Alcohol Liver Disease Statistics

Alcohol damages your liver cells by overloading them with work. When that happens fat accumulates inside them because they can’t handle taking care of both fat and alcohol (fatty liver, or steatosis stage). As more fat accumulates, less damage the liver can endure and cells start to die and be replaced by fibrotic tissue (cirrhosis stage).

Ginger is an excellent addition to your kitchen. It has a spicy flavor (be careful not to add too much) and you can find it dried, fresh, and pickled. You can use it as a condiment or make tea with it (try ginger and lemon tea). Pickled ginger is used to reset your tongue between two different flavored dishes so the flavor from the first doesn’t taint the flavor of the second.

Alcoholic fatty liver disease is the second type. Symptoms may include: weight loss, fatigue, or pain in the upper right stomach. There may be no symptoms at all. The majority of people in the United States who abuse alcohol end up with this condition. The liver ends up enlarged which causes discomfort. Treatments that are appropriate for this disease caused by obesity are also appropriate for the disease that is induced by alcohol use.

Dandelion is used as a liver tonic in the common herbal remedies for liver diseases. It is particularly effective in reducing the inflammation of liver which is a common symptom of liver related diseases. The herb also helps to enhance the bile flow and provide a good source of vitamins and minerals for the body which in turn protects the liver and boosts the immune system of body.

Polycystic liver disease is an extremely rare condition that affects less than two hundred thousand individuals in the United States. While most individuals are born with this disorder, many are never diagnosed until they are in their mid forties to early fifties and some may never be diagnosed due to the fact that this disease typically causes no symptoms or serious complications.

If the problem is fatty liver disease or Cholangiohepatitis, then the immediate treatment is to feed your cat via a tube that is inserted directly into the stomach. Your cat needs to be immediately hydrated, electrolyte balance restored so that the body is getting the food that it needs. After several days, 7 – 10, your veterinarian will reintroduce a normal diet that is high in protein.

Agrimony has divers long leaves, some greater, some smaller, set upon a stalk, all of them dented about the edges, green above, and grayish underneath, and a little hairy all over. Among these there usually rises just one, round, hairy brown stalk, two or three feet high, with smaller leaves set here and there upon it and at the top of which grow many yellow flowers, one above another, in long spikes.

Increase foods containing high fiber help the digestion process to burn and eliminate excess fats stored in the liver cells. This also means reducing low fiber foods which generally covers all fast foods and highly processed foods including any alcohol, breads, crackers, fried foods or desserts. Increase foods that are low in calories.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Weed vs. Alcohol?
    There are so many people who are against the legalization of marijuana or the fact that some people smoke it period. But I see that the use of alcohol can have deadly effects as well.

    It would be pointless to quote statistics of alcohol related deaths (drunk driving, liver disease…) because everyone knows that. You can drink, but not get drunk, but drinking leads to intoxication, and you can smoke and not get “blabbering idiot high”.

    I personally don’t condone either for myself. But I would like to know what others think. If marijuana is illegal, then shouldn’t alcohol be illegal too?

    • ANSWER:
      No one has ever died from a overdose of marijuana! Marijuana has medical properties.
      Both are good for you if used in moderation.

  2. QUESTION:
    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness ……?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.
    Before Mr. X can receive blood products for transfusion they need to be screened. Mr. X will show specific symptoms of liver disease.

    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness of the screening process including the screening method used and current statistics on numbers of cases of people catching the disease from contaminated blood products?

    • ANSWER:
      blood products are usually only screened for blood transmitted diseases, such has HIV and hepatitis. the effectiveness of the screening is great, although there is a 6 month incubation period for HIV and hepatitis so there is still chance (although VERY small) of getting these diseases by transfusion.
      an ELISA test is usually used for the screening process of HIV.

      As of 2001, the risk of transfusion-acquired HIV in the U.S. was approximately one in 2.5 million for each transfusion.

  3. QUESTION:
    Has anyone seen “England’s Healthcare refuses liver transplant for 22 year old and dies?”?

    http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=d12_1248118397

    A man from east London who began binge-drinking at 13 has died after being denied a life-saving liver transplant.

    Gary Reinbach, 22, from Dagenham, was given only a few weeks to live after devel More..oping cirrhosis of the liver.

    He was admitted to University College Hospital London (UCL) with alcohol damage for the first time 10 weeks ago.

    But health chiefs ruled he should not be exempt from strict organ donation criteria which require an alcohol-free period of at least six months.

    Mr Reinbach, who died on Sunday, was too ill to be sent home after his admission to hospital.

    Teenage drinking

    A statement from NHS Blood and Transplant said: “This case highlights the dilemma doctors face because of the shortage of donated organs.

    “They have to make tough decisions about who is going to get the benefit and who is going to take best care of this precious gift.”

    Campaign group Alcohol Concern called for more research into the way alcohol can affect young people’s health.

    The group said it was worried that a rise in teenage drinking would lead to more people suffering alcohol-related illnesses at younger ages.

    Speaking about Mr Reinbach’s case, a spokeswoman said: “This doesn’t surprise us at all, sadly.

    “Statistics show that more people are getting liver disease in their 30s and, if more teenagers are drinking, people will become seriously ill at a younger age.”

    • ANSWER:
      Thhis was not refused because of a shortage of donors, it was refused as he was an alcholic. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/8159813.stm There are loads of people who need livers. Unless an alcholic can prove that they are dry, in the UK, they are not entitled to it. He had nine years to stop drinking. He did not.

      First of all with the other comments here, too many people do not know that Obama wants to make insurance more available to all. His system is similar to that which works in Holland and Switzerland.

      Second, of course universal health-cover sucks. That is why we in Western Europe have it. We think, hmm, our healthcare system sucks. I know, lets keep it. I guess that is the same with Japan and Canada as well.

      FACT – the USA spends more on healthcare PER PERSON than any other nation on the planet.

      FACT – the US has higher death rates for kids aged under five than western European countries with universal health coverage.

      That means that a dead American four year old would have had a better chance of life if they were born in Canada, France, the Netherlands, Cuba, Switzerland, Germany, Japan etc, all of which have universal health coverage.

  4. QUESTION:
    Alcohol is forbidden in bible why our shops are selling it?
    Prohibition of alcohol in the Bible

    The Bible prohibits the consumption of alcohol in the following verses:

    “Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging; and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.”
    [Proverbs 20:1]

    “And be not drunk with wine.”
    [Ephesians 5:18]

    3. Alcohol inhibits the inhibitory centre
    The human beings possess an inhibitory centre in their brains. This inhibitory centre prevents the person from doing things that he considers wrong. For instance a person does not normally use abusive language while addressing his parents or elders. If he has to answer the call of nature, his inhibitory centre will prevent him from doing so in public. Therefore he uses the toilet.

    When a person consumes alcohol, the inhibitory centre itself is inhibited. That is precisely the reason that an inebriated person is often found to be indulging in behaviour that is completely uncharacteristic of him. For instance the intoxicated person is found to use abusive and foul language and does not realize his mistake even if he is addressing his parents. Many even urinate in their clothes. Neither do they talk nor walk properly. They even misbehave.

    4. Cases of adultery, rape, incest and AIDS are found more among alcoholics
    According to National Crime Victimization Survey Bureau of Justice (U.S. Department of Justice) in the year 1996 alone everyday on an average 2,713 rapes took place. The statistics tell us that the majority of the rapists, were intoxicated while committing the crime. The same is true in cases of molestation.

    According to statistics, 8% of Americans commit incest i.e. one in every twelve to thirteen persons in America is involved in incest. Almost all the cases of incest are due to intoxication of one or both the persons involved.

    One of the major factors associated with the spread of AIDS, the most dreaded disease, is alcoholism.

    5. Every alcoholic was initially a social drinker
    Many may argue in favour of liquor by calling themselves ‘social drinkers’. They claim that they only have one or two pegs and they have self-control and so never get intoxicated. Investigations reveal that every alcoholic started as a social drinker. Not a single alcoholic or drunkard initially starts drinking with the intention of becoming an alcoholic or a drunkard. No social drinker can say that I have been having alcohol for several years and that I have so much self-control that I have never been intoxicated even a single time.

    6. If a person is intoxicated just once and commits something shameful, it will remain with him for a lifetime.
    Suppose a ‘social drinker’ loses his self-control just once. In a state of intoxication he commits rape or incest. Even if the act is later regretted, a normal human being is likely to carry the guilt throughout his life. Both the perpetrator and the victim are irreparably and irreversibly damaged.

    Diseases associated with alcoholism
    There are several scientific reasons for the prohibition of consumption of intoxicants i.e. alcohol. The maximum number of deaths in the world related to any one particular cause is due to the consumption of alcohol. Millions of people die every year only because of intake of alcohol. I need not go into the details of all the ill-effects of alcohol since most of them are commonly known. Below is a simple list of few of the alcohol related illnesses:

    Cirrhosis of Liver is the most well known alcohol associated disease.

    Others are Cancer of Oesophagus, Cancer of Head and Neck, Cancer of Liver (Hepatoma), Cancer of Bowel, etc.

    Oesophagitis, Gastritis, Pancreatitis and Hepatitis are linked with alcohol consumption.

    Cardiomyopathy, Hypertension, Coronary Artherosclerosis, Angina and Heart Attacks are linked with heavy alcohol intakes.

    Strokes, Apoplexy, Fits and different types of Paralysis are linked with alcohol intake.

    Peripheral Neuropathy, Cortical Atrophy, Cerebellar Atrophy are well-known syndromes caused by alcohol consumption.

    Wernicke – Korsakoff syndrome with amnesia of recent events, confabulations and retainment of memory to old events with different types of paralysis are mainly due to thiamine deficiency due to excessive alcohol intake.

    Beriberi and other deficiencies are not uncommon among alcoholics. Even Pellagra occurs in alcoholics.

    Delerium Tremens is a serious complication that may occur during recurrent infection of alcoholics or post operatively. It also occurs during abstention as a sign of withdrawal effect. It is quite serious and may cause death even if treated in well equipped centres.

    Numerous Endocrine Disorders have been associated with alcoholism ranging from Myxodema to Hyperthyroidism and Florid Cushing Syndrome.

    Hematological ill effects are long and variable. Folic acid deficiency, however, is the most common manifestation of alcoholic abuse resulting in Macrocytic Anemia. Zeive’s syndrome is a triad of Hemolytic Anemia

    • ANSWER:
      Because not everyone is dumb enough to follow a bunch of Bronze Age rules.

      Eating shellfish is forbidden in the bible, so is wearing clothing of mixed fabrics. Women are supposed to sacrifice a dove or something after each menstrual cycle – there’s a whole load of bollox in the bible… you either follow it completely or not at all.

      … and wasn’t jesus supposed to have turned water into wine? Wasn’t that a teensey bit naughty if his Daddy had said alcohol was a no-no?

  5. QUESTION:
    The number of under-25s needing medical treatment after a night out is much higher than previously thought: Y?
    Have you ever ended up in A&E after drinking too much?

    The number of under-25s needing medical treatment after a night out is much higher than previously thought.

    More than 53,000 ended up in hospital with problems linked to alcohol in 2006-2007.

    The new statistics show around one in five of all admissions for under-25s is because of a drunken fight or a drunken fall.

    Previous official figures for England only showed admissions for obviously alcohol-related conditions, such as alcohol poisoning and liver disease.

    Have you ever been admitted to A&E after drinking too much?

    Do you know anyone who has?

    Do you think under-25s drink too much?

    http://newsforums.bbc.co.uk/nol/thread.jspa?forumID=5285&edition=1&ttl=20080902084235

    Many schools & colleges, etc open on Wed, so many students plan to get very drunk tonight

    Do see BBC replies @ beautiful girls breaking teeth, noses, cheekbones, etc thru drunken falls

    & add any stories that will help save folk from such silly accidents, OK?
    CP

    I’m so glad U R OK

    I had my stomach pumped when I took 70 paracetemol on the 1st anniversary of my mum dying of cancer

    I agree 100% that it’s an experience that makes you determined not to repeat, for 3 reasons

    Physical discomfort, feeling stupid & seeing the concern it gives others

    Guys, it’s not the way you want beautiful nurses to see you either

    Stay safe out there

    Do google Samaritans if you have problems that make you despair

    They can refer you to local support groups

    I’ve asked for GP referral to a local mental health support group, as my only girl has been missing @ 4.5 yrs & I haven’t seen her for @ 6.5

    It’s her 21st in Dec – IF she’s still alive

    The fact no-one’s heard from her since leaving school @ 16 makes me think she’s dead, but she always wanted to live in some remote rural area abroad – she was a keen cadet

    But I don’t get drunk: I see no point in becoming accident prone – not least as that puts others in danger too
    This one’s @ what kids’ games are healthy/dangerous:-

    http://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080902005623AAsp3Dg&r=w

    Must go

    If any locals need to talk @ lunchtime, I’ll be at Bliss (non-alcoholic) Bistro in Anfield Lighthouse, Oldfield Rd, L4, @ 100 metres from The Kop, @ 12-ish
    Just had brekkie while my bath cools down

    Have folk added views to the influential BBC opinion poll?

    Any plan to email/ring lunchtime phone-ins @ http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio2

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/liverpool etc

    Must go
    Hi GW

    UK legal drinking age is 18, but many kids buy bargain booze at superstores

    In a way, the most stunning thing @ the binge drinking phenomenon is that, as soon as it was publicised, several TV stations showed docus @ drunks in dangerous states – falling down, crawling, vommitting etc

    & the trend STILL grew

    & they said that the trend was started by professional/executive types in their 20s/30s, whom others delightedly copied

    • ANSWER:
      Absolutely! Not only with alcohol but legal and illegal drugs (OD).
      The rate should skyrocket, if the United States passes a bill, allowing the legal age limit to drink alcoholic beverages , to be lowered to 18 from 21.
      What are we doing to our youth, tomorrows leaders? We are shooting them in the foot before they barely learn how to walk!
      Their future already looks so bleak!
      We, their peers, must take some responsibility for this and find a solution, turn it around, for the sake of our children and their future.

  6. QUESTION:
    Whats your opinion on marijuana?
    Everyone is entitled to his or her own opinion so lets try to be respectful and mature :D. My opinion is that I think it should be legal for many reasons. If you have seen Super High Me or Totally Baked then you know the facts and statistics that I am referring to. If things like alcohol, cigarettes, and fast food which all can kill you is legal, then why not marijuana? Alcohol can cause liver disease, cigarettes give cancer, and aspartame eats holes in your brain… but marijuana can not kill you. I am a pot smoker but I believe there should be protective measures set in place governing marijuana, if/when it becomes completely legal, such as the licences they have now that you need in order to obtain it. There are people in prison who have gotten 5-Life for marijuana related charges where as you get 5-10 years for rape… doesn’t that seem a tad odd? Also in the movie Super High Me, the doctor that he has regular visits with during his experimentation admittedly used to be a pot smoker, and he still wen’t on to be a successful doctor. So I feel it should be legal, why not? Whats your opinion?

    • ANSWER:
      although i have never smoked it, i think that it should be legalized because it is starting to be like prohibition of alcohol in the 1920s. if it was legalized, crime would probably drop fast because of all the people that use it. it can be used as medicine for christ sake unlike cigs and alcohol! if the US does legalize it, i will pledge to be the most patriotic american whoever lived.

  7. QUESTION:
    what grade would you give this newspaper article, and how can i add to and improve it to insure i get an A?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing it’s time we ask ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the united kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they have unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of are country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of coarse lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    By Alex Dart

    • ANSWER:
      Not so bad.But “ask” should be “asked”..”are” (country?) should be “our”and “coarse” should be “course”.I left the UK in 2002 because of the insularity of the people,their racism and “little islander”mentality.

  8. QUESTION:
    how can i improve this newspaper article for my GCSE coursework?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing is it time we asked ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the United Kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they are unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has led to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of course lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    • ANSWER:
      It’s your coursework and should be YOUR work. I will not help you gain a GCSE. They’re incredibly easy anyway.

  9. QUESTION:
    What grade would you give this newspaper article, and how can i add to and improve it to insure i get an A?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing it’s time we asked ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the united kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they have unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of course lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    By Alex Dart

    • ANSWER:
      C, it is a very good essay. Newspapers want the who, what, where, when and why in the first paragraph. Then the explanation of them in the body of the article.

      Maybe something like this will catch a readers attention:

      According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number has elevated by 21% over the past five years. This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease. “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association. More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol”. All these things are completely avoidable.

  10. QUESTION:
    Hello.. May you revise a little these my four summaries?
    1. Smoking
    Tobacco arrived to Europe from America at the end of the 15th century. After 1950s the dangers of smoking were officially fixed. The number of smokers in Britain has reduced in last years, but cigarettes kill around 114,000 people in the UK every year (some die because of cigarette-related cancers, others from cardio-vascular or chronic lung diseases). Luckily there are several organizations, such as “ASH”, which make people conscious of the health risk correlated to smoking.

    2. The dangers of alcohol
    A lot of people, who drink, have no serious problems but alcohol can cause harm. We can have a look to some facts and statistics:
    - In the United Kingdom 1 adult in 25 depends on alcohol;
    - About 900,000 children live with one parent or both, who misuse alcohol;
    - We estimate that 20 – 30 per cent of all accidents are related to alcohol;
    - A misusing of drinks can cause liver, heart and stomach problems.

    3. Britain and the “binge drinking” culture
    Binge-drinking is when some people decide to drink so much that they’ll get drunk. In the United Kingdom above all university students, high school seniors and people in the military are considered to be “classic” binge-drinkers. Luckily some researches say that binge-drinking is actually declining in the US and in the UK too, but media attention is increasing; but, according to other studies, young people drink earlier than in the past. At last binge-drinking means to cause harm to oneself, because you’ll have a terrible hangover the next day and not be fine to do anything.

