Diffuse Fatty Liver Focal Sparing

Corn Facts

One of the most common foot problems are corns and calluses. This happens when the skin of the foot is subjected to pressure and friction. Walking and other similar activities, especially since a person is wearing footwear, will bring about the thickening of the skin as reaction to the pressure and friction.

A callus, also known as tyloma, is formed by the thickened skin. If left untreated or continually subjected to pressure and friction, it will form a mass of dead skin cells. These masses of dead skin cells will have a focal point, unlike calluses that are diffused. When it gets a focal point, it is categorized as a corn.

If corns are not removed, they can be infected and get an ulcer. Abscess and pus may occur in the infected corn. Corns are a primary health concern especially to diabetics who have to take extreme care of their feet as any form of infection is more difficult for them to cure.

Preventive Treatment of Corns

To prevent corns from being continually subjected to pressure and friction, you would have to eliminate at the source. It may be necessary to change your footwear or add pads to it. You may also have to make adjustments to activities such as walking or running that will give pressure to your feet.

Scraping It Off

There are a lot of corn and callus removers in the market today that entails the use of tools to scrape and cut off the offending dead skin. These tools have to be used with great care. There are many instances wherein the user has scraped off so much skin to the point of injury.

Regular use of pumice stones during bathing can aid in callus removal. To get the most of the sand-papering effect, make sure to soak your feet in water while using the pumice stone. Treat your feet with skin softeners at night or make it part of you daily moisture routine for your feet.

Aloe Vera for Corns

Aloe Vera contains vitamins C and E plus zinc that can heal and soften the skin. The anti-bacterial nature of Aloe Vera will help prevent infections. Opting to use Aloe Vera products like gels and creams can aid in preventing and removing corns.

The method of application of Aloe Vera is simple. You have to wash and soap the feet first. After drying the feet, apply a generous amount of the Aloe Vera topical product and massage in for twenty to thirty minute. Application of the Aloe Vera product should be done at twice or thrice a day.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    My daughter is 8 years old and she had an liver untrasound, the conclusion is moderate diffuse fatty liver?
    infiltration with focal fatty sparing in the porta hepatis

    • ANSWER:
      Fat has developed inside the child’s liver…known
      as fat infiltration.
      The reasons for fat build up is:
      weight gain, mal nutrition, losing weight fast,
      diabetes, insulin resistance, certain medications
      like steriods, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels
      and others.

      This usually starts out as Simple fatty liver.
      Since there isn’t much fat in the liver, it doesn’t
      cause damage. However, as the fat builds up
      in the liver, this can change to Steatohepatitis.
      Steato means fat, hepat means liver and itis
      means inflammation. It means that the cells
      of the liver are becoming damaged and the
      immune system of the body is responding to
      this. Inflammation in the liver can cause the
      liver to enlarge in size.

      If the cause of the problem can be found and
      stopped and the inflammation is treated, then
      the liver cells may heal.
      If, for some reason, this isn’t done then it can
      proceed to the liver cells dying off and forming
      scar tissue inside the liver that blocks the flow
      of blood…known as Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Here is a link to one of the Children medical
      centers about this and an article written by a doctor:

      http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/svc/alpha/s/steatohepatitis/default.htm

      http://www.gi.org/patients/gihealth/pdf/fld.pdf

      It is best to follow any instructions the doctor may
      give to try and reverse this.

      Here are some things you may come across when
      researching this. This will help you understand better:

      1)NASH means non alcoholic causes of steatohepatitis.
      2)NAFLD means non alcohol causes of fatty liver disease.
      3)Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver cells.
      4)Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells.
      5)Hepat or Hepato means liver…so when this is part of
      the word used, it means it pertains to the liver.
      6)Itis at the end of the word means inflammation..so when
      you see “itis” at the end of the word, you know what it
      stands for.

      Here are some links on adult hepatitis, but it is also
      similar to pediatric:

      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1961.html

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver

      http://www.gastro.com/Gastro/liverdisease/fatty_liver.aspx

      Hope this information has been of some help to you.
      Best wishes to you and your child.

  2. QUESTION:
    Please Help me understand my PET/CT Scan Report?
    I had a major back surgery procedure and have been having chest pain and shortness of breath since the surgery. Here is the Pet Scan That I just had done yesterday;Please Help me understand my Pet Scan Report:
    Findings:
    PET:
    There is homogenous, mildly increased FDG activity associated with an ill-defined anterior mediastinal soft tissue density. This finding in nonspecific and may be related to thymic tissue or rebound thymic hyperplasia. No discrete focal areas of intensely increased uptake within the thymus is identified. Minimal increased uptake is noted within the hilar areas bilaterally, right greater than left, in association with mildly prominent bilateral hilar lymph nodes. This finding is also nonspecific and may be reactive or malignant in etiology. Mild enlargement of the spleen is noted, with increased FDG activity compared with the liver. This finding is also nonspecific given the presenceof diffuse hepatic stestosis. Linear increased activity is noted in association with an anterior abdominal wall surgical scar. The remainder the body demonstrates physiologic uptake of radiopharmaceutical.
    CT Scan:
    There are postsurgical changes related to prior L5 left hemilaminectomy, S1 right hemilaminectomy, and L5-S1 fusion with an L5 right pedical screw, S1 left pedicle screw and interbody spacers at the L4-L5 and L5-S1 levels. A 5mm right lower lobe pulmonary nodule seen on series 3, image 66 is below the resolution of PET. There is diffuse hepatic steatosis, with an area of focal fatty sparing along the medial aspect of the gallbladder fossa. In addition, there is diffuse fatty atrophy of the pancreas.
    IMPRESSION:
    1. Mildly increased homogenous activity associated with an anterior mediastinal soft tissue density likely representing the thymus. This finding is nonspecific and may be related to persistent thymic tissue or thymic hyperplasia. Low-grade malignant involvement cannot be completely excluded. If clinically indicated, further evaluation with chest MRI to attempt to characterize the anterior mediastical soft tissue as thymic tissue can be performed. Alternatively, histologic sampling could be performed if there is a high clinical suspicion of malignancy.
    2. Minimal increased FDG activity associated with mildly prominent bilateral hilar lymph nodes, right greater than left. These findings are also nonspecific and may be reactive or malignant etiology.
    3. Increased FDG activity associated with an enlarged spleen is also nonspecific in the setting of diffuse hepatic steatosis.
    4. 5mm right middle lobe pulmonary nodule unchanged compared with 06/23/2011 chest CT. If the patient has no risk factors for malignancy, a one year follow-up chest CT is recommended. If the patient has risk factors for malignancy, a chest CT in 6 to 12 months is recommended, with additional follow-up chest CT examinations thereafter to document 2 years of stability in the size and appearance of this nodule. At time of future imaging studies, the hilar lymph nodes and anterior mediastinal soft tissue can be re-evaluated.
    DOES THIS MEAN THAT I MAY HAVE CANCER BY ANY CHANCE?????

    • ANSWER:
      It means you need better communication with your doctor as it is their job to explain this to you.
      You recently had surgery.
      You are fine.


Diffuse Fatty Liver Changes

Natural Treatment for Gallbladder Stones

Flushing out the gall bladder stones completely with Home Remedies is called Natural Treatment for Gall bladder stones. Natural treatment is safe and ensures permanent relief from the crippling pain of abdomen and the nausea. Surgical removal of gall bladder is very risky and will lead to disastrous consequences.

Gall bladder stones are formed due to solidification of bile; the enzyme secreted by liver for digesting fats and is stored in gall bladder. It flows through bile duct. When there is excess of cholesterol or bilirubin content in bile it gets the tendency to solidify and form gall stones. When the gallstones block the bile duct, inflammation and severe pain will start.

Natural treatment for gall bladder stones is effective for all types of gall bladder stones that occur in men as well as women. Basically there are two types of gallstones – cholesterol gallstones and pigment gallstones. When bile contains excess of cholesterol, cholesterol gallstones are formed and pigment gallstones are the outcome of excess bilirubin in bile.

Females are more likely to get gallstones because pregnancy, obesity and excess of estrogens are the major reasons for gallstones formation. Diabetes, excess cholesterol, old age, fasting, frequent constipation and low-fiber high-fat diet also cause gall bladder stones.

Major symptoms of gall bladder stones are pain over upper part of abdomen, pain between shoulder blades, indigestion, nausea, skin and eyes getting yellowish, clay colored stools and dark colored urine.

Gall bladder stones can be prevented by having a healthy diet containing more vegetables, fruits, nuts, less carbohydrate and no junk food. Drink lot of water and do regular exercises. Take coffee and calcium phosphate.

There are many methods for natural treatment of gall bladder stones. These methods are very fast in action. Your gallstones will be completely dissolved within a short period of time.

Drink apple juice for two days before going to bed. The second day night, drink a mixture of 3 ounces of fresh lemon juice and 3 ounces of dark olive oil. Small sized gall bladder stones will be passed out next day.

Take plain yoghurt, cottage cheese and one table spoon olive oil twice daily.

Drink fresh juices of beets, carrots and cucumber twice daily.

Natural treatment for gallstone removal

Natural treatment of gall bladder stones ensures complete removal of your stones so as to get permanent cure from the pain. Moreover, they cause no side effects whatsoever.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What does diffuse fatty liver change mean ?
    I have not been well since January. I had an Ultrasound then and it read that I had a fatty liver. To make a long story short, I had a CT with and without contrast done (for kidneys-I have kidney stones) and I ended up having my gallbladder taken out a couple of weeks ago due to large gallstones. Well, I have a copy of my report from the CT scan and it was compared to a previous CT and it read that I have diffuss fatty liver change. What does this mean ? Should I be concerned ? Is this the beginning of Cirrhosis ? Is this something that can end up killing me ? What should I expect next as far as testing is concerned ? I do not drink alcohol nor am I obese. I am going back in four weeks to see my Primary care physician and just wanted some input about this prior to that appointment. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Alcohol is the most common cause. Toxic, metabolic and hypoxic conditions of all types.
      Pathogenesis

      • Liver is the principle organ of fat metabolism and synthesis.
      • Interference with mobilizing triglycerides out of the liver is the usual mechanism.
      • This happens when toxins or agents affect the mitochondrial and microsomal functions resulting in defective oxidation of fatty acids and aberrant mitochondrial function.
      • Factors casuing fatty change do not all act in the same way. ,
      Epidemiology

      • This is a common condition, but it is usually secondary to other diseases; again, alcohol is the most common cause, in the industrial world; however, among children and in the developing countries, malnutrition, especially protein and iron deficiencies, are the most common.
      General Gross Description

      •In severe and diffuse cases, the liver is enlarged, yellow, smooth, firmer than normal and greasy.
      •In partial involvement, a pale or yellow blotchy appearance is often noted.
      General Microscopic Description

      •There are two forms of fatty change : microvesicular and macrovesicular.
      •Microvesicular: Numerous tiny fat vesicles, requires fat stain to be appreciated. Often, one would be surprised as how enormous fat accumulation is without being seen in H&E sections. This is a toxic condition causing hepatocellular failure.
      •Macrovesicular: a few large clear vacuoles in the cytoplasm of hepatocytes, pushing the nucleus aside. Usually, has no effect on the function of the hepatocyte.
      •There is usually no inflammatory reaction to this, unless the fatty cells rupture.
      Clinical Correlation

      •Macrovesicular: Hepatomegaly is the only sign; liver function tests are minimally abnormal, if at all.
      • Examples include: Alcohol – with a combination of macro and microvesicular fatty change, Malnutrition – in particular protein deficiency, starvation, diabetes, obesity , severe infection or burn, Medication and Toxins, Hypoximia.
      •Microvesicular: a different disease; this is a toxic, metabolically abnormal and serious condition; although the patient has mild hepatomegaly, severe liver function test abnormalities to the point of liver failure is common.
      • Pure examples would include: Reye’s Synd., fatty liver of pregnancy and tetracyclinet toxicity.
      • The most common cause is alcohol.

  2. QUESTION:
    show me the image Diffuse Liver Fatty Change?

    • ANSWER:

  3. QUESTION:
    What to do when liver shows mild increase in echotexture?/?
    Age 64 years. The impression: “mild diffuse fatty changes in liver”

    • ANSWER:

  4. QUESTION:
    what would this remarks mean to my liver ultra sound? any second opinion?
    The liver echopattern appears hyperehogenic, No solid nor crystic mass seen. the common duct is not dilated & measures 3mm AP diameter, the rest of intrahepatic ducts are unremarkable.

    Diffuse liver disease, fatty changes entertained?

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver disease is shown as a presence of a hyperechogenic pattern of the liver and and elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. You haven’t listed your liver enzymes levels however.

      There are a few reasons for a diffuse liver disease but in your case it looks like cirrhosis from a fatty liver.

      http://resources.metapress.com/pdf-preview.axd?code=j8m7hg62482h1316&size=largest

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cirrhosis

  5. QUESTION:
    Tiny black particles in sputum?
    My husband is 30 years. He is suffereing from something like Allergic Bronchitis for the past 1 and a half years. He is getting tiny black particles in his sputum during any part of the day. His father was a severe COPD (heavy smoking) patient who passed away three months back. My husband doesn’t smoke neither has heavy alcohols. He was having a good athlete body, used to swim daily. I am surprised to see his illness. He has undergone CT chest, both with and without contrast. The report says “LEFT HILUM IS BULKY? VASCULAR PROMINANCE? ADENOPATHY, NO PLEURAL EFFUSION/PLEURAL THICKENING IS SEEN, DIFFUSE FATTY CHANGES IN THE LIVER, FIBROTIC LESIONS ARE SEEN IN THE LUNG APEX ON BOTH SIDES, NO OTHER SIGNIFICANT ABNORMALITY IS SEEN. He is under medication of some medicines and sprays. Doctor is saying there is no need to panic and will be fine soon. If required we shall go for Endoscope. But his health is not getting cured. The problem persists because of which his concentration in work is lost, get tired and irritated soon because of constant spitting. Please advise how to proceed further?
    Hello Doctor,
    My husband is 30 years, working in IT in India. He is getting tiny black particles in his sputum.His father was a severe COPD (heavy smoking) patient who passed away three months back. My husband doesn’t smoke neither has heavy alcohols. He was having a good athlete body, used to swim daily. I am surprised to see his illness. He has undergone CT chest, both with and without contrast under supervision of a good cardiologist. The report says “LEFT HILUM IS BULKY? VASCULAR PROMINANCE? ADENOPATHY, NO PLEURAL EFFUSION/PLEURAL THICKENING IS SEEN, DIFFUSE FATTY CHANGES IN THE LIVER, FIBROTIC LESIONS ARE SEEN IN THE LUNG APEX ON BOTH SIDES, NO OTHER SIGNIFICANT ABNORMALITY IS SEEN. He is under medication of some medicines and sprays. Doctor is saying there is no need to panic and will be fine soon. If required we shall go for Endoscope. But his health is not getting cured. The problem persists which is affecting his quality of life.Please advise.

    • ANSWER:

  6. QUESTION:
    Scan report impression shows : “Hepatomegaly with fatty changes”?
    1.Today my dad’s scan report shows the above impression.
    2.Then in the liver : Measures 17 cms. Enlarged and shows diffuse increased echotexture.
    No focal lesion of IHBR dilatation method.
    Pancreas: Shows normal echotexture. Main pancreatic duct is not dilated
    What is the meaning for these??? Any doc or experts plz answer!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      It is meaning ur dad has hepatomegaly ( his liver has been damaged by some toxins, it is can be chemical intoxication due to bad habit or prolonged disease, viruses ( hepatitis, Dengue, etc ) i can not say more till know his life style or story of illness. fatty changes telling more about habits and chronic diseases during . his blood test must show high level cholesterol and bilirubin .
      Any way he need serious treatment … consulting with specialist and strong diet
      how he feeling? what kind of symptoms he has?
      don’t be worry a lot, it is still can be reverse ( no focal lesion – it is good sign , pancreas also did not involved… so no big reason to mind worst).
      but special attention need . as soon as possible.
      take care ur Dad… my best wish.

  7. QUESTION:
    USG- abdomen scan shows impression : ‘HEPATOMEGALY WITH FATTY CHANGES’?
    1.Today my dad’s scan report shows the above impression.
    2.Then in the liver : Measures 17 cms. Enlarged and shows diffuse increased echotexture.
    No focal lesion of IHBR dilatation method.
    Pancreas: Shows normal echotexture. Main pancreatic duct is not dilated
    What is the meaning for these??? Any doc or experts plz answer!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      I’m no doctor or person with any medical experience whatsoever, but I can give you some definitions but if I were you, tell your dad to take this report to his doctor and ask the doctor to explain it for him.

      1. Well, this referring to the liver and his liver measure 17cm. Livers in men are usually around 10.5 cm, so this can indicate that your dad’s liver has become enlarged. The texture of the liver has also increased, due to inflammation maybe? Depends why your dad was having the scan in the first place.

      2. The Pancreas is grand, and the duct hasn’t enlarged. So everything is fine and dandy there.

      My first guess is cancer. My second guess is that your father’s liver has inflamed and enlarged, but it hasn’t spread to the pancreas.

      Tell your dad to get a doctor to explain this to him, because after all, I might not know anything.

  8. QUESTION:
    sonogram of liver and gallbladder?
    the liver is heterogeneous with attenuation consistent with diffuse hepatic fatty change, 2.2 cm in length in the midaxillary line

    • ANSWER:

  9. QUESTION:
    What is your opinion: ultrasound findings of Diffuse Hepatocellular Disease?
    I went to a gastroenterologist back in Oct of 2010 because of pain and bloating that I was having in my upper abdomen and a 12 year history of almost daily diarrhea. I had a colonoscopy in about 1992 and again in about 2004 (all different doctors through the years because of changing of insurances) and both colonoscopies were negative for disease, even the couple dozen biopsies the one gastro dr took in 2004.

    The gastro dr I saw this last Oct ’10 ordered an ultrasound of my abdomen and a liver function test (blood test). The dr told me that the report said that I have a “very very fatty liver” and “everything else looks good”. He said because of my age (female, 51 yr old), that I should have a colonoscopy. I’ve been putting it off because I don’t like this dr. And he said that because of my pain and fatty liver, I should get a hepatitis test, so I did and came back normal.

    I got to thinking about how important it probably is for me to get a colonoscopy done but because I don’t like this gastro dr, I am going to go to a different one. (Yes I know I should have taken care of this last October) So I called his office last week and asked for a copy of my ultrasound report so I would have that in hand when I go to see a different gastro dr. I got the report in the mail the other day and was shocked to see that it says “Impression: 1. Increased echogenicity of the liver consistent with diffuse hepatocellular disease and raising the possibility of fatty infiltration. 2. Otherwise unremarkable ultrasound examination of the abdomen.”

    That dr never discussed “diffuse hepatocellular disease”. He only said I have a fatty liver. By the way, I had other blood tests done at the same time that my regular dr had ordered and the lab sent ALL of the blood test results to the gastro dr AND my PCP. I saw the gastro dr first and he told me that ALL of my tests were all normal, when they clearly are not. Here are my blood test results:

    RDW 15.4 (11.5-14.5 %)
    Monocytes 0.7 (0.11-0.59 thou/uL) (I have not been sick)
    Carbon Dioxide 33 (22-30 mmol/L)
    AST 52 (14-36 U/L)
    ALT 63 (7-56 U/L)
    And my GFR-MDRD is 70 (Greater than 90 mL/min/1.73 m2)
    (I read that a score of 70 means that I have mild kidney damage)
    These results were normal but at the high end of normal:
    WBC was 9.1 (4.8-10.8)
    Sodium 145 (137-145 mmol/L)
    Glucose 100 (70-110 mg/dL) (this was after a 13 hour fast)
    Cholesterol was good at 159 but the other lipid results were not good.

    I read that Diffuse Hepatocellular Disease is either caused by infection or cancer. So since my blood test for Hepatitis was normal… does this mean the possibility for cancer is raised? What do you think of all this? As mentioned in another yahoo answers post I made last year, I did have an ANA test done in about 2004 and it showed 1:80 Speckled Pattern.
    I drink alcohol maybe 1 to 3 times a year at the most. When I do drink, I usually don’t even drink half of a bottle of beer or half a glass of a margarita (Mexican Restaurant). My husband always finishes it for me LOL. I did get flat out drunk one time when I was a teenager but that’s the only time I can ever remember getting drunk.

    I do take about 6 prescriptions daily for a bad heart valve, allergies, asthma, etc. I do not take street drugs although I experimented with drugs as a teenager (mostly marijuana) and I have never used intravenous drugs.
    I am approx. 100 pounds overweight, most of it gained in the last 12 years. Before that, almost my whole life I was extremely thin….. I am 5′ 8″ and 251 pounds with a medium build.
    abijann, are you saying that Diffuse Hepatocellular Disease can also just be a simple case of Fatty Liver? I thought it only means infection or cancer…

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver disease can be caused by different
      reasons:
      weight gain, fast weight loss, obesity,
      malnourishment, diabetes, insulin resistance,
      certain types of drugs (like steriods),
      high cholesterol/triglyceride levels,
      alcohol consumption, chemical exposure and
      others.

      Fat inside the liver usually starts out as being
      “simple fatty liver” that doesn’t cause a problem.
      However, if the fat continues to build up inside
      the liver, the fat causes pressure inside the
      liver and causes liver cell damage.
      The immune system of the body may respond
      to this damage and cause inflammation to
      develop inside the liver. This is then known
      as Steatohepatitis. Steato stands for fat,
      hepat stands for liver, and itis stands for
      inflammation. It is much more serious, then.
      [Hepato means liver, and cellular means the
      liver cells]
      The inflammation inside the liver caused
      by the fat build up can lead to the liver
      enlarging in size. This is best seen on
      an ultrasound or Ct scan.

      Fatty liver is just one of the causes of liver
      cell damage; some other are alcohol
      consumption, medication toxification,
      chemical exposure, mushroom poisoning,
      biliary problem, metabolic disease,
      hereditary conditions, viral or parasite
      infections, cysts/growth/tumors/cancer,
      and many others.

      If there is inflammation inside the liver,
      if the cause isn’t found and stopped…
      it can lead to where the liver cells die off and
      form scar tissue inside the liver…this then becomes
      an irreversible, progressive disease known as
      Cirrhosis of the liver.

      I believe you need to find a doctor who you are
      comfortable with and can trust and follow whatever
      advice he give you…he may place you on a special
      diet; if this is the true cause. It would be best to
      be referred to a dietitian who will take into account
      all your medical conditions. Your liver enzymes:
      the ALT and AST are slightly high. However, they
      also check the liver function tests and liver viral
      tests and also the liver cancer test…before making
      a diagnosis.

      Here are some links to click on to learn more about
      fatty liver disease:

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver

      http://www.gastro.com/Gastro/liverdisease/fatty_liver.aspx

      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm

      http://www.liverdoctor.com/index.php?page=fatty-liver

      Some terms to understand while reading:
      NASH is non alcoholic causes of steatohepatitis (which
      I mentioned above)
      NAFLD is non alcohol causes of fatty liver disease
      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver because of any
      number of reasons.
      Hepatitis with a letter after it (like Hepatitis A,B,C) is
      a virus that enters the body and uses the liver cells
      to replicate itself
      Cirrhosis is Death of the liver cells and scar tissue
      formation inside the liver.

      The ANA test is usually done to determine if you have
      an autoimmune disease. That means that you immune
      system may be attacking your own living cells. Each
      cells has its own marker that the immune system
      recognizes as being us….most of the time, they don’t
      know why the immune system turns on its own patient.
      Here is some information from this site that explains
      your results a little better:

      http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2232

      Quoting from this site; something to think about and ask
      your doctor:
      “ANAs are present in approximately 5% of the normal population,
      usually in low titers (low levels). These persons have no disease.
      Titers of lower than 1:80 are less likely to be significant.
      Even higher titers are insignificant with aging over age 60 years.
      Ultimately, the ANA result must be interpreted in the specific
      context of the symptoms and other test results for the patient.
      It may or may not be significant in an individual.

      All liver patients are told, No alcohol. To be sure each
      and every doctor knows what medications you are taking
      (as medications goes through the liver first, to be broken
      down, before going to the rest of the body).
      When stating medications, this includes over the counter,
      herbs, vitamins, minerals, supplements, etc…besides
      your prescribed ones. Medications have to be watched
      closely for the dosage if there is liver cells damage.
      The liver cells are what does the function of the liver.

      I hope this information has been of help to you.
      Best wishes

  10. QUESTION:
    Could elevated ALT come from gallbladder polyp?
    40 year old male. Five months ago I had some gas pains on my left side (pain has gone away), they did an ultrasound and saw a 3mm polyp on my gallbladder and diffused fatty liver (neither were concerns for my issue). Follow up was called for in 1 year for polyp. Last week I had a routine blood test, ALT was 81, all other levels were fine. Took another blood test 3 days later, ALT was 87, but Hepatatis panel came back fine. I am 6 foot, 225. I rarely drink. I was told to change my diet, and come back in 3 months to test again. Does this seem reasonable?

    • ANSWER:
      That is a fairly high ALT level. The normal things that account for a raised level like alcohol or exercise won’t really make a difference quite like that. Unless of course you binged the night before or ran a marathon prior to the test.

      The polyp and liver damage could both account for the ALT levels. Where was the polyp on your gallbladder? If it was or is constricting your bile duct, that’s what’s doing the damage. If that’s the case, then you should get that taken care of immediately. You don’t want to start poisoning yourself with that backflow of bile.

      Question: do you have a history of diabetes in your family? A recent study showed that fluctuating ALT levels to that magnitude showed signs of an onset of diabetes. If there’s no history, with those mood swings your body’s going through, you still may develop it. Get checked for that as well.

      But then again, if you already do have diabetes, that’s the reason for the changes.

      As for the diet change- it’s not unreasonable, but then again it’s not exactly called for in the instance that your organs are doing the damage because your diet change won’t do squat to help you out. If it’s because of diabetes, then the diet may actually help a lot.

  11. QUESTION:
    Please Help me understand my PET/CT Scan Report?
    I had a major back surgery procedure and have been having chest pain and shortness of breath since the surgery. Here is the Pet Scan That I just had done yesterday;Please Help me understand my Pet Scan Report:
    Findings:
    PET:
    There is homogenous, mildly increased FDG activity associated with an ill-defined anterior mediastinal soft tissue density. This finding in nonspecific and may be related to thymic tissue or rebound thymic hyperplasia. No discrete focal areas of intensely increased uptake within the thymus is identified. Minimal increased uptake is noted within the hilar areas bilaterally, right greater than left, in association with mildly prominent bilateral hilar lymph nodes. This finding is also nonspecific and may be reactive or malignant in etiology. Mild enlargement of the spleen is noted, with increased FDG activity compared with the liver. This finding is also nonspecific given the presenceof diffuse hepatic stestosis. Linear increased activity is noted in association with an anterior abdominal wall surgical scar. The remainder the body demonstrates physiologic uptake of radiopharmaceutical.
    CT Scan:
    There are postsurgical changes related to prior L5 left hemilaminectomy, S1 right hemilaminectomy, and L5-S1 fusion with an L5 right pedical screw, S1 left pedicle screw and interbody spacers at the L4-L5 and L5-S1 levels. A 5mm right lower lobe pulmonary nodule seen on series 3, image 66 is below the resolution of PET. There is diffuse hepatic steatosis, with an area of focal fatty sparing along the medial aspect of the gallbladder fossa. In addition, there is diffuse fatty atrophy of the pancreas.
    IMPRESSION:
    1. Mildly increased homogenous activity associated with an anterior mediastinal soft tissue density likely representing the thymus. This finding is nonspecific and may be related to persistent thymic tissue or thymic hyperplasia. Low-grade malignant involvement cannot be completely excluded. If clinically indicated, further evaluation with chest MRI to attempt to characterize the anterior mediastical soft tissue as thymic tissue can be performed. Alternatively, histologic sampling could be performed if there is a high clinical suspicion of malignancy.
    2. Minimal increased FDG activity associated with mildly prominent bilateral hilar lymph nodes, right greater than left. These findings are also nonspecific and may be reactive or malignant etiology.
    3. Increased FDG activity associated with an enlarged spleen is also nonspecific in the setting of diffuse hepatic steatosis.
    4. 5mm right middle lobe pulmonary nodule unchanged compared with 06/23/2011 chest CT. If the patient has no risk factors for malignancy, a one year follow-up chest CT is recommended. If the patient has risk factors for malignancy, a chest CT in 6 to 12 months is recommended, with additional follow-up chest CT examinations thereafter to document 2 years of stability in the size and appearance of this nodule. At time of future imaging studies, the hilar lymph nodes and anterior mediastinal soft tissue can be re-evaluated.
    DOES THIS MEAN THAT I MAY HAVE CANCER BY ANY CHANCE?????

    • ANSWER:
      It means you need better communication with your doctor as it is their job to explain this to you.
      You recently had surgery.
      You are fine.


Diet For Fatty Liver Grade 1

Eating a healthy well balanced diet is so important these days especially for growing children. So many people get caught up in daily life that they find themselves eating fast foods and buying pre-packaged foods that are filled with preservatives and too many words we cannot pronounce. We see numerous stories on television promoting this vitamin or that supplement that and which can be pretty confusing for the average consumer. One thing that hasn’t changed though is how important and essential some of the fats and nutrients from fish are to our bodies. While some people are leery of toxins and mercury that could be found in some fish others are extremely allergic. With these facts in hand there is much to be said about supplementing the American diet with safe pharmaceutical grade fish oil.

You’ve probably heard the term “omega fatty acids” in association to healthy foods or a well balanced diet. EPA and DHA are both omega-3 fatty acids that are found in most of the fish we eat. Some fish that are high in these particular fatty acids are salmon, cod liver, and mackerel. Unfortunately, most people don’t consume nearly enough omega fatty acids, and low levels of DHA and EPA maybe been linked to such disorders as depression, bi-polar disorder, and even ADHD. Consuming large amounts of specific fish has can be associated with dangerously high levels of mercury and other toxins.

Supplementing your diet with pharmaceutical grade fish oil could benefit you in many ways. It can be harvested from fish in very cold waters in only precise parts of the world where environmental and human hazards are at a minimum, providing you with the purest form of the essential aspects of fish oil. When choosing a pure, quality fish oil, research the company’s guidelines to remove toxins ensuring they follow strict procedures.

Pregnant and nursing women should be particularly interested in a fish oil supplement because it may help growing fetuses and nursing infants develop essential brain functions associates with memory. DHA is also one of the main ingredients listed in infants’ formula as an essential element for growing babies. The omega fatty acid EPA has its own set of benefits. It may help with heart disease, lowering bad cholesterol, and improve some skin conditions!

It is true that the average American doesn’t consume enough of the right foods containing omega-3 fatty acids found in fish and certain plant matter to possibly help in brain growth and function. To ensure that our bodies are getting adequate amounts of the elements it needs, eating 2-3 servings of omega rich fish a week or supplementing the correct dosage of pharmaceutical grade fish oil could greatly impact your brains ability to function at its highest level as well as help with a myriad of other health and wellness benefits being researched today.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Any special diet for non alcoholic fatty liver, grade 1?
    I am a 46 year old lady.One month ago I felt discomfort on my right side above the abdomen(heaviness) and fullness on my stomach.In ultra sound scanning they found Grade 1 fatty liver.Is this curable,any special diet for this? Doctor prescribed Livomyn and Forliv capsules for three months.Still I have discomfort on my right side.
    I am waiting for precious answers.
    Thank you
    Beena

    • ANSWER:

  2. QUESTION:
    Gall bladder polyp with fatty liver?
    Following a bout of pain and vomiting six months ago an ultrasound scan found a 1.8cm polyp and fatty liver. I have some low grade left sided pain and bouts of slight nausia. I have been on a low fat diet for six months and have lost 2stone but am still overweight. I do fee extremely tired a lot of the time and sometimes get extreme indigestion. I have suffered for some time from acid reflux causing difficulty swallowing. One consultant tells me that 1.8cm is very small and wanted to discharge me the other wants to remove the gallbladder as he says that 1.8cm is very large. I have been given no dietry advise both consultants inform me that this polyps is definately not a stone. Any advise should I have surgury what kind of things can I do to help myself. It worries me that this scan was done six months ago and the polyp may now be bigger and possibley cancerous.

    • ANSWER:
      If a polyp is less than 1cm then usually if not causing any problems it is just scanned every six months. If it is larger than 1cm then it is considered large and the gall bladder will have to be removed. All the symptoms you describe are attributed to gall bladder and not the liver. Please try not to worry and ensure that you get the information you require from the medical team before you make any decisions.


Causes And Treatment Of Fatty Liver

Whitehead Treatment cannot be imagined without healthy diet. Even your dermatologist would recommend you to avoid eating fatty foods that might cause whiteheads and acne. So if you want to treat your whiteheads and acne from inside naturally then you have to exclude some foods from your daily ration. What are they? – Read on to find out below.

What Is The Correlation Between Whiteheads And Fatty Foods?

Before talking about foods that cause acne and whiteheads, I’d like to talk about the correlation between whiteheads and fatty foods.

The truth is that when you eat oil and cholesterol rich foods on a regular basis, this excessive amount of fat and cholesterol is alooking for suitable placea to accumulate. So it affects many body organs, including skin.

What are the Fatty Foods That Can Cause Whiteheads And Acne?

Here are some of them:

  1. Animal fat
  2. dairy butter
  3. Other fatty dairy products
  4. Fatty beef
  5. Fatty lamb
  6. And other fat and cholesterol rich foods.

So start reducing or excluding the above mentioned foods from your daily ration just today. Otherwise, every morning while looking in the mirror, you might find your face with new whiteheads or pimples.

What Foods should Healthy Diet for Whitehead Treatment Include?

Replace those harmful foods with healthy ones like:

  1. Fresh fruits
  2. Fresh vegetables
  3. Or less boiled fruits and vegetables
  4. Freshly squeezed juices
  5. Homemade healthy snacks instead of fast foods or canned foods.

I hope now you understand how important role healthy diet plays in best whitehead treatment at home. Even after you skin problems go away, try to keep yourself away from those fatty foods that can cause acne and whiteheads for future.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What caused Fatty Liver, I do not drink,what is metabolic syndrome? could it be my cause, have thyroid cancer?
    Doc office left message that I have a fatty liver, I do not drink nor am I fat, I have been through allot of medicines this year because of my treatment with thyroid cancer, it seems every time I turn around Im either losing body parts or Im discovering a new issue with my body, 2 years ago I ran 5 3ks and was the peak of fitness and the envy of women in my age group. What now do I do to get better?could it be my metabolic system and what is exactly that?

