan. Liver is normal size and not palpable. Additionally, the CT scan states "The solid organs in the abdominal cavity are unremarkable for acute pathology"?

    I know one of the side affects of the TB medicine is liver damage do you think that could be the cause. How long would it take my liver to heal from this? Finally, is there any sign of cancer in this report? The did mention "there are small right lower quadrant reactive lymph nodes but no evidence of appendicitis.

    • ANSWER:
      No, this has no indications of cancer. When they say "Liver is normal size and not palpable." It means there is not swelling. Palpable means the Dr can feel it by touching that area. In your case, he could not, Good sign. The Ct saying the organs are unremarkable for acute pathology" simply means, they can't find anything wrong. Sounds to me like you're in good shape. Enzymes would be high because you were taking that drug for a long time. Once it's out of your system, those enzymes will go back to normal. Don't worry about lymph node either, that could be anything and the report doesn't give any indication that it's something bad. Glad you're better.

  13. QUESTION:
    High Billirubin, Why?
    Every year for the past 4 years, I have had elevated levels of total billirubin (low-mid 20s, normal = 5.1-17). In addition to the total billirubin being checked every year, I had the other liver enzymes tested every year for the past 4 years. Albumin, ALT, AST, and ALP have all been in the normal range every year for the past 4 years.

    Is this billirubin level really that high? What is the cause of it? Should I be concerned and should I have more tests done? Could it be cirrhosis of the liver? My doctor doesn't seem too concerned, but I am curious.

    • ANSWER:
      Do you still have your gallbladder? I doubt it is liver disease since your other numbers are all normal. A gallbladder problem can cause a biliruben level to skyrocket. I'm not saying it is your gallbladder, but just that it might be. It also could be a number of other things. Don't automatically assume the worst. Having all those other numbers be normal is a very good sign that there is no liver disease present, but talk to your doctor about maybe getting some further testing done to really figure out what is going on.

  14. QUESTION:
    Liver enzyme levels. what could be wrong.?
    My orginal Liver enzyme level ALT was 80, the next week it was 90 then I retook a week later and did not have any alcohol for 5 days and retook and the level ALT was 72 and the AST was 60. It is going down. What could cause it to still be high. How long would alcohol have to be out of system for it to go down more or is it something else. I take lexapro and that is it. Also had no tylenol for a week?

    • ANSWER:
      The elevated enzyme levels (so far as I understand - I've had some training but am not an MD) are an indication of damage, not of activity per se. The liver helps break down foreign substances that make it into the bloodstream - that's one of its major jobs. Alcohol is one such substance, so is the Lexapro. There are others - anything that isn't broken down elsewhere or filtered out as-is in the kidneys (like salt or excessive sugar - which is why diabetics get kidney failure). People who put lots of foreign substances into their systems are working their livers pretty hard. Some livers are able to take more abuse, that's one of the reasons you have to take liver function tests every so often if you're on certain prescription drugs (Lipitor comes to mind) - your liver might not be able to take it, and might get damaged, which would show up as elevated enzyme levels.

      Now, you've mentioned three substances that the liver has to work to get rid of - alcohol, Tylenol and Lexapro. Obviously from your labs, you've had some liver damage. Since it seems to be getting better, you may not have gone all the way to cirrhosis, but you're headed that way. Best to talk to your doctor about what foreign substances you can afford to be throwing at your liver, and then stay away from the rest.

      One other point: Lexapro is a SSRI (selective seratonin reuptake inhibitor). Alcohol use while taking Lexapro interferes with its action. If your Lexapro levels were titrated while you were also drinking, then you may be taking too much Lexapro (= even more liver stress). And for most people with clinical depression (which is why you're taking the Lexapro), alcohol use increases with increasing symptoms of depression. So it's a vicious circle. More alcohol --> less effect from Lexapro --> more depression --> more alcohol, and so on. Veeeeeery bad for a touchy liver. My advice would be to talk to your doctor honestly about how much alcohol you've been using on top of the Lexapro and discuss how to cut back (or better yet, stop) with the alcohol and whether adjusting the Lexapro would be appropriate. A good psychiatrist might help with this issue, because they specialize in this stuff. Believe me, if you get off the booze and onto an appropriate dose of antidepressants, you'll feel a lot better. And your liver will thank you.