    4. Drugs in the United Kingdom (If you want, here you may add something more.)
    In the United Kingdom more than a third of people have tried drugs in their lives; that equates to 19 million people who have used drugs in their own lifetime. Certainly cannabis is the most popular drug, while a recent trend is the rise of cocaine use. Finally crack and heroin aren’t (ain’t) so widely used as cocaine.
    I’m Italian :-)
    to Sarah: Thank you very much! :-) :-)

    • ANSWER:
      you did a really good job. here are a few suggestions that might make it sound better:

      Smoking
      Tobacco arrived to Europe from America at the end of the 15th century. After 1950s the dangers of smoking were officially RECOGNISED. The number of smokers in Britain has reduced in RECENT years, but cigarettes kill around 114,000 people in the UK every year (some die because of SMOKING-related cancers, others from cardio-vascular or chronic lung diseases). Luckily there are several organizations, such as “ASH”, which make people conscious of the health riskS correlated to smoking.

      2. The dangers of alcohol
      A lot of people who drink have no serious problems, but alcohol can cause harm. We can have a look AT some OF THE facts and statistics:
      - In the United Kingdom 1 in 25 ADULTS depend on alcohol;
      - About 900,000 children live with AT LEAST ONE PARENT who ABUSE alcohol;
      - We estimate that 20 – 30 per cent of all accidents are related to alcohol;
      - THE MISUSE of drinks can cause liver, heart and stomach problems.

      3. Britain and the “binge drinking” culture
      Binge-drinking is when some people decide to drink so much that they’ll get VERY drunk. In the United Kingdom above all university students, high school seniors and people in the military are considered to be “classic” binge-drinkers. Luckily some researches say that binge-drinking is actually declining in the US and in the UK too. But media attention is increasing, AND according to other studies, young people drink earlier NOWADAYS than in the past. FIANALLY, binge-drinking means to cause harm to oneself, because you’ll have a terrible hangover the next day and not be FIT to do anything.

      4. Drugs in the United Kingdom (If you want, here you may add something more.)
      In the United Kingdom more than a third of people have tried drugs in their lives; that equates to 19 million people who have used drugs in their lifetime. Certainly cannabis is the most popular drug, while THERE IS a recent trend IN the rise of cocaine use. Finally crack and heroin aren’t AS widely used as cocaine.

      i cannot think of a place where you would need to use the word “ain’t”. it isn’t widely used so i would avoid it :)

  11. QUESTION:
    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness ……?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.
    Before Mr. X can receive blood products for transfusion they need to be screened. Mr. X will show specific symptoms of liver disease.

    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness of the screening process including the screening method used and current statistics on numbers of cases of people catching the disease from contaminated blood products?

    • ANSWER:
      There’s a possibility that infection could be transmitted if Mr X receives unscreened blood/blood products. You would not want to give him something like HIV or syphilis, for instance. Blood screening insures that the blood is safe for transfusion. As to the rest of your question, you can look these things up on your own since the information is never going to be right at the top of anyone’s mind.


Alcohol Liver Disease Facts

Alcohol damages your liver cells by overloading them with work. When that happens fat accumulates inside them because they can’t handle taking care of both fat and alcohol (fatty liver, or steatosis stage). As more fat accumulates, less damage the liver can endure and cells start to die and be replaced by fibrotic tissue (cirrhosis stage).

Ginger is an excellent addition to your kitchen. It has a spicy flavor (be careful not to add too much) and you can find it dried, fresh, and pickled. You can use it as a condiment or make tea with it (try ginger and lemon tea). Pickled ginger is used to reset your tongue between two different flavored dishes so the flavor from the first doesn’t taint the flavor of the second.

Alcoholic fatty liver disease is the second type. Symptoms may include: weight loss, fatigue, or pain in the upper right stomach. There may be no symptoms at all. The majority of people in the United States who abuse alcohol end up with this condition. The liver ends up enlarged which causes discomfort. Treatments that are appropriate for this disease caused by obesity are also appropriate for the disease that is induced by alcohol use.

Dandelion is used as a liver tonic in the common herbal remedies for liver diseases. It is particularly effective in reducing the inflammation of liver which is a common symptom of liver related diseases. The herb also helps to enhance the bile flow and provide a good source of vitamins and minerals for the body which in turn protects the liver and boosts the immune system of body.

Polycystic liver disease is an extremely rare condition that affects less than two hundred thousand individuals in the United States. While most individuals are born with this disorder, many are never diagnosed until they are in their mid forties to early fifties and some may never be diagnosed due to the fact that this disease typically causes no symptoms or serious complications.

If the problem is fatty liver disease or Cholangiohepatitis, then the immediate treatment is to feed your cat via a tube that is inserted directly into the stomach. Your cat needs to be immediately hydrated, electrolyte balance restored so that the body is getting the food that it needs. After several days, 7 – 10, your veterinarian will reintroduce a normal diet that is high in protein.

Agrimony has divers long leaves, some greater, some smaller, set upon a stalk, all of them dented about the edges, green above, and grayish underneath, and a little hairy all over. Among these there usually rises just one, round, hairy brown stalk, two or three feet high, with smaller leaves set here and there upon it and at the top of which grow many yellow flowers, one above another, in long spikes.

Increase foods containing high fiber help the digestion process to burn and eliminate excess fats stored in the liver cells. This also means reducing low fiber foods which generally covers all fast foods and highly processed foods including any alcohol, breads, crackers, fried foods or desserts. Increase foods that are low in calories.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Liver disease and Hepatitis C questions..?
    Recently, my dad has become jaundiced and his belly distended. This all happened within about.. 2 weeks maximum. He’s an alcoholic and has been for years. However, he also recently got a really bad cut while he was “beach combing,” trying to pull out a metal lobster trap that was stuck in the sand after washing up on a beach shore. The cut was really pretty bad and infected-looking and hasn’t even fully healed yet. His symptoms started to show about.. 2 weeks after he got this cut.
    I immediately attributed his symptoms to liver problems due to his drinking problem. However, I was just doing some research and it seems as though Hepatitis C is characterized by liver disease and jaundice, among other things, and that alcohol consumption (not to mention excessive alcohol consumption) can cause a rapid deterioration of Hepatitis C.

    I know he needs to see a doctor, but for some reason he’s having a hard time getting himself in to see a doctor. I think it may be because he doesn’t want to face what’s going on with himself. I’m going to try and convince him to go, but I just want to ask a few questions to help me out with my facts:

    1) Is it possible that he acquired Hep C after getting the cut, and that his jaundice and distended stomach is due to rapid Hep C deterioration because of his alcoholism?
    2) It’s only been about 1 month since he got the cut. Is it too soon for Hep C to be showing symptoms, excessive alcohol consumption or not?
    3) Is liver disease curable? How?

    Thank you for any answers in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Most advanced liver disease is not curable and the jaundice that is now present gives this indication. Your father needs to go to the nearest ER so they can give him the correct medications to make him more comfortable. He could be dying right before your eyes. Forget about the Hep C, the jaundice and belly distension are serious symptoms that need immediate medical attention. It is a sign his liver is shutting down which can soon lead to death.

  2. QUESTION:
    Marijuana vs. Alcohol what’s your opinion?
    Here is a question that i am curious to see how many people will give an honest answer. Which do you prefer to be legalized Marijuana or Alcohol? Below are just a few facts about both…. (I did look up the facts that are posted on both marijuana and Alcohol I did not just make up these facts myself) I will try and post 10 facts each

    Marijuana: #1 If Pot were legalized the prison industry would be hurt. They would no longer jail Pot smokers. It could free up space for violent criminals. #2 Pot is a sexual stimulant. #3 Pot is 100% natural nothing about it has man made chemicals in it. #4 There has never been a car accident death due to a stoned driver, just some slow drivers and may be some lost drivers . #5 Pot is used for medical use in MANY situations. #6 it is a myth that marijuana is a gate way drug. #7 Pot will cause some short term memory loss. #8 Pot will give you the Munchies, It could cause you to gain weight. #9 Marijuana smokers show dysregulated growth of epithelial cells in their lung tissue, which could lead to cancer; however, a recent case-controlled study found no positive associations between marijuana use and lung, upper respiratory, or upper digestive tract cancers. Thus, the link between marijuana smoking and these cancers remains unsubstantiated at this time, but marijuana smokers have some of the same problems as cigarette smokers coughing, mucus, sore lungs, etc. #10 Marijuana make most people more relaxed. It relieves the clutter and tension after a hard days work or stress. It mellows you out and makes you more relaxed. It heightens the imagination and improves creativity. If you have a problem with anger, Pot is usually a good drug to reduce it, no one has ever died from smoking marijuana.

    Alcohol: #1 In VERY SMALL amounts, alcohol can help a person feel more relaxed or less anxious. #2 Alcohol actually blocks some of the messages trying to get to the brain. This alters a person’s perceptions, emotions, movement, vision, and hearing. #3 Depending on the person, intoxication can make someone very friendly and talkative or very aggressive and angry. #4 Reaction times are slowed dramatically — which is why people are told not to drink and drive. People who are intoxicated may think they’re moving properly when they’re not. They may act totally out of character. #5 When large amounts of alcohol are consumed in a short period of time, alcohol poisoning can result. Alcohol poisoning is exactly what it sounds like — the body has become poisoned by large amounts of alcohol. Violent vomiting is usually the first symptom of alcohol poisoning. Extreme sleepiness, unconsciousness, difficulty breathing, dangerously low blood sugar, seizures, and even death may result. #6 One half of all drowning deaths among teen guys are related to alcohol use. Use of alcohol greatly increases the chance that a teen will be involved in a car crash, homicide, or suicide. #7 Teen drinkers are more likely to get fat or have health problems, too. One study by the University of Washington found that people who regularly had five or more drinks in a row starting at age 13 were much more likely to be overweight or have high blood pressure by age 24 than their non drinking peers. People who continue drinking heavily well into adulthood risk damaging their organs, such as the liver, heart, and brain. #8 The strongest medical evidence exists for the link between moderate drinking and a reduced risk of heart disease. #9 Alcohol has been linked to liver disease, cancers, heart damage and strokes when consumed in larger amounts, and even small doses can lead to accidents, Each year, approximately 5,000 young people under the age of 21 die as a result of underage drinking; this includes about 1,900 deaths from motor vehicle crashes, 1,600 as a result of homicides, 300 from suicide, as well as hundreds from other injuries such as falls, burns, and drownings. #10 Hangovers are another possible effect after large amounts of alcohol are consumed; a hangover consists of headache, nausea, thirst, dizziness, and fatigue.

    In my opinion i think it’s safer to smoke a joint than it is to drink a beer, the most dangerous thing about marijuana is getting caught with it. you can google all this info your self before you answer i do not smoke or drink and i do not condone any of the above this is just my opinion on the subject, & I am just curious as to what every ones opinion is on the subject. I am just a homemaker and not any form of government at all or anything like that. Also I looked every were for something good about drinking alcohol and found VERY limited info on it, so please don’t think this info posted is one sided for marijuana being good for you, I just found that using google as info finder it’s easier to find good things about using pot than using beer.

    • ANSWER:
      TRUTHFULLY I WOULD SMOKE THE “KUSH”…..LOL

      I KNOW PPL THAT SMOKE THAT SHYT

      BUT I WOULDN’T FUCK WITH IT.

      BUT THE WEED SEEMS BETTER!

      DONT DO DRUGS “KIDDS”

  3. QUESTION:
    Ciggie Packs To Have Graphic Pictures On The Pack – Why Not Do The Same For Alcohol?
    Hello.I welcome the idea,allbeit a bit late,to introduce graphic images onto cigarette packs to shock people into stop smoking. If it can be done for cigarettes packets,why can’t similar graphic images be used to show the effects of drinking alcohol?

    For example,there could be a photo of throat, tongue or mouth cancer, or a diseased liver and pancreas, or kidneys all shown as the “before” and “after” effects in photo form of alcohol abuses. There could even be a diseased brain showing damage. In fact, there are so many possibilities and permutations on this.

    My question is thus:- If the effects of alcohol were shown in photo form on EVERY type of alcoholic beverage currently available in the UK,and done in the same way and manner which is going to be used on cigarette packs,would it deter you from drinking alcohol?

    I wonder where YOU stand on this?

    Alan L.

    • ANSWER:
      I agree. Everyone knows what cigarettes can do to you, but I don’t think many people believe that alcohol can also kill you.

      My 23 year old cousin almost died from pancreatitis last year, he only had a 25 % chance of survival, he pulled though but if he starts to drink again he’ll kill himself. He is now one messed up young man.

      My friend’s partner died last month from sorosis of the liver from years of binge drinking, he was 35 years old.

      I don;t think the pictures will work on ciggies and they wouldn’t work if introduced for alcohol either.

  4. QUESTION:
    With all the studies that have taken place…?
    With all the studies that have taken place why do parents allow their children to go out with friends drinking and getting drunk?

    Don’t the parents know that the body of teenagers hasn’t fully developed yet, alcohol causes liver disease and that it can cause serious implications later on in life although may not be noticeable until 10-15 years in the future.

    Personally when I have kids I wouldn’t allow them to drink until they are at least 16 and even then I would only allow it to be on special occasions and it would only be a sip or something. Then when they are 18 i can’t really do anything except hop I brought them up correctly.

    I can’t think of one point for drinking under the age of 18 so why do parents allow their kids to do it?

    Am I missing something?

    For Parents: If you have kids do you allow them to do it? Why?

    People say that teenagers want to drink but I would say that a majority do it to try and look cool or something silly. Others say it tastes nice which alcohol may do but so does other drinks.

    Would you say it has anything to do with bad parenting. It is already thought that this generation will encounter more alcohol related diseases than any other previous generation.

    Yes, I know I said 16 years old but there is a difference between a sip and a glass – a BIG difference too

    Links – there are more

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/7092347.stm

    http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/26529310/

    http://www.dassa.sa.gov.au/site/page.cfm…

    http://www.drinkaware.co.uk/facts/effect…

    There are more but I couldn’t be bothered to search through my history finding them.
    I don’t think I can word it any clearer;

    Why do people let children to drink especially after health problems related to under age drinking and alcohol.

    It’s simple
    Do I think kids drink to look cool?

    Answer: yes – I have asked a few ‘mates’ of mine and they admitted that they drink because everyone else does and they think it looks cool. I used to drink until one of my closest friend nearly died in hospital.

    • ANSWER:

  5. QUESTION:
    Weed vs. Alcohol?
    There are so many people who are against the legalization of marijuana or the fact that some people smoke it period. But I see that the use of alcohol can have deadly effects as well.

    It would be pointless to quote statistics of alcohol related deaths (drunk driving, liver disease…) because everyone knows that. You can drink, but not get drunk, but drinking leads to intoxication, and you can smoke and not get “blabbering idiot high”.

    I personally don’t condone either for myself. But I would like to know what others think. If marijuana is illegal, then shouldn’t alcohol be illegal too?

    • ANSWER:
      No one has ever died from a overdose of marijuana! Marijuana has medical properties.
      Both are good for you if used in moderation.

  6. QUESTION:
    How do you feel about legalizing….?
    How does everyone feel about the fact that here in America alcohol is legal? Yet, it kills people EVERYDAY! Whether it be a drunk driver hitting a family, someone overdosing from a mix of alcohol and another drug, or just dying from liver disease? Alcohol also impairs your judgement and functions and alot of people get very violent when drinking. Yet, Marijuana is Illegal?? You don’t hear about people smoking a lil pot and killing people, or overdosing from pot and sleeping pills, and marijuana is not proven to harm your body in anyway other than the paper that is used to smoke it in. And your definetly don’t hear about a pothead beating their kids or wife. So why is the role not reversed? Marijuana legal and alcohol not?

    • ANSWER:
      I’m guessing that because there are big businesses involved in the alcohol industry, there’s a lot of political pressure being exerted. Who’s going to go argue for pot? The cartels? Whenever you’re talking jobs, influence, PACs and the like, it’s almost impossible to take a stand against anything that has already been legalized.

  7. QUESTION:
    can someone proofread my essay?
    People live in a society that drinks too much alcohol, and this affects teens. Alcohol is a legal drug for people over the age of twenty-one. “The Dangers of Drinking.” By the time most teens reach high school, almost all will have faced a choice about whether or not to drink alcohol. Although alcohol is illegal for teenagers, a large percentage of teens use it normally. Do these people actually know what they are doing to their brain and body? Do they even know the effects of drinking alcohol?
    Kids who are drinking regularly in high school seem to be fully aware of the penalties and laws against underage drinking, possession but don’t care. They all know that driving drunk can cause harm to themselves and others, but never think that anything can happen to them. They don’t know that alcohol increases the risk of many health illnesses, such as heart and liver disease. Alcohol works right on the central nervous system, damaging brain function. Drinking too much can destroy brain cells, causing in many degrees of brain damage. “What are the Dangers of Alcohol?”

    Alcohol affects the way people behave. Some people become more violent. This can increase crimes. People realize that they are not much aware when drinking alcohol and may make really poor decisions. Alcohol also affects memory. The earlier young people start drinking and using drugs, the more likely they are to become addicted. People think that when they drink alcohol, they actually get more dehydrated. “The Dangers of Drinking.”

    Not only are you ruining your body and brain cells, but you are breaking the law by buying or using alcohol before you are twenty one years old. This also affects kids’ grades. Their grades drop when they consume alcohol. Alcohol can set you in making bad judgments that can result in car crashes, violence, unwanted pregnancy, sexual transmission of diseases, or rape. Who wants that? Nobody. Who wants to die from all that alcohol poisoning? People might think that stuff like that happens to other people, but not them. And when it happens to them, they start understanding why they should’ve not drunk in the first place. “What are the Dangers of Alcohol?”