    • ANSWER:
      KATNHAT – There are many causes of fatty liver besides alcohol. According to The Mayo Clinic, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease can take several forms. In nonalcoholic fatty liver, it’s not normal for fat to build up in your liver, but it won’t necessarily hurt you. At its simplest form, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease can cause excess liver fat, but no complications. This condition is thought to be very common. In a small number of people with fatty liver, the fat causes inflammation in the liver. This can impair the liver’s ability to function and lead to complications. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease-may have associated cirrhosis. Liver inflammation leads to scarring of the liver tissue. With time, scarring can become so severe that the liver no longer functions adequately (liver failure).

      In your history some of the many meds you have taken may also be the cause of fatty changes in the liver.

      Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions — increased blood pressure, elevated insulin levels, excess body fat around the waist or abnormal cholesterol levels — that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Having just one of these conditions isn’t diagnosed as metabolic syndrome, but it does contribute to your risk of serious disease. If more than one of these conditions occur in combination, your risk is even greater. If you have metabolic syndrome or any of the components of metabolic syndrome, aggressive lifestyle changes can delay or even prevent the development of serious health problems.
      Source(s):
      a medical professional

  2. QUESTION:
    Hepatitis C-weak positive and fatty liver – kindly nswer only doctors?
    Doctors Please answer

    My mother is suffering From Abdominal pain below the right side ribs. Many doctors diagnosed in many ways and they have given the treatment in various methods but the problem increased.

    I would like to request you for FOUR answers
    A. What could be the problem as the following are the details of recent tests?

    1. My mother age – 61 years
    2. Diabetic since 15 yrs
    3. Uncontrolled diabetes
    4. Recent Scanning reports shows
    On 22nd Oct – 15.9 cm size of liver
    On 01st Nov – 17.0 cm size of liver
    5. The liver function test shows the SGPT – 69 and SOPT – 42 levels elevated.
    6. HEPETITIS A – ANTIBODIES – 0.26 – (LESS THAN THE NORMAL OF 1.001)
    7. HEPATITIS C – ANTIBODIES – WEAK POSITIVE
    8. All other are normal

    B. What could be the cause of pain as now she is not even in a position to sit for more than 10 minutes

    C. What could be the diet for my mother

    D. could any one suggest me a doctor in and around Chennai, Bangalore

    • ANSWER:
      I had that problem before my Hep C treatment – it’s an intestinal spasm. It felt like someone was twisting my intestinal tract with a wrench. It will stop you in your tracks.

      I was able to control the spasms by going on a strict vegetarian diet. I also did a liver cleanse twice.

      Not sure what you mean by WEAK POSITIVE – you either have it or you don’t and if you have the antibodies chances are she may have it. Her next step will be to get a viral count from a doctor because her liver enzymes are slightly elevated above normal.

      Normal range for ALT (SGPT) enzymes is 7 to 56 units per liter.
      Normal range for AST (SOPT) enzymes is 5 to 40 units per liter.

  3. QUESTION:
    What is the appropriate treatment for a DVT (blood clot) in lower left leg (calf)?
    A little more history: 49 year old female, diabetic, high bp, high cholesterol, hypothyroidism, fibromyalgia, severe depression, PTSD, bipolar, major anxiety, sleep apnea, and liver disease due to extreme fatty liver. On 16 daily meds for psych and med, plus a 17th optional for nausea as needed, and 18th for stool softener. Her meds: Docqlace, Cytomel, Lexapro, Famotidine, Promethazine, Metoclopramide, Metformin, Trazodone, Hydroxyzine HCL, Cymbalta, Glimepiride, Levothyroxine Sod, Protonix, Lisinipril, Benztropine, Tricor, and Clozapine. Of those, 7 had warnings about anticoagulants, 4 of which were serious interactions, and 2 other meds have a rare side effect of causing clots (research on WebMD). This person went to ER twice in 10 hours (sent home both times, told not to worry, talke Ibuprofen)then to her personal doc not even 2 days later, he put her on home injection blood thinners. She died the next night, clot broke loose, split, and traveled to both lungs.

    • ANSWER:
      she died from pulmonary embolism
      its one of the complications of DVT … as the clots may travel through the viens of the lower extrimities and get in to the lungs either as massive emolism or showering embolies …

      well … the effect of the drug interaction in a patient with long term uncontroled Diabetis , Hypertenssio , hypothyroidism in addition to psychological stress and depreesion … and i suppose immobilisation … the risk becomes morbidly high …

      the appropriate treatment of DVT and preventing the pulmonary embolsm is by
      blod thinners pills or injections
      mobilisation is so very important
      Good Control of pre-excisting diseases
      avoiding drug interaction
      but never can obtain a 0% of risk or 100% of prevention.

      and for such cases it is done in a special care units

      my kindest regards and deepest sympathy

      Havoc

  4. QUESTION:
    what could this be? abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    im 19, not sexually active, never have been. don’t plan on until i’m in a really serious relationship.

    height 5”6
    weight: 260

    I have polycystic ovarian syndrome, fatty liver disease, and sleep apnea.

    My problem is this:

    From july 2008 – may 4th 2011 i hadn’t gotten a period, and from may 4th-july 5th i was having abnormal vaginal bleeding everyday,lots of clotting, and i would have to change my tampon AND pad every 45 minuets ( it was light at the begining, and coming into july, it got so bad)

    I went to my doctor, and she said its just because of the ovarian cysts that i’m having all of this bleeding, anyways she put me on the birth control called try-ceclyn lo?? (spelling..)
    and i was taking it for about a week, nothing had stopped, so then i went to the ER, (my doctor doesn’t really do anything..)
    they sent me to a gynocologist,he put me on these hormone pills called : PROMETRIUM 100MG
    and the bottle says ” TAKE 3 CAPSULES ONCE DAILY FOR 2 WEEKS OF EACH 4 WEEK CYCLE AS DIRECTED”

    so i took those for about 2 weeks, and had really really bad night terrors, so stopped.

    Went back to my doctor, and she put me on these birth control pills called:MARVELON

    So i started taking those 28 days ago, it stopped the bleeding for about 1 week, but then i started slowly spotting everyday again.. and ive never had it this bad before! i went to USA for the weekend, and its so embarrasing, i had to go to the bathroom to change my tampon like every 45 minuets, or else i would soak through.

    (i know im being graphic.. sorry..)

    over night is the worst, i would wear a Big Tenna pad, plus a tampon (super plus)
    and i would wake up in the hotel room, and my shorts were soaked with blood!

    i also have these unbareable pains in my lower abdominal area.
    its not a ruptured cyst..
    but i don’t think that this bleeding is normal what soever. its affecting me socially, and physcially.

    what could be a treatment,and causes of this?

    i plan on calling my gynecologist ASAP tomorrow morning, i just wanted to know if anyone else has had problems like this, or knows anything about it.

    thanks very much,

    s.

    • ANSWER:
      They definitely should be doing blood testing on you to be sure of
      your Red blood cells, iron levels, and also your hormone levels.

      People who have liver disease and those who have polycystic
      ovarian disease can develop problems with their hormones.

      I would ask to be referred to a More advanced Hospital in your
      area or outside that area, that deals more on the Specialist side
      of Gynecology. You need a second opinion with someone who
      understands more about these problems together.

      I do know that a woman who is overweight tend to produce more
      estrogen. That blood tests can show if your ovulating, and have
      a hormone imbalance. A D&C can sometimes stop someone
      from bleeding much if the lining of the uterus is thick.

      Wish I could be of more help.
      Losing alot of blood for long periods of time is not good at all and
      is causing your bone marrow to do what it can to replace the cells.
      You are a good candidate for becoming anemic.

      Write down all your questions, take any doctors records and films
      with you, and be bold about telling the doctors your symptoms, pains,
      etc. Make sure you don’t leave there with an explanation that you
      don’t understand or a reason why this is all taking place and how the
      drug, you are given to take, is suppose to work to stop this flow.

  5. QUESTION:
    Do you think that Black Seed Oil can be used as a treatment for HIV/AIDS?
    I AM SORRY THAT THIS IS LONG, BUT PLEASE READ

    I am currently doing research about Black Seeds. It is also known as Black Coriander or Black Caraway seeds. It is know that Black Seeds can cure/treat many medical ailments.

    Well in my Biology class, we were learning about adaptation, and an example is the AIDS virus. When ever this one perosn took the medication, it seemed that somehow the virus would adapt to it. Well since I have heard of Black Seed, and I have done some research, I was wondering if it can treat HIV/AIDS. I know that it may not completley cure it, or that you need to take this for a while to see results, i was just wondering about the possibilities.

    Based on this info, what do you think? Any comments will be accepted. It would help me if you cite your information (if you can).

    -Black seed unquestionably has a positive and stabilizing effect on the human immune system which . Moreover, since diseases are the result of defective immune systems, it is fair to assume that the beneficial effects go beyond skin disorders and allergies. Since the immune system has a direct or indirect effect on all the systems of the body, when you are infected by any disease, the power of the immunity system affects the cure of this disease.

    -Black seed is a safe and effective herb that can be used by almost anyone. No irritations or side effects are caused when the right dose is correctly applied. Its benefits are obtained through consistent use,the effects are medium to long term. Diabetes is useful in the treatment of diabetes mellitus or diabetes caused by an allergy. However it is recommended that the treatment be supervises because Black seed does lower blood sugar levels. Black seed should not be taken by pregnant women if their wombs are sensitive

    -Mahfouz and El-Dakhakhny, prominent Egyptian researchers isolated the active principle nigellone from Black Seed’s essential oil in 1959. There are over 100 different chemical components in the seed.

    Nigella and melatin are two ingredients in Black Seed that contribute greatly to its highly diversified powers. These substances work together to provide the digestive benefits that have been revered in Black Seed. They also promote cleansing and assist with overall eliminating action.

    Two of the most volatile oils found in Black seed are nigellone and thymoquinone which were fist discovered in the herb in 1985. Nigellone offers both anti-spasmodic and bronchodilating properties which contribute to Black Seed’s potency against respiratory ailments. It also acts as an antihistamine which helps to reduce the negative symptoms of allergy sufferers. Thymoquinone contains excellent anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It is also a strong anti-oxidant and helps cleanse the body of toxins. Both nigellone and thymoquinone work in conjunction with one another to enhance Black Seed’s action against respiratory ailments. It also provides a healthy alternative to the more commonly prescribed cortisone based therapies used by allergy sufferers.

    Black seed provides a rich supply of polyunsaturated fatty acids. These ingredients play a key role in daily health and wellness. They help to regulate the metabolism, carry toxins to the skin’s surface for elimination, balance insulin levels, regulate cholesterol, improve body circulation, and promote healthy liver function. A deficiency in polyunsaturated fatty acids can lead to a wide number of health problems including nervous system disorders, uninhibited growths, and skin diseases.

    Black seed contains over 100 valuable nutrients. It is comprised of approximately 21% protein, 38% carbohydrates, and 35% plant fats and oils. The active ingredients of black seed are nigellone, thymoquinone, and fixed oils. Black seed also contains significant proportions of protein, carbohydrates and essential fatty acids. Other ingredients include linoleic acid, oleic acid, calcium, potassium, iron, zinc, magnesium, selenium, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin B2, niacin, and vitamin C.

    A 1994 study conducted in London by King’s College revealed that Black Seed has properties that inhibit certain enzymes, which also inhibit the production of certain prostaglandins. This is more proof that the rich and complex combination of elements found in Black Seed work together for a total effect.

    Black Seed has over 1400 years history of use. Many ancient books and text suggest the following traditional uses for Black Seed. But please note, that these should not be understood as cures or treatments for any disease or illness.
    Now this is only some of the research that I have done. I have not actually done some testing or anything, I am just in High School. Right now, I am in the stage of gathering information.

    • ANSWER:
      What’s the active ingredient?
      Can it be synthesized or purified on a large scale?
      What’s the target?
      What’s the mechanism of action?
      What’s the effectiveness compared to current treatments?

      These are the questions that must be answered before it can be used to treat anything.

      There’s a reason medicine doesn’t just use things like this. Until you know what molecule is doing what you don’t know about any possible cross-reactions, toxicity issues, and most importantly you can’t quantify everything since the amount of active ingredient isn’t controlled.

  6. QUESTION:
    Question about metfomin?
    Biguanide, a type of oral antihyperglycemic agent, does not increase insulin secretion from the pancreas and thus does not cause hypoglycemia. Since it works by decreasing glucose production by the liver; it decrease intestinal absorption of glucose; and it improves insulin receptor sensitivity in the liver, skeletal muscles, and adipose tissues.

    Now biguanides, or specifically metformin, are a type of the most commonly used medication for type-2 diabetes, a couple of questions have triggered my attention. Knowing that overweight or obesity can lead to many serious complications if left untreated. Can an overweight or obese individual with no type-2 diabetes take this type of medication for the primarily purpose of weight or fat reduction (as many of the mechanism of action do contribute to weight loss)? Other than the adverse effect of the medication, what would to be down-side of doing so? Will non-alcoholic fatty liver disease be a potential complication of this treatment?

    Thanks for answering in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. Actually Metformin has been demonstrated to be useful for such, particularly when metabolism is impaired as it is in treated schizophrenics. The advantage of Metformin is that it is impossible for it to induce hypoglycemia, which most other antidiabetic medications can do.

      It’s been shown to nearly halt the overwhelming weight gain associated with use of Zyprexa. It’s an older medicatio, and quite safe.

      As for downsides, possible nutritional problems. Really not many. You’re rather off label though. The studies that have been done haven’t shown any problems, but there’s only a couple of small scale ones.

      Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a pretty unusual complication, sometimes related to certain drugs. Since weight loss tends to antagonize NAFLD, and metformin is used to treat it, I can’t think of any reason in particular why it should be a complication.

  7. QUESTION:
    hey lucky hope this helps?
    Psoriasis Treatments include:
    1) Dead Sea Salts This traditional treatment to healing naturally has been used in the Middle East for thousands of years. We have a 6 week program designed to use in your home.

    2) “Psoriasis Spot Free in 30 Days”, A special diet book written by a former sufferer of the itching and flaking skin condition. The author is a registered nurse who used food to reverse the signs and symptoms of her condition.

    3) Homeopathic treatment that helps to target the source of the problem with no damaging side effects.

    4) Herbal extractions like Oregon Grape Root Extract and Herbal Detox Tea combinations that gently cleanse your body of toxins and help optimize your liver function. Herbs have historically been used for treatment of skin conditions.

    5) Gentle herbal scalp creams and shampoos that contain FDA approved ingredients to combine nature with science.

    6) Dietary supplements to improve your defense systems, Omega Fortified Flax (recommended for children and adults) and Alkyrol Shark Liver Oil for maximum Omega 3 fatty acids.

    Maintaining a healthy and nutritious diet can improve general health and have a positive impact on psoriasis.

    The Natural Products Center is proud to be a central location for exploring alternative health products and carries a line of Vestalcare and LupiCare products. You can also find special discounted treatment programs of Mineral Care Dead Sea Salts. Our special packages put together FDA recognized approaches for psoriasis with diet and nutritional supplements to give you a multi-pronged approach to dealing with your skin condition.

    We encourage you to become informed about psoriasis and the natural products that can have a positive impact your skin..

    What is psoriasis and how it can be controlled are just some of the questions explored on this web site. Is there a cure? NO. But you can effectively keep the itching skin, scaling, and red lesions at bay without injections, caustic pharmaceuticals, or cancer causing therapies. Natural approaches do work.

    We searched the world over to bring you unique and effective choices for psoriasis. We hope you find the lost treasures you were seeking. Our nautical theme invokes a spirit of adventure and discovery. There are items here that are not from the sea, but herbal, homeopathic, and from land. We tried to combine old knowledge with new technology, common sense approaches, and alternative medicines to help make your trip to the Natural Products Center rewarding.

    Questions? You can reach the Natural Products Center at 1-800-301-3337.

    Natural Products Center
    P.O. Box 450748
    Westlake, OH 44145

    • ANSWER:
      very informative but what is your question?

  8. QUESTION:
    health questions help?
    What is key to improve cancer’s survival rates?

    improve people’s nutrition and lifestyle choices
    more research into better chemotherapy drugs
    programs that stress early detection and intervention
    better surgical techniques to remove all cancer cells

    34. What is the disease that involves changes in the nerves and chemicals of the brain leading to memory loss, personality changes, and complete dependency?

    Parkinson’s
    Alzheimer’s
    Paget’s
    Grave’s

    35. Which of the following is not a disorder related to hypertension?

    congestive heart failure
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus
    heart attack

    36. How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    37. Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby’s eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    38. Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    39. Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    40. Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive (gastrointestinal)
    circulatory (blood)
    skin (cutaneous)
    respiratory (inhalation)

    41. The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    42. Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    43. What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    44. Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    45. Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    46. Which of the following could cause a non-communicable disease?

    viruses
    bacteria
    smoking
    fungi

    47. Which of the following is an example of a communicable disease?

    Alzheimer’s disease
    common cold
    heart disease
    diabetes mellitus

    48. Which of the following is NOT a reason it is difficult to cope with a chronic illness?

    financial obligations to cover treatment and care that health insurance may not cover
    loss of physical independence which requires more assistance with the activities of daily living
    knowledge that the person will get better with the appropriate medications
    dealing with depression and grief for the diagnosis

    49. When does the HIV positive stage move into full-blown AIDS?

    when the red blood cell count rises above 7 million cells per cubic millimeter
    when the cells have metastasized from their original location to the brain
    when the heart fails to pump blood properly causing swelling and difficulty breathing
    when the T-cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter

    50. Which of the following is NOT a leading cause of death in the United States today?

    pneumonia
    heart attack
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus

    • ANSWER:
      ask the data from the DOH

  9. QUESTION:
    health questions, not very many. I had 60 but i answered 45. Please help?
    Note: I have 45 out of 60 answered, these ones i need help with…

    Which of the following is NOT a reason it is difficult to cope with a chronic illness?

    financial obligations to cover treatment and care that health insurance may not cover
    loss of physical independence which requires more assistance with the activities of daily living
    knowledge that the person will get better with the appropriate medications
    dealing with depression and grief for the diagnosis

    When does the HIV positive stage move into full-blown AIDS?

    when the red blood cell count rises above 7 million cells per cubic millimeter
    when the cells have metastasized from their original location to the brain
    when the heart fails to pump blood properly causing swelling and difficulty breathing
    when the T-cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter

    Which of the following is NOT a leading cause of death in the United States today?

    pneumonia
    heart attack
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus

    Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive
    circulatory
    skin
    respiratory

    The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    Which of the following could cause a non-communicable disease?

    viruses
    bacteria
    smoking
    fungi

    Which of the following is an example of a communicable disease?

    Alzheimer’s disease
    common cold
    heart disease
    diabetes mellitus

    Which of the following is not a disorder related to hypertension?

    congestive heart failure
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus
    heart attack

    How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby’s eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    • ANSWER:
      Thank-you for the brain exercise. These questions are always fun.
      1-3
      2-2
      3-1
      4-3
      5-1
      6-2
      7-2
      8-2
      9-3
      10-2
      11-1
      12-1
      13-3
      14-4

  10. QUESTION:
    Health Majors Please help! Last test on health & i am really stressed.?
    These are some of the ones i dont know. I mean there are ones out of this that i do know but yeah, I am really stressed and need help. Please Please help me.

    27. Which type of diabetes generally occurs in young adults and children and always requires insulin as part of the treatment plan?

    type 1
    type 2
    type 3
    type 4

    28. Which of the following is NOT a warning sign of skin cancer?

    crushing chest pain
    a sore that does not heal
    unusual bleeding or discharge
    thickening or lumps

    29. What is the most fatal form of skin cancer associated with moles?

    squamous cell carcinoma
    basal cell carcinoma
    malignant melanoma
    acute cell melanoma

    30. What disease is caused by a bacteria and can be sent in a powdery form for bioterrorism and leads to difficulty breathing and even death?

    West Nile virus
    anthrax
    bovine spongiform encephalopathy
    stroke

    31. What is the general name for all infections that cause diarrhea to occur?

    Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    Crohn’s Disease
    Colon Cancer
    Dysentery

    32. Which fat leads to atherosclerosis and can contribute to one’s risk of a heart attack or stroke?

    steroids
    cholesterol
    phospholipids
    olive oil

    33. What is key to improve cancer’s survival rates?

    improve people’s nutrition and lifestyle choices
    more research into better chemotherapy drugs
    programs that stress early detection and intervention
    better surgical techniques to remove all cancer cells

    34. What is the disease that involves changes in the nerves and chemicals of the brain leading to memory loss, personality changes, and complete dependency?

    Parkinson’s
    Alzheimer’s
    Paget’s
    Grave’s

    35. Which of the following is not a disorder related to hypertension?

    congestive heart failure
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus
    heart attack

    36. How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    37. Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby’s eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    38. Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    39. Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    40. Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive
    circulatory
    skin
    respiratory

    41. The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    42. Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    43. What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    44. Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    45. Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    46. Which of the following could cause a non-communicable disease?

    viruses
    bacteria
    smoking
    fungi

    47. Which of the following is an example of a communicable disease?

    Alzheimer’s disease
    common cold
    heart disease
    diabetes mellitus

    48. Which of the following is NOT a reason it is difficult to cope with a chronic illness?

    financial obligations to cover treatment and care that health insurance may not

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, who made up these questions? I’m not that impressed.
      These questions have been around for awhile – you could have just searched Y!A and found identically worded questions.
      .
      While you may be stressed, if you don’t know the answers to some of these, what are you doing in this class?
      Just entering all of the answers takes more time than you spent cutting and pasting them.

      27. Type 1 – the body does not produce insulin read this article: http://www.lifescript.com/Health/Conditions/Diabetes/The_Double_Whammy_What_is_Type_3_Diabetes.aspx

      28 Crushing chest pain

      29. Malignant melanoma

      http://www.cancercenter.com/skin-cancer-melanoma.htm

      30. Anthrax

      https://health.google.com/health/ref/Anthrax

      31. Question does not make sense because it is not accurate but the answer has to be dysentery as the other 3 options are not infection related

      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/diarrhea/

      32. cholesterol

      http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Atherosclerosis/Atherosclerosis_Causes.html

      33. all of the above but if you have to chose one go with programs which stress early detection and insurance plans which cover intervention

      34. Alzheimer’s followed by Parkinson’s with dementia

      35. Diabetes – but there is a relationship

      http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=2152

      36. Hep B is transmitted through blood and bodily fluids – read and figure out the answer

      http://www.hepb.org/hepb/transmission.htm

      37. Several can cause eye infection but the answer you want is gonorrhea

      http://www.wdxcyber.com/stds_pregnancy.html

      38. see: reference above for answer

      39. see: reference in question #36 or just think about it

      40. see: question #30 reference

      41. see: question #27 reference

      42. see: question #37 reference

      43. Mad Cow Disease – caused by watching too much Boston Legal in reruns – ok, it is thought to be a prion disease http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bovine_spongiform_encephalopathy

      44. see: reference in #43

      45. excessive urination, thirst and hunger

      46. this one’s on you to think about

      47. You don’t know this one? That’s nothing to sneeze at

      48. You should be aware of the fact that you can add the rest of the answer by simply returning and adding it.

  11. QUESTION:
    does this make you loss hair?
    Nizoral

    Nizoral is an anti-fungal shampoo that kills the fungi that cause seborrhea and dandruff.

    Groups of individuals have discovered that Nizoral (when used regularly) is a very useful alopecia treatment, once again it would appear that the role of a substance for the treatment of hair-loss is stumbled upon accidentally!

    Nizoral contains a chemical called ketoconazole, it is known that when ketoconazole is ingested orally that it inhibits the binding of androgens to receptors in the body and this would include the binding of DHT to hair-follicle receptors.

    However the use of oral ketoconazole is NOT recommended for many reasons, mainly because this method would present itself as a toxin and ultimately damage the liver. But topical ketoconazole (as contained in Nizoral shampoo) shows itself to have a “weak” anti-DHT binding affect in the scalp.

    Furthermore positive results with Nizoral shampoo are often noted within a few weeks, whereas a pure anti-DHT affect may take a few months. It is therefore likely that Nizoral exhibits another method to its anti-hair-loss effect.

    One such theory of Nizoral’s anti-alopecia effects may be on its activity upon sebum.

    Sebum is a fatty substance that accumulates in the scalp around the hair follicles. It’s possible that the removal of sebum may help “unclog” the hair follicle and expose it to more nutrition from an improved blood supply, rather like unclogging a drain!

    It is known that Nizoral can remove and reduce sebum deposits
    man im scared to used this stuff, i got some weird fungi like stuff around my neck and its nasty and dry and the doctor prescribed me this and ketoconazole cream, and im scared to use the sh*t because it makes your hair fall out!! im only 18 i aint going bald over some dumb sh*t!

    • ANSWER:
      Use it once or twice a week. Or mix it with your regular shampoo.


Cause Of Fatty Liver By Alcohol

Liver failure is basically a condition in which much of the organ has been damaged and it is no longer possible to repair it. Once this happens, the liver is no longer able to function. Noticing and correctly identifying the symptoms of liver failure is not always easy, because they can come gradually or acutely and are often mistaken for other diseases. Some of the first symptoms of a failing liver include fatigue, diarrhea, nausea and loss of appetite. These often are not diagnosed, but as the liver further degrades the symptoms also become more severe.

A condition that is characterized by irreversible damage to the liver cells is called cirrhosis. In this condition, the cells are totally damaged and replaced by non-functioning nodules. Cirrhosis is due to heavy alcohol intake, hepatitis B and C infections, and several others. Cirrhosis, when it is in its final stage, can lead to liver cancer.

Symptoms:

The most general liver failure symptoms that you may feel to show signs of liver problems are just numerous. You may experience chronic tiredness. You feel tiredness recurrently. Your energy level falters even just at the start of your day. You may also experience frequent headaches, different kinds of allergy and intolerance to food, alcohol and some reactions to various drugs and medicines. You may also feel hot flushes, weight loss difficulty, indigestion. And even bad breath. This maybe because the liver fails to metabolize the food we eat that the wastes cannot be flushed out.
Causes:

There are many possible causes of liver failure, but also many things that can be done to prevent it. The most common causes of chronic liver deterioration include Hepatitis B and C, cirrhosis, malnutrition and long term alcohol abuse. In acute cases of rapid failure a virus is often the culprit, but also poisonous mushrooms, a reaction to medication or a Tylenol overdose. Prevention is best done by not consuming too much alcohol for a long period of time, proper hygiene, eating balanced meals and keeping up to date on hepatitis vaccines.

Diet:

Liver failure diets concentrates on the goal of balancing the necessary nutrients needed by a damaged liver. Vitamins must be taken in moderation depending on the severity of liver damage of any patient. Minerals such as calcium, iron and sodium also have significance in proper balance and function of the body. When the liver is damaged, calcium content of the body may decrease. Calcium supplement may be necessary. Sodium and iron on the other hand, must be taken with supervision so the damaged liver could function better.

Proteins and Amino Acids, like sodium and iron, must also be taken with moderation and supervision. Animal proteins may be harmful to the damaged liver, so it is recommended to avoid these. Patient may instead be given vegetable proteins.

Carbohydrates should also be taken in moderation. The diet must be low in saturated fats so as not to add up to the clogging of arteries and increase the amount of bad cholesterol in the body.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How much alcohol does it take to cause fatty liver disease?
    I’m wondering how long you have to use/abuse alcohol before putting yourself at risk for fatty liver. Would college binge drinking be enough to cause it?

    By college binge drinking, i mean 5-7 drinks each night, 2-3 nights per week, totaling around 15-20 drinks per week during the last 2 years and around half that amount during the first 2.

    I have been out of college for about 6 months now, and cut down my drinking to what it was during my first 2 years of college.

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver from alcohol consumption is called steatohepatitis, and involves an inflammatory process along with fat infiltration of the cells. It is not common to see it in one with your limited history of consumption, but can happen. It typically occurs after years of malnourishment and excessive alcohol consumption. It also occurs in some metabolic syndromes. Simple steatosis just involves fat accumulation in cells without inflammatory changes and can be present in anyone who is obese, and in most who drink heavily. It is completely reversible. It is not the same condition, but may preceed steatohepatitis. Fatty liver hepatitis (steatohepatitis) is considered serious and preceeds cirrhosis, which involves irreversible fibrosis of liver tissue.
      You would still be considered a moderate to heavy drinker at your current rate of consumption.

  2. QUESTION:
    fatty liver induced by alcohol is caused by the following mechanisms except:?
    Increased delivery of free fatty acids
    increased utilization of liver triglycerides

    • ANSWER:
      except increased utilization of triglycerides.

      your liver isn’t using/burning triglycerides. it is storing them as LDL.

      delivery of more free fatty acid to liver–>make them into triglyceride–>store as cholesterols (LDL, vLDL)

  3. QUESTION:
    I’ve just been diagnosed with a fatty liver!! I need help!!?
    The doctor just told me I have a fatty liver. He thinks it is caused by alcohol. I only drink once a week and I usually drink one of the bigger bottles between 3 people or so. I’ve never seen this doctor before. I’m really overweight, but I’ve lost 31 pounds in 2 months. I’m continuing to lose weight also. I’ve been doing research on the internet and the number one cause for fatty liver disease is obesity… Do you really think it could be alcohol?? It would make more sense that it would be my weight….. I like to drink once a week with my friends… Do I really have to stop for good??? Thanks for all of your opinions!!

    • ANSWER:
      Some people can drink alcohol and never develop a liver
      problem. However, others can only drink occasionally and
      develop a liver problem. Each individual has their own
      body chemistry and some are more likely to be sensitive to
      this drug than others. Alcohol is the number one reason for
      people being placed on the transplant list.

      Fatty liver means that the fat is building up inside the liver
      between the cells. These cells do many functions to keep
      the body healthy and working properly (estimate of approx.
      500 things). The fat can block the blood flow to these cells
      and cause inflammation of the cells. This is because the
      cells may or may not be getting the nourishment they need or
      the oxygen. Losing weight is a very good thing. But if this
      is caused by alcohol…continuing to drink this can cause
      more inflammation which can lead to death of the liver
      cells, known as cirrhosis. All liver patients are told not
      to drink alcohol whether or not it is caused by this.
      Once the liver starts to have problems, to do this is
      putting it more at risk. Patients who need a transplant
      know that they have to be free of alcohol for at least
      6 months to be even considered to be placed on the
      list for a donor organ.

      There are different types of fatty liver. Some people
      just naturally have what they call ‘simple fatty liver’…
      this doesn’t cause any problems for them and may
      never advance. However, even patients who never
      drank alcohol, can have a condition known as NASH
      non alcoholic steatohepatitis which means a fatty liver
      with inflammation not caused by alcohol. Or they can
      develop another condition known as NAFLD which
      means they have non alcoholic fatty liver disease in which
      the cells of the liver have fibrous scar tissue from the cells
      dying.

      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm

      So you can see that alcohol isn’t always the cause of
      a fatty liver.

      Alcohol is a known toxin to the liver cells themselves.
      The liver may not be able to handle this and if it isn’t able,
      it can easily destroy the liver itself. Cirrhosis of the liver
      is a very serious disease:

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      I can honestly say that it turns into more of a nightmare
      for the patient than anyone could possibly believe.

      If there is anything you can do to heal your liver now…please
      try to do it. A liver transplant costs not in the 00 range,
      but in the 0,000′s range….possibly 0,000 if you
      develop complications afterwards.

      I wish you the best and hope your liver will heal and you
      will be fine again.

  4. QUESTION:
    What are some things that are harmful to your liver?
    I’m doing a project on the liver (organ) and I need to know about 2 other things that you can do to harm it. For example, The abuse of alcohol shuts down your liver, causing a chronic liver disease called cirrhosis (which is caused by alcoholism, hepatitis b, hepatitis c and fatty liver disease).

    What are 2 other things you can to do harm your liver and what can that lead to?

    • ANSWER:
      There are a number of causes of a liver problem
      that can lead to cirrhosis of the liver:

      Alcohol consumption: some people are
      more sensitive to alcohol than others are.
      When the liver cannot handle the amount
      of alcohol taken into the body, then it
      stays in the blood and goes into the
      brain and causes a reaction there.
      The liver converts all toxic substances
      to a non toxic form so the body can
      dispose of them…however, this may not
      happen if the patient consumes too much
      alcohol and the liver cannot convert it
      fast enough…the alcohol itself, and its
      by product, can produce damage to the
      liver cells.

      Medication toxifications: it has been shown that acetaminophen taken with alcohol can cause permanent liver cell damage almost immediately. There are a lot of drugs on the market, including over the counter, herbs, and even prescription drugs that are very hard on the liver. Most all medications go through the liver first, to be broken down, before going to the rest of the body.
      Liver patients are told to only takes drugs
      prescribed by their doctors…if the liver
      cells become damaged…then this medication has to be adjusted according
      to how much damage there is.

      Chemical exposure: such as Carbon
      Tetrachloride..

      Mushroom poisoning: some people try to pick their own mushrooms…not knowing that some are very dangerous. This
      also can cause immediate damage to
      the cells of the liver and a very early death.

      Autoimmune disease: this is where the body’s immune system, turns on itself and causes destruction of its own cells. This can be a disease like Biliary cirrhosis or Sclerosing Cholangitis. In Sclerosing
      cholangitis…the bile ducts that the bile
      flows through from the liver to the
      gallbladder to be stored or to the intestines,
      become twisted or malformed.

      Hereditary Conditions: like Hemochromatosis where the body tend to retain iron too much. Or a disease where it retains copper.

      Gallbladder stones development where the
      stones move out of the gallbladder and into the biliary ducts and blocks them causing the bile to back up into the liver and harming the cells.

      Virus infections such as Hepatitis A,B,C,etc.

      Fatty liver disease which is caused by alcohol or non alcoholic reasons like hereditary conditions, weight, or metabolism problems.

      (There is even having a traffic accident where the liver may be lacerated or injured.
      Being gun shot or even stabbed with a knife.
      Sometimes sports accidents can also
      damage the liver.)

      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver cells caused by any of those things I mentioned above. Any damage to the liver cells can cause the immune system of the body to respond to it and cause this inflammation.

      A liver is usually very smooth and soft…anyone that has cooked liver knows what it looks like. When inflammation develops, then it enlarges in size and takes on a spongy appearance. This inflammation cause more pressure inside the liver cause the liver is surrounded by a capsule membrane.

      If the inflammation is treated and the cause can be removed (as you can see, some cannot be removed)..then the liver cells
      may heal, if it is not done then it will progress to death of the liver cells and scar tissue forming inside the liver. This scar tissue blocks the flow of blood through the liver and also to the liver cells and even more
      cells will die off…it is a progressive disease that the doctors can only try to slow down, Known as cirrhosis then. Cirrhosis is the death of the liver cells that lead to fibrosis and scar tissue formation.
      When cirrhosis takes place, the liver will start to shrink in size and become hard in texture.