  15. QUESTION:
    Normal range of ALT and AST for MAN?
    Recently, I did a FBC and found that my ALT is on the high side, 52 (permitted range 0-30) and my AST is 31 (permitted range 0-30). I do not drink alcohol, i am not on any medication, I do not smoke, I have a normal diet.
    I understand that these are enzymes in my liver. However, I am puzzled as to why these 2 are beyond the normal range because I don't drink or smoke? Any advice? What could be the causes and what shall I do next?

    • ANSWER:
      The above poster failed to mention that different labs that test blood often have different "normal values".
      Regardless, you should have a hepatitis panel done- regardless of risk factors for acquiring the different types.

  16. QUESTION:
    HIV, Herpes, or something else?
    does spermicidal condoms make it easier for a guy to get HIV if he isn't sure his partner is infected? i had a one night fling with a girl who i barely know and we had sex and i used two spermicidal condoms and checked both of them for leaks and there were no leaks. she also said she has nothing but has never been tested so she might not know herself is which is why im scared. ive been freaking out ever since cuz i read that the spermicide nonoxenol 9 irritates skin and makes the transmission of HIV easier. my skin has never been irritated from using it. i had no cuts or abrasions on my penis at all but still worried. its been about a month since the sexual encounter and i have been fine till i started thinking about being infected with HIV and herpes then i get this mild mild mild burning inside my penis like in the urethra after i started thinking about it again. i had also had the tingling like the very next day after the encounter and i went to go get tested for gonorrhea and chlamydia but planned parenthood said if they didn't call me back it was negative and they never called me back so i assume its negative and after that it went away.I have no lesions or anything on my penis and i had a nurse at planned parenthood check me and she said everything looks fine and she is about 99 percent sure i don't have herpes. im still gonna get a igg specific test in june just to make sure because some people are asymptomatic. its been about 5 weeks and i have been fine with no lesions or anything that looks abnormal on my genitals. but i started thinking about the possibility of me being infected again and my penis started to tingle again and had a mild mild mild burn after urinating and mild mild itching around the genitals. i haven't been tested for HIV yet till Wednesday so im still worried about that and the possibility of herpes. i recently had blood work done a little after the encounter and my liver enzymes were really high like 436 AST and 206 ALT. my doctor referred me to a nephrologist and they checked my kidneys with an ultrasound which they said looked normal and he said i could have had an infection that passed to my kidneys because i was very sick two weeks earlier before the sexual encounter. i also had overworked my muscles the day i went for the blood and urine test so he said muscle toxins could have leaked into my kidneys and caused an infection. i have not had any antibiotics for anything. im going back to the doctors tomorrow but does anyone have any idea whats happening to me? i hardly drink for liver enzymes to be elevated so high. and i only had sex with the girl one time with protection. i feel fine overall except for my worrying about contracting something and the mild burn after urinating and mild itching. could i still have some kind of infection in my kidneys or liver? or some kind of STD they missed? im so worried i cant even relax or think straight. im deathly afraid of HIV and Herpes.

    • ANSWER:
      You admit that you were sick 2 weeks before your encounter so why is it that you are trying to link her to all of this?

      Your doctor has already told you that you don't have herpes yet still you persist. You are making yourself sick psychologically.
      All of your stressing is possibly making a mild condition worse.

      If you act like this after a random protected sexual encounter then perhaps you should lay off the one night stands.

      And even if she was infected, you are protected against hiv since the condom was used properly. There wasn't any tears. As long as she didn't have any sores, you really have nothing to worry about.