    When someone is binge drinking, they can lead themselves to suffer alcohol poisoning. The blood alcohol level rises to a very dangerous point. If someone is at a very high alcohol level a person can just have really dangerous injuries done to them or most likely, die. “Binge Drinking.” Binge drinking is a dangerous drinking problem that many people have. A binge is defined as five or more alcoholic drinks in one sitting for a man, and four for a woman. Binge drinking is extremely common among American high school and college students. In fact, one-third of high school and college students admit to a binge in the last 30 days. This high rate is reasonable since drinking is still seen as a popular activity in many colleges as seen in the horrible accidents in the newspaper or on television. On television shows and in movies binge drinking is rarely shown as a dangerous and horrible thing. Alcohol is more commonly shown with friends, beauty, and enjoyment. Many people today have this problem of abusing alcohol; many of them being teenagers. Someone can develop this problem by starting a habit of drinking or alcoholism. One drink a night can lead to two. Two drinks a night can lead to three. Three drinks a night can lead to a serious binge drinking problem. The only real way to transmit this disease is through genes.
    Scientists have known that alcohol problems can be hereditary. The baby of this mother may have a first craving for alcohol and may feel ill without alcohol in its system. That is why drinking when you are pregnant can be a very dangerous thing. Binge drinking will definitely cause the person to feel without control over his or her body. They will be very dizzy and crazy. This can be dangerous for the drinker and dangerous for the people around him or her. This is why drinking and driving can be so risky. Some people have been killed because of a heavy drinker while the drinker walks away unharmed. The effects of binge drinking are that as you get more and more obsessed with alcohol, there can be many more long term effects. A human body can only drink so much alcohol. Over time your liver becomes damaged by torn tissues and maybe some other problems. Binge drinking can also lead to poverty and a loss of job. The only way to prevent binge drinking is by not abusing alcohol and drinking too much. To prevent binge drinking completely, people must simply not drink alcoholic beverages. If they do drink every once and a while, they will be fine. As long as they keep their alcohol consumption pretty low, they won’t get liver disease. The only treatment for this problem is to get help on how to stop drinking (and stop drinking). After this is done, it may be very easy to get addicted to alcohol again so it’s better to probably stop altogether.

    • ANSWER:
      a large percentage of teens use it normally. Do these people actually know what they are doing to their brain and body? Do they even know the effects of drinking alcohol?
      Don’t ask too many questions, unless you will answer them.

      Kids who are drinking regularly in high school
      Try, ‘Kids who drink regularly in high school’.
      Who wants to die from all that alcohol poisoning?
      Again, too many questions, not enough answers.

      And when it happens to them, they start understanding why they should’ve not drunk in the first place.
      Drunk isn’t used like that, it’s drank.

      “What are the Dangers of Alcohol?”
      Try moving this down to where you actually wrote about them. Or go,

      *words of the last paragraph*

      “What are the Dangers of Alcohol?”

      *Next paragraph about dangers of alcohol*

      Good essay overall, just keep what I said in mind and try organizing your first paragraph a little better. Try enhancing the end, it seems like it is missing something…

  8. QUESTION:
    what does an enlarged liver mean?
    I went to the doctor today and they told me that during and xray on my abdomen the radiologist noticed that my liver was enlarged? What does that mean and could it be connected to the fact that I have a very high LDL cholesterol level? I also have multiple ulcers and degenerative disk disease both of which I take medications for. I am a bit underweight and often go a day or two without eating because I always feel full – perhaps this is also connected? I do not drink alcohol at all.

    • ANSWER:
      This is known as enlarged liver, or
      hepatomegaly (hep-uh-to-MEG-uh-le).
      Enlarged liver isn’t a disease. It’s a sign of an underlying problem, such as hepatitis, congestive heart failure or cancer. Treatment of an enlarged liver depends on the cause.

      The most common cause of enlarged liver is accumulation of fat in the liver. Collection of fat in the liver can a result of obesity and diabetes. This problem has striking similarity with alcoholic hepatitis, but it has been found that such patients do not drink alcohol. Hence, it is known as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. However, it is not at all necessary that every overweight person will develop enlarged liver problems. Other causes of enlarged liver are viral infection like hepatitis A, hepatitis B or hepatitis C, iron deposition in liver, heavy consumption of alcohol. Serious ailments like diabetes, tuberculosis, liver cancer, congestive heart failure or leukemia can be some other causes of enlarged liver. Inadequate diet and side effects of some drugs are other factors that can lead to enlarged liver.

  9. QUESTION:
    Whats your opinion on marijuana?
    Everyone is entitled to his or her own opinion so lets try to be respectful and mature :D. My opinion is that I think it should be legal for many reasons. If you have seen Super High Me or Totally Baked then you know the facts and statistics that I am referring to. If things like alcohol, cigarettes, and fast food which all can kill you is legal, then why not marijuana? Alcohol can cause liver disease, cigarettes give cancer, and aspartame eats holes in your brain… but marijuana can not kill you. I am a pot smoker but I believe there should be protective measures set in place governing marijuana, if/when it becomes completely legal, such as the licences they have now that you need in order to obtain it. There are people in prison who have gotten 5-Life for marijuana related charges where as you get 5-10 years for rape… doesn’t that seem a tad odd? Also in the movie Super High Me, the doctor that he has regular visits with during his experimentation admittedly used to be a pot smoker, and he still wen’t on to be a successful doctor. So I feel it should be legal, why not? Whats your opinion?

    • ANSWER:
      although i have never smoked it, i think that it should be legalized because it is starting to be like prohibition of alcohol in the 1920s. if it was legalized, crime would probably drop fast because of all the people that use it. it can be used as medicine for christ sake unlike cigs and alcohol! if the US does legalize it, i will pledge to be the most patriotic american whoever lived.

  10. QUESTION:
    What was Ataturk cause of Death?
    On November 10, 1938, following an illness of a few months, the national liberator and the Father of modern Turkey died.

    Atatürk died, at age 57, at the Dolmabahçe Palace on November 10, 1938. It is thought that he died of cirrhosis of the liver.[56] Ataturk’s funeral called forth both sorrow and pride in Turkey, and seventeen countries sent special representatives, nine contributed with armed detachments to the cortege.[57]

    “His lifestyle had always been strenuous. Alcohol consumption during dinner discussions, smoking …..”

    Cirrhosis has many causes. In the United States, chronic alcoholism and hepatitis C are the most common ones.

    Alcoholic liver disease. To many people, cirrhosis of the liver is synonymous with chronic alcoholism, but in fact, alcoholism is only one of the causes. Alcoholic cirrhosis usually develops after more than a decade of heavy drinking. The amount of alcohol that can injure the liver varies greatly from person to person.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustafa_Kemal_Atat%C3%BCrk#Last_days.2C_1937-1938

    Irmak:I think you should read your answers before posting them.
    I don’t see how ataturks alcoholism lets me go to the mosque or helps me live. Ataturk commanded the Turkish army and the soldiers with God’s will saved Turkey.
    out of curiosity who are ppl like me??

    • ANSWER:
      yes u r right every second of his life was beeing drunk
      even because of him we lost islam

  11. QUESTION:
    How can I close this persuasive letter?
    I’m writing a letter to the next president about the Drinking age.
    I have to write my closing paragraph which only has to be about 5 lines. I can’t think of a way to close this! Please help me! Here is my letter…….

    There are 1,081 deaths a year in Michigan alone from drunk driving. For the state of Michigan that’s about 36 percent of all deaths. If you think that’s a lot, can you imagine the number of deaths nationwide? Lowering the drinking age will only increase the amount of people that can purchase alcohol, so we can predict that the number of these tragedies may increase. If 21 year olds are not all responsible enough to drink responsibility, then we can not expect 18 year olds to be either! I think the fact that people are trying to lower the drinking age to 18 is wrong, and will only cause more accidents, deaths and tragedy for our country.
    I realize that, at the moment, Michigan is the only state trying to lower the drinking age to 18, but this is a national issue. I can say from personal experience that drunken-related accidents are things that severely impact your life. How would you feel if somebody you cared about got into a bad accident? Lets say that a family friend got into a car accident due to drunk driving. It could cost them thousands of dollars just to pay for repairs on the car and even more for medical bills if they got hurt. We can help lower the amount of accidents due to drunk driving through a variety of different community initiatives. There are many different groups that try to help lower the amount of drunk driving accident, such as The Mothers Against Drunk Driving. Lowering the drinking age will not make our world a safer place and should not be done.
    Knowing how many underaged drinkers are out there already, don’t you think that lowering the drinking age will only increase the amount of underaged drinkers? According to CNN seventy-eight percent of high school students have at least tried alcohol! If you ask me, that’s way to much. In America, underage drinkers account for about 11.4 percent of all alcohol consumption. I went to Abovetheinfluence.com to get some facts on alcohol. What many underage drinkers don’t realize is that alcohol can cause many problems. Excessive drinking can cause alcohol poisoning. Alcohol poisoning can lead to a coma or even death. There are even more problems with excessive drinking. Alcohol abuse can cause liver damage, mouth, throat, esophagus and larynx cancer and heart disease. If alcohol abuse can cause all of this, then why would anybody want to let more people drink?
    If we lowered the drinking age, it could also hurt the states. Federal law prohibits states which have a drinking age under 21 from receiving transportation funds from the federal government. That could cause many transportation companies to go bankrupt. I think that the president should personally take a stand to try and help this cause.

    Please help me think of a good closing reccomendation!
    I’ll award 10 points:]

    • ANSWER:

  12. QUESTION:
    Are people who oppose the legalization of marijuana but drink hypocrites or uninformed?
    With the presented facts could some anti marijuana activist please explain their position.

    1. Marijuana is far less addictive than alcohol.
    Source: Jack E. Henningfield, PhD for NIDA

    2.In 2001, there were 331 alcohol overdose deaths and 0 marijuana overdose deaths. Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC).

    3.The U.S. Centers for Disease Control reported 20,687 “alcohol-induced deaths” (excluding accidents and homicides) in 2003.
    The CDC has no reports of “marijuana-induced deaths.” (In reality, there may be 2-5 deaths each year attributed to marijuana, but this article — http://bbsnews.net/bw2005-02-01.html — describes how these are actually deaths attributable to other causes but “blamed” on marijuana due to the way the data is collected.)

    4. Studies find alcohol use contributes to the likelihood of domestic violence and sexual assault and marijuana use does not.
    Source: Journal of Addictive Behaviors

    5. There has never been a documented case of lung cancer in a marijuana-only smoker, and recent studies find that marijuana use is not associated with any type of cancer. The same cannot be said for alcohol, which has been found to contribute to a variety of long-term negative health effects, including cancers and cirrhosis of the liver.

    While there has never been a documented case of lung cancer in a marijuana-only smoker, there are clearly thousands of deaths by liver disease directly associated with alcohol – 12,360 in 2003, to be exact. [See, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/alcohol.…

    6. Marijuana has medicinal purposes for all of these diseases
    AIDS (HIV) & AIDS Wasting
    Alzheimer's Disease
    Appetite / Nausea
    Arthritis
    Asthma / Breathing Disorders
    Chemotherapy
    Crohn's / Gastrointestinal Disorders
    Epilepsy / Seizures
    Glaucoma
    Hepatitis C
    Migraines
    Multiple Sclerosis / Muscle Spasms
    Pain / Analgesia
    Psychological Conditions
    Tourette's Syndrome
    Terminally Ill

    So why is pot so bad and alcohol ok again? And spare me about the crime rate caused by drug dealing because if it was legal we could buy it at a gas station like cigs and beer.
    For those of you who responded to a similar post a few weeks ago thanks for your feed back. I just didn't get as many responses as I wanted.
    I have a bachelors degree and a job thank you very much. I'm considering getting a masters. Such a close minded ignorant answer.
    For one last time I checked you can't get a lot of those conditions from being next to them but let me inform you of the def. of disease. You don't have to catch it. 1. a disordered or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure, or system of the body resulting from the effect of genetic or developmental errors, infection, poisons, nutritional deficiency or imbalance, toxicity, or unfavorable environmental factors; illness; sickness; ailment. Also the pupil dilation actually helps symptoms of glacoma and it has anti convulsant properties for epileptics. That article was referring to car accidents not drunken conduct outside of a car. And I wasn't comparing it to cig. Why can't I compare it to alcohol? One kills people from ods and one doesn't.

    • ANSWER:
      I think it has to do more with the brainwashing from the government and the media.

      A few years ago they did a study and found that YES you can grow brain cells back(slowly) which sort of debunked the "frying egg" commercials.
      It also has to do with the amount of money generated from it being illegal.

      Now I don't use marijuana since I am an avid beer maker but I see NOTHING wrong with legalization. I may even partake every now and then.

  13. QUESTION:
    True or false Marijuana question?
    People who oppose the legalization of medical mariana while sipping on alcoholic beverages are hypocritical or uninformed. With the presented facts could some anti marijuana activist please explain their position.

    1. Marijuana is far less addictive than alcohol.
    Source: Jack E. Henningfield, PhD for NIDA

    2.In 2001, there were 331 alcohol overdose deaths and 0 marijuana overdose deaths. Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC).

    3.The U.S. Centers for Disease Control reported 20,687 “alcohol-induced deaths” (excluding accidents and homicides) in 2003.
    The CDC has no reports of “marijuana-induced deaths.” (In reality, there may be 2-5 deaths each year attributed to marijuana, but this article -- http://bbsnews.net/bw2005-02-01.html -- describes how these are actually deaths attributable to other causes but “blamed” on marijuana due to the way the data is collected.)

    4. Studies find alcohol use contributes to the likelihood of domestic violence and sexual assault and marijuana use does not.
    Source: Journal of Addictive Behaviors

    5. There has never been a documented case of lung cancer in a marijuana-only smoker, and recent studies find that marijuana use is not associated with any type of cancer. The same cannot be said for alcohol, which has been found to contribute to a variety of long-term negative health effects, including cancers and cirrhosis of the liver.

    While there has never been a documented case of lung cancer in a marijuana-only smoker, there are clearly thousands of deaths by liver disease directly associated with alcohol – 12,360 in 2003, to be exact. [See, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/alcohol.htm

    6. Marijana has medicinal purposes for all of these diseases
    AIDS (HIV) & AIDS Wasting
    Alzheimer's Disease
    Appetite / Nausea
    Arthritis
    Asthma / Breathing Disorders
    Chemotherapy
    Crohn's / Gastrointestinal Disorders
    Epilepsy / Seizures
    Glaucoma
    Hepatitis C
    Migraines
    Multiple Sclerosis / Muscle Spasms
    Pain / Analgesia
    Psychological Conditions
    Tourette's Syndrome
    Terminally Ill

    So why is pot so bad and alcohol ok again? And spare me about the crime rate caused by drug dealing because if it was leagal we could buy it at a gas station like cigs and beer.

    • ANSWER:
      There is nothing bad about the wacky weed. It was actually outlawed because of mexicans, as a matter of fact you can still buy marijuana tax stamps from the federal government. I do have to agree there would be a drop in crime if you could buy it where ever you buy smokes and booze.

  14. QUESTION:
    Weed is bad for you. Okay, now prove it?
    You cannot say that it's bad because you know someone who died or went through rough times on it because of addiction. Theoretically, anything is addictive. You can get addicted to coffee, water, kool-aid, anything. Just because you knew someone who got addicted to it doesn't mean I, or anyone else, -will-.

    You cannot say it's bad because it kills brain cells. The reason why you're thinking this is because you probably heard or read somewhere that marijuana damages brain cells, or makes you stupid. These claims are untrue.

    Marijuana killing brain cells is based on research done during the second Reefer Madness Movement. A study attempted to show that marijuana smoking damaged brain structures in monkeys. However, the study was poorly performed and it was severely criticized by a medical review board. Studies done afterwards failed to show any brain damage. In fact, a very recent study on Rhesus monkeys used technology so sensitive that scientists could actually see the effect of learning on brain cells, and it found no damage.

    But this was Reefer Madness II, and the prohibitionists were looking around for anything they could find to keep the marijuana legalization movement in check, so this study was widely used in anti-marijuana propaganda. It was recanted later.

    To this day, the radical anti-drug groups, like P.R.I.D.E. and Dr. Gabriel Nahas, still use it -- In fact, America's most popular drug education program, Drug Abuse Resistance Education, claims that marijuana "can impair memory perception & judgement by destroying brain cells.''

    The truth is, no study has ever demonstrated cellular damage, stupidity, mental impairment, or insanity brought on specifically by marijuana use -- even heavy marijuana use. This is not to say that it cannot be abused, however.

    Weed DOES cause memory loss, I'll give you that. But only for the duration of your high. Once the high diminishes, your memory is in tact and fine.

    You cannot say because it causes lung cancer. Most pot smokers smoke moderately, i.e casually. Casual smoking has NEVER been proven to cause any damage to your lungs, heart, or liver. Hell, alcohol is billions worse than marijuana. Alcohol is proven to cause liver disease, kidney failure, brain damage, and even death.

    Basically, all you can say is that it will cause lung cancer if you smoke it all the time.
    You can't prove it's harmful to you, so you result to insulting the stance of my question.

    Nice!

    • ANSWER:
      This does sound like an infommercial for pot smoking. You say prove it? How about that woman that was driving all those little girls home from some meeting that went the wrong way on a major highway killing them. I don't remember how many people she killed, but it was on the national news awhile ago. The lab results are back and it turns out she was high on pot at the time she was driving. That's pretty good proof is you ask me.

  15. QUESTION:
    what grade would you give this newspaper article, and how can i add to and improve it to insure i get an A?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing it’s time we ask ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the united kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they have unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of are country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of coarse lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    By Alex Dart

    • ANSWER:
      Not so bad.But "ask" should be "asked".."are" (country?) should be "our"and "coarse" should be "course".I left the UK in 2002 because of the insularity of the people,their racism and "little islander"mentality.

  16. QUESTION:
    how can i improve this newspaper article for my GCSE coursework?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing is it time we asked ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the United Kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they are unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has led to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of course lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    • ANSWER:
      It's your coursework and should be YOUR work. I will not help you gain a GCSE. They're incredibly easy anyway.

  17. QUESTION:
    What grade would you give this newspaper article, and how can i add to and improve it to insure i get an A?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing it’s time we asked ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the united kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they have unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of course lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    By Alex Dart

    • ANSWER:
      C, it is a very good essay. Newspapers want the who, what, where, when and why in the first paragraph. Then the explanation of them in the body of the article.