      I hope this information has been of some
      help to you.
      Here are a couple links to explain more about this disease and causes:

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

  5. QUESTION:
    Is there any way to prevent liver disease other then not drinking alcohol?
    if a person chooses to drink alcohol are there any methods to prevent or reduce liver damage like taking milk thistle or other liver herbs and drinking water, exercise and healthy diet? My sister is a heavy drinker she is 24 and has been drinking ever since she was 19. She does not understand the consequnences of heavy drinking so she says she is not going to stop and will carry on partying through life I mean if she’s not going to stop I am sure I can’t force her to and neither can nobody else but she is young and naive and just living for todays and not tommorows satisfaction not thinking of the consequeneces of drinking too much, fatty liver, cirrhosis and all those liver dieases caused by high alcohol consumption. She says she will deal with it when it happens. Her doctor told her that she should only have one drink a day since this is the maximum that is considered safe for a woman but she ignores all advice and just does what she wants. I mean if she is not going to stop drinking are there at least some vitamins or supplements that can reduce her isk of getting liver disease from drinking? someone recommened please.
    P.S. I have told my sister that since she can’t stop drinking she might be alcoholic and advised her to at least give AA a try she refuses. I don’t know what else can be done. She says she is planning to drink and wont stop for nobody not even her 4 year old son.
    She also thinks liver disease is not caused by just alcohol alone. She thinks a person must have hepatitis c with alcohol abuse combined to get liver disease.

    • ANSWER:
      This question is about yourself, not your sister so why start lying about it now.

      As for liver disease, nothing can stop liver disease.

  6. QUESTION:
    Fatty Liver? Alcoholic or Nonalcoholic?
    My husband was diagnosed with fatty liver via enzymes and an ultrasound. The doctors appear to have led him believe that it is due to his weight (he is about 50 pounds overweight).

    However he drinks 2 liters of wine everyday, and he used to drink 18 beers everyday. Why are they assuming his liver problem is caused by obesity and not by his alcohol consumption?

    I’m worried because when the fatty liver is caused by drinking it is a much more dangerous thing right? Because they are making him think it is simply a weight issue he really isn’t taking it seriously.

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe your husbands doctor does not know the extent of his drinking. You are right in that the drinking is probably doing a lot more damage than the weight. A fatty liver is just the start of it if he continues to drink. It could easily and most likely will progress to fibrosis and then cirrhosis. Once it reaches being cirrhosis, that is permanent scarring of the liver that does not go away.

      His doctor should have told him that no matter what is causing this fatty liver, that he should stay away from all alcohol since that would only hurt it more even if it was due to his weight. He should not be drinking no matter what is causing his fatty liver because alcohol would only irritate the liver more.

      You know him better than us here, so I don’t know if you can get it across to him or not that having this fatty liver is a wake up call in its early stages. If he chooses to ignore it, there may be very bad consequences he will have to pay in the future. I had cirrhosis from an autoimmune disease and had to get a transplant. I sat in clinic many days talking to people who drank their way to cirrhosis and was trying to get a transplant. The first thing they must do is to be sober for at least 6 months before they will even consider you for a transplant. Some make it, and many don’t. Some can’t or won’t stop drinking. Some get so sick that they cannot get the surgery since they would die on the table. Everyone of those people I am talking about started out by having a fatty liver. He better pay attention. That is too much booze for even a healthy liver to handle daily. If his doctor knows about this and has said nothing, I would never want that doctor to take care of me.

  7. QUESTION:
    Fatty Liver and Small Nodule on CT?
    I went to the doctor about a month ago and they noticed my ALT level was elevated. 80 on a scale of 10-60. The dr sent me for a ultrasound and it came back as a fatty liver. I had been diagnosed with this before about 5 years ago but dropped about 25lbs and the functions went back to normal so I hadnt worried about it. I have since gained back some weight and wanted to see if that was an issue again. On the ultrasound they noticed a small area that looked like it could be a fatty build up. I was told to go for a CT Scan. That has come back showing a a couple of small nodules that was hard to detect. Radioligist said its not cancerous because of the way it imaged with the contrast and made a just a note. I guess this was caused by the fatty liver which they say is very fatty. Is this reversible with diet, weight loss and no alcohol consumption? By the way I am 29 year old male. About 6 feet and 205 lbs. I dont have a gut or anything, just pack on some extra pounds sometimes
    I have had all blood work done in the past. I have no hereditary diseases and I did not have Hep A, B or C on the last test. I am still waiting to hear back this time.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. But you must stay away from alcohol and Tylenol. Both are very hard on the liver. Also, take milk thistle. This is a natural herb to promote a healthy liver, and you can buy it at Wal-Mart. A friend of mine has cirrhosis, and was on the liver transplant list. She is now–several years later–off of the list, and working full time. She attributes this to stopping drinking, and taking milk thistle. All the best.

  8. QUESTION:
    What are the sequence of steps in damage to the liver?
    What are the sequence of steps in damage to the liver (from lowest level of damage to highest level) caused by chronic over-consumption of alcohol?
    A) fibrosis, gout and cirrhosis
    B) fibrosis, cirrhosis, and fat depletion of fat stores in the liver
    C) Fat accumulation (fatty liver), fibrosis, and cirrhosis
    D) Fatty liver, cirrhosis, fibrosis

    • ANSWER:
      It is C) Fat accumulation (fatty liver), fibrosis, and cirrhosis.

      When a person consumes alcohol over a time period,
      it causes fat to develop inside the liver (known as
      fat infiltration) This is simple fatty liver disease.
      If the alcohol isn’t stopped, then there can be damage
      to the liver cells (this is then known as Steatohepatitis;
      steato means fat, hepat means liver, and itis means
      inflammation) The inflammation occurs because
      the immune system of the body responds to the cell
      damage. It will cause the liver to enlarge in size.
      This leads to fibrosis. Since the alcohol is still
      consumed, then it can progress to where the liver
      cells die off and form scar tissue inside the liver that
      blocks the flow of blood…death of the liver cells is
      Cirrhosis of the liver.

  9. QUESTION:
    Alcoholism: What can cause a sudden return of alcohol cravings?
    I was sober for over two years until a week ago when I went on a 3 day bender and literally drank three 24-cases of beer. I experienced an insatiable craving for alcohol and, unfortunately, succumbed to my desires against my better judgement. Despite getting my head back in the game, I have been afflicted with the same uncontrollable urge to drink ever since. I literally cannot think about anything but booze. My mind jumps back to thinking about alcohol about once every minute.
    I attend AA meetings and have been honest with my sponser about my lapse. I am also seeing a psychiatrist on a regular basis and am taking medication for bi-polar disorder which has been very effective. The only thing that seems to help is exercise. I have been running two hours a night on my treadmill, far exceeding my daily 5 miles. Exercise is what has kept me sober this last couple of years. Still, I’m really concerned about my ability to resist these cravings long-term. When I quite drinking two years back at age 27 my liver enzymes where through the roof and an ultrasound revealed significant scar tissue and fatty buildup in my liver. While my docter says my liver has mostly healed, he told me very frankly that had I continued to drink like I had been doing (12+ beers a night) that I would be dead of cirrhosis by age 30.
    I don’t know what to do! If I relapse again, I’m afraid that I won’t be able to quit. If that happens I will literally die from this addiction!
    Does anyone know what could be causing these cravings to suddenly return? What should I do? Do I need to admit myself to a rehab facility even though I am currently not physically addicted to alcohol like I was before? Please Help! Serious answers only.

    • ANSWER:
      It could be your environment or maybe something as simple as the time of year that can trigger a craving. Do you have a history of alcoholism in your family?

      If exercise is what helps you cope, then focus on that. When you feel a craving, grab a dumbbell or jump rope. A disease like alcoholism is very tough to beat, and being scared is a good thing, since you realize that you have a problem. Rehab seems a bit extreme right now, since you seem to be a little bit in control, but if the cravings get that powerful, than don’t hesitate to seek help. Good luck!

  10. QUESTION:
    Whats wrong with my liver?
    I have had pain in my upper abdomen on both the right and left sides for >6 months. I also have experienced unusual fatigue for the same amount of time. Occasional bouts of constipation, and a feeling of abdominal fullness.

    I do not drink alcohol, I do not do drugs or take any medication,

    In April 2009 I had a Blood test which showed the following:
    (normal is <30) AST : 34
    (normal is <30) ALT : 77
    (normal is <30) GGT : 49
    (normal is 38-50) Albumin : 52

    It was suggested that I review in a few months.

    In September 2009 I had another blood test. These results showed the following:
    AST : 36
    ALT : 82
    GGT : 51
    Albumin : 51

    I had an abdominal ultrasound and chest xray after these blood test results. Ultrasounnd showed only minor echogenicity centrally suggesting some fatty replacement, however my liver is otherwise normal. All other organs in the abdominal cavity were normal. Chest Xray was normal.
    I was tested for Hepatitis A, B and C= and I was clear of past or present infection and have been vaccinated against Hep B and A.

    I was told by the doctor after he checked my weight and subsequently my BMI, that medically I was not considered overweight, but it couldnt hurt to lose a few kilo's for fitness sake as a few extra kilo's could be a contributing factor to my rising Liver Function Test's, but could not be the cause.
    I have now lost 5 kilo's and have been referred to a specialist as my liver counts are still going up.

    I have actually been feeling alot better, with my energy levels increasing with the more exercise (particularly strength exercises) that I do. So Im confused as to why my liver counts are still rising. I still have pain in the area of my liver (particularly when Im excercising).

    What could possibly be wrong with my liver that has not been detected through the ultrasound and blood tests?

    What other tests will possibly be performed?

    Im starting a new job soon and really want to sort all this out before I enter this job. So any advice is appreciated.

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      If you are exercising before having the
      blood test for the liver enzymes done
      (which is the ALT, AST, GGT, and Alk Phos)…
      this can cause a rise in the blood work.

      There are many causes of liver problems…
      You ruled out some of these..yet I will
      list them: alcohol consumption, medication
      toxification, chemical exposure, viral infection
      like Hepatitis A,B,C.., Parasitic infections,
      fatty liver disease, hereditary conditions,
      auto immune disease, biliary obstruction/
      malformation/infection, mushroom poisoning,
      metabolic disorders, cancer/cysts, and
      others.

      You stated that your test shows the liver
      has fat, even though you are not overweight.
      This can be possible and it can cause a
      rise on your blood tests. The liver is
      surrounded by a membrane capsule,..
      if fat is inside the liver..it puts stress on the
      liver cells. The more pressure on the cells,
      the more chance they can become damaged.
      If the cells become damaged, the enzymes
      that are made by the cell..leaks out and goes
      higher in the blood. You saw this on your
      test results. Damaged cells lead to the
      immune system of the body responding to
      this and can cause inflammation to develop
      inside the liver. This can cause the liver
      to enlarge in size. It causes even more
      pressure.
      It is good that you lost some weight and
      that you are now referred to a specialist
      to be sure your liver is fine. If the liver
      was enlarged, the ultrasound should of
      showed this…so apparently, they did not
      think it was. The doctor will probably do
      more blood tests, another ultrasound,
      possibly a Ct scan.
      Please remember that no test is considered
      100% accurate. Liver blood tests give the
      doctor a hint of something being wrong.
      It take more testing to be sure.

      They usually don’t do anything but film testing
      first….they save a liver biopsy as a last resort,
      because it is invasive (yet, it is the #1 test
      to be sure of what is going on, to give an
      accurate diagnosis.)

      There is simple fatty liver disease that usually
      doesn’t cause any problems.
      Then there is NASH which is Non alcoholic
      steatohepatitis…steato is fat, hepat is liver,
      and itis is inflammations. This can cause
      a problem…as I mentioned above.

      The known causes of fatty liver disease are
      hereditary conditions, high cholesterol/triglycerides levels, some
      medications such as steriods, diabetes,
      insulin resistance, pregnancy, weight gain,
      severe malnourished, and they
      are still researching to find others.

      I hope this information is of help to you.
      Your levels seem to be mildly high.
      Best wishes

      Here are a few links, that you can click on, that tells about NASH:

      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm

      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1961.html

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html

  11. QUESTION:
    Paging Dr. Gregory House?
    So a friend of mine fell ill 2 weeks ago. It started with a fever and general malaise on a friday. Has dark urine and light stools. Sunday he gets urinalysis and the results were high bilirubin and urobilinogen. He goes to the ER looking awful still with a fever and shivering. I tell him he probably has gallstones and is going to end up getting his gall bladder removed. They draw tons of blood and by the end of the night the doctor tells him, with no diagnostics of course to back this up “you have fatty liver, gilbert disease (hereditary cause of high bilirubin), and a virus” and discharges him that sunday night. Tuesday morning hes back and checked in at the hospital in essentially quarantine. Still fever, vomiting, face all red, and hyphema (blood in the eye) presumably from straining from coughing and vomiting. Now apparently he has a high white blood cell count, and at least one doctor seems to think his ‘rash’ may be hepatitis, to which he wasn’t vaccinated. They can’t find any gallstones, so now I’m thinking Hepatitis B, after a few days it turns out the blood they took was supposed to be tested for all Hepatitis viruses, yet some ER person wrote Hep A on there, so he has so wait even longer for B and C to come back, though B is the only one that really causes this severe an acute illness. Days more go by and it turns out he has no hepatitis of any type, has been endoscoped and had gallstones ruled out. They did a CT of his pancreas, the results of which I’m not really privy to, particularly since trying to get complicated explanations from someone high as a kite on dilaudid isn’t easy. They had him on metronidazole first then levofloxacin to cover bacteria. Also protonix for stomach acid and albuterol for breathing. He is still sick after two weeks and the final diagnosis seems to be “you have pancreatitis and a virus” – and that he can never drink alcohol again. The doctor further seems to think that my friend’s admission of having had 2 or 3 drinks on the night before getting sick seems to explain everything. Also, my friend has a family friend in a different hospital with apparently the exact same illness right now.
    My question is what the hell might cause this? No gallstones, no hepatitis. He rarely drinks alcohol and doesn’t binge. The viral causes I’ve seen for pancreatitis are Hepatitis (ruled out), mumps (makes no sense, and he had vaccine) and Epstein-Barr. His lack of any noticeable jaundice or perhaps most importantly – upper right abdominal pain – is quite odd also. Naturally since I was at the bar with him the night before he got sick, at the ER when he first went, and in his hospital room for coughing/vomiting, I’m a wee bit concerned.

    • ANSWER:
      Wow … you should be a writer for TV!

  12. QUESTION:
    Is what I am doing healthy?
    I like to enjoy alcoholic beverages often. I would hold off on drinking throughout the week and then Fridays I would have a bottle of wine Saturday one more bottle of wine and Sunday a last bottle then wait till the next Friday to do the same is this healthy? In the past I used to consume a bottle a night but I stopped that cause my health was starting to get affected because of it. One day I went to the doctor’s and my grandfather told me she called him at work and told him they detected some liver damage on my blood test. I believe it was a fatty liver or something so I had knew that probably me drinking a bottle of wine every single night was the cause of my liver enzymes being high so I stopped doing it every night and now I just do it every Friday Saturday and Sunday. I buy different wines and have one bottle on each of these days. Sometimes I buy mixed cocktails with 15% alcohol by volume and also drink the whole bottle in one night of course this is done only on the weekend as I say I know some people would say I didn’t cut down enough and probably am still drinking too much but isn’t it much better then having a full bottle every night of the week?
    Guy But I drink another one on friday in addition to the 2 on saturdays and sundays is that safe?
    Brent you are right alcohol has a lot of sugar so it isn’t just the alcohol I have to worry I have to worry about all that sugar I shove into my poor organs every time I do this especially if the wine is sweet.
    and yes it can cause diabetes. Cause wine and mixed cocktails especially sweet have lot’s of sugar in them.

    • ANSWER:
      Go for it. 3 bottles of wine a week isn’t going to kill you. You sound like you don’t care if it will anyhow, so why not. And why keep asking the same questions over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over

  13. QUESTION:
    Onions, Grapes, and dogs…?
    This question is about an answer to “Why can’t you give onions and grapes to a dog?” about 4 months ago.

    This one answer got a ‘thumbs down’. Why? If you already know which of these foods listed are truly bad for a dog, will you please save me hours and hours of research trying to check which are true?
    I don’t want to make my dog sick, but I don’t want to spend my whole life researching every toxic thing on the planet instead of spending time with my family (dog included).

    If you are SURE you know, please tell me which on the list are incorrect? Please don’t guess, as that is not helpful at all.

    Thanks very much, in advance, for your time and expertise! : )

    Here’s the answer that got no thumbs-up and one thumbs-down:

    1. Onions (Both onions and garlic contain the toxic ingredient Thiosulphate. But onions are more of a danger. Many dog biscuits contain *small* amounts of garlic – garlic contains less of this toxin so huge amounts would need to be consumed to be toxic. And, by the way, this poison builds up the system – it can be toxic in one large dose – or with repeated consumption of small amounts.)

    2. Chocolate (Chocolate contains Theobromine, a compound that is a cardiac stimulant and a diuretic. This can be fatal to dogs.)

    3. Grapes (Grapes are dangerous because of an unknown substance which is toxic to dogs – affects canine’s kidneys)
    4. Raisins (See above.)

    5. Most Fruit Pits and Seeds (Contain Cyanogenic Glycosides resulting in cyanide poisoning – though the fruit itself is OK.)

    6. Macadamia Nuts (Macadamia nuts contain an unknown substance that is toxic to dogs.)

    7. Bones (Most bones should *not* be given (especially chicken bones) because they can splinter and cause laceration of the digestive system and/or become lodged in your pet’s throat – so they also pose a choking hazard.)
    Raw bones are generally fine, but Chicken wings poze a choking hazard to large dogs.

    8. Potato Peelings and Green Potatoes (Contain Oxalates, which can affect the digestive, nervous, and urinary systems.)

    9. Rhubarb leaves (See above.)

    10. Broccoli (Broccoli is only toxic in large quantities.)

    11. Green parts of Tomatoes or Green Potatoes (Contain oxalates, which can affect the digestive, nervous, and urinary systems.)

    12. Yeast Dough (Yeast Dough can produce gas and swell in your pet’s stomach – leading to rupture of the digestive system) THey mean Yeast Dough-which us Uncooked Bread. Cooked in the oven, already causes the yeast to rise, so doesn’t pose an issue

    13. Coffee, Coffee Grounds, Tea, Soft Drinks (Coffee, tea, & most soft drinks are dangerous due to the caffeine.)

    14. Beer/Wine/Alcohol of any kind (Alcohol of any kind could lead to coma or even death.)

    15. Human Vitamins (Human vitamins, especially those containing iron, can cause damage to the lining of the digestive system as well as cause kidney and liver damage)

    16. Moldy or Spoiled Food (I think this goes without saying.)

    17. Persimmons (Persimmons can cause intestinal blockage)

    18. Raw Eggs and Raw Fish (Raw eggs and some raw fish can cause Salmonella poisoning.)

    19. Salt, Baking Soda, Baking Powder (In large amounts these can cause an electrolyte imbalance – and severe electrolyte imbalances can lead to muscle spasm or even congestive heart failure.)

    20. Mushrooms (Mushrooms may contain toxins which could cause liver and kidney damage)

    21. Sugar-Free Foods (Sugar-free foods containing Xylitol have been found to cause liver failure in some dogs.)

    22. Nutmeg (Nutmeg can cause tremors, seizures, and central nervous system damage.)

    23. Excessive Fatty Foods (Excess fatty foods can cause Pancreatitis.)

    24. Avocado (All parts of the avocado and avocado tree are toxic to dogs.)

    25. Diary Products (Dairy products don’t usually pose a great danger; but many dairy product have high fat content (see number 23) – and many pets are lactose intolerant – some pets more than others. Lactose intolerance leads to gas and diarrhea; though small amounts of yogurt and cheese are usually fairly well tolerated.)
    Source(s):

    http://www.animalpetsandfriends.com/Arti…

    4 months ago
    I didn’t re-type this. I copied and pasted it from the other question’s answers. It took under a minute to post this question.
    This was not originally from one of my questions or answers. I was looking for information. I found this list as an answer to some else’s question and wondered how inaccurate it really was. I know, it’s long. That’s why I’m asking experts to save myself research time.
    Here’s a link to the original question:

    http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=AmOFfYRbC5M1cQExdYLK3tIjzKIX;_ylv=3?qid=20090908215112AAXhQbK

    • ANSWER:
      that is a very long list, the potato is more for livestock animals not dogs, the salt baking soda, and baking powder I have never heard of before I would think it would have to be a very large amount so I wouldn’t worry about that, mushrooms some are poisonous some are not, persimmons I am pretty sure it is talking more about the pit than the fruit, I have a tree in my backyard my dog does eat some. Any vitamins should be discussed with your vet before starting them anyway. Yeast can cause problems (bloat) but that is raw baking yeast. Broccoli is toxic to livestock not dogs.
      Raw is a debatable topic for many reasons talk with your vet about raw.
      I have not head about avacodos before but I found this link http://reboundhounds.blogspot.com/2009/03/avocados-poisonous-for-dogs-or.html

  14. QUESTION:
    My mother in law has really bad pains on her right side belly and doctors don’t know why?
    My mother in law whom is 60 years old called me to tell me she was sent home from the hospital after complaining of really bad pains on her right side belly. Her pain radiates to her back and it’s a constant pain. I recommended she gets a second opinion and that I would go with her to the emergency because she speaks no English. My mother in law tells me not to tell the doctors that she was sent home from first hospital she went to. I was told by the doctors that they will perform a CT scan and again results come back negative. Right away they start an IV and giver her morphine to help the pain. I see my mother in law acting funny so the doctor explains that the medication is really strong and that it will give her a little rush. She then relaxes and falls asleep, a little while later she is sent to get a sonogram of her right side belly and results come back normal. I was told that she will be admitted for further testing. Today I go back and they had sent her for a third examination and the doctor said if it comes back normal she is going to be sent home. I see my mother in law being wheeled from down the hall crying in pain and again they are giving her more morphine. I am puzzled as to why the doctor can’t find what is going on with her. She drinks alcohol and smokes heavily so the doctors said she had a fatty liver and that if she drinks alcohol she needs to stop. My mother in law tells me to tell the doctors she doesn’t drink or smoke and I feel like I am not helping her if I am going to stand there and lie to the doctors. I would like to know has anyone experienced bad right side belly pains and were the doctors able to find the cause of the pain. Tomorrow I will speak to the doctors and tell them that she does smoke and drink and that she was already at another hospital got a ct scan and given morphine and sent home. I know the doctors aren’t geniuses but what is my mother in law to do continue taking pain meds and she hasn’t been able to eat for 3 days already. Help any advice is appreciated.
    My mother in law had a hysterectomy many years ago, so I don’t think it has anything to do with menopause. I did ask the doctor if he thought it might be an intestinal problem but he just nodded no and said they are not geniuses and are going by the results they get back from her testings.

    • ANSWER:
      You have to be straight up with the docs. Also most smokers think they can fool the docs but they can’t. The pain on her right side might be coming from her reproductive system. Even though she is probably in menopause there are still pains that can happen because of things shutting down. Also the bowel and intestines are affected by the alcohol and smoking and might be one of the reasons for the pain and without the docs knowing they might not know what to test for properly. Good Luck and I hope she gets well soon

  15. QUESTION:
    Health Homework help please!! 10 pts to who ever helps the most!?
    This is going to be long, but i’m stressed out about it!

    Here are the words we are allowed to use
    Medicine
    Spontaneous
    Post-traumatic stress
    Antitoxins
    Scar tissue
    STDS
    Empathy
    Misuse
    DT’s
    Heroin
    Ovum
    Abuse
    Hardy
    Inherited
    Placenta
    Suspiciousness
    Euphoria
    Assertive
    OCT
    Miscarriage
    Ethanol
    Adipose tissue
    Accidents
    Lower-level
    Intoxication
    Still birth
    Dentist’s
    Excuses
    Smoking
    Reduce
    Cervix
    Gateway
    Physician’s
    Pituitary gland
    Overdoes

    These are the questions:

    31. the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages is called _____

    32.______ is delivered after the child

    34. the ______ is considered the neck of the womb

    36. a miscarriage is considered a(n) _____abortion

    37.as a result of alchol consumption, cirrhosis causes ______ to replace healthy tissue in the liver

    38.______ is a physical and mental impairment because of alchol use

    39. _______are dramatic symptons as a result of withdrawal from alchol addiction

    40.fatty liver is a condition in which ______ builds up

    42. _____are the #1 killer of children

    43. _______ is the acronym for a syndrome that perdominantly occurs in infants

    45.a(n) _____ is any drug that leads to the user to more serious use and abuse of dangerous drugs

    46.______ is a strong or fatal reaction to drugs

    48.feelings of intense well being followed by a complete letdown describes _____

    49. paranoia is irrational _____ or distrust of others

    51.the controlled substances act classifies medicines according to their use and potential for _____

    52. _____ medicines do not require a doctor’s written approval

    53. prescreption medicines cannot be used safely without a(n) ____written approval

    55._____ during pregnancy causes both mother and fetus to have
    reduced oxygen levels

    56. extracts of blood fluids that contains antibodies are called_____

    58. a spontaneous abortion, in which the female expels the embryo or fetus, is referred to as a ______

    59.Ovulation is the process of releasing one mature _____a month

    there are more for this word bank but just these (or some will help) PLEASE!!!!
    This is half a semester of stuff and its stressing me out because i’ve been trying and its due tomorrow and i still need to study for a hard bio test tomorrow!

    • ANSWER:
      can’ believe how rude some people r. God she is just asking for help!! if u ca’t help then dont respond!!

      So
      53. physicians
      31. ethanol
      46. overdose
      58. misscarrage

      other than that good luck!! and a dictionary might help!!

  16. QUESTION:
    health questions?
    fat soluble vitamins – dont build up in the body, are absorbed by fat, a lot are needed by the body, or pass easily through the blood stream

    tiny air sacs in lungs destroyed and breathing becomes harder by a disease known as – lung cancer, chronic bronchitis, emphysema

    carbon monoxide is present in blood and boday tissues and cells are deprived of – hemoglobin, carcinogens, iron, oxygen

    nicotin causes addiction and – acts as a stimulant, is a carcinogen, competes with oxygen , or destroys cilia

    a symptom of alcohol poison is – irregular heart beat, or increased respiration

    liver tissues replaced with useless scar tissue is – fatty liver, alcoholic hepititis, cirrhosis, or fetal alcoholic syndrome

    tar contained in tobacco smoke is harmful to the lungs because -
    it clogs blodd vessels, paralyzies cilia, its a stimulant, or its addictive

    a disease caused by a virus is – tuberculosis , malaria, or influenza ringworm…

    plz help….. :)

    • ANSWER:
      - are absorbed by fat
      -emphysema
      -oxygen
      -acts as a stimulant
      -increased respiration
      –cirrhosis
      -paralyzies cilia
      -influenza

  17. QUESTION:
    Am I an alcoholic? Need advice from recovering or families of recovering…?
    Please before I start, only serious answers. I feel that I may need help and don’t need negative feedback.

    I guess I’ll start by saying that I’ve been drinking since I was about 14. And when I say drinking, I mean drinking until I am drunk and beyond. Even though I am a small woman, I could easily down 6-8 shots and a 12 pack within a 6 hour period and make the stupid decision to drive myself home…thinking that I was ok. And I know that I could have killed innocent people and not only hurt other families but my own. I know how stupid that was and knew it every time I would wake up and wonder how I possibly made it home.

    I have suffered from depression since I was a teenager and any medications my Dr. has prescribed to me has never helped. I have visited a counselor (my insurance said I had to visit her first and she would have to refer me to a psychiatrist if I needed it) and she said she felt I would be ok in life…which I don’t know how she determined with 3 – 1/2 hour visits. I feel useless, unloved and depressed about 99% of the time. Alcoholism runs in my father’s side of the family.

    I have caused major problems between my husband and myself and missed out a lot on my daughter’s lives. I used the money my husband earned for us to pay bills to drink, causing us to lose our home and file bankruptcy. I was being selfish and stupid.

    What I want to know is, how you are “diagnosed” as an alcoholic. My family and I both feel that I have a problem, in fact my health is starting to show effects. I have now been diagnosed with fatty liver. I have 4 daughter’s and our first son on the way, through the grace of God I have been able to remain sober through all of my pregnancies but everyday is a struggle. And as soon as I had my children, I was back at the bar standing in line for my drink. I’ve tried to tell myself and my family that I stay at home with the kids all week long so I deserve to enjoy myself on the weekend. When, in reality I’m hurting myself mentally, physically along with my family. I know it’s not the right choice to make but I feel like the alcohol has a hold on me that I can’t break.

    What can I do to stop? I have 2 months until my baby is due and I’ve already been thinking about how that drink is going to taste. I don’t want to live my life this way. I want to be there for my children, sober.

    Please help, any advice is appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      I read up to your third sentence and didn’t need to read more, I think you do have a problem with alcohol.
      I think you should go to an AA meeting (yes, it’s cliche, but it works.)
      My dad has been sober for 15 years and still goes to his nightly meetings to help him. It’s tough, but it’s possible. Do it for your kids.
      As for being “diagnosed”, well, I think just the fact that you wrote this and need to ask if you are is indicative enough. Being an alcoholic is merely that your drinking is prolonged and excessive, which I think you can clearly see that it is. You drink to get messed up, you don’t drink to just get a bit jovial and experience the range of tastes, etc. I know what it’s like, I had a problem with drinking just after I started when I was 17. I’ve stopped since, but I understand how hard it can be, in the depressive rut. :( I’m sorry hun. But treat this as you would any illness or disease, because that is what it is. You need a support network and some treatment, ASAP.

  18. QUESTION:
    Having trouble with strong emotional feelings that are interfering with my dailylife. Any advice beyond pills?
    It’s as if every single day I am struggling with something that pops up. And with every day, week, month, and year that passes, it is as if these negative emotions are getting stronger and stronger. It’s kind of like I dread the feelings of fear or anxiety associated with handling daily problems with my life. It has come to the point where I often do not want to make a decision without half a dozen people giving me their advice, because I am afraid of making the wrong decision- – about practically anything important, semi-important, or even many non-important things.

    The anxiety associated with the internalized worry is, at times, incredibly strong. And what is worse is that it has gotten worse in the past several months. I have tried SSRI drugs, which did me NO good whatsoever. I tried valium through a former shrink, but I found myself slowly becoming hooked, so I stopped. I drink sometimes when the stress overwhelms me, but my liver is fatty and cannot take too much.
    1 hour ago – 3 days left to answer.
    Additional Details
    1 hour ago

    Except for some family members, I don’t talk with many people or socialize for fear of saying the wrong thing to the wrong person. I have become, at times, extremely paranoid of everything around me, because I fear that most people are not acting in my best interest. At times, I feel like I am being followed by the government, which I am convinced, to some degree, is true.

    Besides valium, alcohol is the only thing that has helped dull this “hypersensitivity” with my emotions. The stress has also caused me to become very depressed at times as well.

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe you could try yoga/meditation. It may help.


Cause Fatty Liver Treatment

I. Definition
Shortened luteal phrase is defined as a luteal phrase or yang phrase lasts less than 10 days
The Liver qi stagnation is defined as a condition of liver is no longer function normally in distributing of the flow of qi smoothly in the liver channels, leading to its inability to filter all the toxins out of the blood and handling mental and emotional stress, resulting in increasing the risk of blood stagnation and shorten yang phrase, distorting the function of uterus lining in providing the suitable environment for fertilization.

II. Symptoms of shortened luteal phrase caused by liver qi stagantion
1. Pain or discomfort anywhere along the sides of the body
2. Depression
3. Emotional swings
4. Anxiety
5. Easy being frustrate
6. Anger
7. Tiredness
8. Constipation
Etc.

III. Causes of Liver qi stagnation

Liver is important for blood formation and the lung. It helps to regulate the movement of qi in the body. Obstruction of blood in certain organs may also cause qi stagnation, leading to menstrual cramps and pain before, during and after menstruation. Causes of blood and qi stagnation include:

1. Chronic inflammation
The prolonged period of inflammation causes blood static as a result of increasing blood flow to inflammation regions and distorting the immune system in fighting against foreign bacteria and virus function, leading to blood stagnation.

2. Liver function
Liver is vital for blood formation and waste removal. Abnormal function of liver causes old estrogen or other hormones as well as old blood remaining in the body’s organs, leading to blood stagnation thus increasing the risk of menstrual irregularity and dysmenorrhrea.

3. Inability of respiratory function
If the lung is damaged for whatever reasons, it may affect the lung’s ability to move qi in the pathway of the meridian, leading to blood stagnation in the reproductive region.

4. Stress and depression
Stress and depression caused by an unexpected event can affect the liver function in regulating the psychosocial symptoms of the nervous system and physical symptoms of blood formation, leading to liver qi and blood stagnation that contribute to symptoms of dysmenorrhrea.

5. Unhealthy diet
Unhealthy diet high in saturated and trans fat affect the blood and qi movement, because it causes the building up of cholesterol in the blood stream, thereby reducing the lung’s function in regulating qi movement and the heart’s function in blood circulation.

IV. Treatments

A. With Chinese herbs

1. Xiang Fu (nut grass rhizome)

It is one the herbs helped to regulate the qi flow by smoothing the liver and congestion of Spleen qi caused by excessive yin or yang, thus reducing qi stagnation caused by disharmonization of liver and Spleen causes of abdominal cramps and pain. It is said that xiang fu also has a function impromoting regular menstruation.

2. Zhi Ke (ripe fruit of zhi shi)
Zhi ke promote healthy liver, it promotes a strong liver qi function, thereby, increasing its function in blood formation and transportation to the heart for circulation.

3. Wu Yao (lindera root)
Wu yao is one the warm with the main function of warming the kidney caused by kidney yang defieciency. It is only used for patient with evidence of liver qi stagnation caused by prolong intake of cold foods or working in a cold environment. Since its function is to restore the liver qi flow due to cold constraint, it reduces the blood stagnation causes of menstrual pain.

B. With acupuncture

Suggested acupuncture points

1. BL18 (Gan shu)

2. CV12 (Hon guan)

3. CV17 (Shan zhong)

4. LI3 (Tai chong)

5. LV4 (Zgong feng)

5.SP4 (Gong Sun)

6.ST36 (Zu san li)

7. GB20 (Feng chi)

8. Etc.

C. With Foods

1. Sweet potato
2. Date
3. Rice
4. Spearmint
5. Mushroom
6. Red bean
7. Sweet basil
8. Etc.

For the best pregnancy self help program review, please visit

http://bestfertility.blogspot.com/

For series of Infertility Articles, please visit

http://fertility-infertility.blogspot.com/

or my home page at

http://medicaladvisorjournals.blogspot.com

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What caused Fatty Liver, I do not drink,what is metabolic syndrome? could it be my cause, have thyroid cancer?
    Doc office left message that I have a fatty liver, I do not drink nor am I fat, I have been through allot of medicines this year because of my treatment with thyroid cancer, it seems every time I turn around Im either losing body parts or Im discovering a new issue with my body, 2 years ago I ran 5 3ks and was the peak of fitness and the envy of women in my age group. What now do I do to get better?could it be my metabolic system and what is exactly that?