      Listen to all of the doctors that have seen you and stop stressing.

  17. QUESTION:
    I have been drinking beer on and off, but mostly on for 15 years. I'm 34. I just had some tests done,?
    Cholesterol, etc. and one of my liver enzymes was high, the ALT # was 89, and normal is like between - 30-65, the AST # was 29, normal is 15-37. Ok, now I'm a bit freaked out. I definitely want to get these numbers down. I know I am a bit of an alcoholic, and I want to stop and help to repair my numbers. Will me quitting drinking now help to repair my liver? Like I said, I'm only 34, and I don't want to have a liver transplant in 10 years. I don't even have health insurance. Could someone who is knowledgable on this please answer this question for me. Also, I am on xanax, for the last 5 years. Can this damage my liver as well? or is it more caused from alcohol abuse? I am at the point of my life where I really need to stop these addictions if I want to live a full and healthy life. Besides cutting down on beer and also eating well and exercise, what are other ways I can improve my liver. Also, at what ALT # should you really start to get worried about liver damage? 100, 150, 200?

    • ANSWER:
      Go to a good health food store and get some liver support vitamins, cut way back on the drinks, eat some apples and oatmeal both help with cholesterol and try to eat more whole grain products and vegetables. Hopefully your dodtor tested you for hepatitis C . My friend had some slightly elevated liver levels which her doc said was no big deal and five years later she was diagnosed with Hepatits C. & her liver was trashed. Do not take tylenol if you drink. Other pain relivers are also hell on your liver even if you don't drink. Talk some more with your doctor or better yet one of his nurses and do some more research on-line.

  18. QUESTION:
    I have been drinking beer on and off, but mostly on for 15 years. I'm 34. I just had some tests done,?
    Cholesterol, etc. and one of my liver enzymes was high, the ALT # was 89, and normal is like between - 30-65, the AST # was 29, normal is 15-37. Ok, now I'm a bit freaked out. I definitely want to get these numbers down. I know I am a bit of an alcoholic, and I want to stop and help to repair my numbers. Will me quitting drinking now help to repair my liver? Like I said, I'm only 34, and I don't want to have a liver transplant in 10 years. I don't even have health insurance. Could someone who is knowledgable on this please answer this question for me. Also, I am on xanax, for the last 5 years. Can this damage my liver as well? or is it more caused from alcohol abuse? I am at the point of my life where I really need to stop these addictions if I want to live a full and healthy life. Besides cutting down on beer and also eating well and exercise, what are other ways I can improve my liver health.?

    • ANSWER:
      Drinking typically elevates some liver enzymes and not others, there is a characteristic pattern that indicates alcoholism & liver damage which would have been flagged on the test.

      If you just let your liver get some rest, you'll live longer.

      If you quit drinking beer altogether, you may not live any longer, but it'll feel like it!

  19. QUESTION:
    I have been drinking beer on and off, but mostly on for 15 years. I'm 34. I just had some tests done,?
    Cholesterol, etc. and one of my liver enzymes was high, the ALT # was 89, and normal is like between - 30-65, the AST # was 29, normal is 15-37. Ok, now I'm a bit freaked out. I definitely want to get these numbers down. I know I am a bit of an alcoholic, and I want to stop and help to repair my numbers. Will me quitting drinking now help to repair my liver? Like I said, I'm only 34, and I don't want to have a liver transplant in 10 years. I don't even have health insurance. Could someone who is knowledgable on this please answer this question for me. Also, I am on xanax, for the last 5 years. Can this damage my liver as well? or is it more caused from alcohol abuse? I am at the point of my life where I really need to stop these addictions if I want to live a full and healthy life. Besides cutting down on beer and also eating well and exercise, what are other ways I can improve my li

    • ANSWER:
      Stop using drugs. Alcohol is a drug. Get in a Smart Recovery group. Look for it on the internet, as you would do better with cognitive behavioral approach rather than AA.