      Maybe something like this will catch a readers attention:

      According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number has elevated by 21% over the past five years. This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease. “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association. More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol”. All these things are completely avoidable.

  18. QUESTION:
    My husband is no fun since he quit drinking?
    My husband and I have always had a taste for the good life. Fine wine, cocktails, fancy restaurants, etc. My husband in particular has a strong passion for spirits and wine. He actually built a bar in the basement that rivals many I've seen in five-star restaurants.

    Unfortunately, my husband had to quit drinking a few months ago at the advice of his personal physician. The doctor ran some blood work and informed my husband that his liver enzymes were elevated. Upon further testing, they discovered that he also showed the early signs of liver disease.

    Anyway, at first I was fully supportive of him abstaining from alcohol . I mean, he's my husband and I care about his health and well-being. However, these past two months I've noticed some significant changes in his personality and even his appearance.

    I can't quite put my finger on it, but my husband seems to have lost that "spark" that he once had. He rarely wants to go out anymore. In fact he barely even leaves the house at all. His voice has become sort of dull and flat; almost emotionless. He's lost contact with many of his friends and work acquaintances.

    Our love life has taken a significant turn for the worse as well. His libido has just gone kaput. Marital relations have become a chore for him now instead of an integral and enjoyable part of our marriage.

    I'd also estimate that he's lost about 20-25lbs. The weight loss is even affecting the structure of his face. This is not the man I married.

    Suffice to say, I WANT MY HUSBAND BACK!

    It's my understanding that liver disease is a very slowly progressive disease. He probably has decades of binge-drinking in him before any significant problems arise. How can I convince him to disregard his doctor's instructions and live life to its fullest again?

    • ANSWER:
      he's depressed because without the alcohol clouding his brain he has realized what a selfish bitch of a wife he has.

  19. QUESTION:
    HELP! ALCOHOLIC + HEPATITIS C?
    BEFORE YOU LOOK AT THE LENGTH AND QUICKLY EXIT OR SKIM THIS, PLEASE READ IT THOROUGHLY, I'M IN DESPERATE NEED OF YOUR HELP... PLEASE!

    My mom has Hep C & is by such unfortunate and sad circumstances, also an alcoholic. She's what they would call a "Functional Alcoholic," she works, eats pretty healthy, a lot of fruits and vegitables, as well as drinks a lot of water. In other words, outside of her chronic alcohol use, her addiction, she's pretty healthy- although she doesn't exercise, and as a result from the drinking and lack of exercise has put on some weight, but is still reasonably thin.

    Her drink of choice is Vodka. She claims, when drinking Vodka, this is when she gets carried away, but can control it when she drinks beer, for example. She mixes her drinks, and sips them slowly (mentioning this because i've read in some articles that this is a technique that alcoholics can use to try to control how much they drink)....but the fact still is: she drinks 7 days a week. Light consumption M-F, however enough to get a flush, or buzz, likely drunk by non-alcoholic standards. The weekends are another story. Friday-Sunday is an all-out binge. She's told me she's gone through an entire 1.75 JUG of vodka in one weekend... ALONE. Actually, she's said that she's done this many times, and it was a wake-up call and she stopped.

    When she began drinking, many years ago, she would drink to relieve her anxiety, as many with anxiety disorders do. She was in treatment by age 16, got help, but started drinking again a few years later. She contracted Hepititis C when she was 24, she's now 51, and has been an alcoholic the entire period she's had Hep C. ALTHOUGH her alcoholism has gradually worsened throughout the years. Quite significantly. It wasn't until about the past 5 years that the drinking became a daily ritual. It used to be, my whole life - adolescence, which ended about 6 years ago, she would only drink on teh weekends, and it wasn't a weekend binge, it was limited to just the evening.

    *IF I'M BORING YOU*

    I'm giving details because i want to know what hope i can instill in her quitting drinking, given the specific circumstances i'm telling you, so please keep reading. Help someone who really wants help...me.

    She won't listen, and i have a strong feeling it's due to hopelessness. She feels her liver isn't perfect anyhow, along with her depression, trauma never recovered from (from childhood) she tried therapists throughout her life, and said the therapists never listened, or told her it was time to go in the middle of self-disclosure *basically she didnt find them helpful or she didn't think they truly cared or both*. She is on an SSRI (anti-depressant) currently and thinks it's working, but i keep telling her it WILL NOT work when you drink daily. The pill will cancel itself out. For all i know, the medication with the alcohol daily may be keeping her at an even keel.

    LASTLY, it's important to add the following:
    She has tried to quit recently, twice. She went a few weeks without alcohol and said she was so God awful EXHAUSTED she couldn't even hardly function. She said without the alcohol there is no longer anxiety present, and like i mentioned earlier, not facing the anxiety was what started the alcohol problems to begin, that, and the childhood trauma. But claims there is no more anxiety...Are theses signs of liver disease approaching or what's up with that?

    Based on what i'm telling you, what is some advice i can give to get her to cut down or stop drinking? I know the 12 steps, i know AA, i know rehab, i know out-paitient. She will not go to any, she sounded like she WOULD go to out-patient...but never did as her enforcers or reasons for going were not herself but the fact that she was hurting her kids and when we weren't there to push her into it, never went....
    The reasons for not going to Inpatient, AA, or the like is: she's afraid of losing her job. I tell her what good is a job if you're dead anyhow? She ignores this. In desperate need of wisdom from someone who KNOWS. Plz no garbage advice, this is a hard situation to deal with and i already know the problems assocaited with Hep C and Alc. so there's no use in reinforcing that idea. I've tried reinforcing spirituality in her life, God... and that's not helping.... I've tried amny things.

    More importantly, i've tried telling her i'm not judging her, and that i love her and all i want is for her to not give up on herself.

    Her current living situation is: ALONE. My stepfather recently passed from Alcoholism, just 5 months ago. This didn't wake her up either.

    Is she going to die from this disease? If she will enver stop drinking, how can i make my last years with her great & how can i let go the need to focus on her wellness?

    Thanks for reading and i apologize for the
    MAY I: Thank you for the feedback, I will absolutely pray as often as i can. This is great advice.

    CANDACE: She is seeing someone regarding the Hep C., she gets yearly liver biopsies, and recently told me her last one came back 2X worse. This is alarming, but not surprising given her situation. You noted that you're starting to feel this overwhelming urge to step-off. My advice: never give up. As long as you're alive, keep trying to help your loved one until you've exhausted all options, that way if all fails, you will have peace of mind knowing you gave it your all. I'd love to talk regarding this, it'd be great to get some words of wisdom from someone who knows what it's like. Being that i'm a young adult, i don't have many friends that can really empathize with my situation. Nor would i want to burden those who can't understand with things like this... bc the result isn't going to be positive for anyone.

    In this, let's talk positives. Realities and positiives are one in the same,

    • ANSWER:
      What a sensational story and awfully long description you have there. The first thing you need to do is talk to your mother about her addiction and the association with Hepatitis C. She need to understand the risk she is taking by consuming excessive amount of alcohol especially a vodka. She needs some type of counseling both mentally and physically. Let me tell you a little about hepatitis C and what complications associated with alcohol. Hepatitis C is a viral infection of the liver that has no cure whats so ever at the moment but there are treatment such as Interferon that lowers the replication of the RNA make ups of the virus and reduce the damage to the hepatocytes(liver Cells). The liver is an important organ in your body and it is an important organ that regulates your overall health. As much as she care about her exterior self being healthy, she also need to do the same to the internal organs as well. If your mother continues to live this type of life style, then she will end up developing Hepatocellular Carcinoma of the liver, Cirrhosis or both. Hepatocellular Carcinoma is a malignant cancer of the liver that is one of the most dangerous cancers known to be. Cirrhosis is the scaring of the liver that means, damage tissue that can't be replaced leading to chronic liver failure. Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Cirrhosis are a irreversible chronic liver disease which can lead to death in short period of time. So she need to understand the risk she is taking. it is like having a parent who always drinks heavily and drives. Eating healthy is not enough, so she need to seek mental treatment soon before she develops liver cancer and cirrhosis. I understand what you are going through to help out your mother but if she can't listen to you or somebody else's advise then she need to seek psychiatric help soon.

  20. QUESTION:
    How do I deal with a boyfriend that drinks?
    I started dating a man a couple months ago and we talked about drinking in the beginning. I explained to him that I do not drink alcohol or beer at all because of a family history of alcoholism, and other personal reasons. He told me that his father died from liver disease caused by drinking so he doesn't drink. In the past week he has told me that he lied about that because he knows how I feel about drinking. He said he drinks a few times a week after work. Not to get drunk but to get a good buzz. I don't care if other people drink, but how do I react to the fact that he lied about it? Also, I don't want to be in a relationship with someone who drinks as often as this, just my personal preference. I don't want to be judgmental or anything but his dad died this way, and hes lied about drinking. Ahhh Any insight would be great! Thanks! :^)

    • ANSWER:
      I'm in the same boat as you are, and personally, I think the fact that he lied about not drinking is worse.

      ask yourself, if he had been honest about his drinking, would you have continued to date him?
      If Yes, keep him

      If No, dump him.

  21. QUESTION:
    Is this guy just a "drunk" or an alcoholic?
    A young guy that is 23 years of age I know loves to get drunk...in fact he can drink a 24 case of beer in just one sitting. I know the signs of an alcoholic because, a close family members is a recovering alcoholic...you know, hiding the liquor, drinking alone, feeling bad about drinking and etc. This young man says he doesn't feel bad about his drinking, he doesn't drink alone, and he doesn't feel bad about it and doesn't see anything wrong with getting "messed up" and "stupid drunk" every weekend or several times a week if that is what he chooses to do. He just admitted recently that he is a drunk, but that it doesn't affect him holding down a job and taking care of his personal business. I see it as a possible problem because, I have witness him in his drunkenness; he gets into fights with innocent people, he grab some woman's butt one time at a beer fest and then he refused to apologize, he is either really nice or really mean and hostile when drunk, he will lose his wallet and phone...there were two instances where he got so drunk that he landed him in the hospital and another time he was stranded somewhere unknown in the dead of winter. This guy tells me that it is "normal" for his culture to drink (he is Mexican) and that it's something he will slow down with age, but I beg to differ. Knowing how alcohol addiction can affect the addict and the loved ones, it's not something that you wake up one day and say "I won't drink anymore" it progresses. So if he has been drinking since the age of 15 and he is 23 now, at one point does he think he will be able to "slow down?" Esp. if he sees nothing wrong with it and his friends and family are drinking to drunk as well. I told him that it's not enough to just have a job and take care of business, if he continues to think that drinking to get drunk is a way of having fun, he will ruin not only his life, but his health as well...his mother has talked to him about it, but he won't stop...he says he won't rather he will just "slow down" as he gets older.

    What do you guys think? Is he right about just being a drunk and not an alcoholic? Is there a difference (I think it is based on my research and personal exp. in dealing with a loved one suffering from liver disease due to alcoholism)?

    • ANSWER:
      Your friend is an alcoholic from what you describe. He cannot or will not stop drinking even though it affects his life in a negative way. He is what they call a functioning alcoholic which means he can hold down a job and still take care of himself for now. That might change over time. He is certainly in denial about his drinking. Alcoholics cannot slow down their drinking long term. Being a drunk is not normal in any culture. It's very sad that he is wasting so much time and money on something that could kill him eventually. There is nothing you can do to make him change until he wants it for himself. They usually have to bottom out so to speak and he might not get to that point for a long time. Some won't even stop then. My cousin died at 38 from his alcohol abuse. I had a liver transplant and have seen many non active alcoholics trying to get a transplant because they destroyed their liver and was facing death. Many don't make it. It's very hard for an alcoholic to get a liver transplant. They must have a complete lifestyle change before they will even consider them for one.

  22. QUESTION:
    legalizing Marijuana! what you think?
    I will tell you my point of view, tell me yours, and tell me if you think my thoughts are good

    I am all for the legalization and the regulation of Marijuana. I believe that the "illegal drug," Marijuana has many medicinal uses and when properly controlled and regulated with prescription use, can help many people in ways that may improve their quality of life.
    Like most Americans, people who smoke Marijuana also pay taxes, love and support their families, and work hard to make a better life for their children. Suddenly they are arrested, jailed and treated like criminals because of their recreational drug of choice.(www.legalizationofmarijuana.com 10/2009) The worst thing about Marijuana use is the fact that it is illegal) Let's take a look at the annual American deaths caused by drugs :
    Tobacco-400,000 Alcohol-100,00 Legal Drugs- 20,000 Illegal Drugs- 15,000 Caffeine- 2,000 Aspirin-500 Marijuana- 0
    It can be abused and over used but it has not killed anyone nor has it been proven that it's use leads to harder drugs. It does not cause serious health problems like tobacco or alcohol. (Cancer, Heart Disease, Birth defects, Emphysema, Liver damage) What it does is, helps relieve nausea in Cancer or Aids patients. It helps Glaucoma patients by preventing permanent damage of the optic nerve endings. Untreated Glaucoma can ultimately lead to permanent blindness. It is the leading cause of blindness in the world. Marijuana use also helps to relieve stress which ultimately can cause depression.

    I do not understand why it's use is illegal but alcohol and tobacco (which both can cause death) is legal. Not only is marijuana a safe drug with medical benefits but it's sale could rapidly stimulate our failing economy. (www.mjlegal.org) The hemp plant is a valuable natural resource. We could take advantage of hemp's agricultural and industrial uses in our country.
    I do not use Marijuana because I do not smoke and because it is illegal. I do feel that there are many uses of this drug that our nation and the drug companies are not taking advantage of... and who is suffering for this? The consumer... the Cancer or Glaucoma patient, and possibly the Mental Health patient. Perhaps we need to rethink our legal policy on this drug.

    • ANSWER:
      I think you nailed the Ideal argument that it should be legal. There have been no deaths due to marijuana. It is way safer than a cigarette, alcohol, and throw in firearms for that matter. The only issue to look at on this that alot of people have looked passed is what happens when it is legal. We regulate cigarettes but they are filled with tons of carcinogenics. What is going to make sure that marijuana makers don't load it with nicotine, arsenic, and other cancer causing products. There isn't even evidence that tobacco is a carcinogenic, only that the combination of chemicals that are in cigarettes are. As long as we stay on top of that it should be legal. A non smoker said it should be legal if not for anything that his tax dollars are going to imprison users of marijuana. Also, 6 of ten people believe it should be legal, what ever happened to democracy.

  23. QUESTION:
    Legalizing Marijuana! what you think?
    I will tell you my point of view, tell me yours, and tell me if you think my thoughts are good

    I am all for the legalization and the regulation of Marijuana. I believe that the "illegal drug," Marijuana has many medicinal uses and when properly controlled and regulated with prescription use, can help many people in ways that may improve their quality of life.
    Like most Americans, people who smoke Marijuana also pay taxes, love and support their families, and work hard to make a better life for their children. Suddenly they are arrested, jailed and treated like criminals because of their recreational drug of choice.(www.legalizationofmarijuana.com 10/2009) The worst thing about Marijuana use is the fact that it is illegal) Let's take a look at the annual American deaths caused by drugs :
    Tobacco-400,000 Alcohol-100,00 Legal Drugs- 20,000 Illegal Drugs- 15,000 Caffeine- 2,000 Aspirin-500 Marijuana- 0
    It can be abused and over used but it has not killed anyone nor has it been proven that it's use leads to harder drugs. It does not cause serious health problems like tobacco or alcohol. (Cancer, Heart Disease, Birth defects, Emphysema, Liver damage) What it does is, helps relieve nausea in Cancer or Aids patients. It helps Glaucoma patients by preventing permanent damage of the optic nerve endings. Untreated Glaucoma can ultimately lead to permanent blindness. It is the leading cause of blindness in the world. Marijuana use also helps to relieve stress which ultimately can cause depression.

    I do not understand why it's use is illegal but alcohol and tobacco (which both can cause death) is legal. Not only is marijuana a safe drug with medical benefits but it's sale could rapidly stimulate our failing economy. (www.mjlegal.org) The hemp plant is a valuable natural resource. We could take advantage of hemp's agricultural and industrial uses in our country.
    I do not use Marijuana because I do not smoke and because it is illegal. I do feel that there are many uses of this drug that our nation and the drug companies are not taking advantage of... and who is suffering for this? The consumer... the Cancer or Glaucoma patient, and possibly the Mental Health patient. Perhaps we need to rethink our legal policy on this drug.

    • ANSWER:
      It is true what the pro-campaigners say about marijuana. There is no annual recorded death rate. There is no such thing as a marijuana hangover or comedown period. There is obviously little chance of you waking up in a derelict drug-den with hypodermic needles strewn about the floor or in a paralytic stupor on a park bench. But those facts are only half of the story. It is addictive and causes various mental and physical health conditions. It still has the power to ruin your life.