    • ANSWER:
      KATNHAT – There are many causes of fatty liver besides alcohol. According to The Mayo Clinic, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease can take several forms. In nonalcoholic fatty liver, it’s not normal for fat to build up in your liver, but it won’t necessarily hurt you. At its simplest form, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease can cause excess liver fat, but no complications. This condition is thought to be very common. In a small number of people with fatty liver, the fat causes inflammation in the liver. This can impair the liver’s ability to function and lead to complications. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease-may have associated cirrhosis. Liver inflammation leads to scarring of the liver tissue. With time, scarring can become so severe that the liver no longer functions adequately (liver failure).

      In your history some of the many meds you have taken may also be the cause of fatty changes in the liver.

      Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions — increased blood pressure, elevated insulin levels, excess body fat around the waist or abnormal cholesterol levels — that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Having just one of these conditions isn’t diagnosed as metabolic syndrome, but it does contribute to your risk of serious disease. If more than one of these conditions occur in combination, your risk is even greater. If you have metabolic syndrome or any of the components of metabolic syndrome, aggressive lifestyle changes can delay or even prevent the development of serious health problems.
      Source(s):
      a medical professional

  2. QUESTION:
    Can Psittacosis in Budgies damage thier liver?
    I have a 18 month old Female budgie with the following symptoms:
    Lethargy, lime green droppings (and Urates), sleepiness, quiet, ratty wing feathers, watery eyes,

    Vet: Feacel smear + mouth swab
    mass in abdomen
    Diagnosis: Fatty Liver Disease?

    Treatment: Baytril + Duphalac – 7 days

    Return vet
    Treatment: Doxycycline injection
    Improvement within days

    Return vet
    Blood test – immunocomb-chlammydia – results pending
    Treatment – Psittavet in water daily

    Could undiagnosed psittacosis cause liver damage (mass in abdomen)?

    I also have a male budgie with no symptoms except for ratty-looking tail feathers
    Vet had quick look – no diagnosis made
    I was just wandering if he could be carrying psittacosis aswell?

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately, many infections will attack the liver in parrots, but I don’t think this is the problem here. Masses in budgies are very common, and even though this a young bird, i think it’s a common tumor. Are you sure she’s only 18 months? Are you sure it’s a female? I ask that because many male budgies get testicular tumors, and as the tumor restricts the flow of testosterone, his blue cere will turn brownish; thus, he looks like a female.

      How long have you had the birds, and for how long have they been separated from other birds? If it’s been a while, then the possibility of psittacosis lessens.

      The mouth swab… was there just one, for psittacosis? Was there one taken for other bacterial infections? There’s definitely something going on, but we see many more cases of bacterial infection, like klebsiella, Pasteurella and pseudomonas than we do psittacosis.

      Is the Baytril going in the water? If so, you can almost bet on that it’s not going to work, especially for only 7 days. Same thing with Duphalac (lactulose) which is usually a long-term treatment for fatty liver disease. If it’s a tumor on the liver, that’s a different story. Personally, I prefer treating most liver ailments with milk thistle. That goes for birds, dogs, cats, and humans.

      The male could have the same thing as the female, but you’re going to have to wait for the test results. If it’s really suspected to be psittacosis, he should be treated as well. If it’s not psittacosis, you’ll need to know what it is that’s making her sick, and testing to see what antibiotics will work on whatever it is. Baytril and doxy may not work on that particular bacterium or bacteria.

      Good luck.

  3. QUESTION:
    Hepatitis C-weak positive and fatty liver – kindly nswer only doctors?
    Doctors Please answer

    My mother is suffering From Abdominal pain below the right side ribs. Many doctors diagnosed in many ways and they have given the treatment in various methods but the problem increased.

    I would like to request you for FOUR answers
    A. What could be the problem as the following are the details of recent tests?

    1. My mother age – 61 years
    2. Diabetic since 15 yrs
    3. Uncontrolled diabetes
    4. Recent Scanning reports shows
    On 22nd Oct – 15.9 cm size of liver
    On 01st Nov – 17.0 cm size of liver
    5. The liver function test shows the SGPT – 69 and SOPT – 42 levels elevated.
    6. HEPETITIS A – ANTIBODIES – 0.26 – (LESS THAN THE NORMAL OF 1.001)
    7. HEPATITIS C – ANTIBODIES – WEAK POSITIVE
    8. All other are normal

    B. What could be the cause of pain as now she is not even in a position to sit for more than 10 minutes

    C. What could be the diet for my mother

    D. could any one suggest me a doctor in and around Chennai, Bangalore

    • ANSWER:
      I had that problem before my Hep C treatment – it’s an intestinal spasm. It felt like someone was twisting my intestinal tract with a wrench. It will stop you in your tracks.

      I was able to control the spasms by going on a strict vegetarian diet. I also did a liver cleanse twice.

      Not sure what you mean by WEAK POSITIVE – you either have it or you don’t and if you have the antibodies chances are she may have it. Her next step will be to get a viral count from a doctor because her liver enzymes are slightly elevated above normal.

      Normal range for ALT (SGPT) enzymes is 7 to 56 units per liter.
      Normal range for AST (SOPT) enzymes is 5 to 40 units per liter.

  4. QUESTION:
    To Canadians, If i’m not taking my Med would that can stopping me from getting my ADSP support?
    i’m receiving a medication treatment for schizophrenia

    i have got a serious health problems SUCH
    (WEIGHT GAIN) about 60bs in only 5 months not able to move as i used

    (FATTY LIVER ) cause my liver for not functioning well

    ( THYROID ) which it cause me to loss all of my (energy)

    ( SERIOUS CONSTIPATION ) which it cause me to have (Haemorrhoid)

    (SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION) in case if you don’t KNOW what that mean, i’m not able to have sex with anybody for more then one year now

    i’m in my way of getting DIABETES

    note: ( the medication are not helping me with my psychoses at all )
    can i still getting the ADSP without taking the medication ?
    IF you ware in my situation would you still take the medication ?
    sorry it’s (ODSP)

    • ANSWER:
      if your medication isn’t helping you you need to talk to your doctor. if that doctor doesn’t understand what you are telling him. you simply ask him a referral to get another doctor.

      most medication have side effects but they don’t always have to burden you, if one medication doesn’t do the work for you , they need to find one that is fit for you. since they are many families of medication its worth you tell your doctor.

      now for the weight gain. the liver and constipation, the diabetes . might be good you start to exercise every day . don’t have to go to a gym. take some walks each day . even if its only l5 minutes. that will help you a lot. also would be good to drink more water . for constipation wax seed comes to my mind. its natural, none addictive and doesn’t make your intestine lazy.

      for the sexual dysfunction your doctor can prescribe some medication . if the change of medication isn’t possible or still cause you those same side effects.

      when someones as to take long term medication a healthy way of life is the best.
      stopping a medication that prescribe by a doctor shouldn’t be stop like that . so id still take on the medication as for your adsp question. if you are on a government program cause you are consider not able to work or if you incomes cause you are on meds. than yes they will cut your gains.

      get to see that doctor . take the time to be understood , you deserve it , wish you all the very best .
      take good care Emy

  5. QUESTION:
    What is the appropriate treatment for a DVT (blood clot) in lower left leg (calf)?
    A little more history: 49 year old female, diabetic, high bp, high cholesterol, hypothyroidism, fibromyalgia, severe depression, PTSD, bipolar, major anxiety, sleep apnea, and liver disease due to extreme fatty liver. On 16 daily meds for psych and med, plus a 17th optional for nausea as needed, and 18th for stool softener. Her meds: Docqlace, Cytomel, Lexapro, Famotidine, Promethazine, Metoclopramide, Metformin, Trazodone, Hydroxyzine HCL, Cymbalta, Glimepiride, Levothyroxine Sod, Protonix, Lisinipril, Benztropine, Tricor, and Clozapine. Of those, 7 had warnings about anticoagulants, 4 of which were serious interactions, and 2 other meds have a rare side effect of causing clots (research on WebMD). This person went to ER twice in 10 hours (sent home both times, told not to worry, talke Ibuprofen)then to her personal doc not even 2 days later, he put her on home injection blood thinners. She died the next night, clot broke loose, split, and traveled to both lungs.

    • ANSWER:
      she died from pulmonary embolism
      its one of the complications of DVT … as the clots may travel through the viens of the lower extrimities and get in to the lungs either as massive emolism or showering embolies …

      well … the effect of the drug interaction in a patient with long term uncontroled Diabetis , Hypertenssio , hypothyroidism in addition to psychological stress and depreesion … and i suppose immobilisation … the risk becomes morbidly high …

      the appropriate treatment of DVT and preventing the pulmonary embolsm is by
      blod thinners pills or injections
      mobilisation is so very important
      Good Control of pre-excisting diseases
      avoiding drug interaction
      but never can obtain a 0% of risk or 100% of prevention.

      and for such cases it is done in a special care units

      my kindest regards and deepest sympathy

      Havoc

  6. QUESTION:
    what could this be? abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    im 19, not sexually active, never have been. don’t plan on until i’m in a really serious relationship.

    height 5”6
    weight: 260

    I have polycystic ovarian syndrome, fatty liver disease, and sleep apnea.

    My problem is this:

    From july 2008 – may 4th 2011 i hadn’t gotten a period, and from may 4th-july 5th i was having abnormal vaginal bleeding everyday,lots of clotting, and i would have to change my tampon AND pad every 45 minuets ( it was light at the begining, and coming into july, it got so bad)

    I went to my doctor, and she said its just because of the ovarian cysts that i’m having all of this bleeding, anyways she put me on the birth control called try-ceclyn lo?? (spelling..)
    and i was taking it for about a week, nothing had stopped, so then i went to the ER, (my doctor doesn’t really do anything..)
    they sent me to a gynocologist,he put me on these hormone pills called : PROMETRIUM 100MG
    and the bottle says ” TAKE 3 CAPSULES ONCE DAILY FOR 2 WEEKS OF EACH 4 WEEK CYCLE AS DIRECTED”

    so i took those for about 2 weeks, and had really really bad night terrors, so stopped.

    Went back to my doctor, and she put me on these birth control pills called:MARVELON

    So i started taking those 28 days ago, it stopped the bleeding for about 1 week, but then i started slowly spotting everyday again.. and ive never had it this bad before! i went to USA for the weekend, and its so embarrasing, i had to go to the bathroom to change my tampon like every 45 minuets, or else i would soak through.

    (i know im being graphic.. sorry..)

    over night is the worst, i would wear a Big Tenna pad, plus a tampon (super plus)
    and i would wake up in the hotel room, and my shorts were soaked with blood!

    i also have these unbareable pains in my lower abdominal area.
    its not a ruptured cyst..
    but i don’t think that this bleeding is normal what soever. its affecting me socially, and physcially.

    what could be a treatment,and causes of this?

    i plan on calling my gynecologist ASAP tomorrow morning, i just wanted to know if anyone else has had problems like this, or knows anything about it.

    thanks very much,

    s.

    • ANSWER:
      They definitely should be doing blood testing on you to be sure of
      your Red blood cells, iron levels, and also your hormone levels.

      People who have liver disease and those who have polycystic
      ovarian disease can develop problems with their hormones.

      I would ask to be referred to a More advanced Hospital in your
      area or outside that area, that deals more on the Specialist side
      of Gynecology. You need a second opinion with someone who
      understands more about these problems together.

      I do know that a woman who is overweight tend to produce more
      estrogen. That blood tests can show if your ovulating, and have
      a hormone imbalance. A D&C can sometimes stop someone
      from bleeding much if the lining of the uterus is thick.

      Wish I could be of more help.
      Losing alot of blood for long periods of time is not good at all and
      is causing your bone marrow to do what it can to replace the cells.
      You are a good candidate for becoming anemic.

      Write down all your questions, take any doctors records and films
      with you, and be bold about telling the doctors your symptoms, pains,
      etc. Make sure you don’t leave there with an explanation that you
      don’t understand or a reason why this is all taking place and how the
      drug, you are given to take, is suppose to work to stop this flow.

  7. QUESTION:
    Do you think that Black Seed Oil can be used as a treatment for HIV/AIDS?
    I AM SORRY THAT THIS IS LONG, BUT PLEASE READ

    I am currently doing research about Black Seeds. It is also known as Black Coriander or Black Caraway seeds. It is know that Black Seeds can cure/treat many medical ailments.

    Well in my Biology class, we were learning about adaptation, and an example is the AIDS virus. When ever this one perosn took the medication, it seemed that somehow the virus would adapt to it. Well since I have heard of Black Seed, and I have done some research, I was wondering if it can treat HIV/AIDS. I know that it may not completley cure it, or that you need to take this for a while to see results, i was just wondering about the possibilities.

    Based on this info, what do you think? Any comments will be accepted. It would help me if you cite your information (if you can).

    -Black seed unquestionably has a positive and stabilizing effect on the human immune system which . Moreover, since diseases are the result of defective immune systems, it is fair to assume that the beneficial effects go beyond skin disorders and allergies. Since the immune system has a direct or indirect effect on all the systems of the body, when you are infected by any disease, the power of the immunity system affects the cure of this disease.

    -Black seed is a safe and effective herb that can be used by almost anyone. No irritations or side effects are caused when the right dose is correctly applied. Its benefits are obtained through consistent use,the effects are medium to long term. Diabetes is useful in the treatment of diabetes mellitus or diabetes caused by an allergy. However it is recommended that the treatment be supervises because Black seed does lower blood sugar levels. Black seed should not be taken by pregnant women if their wombs are sensitive

    -Mahfouz and El-Dakhakhny, prominent Egyptian researchers isolated the active principle nigellone from Black Seed’s essential oil in 1959. There are over 100 different chemical components in the seed.

    Nigella and melatin are two ingredients in Black Seed that contribute greatly to its highly diversified powers. These substances work together to provide the digestive benefits that have been revered in Black Seed. They also promote cleansing and assist with overall eliminating action.

    Two of the most volatile oils found in Black seed are nigellone and thymoquinone which were fist discovered in the herb in 1985. Nigellone offers both anti-spasmodic and bronchodilating properties which contribute to Black Seed’s potency against respiratory ailments. It also acts as an antihistamine which helps to reduce the negative symptoms of allergy sufferers. Thymoquinone contains excellent anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It is also a strong anti-oxidant and helps cleanse the body of toxins. Both nigellone and thymoquinone work in conjunction with one another to enhance Black Seed’s action against respiratory ailments. It also provides a healthy alternative to the more commonly prescribed cortisone based therapies used by allergy sufferers.

    Black seed provides a rich supply of polyunsaturated fatty acids. These ingredients play a key role in daily health and wellness. They help to regulate the metabolism, carry toxins to the skin’s surface for elimination, balance insulin levels, regulate cholesterol, improve body circulation, and promote healthy liver function. A deficiency in polyunsaturated fatty acids can lead to a wide number of health problems including nervous system disorders, uninhibited growths, and skin diseases.

    Black seed contains over 100 valuable nutrients. It is comprised of approximately 21% protein, 38% carbohydrates, and 35% plant fats and oils. The active ingredients of black seed are nigellone, thymoquinone, and fixed oils. Black seed also contains significant proportions of protein, carbohydrates and essential fatty acids. Other ingredients include linoleic acid, oleic acid, calcium, potassium, iron, zinc, magnesium, selenium, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin B2, niacin, and vitamin C.

    A 1994 study conducted in London by King’s College revealed that Black Seed has properties that inhibit certain enzymes, which also inhibit the production of certain prostaglandins. This is more proof that the rich and complex combination of elements found in Black Seed work together for a total effect.

    Black Seed has over 1400 years history of use. Many ancient books and text suggest the following traditional uses for Black Seed. But please note, that these should not be understood as cures or treatments for any disease or illness.
    Now this is only some of the research that I have done. I have not actually done some testing or anything, I am just in High School. Right now, I am in the stage of gathering information.

    • ANSWER:
      What’s the active ingredient?
      Can it be synthesized or purified on a large scale?
      What’s the target?
      What’s the mechanism of action?
      What’s the effectiveness compared to current treatments?

      These are the questions that must be answered before it can be used to treat anything.

      There’s a reason medicine doesn’t just use things like this. Until you know what molecule is doing what you don’t know about any possible cross-reactions, toxicity issues, and most importantly you can’t quantify everything since the amount of active ingredient isn’t controlled.

  8. QUESTION:
    Question about metfomin?
    Biguanide, a type of oral antihyperglycemic agent, does not increase insulin secretion from the pancreas and thus does not cause hypoglycemia. Since it works by decreasing glucose production by the liver; it decrease intestinal absorption of glucose; and it improves insulin receptor sensitivity in the liver, skeletal muscles, and adipose tissues.

    Now biguanides, or specifically metformin, are a type of the most commonly used medication for type-2 diabetes, a couple of questions have triggered my attention. Knowing that overweight or obesity can lead to many serious complications if left untreated. Can an overweight or obese individual with no type-2 diabetes take this type of medication for the primarily purpose of weight or fat reduction (as many of the mechanism of action do contribute to weight loss)? Other than the adverse effect of the medication, what would to be down-side of doing so? Will non-alcoholic fatty liver disease be a potential complication of this treatment?

    Thanks for answering in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. Actually Metformin has been demonstrated to be useful for such, particularly when metabolism is impaired as it is in treated schizophrenics. The advantage of Metformin is that it is impossible for it to induce hypoglycemia, which most other antidiabetic medications can do.

      It’s been shown to nearly halt the overwhelming weight gain associated with use of Zyprexa. It’s an older medicatio, and quite safe.

      As for downsides, possible nutritional problems. Really not many. You’re rather off label though. The studies that have been done haven’t shown any problems, but there’s only a couple of small scale ones.

      Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a pretty unusual complication, sometimes related to certain drugs. Since weight loss tends to antagonize NAFLD, and metformin is used to treat it, I can’t think of any reason in particular why it should be a complication.

  9. QUESTION:
    health questions help?
    What is key to improve cancer’s survival rates?

    improve people’s nutrition and lifestyle choices
    more research into better chemotherapy drugs
    programs that stress early detection and intervention
    better surgical techniques to remove all cancer cells

    34. What is the disease that involves changes in the nerves and chemicals of the brain leading to memory loss, personality changes, and complete dependency?

    Parkinson’s
    Alzheimer’s
    Paget’s
    Grave’s

    35. Which of the following is not a disorder related to hypertension?

    congestive heart failure
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus
    heart attack

    36. How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    37. Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby’s eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    38. Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    39. Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    40. Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive (gastrointestinal)
    circulatory (blood)
    skin (cutaneous)
    respiratory (inhalation)

    41. The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    42. Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    43. What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    44. Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    45. Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    46. Which of the following could cause a non-communicable disease?

    viruses
    bacteria
    smoking
    fungi

    47. Which of the following is an example of a communicable disease?

    Alzheimer’s disease
    common cold
    heart disease
    diabetes mellitus

    48. Which of the following is NOT a reason it is difficult to cope with a chronic illness?

    financial obligations to cover treatment and care that health insurance may not cover
    loss of physical independence which requires more assistance with the activities of daily living
    knowledge that the person will get better with the appropriate medications
    dealing with depression and grief for the diagnosis

    49. When does the HIV positive stage move into full-blown AIDS?

    when the red blood cell count rises above 7 million cells per cubic millimeter
    when the cells have metastasized from their original location to the brain
    when the heart fails to pump blood properly causing swelling and difficulty breathing
    when the T-cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter

    50. Which of the following is NOT a leading cause of death in the United States today?

    pneumonia
    heart attack
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus

    • ANSWER:
      ask the data from the DOH

  10. QUESTION:
    health questions, not very many. I had 60 but i answered 45. Please help?
    Note: I have 45 out of 60 answered, these ones i need help with…

    Which of the following is NOT a reason it is difficult to cope with a chronic illness?

    financial obligations to cover treatment and care that health insurance may not cover
    loss of physical independence which requires more assistance with the activities of daily living
    knowledge that the person will get better with the appropriate medications
    dealing with depression and grief for the diagnosis

    When does the HIV positive stage move into full-blown AIDS?

    when the red blood cell count rises above 7 million cells per cubic millimeter
    when the cells have metastasized from their original location to the brain
    when the heart fails to pump blood properly causing swelling and difficulty breathing
    when the T-cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter

    Which of the following is NOT a leading cause of death in the United States today?

    pneumonia
    heart attack
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus

    Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive
    circulatory
    skin
    respiratory

    The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    Which of the following could cause a non-communicable disease?

    viruses
    bacteria
    smoking
    fungi

    Which of the following is an example of a communicable disease?

    Alzheimer’s disease
    common cold
    heart disease
    diabetes mellitus

    Which of the following is not a disorder related to hypertension?

    congestive heart failure
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus
    heart attack

    How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby’s eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    • ANSWER:
      Thank-you for the brain exercise. These questions are always fun.
      1-3
      2-2
      3-1
      4-3
      5-1
      6-2
      7-2
      8-2
      9-3
      10-2
      11-1
      12-1
      13-3
      14-4

  11. QUESTION:
    Health Majors Please help! Last test on health & i am really stressed.?
    These are some of the ones i dont know. I mean there are ones out of this that i do know but yeah, I am really stressed and need help. Please Please help me.

    27. Which type of diabetes generally occurs in young adults and children and always requires insulin as part of the treatment plan?

    type 1
    type 2
    type 3
    type 4

    28. Which of the following is NOT a warning sign of skin cancer?

    crushing chest pain
    a sore that does not heal
    unusual bleeding or discharge
    thickening or lumps

    29. What is the most fatal form of skin cancer associated with moles?

    squamous cell carcinoma
    basal cell carcinoma
    malignant melanoma
    acute cell melanoma

    30. What disease is caused by a bacteria and can be sent in a powdery form for bioterrorism and leads to difficulty breathing and even death?

    West Nile virus
    anthrax
    bovine spongiform encephalopathy
    stroke

    31. What is the general name for all infections that cause diarrhea to occur?

    Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    Crohn’s Disease
    Colon Cancer
    Dysentery

    32. Which fat leads to atherosclerosis and can contribute to one’s risk of a heart attack or stroke?

    steroids
    cholesterol
    phospholipids
    olive oil

    33. What is key to improve cancer’s survival rates?

    improve people’s nutrition and lifestyle choices
    more research into better chemotherapy drugs
    programs that stress early detection and intervention
    better surgical techniques to remove all cancer cells

    34. What is the disease that involves changes in the nerves and chemicals of the brain leading to memory loss, personality changes, and complete dependency?

    Parkinson’s
    Alzheimer’s
    Paget’s
    Grave’s

    35. Which of the following is not a disorder related to hypertension?

    congestive heart failure
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus
    heart attack

    36. How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    37. Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby’s eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    38. Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    39. Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    40. Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive
    circulatory
    skin
    respiratory

    41. The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    42. Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    43. What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    44. Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    45. Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    46. Which of the following could cause a non-communicable disease?

    viruses
    bacteria
    smoking
    fungi

    47. Which of the following is an example of a communicable disease?

    Alzheimer’s disease
    common cold
    heart disease
    diabetes mellitus

    48. Which of the following is NOT a reason it is difficult to cope with a chronic illness?

    financial obligations to cover treatment and care that health insurance may not

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, who made up these questions? I’m not that impressed.
      These questions have been around for awhile – you could have just searched Y!A and found identically worded questions.
      .
      While you may be stressed, if you don’t know the answers to some of these, what are you doing in this class?
      Just entering all of the answers takes more time than you spent cutting and pasting them.

      27. Type 1 – the body does not produce insulin read this article: http://www.lifescript.com/Health/Conditions/Diabetes/The_Double_Whammy_What_is_Type_3_Diabetes.aspx

      28 Crushing chest pain

      29. Malignant melanoma

      http://www.cancercenter.com/skin-cancer-melanoma.htm

      30. Anthrax

      https://health.google.com/health/ref/Anthrax

      31. Question does not make sense because it is not accurate but the answer has to be dysentery as the other 3 options are not infection related

      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/diarrhea/

      32. cholesterol

      http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Atherosclerosis/Atherosclerosis_Causes.html

      33. all of the above but if you have to chose one go with programs which stress early detection and insurance plans which cover intervention

      34. Alzheimer’s followed by Parkinson’s with dementia

      35. Diabetes – but there is a relationship

      http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=2152

      36. Hep B is transmitted through blood and bodily fluids – read and figure out the answer

      http://www.hepb.org/hepb/transmission.htm

      37. Several can cause eye infection but the answer you want is gonorrhea

      http://www.wdxcyber.com/stds_pregnancy.html

      38. see: reference above for answer

      39. see: reference in question #36 or just think about it

      40. see: question #30 reference

      41. see: question #27 reference

      42. see: question #37 reference

      43. Mad Cow Disease – caused by watching too much Boston Legal in reruns – ok, it is thought to be a prion disease http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bovine_spongiform_encephalopathy

      44. see: reference in #43

      45. excessive urination, thirst and hunger

      46. this one’s on you to think about

      47. You don’t know this one? That’s nothing to sneeze at

      48. You should be aware of the fact that you can add the rest of the answer by simply returning and adding it.

  12. QUESTION:
    does this make you loss hair?
    Nizoral

    Nizoral is an anti-fungal shampoo that kills the fungi that cause seborrhea and dandruff.

    Groups of individuals have discovered that Nizoral (when used regularly) is a very useful alopecia treatment, once again it would appear that the role of a substance for the treatment of hair-loss is stumbled upon accidentally!

    Nizoral contains a chemical called ketoconazole, it is known that when ketoconazole is ingested orally that it inhibits the binding of androgens to receptors in the body and this would include the binding of DHT to hair-follicle receptors.

    However the use of oral ketoconazole is NOT recommended for many reasons, mainly because this method would present itself as a toxin and ultimately damage the liver. But topical ketoconazole (as contained in Nizoral shampoo) shows itself to have a “weak” anti-DHT binding affect in the scalp.

    Furthermore positive results with Nizoral shampoo are often noted within a few weeks, whereas a pure anti-DHT affect may take a few months. It is therefore likely that Nizoral exhibits another method to its anti-hair-loss effect.

    One such theory of Nizoral’s anti-alopecia effects may be on its activity upon sebum.

    Sebum is a fatty substance that accumulates in the scalp around the hair follicles. It’s possible that the removal of sebum may help “unclog” the hair follicle and expose it to more nutrition from an improved blood supply, rather like unclogging a drain!

    It is known that Nizoral can remove and reduce sebum deposits
    man im scared to used this stuff, i got some weird fungi like stuff around my neck and its nasty and dry and the doctor prescribed me this and ketoconazole cream, and im scared to use the sh*t because it makes your hair fall out!! im only 18 i aint going bald over some dumb sh*t!

    • ANSWER:
      Use it once or twice a week. Or mix it with your regular shampoo.

  13. QUESTION:
    hey lucky hope this helps?
    Psoriasis Treatments include:
    1) Dead Sea Salts This traditional treatment to healing naturally has been used in the Middle East for thousands of years. We have a 6 week program designed to use in your home.

    2) “Psoriasis Spot Free in 30 Days”, A special diet book written by a former sufferer of the itching and flaking skin condition. The author is a registered nurse who used food to reverse the signs and symptoms of her condition.

    3) Homeopathic treatment that helps to target the source of the problem with no damaging side effects.

    4) Herbal extractions like Oregon Grape Root Extract and Herbal Detox Tea combinations that gently cleanse your body of toxins and help optimize your liver function. Herbs have historically been used for treatment of skin conditions.

    5) Gentle herbal scalp creams and shampoos that contain FDA approved ingredients to combine nature with science.

    6) Dietary supplements to improve your defense systems, Omega Fortified Flax (recommended for children and adults) and Alkyrol Shark Liver Oil for maximum Omega 3 fatty acids.

    Maintaining a healthy and nutritious diet can improve general health and have a positive impact on psoriasis.

    The Natural Products Center is proud to be a central location for exploring alternative health products and carries a line of Vestalcare and LupiCare products. You can also find special discounted treatment programs of Mineral Care Dead Sea Salts. Our special packages put together FDA recognized approaches for psoriasis with diet and nutritional supplements to give you a multi-pronged approach to dealing with your skin condition.

    We encourage you to become informed about psoriasis and the natural products that can have a positive impact your skin..

    What is psoriasis and how it can be controlled are just some of the questions explored on this web site. Is there a cure? NO. But you can effectively keep the itching skin, scaling, and red lesions at bay without injections, caustic pharmaceuticals, or cancer causing therapies. Natural approaches do work.

    We searched the world over to bring you unique and effective choices for psoriasis. We hope you find the lost treasures you were seeking. Our nautical theme invokes a spirit of adventure and discovery. There are items here that are not from the sea, but herbal, homeopathic, and from land. We tried to combine old knowledge with new technology, common sense approaches, and alternative medicines to help make your trip to the Natural Products Center rewarding.

    Questions? You can reach the Natural Products Center at 1-800-301-3337.

    Natural Products Center
    P.O. Box 450748
    Westlake, OH 44145

    • ANSWER:
      very informative but what is your question?


Canine Liver Enzymes

Dogs are very curious by nature and love to get into everything. They just love to eat all types of substances. In fact, they are a bit like scavengers and will eat just about anything. The problem is that many household products and food are extremely toxic to your dog. In this article, we’ll discuss everyday household substances and food products that can adversely impact or kill your dog.

1. Antifreeze. Antifreeze contains ethylene glycole which is extremely toxic. The really horrible thing about antifreeze is that dogs are especially attracted to its sweet smell and taste and it only takes a very small amount to adversely affect it.

2. Bleach. Bleach is dangerous because it can adversely affect your dog’s esophagus and mucous membranes.

3. Bread Yeast. Once ingested, the yeast can expand in your dog’s stomach and can cause intestinal problems, including rupture of the intestines. In addition, alcohol fermentation can occur which may lead to alcohol poisoning.

4. Chocolate. Chocolate is dangerous because it contains and alkaloid called theobromine. This alkaloid can’t be quickly metabolized by dogs and when dogs eat large amounts of chocolate. Theobromine reaches high levels and can cause diarrhea, a fast heart and breathing rate, excessive urination, and even death.

5. Coffee grounds. In addition to chocolate, you should also keep your dog away from coffee grounds as they contain caffeine which can lead to hyperactive behavior, increased heart rate, tremors and even seizures.

6. Detergents. This includes anionic detergents (laundry detergent, shampoos, and dish soaps) as well as cationic detergents (fabric softeners, sanitizers, etc.) Anionic detergents can cause general illness whereas cationic detergents can cause severe damage to your dog’s mucous membranes.

7. Fruit seeds. There are many fruit seeds that are extremely toxic including peach pits and avocados. The ingestion of these typically cause respiratory distress and fluid to accumulate around your dog’s heart. In addition, stems and leaves of tomatoes are also hazardous and can cause drooling, diarrhea, increased heart rate, and vomiting.

8. Household plants. There are many toxic household plants including aloe, lilies, ferns, devil’s ivy, and poinsettias. In fact, if your dog ingests any of them, they may become seriously ill or may even die.

9. Macadamia nuts. If enough of these are eaten, your dog may experience hind leg weakness, vomiting, drooling or diarrhea, muscle tremors, and depression. Although this isn’t typically fatal, they are still quite dangerous.

10. Moth bolls. These insecticides can cause dog seizures, cause your dog’s liver to fail, and can wreak havoc in your dog’s nervous system as well.

11. Mouthwash. Most mouthwashes contain boric acid which is highly toxic to dogs. Therefore, keep it away from your pet.

12. Tylenol. Although it is great for human headaches, it is extremely poisonous for dogs. This is because they don’t have the liver enzyme to break down the acetaminophen. In fact, only two regular strength Tylenols will kill your small dog.

13. Watch batteries. These are extremely dangerous and can cause a fatal ulceration in your dog’s stomach which may happens within 12 hours.

In conclusion, you must not only be aware of the above mentioned household items, you must do everything that you can in order to keep your dogs away from them. By recognizing these items and putting them away, you can protect your beloved pet from harm.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    My cat has raised liver enzymes – what should I do?
    My 14 month Scottish fold was found to have raised liver enzymes during a routine blood test before sterilization surgery. She is well, eating normally though she is a little small for her age. She eats boiled chicken fillet twice a day and Royal Canine fussy cat for the rest of the day. The vet has started her on a course of Legalon.

    Any help is appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Okay- other posters don’t know what legalon is- IT IS MILK THISTLE!! Anyways, we usually don’t worry a whole lot about elevated enzymes in young pets unless they are significantly elevated. Usually a course of low dose antibiotics and switching foods to a LOW FAT cat food will help to decrease the levels. One thing to keep in mind is to recheck the levels every month until/if they decrease. Most of the times, they will return to normal within a month or two. The other thing to keep in mind is that elevated levels might be normal for your baby. My dane’s triglycerides always run high- but this is normal for her and we found this out by running lab work repeatedly and no matter what we did they never went down.
      Another thing to look in to is an ultrasound. With an ultrasound, the radiologist will be able to see the liver, make sure it is okay- smooth, normal size, etc… You can also look into doing a bile acids test to see if the liver is functioning normally.

  2. QUESTION:
    Interpreting canine lab results…..liver failure?
    Scenario: 9 year old GSD who hasn’t eaten in 3.5 days. Does drink and hold down water. No vomiting. Marked lethargy. X-rays show slightly enlarged liver and spleen. Lots of gas in stomach and small bowel. Upon abdominal palpation, fluid can be heard sloshing around, from across the room. Yellowed sclera.

    Elevated liver enzymes, decrased amylase, bilirubin of 6.6, Decreased sodium and protein. White count elevated with marked monocytosis, and neutrophilia.

    Dog is currently hypothermic: 98.6 rectally. Urine is vvery dark, and voiding takes forever. On IV fluids at the animal hospital.

    Ultrasound was inconclusive. Fluid in stomach and bowel, still no vomiting. Concerned for ileus, but no vomiting or acute distress.

    Dog is still lethargic…..

    • ANSWER:
      And the vet says????????

      It does remind me of the symptoms and test reults on a Golden who crashed abruptly – wouldn’t get up, wouldn’t eat and did drink some ; yellowing set in and she was clearly jaundicing; and was rushed in to clinic that same day she collapsed. Kidney and liver cancer. Fast on set having just had full abdominal xrays 4 months before and a complete workup for tumors and cysts and possible cancer 9 month before at the university hospital.

  3. QUESTION:
    Good Canine Arthritis Supplement?
    We have a 14 yr. old Siberian Husky who has developed arthritis. He’s stiff when getting up and sitting/laying down. Because of some elevated liver enzymes, he cannot take any prescription arthritis meds. He is taking Tramadol for pain and a joint supplement (Super Joint Enhancer) from PetMeds. His arthritis has not gotten any worse on the Joint Enhancer, but it hasn’t really made a visible difference either. I found a Joint Rescue and Supplement on petwellbeing.com, but it only has 1 review. There are a bunch of different supplements out there “sworn to work” too. Does anyone give their older dog a supplement for arthritis that has made a big difference & that they would recommend? Jake (our Husky) thanks you!
    The Tramadol for pain control is from his Vet, but she suggested we keep him on a supplement as well. The current ones are Glucosamine/Condroitin.

    • ANSWER:
      We gave our GSD chondroitin and glucosamine pills. The same ones my husband takes. Because of his size, I gave him a full 1,800 mg per day (one 900 mg pill in the morning, one at night).

      Our vet was fully aware of the supplements we gave him.

      I purchased the medication at WalMart in the supplement aisle, not the pet section. Once I saw the difference after a couple of weeks, I wish I had started giving them earlier.

      Don’t get me wrong, he wasn’t bounding around like a puppy but his movements were noticeably easier and less painful.

  4. QUESTION:
    To the Dog section Top Contributers….I need your input. I/D or raw?
    Okay, so my dog had to stay at the vet last night. She is a mixed breed (spaniel/daschund…we think), about 5 yrs old and 18 lbs. She threw up a few times earlier in the week, then on Thursday there was blood in it and also in her stool (which was soft and too little of an amount). We had the same thing happen this past May and the vet that I took her to said she got into the trash. They kept her overnight, hooked her up to the IV, ran tests, etc. Their “diagnosis” was that she got into the trash, sent her home with medicine and the Hills I/D diet. It cost about 0 and when I told them of her past trouble with elevated liver enzymes (a couple years ago) they just dismissed it. I found out that the doctor I like is no longer affiliated with the hospital from May (something they failed to tell me when I asked to make the appt with him), so I took her to his other location yesterday, along with copies of her x-rays and blood test results from last time. He wanted to keep her overnight since he suspects a kidney or liver problem which could be very serious if left untreated.

    So, I’m going to pick her up in a little while and I know they will be recommending that she go on the canine I/D diet. Now, I read the ingredients and they are surprisingly even worse than I had originally thought. She doesn’t care for the I/D, and neither do I for that matter. A friend mentioned feeding her the raw food, and I remembered that 1-2 years ago after she had the liver trouble, I switched her from the I/D to a raw diet and she did really well. I can’t believe I had forgotten about that. So I am going to talk with him about it today when I go to pick her up, and would like to get a little more information on the subject.

    Is Hills Rx I/D or a raw diet better for my dog?

    I’ve done numerous google searches on the subject, but would like your input too. I’d appreciate your opinions from personal experience, or any websites you know of that give thorough, correct information (not just a company’s “marketing” info). Thank you so much!

    Well, the raw food isn’t cheap and I had been laid off from my job. So I switched her to the Natural Balance dry food (which has no by-products & is supposed to be highly digestable). She never any problems til recently, which I think may have been brought on by the change in weather we had in southern Calif this year and the MASSIVE flea problem. Either way, the cost is not an issue anymore. I just want what’s best for her. =)
    UPDATE: She does have a gastrointestinal problem (irritable bowel) & my vet is recommending the I/D for long term. Now, I too have believed for a long time that Science Diet is crap. So while at the office I took a look at the ingredients label of the i/d, expecting to see certain things. Well, they weren’t there. The ingredients are VERY different from what I have seen certain websites claim them to be. I honestly don’t know what to believe right now.
    I trust this doctor. He is one of the few left from the “old school”, I can tell that he cares. He always explains everything in detail, does not push expensive unneccesary procedures, does check-ups free of charge for her, helps with the local rescue organizations, and every employee (past & present) absolutely loves and respects him. “He’s the best” is the most common response when his name is mentioned. I highly doubt that he would recommend I feed her something unhealthy just to make a few extra bucks. Does anyone have any info?

    • ANSWER:
      I would just like to mention that a top contributor does not make them necessarily the most knowledgeable, although everyone so far seems to be so. Now, to address your question: The i/d is a good for for controlling gastrointestinal cases related to dietary discrepancies, however, every dog is different and some do better on other diets than others. If your dog does better on a raw diet, then why not keep it on that?

  5. QUESTION:
    Trt k9Liver Disease naturopathically.. continued.?
    This is a continuation of my previous question asking for those who had experience to share theirs so I could guage my expectations.

    I can share I’ve had fantastic results with acupuncture, as well as taking the dog off commercial food. I cook for her; boiled chicken and baked sweet potato with sprinkle of fresh parsley.

    She also gets something called Stem-Enhance twice a day, and Acidophillis, digestsive enzymes and Seven Forests’ Tang Kuei and something called Hepagen-C. Once a day she gets ‘Eco Liver’, her usual dose of soloxine, and 400mg of Sam-E.

    What are your experiences, and can you share anything with respect to canine liver disease?
    Nobody has a comment?
    As stated above; we’ve taken her off of commercial food and I’m boiling chicken and baking sweet potatos for her. There’s also some fresh parsley in there.

    • ANSWER:
      Liver disease is best treated with a low protein, low fat diet. Did your vet give you a list of things that she can eat well?

  6. QUESTION:
    Science digestion?
    1: The human body has three pairs of salivary glands.
    True
    False

    2: The function of the salivary enzyme is to aid in swallowing.
    True
    False

    3: “Wisdom teeth” are more properly called molars.
    True
    False

    4: Incisors and canines are adapted for biting.
    True
    False

    5: Teeth are dead structures and have no blood supply.
    True
    False

    6: Cavities in teeth may be enlarged by microorganisms.
    True
    False

    7: The diaphragm is located just below the stomach.
    True
    False

    8: Stomach gland cells secrete gastric juice.
    True
    False

    9: A muscular valve at the end of the stomach controls the movement of food into the small intestine.
    True
    False

    10: Most of the chemical breakdown in digestion takes place in the stomach.
    True
    False

    11: The end-products of digestion are soluble in water.
    True
    False

    12: Liver bile contains a number of different digestive enzymes.
    True
    False

    13: Fat digestion takes place in the pancreas.
    True
    False

    14: Alcohol may be absorbed by blood vessels in the stomach wall.
    True
    False

    15: Glucose provides the main source of energy for body cells.
    True
    False

    16: The intestines are normally free of bacteria.
    True
    False

    17: From ages twelve to sixteen, boys and girls need only about 1,000 Calories of food energy per day.
    True
    False

    18: Potatoes are much richer in proteins than is lean beef.
    True
    False

    19: A good portion of the food eaten by the average American consists of indigestible material.
    True
    False

    • ANSWER:
      1: true
      2: true
      3:true
      4: false
      5: false
      6: true
      7: ?
      8:false
      9: true
      10: true
      11: false
      12: true
      13: false (liver)
      14: true (but it ruins the cell wall and takes a long time for the cells to streach and fix the damaged area.)
      15: ?
      16: false
      17: false (it depends on your body weight.)
      18: false
      19: true.
      19

  7. QUESTION:
    What would make you suggest that humans are naturally omnivores?
    I asked this before, but this time I will go into more detail. These words below are copy/pasted from WikiAnswers:

    facial Muscles
    CARNIVORE: Reduced to allow wide mouth gape
    HERBIVORE: Well-developed
    OMNIVORE: Reduced
    HUMAN: Well-developed

    Jaw Type
    CARNIVORE: Angle not expanded
    HERBIVORE: Expanded angle
    OMNIVORE: Angle not expanded
    HUMAN: Expanded angle

    Jaw Joint Location
    CARNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
    HERBIVORE: Above the plane of the molars
    OMNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
    HUMAN: Above the plane of the molars

    Jaw Motion
    CARNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side motion
    HERBIVORE: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back
    OMNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side
    HUMAN: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back

    Major Jaw Muscles
    CARNIVORE: Temporalis
    HERBIVORE: Masseter and pterygoids
    OMNIVORE: Temporalis
    HUMAN: Masseter and pterygoids

    Mouth Opening vs. Head Size
    CARNIVORE: Large
    HERBIVORE: Small
    OMNIVORE: Large
    HUMAN: Small

    Teeth: Incisors
    CARNIVORE: Short and pointed
    HERBIVORE: Broad, flattened and spade shaped
    OMNIVORE: Short and pointed
    HUMAN: Broad, flattened and spade shaped

    Teeth: Canines
    CARNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
    HERBIVORE: Dull and short or long (for defense), or none
    OMNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
    HUMAN: Short and blunted

    Teeth: Molars
    CARNIVORE: Sharp, jagged and blade shaped
    HERBIVORE: Flattened with cusps vs complex surface
    OMNIVORE: Sharp blades and/or flattened
    HUMAN: Flattened with nodular cusps

    Chewing
    CARNIVORE: None; swallows food whole
    HERBIVORE: Extensive chewing necessary
    OMNIVORE: Swallows food whole and/or simple crushing
    HUMAN: Extensive chewing necessary

    Saliva
    CARNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
    HERBIVORE: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes
    OMNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
    HUMAN: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes

    Stomach Type
    CARNIVORE: Simple
    HERBIVORE: Simple or multiple chambers
    OMNIVORE: Simple
    HUMAN: Simple

    Stomach Acidity
    CARNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
    HERBIVORE: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach
    OMNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
    HUMAN: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach

    Stomach Capacity
    CARNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
    HERBIVORE: Less than 30% of total volume of digestive tract
    OMNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
    HUMAN: 21% to 27% of total volume of digestive tract

    Length of Small Intestine
    CARNIVORE: 3 to 6 times body length
    HERBIVORE: 10 to more than 12 times body length
    OMNIVORE: 4 to 6 times body length
    HUMAN: 10 to 11 times body length

    Colon
    CARNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
    HERBIVORE: Long, complex; may be sacculated
    OMNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
    HUMAN: Long, sacculated

    Liver
    CARNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
    HERBIVORE: Cannot detoxify vitamin A
    OMNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
    HUMAN: Cannot detoxify vitamin A

    Kidney
    CARNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
    HERBIVORE: Moderately concentrated urine
    OMNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
    HUMAN: Moderately concentrated urine

    Nails
    CARNIVORE: Sharp claws
    HERBIVORE: Flattened nails or blunt hooves
    OMNIVORE: Sharp claws
    HUMAN: Flattened nails

    The typical vegan diet is (supposably) defficient in B12, iron and vitamin D. However I don’t know if that’s entirely true…

    When humans lived in caves or the woods they probably got out more and had plenty of sunlight for making their vitamin D. Iron is actually really easy to get when you eat plants LIKE spinach (and I know that people used to eat a lot of them thousands of years ago). B12 grows in places where it is dirty and there is bacteria (like inside an animal???) and food would have been much dirtier back then and had all the B12 you’d need.

    People had these characteristics since before they evolved into being humans, but they did have much bigger canines (like chimpanzees have big canines) but they were just as blunt as the modern man’s canines. They were probably used for opening nuts or breaking something thick before they grind it down (using the side-to-side jaw motion) and their molars.

    I imagine people started hunting because when they got clever enough to attach a sharp stone to a piece of wood they could easily throw it fast enough to hit a deer and kill it, but this doesn’t seem very natural to me.

    Another characteristic of carnivores and omnivores not shown above is that humans naturally hate the smell of the bacteria in rotting meat, but cats and dogs just love it! And they will eat nearly every part of an animal, but for humans that would be digusting. Those who do eat every part of an animal also usually have a very low life expentancy and maybe that’s because they also don’t eat enough vegetables.

    So you probably wonder why we eat meat than, because we are adapted to liking the tastes of protein and fat. When we were cavemen, we would have to eat all the protein and fat we found, which was why we adapted
    Exsft: I didn’t understand that part about Looney Toons and I am pretty sure I can’t remember ever writing “specieses” so you must have mistaken me for someone else.
    And the word “You” I probably spelled as being “u” at some point, it seems like something I would do. Yes it is the wrong spelling but why not? It’s easier to write and doesn’t harm anyone so what’s wrong?

    And anyway, you clearly did not answer or develop on the question
    Joanne: actually, natural carnivores and omnivores barely chew their meat at all. They have long sharp and curved canines which they use for catching their prey, however they barely chew the prey once they have it dead. Some of them have simple crushing followed by swallowing the food in lumps.

    • ANSWER:
      If we were meant to eat meat, we could hunt our prey with our bare hands, kill it and eat it raw.

  8. QUESTION:
    Biology help? basic bio GCSE level?
    complete this please and correct me if ever
    These are questions in a wordsearch
    I have to find the words then place them as answers
    can you please help me finish this quickly i still need to do lots of things

    another name for fats and oils == lipids
    big crushing teeth of dog == ??
    Big grinding teeth == premolar
    enzyme that breaks down starch == amylase
    enzyme that breaks down fat == lipase
    enzyme that breaks down proteins == protease
    helps in the digestion of fat == ???
    needed by plants to help enzyme work== ??
    needed by plants to make amino acids = ?
    organ where bile is produced == liver?? pancreas??
    organ where sugar is absorbed by active transport == ??
    part of cell where respiration occurs == ???
    proteins are broken down into == ???
    site of diffusion of gas in lungs == alveoli???
    sharp pointy teeth == canine
    teeth in front of molars = premolar??
    these speed up digestion == ??
    type of acid found in stomach == hydrochloric acid?
    undigested food == ??
    what a plant cell wall is made of == ??
    what bile does to fat =??
    where the reaction takes place in a cell == cytoplasm

    thanks in advance

    • ANSWER:
      big crushing teeth of dog == molars
      helps in the diegestion of fat == bile
      needed by plants to make amino acids = nitrogen
      where bile is produced == liver
      part of cell where respiration occurs== mitochondrion or mitochondria
      what bile does to fat= emulsify, emulsifies, emulsification
      what a plant cell wall is made of == cellulose
      these speed up digestion== enzymes
      teeth in front of molars == premolars
      it goes molars, premolars, canines, incisors

  9. QUESTION:
    Why do people insist that we are omnivores, not herbivores?
    I found this online:

    From “The Comparative Anatomy of Eating”, by Milton R. Mills, MD

    Facial Muscles
    CARNIVORE: Reduced to allow wide mouth gape
    HERBIVORE: Well-developed
    OMNIVORE: Reduced
    HUMAN: Well-developed

    Jaw Type
    CARNIVORE: Angle not expanded
    HERBIVORE: Expanded angle
    OMNIVORE: Angle not expanded
    HUMAN: Expanded angle

    Jaw Joint Location
    CARNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
    HERBIVORE: Above the plane of the molars
    OMNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
    HUMAN: Above the plane of the molars

    Jaw Motion
    CARNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side motion
    HERBIVORE: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back
    OMNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side
    HUMAN: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back

    Major Jaw Muscles
    CARNIVORE: Temporalis
    HERBIVORE: Masseter and pterygoids
    OMNIVORE: Temporalis
    HUMAN: Masseter and pterygoids

    Mouth Opening vs. Head Size
    CARNIVORE: Large
    HERBIVORE: Small
    OMNIVORE: Large
    HUMAN: Small

    Teeth: Incisors
    CARNIVORE: Short and pointed
    HERBIVORE: Broad, flattened and spade shaped
    OMNIVORE: Short and pointed
    HUMAN: Broad, flattened and spade shaped

    Teeth: Canines
    CARNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
    HERBIVORE: Dull and short or long (for defense), or none
    OMNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
    HUMAN: Short and blunted

    Teeth: Molars
    CARNIVORE: Sharp, jagged and blade shaped
    HERBIVORE: Flattened with cusps vs complex surface
    OMNIVORE: Sharp blades and/or flattened
    HUMAN: Flattened with nodular cusps

    Chewing
    CARNIVORE: None; swallows food whole
    HERBIVORE: Extensive chewing necessary
    OMNIVORE: Swallows food whole and/or simple crushing
    HUMAN: Extensive chewing necessary

    Saliva
    CARNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
    HERBIVORE: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes
    OMNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
    HUMAN: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes

    Stomach Type
    CARNIVORE: Simple
    HERBIVORE: Simple or multiple chambers
    OMNIVORE: Simple
    HUMAN: Simple

    Stomach Acidity
    CARNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
    HERBIVORE: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach
    OMNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
    HUMAN: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach

    Stomach Capacity
    CARNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
    HERBIVORE: Less than 30% of total volume of digestive tract
    OMNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
    HUMAN: 21% to 27% of total volume of digestive tract

    Length of Small Intestine
    CARNIVORE: 3 to 6 times body length
    HERBIVORE: 10 to more than 12 times body length
    OMNIVORE: 4 to 6 times body length
    HUMAN: 10 to 11 times body length

    Colon
    CARNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
    HERBIVORE: Long, complex; may be sacculated
    OMNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
    HUMAN: Long, sacculated

    Liver
    CARNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
    HERBIVORE: Cannot detoxify vitamin A
    OMNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
    HUMAN: Cannot detoxify vitamin A

    Kidney
    CARNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
    HERBIVORE: Moderately concentrated urine
    OMNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
    HUMAN: Moderately concentrated urine

    Nails
    CARNIVORE: Sharp claws
    HERBIVORE: Flattened nails or blunt hooves
    OMNIVORE: Sharp claws
    HUMAN: Flattened nails

    This sounds pretty convincing to me, but everywhere else it seems to be insisted that human beings are meant to be omnivores. Gorillas are the closest animal to humans and there herbivores. Give me some info. How do you feel about that info up there?

    • ANSWER:
      I think the definition of omnivore is simply that we eat both meat and veggies. It’s a functional definition, despite what our anatomy may tell us. I think a lot of those physiological traits of omnivores/carnivores were bypassed in humans due to the fact we use tools, cook our meat and have other means that do not require us to have sharp claws or the typical carnivore digestive tract.

      No one can say whether we were MEANT to be omnivores or not, but there are plenty of humans who are either omnivores or herbivores and are perfectly healthy.

      Also, I think chimps, not gorillas are the closest living relatives of humans and they are omnivores.

  10. QUESTION:
    Why do so many people think we are naturally omnivores?
    Are humans omnivores or herbivores?
    In: Nutrition [Edit categories]
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    science and good old fashioned “common sense” would suggest humans are herbivores.

    “When we kill animals to eat them, they end up killing us because their flesh, which contains cholesterol and saturated fat, was never intended for human beings, who are natural herbivores.”

    William C. Roberts, M.D., editor, American Journal of Cardiology

    From “The Comparative Anatomy of Eating”, by Milton R. Mills, MD

    Facial Muscles
    CARNIVORE: Reduced to allow wide mouth gape
    HERBIVORE: Well-developed
    OMNIVORE: Reduced
    HUMAN: Well-developed

    Jaw Type
    CARNIVORE: Angle not expanded
    HERBIVORE: Expanded angle
    OMNIVORE: Angle not expanded
    HUMAN: Expanded angle

    Jaw Joint Location
    CARNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
    HERBIVORE: Above the plane of the molars
    OMNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
    HUMAN: Above the plane of the molars

    Jaw Motion
    CARNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side motion
    HERBIVORE: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back
    OMNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side
    HUMAN: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back

    Major Jaw Muscles
    CARNIVORE: Temporalis
    HERBIVORE: Masseter and pterygoids
    OMNIVORE: Temporalis
    HUMAN: Masseter and pterygoids

    Mouth Opening vs. Head Size
    CARNIVORE: Large
    HERBIVORE: Small
    OMNIVORE: Large
    HUMAN: Small

    Teeth: Incisors
    CARNIVORE: Short and pointed
    HERBIVORE: Broad, flattened and spade shaped
    OMNIVORE: Short and pointed
    HUMAN: Broad, flattened and spade shaped

    Teeth: Canines
    CARNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
    HERBIVORE: Dull and short or long (for defense), or none
    OMNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
    HUMAN: Short and blunted

    Teeth: Molars
    CARNIVORE: Sharp, jagged and blade shaped
    HERBIVORE: Flattened with cusps vs complex surface
    OMNIVORE: Sharp blades and/or flattened
    HUMAN: Flattened with nodular cusps

    Chewing
    CARNIVORE: None; swallows food whole
    HERBIVORE: Extensive chewing necessary
    OMNIVORE: Swallows food whole and/or simple crushing
    HUMAN: Extensive chewing necessary

    Saliva
    CARNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
    HERBIVORE: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes
    OMNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
    HUMAN: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes

    Stomach Type
    CARNIVORE: Simple
    HERBIVORE: Simple or multiple chambers
    OMNIVORE: Simple
    HUMAN: Simple

    Stomach Acidity
    CARNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
    HERBIVORE: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach
    OMNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
    HUMAN: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach

    Stomach Capacity
    CARNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
    HERBIVORE: Less than 30% of total volume of digestive tract
    OMNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
    HUMAN: 21% to 27% of total volume of digestive tract

    Length of Small Intestine
    CARNIVORE: 3 to 6 times body length
    HERBIVORE: 10 to more than 12 times body length
    OMNIVORE: 4 to 6 times body length
    HUMAN: 10 to 11 times body length

    Colon
    CARNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
    HERBIVORE: Long, complex; may be sacculated
    OMNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
    HUMAN: Long, sacculated

    Liver
    CARNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
    HERBIVORE: Cannot detoxify vitamin A
    OMNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
    HUMAN: Cannot detoxify vitamin A

    Kidney
    CARNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
    HERBIVORE: Moderately concentrated urine
    OMNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
    HUMAN: Moderately concentrated urine

    Nails
    CARNIVORE: Sharp claws
    HERBIVORE: Flattened nails or blunt hooves
    OMNIVORE: Sharp claws
    HUMAN: Flattened nails
    Many animals such as cows and chickens get fed meat when theyre being farmed though, does this make them natural omnivores too?
    Why is nobody answering my added details? What about the fact that many herbivorous animals CAN digest meat but we still consider them herbivores?

    • ANSWER:
      @John
      I read a book called the China Study which I strongly recommend. This outlined the biological role that different food types play in our body and the huge HEALTH BENEFITS A PLANT BASED diet.

      You also mentioned vitamin B12, the vitamins and minerals we need, are needed by us because we have evolved with them in out diet. Vitamin B12 comes from a bacteria and is not naturally found in any foods or vegetables. It is found in eat because what they consume is dirty and it use to be present in out diets for the same reason, and also perhaps from termite eating.

      Now to the point you made on Vitamin D. We naturally produce all the Vitamin D we need just by exposing out skin to the sun for a short amount of time.

      Protein, although there aren’t an abundance of foods which contain all the proteins we require to grow tissue, that just shows that we need to eat a varied diet. The perfect thing to eat to get all the vitamins proteins and minerals we need would be human flesh so does this suggest we are naturally meant to be carnivorous? No.

      I went from being a meat lover to vegan after reading the china study, and am now healthier for it.
      I had been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease I am now reversing this and have started running 30 miles a week.

      I say the proof is in the pudding, the vegan wholefood pudding.

  11. QUESTION:
    Why do so many poeple think we are natuarally omnivores?
    Are humans omnivores or herbivores?
    In: Nutrition [Edit categories]
    Improve Your Digestion
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    science and good old fashioned “common sense” would suggest humans are herbivores.

    “When we kill animals to eat them, they end up killing us because their flesh, which contains cholesterol and saturated fat, was never intended for human beings, who are natural herbivores.”

    William C. Roberts, M.D., editor, American Journal of Cardiology

    From “The Comparative Anatomy of Eating”, by Milton R. Mills, MD

    Facial Muscles
    CARNIVORE: Reduced to allow wide mouth gape
    HERBIVORE: Well-developed
    OMNIVORE: Reduced
    HUMAN: Well-developed

    Jaw Type
    CARNIVORE: Angle not expanded
    HERBIVORE: Expanded angle
    OMNIVORE: Angle not expanded
    HUMAN: Expanded angle

    Jaw Joint Location
    CARNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
    HERBIVORE: Above the plane of the molars
    OMNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
    HUMAN: Above the plane of the molars

    Jaw Motion
    CARNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side motion
    HERBIVORE: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back
    OMNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side
    HUMAN: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back

    Major Jaw Muscles
    CARNIVORE: Temporalis
    HERBIVORE: Masseter and pterygoids
    OMNIVORE: Temporalis
    HUMAN: Masseter and pterygoids

    Mouth Opening vs. Head Size
    CARNIVORE: Large
    HERBIVORE: Small
    OMNIVORE: Large
    HUMAN: Small

    Teeth: Incisors
    CARNIVORE: Short and pointed
    HERBIVORE: Broad, flattened and spade shaped
    OMNIVORE: Short and pointed
    HUMAN: Broad, flattened and spade shaped

    Teeth: Canines
    CARNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
    HERBIVORE: Dull and short or long (for defense), or none
    OMNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
    HUMAN: Short and blunted

    Teeth: Molars
    CARNIVORE: Sharp, jagged and blade shaped
    HERBIVORE: Flattened with cusps vs complex surface
    OMNIVORE: Sharp blades and/or flattened
    HUMAN: Flattened with nodular cusps

    Chewing
    CARNIVORE: None; swallows food whole
    HERBIVORE: Extensive chewing necessary
    OMNIVORE: Swallows food whole and/or simple crushing
    HUMAN: Extensive chewing necessary

    Saliva
    CARNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
    HERBIVORE: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes
    OMNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
    HUMAN: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes

    Stomach Type
    CARNIVORE: Simple
    HERBIVORE: Simple or multiple chambers
    OMNIVORE: Simple
    HUMAN: Simple

    Stomach Acidity
    CARNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
    HERBIVORE: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach
    OMNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
    HUMAN: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach

    Stomach Capacity
    CARNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
    HERBIVORE: Less than 30% of total volume of digestive tract
    OMNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
    HUMAN: 21% to 27% of total volume of digestive tract

    Length of Small Intestine
    CARNIVORE: 3 to 6 times body length
    HERBIVORE: 10 to more than 12 times body length
    OMNIVORE: 4 to 6 times body length
    HUMAN: 10 to 11 times body length

    Colon
    CARNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
    HERBIVORE: Long, complex; may be sacculated
    OMNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
    HUMAN: Long, sacculated

    Liver
    CARNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
    HERBIVORE: Cannot detoxify vitamin A
    OMNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
    HUMAN: Cannot detoxify vitamin A

    Kidney
    CARNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
    HERBIVORE: Moderately concentrated urine
    OMNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
    HUMAN: Moderately concentrated urine

    Nails
    CARNIVORE: Sharp claws
    HERBIVORE: Flattened nails or blunt hooves
    OMNIVORE: Sharp claws
    HUMAN: Flattened nails
    What about the fact that many herbivorous animals CAN digest meat but we still consider them herbivores?

    • ANSWER:
      Perhaps this will help answer your question:

      http://www.vrg.org/nutshell/omni.htm#evidence

      To sum up:

      *Ancient human societies were clearly hunter-gatherers, meaning that they consumed meat as well as plants.

      * The length of the intestine isn’t as important as the types of cells found IN the intestine for determining what an organism eats. More on this in a moment.

      * Nearly all herbivores have fermenting vats in which they let bacteria go to work breaking down the tough plant material that makes up the bulk of their diet. Humans have no such structures, indicating that humans cannot be true herbivores.

      * Canine size has little to do with diet in primates. The primates with the largest canines (gorillas and gelada baboons) are mostly vegetarians. Apparently our reduced canine size has more to do with our enlarged craniums and consequently reduced jaw size than with our diet.

      * Our salivary glands indicate that we could be omnivores. Unfortunately the website I cited doesn’t give much additional information on this point.

      * The inner surface area of the intestines is more important than their length. The inner surface area of human intestinal tract is intermediate between that of true carnivores and true herbivores, indicating that we are adapted to eating both meat and veggies.

      Why do so many people think we’re omnivores? Because that’s what the relevant evidence suggests.

      I hope that helps. Good luck!

  12. QUESTION:
    Why do people insist that we are omnivores, not herbivores?
    I found this online:

    From “The Comparative Anatomy of Eating”, by Milton R. Mills, MD

    Facial Muscles
    CARNIVORE: Reduced to allow wide mouth gape
    HERBIVORE: Well-developed
    OMNIVORE: Reduced
    HUMAN: Well-developed

    Jaw Type
    CARNIVORE: Angle not expanded
    HERBIVORE: Expanded angle
    OMNIVORE: Angle not expanded
    HUMAN: Expanded angle

    Jaw Joint Location
    CARNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
    HERBIVORE: Above the plane of the molars
    OMNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
    HUMAN: Above the plane of the molars

    Jaw Motion
    CARNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side motion
    HERBIVORE: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back
    OMNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side
    HUMAN: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back

    Major Jaw Muscles
    CARNIVORE: Temporalis
    HERBIVORE: Masseter and pterygoids
    OMNIVORE: Temporalis
    HUMAN: Masseter and pterygoids

    Mouth Opening vs. Head Size
    CARNIVORE: Large
    HERBIVORE: Small
    OMNIVORE: Large
    HUMAN: Small

    Teeth: Incisors
    CARNIVORE: Short and pointed
    HERBIVORE: Broad, flattened and spade shaped
    OMNIVORE: Short and pointed
    HUMAN: Broad, flattened and spade shaped

    Teeth: Canines
    CARNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
    HERBIVORE: Dull and short or long (for defense), or none
    OMNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
    HUMAN: Short and blunted

    Teeth: Molars
    CARNIVORE: Sharp, jagged and blade shaped
    HERBIVORE: Flattened with cusps vs complex surface
    OMNIVORE: Sharp blades and/or flattened
    HUMAN: Flattened with nodular cusps

    Chewing
    CARNIVORE: None; swallows food whole
    HERBIVORE: Extensive chewing necessary
    OMNIVORE: Swallows food whole and/or simple crushing
    HUMAN: Extensive chewing necessary

    Saliva
    CARNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
    HERBIVORE: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes
    OMNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
    HUMAN: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes

    Stomach Type
    CARNIVORE: Simple
    HERBIVORE: Simple or multiple chambers
    OMNIVORE: Simple
    HUMAN: Simple

    Stomach Acidity
    CARNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
    HERBIVORE: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach
    OMNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
    HUMAN: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach

    Stomach Capacity
    CARNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
    HERBIVORE: Less than 30% of total volume of digestive tract
    OMNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
    HUMAN: 21% to 27% of total volume of digestive tract

    Length of Small Intestine
    CARNIVORE: 3 to 6 times body length
    HERBIVORE: 10 to more than 12 times body length
    OMNIVORE: 4 to 6 times body length
    HUMAN: 10 to 11 times body length

    Colon
    CARNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
    HERBIVORE: Long, complex; may be sacculated
    OMNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
    HUMAN: Long, sacculated

    Liver
    CARNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
    HERBIVORE: Cannot detoxify vitamin A
    OMNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
    HUMAN: Cannot detoxify vitamin A

    Kidney
    CARNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
    HERBIVORE: Moderately concentrated urine
    OMNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
    HUMAN: Moderately concentrated urine

    Nails
    CARNIVORE: Sharp claws
    HERBIVORE: Flattened nails or blunt hooves
    OMNIVORE: Sharp claws
    HUMAN: Flattened nails

    This sounds pretty convincing to me, but everywhere else it seems to be insisted that human beings are meant to be omnivores. Gorillas are the closest animal to humans and there herbivores. Give me some info. How do you feel about that info up there?

    • ANSWER:
      We are omnivorous. There are several factors to be counted in, more than the simple physical traits exposed in your question.

      -Biochemical:

      Herbivores eat plants, which, compared to meat are extremely poor in proteins. Herbivores synthesize almost all their amino acids themselves, unlike carnivores, that don’t need to due to their diet, and can survive without the energy costly amino acid metabolic paths. That’s why most carnivores lack these paths (they’ve been turned into pseudo genes) and so do humans. Humans must have a minimal intake of several amino acids to survive, like carnivores.

      All our cousins (chimpanzee, gorillas, baboons) are omnivorous and so do we, by the way, our facial muscles are smaller compared to other older hominids like Paranthropus who were almost completely herbivorous.

      We don’t need claws or sharp canines due to our ability to build arms and tools to hunt, that’s why we neither have any kind of physical defenses like other herbivores.

      And our big brain needs a high intake to keep working as it is one of the most consuming organs in our body, unlike in most herbivores.

      Anyway, herbivores are not able to digest meat..


Canine Liver Disease Diet

As our society was moving from the farms and rural America to cities and their suburban neighborhoods the food industry became more mechanized and high volume packaged off-the-supermarket-shelf orientated. At the same time the American dog became more of a household pet than its predatory meat eating predecessors. We started to treat our dogs as part of the family. Anything including diet that was good or convenient for humans was good enough for good old Rover.

The commercial dog food manufactures in the great American capitalistic way took full advantage of this environment. They quickly transitioned from meat based canned dog food to higher profitable high volume dry processed food. Instead of containing higher cost real meat they started using meat “by-products” and grain fillers such as corn and wheat glutens and soy protein. These ingredients virtually eliminated many critical dog nutrients including the amino acid taurine.

They were able to do this with taurine because it is classified as a “non-essential” amino acid. This means that it does not have to be obtained directly through the dogs diet, the dog (as in humans) can internally manufacture the substance. Taurine can be synthesized by dogs from cysteine in the liver and from methionine elsewhere in the body. There must be, however, sufficient quantities of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) present in the body. Recently however clinical research has shown that very few dogs cannot synthesize the taurine or at least produce enough to satisfy basic dog nutrition needs. Breeds shown to be especially at high risk of deficient taurine levels with fed a low meat diet are cocker spaniels, golden retrievers and newfoundlands. Overall coincidentally diseases such as liver disease, epilepsy, diabetes, and heart disease have increased dramatically in the domesticated dog.

Some basic facts about the benefits of taurine are:

It is one of the most plentiful amino acids in the body and thus provides many benefits. Potassium is an important mineral needed by the body for balancing acids, nerve impulse transmission, and enzymatic reactions. Taurine helps the cells to hold onto the needed potassium. Managing this in the tissues of the heart along with helping to control the heart beat makes it one of the most important amino acids in the heart.

It is also involved in the control of the release of neurotransmitters in the brain. This is believed to help prevent epileptic seizures. By helping to control cholesterol in the bile it is very effective in averting gall stones. Also being very high in white blood cells it promotes a proper immune system.

A serious problem with dogs and taurine deficiency is the fact that there is no way of telling if your dog is actually deficient or not. The only guaranteed way is to have a biopsy of the heart tissue. This is expensive and most veterinarians do not recommend it. They might suggest blood tests but they are inconclusive without really telling you the level of taurine in the actual cells and tissues.

Dosages range from 200mg to 2000mg per day best taken 2 to 3 times a days.

Taurine is found naturally in milk, meat, fish, eggs, and sea vegetables such as kelp and seaweed. As for meat (not meat meal or by-products) chicken is best with beef pretty good second and lamb a distance third. Overall in dog supplements kelp is probably the best “bang for your buck” since it contains all 21 amino acids and is also rich in minerals and many vitamins. Adding the needed taurine to your dogs diet is reasonably safe with a natural supplement.

Synthetic taurine is produced in large quantities and is supplied equality to the pharmaceutical market and the pet food/supplement market. Make sure you follow the recommend dosage. As always you should consult your veterinarian for your particular dog.

The research staff at Vitahound recommends a natural supplement over the synthetic products.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Where can I find the latest info on Canine liver disease on the web?
    I’m specifically looking for the lastest info on diet and supplement treatments and recipes for home-made dog food and treats.