  24. QUESTION:
    Can someone read my speech and politely tell me what you think?
    We have heard various reasons why we should and shouldn’t lower the legal drinking age. Our side has explained that by lowering the drinking age creates hazardous problems to a teens’ health and also, we give power to teens who are not as responsible as most people have thought them to be. According to public opinion polling, most Americans oppose lowering the federally mandated minimum drinking age to 18 from 21, which breaks down to 78% opposing, 21% favoring and 1% with no response (“Minimum Drinking Age”). With this in mind, one cannot say that the vast majority of Americans want the drinking age to be lowered.
    A teens’ brain is not something to mess with since it is still developing. As stated by Cynthia Kuhn, “It is no accident that people are educated in our society during their early years when they have more capacity for memory and learning. However, with this added memory capacity may come additional risks associated with the use of alcohol (Brennfleck Shannon).” Our brains believe it or not, are still developing and to introduce alcohol to a still developing brain can cause learning impairments that affects academic and occupational achievement as well as short-term memory loss (“Underage drinking…”). The minimum age drinking laws were established to save your brain and life (Brennfleck Shannon). Lowering the drinking age would make more alcohol purchased legally at 18, which causes an increase in availability to younger teens, some of which are just learning to drive. Inexperienced drivers and alcohol are a dangerous mix (“Would an age 18…”). Adolescents already are at an increased risk due to their lack of driving experience, and drivers younger than 21 are more vulnerable than older drivers to the impairment of driving skills. The rate of fatal crashes due to alcohol between ages 16 and 20 is more than twice the rate than drivers 21 and older (“Underage Drinking…”).
    Furthermore; teens at the age of 18 are not that responsible to consume alcohol legally. We often hear the phrases, “If I can vote, go to war, legally get married, etc. then I should be able to drink alcohol.” And that is true however; different activities are suitable for people at certain ages. The minimum age for ignition is based on the specific behaviors involved and must take into account the dangers and benefits of that behavior at a given age. The age 21 policy takes into account the fact that underage drinking is related to numerous serious health problems such as death, car crashes, suicide, homicide, assault, and even drowning. 1/3 of teen car crashes is alcohol related (Brennfleck Shannon). As for the war issue, the military recruits teens because teens are not fully developed and can be molded into soldiers. Drinking is more dangerous for teens because teens are still developing; they lack experience and are more likely to take risks (Voas). We also hear about the Europeans being able to consume alcohol at an early age and don’t have any alcohol-related problems, but this assumption is a myth. Binge drinking is higher in Europe than is the United States among teenagers, with some countries are more than twice as liable for alcohol intoxication (Voas). In European countries, the rates of alcohol-induced diseases such as cirrhosis of the liver are higher than the United States and drunk driving in European countries among teenagers is not an issue since European youth obtain their drivers’ licenses at an older age (Toomey). Look at the mall and cell phone policy, teens are not responsible enough to control themselves and consequently caused the new restrictions placed on teenagers shopping at the mall and not being able to use our cell phones during school. For that reason, if we as teenagers continue to act child-like then we will continue to be treated as children in the eyes of the adults, so why not start thinking about our actions first before we start changing the legal drinking age.

    • ANSWER:
      it is very good and informative. nice work putting it all together.

  25. QUESTION:
    I have a serious question about health experts only please.?
    I have a theory based on these facts any comments.1. Smokers and ex smokers have a build of of extra co2 because they have damaged alveoli and cannot vent gases correctly subsequently they get acidic blood and and cancer other health problems such as kidney disease albeit very slowly. 2.Alcohol drinkers and ex drinkers have damaged livers and kidneys enzymes and cannot produce vitamin d from skin synthesis. 3.drinkers and ex drinkers have high levels of creatine kinase because they cannot assimilate or remove this toxin from damaged muscles during physical activity resulting in lactic acid build up kidney damage or rhabdomylosis and in extreme cases death.

    All of this results in poor health and a set up for disease that is slow and progressive resulting in a host of health issues like osteoporosis diabetes cancer hear attack and heart disease. People who have never touche these drugs work perfect the exertion from exercise is adapted by the body the lungs vent gases correctly and the body gets adequate oxygen. Their livers and kidney work correctly and remove toxins like creatine kinase a byproduct from muscle tissue an increase is common after weightlifting. These people may get sore but adapt and recover correctly. Im talking about normal people who smoked for 10 years and drank beer on the weekends these are the people who are doomed for disease based on the above facts any comments or facts negating thes facts?

    • ANSWER:
      I don't agree. You are forgetting about the amazing ability of the body to heal itself once a person removes bad behaviors such as smoking and drinking. My aunt smoked at least 20 years and then quit. She has been overweight her entire life. She is 99 years old now and still takes care of herself in her own little apartment. What happened to your theory in her case. My uncle was a health nut all his life and died at 62 from heart disease. There's too many people like my aunt and uncle in the world, so your theory certainly does not apply to everyone. I could name at least 25 people off the top of my head in which your theory does not work.

      We all know an unhealthy lifestyle can lead us to an early grave. That's no secret to anyone, but there are other factors to consider like genetics. My mother's side of the family always seems to live to be very old with many living to be over 100. My aunt comes from that family. My father's side of the family all seem to die young (in their early 60's) and that's where my uncle came from. These are just a few examples.

  26. QUESTION:
    SAT Grammar help please?
    Two questions:

    2. Many students prefer social studies over [science classes, another one of the preferences is that students prefer English] over foreign-language classes.
    a) (same)
    b) science classes, which is also a preference for English
    c) science classes; another student preference for English
    d) science classes; another student preference is that students prefer English
    e) science classes, students prefer English.
    The answer is C apparently…but I can’t see how.

    Secondly,
    23. The doctors [researching] diseases [affecting the] liver [find] that the consumption of alcohol was [generally] an indication of susceptibility to the disease. [E]
    The answer is C, “find” but I dont see anything wrong with it seeing as how find could easily refer to the fact that the doctors were presently finding the fact that their consumption had previously indicated susceptibility…is there something else I’m missing?

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      2. (c) would be the best answer, but there’s probably a typo in the question (if you bought a review book for the SAT, there’s a few typos and wrong answers). (c) should probably read “science classes; another student prefers English.”

      23. (c) is again correct because doctors cannot continually find that alcohol consumption was an indication of susceptibility to disease (only once, so it has to be “found”). Also, found (a past tense verb) matches with the other past tense verb “was.”

  27. QUESTION:
    Hello.. May you revise a little these my four summaries?
    1. Smoking
    Tobacco arrived to Europe from America at the end of the 15th century. After 1950s the dangers of smoking were officially fixed. The number of smokers in Britain has reduced in last years, but cigarettes kill around 114,000 people in the UK every year (some die because of cigarette-related cancers, others from cardio-vascular or chronic lung diseases). Luckily there are several organizations, such as “ASH”, which make people conscious of the health risk correlated to smoking.

    2. The dangers of alcohol
    A lot of people, who drink, have no serious problems but alcohol can cause harm. We can have a look to some facts and statistics:
    - In the United Kingdom 1 adult in 25 depends on alcohol;
    - About 900,000 children live with one parent or both, who misuse alcohol;
    - We estimate that 20 – 30 per cent of all accidents are related to alcohol;
    - A misusing of drinks can cause liver, heart and stomach problems.

    3. Britain and the “binge drinking” culture
    Binge-drinking is when some people decide to drink so much that they’ll get drunk. In the United Kingdom above all university students, high school seniors and people in the military are considered to be “classic” binge-drinkers. Luckily some researches say that binge-drinking is actually declining in the US and in the UK too, but media attention is increasing; but, according to other studies, young people drink earlier than in the past. At last binge-drinking means to cause harm to oneself, because you’ll have a terrible hangover the next day and not be fine to do anything.

    4. Drugs in the United Kingdom (If you want, here you may add something more.)
    In the United Kingdom more than a third of people have tried drugs in their lives; that equates to 19 million people who have used drugs in their own lifetime. Certainly cannabis is the most popular drug, while a recent trend is the rise of cocaine use. Finally crack and heroin aren’t (ain’t) so widely used as cocaine.
    I’m Italian :-)
    to Sarah: Thank you very much! :-) :-)

    • ANSWER:
      you did a really good job. here are a few suggestions that might make it sound better:

      Smoking
      Tobacco arrived to Europe from America at the end of the 15th century. After 1950s the dangers of smoking were officially RECOGNISED. The number of smokers in Britain has reduced in RECENT years, but cigarettes kill around 114,000 people in the UK every year (some die because of SMOKING-related cancers, others from cardio-vascular or chronic lung diseases). Luckily there are several organizations, such as “ASH”, which make people conscious of the health riskS correlated to smoking.

      2. The dangers of alcohol
      A lot of people who drink have no serious problems, but alcohol can cause harm. We can have a look AT some OF THE facts and statistics:
      - In the United Kingdom 1 in 25 ADULTS depend on alcohol;
      - About 900,000 children live with AT LEAST ONE PARENT who ABUSE alcohol;
      - We estimate that 20 – 30 per cent of all accidents are related to alcohol;
      - THE MISUSE of drinks can cause liver, heart and stomach problems.

      3. Britain and the “binge drinking” culture
      Binge-drinking is when some people decide to drink so much that they’ll get VERY drunk. In the United Kingdom above all university students, high school seniors and people in the military are considered to be “classic” binge-drinkers. Luckily some researches say that binge-drinking is actually declining in the US and in the UK too. But media attention is increasing, AND according to other studies, young people drink earlier NOWADAYS than in the past. FIANALLY, binge-drinking means to cause harm to oneself, because you’ll have a terrible hangover the next day and not be FIT to do anything.

      4. Drugs in the United Kingdom (If you want, here you may add something more.)
      In the United Kingdom more than a third of people have tried drugs in their lives; that equates to 19 million people who have used drugs in their lifetime. Certainly cannabis is the most popular drug, while THERE IS a recent trend IN the rise of cocaine use. Finally crack and heroin aren’t AS widely used as cocaine.

      i cannot think of a place where you would need to use the word “ain’t”. it isn’t widely used so i would avoid it :)

  28. QUESTION:
    What could be causing my erectile Dysfunction?
    Sounds a little silly but throughout my life I have had random bouts of Erectile Dysfunction.. Im 29 years old and it has seemed to happen randomly throughout my life but It most recently re-surfaced again with a girl i met on a one night stand however we put it down to the alcohol and so we decided to meet up again and yet again 2 days later and although I was mentally aroused nothing Physically was happening and it happened again. I have read that it can by due to a number of things most notably cardiovascular disease and diabetes, neurological problems, hormonal insufficiencies & of course Psychological reasons. But I cant seem to put my finger on it and It is so annoying

    I have a feeling that it could be linked to my liver or blood sugar levels, as it always seems to happen after a night out drinking, and then maybe the follow up attempt is psycologial because Im pre-ocupied of it having happened before, but as I am traveling at the moment I am unable to see my local GP to gain any further advice. Also I sometimes ranomly suffer from sleep deprivation/ mild insomnia where quite often I won’t be able to sleep a sufficient number of hours due to the fact that my mind is racing with thoughts and wont let me drift off to sleep.

    Just wondered if there are any guys out there who have had this same problem?..and can maybe shed some light on the issue?..At least if I can kind of work out why this randomly happens I can maybe follow the correct procedure to try and correct it, as sometimes it can get me a little down and frustrated.

    Thanks in advance for those who took the time to read it

    Jaime

    • ANSWER:
      .Dear friend at your age you don’t need to worry as very rarely people at your age will have this problem.You have mentioned few things which will go towards this but there is no problem and you can sort this out.
      So first thing is do not drink too much.Just to get you merry and in good mood.Do not think about it in a negative way and most times it is a mental or philological rather than physical problem.Are you taking any medicines for any heart,cholesterol or high blood pressure.some medication will cause side effects.So the simple things to do.Stop worrying about it and think positive.
      Eat a well balanced diet.Soak 7-10 almonds in a glass of water and in the morning first thing is to peel the skin of the almonds and chew very slowly and dothiss every day.At night eat one hard egg and a glass of milk with 1 dry date.In the morning eat 30 blackraisinss or sultanas,Eatbananass 2 a day.Take multi vitamins with minerals and take zinc tablets.If you are in Uk go to any Asian shop and get Ashwergandha and take this with Trifala .These are both natural remedies and work wonder.You will see all your problems sorted out after 30 days.Also eat more sun flower seeds,wall nuts and pine nuts and linseed.Get plenty fresh air and drink plenty water.I can assure you that there are times in every one;s life when we all suffer from this amd most times it is when your mind is not fully set and you are worried about other things and can’t be so happy and sex is about your mind.Do not masturbate and give it time to recover.you can email me on
      rai _insurance@tiscali.co.uk
      and I will tell you more about this.but do this for 30 days and come back.you will be a happy man.

      Kind Regards
      Bikram Rai

  29. QUESTION:
    What could be causing my random erectile dysfunction?
    Sounds a little silly but throughout my life I have had random bouts of Erectile Dysfunction.. Im 29 years old and it has seemed to happen randomly throughout my life but It most recently re-surfaced again with a girl i met on a one night stand however we put it down to the alcohol and so we decided to meet up again and yet again 2 days later and although I was mentally aroused nothing Physically was happening and it happened again. I have read that it can by due to a number of things most notably cardiovascular disease and diabetes, neurological problems, hormonal inefficiencies & of course Psychological reasons. But I cant seem to put my finger on it and It is so annoying

    I have a feeling that it could be linked to my liver or blood sugar levels, as it always seems to happen after a night out drinking, and then maybe the follow up attempt is psycologial because Im pre-ocupied of it having happened before, but as I am traveling at the moment I am unable to see my local GP to gain any further advice. Also I sometimes randomly suffer from sleep deprivation/ mild insomnia where quite often I won’t be able to sleep a sufficient number of hours due to the fact that my mind is racing with thoughts and wont let me drift off to sleep, and seem to experience alot of the symptoms of diabetes. (Ie • Being constantly thirsty• Being constantly hungry
    • Tiredness throughout the day• Frequent bathroom visits• Blurred eyesight)

    Just wondered if there are any guys out there who have had this same problem?..and can maybe shed some light on the issue?..At least if I can kind of work out why this randomly happens I can maybe follow the correct procedure to try and correct it, as sometimes it can get me a little down and frustrated.

    Thanks in advance for those who took the time to read it

    Jaime

    • ANSWER:
      Erections are caused by blood flow to the penis. If you are overweight, smoke, have heart problems or neurological problems this causes there to be less blood flow. Alcohol thins your blood, so its no surprise that it is a factor. To increase circulation to all parts of your body try any form of cardio exercise: running, swimming, biking, etc.

  30. QUESTION:
    Liver disease and Hepatitis C questions..?
    Recently, my dad has become jaundiced and his belly distended. This all happened within about.. 2 weeks maximum. He’s an alcoholic and has been for years. However, he also recently got a really bad cut while he was “beach combing,” trying to pull out a metal lobster trap that was stuck in the sand after washing up on a beach shore. The cut was really pretty bad and infected-looking and hasn’t even fully healed yet. His symptoms started to show about.. 2 weeks after he got this cut.
    I immediately attributed his symptoms to liver problems due to his drinking problem. However, I was just doing some research and it seems as though Hepatitis C is characterized by liver disease and jaundice, among other things, and that alcohol consumption (not to mention excessive alcohol consumption) can cause a rapid deterioration of Hepatitis C.

    I know he needs to see a doctor, but for some reason he’s having a hard time getting himself in to see a doctor. I think it may be because he doesn’t want to face what’s going on with himself. I’m going to try and convince him to go, but I just want to ask a few questions to help me out with my facts:

    1) Is it possible that he acquired Hep C after getting the cut, and that his jaundice and distended stomach is due to rapid Hep C deterioration because of his alcoholism?
    2) It’s only been about 1 month since he got the cut. Is it too soon for Hep C to be showing symptoms, excessive alcohol consumption or not?
    3) Is liver disease curable? How?

    Thank you for any answers in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      1. You never said your father was ever diagnosed with hep C, so I doubt he has it now. The hep C virus is a very slow to cause damage. By slow, I’m talking about 20 years slow. That’s how long it can take for hep C to cause liver damage once you have it. A blood test can determine if your father has hep C if it is something he is worried about. No, it would be pretty much impossible for him to get it by cutting himself on that trap. You need blood to blood contact with someone else that has it.

      2. I think I answered your second question in my first answer. No, he cannot get hep C from that cut.

      3. Liver disease can be cured from alcoholism if the damage to the liver is not very much and in the early stage. Abuse of alcohol over time can cause cirrhosis which is when healthy cells in the liver is replaced with scar tissue. This scar tissue is permanent and does not go away. Once there is too much scar tissue in the liver, the only cure is a transplant.

      So that means that any alcoholic must stop drinking soon enough not to cause severe damage. I’m sorry to say that an alcoholic who has jaundice and also has excessive fluid in the belly is probably in the later stages of the disease and will probably need a transplant to get better. If the fluid is too much, he will need to get it drained at the hospital. That fluid can also become infected which is a very serious problem that needs immediate attention. If he is running a fever, I suggest he go to the hospital as soon as possible to get checked out.

      Your father can try and ignore his problems, but he will have to pay attention to them sooner or later because they are not going to go away if he has liver failure. Alcohol will only make the liver disease progress much more quickly and make it worse. I commend you for trying to get your father some help, but keep in mind that he is the one who will have to make his own decisions. Don’t ever think it is your fault if you cannot convince him to go or convince him to stop drinking. He created this problem and he is the one that will have to take responsibility for his own health and his own sobriety. I hope he gets the help he needs.

  31. QUESTION:
    Marijuana vs. Alcohol what’s your opinion?
    Here is a question that i am curious to see how many people will give an honest answer. Which do you prefer to be legalized Marijuana or Alcohol? Below are just a few facts about both…. (I did look up the facts that are posted on both marijuana and Alcohol I did not just make up these facts myself) I will try and post 10 facts each

    Marijuana: #1 If Pot were legalized the prison industry would be hurt. They would no longer jail Pot smokers. It could free up space for violent criminals. #2 Pot is a sexual stimulant. #3 Pot is 100% natural nothing about it has man made chemicals in it. #4 There has never been a car accident death due to a stoned driver, just some slow drivers and may be some lost drivers . #5 Pot is used for medical use in MANY situations. #6 it is a myth that marijuana is a gate way drug. #7 Pot will cause some short term memory loss. #8 Pot will give you the Munchies, It could cause you to gain weight. #9 Marijuana smokers show dysregulated growth of epithelial cells in their lung tissue, which could lead to cancer; however, a recent case-controlled study found no positive associations between marijuana use and lung, upper respiratory, or upper digestive tract cancers. Thus, the link between marijuana smoking and these cancers remains unsubstantiated at this time, but marijuana smokers have some of the same problems as cigarette smokers coughing, mucus, sore lungs, etc. #10 Marijuana make most people more relaxed. It relieves the clutter and tension after a hard days work or stress. It mellows you out and makes you more relaxed. It heightens the imagination and improves creativity. If you have a problem with anger, Pot is usually a good drug to reduce it, no one has ever died from smoking marijuana.

    Alcohol: #1 In VERY SMALL amounts, alcohol can help a person feel more relaxed or less anxious. #2 Alcohol actually blocks some of the messages trying to get to the brain. This alters a person’s perceptions, emotions, movement, vision, and hearing. #3 Depending on the person, intoxication can make someone very friendly and talkative or very aggressive and angry. #4 Reaction times are slowed dramatically — which is why people are told not to drink and drive. People who are intoxicated may think they’re moving properly when they’re not. They may act totally out of character. #5 When large amounts of alcohol are consumed in a short period of time, alcohol poisoning can result. Alcohol poisoning is exactly what it sounds like — the body has become poisoned by large amounts of alcohol. Violent vomiting is usually the first symptom of alcohol poisoning. Extreme sleepiness, unconsciousness, difficulty breathing, dangerously low blood sugar, seizures, and even death may result. #6 One half of all drowning deaths among teen guys are related to alcohol use. Use of alcohol greatly increases the chance that a teen will be involved in a car crash, homicide, or suicide. #7 Teen drinkers are more likely to get fat or have health problems, too. One study by the University of Washington found that people who regularly had five or more drinks in a row starting at age 13 were much more likely to be overweight or have high blood pressure by age 24 than their non drinking peers. People who continue drinking heavily well into adulthood risk damaging their organs, such as the liver, heart, and brain. #8 The strongest medical evidence exists for the link between moderate drinking and a reduced risk of heart disease. #9 Alcohol has been linked to liver disease, cancers, heart damage and strokes when consumed in larger amounts, and even small doses can lead to accidents, Each year, approximately 5,000 young people under the age of 21 die as a result of underage drinking; this includes about 1,900 deaths from motor vehicle crashes, 1,600 as a result of homicides, 300 from suicide, as well

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t really think that it is a fair comparison. Firstly, at least in North America, marijuana is illegal. As a result there is no regulation of marijuana. You still have to deal with pesticides, etc. and more importantly it is often mixed with other things and is often found to have traces of feces, glass, grass, the list goes on and on. Smoking of course has a number of problems, some of which you have mentioned. That being said you don’t have to smoke marijuana, it can also be ingested. Teens, which many of your facts refer to, shouldn’t be consuming alcohol at all, especially in such high quantities, so those health effects shouldn’t really be considered, as that is irresponsible drinking. There haven’t been as many studies of marijuana, so hard facts are difficult. That being said, many driving experts acknowledge that driving slower than the traffic around you is dangerous, and so driving slower as a result of being high is dangerous. People should no more drive under the influence of marijuana than of alcohol. There are a number of other points to be made for both and of both positive and negative. However in my opinion alcohol is better because it can be legally obtained; as well marijuana is most accessible smoked which is bad and smelly, and may be laced with any number of other things, and growing your own is very illegal. The taxes on alcohol also pay for important things and its procurement is regulated and the health effects well known. I also question where you got your facts, I am sure that there have been accidents where people have been high, and people have died from marijuana, either because they are allergic or most likely because it was laced with something else more dangerous, the statistics for alcohol are more abundant. Alcohol is legalized though, so I would say that marijuana should next be legalized; there is a large trade in it and it would be good for it to be regulated and to generate tax income, and would give law enforcement something else to focus on, which was more important than recreational drug use. As well it would be more acceptable to study it and to provide help, much like AA, for those who are over dependent (and to counteract another fact, I know for a fact that lots of people find themselves anxious and not the least bit relaxed when smoking pot).

  32. QUESTION:
    My husband is no fun since he quit drinking?
    My husband and I have always had a taste for the good life. Fine wine, cocktails, fancy restaurants, etc. My husband in particular has a strong passion for spirits and wine. He actually built a bar in the basement that rivals many I’ve seen in five-star restaurants.

    Unfortunately, my husband had to quit drinking a few months ago at the advice of his personal physician. The doctor ran some blood work and informed my husband that his liver enzymes were elevated. Upon further testing, they discovered that he also showed the early signs of liver disease.

    Anyway, at first I was fully supportive of him abstaining from alcohol . I mean, he’s my husband and I care about his health and well-being. However, these past two months I’ve noticed some significant changes in his personality and even his appearance.

    I can’t quite put my finger on it, but my husband seems to have lost that “spark” that he once had. He rarely wants to go out anymore. In fact he barely even leaves the house at all. His voice has become sort of dull and flat; almost emotionless. He’s lost contact with many of his friends and work acquaintances.

    Our love life has taken a significant turn for the worse as well. His libido has just gone kaput. Marital relations have become a chore for him now instead of an integral and enjoyable part of our marriage.

    I’d also estimate that he’s lost about 20-25lbs. The weight loss is even affecting the structure of his face. This is not the man I married.

    Suffice to say, I WANT MY HUSBAND BACK!

    It’s my understanding that liver disease is a very slowly progressive disease. He probably has decades of binge-drinking in him before any significant problems arise. How can I convince him to disregard his doctor’s instructions and live life to its fullest again?

    • ANSWER:
      It sounds like he is an alcoholic. It is not easy to quit cold turkey! Of course he is struggling with it. You need to be more supportive and help him through this. You really want him to disregard his doctor’s advice?! That is incredibly selfish. It’s not going to be fun when he has cirrhosis of the liver.


Alcohol Fatty Liver Diet

Palm oil to date, is the richest source of the superior and highlyfavored form of vitamin E, that is the tocotrienols. Numerous studies have shown that these superior forms of vitamin E have unique biological activities that are beneficial to health, but are not observed with the other common form of vitamin, namely the tocopherols. For example, besides being more potent as anti-oxidants than alpha-tocopherol, tocotrienols have also been shown to possess anti-cancer, neuroprotective and also vascular protective activities.

Recently, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) together with researchers from University Sains Malaysia and Hovid Bhd have demonstrated that the tocotrienols extracted from palm oil are effective in treating non-alcoholic fatty liver, a condition which to date has no proven drug treatment.

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL) and Palm Tocotrienols

NAFL is a condition characterized by accumulation of fat in the liver. If untreated, it may progress to liver inflammation and eventually to cirrhosis or liver failure. In fact, it has been reported to be the most common cause of chronic liver failure in the US. Like hypertension, people with NAFL have no symptoms of the disease and liver enzymes are not necessarily elevated in the blood. Therefore, it may not be detected using simple blood test. Diagnosis requires the use of a proper ultrasound scan. What is alarming is that, the prevalence of NAFL is quite high worldwide. Prevalence rate in the general adult population has been reported to be between 15% to 30% in Western countries, 21% in Shanghai, between 18 to 30% in Japan and about 14% in Thailand.

Previously, there’s no prevalence data on Malaysia. However, the research team from MPOB, USM and Hovid Bhd have recently published a prevalence rate of about 56% in adults with slightly elevated cholesterol levels, which is alarming. A cohort of about 60 of those adults (both gender) volunteered to participate in a double-blind placebo controlled study with half the number of subjects randomized to receive placebo and the other half to be given 200mg of tocotrienols twice a day. After one year, ultrasound scanning was repeated on all the volunteers. The results significantly showed that tocotrienol treatment was effective, with 50% showing complete remission after the one year treatment. The results are statistically significant (P < 0.05) compared to the control group. This work has been accepted for presentation at the Liver Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (ASSLD) to be held in Boston, USA.

Recent Research on Palm Tocotrienols

A human study on neuroprotection of tocotrienols is also currently being undertaken by the same research group. The findings, if positive, will further elevate the commercial value of the tocotrienols. Stroke and other neurodegenerative diseases are among the diseases that have a big impact on the healthcare cost. If tocotrienols can help to prevent or reduce the incidence of these conditions, a lot of money will be save. The study can be concluded by 2011 and an interim analysis will be available by end 2010.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    diet for fatty liver disease?
    I have a reading of 202 for elevated gamma GT enzymes in the liver, it is not alcohol related; besides no red meat, oily fish, crustacean’s, is there anything else to avoid. I have been prescribed a pill to take at night for high cholesterol and I know I must lose weight and do more exercise, I am 70 years old so going mad at the gym is out!

    • ANSWER:
      You should avoid high-glycemic carbohydrates such as white bread, white rice, butter, most prepared breakfast cereals (the ones high in sugar, anyway), sugary/starchy foods, carbonated drinks, anything fried/greasy.

      Your diet should be rich in vegetables, fruit (other than bananas…they have a lot of glucose in them), beans and legumes, whole grain breads, skim milk, high protein/low fat meats (chicken, low fat fish, turkey).

      Some doctors recommend a glass of red wine a day when and if triglyceride levels are normal. You may wish to ask your doctor about that.

  2. QUESTION:
    I might have fatty liver, i got a few diet questions?
    My doctor found high alt and ast enzymes in my blood and she said its most likely fatty liver because im vaccinated for hepatitis B and i’m 98% sure i dont have C or A.

    Anyway what changed should i make in my diet if i had fatty liver? my mom already said that’s it you should stop eating ketchup and don’t keep cooked food in fridge more than 3 days because it’s bad on your liver. Is this true?
    What else should i be careful with, not counting the obvious alcohol.

    p.s. im 5’5 and i weight 125 pounds 22yrs old

    • ANSWER:
      First: No one blood testing is 100% accurate. Many things can effect the
      results of these tests like: exercising before the test was done, an
      intramuscular injections, muscle injury, etc. Only one of the liver enzymes,
      the ALT is most specific to the liver itself because it is made mostly by
      the liver cells as the others enzymes can be made in other parts of the
      body also.
      More tests will be done to see if you truly have a liver problem.
      The blood tests would include the liver function tests and liver viral
      tests. Ultrasounds or Ct scan to look at the liver itself.

      Second: there are many causes of liver cell damage:
      alcohol consumption, medication toxification,
      chemical exposure, auto immune disease,
      mushroom poisoning, cardiac/vascular problems
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infections,
      viral or parasite infections, hereditary conditions,
      tumors/cysts/growth/cancer, fatty liver disease and
      others.
      So this may not be fatty liver…the cause of the liver
      cells have to be determined. If you look over this
      list then you might see if any of these apply.
      There is no vaccination for Hepatitis C, but they
      still have blood tests to check to see if you have it.

      Third:
      Fatty liver disease also has many causes:
      weight gain or fast weight loss, malnourishment,
      diabetes, certain types of medications,
      high cholesterol/triglyceride levels, insulin
      resistances and others. The cause has to be determined
      here also. And of course alcohol consumption.
      It would be best to not drink alcohol now and not
      take any medications that are not approved of
      or prescribed by your doctor. (this includes
      over the counter, herbs, vitamins, minerals,
      supplements, etc)

      If this is a liver problem, ask to be referred to either
      a gastroenterlogist or hepatologist.
      You are not overweight because of your height.

      You do not state how high these levels are. The doctor
      may do more blood testing in a few months to see if these
      levels stay elevated. Some times they will return into the
      normal range. This is a more of a wait and see type thing.
      Best wishes. I hope this information has been of some help.

      Ketchup and cooked foods in refridge doesn’t have much to do
      with a liver problem. (though, keeping foods this long can make
      you sick if you eat them) Heptatis A can be caused by feces in
      the food or drink…unclean water, shellfish, uncooked foods, etc.
      Hepatitis B and C are usually contacted from body fluids and
      blood transfusion or contact with another persons blood.

  3. QUESTION:
    Fatty Liver and Small Nodule on CT?
    I went to the doctor about a month ago and they noticed my ALT level was elevated. 80 on a scale of 10-60. The dr sent me for a ultrasound and it came back as a fatty liver. I had been diagnosed with this before about 5 years ago but dropped about 25lbs and the functions went back to normal so I hadnt worried about it. I have since gained back some weight and wanted to see if that was an issue again. On the ultrasound they noticed a small area that looked like it could be a fatty build up. I was told to go for a CT Scan. That has come back showing a a couple of small nodules that was hard to detect. Radioligist said its not cancerous because of the way it imaged with the contrast and made a just a note. I guess this was caused by the fatty liver which they say is very fatty. Is this reversible with diet, weight loss and no alcohol consumption? By the way I am 29 year old male. About 6 feet and 205 lbs. I dont have a gut or anything, just pack on some extra pounds sometimes
    I have had all blood work done in the past. I have no hereditary diseases and I did not have Hep A, B or C on the last test. I am still waiting to hear back this time.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. But you must stay away from alcohol and Tylenol. Both are very hard on the liver. Also, take milk thistle. This is a natural herb to promote a healthy liver, and you can buy it at Wal-Mart. A friend of mine has cirrhosis, and was on the liver transplant list. She is now–several years later–off of the list, and working full time. She attributes this to stopping drinking, and taking milk thistle. All the best.

  4. QUESTION:
    What’s the best diet for an enlarged liver?
    My fiance has an enlarged liver & spleen…it was found on a CAT scan. We got the news yesterday and the doctor immediately ordered a bunch more tests and set him up with a liver specialist. I was just wondering what is the best diet for someone with a liver condition? Weirdly enough, there’s not much on the internet about diets for an enlarged liver (fatty liver, but not enlarged liver). Can anyone offer any advice? I know he needs to not drink alcohol, but don’t know much beyond that.

    Thanks for your help! :)

    • ANSWER:
      All liver patients are told, No alcohol. They are also told not
      to take any medications unless they are approved by or
      prescribed by there doctors (this includes over the counter med,
      herbs, vitamins, minerals, supplements, etc) The reason is
      because the medications go through the liver first, to be broken
      down, before going to the rest of the body. The doctor has to
      adjust medications according to how much damage may be done
      and there are, also, a lot of drugs under prescription and over the
      counter that could cause further damage to the liver, now.

      Most liver patients should eat the best possible foods that will give
      them the vitamins and minerals they need. This is things like:

      Fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables. (Wash all this before eatting,
      because people will pick over the fresh produce in the stores)

      They should try to avoid fast foods, those with preservatives, and
      prepackaged foods (these tend to be high in sodium, which is harder
      on the liver patient now…however, sodium levels have to be discussed
      with the doctor since they have to stay within a certain range in the body
      for the heart to beat in rhythm)

      Try to use good oils, like olive oil or canola oils. Try to bake, broil, or
      boil foods instead of frying them.

      Remove the skins from poultry after you cook it. Choose lean cuts
      of meat. Fish is fine but avoid all shellfish.

      You can drink some soda, but it is best if you stick with water, fruit
      juice, milk, and other drinks. (sodas are high in phosphorus and
      lessening this amount, helps the kidneys function better, since they
      are now trying to filter the toxins out of the body that the liver can
      no longer do, efficiently)

      Outside of this…it is best that they eat good. It will give the body
      more energy to try and heal. Until he may become in the advanced
      stages of this disease, he won’t really be placed on a very strick diet.
      It is important that he does eat well. If, there come a time when he cannot
      eat…ask the doctors which supplements he can use. They will look
      at his blood tests result and then recommend one that will help him.

      This is what happens when a person has this problem:

      There are many causes of damage to the liver cells.
      When the cells of the liver become damaged, the immune system
      of the body responds to this damage and causing inflammation
      inside the liver. This will cause the liver to enlarge in size.

      If the causes can be found and stopped, the liver cells may heal.
      Sometimes, the cause cannot be stopped. Therefore, it may
      progress to where the cells start to die off and form scar tissue
      inside the liver…(this is known as Cirrhosis of the liver)
      This scar tissue will block the flow of blood through the liver,
      on it way back to the heart. It will also block the flow of blood
      to the functioning liver cells, and they may continue to die off.

      When the blood cannot go through the liver well, it backs up into
      the vein that brings the blood to the liver: the portal vein.
      This causes pressure inside the portal vein…Portal Hypertension.
      The blood has to go somewhere, in order for it to get back to the
      heart. It backs up from the portal vein into tiny vessels that are
      not used to this amount of blood and they may have weak spots
      that can balloon outward and break open. These vessels are
      known as Varies. They are usually found in the esophagus,
      belly button, and rectal area. If there is ever any blood in the
      sputum, vomit, or rectal area…this is an emergency…because
      the liver is no longer able to, efficiently, make clotting factors to
      help the blood to clot. A patient can bleed internally or bleed out
      completely. The doctors can go in and band these vessels to
      stop the bleeding. The blood also backs up into the Spleen,
      which will cause the spleen to enlarge in size, also.

      To try to understand what may have cause the damage to the liver cells:
      he could look at this list and see if any may apply to him:
      alcohol consumption, medication toxification,
      chemical exposure, viral infections (like Hepatitis A,B,C),
      parasite infections, fatty liver disease, auto immune disease,
      hereditary condition where the body tend to hold onto too much
      iron or copper, growth/cysts/tumor/cancer, cardiac/vascular
      problems, mushroom poisoning, metabolic disorders,
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infection and others.

      It is best that he try to prevent getting any other illness now
      that may weaken his body more or cause him to take additional
      medication. Wash hands often. Use purell in between times.
      Wipe off..with disinfectant disposible wipes…shopping cart
      handles, door knobs, phones, tv controllers, and anything else
      that other people may touch. If someone, who is taking care of
      him, gets a cold…it is best to wear a mask (which disposable
      masks can be purchased at a pharmacy) and also wash their hands often. It is also best to avoid
      open salad/food bars where people can
      accidentally cough or sneeze into them.

      Here are some links on Cirrhosis of the Liver…if
      you would like to learn more about it.

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CirrhosisAvd

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/cirrhosis.html

      This enlargement could be coming from
      having Mononucleosis. The glands in his
      neck maybe enlarged, if this is it.
      However, since the doctor is sending him
      to a specialist…this may be what I mentioned
      above.

      I hope this information is of some help to you.