    • ANSWER:
      a couple of good websites

      http://www.veterinarypartner.com/Content.plx?P=T&C=35&S=0

      http://www.virtualvet.com/

      a good website but can be too technical

      http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/servlet/CVMHighLight?file=htm/bc/25600.htm&word=canine,liver,disease

  2. QUESTION:
    Canine liver disease?
    My five year old Pomeranian (Mia) has had liver disease her whole life. She was the runt in the family and we knew she wouldn’t live long. The thing is, some stuff from her liver is going to the brain which makes her have seizures. The vet said if she has them more then 2 times a week she should just be put down. Now it’s getting worse. She has seizures everyday. She is on Sam-e and a laxative which gets rid of extra toxins in her body. We give her milk thistle and she is on a no protein diet. I was hoping some one knew if there was something more we could do. I want her to live as long as possible: ( Please Help!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Hunny, unfortuantely there is nothing else I recommend for you to do. Sounds as if she is in liver failure, is that what your vet said? You are doing everything you should be doing for her: no protein diet, milk thistle to help her make new liver cells, plenty of rest, and lots of love :)

      If your poor girl is seizing each day regardless of treatment, you need to consider her quality of life. I know how much you want to help her and how hard it is for you to watch her go through this. Please know how lucky she is to have you and your family because you chose to help her to fight her battle against liver disease. If she is having more bad days then good it is time to let her rest in pain-free peace. My thoughts and prayers are with you, Mia, and your family during this very difficult time. I am so sorry.

  3. QUESTION:
    I hate my vet…. I want to find a homeopathic vet but I can’t in my area, does anyone have any resources?
    My dog has idiopathic epilepsy and my vet is completely useless. When my dog first got it, he had tons of blood test and they couldn’t find the cause. Eventually they said it was idiopathic. Over the years I’ve done what the vet said just watch out. I looked up some information at first and asked if his food could be a factor, my vet said no. He only gets seizures every 3 months or so, and my vet said if he gets worse they’ll put him on medication, but that can cause liver disease.
    Last year I decided I was sick of my vet so I tried a couple of things. Know I have him on a homemade diet from canine epilepsy guardian angels site, and am using home remedies. I can’t say if it’s working because I just started and he only gets seizures every 3 months or so.
    I want to find a vet who is open to different solutions. My vets a *ss who doesn’t even have a good rapport with my dog. My dogs not well trained because I’ve spoiled him (mainly because I was afraid of disciplining him at first because of the seizures). But even so, most people he’s OK with, but he hates going to that vet office and so do I.
    Do you have any resources in finding a good homeopathic vet?

    • ANSWER:

      http://www.holisticvetlist.com/

      go to that website. that’s what i used to find mine.
      most vets are all about using medicine, that can usually cause more damage than actually helping (been there), or they just want their money…notice i said *most*.
      Holistic vets actually know about dog nutrition, they are taught in that field, as regular vets are not. they get paid to advertise a dog food. that’s why so many recommend the food they have in their office.

      I hope your dog gets better.

  4. QUESTION:
    Good Vampire Characteristics?
    Well I’ve been working on a vampire novel for about half-a-year now, and I’m starting to work on the traits. I just wanted opinions to see what other people think of my traits. note: I’m definitely going to wait til all the Twilight hype is over with, & I’ll admit that I’ve read it, but it’s not the reason I’m writing this. Besides, Anne Rice is my favorite (:

    THE SUN: The sun can kill vampires, because the UV rays burn up the blood and turn it into an ‘acid’, where it decomposes the skin and most of the bones, leaving a burnt carcass. As the vampires age, the sun becomes holds less sway over them.
    EYES: Their eyes are whatever color they were when they were human, except the color is amplified.
    TEETH: They have subtle but powerful fangs where the canines are. The lateral incisors have a very small point.
    FINGERNAILS: Not long, but not short. They’re well-kept looking, except in the sun where they look dead, yellowed, and cracked.
    SKIN: Pale. The usual.
    RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS: Nothing happens to vampires when exposed to them.
    STAKES: A vampire can sustain any wound, but needs to feed until it heals over or they’ll be drained of blood & die.
    GARLIC: Vampires are only repelled by garlic because of their heightened smell. It’s only repulsive if they breathe it in, which they don’t need to do.
    SHAPE-SHIFTING: Vampires can’t shapeshift, because The Law of Conservation of Mass states that matter can’t be created or destroyed (ex: a bat has less mass than the average human/vampire; a dinosaur has more)
    EYESIGHT: They can see in the dark.
    STRENGTH, REFLEXES, SPEED: Super strong. They have cat-like abilities, like you can never sneak up on them, and they can move very fast. They can jump from a 20000 foot builing upside down & land on their feet.
    SLEEP: They don’t need to sleep, but since they can’t really go out in daylight, they do to pass time. They don’t have to sleep in coffins, but some prefer it.
    DIET: Any type of blood will work. Artificial blood will suffice.
    MOONLIGHT: The full moon can irritate their skin, because it’s light it reflected off the sun. The new moon is the phase when they are most abundant.
    KILLING: Infected blood won’t fully kill a vampire, but if they are infused with diseased blood, laudanum, absinthe, and poison, they may be killed.
    VENOM: They have venom sacs in the roof of their mouth, connected to their fangs by tiny veins.
    CREATING A VAMPIRE: The human must be drained almost wholly of blood, and the venom will mix with the remaining blood and organs, killing them mostly. After the human blood is in the vampire, it passes quickly through the liver and gives it a special purified quality that when the human drinks it, it reconstructs their insides and DNA strands. note – if the person has a contagious disease, it doesn’t affect the vampire because the liver cleans out the blood.

    So, what do you think? Constructive criticism only, please.

    thanks:)

    • ANSWER:
      Wow very original ideas! I like them a lot.


Canine Liver Disease Symptoms

Canine Cushing’s Disease or better yet known as hyperadrenocorticism is the result of the chronic overproduction of glucocorticoid in the body. This disease is believed to be an illness that is common to middle-aged and older dogs and cats but mostly widespread among dogs.

For us to have a better comprehension of the said disease we must first have to understand the basics of the negative loop that functions in a normal and healthy dog. The pituitary gland generates a hormone which is referred to as ACTH which fuels the adrenal gland to generate the glucocorticoid hormones needed for the operation of many systems in the body. Once something goes wrong with the pituitary or adrenal gland processes leading to an overproduction of the glucocorticoid Cushing’s disease then develops.

Symptoms of Cushing’s disease may be indistinguishable and varied and may even appear slowly and progressively thus making it most easy to regard such as just part for a canine’s normal aging. Here are the most common symptoms that may be present to dogs who are suffering from this disease:

Amplified water consumption and urination. With this your dog may drink double the amount of its water consumption thus resulting as well into increased urination. This symptom is true to over 85% of all animals that are suffering of Cushing’s disease.

Polyphagia or increase in appetite. Your well-behaved pet may start delving into the trash, steal and become domineering of their food. This may be considered as normal despite having experiencing some other symptoms because to the ham-fisted this may even be a sign of good appetite.

Abdominal swelling. The potbellied form is a product of the altering of fat to the abdominal area plus the deteriorating and slaying of muscle mass in the abdomen.

Thin skin and hair loss. Estimated to affect about 50%-90% of the animals which are already suffering of Cushing’s disease – hair loss is the frequently one of the reasons why owners take their dogs to a vet for evaluation. The skin may also become thin and be effortlessly injured and dawdling to mend. The hair loss mostly begins at the elbows progressing onwards to abdomen until only the head and extremeties will be the only ones left with hair.

Some ways in determining that your dog is positively suffering with Cushing’s Disease is for you to take it to the vet for appropriate diagnoses. Your vet will surely recommend your pet to undergo laboratory tests such as complete blood count or CBC, urinalysis and even a blood chemistry panel to mention a few.

Canine Cushing’s disease is a usual condition in older dogs and is therefore habitually regarded to as merely parts of the dog’s normal aging process. Although most animals with this disease cannot be completely cured, their quality of life can certainly be improved and their lives may even be extended with a sooner intervention. It is truly possible to successfully manage this disease for years by having enough knowledge or familiarizing yourself with the distinctive signs and symptoms of Cushing’s disease and the cures that are available.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How serious is canine liver disease?
    I am a 23 year old struggling student and I have a 4 year old Shih Tzu. I took him to the vet yesterday because he was very sick. The vet told me he needed to keep my dog over night to preform tests on him. I called the vet this morning and found out my dog has liver disease and mentioned something about hepatitis (obviously a canine form of it). My vet was not very imformative and just told me I had to start my dog on medication and take him in for a biopsy. He told me that it could be terminal. I have been trying to search Google on this subject, but all I get are symptoms and how to diagnos it. I just want to know how serious this is. Have you had a pet with the same problem? What was the out come. Was it costly to treat?

    • ANSWER:
      Treatment of Liver Disease

      In many cases of liver disease, specific treatment is unavailable. Treatment is mainly supportive and symptomatic, such as administering subcutaneous (SQ) or intravenous (IV) fluids to prevent dehydration, providing adequate nutrition, and giving medications to control vomiting.

      Medications

      The type of medications given depend on the cause and extent of the liver damage. The liver is one of the main organs that breaks down medications. If the liver is not functioning correctly, medications often need to be given at lower doses since they remain in the body for a longer period of time. This includes those medications the pet may have been taking prior to the liver disease.

      Corticosteroids are used in certain cases of liver disease, such as chronic hepatitis, to decrease inflammation and scarring. They also stimulate the appetite and promote an overall feeling of well-being. High doses of corticosteroids can actually cause liver disease; do not give corticosteroids to a pet with liver disease except under the direct supervision of your veterinarian.

      Antibiotics are used in cases of infection or if the patient is at risk of a secondary infection.

      Penicillamine and zinc acetate are used in the treatment of copper storage disease to reduce the amount of copper in the liver.

      Medications may be indicated to help decrease nausea or vomiting caused by the liver disease, or to prevent ulcers in the stomach or small intestine. Examples of these medications include sucralfate and cimetidine.

      Ascites is treated with a diuretic such as furosemide (Lasix). Left untreated, ascites will cause difficulty breathing as it puts pressure on the diaphragm.

      Dehydration and changes in electrolytes need to be prevented with the use of IV or SQ fluids and electrolyte supplements such as potassium.

      Diet and supplements

      For many liver diseases, diets may need to be altered to maintain proper nutrition and caloric intake. Specific diets may be recommended depending on the diagnosis. Some animals may have reduced appetites or refuse to eat. In these cases, the pet may need to be force-fed with a syringe or a feeding tube will need to be placed.

      Dogs with copper storage disease need to be placed on a special diet low in copper.

      A daily vitamin and mineral supplement is often advised for pets with liver disease to help prevent deficiencies. If copper storage disease is diagnosed, this supplement should not contain any copper.

      Supplemental vitamin K may be necessary to help control bleeding disorders, since a diseased liver produces and stores less of this vitamin which is necessary for the liver to produce clotting factors.

      Vitamin E is given as an anti-oxidant to remove free radicals and prevent further oxidative injury to the liver. A water-soluble form of vitamin E is preferable, since the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins may be decreased in some forms of liver disease.

      A newer therapy for the treatment of liver disease is S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe). Normally produced by the liver, SAMe is necessary for many functions of liver cells. It is available as a dietary supplement.

      Summary

      Some types of liver disease are not curable, but with supportive care, the patient may still be able to live a comfortable, though shortened, life.

      Hope i could help!!!

  2. QUESTION:
    Alkaline Phosphatase level on my dogs blood work severely low…?
    Here’s the deal…I had diagnostic blood work done on my 2 year old pit bull. The ALP level was severely low.

    I know that when ALP levels are really low it could be one of several things: genetic bone defect, liver disease (ruled out), a dog being anemic (ruled out), malnutrition (ruled out), hypothyroidism (ruled out) , celiac disease, magnesium or zinc deficiency, menopause (ruled out because my dog is a neutered male.)

    The only things that I have yet to rule out are the magnesium and zinc levels and the celiac disease.
    The blood test alone just to check zinc levels is 0…I CAN NOT AFFORD THAT! I can do a magnesium test, because it is only …and I have no idea what Celiac Disease is, I have never heard of it! Can they even do a test to determine if he has Celiac Disease? (I don’t think I spelled it right!)

    Can anybody shed any new light on Alkaline Phosphatase levels for me and the severely low range blood results?

    His result is less than 5 and the normal ranges are from 20 to 150. I spoke with three different vets in my area about this and I knew way more about it than they did…weird seeing how I am just a concerned canine mother with no vet training whatsoever.

    It is really scary to me, cause I feel if ALP levels were not important, then it would not be measured on diagnostic blood work. It’s on there for a reason, right?

    Another important thing, I should add, is that the symptoms of low ALP levels in dogs are rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, intolerance to cold, severe weight loss, constipation and fatigue. My dog has ALL of these symptoms but one, severe weight loss.

    If I can not figure out what is causing my dog’s low ALP levels…just the symptoms alone could prove fatal long term.

    Can anyone shed any new light on any of this for me! Any Veterinarians or Vet Techs out there that have dealt with this before or either just have knowledge or suggestions for me?

    I appreciate your help in this area and I would like to humbly thank you in advance! I know this is not an easy topic…lol!

    Oh yeah, by the way, his other results of his Blood Work were within their normal ranges, but a few, and they were really close to being normal!

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry you have to go through this.

      I can’t answer your question, but did some research on low ALKP levels:

      http://www.vetinfo.com/dalkphos.html

      http://www.ehow.com/facts_5974193_alkaline-phosphatase-levels-dogs_.html

      http://ahdc.vet.cornell.edu/clinpath/modules/chem/alkphos.htm

      * ETA: It sounds like all these lead to Cushing’s Disease. Is your dogs bell bloated? Are you noticing any hair loss/color change? It might be safe to at least rule out CD.

      * ETA 2: Celiac DIsease does NOT sound like what your dog has, based on what I found. It sounds like it’s just a gluten intolerance that can cause a bad reaction, found in Setters.

      http://www.ehow.com/about_5117452_signs-symptoms-celiac-disease-dogs.html

      Hope I’ve helped some, hope your pup gets better.


Cancer Of The Liver In Children

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Liver Cancer Treatment In India

Liver Cancer

What is liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC)?

Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) is a cancer arising from the liver. It is also known as primary liver cancer or hepatoma. The liver is made up of different cell types (for example, bile ducts, blood vessels, and fat-storing cells). However, liver cells (hepatocytes) make up 80% of the liver tissue. Thus, the majority of primary liver cancers (over 90 to 95%) arises from liver cells and is called hepatocellular cancer or carcinoma….

Functions of the liver

The liver is the largest organ inside the body. It is located on the right side of the abdomen and is protected by the ribcage. The liver will function normally with only a small portion of it in working order…

Its functions include : -

  • Destroying harmful substances, such as alcohol, and getting rid of waste products…..

Primary liver cancers

Primary liver cancer is one of the less common cancers in Victoria with about 260 people diagnosed each year. It is more common in men and people aged over 65 years. Most primary liver cancers start in liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma); others start in a bile duct (cholangiocarcinoma)…

Causes and Risk factors

The exact cause of primary liver cancer is still unknown. There are a number of factors, however, that increase your risk of developing it…

These include : -

  • Liver cirrhosis In the Western world, most people who develop hepatoma usually also have a condition called cirrhosis of the liver. This is a fine scarring throughout the liver which is due to a variety of causes including infection..

Diagnosis

Liver cancer is usually diagnosed with a number of different tests, which may include : -

A ] Blood Tests – to check your general health and to check for a chemical usually found in increased levels in people with primary liver cancer.

B] Ultrasound – a picture of the liver is taken using sound waves…

How is liver cancer treated ?

Transplant : -

For some patients a liver transplant may be an option, but only if the cancer has not spread to other organs and a suitable liver can be found….

Chemotherapy : -

Although chemotherapy cannot cure liver cancer, a new technique called transarterial chemoembolization may help prolong life for liver cancer patients…

Radiation therapy : -

In some cases, doctors may try to reduce the size or slow the growth of liver cancer with radiation, or high-energy x-rays. Traditional radiation therapy also destroys healthy liver tissue…

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Having the industry’s most elaborate and exclusive Patient Care and Clinical Coordination teams stationed at each partner hospital, we provide you the smoothest and seamless care ever imagined. With a ratio of one Patient Care Manager to five patients our patient care standards are unmatched across the sub continent.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Advice: Mother of a child that just got diagnosed with cancer need advice on how to raise a child with cancer?
    She’s 15 and they diagnosed her with a very bad form of liver cancer and said the odds do not look good if they do not start aggressive treatment. Tomorrow they are shipping us out to a children hospital 3 hours away, Her dad is a cournal in the air force and is flying back right away in two days. He it torn to pieces as well as I am too. I need advice on how to act around my daughter with cancer and help her not be so scared but it’s hard because I am terrified. She is very popular and social and always is out and I don’t know how she will handle being in the hospiital because they said she will be in there for awhile. So how do I help her out and tell her this is best for her and that she is going to be ok. I’m so upset. I need advice on how to raise a teenager with cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      I have to ask this. Is her cancer localized only in the liver? Can she get a transplant? Most important, I am so very sorry to hear about this. How is your daughter taking all this. That’s what will help. If she wants to continue to do things, support her. Explain to her about her hospital stay. Tell her what they will do for her. Don’t treat her any differently now than you did before. I know, things are not the same, but if you start acting different toward her than you did before she was diagnosed, she’s going to start thinking about her mortality. Pray with her, Pray when she’s not around too. Prayer is your most important tool right now. Make sure her freinds visit her in the hospital and even bring her homework too. She knows something is wrong, but you don’t want to make it worse by crying in front of her or acting very sorrowful. This will make her feel worse. Let her wear her own PJs in the hospital instead of the old gowns they have. Make that hospital room look like her own room as much as possible. Don’t tell her she’s going to be OK when you don’t know that for sure. Tell her the Drs are doing all they can to help her. When you tell her she’s going to be OK and things get worse, (God forbid) she won’t trust anything you say after that. You can’t make promises that you can’t keep. Be honest with her. Read the Bible to learn about Jesus saving grace. I don’t know what your religious background is but prayer never hurts. The bottom line is, be there for her, be the mom you’ve always been, Bring her favorite dish to eat while in the hospital. Let her do whatever activities she’s used to doing. Just be the mom she knows and loves. I pray for her health and recovery. God bless all of you.

  2. QUESTION:
    Hello, my friend has a grown child who has being diagnosed with cancer of the liver and kidney.?
    As stated my friend’s daughter of 30 has cancer.

    Worse than that her other daughter died of cancer four years ago.

    And worse yet her son has had moles growing all over his back. As she puts it ‘weird looking pink moles’.

    And to add to the mix after her divorce and the death of her daughter she started drinking and she married a somewhat less than supportive and often antagonistic man.

    Further yet both she and her ex husband have been requested to undergo several tests and recount every home etc that they have lived in to find something that may help her children; thus guilt added to the awful mix.

    She seemed to get that under control for the most part but I fear she will relapse.

    The only thing I could think of doing to help her is take her and my dogs to the dog park 2 or 3 times a week.

    I suggested that she loved dogs and the fresh air and exercise might do her good.

    She did agree but she is still in shock. Chemo starts tomorrow.

    Any ideas on how to help?

    • ANSWER:
      Just do what you’re doing – be there and listen. So sorry for your friend – what a terrible time she has had. Bless her daughter & son too xxxx

  3. QUESTION:
    My uncle has liver cancer?
    My uncle had a tumor in his liver for quite a long time. The tumor was affecting his body. He was seen by many doctors who told him to get a liver trasplant. Which within a year, he had one. He was extremly happy to get a liver transplant as fast as he did. After few weeks of his liver transplant, he colapsed.! He broke his spine. He was in sudden shock and was seen by the doctors.
    When doctors did various tests on him, they found out he has cancer. That was spread by the tumor by his orginal liver. At the time, the cancer cells where not so vibrant to be seen in a ultrasound, but now they are very big and are spreading to his body.

    Doctors told him that is the reason why he broke his spine since the cancer cells spread thier as well. My uncle is only 36 and has two children. They told him he was going to live up to maximum 8 months.

    They are however, going to do chemotherapy to kill the cells. I was wondering did anyone have a mircle from liver cancer and survived?

    Does the person actually die w/in eight months or can they survive longer?

    • ANSWER:
      My deepest sympathy. This is not a pleasant situation.

      Many liver cancers occur from another cancer invading the liver, as a secondary site. However, in your uncle’s case, this does not seem to be the case. Large, malignant liver tumors are impossible to remove surgically, and if they’re not isolated to one lobe of the liver, you cannot simply remove that lobe. They’re very resistant to chemotherapy (the liver is where your body breaks down toxic chemicals, liver cancers share this ability).

      In a transplant patient, cancer moves faster, because the immune system, particularly a certain kind of white blood cells, must be turned down in order to keep them from attacking and killing the liver. However, because they are turned down, it limits the body’s innate ability to fight cancer. In this case, a catch-22.

      8 months is an estimate, based on other people who have had similar situations. However, there’s quite a bit of variance, and it’s going to depend on how well the cancer responds to chemo. People regularly defy these estimates and hang on for longer. Eight months is only an average, and probably not a very good one. Your uncle’s situation is quite unusual.

      Your uncle may want to look into some clinical trials. Check out www.clinicaltrials.gov. Transplant patients do get many kinds of cancer, and there are people out there trying dozens of ways to treat them. What’s looking particularly favorable right now are immune therapies, where they make custom white blood cells to attack tumors, but there are dozens of other promising ones. To be honest, you’re going to have to ask an oncologist about any of these. Actually an oncologist will probably know of several trials, and about the success rate of conventional chemo in this situation.

  4. QUESTION:
    Can’t figure out who the 6th and 7th beneficieries is seven pounds are?
    So i’ve watched it for a second time now, and the 6 people who i’ve figured out are:
    The blind man
    The lady he fell in love with (emily)
    His brother
    Holly (which he donated part of his right liver to)
    and the child who had cancer i think.. the one he donated bone marrow to.
    I have no idea who the other were.. unless there was only 5?

    • ANSWER:
      1. lung lob to his brother
      2. liver to Holly
      3. Kidney to ice hockey coach George
      4. Bone marrow to young boy Nicholas
      5. Connie, the lady with abusive hubby.. gives her his home
      6. Ezra, da blind piano player.. gives cornia
      7. Emily his love gets his heart

  5. QUESTION:
    Liver cancer. Doctors / nurses ?
    Hi, My dear lovely friend has liver cancer (secondary) and has just had 10 litres of fluid drained from her abdomen. She is still in hospital and we are waiting for her to come home. She is now only going to receive palliative tx regarding her cancer

    She is very weak and tired, and has very little appetite. Her family are hoping that when she comes home she will have chance to get a bit stronger and be able to see as many people as possible. She hadn’t been out or seen people for weeks as her appearance has changed drastically as she has lost so much weight and is so tired.

    i know the prognosis, but how long do you think she has? is this amount of fluid unusually high? , and do patients of this kind manage to recover a bit and get to feel a bit better before the fluid builds up again?

    i live in Sweden and she is in UK. I would like to fly to see her, but don’t know how much time i have to organise child care etc. and I know that she would see me, but if she had chance to feel better in herself then I would honour her wish to have that time to get stronger and stronger/more confident to see me.

    Is it imminent? I was hoping to go next weekend if possible – or am i being pessimistic and she should commonly have weeks or months? if that is the case i could leave booking the flight and allow her the time to get a bit better.

    Thank you for your help – i suppose that’s alot of questions, but I need to know if i am jumping the gun by hopping on a plane so soon. maybe that would scare her into thinking that i think she is going to die really soon.
    I can’t pretend i am visiting UK for another reason as i was there last month. I couldn’t see her then as I had a very bad cold and her immunitly as low.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi. I’m sorry about your friend.

      As you might have guessed, it’s impossible to say how long she has. For example, it sounds like this is metastatic cancer that has spread to the liver, so a lot depends on what the primary cancer is/was.

      Palliative care, in a very general sense, is usually prescribed when the prognosis is for less than 6 months, but there are exceptions to this and, also, it might be different in Sweden.

      I personally think the best course is to let her call the shots. Write her and tell her you want to see her, but you’ll let her decide when this is.

  6. QUESTION:
    Explaining cancer to a child?
    My mother has been receiving treatment for cancer since 2003. She has undergone three courses of chemotherapy, but on Friday we got the news that the disease has now overtaken her liver and spread into her lungs. She has been told further treatment would have a tiny chance of success and she should concentrate on trying to enjoy the “months” she has left. My parents own a house in France, they are going down there tomorrow and she expects to die there.

    Obviously her family will be visiting and trying to make this period as easy as possible for her. My question is about my four year old son. He is going to see his granny deteriorate rapidly and eventually disappear from his life. We feel he is too young to understand the concept of death, does anyone have any advice on what (if anything) we should be saying to him?

    • ANSWER:
      Oh Lord I’m so sad for you and your family. I think the best way for a four year old is not to go into detail to much. You should explain that Gramma is very sick and when ever your son is around your mom watch closely as children have lots of energy your mom will want to spend lots of time with him but when she starts to look tired or in alot of pain take your son away for awhil. I’m trying to think if there are any good videos for children to explain this to them, I will look for you it may help your little boy to understand what’s happening. I don’t think a four year old can really grasp the concept of death but find him books about angels and heaven and try explain (with your mother’s permission) that Gramma is ill and will be going to heaven where the angels are. I’m so sorry for your family my thoughts and prayers are with you. Pearl

  7. QUESTION:
    Please guide – liver cancer ?
    My father , 56 y, is suffering from Hep. B and is on Adefovir (Hepsera) , recently he had undergone MRI which reported as under :

    ” The study shows ultered signal intensity of lvier parenchyma. Focal Lesion measuring 24×21 mm is seen in Seg. 6 of right lobe of liver appearing Hypointense in T1W & hyperintense in T2WI with tiny hyper intense focus in T1WI. The lesion shows heterogenous enhancement post contrast study with small non-enhancing areas within. The intra hepatic biliary radicals are not dialated. The prota hepatis is normal, the spleen is normal ”

    The reports for other organs revealved normal except a small cyst on right kidney.

    IMP. THING 1m AGO ALSO HE HAD UNDERGONE A SONOGRAPHY WHICH REVEALED EVERYTHING IS NORMAL IN LIVER AND THE VIRAL COUNT FOR HEP. B WAS ALSO UNDER NORMAL RANGE. BUT IN 1m VIRAL COUNT HAS ALSO INCREASED TO 5.82 AND THE MRI REVEALED AS ABOVE.

    HIS CHILD PUGH SCORE IS 10.

    Pl. guide to go for transplant/rfapi and whether in 1m this can hap.

    • ANSWER:
      liver tumour or hepato-cellular carcinoma is grave thing to happen to someone. There are various modalities for treatment. including tumour resection , chemotherapy , laser ablation of tumour and percutaneous alcohol injections. your report indicates that it is still confined to one segment of liver which can be resected and you can achieve good 5 year survival rates. So u better hurry and show it to a good hepato-biliary surgeon to get desired results.

  8. QUESTION:
    What chemicals are suspected to cause liver problems?
    My father and uncle worked in a chemical plant (Athens Rubber) for some time. Because of this, my father lost a son to liver cancer (the son was only 9 months old when he died). My uncle, who worked at the plant for many more years than m dad, had liver failure himself and required a transplant. The doctors suspected the chemical plant, because my uncle had no other life factors whatsoever that could account for the liver failure.

    Are there any known chemicals that cause liver cancer or liver failure? Also, should I be worried about my children’s livers (I was not exposed to the factory, but my dad was)?

    • ANSWER:
      Many chemicals are capable of damaging the liver.
      I am surprised that your father’s employment is seen to be connected with liver cancer in his child, since only his sperm would have been exposed to the chemicals. I think that if you are healthy your children are not at risk.
      You will gain some insight by finding out what your uncle’s diagnosis was. What condition caused the liver failure?
      Two chemicals that damage the liver are vinyl chloride and carbon tetrachloride.

  9. QUESTION:
    To all Americans read this and even other nationals maybe you understand why terrorism is in Usa?
    The destruction of the world trade centre and the attack on the pentagon has been described as the greatest act of terrorism.
    However history demonstrates that the most horrific acts of Terrorism has been carried out by the freedom loving democratic nation, the United States of America . According to their own Official FBI definition of terrorism: “Terrorism is the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.”

    IRAQ :
    From 1991 to the present day the United States Air Force and Navy have slaughtered over 200,000 civilian people in Iraq with Depleted Uranium missiles, cluster bombs, cruise missiles and other so-called “smart bombs.”

    During the “Desert Storm” terror campaign the arsenal also included fuel-air bombs and napalm.

    177 million pounds of bombs were dropped on the people of Iraq in the most concentrated aerial bombardment in the history of the world. In the 110,000 sorties of the six-week onslaught the cowardly American and British pilots (and to a lesser extent French and Saudi pilots) mass-murdered at least 200,000 people, using depleted uranium missiles, napalm, cluster-bombs, fuel-air bombs, cruise missiles and other so-called “smart bombs.” The slaughter of civilian people in the Amariyah bomb shelter was a Prime example of this American/British state terrorism. Most of them were women, children, elderly, and invalids from a new housing development. Cowardly U.S. Navy and U.S. Air Force jet pilots caught one sixty-mile-long column of fleeing Iraqi soldiers and Palestinian civilian families in vehicles on the Kuwait to Basra highway – and pounded them ruthlessly with bombs and machine-gun fire. The road, clogged by four lanes of one-way, bumper-to-bumper traffic, was carpet bombed by B-52s dropping 1,000-pound bombs, and repeatedly hit with laser-guided missiles and “smart” bombs. All the Iraqi soldiers, as well as Palestinian workers and their families, were slaughtered without mercy. The bloodthirsty American pilots gleefully described the massacre as “shooting in a sheep pen.”

    During the Desert Storm terror campaign at least 944,000 rounds of Depleted Uranium ammo were fired from American A-10 Warthogs all over Iraq and Kuwait . When a depleted uranium tipped shell strikes a tank or armoured personnel carrier it easily penetrates the armour and burns the crew alive. The impact also vaporizes the depleted uranium, creating an aerosol of radioactive heavy-metal particles which can spread as far as 190 miles on the wind. When inhaled or ingested, the depleted uranium particles cause chemical and radioactive damage to the bronchial tree, kidneys, liver and bones. Cancer often results, and the effects can even include genetic damage.

    The Dutch Laka Foundation estimates that the United States terror campaign left behind 300-800 tons of radioactive waste from this ammunition all over Kuwait and Iraq – poisoning the air, the land, the water and the people everywhere. Afterwards, wherever the depleted uranium firing had been concentrated, there were cancer epidemics among Iraqi civilians living nearby. In the ten years since then, sanctions, polluted water and depleted uranium together have killed somewhere between 1,000,000 and 2,000,000 Iraqi civilian people. At least 600,000 of the dead are children. Cancer rates have quadrupled in areas of southern Iraq bombed by the American and British state terrorists. Since it began, thousands of Iraqi babies have been born with horrible birth defects. This is something that has never before been seen in Iraq .

    Over the course of only 43 days and nights, approximately 62,000-80,000 air-delivered cluster bombs were dropped on the Iraqi people by the American-led state terrorists. In addition, 10,000 MLRS rockets and 100,000 “Dual Purpose Improved Conventional Munition” artillery shells were fired. All this translates to about 24-30 million “sub munitions” or bomblets. Assuming a dud rate of 5%, it is estimated that the number of Dangerous land-mine cluster bomblets lying on or just under the surface of the ground in Iraq and Kuwait would be from 1.2 to 1.5 million. At least. In the desert, however, the percentage of these duds rose to 30%. So the number of unexploded ordnance still lying in wait for unsuspecting Iraqi children and civilian people could be as high as 7 to 9 million bomblets. A Human Rights Watch report says that of the estimated 24 to 30 million bomblets dropped during the Desert Storm terror campaign, the 1.2 to 1.5 million (at least) that did not immediately explode led to the bloody deaths of 1,220 Kuwaiti and 400 Iraqi people – mostly children – and over 2,500 maimed. And that was in just the first two years after the end of the “war.” So the American/British systematically targeted Iraq ‘s civilian infrastructure. Schools, hospitals, factories and every industry connected to food production, water purification and irrigation were targeted for destruction. U.S. Air Force and Navy pilots destroyed a baby formula plant, food warehouses, pharmaceutical plants, fertilizer plants, pesticide plants, storage facilities, refrigeration facilities, electrical generation and communication plants and every single grain silo in the country. All these were destroyed in order to intensify the impoverishing effect of the sanctions. In the process, U.S. and British pilots slaughtered at least 200,000 Iraqi men, women and children. And of course all these murdered human beings were dismissed by the Pentagon as “collateral damage.” In the 10 years since that carnage, the United Nations estimates that over one million Iraqi civilians – including 600,000 children below the age of five – have died as a result of American sanctions alone. One of the most important strategies of the 1991 terror-campaign against the civilian Iraqi people was the bombing of numerous water-purification plants. After that, the American sanctions prevented Iraqis from getting enough replacement parts to repair most of the plants.

    So, just as the evil U.S. and British governments planned, the lack of clean drinking water in Iraq has caused a massive human catastrophe. It is contaminated water, more than anything else, that is killing Iraqi babies and small children, by the thousands, every month. Because they are the most vulnerable they are dying from diarrhea and dysentery primarily, and also diseases such as typhoid, hepatitis, cholera and polio – all caused by bacteria and viruses within the contaminated water. And just to make the whole diabolical scheme complete, the American sanctions also prevent the Iraqis from acquiring sufficient medicine to treat these deadly diseases. In an interview of Secretary of State Madeleine Albright on CBS’s 60 Minutes, correspondent Lesley Stahl asked her if the death of these 600,000 Iraqi children was “worth it.” Albright’s reply:

    “…we think the price is worth it.” General Colin Powell when asked about the number of Iraqi people who were slaughtered by Americans in the 1991 “Desert Storm” terror campaign: “It’s really not a number I’m terribly interested in.” “If they turn on the radars we’re going to blow up their goddamn SAMs [surface-to-air missiles]. They know we own their country. We own their airspace… We dictate the way they live and talk.

    And that’s what’s great about America right now. It’s a good thing, especially when there’s a lot of oil out there we need.” U.S. Brig. General William Looney Washington Post, August 30, 1999 – referring, in reality, to the brutal mass

    • murder of hundreds of civilian Iraqi men, women and children during 10,000 sorties by American/British.

    PALESTINE :

    Since September 29, 2000 the Israeli Army, together with violent gangs of Israeli “settlers,” have launched a massive military assault on the Palestinian people. In this latest onslaught the Israelis have murdered over 600 people so far, including many children, and injured over 15,000, many severely Of these 15,000 people, over 1000 have sustained serious physical or neurological injuries requiring long-term health care. The Israelis have surrounded all Palestinian villages and blocked all exits, refusing to allow those with severe injuries to get medical help outside. Meanwhile the Israeli Army fires into the villages with missiles from Cobra helicopter gunships and with shells and heavy-gauge ammo from tanks.