      {It seems that this site keep cutting off the lower
      part of my posts, so I have to go in and add
      the bottom part of it to it again}

  5. QUESTION:
    Is there any way to prevent liver disease other then not drinking alcohol?
    if a person chooses to drink alcohol are there any methods to prevent or reduce liver damage like taking milk thistle or other liver herbs and drinking water, exercise and healthy diet? My sister is a heavy drinker she is 24 and has been drinking ever since she was 19. She does not understand the consequnences of heavy drinking so she says she is not going to stop and will carry on partying through life I mean if she’s not going to stop I am sure I can’t force her to and neither can nobody else but she is young and naive and just living for todays and not tommorows satisfaction not thinking of the consequeneces of drinking too much, fatty liver, cirrhosis and all those liver dieases caused by high alcohol consumption. She says she will deal with it when it happens. Her doctor told her that she should only have one drink a day since this is the maximum that is considered safe for a woman but she ignores all advice and just does what she wants. I mean if she is not going to stop drinking are there at least some vitamins or supplements that can reduce her isk of getting liver disease from drinking? someone recommened please.
    P.S. I have told my sister that since she can’t stop drinking she might be alcoholic and advised her to at least give AA a try she refuses. I don’t know what else can be done. She says she is planning to drink and wont stop for nobody not even her 4 year old son.
    She also thinks liver disease is not caused by just alcohol alone. She thinks a person must have hepatitis c with alcohol abuse combined to get liver disease.

    • ANSWER:
      This question is about yourself, not your sister so why start lying about it now.

      As for liver disease, nothing can stop liver disease.

  6. QUESTION:
    my father was diagnosed with FATTY LIVER?
    my father aged 56,alcoholic from about 25 years (daily alcohol consumption is 300 ml) was suffering from some problem with his liver the symptoms were:
    abdominal pain (non radiating)
    vomit after meal
    lack of appetite
    he got himself checked from a liver expert.
    ultrasound was ok but it showed moderate fatty liver.
    endoscopy was fine with no ulcers n all…
    he is not obese ,not suffering from diabetes ..
    liver function tests were also ok…
    now his condition has improved and he has starting taking meals n dsnt feels vomit sensation….
    i want to know that what diet plan should he follow to cure this problem…
    is this problem fatal..???
    i am worried…
    plz help…
    he has reduces his alcohol consumption to abt one drink a day ,but cant quit it completely….

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, I will try to answer your question as best I can. It’s very good that your dad had himself chcked out and that he is making an effort to reduce his drinking. Unfortunately, once liver disease has begun from alcoholism, it is progressive. The good news is that fatty liver disease is the first step in this progression, and it is possible to completely reverse the damage, but he will need to stop drinking entirely. The next step is alcoholic hepatitis, which is more serious, and then cirrhosis, which is life-threatening and is NOT reversible.
      I actually have a bit of personal experience here; I am a recovering alcoholic myself and have been sober for over 2 1/2 years. The reason that I am mentioning this is that I know it IS possible to stop completely. He feels that he cannot; that is part of the disease of alcoholism. He is down to one drink a day, which means that at this moment, he is not significantly physically dependent on alcohol. The problem is, his liver is already damaged. It cannot handle its normal functions the way a healthy liver would. Alcohol is very stressful on the diseased liver. The crazy part of this disease is that he and his family and probably even his doctor probably believe he is not an alcoholic if he can cut way down like that. This is not usually the case. Any alcohol in his system will most likely eventually drive him back to his old habits and beyond. This is why support from a group (such as AA or SMART recovery or others) can be so crucial. Therapy or counselling can help also. This is a genetic and chemical problem and has nothing to do with willpower or morality.
      As for diet, I would suggest a basic healthy diet, low in saturated fats, higher in unsaturated, higher in fiber, moderate in protein, lots of fresh veggies and fruits and whole grains. Milk thistle can be a good supplement for the liver. As always, I am not a doc and he should follow his doctor’s recommendations.
      I have a great deal of sympathy for him and for you. Alcoholism sucks, but your dad will hopefully discover that he is not alone and he can live sober one day at a time. It is very hard to quit drinking, and at first it may seem impossible and pointless, but eventually the rewards WILL outweigh this. Best of luck to you both!

  7. QUESTION:
    Treatment for Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?
    I am a 52 year old male who has presented with swollen feet, distended belly and abdominal pain last week. Following blood tests for liver function it was established that although albumen production was normal, the enzyme reading was not. An ultrasound scan revealed fatty liver disease. I was disturbed to hear a BBC Radio 4 documentary say that 20% of people with my symptoms do not live beyond a few months.

    I have stopped drinking alcohol and am taking lecithin and milk thistle and I have also radically changed my diet to exclude fat, sugar and nighttime carbohydrates and have been eating plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.

    Despite this regime being enforced for more than two weeks, the pain continues, the belly is still swollen and I have not lost an ounce of weight.

    Any advice would be hugely appreciated. Thanks in advance for your time and knowledge.

    • ANSWER:
      Ann gave you a lot of good advice. Don’t believe that radio thing because it is simply not true. I had cirrhosis and had to get a transplant, but my disease was from an autoimmune problem. Whatever causes the cirrhosis, it still pretty much acts the same for everyone.

      You need to get treatment for your liver problem and find out what is really going on with it. You need more done that just blood tests. I don’t know how much fluid you are retaining, but that is what sent me to the hospital where I was eventually diagnosed with cirrhosis the first time. The next step is a CT scan to show if your liver is enlarged or shrunken and the size of your spleen. Depending on what shows up there, a biopsy would be next which is the one definitive test that will tell exactly what is going on.

      The fluid in your belly is probably what is causing you pain and that needs treated one way or another. There’s 2 ways to do it and they did both with me. My fluid was so bad that I could hardly breathe anymore so I had to get tapped to drain it out physically. Then they gave me meds (diuretics such as Spironolactone and Lasix) to try to keep it under control. Once I received treatment, the meds were able to control it until I received a transplant. That fluid can be quite miserable when it is pushing on everything inside you and it needs to be removed. You might actually continue to gain weight if left untreated no matter what you eat.

      Stopping the use of alcohol is the most important step you can take with this disease. Find yourself a gastroenterologist or hepatologist to treat you since they know much more than a regular PCP about the problems that come with liver disease. I was surprised at how little some regular doctors know about liver problems.

      You are on the right track with what you are doing, but now you have to take it a step further and find out more about your condition and get the proper treatment for it. Otherwise, you are probably going to be pretty miserable. Good luck to you and get help ASAP because it seems like that fluid of yours is not going to go away on its own which means it will just continue to accumulate. You also run the risk of that fluid getting infected and you never want that to happen because that is life threatening.

  8. QUESTION:
    I am having an enlarged liver, is that dangerous for my life?
    I have been diagnosed with an enlarged, fatty liver problem, is that dangerous? Could it lead to cirrhosis’s, and is there any medications to get the liver back to its normal size? I am moderately obese also, so if I reduce my weight more, could my fatty liver come back to its normal size? I also have a large abdomen, so if I lessened my abdomen size, could that also help? A couple of doctors have told me that usually all obese people will have enlarged, fatty liver problems, and that there is no medications for that, except to avoid alcohol. I also have changed my diet to eat lesser than before, and also avoid junk, oily and sugary foods most of the time. Could this type of diet change also help to solve this problem? I have heard that by following a healthy diet, the liver can get shrunk to its normal size, and become regenerated once again.

    • ANSWER:
      Please have Homoeopathic medicine CARDUAS M.——-30 potency & Q potency of SBL or any reputed make 30 ml pack each. Now take 30 potency medicine 1 drop in half cup water thrice daily till the cure of problem. Have Q potency medicine 10 drops in 5ml coconut oil mix it well & massage this oil to the right side lowest rib area twice daily. I hope that your liver will be in normal shape with in 15-20 days.
      Have dry FIGS 100 gm from market & chew 4 Figs at bed time in such a manner that there seeds are completely crushed then swallow them & drink warm water.It will also help to improve mal function of the liver.

  9. QUESTION:
    can the liver reduce in size?
    I’m in my early 30s and like most people during their college yrs and for the couple when they get out I did my fair share of drinking. Recently I’ve felt a slight discomfort in my right side and acn only assume this has to do with the liver. I’ve read that after abuse it can grow below the ribcage causing this discomfort. I decided in the last few months to quit all together and stopped drinking. I’ve read many different conflicting articles on the liver. One commonality seems to be that the liver has the ability to repair itself to a degree. I had my blood tested last year and was informed my enzyme levels were surprisingly fine. After no more alcohol, proper diet and exercise, can this ‘swelling’ of the liver and any fatty deposits go away? Aside fromt he discomfort from time to time, I’ve felt better and better since I stopped drinking. Any feed back would be great, thx

    • ANSWER:
      You’ve self-diagnosed that you have an enlarged liver. Given that your blood tests show normal levels for liver enzymes, and that now that you’ve given up drinking you are felling better and better, my advice is that you shouldn’t fret about your liver. If it was in trouble before, the evidence is that its mending itself nicely now.

      I assure you from personal experience that with a change in diet and exercise, fatty deposits in your liver can go away, taking elevated liver enzyme levels in blood tests back down to normal.

      Good to hear you’re taking good care of yourself and are feeling the benefits of that change of living habits. Enjoy life!

  10. QUESTION:
    Elevated Liver AST and ALT levels? I’m worried! ?
    I had blood work recently and my liver levels are HIGH. My AST is 40 (reference range is 10-35 U/L) and my ALT is 70 !!! (reference range is 6 – 40 U/L). I’ve had high levels before and did a sonogram and was told I had a fatty liver. But I haven’t done anything about it (like lose weight).. (MD didn’t take that very seriously, I stupidly have forgotten about it). Could this still be the case? I’m about 35 lbs overweight. Should I be extreemely worried? I’m awaiting my MD to call me. Does anyone know what this means? I have high blood pressure at times (slight) and a hiatal hernia which I take a Prilosec OTC daily. I must really get serious about dieting as my weight is becoming a health hazzard. I drink alcohol in moderation now but used to drink more in my younger days. Anyone have experience with this? thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      I’m going to give you a little information and
      see if that may answer your questions.
      Fat that develops inside the liver cells is a real
      problem It is like a room full of people and the
      walls are closing in. The people cannot get out,
      they start to lack oxygen, and they cannot get
      nourishment to them. They also have no where
      they can go when the walls close up. This
      is what happens in the liver cells also when
      fat build up. The fat is even known to push
      the nucleus of the cell out of place.
      Now, the cause has to be determined. There
      is non alcoholic fatty liver disease and also
      alcoholic fatty liver disease. The non alcoholic
      type is when a person has a fatty liver through
      hereditary conditions or weight gain…the alcoholic is just that, drinking and consuming
      alcohol. Depending on what the cause is,
      that is how the doctor will treat you.

      Usually, the first things that occurs in the
      liver is inflammation of the liver. Because
      as the cells of the liver are damaged, the
      immune system of our bodies is activated and
      respond and it causes inflammation to occur.
      If the inflammation is treated so that it
      decreases and the CAUSE of the inflammation
      is stopped, the liver cells can heal. All liver
      patients are told not to drink alcohol. If the
      doctor said you need to lose weight, it is
      very important that you try this also.
      Be sure to tell the doctor all medication you
      are taking: this includes the alcohol, over the
      counter drugs, herbs, herbal teas, vitamins,
      minerals, and prescriptions prescribed by
      other doctors. The reason for this is because
      all medication goes through the liver first to
      be broken down before going to the rest of
      the body. If the liver is damaged in anyway…
      then this has to be adjusted in strength
      depending on how much damage is done;
      all except for the alcohol which is not to be
      taken in at all.

      If the inflammation is not treated and the
      cause is not removed, then the liver cells
      may die. This is a progressive disease
      known as Cirrhosis of the liver…there is no
      known cure; the doctor can then only try
      to slow down the cells from dying off.

      It takes a simple blood test to check you
      liver function and maybe another ultrasound
      to confirm what is going on. To have that
      done might either caught this early on before
      the cells die off and it could bring peace of
      mind if everything turns out fine. Either way,
      I would consider necessary.

      I hope this information has helped you.
      The best doctor to be with is either a
      gastroenterologist or a hepatologist.
      Your tests above are only mildly high…but
      your blood chemistry changes constantly.
      Your doctor may want to repeat these tests
      just for accuracy sake.

  11. QUESTION:
    If one has Bilirubin levels at 1.3 does this mean that there is no way of decreasing it?
    I am a 33 year old male and I just found out that I have a bilirubin increase level of 1.3. My Doctor mentioned something about my liver enzymes being normal but with the increase of the Bilirubin at 1.3 it might affect my gall bladder if I do not change my diet immediately. Her suggestion to me was that I need to get on a healthy diet regimen followed by lots of exercise. I promise to do that now! However, I cannot help but read information regarding this on the internet, and to be honest, it’s freaking me out! I will honestly admit that the reason for this happening to me is due to heavy alcohol consumption over the years followed by a very fatty diet and lack of activity.

    I am not yellow in color or show signs of Jaundice in any way. But, based on my explanation can anyone tell me if exercise and correction of diet will decrease my levels back to normal or is my Doctor just not trying to freak me out? She wants to see me in 6 months.

    Do I fall in a category of liver damage with no hope or can do I still have a second chance? Someone please answer this question.

    Thank you in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      Bilirubin is a substance that is made from our
      dead red blood cells. It is also known as a
      pigment because of its greenish/yellowish
      color that will color other things.
      The liver takes this bilirubin and converts
      it into a soluble form to become part of the
      bile. The bile flows from the inside of the
      liver, through tube like structures (ducts)
      to the gallbladder (located under the liver)
      to be stored and concentrated.
      When we eat and the food leaves the stomach,
      it goes to the first part of the intestines, known
      as the duodenum. Hormones then signal
      the gallbladder to contract and the bile/bilirubin
      is released into the common bile duct. It flows
      to the intestines to help emulsify the fats we
      eat so they can be digested and absorbed.
      Bilirubin levels can go higher in the blood…and
      if it reaches a certain level in the blood, it will
      cause the skin/whites of the eyes to turn yellow
      (Jaundice). It can also darken the urine.

      No one blood testing is 100% accurate. She will
      probably do more testing to see if this level returns
      to normal in a few months.

      Bilirubin can go higher if: the red blood cells die
      off too fast or are produced too much; If the
      liver cells are so damaged that it cannot convert
      the bilirubin into a soluble form to become part
      of the bile; If there is obstruction/malformation/
      infection of the bile ducts. In some people,
      they may have Gilberts disease. And a growth
      or stone in the bile ducts can also cause this.

      Alcohol can cause liver cell damage. This can
      happen in different ways:
      If you realize that the liver takes toxins from the
      body and converts them to a non toxic form..then
      you will understand this…
      1) overconsuming alcohol over a short time period,
      doesn’t give the liver time to convert it to
      acetaldehyde, then acetate, and then to C02 and
      Water. If not converted completely, the alcohol
      becomes toxic to the liver cells.
      2) consuming alcohol over a long time period can
      cause fat to build up inside the liver. The liver
      is surrounded by a tight membrane capsule.
      The fat can damage the liver cells…the immune
      system may respond to this and cause
      inflammation inside the liver, then. This will
      cause the liver to enlarge in size. It is then,
      no longer “simple fatty liver” it is
      Steatohepatitis. Steato means fat, hepat means
      liver, and itis means inflammation. Both
      the fat and the inflammation can damage even
      more of the liver cells.
      3) some people are more sensitive to alcohol than
      others are. Some are even allergic to it. That is
      why some people never have any problem and
      others develop it right away or over time.
      4) Taking alcohol with medication can cause
      such an interaction between them, that it can
      instantly damage the liver cells.
      >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

      There are more than just one type of blood testing to
      check the liver:
      1) the liver enzymes give an idea if there is liver/biliary
      cell damage.
      2) the liver function tests give an idea of how well
      the cells of the liver are able to perform the functions,
      the liver does as a whole.
      3) the liver viral tests will show if a virus has entered
      the liver and is using to liver cells to replicate itself.
      4) the liver blood cancer test known as alpha feto protein.

      I truly believe that the doctor is going to order more
      blood testing to be done. However, I think you should
      get a second opinion from a gastroenterologist or
      hepatologist (who specializes in the field)
      An Ultrasound will show if the liver is enlarged, if it has
      any growth, if the blood is flowing well through the liver,
      if there are any problems with the gallbladder and
      biliary ducts and more.
      If a problem is caught early on and the cause of the
      problem is stopped completely…then there is a good
      chance of the problem being reversed and the liver
      cell being able to heal. If it proceeds to where the
      liver cells start to die off and form scar tissue inside
      the liver (liver cirrhosis)…then it becomes a progressive
      disease.

      I think that, for now, she may considered you to have
      the starting of fatty liver disease. So, stop all
      alcohol consumption and follow the diet and exercise
      should help.

      Best wishes to you. Hope this info is of some help to you.

  12. QUESTION:
    nutrition question , plz help?
    Karen Bauman is a 27 year old employed in the cosmetic and fashion industry. Lately, she has reported feeling fatigued. But, she feels her long hours and hectic schedule are the main contributors. Her past medical history includes type I diabetes. She returns to her doctor due to abnormal lab results from her last physical.

    1. Karen is surprised to be diagnosed with fatty liver disease. Which laboratory values would you expect to be elevated?

    a. Potassium b. Triglycerides c. albumin d. essential fatty acids

    2. Her doctors explains that she will need to:

    a. Control her blood glucose b. Have gastric bypass surgery

    c. Increase alcohol intake d. Start TPN

    3. If she does not follow her physician’s recommendation, all of the following may result except:

    a. cirrhosis b. cancer c. hepatitis d. ascites

    4. Which of the following statements is true?

    a. Rapid weight loss is encouraged to treat fatty liver disease

    b. Elevated liver enzymes are a good indicator for liver disease

    c. Metabolic syndrome is not a risk for liver disease

    d. Hepatomegaly includes liver inflammation

    5. To improve her health status, Karen will need to:

    a. Adjust her diet and exercise regimen

    b. Adjust her medications

    c. Change her job

    d. A and B

    e. B and C

    thanks :)

    • ANSWER:

  13. QUESTION:
    please help me iam scared..what this could be?
    ultrasound shows Liver normal in size..Its echogenecity is uniformly increased…spleen,kidneys,pancreas rest all are in normal size…Impression -Fatty Infiltration of liver…I met 3 doctors (in which two doctors are gastroenterologist..they did blood test(complete blood count,platelets count,serum creatinine,urine test etc..all were normal..i dont know about the rest of blood test..they have put me on diet and exercise & all 3 doctors say it will go away after 3 months..i have never drank any alcohol or other things..just little bit lazy & has been on sedentary life(no exercise for past 4 yrs)…but im really afraid of it…many say there are four stages in fatty livers…can any1 tell me im in which stage with the above information?