    Israeli invaders of the West Bank , who are given the misleading name of “settlers,” actually live in hilltop fortresses above many of the Palestinian villages. From these fortresses the “settlers” fire at will down on the unarmed Palestinian people below. In addition to murdering people, the Israeli military is extensively targeting infrastructure, with the intention of destroying the Palestinian economy. Under the guise of “retaliation,” “destroying sniper hiding places” or “protecting Israeli settlers,” Israeli helicopter gunships have fired missiles into Gaza TV studios, factories, office suites, police stations and administrative centers of the Palestinian Authority, destroying them all.

    VIETNAM :
    American Genocide of the Vietnamese People, 1945-1974 “I would like to say that several months ago in Detroit we had an investigation at which over 150 honorably discharged veterans testified to war crimes committed in Southeast Asia. They told stories that at times they had personally raped, cut off ears, cut off heads, taped wires from portable telephones to human genitals and turned up the power, cut off limbs, blown up bodies, randomly shot at civilians, razed villages in a fashion reminiscent of Genghis Khan, shot cattle and dogs for fun, poisoned food stocks and generally ravaged the countryside of South Vietnam, in addition to the normal ravage of war and the normal and very particular ravaging which is done by the applied bombing power of this country.”

    John Kerry Navy lieutenant, leader of Vietnam Veterans Against the War in testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee 1971 During the Kennedy and Johnson administrations the number of murderous U.S. military personnel invading Vietnam jumped from 23,000 in 1963 to 184,000 in 1966. During 13 years of America’s war against the people of Vietnam 8000,000 Tons of bombs (like Napalm and cluster bombs) and defoliants (Agent Orange) were dropped in total – and at least 3 MILLION Vietnamese people were slaughtered. During the Vietnam Genocide there was even an official CIA program of systematic terror, torture and mass-murder called Operation Phoenix.

    CAMBODIA :
    The direct American genocide of the Cambodian people lasted from 1969 to 1975. After that the Khmer Rouge, America ‘s covert clients, took over the job. Estimated civilian deaths:

    2,000,000 – 2,500,000 people From the U.S. Air Force carpet
    • bombing and the Khmer Rouge combined.

    From Derailing Democracy by Dave McGowan:

    Not content with the destruction being wrought upon Southeast Asia, the U.S. began a massive covert bombing campaign against Cambodia , resulting in famine, economic chaos, and a staggeringly high death toll. The desperate conditions created by the bombing set the stage for the Rise to power of the Khmer Rouge, resulting in yet another round of death and destruction for the besieged country.

    >From Rogue State by William Blum:

    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^…

    Cambodian Prince Sihanouk was yet another leader who did not fancy being an American client. After many years of hostility toward his regime, including assassination plots and the infamous Nixon/Kissinger secret “carpet bombings” of 1969-70, Washington finally overthrew Sihanouk in a coup in 1970.

    This was all that was needed to impel Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge forces to enter the fray. Five years later, they took power. But the years of American bombing had caused Cambodia ‘s traditional economy to vanish. The old Cambodia had been destroyed forever.

    Incredibly, the Khmer Rouge were to inflict even greater misery upon this unhappy land. And to multiply the irony, the United States supported Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge after their subsequent defeat by the Vietnamese.

    LAOS :
    The United States Air Force dropped the equivalent of a planeload of bombs every eight minutes for nine years on the people of Laos, from 1965 to 1973 – over 2,000,000 tons. This was some of the heaviest aerial bombing in world history. Estimated civilian deaths: 500,000 people The United States dropped an estimated 285 million cluster bomblets all over Southeast Asia during the course of the Vietnam War – seven bomblets for every man, woman and child. By 1973 it was estimated that there were at least nine million unexploded bomblets still lying on Laotian territory. As much as half a million tons of unexploded ordnance (primarily cluster-bombs) remains littered all over the Laotian countryside – 35 years later. Every year, throughout all these past 35 years, hundreds of innocent Laotian children and civilian people are murdered or maimed by American cluster-bombs. Bombs dropped by United States Air Force crews.

    >From Rogue State by William Blum:

    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^…

    The Laotian left, led by the Pathet Lao, tried to effect social change peacefully, making significant electoral gains and taking part in coalition governments. But the United States would have none of that. The CIA and the State Department, through force, bribery and other pressures, engineered coups in 1958, 1959 and 1960. Eventually, the only option left for the Pathet Lao was armed force. The CIA created its infamous “Arme Clandestine”- totaling 30,000, from every corner of Asia – to do battle, while the US Air Force, between 1965 and 1973, rained down more than two million tons of bombs upon the people of Laos, many of whom were forced to live in caves for years in a desperate attempt to escape the monsters falling from the sky. After hundreds of thousands had been killed, many more maimed, and countless bombed villages with hardly stone standing upon stone, the Pathet Lao took control of the country, following on the heels of events in Vietnam.

    KOREA :
    Between 1950 and 1953 the greatest devastation was of course inflicted upon the civilian people of North Korea . The United States Corporate Mafia Government and military were terribly frustrated by the heroic determination of the Korean people and their Chinese allies to be free of American domination. To teach them the “virtues” of the American way, the Pentagon began a deliberate campaign of bloody genocide from the air and on the ground beginning in June 1950, using 20 times more napalm against the Korean people than it used in World War II. It was during the Korean Genocide that American military personnel first started using the term “****.” Many subhuman Americans felt it was okay to slaughter Korean children and rape Korean women because they were all just “gooks.” This sort of bestial racism is a tradition in the bloodthirsty United States military. War criminals always attempt to justify their own evil inhumanity by imagining their victims as being less than human. By the end of America’s genocidal assault nearly 3 million civilian people in North Korea had died horribly, either directly from American bombing and massacres or from war-related causes such as starvation and disease. The events in Sinchon County are a typical example of American war crimes in Korea .

    SINCHON:
    Sinchon was considered a Communist stronghold when American troops occupied the town in September 1950. By the time a North Korean and Chinese counter-offensive was able to drive them out in early December 1950, racist American troops had already managed to mass-murder 35,383 people- one out of every four of the county’s 140,000 inhabitants. To this day a local museum carefully chronicles the extent of U.S. war crimes in Sinchon: Americans burned 5,484 dwellings and destroyed 618 factories, public buildings and irrigation facilities, committing the cold-blooded murder of tens of thousands of people in the process. Then, when American troops were forced to retreat, they took revenge on women and children. In order to make the world safe for democracy, American troops murdered 900 helpless civilian people in an air-raid shelter by pouring gasoline into the shelter’s ventilation hole and setting it on fire.

    In Wonam-ri , North Korea , American troops locked 502 women and their children in two storehouses and then burned them all alive too. This was done in December 1950, while American politicians and military leaders preached from every pulpit about the terrible threat of “Godless Communism.”

    “No refugees to cross the front line. Fire everyone trying to cross lines.” 8 th Cavalry Regiment communications log two days before the No Gun Ri massacre. “American soldiers played with our lives like boys playing with flies.” Chun Choon-ja – a 12-year-old Korean girl in 1950 survivor of the No Gun Ri massacre
    I TRIED TO EDIT IT BUT COULDNT BECAUSE THE CRIME IS SO MUCH IT DOESNT GET LESS THAN THIS BUT I DID REMOVE THE ONES IN JAPAN AND CAMBODIA

    • ANSWER:
      Well, I think I understand what you’re conveying, and I am pretty certain I’m right.

      The law of nature is that IT IS THES POWER THAT RULES. It’s not the justice, right or wrong, but POWER. It is only those with power who can do anything they want and get away with it. If it wasn’t US, it probably would have been somebody else.

      Another thing is this kind of things you’re describing come from “dark side of human nature”. All men and women have this dark side no matter what country they belong to. I think that’s why Bible says God kept reducing human life span from several hundred years to 120 and then to current average of 70 to 80.

      Imagine how the world would be like if murderers, thieves, gamblers and etc were to live hundreds of years. That’s why we all have to die for our own good and for good of others. However while we’re alive let’s understand that we’re all mortal with feet of clay and FOLLOW OUR CONSCIENCE AND COMMON SENSE.

      I hope those who read my answer understands what I am conveying.

  10. QUESTION:
    i have lost my husband to liver cancer copd and or heart failure. how do i go on.?
    my sweetie died dec 4 i know everyone says it should be getting easier but its not at times i feel the pain as if it was the morning he died. i miss him so much. i listen to the song i use to sing to him and wonder if he saw what i was singing about. “hold on my child joy comes in the morning the darkest hour means joy is just in sight.” i need to know that he was not mad at me. that i did everything i could to keep him going. I told him as he was sieing that it was ok. i will see him in a blink of an eye. for him it will be for me it could be years of waiting

    • ANSWER:
      April
      I want you to know that your husband is literally with you right now. His spirit is here on earth. I will tell you how it works out. When we die we are taking home to God who gave us life. We then go to a prejudgment state know as Spirit Prison. (1 Peter 3:18-19) This is where Christ was for the three days before his resurection. We are at that point until Christ comes to earth again and the resurecetion of the just occures, at which time the pure in heart will come back to the earth. THis is knowen as the milinial reaign. The point at which Satan will be bound for 1000 years. Then there will we a great battle not a battle of swords but of words. Those who are faithful will recieve one of three inheritances (1 Corinthians 15: 40-42.) My point of all this is that you will have the oportuinty to be with him (your husband) again. It will be predicated upon your obedience and how much of the Gospel you let into your life. Many people will talk to you about the gospel at some point you will have two witness speak to you or your family. They will teach you of the plan has for you. Listen to them remember your husband and you will feel the spirit confirm the words of these witnesses. You may feel at first you don’t want to be bothered but ask them what they know about families. You will hear words that will speak to your heart. You will know God is guiding them and you. Be faithful and Pray with all your heart. It will happen.

  11. QUESTION:
    I’m concerned about future pregnancy?
    Hello, I’m not pregnant yet, but me and hubby plan on ttc soon.
    I have some thoughts though concerning my future babies health.

    1. My mother gave birth to a son who was jaundice and sickly when he was born, but developed liver cancer later on, and died when he was 9.
    (the doctor said he might’ve been sickly tho, because my mother got pregnant so soon after having her first child, that she wasn’t fully healed/ready to carry another so soon.)

    2. My husband’s mother, had a son, who was born retarded, and had a lot of health issues, and died when he was 14. And also had another son who died of SIDS.

    Are the chances (as high as I think they are), of my child having cancer, or another type of illness, due to my mother(s) having sick children? I want a baby so badly, but I am so, so VERY scared that it will be sick, and it will tear me up inside. I don’t want to go through what my mother(s) went through.

    By mother(s) I mean my mom, and my mother in law.

    What do you think?
    My brother died from liver cancer, like I said.
    I live in Ohio

    • ANSWER:
      I think your families just had some very bad luck. SIDS is not known to be genetic and neither are most birth defects like Down Syndrome or it could have been caused by lack of oxygen or environmental factors. Many babies are born jaundiced and it has nothing to do with liver cancer. Talk to a genetic counselor if you are very concerned but I think you have good chances of having a healthy baby.

  12. QUESTION:
    What does the future hold if more than 1 in 5 American children are living below the poverty line?
    A sobering picture of what’s ahead for this nation’s children… more than 20 percent of them – one in five – are living below the poverty line.

    A new study shows the economic well-being of families has plummeted to levels not seen since the 1970s… thanks to the recession, job losses and declines in income.

    Here are some of the very disturbing findings in the report funded by a private philanthropy group:

    •15.6 million children are estimated to be living in poverty
    •As many as 500-thousand children may be homeless
    •20 million children live in families where neither parent has secure employment
    •And in the last 3 years… an additional 750,000 children live in households that don’t have access to enough safe and nutritious food
    •And eating more processed and fast foods means a potential increase in obesity and all the problems that go with that
    As for education – which may be one of the few tickets out of poverty – there’s no good news on that front either.

    This report suggests the amount of time spent in school may even go down… with some states moving to shorter school weeks to save money.

    Experts say that chaotic childhoods have a significant effect on health later in life – people who grow up under lots of stress have higher rates of cancer, liver disease, respiratory disease and other ailments.

    How are kids expected to get a fair start with all this weighing against them?

    There’s one small reason to be hopeful, though. The study’s authors say children’s quality of life overall should start edging up… but that depends on the economy.

    http://caffertyfile.blogs.cnn.com/2010/06/09/1-in-5-children-living-below-poverty-line/

    • ANSWER:
      When 99% are illegals collecting big welfare checks, food stamps, shopping carts loaded with lobsters,prime rib,beer, ciggies, I don’t see them having any hardships

  13. QUESTION:
    Health and Cancer worries?
    My great-grandfather suffered 10 months before dieing from either brain cancer or brain tumor (can’t remember exactly). His daughter, my grandmother, had lung cancer. The lung was removed. However, they then found cancer in her liver and then found brain tumors in her brain. Three brain tumors was the final cause of death. My health is very similar to my grandmother’s. I am the same size she was, just a little bit taller. I have asthma bronchitis just like my grandmother. A lot of my health is just like my grandmother’s.

    What is the chance I get also get this cancer? None of my grandmother’s children have been diagnosed yet (knock on wood) and my grandmother was 70 when she was diagnosed.

    • ANSWER:
      Hereditary cancer is rare – fewer than 10% of all cancer cass are hereditary. Cancer diagnosed after the age of 50 is even less likely to be hereditary.

      You don’t inherit a general tendency to get cancer.

      A sign that cancer MIGHT be hereditary within a family is when several members of the same side of that family have had the SAME type of cancer, especially if some were diagnosed at a younger than usual age (under 50 for most cancers)

      A third degree relative and a second degree relative having had different types of cancer doesn’t increase your risk (your grandmother’s brain tumours were metastasised lung cancer). Your resemblance to your grandmother is irrelevant

  14. QUESTION:
    what can i do with a mother that has terminal cancer & only a couple of months to live?? my whole family is-?
    Hi My mom has liver cancer that only give’s her a couple of months to live! My family of 2 bro’s &1 sister are completely went bonkers. My oldest bro is from AR and we are from WISC.
    whitch makes it hard,it just seems that everyone is at each others throats. It’s like the other day my bro from AR called my mom and was talking to her like always, she asked him what have you been doing? He replied i’ve been trying to get the undertakers ready for the funeral! What in the world was he thinking? he also told her that my other bro& sister was going to contact someone to sell the house! Has everyone gone bonkers? I also have to add that my mom is not right down in bed yet! Right now she can feed herself & etc…Her doctor had said that this was a very agressive cancer in her liver all’s my bro& sister wants to do is fight. Yes we all had a very hard life growing up with my DAD being a child sexual molester. I’m trying to understand, mom& I are close we love Jesus very much to.

    • ANSWER:
      let me start off by saying i am so sorry about your mom. i just lost my uncle to lung cancer and my grandpa to cancer that started in the kidney and ended up all over his body. The best advice that i can give to you is to pray that they will come to their senses and grow up. Your mother is fighting for her life, but when all is said and done and your poor mother is gone they will be the ones that will have to live with the decisions and comments that they made while your mother was still alive. And they will then understand what an impact that their words had on your mother. But from what i read you love your mother very much and she loves you the same. Keep praying for recovery or for her not to suffer any longer than she has to. I watched my grandfather battle and suffer for 7 years with the last 3 in agony with pain. And to know that he knew how much each and everyone of us loved him, he went in peace. I wish you the best of luck and my prayers are with you

  15. QUESTION:
    I have pain in my Liver?
    I have pain in my Liver?
    I have had a pain in the area around my Liver/Gallbladder since March last year and it is not going away.
    I have had a scan and a camera down and they say that there are no ulcers or signs of any problems in my throat/stomach/start of intestine. The ultrasound showed no gallstones or enlargement and no enlargement of the liver.
    I have been on anti depressant medication for 14 yrs. But have never been told that long term use could cause Liver damage.
    It started off as a feeling of pressure (exactly like a babys foot digging in – I have had 2 children so know) and then has gradually turned into a dull ache but have no other symptoms. It never stops, doesn’t change is just…there.
    Am going back to doc in 2 weeks.
    Any ideas? Obviously I am worried about liver cancer or disease or pancreatic/gallbladder cancers etc.
    Would like to hear from people who know anything about it…..please no scare mongerers doing it for fun.
    Bx

    • ANSWER:
      Your work up is pretty good for ruling out gall bladder disease, GERD (reflux), and ulcers. Between the EGD (upper GI scope) and ultrasound they should have shown something wrong in those areas.

      Two tests you did not mention: liver function blood tests and a CT scan of the abdomen. The blood tests would show how the liver is functioning overall, and the CT would obviously show the structure of the liver.

      The liver itself is kind of like a sausage: basically an outer capsule or casing around the actual meat of the organ. Since it is like that, anything that is enlarging the inner part will cause pressure on the capsule. Some things that can do this (not all inclusive) include a fatty liver, severe high blood pressure, right-sided heart failure, benign tumors of the liver, and malignant tumors.

      Basically, if you have not had one already I would discuss getting an abdominal CT (with and without contrast) with your doctor to look at the liver and everything else in the belly. This will tell you fairly easily if there is anything bad (cancer) going on, and put your mind at ease.

  16. QUESTION:
    I am a 15 year old boy who has found bright red blood in my faeces, what should I do?
    I found it when flushing my poo the other day which was the last time I had a poo. I just read about chrons disease in children and bowel cancer and I am very scare that it is one of the two of these. My Grandfather died of bowel cancer and my uncle is in a hospice dying of the spread of either that or liver cancer. My mum is a hypochondriac so I don’t want to worry her with her dad, sister and brothers all dying of cancer within the last ten years. Please tell me what to do; I’m very scared.
    I found it when flushing my poo the other day which was the last time I had a poo. I just read about chrons disease in children and bowel cancer and I am very scare that it is one of the two of these. My Grandfather died of bowel cancer and my uncle is in a hospice dying of the spread of either that or liver cancer. My mum is a hypochondriac so I don’t want to worry her with her dad, sister and brothers all dying of cancer within the last ten years. Please tell me what to do; I’m very scared.
    UPDATE: For a few months now I have had some kind of under skin spot on my back that is really hard to reach and really annoying. I took photos of it and on reflection it looked like something I discovered called Erythema nodosum which is apparently a symptom of Crohn’s disease. Now I’m very scared.

    • ANSWER:
      Hey Joseph,
      You did not mention any abdominal pain, diarrhea, or weight loss…these are common symptoms of crohn’s in addition to bloody stools (not one stool the other day, but frequent bloody stools, bloody diarrhea).
      More than likely bright red blood from the rectum is generally at your age from a hemorrhoidal bleed, caused by straining when having bowel movements.
      Drink more fruit juice (prune,apricot nectar), water, eat more fresh fruits, veggies. Avoid highly processed foods, fast foods, modify cheese, rice, bread, bananas (all constipating), increase activity.
      If bleeding continues or you feel light headed, dizzy, pass out or develop abdominal pain, vomiting, see your doctor.
      Don’t worry too much, I think you’ll be fine. See a doctor if it persists.

  17. QUESTION:
    after 35 years of being a good mother i thought my children 1 40 1 36 have told my husband i was abusing them?
    my husband who is dying of lung and liver cancer has been told by my 36yr and 40yr old that i was a terrible mother and abused them in their childhood. i have done everything for my children good holidays helped them buying there property also they were not latch key children i was always at school to meet them what have i done to deserve this especially now with the stress i have.

    • ANSWER:
      Did you have them before you were married, or are they step-children? I can’t help wondering if you do know why they said it. I can’t say I assume they are telling the truth, but it may be that they do perceive their childhood differently from the way you do. For example, if my mother came to the school to meet me, I think I would resent that unless we lived so far from the school that it was necessary for her to provide transportation. Otherwise, I would take it as her being too smothering, not letting me walk home with my friends. If it was a step-mother who did this, I would resent it even more, because kids do tend to put the worst possible interpretation on the acts of step-parents.

      I believe you probably do know why, but you are reaching out to us here on Answers for reassurance, when in fact you must discuss this with your family.

  18. QUESTION:
    My friends mom has stage 4 colon cancer, anything I can do?
    She’s had a lot of bits and pieces of her organs removed to try to stop it spreading. It’s in her liver which is the most terminal part. She’s a beautiful woman with beautiful children and deserves some amazing vacation or financial help in her last few years. Her will and joyful life has helped her live longer and if anyone knows of some group or anything I can find that will help her? Something I can do??

    • ANSWER:
      Not to be grim but with colon cancer, especially at stage 4, it isn’t likely that she will live years. Probably a few months to a year. There is only a 8% chance she will make it to 3 years. Most patients die within the year. Just be with her as much as possible and spoil her rotten. Make her favorite dishes. Watch her favorite movies with her and stuff like that. There isn’t much a support group will do at this point. Her best support is her family and I’m sure she would rather be with you guys vs some strangers for her final year.

  19. QUESTION:
    Whats the best way to overcome a death of a sibling?
    My brother died in march who had a wife of 5 years and 2 children I have had counciling and am taking anti-depressants and although the pain has got easier to deal with i still find it hard to cope when religious people say that he’s in a better place and that he was needed else were. When in my eyes he was most needed here with his family and he was in the best place he was (with his family) He was only 32 and had a very rare case of liver cancer and he had done absolutely nothing wrong in his life whatsoever he didnt drink much at all and never took drugs his only vice was he smoked until he was 27 wow big deal there is no justice in the world

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately bad things happen to good people and vice versa. That’s just the way of the world. It’s no worse than religious folks telling you what they think you want to hear. That’s all they’re doing because they don’t really know how to cope with your grief.
      Life is for the living and you have to get on with it, it’s not disrespectful to his memory.

  20. QUESTION:
    Ovarian Discomfort (?)?
    Okay, so I am back!
    26 years old.
    For about a week now I’ve been experiencing bloating of the abdomen after eating. I am down to eating one meal a day because the bloating scares me, more than anything.
    Now I have panic and anxiety disorder and I believe some of the symptoms are brought on by that: constantly having to take deep breaths, clammy/cold hands, waking at night with a racing heart and mind, sweating. (The night sweating I am experiencing is nothing like true night sweats. I keep it 74 degrees in the house and sleep with like 3 blankets!) I believe the small amount of sweating is due to waking anxious.
    Back to my problem! I have been experiencing some abdominal discomfort in my lower abdomen/pelvic area. (Been diagnosed with ovarian cysts years ago.) The discomfort comes and goes and will be one side, then the other.
    Went to the doctor last week for indigestion but that has since subsided. I do have a feeling of pressure on my bladder, but I was diagnosed with IC about a year ago. A CBC was done and everything was within normal range except my amylase level which I was told was “slightly” elevated and not really a cause for concern. I go tomorrow for a GB scan and Thursday for an upper GI series.

    Everything I’ve read on ovarian cancer seems to be a symptom I have, but can also mimic other conditions and diseases. I’m a thinking mess! I don’t have the severe abdominal pain described in most cases of ovarian cancer, but I am concerned that this is the starts of it simply because my amylase level is slightly raised. Would one say I am over-reacting. 26 years old; no family history of breast, ovarian, lung, liver, any cancer. I have one child. (3) Husband is deployed. Mother has diabetes. Other than that, I’d say maybe I am a bit of a hypochondriac, maybe?
    Should I push for more tests? Am I on the right track? Any info would be great!

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, you’re overreacting. Your symptoms don’t sound anything like ovarian cancer. Like, your bloating is connected with eating, so almost certainly has something to do with digestion. And those arent’ night sweats–you’d be kicking off all your blankets and everyone else would be freezing and you’d be hot. Having to take deep breaths is a clear anxiety symptom. The ovarian disomfort you describe sounds like it could just be ordinary ovulation pain, or perhaps a cyst. Ovarian cancer pain doesn’t come and go and go from one side to the other–cancer is always there, not going away and coming back. Cysts might come and go, though. And the ovarian cancer symptoms of pain and bloating and such really only apply to women who are menopausal. There are just too many logical reasons why a menstruating woman would have those issues.

  21. QUESTION:
    I need to know this, any help is good! Are there symptoms associated with Li-Fraumeni syndrome?
    anything? Symptoms, signs, characteristics.

    I am just about to go crazy. My aunt died from glioblastoma a year ago, my brother in law, a week ago, from the same type of cancer, my husband’s first cousin from liver cancer a year ago…
    Should i run genetic testing on my children?

    • ANSWER:
      Breaking down Li Fraumeni Syndrome; An inherited family trait carrying an increased risk of cancer during childhood and early adulthood.

      Also:

      Frederick Lee and Joseph Fraumeni were the first to recognise that the members of certain families are at increased risk of cancer (Li-Fraumeni syndrome).

      The cancers associated with Li Fraumeni syndrome include sarcomas, adrenocortical carcinoma, leukaemia’s, breast cancer, osteosarcoma, central nervous system tumours and others…

      It is possible to have genetic testing on your children but will or could be expensive. It could also be inconclusive.

  22. QUESTION:
    I think Alcohol is worse than Marijuana.?
    People have to get so drunk in order to get drunk the next time that eventually everytime they party and get drunk they become someone else and go crazy ending up in..

    Unwanted pregnancies, STD’s, Child support, Cheating, Divorce liver cancer

    So many young girls end up at some party and end up becoming someone else later after all the self loathing and feeling of being low scum of the earth after they get so drunk and end up having sex with loser men..

    While Marijuana doesn’t really get you messed up like that and even then the peak of a high only lasts 30 minutes to an hour anyway. While being drunk lasts like all night…

    What do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you’re right.

      Alcohol kills tens of thousands every year.

      Marijuana?

      ZERO.

      In fact, I’m gonna say it… MARIJUANA IS GOOD FOR YOU….

      Did you know that marijuana kills cancer cells? It actually causes them to eat themselves in a process called “autophage”.

      Also, instead of killing brain cells, studies show it actually promotes the growth of new brain cells?

      http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn8155-marijuana-might-cause-new-cell-growth-in-the-brain.html

      Cancer Studies:

      THC (marijuana) helps cure cancer says Harvard study

      Link:

      http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070417193338.htm

      Marijuana Chemical May Fight Brain Cancer
      Active Component In Marijuana Targets Aggressive Brain Cancer Cells, Study Says

      Link:

      http://www.webmd.com/cancer/brain-cancer/news/20090401/marijuana-chemical-may-fight-brain-cancer

      Did you know the government knew about it in 1974?

      http://www.alternet.org/story/9257/

      Did you know that the cannabinoid receptor is the most prevalent cellular receptor in our brains?

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabinoid_receptor

      This mystery began to unravel in 1964, when tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the main psychoactive chemical in cannabis was isolated and synthesized by Raphael Mechoulam and colleagues in Israel. Subsequently, in 1988, Allyn Howlett and colleagues discovered the cannabinoid receptor in the brain. This receptor called CB1was a precise match for the unique chemicals called cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids). This initial discovery led to scientists hypothesizing that humans are “wired” for cannabis. The CB1receptors have been found in the brain in areas that control the coordination of movement, emotions, memory, reduction of pain, reward systems, and reproduction, yet are almost absent in the brain stem (which affects our vital functions such as breathing). It appears that cannabinoid receptors, which modulate other neurotransmitter function in a retrograde “on demand” fashion are present in far higher concentrations in the brain than any other receptor. While the CB1 receptors are primarily found in the central nervous system, a second type, CB2, discovered in 1993, are found primarily in the immune system, GI tract, liver, spleen, kidney, bones, heart, and peripheral nervous system. In fact, the CB2 receptor appears to be up-regulated whenever there is tissue pathology.

      Did you know that the government actually has the patent on medical marijuana… for use in fighting diseases such as cancer, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease and more?

      And yet they repeatedly say that there is “no medical use” for marijuana.

      Look it up. U.S. Patent #6630507

      Check this out…

      http://forum.grasscity.com/medical-marijuana/436257-granny-storm-crows-list-july-2009-a.html

      A video everyone should watch…

  23. QUESTION:
    If you care about your children & their children for generations to come then PLEASE read this…?

    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/genes/

    Questions:
    1. Why is no one talking about the Epigenome?

    2. Will you watch the video (linked below) that will be the most important thing you will ever watch in your whole life?

    3. After learning how what YOU eat, drink, breath, and even act can determine if your children, grandchildren, great grandchildren onward are healthy or sick, will you change how you live?

    If your great grandmother didn’t eat properly while your grandmother was in the womb, YOU are more likely to die early… What your father ate and drank and was exposed to while the sperm that is now you was grown, will determine how sick or healthy YOU AND YOUR CHILDREN will be…

    Mental illness, cancer, obesity, diabetes, autism, depression, anxiety, and even LIFE SPAN will be changed based on the chemicals you are exposed to and how those things effect your epigenome.

    How your parents treated you as a baby will determine how your epigenome develops and determine if you will develop mental illness…On top of THAT, the epigenome of ABUSED and NEGLECTED children also determines their health as adults!!!

    * * * * * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * MENTALLY ABUSE YOUR KIDS AND YOU WILL DETERMINE IF THEY GET CANCER IN THEIR 40’s!!!
    * * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** * ** *

    What your mother ate while you were developing sets how long YOUR GRAND CHILDREN will live… If she takes the right vitamins, eats the right food, and does everything she SHOULD do then your grandchildren will live long and healthy lives… But if she smokes, drinks, does drugs, or even just eats nothing but burgers the whole time then YOUR grandchildren will die much younger then they should… It even decided if they will get cancer or diabetes or not!

    How you NURTURE your children actually alters the epigenome and can determine their likelihood of developing mental illness!

    Neglect your children? Abuse your children? You are not just screwing them up mentally, you are actually CHANGING THEIR GENETICS by how you treat them!!!

    Science is showing that what your GREAT GRANDFATHER ate has decided what diseases you are going to get.

    What YOU do to yourself will affect not only YOUR life, but the epigenome and how your children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren will die.

    That cig you just smoked doesn’t just harm YOUR lungs… It harms the lungs of your GREAT GRANDCHILD…

    That shot of Vodka you just drank doesn’t just harm YOUR liver and brain… It harms the Livers and Brains of your GREAT GRANDCHILD…

    That cheeseburger you just ate doesn’t just expand YOUR waistline… It expands the waistline of your GREAT GRANDCHILD…

    I can’t stress these details enough… The MEDICATION you take today will change your descendants health!!

    If you give your children enough love and attention while not screaming at them will determine if they develop mental illness and PHYSICAL ILLNESS in the future!

    PLEASE, I beg of you, watch the videos below and answer my questions.

    Nova – The Ghost In Your Genes 1/6

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8j949RyNXqc

    Nova – The Ghost In Your Genes 2/6

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NCNXMl4j-88

    Nova – The Ghost In Your Genes 3/6

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vw5Faihs_v8

    Nova – The Ghost In Your Genes 4/6

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_6VddGxb3hE

    Nova – The Ghost In Your Genes 5/6

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Lqs-2b1PXQ

    Nova – The Ghost In Your Genes 6/6

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eCrlJxR3WtU

    • ANSWER:

  24. QUESTION:
    Why do I feel downed and envious of little children?
    So unfortunately, I am a 15-year old teenager boy that is not typical. As I am typing this, my mind seems to be in such a black hole that I don’t even know what to say. Oh well, here it is.

    My background: I’m considered to be a successful person, as I am a straight A student who has half of the high school classes as AP in a sophomore year, I excel in my instruments, piano and violin (Giving out what awards I won would give out my real information), and I am not a typical asian geek who never socializes (I am Asian). However, I never really “hang out” with my friends outside of school because they usually go with unscheduled events, where my mother absolutely hates unscheduled events because of her damned A-type personality, while my personality type is AB-type. I also do many other extra-curricular activities that I excel at too.

    The thing is, my soul feels like it has been extremely compressed by the evils of the world. My feelings in my mind, it never gets excited anymore, and it never feels the slightest bit of “awakeness”. It just seems dull, and sad, and occasionally frustrated and angry. Back in 6th grade, I used to be excited, but I have no idea how the excitement has stooped down into a level I am in right now.

    How I live these days is, I do my after-school activities, then play online games the whole day while still being downed and not pleasured unless I win something, I get pleasure for 0.5 second then it goes away again. Oh, and when I don’t feel like playing computer games anymore, I just look at pictures of pretty faces of Korean celebrities, even if i know they got plastic surgery, while listening to trance that gives me nostalgia to the old days back when I was not born while hoping a girl in real life attracts my attention to provide me love and happiness. While doing that, I also have the desire to drink massive amounts of alcohol till I get liver cancer and die because that’s what people in Korean soap operas do when they are sad (Except the liver cancer part). I wouldn’t even care if I died (Actually I kinda want to). The only reason why I don’t suicide or do drugs is because I have a bad feeling that I trust which acts upon me. Oh, and my parents don’t know that I do any of the things above, otherwise they would kill me. Then I just do my homework, which I usually end up doing at 12:00 AM, and even then, I’m not even panicked. I just do the homework as I would do normally and it just works out. I see other peers in my school become excited, and I kind of just stare at them and a wave of sadness comes to me as I said good-bye to the feeling of excitement without myself even knowing.

    Since I know my life is completely wasted, I try to tell many younger students to keep their levels of excitement up (If I ever do meet them), and to never become like me, despite how successful I am considered to be by adults. I see them being hyper and stuff, and I want to basically roll down plops of water down my cheeks.

    Honestly, I don’t even know why I am writing here.
    tl;dr: Life is quite dull, my excitement level went rock bottom, and I’m kinda looking for a solution here.

    • ANSWER:
      i don’t recommend medication. it just makes you worse. people go through phases… just keep your head up and soon you’ll find your calling in life.

  25. QUESTION:
    Scholarships for adopted kids?

    I’m 18. I really want to start college but I currently can’t because of my situation. I’ve looked at all kinds of scholarships.

    I stand at 5’1 so I can’t apply for a scholarships for short people (Even still, I am not a dwarf so it wouldn’t really matter anyway)
    I’m out of high school and can’t enroll to a college until I have money to pay, Which I don’t (and most scholarship applications require that you are enrolled to a school).

    However, I’m adopted. Sort of. My Mom had me when she was 26 with a man that ended up leaving her while I was still a bun in the oven. Later on she met my Dad. They married when I was about 5 years old. She was diagnosed with stage 4 breast cancer, Just to be safe about things; They went on and had my Dad legally adopt me.

    I didn’t know this until I turned 16. About the same time they decided to tell me, My Mom found out the cancer had returned to her brain, breasts, liver and lungs. It just kept spreading. She never got better. She passed away June 17th 2007.

    I know Susan G. Komen has a really good scholarship for the children of cancer victims, But it’s already over for this year. And I really, really want to start school!!