    • ANSWER:
      DO NOT WORRY man fatty liver is due typically your life style as you discribed and when you change your life style by bit of exercise and balnced diet low in fats ,it is going to be alright , but you must have will power to change life style for longer days to come.Good luck.

  14. QUESTION:
    Is it too late for me to get back to a healthy lifestyle/be physically fit?
    I’m 20 years old and I’m overweight but I don’t smoke or drink alcohol.My height is only 5’4 ft and I weigh about 105kg. I always get deprived of sleep since I’m totally busy with schoolwork like projects and other stuff since I’m already in my 3rd college year. I manage to get about 4-6 hours of sleep(sometimes only 2) a day since I’m really busy not only with school but also because of our family business as well and I usually get to sleep around 2am(sometimes 1am if I’m lucky) in the morning, and I try to sleep if I have free time during the day to make up for it. I also discovered that I had high-blood pressure and also a fatty liver when I got AH1N1 virus last year and I know 20 is an very young age to have high-blood pressure and me and my family also has a history with asthma. I really want to workout but because of my random schedule in school and here at home I usually don’t have time to set a proper sched on what time I should work out/exercise doing the day and when I do have time I’m usually already tired or my laziness gets the best of me. Because of this I just walk from home to my shool in order to make up for it but I highly doubt it’s enough. Is it too late for me to change? I really want to change my lifestyle, I want to be healthy and I’m determined to make a fixed schedule for me to exercise(around 2hrs daily), get enough sleep at night and I’m also willing to change my diet just be healthy. I don’t want to die young and there’s still a lot of things I want to do with life, a lot of things I want to try out.. Is it still possible for me to change?

    • ANSWER:
      Since you’re not smoking or drinking, it’s definitely not too late to change. That’s not to say you have plenty of time since you’re already suffering from hypertension and are quite a bit overweight for your height.

      I understand perfectly the problem with both the random schedule and letting “laziness” allow you to blow off doing a workout. I often have to force myself to do a workout and am usually happy I did so afterward.

      I’m in definite agreement with another responder that you’re going to want to become more organized in order to achieve your objective of getting healthier.

      Here’s some info I hope will help:

      Losing weight is a function of calories in and calories out. There’s very little mystery to it. It used to be thought that a pound of body weight (or 2.2kg) was equal to 3500 calories but recent research suggests that’s not a hard and fast rule. Consider it a rule of thumb. Do a web search and you’ll be able to determine your approximate basal metabolic rate (the number of calories you burn each day just by being alive and breathing). I’d guess that your BMR is probably in the 1500 calorie range. So, if you consume less than 1500 calories per day, over time, you’re likely to lose weight. However, if you were to starve yourself (equivalent to consuming anything less than about 600 calories/day), your metabolism is likely to slow down and the differential between calories consumed and calories burned is likely to narrow significantly.

      You can increase the number of calories you burn with vigorous exercise. Brisk walking, jogging, running, aerobic exercise, bike riding, time on an elliptical trainer, etc. is likely to burn about 10 calories per minute. Using the 3500 calorie benchmark, to burn enough calories to lose 1 pound (2.2kg), you’d need to do about 350 minutes of exercise (or about 6 hours). So about an hour a day of vigorous exercise will help you increase your calories expended to lose about a pound a week (assuming you consume fewer or the same number of calories as your BMR).

      Several things will help to increase your metabolism along with the vigorous exercise – eating many small meals over the course of a day (6 or so) keeps your digestive track engaged so it’s working harder to work through the food you’re consuming. The more times you eat, the more calories get burned trying to digest the food. Be sure to eat soon after getting up each day so your metabolism gets going.

      Adding weight training to your exercise regimen to help build lean muscle tissue will help to increase your metabolism. Muscle maintenance burns more calories per day than the body uses to maintain the other tissues in your body. Drinking about 1 ounce of water per pound of body weight per day will help your body flush the “ashes” of what it’s burning through your increased exercise.

      Stick to lean proteins (egg whites, turkey or chicken breast, fish, etc.), whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and avoid most fats. Your body needs some fat in order to metabolize and digest the rest of the food you’re eating. You can get that amount of fat from the chicken or turkey breast and/or fish. Limited amounts of olive oils, very limited amounts of almonds also can provide the little bit of fat that your body needs. Limit alcoholic beverages and other sugars as they have little to no nutritional value and will increase your calorie count significantly.

      Attempt to limit calorie intake to about 1200 per day while doing your at least 1 hour of vigorous exercise. Assuming you don’t overconsume on relatively higher calorie foods, you can have virtually unlimited fruits and vegetables – they’re so low in calories and high in bulk, it’s likely you won’t be hungry. Try to avoid processed foods.

      Good luck!

  15. QUESTION:
    I am doing a Spanish oral exam and i really need help translating this.The online translators are rubbish help?
    Please could some one translate this into spanish? There are several paragraphs. Thanks :)

    I have a healthy diet. I normally eat meat, vegetables, fruit and cereal. I really like eating fruit because it is sweet and healthy. I think that it is important to eat a healthy diet because if you do not you can become fat.

    I really like doing sport and exercise, because it is good for you and a great way to keep fit. To keep fit I run, play tennis and do horse riding. I am sometimes stressed but to stop my stess I play tennis.

    None of my family smoke but some of my friends do. It is dangerous if you smoke because it can destroy your lungs and heart. I do not agree with the smoking ban because if someone smokes it is their choice.

    My friends do not drink alcohol. Alcohol problems such as liver damage, aggression and brain damage. Alcohol causes many bad problems but in my opinion smoking is worse.

    When I am older I will not drink alcohol and I will try not to eat as much fatty foods. I would like to learn how to ski. I want to be more healthy so that I can live a long and happy life.

    In my opinion I hate drugs because they are very bad for you. They can cause lots of mental illnesses and even kill you. They are also very addictive.
    Please can you not use an online translator it does not work.

    • ANSWER:
      Tengo una dieta saludable. Normalmente comen carne, verduras, frutas y cereales. Me gusta mucho comer fruta, porque es dulce y saludable. Creo que es importante comer una dieta saludable porque si no lo haces, puede convertirse en grasa.

      Realmente me gusta hacer deporte y ejercicio, porque es bueno para usted y una buena manera de mantenerse en forma. Para mantenerse en forma que correr, jugar al tenis y hacer paseos a caballo. A veces me destacó, pero para evitar que mi stess juego al tenis.

      Ninguno de mis familiares de humo, pero algunos de mis amigos lo hacen. Es peligroso si usted fuma, ya que puede destruir sus pulmones y el corazón. No estoy de acuerdo con la prohibición de fumar, porque si alguien fuma es su elección.

      Mis amigos no beben alcohol. Problemas con el alcohol, tales como daños en el hígado, la agresión y daño cerebral. El alcohol causa muchos problemas de mal hábito de fumar, pero en mi opinión es peor.

      Cuando yo soy más viejo que no va a beber alcohol y no voy a tratar de comer tanto los alimentos grasos. Me gustaría aprender a esquiar. Quiero ser más saludables para que pueda vivir una vida larga y feliz.

      En mi opinión, odio las drogas porque son muy malo para ti. Pueden causar muchas enfermedades mentales y hasta la muerte. También son muy adictivos.

  16. QUESTION:
    What are the benefits of coconut oil and virgin coconut oil? ?
    Hi! I’m Racquel. BSE student.These are some of the information in my research.

    Read the facts below to discover why the Coconut Oil is now referred
    to as the “Healthiest Oil in the World” because of its unique health-
    giving properties. Studies demonstrate that of all fats and oils,
    coconut oil is not only nutritious, but has the most health benefits.

    FACT No.1: Coconut oil is the best and richest natural source of the
    immune-boosting lauric acid among all the vegetable oils.

    Among the vegetable oils traded in the world, coconut oil is
    the best and richest natural source of lauric acid which makes up
    about 50 percent of its healthy fat content. All other vegetable oils
    are completely deficient in this. Lauric Acid, an important component
    of breast milkis also the primary saturated fatty acid found in
    coconut oil.

    Lauric Acid is the most important essential fatty acid in
    building and maintaining the body’s immune system and has a powerful
    antimicrobial effect that can kill a wide variety of infectious
    organisms. Among the saturated fatty acids, lauric acid has the
    maximum anti-viral activity.

    Lauric acid is a medium chain fatty acid (MCFA), which has
    the additional beneficial function of being formed into monolaurin
    in the body. Monolaurin is the anti-viral, antibacterial and anti-
    protozoal monogllyceride used by humans or animals to destroy lipid
    coated viruses, such as HIV, herpes, influenza and pathogenic
    bacteria.

    FACT No.2: Coconut oil is rich in plant-based, healthy type of good
    saturated fats which is very different from the animal-based
    saturated fats. Coconut oil has no cholesterol.

    Coconut oil is rich in plant-based, healthy type of
    saturated fats. It is 92 percent highly saturatedfat. Not all
    saturated fats are created equal. Just like polyunsaturated fats
    which are sub classified into omega 3, omega 6 and omega 9, saturated
    fats are also sub-classified into short chain, medium chain and long
    chain. The dramatic differnce is with the fatty acid composition and
    is fully documented by years of scientific research. In contrast with
    animal fats (long chain fatty acids-LCFA) which contain cholesterol,
    coconut oil, which is from the plant-based source has no cholesterol.
    The fatty acids of coconut oil (medium chain fatty acids-MCFA) are
    easily assimilated – they are not stored in tha body like animal
    fats.

    There are good fats and bad fats. Our diet needs to include
    the good tyoe of fats such as the saturated fats from coconut oil as
    they play an important role in our body chemistry. Sixty percent
    (60%) to eighty percent (80%) of our brain tissue and our nervous
    system are made of very rich complex of fats. we can live without the
    bad fats from red meat or animals, but good fats, such as the fats
    from plant-based coconut oil and fats from fishes like salmon and
    sardines are essentilaal for good health. We dont necessarily need a
    low fat diet. we need a good fat diet.

    Goods saturated fats, such as from the plant-based coconuts,
    enhance the immune system. The fats around the heart muscle is
    highly saturated. The heart draws on this reserve of fat ion times of
    stress. Saturated fats also protect the liver from toxic effect of
    alcohol and drugs. Fifty percent (50%) of cell membranes also
    constitue saturated fatty acids. It gives our cells necessary
    firmness and integrity. Saturated fats also play a vital role in the
    health of bones. At least 50 percent of dietary fats need to be
    saturated for calcium to be effectively incorporated in the skeletal
    structure.

    FACT No.3: Coconut oil is composed predominantly of the health-
    boosting Medium Chain Fatty Acids (MCFA).

    Coconut Oil is unique. It is unlike most other dietary
    oils. The secret behind coconut oil is that it is composed
    predominantly of medium chain fatty acids (MCFA’s) or Medium chain
    triglycerides (MCT). It is the MCFA’s which give it its remarkable
    nutritional and medicinal properties. Coconut oil has the most or
    largest concentration of MCFA’s (64%) compared with the other oils
    and fats.

    The majority of the fats in our diet, whether they are
    saturated or unsaturated comes from the plant or animal, are composed
    of long-chain fatty acids (LCFA’s). Soybean oil, corn oil,canola oil,
    olive oil lard, and chicen fat as well as most all other fats and
    oils in our diet, are composed entirely of LCFA’s. Some 98 to 100
    percent of the fat you eat each day consists of LCFA’s. Long chain
    fats take longer to digest and will tend to to be stored as stubborn
    fat you can’t get rid of . The medium-chain fatty acid (MCFA’s) from
    coconut ol have completely different effect on us than do the long -
    chain fatty acids that are more commonly found in our food.

    • ANSWER:
      Coconut oil is the best oil to cook with, even better than olive oil, because the fatty acids don’t turn to trans fat when heated.

      It also contains Caprylic Acid which is great for killing candida, the pesky yeast that causes yeast infections and thrush.

      I know a few people that have lost weight using coconut oil, the medium chain fats can speed up your metabolism. Which is why it is recommended for hypothyroidism.

  17. QUESTION:
    Can you Translate this Text into good french for me please?
    I think I live a healthy lifestyle as I do lots of sports and have a fairly healthy diet, I don’t always eat my five a day but don’t eat too many fatty foods. I play rugby twice a week and often play football with my friends. All my family are none smokers so I am not around smoke. I do not drink alcohol either as it causes liver damage. I usually eat cereal for breakfast, sandwiches for lunch and fish for dinner. I used to eat lots of unhealthy food and exercise little but now I eat healthier and exercise regularly. I will try to focus on eating five portions of fruit and vegetable every day.

    • ANSWER:
      Je crois avoir un mode de vie sain puisque je pratique plusieurs sports et que mon alimentation est relativement équilibrée. Je ne consomme pas toujours mes 5 portions de fruits et légumes par jour mais je ne suis pas un grand consommateur de cuisine rapide.

      Je joue au rugby deux fois par semaine et joue souvent au football avec mes amis. Tous les membres de ma famille sont non-fumeurs je ne suis donc pas exposé à la fumée secondaire. Je ne consomme pas d’alcool puisque c’est mauvais pour le foie.

      En général, je mange des céréales au déjeûner, des sandwichs pour dîner et du poisson au souper.

      Auparavant, je consommais beaucoup de mets mauvais pour la santé et faisais peu d’exercice mais maintenant, je m’alimente sainement et fais beaucoup d’activité physique. J’essaierai donc de manger les cinq portions de fruits et légumes recommandés chaque jour

  18. QUESTION:
    Can someone please give feedback?
    it’s an essay of who’s responsible for obesity in america… need help concluding

    America, Home of the Fat
    America, home of the free right? Wrong. America is one of the fattest nations in the world. We would think that one of the most productive and developed countries would be the healthiest. The truth however, is we are not. The question that is presented then, is who’s to blame? People always find it easier to point a finger and blame someone else. Americans are suing fast-food companies for “making them fat”, and such lawsuits are becoming more prevalent each day. Blaming the fast-food industry for obesity is like an alcoholic suing an alcohol company for giving them cirrhosis of the liver. Caesar Barber of Bronx, New York “filed a lawsuit Wednesday in Bronx Supreme Court, naming McDonald’s, Wendy’s, Burger King and Kentucky Fried Chicken” () because he didn’t it was unhealthy. What has happened, to self control and personal responsibility? The individual and the parents are the ones to blame for American’s obesity.

    It is a parent’s responsibility to care for their child and therefore they are also responsible for their health and what they consume. A parent would not let their child do drugs, so why do they allow them to overindulge on soft drinks and unhealthy food if they both harm your health. In The Battle Against Fast Food Begins At Home Daniel Weintraub states, “It is a parents – not the government, not the fast-food companies, not the video-game manufacturers – who are responsible for teaching kids healthy eating and exercising habits” (Weintraub42). Parents much teach children how to how to exercise and get involved in physical activities. If they fail to do so they are setting their children on a path of lifetime health problems. Many parents allow and approve their child’s sedentary behavior without thinking about the consequences. Eating junk food and playing video games everyday is not benefiting them in any way, and who is responsible to get them off the couch and shooting hoops? McDonalds, Burger King, Carl’s Jr, Jack in The Box? No, of course not. It is parent’s duty as the one who cares for the child. Some people may think companies lure kids into buying food with cartoons, truth is parents need to teach children how to look out for these marketing strategies companies use because that is something they will need to know when it comes to important choices in life, like choosing auto insurance, credit companies and so forth. If children obesity

    An adult individual unlike a child can make independent decisions but Americans often make the wrong decisions when it comes to managing their diets. A trip to the market could save you money an unneeded calorie intake. You can cook your own meals and know what you’re eating and manage your caloric intake but Americans simply have become addicted to fast- food, and it is their lack of discipline that has made them so obese. Sue Widemark conveys in her article Reason for Obesity, that an attitude Americans seem to have is that of “Eating is some kind of pastime…and if we feel that we are denied a bit of this fatty and very unhealthy food which we crave, that we have no quality of life” (Widemark1). Folks simply do not know when enough is enough. In Obesity Epidemic: Overeating is to Blame Mark Fergusson explains “To return to the average weights of the 1970’s we would need to reverse the increased food intake about… 500 calories a day for adults.” An individual has nothing to blame but their carelessness of what they eat and their deficiency of self-control when it comes to how much they eat. Fast-food would not make anyone obese if it was eaten in moderation. Everyone knows that too much of anything is bad. David Zinczenko in his article Don’t Blame The Eater argues that when it comes to food “Advertisements Don’t carry warning labels the way tobacco ads do” but when do Americans plan on becoming responsible for looking for this information? Certainly people who follow healthy lifestyles would ask for calorie information about what they are going to consume and the rest must learn to do the same. Over-eating is definitely a main factor of American obesity. Now, combine A lifestyle of daily fast-food and inactive behavior and you are well on your way to becoming obese.

    A person, who is not willing to stay active and yet, constantly eats fast food, cannot expect to be thin. Your body needs exercise not only to look good on the outside but to be healthy on the inside as well. No one neglect their body in a way that would damage their health, but that is exactly what they do when they gorge on greasy fries and soft drinks and do not exercise. Michael Lemonick in his article “How We Grew So Big” writes that “Fully two-thirds of US adults are officially overweight and half of those have graduated to full blown obesity” he

    • ANSWER:
      Thank you for your article. I was not knowing it earlier