    • ANSWER:
      There are so many other ways to find scholarships. You can try google and they have some. I would reccomend fastweb. It helped me alot you do have to sign up and log in but it allows you to choose the school that you wish to attend and what you want to major in and even looks at some of your personal life and background and helps you find scholarships that you qualifty for and even had a great way of letting you oranizing them so that you can see their deadlines at the top of the list. I would give it it a try. Also you can try www.studentscholarshipsearch.com/ Well good luck and just keep looking and keep applying. You can also fill out for the FAFSA and you might get considered for that. Good luck to you!

  26. QUESTION:
    Would you support your husband in donating part of his liver to save his son if you didn’t want him to?
    Jack and I have been married for about 3 amazing years now and are both in our late 20′s.He has a 7 yr old boy from a previous marriage which ended when the wife died of cancer 6 years ago.My step-son is the sweetest and most loveable kid in the world and I absolutely adore him.He’s gotten sick and needs a new liver for which his dad is a compatible donor.My husband is determined to donate part of his liver and save the child but I can’t for the life of me support it because I could lose him.We’ve been fighting about this for weeks now and I’ve threatened to leave him if he goes through this leaving him incredibly conflicted as he adores me and our life.How do I convince him that if God wants him son dead,he should just accept it?He made vows to me promising to put me and my needs above all others.How do I make him see?
    BoSox27 – This isn’t my account , it’s my sister’s which I’m using with her permission.

    • ANSWER:
      Children always come first! How insensitive can you be. This is his sons life and with out this he will die? This is his decision to make not yours whether your married or not. If I were him I would leave you. I’m sorry if this is rude but think about what your saying. My prayers are with both him and his son!

  27. QUESTION:
    How do wills and trusts work?
    A little information is in line here: Bob’s mother passed away this last September after a short battle with brain, lung, kidney, and liver cancer. She was married 8 years ago to her third husband, Jim. Her father passed away 10 years ago and her mother, 3 years ago leaving their estate to her, a good portion of it tied into a trust that she could not access until she reached a certain age (we are not sure what age). Bob and Tammy (my sis-in-law) have never seen a will from his mother or his grandparents since her passing. Jim tells us that the will is in a ’trust at the bank.’ Now, I always thought that the will is the legal document that tells you WHAT goes into the trust. He also informed us that he took Judy’s funds, added to his own, invested it and when he passes away it will be divided between his three children and Judy’s two. He has also moved in with a new girlfriend already (that happened only 3 months after Judy died) , and as fast as he moves with the ladies, will probably be married here within the next few months. I don’t really want to sound greedy, because I really am not, but where, I ask, does that leave Bob and Tammy with any inheritance that should have been rightfully theirs through their mother and grandparents? I do know that they are both fit to be tied that Jim is spending their mother’s money on another woman. Do they have any legal recourse here? I am really concerned that what is rightfully theirs is being taken right out form under them. And as much as I love Bob and Tammy, they are both so naïve and ignorant about such matters, that they would never know what is going on. And Jim knows this and also counts on the fact that they are both so afraid to offend that they will not speak up about it. Well, I am not, obviously, and so I invited him over tomorrow, along with Tammy and her husband, Terry, to find out what is up. I am getting the vibe from him, that he is somewhat concerned about it all… Any advice here???

    • ANSWER:
      Good luck with this i found some stuff here. AARP has some retirement information and estate planning stuff that might help you out! http://www.mtpalermo.com/httoc.htm

  28. QUESTION:
    Do we move back to our home state since my husband was diagnosed with stage 4 termimal cancer?
    we had moved to virginia 2 yrs ago and since then found land and now have a house. we have 3 small boys 18 months 5, and 10 who also has special needs. may of 2006 my husband was diagnosed with stage 4 lung cancer that metastized to his liver and lymph nodes. his family came down to take him up to nj for treatment because they believe it was better. so in the summer we all went up north and lived between my parents house and his mothers house where he was staying. it was time for school to start up and he wanted to stay up in nj to finished his treatment then to return here in va.i returned with our children on my on raising the boys. my family down here is my church family and friends. i dont know how long my husband has but we miss him. his family wants us to move up there, my husband says he is coming down but is afraid and i am torn because his family thinks i dont love him because i wanted to have a stable envirnoment for the kids. what do i do? please help i feel so torn

    • ANSWER:
      Your primary support system if / when your husband dies will be your family. I’d keep the house near your family. You’re gonna need them. If your family is in NJ, I’d move back there. If they are in VA then I’d stay down there.

      Your kids won’t have a stable environment for a long time. That’s a sad fact of life. They need to be in counseling, as do you. There will be nothing normal for a long time here.

      Personally, I can’t believe that husband needs treatment in NJ that he can’t get in VA. If your husband is terminal, then why is he doing treatments? If you’ve made the choice to do treatment in an attempt to beat the odds (and that is a valid choice) then that is one thing, and the time apart is one of the prices you pay. On the other hand, if he is just doing “pain and comfort” meds (hospice) then I’m sure that you can find that in VA.

  29. QUESTION:
    If a parent had Acute Leukemia, can a child ever be at risk?
    Curious…one of my parents has had this (now in remission)..wondering if I’m at risk to develop either the same leukemia (AML) or other cancer someday. Is my risk greater than the normal population? Any genetic link?

    My grandma on this parent’s side passed away from liver cancer (originating from Hepatitis C contacted from a blood transfusion).

    • ANSWER:
      AML (and CML) are rather common diseases of aging adults and the children of a parent with AML does not carry a greater risk of developing leukemia than the children from a family where the parents did not develop leukemia. Aging is main the risk factor for adults developing leukemia – not genetics.

      If you and your parents lived in an area where there was lots of nuclear testing in the past there may seem to be a genetic connection to cancer clusters but really the real connection is the shared environmental exposure to too much background radiation. Areas of the country where this might happen would be in WA state, Idaho, Utah, Nevada, Colorado and who knows where else they were testing nuclear weapons in the past.

  30. QUESTION:
    My dad compared losing his dog to losing a child?!?
    My brother and I married with our own children and I live in another country; so I don’t see my father often but I talk to him daily. Dad lives with his wonderful girlfriend of 8 years and they bought a puppy together when they started dating; so their dog is 8 years old.

    My dad loves her dearly and refers to her as his other daughter. For years I thought nothing of it until tonight when he told me that she has liver cancer and would probably not make it through the surgery. He was so upset and I felt horrible for him…but he made some very off remarks that I didn’t know how to respond to.

    One was about never loving anything so you can’t get hurt; which is just grief. But his other remark was that losing her and dealing with this was the same to him as if my brother or I were dying! I had no idea how to respond to that so I didn’t and I won’t bring it up to him but it bothered me. I know he loves her but he actually HAS children and I have had cancer. I feel…not sure.

    • ANSWER:
      Oh honey…your father is just projecting his emotions for you on to the dog. It is often many people consider their animals as “children” or part of the family. However, I’m sure if it came down to your life or the dog’s life…you would be your father’s priority.

      Best wishes to you in your fight against cancer, and make no mistake you are loved deeply by your dad.

  31. QUESTION:
    Here we go again, This cancer is getting old and out of hand.?
    I know I can count on my friends here for support. I have to tell you. My older sister is beside herself. Her granddaughter went for a Pap test and she has cervical cancer. She’s never been married nor had children. To boot, that same sister’s daughter who had a liver transplant several years ago is now in the hospital with a severe colon infection and the doctors are thinking colon cancer. What is it, a curse in my family? That’s what it feels like. It feels like there’s a dark cloud hanging over our family’s head and it’s called cancer. When the hell is this going to stop. It seem like each week we pray that no one is diagnosed. I hate it. If I could die so they could be healthy, I’d do it in a heartbeat. My niece with cervical cancer is only 25. She hasn’t even had a shot at life and she’s hit with this curse. I’m just venting I know, but it’s better than committing suicide, which I’d never do. I just need words of encouragement. I’m going to end this now because it’s too hard to type with tears in my eyes. Thank you.
    No, it is defenetly cancer and not hyperplasia. If only it was that easy and if our family, that would be a cold.
    Dr. House, you don’t know my family history. There isn’t enough room on this page to tell of all the people that died of this damn disease. I am a survivor myself. Right now, as I write, my younger sister is dying of cancer, she’s only one of many and you don’t know me like most of those who answer on here so shut up.
    Dani, Thank you. I know all too well about all these cancers. I should have told that fool that answered that being an RN doesn’t exempt me or my family from having cancer. Your prayers are welcomed. God bless.
    Susie and Knittinmama, I do get my strength from the Lord. Otherwise, I don’t kow where I’d be right now or the rest of my family for that matter. That’s all we have right now is God to stand on and I don’t want people saying “What kind of God does this?” It isn’t God who does this. Thank you for your support. I know you know what I’m going through so do a l lot of others.
    YAY APRIL!! You tell him. I knew you could do better than me. As far as being the rock, I don’t feel like one. I really don’t. I feel like I’m going to fall apart any time now, but know I can’t. Each day I’m with my terminal sister so I can spend as much time with her as possible. She’s in so much pain. I wish I could just blow it away like Susie said.
    Thanks Robb, my faithful collegue. I admire what type of nursing you do. I couldn’t do it. God bless you.

    • ANSWER:
      I replied by email earlier. You feel free to cry, bitch, moan, cuss, scream, whatever you need to do to clear your mind and get ready. I believe, as much as it feels opposite, that you are the rock in this family. You can keep it together for them and be there for them while they go through this. You’ve been there, now you have the experience to help them.

      I prefer the sarcasm of the tv Dr House. At least he cures his tv patients…Yours just comes off as bitter..Mayhaps a little therapy should be in your future??

  32. QUESTION:
    My father compared his dog passing to his kids passing?
    My brother and I married with our own children and I live in another country; so I don’t see my father often but I talk to him daily. Dad lives with his wonderful girlfriend of 8 years and they bought a puppy together when they started dating; so their dog is 8 years old.

    My dad loves her dearly and refers to her as his other daughter. For years I thought nothing of it until tonight when he told me that she has liver cancer and would probably not make it through the surgery. He was so upset and I felt horrible for him…but he made some very off remarks that I didn’t know how to respond to.

    One was about never loving anything so you can’t get hurt; which is just grief. But his other remark was that losing her and dealing with this was the same to him as if my brother or I were dying! I had no idea how to respond to that so I didn’t and I won’t bring it up to him but it bothered me. I know he loves her but he actually HAS children and I have had cancer. I feel…not sure.

    • ANSWER:

  33. QUESTION:
    33 year old son-in-law went in to hospital for back surgury and was found to have cancer (masses). 2 wks to li
    Since he and our daughter are divorced, we aren’t privy to his consultations with his oncologist and they only tell us what they hear and they are telling us it is endocarcinoma. I can’t find that on the internet. Is this a cancer and since he has only a few weeks to live he wants the children, ages 8 and 11 to be with him until the end. We worry about how the disease will progress and whether the kids should be around to see terrible suffering or worse outbursts of rage from the pain. Can I get some insight as to what is about to happen. It has spread throughout his organs and into his brain but as of today he says he has no outward symtoms. His doctors says it probably started in his pancreas of liver.

    • ANSWER:
      Don’t give up hope, unless he has.

      Please study the page below in detail, and discover lots of answers about cancer, and life extension/ survival.

  34. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of terminal anal cancer? The grief process for family?
    My mother is dying of stage 4 anal cancer that has metastasized to her liver. She does not want any treatment, having undergone chemo and radiation and not enjoying the quality of her life from the treatment. She also did not want any surgery. I live in another state and am an only child. She states that she is experiencing more rectal bleeding and can now feel the liver tumor as a lump through her skin. She has been fatigued. She has lost much weight since she’s been diagnosed (December 2006). She is not even 60 years old, and she still works at her job. She will not return to the doctor’s and does not want hospice. When she told me her symptoms I got scared. Does anybody know anything about the progression of symptoms in this type of situation? Does anybody know about the grief process, too? I feel very confused, withdrawn, and in pain right now. I am only 27, and was not expecting this.
    I do see a counselor right now. My mom doesn’t want me to come back to see her. She won’t travel here, either. She lives out of hotels due to other trying circumstances.
    When I call the doctors she has seen, they can’t give me much more information about the progression since she has not continued care with them. They only know up to September since they haven’t been able to work with her. It makes it a real challenge. I do appreciate everyone’s thoughts. Life feels pretty sore right now – lots of raw emotion.

    • ANSWER:
      Our hearts go out to you.

      It would be perfectly appropriate for you to call your mother’s doctor to arrange a time when he or she can discuss the disease’s progress with you over the phone. It’s not too much to ask. If she has or had an oncologist (cancer specialist), that’s the office to call, but if not, her regular doctor can give you some information.

      Grief has 5 recognized stages.

      1-Denial-”this can’t be happening to me”, looking for the former spouse in familia places, or if it is death, setting the table for the person or acting as if they are still in living there. No crying. Not accepting or even acknowledging the loss.

      2-Anger-”why me?”, feelings of wanting to fight back or get even with spouse of divorce, for death, anger at the deceased, blaming them for leaving.

      3-Bargaining-bargaining often takes place before the loss. Attempting to make deals with the spouse who is leaving, or attempting to make deals with God to stop or change the loss. Begging, wishing, praying for them to come back.

      4-Depression-overwhelming feelings of hopelessness, frustration, bitterness, self pity, mourning loss of person as well as the hopes, dreams and plans for the future. Feeling lack of control, feeling numb. Perhaps feeling suicidal.

      5-Acceptance-there is a difference between resignation and acceptance. You have to accept the loss, not just try to bear it quietly. Realization that it takes two to make or break a marriage. Realization that the person is gone (in death) that it is not their fault, they didn’t leave you on purpose. (even in cases of suicide, often the deceased person, was not in their right frame of mind) Finding the good that can come out of the pain of loss, finding comfort and healing. Our goals turn toward personal growth. Stay with fond memories of person.

      Not everyone goes through all the stages, or goes through them at the same rate. There is no right or wrong way to grieve unless you are self-destructive.

      Do what you can to spend time with your mother, and accept her decision to control her own life and its end.

  35. QUESTION:
    Ovarian Cancer question?
    I have an advanced case of ovarian cancer. The doctor said that it is confined to my left ovary but has gotten to my liver and lung. I am undergoing tumor ablation for my liver and lung. I have a question. i am only 22 and want another child very badly. Is it possible for the doctor to just take the one ovary, fallopian tube and omentum and leave my other ovary and stuff? it is not in the other ovary yet.

    • ANSWER:
      You really need to discuss this issue with your oncologist and surgeon. The full details of your case are only known to them, so only they can provide you with an accurate answer.

      Saving your life is the focus of their treatment. While your goal of having a child is important, it is completely secondary at this point. You may wish to discuss your treatment plan and outlook with your oncologist.

      Best wishes for a good outcome.

  36. QUESTION:
    I need help with a particular disease case?
    I am working on a novel and one of my characters is supposed to have cancer. She is 60 years old, has two children and is supposed to be sick with liver cancer. I was wondering, can you give me like a realistic situation about her disease? But here’s the catch; she needs to be in the hospital for a minimum of four weeks but not more than 3 months to do chemo or something.

    Other diseases are also welcome for suggestions as long as the woman stays in the hospital for four weeks or so. Thanks! I’m looking for a realistic case for my novel.
    Well, the woman in question is actually a supporting character. The novel is a love story and the two main characters are supposed to meet in the hospital and fall in love while they attend to their love ones who were both confined in the same hospital. The guy’s relative is comatose but ythe girl’s mother’s disease is yet to be determined. I need to keep the girl’s mother in the hospital for a minimum of 4 weeks for the two main characters to fall in love while they stay in the hospital.

    • ANSWER:

  37. QUESTION:
    Who should live and who should die?
    I am in 9th grade honors biology. My teacher is amazing. Every week he has us answer an opinion question related to biology. I thought that many people on yahoo answers would enjoy this one so here it goes:

    In america the buying and selling of human organs is a federal crime. Kidneys are the most common organs that are used for transplant although segments of the liver, the lung, and the pancreas are begining to also be harvested from live donors.

    Imagine you are the coordinator for transplants in a large hospital. You have just received a kidney for transplant from an accident victim. You have four candidates for the transplant. You decide who lives and who dies.

    Candidate # 1:
    -child age 7
    -had a sudden onset of kidney failure
    -no other medical problems

    Candidate #2:
    -Man age 20
    -Famous athlete
    -HIV positive

    Candidate #3:
    -Man age 40
    -recovering alcoholic
    -very wealthy
    -single parent of 3 young children
    -no medical problems

    Candidate #4:
    -Woman age 74
    -famous scientist
    -on the verge of finding the cure for cancer

    All possible recipiants will die within 48 hours without a transplant

    No other kidneys are available at this time.

    Any information about a person not included is unknown.

    You Decide!

    Who should live?

    and who should die?

    • ANSWER:
      My roommate and I eliminated the HIV positive athlete first because he has a smaller chance of survival and him being famous shouldn’t mean he has any precedence over the others.

      Next we eliminated the old woman. We assumed she had well documented research (so it could go on) and that it would be cruel to deny someone else many years when this woman couldn’t possibly have many more to go and had already lived a full and rewarding life.

      Next was more difficult. We eliminated the 40 year old father because he has lived a longer life and because as he is wealthy, we can assume his children will be well-taken care of.

      We saved the young boy.

  38. QUESTION:
    I think I have cancer and I just don’t have the desire to go to the doctor much less get treated. Why?
    About a year a half ago, I found a breast lump and now I have several. They don’t grow very quickly though. I also have pain in my back and shoulder blades, pelvis and ribs sometimes. But then I’ll go for weeks with no pain at all. My right side where my liver is hurts now and I feel like I’m getting fatter around the middle even though I don’t think I’ve been eating more or anything.

    I have 2 kids – great kids whom I love with everything I have – ages 13 and 15 and I want to live see them grow up and have children of their own, I really do. But for some reason, that doesn’t seem to be enough to make me overcome my fear of hearing a doctor say I have cancer and having to be examined. I know it’s stupid, but I am very modest and I hate to be touched and I’m terrified of anyone seeing me naked. I know, you’re wondering how the hell I had 2 kids. Well I haven’t always been like this. But anyway, what is wrong with me? Why aren’t my kids enough to make me want to get treatment?
    Thank you Tencia for saying I’m not stupid.

    • ANSWER:
      HI. I Know you are scared, and it is normal to be scared. I get scared sometimes too. I think you truly know what to do deep inside, and that is to go to the doctor. You may have cancer, you may not. It may be something different. You will sleep better at night going to the doctor. Please take somebody with you that you trust. Also, you are not stupid.

  39. QUESTION:
    Where can low income elderly find help paying for a childs funeral expenses?
    I am divorced/widowed, living on social security disability and just burried my second son, who was single, no children, and shared my home and expenses with me. I lost that income and now I have a funeral bill to pay. My son died of liver cancer/scirrosis last month. He was 37 years old. I lost my first son in 1994. He was killed by a drunk driver. The emotional scars left by thier loss is almost more then I can bare, and the finincial difficulties makes it worse. Can anyone advise me on where to get help?

    • ANSWER:
      Why do you feel it’s your responsibility to pay for the funeral? Legally you’re not. Did he leave life insurance with you as beneficiary? Did he have insurance where he worked? Was he on disability? Does he have an estate of any value? You need to find someone to help you with the red tape. Usually there is something somewhere that someone is entitled to. In this case I think you need better than yahoo answers.

  40. QUESTION:
    How do I deal with my two step kids who’s mother has been diagnosed with cancer?
    I’m 25 years old and have been married for two years. My husband has two wonderful kids who I love so much. Their mother was diagnosed with breast cancer last year while pregnant from another relationship. She had a hysterectomy and a double mastectomy procedure done in January. A week following her surgery, she was diagnosed with two brain tumors and now the tumors have moved to her liver. She’s very young, only 29. Although we’ve never had a great relationship, we’ve come to a point where we need to get along, but we both don’t know how to approach one another. I myself don’t have any bio children of my own, so I don’t know what to expect or how to parent these kids and it’s killing me inside to know that my step kids might lose their mother. How do I deal with this? What should I do? I’m devastated.

    • ANSWER:
      I am so sorry to hear this tragedy. Your family must be going through a lot. It is a very difficult situation and you may want to see a psychiatrist or a close friend to talk to. I suggest that you tell your step kids how much you love them and tell them that you will be there for them no matter what happens. Also tell them that you are always open to talk to them. Plan special days to take their mind off of their mom’s cancer like baseball games, amusement parks, broadway shows, etc. (whatever they like). Try to get to know your step kids and talk to them about their interests to think of you as a friend. I’m sure it’s very hard to deal with this but stay strong. “God, grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, courage to accept the things I can, and wisdom to know the difference”. This is my favorite quote. You cannot change the fact that your step kids’ mom has cancer, you will need to stay strong and accept the fact, and you need to make a difference by staying closer to your step kids. Also you should try to be very nice to their mother because you never know if something will happen. You want to show your step kids that you care and the best thing you can do is let them know that. I hope my advice helps. Again, I’m really sorry about this situation but I know how it feels to go through a horrible situation after going through a major surgery. Stay strong and keep smiling for your step kids (:

  41. QUESTION:
    how can I help my mom lose her twin to cancer?
    My mom is 69 and is an identical twin. she left michigan in 1963, came to Georgia with my father (who died in 1996 from cancer), never to live there again. she has breast cancer, and had survived it in 1993, she is a hemodialysis patient, type II diabetes that’s uncontrolled, pneumonia, GI paresis, CFH, COPD, etc. My adopted child was born with AIDS, and has developed type I diabetes and cirrhosis of liver. My mom’s twin was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer four days, I have to get the one to michigan to be with the other one before she’s gone. Georgia to Michigan. I forgot to tell you that she’s on oxygen 24/7 too. Please help.

    • ANSWER:
      LOSE HER? NO TRY TO SAVE HER AT ANY COST DO ANYTHING U CAN .

      PLUS WOT DO U MEAN U R CHILD WAS BORN WITH AIDS HOW CAN SOMEONE BE BORN WITH IT THATS FROM U U KNOW WOT AND NEEDLES,

  42. QUESTION:
    [Please?] I’m feeling very lost right now…?
    Especially about my parents…

    My dad is 60, mom is in her mid 50′s.
    I’m a 13 year old girl, only child.

    Recently, we found out that my dad has cancer- liver cancer.
    He successfully underwent emergency surgery.
    Right now he is resting at home.
    He went to the doctor couple days ago.
    It turns out that he is in stage 3.
    But luckily, his cancer cells are still just in his liver so far…

    Recently, we switched rooms (Me with my mom and him alone)
    My mom says that it will be until that day comes.

    I don’t want that day to come…
    I’m scared…
    I don’t want to lose him…

    My head is full of worries, I need some help.

    Anyone with experience and advice? Please?

    Thank you

    • ANSWER:

  43. QUESTION:
    FRENCH HELP! PLEASE!?
    Can someone please translate the following to french?? please not one of those online translator!
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~…
    Adult stem cells are currently used for the medical treatment of:

    • Anemias
    • Cancers (multiple types)
    • Child Leukemias
    • Cornea Regeneration
    • Crohn´s Disease
    • Diabetes, Type I
    • Heart Disease, Acute & Chronic
    • Krabbe Leukodystrophy
    • Liver Cirrhosis
    • Lupus
    • Lymphomas
    • Myelomas
    • Multiple Sclerosis
    • Paralysis
    • Osteopetrosis
    • Parkinson´s Disease
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    • Sickle Cell Anemia
    • Spinal Cord Injury
    • Stroke
    • Systemic Vasculitis
    • and more

    Based on the “The Ten Great Myths in the Debate Over Stem Cell Research” by Tadeusz Pacholczyk, Ph.D. http://www.ncbcenter.org/10Myths.pdf

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~…

    THANKS A BUNCH!

    • ANSWER:
      Les cellules souches adultes sont actuellement utilisés pour le traitement médical de:

      • Anémies
      • Cancers (plusieurs types)
      • enfant Leukemias
      • Cornea Regeneration
      • Maladie de Crohn
      • Le diabète de type I
      • maladie cardiaque, aiguë et chronique
      • Krabbe Leucodystrophie
      • cirrhose du foie
      • Lupus
      • Lymphomes
      • myélomes
      • Sclérose en plaques
      • Paralysie
      • Osteopetrosis
      • Maladie de Parkinson
      • Polyarthrite rhumatoïde
      • le syndrome d’immunodéficience combiné sévère
      • Sickle Cell Anemia
      • Spinal Cord Injury
      • Course
      • Vascularite systémique
      • et plus

      Sur la base des “Dix grands mythes dans le débat sur la recherche sur les cellules souches” par Tadeusz Pacholczyk, Ph.D. http://www.ncbcenter.org/10Myths.pdf

      Hope i helped!

  44. QUESTION:
    republicans how do you plan on paying for your cancer if your insurance decides?
    it was a pre-existing condition? you might have some savings but you might also have a child who’s waiting to go to college and you don’t want to take their money, so you think i can always sell my house but then you remember you don’t own a house, so you sell your car but that won’t last long because your cancer has already spread because you thought you’d save money by not having yearly screenings. then you’ll just get on medicare and get some treatment and your cancer goes into remission, then one night you have a reaction to some of your medication that you’re still required to take and you think you have a stomach flu when in fact your liver has collapsed and get to the emergency room and since you are now on medicare they put you at the bottom of the list and make you wait because they don’t appreciate people who don’t have insurance (that you lost) and then after 14h of waiting you die.
    oh please they can decide to not cover your cancer treatments if they decide your cancer was a pre-existing condition and you lied when you got your insurance.
    ‘downwith’ not everyone has a trust fund.
    no ‘steve’ i don’t want that, i want them to edit the healthcare bill until it works so insurance companies won’t refuse to pay for treatments when people are already sick.
    sorry but whatever you’re saying is bs, there was a woman on here just the other day who was on medicare while pregnant and she waited for 14h and lost her baby.

    • ANSWER:
      That was a lot of detail, but you are right. people who know nothing of how insurance works don’t realize this is a very real situation. when you are diagnosed with something serious like cancer or another terminal illness, the first thing insurance companies do is try to dump the policy. Most Insurance companies have full time investigators whose only job is to check your medical history to find a loophole, to drop you when this happens.

  45. QUESTION:
    Ovarian dermoid vs. ovarian cancer. Paranoid?
    I’m having laproscopic surgery to remove a dermoid tumor. I had an ultrasound and MRI as well as the CA 125. MRI states that the tumor is suggestive of a dermoid and no abnormalities were found in my pelvis and abdomen. The CA blood tests we negative.

    What concerns me is the pain that is increasingly worse. I have discussed this with my gyn and she doesn’t understand why I could be feeling pain. Last week I had another ultrasound to rule out torsion. No torsion, but another cyst was found on my other ovary (2.9 cm). My pain is in my pelvis but also I have been having a pressure in my right upper quadrant (liver area).

    I have a history of gyn problems. Conization for HPV 20+ years ago, laparotomy for a large ovarian mass 14 years ago. Grandmother died of ovarian c

    Although tests are negative, is there still a chance of malignancy? Also with my history, should I get a hysterectomy (I have children, am 41 years old)? Should I have laparotomy so MD can visualize everything?

    • ANSWER:
      With your history cancer can not be ruled out (ovarian teratoma). You will get more information once the ‘tumor’ is removed and a biopsy done.

      If you do not trust your doctor with her recommendations for your treatment than you need to seek a second or even third opinion.

      Good luck.

  46. QUESTION:
    How would you defend the chemical “agent orange” spraying of innocent Vietnamese without being ?
    …….Hypocritical?

    From 1961 to 1971, the U.S. military sprayed Vietnam with Agent Orange, which contained large quantities of Dioxin, in order to defoliate the trees for military objectives. Dioxin is one of the most dangerous chemicals known to man. It has been recognized by the World Health Organization as a carcinogen (causes cancer) and by the American Academy of Medicine as a teratogen (causes birth defects).

    Between 2.5 and 4.8 million people were exposed to Agent Orange. 1.4 billion hectares of land and forest – approximately 12 percent of the land area of Vietnam – were sprayed.

    The Vietnamese who were exposed to the chemical have suffered from cancer, liver damage, pulmonary and heart diseases, defects to reproductive capacity, and skin and nervous disorders. Children and grandchildren of those exposed have severe physical deformities, mental and physical disabilities, diseases, and shortened life spans. The forests and jungles in large parts of southern Vietnam have been devastated and denuded. They may never grow back and if they do, it will take 50 to 200 years to regenerate. Animals that inhabited the forests and jungles have become extinct, disrupting the communities that depended on them. The rivers and underground water in some areas have also been contaminated. Erosion and desertification will change the environment, contributing to the warming of the planet and dislocation of crop and animal life.

    The U.S. government and the chemical companies knew that Agent Orange, when produced rapidly at high temperatures, would contain large quantities of Dioxin. Nevertheless, the chemical companies continued to produce it in this manner. The U.S. government and the chemical companies also knew that the Bionetics Study, commissioned by the government in 1963, showed that even low levels of Dioxin produced significant deformities in unborn offspring of laboratory animals. But they suppressed that study and continued to spray Vietnam with Agent Orange. It wasn’t until the study was leaked in 1969 that the spraying of Agent Orange was discontinued.

    There was supposed to be aid from Nixon but it was never granted.

    USA is also using Uranium in Iraq which will poison these countries for decades

    Malicious maybe?
    Many Vietnames are still giving birth to many Vietnamese children, the scale of the problems the Chemical causes is also very bad
    Few were exposed in comparison to the Vietnamese, the article does make a reference to it the slight exposure to the soldiers.
    Oracle2@ the two nukes were for a decent reason, cant say the same for the chemical spraying though

    • ANSWER:
      Was the use of Agent Orange wrong? Yes. All are still paying for that, including Nam era US veterans. No one thinks it was the right thing to do…

      The Uranium in Iraq however, could you post a source for this?
      Seems an awfully expensive bio weapon…

  47. QUESTION:
    I’m dying, can anyone help me find God before i do?
    I am 41 yrs old. I have two wonderful children age 2 and 9 months. I recently received a diagnosis of liver cancer that has metastisized throughout my body. The doctors have told me that I have 1 month or less to live. I want to believe in God and an after life but I’m not sure that I really do. Any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      First of all know that I will be praying for you. I can tell you this- there is a God- and He is reaching out to you, because if He was not you would not be asking this question- only the Holy Spirit can do that. Reach out to God and He will reach out to you. The way to do this is through His Son Jesus Christ. What you have to do is this- admit that you are a sinner- admit that you have turned away from God, and know that Jesus is the only way to God- through His death on the cross. Jesus has promised that if you confess your sin,and accept Him as payment for your sin, you will be in heaven. Look in t book of John and ask God to reveal Himself to you through His Son and He will do this. You can be saved today- if you can email me we can talk about this even more. God bless you

  48. QUESTION:
    I have 5 year old female cooker spaniel who went to surgery to find out way she has fluid in her abdomen.?
    My dog Lucy had exploratory surgery,they looked et posible liver
    cancer or intestional cancer.But after surgery i was happy to learn no cancer found.Problem is fluid is back. They think that thare is micro organizam in her intestines.They are doing acid pep test.
    Can somebody tell me more about this test or what is wrong with her.She is a beautiful buff coocker spanol and we love her like the
    child and don’t want her to die.Did anyone have same kind of medical problem with thare dog? Please help us.Thank you !!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      wow.. my cocker spaniel past away 3 years ago.. he had a reoccuring problem of fluid building up in his abdomen.. we were all so in love with him.. that we ended up taking him to the vet up to 2 times a week for the very pricey procedure to remove the liquid from his stomache.. he was 10 years old at the time.. but such a puppy at heart.. every time we took him to the vet he truley looked as though he wasn’t going to make it through the day.. and when we went to pick him up at the end of the day from the vet’s office.. he was a happy puppy again.. it really was soo difficult to deal with considering how close i was with my puppy.. he was and always will be my baby…. near the end however.. the doctors did identify that he had cancer.. and one morning.. as he was waking up.. he took his last breath and collapsed.. still a difficult topic for me to discuss.. but nobody undertands what it is like to lose a dog like that until it happends.. i hope that everything goes well with your baby and that Lucy is ok. good luck.

  49. QUESTION:
    Is my text correct ? I am French !?
    Can you say that in English please?

    “-35 young people of 19 years old were interviewed on this subject and the results show that
    •On 35 young people, 27 have already been drunk with 17 already several times”

    and

    “On 35 young people, 31 have already had problems because of alcohol
    According to your questionnaire, you have already suffered from ethyl coma, tiredness and vomiting
    -but there are also other risks that you know when one consumes alcohol like
    •car accidents
    •sexual abuses
    •Violences

    But there is others dangers like traumat respiratory disorder, intoxication, alcoholism, cardiac problems, cancer, liver pathologies like hepatitis and cirrhosis and in some cases deaths…Moreover, excessive consumption in adolescence may interrupt the natural development of the brain
    Finally, parents of 30 young people interviewed who know that their children drink warn of the dangers of alcohol, they think they must drink in moderation, Don’t drive, include the desire to have fun and trust their children .”

    thanks a lot !

    • ANSWER:
      35 nineteen year olds were interviewed on this subject and the results show:

      Of the 35 young people, 27 have already been drunk and 17 have been intoxicated several times

      and

      Of the 35 young people, 31 have already had problems because of alcohol.

      According to your questionnaire,,, etc. is good

      Probably ‘sexual abuse’ not sexual abuses and ‘violence’ not violences

      But there are other dangers like ? respiratory disorder…etc. (good)

      probably “in some cases death” (singular, although it could be plural)

      …parents of the young people interviewed, who know that their children drink, have warned them of the dangers of alcohol and that they must drink in moderation.

      (Just for the record, 21 is legal drinking age in the US, 19 year olds are breaking the law in this country if they drink)

      Basically very good, and my English (although an American) is not always perfect, either Regardless, the idea is very clear and you could get your point across as it is, but there are some little mistakes on things that are singular or plural.

      Bon Chance (I hope that is right)

  50. QUESTION:
    My step daughter’s mother wants me to have custody of her. How should I address her family?
    My step daughter will be living with me soon. Her mother is dying from gout and liver cancer. She tells me that I’m the best candidate since I’ve raised five daughters and two granddaughters and one grandson (in which we’ve recently lost). My step daughter only sees her father only once a week and he hasn’t changed since he was with me years ago. He’s still abusing drugs and alcohol. But his ex-girlfriend trust me to be a good mother. Her parents disagree and think that the little girl should be with them. They’re in their sixties and set in their ways and are just adjusting to their daughters interracial relationship. We don’t think that it would me fair to her. The first example was the act of cutting off the child’s hair instead of learning how to take care of her hair. Otherwise they seem very nice.

    • ANSWER:
      The one thing that must be considered by all parties involved is: what situation is going to be best suited for the child. From what you said, it sounds like she’d be better off with you than her own father, and if that’s what the mother wishes, and you agree to it, then I don’t see how her parents have much to say in the whole scheme of things. But she must tell them and talk to them, its up to her to do that.